William Gershom Collingwood was an artist, writer, antiquarian and academic.
He was born in Lancashire on 8 August 1854, the son of landscape artist William Collingwood and his wife Marie.
He graduated from Oxford University with a B.A. in 1876 and a M.A. in 1882.
He married Edith Mary Isaac in 1883 in London.
He was the author of several books, including The Life and Work of John Ruskin (1893).
In later life he lived in Coniston and was the founder and president of the Lake Artists' Society and also the president of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian Society.
William Gershom Collingwood died on 30 September 1932, aged 78, and was buried at St. Andrew, Coniston, Cumbria.
The publication is out-of-copyright as both Collingwood and Woodhead died more than 70 years ago.