Sir Ian Archibald Richmond, CBE, FBA, FSA, was a British archaeologist and academic.
He was born in Rochdale, Lancashire, on 10 May 1902, the son of surgeon Daniel Richmond and his wife Helen Mary. His twin brother was Hugh Gordon Richmond.
He undertook an excavation of the remains of the fort at Oldfield Hill near Meltham in the early 1920s but incorrectly claimed that it was Roman.
He studied classics at Corpus Christi College, Oxford University, and graduated with a second class in Greats in 1924. By 1935, he had became a lecturer in Roman-British studies at Durham University's King's College, Newcastle upon Tyne, becoming a professor in 1950.
He married Isobel Little in 1938 in Newcastle upon Tyne
In 1956, he accepted the new position of chair of the Archaeology of the Roman Empire at Oxford University.
He became a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 1947 and was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1958. He was knighted in July 1964.
Sir Ian Archibald Richmond died in Oxford on 5 October 1965, aged 63.