The Rose and Crown Inn is a former public house situated in the centre of Netherton.
The earliest newspaper article found during research was a reference in the Leeds Times (25/Jul/1835) to an inquest held at the Rose & Crown Inn, Netherton, on the body of Simeon Kaye. Kaye had collapsed in the yard of Armitage Bridge Mills and a verdict of "death by the visitation of God" was returned.
In February 1842, an inquest was held at the inn on the body of 41-year-old Martha Oldfield, "who destroyed herself in a fit of insanity by cutting her throat with a razor".
The Netherton Association for Improving the Breeds of Pigs and Poultry held their first exhibition in a field next to the Rose and Crown in November 1850, before spending the evening having "an excellent dinner" at the inn.
By 1851, the landlord was 23-year-old unmarried licensed victualler Joshua "Joe" Mellor who was residing at the inn with his widowed mother, Sarah. He remained the landlord until his death in 1902.
Joseph Lee was found guilty of assaulting Mellor in the inn in February 1853 and was fined £1 1s. 6.d
Lodge No. 499 of the Independent Order of Oddfellows regularly met at the inn and it was likely there that they first decided to build an Odd Fellows' Hall. A "rearing supper" for around 50 was held at the Rose and Crown on the evening of Wednesday 22 November 1854 to celebrate the ongoing construction of the hall. A few weeks later, the foundations collapsed and the Order met at the inn on the evening of 20 December to discuss what to do next.
In 1857, Mellor was charged with assaulting John Barratt on 10 May. It was alleged Mellor had broken up a disturbance and given Barratt a "sound thrashing". The prosecution claimed that Barratt and his friends had been singing psalms and "praising God" prior to the incident, however, It seems the Magistrates gave Mellor the benefit of the doubt and discharged the case.
On 13 February 1862, Mellor was driving a horse and phaeton along Westgate when the horse bolted. Unable to regain control, Mellor and his companion jumped clear and the horse eventually became entangled in the railings near the Plough Inn.
The inquest into the death of John Bottomley of Netherthong in November 1864 heard that the deceased had spent spent some time in the Rose and Crown before leaving at around 11pm in a state of intoxication. He was found 4 hours later by the side of the River Holme in Armitage Bridge with one leg broken. Local men Alfred Jackson and Abraham Pinder had heard "dismal groans and a cry of 'Oh, dear!'" and were eventually able to pull Bottomley to safety, with the assistance of Police Constable Yates. Initially Bottomley was carried to the Big Valley Hotel, where "restoratives and stimulants" were given to him. He was unable to remember how he ended up in the river, which was over 100 yards from the nearest public road. It seems complications from the broken leg arose and he was taken to Huddersfield Infirmary where he later died.
The mid-1860s brought an influx of labourers and navvies to the area working on the construction of the Meltham Branch Line. The evening of 5 January 1866 saw the railway workers freshly paid and keen for ale. At around 8:30pm, Irishman Michael Kaye stumbled into the Rose and Crown "in a beastly state of intoxication", covered in blood and with his clothes torn — he had been in a fight in another local beerhouse. Within minutes, he had tried to start another fight and then started drinking other people's beer. Joe Mellor was called and ejected him from the inn.
On Saturday 20 January, Mellor was brought in front of the magistrates, charged with assaulting Kaye. Kaye claimed that he has sustained all his injuries from being thrown out of the Rose and Crown by Mellor and that he had been unable to work for a fortnight. Luckily, there was no shortage of witnesses to the events of that night and the Bench dismissed the case.
A much more convivial evening occurred the following Saturday when John William Varley celebrated completing his apprenticeship in mechanics by treating around 30 of his friends to an evening of food, drink, music and dancing at the Rose and Crown.
On 14 April 1866, Albert Mellor, son of local shopkeeper and farmer Joseph Mellor, celebrated his coming of age with a tea party at the inn. This was followed by dancing accompanied by a quadrille band.
In November 1869, an elderly man named Hbal Heaton refused to quit the Rose and Crown and then assaulted police officer Hawksley who had been summoned to help eject the drunkard. En route to the station, Heaton drew a large clasp knife but then dropped it. Heaton was found guilty and sentenced to six months' imprisonment. The Halifax Courier noted that the old man had 18 previous convictions.
In March 1924, landlord Arthur Taylor was fined £5 for allowing a number of men to drink "intoxicating liquor" during non-permitted hours on 8 February 1924. The men were each fined £1 each "for consuming".
On 31 May 1925, John Kaye supplied alcohol to Lewis Carter during non-permitted hours. On 16 June, he was found guilty and fined £5 10s.
The pub finally closed in 2010. Following renovations, the building was reopened in early 2013, housing several businesses, including funeral directors T.W. Birks & Son.
|1851||licensed victualler Joe Mellor (23) and his widowed mother housekeeper Sarah (63)|
|1861||victualler and land proprietor Joe Mellor (32), housekeeper Hannah North (28), and general servant Mary White (16)|
|1871||licensed victualler Joe Mellor (42), his aunt housekeeper Easter Sykes (67), barmaid Martha Dobson (35), and general servant Selina Gelder (18)|
|1881||inn keeper Joe Mellor (52), housekeeper Martha Dodson (45), and domestic servant Charlotte E. Parkin (21)|
|1891||inn keeper Joe Mellor (62), housekeeper Martha Dodson (55), and general servant Harriett Haigh (20)|
|1911||journeyman joiner and innkeeper Tom Mellor (41) of Meltham, his wife Alice Ann (41), and their children teacher Herbert (19) and daughter Emily (6)|