Northern Star (10/Aug/1844) - Meetings at Huddersfield

The following is a transcription of a historic newspaper article and may contain occasional errors. If the article was published prior to 1 June 1957, then the text is likely in the Public Domain.

MEETINGS AT HUDDERSFIELD.

SANATORY CONDITION OF THE TOWN. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS.

The good folks of Huddersfield have latterly been engaged in some important proceedings, concerning the government of their own Town, which we have been called on to notice. In compliance with the request made, we hasten to lay before the public a short history of the interesting proceedings.

The Town of Huddersfield is peculiarly situate. It is built in the midst of scenery at once lovely and majestic. The dwellings are of a superior class, being built of an excellent clean-looking stone, and with comforts and conveniences that are in vain looked for in the houses of most other large manufacturing towns, particularly Leeds and Manchester. The character of the abodes erected for the working classes in the former place, will bear a most advantageous comparison with those of the two latter. The natural drainage of the town is moreover very good. Situate on an incline, considerably above the bed of the river, the refuse and filth, if proper drains and sewers were made, would immediately pass away. The air is most salubrious; and the town is, all things considered, one of the cleanest and best in the kingdom. Still there are in it filthy places; spots where drainage is unknown, and where every species of dirt, and its constant attendant, debasement, is always to be found. The local Acts for the government of the town are also notoriously defective and deficient. For many of the evils that exist, there exists no power to apply a remedy; and for many others, the powers that exist are adequate to their cure. Just now, the supply of water, through the long drought, is inadequate to the wants of the Inhabitants; and the proceedings to which we refer have arisen out of the calling of the Inhabitants together, to confer with the Commissioners of Water Works as to the propriety of an application to Parliament for an amended Act to secure a more copious supply.

Before noticing the proceedings of the meetings that have followed such callings together, we must premise that the Huddersfield Waterworks Act, which procured for the Inhabitants water of the purest quality, scarcely to be equalled by any in the kingdom, is a public act; one for the benefit of the Inhabitants at large, and not for the benefit of a company of shareholders. The principles, object, tendency, and scope of the Act are all of the most public spirited and unobjectionable kind, with one exception; the managing power is self-elective, and is not required to account regularly to those for whose presumed benefit it is called into being. Another local Act, for the Lighting, Watching, and Cleansing of the town, has a management of a precisely similar character; and the Act itself is of very little value for its purposes.

At the meeting called by the Commissioners of Water Works, for the purpose above set forth, and holden on Friday, July 19th, Mr. Joshua Hobson, who is an inhabitant rate-payer of the town, mooted the question of whether it would not be much more wise, if the Inhabitants thought of going to Parliament at all, either for increased water-supply or other immediate pressing object, that they should make the most of the opportunity, and go for a general measure for general sanatory improvement, seeing that one expence would serve for all, and moreover remove the objectionable principles by which the Executives of the two existing Acts were now called being, and, by consolidating the management of one comprehensive scheme under one general head, make that management directly responsible to the rate-payers at large, and thus introduce and establish the wholesome principle of self-government. He entered into detail to show the necessity for some such measure, and showed that in obtaining it, the Inhabitants could, at a very slight expence, secure all the advantages that bad cost other towns thousands of pounds, and much experience, to develope. The idea was most favourably received by the meeting, composed of the influential parties of the town s and a committee was unanimously appointed to institute inquiries as to the desirability and practicability of such a measure, such Committee to Report to an adjourned meeting, to be holden on Monday last.

The adjourned meeting was duly holden at six o'clock in the evening, in the National School Room, at which the Committee made the following REPORT.

The Committee appointed by the Inhabitants of Huddersfield, in public meeting assembled, on Friday, the 19th day of July, with instructions to inquire as to the desirability of embodying in any Act of Parliament that may be applied for, affecting the Town and Inhabitants of Huddersfield, in relation to the supply of Water and additional Water works, such other powers and provisions as may be deemed necessary and essential for the good government of the Town,

HAVE TO REPORT AS FOLLOWS,

To the Adjourned Meeting of the said Inhabitants, to be holden on Monday evening, August 6th, 1814.

That your Committee was composed, according to the vote of the meeting which gave it existence, of the Magistrates of the town; the Commissioners of Water Works; the Commissioners for Lighting, Watching, and Cleansing; the Surveyors of the Highways; the Overseers; the Chief Constable; Mr. Joshua Hobson; and Mr. S. Glendining, the Chairman of the public meeting: and it appears that the object had in view in constituting the Committee thus mainly of the office-bearers of the Town was, firstly, to ascertain the defects and want of power in the existing local Acts that have come to the knowledge of those appointed to execute them, with suggestions for adequate remedies founded on experience ; and secondly, that none of these parties might consider themselves slighted or lightly passed over in a matter of such moment as that entrusted to the Committee.

That the Committee was first convened together by a circular letter signed by the Chairman of the public meeting, and the meeting held in the room of the Water Works, in Spring Street, on Monday evening, the 29th of July.

That such Committee was attended by a considerable number of the Commissioners of Water Works, some of the Commissioners for Lighting, Watching, and Cleansing; the Chief Constable; Mr. Joshua Hobson; and Mr. Glendinning, the Chairman of the public meeting.

That when a proposal was made that a Chairman for the Committee should be appointed, and the Committee proceed to transact the business for which they bad been formed, Mr. Barker, Law Clerk to the Commissioners of Water Works, rose and apprized the members of the Committee present, that the Commissioners of Water Works had had a previous meeting amongst themselves, at which they bad discussed the propriety of their being appointed as a portion of such Committee for Booh purpose; and that they had determined, in effect, not to act on such Committee; for should the Committee recommend the Inhabitants to go to Parliament for a general measure, embracing general powers, and not confine their application to additional powers to the Water Works' Commissioners alone; and should the Inhabitants think proper to sanction and give directions to act on such recommendation, the Commissioners of Water Works would not feel themselves at liberty to take the initiatory steps to carry such determination into effect: inasmuch as such a proceeding would be a seeking to supersede themselves; a sort of legal suicide; a cutting of their own throats as Commissioners, — a proceeding which they held was hardly to be expected of them. It was also intimated that such was the opinion of those individual Commissioners for Lighting and Watching that had been seen; and that they also declined to act.

That, when this announcement was made, it was remarked, that it was not in the power of either set of Commissioners, as Commissioners, to go to Parliament at all; that such a proceeding could not possibly be by virtue of their office, for they were called into being to execute existing Acts of Parliament, and not to go to Parliament for new Acts; that whatever they did in this way they must do as private individuals; that any application that might be made, must be made with the sanction, and on behalf of the Inhabitants; and that there was as much propriety and as much public spirit in going to Parliament for a general Act, should the Inhabitants deem that course the best, as there was for a special Act for the special purpose of conferring on the Commissioners of Water Works additional powers.

That the Commissioners present still adhering to their original determination not to act on the Committee, the rest of the members could not then proceed to actual business; but a short time was spent in friendly conversation respecting the several matters entrusted to their consideration.

That steps were then taken to procure a meeting of those members of the Committee that had not declined, or were understood not to have declined, to act: which meeting was holden on Friday evening, August 2nd, at the Pack Horse Inn.

That such meeting was attended mainly by the surveyors of Highways, along with the chief-constable, and Mr. Joshua Hobson.

That the several matters entrusted to the consideration of the Committee were each of them duly canvassed and examined in theft several bearings; and that the unanimous recommendation of the Committee to the inhabitants of Huddersfield emphatically Is, to insist, that if any application be made to Parliament to increase the powers of any of the Local Acts now in force,. advantage be taken of such opportunity to press for, and obtain, if possible, an Act to remedy ail existing deficiencies in such Local Acts, as far as known; to confer all new and additional powers deemed necessary for the good government of the town; to consolidate the management and execution of the different Local Acts in the hands of one Board of Commissioners, composed of the Justices of the Peace for the time being, and of a certain number of the principal Inhabitants elected by those who are chargeable to the several rates raised in pursuance of such Acts; and to provide that the accounts of such Commissioners shall be yearly submitted to the ratepayers in vestry assembled, for approval or disapproval.

That, the Committee in giving this strong recommendation, trust they have weighed all the reasons of the case, and looked every, even imaginary, difficulty in the face. The objects thus embraced they know to be highly desirable, as passed experience sufficiently attests. The Committee are aware also, that the general feeling of every class of the inhabitants is decidedly in favour of such a course, though some may not so easily see the way to its attainment. But the Committee are sure, that a few moments examination of what has been done; a bare examination of the acts now on the Statute Book, will show that all contained in the above recommendation, and even more, can be most easily embodied in one Act of Parliament: for it has repeatedly been done.

That, the Committee would beg to call the serious attention of the inhabitants to the state of the law which the Lighting and Watching Commissioners are appointed to execute: a law notoriously defective tor its intended purposes, and one which the wants of the Inhabitants, arising from increase of population and trade, have far out-grown. It is well known, that the Commissioners appointed to execute that act have conceived that the Act gives them a power to appoint and maintain paid day constables, or police; while other parties hold that such appointment is without even colour or sanction of authority — (all the powers respecting watchmen in that act contained, relating only to a nightly watch; and not to common constables at all) — and that the Commissioners are liable to he made to refund to the rates all sums of money that they may have expended in payment of such daily police. This state of things, to say the least, is one of great doubt; and it clearly ought to be put an end to, which it easily might be by the general Act recommended confining, clearly, distinctly, and unmistakably all powers and authority respecting the watching of the town to the night, when watch is needed, and not to the day. This is the more necessary, seeing that the Parish Constables’ Act, by virtue of which we now have constables in nearly every street, gives the inhabitants in vestry assembled power to appoint any number of paid constables for the day, and to apportion their salaries out of the Poor's Rate. The other powers conferred by the Act for Lighting, Watching, and Cleansing the Town of Huddersfield, are also sadly deficient. Indeed, they may almost be said to be inoperative. It is notorious that there are filthy nuisances in all parts of the town, which are allowed to continue from year to year, and no means taken for their abatement or removal. The health and well-being of the Inhabitants require that energetic steps should be taken to remove every nuisance that exists; and stringent powers ought to be conferred on some official body for that purpose, with a power in the Act to enable the inhabitants to compel such official body to do its duty in removing such nuisances wherever situate: and such powers the Committee recommend to be embodied in any act of Parliament affecting the Town of Huddersfield that may be sought for.

That, the Committee have reason to believe that the state of the law as it is affects the Surveyors of the Highways is not generally known, nor how Inadequate it is to provide for too wants of the Inhabitants of a large town, however adequate it may be for the keeping in repair a general turnpike road. The Surveyors have no power to drain the streets or roads under their care, other than for the top or surface water falling on, or running along, such streets or roads. This point has been ruled in the superior courts: and it is thus manifest that the Surveyors have no power to make drains in the public streets at a considerable distance below the surface; such a distance, for instance, as would be sufficient to drain the cellars of the houses abutting on such streets. And yet how manifest it is that such drains are necessary and indispensable! Ought there, then, not to be a power given to some official body to cause such drains to be made? Such a power, clear, defined, and undoubted, could easily be conferred on the body of Commissioners called into being by the general Act the Committee recommend.

That, It Is notorious that there tte whole streets in the town of Huddersfield, and many courts and alleys, which are neither flagged, paved, sewered, nor drained; where garbage and filth of every description are left on the surface to ferment and rot; where pools of stagnant water are almost constant; where the dwellings adjoining ore thus necessarily censed to be of an inferior and even filthy description; thus where disease is engendered, and the health of the whole town perilled. It is unfortunately no less notorious, that the Surveyors of the Highways have no power to cause this horrible state of things to be otherwise. They cannot take streets into their charge, to be maintained at the public expense, until they are first paved, sewered, and put into a sufficient state of repair by the owners of the dwellings and other property abutting on them; and they have no sort of power to cause this to be done. A power of that character is imperatively required, and It can only be conferred on the commissioners by some such general Act as the Committee recommend.

That, the Committee would earnestly call the attention of the Inhabitants to the peculiar situation in which they (the Inhabitants) stand in relation to the Gas Company that supplies the town. That Company exists without legal sanction. It has, in fact, no legal existence. It is not incorporated by Act of Parliament. It can neither sue nor be sued. It has trespassed with every foot of pipe that it has laid in the public streets. It has no right to open the streets of the town, either to re-lay, take up, or repair the pipes that are there. It is in this particular entirely at the mercy of the Board of Surveyors, who could prohibit and prevent the opening of the streets and roads altogether; and the Board of Surveyors have it not in their power to grant permission to any body to break open the streets and lay pipes, even if snob permission were sought. The Committee believe that it would be Impossible to find a parallel case to this of the Huddersfield Gas Works, throughout the whole kingdom. It is clearly a state of things that ought not to exist. The vast amount of property laid in the public streets by the Gas Company ought not to be in constant peril. Sufficient power ought to be taken in the general Act recommended to authorise the Commissioners to open the public streets, lay pipes, and execute all other works necessary for a due supply of the best artificial light yet in use, and also to treat with the present Gas Company in such a way as would make the property now perilled perfectly secure.

That, the Committee recommend that in any act that may be obtained, of the nature and scope contemplated in this their Report, power be taken to enable the commissioners to erect, for the use of the Inhabitants generally, a commodious and creditable Town Hall, wherein all the public business of the town may be transacted, and all public books, accounts, papers, and documents kept and preserved. The want of such building is apparent. Meetings of the different public officers are now held in different and scattered places of the town. The magistrates meet in a hired building, in one part; the Commissioners for Lighting and Watching, in another part; the Commissioners of Water Works in another; and the Surveyors of the Highways in another. The consequence is, that the public documents are scattered in many hands. Some of them are of great value, and all are liable to be lost or purloined. An action is now even pending, instituted by the Board of Surveyors, to obtain possession of a most important document, called the award, by which some valuable property is conveyed to the Inhabitants, and which document has got into the possession of a private individual through the present loose and lax system of conducting public business; and he refuses to give it out of his custody into the hands of the proper officer. A Town Hall, properly constructed, with due convenience for the meetings of all public bodies, would remedy this unsatisfactory state of things, and would moreover be at once a credit and an ornament to the town. And if such Board of Commissioners as the Committee contemplate was called into existence, had the power conferred on them by the Act to erect such Town Hall, it would not disable them from applying for, and trying to obtain some portion of the £20,000 left by the late Sir John Ramsden, to be expended in improving the town of Huddersfield. Perhaps no one creation would be of each manifest public utility as a Town Hall for the purposes and objects herein indicated; and therefore an arrangement between the Commissioners and the Trustees of the Ramsden estates, either for the latter to erect such a building, and dedicate it to public use, or to aid the Commissioners in such emotion, would be a wise and judicious application of a portion of the sum left in their hands, and well accomplish the object of the donor.

That as respects the inadequate supply of water during the droughty months of summer, the Committee deem the experience of the inhabitants sufficient to establish the fact The enquiries of the Committee lead to the conclusion, that If the measures contemplated by the Water-Works' Commissioners are carried into effect, the present amount of supply will be trebled: thus a supply will be secured far more than equal to the wants of the Inhabitants of Huddersfield for a long time to come. In case that increased supply should be obtained, the Committee recommend that the Commissioners have power to lay mains in the suburbs of the town within a fixed distance of the Market Cross. If the supply is abundant, there is no reason why neighbours should not enjoy the benefit: more especially as a very slight outlay in mains will bring in a considerable revenue, and confer on the Inhabitants of such districts one of the greatest of boons. Still it is a serious question for the Inhabitants to consider, whether it will be worth the cost to go to Parliament alone for an additional supply of water. It is well known that a great portion of the present supply is consumed by millowners, for scouring and washing purposes; by dyers; by brewers; and by parties who use it for other than domestic purposes; and there is reason to believe that if this portion of the supply, — which can only be had on special contract, and is only to be supplied when the inhabitants have enough for their domestic uses; there is reason to believe that if this portion of the supply was withheld, there would be enough for the domestic wants of the inhabitants. It thus, then, becomes a serious matter of inquiry, whether it would not be better to withhold that portion of supply in droughty seasons, and let the whole of the supply be at the service of those who need it for food and household uses, rather than expend £10,000 in merely increasing the supply for all. It is true that the water, if here, would be of great public benefit; but £10,000 to get it here is a large sum. Of that sum a good portion would be expended in obtaining the Act: and an Act, embodying all the powers, and accomplishing all the purposes set forth in this Report, and any others that the Inhabitants might deem desirable, could be obtained for nearly the same cost; while separate Acts for these purposes would entail endless expence. There would be reason in taking advantage of the present condition of the water supply, and embracing the opportunity to go to Parliament for a general Act, not only to increase that water supply, but also to accomplish all the other most desirable objects herein sketched; for nearly the one expence would serve for all; and the execution of the several purposes of such an Act would be much better attended to by a body of Commissioners directly responsible to the rate-payers of the town, than if the several powers were entrusted to different Boards of Commissioners, self-elected, responsible to no one, not compelled to account to those for whose interest they are presumed to act, and composed in some instances of one hundred members, of whom any five are a quorum. If there is public spirit and pride enough in the town

to adopt this desirable and beneficial course; to go to Parliament for a general Act to place Huddersfield first in the list of well-governed towns; to make it an example for others to copy; if there be public spirit enough to cause the wealthy portion of our citizens to take this question up, subscribe the requisite guarantee list, and prosecute the measure through Parliament: if there be public spirit enough in the town to do this, the Committee recommend that the Inhabitants should give fall permission for such application to be made, taking care that the certain principles on which the measure is to be founded are distinctly understood. But if there be not that amount of public spirit; if the necessary guarantee cannot be procured; if indifference to their own best interests bound up in the welfare of their own town; or if a fear of imaginary opposing influence should cause the wealthy to withhold their support: if this should be the case, the Committee recommend that the Inhabitants withhold their consent, at present, for an application to Parliament for an increased supply of water alone. Under such circumstances they will have but to insist that the supply there is shall be devoted to domestic purposes first; and, while they put up with what of inconveniences will fall severally to their lot, they must trust that time will show to those who have the means the necessity that exists for such a general measure of improvement, and hope that with conviction will come the necessary action to obtain it.

That, should such an Act be sought for to secure such copious supply of water as is above spoken of, as well as the other objects set forth in the Report, the Committee would farther recommend that power be obtained to enable the Commissioners to erect a suite of Public Baths on a scale commensurate with the wants of the town, and on such a plan as would secure the greatest benefit of bathing to the inhabitants at the lowest charge. It is needless for the Committee to set forth the reasons why such an erection would be beneficial. The advantage to public health; to personal cleanliness; to comfort, and even, indirectly, to public morality itself, from frequent ablutions of the body, are too obvious to need reciting. No large amount of population ought to be without a set of Public Baths; and the charge for their use ought to be no more than will just cover the cost of their management. In the appendix to the first Report of the Health of Towns Commission, just published, will be found a plan of some projected Public Baths for the town of Ashton-under-Lyne, with details of estimates: and it is there calculated that the managers will be well able to afford a warm bath for 2d. or 3d., and a cold bath for 1d. If there were Baths in every manufacturing town at such moderate charges, what a vast proportion of the population would avail themselves of their use. Let Huddersfield be of the first to set the example!

In conclusion, the Committee would recommend, that if the consent of the inhabitants be given for an application to Parliament, at all, on the present occasion, it shall only be for a general Act, embracing the general powers herein shadowed forth, and all others that may be deemed necessary and desirable to secure the well-being of the town: to stipulate that the execution of such Act shall be Invested In a Board of Commissioners composed of the Justices of the Peace, and of fifteen elected inhabitants, eight of whom shall retire at the end of the first year, and their places be supplied by others, elected by the parties made chargeable to the several rates to be raised under the Act or any of them; and the remaining seven at the end of the next year; and so on every year, one half of the elected portion of the Board retiring from office.

That it shall also be a principle of such general Act, that the Commissioners be required before their year of office expires, to produce their Accounts before the vestry, for the adoption or rejection by those on whose behalf the several monies have been raised and expended.

And also, that though certain powers may be conferred on such Commissioners, to effect certain improvements, and erect certain buildings, yet that there be a clause in the act prohibiting the expenditure of more than £200 on any one improvement in any one year, without special consent of the Inhabitants in vestry assembled for the special purpose.

The Committee further recommend, that for the carrying out the objects set forth in this their Report, another Committee of influential and public-spirited individuals be appointed by the Inhabitants, whose duty it shall be to appeal to the wealthy portion of the town for aid and co-operation in securing such a most desirable measure: that to this end they endeavour to get the guarantee fund subscribed for defraying the expenses of the application to Parliament, and also a draft of the intended Bill prepared, to be submitted to a meeting of the owners and occupiers of property in the town of Huddersfield, before it be presented to Parliament.

That, to guide such Committee in preparing such draft, the present Committee beg to call their attention to the Local Acts that have been, and are now, in force in the neighbouring town of Leeds, particularly the one passed in 1824, wherein all the principles herein set forth have been embodied, and in successful operation since the reign of George II.; and where particularly the plan of elected Commissioners has been found to work for public benefit: for although the election of the whole board has there been annual for nearly a century, yet there has been but one Instance, during that whole period, of such election being contested; while, as the parish records show, the most influential Inhabitants, of all parties and seats, have been regularly appointed to the office, and the management has been remarkably cheap and satisfactory. The Committee would also recommend that the local Acts for other towns, particularly Liverpool and Manchester, should be obtained, that it may be ascertained what portions of them could with advantage be embodied in the one herein contemplated.

And, finally, the Committee recommend, that if these, their several recommendations, or the major portion of them, should be received and adopted by the Inhabitants in meeting assembled, to whom tide Report is made, that such meeting should adjourn for a few weeks, to enable the appointed Committee time to ascertain what prospect there is, among the monied men of the town, for the project to succeed.

Signed, on behalf of the Committee,
Jonathan Leech,
Chief Constable, Chairman.

After the Report was read, Mr. Hobson went into a number of statements and arguments in support of its several positions, clearly establishing the far greater wisdom of the course in going for a general Act, made as perfect as knowledge and inquiry could make it, rather than the foolish course of seeking for separate Acts, continuing separate self-elected managements, and entailing endless of expense on the inhabitants in the obtainment of such Acts. He also shewed that it was scarcely possible for opposition to such a measure of manifest utility to present itself from any quarter; and that even if it did, the general tendency of legislation on these subjects would soon send such opposition to the right-about, if not grounded in reason strong and tenable. The arguments adduced carried conviction home to a most crowded meeting: and the following resolutions were moved, seconded, and unanimously adopted, after debates of a most spirited and interesting character. The meeting was crowded, and attended by most of the shopkeepers, many of the professional men, and several who move in a higher sphere; all of whom seemed to take deep interest in the proceedings.

RESOLUTIONS.

1st — That the Report now presented and read be received.

2nd — That this meeting, composed os it is, of owners and occupiers of property, and other inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood of Huddersfield, is decidedly of opinion that it would be of great benefit to the town generally were an Act of Parliament obtained embracing the several powers and objects set forth in the Report of the Committee now presented, with all others-that might, on inquiry, be deemed necessary to accomplish the desired end, and also embodying the principles respecting the formation and functions of the Executive body set forth in the said Report: and this meeting hereby calls on the public spirited Inhabitants of the town, to take the necessary steps to carry this most desirable object into effect, by subscribing the necessary guarantee fund to enable such measure to be presented to Parliament for legislative sanction.

3rd—That the following gentlemen constitute a Committee (with power to add to their number) authorised from the meeting now assembled, to endeavour to give effect to the general desire for the obtainment of an Act so necessary and beneficial; that for this purpose they be requested to procure the requisite guarantee from the wealthy portion of the Inhabitants, in compliance with the standing order of the House of Commons; and that they also cause a draft of a Bill to be made, embracing the objects, powers, and principles set forth in the Report of tbe Committee presented to this meeting and hereby adapted with all other powers that to such Committee may seem meet and necessary to compass the general object for which such measure is sought: the understanding being that such draft Bill shall be submitted to the Inhabitants in meeting assembled for approval, correction, emendation, or addition before it is presented to Parliament:-

J. Brook, Esq., Greenhead
W. Brook, Esq., Gledholt
W. W. Battye, Esq.
J. Armitage, Esq.
T. Starkey, Esq.
A. Eastwood, dyer
T. Hayley, Market Place
J. Shaw, draper
L. Marsden, carrier
J. Booth, Market Place
A. Walker, Upperhead Row
F. Schwann, Esq., merchant
J. Hobson, bookseller
J. Leech, Chief Constable
G. Crosland, Crosland Moor
T. Marshall, brewer
T. Varley, Edgerton
S. Norris, Edgerton
R. Dewhirst, woollen printer
Jerrie Kaye, merchant
E. Whitworth, Surveyor
M. Greenwood, Surveyor
J. Firth, Overseer
W. Paul England, Churchwarden.

4th — That should such Committee fail in the object for which they are appointed by this meeting, either for want of the necessary guarantee fund, or from other causes, which will prevent the prosecution of such general Act, embodying such general powers and principles, through Parliament, this meeting is of opinion that the whole question of application to Parliament, to amend any of the local Acts affecting the town of Huddersfield, ought to remain in abeyance till the necessity for such general Act shall become more apparent to the wealthy portion of the inhabitants, and the pressure of circumstances evolve sufficient public spirit on their part, necessary for its obtainment: and this meeting of Inhabitants, by this resolve of their's, hereby recorded, refuses to sanction an application to Parliament for a mere amendment or addition to the Water Works Act, or any other local Act, affecting the town of Huddersfield, seeing that such application for such temporary and isolated object would entail nearly as much expense on the Inhabitants as the prosecution and obtainment of a general measure, embodying not only that particular object, bat all others necessary to enable the town of Huddersfield to become one of the best regulated towns in the Empire; and, believing too, that the reasonableness and justice of such a course will soon become so apparent as to cause all parties to join heartily for its accomplishment.

5th — That inasmuch as it is evidently intended by the Act of Parliament, authorizing the erection of the Hnddersfield Water Works, that such water should first be supplied to tire inhabitants of the township for their domestic uses, before any should be supplied to manufacturers, millowners, brewers, dyers, or other parties for special purposes other than domestic, it be an instruction from the inhabitants in public meeting assembled, to the Commissioners of Water Works, to confine such supply during the periods of scarcity to those who by the law are first entitled to have it: and they are hereby required to give notice to all who are served on special contract, that such contracts must be determined during such periods of scarcity, until the supply can be augmented through powers obtained from Parliament in a general Act, affecting not only the present Water Works Act, but all the other local acts of the town, and consolidating the powers now entrusted to irresponsible self elected parties, into the hands of ft body of Commissioners emanating from, and directly responsible to, the payers of the several rates raised by virtue of such Act or Acts.

6th — That this meeting cannot separate without returning thanks to the Water Works Commissioners for calling the inhabitants together to confer with them on the present emergency; and though the Inhabitants have not deemed it proper to accord their consent to an application to Parliament for a mere addition to the Water Works Act, yet the object the Commissioner bad in view will be thoroughly accomplished by the obtaining of the general Act which the Inhabitants have determined to go for.

7th — That the thanks of the meeting be given to the former Committee for their very able, luminous, and valuable Report; and that such Report be printed and circulated among the Inhabitants, as the beat explanation of the necessity, nature, extent, and scope of the intended measure that can be given.

8th — That for the purpose of affording the Committee appointed by this meeting time to perform the work entrusted to them, this meeting stand adjourned for a period of three months, or until Monday the 11th of Nov., 1844, at six o'clock in the evening: the said Committee however being requested to convene a special meeting of the inhabitants before that time, if they deem it advisable or necessary to do so.