Mary Crosland (1833-1852)

This page is part of the Holmfirth Flood Project which aims to make content available to researchers in advance of the 175th anniversary of the 1852 Flood which will be commemorated in 2027.

Mary Crosland was a victim of the Holmfirth Flood of 1852.


She was born on 2 June 1833, the daughter of hand loom weaver Jonathan Crosland and his wife Sarah (née Earnshaw), and baptised on 30 June 1833 at Holy Trinity, Holmfirth.

At the time of the 1851 Census, Mary was a hand loom weaver residing with her maternal grandfather, Joshua Earnshaw, on Water Street, Hinchliffe Mill, just a few doors down from her parents.

Her mother Sarah died three weeks after giving birth to Ruth in November 1851. Without her mother to nurse her, Ruth was placed in the care of Ruth Nichols[1] of Longwalls, and so was not in the Crosland household on the night of the flood.


Mary Crosland was killed by the flood which devastated the Holme valley in the early hours of 5 February 1852, along with her father and six of her siblings.

When her body was not found straight away, the following description was issued:

Mary Crosland, 19, Water Street ; middle size, very thin, pale looking, dark brown hair.

Her body was eventually found in the river at Bradley Mills on Sunday 29 February — likely not far from where Foster Crosland's body had previously been located. The inquest was held the following day at the Waggon and Horses Inn on Leeds Road before local coroner George Dyson.

She was buried at St. David's, Holmbridge, on Tuesday 2 March.

Notes and References

  1. Born Ruth Crosland, she is believed to be a distant relative.