Martha Crosland (1837-1852)

This page is part of the Holmfirth Flood Project which aims to make content available to researchers in advance of the 175th anniversary of the 1852 Flood which will be commemorated in 2027.

Martha Crosland was a victim of the Holmfirth Flood of 1852.


She was born on 18 May 1837, the daughter of hand loom weaver Jonathan Crosland and his wife Sarah (née Earnshaw), and was baptised on 4 June 1837 at Holy Trinity, Holmfirth.

At the time of the 1851 Census, Martha was residing with her parents on Water Street, Hinchliffe Mill.

Her mother Sarah died three weeks after giving birth to Ruth in November 1851. Without her mother to nurse her, Ruth was placed in the care of Ruth Nichols[1] of Longwalls, and so was not in the Crosland household on the night of the flood.


Martha Crosland was killed by the flood which devastated the Holme valley in the early hours of 5 February 1852, along with her father and six of her siblings.

Her body was found at about 6am by William Roberts of Upperthong at Bridge Mill Bottom, around 1.7 miles from her home. The body was formally identified by her paternal grandfather, Daniel Crosland.

She was buried at St. David's, Holmbridge, on Monday 9 February.

Notes and References

  1. Born Ruth Crosland, she is believed to be a distant relative.