Huddersfield Lighting, Watching and Cleansing Act of 1820

Huddersfield Lighting, Watching and Cleansing Act of 1820 was summarised as:

An Act for lighting, watching, and cleansing the Town of Huddersfield, in the West Riding of the County of York.

The Act gave powers to the Commissioners of Lighting, Watching and Cleansing.

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The following is a transcription of a historic article and may contain occasional errors.

An Act for lighting, watching, and cleansing the Town of Huddersfield, in the West Riding of the County of York.

Whereas the Town of Huddersfield, in the West Riding of the County of York, is large and populous, and a Place of considerable Trade, and is also a great Thoroughfare for Travellers, and some of the Streets, Lanes, and other public Passages within the said Town are not lighted or watched, and the whole of them are not properly cleansed, but are subject to various Nuisances; and it would tend to the Safety, Convenience, and Advantage of the Inhabitants of the said Town and of the Public, if the same were properly lighted, watched, cleansed, and regulated, and the Nuisances abated and prevented for the future: And whereas the Purposes aforesaid cannot be effected without the Aid and Authority of Parliament: May it therefore please Your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That Sir John Ramsden Baronet, John Charles Ramsden Esquire, Henry James Ramsden Esquire, William Ramsden Esquire, Charles Ramsden Esquire, Joseph Haigh, Esquire, Benjamin Haigh Allen Esquire, Thomas Allen Esquire, William Walker Battye, James Brook, Joseph Brook, John Booth, (Market Place,) John Booth, Godfrey Berry, William Brook, John Bower, Rickard Clay, Bradley Clay, Joseph Clegg, John Dobson, William Beevers Dobson, John Dyson, Robert Firth, Thomas Firth., John Horsfall Esquire, John Horsfall of Huddersfield, Thomas Hastings, Edward Hauxby, Joseph Kaye, Thomas Kilner junior, John Lees, Thomas Lockwood, Abraham Lockwood, Joshua Lockwood, Thomas Marshall, Jeremiah Marshall, Henry Nelson, William North, Joseph Scholefield, Walter Williams Stables, William Stocks, John Sutcliffe, William Shaw, Thomas Swift, William Wilks, Richard Atkinson junior, William Booth, .James Booth, Joseph Stoney, Benjamin Bradshaw, John Eastwood, John Graham, Thomas England, James Pilling, John Priest, William Rhodes, John Riley, George Starkey, and William Wigney, shall be and they are hereby appointed Commissioners for lighting, watching, and cleansing the Town of Huddersfield, in the West Riding of the County of York, and for carrying this Act into Execution.

II. And be it further enacted, That the Limits of this Act shall extend Twelve hundred Yards each way from the Spot where the old Cross stood in the Centre of the Market Place in Huddersfield.

III. And be it further enacted, That when any of the Commissioners herein named or hereafter to be elected shall die, or shall for the Space of One Year refuse or neglect to act, such Death, Refusal, or Neglect being declared at a Meeting of the said Commissioners, then and in every such Case the surviving or remaining Commissioners, or any Five or more of them, assembled at any Meeting to be held or called under or by virtue of this Act, shall nominate, elect, and appoint fit Persons, qualified as herein-after mentioned (and to be approved by the Lord of the Manor of Huddersfield for the Time being), to be Commissioners in the room or stead of the Commissioners so dying or refusing or neglecting to act as aforesaid; and every Person so to be elected and appointed a Commissioner is hereby vested with the same Powers for putting this Act in Execution, as if he had been expressly named and appointed a Commissioner in and by this Act.

III. And be it further enacted, That when any of the Commis~ sioners herein named or hereafter to be elected shall die, or shall for the Space of One Year refuse or neglect to act, such Death, Refusal, or Neglect being declared at a Meeting of the said Commissioners, then and in every such Case the surviving or remaining Commissioners, or any Five or more of them, assembled at any Meeting to be held or called under or by virtue of this Act, shall nominate, elect, and appoint fit Persons, qualified as herein-after mentioned ( and to be approved by the Lord of the Manor of Hudderifield for the Time being), to be Commissioners in the room or stead of the Commissioners so dying or refusing or neglecting to act as aforesaid; and every Person so to be elected and appointed a Commissioner is hereby vested with the same Powers for putting this Act in Execution, as if he had been expressly named and appointed a Commissioner in and by this Act. IV. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That no Person shall be capable of acting as a Commissioner in the Execution of this Act, unless he shall really and bonclfide be possessed of a Personal Estate to the Amount or Value of One thousand Pounds, and be a Householder, Leaseholder, or Occupier of Buildings within the Town of Hudderyi,eld; nor shall any Person be capable of acting as a Commissioner in the Execution of this Act ( except in administering the Oath or Affirmation herein~after mentioned) until he shall have taken and subscribed, before One or more of the said Commissioners, (who is and are hereby empowered to administer the same), an Oath or Affirmation in the ,v ords or to the Effect following·; that is to say, ' I A. B. do swear, [ or, being one ef the People called Quakers, do ' solemnly affirm,] That I am really and bond jide possessed of a ' Personal Estate of the Value of One thousand Pounds over and above ' what will pay my just Debts; and that I will faithfully and impar' tially, according to the best of my Skill and Judgment, execute ' and perform all and every the Powers and Authorities vested and ' reposed 1° GEORGI! W. Cap.xliii. • reposed in me as a Commissioner, by virtue ot: ~ Act ~~se!l: m t~u~ ' First Year of the Reign of King George ~e Fqurth, i~tjp.il~d ' [here insert the Title efthis Act] So h~~p me GOD.' Nor shall any Person be capable of acting as a Commissioner ~n the Execution of this Act, in any Case wherein he shall be personally interested, nor while he holds any Place of Profit, or is int~rested in any Contract or Contracts under this Act, or who shall sell any Ale, Beer, or Wine, or Spirituous Liquors by Retail ; and if any Penalty on Person not being qualified as aforesaid, or being disqualified by any Pe:sons of the Causes aforesaid, shall act as a Commissioner in the Execution ~c!mg not of this Act, every such Person shall for every such Offence forfeit and Ii~';/. quapay the Sum of Fifty Pounds to any Person or Persons who shall sue for the same, to be recovered with full Costs of Suit in any of His Majesty's Courts of Record at .Westmimter, by Action of Debt or on the Case, or by Bi11, Plaint, Suit, or Information, wherein no Essoign, Protection, Wager of Law, or more than One Imparlance shall be allowed ; and every Person. so sued or prosecuted shall prove that he was at the Time of acting qualified as aforesaid, or otherwise shall pay the said Penalty; without any other Proof or Evidence being given on the Part of the Plaintiff or Prosecutor than that such Person bath acted as a Commissioner in the Execution of this Act: Provided always, that all Acts and Proceedings of any Person or Persons acting as a Commissioner or Commissioners in the Execution of this Act, though not duly qualified, done previous to his or their being so convicted, shall be as valid and effectual ~s if such Person or Persons had been duly qualified as aforesaid. V. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for such Commissionof the said Commissioners as are or shall be Justices of the Peace, to e_rs, beingJus1 · I E · f h... A. · · h d.. h · b · ttces,mav act. act as sue 1 m t 1e xecut1on o t 1s et, notw1t stan mg t eir emg · Commissioners, except in such Cases where they shall be personallr interested. · · VI. And. be it further enacted, That the said Commissioners shall Meetings meet at the George Inn in Hudderefield aforesaid, if the ~aid House and Adjourn· shall be then open, but if not, then at some other convenient House ments. or Place in Huddersfield aforesaid, ·on the Second· Friday in -tll:e Month of September next after the passing of this· Act, · between · the Hours of Ten and Eleven in the · Forenoon; in ordt'r to put t~is Act in };xecution ; or in the Event of such Meeting· not beiJ1g held at the Day and Time aforesaid, then . at such other Day arid Time as the said Commissioners, or any Five 9r more oftherh, shall afterwards appoint, by Notice in'Writing affixed on the outer·Door of the Parish Church of Huddersfield Five Days· at least before .the Day of Meeting; and it shall be lawful for the Commissioners present a.t a:qy ~eetinR _appointe~ to he hel~ for the Ex,?cution tif thi~ Aet, from Tune t<> fJP}e to adJOUfl) the s.a~e to pe ·holden at 8,pv future D~y and Time, a.nd at the same or a.:qy other PI.ace. within th~ said To~; a~ ~ .case the Co~\H~~sionei;s~~~s~µt ~t ~~y'Mee~~1~g shall O.lllJ.i to. a.1iourn. the sam. e,, Of from a~. o_tlj~f. ~a'9pe: .~~y .~r eetmg sh~ not \>e. a4Journe(¾ tben aI.J:d · in .eyecy :suc;p. (;;3s~ th~ 'CJ.erk. of µie said Conumssloijers shall.aqjourn ·the M.ee~g to·b.~ 'heN a~ the' same Plit~e and to some future Day, not exceeding Twenty-one Days then next 7 em~n~ ' 13M l• GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. ensuing, and of which Adjt?urnment such Clerk shall froin Time·to Time give at least Five Days Notice in Writing to be affixed on the outer Door of the said Parish Church. Meetings on VII. And be it further enacted, That notwithstanding any AdBmergencies. journment or Non-adjournment of any previous Meeting of the said Commissioners, it shall. be lawful for any Three or more of the said Commissioners, or for their Clerk ( on an Order signed by Three or more of them), from Time to Time and at any Time, by Notice in Writing under their or his Hands or Hand, to be affixed on the outer Door of the said Parish Church, to convene and appoint a Meeting of the Commissioners for proceeding in the Execution of this Act, to be held at any Time and in any convenient Place within the said Town, to be specified in such Notice, and expressing the Occasion of such Meeting, such Time not being less than Five Days after the affixing of such Notice. · Regulating Proceedings of Commis• sioners at Meetings, &c. . VIII. And be it further enacted, That all the Powers and Authorities by this Act granted to or vested in the said Commissioners, shall and may from Time to Time be exercised by the major Part of· them present at any Meeting to be held in pursuance of this Act, the Number present at any such Meeting not being less than Five ( except in Cases where by this Act a greater Number is required), and all the Orders and Proceedings of the major Part of any such Five or more Commissioners present at such Meetings shall have the same Force and Effect as if the same were made or done by all the Commissioners for the Time being ; and at every such Meeting of the said Commissioners, One of the Commissioners present shall be appointed Chairman; and in case of Equality of Votes of the Commissioners at such Meeting (including the Vote of the Chairman), the Chairman presiding at such Meeting shall have the casting Vote as Chairman, although· he shall have previously given his Vote as a Commissioner; and no Act of the said Commissioners in the Execution of this Act shaH be good or valid, unless done at some Meeting to be held in pursuance of this Act, ( except in Cases particularly specified in this Act) ; and no Order made by the said Commissioners at any of their Meetings shall be revoked or altered, unless at some subsequent Meeting to .be held for that _Purpose, of which Five Days Notice shall be given as aforesaid, expressing the Occasion of such Meeting, and unless a greater Number of Commissioners shall attend and vote at such Meeting to revoke and alter the Order, than were present when the same was made, any thing contained in this Act to the contrary not~thstanding

and at all their Meetings the said Commissioners shall

pay their own Expence. Proceedings IX. And be it further enacted, That the said Commissioners shall to beentered. cause to be provided and kept a proper Book or Books, and fair and regular Entries to be made therein, of the Names of all the Commissioners who shall attend the respective Meetings, and of all their Acts, Orders and Proceedings relative to the Execution of this Act, and the Chairman of each Meeting of ·the said Commissioners shall always subscribe his Name at the End of the Procee?ings of the said Com.missioners at every such Meeting; and all Entries in such Books, being 1° GEORGII IV. Cap. xliii. oeing signed as aforesaid, shall be deemed Original, and shall be allowed to be read in Evidence in all Cases, Suits, and Actions 1301 touching any thing done in pursuance or by virtue of this Act ; and Bo~ks may such Book or Books shall, at any of the Meetings of the said Com- be mspected. missioners be open and liable- to the Inspection of all and every the said Commissioners, and of all and every the Persons rated and assessed for the Purposes of this Act. X. And be it further enacted, That the said Commissioners shall Accounts to and they are hereby required to order and direct a Book or Books be k~ptof to be provided and kept by their Clerk for the Time being, in which RD~cbe1 pts aotl B k B k h Cl k h 11 · 1s urse- 00 or oo s sue er s a enter or cause to be entered true and ments which regular Accounts of all Sums of Money received, paid, laid out, and shall be open expended for or on account of this Act, and of the several Articles, t? InspecMatters, and Things for which such Sums of Money shall have been tion. disbursed, laid out, and paid ; which Book or Books shall at all seasonable Times be open to the Inspection of the said Commissioners, or any Person or Persons paying the Rates or Assessments hereby granted, without Fee or Reward ; and the said Commissioners and Persons aforesaid, or any of them, shall or may take Copies of or Extracts from the said Book or Books, or any Part or Parts thereof, without paying any thing for the same ; and in case the said Clerk shall refuse to permit, or shall not permit the said Commissioners or Persons aforesaid, to inspect the same, or take such Copies or Extracts as aforesaid, such Clerk shall forfeit and pay any Sum of Money not exceeding Five Pounds. XI. And be it further enacted, That a lVIeeting of the said Com- Annual missioners shall be held on the last Frida-71 in the Month of August Me:t!ngs for yearly, at the Place herein-before mentioned, or to be appointed as auditmg;caforesaid, at which the Accounts of all Monies received and paid counts, c. from Time to Time by virtue or in execution of this Act, by any Person or Persons whomsoever, shall be produced and stated to and examined and settled by the said Commissioners. XII. And be it further enacted, That the said -Commissioners shall Officers to be and may from Time to Time, by Writing under their Hands, appoint appointed; and employ a Treasurer or Treasurers, Clerk or Clerks, Assessor or Assessors, Collector or Collectors, Receiver or Receivers of the Rates and Assessments, and such other Officers or Persons as and when they the said Commissioners shall think proper for carrying this Act into Execution ; which respective Officers, if the said Commissioners shall see Occasion, shall be by them sworn to the due and faithful Discharge of their several Offices, in such Form of Oath as the said Commissioners shall appoint, according to the Nature of their respectiveOffices; and the saidCommissionersshall and mayfromTime to Time -remove them, or any of them, and in like Manner appoint others in the room of those removed ; and out of the Monies to be raised by virtue of this Act by the said Commissioners, pay such Salaries, Wages, or Allowances to the said Officers and other Persons, as they the said Commissioners shall think reasonable ; and the said and g!ve Commissioners shall and they are hereby required . to take such Secunty i Security from every such Treasurer, Collector, an~. other Officers, [Local.] 15 D as and account1 &c. .. Rem'ecly ot\ Defai1lt 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.»liii. as they the sru.d Commissioners shall think reasomtble ; and all such Officers so to b~ appointed shall under their Hands ( at such Time and Times, and in such Manner as the said Commissioners shall direct) delivet to the said Commissioners, or to such Person or Persons as they shall appoint, true and perfect Accounts in Writing of all Mitters and Things committed to their Charge, and of all Monies which shall have been received by such Officers and Persons respectively by virtue or for the. Purposes of this Act, and how much thereof liath been paid and disbursed, and for what Purposes, together with the Vouchers and Receipts for such Payments, and shall pay all such Money as shall remain due from them respectively to the said Commissioners, or to such Person or Persons as they shall Al)point ; and if any such Officer or Person shall refuse or wilfully ne~lect to make a.nd render any such Accounts, or to produce or deliver up the Vouchers relating to the same, or to make Payment as aforesaid, or shall refuse or neglect to deliver to the said Commissioners, 01· to such Person or Persons as they shall appoint, within Ten Days afte:r being thereunto required bythe said Commissioners, by Notice in Vlriting to be given to or left at the last or usual Place of Abode of such Officer or Person, all Books, Papers, and Writings in his Custody or Power relating to the Execution of this Act, and to give Information and Satisfaction to the said Commissioners respecting the same ; then and in every such Case, upon Complaint made by the said Commissioners, or any Two or more of them, or by any Person or Persons whom they shall appoint for that Purpose, of any Neglect or Refusal as aforesaid, to any Justice of the Peace for the County, Riding, City, Town Corporate, or Place wherein such Officer or Person so neglecting or refusing shall reside or be, such Justice may and is hereby authorized and required, by a Warrant under his Hand and Seal, to cause the Officer or Person so refusing or neglecting to be brought before him, and upon his appearing, or having been summoned and not appearing, or not being to be found, to hear and determine the Matter in a summary Way ; and if upon the Confession of the Party, or by the Testimony of any credible ·witness or Witnesses upon Oath, (which Oath such Justice is hereby empowered to administer,) it shall appear to such Justice that any of the Money which shall have been collected or raised by the said Commissioners by virtue of this Act, shall be in the Hands of such Officer or Person, such Justice may and he is hereby authorized and required, upon Non-payment thereof, by Warrant under his Hand and Seal to cause such Money to be levied by Distress and Sale of the Goods and Chattels of such Officer and Person, and if no Goods or Chattels of such Officer or Person can be found sufficient to answer ·and satisfy the said Money, and the Charges of distraining and selling the same, or if it shall appear to such Justice that such Office1 0r Person shall have refused or wilfully·neglected to render or give such Account, or to produce the Vouchers relating thereto, or that any Books, ·Papers, or Writings relati11e·to•the ·Execution of this Act shall be in · the Custody or ·Power of · such Officer or Person, and he sh'all· have refused or wilfully · neglected'. fu: deliver up or give Satisfaction respecting the· satne it\S aforesaid,' then and in any of the Cases aforesaid, such Justice shall' commit such Offender to the Common Gaol-'ar House of Cotrection· for:the County,--Riding, or'Place·-where such 1° GE,ORGII IV. Cap. ~liii._ such Offender shall b.e or resicle, there to remain. wi~out ~~ 9,i; Mainprize, until he· shall hav,e .m~de, an~ w.ven a true aµ~ perfect Account and Payment as ~foresa1cl, or until he shali have compounded with the Commissioners fo..r such Money, :ind shall have paid such Composition in such Manner as they shall appoint, (which Composition the said Commissioners are hereby empowered to make and receive), and until he sh~ll have delivered up such Books, Pap~rs, and Writings as aforesaid, or have give:ri Satisfactio:Q in respect thereof to the said Commissioners : Provided ~l ways, that no Person who shall be committed by virtue of this Act, on account of his not having sufficient Goods or Chattels, shall be detain~d in frison for any longer Term than Twelve Calendar Months : Provided also, tha~ if any Money shall remain due from such Officer or Person, 0:ffif:!ers or Persons, the Commitment of him or them to Prison shall pot be deemed a Discharge for the same, nor exonerate his or their Surety or Sureties ; but such Officer or Officers or Persons, and his and their Surety or Sureties, shall remain liable to the Payment thereof, in the same Manner as if such Officer or Person had not been committed to Prison. 1~ XIII. Provided always, and be it further en~cted, 'fh4t jt shall not Clerk rt!· be lawful for the said Commissioners to appoint the Person who may str~ined from be appointed to act as their Clerk in the Execution of this Act, or the !?mg as Partner of any such Clerk, the Treasurer for the Purpqses of this a;~1 ~i::er, Act, or to appoint the Person who may be appointed Treasurer, or versa. the Partner of any such Treasurer, the Cle_rk to the saiC, Commis- . sioners for executing this Act ; and if any Person shall act in both the Capacities of Clerk and Treasurer for the Purposes of thi~ Act, or if any Person being the Partner of any such Clerk $hall act as Treasurer, or being the Partner of any s_uch Treasurer shall a_ct as Clerk in the Execution of this Act, every Person so offending shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay the Sum of }i'ifty Pounds to any Person or Persons who shall sue for the same, to be recovered in any of His Majesty's Courts of Record at Westminster or elsewhere, by Action of Debt, or on the Case, or by Bill, Suit, or Information,, wherein no Essoign, Protection, or Wager of Law, or more than One Imparlance, shall be allowed. XIV. And be it further enacted, _That the said Commissioners _may Commissionsue and be sued for or concerning any thing which shall be done by ers may sue virtue or in pursuance of this Act, in the Name of. their Clerk for ?r tte Ned the Time being, or in the Name of any one of the said Commis- ~f th:ir ame sioners ; and no Action or Suit to be so brought or commeµced by or Clerk, &e. against the said Commissioners, shall abate or be discontinued by the Death, Removal, or :Default. of any such _Clerk or Commissioner, but shall be continued and carried on in the Name of the Clerk for the -Time being, or of .the Trustee.in whose Nam~ the same shall have been brought, .anil. the Clerk for the Time peing, or such ._Commissione:r, shall alw~ys be deemed .Pl~tiff or .Defendant in such Action or Suit (~s .the.Case m.ay be): .Proviqed _.~ways, that all Costs and Expen.ces · to :.be ineQ.ITed . by the said Commissioners,. or any Pers~n or Persons authorized by them, in prosecuting or defending any Action or Suit touching the Execution of this Act, shall be defrayed · out l304 I·G·E·ORGII IV. Cap.xliiL out of the Money arising by virtue of this Act : Provided always, that such Clerk shall not on that Account be deemed an inadmissible Witness in · any such Action or Suit, except only in· such Action· or Suit as shall be on his· own personal Account. Commissioners empowered to cause the Streets, &c. to he lighted, and to purchase 1-rops, &c. Power to lay Gas Pipe:-, &c. CommisRioners to repair Damage clone to Walls or H.ails by affixing or altering Lamp Irons. Proviso that the Waterworks, Pipes, &c. belonging to Sir John Ramsden be not injured. '.XV. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the said Commissioners, and they are hereby authorized and empowered, for the Purpose of lighting the Streets, Lanes, and public Passages within the Limits of this Act, from Time to Time, and at such Time or Times as they shall think fit, to purchase an~ provide such and.. so many Glass Lamps of such Sorts and Sizes, and such and so many Lamp Irons and Lamp Posts, and all such other Matters and Things for lighting such Lamps either by Oil or Gas, or in any other Manner, as they shall judge necessary, and to direct the same to be affixed and set up on or against the w· alls and Palisadoes of all or any of the Houses, Tenements or Buildings, .or ,v alls, in any of the Streets, Lanes, or public Passages within the Limits of this Act, or in any other Manner they shall think proper and convenient, and from Time to Time to take or cause the same to be taken down, altered, or removed, when and as often as they shall think fit, and to cause such Lamps, or any of them, to be lighted at such Seasons of the Year, and on such Evenings, in such Manner and at such Hours of the Evening, and to be kept burning for so many Hours, as shall to them the said Commissioners seem necessary or proper for the well and sufficient lighting of all or any of the Streets, Lanes, and public Passages within the Limits of this Act: Provided always, that it shall be lawful for the said Commissioners, and they are hereby authorized and empow. ered, from Time to Time to lay dowTn Mains or Pipes in and along the said Streets, Lanes, and public Passages aforesaid, and to place and affix Pipes against the Houses, Tenements, ,v alls, or other Buildings or Places within the Limits of this Act, for lighting the same with Gas, after obtaining the Consent in Writing of the Owners or Occupiers thereof; and to make any Contract, or to authorize the making of any Contract or Contracts for lighting the said Town of 1-ludderefield with Gas or otherwise, and to provide and erect Gasometers and other Works, and to prepare and lay down, or permit the preparing or laying down of all necessary Iron or other Pipes, Reservoirs, Matters and Things, necessary for the conducting of Gas or Gas Lights, or otherwise for the lighting the said Streets, Lanes, and public Passages with Gas or otherwise : Provided also, that if any Injury or Damage shall be occasioned to any Rails, Palisadoes, Building or Wall, by the affixing, setting up, taking down, altering or removing any such Lamp or Lamps, or any Lamp .Iron or Lamp Irons, or other Fastener thereof, or by laying down, taking up, altering or repairing any such Works as aforesaid, the said Commissioners shall immediately cause such Injury or Damage to be well and sufficiently repaired out of the Money to be raised by virtue of this Act : Provided also, that it shall not be lawful for the said Commissioners, or any Person acting by or under their Authority, to do any Act whereby the Waterworks or Pipes thereto belonging, the Property of the said Sir John Ramsden, may be damaged or injured ; any thiug in this Act contained to the contrary notwithstanding. · · XVI. And 1° GE,ORGII IV. Cap.xliii. 1305 · XVI. And he it further enacted, That if any Person or Persons P~nalty for shall wilfully break, take away, throw.down, or otherwise destroy·or ; 11f~_Iy damage any Lamp or Lamps already ~rected, or which shall be erected {:~~~g by,or by-Order of the said Commissioners, or by any Person or Persons at his or their own Expence, for the Purpose of lighting any of the said Streets, Lanes, or public Passages, or any Post, Iron, Cover,. or Furniture thereof, or shall wilfully extinguish the Light or Lights of or in any such Lamp or Lamps, it shall and may be lawful to and for any l1$tice of th'e Peace for the said Riding, and he is hereby required, upon Complaint to him made by One or more credible Witness o:r Witnesses of any such Offence having been committed, to issue ~ W $rra,nt for apprehending the Party or Parties accused ; or it sha]l •d may be lawful to and for any ~erson or Persons, who shall see ~uch Offence committed to apprehend, and also for any Person or Persons to assist in apprehending the Offender or Offenders, and by Authority of this Act, without any other Warrant, to deliver him, her, or them into the Custody of a Peace Officer, in order to be secured and conveyed before some Justice of the Peace of the ~aid Riding ; and on the Party or Parties accused being brought before ~uch Justice, such Justice shall and he is hereby required to proceed to examine upon Oath any Witness or ,vitnesses who shall appear or ~e produced to give Evidence touching such Offence; and if the Party or Parties accused shall be convicted of such Offence, either on his, her, or their Confession, or upon such Evidence as aforesaid, then and in every such Case, he, she, or they shall for every such Offence .respectively forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Five Pounds, and shall besides make a full Satisfaction (to be ascertained by such Justice) to the said Commis~ioners or other Party injured for the Damage so done ; and in case such Offender or Offenders shall not upon Conviction forthwith pay such Penalty by him, her, or them incurred, and also such Satisfaction as aforesaid, such Justice is hereby authorized, empowered, and required to commit such Offender or Offenders to the Common Gaol or House of Correction of the said

ij.iding, there to be kept to hard Labour for any Time not exceeding

Six Calendar l\tfonths, unless such Penalty and Satisfaction as aforesaid shall be sooner paid. , XVII. And be it further enacted, That if any Person or Persons Pen~lty for. shall carelessly, negligently, or accidentallv break, throw down, or nbeglk'&"ently h . d da h L " L p rea mg ot :erw1s~ estroy or mage any sue amp or amps, or any ost, Lamps •. lron, Cover, or :Furniture thereof respectively, and shall not upon Demand make Satisfaction for the Damage done, then and in every such Case it shall be lawful for any Justice of the Peace for the said Riding, and l1e is hereby required, upon Complaint thereof made by

J.DY Person, to summon before him the Party or Parties complained of

for doing such Damag.e ; and upon his, her, or their appearing, or ~king Default to appear, (Oath being made that the Pa-rty complained against had been served with such Summons, or that the same had been left· at his, her, or their usual Dwelling or Place of Abode, if known;) such Justice shall proceed to examine the Cause of sucli Complaint, and npon Proof thereof, either upon Confession of the Party, or the Oath of any credible Witness, shall award and order such Satisfaction to be made by the Party or Parties complained. [.L9Ml .. ] 15 E against I 0 ·GEQRGII. IV .. ~.€ap.,kliij~: -a.gains~ for the Damage so doQe ,tQ the said Commissioners, or othei O_wner or Owners of such Lamp or Lamps, as to .such Justice shall. appear just and reasonable; and in case the Sum ·so ·awarded ,shall-. not be paid forthwith, it shall and may be lawful to and fon suchJustice, and he is hereby required to cause the same to be levied and recovered in such and the same Manner as any Fine or Penalty o~n · or may be levied and recovered by virtue of this Act. . . · . , Streets, &t XVIII. And be it furthe1· enacted, That the said Commissioners. !~ b~v:::~-· shall and are hereby required from Time to Time to cause the Streets, m;nappoint- Lanes, and public Passages within the Limits of this Act, or such of ed, &c. them as they shall think fit, to be safely and properly watched, and· Duty of ,va.tehmen. Penalty on Persons harliou'rlng Watchmen. for that Purpose to appoint such Number of able-bodied Men as they· shall judge proper to be employed as ,v atchmen, and as a· Patrol, under such Regula~ions and subject to such Orders as the said Com• missioners shall make and give from Time to Time in that Behalf; and to provide proper Watch Houses, Watch Baxes, or Places for the Reception of such Watchmen and Patrol, and for the safe Custody of such Persons as may be apprehended b-y such ·watchmen or Patrol while on Duty, and to pay to such Watchmen or Patrol, while on Duty, reasonable Wages or Allowances ; and also to appoint One or more fit Person or Persons in the stead of any Watchman or Watchmen, Patrolman or Patrolmen, who shall die, or who shall be discharged from his or their Office by the said Commissioners ; and also to impose from Time to Time any Fine not exceeding Twenty Shillings on any ,v atclunan or \-Vatchmen, Patrolman or Patrolmen, for every Neglect or Misbehaviour, (such Firle to be deducted out of the Wages of such Watchman or Watchmen, Patrolman or Patrolmen), and from Time to Time to make such Orders and Regulations as they the said Commissioners shall deem expedient for the better Government of the Watchmen or Patrolmen to be so appointed, and to repeal such Orders and Regulations, or any of them, and to substitute others, and to give and allow out of the Monies to be raised by virtue of thiS' Act, such Rewards or Allowances as they shall think fit, to any Watchmen or Patrolmen or others, who may be disabled or hurt orwounded in the Execution of his or their Office or Duty. XIX. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful to and for such ,v atchmen or Patrolmen, or any of them, and they are hereby required, in their respective Stations, to apprehend and secure in some proper Place or Places of Security, to · be for that Purpose appointed, all Malefactors, Rogues, Vagabonds, idle and disorderly Persons, Disturbers of th~ Public Peace, Prostitutes, and all Persons who shall be found wandering or misbehaving themselves during the Hours of keeping Watch, within the Limits of this Act, and to conduct all such Persons, as soon as conveniently may be, before some Justice of the Peace for the said Riding, to be examined and dealt with according to Law. .. ,I, . XX. And be it further enacted, That if any Victualler, Alehouse .. k.eeper- or other Person selling spirituous or other. Liquors, :shall en,tertain or harbour in. his or her House or Outhouse any· W at~an. 9j. N.ight P~trol; du_r4_ig any of the Hours or Times appointed wr ~ ~, , . · _ Attendance 1°.GEORGII IV. Gap~xliii~ Attendance· on Duty of such Watchman or· Night Patrol in virtue of this· Act, . then every such Victualler, or other Person so offending, shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay a Sum not exceeding Forty S~illings. . 180·7

XXL And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful to Commi~sionand

for the said Commissioners, and they are hereby required, to ers to direcbt S L d h P bl. p . h" h Streets to e cause all the treets, anes, an ot er u 1c assages wit m t e cleansed. Limits of this Act, to be properly cleansed and kept clean, and also . to cause the said Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, or such of them as they shall think proper, to be watered from Time to Time in .such Manner as they shall think proper, and for those Purposes to employ any Person or Persons, and to purchase or hire any Cart or Carts, or other Carriage or Carriages, and also any Horse or Horses; and to cause the Dirt, Dust, Soil, Dung, Manure, and Filth found in any.such Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, to be taken and carried away. XXII. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful ~ommisto and for the said Commissioners to enter into any Contract or· :Con- !) 10;t!0 r;10 ay tracts for lighting, cleansing, and watering the several Streets, Lanes; ~:u~racts. and Public Passages within the Limits of this ,Act, or for furnishing Materials, or any other Matters or Things necessary for the Purposes of this Act ; but before any such Contract or Contracts shall be entered into, Fourteen Days Notice at the least shall be given in some Newspaper printed or circulated in the said Town of Hudderefleld, expressing the Purpose or Purposes of such Contract or Contracts, in order that any Person or Persons willing to undertake the same may make Proposals for that Purpose to the said Commissioners, and they the said Commissioners are hereby required to take Security from any such Contractor for the due Performance of his or her Contract: Provided always, that every Ruch Contract shall specify the several Works to be done, and the Prices to be received or paid for the same, and the Time or Times when the said Works are to be compieted, and the Penalties to be suffered in case of Non-performance thereof, and shall be signed by the said Commissioners, or any Three or more of them, and also by the Person or Persons contracting .to perform such Works respectively; which Contract or Contracts shall be entered in a Book or Books to be kept for that Purpose by the Cleek to the said Commissioners : Provided always, that the said Commissioners, or their respective Estates, shall not be liable in their indi,- vidual or personal Capacity to any Loss or Prejudice by reason · of their signing any such Contract; provided also, that if shall'be,lawful to and for the said· Commissioners from Tirne to Time, ·arid at h.H .Times hereafter, to compound and agree with any Person or Persons for or on account of · any Breach or Non-performance of such Contract or Contracts, at and for such Sum or Sums of Money, or upon such Terms and Conditions, as they the said Commissioners shall think proper. · XXIII. And be it further enacted, That the Person or Persons Scavengers: .. ~ployed by or contracting with the said Commissioners for clean5:- Duty. mg the several Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages within the Limits - C ·/. of 1° G.:EORGII IV. Cap.xliii. · 9f ,t~s Act, or die Person or Persons employed by or actimg under the l)irection of such Person or Persons, shall, on every Wednesuny ~ .every Week, between such Hours ofthe Day, and also on such other nays, and at or between such Hours as the said Commissioners :Shall from Time to Time appoint, sweep and collect together all Dirt, D'8t, Manure, Filth, or Rubbish in such Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, and shall also bring or cause to be brought a Cart or other proper ~~rriage into such Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, where suc;h Ca.rt or other Carriage can pass, and sballat l1is or their Approach ~~ such Cart or other Cauiage, and not before, by the Sound of Be~ Voice, or otherwise, give Notice to the Inhabitants ofhis or their coming, and give the like Notice in every Court, Passage, or Place into which such Cart or Carriage cannot pass, and such Person or Persons ~oresaid shall immediately, or with all convenient Spee~ take the Dust, Dirt, Manure, Rubbish, Cinders, Ashes, or other Filth ( except Filth from any Privy or Necessary House) from the respective Pre.- mises in such several Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, and put the same into such Cart or Carriage ; all which Dirt, Dust, Manure, Rubbish, Cinders, Ashes, and Filth ( except as aforesaid) as well as all such Dirt, Dung, Ashes, and other Filth as shall be swept up and collected together as aforesaid, such Person or Persons shall then immediately, or so soon as may be, carry away or cause to be carried away to the Place or Places appointed by the said Commissioners for depositing the same, upon pain of forfeiting any Sum not exceeding ·Forty Shillings for every Offence or Neglect therein; and the Person. or Persons so employed as aforesaid, shall cause the Words ' Scavenger's Ca;rt,' to be painted in large Roman Letters, at least One Inch in length each, on the l?ront or some other conspicuous Part of every Cart or Carriage used for the Purposes aforesaid, on pain of forfeiting any Sum not exceeding Ten Shillings for every Neglect therein ; and if any such Person so employed as aforesaid, shaU sweep or thr.ow away any Dust, Dirt, .Manure, Ashes, or Filth into any Drain, Sewer, Sink, or Watercourse, within the Limits of this Act, every Person so offending shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Twenty Shillings. No Person to XXIV. And be it further enacted, That if any Person or Persons ta~e away whomsoever, other than the Person or Persons employed by or ~~:;r~~~~:.t contracting with. the said Co~~issioners _fo~· cleansil_lg the Streets, Lanes, .and Pubhc P~sages withm the Luruts of tins Act, or the Person . or Persons employed by or acting under the Direction of the Person or Persons so c9ntracting as aforesaid, shall take or carry away, or cause to be taken and carried away, any Dust, Dung.,

M;a~_ure, ])irt, Ashes, or other Filth out of any such Streets, Lanes,

or ot~r .fublic Passages as aforesaid, every_ such Person so offending Persons may keep the Dust, &c. within their own Pre• ~-· .· shall for .every such Offence forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding t'en Shilliqgs : Provid~d always, that nothing herein contained shal ex.tend or be -~onstrued to extend to any Ashes, Cinders, Dust, Di~ Manure, Filth, Soil, Dung, or Rubbish which any of the .Inhabitants within the Limits of this Act shall have Occasion and think fit to pre~~rye .and keep within their own respective H~mses, Yards, and. Gard~us, fo:r their own Use there . or elsewher,e, but the .same shall·rre.- ~eptively belong to a.ud be at the Disposal. Qf the Per$® 01 Fcriionsso j~servirig the same, so as such Ashes, Cinders, Dust, Dirt, Manure, 11 Filth, leGEORGII W. Cap.xliii. 111th, Soil, Dung, or Rubbish, be not laid down or placed in any of the said · Streets, Lanes, or Public Passages within the Limits of. this Act. for any longer Time than shall be necessary for the loading and carrying away the same, and so as the prese~ or keeping the same do not annoy the Neighbour or Neighbours of such Person or Persons, or other Inhabitant of the said Town • 1309 . · XXV. And be it further enacted, That in case any Person or Per- Per~on re. A h c· d D n· M Fil h S ·1 servmgAsb~ sons reservmg any s es, m ers, ung, irt, anure, t , 01 , &c for their or Rubbish, for his, her, or their own Use, or otherwise, shall wilfully 0 ~ Use, not or negligent! y permit or suffer the same, after being removed from to suffer. sa~e his, her, or their Premises, to lay in any of the said Streets, Lanes, ~0 remai~ m or Public Passages for any longer Time than shall be necessary for treets, c. the Purpose of loading and carrying away the same, or shall suffer the same to be so placed on his, her, or their Premises within the said Town, as to annoy his, her, or their Neighbour or Neighbours, or any other Inhabitant of the said Town, such Person or Persons shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Forty Shillings ; and it shall and may be lawful f ~r the P.erson or Persons to be appointed by or contracting with the·· said Commissioners for cleansing the said Streets, Lanes, and Public Passages, and they are hereby authorized and directed to take and convert such Ashes, Cinders, Dust, Dirt, Manure, Filth, Soil, Dung, and Rubbish, to his or their own Use and Uses, and to sell and dispose of the same without rendering any Satisfaction for the same. XX VI. And be it further enacted, That the respective Occupiers i:C:!e~e~~f of Houses or other Buildings or Tenements, with the Appurte- Chnrch~ar: nances, within the Limits of this Act, shall and they are hereby re- dens, &c. and quired to cause to be well and sufficiently swept and cieansed the Foot- 0tbers, ~ ways, and Foot Pavements, the whole Length of the Front of their ~::~~=Y: respective Houses, Buildings, or Tenements, previous to the Hour adjoining to of Nine in the Morning, on every Wednesday in every Week, and Churches. shall also cause the Dirt and Soil to arise from such sweeping· and Walla, &c. cleansing to be collected and put together, (so as not to obstruct either any Carriage or Footway, or Channel or ,vatercourse), in order that the same may be removed by the said Scavenger or other Person to be employed for the Purpose, upon Pain of forfeiting any Sum not exceeding Five Shillings for every Neglect therein. XXVII. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for Com1nissionthe said Commissioners from Time to Time to hire any Room, ers may hire Building or Buildings, as they shall think fit, in any convenient ~~m fod Part or Parts of the said Town, for the Purpose of making use Sto;:h~:se. thereof as and for an Office or Offices for keeping their Accounts ,and doing the Business relating to this Act; and as a Storehouse or Storehouses for keeping their Implements and Materials, and for other the Purposes of this Act, and to pay out of the Money to arise by. the Rates to be made in pw-suance of this Act, such yearly Rent or Rents as they the said Commissioners shall from Time to Time agree [LocaL] 15 F upon, ltl'lO l~GEOR-GII IV, Cap.xliii.· npop. and also to accept and th-ke a Lease ef such_ Room,· Builditig m Build.in~ to· thetnselves or any of them, or any Person or Persons in trufii fot thern~ for ltfty Term or Number of Years,, at and,under such- y~arly Rent ur Rents as they shall from Time to Time think fit, and to· pay_ B'tfflh Rent oi Renta oat of the· Monies aforesaid. Materials XXVIII. And be it further enacted, That all the Dirt, Dust, Dung, ves~ _in_. Ashes ,and Fifth to be swept; gatheted, and collected in or from the ~tnission- said Streets,'; Ways', Lanes, . a:ntl other public Passages within the · Limits of this .Act, or any of them~ ancl also all Lamps, Lamp Irons, Latiip Pos~ and ·other Materials theitemito belonging, Watch Boxes ind Wat-ch Houses, and all .other Matters and Things which shall hereafter be used; erecoo-d, or fixed up· by the said Commissioners by virtue of this Act, and all Materials, Implements~ and other Things which shall be purchased or provided by the said Commissioners for the· Putposes of this Act1 shall belong to and be the Property of and are· hereby vested in the said Cemmissioners; and the said Commissioners shall an~ may cause to be brought, maintained, and preferred any Action or Actions, Bill or Bills of Indictqieilt, as the Case may require, against any Person or Persons who shall steal,. take; or carry away, detain, spoil, injure, or destroy the several Articles and Things hereby vested in them the said Commissioners as aforesaid or any of them, or any Part or Parts thereof ; and in all such Actions and Bills of Indictment respectively, it shall be deemed and taken to be sufficient to state generally that the Article or Articles, Thing or Things for or on account of which such Action or Actions shall be brought, or Bill or Bills of Indictment preferred, is or are the Property of the Commissioners for lighting, watching, and cleansing the Town of Hudderefield, in the West Riding of the County of York, without particulatJ.y statin~ ~'r specifying the ~arne or ~~mes of all or any of the said Comm1ss1oners ; and the said Comm1ss10ners shall have Power and Authority from Time to Time to sell and dispose of, for the Pur:poses of this Act, all or any of the said Articles and Things as shall at any Time hereafter not be wanted for the Purposes of this Act, or ·any Part or Parts of the same respectively, to such Person or Persons and in such Manner as the said Commissioners shall think proper, and shall a.pply the Money to arise thereby towards the Purposes of this Act. Rates how XXIX. And be it further enacted, That the Charges and Extixed, &c. pences of lighting, watching, and cleansing the Streets, Lanes, and public Passages within the Limits of this Act, and of otherwise putting this Act into Execution, s~all at all T~rnes be borne and defrayed by the Tenants or Occupiers of Dwelling Houses, Shops, Warehouses, Coach HoBSes, Stables, Cellars, Vaults, Yards, Gardens, Buildings and the Appurtenances in the said Town of Hudderefi,eld, -( save and e!K:cept the Cloth Hall :~md any jHouses, Buildings, and other Hereditaments oceiipied for the Purp~es '0f any publit Charity, and also ,all Churches, Chapels, and ,other Buildings licensed to ·be used for the Purpose of Divifie Worship, attd also all Cottages or Dwelling Houses under the yearly Value ·of Six Pounds, and which are not intended to be made liable to th:e Rat~ hereby imposed)·; and the said Commissioners shall 'and they are hereby authorieed, em. 12 powered, 1° GE,ORGII IV. O,, .. xllii. 1311 powered, and required,. when and so often as they shall · think necessary, to, make One or more Rate or Rates, Assessment or Assess~ents in. every Year, to be signed by the said Commissioners, or any Five &r more of them, upon the Tenants· or Occupiers of alt sucq ])welling Houses, Shops, Warehouses, Coach Houses, Stables, Cellars, Vault~, Yards, Gardens, Buildings, and Appurtenances which lie within the Limits aforesaid, except as aforesaid, for the Purpose of putting this Act in Execution, and such Rates or Assessments shall be made upon sueh Valuation as the Tenants or Occupiers are or may be assessed to or rated at for the Relief of the Poor, and the Money or Monies so rated or assessed on the said Tenants or Occupiers, shall be paid by Collecting them respectively to the Collector or Collectors, or other Person or Rates. Persons appointed by the said Commissioners to collect the same; a.nd if any Tenant or Occupier of any of the Premises aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse to pay his or her Proportion or Proportions of any of the said Rates or Assessments respectively to the said Collector or Collectors, or other Person or Persons, for the Space of Fourteen Days after Demand made thereof, the same shall be levied and recovered dn and from all and every such Tenant or Tenants, Remedy oo Occupier or Occupiers so neglecting or refusing, by Distress and Sale Non-payof his, her, or their Goods and Chattels, by Warrant under the Hand meut. and Seal, or Hands and Seals of any One or more Justice or Justices of the Peace acting for the said Riding, such Defaulter having been first duly summoned by such Justice or Justices to appear before him or them, at a Time and Place to be mentioned in such Summons, to show Cause for such Neglect or Refusal, and the Overplus, if any, of the Monies to be raised by such Distress and Sale, shall be returned on Demand to the Owner or Owners of the Goods and Chattels so distrained and sold, together with what shall remain unsold, after deducting all Costs, Charges, and Expences previous to and attending such Distress and Sale, such Costs, Charges, and Expences to be ascertained and directed by the said Justice or Justices; and in Defau)t of such Distress, it shall be lawful for any such Justice or Justices to commit such Person to the Common Gaol or House of Correction for the West Riding of the County of York, there to remain without Bail or Mainprize, for any Time not exceeding Three Calendar Months, or until Payment of such Sum or Sums of Money as shall have been found to be due and in Arrear upon all or any such Assessment or Assessments as aforesaid, together with all Costs, Charges, and Expences attending the Recovery thereof, such Costs, Charges, and Expences to be ascertained and directed by the said Justice or Justices. XXX. And be it further enacted, That if the said Commissioners Power of shall at any Time or Times neglect or omit to rate or assess any Person Commissionor Persons· liable to pay or be charged with any Rate or Assessment ers to correct to he made by virtue of this Act, or shall in any such Rate or Rates. Assessment over-rate or under-rate any Person or Persons liable to pay · any such Rate or Assessment, then and in every such Case it shall be lawful for the said Commissioners to rate and assess, in the said Rate or Assessment, such Person or Persons so omitted to be rated and assessed, .and to correct and regulate such Rate or Rates, Assessment ·or Assessments, so as to make the same conformable to the true Intent and Meaning of this Act; and it shall and may be lawfu) ... 1312 For Recovery of Rates from Persons quitting the Premises rated • 1° GEORGII IV. Cap. xliii. iawful to and for the said Commissioners and they are hereby empowered to strike out the Name or Names of any Person or Persons not liable to the Payment of the Rates hereby directed to be made; and that all such Alterations or Amendments in such Rates or Assessments shall be as valid and effectual as if the same had been Part of the Rates or Assessments originally made. XXXI. And be it further enacted, That in case any Person or Persons who shall be rated· or assessed by virtue of this Act, shall quit his, her, or their House or Houses, Shop or Shops, Warehouse or Warehouses, Coach House or Coach Houses, Stable or St:ables, Cellar or Cellars, or other Hereditaments, whereon any Rate or Assessment shall be made by virtue of this Act, before he, she, or they shall have paid such Rate, and shall afterwards refuse or neglect to pay the same, when demanded of such Person or Persons, or at his, her, or their Place or Places of Abode, by the Collector of such Rates, or other Person authorized by the said Commissioners, then and in every such Case it shall be lawful for any One or more of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the said Riding, and he and they is and are hereby r~quired to grant a Warrant or W arrants of Distress under his or their Hand and Seal, or Hands and Seals, ( on Oath being made before him or them by the said Collector or Person as aforesaid, of such Person or Persons having been so rated, and of his, her, or their having quitted the Premises as aforesaid, and of the ~aid Rate 01· Assessment having been demanded of or from, or at the then Place of Abode of such Person or Persons, and which Oath such Justice or Justices is and are hereby authorized and empowered to administer), authorizing and directing any Constable or Constables of any Parish, Township, or Place within the said Riding, or in any other Riding, County, City, or Liberty where such Person or Persons shall then reside, or other Person or Persons to whom such Warrant or ,varrants shall be specially directed, to distrain the Goods and Chattels of the Person or Persons so refusing or neglecting to pay, and to sell th~ same ; and ( such Warrant being countersigned or backed by some Magistrate for the Riding, County, City, or Liberty where the Person or Persons shall then reside, or such Goods and Chattels shall be found, and which such Magistrate is hereby 1·equired to countersign or back), it shall be lawful for such Constable or Constables or other Person or Persons to distrain and sell the Goods and Chattels of the Person or Persons so quitting the said Premises, without having paid his, her, or their Rate or Assessment as aforesaid, in any Parish, City, Liberty, County, Riding, or Place where such Goods and Chattels shall be found, rendering the Overplus (if any) after having retained the Rate or Assessment and all Arrears thereof, and all the Cost.s and Charges of such Warrant, Distress, and Sale, to the Owner or Owners of such Goods and Chattels respectively ; and in Default of such Distress, it shall be lawful for any such Justice or Justices who shall have granted such Warrant, to cause such Defaulter to be apprehended and brought before him, and to commit such Defaulter to the Common Gaol or House of Correction for the said Riding, there to remain without Bail or Mainprize for any Time not exceeding Three Calendar Months, or until Payment of such Sums of Money as shall have been found to be due and in Arrear upon any such • 1° GEORGI! IV. Cap. xliii. such Assessment or Assessments as aforesaid, together with aU Costs, Charges, and Expences attending the Recovery thereof, such Costs, Charges, and Expences to he ascertained and directed by the said Justice or Justices. XXXII. And be it further enacted, That in all Cases where any Persons rePerson or Persons shall remove from or quit the Possession of any mov!ng to .· House, Building, Land, Ground, or other Hereditaments, the Tenant :;:~:n Proor Occupier whereof shall he rated or assessed, or be liable to be · rated or assessed by virtue of this Act, every such Person or Persons so removing from or quitting th~ same shall be liable to pay such Rate or Assessment in Proportion to the Time that such Person or Persons occupied the same respectively, and in like Manner ~ if such Person or Persons had not removed from or quitted the Possession of the same ; and in all Cases where any Person or Persons shall come into or occupy any House, Building, Ground, or other Hereditaments rated or assessed, or liable to be rated or assessed as aforesaid, out of or from which any other Person or Persons shall have removed, or which at the Time of making any such Rate or Assessment was empty and unoccupied, the Person or Persons coming in or occupying the same shall be liable to pay such Rate or Assessment, although his, her, or their Name or Names may not be inserted in such Rate or Assessment, in Proportion to the Time that such Person or Persons shall occupy the same respectively, and in like Manner as if such Person or Persons had been originally rated or assessed by Name in such Rate or Rates, Assessment or Assessments; which said Proportions, in case of Dispute, shall be settled and ascertained by the said Commissioners. · XXXIII. And be it further enacted, That every Person being Landlord Landlord or Tenant, who shall let his or her House in separate } 0 p~yhfoJ Apartments, or ready furnished, to any Lodger or Lodgers, or for H:~:s~ any less Term than One Year, shall and may be rated and assessed to the Rate or Rates by this Act directed to be raised, levied, and recovered, in such and the like Manner as if he or she were the actual Occupier thereof. XXXIV. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be Receivers, or lawful for the Receiver or Receivers of any Rate or Assessment to 0th er Ptehr- . f · p p sons au o- be made by virtue o tlus Act, and for any other erson or ersons rized by the authorized by the said Commissioners, at all convenient Times (first Commissionhaving an Order under the Hands of Five of the said Commissioners ts, ~ he_alfor that Purpose), to inspect the Books of Asse~s.ment of the Land 8 °::t ;;/1 - Tax, and also the Books or Rates made for ra1s1ng Money for the tike Copies Relief and Maintenance of the Poor of the said Town, in order to of or Exascertain the .Rates and Assessments to be raised by virtue hereof, trc; fr~m f and also to take Copies thereof, and to make Extracta taerefrom ; ta:d '?la: 0 which Inspection, Copies, and Extracts the Vestry ClerA or other and of Poor's Officer or Person having the Custody of such Book, Assessment, and Rates ~thin· Rate, or Books, Assessments, and Rates, is hereby required to permit the ransh, and suffer to be made, without Fee or Reward, by such Receiver or gratis. Receivers, Person or Persons appointed as aforesaid, on producing such Order as aforesaid ; and in case any Vestry Clerk, or other [Local.] 15 G such .... lftJA APfllicui~a of:Mo~v raised bv Commission• ers. Commi:-sioners may ahate and preventNuii-anCl'~, &c. Re~11latiP~ Cellar DQors or Flap$. 1° GEORGI! IV. Cap.xliii. 1ueb Offioe, or, Officers, Person or Pel'SOns, shall neglect or- refuse so it\ d9 wiihi:Q. Ten Days after ~uch Order shall be produced and shewn to him ot· tbem, or a Copy thereof left at his or their last or most usual Place of Abode, then and in every such Case he or they so re- · fusing or neglecting shall for every such Offence forfeit any Sum not ~~e9fflllg· Twenty Pounds. .XXXV, And be it further enacted, That all the Money to be r,1iw by the #,aid Commissioners~ or received by them Wlder or by viftue of thii .A.et, shall be paid to the Treasurer of the said Commi~ion~r~,, o:r to such other Pe.rson or Persons as they shall appoint, fU!d sbill be applied and disposed of in the first Place, in paying an4 defr-3iyipg the Charges and Expences which shall be incident to ~fld ~ttending the obtaining and passing of this Act, with Interest fQ.F. •e same ; and in the next Place, from Time to Time in defray - il}g- tha Cha,pges and Expences o.f lighting, watching, and cleansing the said Town, a.nd in paying and defraying all Expences which the ~~d. Com.Ulissioners and their Officers shall necessarily sustain or be put unto in carrying this Act into Execution, and in prosecuting a.nd defending any Actions, Suits, or Prosecutions in any manner i:el~tive to the Execution of this Act by them, or of any thing to be dolle under or by virtue thereof, and for such other Uses and PurpQSes as are herein expressed; all which said JVIonies shall be severally and separately applied to the several and respective Purposes for which the sev~:ral and respective Rates and Sums shall be levied an

. and such Person so offending· shall also pay, to the Surveyor

on other Person appointed by the Commissioners to receive the same, aU Costs, Charges, and Expences of restoring the Ground or Pavement of such C~rriageway or Footway to, its former State ; all such P-enalties, Costs,. Charges, and EJkpences to be levied and recovered in· like M:an:mer as any Penalty is by this Act directed to be recover€d. · XXXVU. And be. it further eQ.acted, That from and after the passing, oB this A-0t. all Spouts and Pipes for conveying Water from the Roofs 0£ Houses. QI' othel' Buildings into the said Streets, Lanes, or ~blio Fas.sages; shall be made- or pl~ed1 so as to convey such Water ir.om such Roofs close. to the Face or Side ofJ such Houses or- Build3 ings 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. ings down to the Ground or Pavement, under a Penalty of Five Sbil. lings for every Day the same shall remain placed contrary to the Di .. rections of this Act, after Notice in Writing for the Purpose from the said Commissioners shall have been left at such House or Building for the Occupier thereof, such Penalty to be paid by such Occupier; and where any Opening is now or may hereafter be made in the Paving or Flagging of any of the said Streets, Lanes, or public Passages, as an Entrance into or for the Purpose of carrying Coals or other Articles into any Vault or Cellar, whether such Vault or Cellar be inhabited or uninhabited,. or for the Purpose of conveying Light into any Room or Cellar, or for any other Purpose, the Door, Lid or Lids, Flap or Flaps, Covering or Grating to such Opening, shall be made (at the Expence of the Occupier of the Cellar, Kitchen, Building, or other Premises to which such Opening shall communicate) of Iron, or such other Materials, and of such Dimensions, and in such Manner and Form as the said Commissioners shall direct and approve of; and every such Door, Lid, Flap, Grating, and Covering shall from Time to Time be repaired, varied, and altered at the like Expence of the Person or Persons for whose Use and Benefit the same shall be pos .. sessed and enjoyed, and in such Manner and Form as the said Commissioners shall direct or appoint ; and in case any Person or Persons shall cause any such Grating or Covering to be made, repaired, varied, or altered, or shall neglect or refuse to make, repair, vary, or alter such Grating or Covering, contrary to such Direction or Appoint. ment as aforesaid, or shall cause or permit any such .Cellar Door, Cellar Lid, Flap or Cover, within the Limits of this A et, to be left open unnecessarily, at any Time between Sun-setting and Sun-rising, on any Pretence whatsoever, without the same being well and sufficiently lighted and guarded, so as to prevent Accidents from hap· pening, every such Person shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Ten Shillings, and also any further Sum not exceeding Twenty Shillings, for every Week the said Offence shall be continued. 1315 XXXVIII. And be it further enacted, That if ~ny Person or Per- Penalty on sons shall, upon any of the Footways or Foot Pavements in any obstructing Streets, Lanes, or public Passages within the Limits of this Act, run, ~auseways, draw, drive, or carry thereon, any Truck, Wheelsledge, Wheelbarrow, c. Handbarrow, .Bier or Carriage whatsoever, or roll any Cask or Tub other than for the necessary loading and unloading thereof, unto, upon, from, or out of any Carriage Road or Footway, further than the Extent of the Premises in the Occupation of the Person from or to whose House or Building~ such Cask or Tub shall be rolled ; or if any Person shall wilfully drive any Cart or Carriage whatsoever, or shall ride, lead, or drive any Horse or other Beast, or any Cattle whatsoever on any of the said Footways or Foot Pavements, or set up, affix, or use any Stall, Standing, Block, or Working Place thereon or so near· thereto as to obstruct the passing thereon, or put or place any· Cask, Tub, Pail, Bucket, Stool, Bench, Stall, or any other Matmr 011 Thing, and suffer it to remain so as in any Manner to cause any Obstruction or Impediment in the Footway or on the Foot Pav~ment ; or shall in any Street, Lane, or other public Passage within the :Limits of this Act, hoop, fire, cleanse, wash, or scald any 1316 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. any Cask or Tub, or hew, saw, or cut any Stone, Wood, or Timber, or bore any Timber, or make or repair any Coach, Chaise, Waggo~ Sledo-e, or other Carriage, ( except such as may want immediate Repair from0 any sudden Accident on the Spot, or which cannot be conveniently removed for that Purpose, such unavoidable Repair to be done a.Jld completed with all covenient Speed) ; or if any Person shall hang out or cause to be hung out any Linen or Cloth, or any Article of Wearing Apparel or other Article, for the Purpose of Sale or of airing the same, upon or from any Door or Window within any Street, Lane, or public Passage within the Limits of this Act, or fix or tie up any Line, Rope, or Cord for any such Purpose ; or if any Person shall in or upon any such Street, Lane, or public Passage, shoe, bleed, farry, or ki11 any Horse or other Beast or Cattle, ( except in case of Accident) ; or if any Person shall within any such Street, Lane, or other public Passage, show or expose any Stallion or Stonehorse, or expose to Sale any Horse or other Beast, or turn loose any Horse, Mule, Ass, or other Beast; or if any Person shall make or assist in making of any Bonfire ( except by the Permission of some One Justice of the Peace for the said Riding), or shall wantonly let off or fire any Gun, Pistol, Blunderbuss, or other Fire-arms, or shall wantonly let off any Serpent or Rocket, or throw any Cracker, Squib, or other Fireworks, or play at Football, or any other Game or Games ; or shall wilfully break, or aid, abet, or assist in wilfully breaking, any Glass Pane or Window, Panes or Windows, in or belonging to any Dwelling House or other Building ; or if any Person shall kill or slaughter, or shall scald, singe, dress, or cut up any Animal, either wholly or in Part, in any of such Streets, Lanes, or public Passages, or cause or permit any Blood to run from any Slaughter-house, Butcher's Shop, or Shambles, into the same or any of them, or shall cause any Privy or Necessary House within the Limits of this Act to be emptied, ( except between the Hours of Ten of the Clock at Night and Six of the Clock in the Morning), or shall at any Time throw out of any Door or Window, upon any such Footway, or into any such Streets, Lanes, or public Passages, any Filth, or shall lay or deposit, or shall cause or permit to be laid or 'deposited, the Contents of any such.Privy or Necessary House, or any Part thereof, in any Street, Lane, or public Passage, or upon any Footway, within the Limits of this Act, or shall for the Purpose of obtaining or collecting Manure, or for any other Purpose, stop up or impede the Passage of any Common Sewer, Ditch or Watercourse ; or if any Person or Persons shall permit or suffer his, her, or their Mastiff, Bull Dog, or any other dangerous Animal to go at large, without being safely and sufficiently muzzled ; or if any Person or Persons shall wilfully hinder, obstruct, or prevent the free Passage of any of the said Streets, Lanes, Ways, Passages, or Places, or shall commit or permit any other Kind of Obstruction or Annoyance in or upon any Street, Lane, or public Passage within the Limits of this Act, then and in every such Case every Person so offending shal1, for every such Offence, forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Five Pounds; and it shall be lawful for any Officers appointed by virtue of this Act, or for any Constable, to take away and remove 3:~y . of the before-mentioned Obstructions, i_n ~ase the Party occas1omng the same shall not remove the same w1thm a reasonable Time after being required so to do by any Person or Persons whomsoever, and 1"0 GEORGI! IV. .Cap.xllii. 1817 and 'it ·shall and may be lawful to and for any Constable or other Peace Officer, or any One of the said Commissioners, or any Officer or other Person acting by or under their Authority by virtue of this -Act, and without any Warrant whatsoever, to seize and apprehend any such Offender or Offenders as aforesaid, and forthwith to convey

him, her, or them before some Justice or Justices of the Peace for

the said Riding, in order to his, her, _or their Conviction of such ~- , . . fence : Provided nevertheless, that 1t shall be lawful for the said Comm1ss1onCommissioners to order and direct and maintai~ Prosec?tions ~gainst d~;e~tProseany Person or Persons, for any Offence committed agamst this Act, cutions for or for any Nuisances, Encroachments, or Obstructions laid, placed, (?bstruc.erected, or made, in or upon the said Streets, Lanes, or other public t10ns. ·Passages, or upon the Foot Pavements within the said Town, or any Part thereof: Provided also, that nothing herein contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to prevent or hinder any Person or Persons from placing any Stall, Booth, Stool, Bench, or Form, for the Sale of Goods or Wares, or from exposing to Sale any ~feat, Poultry, Vegetables, Fruit, or any other Matter or Thing, in any Street, Lane, or public Passage within the Limits of this Act, so as not to encroach or infringe on any Highway or Foot Pavements. XXXIX. And be it further enacted, That if any Sort of Cattle, Pena~ty on Swine, or~ Pigs, shall at any Time be found wandering about any of ~lowmg the Streets, Lanes, or other public Passages, within the Limits of this w:Sd~r \: the Act, the Owner or Owners thereof shall for every such Head of Cat- Streets, &c. tle, Swine, or Pig, forfeit and pay any Sum not exceeding Ten Shillings

and moreover it shall and ~ay be lawful to and for the Pindar

or Bye-law Men for the Time being of ·the said Town of Huddersfield, appointed or to be from Time to Time appointed at the Court Leet held in and for the Manor of Almondbury in the said West Riding of the said County of York, if he or they shall think proper, to seize and impound such Cattle, Swine, or Pigs, and to keep the same impounded in the common Pound of the said Town of Hudderefield, or in such other Place as the said Commissioners shall appoint, and the same there to remain until the Owner or Owners thereof shall, for every such Head of Cattle, Swine, or Pigs, so impounded pay the Sum of Five Shillings to the Person impounding the same, together with the reasonable Charges and Expences of impounding and keeping the same ; and in case the said Sum of Five Shillings and the Charges and Expences shall not be paid within Four Days next after -such impounding, it shall be lawful for the said Commissioners to sell or. cause the same to be sold, and the Money arising from such Sale, after deducting the said Sum of Five Shillings, and the Charges and Expences of impounding, keeping, and selling such Cattle, Swine, or Pig, shall be paid to the Person or Persons whose Property the Cattle, . Swine, or Pig so sold, shall appear to have been : Provided always, that nothing herein contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to prejudice, abridge, infringe, or affect the Rights: of the Lord of the Manor of Hudderefield for the Time being, to Waifs and Strays. PenaltJ on. XL. And be it further enacted, Th.at if the Driver of any ~riv~rs 0 ~ Waggon, C~ Car, Dray, or other Carriage, shall ride upon any M~l!~ or [Local.] 15 H such viour. 1318 1 ° G EORG 11 IV. Cap. xliii. such Carriage· in any-Street, Lane,. or public Passage· .within ;the Limits of this Act, not having · some· other Person· on ,;Foot or,,-0n Horseback to drive the same,· (such Carriages as are usu.ally con. ducted by some Person holding the Reins of the Horse or Horses drawing the same excepted}; or if. any Person· driving anyCaniage whatsoever in any such Street, Lane, or public. Passage, shall drive the same furiously, or shall byNegligence or wilful Misbehaviour cause any Hurt or Damage -to any Person or Carriage, or shall wilfully be at such Distance from his Carriage whilst it shall be passing in ,such Street, Lane, or public Passage, that he. cannot- have the Direction and:Govemment of the Horse or Horses, or other Cattle drawing:the same, or shall wilfully prevent, hinder, or interrupt the· Passage of any other Carriage, or of any of His· Majesty's Subjects, in or along any such Street,. Lane, or public Passage ; . or if any Person driving any Coach;. Chariot,. Chaise,. loaded Waggon, Cart, or other Carriage, upon any such Street, Lane, or public Passage, shall not keep his .or her. Coach, Chariot, Chaise, loaded Waggon, Cart, or other Carriage, upon his or her Left or Near· Side . of such Street, Lane, or public Passage, then and ini every such Case such Driver so offending, and heing convicted of any such Offence, either by his. own Confession, the View of a Justice of the Peace, or by the Oath of One or more credible Witness or Witnesses, before any J,ustice ·of the Peace for the West Riding· of the ·County of Yorlc, shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay any Sum not excee~ng TwentY. Shillings~ :in case the Di'1ver shall not ·be .the Owner of such Carriage, and-m case such Driver shall:: be the Owner of such Carriage, then . any Sum not exceeding Forty Shillings, and every such Driver ·offending in any of the said Cases, shall and may by Authority of this Act, with or~without any Warrant, be apprehended by any Person or Persons who shall see such Offence committed ; and it shall and· may be lawful to and for the Person or Persons so apprehending such Driver, to convey such Driver, or to cause him to be conveyed or delivered to a Constable or other Peace Officer, in order to be conveyed before some Justice of the Peace for. the said West-Riding, to be dealt with, according to Law;. andjf any such Driver in ·any of~the Cases aforesaid, shall refuse to disclose his Name; it shall and maybe lawful to and for the Justice of the Peace before. whom he shall be taken, or to whom any such Complaint shall be made, to commit him to the House of Correction, there to remain· for any Time not exceeding Three Calendar Months, or to proceed against such Off"ender for the Penalty,aforesaid.,-by a Description of the Person -and the Offence, and expre~ing in such Proceedings that··such Driver or Person .refused to diselose his Name. P~a~ty for XLI. And be it further enacted, That if any Waggon, Cart, -Dray, ~ar~":~d or other Carriage shall.be left to stand·or remain in· or upon any Street, Carriages to Lane, or public Passage within ;the.Limits of this Act, and with· or remain in the without Horses or other Cattle, for. any Time longer than shall, be 8treet. necessary for unloading or loadingithereof, or in case, the same shall not be standing ,during. the Time· of unloading .or loading thereof, as near to the Side of such Street, Lane, or Passage as conveniently may be; or if anLa~~ge Coach, Diligence, or Post Chaise or other Carriage let to hire,.,s. . . be.-left t:o •t.a. nd or, remain. in, aJ!y of, the said Streets., Lan~ior Paasages,as-aforeaaid, with or·.withont liorses;foranrlon~r 6 Time 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. Tiatle, than shall be necessary for:-the taking up or· setting down· thePassengers thereof; and for loading and unloacling their Baggage-; or i£any Sacks of Grain, Potatoes, Fruit, or any Timber, Bricks, Lime;. Stones,:· Slates,, Hay, Straw, Wood, Faggots;: :Co~ls, Boards, Tubs;, Goods, Wares, or Merchandizes, or other Materials _ or Things whatsoever, shall be laid or placed, or left .to remain in or upon any of the said: Streets, Lanes, or pu~lic Passages, either in the C~rriageway or· Footway, for any longer Tnne than shall be necessary for moving- and housing the same_; · or if any broken Glass, Earthenware, Ashes; Rubbish, Dust, Dirt, Dung, Filth, or any other Nuisance or Annoy~ ance whatsoever, shall be wilfully thrown or cast into or lai& in' or, upon:any of the said,Streets, Lanes, or publfo,Passages; then and in every such Case, the Driver or other Person so leaving to stand or remain every such W aggoli, Cart, Dray, Coach, Diligence~ Post. Chaise, or other Carriage, and the Person or Persons who shall have so· laid, placed, or left such Sacks of Grain, Potatoes, Fruit, or any Timber, Bricks, Lime, Goods, Wares, and Merchandize, Materials, and other Things, in or upon any of the said Streets, Lanes, or publicPassages; and the Person or Persons who shall wilfully throw, cast,, or lay, or cause to be thrown, cast, or laid, any broken Glass or Earthenware, Aihes, Rubbish, Dirt, Dung, Filth, or any other Nuisance or Annoyance· into or upon any of the said Streets, Ways, Lanes,. public Passage or Places, shall for· every Offence in any of the Cases· aforesaid, forfeit· and pay any Sum not exceeding Twenty Shillings. 1319 X·I:,IL Provided nevertheless, and be it further enacted, That no Proviso in Person·shall be subject to any Penalty by virtue of this Act, for or on fav1 r of Account of any Building Materials~ Rubbish, or Dirt, being in or Bui ers. upon' any of the said Streets, ·Lanes,- or public Passages.,: before or near the House or Building of such Person, occasioned by the building or pulling down, xebuilding, or repairing such House or Building, so as there be convenient Room left for Carriages to pass, and a sufficient Way kept clear for Foot Passengers, and so as the 0W1).er or Occu~ pier of such House or Building do cause such Materials, Rubbish, and Dirt to be removed out of such ·Street, Lane, or public Passage, within a reasonable Time after such building, pulling down, or repairing shall be finished, or upon Notice to be· given to him or her, signed by the Clerk to the said Commissioners, and so that during the Time the. same shall ·be lying in such Street, Lane, public Passage, or Place, such Owner or. Occupier shall guard and fence off the same, either by a temporary Railing or otherwise, and also set up and maintain a sufficient Light or Lights during the whole of the Night-time, to the Satisfaction of the said Commissioners, to prevent Accidents arid'Mischief happening therefrom. XLIII. And be it farther enacted, That all Fines~ Penalties, and Recovery Forfeitures inflicted or imposed by this Act, (the Manner of levying an~ Appliand recovering whereof is not hereby part!cularly directed), may, in F:;~cit:~es. - case of Non-pa~ent thereof, be recovered ma summary Way, by the Order and Adjudication of One or more Justice or.Justices of the Peace of the said West Riding of the County of York, on Complaint to him or them for that Purpose exhibited, and afterwards be levied, as well as the Costs of such Proceedings, on Non-payment, by Distress and ... 1320 Form of Conviction. 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. and Sale· of the Goods and ·chattels of the Offender or respective· Offenders, or Person or Persons liable to pay the same, by Warrant under the Hand and Seal, or Hands and Seals of such One or more Justice or Justices, who is and are hereby authorized and required to summon and examine any Witness or Witnesses upon Oath of and concerning such Offences, Matters, and Things, and hear and determine the same, and to fix and mitigate the said Penalties and Forfeitures, according to his or their Discretion, and the Provisions in that respect herein-before contained; and the Overplus (if any) of the Money raised or recovered, after discharging the Fine, Penalty, or Forfeiture, for which such Warrant shall be issued, and the Costs and Expences ofrecovering and levying the same, shall be rendered to the Owner or Owners of the Goods and Chattels so seized and distrained; One Moiety of all which Penalties not herein directed to be otherwise applied shall be paid to the Infonner, and the other Moiety shall be paid to the Treasurer of the said Commissioners for the Time being, to be applied for the general Purposes of this Act ; and it shall and may be lawful for the said Justice or Justices to order the Offender or Offenders so convicted to be detained in safe Custody, until Return can be conveniently made to such Warrant or Warrants of Distress, unless the said Offender or Offenders shall give sufficient Security, to the Satisfaction of such Justice or Justices, for his or their Appearance before the said Justice or Justices on such Day or Days as shall be appointed for the Return of such Warrant or Warrants of Dist!ess, such Day or Days not being more than Seven Days from the Time of taking any such Security, and which Security the said Justice or Justices is and are hereby empowered to take by way of Recognizance or otherwise ; but if upon the Return of such Warrant or Warrants, it shall appear that no sufficient Distress can be had whereupon to · 1evy the said Penalty or Penalties, and such Costs as aforesaid, and the same shall not be forthwith paid, then it ~shall be lawful for such Justice or Justices, and he and they is and are hereby required and empowered, by Warrant or Warrants under his Hand and Seal, or their Hands and Seals, to commit such Offender ~r Offenders to any Gaol or House of Correction in the said Rid!ng, there to remain without Bail or Mainprize for any Time not exceed.iriit Three Calendar Months, or until such Offender or Offenders shall have fully paid such Penalty or Penalties, and all Costs and Charges attending such Proceedings as aforesaid, to be ascertained by such Justice or Justices, or-shall otherwise be discharged by due Course of Law. XLIV. And be it further enacted, That every Justice of the Peace before whom any Person shall be convicted of any Offence against this Act, shall and may cause the Conviction to be drawn up according to the Form following; (that is to say), to wit. c in the Year of our Lord Yorkshire}' BE it remembered, That on the Dayof ' is convicted before me of ' His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County [kere specif!J ' the Offence or Omission, a'IUl the Time and Place 'When and 'Where com.. ' mitted, as tke Case may be.] Given under my Hand and Seal the ' Day and Year first abovewritten.' XLV. And 1° GEORGI! IV. Cap.xliii. 1321 XL V. And be it further enacted, That no Proceedings to be had Proceedings touching the Conviction of any Offender or Offenders against this not i;: ~~ Act, or any Order made, or other Matter or Thing to be done or i::t ~f or transacted in or relating to the Execution of this Act, shall be vacated Form. or quashed for want of Form only, or removed by Certiorari or any other Writ or Process whatsoever, into any of His Majesty's Courts of Record at Westminster, any Law, Statute, or Usage to the contrary notwithstanding. XL VI. And be it further enacted, That where any Distress shall Distress not be made for any Sum or Sums of Money to be levied by virtue of this unlawful for Act, the Distress itself shall not be deemed unlawful, nor the Party or ;ant of Parties making the same be deemed a Ti-espasser or Trespassers, on orm. account of any Defect or want of Form in the Information, Summons, Conviction, Warrant of Distress, or other Proceedings relating the,:eto ; nor shall the Party or Parties distraining be deemed a Trespasser or Trespasse1·s on account of any Irregularity that shall be afterwards done by the Party or Parties distraining ; but the Person or Persons aggrieved by such Irregularities, may recover Satisfaction for the special Damage in an Action on the Case. XL VII. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That any Appeal may Body or Bodies Corporate or Collegiate, or any other Person or Per- be made to sons whatsoever, thinking himself, herself, or themselves aggrieved ~heffiQuarier ue ons. by any Rate or Assessment, or by any Order or Judgment of the said Commissioners, or by the Order or Determination of any Justice or Justices of the Peace, in pursuance of this Act, may within Three Calendar :Months after the Cause of Complaint shall have arisen, appeal to the Justices at their next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace to beholden for the said County, Riding, or Place where the Cause of Appeal shall arise, the Person or Persons appealing having first given at least Fourteen clear Days Notice of such Appeal and of the Nature and lVIatter thereof, to the Person or Persons appeal ea against, or to the Clerk to tae said Commissioners, as the Case may be, and forthwith after such Notice entering into a Recognizance before some Justice of the Peace for such County, Riding, or Place, wjth sufficient Sureties, conditioned to try such Appeal, and to abide the Order and A ward of the said Court thereon ; and the said Justices, upon due Proof of such Notice and Recognizance having been given and entered into, shall in a summary Way hear and determine such Complaint at such General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, or if they think proper may adjourn the Hearing thereof to the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace to be held for such County, Riding, or Place, and if they see Cause may mitigate any Forfeiture or Fine, and may order ·any Money to be returned which shall have been levied in pursuance of such Order, Judgment, or Determination of the said Commissioners or Justices, and shall and may also award such further Satisfaction to be made to the Party injured, or such Costs to either of the Parties, as they shall judge reasonable and proper ; and all such Determinations of the said Justices shall be final, binding, and conclusive upon all Parties, to all Intents and Purposes whatsoever. XL VIII. Provided always, and be it enacted, That in any Appeal Justices may from the said Rates or Assessments, or any of them, to be made by the relieve, on (Local.] 15 I said Appeal from ... 1322 Rates of Commissioners, without quashing the whole. lnhai>itants may be Witneises. Plaintiff not to recover after Tender of Amends. Limitations of Actions. Geneial Issue. 1° GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. said Commissioners for the Purposes of this Act, the Justices at the General Quarter Sessions to be holden for the said West Riding, or at any Adjournment thereof, shall and may amend the same in such Manner as may be necessary for giving Relief, without quashing or ~ltering such Rates or Assessments with respect to other Persons inentioned therein ; but if upon Appeal against the whole Rate or Assessment it shall be found necessary to set aside the same, then and in every such Case it shall and may be lawful to and for such Justices to order a new·Rate or Assessment to be made in Manner herein directed. XLIX. And be it further enacted, That no Person shall in any Action, Prosecution, or other Proceedings whatsoever, relating to or concerning the Execution of this Act, be deemed an incompetent Witt1ess on account of his or her being charged with or liable to pay any Rate or Assessment to be raised, levied., and collected by virt~e of this Act. L. And be it further enacted, That no Plaintiff or Plaintiffs shall recover in any Action to be commenced against any Person or Persons for any thing done in pursuance of this Act, unless Notice in '7Vriting shall have been give11; to the Defendant or Defondan~s, Twenty-ei_ght Days before such Act10n shall be commenced, of such mtended Actton, signed by the Attorney of the Plaintiff or Plaintiffs, specifying the Cause of such Action ; nor shall the Plaintiff or Plaintiff" recover in any such Action if Tender of Amends shall have been made to him, her, or them, or to his, her, or their Attorney, by or on behalf of the Defendant or Defendants before such Action brought; and in case no such Tender shall be made, it shall be lawful for the Defendant or Defendants in any such Action, by Leave of the Court, at any Time before Issue joined, to pay into Court such Sum of Money as he, she, or they shall think proper; whereupon such Proceedings, Order, and J udgment shall be made and given in and by such Court, as in other Actions where the Defendant is allowed to pay Money into Court. LI. And be it further enacted, That no Action or Suit shall be brought against any Person or Persons for any thing done in pur .. suance of this Act, or in relation to. the Matters herein contained, after Three Calendar Months from the Fact committed ; and every such Action or Suit shall be brought and tried in the County, Riding, or Place where the Cause of Action shall have arisen, and not elsewhere; and the Defendant or Defendants in every such Action or Sl,lit shall or may at his or their Election plead specially or the General Issue, and give this Act and the Special Matter in Evidence at any Trial, and that the same was done in pursuance and under the Authority of this Act ; and if the same shall appear to have been so done, or if such Action or Suit shall have been brought before the Expira. tion of Twenty-eight Days next after such Notice shall have been given as aforesaid, or after sufficient Satisfaction made or tendered~ aforesaid, or after the Time limited for bringing the same, or shaH be brought in any other County, Riding, or Place than as aforesaid, then and in every of the said Cases the Jury shall find a Verdict for the Defendant or Defendants ; and upon such Verdict, or if the 1 Pmmtiff' l 0 GEORGII IV. Cap.xliii. 1323 Plaintiff or Plaintiffs shall be nonsuited, or discontinue his, her, or their Action or Suit after the Defendant or Defendants shall have appeared, or, upon any Demurrer, Judgment shall be given against the Plaintiff or Plaintiffs, then and in every such Case the Defendant or Defendants shall recover Treble Costs, and have such Remedy for Treble Costs. recovering the same as any other Defendant or Defendants hath or have in other Cases by Law. LII. And be it further enacted, That in all Cases where Cognizance J uSlicesdem. · J · J · f h P b h. A · h II powere to 1s given to any ustice or ustices o t e eace y t 1s et, 1t s a administer and may be lawful to and for such Justice and Justices of the Peace to Oaths. administer an Oath to any Person, for his or their more certain Information in the Matter then depending ; and if any Person or Persons shall, upon his, her, or their Examination on Oath before the said Commissioners, or before any Justice or Justices, wilfully and corruptly give fa]se Evidence, such Person and Persons so offending, and being thereof duly convicted, shall be and is and are hereby declared to be subject and liable to such Pains and Penalties as by any Law in force and effect Persons convicted of wilful and corrupt Pe1jury are subject and liable to. LIII. And be it further enacted, That no Order, Rate, or Assess- ~ 0 Procee

LIV. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful Commissionto and for the said Commissioners to reward any Informer or Informers ers may as they shall think proper, so as such Reward shall not exceed the reward InAmount of the Penalty or Foneiture proved by the Information of former~. such Informer or Informers to have been incurred ; any thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding. L V. And be it further enacted, That this Act shall be deemed Public Act. and taken to be a Public Act, and shall be judicially taken Notice of as such, by all Judges, Justices, and others, without being specially pleaded. LONDON: Printed by GEORGE EYRE and ANDREW STRAHAN, Printers to the Kiug's most Excellent Majesty. 18i0.