Huddersfield Chronicle (31/Aug/1850) - page 7

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1850. 7 of OF THE PUBLIC JOURNALS. SP nnn [Inn] won HARVEST PROSPECTS. (From the Daily News.) repeal of the corn laws, August was an pefore [before] a Its rain, or draught, clouds or sun- [Sinai] asia [asa] mone [money] cold, were to determine the prosperity or sie [Sir] heat [C] all classes and interests throughout the '- o that month all might be prosperity and UP fields heavy tale er nt isc; [is] abundant, goid [good] plenty in the coffers 4 orcal [oral] confidence and credit firm, if the Ba ading, [adding] and pauperism and crime declining A few days of storm, a week or ones the weather were sufficient to change coat cold of affairs. In view of damaged fields, sje [she] WHO edd [ed] their corn and, brought less and less to HE '1 rose rapidly, dealers speculating on the grkets [markets] sliding scale gambled in foreign corn- [corn] pmetel [metal] must be suddenly paid for in gold , sudden put the screw on, raise its interest, ak. by week workmen paying is 4 must spend less on clothes, and less on foc [for] and all other imported and revenue eat es With shortened demand for forcign [foreign] 1a oe demand abroad for our goods declined, cheque felt the forced frugality and spread qna [na] the the people. . st 'no need we should tell over the misery, the count the grain in mn gpole [Goole] 8 be he bi saci [sac] stay There hand of industry, the breaking down into a he iving Irving] way of education and walking pe rf disease end crime in years passed, years of Cg food; not all our willingness to work, high Ped [Pd] kill. our wonders of machinery, our cur gather 1 seas, our customers spread far and a the world, our utmost foresight one us from actual want by virtue of the n in this warehouse and workshop of d ensure awa. [away] eve cor a we were placed at the mercy of a few hyp [hop] WOrktts [Works] 1 ye F or sunshine. We had explored the universe, of clout olonics [longs] at the antipodes, opened markets planted a sre [are] were men, but had nowhere sown corn. t oot [not] erow [row] within the narrow bounds of our Gar food FC the uncertain climate of such a small own he yourld [your] did the people of England for more gpeck [peck] vears [ears] allow their prosperity or adversity to han tuirty [thirty] yeu [ye] if iat [at] Otay [Oat] would work for the world, but only the t L Jgnd [Kind] must feed them. The shrinking of the fore amine prices little mended the case. as grew nothing for the chances of Eng- [angrily] sh harvest present state of the country we have a Bat jeture. [Turret] Three weeks since the prospects of ae were promising, and the general belief was a the wheat crop would prove an average. But the ue seounts [sounds] are that in consequence of the recent oo cold, wet weather, the crops have almost clon [con] ch ere suffered more or less. In Cambridgeshire, ht the wheat will be not less than one-third from ay average. In Devon the wheat on the low lands lve [le] a amongst it. In Durham, though the quantity a ve nies [ties] 'the quality is not good. In Gloucester av uantit [quantity] is short. and there is a great deal of blight. i antingdon [intending] fens the wheat is mildewed on the high lands the quantity is fair but the quality inferior, al the entire crop not more than two-thirds an average. jn Lancashire there is scme [same] mildew in Lincoln a great je. anda [and] short crop. In Leicester, Nottingham, and Norfolk, the quantity short and quality inferior. In Xorthemberland, [Northumberland] good in some places; in others infe- [fine- inferior] ror [or] buth [but] in quality and quantity. In Northampton nilacwed, [lacked] aud [and] much below an average both in quantity and quality. Yorkshire, below an average, both as to quality and quantity; and though Stafford seems to jave [have] a feir [fire] crop, and Suffolk and probably Warwick a racouable [rouble] avege. [average] it is net possible to doubt that the entire wheat crop of the kmgdom [macadam] is very much below yn everage [average] both as to quantity and quality. The wea- [we- Waller] iler. [ile] too. is still against the harvest; the reports worse than last week. In France the wheat crop is under- [understood] stood to be short; in Belgium the fioods [foods] have swept away or utterly destroyed immense quantities of wheat and all kinds of grain. Still there is no wild speculation in gain. uo sudden rise in our markets; for the last six weeks' average wheat was sct [act] down at 43s. 1d. The last weck's [week's] average, given in the Gazette of Friday, is sd. The average for the six weeks to the middle aust last vear [year] was 47s. 1 d. The crop of last was below average. There are no heavy stocks of the howe-crown [how-crown] grain on hand; under the corn-law wheat would liave [have] jumped in the last few weeks to 76s., 80s., or U2s., [Us] per quarter the prices of 1828, 1839, and is7. [is] The whole trade of the country would have lwen [went] checked-the winter would have been looked to with dread as the sure bringer of severe distress upon all classes of workinen. [working] But we have escaped from the chances of the clouds of England-spite of the weather tiv [ti] workinan [working] has Lis [Is] cheap free-trade loaf, Wheat is no longer under extraordinary need to be suddenly ved [bed] together for an emergency. It is regularly pro- [pro] i thronghout [through] the werld [world] as an article of commerce fur England, and our large and growing demand is se- [security] cuty [city] to the rest of the world in common with our- [ourselves] sles [sales] nut ouly [only] aguinst [against] famine but against scarcity, sudden fiuctustions [instructions] iu price, and consequent disturbance ofevery [of every] branch of production and trade. From the first in 1815 to the last in 1842, every corn luv [lu] after corn law, each an amendment on its unsuc- [nsc- successful] cesful [useful] predceessur. [predecessor] promised the farmers steadiness of to be 80s. 70s. 648. 56s,; [S's] but, great or a certainty for the farmer to depend upon asa foundation for rent. There is no need we should give dates and prices to remind the farmers how seldom wheat reached, and how constantly rent kept, to the bxed [bed] coru-lew [cor-Lee] price. At length there is some certainty of certainty ensured ly the varied climates of our world-wide corn fields. We have now our share in all the harvest of the earth fair wages for our fair day's Werk, [Week] 1a Open Competicion [Competition] with the world; and it rests Witu [With] farmers now to make bargains with their landlords ujun [jun] the Lasis [Lass] of the free-trade price of wheat. MovEMENTS.-The [Movement.-The] Lord Chancellor, aceom- [ace- amply] Paul Ww Lady Truro, has left Eaton-square, for the vaca- [vicar- vacancy] S08 [S] The Premier and Lad y John Russell intend to make tur tue] of the Highlands for a fortnight, and after paying ad Tespects [Respects] to her Majesty and the Prince Consort at proceed to Minto House, near Hawick, on a heal tthe [the] Earl and Countess of Minto, where the noble Le and lady intend to stay sume [sum] days. The Marquis of vauslowne [Sloane] is with the Marchioness at Bowood [Wood] Park, Wilts, by 4 select family circle. Sir George Grey left den, uear [year] Alnwick, on Monday, for York, in order to Seve [See] her Majesty and His Royal Highness Prince Albeit aud [and] the roval [Royal] amily family] at the railway terminus, on the Queen's rel Vsitthe [Soothe] Earl of Carlisle at Castle Howard, the 'oe im. [in] baronet, as Home Seerctary, [Secretary] having been selected thd [the] on her Majesty during her progress to Balmoral. it arl al] of Carlisle arrived at Castle Howard in the early Part oflast [afloat] week, from Naworth [North] Castle, the ancient family ol the Howards [Towards] in Cumberland, in order to make every ti patution petition] fur the reception of her Majesty. The Countess t and Lady Mary Howard had previously arrived , trom from] the Duke of Devonshire's seat in Derbyshire. ie Maruuis [Marquis] and Marchioness of Clanricarde and family Sas [As] paired to Brigliton. [Brighton] 'The noble marquis occasionally in town during the week on business connected with nent [sent] in the government. 'The Lord Privy Seal, at by Lady Minto and the Ladies Elliott, arrived tows, fe House, North Britain, on Tuesday last, from autumn. A large family party will shortly there, The Earl and Countess Grey intend to When the Howick Castle until the middle of next month, rdieveth, [ratified] noble earl is expected to return to London, to alr [ale] the Secretary of State, staying in London, Viscount for continues in town, and is not expected to leave ir Pron, lands, his seat in Hants, [Hats] for three weeks to come, dmin [min] ie tr. Baring arrived at his official residence at the ateendiy [attend] ty on Saturday afternoon, from Portsmouth, after ie Hele [Helen] her Majesty in her marine excursion to. Ostend. [Intend] it hon. baronet and Lady Arabella Baring and to Sten [Ten] leave town for Brighton, and afterwards go Wood on Park, Hants, [Hats] for the autumn. Sir Charles Scotland ith [it] Lady Mary Wood, is making a tour of visits in hear 1) The Right Hon. Fox Maule is at Birnam [Barnum] Lodge, Novem [November] eld, [ed] and he is not expected in town before Le, The Right Hon. Sir John Cam Hobhouse is at tk, Wilts.-Times. Eristoke [Stoker] Pa HIEF [HIE] TRap.-A [Trap.-A] curious but successful mode of Mr a2 4 thief was, on Friday morning (week) adopted by havin [having] chemist, Park-street, Walsall. That person wou [you] 4 Many occasions been a loser from the unscru- [insecure- scrutiny] ty soy, of articles displayed on his counter, who appeared to come aud [and] go without box of tion, [ion] he determined to lay a trap for him. A fine aud [and] wise bad before been taken by the unknown one, Cite hie Surmising that a similar article would again ex- [exon] on the Widity, Witty] Mr. Hazeldine [Hazel dine] placed a good-looking box water but this time substituting for its contents a Ld of ofsawdust. [of sawdust] 'To the box was fixed a string, to the Shelf hich which] Was attached an empty tin box, placed on a dit, [it] ac ple [le] apparatus, with the exception of the of sight. On the morning in question, a the employ of Mr. Hart, plauter, [plaster] Stafford street, Toaster Kaine, came in to purchase a trifling article for his leaving 40 1S been served, and as he was unconcernedly wuld', [would] SHOP, the fall of the tin box acquainted Mr. there rac [ra] that he had found the right man, and sare [are] enough String stretched between the counter and the ely 28 Carefully, and, under other circumstances, felloy [fell] ims [is] cted [acted] under the customer's coat. The discomfited his heels dropped his intended booty and took to ittendone [attending] at was soon afterwards in the custody of Super- [Superseded] Sarcdied [Sacred] Burton, In his trunk at home, which was 3,3 Vote found -several little things which, without ead [ad] om from Mr. Hazeldine's [Hazel dine's] shop. Be was oui our] re the magistrates on Wednesday, and was Bir [Sir] Ming 40 prison for a month as a rogue and ragabond,- [vagabond,- vagabond] Sis ai Journal, Rac [Ra] Tues ne PY IN Parts.-Profound sensation was caused on in the quarter of the Madeleine, Paris, by a 4 Catastrophe, M, de Th--, who occupies a Lis [Is] brother 2 banker, went with his son to dine with ion on 7 Baton de Th -, No. 4, Rue de Stze. [Size] A dis- [dist] at last eh, bt of interest arose between the three, and He [C] brother of the baron flew into a furious passion. brother in knife from his pocket, stabbed his a w, [C] breast near the right shoulder, and his son the fal) [al] broke He threw hi from the window, and in ce arm and received other injuries. Medical Seq tp... mediately procured and the wounds were Son's eet [et] the brother are not dangerous, but the his ite, [it] The wots [wits] that little hope is entertained of saving Pital [Capital] Boayi [Bombay] n was conveyed on a litter to the Hos- [Hos paper] Paper, 9 Where he died soon after his arrival.-Paris we confirmation, by the Lord Bishop of Chester, ee Presense [Presence] ast [at] week, a venerable old man, 77 years of bangs himself as a recipient of the laying on of RAILWAY IN TELLIGENCE. [INTELLIGENCE] The isle AND NORTH MIDLAND. yearly meeting of this com Wednesday, at York. ne attendance very 8 arden [garden] ompson, [Simpson] of Moat-hall, chairman ed report was taken as read. CHAIRMAN, in moving the adopti [adopt] on of the eee [see] Some general remarks, First, he that, previous day the directors had had the honour of con- [Conley] ile her Majesty along their line from N. ormanton [Normanton] to astle [Castle] Howard. The Journey was effected safely, and at very rapid rate, and her Majesty had expressed her entire The whole distance ily [il] understood, and to give the sharehol [shareholder] amount of information in every Ere Sreatest [Greatest] taking. After giving some explanations upon one or two items in the accounts, he explained that the 40,000 re. ceived [received] from Mr. Hudson had been carried to account ina former statement of the fourth report of the committee of investigation. He then referred to an apparently increased amount of working expenses one source arose trom [from] the greater repairs which had been effected in the permanent ey another increase arose from the augmentation of Fie wages of the enginemen [engine men] and firemen, which the irectors [directors] had submitted to on the application of the men, and after an ample enquiry as to the rate of wages paid by neighbouring ecmpanies [companies] another ground of apparent increase was to be accounted for by the charges for repairs of rolling stock, which the di- [directors] rectors were determined to keep up in the highest state of efficiency. There was alee a large item for law expenses, which was taken at an estimate of 1,000. Of this sum only 250 had been incurred during the last half-year, the remaining 750 being arrears of former half- [half years] years, including the charges connected with Some expensive appeal cases on rates. With reference to the arbitration case with Mr. Croshaw, [Cross] it was still in sus- [suspense] pense [sense] all the evidence had come out as they could wish, and in their belief their case could not stand better. With regard to the suit against Mr. Hudson, it was making pro- [progress] gress [grass] in Chancery, and the question had been put why the directors should not accept acertain [certain] sum down, or refer the case to arbitration. his opinion, he had no hesita- [hesitate- hesitation] tion [ion] in saying, that as long as they considered the directors able to manage their affairs they ought to allow this matter to remain in their hands. is was a case which was a demand for restitution, and not a case for arbitration. He had formed a strong opinion of what ought to be required frora [fora] Mr. Hudson, and would not consent to take less. With respect to the claims against two others of the late directors (Mr. Davies and Mr. Richardson,) the directors had made a conditional arrangement, receiving from them half the premiums which the shares were worth on the day that they were appropriated to them. An item on land purchases of 3,443 had been paid for interest on the com- [completion] pletion [portion] of conveyances, which sum in most companies was placed to capital account, but they thought it better to carry it at once to revenue. With reference to the Electric Telegraph Company negotiations were going on, and he trusted that arrangements would be effected, giving to this coinpany [company] a fair remuneration for the capital which they had laid out in telegraph works. The airangements [arrangements] with the Aire [Are] and Calder company wasa [was] bri [Bro] ing together of parties who had looked on each other as natural enemies. He hoped that this arrangement, whilst it secured a fair rate of toll, would not prevent that healthy competition which was essential for the protection of the public. With refer- [reference] ence [once] to the affairs of the company generally, although they were not met under prosperous circumstances, he ho they were met under hopeful circumstances. They had much better prospects than existed six months since, and he hoped that the various changes and reforms which were being eftected [effected] would tend to increased receipts and de- [decreased] creased expenditure. He then moved the adoption of the ropert, [report] which was agreed to unanimously. r. then moved 'That counsel's opinion be taken with a view to legal proceedings against Mr. Hudson and the late directors, and such officials as had been instru. [inst] mental in falsifying the accounts of the company. A Mr. THompPson [Thompson] seconded the motion, which was nega- [nena- negatived] tived [lived] nearly unanimously. The CHarrMaN [Chairman] moved the adoption of a resolution, ceclaring [declaring] a dividend of 5s. per cent, without deduction for income-iax [income-ia] which was agreed to. The CHarRMAN [Chairman] observed that last week their receipts were 10,618, being the highest receipt, with one exception, that the company had ever received Mr. RaMsEY [Ramsey] moved That the names, duties, and salaries of the servants amounting to 100 and upwards, be circulated with the report at each half-yearly meeting. Mr. ANDERSON seconded the motion, which, after some discussion, was carried. The CHAIRMAN said, the next subject for the considera- [consider- consideration] tion [ion] of the meeting was as to the way in which the auditing of the accounts should be carried on in future. Hitherto they had had the services of Mr. Cottam, of Manchester, a professional accountant, and he had devoted much time, and had also made useful suggestions as to the mode in which they should be kept. His charge last half-year amounted to 175 11s. 16d. Mr. ForD [For] moved That Mr. Cottam's services be con- [continued] tinued [continued] which was agreed to. Mr. ANDERSON moved, That the allowance to the auditor be limited to 100 guineas per annum, contending that was sufficient, considering the amount of duty as stated by Mr. Cottam in his own report Afier [After] some discussion the motion was negatived. The CHAIRMAN proposed two resolutions, agreeing to accept 1,250 from Mr. James Richardson, and 1,000 from Mr. Davies, in respect of shares received by them as direc- [direct- directors] tors and subscribers to the Whitby Building Company, such arrangement not in any way to prejudice the claims of the company against them in respect of any other liabilities as directors of this company, either solely or in conjunction with other directors. This resolution was carried. Mr. RaMSEY [Ramsey] enumerated some defalcations which had occurred from time to time, and asked if the bonds had been taken from the clerks. The had in all new appointments, and in the case of old servants such was being done. At the suggestion of Mr. Hoacins, [Hans] The CHAIRMAN said the board would endeavour, if pos- [post- possible] sible, to fix the meeting of this company on the day next to the Berwick Company's meeting. After some further conversation, Mr. CHARLTON asked as to the sale of useless land, which the Chairman said they were forwarding as fast as possible. Mr. BULL moved a vote of thanks to the chairman and directors, and in doing so stated that he had in the last two days gone over the main parts of the line, and found every- [everything] thirg [thing] in a most satisfactory state. The vote was seconded and carried unanimously. GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY. The half-yearly ordinary general meetingot [meet ingot] the shareholders of the Great Northern Railway Company took place, on Thursday, at the London Tavern, for the purpose of receiving a report from the directors; of confirming the forfeiture of certain shares to be then declared on which calls are in arrear, [area] the required notices of the forfeiture of which have been given to the respective proprietors, of submitting for the opinion of the shareholders an agreement with the York and North Midland Railway Company, for running over the lines of that company into York, in lieu of con- [constructing] structing [instructing] the remainder of the Great Northern Line from Askerne [Asking] to York, as sanctioned by parliament; and upon other the general business of the company. . E. B. Denison, Esq., M.P., took the chair, and the usual formal business of the company having been gone through, The SECRETARY read the report From the statement of the accounts it appeared that the total expenditure on capital account, up to 29th June last, was shown to have been 6,392,962 lls. [ll] 8d.; balance in cash, 232,163 14s.; [1st] and the amount invested in shares in other lines was 98,280 12s. 2d.; making altogether, 6,723,4071. 18s. 6d. The total receipts for the half-year ending 29th June, were 15s.; [1st] and the working expenses, including rates and leases, 43,873 16s. 7d.; leaving a balance of 24,1927. 18s. 10d. The net revenue account showed a balance of 7,90J [7,J] 1s. 10d. The CHAIRMAN, in moving the confirmation of the report congratulated the proprietors on the completion of the works by Mr. Brassey, [Brass] notwithstanding all the impediments that had been thrown in his way between London and Peterborough. The line from Peterborough to York, he need hardly say, was completed last year. Notwithstand- [Not withstand- Notwithstanding] ing all that had been said against it, he was happy to say that they had arrired [arrived] from London to Peterborough by an outlay of about 3,000,000 He (the chairman) had gone over the line, and as far as he was concerned he thought it was one of the best constructed lines of railway in the king- [kingdom] dom. (Hear, hear.) Satisfactory p was making at the station at King's Cross. Since the last meeting the directors had selected a general r and a locomotive superintendent. For the first they had selected Mr. Sey- [Se- Seymour] mour [our] Clarke, who had been for many years with the Great Western Railway Company, and for the latter office Mr. Sturruck, [Struck] and it was his firm belief that both those gentle- [gentlemen] men were likely to turn out most valuable servants to the company, and he was happy to say that the salary of both those gentlemen did not amount to the sum that had been given to one previous offier [officer] of the company. A PROPRIETOR wished to know what were the salaries to be given to those officers. The CHAIRMAN said that the salary of Mr. Seymour Clarke would be 9001. a year, and that of Mr. Sturruck [Struck] 500. The CHAIRMAN resumed, and having gone into a long statement of the liabilities and prospects of the line, and referred to the agreement entered into with the York and North Midland, stated that if the proprietors would enable them to raise from 300,000 to ,0002. the whole of the works might be completed. The Chairman concluded by moving the adoption of the report. ; Mr. CLoven, [Coven] a banker at York, moved the following amendment - That the directors postpone their proposal of abandon- [abandoning] ing the line beyond Asker, and that a circular be issued to each of the shareholders, requesting them to give their vote in writing as to the abandonment of that portion of the line between Askerne [Asking] and York, and that three direc- [direct- directors] tors and three of those friendly to its completion in its in- [integrity] tegrity [integrity] prepare the circular, to be issued by the secretary at the same time as the report of the meeting the voting paper to be returned to the secretary by the J0th [Th] of Sep- [September] tember. [member] Those not returning their papers to be considered neutral. Mr. WaTERS [Water] seconded the amendment. ; After some considerable stormy and irregular discussion, and after Mr. Bagster, [Baxter] the solicitor of the company, had explained the provisions of the ae by which the Great Northern Company consented to forego the prosecu- [pros ecu- prosecution] tion [ion] of the line from Askerne [Asking] to York, and stated that the company had power to run over the Lancashire line- [line the] The CHATRMAN, [CHAIRMAN] in replying, stated that he felt convinced that if the proprietors compelled the directors to make the line to York it would cost them and added to this, they would make an influential company, that was now their friend, theirenemy. [their enemy] (Hear, hear.) The Then ut the amendment of Mr. Clough to the meeting, and declared. upon a show of hands, that it was lost, Beene [Been] Dein [Den] deren [render] hands held up for it, and in immense number against it. on The CHAIRMAN then declored [declared] the amendment to be negatived, and put the original motion for the adoption of the report, which was car 'ied by an overwhelming majority. A resolution was then carried, authorising the directors to raise a sum of 106,666l. [W,L] for the r h purpose the Leeds central station. of the A resolution was also carried forfeiting 7,722 shares upon which only 5. had been paid. ue A resolution was also carried authorising the directors to issue 12 10s. shares, bearing preference dividends of five per cent in perpetuity. A vote of thanks was then pro and carried to the chairman and directors, and the chai [chair] having returned thanks, the meeting separated, after lasting upwards of three hours. -- . LEEDS AND THIRSK. The directors of this company have issued their half- [half] yearly statement, from which it appears that the receipts on calls to the 30th June last have been 1,527,9991. ; miscellaneous receipts, 14,5351. loans, 471,2051. making a total of 2,013,740.; besides which there is an item of 22,4291. under the head of other advances, which appear to have been made to the company prior to the 3lst [last] December last. The total amount expended up to the 80th of June, including 34,858 ., the Ripon Canal purchase, was 2,000,156 leaving a balance in hand of 13,5842. The total share capital authorised under the company's acts is 2,243, 0001, and the balance due or remaining to be called up is 845,180 The revenue account for the half-year ending the 30th of June states that 30,206 had been re- [received] ceived, [received] and 11,363 expended, including 388 passage duty leaving a balance of of which 8,147 is appropriated to interest on loans leaving 10,696 appli- [apply- applicable] cable to dividend. The length of railway open is thirty- [thirteen] nine miles, from Leeds to Thirsk. MIDLAND RaILway.-On [Railway.-On] Friday the half-yearly meeting of this company was held at the Derby Station, Mr. Ellis, M.P., chairman, presiding. From the report of the direc- [direct- directors] tors, we extract a passage There has been a consider- [considerable] able diminution of receipts on passenger and traffie [traffic] ; while, on the other hand, there has been a large increase upon minerals and for rents. The total receipts on revenue account from all sources taken together equal those of the corresponding half year in 1849. The disposable balance for dividend on this occasion is 59,513, while in 1848 it was 114,682. This great reduction admits of an easy and conclusive explanation. In the first place, the interest upon the 50 shares is now charged entirely to revenue, whereas in 1849 only 12,500 was placed to that account. On this head there is an increased charge of 46,763. In the next place, there has been a greater expenditure in the locomotive department, arising partly from the additional mileage of trains run, and partly from the necessity of pro- [providing] viding [Riding] further locomotive power for the increased weight of traffic. There has also been an increase under the head of general charges, occasioned by the renewal of debentures and commission on loans, which were heretofore debited to capital, but now properly belong to revenue. On the other hand, there is a diminution of expenditure under various other heads, whereby the excess of expenditure in working the line is reduced to the sum of 6,574 and, when it is considered that the company ses [se] four new engines of larger power, against two smaller ones disposed of, the pro- [proprietors] prietors [proprietors] will, it is hoped, be satisfied that the directors have by this expenditure consulted the permanent interest of the company. The directors have placed to the permanent- [permanent way] way renewal fund 10,000, as in the corresponding half- [half year] year of 1849, but the experiments which they are now making lead them to hope that this sum may shortly be permanently reduced. From the disposable balance the directors recommend that the following dividend be de- [declared] clared, [Clare] viz. -16s. -1st] upon each 100 of Midland consolidated stock 3 upon each 100 of Midland consolidated pre- [preferential] ferential [deferential] stock 2s. 3d. upon each 100 consolidated Bir- [Sir- Birmingham] mingham [Birmingham] and Derby stock 1s. 10s. per share upon the Erewash Valley shares-leaving a balance of 874 2s. 11d. The directors have made further progress towards closing the capital account-the outstanding liabilities having been reduced, during the half-year, by 140,329 6s. 9d. and they believe that the amount stated to the last half-yearly meet- [meeting] ing will be fully sufficient for the completion of the works, and to discharge the present liabilities of the company. [company] The report was adopted, after some conversation, and a return of the salaries of the company's servants was ordered. There was a special meeting, at which Mr. Wylie, of Liver- [Liverpool] pool, moved for the appointment of a committee to enquire into the liabilities of the company with reference to the ex- [expenditure] perditure [expenditure] incurred by the Leeds and Bradford Railway, and into the debenture debt, and the liability to pay a rent to that company, &c., with power to call for persons and papers, and to report from time to time to the company. The directors opposed the motion, regarding it as tending towards a repudiation of the agreement with the Leeds and Bradford company.-Mr. Edward Baines also urged, that, however disadvantageous that lease was, it would not be honourable to attempt to repudiate it they had better lose their money than their character. Other shareholders protested that the contract had been fraudulently brought about. After much discussion, there was a poll taken on the question, and the resolution was negatived by 2,034 shares against 1,229 shares. HULL AND SELBY.-The half-yearly meeting of this company was held on Saturday, at Hull. The report stated that the directors, being anxious to avoid any just ground of difference arising between this company and the York and North Midland Railway Company had entered into negotiations for ascertaining and adjusting their claims. Towards providing for any payment which may be required to be made on this account, it is considered expedient now to make some reserve, and the directors recommend a dividend for the half-year of 2 7s. upon the whole or 50 shares, and 1 3s. Gd. upon the half or 25 shares; such dividend, and also the half-year's interest at the rate of six per cent per annum on the quarter shares (subject in each case to the deduction of the income tax), to be payable at the bankers of the company. The net amount of the dividends, after deducting the income tax, will be 27,377, leaving 1,481 in hand. After some discussion the report was adopted. MANCHESTER, SHEFFIELD, AND LINCOLNSHIRE Rair- [Air- Railway] way.-The [The] half-yearly meeting of this company was held at Manchester on Wednesday. The Earl of Yarborough, the chairman of the company, presided. The secretary having read the advertisement calling the meeting. The chairman said it would not be necessary that he should enter into any lengthened statement of the position of the company, as that had already been given in the report of the directors. From the report, which entered more into detail than many of the previous reports of the company, the length of line opened would beseen, [been] and also the works which the directors had taken powers to enter upon, but the execution of which it was considered advisable for some time to defer. 'The canals, it would be seen, were still losing concerns to the company; but the shareholders should consider what would have been the effect of the existence of those canals if they had been in the hands of competing companies. (Hear, hear.) Take the Chester- [Chesterfield] field Canal, forexample. [for example] If that had been in adverse hands, he was sure the loss would have been much greater than it was under present circumstances. However, the losses during the present half-year appeared much larger than they had done in any previous -year, and one reason for this was the serious diminution in the amount of re- [receipts] ceipts, [receipts] owing toa [to] severe frost, which lasted upwards of a month, which had compelled the company to incur the expense of cartage in many where goods had to be delivered on the line of the canal. ith [it] reference to the accounts, he felt satistied [satisfied] that the statement of the present year was the worst which the directors would ever have to lay before the company. (Hear, hear.) Hitherto the expenses had been extreme, but now that the line was completed, they would not be so large in uture [future] years. Mr. Allport, the manager, had commenceda [commenced] system of reduction, the effect of which would be made known at the next half year. The auditors had published a report, which upon the face of it looked very like a report of the directors. The auditors, in alluding to the canals, said that the board should take steps to impress upon Mr, Ricardo, M.P., the propriety of having carried out that policy which he stated in evidence in the House of Com- [Commons] mons that he should recommend. There was no question that the want of such a principle was productive of great loss to this company. (Hear, hear.) As to the works at Grimsby, the opinion of Mr. Stephenson,, an independent engineer, had been taken as to whether any of the works in progress there should be suspended for a time, and his opinion was decidedly that none of them should be stopped. (Hear.) With reference to the Humber Ferries transac- [transact- transaction] tion, [ion] that had been placed in the hands of an independent solicitor, Mr. Carter, of Birmingham, who, in a recent communication to the board, stated that he had written to the different individuals connected with the Humber Ferry purchase, and they unanimously declined to refund any of the money, except so far as a miscalculation of interest in the secretary's office was concerned. Hear, and Shame. The report was then taken as read, and the chairman proposed that it, together with the statement of accounts, be received and adopted. Mr. Turner seconded the motion. Mr. Morton objected to many items in the report and accounts, and also in the chairman's address. Mr. Geach, [Each] one of the directors, replied to the observation of Mr. Moreton, and rebutted the idea that the per centage [agent] of the working expenses had any reference to the economy of the management of the line. Thechairman [The chairman] entered into some explanatory statements, in the course of which he said the reductions to which he had alluded were as fol- [follows] lows -24 clerks, at 23 per week 62 goods' porters, &c., at 60 per week; boat hire, at 6 10s. per week; making altogether a sum of 3,600 per annum. As to the Great Northern Company, the directors were very desirous of en- [entering] tering [tearing] into amicable arrangements with it, and overtures had been frequently made to that effect, but great difficul- [difficult- difficulties] ties had been thrown in their way by the Great Northern Com; Alengthy [Length] discussion ensued, in the course of which Mr. Geach [Each] said he thought no sacrifices of any kind would have to be made for the purpose of raising money, but that the line would soon be in such a position that people would be quite willing to lend the company money at per cent without any difficulty. (Hear, hear.) On the motion being put, it was carried by a very large majority. A dividend at the rate of 73 per cent on the Sheffield and Manchester No. 1 Quarters was to, payment to be tponed [toned] to a period to be decided upon at a future meet- [meeting] ing. A formal resolution authorizing the sale of a number of forfeited shares was carried, and other business of a routine character having been transacted, the proceedings terminated by a vote of thanks to the chairman. SHEFFIELD, ROTHERHAM, BARNSLEY, WAKEFIELD, Hup- [Up- Huddersfield] DERSFIELD, [HUDDERSFIELD] AND GOOLE.-On Monday the ordinary half- [half] yearly meeting of shareholders was held at the company's offices, Wakefield; E. B. Beaumont, Chairman of the Board of Directors, in the chair. This line leased to the Lancashire and Yorkshire Company, and r cent and half surplus profits, the attendance of shareholders was very limited. The rt was as follows Your directors have little to report for the half-year, except that they are now enabled to confirm the statement made to them at the last meeting, that the total cost of the railway would not exceed 263,253, or 3,253 over the amount on which the rent is guaranteed by the lessees. Your di rs have en- [endeavoured] deavoured [favoured] to disc as many of the outstanding liabili- [liability- liabilities] ties as possible, and have reduced them from 40,303 10s 8d. reported at the last meeting, to about 16,000 now due. e amout [about] due to Messrs. Miller and Co., the contractors, which was nearly the only one about which any question of importance could have arisen, has been satisfactorily settled, and the amount due to them has been paid, with the exception of the sum retained under the terms of the contract for maintenance of works until twelve months after completion, The other amounts unpaid are principally those to landowners in which questions of title arising, the sums due remain yet in the hands of the com. pany [any] until the titles are cleared. The short time during which the line has been opened has not developed the Lown [Low] land. traffic which may be expected over it when our arrange- [arrangements] ments [rents] are completed with the various colliery owners and others upon it. The rent from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Company will bopayable [payable] on the first of Sept. next. The divi- [div- dividend] dend [end] warrants be issued immediately afterwards. Your directors are of opinion, that, with a view to the protection of the future interests of the company, and especially having regard to the right to dividend over the five per cent per annum, in case the line shall produce more than that sum to the lessees, that two directors should be nominated by this to take their seats at. the board of the Lanca- [Lance- Lancashire] shire and Yorkshire Company, in pursuance of the powers of the lease, and that the duties of secretary be continued to be exercised, so that the identity of the company may be legally preserved they have, therefore, nominated the chairman of this company and J. Andus, [Andes] Esq., as directors to the Lancashire and Yorkshire board. These gentlemen have consented to act without remuneration from the company. Your directors have also arranged with the pre- [present] sent secretary that he shall continue to perform the duties of his office at a salary equal to 12d. per share half-yearly, he finding offices and all necessary stationery. The directors trust these arrangements will be satisfactory to the share- [shareholders] holders. Edw. Tew, Esq., one of the directors, has disquali- [Disraeli- disqualified] fied [field] his co-directors do not think it necessary to fill up the vacancy. 'The receipts from the formation of the line to December 31, 1849, were 227,621 12s. 6d.; and from that pericd [period] to June 30, 1850, 28,450 3s. 9d.; the expenditure during the first period, 225,706 10s. 1134.; [W] and during the second period, 30,012 17s. 1d.; which left a present balance with the bankers of 352 8s. 21d. The Chairman, im [in] moving the adoption of the report, said the directors were quite satisfied with the traffic already obtained, and he was pretty contident [continent] that ultimateiy [ultimately] more than five per cent, would be realised from it. Some discussion took place as to the amount to be paid to the secretary, some of the shareholders thinking that 2d. per share would be sufficient, but in the end the directors' proposal was agreed to with the understanding that the matter should be reconsidered at the next half-yearly meeting. The adoption of the re- [report] port having been seconded, was then put and carried unanimously. The chairman next moved the payment of a dividend at the rate five per cent per annum on the stock of the company, less 2s. 6d. per share for payment of so much of the cost of the line as exceeds the guarantee.- [guarantee] Agreed to. The chairman said a call of 1s. 6d. a skare [share] would be made, and another deduction of 2s. 6d. per share from the next dividend, which would complete the cost of the line. A vote of thanks to the chairman concluded the business, LIVERPOOL, MANCHESTER, AND NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE Junction KatLway.-The [Galloway.-The] half-yearly general meeting of this company was intended to have been held on Tuesday at York. appointed hour the Chairman, Mr. George Leeman, and Messrs. Courtenay, Gray, and Andus, [Andes] diree- [dire- directors] tors, took their seats, but only about a dozen shareholders attended, and the number present was insufficient to con- [constitute] stitute [institute] a legal meeting. The Chairman entered into a very full explanation of the Railway Abandonment Act, and its probable effect if put into execution, when the whole of the shareholders present cordially agrecd [agreed] with him in the opinion that it was not desirable, for the present, at ail events, that the company should place iiself [itself] within its operation, coupled as it is with the notorious and much- [much condemned] condemned Winding-up Act. The directors expressed their intention of forthwith paying to the shareholders 2s. 4d. per share, being a year and a half's interest at the rate of a fraction less than four per cent per annum on the paid-up capital, pursuant to the powersof [powers of] the act. This announce- [announce was] Was received with much satisfaction, and after a vote of thanks to the chairman, the meeting adjowned. [adjourned] ' Yorx, [York] NEwcasTLe, [Newcastle] AND BERWICK RatLway.-The [Railway.-The] report of the directors, to be submitted to the proprietors on Tuesday next, states that the receipts for the half-year ending the 30th of June amounted to 351,886, and forthe [forth] corresponding period in 1849 to 323,964. Nearly the whole of this increase had been produced during the last quarter. The working expences [expenses] for the half-year ending the 30th of June amounted to 135,063, and for the cor- [corresponding] responding period in 1849 to 132,189. The charges agaimst [against] revenue other than working expenses amounted in the former period to 154,610, and in the latter period to 118,912. The amount of debenture capital has beea [been] in- [increased] creased since the 30th of June, 1849, to the extent of 215,000, entailing a corresponding additional burden for interest. In the former half-year there was a large sum for interest charged to capital account for unproductive works, and during the present half-year there is no such charge in the accounts. The directors propose to carry to capital the sam of 35,402, the balance appearing on the Great North of England purchase account, but a sum of upwards of 10,000 arising from unpaid dividends on and calls received in respect of shares which will have to be forfeited, will then be carried to the credit of that account in reduction of that sum. Since the last half-yearly meeting the directors 'have received a further sum of 10,000, maxing 50,000 of the amount agreed to be paid by Mr. Hudson in settle- [settlement] ment [men] of the claims of the company upon him, but the sum due from him in respect of the Sunderland Dock has not yet been paid, although the directors had expected when they made the arrangement with him that the whole amount would have been received before this time, and have used their utmest [utmost] exertions to obtain payment, but without effect. The directors, however, hold securities for the amount. The net divisible balance out of the proper earnings of the half year amounts to 62,212, which, added to the net balance, 1,500 from the last account, increases the amount to 63,718, out of which the directors propose to pay a dividend at the rate of 2 per cent per annum, leaving a balance of 2,289 to be carried to the next ac- [account] count. The purchase debentures to be delivered to the Great North of England Railway shareholders are in active preparation, and the pprchase [purchase] will be completed in October next. On the Ist [Its] of July, 1853, 796,571 will be payable ; on the Ist [Its] of January, 1855, 1,062,095 will be payable ; and 796,571 on the Ist [Its] of July, 1856, unless otherwise agreed upon hy these entitled to them. The Sunderlard [Sunderland] Dock was opened on the 20th of June, and must lead to an important increase of coal traffic on the Durham and Sun- [Sunderland] derland [Sunderland] Branch Railway of this company. The directors have taken steps to close the capital account. The amount expended on capital account to the 30th of June amounts to 6,667,507; due to the Corporation of Newcastle, 15,000; estimate of works to complete the railway, 131,622 Great North of England purchase, 3,732,902 ; total, 10,517,031. The capital account will be closed by a sum of 10,550,000. SoutH [South] Devon half-yearly meeting of this company was held at Plymouth on Tuesday. Mr. Woolcombe, [Welcome] the chairman of the board of directors, pre- [presided] sided. The report was received as read, after which the chairman said, the traffic had not increased to the extent which they had hoped for and anticipated. With sespect [respect] to the capital account of the company, the directors were doing everything possible to bring it to a termination. They were realizing their assets as rapidly as they were able, and were paying their debts as fast as their means would allow them. If they succeeded in obtaining Parlia- [Parliament- Parliamentary] mentary [monetary] powers to capitalize their debt, they should do it and so ultimately place the company in a posi- [post- position] tion [ion] of credit, and secure to it advantages which it could not at present enjoy. He concluded by moving the adop- [adopt- adoption] tion [ion] of the report, which was opposed by an amendment from Mr. C. Stevens, of London. On being put the motion was carried by a large majority. The Chairman then moved a resolution for the forfeiture of certain shares, which, after a conversation in which Mr. Stevens, Mr. Moore, and Mr, Bayley took part, was carried, with only one dissentient, and after announcing that a requisition from Mr. C. Stevens for the calling of an extraordinary general meeting, the meeting terminated. EDINBURGH AND GLascow [Glasgow] twenty-fifth half-yearly meeting of this company was held on Tuesday in Glasgow. Mr. P. Blackburn, of Killearn, chairman of the directors, in the chair. After a short conversation he roposed [proposed] the usual resolutions, including the payment of a ividend [dividend] of 23 percent on the 16th of September, which were agreed to. The subject of Sunday trains was intro- [introduced] duced [duce] by Mr. Cox, of Edinburgh, and opposed by Mr. M'Fie, of Walhouse. [Warehouse] A majority of 40 to 18 declared against running passenger-trains on the Lord's-day. A vote of thanks was given to the chairman, and the meeting separated. THE CoUNTIES.-FINAL [Counties.-FINAL] ANSWER OF THE DriREcTORS [Directors] TO THE LaTE [Late] ENGINE Drivers.-In accord- [accordance] ance [once] with a resolution passed at a meeting of the late engine drivers and firemen upon the Eastern Counties Railway, held in the George Inn, at Stratford, a letter was addressed to the chairman and directors, and delivered to the secretary (Mr. Roney) [Money] on Monday last. It expressed their regret at the dispute which had arisen, and acknow- [acne- acknowledged] ledged [ledge] that they had been too precipitate in their proceed- [proceedings] ings, and offering honourable compromise. The following answer was returned Eastern Counties Railway Office, Bishopsgate Station, London, August 27. Extract from the minutes of the board of the 27th of August, 1850. 'Read a letter signed by Thomas Hope, J. Slater, J. Rees, and Vincent Grundy, late engine drivers in the company's service. Resolved, that the late engine drivers and firemen be informed that if any of them apply to Mr. Gooch to be appointed in this company's service, that applications will be considered as vacancies offer, but the staff of the com- [company] pany's [any's] engine drivers and firemen is at present completed. GREaT [Great] NoRTHERN [Northern] AND THE MANCHESTER, SHEFFIELD, AND LINCOLNSHIRE.-We are happy to have it in our power to state, that these two companies have come to such an agreement as will prevent for the future those vexatious delays and annoyances to which passengers by their lines, to and from Hull, have for some time been sabjected. [subject] By this arrangement, the detention at New pelea [plea] and Crimsby [Grimsby] will be altogether obviated.-Huill [obviated.-Hill] acket, [act] - eo Mr. HUDSON AND THE GREAT NORTHERN.-On Saturday last, Mr. Hudson booked his place in a first-class carriage of the Great Northern to go by that railway from London to Leeds. We remember the time when the honourable gentleman used to state that the Great Northern Company would never be enabled to reach the north their trains would stick in the fens, or never be enabled to emerge from the fogs; or, at all events, that their trains would be detained in the fogs, while the Midland would be going on to York and Leeds. He found it otherwise on Saturday last. But times are changed -Herapath's -Rather's] Journal of Saturday. SHARP PRACTICE UNDER THE GAME Laws.-Mr. Edwin Crockett, farmer, of Crowle, was cha [ca] with trespassing on land occupied by himself and Mr. haw, at Crowle, in pursuit of game, on Thursday last. It appeared that some snares had been seen in the edge of a field occupied by Mr. Bagshaw, and a constant watch was kept up, till, on Thursday last, the defendant was seen to come to the hedge, and look at one of the snares, which had nothing in it; he then passed on to the next, which held a rabbit and was in the act of taking it out of the wire when William Barker, butler to Major Clowes, got out of his hiding place, and said, I am afraid that won't be in time for your din- [dinner] ner [ne] to which defendant replied, I don't think it will, and said he was glad he had come to the rabbit, as he could well afford to pay for it. The attorney for the accused sub- [submitted] mitted [fitted] that there was no case for adjudication, and that as the edge divided the two fields occupied by the defendant and Mr. w, the defendant had never been off his the act of parliament should be carried out in its proper spirit, and not forced in this unseemly and trum- [rum- trimmer] manner. It would indeed be sharp work if game- [gamekeeper] eepers [keepers] and game-preservers were allowed to construe such an act as this into a trespass, for then any person picking up a rabbit in his own garden would be equally liable to prosecution. The bench, however, considered the trespass proved, and fined the defendant 10s., and lis. [is] 8d. ex- [expenses] penses.- [senses.- senses] Worcester Chronicle. THE Convict Hannan CurRtTIs.-Resprre.-Tho [Curtis.-Restore.-Tho] execu- [exec- execution] tion [ion] of Hannah Curtis, now in Gloucester County Prison under sentence of death for the murder of her husband, at Frumpton [Frampton] Cotterell, by poison, was fixed for to-morrow, and all the awful preparations had been made. At a late hour on Thursday night week, however, a Queen's messenger arrived post-haste from Scotland, where Sir George Grey is at present sojourning, with a letter containing a respite of the execution until her Majesty's pleasure shall be known. The messenger only s from London on Tuesday last, and had travelled night and day in order to arrive in time. A consultation was immediately held between the governor of the gaol, Capt. Mason, and the reverend chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Herschell, [Herself] when it was arranged that in conse- [cone- consequence] quence [Queen] of the lateness of the hour it would not be advisable to disturb the convict, and the announcement of the respite was accordingly made to the prisoner this day by the chap- [chaplain] lain, in the presence of the governor. The rev. chaplain introduced the subject in a few fittme [fitted] remarks, during which she was greatly agitated, and on the final announce ment [men] being made she swooned away in the cell. Her be- [behaviour] haviour [Saviour] has been since her condemnation anything but what might be expected from a creature whose hours and minutes were numbered. She declares her innocence, and although she joins in religious devotion with the chaplain, she does not appear fully aware of her awful situation. Her resent husband, Curtis, has had frequent intercourse with , and she enters freely into conversation with him, giving instructions as to household matters with the air of a person about to return shortly to her home. EXHrpBition [Exhibition] OF 1851.-The [W.-The] following important instruc- [instruct- instructions] tions [tins] to parties intending to exhibit has been issued to all the local committees of the United Kingdom by the Execu- [Exec- Executive] tive [tie] Committee Office for the Executive Commitiee, [Committee] 1 Old Palace-yard, Westminster, August 22. Sir,-I am in structed [instructed] by the Executive Committee to inform you that Her Majesty's Commissioners have fixed the 3lst [last] of October as the last day when returns of demands for space from intending exhibitors are to be transmitted by local committees to the Executive Committee, and I have to re- [request] quest that you will move your local committee to take the necessary steps for transmitting the whole of the returns on or before that date. The local committee will, of course, fix such final period as it may think desirable for receiving the demands from the exhibitors themselves in its neighbourhood so as to enable the local committee to comply with the wishes of the Commissioners to receive its return on or before the 31st [st] of October. At thesametime, [sometime] it is desirable to impress upon exhibitors the great facility they will afford to the arrangements if they will send in their demands immediately. I am further instructed to beg you to call the attention of exhibitors to the absolute necessity of all returns being passed through a local com- [committee] mittec, [mite] and to make them understand that it will be indis- [India- indispensable] pensable [pen sable] that all articles should be submitted to the local committee for approval, and be certified by the local com- [committee] mittee [matter] accordingly before they can be examined by the Commissioners at the building. I send you a new edition of the Decisions,' and beg leave to direct your attention to 'Decisions' 15a, [a] 53, 56, 60, and 61. If you desire to have any copies of this new edition they will be supplied on application for them. I have also to request that you will have the kindness to communicate this letter to the chair- [chairman] man of your committee, and the mayor of your town (if there be one, as soon as possible. I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedient servant, M. Digsy [Dogs] Wyatt, Secretary. TERRA-COTTA [TERRA-COAT] TABLETS FOR ToMBsTONES. [Tombstone] In turning over the leaves of a new work on pottery and porcelain, we are incidentally led into the reflection that the ancients almost anticipated and stole from us an idea, exclusively, as we had thought The Butlder's-namely, [Butler's-namely] that terra-cotta [terra-coat] --a sort of pottery, in fact-would be an excellent, because a cheap and durable, material for funeral monuments or tombstones for the poorer classes, if inscribed with the names and genealogical correlations of the dead before exposure to the pottery fire. And we must here further strengthen the argument against the virgin novelty of our own suggestion by a brief allusion to a recent discovery of ancient customs, still more to the point than any,it may be, to be gathered from known records, even when the volume alluded to was written. In the Ethnological sub-section of the British Association, lately, Major Rawlinson stated that Mr. Layard [Yard] had, at Korjinyik, [Corking] penetrated into a cham- [chan- chamber] ber [be] which appeared to be of the same class as the House of Records noticed by the prophet Ezra, where was found tke [the] copy of a decree of Cyrus, permitting the Jews to return from captivity. In this chamber Mr. Layard [Yard] found, in terra-cotta, [terra-coat] tables piled up from the floor to the ceiling, and representing apparently the archives of the Assyrian empire during the long historical succession. Mr. Layard [Yard] had packed, by the last accounts, five cases fur transport to England and these only occupied one small corner cf the apartment. Here, then, we find that terra-cotta [terra-coat] tablets inseribed [inscribed] with everlasting records, like Job's writing with a pen of iron in the rock, so far from being a novelty, are as old as any of the oldest records of human ingenuity. -The Buiider. [Builder] Raitway [Railway] SteaMER.- [Steamer.- Steamer] Considerable interest has been excited during the last few days by a curiously-shaped steamer, lying a little to the west of Lancefield-dock, [Lance field-dock] and in course of being fitted up with deck furnishings from the works of Mr. Napier. She has been built, we understand, for the Edinburgh, Perth, and Dundee Railway Company, who intend to employ her on the ferry between Granton and Burnt-island, the two termini of their lise [lose] on either side of the Firth of Forth. The peculiarities of this vessel consist in both ends being square and provided with helms; in the funnels, of which there are two, being placed at opposite sides of the ship; and in a double Ene [One] of rails being carried along the entire length of the deck. Instead of the passengers alighting from the railway carriages and going on board the steamer to make the passage of the ferry, the train will be run into the vessel by means of the decx-rails, [Dec-rails] and thus conveyed to the other side of the water, where it will be landed again by the same proccss. [process] This simple but efficient contrivance is calculated to save both time and trouble, and must prove of immense advan- [advance- advantage] tage [age] in facilitating the transit of passengers and on the Northern Railway.-Daily Mail. Pustic [Rustic] LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS.-The new act for enabling town councils to establish Public Libraries and Museums is now operative, having received the royal assent on the day before the close of the recent session. The act 8th and 9th Victoria, chap. 43, for encouraging the estab- [stables- establishment] lishment [enlistment] of Museums in large towns, is repealed, and this act may be adopted in any municipal borough; the object being, as expressed, to give greater facilities than now exist for establishing and extending public museums of art and science in municipal boroughs, for the instruction and recreation of the people. In any borough, the population of which exceeds 10,000, the mayor, on the request of the town council, may ascertain by the vote of the burgesses whether the act shall be adopted. When adopted in a borough, all necessary things are to be provided out of a rate of not more than one halfpenny in the pound in the year. The public libraries and museums are to be held by the town council in trust for the benefit of the inha- [ina- inhabitants] bitants. [bit ants] The admission to such libraries and museums is to be free of all charges. ere are eleven sections in the act, and, notwithstanding the former one is repealed, museums begun or established may be maintained under the present act. The Earl of Carlisle has invited a select circle of friends to Castle Howard, who are to have the honour of meeting her Majesty. Among the company are the Duchess of Sutherland and her daughter, Lady Constance Leveson [Lesson] Gower, Lady Dover, the Hon. Miss Ellis, the Hon. Miss Diana Ellis, the Hon. W. and Lady Caroline Lascelles, the Hon. Francis and Lady Elizabeth Grey, the Hon. Mr. Leveson, [Lesson] and Mr. Prescott. 2 On Saturday week, a young lad named Gordon, son of Mr. Gordon, butcher, New Brighton, Cheshire, was acci- [acct- accidentally] dentally burnt to death. He went to a piggery near his father's house, and while playing with some lucifer [life] matches, a quantity of shavings lying near were ignited. The flames communicated to his clothes, and the result was, that before any assistance arrived he was so much burnt that he died shortly afterwards. CORRESPONDENCE. THE EVILS OF BORROWING. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, Sir,-As my name got mixed up with others in your defence of the system of borrowing, as now practised by the Improvement Commissioners, and as I am still of opinion that the practice is a most pernicious one, I beg you will allow mea [me] small portion of your valuable paper, in order to give my reasons for this opinion. I might, however, retire from the dispute altogether, as the only principle I contended for is now granted. Before your defence of last Saturday, you are aware that nothing in the shape of defence has been attempted, instead of which, the facts were disputed. Those who attended the last annual meeting for passing the Com- [Commissioners] missioners accounts will recollect when I pointed out the amount of money that these loans would cost the town, the chairman said that there must be some mistake and Mr. Crosland said, in his usual manner, Your calculations are wrong. The truth of these calculations being now admitted, the question resolves itself into a very narrow compass indeed. Twenty thousand pounds then, we will suppose are wanted for sewerage, and the simple question is whe- [the- whether] ther [the] it is better to borrow this sum, and repay it again by instalments with interest, or to raise it in the usual manner by rates. I pass over the injustice of saddling future generations with the payment of debts for what we choose to say will be for benefit, and state the question as it is likely to affect ourselves. A loan of 20,000 would cost the town 15,178 3s. 8d. the first ten years, and there would still remain a debt of near 14,000, which, with the interest, would absorb nearly a thousand a-year for twenty years more, in addition to which, there would be the legal expenses, which most of your readers are aware are no trifle. Now, I ask, would it not be better to lay four rates of 1s. 8d. in the pound in the course of ten years (the work still going on); as Soon as one rate was expended another might be laid, and in ten years it would becompleted. [be completed] The cost to the town would be 20,000 certainly, but then there would be no debt, while on the other hand if the sum was borrowed, the town would have to raise above 15,000 in the same space of time, besides having to pay a thousand a-year for twenty years afterwards. To compare this sort of borrowing with the borrow- [borrowing] ing of waterworks' companies or building societies, is childish in the extreme; in both these cases the money is invested in property that brings in an income to meet the interest. Besides, even these bodies would not bor- [or- borrow] row money if they could do without it. And besides, in all these cases, whether of building houses or con- [constructing] structing [instructing] waterworks, all the money must be had at once. A house unfinished, or partially constructed waterworks, are of no use; but your improvements can be made by portions at a time; and it is the opinion of all those who have had the most experience in those matters, that this is far the best way of effecting such improvements. But, it is said that other parties pay the interest, and not the ratepayers. Suppose they do. Does that make any difference to the argument The question is not what the town receives from other parties, but whether it is better to borrow money or do without borrowing. But the worst effects of loaning, funding, of frequent- [frequenting] ing pawn-shops, and all other methods of anticipating the resources either of communities or individuals re- [remains] mains to be told. Everybody knows that borrowed money is never used with the same care and economy as it is when it is taken in a more direct manner from the resources of the persons who have it to spend. It is well known that the facilities of obtaining credit have been the ruin of thousands upon thousands. And, if men are less careful of the funds arising from the mort- [more- mortgaging] gaging [raging] of their own property, how can we expect they will be sufficiently careful when they have the power to mortgage the property of others It is also a fact that, of all governments, your corporations are the most liable to fall into corruption. [correction] The members of corpora- [corporations] tions [tins] are generally rich and respectable pui [respectable pi] eusy [easy] men- [month] the whole of the business often devolves upon one or two of the mosé [most] active; and not unfrequently [frequently] the clerk manages the entire concern, particularly if he have the gift ofthe [of the] gab. Under such circumstances the only against corruption [correction] is the utmost vigilance on the part of the rate-payers, and there is nothing will rouse the rate-payers from their apathy, but a direct attack upon their pockets, and it is precisely because bor- [or- borrowing] rowing enable governments to spend heaps of money before making that attack, instead of after, that the mis- [is- mischief] chief of borrowing is most apparent. While the pocket is untouched the ratepayers are indifferent. The expen- [expense- expenditure] diture [future] goes on. In a very little time the demand on the pocket does come, when the ratepayers find, to their cost, that it is too late to speak oui. [our] The money is borrowed end expended, and their property is mortgaged, bota [boat] for principal and interest. Such, Mr. Editor, are some of the evils of the borrow- [borrowing] ing system. To exhibit them all would take something more than the column of a newspaper; but if these remarks will have the effect of causing some of my fellow-ratepayers to look into the matter, my purpose will be fully answered, being fully aware that if the wisdom of Selcmon [Selection] were to drop from my pen, there are others who would pay no attention. Yours truly, RICHARD BROOK. THE LATE FIRE IN NORTHGATE. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Srr,-As [Sir,-As] it is probable that some complaints may reach you respecting the delay which occurred in get- [getting] ting watcr [water] applied to the fire raging in the premises of Henry Brook and Sons, in Northgate, on Saturday night last; and as it is always best to give the results of official investigation into imputed neglects, instead of mere rumours or inconclusive statements, I beg, with the approbation of John Sutcliffe, Esq., the chairman, to forward you a copy of the minute of the proceedings of the Fire and Lighting Committce [Committee] of the Huddersfield Taprovement [Improvement] Commissioners, in respect to this matter, with a request that you will be kind enough to insert the same.-I am, Sir, yours truly, JOSHUA HOBSON. Board of Works, Huddersfield, August 28, 18590. Ata [At] special meeting of the Fire and Lighting Committee of the Huddersfield Improvement Commissioners, held at the Board of Works, on Monday, the 26th day of August, 1850,-present [W,-present] John Sutcliffe, Fsq., [Esq] George Armitage, Esq., Mr. William Moore, Mr. John Firth, Mr. Jere [Here] Kaye, Mr. Thomas Hayley, Mr. James Booth, and Mr. Henry Charlesworth, John Sutcliffe, Esq., was appointed to the chair, when the following business was transacted - The meeting was convened to enquire into the cause of the delay in procuring a supply of water, and in getting the different portions of the fire-extinguishing apparatus on the ground into at the fire which occurred at the works of Henry Brook and Sens, in Northgate, Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield, [Huddersfield] on the night of Saturday, the 24th of August ipstant [instant and it was consequently attended by Joseph Taylor, captain of the Huddersfield Fire Brigade, John Thomas, superintendent of constabulary, and George Brock, foreman of the firemen employed by the Leeds and Yorkshire Insurance Company, to render such explana- [explain- explanations] tions [tins] as they were able as to the cause of such delays. The meeting was also attended by J. C. Larcock, [Laycock] Esq., on behalf of the said insurance cumpany [company] to witness the pro- [proceedings] ccedings, [castings] and to advise with the comunittee. [committee] From the enquiries made by the committee, and fromthe [from the] explanations given by the officials ecnnected [connected] with the fire departments, 1t appeared that the fire apparatus of the Im- [In- Improvement] provement [improvement] Commissiuners [Commissioners] had becn [been] taken to the ground with great promptitude, only four minutes having elapsed from the alarm being given atthe [Arthur] police otfice [office] to the arrival of the apparatus at the works on fire; that when Mr. Thomas did thus arrive, he found the only patent fire plug in the neighbourhood occupied with the stand-pipe of the Leeds and Yorkshire Fire Insurance Company that he requested to be allowed to use the said patent tire plug, for which he had with him every provision in the way of apparatus, but the parties having possession refused to allow this; that the only other fire plug in the neiehbourkood [neighbourhood] was one of the common kind, to which was also affixed a stand-pipe be- [belonging] longing to the Lecds [Leeds] and Yorkshire Insurance Company, but to which the hose of the Commissioners could not be aitached [attached] because of a difference in the screws of the different apparatus that another stand-pipe had to be sent for, and that thus one portion of the delay was vecasicned. [examined] It further appeared by the statements made by the fore- [foreman] man of the Leeds and Yorkshire firemen, and by the manager of the Huddersfield Water Works, that the water mains are not kept charged with water during the night (the time when fires mainly occur); but that information of this particular fire had to be conveyed to the residence of the water works manager, at the tep [te] of Spring-street and that then he had certain valves w open to apply the hydraulic pressure from the top of the Snoddle [Saddle] (hill) to the mains, and certain other valves in the town to close to divert the full furce [force] of that pressure into Northgate and that thus another portion of the delay was It also further appeared, that from prior transactions there existed a jealous feeling between the furemen [firemen] of the respective fire extinguishing forces then before the com- [committee] mittee, [matter] which exhibited itself in an unwise rivalryand [rivalry and] an unaccommodating spirit. And these several matters having been taken into con- [consideration] sideration [side ration] and discussed, It was Resolved Ist.-That [Its.-That] the Fire and Lighting Committee of the Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field Improvement Comunissioners [Commissioners] recommend that the diferent [different] sets of fire apparatus in the town and te so altered as to enable each portion to fit or screw ito [to] any other portion, adopting as the standard, the serew [sere] of which there is the largest quantity, which will go together at present and the Committee further beg to call the attention of the Water Works Commissioners to the absolute necessity for the Patent Fire Plugs being put down in all parts of the town where fire plugs are required and also that the water mains be kept charged with water night and day at high pressure, as soon as the supply in the new reservoir will permit of such an arrangement. 2nd.-That copies of the foregcing [foregoing] resolution be furnishest [furnished] to the Leeds and Yorkshire Fire Insurance Company, to the Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] Water Works Commissicners, [Commissioners] an l to the owners of the several Fire Engines in the town and neighbourhood. With respect to the state of feeling among the officials of the different fire extinguishing forces, the Committee strongly reprobated it, and endeavoured to procure the requisite explanations for a mutual good understanding. In this the Committee hope they were successful but, failing it, the inevitable consequences of a course of conduct were pointed out. JOHN SUTCLIFFE, Chairman. NIGHT RIOTS IN HUDDERSFIELD. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Str,- [St] Your correspondent, Abraham North, seems determined to persist in his falsehood, and as I now know my man I will have done with him the moment I have replied to the specious evidence which in his last letter he has brought forward to support his case. This evidence consists in the statement of six or eight per- [persons] sons, living in the neighbourhood of New North-roagl, [North-roa] that they have never been sertousty stout] disturbed at nights, by riots in that part of the town. But the question is, what do they mean by not being seriously turbed [turned Some persons may think no disturbance serious short of a downright burglary, and an assault and battery committed upon them in their own beds [beds] whilst others may have sufficient self-respect to regard all fighting, and drunken street squabbles as a violation both of public and private decorum; and not to be tolerated in any town which professes to be removed from the degradation and lawlessness of barbarism. But independently of such considerations the fact that these six or eight persons were never seriously disturbed, does not prove that the disgraceful riot which called forth my first letter did not take place. Nor does it prove that disturbances have never taken place. All it does prove is this that these persons were never SERIOUSLY Incommoded by them. But let the cunning lawyer who drew up Abraham North's letter, withdraw the word serious from his document of evidence, and see how many respectable persons he will find te sign it. The insertion of this word is indeed a tacit acknowledgment of the truth of my allegations. For if there had been no disturbances, what necessity was there for saying we have never been SERIOUSLY disturbed. I can only repeat, that what I have stated in previous letters is perfectly true; and if I have forborne to strengthen my hands with statements of similar disturbances in various parts of the town-testified by highly respectable and well-accredited persons-it is only because Ido not wish to involve myself by further controversy upon such matters. I think, however, that the letters of Civis Civil] Secundus [Seconds and A Ratepayer, will amply bear me out in the charges I have made and your readers have only to compare the facts contained in the Ratepayer's letter, with the shufiting [shafting] attorney craft manifested in that of Abraham North, to come to a fair judgment between us. It matters very little to me, however, what Abraham North thinks and still less what he or his brain-wright says it is a question to be settled by the authorities, to whom alone I appeal. And T again call upon them to look into this matter and ask them whether such facts as those stated by 4 Ratepayer, in your last paper, ought to be passed over in silence We have surely as much intellect and in- [integrity] tegrity [integrity] of purpose, here in Huddersfield-and as man available means for municipal government-as x have in Leeds, Manchester, they or an large towns -what is the reason, then, rs 'ca as well governed as they Why are busy men-who have aes I, for one, will opt a very different ces [ce] occur, for paper le diff course to this of writmg [writ mg] news IT am, Sir, yowr's [your's] truly,