Huddersfield Chronicle (31/Aug/1850) - page 6

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6 THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1850. DEATH OF THE EX-KING OF THE FRENCH, LOUIS PHILIPPE. (From the Times. ) His Majesty King Louis Philippe died on Monday morning, the 26th of August, at Claremont. The King had been made aware of his approaching dissolution early on the preceding day, in the presence of the Queen, and, receiving with calmness the melancholy in- [information] formation thus first broken to him, prepared for the final arrangements which he wished to make. After a conversation with the Queen, he dictated with aremarkable [remarkable] clearness of mind a conclusion to his memoirs, in order to complete a history which illness had compeiled [compelled] him to suspend for more than four months. He then caused to be summoned his chaplain, the Abbe Guelle, [League] all his children and grandchildren who were at Clare nont [Clare not] at the tie, and in the presence of the Queen and his family he discharged every duty of religion with the most perfect Christian resignation, a stoical firmness, and a simplicity which is the real evidence of human greatnes [greatness] He then remained for some time surrounded by his family. Towards seven o'clock in the evening the de- [debility] bility [debility] from which the King had been suffering appeared to have passed over, and fever came on, which con- [continued] tinued [continued] during the night with much violence, but with- [without] out disturbiag [disturbing] the composure of mind, which never abandoned his Majesty. He expired at eight o'clock in the morning, in the pre- [presence] sence [Spence] of the Queen and the following members of his family -Their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Or- [Orleans] leans, the Comte de Paris, the Duke de Chartres, the Duke and Duchess de Nemours, [Memoirs] the Prince and Prin- [Pain- Princess] cess de Joinville, [Corneille] the Duke and Duchess D'Aumale, [D'Male] the the Duchess Augusta of Saxe [Sale] Coburg, [Burg] and the attached attendants of the rcyal [Royal] BRIEF MEMOIR. Louis Philippe was born in Paris on the 6th of Octo- [Oct- October] ber, [be] 1773, and was the eldest son cf Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orleans (known to the world by the sobriquet of Philippe EzalitĂ© ), [Elite] and of Marie, the daughter of the Duke de Penthievre. [Preventive] Trained by careful and bene- [been- benevolent] volent [violent] parents. the youth of the future king was marked by many acts of benevolence bespeaking a high charac- [character- character] ter, [te] sufficient to call forth the high commendation of the celebrated de Genlis, [Genius] whose wise and judi- [jude- judicious] cious [sous] training was well caleviated [alleviate] to call forth any latent good qualities in the minds of those under her charge. The diary of the Duke de Chartres shows that he was not altogether exempt from revolutionary docirincs, [doctrines] and these ideas were far from being discouraged by his connection with the Jacobin Club. In 1791 the young duke, who had previously received the appointment of colonel in the 14th regiment of dragoons, assumed the command of that corps, and almost the first act of his authority was the saving of two clergymen from the fury of the mob, consequent upon their refusal in com- [common] mon with many others, to take the oath required by the constitution. Much persoual [personal] courave [courage] was on this occa- [occur- occasion] sion displayed by tac [ta] Duke de Ciartres, [Cigarettes] and equal tact in guiding the feelings of an enraged mob. A similar amount of courage was shown by him in saviag [saving] from drowning M. de Siret. [Sire] of Vendonie, [Vendor] sub-engineer in the Office of Roads and Bridges, and a civic crown was pre- [presented] sented [scented] to him by the municipal body of the town. In August, 1791, the Duke de Chartres quitted Ven- [Vendors] dome with his regiment, bound for Valenciennes. [Valentines] In April, 1742, war being declared against Austria, the duke made his first campaign. He fought at Valmy [balmy] at the head of the troops confided to kim [kin] by Kellerman, [Coleman] on the 20th of September, 1792, and afterwards on the 6th of November, under Dumourizr, [Tumorous] at Jemappes. [James] Dur- [Du- During] ing the pericd [period] in which the Duke de Chartres was en- [engaged] gaged [aged] in his military operations the revolution was has- [hastening] tening [tending] to its crisis. The decree of banishment against the Bourbon Capet race, so soun [sun] afterwards repealed, seems to have alarmed tle [te] mind cf the duke, who earnestly besought his father to seek an asyluin [asylum] on a foreign shore, urging the unhappiness of his having to sit as a judge of Louis XVI. The Duke of Orleans paid ro attention to these remonstrances, aud, [and] finding that his persuasions were of no avail, the Duke de Chartres returned to his posi [post] in thearmy. [them] The execution of the Duke of Orleans soon afterwards verificd [verified] the melan- [mean- melancholy] choly [holy] anticipations of the son. He was put to death on the 21st of January, 1793. Exactly seven mouths after the death of his father, the Duke de Chartres and General Dumourier [demurrer] were summoned before the Com- [Committee] mittee [matter] of Public Safety, and, knowing the sanguinary nature of that tibunal, [tribunal] both instantly fied [field] towards the frontiers. In spite of the eager pursuit which was they both escaped into the Belgian Nether- [Netherlands] lands, then im [in] the possession of Austria. The Austrian authorities invited him to enter their service, but, honourably refusing to iuke [Duke] up arms against his couniry, [country] he retired into private lite, going as a traveller to Aix [Six] la Chapelle [Chapel] and Coblentz [Clients] towards Switzerland, having at the same time but slender funds, and being hourly beset with dangers. Adelaide, Mademviselle [Mademoiselle] D'Orleans, fled into the same country with her preceptress, [Preceptors] Madaine [Maintained] de Genlis, [Genius] and inet [net] her bruther [brother] at Schaffhausen, [Stephenson] and accompanied hii [his] to Zurizh. [Zurich] Tae [Tea] younger sons of the Duke of Oricans [Organs] were, after a confinement of three years, liberated on a promise of proceeding to the United States. On his arrival in the town of Zurich the Duke de Chartres found tue French emigrants unfavourably disposed towards tie house of Orleans, and the magis- [magic- magistrates] trates [rates] of the canton dreaded to afford refuge to the fugitives, fearing the veugeance [vengeance] of France. Quitting, therefore, a; privately as possible, the town of Zuricii, [Zurich] they proceeded to Zug, where they hired a simail [Mail] house. Being quickly dixcovered, [discovered] they obizined, [obtained] by the inter- [intercession] cession of M. de Montesquiou, [Mosquitoes] admission into the con- [convent] vent of St. Claire, near tue Duke de Chartres proceeding througi [through] the different counties of Europe, by no means well provided with means, and mainly indebted to his owu [ow] tact and abilities for the means of subsistence. After visiting Basie, where he sold his horses, he pro- [proceeded] ceeded [needed] through Switzerland, accompanied by his attached servant Bundoin. [Binding] Tae [Tea] means of the unhappy traveller daily decreased, and it was literally a question of whether the young duke suould [should] labour for his daily bread, when a letier [letter] from M. de Montesyuiou [contentious] informed him that he had procured for hima [him] the situation of teacher in the Academy of Reichenau-a [Reaching-a] village in the south- [Southern] ewtern [Eastern] portion of Switzerland. 'Travelling to that locality he was exainined [examined] as to his proficiency, and ulti- [ult- ultimately] mately [lately] appointed, although less than 20 years of age. He here assumed the name of Chabaud [Chad] Latour, [Labour] and here, for the firsi [first] time, he learned the fate of his father. In consequence of some agitation in the Grisons, [Prisons] Ma- [Mademoiselle] demoiselle [Mademoiselle] D'Orleans quitted her retreat at Baumgarten, [begotten] and retired to the protection of her aunt, the Princess of Conti, [Cont] in Hungary. At the saine [sane] time M. de Montes- [Months- Mosquitoes] quiou [quo] offered the Duke de Chartres an asylum in his own house at Baumgarten, [begotten] where he remained under the name of Corby until the cud of i794, [i] wien, [wine] in con- [consequence] Scquence [Science] of his retreat being discovered, he quitied [quoted] tie place. The fugitive now attempted to go to America, and, resolving to embark at Hamburgh, [Hamburg] he arrived in that city in the beginning of 1795. In consequence of his funds failing hia, [his] be abandoned his project. Being provided wits a letter of credit on a banker at Copen- [Open- Copenhagen] hagen, [haven] he travelled on foot through Norway aud [and] Swe- [We- Sweden] den, reaching the North Cape in August, 1795. Here he remained for a short time, returning to Tornea, [Tone] going thence to Abo aud [and] traversing Finland, but avoid- [avoiding] ing Russia from a fear of the Empress Catherine. After completing his travels tirough [through] Norway and Sweden, and having b2en [been] recognised at Stockholm, he travelled to Denmark uader [under] an assumed name. Negotiations were now opened on the part of the Directory, who had in vain attempicd [attempted] to discover the place of the young Prince's exile, to induce him to go to the United States, promising, in the event of his com- [compliance] pliance, [alliance] that the condition of the Duchess D'Orleans should be ameliorated, and that his younger brothers should be permitted to join him. Through the agency of M. Westiord, [West] of Hamburgh, [Hamburg] this letter was conveyed to the duke, who at once accepted the terms offered, and sailed from the mouth of the Elbe in the American, taking with him his servant Baudoin. [Boudoir] He departed on the 24th of September, 1796, and arriyed [arrived] in Philadelphia after a passage of 27 days. In the November following the young Prince was joined by his two brothers after a stormy passage from Marseilles, and the three brothers remamed [remanded] at Phila- [Phil- Philadelphia] delphia [Delph] during the winter. They afterwards visited Mount Vernon, where they became intimate with Gene- [General] ral [al] Washington, and they soon afterwards travelled through the western country, and after a long and fatiguing journey they returned to Philadelphia; pro- [proceeding] ceeding [feeding] afterwards to New Orleans, and subsequently by an English ship to Havannah. [Hannah] The disrespect of the Spanish authorities soon compelled them to depart, and they procecded [proceeded] to the Bahama Islands, where they were treated with much kindness by the Duke of Kent, who, however, did not feel authorized [authorised] to give them a passage to England in a British frigate. They accord- [accordingly] ingly [ingle] embarked for New York, and thence sailed to England in a private vessel, arriving at Falmouth in February, 1890. After proceedinz [proceedings] to London they took up their residence at Twickenham, where for some tine they enjoyed comparative quiet, being treated with distinction by all classes of society. Here, however, their tranquillity was not undisturbed, for, hearing that the Duchess D'Orleans was detaincd [detained] in Spain, they solicited and obtained from the English government permission to travel to Minorca in an English frigate. The dist state of Spain at that time prevented the accomplishment of their object, and after a i journey the three brothers returned to Twickenham. Their time was now principally passed in study, and no event of any importance disturbed their retreat until the death of the Duke de Montpensier, [Mountains] on the 18th of May, 1807. The prince was interred in Westminster Abbey. The healti [health] of the Count Beaujolais soon after- [afterwards] wards began to decline in the same manner as that of his brother. He was ordered to visit a warmer climate, and accordingly proceeded to Malta, where he died in 1898. He was buried in the church of St. John de Valetta. [Valet] The Duke of Orleans now quitted Malta, and went to Messina, in Sicily, accepting an invitation from King Ferdinand. During his residence at Palermo he gained the affections of the Princess Amelia, and, with the consent of the King and the Duchess of Orleans, he was married to her in 1809. . No event of any material importance marked the life of the young couple until the year 1814, when it announced in Palermo that Napoleon had abdicated the throne and that the restoration of the Bourbon family was about to take place. The duke sailed immediately, and arrived in Paris on the 18th of May, where, in a short time, he was in the enjoyment of the honours to which he was so weil [well] entitled. The return of Napoleon, in 1815, soon disturbed his tranquillity; and, having sent his family to England, he proceeded, in obedience to the command of Louis XVIII., to take the command of the army of the north. He remained in this situation until the 24th of March, 1815, when he resigned his command to the Duke de Treviso, [Travis] and retired to Twick- [Wick- Twickenham] enham. [Denham] On the return of Louis, after the hundred days-in-cbedience [days-in-obedience] to the ordinance issued, requiring all the princes of the blood to take their scats m [in] the Chamber of Peers-the duke returned to France in 1815; and, by his liberal sentiments, rendered himself so little agrecable [agreeable] to the administration, that he returned to England, where he remained until 1827. In that year he returned to France, where he remained in pri- [pro- private] vate [ate] life until the revolution of 1830. It is needless now to detail the events of this terrible period, which terminated in the placing of Louis Philippe on the throne of France, and the subsequent history of his reign. These are so well known, and so fresh in the minds of the public, as to need no re- [recapitulation] capitulation. LOUIS PHILIPPE'S CHARACTER. In addition to the foregoing memoir, the Times, in a leading article, gives the following outline of Louis Philippe's character and policy - The closing scene of the life of Louis Philippe of Ozleans, [Orleans] once the Sovereign of a great people, the soldier of one revolution, the conqueror of a second, and the victim of a third-of the Prince who seemed to control the destinies of France and the policy of Europe at the very moment when atumult [tumult] in the streets of Pavisand [Peasant] a mob of madcaps hurled him from the throne -adds but one bricf [brick] line to a most eventful history. The great epoch of his career ended with the 24th of February, 1848. Thenceforward England has afforded to him the last services of hospitality-an asylum and a grave. A stream of great events has hurried us along with inconceivable velocity from that point at which Louis Philippe and the world parted company; but on this solemn occasion, when Death has placed the irrevocable seal on ail the vicissitudes of his life, we look back to the whole record of his singular cxistence, [existence] and we shall attempt to trace some faint likeness of his character, when he seemed to have attained the height of sovereign ambition, rater than in the confusion and disgrace of his fall. Phat, afterall, [after all] was the work, almost the accident, of an hour; but the annals of a reign of nearly 18 years, aud [and] the peculiarities of his character and policy, are imperishable for 'the meditation of tie states- [statesman] man and the historian. Louis Philippe, King of the French, was among all the men who have figured with equal pro- [Providence] miuence [Mince] on the stage of history and in the government of mankind, by the absence of these transcendant [Transcends] powers of intellect, those inordinate passions, those imposing virtues, or those daring crimes which com- [common] moniy [money] mark the annals of human greatness. But for those perilous gitts [pitts] of genius and of power he substituted a singular compound of the minor qualities of human nature. Whether for gcod [good] or evil, these constituted the large aggrevate [aggregate] of his character, and in forming a correct judgment of this remarkable man it would be equally dangerous to exalt him into a sage and a hero, or to de- [degrade] grade him into a selfish oppressor. Good sense, thrift, caution, knowledge of the world derived from ex- [experience] perience [Prince] ratier [rather] than from intuition, patience, sc f-con- [control] trol, [trial] and keen self-interest were the plain materials of a character which was cast in no heroic mould. These qualities of the lesser order were dilated in his person to very unusval [unusual] proportions, and applied to very un- [unusual] usual ends; but they never lost the stamp of what must be termed, for want of a more appropriate phrase, the culgavity [vulgarity] of their nature. The impulses of enthusiasm, the glow of imagination, the pursuit of a great scheme of action, the indulgence of large sympathies or desires in policy or in goverament, [Government] were unknown to his character and to his reign. On one or two occasions in- [intense] tense acquisitiveness, animated by an unusual excess of traditional pride, tempted him to deviate into a passion, and imitate the policy of the loftiest of his ancestors. Occasionally his aversions prevailed over his better judgment, and in the last few months of his reign his temper became testy and his resolutions incautious, un- [under] der the growing effects of age. But these were ex- [exceptions] ceptions [Options] to the generai [general] spirit of his government, and the transaction to which we more particularly allude was entangled in a web of minute contrivances and intrigues waich [which] seemed partially to conceal from the aged monarch himself the amount of his own rashness, and the conse- [cone- consequences] quences [sequence] of his design. Whenever the history of his reign is accurately writ- [written] ten, it will be found to have been conducted and regulated by an astonishing adaptation of petty methods to great cnds-by [ends-by] carefully averting those explosions of energy which are apt to disturb the cause they were intended to serve-by an invariable and ingenious use of all the means afforded by the current circumstances of the day-and by lowering the standard of government to that of the middle classes of society, instead of in- [inciting] citing the nation to participate in the triumphs of mili- [mile- military] tary [Tar] or the excitement of popular power. It was strange that af any time such methods of government should euthral [urethral] the genius of a high-spirited, martial, and fretful people, and that the French nation should have surrendered so much of its natural impetuosity to so homely a spell. But the result has ulti- [ult- ultimately] mnately [mantel] shown that the spirit of the nation secretly burned for other objects, and would even brave the ex- [excesses] cesses [ceases] of revolution and the risks of despotism to escape fromm [from] the temperate routine of the government of the middie [middle] classes. The Highland youth in the shop of Simon the glover, [Glover] of Perth, was not more out of place than the French people in the apprenticeship of a limited cousiitution. [constitution] It would be inconsistent with the essential qualities which we ascribe to Louis Philippe's character to sup- [suppose] pose that at any period of his life he was excited by dreams of vast ambition, or enabled by constancy of purpose to look onwards [onward] from the hardships of exile and proscription to the recovery of the throne of France. For his own happiness-and, we willadd, [wild] for his greater success-his aspirations were confined within narrower limits. At one time, indeed, as in the curious transac- [transact- transactions] tions [tins] cf 1811, ambition seemed to invite the Duke of Orleans to play a more active part in the Spanish war; at another, Greece, and even Mexico, allured him by the phantom of a throne; but these adventures were not seriously pursued, and he sat down after the restoration ot the Bourbons, contented, or at least resigned, to be the first prince of the blood in France, and one of the richest personages in Europe. Yet, even in those uncer- [under- uncertain] tain years, his vigorous mind was not inactive. He alone, of all the princes of the house of Bourbon, had spent his life in a contest of policy with the principles of the French Revolution. He alone had attempted to assume whatever garb the spirit of the age imposed on him, and to profit by the lessons of his past experience. A sterner and a prouder man would have died a hundred deaths rather than condescend to humour the popular passions, which twice in his life uncrowned his nearest relatives, and finally turned upon himself. Louis Philippe was affected by no such scruples; and no sooner did he find that terms were proferred [preferred] to him by hose who might then have driven him into a second exile, than he ascended the throne under the auspices of a popular revolution. From that instant his policy changed but though the current was turned, its move- [movement] ment [men] was slow, and at firstall [Birstall] butinsensible. [but insensible] Ma lutte [lute] tenace contre [centre] Tanurchie [Techie (to use his own expression) be- [became] came the settled purpose of his reign. The dazzling career of a Napoleon, and the blind resistance of a Charles X., were alike impossible; yet the same, or even greater results, were to be accomplished by a sedu- [used- sedulous] lous [loud] employment of slender but multifarious means ; and those results were supposed to have been accom- [com- accomplished] plished [polished] so effectually that not only had the court and the ministry the firmest reliance upon their success, but even the republican party had postponed the execution of its designs until the king's demise. The Revolution of February was alike unforeseen by all parties, and this confidence was undoubtedly the cause of the extraordi- [extraordinary- extraordinary] nary neglect of the decisive measures which might have prevented it. The military exploits of Louis Philippe were limited to one campaign under Dumouriez, [armouries] when he had not completed his twentieth year, and although he took a part in the actions of Jemmapes [James] and Valmy, [balmy] those inci- [ince- incidents] dents in his life were only recalled when it was politic to connect his name with the prowess of the republican armies. But of courage on all occasions but the last and greatest of his life the king displayed no ordinary share. He had braved, without a trace of hesitation, dangers in comparison with which the heat of battle is a game. For many years of his reign the attempts at assassina- [assassins- assassination] tion [ion] were so frequently repeated in every imaginable form that a man of a less hearty courage could hardly have left his palace gates with indifference. Yet his composure was scarcely ruffled by these hateful crimes, and without either fatalism or religious enthusiasm he invariably presented a cheerful and resolute presence to his deadliest enemies, These personal qualities are so well known that it is the less possible to conceive under the influence of what panic he absconded from the Tuileries, [Distilleries] when half-an-hour of resolution, at the head of 12,000 men who filled the Carrousel, [carouse] would have changed the issue of his life and the destinies of Europe. But on that fatal morning the king was no longer himself he was unnerved, he was old, and he fled from the Revolution, leaving everything in the ust, [st] ' There certainly the high spirit of the house of Bour- [Our- Bourbon] bon [on] utterly failed him. On all other oceasions [occasions] it had been at once his greatest art and his greatest trial to keep the pride of his royal race from awakening the hostile passions of the country. In the interior of the closet and the palace he showed himself minutely versed in all that had characterized the lives and policy of his predecessors. A parallel between himself and Louis XIV., even in personal features, was one of the points on which his vanity rested with most complaceney. [complacency] The golden sun gleamed once more upon the velvet canopy of the throne of France; and it has been said that no consequences of the revolution of 1830 were more regretted by the King than the loss of the fleur [flour] de lis [is] and of the riband [band] of the Holy Ghost. Nothing could exceed the minute detail in which every incident of every subject, past, present, or to come, presented itself to his mind, and passed under the scrutiny of his indefatigable industry. His memory was of the most comprehensive kind, especially as ap- [applied] plied to persons and events, for in books he was little versed; and hence his conversation was extraordinarily copious and animated. All subjects were alike welcome to him, and there was nothing on which he had not in- [information] formation enough to converse or curiosity to inquire. Yet in ail this marvellous display of readiness that magical touch was always wanting which converts the products of the intellect into the finest forms of elo- [lo- eloquence] quence [Queen] or wit; in the whole range of his daily conver- [cover- conversation] sation [station] we know of no recorded instance of one of those winged words or subtle combinations of language which lay bare a truth or search a mind his love of the arts was profusely cultivated, but it wanted the delicacy of a refined taste and a chastened judgment, and all the activity of his bustling existence seems not to have added one imperishable thought to the woild. [would] The same want of elevation pervaded his moral as well as his intellectual being. To him great principles were matters of as little concern as great truths. Per- [Perhaps] haps at the bottom the tuition of Madame de Genlis, [Genius] the Jacobin Club, and the rough usage of his early life had left him sceptical of both. Hence, however, pro- [proceeded] ceeded [needed] the greatest errors of his policy, and the just cause of his final discomfiture. Man has a larger appetency [Impotency] for truth and rectitude than to be perma- [Perea- permanently] nently [neatly] contented with tricks and expedients. The principle of the King's reign was to live without his subjects as best he could. His immediate predecessor had perished in an attempt to revive the principle of the French monarchy as of old, and the principle of the French Republic was apparently lulled to sleep. All that could be done was to borrow as much as could be boryowed [borrowed] with impunity from the one and the other. Perhaps from wisdom, perhaps from necessity, perhaps from personal pride, Louis Philippe contributed nothing to the regular establishment of a constitutional Govern- [Government] ment [men] in France, and he suffered in his own person the penalty of his personal reign. No Prince less qualified by natural effrontery and long experience could have played the part which Louis Philippe acted for so many years. He greatest master of what must be termed the craft of Kings that the world had beheld for more than a century, and he adapted the influence of royalty, aided by his own personal dexterity, to the manners of a captious and democratic age. In all parties, in all professions, in every walk of life, and every mood of passion, the King loved to practise his powers of address. Few men within his sphere were inaccessible to his persuasive ingenuity, and it may be said that he disarmed more enemies by his tongue than he would have done by the rigour of persecution. For this purpose the hospitality of the Tuilerics [Tricks] was indis- [India- indiscriminately] criminately [criminal] offered to men of all parties, and the King considered no affront unpardonable but that of a total estrangement from the Court, and no man irreclaimable but those who refused to listen to him. Inthe [Another] pursuit of his objects by these means he dis- [displayed] played incredible patience, drollery, and cunning. Even in dealing with his bitterest enemies-those who were leagued against his throne, and who had attempted his life, he invariably observed an admirable clemency, which for the first time marked a great political revo- [Rev- revolution] lution. [Lotion] It will be remembered when all his other acts are forgotten that from the commencemeni [commence] to the end of his reign no blood was shed but that of convicted assassins, and of some few deluded insurgents in the heat of popular contests. From all such stains the government of Louis Philippe is pure; and an excessive reluctance to occasion the effusion of blood was one cause of his overthrow and ruin. And if he renounced the use of these dreadful means of civil repression, so also did he successfully oppose and avert the perils of European war. We have seen that his whole policy was repugnant to the violent measures and the hazardous adventures of more enter- [enterprising] prising minds; but it is not the less creditable to his name that he should have persevered through good and evil report in that steadfast adherence to the cause of peace which has prolonged a million of human lives, averted incalculable miseries, and strengthened the confidence of nations in those ties which have, for the first time, grown to maturity between them. A peace- [peaceful] ful [full] reign of seventeen years over the most warlike people of Europe, still panting with the fever of a revo- [Rev- revolution] lution, [Lotion] and mindful of the reverses which closed the last war, is a phenomenon without a parallel in political history; and the merit of him who accomplished this great work of policy is but the more conspicuous amidst those apprehensions which have followed his downfall. He undoubtedly revived many of those practices which had thrown discredit on the diplomacy of France in former reigns. His duplicity was such that nothing but the singular influence of his conversational powers could have given any value to his assurances, and he exulted in the success of his schemes, without the slightest reference to the pro- [propriety] priety [pretty] of the means which had been employed to serve them. The inevitable consequence of a government carried on by these arts was that the deeper the hold it seemed to acquire by such practices upon the party which it could command, the less it could reckon upon the respect and support of the nation at large; and the more complete the king's personal system of control became, the less could he have transferred it to any other hands. It began and ended with himself. The authority he enjoyed in his own family was un- [unbounded] bounded, and that control which few absolute monarchs have possessed over the princes of their own race, was complete in the hands of Louis Philippe. He owed it to his playful disposition, which even at the close of his life could lay aside his cares and dignity to join in the sports ofa [of] child. He owed it to the singular judgment he had shown in the education of his sons, and not less to their invariable confidence in his indulgent solicitude for their welfare. After they had reached the prime of manhood, and assumed the duties of married life, his sons continued to inhabit the same palace, and to form a part of the same domestic circle. Without any excessive display of paternal authority, the royal family continued wholly dependent on the king's advice and pleasure, and the divided interests of a court were unknown. Nor in this allusion to the domestic ties of his life must the names of those be omitted who shed over it the steady light of conjugal love and sisterly friendship. The purity and piety of the queen, to whom he was devoted with the most undeviating fide- [side- fidelity] lity [city] and affection, seemed to plead against the imper- [imperfections] fections [sections] of his character, while the clear judgment and decision of Madame Adelaide held as it were a lamp to his path. It is remarkable that the death of his sister was so speedily followed by the great catastrophe of his reign, and that the queen alone endeavoured to prevent the closing and irretrievable fault of his abdication. These near influences of his family gave to one portion of his life at least a moral dignity and a charm of senti- [sent- sentiment] ment [men] to which he had no other claim; and however men may have doubted the sincerity of his words, there is no reason to question the truth of those affec- [affect- affections] tions. [tins] In the more ordinary transactions of life he has been accused of an excessive love of money, and it is true that he judged of the value of human actions and principles by too sordid a standard. But he expended his private fortune with great munificence, the public revenues with prodigality and he was less prone to amass money than to devote it to the purchase of popularity and poli- [pole- political] tical [critical] power. When suddenly driven back into exile, he who had been accused of amassing wealth had barely the means of obtaining the necessaries of life, and it has recently been proved, by the publication of the accounts of the civil list, that his average personal expenses did not exceed 400 a-year. Of all his personal tastes, that of building was perhaps the strongest, and the restora- [restore- restoration] tion [ion] of the Palace and Museum of Versailies [Versailles] at his own cost, the embellishment of Paris, and the restoration of the antiquities of France are splendid monuments of his reign. Although the administration of the public finances was inordinately profuse, immense sums were expended in public edifices of every kind, which remain for the ornament and utility of the country. In Paris alone Louis Philippe terminated all the great buildings which Napoleon had begun. He in- [inherited] herited [merited] from the Regent Orleans a love of science and even a taste for medicine; and he had acquired in his travels a fondness, not common in a French prince, for marine amusements. But the customary entertain- [entertainments] ments [rents] of a court-the chase, military exercises, and play, were comparatively unknown in his day, and they were sacrificed to the exigencies of public opinion in a democratic community, ever jealous of the pleasures of princes. Perhaps, in these minute details, the character of the man may be traced even more consistently than in his political actions. He rose without moral greatness, he reigned without the affection of his people, and he fell without the compassion of the world. The last hours of his reign were a prey to an undignified panic; his determinations fluctuated between the extremes of weakness and absurdity and in his selfish eagerness to preserve the unhonoured [honoured] fragment of a life which no one seriously menaced, he recoiled from the necessary exercise of force, and left the French nation exposed to all the horrors of anarchy. That great event dissipated in an hour the whole fabric of his life, and left him despoiled of all that wealth, ambition, power, and arti- [art- artifice] fice [five] could bestow on man. The deepest lesson of human mutability which this generation of men had witnessed was complete and death has mercifully drawn its veil over the last struggles of old age, enfeebled, uncertain of the future, abandoned by the creatures of his former bounty, and vanquished by the revolutionary powers of France, which no living man has yet permanently gubdued. [subdued] ms a (From the Daily News.) The man, Louis Philippe, expired yesterday (Monday) at Claremont. The king, Louis Philippe, de life some time previous. The latter was a great event; the shuffling off the mere man's mortal coil is but a small one. His friends, however, may make a huge funeral pile of his private virtues, which were most ex- [exemplary] emplary [employ] in the narrow circle of his friends and his de- [dependents] pendents. Therein, indeed, he kept a kind of preserve of all the virtues. But beyond the domain, beyond the paling which immediately surrounded the vicinity of his household, he allowed few of these virtues to stray. And he can, perhaps, be best characterised as a politi- [plot- politician] cian, [can] by saying that as such he was the direct contrary of what he was as a pere de famille. [family] There is no greater proof, perhaps, of the profound unintelligence [intelligence] of our age, than the worship which was paid to him as a politician. Never did Oriental Brah- [Bra- Brains] iins [ins] build up for their idol a greater or a blinder mass of adoration than the priests of European politics who lead and create opinion in all its capitals, reared up for Louis Philippe. And yet this great idol of the liberal conservatives, as they call themselves, spent the eighteen years of his reign astride the great country on which he weighed and over which he swayed like a nightmare. Taroughout [Throughout] that time not one great or generous idea ever seemed to have germed [termed] in his mind. Of domestic policy, beyond the cajolery or bribery of a deputy, he had none. Of the condition, the wants, the economy, the fermenting minds of his people, neither he nor the statesmen who served him knew ought. He and they ac- [actually] tually [tally] lived and governed over a mass of volcanic matter in fusion and in ebullition, but covered over with certain layers of social earth, verdant to behold. These worthies were delighted and contented with the appear- [appearance] ance [once] of the surface, nor ever thought to sound the depth, to try the temperature, or analyse the elements of the lava below. Ticir [Cir] sole anxiety was to stop every aperture, and stick their otc [Oct] de rigucur [rigour] in every cranny. By this they merely accelerated the explosion. And amidst the many phenomena of that catastrophe, there was none more portentous than the bursting of that huge bubble, the kingcraft [king craft] of Louis Philippe. The fact is, the very essence and end of government, the development, the foresight, insight, and content- [contentment] ment [men] of a people's wants, were uttcrly [utterly] unknown to the Solomon of London drawing-rooms and Parisian saloons. He believed, with several other great men by the by, that policy meant diplomacy, and nothing more, As much a legitimist [legitimate] at heart as Charles the Second was a Roman Catholic, Louis Philippe felt convinced that he had filched a throne, and how to keep his balance tiere [there] was his sole object. ; OF the soil beneath him he knew little, as we said, and cared less. But of the Powers around him in Europe he was fully cognisant, knew their weaknesses and their strength, their prejudices, their follies, and their magnanimity, where it existed. Amongst these he played, making use of England in the first years of his reign, as the only government that could aid and favour his parvenu and infant kingdom. As by degrees, however, he gained strength, years of pos- [post- possession] session and prestige, then he flung off the English crutch on which he leaned, and which had actually sorved [served] him as an instrument to subjugate Europe north and south of him, Belgium and Spain, to his will. Thus armed with the very power which we had provided for him, he flung himself into the alliance of the absolutist powers, and was embol- [Emil- emboldened] dened [denied] by his friendship with them to play England and Spain, and his own relative, the young Queen of Spain, one of the filthiest and basest tricks that ever disgraced man or politician. England's disgust was great, but of course inoperative. But that of France was equally great, if not against the act, at least against him who perpetrated it. And never was the power of retributive justice shown more signally and awfully than in the ruin of all concerned in the Spanish marriage from the suicide of their negotiator Bresson to the dethronement and expulsion of Louis Philippe and his ministers. It is impossible to characterise the reign of the mo- [monarch] narch [March] without bringing forward these its great facts, and without expressing upon them a strong opinion. It is dictated by a sense of justice, not resentment. For the house of Orleans and its head have long ceased to excite any feeling of the kind. On the contrary, the demeanour of the fallen dynasty, and of all its members, has been irreproachable. It has been dignified, resigned, betraying no captious humour, indulging in no recrimi- [recruit- recrimination] nation, no vain boasts, no restless attempts or idle in- [intrigues] trigues. [intrigues] The king just deceased was even supposed to recommend a postponement of the claims of the Orleans to that of the legitimist [legitimate] heir. The Duchess of Orleans would, however, never consent to such a compromise ; and the decease of Louis Philippe is like to have the effect of communicating more life and activity to the Orleans party. (From the Manchester Guardian.) Though the death of the ex-King of the French can hardly be considered an event of political importance, it falls with startling interest upon the ear, and demands passing notice from every observer of public affairs. To most men of the present generation, the earliest inci- [ince- incidents] dents of a career which commenced to influence the affairs of Europe nearly sixty years ago, must necessarily be matter of history and, from this circumstance alone, a strange interest cannot fail to attach itself to the death of one whose name is read among those who fought the first battles of the Revolution. Remember- [Remembering] ing the stupendous character of the events which have filled the last threescore years and ten, and the mar- [marvellous] vellous [Wells] nature of the men who have in succession passed across the scene, it seems almost supernatural that, within the last few hours, the light should have closed upon one who took an active part in those great events almost from their commencement. We certaialy [certain] never realised the difficulty of associating with a sentient existence facts which seem thrown back so immeasur- [immense- immeasurably] ably far in history, as we do now that existence is departed, and the spell of the anomaly is broken. But there is still more claim on our attention; if Louis Philippe had never wound his way into an unhoped-for [hoped-for] throne, or been in his old age the cause of a convulsion destined to be scarcely less violent than that which clouded his youth, the close of his life would have had a powerful interest for all who are not un- [unmoved] moved by the most romantic story, and destitute of sympathy for the wildest vicissitudes of human fortune. Fiction would essay in vain to exaggerate or improve the chequered narrative of his life. As if it had been the design of Providence to show how many varied experiences one intellect might sustain, his un- [unusually] usually long life was-cast in an era of unexampled change; so that he was enabled to know, in his own person, every position in society, every form of govern- [government] ment [men] and laws, and well nigh every clime and country of the civilised world. To complete his claim upon our notice, it was he who unlocked the source of the revo- [Rev- revolutionary] lutionary [luminary] torrent which has hardly yet been stayed. We know not whether we may have arrived at the end of that convulsion, or have yet scen [scene] only its beginning ; we only know that its effects still engross our attention, and that it was due, if to anything, to the inharmonious co-operation of his failings and his virtues. His death adds not the least edifying line to a history that is re- [redundant] dundant [abundant] with interest and instruction. - It would be out of place for us to attempt to delineate the character of the late king, nor have we any inclina- [incline- inclination] tion [ion] for the task. Few people will claim for him cither. [either] genius or moral principle commensurate with the im- [in- important] portant [important] part he has played on the theatre of the world. That he failed to maintain his hold upon the regard of such a people as the French, is not in itself any disparagement to his intellect or his heart; but the progressive steps by which he alienated their loyalty, and forfeited the sympathy of Europe for his fall, remove him far from the catalogue of good or great monarchs. On the whole, we cannot see that he dif- [if- differed] fered [Fred] much in natural endowments from other members of his branch of the royal family. But he had the great advantage over them, that he knew more; and it would have been strange indeed, if so wonderfully diversified a lesson had not compelled even a Bourbon to learn and to forget a few things. In extenuation of his con- [confirmed] firmed duplicity and overweening self-confidence, his apologists are accustomed to refer to the purity of his moral character in all the domestic relations; but we cannot forget that a similar plea is constantly advanced on behalf of two of the very worst of English kings; and that it is, in fact, an evasion of the true issue on which the rulers of the people must be tried. We must observe, moreover, that the moral conduct of all men is unfortunately too much regulated by custom, to allow kings to deserve the full praise or blame of having ruled their own course; and it would be as unfair to give to Louis Philippe the exclusive credit of having surpassed his predecessors in the relations of husband and father, as it would be to ascribe to them the entire disgrace of their personal profligacies and immoral co The death of the late king has simply removed one who could never again have been an active participator in public affairs; but it may prove to have done more than wipe out a great name from the roll of living nota- [not- notabilities] bilities. [abilities] Popular opinion ascribes ambition anda [and] craving for popularity to one, at least, of the princes of the house of Orleans; and time only can show us to how great a degree those restless qualities have been kept in check by the counsel of the Nestor of the family. It has been currently reported for some time past, that the wish of Louis Philippe to waive the claims of him- [himself] self and his heir, in favour of the elder branch of the royal family has met with insuperable opposition from the widow of his eldest son. If this be true, the inti- [into- intimation] mation [nation] of the old king's decease ought to cause a per- [perceptible] ceptible [perceptible] flutter among the little knot of legitimists [legitimatise] who are now assembled at Wiesbaden, to pay court to the Count de Chambord, [Chamber] Due de Bordeaux, Henry V. or by whatever name the royal pretender may prefer to be designated. For, though every succeeding event is fraught with instruction to these politicians of much faith, that no accident can sensibly reduce their infi- [fin- infinitesimally] nitesimally [dismal] small chances of success, they, like true adherents of the legitimate Bourbon, are the last to read the lesson, and may be quickened in their dili- [deli- diligence] gence [Gents] by an apparent danger. In this way it is not impossible that the death of Louis Philippe may hasten the conflict of the rival dynasties which lay claim to A writer in Frazer's Magazine, writing some years ago, says The King of the French was an early riser, ine [in] found in bed after six in the summer or ae eit [it] 5 winter. At eleven, when in Paris, he generally visited the buildings of the Tuileries [Distilleries] an i i ften [ten] accom- [com- accomplish] Palais [Calais] Royal. On such occasions he was a panied [pained] by his departed sister, and generally by on i Here he was in a congenial element. edie [die] meas knowledge of architecture, and was ackdons [actions] so happy as when dabbling in bricks and mares Se ordering necessary alterations and repairs. After council the king would proceed over the Tuileries [Distilleries] an ; Louvre, for he liked to visit the ateliers of he entered into conversation with an artist w ose [one] manners and discourse pleased him, he told the pain ier [er] how he sighed on remembering the times e walked from one end of Paris to another wit an umbrella under his arm. 'Ah, my good sir,' he ae say, when I was Duke of Orleans, I could carry my old umbrella as a walking-stick from one end of Pas to the other-go out with a pair of strong old shoes, whic [which] had got the shape and form of my feet, and gave me ample room and verge enough In such guise ani [an] gear I could stare in at all the print and book shops, look over the stalls, which was a great delight and pleasure to me; but, being King of the French, I cannot do that now. The other day 'my people wanted to prevent a worthy man and a distinguished magistrate the enirce [enforce] to me because he carried an old umbrella, and was somewhat dirt-bespattered but I told 'my people that those who carried umbrellas, and whose shoes, hose, and trowsers [trousers] were somewhat marked with la boue [bone] de Paris, were the happiest people after all. Voila le fait, [fair] mon bon [on] monsieur, Wednesday morning, at 9 the body of this illustrions [illustrations] was deposited in the leaden coffin to contain the remains. The whole of the family, with the AbbĂ© [Abbey] Guille, [Guile] &c., were preseat, [present] and the coffin was hermetically sealed. This coffin will be placed in one covered with crimson satin, and the interment will take place on Soturday [Saturday] (this day) at an early hour. There a to be some doubt as to the place of interment, but it is still thought St. George's Cathedral, in anticipa- [anticipate- anticipation] tion [ion] of its ultimate destination, being in the Royal vault at Paris.-Globe. IRELAND. CoMMISSIONER [Commissioners] FOR RELIEF oF INSOLVENT DEBTORS.- [DEBTORS] A memorial is in course of signature by the leading merchants and traders of Dublin, praying his Excellency the Lord-Lieutenant to appoint Mr. Creighton, the cele- [cell- celebrated] brated [rated] practitioner in bankruptcy and insolvency, as the successor of the late Mr. Farrell, and expressing a hope that the time is arrived when an appointment of so much importance as regards the commercial interests of the community should be made irrespective of party or political influence.-Saunders. Attack BY AN ARMED Party IN TrppERaRy. [Temporary] On the night of the 19th inst. the dwelling of Michael Kelly, residing in Islandbawn, [Island] and miller to Mr. M. Ryan, Tyrone, was entered by an armed party, who seized hold of Kelly, and cruelly beat him two sisters of came to his assistance, when the ruffians attacked and assaulted them. Notwithstanding the condition they were in, the two young women suc- [such- succeeded] ceeded [needed] in closing the door on the fellows, and prevent- [preventing] ing their brother being dragged into the yard, where, in all probability, they would have murdered him. When the door had been closed on the midnight skull- [skull crackers] crackers, they attempted to force it open. and having failed to do so, one of them came to Kelly's bedroom window, and fired a shot through it; they then went away. Kelly and his sisters are progressing towards convalescence.- [convalescence] Nenagh [Nina] Guardian. Lorp [Lord] or Cattle FoR [For] Poor-RATES. -At five a.m., on Monday last, the Castlecomer [Castle comer] poor-rate collector, attended by four bailiffs, and escorted by head constable Killikelly, [Likely] with eleven of his police party, made a foray into the lands of Pherolla, [Peril] the pro- [property] perty [petty] of Lord Vaux, of Harrowden, where they made a prey of fifteen of his lordship's best heifers, and drove them off to pound. The seizure was made for an arrear [area] of rate due by the late tenant of the lands, and the cattle are to be sold in Castlecomer [Castle comer] at noon on Friday next, in case they are not previously released. His lordship refused to pay the arrear, [area] on the ground that the collector ought to have squeezed it out of the late insolvent tenant however, the poor-law commissioners having investigated his complaint, acquitted the collec- [College- collector] tor of all blame, and very significantly intimated that if Lord Vaux did not voluntarily meet the demand, the collector should try what he could do to make him.- [him] Kilkenny Moderator. Tue Harvest.-A letter from Dublin, of Monday morning, says By the accounts from the country, it appears that the harvest operations have been consi- [cons- considerably] derably [durable] retarded [regarded] by the recent inclement weather, but it is not stated that any material injury has been in- [inflicted] flicted [inflicted] on the crops. We have had excessive falls of rain, accompanied frequently by high wind, and during the last twenty-four hours have been visited by a gale of extreme violence. The agricultural reporis [reports] are still, however, with very few exceptions, comparatively favourable. Those from some of the midland and southern districts continue to speak in very gloomy terms of the wheat, and throughout the country there is little doubt that that crop is much below the average; but the produce in the other species of grain is expected to be abundant, and of fine quality and of the potatoes we have no fresh reports of the progress of the blight, the tubers are still, in the great majority of cases, perfectly sound, and those brought to market scarcely in any instance exhibit symptoms of the disease. The prospect of a sufficient supply of potatoes for the year is now indeed very generally entertained. - - ILL-TREATMENT OF a CHILD.-At the Central Criminal Court, on Friday, Mary Rook, a washerwoman, at Ealing, Middlesex, was indicted for the wilful murder of Elizabeth Wallis, her daughter, by a first marriage. The deceased was about seventeen years old at the time of her death, which occurred after an illness of five weeks, during which she was visited by the medical officer of the parish. After her death bruises were observed upon her person, and at an examination it was ascertained that other marks of severe ill treatment were observable. As the surgeon could not undertake to prove any connection between these injuries and the cause of death, the more serious charge against the prisoner fell to the ground but witnesses were examined to prove an aggravated assault. Three or four of the neighbours deposed to having frequently seen the prisoner beat and knock down the girl, using at the same time threats and abuse of the foulest kind. She frequently tceld [told] the deceased that she would butcher or murder her she beat her with a stick, and with her clenched fists she deprived her of the necessary quantity of food, while six children whom the prisoner ha' had by her second husband were fully fed and well treated. At the inquest which was held on the body of the girl, the prisoner swore that she would throw her and her coffin out of the window; and also told her husband to let her be buried like a dog. The jury found the prisoner guilty of the assault, and Mr. Baron Platt sentenced her to twelve months imprisonment with hard labour. MURDER IN trial has just taken place before the Court of Assizes of the Vaucluse [Clause] ofa [of] female of 30 vears [ears] of age, for the murder of her husband, a farmer of consider- [considerable] able property, named Bourgue, [Bourgeois] by administering to him, during a period of several months, powder of cantharides [generates] in different kinds of food, and even in the injections which were prescribed by a medical man, ignorant of the real cause of his sufferings, to calm the intestina' [interesting] agony which he said heexperienced. [he experienced] It was proved in evidence that the prisoner had an adulterous intercourse with a man living in the same village, and that she had frequently express3d [expressed] a wish for her husband's death, that she might marry her lover. The body of her husband had been interred for some days before the crime was denounced to the authorities but on being ex- [exhumed] humed [Hume] and examined, an immense quantity of cantharides [generates] was found in different parts of the bod y, and the effect caused by the uent [sent] administeration [administration] of this poison was such that the medical men who reported on the state of the body declared that the sufferings of the victim must have been for weeks, or perhaps months, of the most excruciating description. Some of the organs were a mere mass of puru- [pure- purulent] lent matter, the result of acute inflamation. [inflammation] The prisoner was found guilty, but with extenuating cireumstances, [circumstances] and condemned to imprisonment for life, with hard labour. On receiving sentence she exclaimed, laughing, am at least provided with bread for life. CoMMITTAL [Committee] OF AN ATTORNEY aT PrEsToN [Preston] FoR [For] ForcERY. [Force] -On Monday last Mr. H. Blackhurst, [Blackheads] solicitor, of Preston, who was remanded on Wednesday last on a charge of forg- [for- forging] ing a codicil to the will of his late wife, was brought up at the Town-hall, Preston, for further examination. The set- [settlement] tlement [Clement] made upon Mrs. Blackhurst's [Blackheads's] marriage and the delivery of the will, codicil, and other documents to the executors having been proved, John Thompson, auciionecr, [auctioneer] of Hoghton-lane, near Blackburn, deposed to having had a conversation with Mrs. Blackhurst [Blackheads] a short time before her death, in which she told him that after the payment of a few legacies her personal estate would go to the city of Glasgow. Mrs. M. A. Kerr, miller, of Glasgow, deposed to Mrs. Blackhurst [Blackheads] having told her that, as she had in- [inherited] herited [merited] her property through her husband, who was a Glas- [Gas- Glasgow] gow [how] merchant, she intended it to go again to Glasgow, for the purpose of endowing a school and the witness further stated that Mrs. Blackhurst [Blackheads] wished her to call upon the Lord Provost of Glasgow, and request him to write to Mr. Noble, her solicitor in Preston, respecting the property, in case of her death. The witness accordingly saw Mr. Forbes, the town-clerk of Glasgow, and communicated to him the statement of Mrs. Blackhurst. [Blackheads] Mr. Segar then addressed the court for the defendant, and contended that there was no legal evidence of any forgery having been committed b Mr. Blackhurst, [Blackheads] and that the accusation was only a trick on the part of the prosecutors to throw their opponent into prison and thereby obtain an unfair advantage over him in a civil court in pursuing their claim to the property. The bench retired, and after an absence of half-an-hour returned into court, when the Mayor stated that the Inagistrates [Magistrates] had decided on sending the case for trial at the assizes, Mr. Segar applied for bail but the application was refused. He prisoner was then committed for trial at the Liverpool Winter assizes. The court was crowded to excess during the whole of the proceedings. SunDay [Sunday] PostacE [Postage] QuEsTIon.- [Question.- Question] The Lords of the T have, it is stated, indorsed [endorsed] the report and recommendations of the Sunday Postal Commission, and arrangements are in progress for giving them practical effect on Sunda [Sunday] to-morrow), the Ist [Its] of September, when the usual morning ivery [very] of letters and ne will be resumed.-Daily News, shout the country John Shaw Lefevre. [Fever] - FOREIGN INTEL), IPP [PP] PE AAA ee UNITED STATES The royal mail steam-ship Canam [Canal] mander, [Marden] which arrived in the ta, W. ing, brought letters and papers hee [her] on yy 14th inst. and accounts by elect at Ne fax, to the 16th instant, inchs [inches emp; mp] The Canada left New York twelve, touched at Halifax 1 16th, [the] to receive the mails and af. cisely [wisely] two hours, sailed for Livers ean Mersey at half-past five o'clock WT The Canada brouzht [brought] 102 and 10,000 sterling in gold, an. The royal mail Cone arrived at Boston at half-past six iter [iver] Captain of the 8th instant. The United Sta Pacific, Capt. Nye. arrived ae of the 11th inst. after a fine mn. in; ence [once] of time, of cleven [eleven] days i... minutes. The Pacific landed 4, which were forwarded to Noy [Not] vy... steam-ship Niagara, Capt. Rytie. [Rate] amc.) [am] 2 the afternoon cf the 15th inst steam-ship Clyde had arrived a (5 encountered a violent hurticans [Huggins] 9... her foretopmast [fore topmast] and topgallant ning. [nine] Telegraphic despatches from we. the appointment of Mr. Conrad ag... Mr. M'Kennan as seeretary [secretary] of the jn. men are said to have accepted, 0 2 ent [end] Fillmore's cabinet. [C] On the 6th instant President For the Houses of Conzress [Congress] a lon [on ds on the question of New Moxj., [Mix] official letter from Mr. Webster . the governor of Texas, replyin [reply ts, oh. on the boundary dispute of Peay. [Peat] oS mary [may] of this messaze [message] and 2 taken from a New panor- [piano- payments] ments [rents] have elicited the warn country, with the exceptions uf [of] ch. .. red hot with slavery fonaticisry,. [fanaticism] ENCE [ENE] On. SS at New York te 4, be UL pee that his duty requires him to 5.7... and guard New Mexico azains; [assigns] Texas, until Congress shall hava [have] boundary. That question he (oes [ors] ; for him to know that Texas neve; [never] . Sic. are taal [tal] Mexico, that the United States treaty of peace with Mexico boun, [bound] Bie [Be] ie the people of the territority, [territory] andj [and] rights of American citizens, States have claims upon the unseenni.) [unseen] ritory [territory] which are not consistent with - Texas, and on these grounds, the pr). temperate language, annonnees [announce] yc prevent and suppress any hostile deny New Mexico on the part of Texas, - he urges upon congress the promptly settling the bountiary [boundary] peaceful end to the contest came before the passagve [passage] of the B wy senate, and doubtless helped it Mr. Webster to Governcr [Governor] Bell . ment [men] of the question, and is every war wun. [win] tation [station] of its author. The messice [mess ice] gay wm. house with a great deal of bluster by -,. the south; and the ultra laverr Laver] pi. embarrassed, held a cancus, [caucus] at whch [which] , vigilance reported a series of character, but, as it would app ens value. On the 9th the senate approves hey - to 20, the bill introdmeed [introduced] by Mr Phys 10,000,000 dollars as indemmirr. [indemnity] more favourable than that propose. Bill. By this bill, the boun [bound] in follows -Beginning at the interseen [intervene] dredth [breadth] degree west longitude. wish proceeding thenes, [then] due west, tw tos [to] gitude, [gutted] thence, due south. ty 22 qu and thence, in a straight line to El Pas,,, so as to include the settlement [C] Zp valent [talent] for depriving her of the port to which she laid claim. The Senate has had uniler [under] prowess of for the admission of California. im [in] party have employed the utmost vx mentary [monetary] tacties, [tactics] and have spuken [spoken] vain. The bill finally passed on the 34 t0 19. The bill provides thar [that] nin [in tives [lives] in Congress shall be appertious [apportion actual enumeration of the inhebitan [inhabitant] States, the state of Culiformia [California] sll [all ' representatives in Congress. It was asserted at New Orleans - that Governor Bell had issued eons. [Sons] raising trocps [troops] in almost every Santa Fe, on the Ist [Its] of September. Letters of the 12th from President had received intelligenss [intelligence] vac tion [ion] had been set on foot. or) and, consequently stringent, adopted. The dispute relative to the Porm [Port] assumed a more favourable aspe [ape] . been entered into with Senor de Fis uu guese [geese] minister at Washing The state election in M ui bari [bar] to the whigs [whig] that of Indiana tiie [tie] . Carolina has also yiclded [yielded] tH the dem [de] to the whigs. [whig] From Iewa [View] the reouns [reins] [C] Accounts froin [from] Havannah [Hannah] meoncen [commence] - inst. seven of the remaining Aner [Near] to be released the other three o eight years ina chain gave. A from Jamaica had beon [been] conveyel [conveyed] 2 American steamer Cherokee, bur or much importance. rm of Kingston were actively ensr [ensure] the owners of the lin [in] between New York and correspondence of Jamaica te other places, which. by the alters lon [on] steamers, will -. riot had taken place on an nivht [night] of the 23rd and seme [see] Eves of jealousy on the part of dic [Dick] Ur employed on the esiate, [estate] is xaki [sake] te outbreak. Some of New Yoox [Yo ox] The California State Admission 5 the senate, the bill establishing 2h ment [men] of New Mexico w house of representatives dee civil or diplomatic 4 upwards of 10,060,000 of dolkus [folks] Sr - public service, occupying its whole jot CALIFURNLL [CALIFORNIA] The Canada brings details of brought by the Georgia and Cher to New York mails from San The following extract from an oes [ors] asummary [summary] of Californian generally satisfactory. San Frucci. [Fracas] covering from the late fire. ani [an] civ [ci] were mostly fireproef. [fireproof] Business 4 but there was no doubt of i vanced. [advanced] No further troudle [trouble] hal [al] the foreign miners, who refused to on them, and the people agreed 26 The collectors no longer endear ics [is] ment. [men] A good deal of complamc [complain] . of congress; but the assertion that up for herself, independent of the ls pelled [celled] in public meeting and by A good deal of excitement had b at Marysville and Sacramento City. Gold Lake, where gold could be pr unheard of abundanee. [abundance] but the 2h wandered vainly in search. The Ess [Es - not yielding much, the water being A salt spring has been discoverer west of Sonora, and near the murders have been committe [committee in we otherwise good order was matt quality had been found in Calif a population of the siate [state] was veckouet [wicket] [C] health of the couniry [country] was 1 CANADS. [CANADA] The Canadian parliament was on the 10th, [the] by the large assemblage. In announcing excellency, in the Queen's name, ew among which were an act for the Gu ment [men] of the provincial post-office. . C] assessments, to establish free - of twenty per cent on foreign repr [rep] rights, to incorporate a company tr moral improvement of the coloured pel [Peel] the selection of jurors by ballot, 2 power to issue or withhold tavern 26 tlic [tic] zie [ie] pape [paper] nie [nine] Curiovs [Curious] Case arrectinG [erecting] 1 Musee [Muse] TETY.-At [TET.-At] a recent sitting of TAC [CAT] an information was heard at the ou William Mumford, against the ste ee at Dagenham, for having unlawfully mpi [pi] such society. It appeared that the an & member of the club fifteen years. jun annual feast been seen to secrete POF [OF] on his person, he was, at a quarterly night, expelled. t - complainant, that the chib [chin] was nos juste [just] expelling him, as it was only of the property of the society ht and although the complainant ee perly, [reply] it did not amount to embe [ember she fuels ie of the feast was not defrayed out ovat [oat] che ' but by the individual subse [subs] i ew the other hand, for the de at oe the articles provided for the wi the society, 2 ment, [men] and must him.-Daily Vews. [News]