Huddersfield Chronicle (28/Sep/1850) - page 4

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4 THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER, 28, NEY [NE] LEN D.-The several sums of M 5,000, iy aS and several smaller sums, Mortgage security. Apply to pony ba bo be aitranosd.os [transit.os gon [on Solicitors, King-street, Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield. [Huddersfield] M Mr. H. will return to London early in March next. DUTCH BULBS. ESSRS. [MESSRS] PONTEY to inform the Gentry M of Huddersfield and its Neighbourhood, that they have received their Annual Importation of HYACINTH ROOTS, &c., &c., Price Lists of which may be had at the Nursery. Kirkheaton, September 26th, [the] 1850. A CARD. Ss. HOWELL, Portrait Paryter, [Prayer] No. 1, FirzwiLLiaM-TERRACE, [William-TERRACE] HUDDERSFIELD. TO THE PARENTS OF THE PUPILS OF THE HUDDERSFIELD COLLEGE AND COLLEGIATE SCHOOLS. oo. . GILL is desirous of receiving into his House Two Young Gentlemen, either as Weekly or Half- [Half] Yearly BOARDERS.-Terms moderate. Clare-Hill. O be SOLD by PRIVATE CONTRACT, a T GASOMETER, 24 feet diameter, with Gas Pit, Two Retorts, Hydraulic Main, One Upright Purifier, and Two Box purifiers-all complete and in working order.-Apply to Mr. Edward Learoyd, Lane, Huddersfield. HE APOLLO GYMNASIUM, T RAMSDEN STREET. ; LE BLANC feels pleasure in announcing M2 he has made arrangements with a first-rate London Master, to teach DANCING, on every Saturday. The Juvenile Class will assemble at ae, a.m.-the i und [and] Adult Class as per arrangement. wishful for Tuition, will forward their Cards to Mr. LE Buanc. [Bank] FENCING AND GYMNASTIC CLASSES, AS USUAL. AMES W. MACDONALD begs to return his thanks to the Inhabitants of Holmfirth, and the Public generally, for the very liberal support he has en- [enjoyed] joyed since he opened the above Hegtel, [Hotel] and takes this opportunity of assuring them that the house has been most beautifully fitted up, re-painted, &c., and will be found by Commercial Gentlemen especially, to combine the elegance and comfort of home with a close proximity to the Railway, being within about three minutes' walk of the station. M. has selected a first-rate stock of Wines, Spirits Ales, &c., and hopes, by the strictest attention to the requirements and comfort of his friends, to obtain a con- [continuance] tinuance [Finance] of their patronage and support. In addition to the usual apartments of the Hotel there is a LARGE AND COMMODIOUS ROOM, suitable for Estate and general Auction Sales. WELL-AIRED BEDS. An elegant One or Two-Horse CaB [Can] ready at the shortest notice. J. W. M. has great pleasure in intimating that a GLEE CLUB, of superior talent, is being established at the Hotel. N.B.-For-the convenience of Private Families, J. W. M. has also ensured a constant supply of ALE and PORTER, in small casks, from the Lockwood Brewery, at the follow- [following] ing prices - ALE, 6 gallons and upwards, 1s. 1s. 2d. and 1s 6d. per gal. Porter, ditto, 1s. 2d. and Is. 6d. per gal. FARM TO LET. T be LET, a FARM, called the oyd [old] Farm, in the township of MELTHAM, containing 324A. [A] 2R. 21P., [P] more or less, of Arable and Pasture Land, and the Tenant will be allowed the Herbage of 44 Acres of Common Land, adjoining the Farm. he Land may be entered to on the 2nd February, and the Buildings at May-day, 1850. James Crosland, the present Tenant, will shew the Farm and for Rent and other particulars, apply to Messrs. Fenton and Jones, Solicitors, Huddersfield; or to Mr. W. Carter, Land-Agent, Lightcliffe, near Halifax. Huddersfield, October Ist, [Its] 1850. ANOTHER NEW LIGHT. HOLLIDAY'S PEERLESS LAMPS. SECOND GRANT OF HER MAJESTY'S ROYAL LETTERS PATENT, DATED FEBRUARY, 1830. HE PATENTEE of the ORIGINAL HOL- [HO- HOLLIDAY] LIDAY [LADY] LAMP having at length succeeded in completing his IMPROVEMENTS and PERFECTING the SELF-GENERATING GAS LAMP, by adapting it for the Table and all in-door purposes, can now confidently recommend his PEERLESS LAMP, as being at once the most Superb, Brilliant, and Economical Portable Light ever offered to the Public. This extraordinary Apparatus generates its own gas at 4s. per 1,000 cubic feet. Simple and easy of management, it will burn sixteen hours without attention. The size of the light can be regulated like that of common gas by a stop tap. It is made in the form of a plain Cottage Lamp, as well as in every other style of Elegance, fit to adorn the Drawing-room of the Mansion and the Palace. Silent, it preserves the solitude of the Study-Sweet and Pure, it promotes the comfort of the Family Circle-Bril- [Circle-Bail- Brilliant] liant, [lint] it sheds additional lustre on the Assembly or Ball- [Ballroom] room. In short, in every attribute that can render an ARTIFICIAL LicHT [Light] an approximation to the Purity and Brilliancy of the Sun, he holds it peerless. May be seen Burning at 128, Holborn-hill, Lonnon; [London] at the Works, Turn bridge, HUDDERSFIELD; or at the Branches, 28, Oak-street, MANCHESTER; Sussex-street, SHEFFIELD; and Bridge-end, BRaDFoRD, [Bradford] Yorkshire, where Prospectuses and Engravings may also be had on appli- [apply- application] cation. Huddersfield, September, 1850. IN THE AFFAIRS OF THE LATE ROBERT BENTLEY, ESQ. LL Persons huving [having] CLAIMS or DEMANDS against the Estate of the late RoBERT [Robert] BENTLEY, of ROTHERHAM, in the County of York, Esquire, are desired to FURNISH the PARTICULARS THEREOF, without delay, to Cc. L. COWARD, Solicitor to the Executors. Rotherham, September, 1850. DO HEREBY GIVE NOTICE that I will not be answerable for any DEBT or DEBTS which my ife, if] SARAH ANN WRIGHT, may contract after this Notice. (Signed) EDWARD WRIGHT. 25, Kirkgate, Huddersfield, Sept. 27, 1850. JOHN WINTER, LAND AGENT, ESTATE AUCTIONEER, AND GENERAL VALUER, SaLE [Sale] Rooms, Spring-street, Huddersfield. RESIDENCE, Sou th-street. Duty Free. IN THE MATTER OF THE WARLEY INCLOSURE. [ENCLOSURE] VALUABLE FREEHOLD GROUSE SHOOTINGS AT SALTONSTALL MOOR, IN THE PARISH OF HALIFAX, IN THE COUNTY OF YORK. T be SOLD by AUCTION by THOMAS DAVIS and SON, at the WHITr [White] Swan INN, in Hatirax, [Hatteras] on WEDNESDAY, the 9th day of October next, at Five o'clock in the Afternoon (unless previously di of by Private Contract, of which due notice will be given), sub- [subject] ject [jet] to such conditions as shall then and there be ha 'Lot 1. that extensive PLOT or PARCEL of COM- [COMMON] MON LAND, situate and being upon and forming part of SaLTonsTaLL [standstill] Moor, in the Township of Warley, in the said Parish of Halifax, and County ot York, containing by admeasurement, [ad measurement] 693 acres 2 roods 26 perches, be the same more or less, bounded Eastward by Enclosed Lands, the Cold Edge Road, other parts of the Common Lands of Warley aforesaid, and Land sold to Messrs. Abbot, Apple- [Appleyard] yard, and others, Westward by Midgl&éy [Middle&éy] Moors, Common ds in Warley aforesaid, and Saltonstall Moor Road Northward by Oxenhope Moors in the Parish of Haworth' and Southward by Common Lands in Warley aforesaid. This Lot is sold subject to certain limited rights of getting and carrying away Peats by the owners and occu- [occur- occupiers] piers of Land within the said Township of Warley upon a certain part thereof, with defined roads thereto; 'and also subject. to a bridle road or way from Saltonstall Moor Road near Dean Head, across Fly Level to Cold Edge Road afore- [fore- aforesaid] said, near the Fly Brass Quarries, as shown upon the Sale Plan; and to the right of entry by the owners of the Cold ze Reservoirs for the purpose of cleansing and repairing their Catch Water Drains, paying compensation for any injury occasioned thereby. Lot 2. And also all that other Piece or Parcel of COM- [COMMON] MON LAND, near to Fly Brass Quarries, in Warley aforesaid, containing by admeasurement, [ad measurement] 77 acres roods 20 perches, be the same more or less, bounded Eastward by Ovenden [Oven den] Moors, Westward by the Cold Edge Road, North- [Northward] ward Bue [Be] Brass Quarries, and Southward by a Public Stone Quarry near to Withins [Within] Head, in the said Township of parley. This is sold subject to certain limited rights of getting an Carrying away Peat from a portion thereof, with defined roads thereto, and to the right of the owners of the Cold Edge Reservoirs to enter for the like Pp as expressed in the reservations attached to Lot 1. The whole of the above Property is well stocked with Grouse, and lies between the Manors of Midgley, Oxen- [Oxen] Ope, gad Ovenden, [Oven den] all of which have for many years (along the Moors now offered for Sale) been strictly preserved, and there is a good Inn within five minw [mine] tes [te] walk of the Saltonstall Moors are situate about three miles Halifax, and three and a half from L , uddenden [sudden] Foot asm, [as] on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. a desirous of seeing the Property may do so on a lying 2 HN GREENWOOD, of Said, near Salto [Salt] better in ee 0' W Slaid, [Said] and any further parti- [part- particulars] culars [circulars] Ric [Tic] nd, eam [am] to THoMss [Thomas] BRADLEY, Keg STEWwakT, [Stewart] Solicitors, Wakefield or to Hous, [House] Kons, [Sons] . ber [be] 4th, 1 aa J.E, NORRIS, Solicitor, . Septem [Sept] 1, Westgate, Halifax, THE CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPT, 28, 1850. OUR WEEKLY SUMMARY. Tue New York journals continue to be filled with details of the perfections and movements of JENNY Linn, and the furore for her seems rather to have increased than subsided. The first concert of Jenny Lixp [Lip] was to take place on the night of the 11th instant, at Castle Garden. The choice of seats was sold at auction, 4,476 tickets being thus disposed of, at an aggregate price of 24,753 dollars. The gross produce of the first concert would pro- [probably] bably [ably] not fall much short of 30,000 dollars. The first ticket was bought at the auction by a New York hatter, named Genin, [Genuine] at the price of 225 dol- [do- dollars] lars. [las] After the auction, on the 9th instant, the first rehearsal took place, in the presence of the orchestra and a few privileged hearers, who greeted Jenny Linxp [Links] with a burst of applause. It was with the greatest difficulty she could get out of Castle Gardens when the réhearsal [rehearsal] was over, for the people had got wind of it, and crowded around. As soon as the gate was opened to let her out, they rushed in in such torrents, that it was necessary for her and her friends to beat a quick retreat, and escape by the rear, and then through the house at the gate. So soon as she was discovered there was the most enthusiastic cheering, and the carriage which drove her off was followed by a large crowd. Jenny Linp [Lin] removed from the Irving House to the New York Hotel immediately after the second rehearsal, on the 10th inst. The great French event of the week has been the long promised review, by the President of the Republic, of the troops at Versailles. The spec- [spectacle] tacle [table] has created great excitement, and attracted a vast number of visitors per rail from Paris. The review took place on the plain of Sartory, [Story] near Versailles, a vast tract of ground, partly plain and partly forest, but described as amirably [admirably] adapted for military manoeuvres. The President of the Re- [Republic] public arrived on the ground at half-past eleven o'clock, attended by the minister of war, General CHANGARNIER, [CHANGING] and a numerous and brilliant staff. Next to the President himself, the greatest lion was the Ambassador of Nepaul, [Paul] who rode at Louis side, glittering in gold and diamonds, his tawny complexion contrasting strongly with his snow-white plume and the pearls that hung pro- [profusely] fusely [fuel] about his neck, mounted on a superb charger, supplied for the occasion from the stables of the Elysée. [Else] Amongst the officers of the staff that fol- [followed] lowed hard behind were the three companions, or aides-de-camp of the Ambassador, dressed in uni- [uniform] form-a green tunic, the upper part of which was covered with gold embroidery, while massive gold epaulettes hung from the shoulder; a low cap, fitting close to the head, with rather a broad brim, formed their head dress. Their scimitars were suspended by gold cords, attached to a belt of the same material, which clasped their waists. The President of the Republic, as usual, wore the full dress of a General of the National Guard. After the various movements had been gone through the army defiled before the President, each man saluting him in a becoming but yet dignified man- [manner] ner, [ne] the only cries heard being Vive [Vice] le President, Vive Vice] Napoléon, [Napoleon, but there was iess [less] of that wild enthusiasm which has marked the President's pro- [progress] gress [grass] in other parts of France, though nothing to lead to the conclusion that the army are otherwise than satisfied with him in his present position. How they would act in case he grasped at greater powers is matter of question, but there was nothing in the feeling on Tuesday leading to the inference that they would favour such a movement. The Times Correspondent, whose information as to what is passing at the Elysée [Else] is generally pretty correct, states that a great deal of anxiety is mani- [manifested] fested [rested] in Paris and in the departments as to the line of conduct that may be adopted by the President in case the Royalists, united or disunited, attempt to prevent the prolongation of the powers of the Presi- [Press- President] dent. The following are supposed by well-informed persons to be more or less the ideas of the President on that point -Louis Napoleon rejects anything like dynastic ideas, or the possession of any prero- [proper- prerogatives] gatives [natives] other than those he enjoys at present. His avowed object is, it is added, the re-establishment of order, of confidence, and of credit-in a word, the termination of the era of revolutions. To ac- [accomplish] complish [accomplish] such a mission, it is considered requisite that the powers of the Chief of the State should present stability and duration. The President be- [believes] lieves [lives] (still say his friends) that he would but badly respund [respond] to the confidence of 6,000,000 electors if he yielded to the Royalist coalition alluded to. The President hopes that when the moment arrives to decide on the future condition of France, or, in other words, to consolidate authority definitively, or to decree anarchy, the National Assembly will comprehend the duties imposed en it by circum- [circus- circumstances] stances, and the immense responsibility it would incur if it hesitated to vote the immediate revision of the constitution. If the National Assembly refuse to adopt a measure which seems to be called for, the President will, in that case, make an appeal to the nation. According to the advices [advice] by the last packet from America, there are from 50,000 to 100,000 persons approaching California by the overland track. The emigration to San Francisco. by sea also continues, and will again be greatly augmented by the effect of the last reports, and by the shortened transit through Nicaragua. The population of the State therefore bids fair to reach before another year shall have elapsed between 300,000 and 400,000 souls. Last year, when the number of persons in California was not more than 100,000, the most unfavourable statements represented the average daily earnings of each individual not to exceed 5 dollars. This year, in the statements of a similar character, the amount is represented to be between 6 dollars and 10 dollars while the unusual height of the waters is described as a serious drawback. The momentous fact, which nothing can now do away with, is, that 300,000 or 400,000 Anglo-Saxons are settling them- [themselves] selves on the shores of the Pacific. Already the presence of a large number of Chinese is a distinc- [distinct- distinctive] tive [tie] feature of the population of San Francisco, and already the Sandwich Islands, Australia, and Southern and Central America have been called into a new life from the traffic that has been estab- [stables- established] lished, [wished] but as yet little inclination to prosecute their enterprize [enterprise] in these regions has been displayed among Europeans. Considerable surprise has been manifested the past week in connection with the result of the election of Recorder for the city of London. The office is looked upon as one conferring high honour, and considerable official patronage, and, what made it equally valuable in the eyes of the lawyers, its fortunate occupant is secured in future to the good round sum of 3,000 a year. The applicants were numerous, including Mr. M. CoamBers, [Chambers] Q.C. Mr. Gurney, Q.C. (recently appointed City Commis- [Comms- Commissioner] sioner) [sooner] Mr. Serjeant [Sergeant] MerewerHer [Brewer] (City Town Clerk) Mr. Bopxrn, [Boxing] of the Old Bailey bar, and Mr. Buttock, the Common Serjeant. [Sergeant] The Court of Aldermen, however, in whom the right of elec- [elect- election] tion [ion] rested, instead of selecting from the candidates offering, were anxious to secure a barrister, who had already a seat in Parliament, and who, in addition to his nominal duties, could perform the convenient office of promoting civic interests in the House of Commons. After offering the appointment to Sir Firzroy [FitzRoy] and two other leading barristers with M.P. tacked to their names, all of whom de- [declined] clined, [lined] a successful application was made to the Hon. James Stuart (brother of Lord WHARN- [WHEN- ARNCLIFFE] CLIFFE,) on whom the choice of the Aldermanic Board has fallen by a large majority of votes, and, as is generally alieged, [alleged] in violation of previous pledge by most of those who voted for this latter gentleman. The choice of Mr. Wormer to fill the above office will in some measure tend to confirm the correctness of the statement, made in a Scotch paper, that Mr. WortLey [Whitley] had abandoned the Mar- [Marriage] riage [ridge] 'Bill, as that measure is known to be distasteful to several of the city aldermen through whose in- [instrumentality] strumentality [instrumentality] the hon. gentleman has secured a lucrative post for life, thus making good the truth of the old saying that when interest and duty point in different directions the former generally gains the day. The Times, which conveys the general sentiments on this appointment, while awarding all honour to Mr. WortT.Ey, [Worth.Ey] very forcibly remarks- [remarks] Tf the City is inadequately represented in Parlia- [Parliament- Parliament] ment, [men] it can well find a mouthpiece for its griev- [Grove- grievances] ances [aces] but ifit [fit] must needs divert some civic functions to this new purpose, let it at least select. such as will least suffer by the transfer. If the interests of the Corporation require that one of its officers should have a seat in the House of Commons, let the Lord Mayor or his swordbearer [sword bearer] be nominated on these conditions; but whatever office may be charged with these incidental duties, the very last to be jobbed away on such pretext is that of the Recorder. A serious dispute has arisen between the York- [Yorkshireman] shireman [shire man] and Sun newspapers. The origin of the dispute has been the tenacity with which the Sun has, for some months past, defended the character of Mr. George Hudson, the exiled Railway King. The Yorkshireman, in a recent number, charged the Editor of the Sun with accepting bribes from Mr. Hudson, through Mr. Close, the railway secretary. In the last number of the Yorkshireman the charge is withdrawn, as far as the Editor of the Sun is concerned, and fixed on the shoulders of Mr. Martin, the proprietor of the latter journal, who is charged, in connection with Mr. Digby Seymour, with writing up Mr. Hudson, through the pecuniary instrumentality of Mr. Close. In a letter to the Sun of Wednesday evening, Mr. Martin totally denies the charge, and intimates that in case the Yorkshireman does not retract that he will commence legal proceedings against its conductors. COUNTY RATE EXPENDITURE, AND PROPOSED COUNTY FINANCIAL BOARDS. It has long been the boast of Englishmen, that their constitution was founded upon the principle (amongst others) that taxation without represen- [represent- representation] tation [station] is tyranny and ought to be resisted and so jealous have the Commons in Parliament assem- [assume- assembled] bled been for the maintenance of this principle pure and integrate, that it has, for ages, been made a breach of privilege for a taxing Bill to originate in the House of Peers, or for any emendation to be made by the higher branch of the legislature in any Bill, should the scope or purport of that emenda- [amend- emendation] tion [ion] be the imposition or re-adjustment of any rate or tax. Taxation, and its appropriation, has thus been held to be the peculiar province of the House of Commons, because it is the representative body of the nation; and for seeking and insisting on the right to impose taxes without the intervention or consent of the Commons, the first of blessed memory, lost both his throne and his head. And'yet with this principle of no taxation without representation constantly before their eyes, and with the recollection ever present of the many and bloody struggles to maintain its inviola- [in viola- inviolability] bility, [debility] the English nation has permitted a species of taxation to obtain upon them, in the imposition or application of which the principle of representation is wholly dispensed with, quite as much as in the imposition and exaction of Ship-money by CHARLES of his own will; and a taxation, also, which in amount far exceeds the whole of the public revenue of the 16th century. We allude, of course, to the present system of imposing and expending County Rates; for it is only in that instance where the principle of those who find the money shall have the care of the purse-strings is wholly and entirely violated. Magistrates are, as is well known, appointed, not by the ratepayers, nor even selected by them, but by the Lord for the time being. To the ratepaying [rate paying] portion of the public these magis [magic] trates [rates] are wholly and entirely irresponsible. They are responsible only to the government who ap- [appointed] pointed them, through either the Home of Stars, or the Lord Cuancettor. [Cancer] And yet, to this body so constituted, and so irresponsible, has been entrusted the imposition and application of County Rates, for the building and maintenance of County or Wapentake [Vantage] Bridges, Coun y [Con y] Gaels and Houses of Correction, Court-Houses, and Asylums, and also, for the defraying of the ex- [expenses] pences [pence] of prosecuting offenders; a taxation which has become so enormous in amount as to be almost unbearable, and to occasion a loud outery [outer] from one end of the land to the other. The magnitude of this taxation, and the undesi- [Indies- undesirability] rability [ability] of leaving its unchecked expenditure in the hands of an irresponsible Magistracy, may be judged of by those of the West-Riding who may happen to visit either Wakefield or York. In the former place, the immense piles of building cover- [covering] ing acres upon acres of ground, and composing the Lunatic Asylum and the House of Correction in that town, will at once show the vastness of the purse from which the authorities piling these erec- [ere- erections] tions [tins] together can draw; and also raise the invol- [involve- involuntary] untary [voluntary] remark that an expenditure so vast ought not to be either irresponsible or unchecked. But if such would be the feelings prompted by a view of our Magisterial erections in Wakefield, what sort of comments would an inspection of the mas- [massive] sive [side] walls and castle-like erections at York educe, especially when the fact is known that hundreds of thousands of pounds have been expended to provide a county prison; and that the result is, that Mr. Hitt, the enlightened Prison-Inspector, pronounces that prison unfit for the detention or imprisonment of criminals and that on the ground of its unsuit- [inst- unsuitability] ability, he reconimends [recommendation] its discontinuance as a county prison, and the removal of the inmates to- [Wakefield] Wakefield. The reasons for this recommendation are fully set forth in the Report of the State of Prisons in the district Mr. Hitt, has under his inspection, lately published and it will require something more to invalidate those reasons, than the statement by the visiting Magistrates of York Castle, that upwards of 300,000 have been ex- [expended] pended to make a prison. The fact of the expendi- [expend- expenditure] ture [true] we may not dispute but the wisdom of its application, and the suitability of the monstrous erection for its intended purpose, may fairly be open to question. That question Mr. does not hesitate to raise and after giving his reasons for his conclusion, he boldly pronounces the York Castle Prison to be unjitted [United] for the reception and detention of criminals, notwithstanding the enor- [nor- enormous] mous [moss] expenditure upon it above named Attendance at the Courts of Quarter Session would also give' rise to feelings of dissatisfaction at the manner of the expenditure of County Rates, as well as to their amount. The matters relating to this expenditure, are, as is well known, settled beforehand in committee between a few of the Justices and the officials under them and in most cases it happens that the Justices in open court are but registering foregone conclusions, Nay, it has not unfrequently [frequently] happened that individual Justices have (without any authority) expended thousands upon thousands of pounds and have then almost taken as personal insult any reprobation or censure of this unjustifiable usurpation of power. - To remedy this flagrant violation of the censtitu- [constituent- constitutional] tional [national] law, which prohibits taxation without rep- [representation] resentation, [presentation, a movement has been commenced in Lancashire for the erection of COUNTY FINANCIAL BOARDS, to whom shall be entrusted the levying and the e iture [true] of County Rates. For the purpose of giving legal effect to this proposal, a Bill was intro- [introduced] duced [duce] into the House of Commons, at the beginning of last Session, prepared by Mr. Minyer [Miner] GIssoN, [Gibson] Mr. Humes, [Homes] the Hon. Colonel Linpsay, [Lindsay] and Mr. Aparr. [Apart] That Bill was favourably re- [received] ceived [received] by the Government; and though, at the end of the Session, it was the fate of this measure to be amongst the innocents massa- [mass- massacred] cred,' we understand it is the intention of its promoters, early in the ensuing session, to submit its provisions again to the consideration of Parliament. It is no less important, therefore, that its provisions should be made known, and submitted to the consideration of THE PUBLIC for upon the degree of attention and interest in the proposed measure awakened and evinced outside, will depend in a great measure the success or non- [non success] success of the Bill inside. . That Bill then proposes, that County Financial Boards, for the assessing of County Rates, and for the administration of County expenditure, and for other county and public purposes, not of a judicial nature, shall be established in the several counties of England and Wales; and that the several powers, authorities, duties, and provisions relating to such rates, expenditure, and other matters, now vested in the Justices of the Peace for counties, shall cease to be exercised by such Justices, and shall be transferred to and be exercised by such County Financial Boards. The constitution of such County Financial Boards is proposed to be as follows -an equal number of members of Boards of Guardians (not Justices), elected by the several Boards of Guardians through- [throughout] out the county, with an equal number of ex-officio Guardians (Justices), elected solely by the ex-officio Guardians of each said Union-such ex-officio Guardians, however, only voting in the election of their own representative, the elected Guardians alone voting for their representative. These elections are to be annual, and to be made at the first meet- [meeting] ing of each Board of Guardians after the 15th day April in every year. The County Financial Boards, thus formed and constituted, are to be incorporated; and, as such corporation, empowered to purchase, accept, take, and hold, for the benefit of the county, any lands, buildings, goods, effects, or other property; and to have and to use a common seal, and to sue and be sued. At the first meeting of the County Financial Board, a Chairman and Vice-Chairman are to be appointed, to preside over all meetings of the Board and all estate in shire-halls, goals, houses of correction, prisons, penetentiaries, [plenipotentiaries] lunatic asylums, and all other property whatever now held for county purposes by Justices of the Peace, is to be trans- [transferred] ferred [erred] to and vested in such County Financial Boards. It is further proposed that all business in any- [anywise] wise appertaining to the assessment, application, arrangement, or expenditure of the County Stock or Rate, or of any fund used or applied in aid thereof, or contributing thereto, as well as all other matters and things, shall be done, transacted, and discussed, publicly and in open Court, AND NOT OTHERWISE and no order shall be binding or effec- [effect- effective] tive, [tie] unless the same shall have been made, and the matters relating thereto shall have been passed and discussed, and so considered, publicly and in open Court. All questions are to be decided by a majority of votes of the members present, and there must be at least one fifth part of the whole number of mem- [men- members] bers [bees] of each Board present to form a quorum. No resolution of any meeting of the County Financial Board shall be revoked or altered, unless six clear days notice of the intention to propose such revocation or alteration be given to each mem- [men- member] ber [be] of the Board; and not then, unless such revo- [Rev- revocation] cation or alteration be determined upon by a majority of two-thirds of the members present, un- [unless] lees the number present at such meeting be greater than at the meeting at which the resolution sought to be revoked or altered was passed. The County Financial Boards are to contract for the purchase of any provisions or clothing, or for the purchasing or hiring land or buildings, or for the executing of any works, or for the furnishing of materials; and for every contract of 100 or up- [upwards] wards, ten days notice is to be given in some one of the newspapers circulating in each town in the county, where newspapers are published, specifying the nature of the contract, and inviting tenders. It is also further proposed, that such County Financial Boards shall cause their accounts to be balanced every year, and a statement of the same to be prepared, and kept open for inspection by any ratepayer, who will, also, have power to compare the same with the books and documents in the pos- [post- possession] session of the said County Financial Board. Such the general annual meeting of the County Board, at which meeting all creditors, and ratepayers, and other persons interested may be present; and such accounts shall be then examined and settled by the County Financial Board, and, if found just and true, shall be allowed and certified under the hand of the chairman of such annual meeting subject, however, to the joint examination of three auditors, who are to be appointed annually for that purpose, and whose duty it will be every half-year to examine the accounts of the County Financial Board, compar- [compare- comparing] ing the same with all vouchers, and papers, and documents relating thereto; and reporting, in writing, the result of each such audit to the County Financial Board. Power is also proposed to be given to such auditors to disapprove of any part of the accounts submitted to them, if they see just cause for such disapproval; and, in such a case, either they or any one else interested in the said accounts, may APPEAL against such disapproved portions to the Quarter Sessions of the Peace; and, on the hearing of any such appeal, the Justices may make such order as they think fit respecting the payment of the costs of the appellant out of the monies coming into the hands of the County Financial Board. Such are, in brief, the main provisions of the Bill for the establishment and governance of the proposed County Financial Boards and we think we may venture to put the question to the Rate-paying portion of the public, whether Boards so constituted, and so compelled to act, would not be more satisfactory for the assess- [assessment] ment, [men] levying, and expending of County Rates, than the present unregulated, irresponsible, and unchecked system The answer, we are sure, will be in the affirmative; and we trust that the ratepayers of the Huddersfield District, and es- [especially] pecially [specially] the Guardians of the Poor for the Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] Union, wil do all in their power to cause the proposed Bill to pass into law. Let us put an end to the system of taxation without repre- [prepare- representation] sentation, [station, by providing proper and responsible representatives to raise and expend our coun [con] repre [prepare] xpe [pe] ty --- - REFORM pr THE LAW. erent [rent] phases of the progress of a princi [Prince] in England have been thus described. Fist, itis [its] received with laughter and disdain. Second. its advocates are abused, and treated as innovators and revolutionists. Third, it is discovered that there is nothing new in the doctrine, but that It 1s as old as the hills. And, fourth, it is adopted in abate everybody wondering that anybody could have been so unwise as to raise objections to a truth so self-evident, and a practice fraught with men pal ble [be] benefits. tion [ion] is a true one all Reforms in England, whether litical [political] or soci [soc] abundantly prove. The fact is, that in the national nature of Englishmen there is a considerable por- [or- preserving] conserving quality an adherence to the aystem [system] which is, yntil [until] the national mind is as the history of convinced thas [has] it can be by a better. And well has it been for the interests) of true liberty that such is the case. Under this national antipa- [anti- antipathy] thy to change, but withal a determination to advance when a case is properly made out, has up a State uns [us] in power, in free- [freedom] dito, [ditto] in literature, in industry, in mechanical art, and in the material condition of its people. And this solid progress towards true liberality and independence has not been without its effect on the other nations of the earth. It has taught even the most volatile and changeful [thankful] of peoples that social happiness is not found in the mere fact of change but must be wooed and won by means of which orden [Oren] and stability are the first and re-requisite essentials N ot that we would at all inculcate or encourage the idea that the English people have reached per- [perfection] fection, [section] or that in many of the separate essentials to well-being they rank higher than other states ; though as a whole we hold that they compose the vanguard of civilization, and present the noble characteristics enumerated above. Still there are many things in which they are deficient; many matters in which they are behind and unless their force in the march of PRoGREss [Progress] be increased, they will lose the pre-eminence they have won and now possess. The triumphs and benefits of steam, of the press, of cheap postage, of railroad travelling, and of electric inter-communication of thought, cannot be confined to one state, to one people, or to one colour and unless those amongst whom these motive-powers,-with their power of calling up and eliminating other motives, have been mainly brought to bear-use them for their own advancement, and permit the elements of progress thus evoked to have their full effect, they will find themselves left behind in the march of improvement and social condition. Perhaps in no portion of our polity has the march of improvement been so slow, as in that of our legislation and laws. We mean not in the principles of our legislation but in its details-its structure -its science. Our statute-book has been not inaptly described as a mass of verbiage and tautology. The whereases [whereas and the asses; the saids said and the aforesaids aforesaid are continually recurring, to the pain and offence of every well-attuned ear and the sense is lost in a heap of inextricable confusion of terms. In addition to this, the statute-book pre- [presents] sents [sent] laws most contradictory and inconsistent with each other laws amending laws, though in what the amendment consists no one can tell; and laws repealing laws and parts of laws, till even those whose business it is to understand the law cannot tell what the law is As a natural consequence of this very anomalous and discreditable state of things, litigation is pre-eminent and a most nume- [name- numerous] rous [sour] class fatten and thrive on the disputes and quarrels of their neighbours. Attempts to remedy these great anomalies, and to reduce this mass of confusion into something like order and system, have been repeatedly made; but hitherto without success. The desire to cling unto that which 7s, seems to have actuated the law-giver and the law-administrator, more intensely than any other section of the community. Difii- [Diff- Difficulties] culties [cuties] and obstacles have therefore been opposed to the progress of the law reformer, such as the reformer in no other department has had to con- [contend] tend with. As a proof of this-let us listen to Lord Brove- [Rove- Brougham] HAM'S eloquent history of only one attempt to make justice cheap and sure, and bring it home to every man's door. It relates to the County Courts Extension Bill; and is contained in the noble lord's most important letter to the venerable and the just Lord Denman. Lord BroveHam [Brougham] says [says] The bill of 1833, which I endeavoured to pass, and only lost by a majority of one in the Lords, is now at length the law ofthe [of the] land. Its history is a little singular, and shows how capricious and uncertain our legislation is on the most important of all subjects and I am clearly of opinion, capricious and uncertain, because we have not a Minister of Justice, a great functionary whose province it is to mature all plans for amending the law, as well as to superintend those who are engaged in administering it. A valuable report on this important subject was presented from one of our committees to the Law Amendment Society in 1845, and by me, as its President, transmitted to the Lord Chan- [Chancellor] cellor [Mellor] and Prime Minister, both of whom promised to give it their best attention. Had such a department as we then proposed existed, I am certain no such proceedings as I am going to describe ever could have been witnessed, to cast discredit on both the Government and the Parliament. Early last session a highly respectable gentleman, but wholly unacquainted with legal proceedings, brought into the Commons a bill in part taken from that of 1833, to extend the jurisdiction of the County Courts. The Govern- [Government] ment [men] strongly opposed it but were, as is so often their lot in both houses, defeated by a considerable majority and despairing of afterwards throwing out the measure, an- [announced] nounced [announced] that they should no longer oppose it. But instead of taking possession of it, as was their duty, they left the individual member to carry it on-only joining their forces with whatever opposition was made in any of its stages to the details. The bill came up to our House in such a state as made it worse than no change in the existing law. I lost no time in restoring the parts of my measure which had been left out, and after a good deal of resistance, and a reference toa [to] select committee, I succeeded in car- [carrying] rying [ring] the bill through-the Commons with much candour not insisting on their opposition to our amendments. I cannot sufficiently commend the spirit, the persever- [persevere- perseverance] ance, [once] and the moderation shown by Mr. Fitzroy, who brought it into the Commons, throughout the whole of its rogress. [progress] But I am sorry that this praise must be with- [withheld] eld [ed] from the ministers. eir [er] strong opposition to the measure is wholly unintelligible. Never was minister more cordially supported by his colleagues than I was by mine in 1833-never [W-never] was defeat of a measure more lamented by a Cabinet than was by us the defeat of the bill in that year. Sir James Graham then observed that it chad shaken the government to its foundations; and so certainly did we all agree in this view, that, as usual, I was despatched to confer with the King upon the subject. How it came to pass that the same men who then were so anxious to pass the whole measure should now have thought it right to oppose a portion of it (for such it was when first introduced) Iam [I am] unable to comprehend. True, when we had in tho Lords restored it to its original dimensions, the government no longer op But I cannot believe that the only fault they found with Mr. Fitzroy was his taking the haif [Haigh] aecounta, [account] so balanced, must, also, be produced of the whole bill of 1833. Nor can I reconcile their straining at the half and then ing the whole when c.mmended [c.mended] to their lips by the Upper House. I suspect the solution of the difficulty is (ynorance-sheer [annoyance-sheer] ignorance. They had probably altogether forgotten that it was their own, just as in 1840 Lord J. Russell lavishly praised Mr. Pemberton Leigh's exposure of the abuses in the Sworn Cierk's [Clerk's] department of Ehancery, [Chancery] unaware that his own col- [colleague] league when Chancellor had in 1833, on making the same exposure, promised remedial measure in a, bill with his (Lord J. Russell's) entire assent. As for the conftict [conflict] this year between the two houses, it was complete. The con- [concurrent] current jurisdiction was by a large majority rejected in the Commons; so was the whole appellate jurisdiction. N ow, these were by far the most important provisions in the bill ; and they were, without any division at all, added by the Lords. To this addition the Commons agreed; and the ministers in the Upper House having differed as widely as possible from their colleagues in the Lower, the latter, like ind friends, let me say like dutiful followers, gave wa forthwith, and the bill passed. It passed, however, wit some defects which would have been avoided, as would have been the unseemly spectacle of the blunders and ignorance, the jars and conflict, which I have described, had a de- [departure] partacut [particular] existed in this, as in other countries where it is less wanted-a department charged with the superin- [superior- superintendence] tendence [tendency] of our jurisprudence. With Lord Broveam [Brave] we agree that that which he has here so nervously described, is an unseemly spectacle of blunders and ignorance, which as a nation we should do well to prevent a recurrence of. And his lordship shall tell us of some other matters which it as strongly behoves us to reform. Hear him again - The mighty small act which I procured to be passed, for making our statutes more concise, and the reference to them more easy, is almost a thing to be laughed at for its insignificance, when we reflect on the total absence of all care in their preparation and composition. How long must we hold out a spectacle to the world so fitted to ex- [excite] cite pity, if not scorn, as that of some half-dozen depart- [departments] ments [rents] each manufacturing laws by the score, without the least communication among themselves, much less any com- [common] mon superintendence-all pulling different ways-using the same words in various senses, or various words in the same- [same adopting] adopting contradictory provisions as well as terms-each department ignorant of what the other is about-all litile [little] acquainted with what had before been enacted-now abro- [Bro- abrogating] gating without intending to change-now enacting without meaning to ordain-in short such a Babel of confusion as tends to bring the spectacle of a popular legislature into contempt, if not to place its very existence in peril Then as to the crying outrage on all justice-the scandalous violation of all rights-which continues to be perpetrated under the name of our Private Bill Legislaton-the [Legislation-the] total want of even decent provisions for preventing abuse in this department needs hardly be a pealed to as an illustration of the defect in our system of which I am now complaining. I well remember my much valued friend, the late Lord Ashburton 8 remark, on one occasion of my asking for the hundredth time how long parliament would go on without having a department for aiding and superintending its legislative labours -'It seems wholly past belief, said this acute and sagacious observer, that we should submit so long to so grievous an evil, and one so easily remedied ; and yet depend upon it you will find it more hard to grapple with than all the rest. the sets of resolutions, stating the case in detail, which I have again and again laid before parliament, and propounding an easy and a natural remedy, remain wholly without fruit per- [perhaps] haps wholly unattended to. Meanwhile the evil continues and it increases. If these are not matters which call for the atten- [attend- attention] tion [ion] of the public, in whose name the blundering ignorance and scandalous injustice are perpetrated, and which call also for the successful efforts of the reformer, there never were abuses on earth which needed reforming. For these outrages on all right and even on public decency Lord BroveHam [Brougham] has his remedy but what that remedy is, and how far it is likely to answer for its intended purpose, we must defer for another occasion. Enough has for the present been said to show that evils of enor. [nor] mous [moss] magnitude do exist; and that an effectual remedy of some kind is imperatively called for. LOCAL ae ELECTION oF tisement [basement] in another column, it of ratepayers is convened for onday [Monday] to nominate gentleman as y Dext, [Next] ensuing. We believe there s itt [it] ete [tee] ae Willans will be again bet the the office; and we think, from, wy Permesteg [Postage] 2 pr assigned in favour of such a cour [our] best. consult the interests of the taking the duties of ratepayers. EXHIBITION oF 1851.-We [W.-We] tee town, we Willa the office, if se 5 i Mi f , readers intending to exhibit would remind .; at Kas [As] Tin who have not already seeured [secured] the ensuing inventions, manufactures, or pate for space will be receiy [receive] Pg thar [that] a 21st Pe October next. ed by the local comma Borovuch [Borough] Revision.-Th the borough of Huddersfield will gy next, at the Rose and Crown Inn . The proceedings are not looked forme [form] terest, [interest] as there is only one new claim single objection lodged. Preferred Jury Lists.-The customary vor, [or] , the various townships in this ssa [sa] the magistrates, at the Guildh [Guild] respective be were only three appellants, one 3 - Thomas Levett,) and two for Hitless . Fawcett and Wm. Armitage,) whose sn case admitted. SO Claims oy. M. JULLIEN.-Our [JULIEN.-Our] readers wi hear that M. Jullien [Julien] will visit mth [mt] a tour on Monday, the 7th of ME is om celebrated vocalist, accompanies f Jul SS Shiny sion, and amongst the instruments 2 nise [nine] many old favourites. The prern [pron] from Meyerbeer, Rossini, ae Jullien, [Julien] and other eminent evmpsgers [imposes] nS is with the acknowledged superiority 5; the het [get] a bill of fare in every respect attractivs [attractive] Mr. Peace's GRaND [Grand] CONCERT, iyi, [ii] rangements [arrangements] for this annual concer [concert] musical friends a more than usual treat on Tie In addition to Mr. Sims Reeves and yo. will be a most effective orchestra, hundred performers, includin [including the prines [princes] and vocal talent of the mS presents a very excellent selection tg GU andel, [Handel] Cherubini, [Cherub] Bishop, and Braham may be considered the season, there is little doubt but Mr. Peace wil . with that support which his spirite) [spirit] oe. Parties from the district will be enabled o down train from Huddersiield [Huddersfield] ar ates will leave for Holmfirth at 10-30. MEcHaNIcs' [Mechanics] INSTITUTE.-An interestin,. [interest] - professional and gratuitous this valuable institution, was held juin. [jun] last Saturday, presided over by the wars. Schwann, Esq. Coffee and buns were . oceasion. [occasion] The object contemplated by the teachers of the various ela. [el] lishment, [enlistment] was to elicit a friendly cox topics affecting the interest of the instimr., [instinct] each all to become familiar friends sc, The proceedings were most axreeable. [agreeable] md we teachers wlll [well] anticipate their reenrrence [reference] th BREWSTER SESSIONS.-The aljonmed [elegant] Brow... were held last Tuesday, in the Guilthal). [Guildhall] - Battye and J. Starkey, Esqrs. [Esquires] There wom [whom] 4 cations for billiard licenses, which were yi. Barker solicitor, applied for the renew Fhe [He] Mr. William Gill, of the Royal v had been suspended. Mr. Gill expressed hus circumstances which had given rise promised to afford every facility tw whilst in the discharge of their duty. T their strong disapprobation of the guilty of, but, on condition that more in future, they renewed the license. THE REGISTRATION RETURNS.-We sumsh [sums] with the returns of the claims and objeetions [objections] in ust [st] for this district. The new claims tom Sune [Sun] yet been obtained, so that the liberal lsc [ls] 3 y some twelve or fourteen yotes [notes] ui be seen from the following list there wep [we 3 99 objections, and 33 struck out uF liberals made 49 new claims, th objected in 44, the tories in2, [in] and The totals show an increase on the Fethiras [Feathers] fbr [for] che Worn. all, last MY SWorn, [Worn] were diy [day] anes [ans] Rar [Rae] nab 161 [W and 3 than it - LT VerSerrs [Verses] teres [trees] Marsden, in Hndderfield [Huddersfield] 1... Marsden in Almondbury 3 ... Mirfield ............. Los or, if we include the probable Hunley [Henley] stated in round numbers at 6U whilst che 9. tered [teed] a loss of 15. There were on the and 32 tories struck off the list. Townships. New B OL. BOL [BOLE] Almond see b..2 Clifton rr Dalton 2.5... 1.6 Golear [Golcar] ...... 3.0.4 -- Honley......... -0.0 [0] Huddersfield - Hartshead .- ool [oil] - Lockwood 1.5 - OO Lindley and Quarmby... 0.10 Kirkburton ........0.....0..2 - Kirkheaton ..... Meltham 4 6. - - South Crosland ............ o.. -- 3 - Scammonden ............... 0... 3 - 16 B stands for Blue, L for Literal. or LOVERS QUARRELS.-AVISON EXuLasD. [Exiled] seven years ago, George Avison, vt assis [assist] and won the affections of a Miss Moret. [More] the ocean to the river of his thoughts, [C] 24 centrated [cent rated] all those unutterable arfeetuus, [afters] vou [you] Avison felt ever and anon rising 4 and pre-occupyimg [pre-occupying] every mement's [moment's] 'eisu [is] reflection. ith [it] what earnestness he SS swore his heart away a thousand tus. [us] versed in such matters to imagine-'- [imagine] beyond the veil-however, be th time, found himself an accepted beat high-hope whispered its ke anticipations for the future crowded we course of true love ran smooth. Years 1 ton threw up her situation at Mr. ssa [sa] her adorer thought it was 'lower time looked for with such sar [sa] heart came within the range of opened his heart and bled yulden [golden] goods and chattels, and Sarah began [C] M4 careg [care] upon her, and commenced chairs, value 2. Nervous and ax te realisation of her wishes, she visite [visit Drmes'. [Drums] ing of the heart-breakings [heart-breaking] and treachery their desolation on two fond beurts, [beets] wi SA bongs for ever. Whilst operate pen . presence, no other mortal beauty young Mr. Avison; but, alas, wi away, theworld [the world] had othersas [others as] fur, ve) an to doubt-that sure 082 mocn [mon] had waned, he had bowed Us plianee, [plain] and swore a lovers' vows was forgotten, it became a blank he only thought of anid [and] worsh [worth] daughter. We are not instruetet [instructed] 2 trials, but, having in the course vf her name to Mrs. England, there s 4) that she died of a broken heart. years but could not make up Bis mn three months and claimed Miss ing lost for ever, her he loved, idea of loosing his golden guiness. [guineas] this tedious courtship, Mr. W appeared at the County Court last recovery of 2, advanced under prouise [promise] Hellawell supported the plaintit, [plain tit] Me. dant [dan] the latter of whom argued hast gift and therefore not recoverable. as the money was advanced uncer [under] and as that event had never vee [see] verdict for the plaintiff for the ameunt [amount] and cross-examinations afforded very company in the body of the Cuurt. [Court] THE MeLTHAM [Meltham] late has been carried on between the this road has been a source vf somie [some] little ill feeling. The omnibus WY Commercial, New street, used, prive [price] 8 -' opposition omnibus, to run alsy [also] twas but since a rival has been put vb e refused granting that privilege apy [pay] VMS ence [once] to the fresh bus. Owing [C] the old stage has driven trom [from] Moss ing the Boot and Shoe. As 8 seh [she] sions, [Sons] crowds of people have and by so doing obstructed the Cowell, feeling annoyed at this on the subject before the police. am Mr. Superintendent Thomas observes C] bus standing, as he considered, 1 4 63 the horses completely stopping '2 tel street to Cloth hall-street. He eet [et] charge-Thomas Drake and not doing so in reasonable GES [AGES] against him for the offenee. [offence] appeared at the Guildhall on '1, Battye and J. Starkey, Esqrs., [Esquires] solicitor, defended, and argue 'is z Ha te t i rot The . yet ail dence [dene] of mere party feeling im [in] the Be obstruction was not more than eT bap ae, The bench took a different view 9 -' we mallet soe [se] ar SP penalty of 2s. Gd. and costs. Nees [News] ' the magistrates and the compluinant [complainant] Iuportant [Important] To Co-OreRativs [Co-Operatives] BRADLEY AND OTHERS [C] os tiffs in this case are trustees oF ' Perseverance Co-Operative us Netherton, and sought to recover i. ae Thursday last, the sum of 3 '- nope Ov ae due for goods purchased trom [from] (iS This was an adjourned case. Mr STM [ST] sent support of the claim, and Mr. [C ye outset a series of legal objection a sept 2 which elicited that the books bat manner, and ultumately [ultimately] . ts trustees had no legal standing i wo they should be re-elected 4. choy [coy] whereas the minute book provet [prove] ciety [city] [C] once properly elected, when Oe oe mai 4 and that actually no annual St 5 i he Whit-Tuesday-was ruled 3s uw op Ee accordingly nonsuited. [non suited] His Home tay [ta] m ex) i in being [C] riot, ae ee awkward eat ae alternative. In future he 5p. we the assistance of a competent POM' sy DH into proper order, and receive bree [beer] ie BR le, ah must, we are afraid, place the pews 3 os - dilemma, as they cannot Nes [Ne] ace next annual meeting om to be duly 2 sus a, and other officers will hare [C] Y ance [once] with the certified rules of 2