Huddersfield Chronicle (28/Sep/1850) - page 3

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1850. 3 POE' TRY. Srrrcu [Sorry] Music.-The measures time i - speech are the same. Nomen ae ae s How THE PEOPLE MAY BE INTERESTED IN CHURCH ness, all its life, is ing on their love. If the love practical mechanics; that this branch of science has SCRAPS OF NEWS. ER SONG, well, who cannot regulate the pulsations of his hyt [hat] an 'really of our people can only be made of the heart be blighted, it buddeth [budget] not again if the been systematically cultivated amongst a select circle, morn, adjust his quantities, discriminate the duration ythms, [Thomas] L 7 ly part of the church, by being pleasant song be forgotten, it is to be learnt no more that is, the trade; and without looking much more than The Wesleyan Chapel, at Pontefract, in the Weat [West] Riding, pow lovely is the Sane flowers and properly modulate his inflexio [influx] ay sounds, taught to part in her devotional services. Th yet often will thought look back and weep over early a generation back, and certainly not more than two, has been licensed for the solemnization of marriages. from the opening fone [one] adorn, Intelligibilite [Intelligible] arises from the oben [ben] an cadences, must be taught to sing as well as to pray. The former affection. And the dim notes of that pleasant song will behold the progress-from the spinning wheel tothe [tithe A Lisbon paper states that nothing will be sent from ene mental Fle [Fe] te ten and Ging [Going] crc [cr] are ely now to Tage [Age] arg [ag] ea eae [ear] ee een [en] ee in olin mile; om tho hioking [hooking] fame fo the oth [oh] Gear Reto [Ret] of fate. Toe mi bud the dew-drop brighter shines on the whole length of every syllable with nearly the curate repeating them in their ng the mout [out] ook, [oak] strains over the desert of the heart, where the hot folding machine; from the hand saw to the circular - ai the glorious gems of India's mines. Then feathered songsters wake from sleep, As faithful at the dawning's peep 'As ope's the bright-eyed flower, ing in choicest strain a hymn of praise, seat more grateful for his lengthen'd days. qhen, [when] 00 his gauzy wings, the fly gails [fails] on the perfumed air ; An a thousand new-born insects try Their earliest flight with care, arsting [Austin] in myriads from each stream and grove For one short fleeting hour to live and love. Then hies him to his hidden realm, Each blithesome elf and fay, the gnarled roots of withes' elm, Far from the eye of day, palaces too fair for mortal eyes, pain to slumber till sweet Cynthia rise. ah who that knows the untold worth of these pure morning hours, ing the soul away from earth To blissful bowers, . ould [old] gaudy fashion's healthless [health less] vigils keep, ' them in the dreamy joys of sleep. And waste Far purer than the boisterous mirth, 'and hideous revelry, With which the wanton sons of earth profane night's sanctity, jeasures [measures] are of those calm hours of peace, Paste all unalloyed-serenest bliss. College. . FIRESIDE READINGS. IIL [OIL] LL LEE given by a servant to his master. Oe tt roperly [property] directed, is, as much as Legisla- [legislate- Legislative] of public morals, et often conceal the fruit, but they have rributed [attributed] to its growth, and without them there had n po fruit at ; cin [in] in general, mistake difficulties for impossi- [impose- impossible] Man That is the difference between those who ead [ad] those who do not. ; ragality-if [reality-if] it be not a virtue, it is at least a quality F can seldom exist without some virtues, and with- [with] few virtues can ent. [end] aki [ali] rary, [ray] misspelling the word Kissengen, [Sunken] and Lady Normanby are going to Kiss- [Missive] ive [vie] Tt is a shame for a man to desire honour se of his noble progenitors, and not deserve it by ee virtue-St. Chrysostom. Jd is populous with good and useful men, a heir bee are in the keeping of the grave.- [grave] pe. Adams. ; qhere [there] is a kind of sympathy in souls that fits them far each other, and we may be when we see two wus [was] engaged in the warmth of a mutual affection, juat [just] there are certain qualities in both their minds which jar a resemblance in one another. Reaptne.-To [Rapine.-To] read well according to modern asters clocution, [collection] the reader must have a perfect command over the thirteen rules for pause and emphasis, and the gronty-nine [grant-nine] rules for the primary and secondary appli- [apply- appointing] ntign [noting] of the rules for inflexion, making altogether forty- [forty rules] rules. ten Fixe [Fire] Ants.--The editor of the Western Times, Exeter paper, Says, a unique specimen of china grouping, nay be seen ina shop in Fore-street in this city, repre- [prepare- representing] gnting [noting] as the label thereon informs us-' Abraham Isaac two shillings. The expression on Tsaac's [Isaac's] fice, [five] seems to intimate however, that he won't take less than halj-a-crown. [hall-a-crown] He that at midnight, when the labourer sleeps securely, should hear, as I have heard, the clear air of the nightingale the sweet descent, the rising and filling, the doubling and redoubling of her voice, might well be lifted above the earth, and say, Lord what music hast thou provided for thy saints in heaven, when thou affordest [afforded] bad men such music upon earth. --Jzaak [earth. --Jack] Walton. Tag AMERICAN InpIaNs-The [Indians-The] Indians that I have lad an opportunity of seeing in real life are quite dif- [if- different] ferent [front] from those described in poetry. They are by no neans [means] the stoics that they are represented-taciturn, abending, [ending] withouta [without] tear or smile. Taciturn, they are, it is true, when in company with white men, whose cwd-will [cd-will] they distrust, and whose language they do not but the white man is equally taciturn under like circumstances. When the Indians are among themselves, however, there cannot be greater gossips. Hf their time is taken up in talking over their adven- [aden- adventures] ties in war and hunting, and in telling whimsical sories, [sores] They are great mimics and buffoons also, and entertain themselves excessively at the expense of the Fhites [Whites] with whom they have associated, and who have gpposed [opposed] them impressed with profound respect for their grandeur and dignity. They are curious observers, everything in silence, but with a keen and watch- [watchful] ful [full] eye; occasionally exchanging a glance or a grunt with each other, when anything particularly strikes them; but reserving all comments until they are alone. Then it is that they give full scope to criticism, satire, uimicry, [mimicry] and mirth.- [mirth] Washington Irving. Way nave we No iInour [honour] CaurcHES -It [Churches -It] is Observable that there is not unfrequently [frequently] an objection made to chanting in churches were the service is only none daya [day] week. This is to be accounted for easily enough. People who think God's service in his temple &hebdomadal matter, are not like to wish it protracted by chanting, as it must needs be, thei [the] business is to fill up those parts of Sunday, which do not interfere with their breakfast, or luncheon, or dinner, or afternoon's wal, [al] with religious employment of some sort or other OW or where, is of secondary moment. The sooner over the more they are pleased, and the more time ther [the] have to spare elsewhere.-Church Musician. ' Epucation [Education] 1x ENGLAND AND France.-On the subject of Female Education, our neighbours in . dice appear to be even behind us. M. LegouvĂ© [League] thinks uecessary necessary] to plead for the admission of young indice [induce] paslight [slight] acquaintance with astronomy and uy. So far, at least, we have advanced. We, in znd, [and] only stipulate for their ignorance of all that ; their highest interest as individuals, or mem- [men- memo] Sof [Of] Society, and of whatever is admitted to form the st discipline of the intellect. We do not object to a ng lady studying geology, or botany, or whatever is ., as possible from human life. We permit her ts history, provided she limits her attention chiefly gossip about courts; the wonderful sayings and mate of the queens and princesses of England; the auch, [such] in of wives consumed by Henry VIIL, [VII] and other Fons [Ons] dy-like particulars. But let her beware of endea- [end- endeavour] emu to understand the theory of morals, and of nd the circumstances that influence the social ten on of the community, on which depends the le Ss OF misery of millions of her fellow creatures. ote [ot] beware of this, if she would not be found guilty 4 taste cal economy, Again,we may, perhaps, if she has rinse) it Way, permit the exhibition (in medical Tene [Ten] ail a small dose of moral philosophy in an ex- he', uted [ted] state; but, let her shun, as she hopes itdeed [indeed] luarried, [carried] the suspicion of logic. Women are, aad [and] it 'ommonly [only] said to be, by nature, bad reasoners ; Which nett therefore, be sup that the study by faculty should be improved and would be peculiarly necessary for them. too, we have heard of some practical incon- [income- incontestable] teed by gentlemen blessed with wives in- [and] and we argument, whom it was of no use talking thro [tho] oh have thought, that since woman cannot well toy ae this world without reasoning, were it only Vall [All] ax he ora pudding, it might be as well to reason Wise, as but omnipotent custom has decided other- [other] at th ven, on subjects of the most vital impor- [import- impairing] unig [ing] fallac [fall] mercy of every plausible absurdity, of every Uthe [The] 5 8 More truly feminine, more becoming lad. yp ves, [bes] daughters, and grandmothers of Eng- [Enactments] tsminster [minister] Review. tage [age] 1x Women.-There is a branch of general Fouen [Fourteen] which is not thought at all necessary for it ig regards which, indeed, it is well if they are Cot ne Up to cultivate the opposite. Women are to courageous. Indeed, to some persons, ce Seem unnecessary for women as Latin and Lake ip, there are few things that would tend to woman happier in themselves and more Sie [Sir] to those with whom they live, than courage. et grace Courage being unfeminine, there is a pecu- [Peru- peculiar] ive vie] pen dignity in those beings who have little ager age] igs [is] of attack or defence, passing through Congest moral courage equal to that of the Potente [Patent] We see this in great things. We perfectly g Sweet and noble dignity of an Anne Me See tha [that] ry Queen of Scots, or a Marie Antoinette. . it is grand for these delicately bred, high 4 conga, elpless [helpless] personages to meet death with silence Women's 1 But there would be a similar dignity ' U0 beaut, anes [ans] terrors with fortitude. There ature nature] ae fear. It is a mean, would Wish oom [room] could be made of it that a woman t whig ind men i i hich [which] is sudden and thee ne Sei [Se] hic [hi] Without of i ugly, dishevelled end See herself like. Women are pre-eminent 'St be fay qurance [France] of tiresome suffering; they need courage to meet The dangers and the We may venture to say, they now figures of losing any of the most deli- [deli] 05 03 ine [in] grace, women may be ive [vie] way to unreasonable fears, which 8 20 more to the fragile than to the uniform loudness. Seco [SEC] the inflexions within city were exerci [exercise] Close by was a most in which Milton completed his which he breathed his last, site is hill-row. Milton's nephew forms us that during the Artillery-walk, he used, at the door of his house, in a coarse to enjoy the fresh air, and that in came fo py homage to him, versation. [conversation] Wright, a clergyman of D i informed Philips that he once the bling in Artillery-walk. He found him in as ment, [men] on the first floor, hung with rusty eal [Earl] a el he was seated in an elbow-chair, neatly dressed in a black suit. His face was pale, but not cadaverous. He was suffering much from gout, and especially from chalk-stones and he told Dr. Wright that were it not for the pain he endured, his blindness would be toler- [tower- tolerable] able. It was in this house that he was visited by Dryden. Aubrey tells us John Dryden, Esq., poet laureate, who very much admired him, went to him to have leave to put his 'Paradise Lost' into a drama in eye. Po ee him civilly, and told him e Wo give him leave to i a and dts [its] foe tagge [take] his verses. -London Monoro.y [Monroe.y] or THovucHt.-As [Thought.-As] well might a few claim a monopoly of light and air as of thought. Is not the intellect as universal a gift as the organs of sight and respiration Is not truth as freely spread abroad as the atmosphere of the sun's rays Can we imagine that God's highest gifts of intelligence, imagination, and moral power, were bestowed to provide only for animal wants to be denied the natural means of growth, which is action to be starved by drudgery Were the mass of men made to be monsters-to grow only in a few organs and faculties, and to pine away and shrivel in others or were they made to put forth all the powers of men, especially the best and most dis- [distinguished] tinguished [distinguished No man, not the lowest, is all hands, all bones and muscles. The mind is more essential to human nature, and more enduring, than the limbs ; and was this made to lie dead Is not thought the right and duty of all Is not truth alike precious to all Is not truth the natural element of the mind, as plainly as the wholesale grain is of the body Is not the mind adapted to thought, as plainly as the eye to light, the ear to sound Who dares to withhold it from its natural action, its natural element and joy Un- [Undoubtedly] doubtedly [undoubtedly] some men are more gifted than others, and are marked out for more studious lives. But the work of such men is not to do others' thinking for them, but to help them to think more vigorously and effectually. Great minds are to make others great. Their superiority is to be used, not to break the mind to intellectual vas- [as- vassalage] salage, [savage] not to establish over them a spiritual A but to rouse them from lethargy, and to aid them to judge for themselves. The light and life which spring up in one soul are to spread far and wide. Of all treasons against humanity, there is no one worse than his who employs great intellectual force to keep down the intellect of his less favoured brother.-Rev. Dr. Channing. THE Fate or Music.-Once on a time the Puritan was the psalm-singer; in the last century the Methodist was the choralist; [Christ] now it would seem that the Puritan and the Methodist become inaudible before the more vigorous tones of the Puseyite, [Pursuit, and David and his psalms are not to belong to more than one party at one and the time. It is a British notion, that ac singer ever some particular coat to his back. If he sings the prose psalms, he is robed like a rabbi or albed [Albert] like a priest; if he patronizes [patronised] metrical psalms he is decked in the tasselled gown of a parish clerk, or in the ample broad cloth of Keach [Each] or Watts let him be a hymn-singer, he is a revivalist or a ranter if he like St. Ambrose or St. Gregory, he is a resusci- [resource- resuscitated] tated [stated] mummy should he have an affection for Lutheran tunes, he is a latitudinarian or a neologist should he look up the old English church hymns from his Sarum book, he is what is perhaps the worst of all, a con- [conspirator] spirator [spirit] and papist.-Church Musician. Sarps, [Soaps] Roaps, [Soaps] Rarways, [Railways] Canats.-There [Cants.-There] are em- [employed] ployed [played] in the yearly transit of Great Britain, with the world and with her own shores, 33,672 sailing vessels, and 1,110 steam vessels, employing 236,000 seamen. Calculating the value of each ship and cargo, as the value has been estimated before parliament, at 5,000, we have an aggregate value-sailing vessels, steamers, and their cargoes included, of 173,910,000. Further supposing that the yearly wages of the seamen, includ- [include- including] ing officers, was 20 per head, the amount paid in wages would be 4,720,000. The railways now in operation in the United Kingdom extend 6,000 miles, the cost of their construction (paid and to be paid) having been estimated at upwards of 350,000,000. Last year they supplied the means of rapid travel to above 63 millions of passengers, who traversed above a billion of miles. Their receipts for the year ap- [approached] proached [preached] 11 millions of money, and nearly three quarters of a million of persons are dependent upon them for subsistence. The turnpike and other roads of Great Britain alone (independently of Ireland) present a surface of 120,000 miles in length, for the various pur- [our- purposes] poses of interchange, commerce, and recreation. They are maintained by the yearly expenditure of a million anda [and] half. For similar purposes the navigable canals and rivers of Great Britain and Ireland furnish an extent of 4,850 miles, formed at a cost of probably 35,000,000. Adding all these together, we have of turnpike roads, railways, and canals no less than 130,000 and odd miles formed, at an aggregate cost of upwards of 386,000,000. If we add to this the 54,250,000 capital expended in the mercantile marine, we have the gross total of more than 440,000,000 of money sunk in the transit of the country. If the number of miles traversed by the natives of this country in the course of the year by sea, road, rail, river, and canal, were summed up, it would reach to a distance greater than to the remotest planet yet discovered. THe [The] PLEASURES OF EpirortaL [Spiritual] Lire.-We could wish gentry whose criticism expressed in the order Stop my paper, no worse punishment than a week spent on the wheel of a newspaper. They would soon find the situation too hot for them. They would acquire some notion of severe drudgery of which they are in blissful ignorance. Multifarious particles of matter, each of them insufficient in itself, yet important in general com- [combination] bination, [bi nation] to be selected, analysed, compressed to please a diversity of tastes without offending any; reports to be stripped of their verbiage and transformed into a presentable shape; comments on topics, political, literary, commercial, esoteric as well as popular, to be obtained or prepared; paragraphs to be prepared on every imaginable subject, from a monstrous gooseberry to the revolution of an empire; correspondence to be licked into shape-for the Bruti [Brute] Decit [Decide] often require a great deal of correction in a word, all the local events of the week, and all the striking incidents of the four quarters of the globe, i. e., its N.E. WS., to be cooked on the gridiron of memory. All the time, too, a flood tide of unavoidable matter comes sweeping along, crumbling away plans, destroying arrangements, and making the heart sick with the ever-beginning never- [reverend] ending toil. Talk of the hardships of six upon four on board ship -certainly, it is disagreeable to lack beef when your abound in appetite, but it is nothing near so bad as the newspaper ill-a month's reading and writing, to be got through in a week, and whole volumes of matter to be crammed in a few slender columns. Then there is the incidental harrass [Harris] of the editor's office-to have a train of thought cut in two by the unceremo- [interim- unceremonious] nious [nos] appearance of the devil, and the imp's uncom- [income- uncompromising] promising cry of copy and to be summoned from the editorial den to be overwhelmed by the patro- [patron- patronage] nage [age] contained in the promised purchase of next week's paper, provided the letter, signed A Constant Reader, is inserted therein. An efficacious wet blanket is tius [ties] thrown upon the unfortunate editor, and he is decom- [com- decomposed] posed in the very throes of composition. No wonder that the editor can so seldom be seen-no wonder that his mind is sometimes bewildered as to which contri- [country- contributor] butor [but] and which class of readers he shall please, or rather displease, this being the almost inevitable result, should he show a preference to any. Such, ordinarily, is the provincial toil; sick and well, inclined and disinclined, in joy and sadness, whether mauled in a controversy or annoyed by some critic who has dis- [discovered] covered that there is an e turned up-side-down in the forty-fourth line of the fifth column of the eighth page. He must work in all seasons, and under all circum- [circus- circumstances] stances - He never tires nor stops to rest, But onward still he goes ; except, indeed, to die; and then nine times out of ten he dies, poor man, in harness.-Tait's Magazine. Want or ATTACHMENT TO THE CHURCH AMONG CHUECHMEN.-It [CHURCHMEN.-It] is a fact, notwithstanding all the stir which has been made within the last twenty years, to establish schools and increase the number of churches, that our poor people generally, the young men and women, of the age, have almost no attachment to the Church. They go as others go, as it may be the fashion ; and do as others do. They go, and they sit, and they hear, and they look;-but how little do they pray or sing And, worse still, how seldom do they communt- [community- communicate] cate [care Little as they even understand the sermon, how many scores of them would prefer aservice [service] where there was a sermon without the prayers, to one where there were the prayers without the sermon. This is a pre- [prevailing] vailing [sailing] disease. How is it to be cured, is one thing a of the Church, is a certainty. To interest them in the services is a first step.- [step] Church Musician. ndly-Confining [kindly-Confining] the extent of the compass within four or five tones. a deliberate instead of a rapid MILTon [Milton] In BUNHILL-FIELDs-Almost [BUNHILL-Field-Almost] adioini [aiding] Fins -. inin [in - bury-square is the New Artillery-ground, whens the artillery was proved, and where the train bands of the e interesti [interest] spot, Artillery-walk, Bunhill-fields, containing the house 8 Lost, and in in November 1674. Th pointed out by the present Artillery-place, Bun. and biographer, Philips, in- [intimate] time the great poet lived in in fine summer weather, to sit ey cloth cloak, ft manner h ceived [received] the visits of persons of rank and penis, who or to enjoy his con- [con paid] paid a visit to the blind that it must be cured, if the poor are much longer to be or, perhaps, only once a fortnight-for can we wonder that a poor man to whom the prayer-book might as well be written in Greek or Latin, should feel he has but a small motive for going to church, should feel he goes there without being in any degree kindled into religious fervour by being present at the service So also as re- [regards] gards [Guards] the latter, singing the psalms and hymns of the church services, the poor must be taught. This will profit them more, and the country more, than making them geometricians or astronomers. This will tend to make them devout and earnest in church, in all their acts of religion, and cheerful and merry-hearted as our tncient [ancient] peasantry had always the repute of being.- [being] Church Musician. Haneine [Hannen] For Forcery.-Some [Force.-Some] time after the fre- [re- frequency] quency [Quincy] of the crime had in other respects subsided, there was a sort of bloody assize at Haverfordwest, in Wales; several prisoners were tried for forging and uttering, and thirteen were convicted; chiefly on the evidence of Mr. Christmas, a bank inspector, who swore positively, in one case, that the document named in the indictment was not an impression from a Bank of England plate; was not printed on the paper with the ink or watermark of the bank; neither was it in the handwriting of the signing clerk. Upon this testimony the prisoner, together with twelve participators in similar crimes, were condemned to be hanged The morning after the trial, Mr. Christmas was leaving his lodging, when an acquaintance stepped up, and asked him, as a friend, to give his opinion ona [on] note he had that morning received. It was a bright day; Mr. Christmas put on his spectacles, and carefully scrutinised the document in a business-like and leisurely manner. He pronounced ittobeforged. [obliged] The gentleman, alittle [little] chagrined, brought away with him to town. It is not a little singular that he happened to know Mr. Burnett, of Portsmouth, whom he accidentally met, and to whom he showed the note. Mr. Burnett was evidently a capital judge of band paper. He said nothing, but slipping his hand into one pocket. handed to the astonished gentleman full change, and put the note into another. It cannot bea good note, exclaimed the latter, for my friend Christmas told me at Haverfordwest that it is a forgery But as Mr. Burnett had backed his opinion to the amount of twenty shillings he declined to retract it; and lost no time in writing to Mr. Henry Hase [Has] (Abraham Newland's succes- [success- successor] sor) [Sir] to test its accuracy. It was lucky that he did so; for this little circumstance saved thirteen lives Mr. Christmas's co-inspectorsat [co-inspector sat] the Bank of England actually reversed his non-official judgment that the note was a forgery. It was officially pronounced to be a good note; yet upon the evidence of Mr. Christmas as regards other notes, the thirteen human beings at Haverfordwest were trembling at the foot of the gallows It was promptly and cogently agreed, that as Mr. Christmas's judgment, had failed him in the deliberate examination of one note, it might also err as to others, and the convicts were re- [respected] spited.- [spited] Dickens's Household Words, No. 26. ALMscIvinc.-To [Almanac.-To] understand and to sympathise with the importance attached to almsgiving, [alms giving] and the promi- [prom- prominence] nence [fence] given to this particular aspect of charity in the old pictures, we must recall a social condition very different from our own; a period when there were no poor-laws when the laws for the protection of the lower classes were imperfect, and perpetually violated ; when for the wretched there was absolutely no resource but in private beneficence. In those days a man began his religious vocation by a literal and practical applica- [applicant- application] tion [ion] of the text in Scripture- Sell all distribute to the poor. The laws against debtors were then very severe; and the proximity of the Moors, on one side, and the Turks on the other, rendered slavery a familiar thing. In all the maritime and commercial cities of Italy and Spain, brotherhoods existed for the manumission of slaves and debtors. Charitable confra- [contra- confraternities] ternities [tents] performed then, and in Italy perform now, many duties left to our police, or which we think we fulfil in paying our poor-rates. These duties of charity shine in the monastic pictures, and were conspi- [cons pi- conspicuous] cuous [cos] on the walls of churches, I am persuaded to good purpose. Among the most interesting of the canon- [canonised] ised [used] saints whose stories I have related in reference to art, are the founders of the charitable brotherhoods ; and among the most beautiful and celebrated pictures were those painted for these communities for instance, for the Misericordia, [Disregard] in Italy, the various Scuole, [Scale] at Venice, the Merced, and the Caritad, [Carried] in Spain, and, for the numerous hospitals for the sick, the houseless [useless] tra- [Tar- travellers] vellers, [sellers] the poor, and the penitent women (don conver- [cover- converted] tite.) All these institutions were adorned with pictures, and in the oratories and chapels appended to them the altar-piece generally set forth some beneficent saint-St. Roch, or St. Charles Borromeo, [Borrow] the patrons of the plague- [plague stricken] stricken or St. Cosmo and St. Damian, the saintly apo- [po- apothecaries] thecaries [the caries] or St. Leonard, the protector of captives and debtors or that friend of the wretched, St. Juan de Dios, [Dis] or the benign St. Elizabeth either standing before us as objects of devout reverence, or kneeling at the feet ef the Madonna and her son, and commending to the Divine mercy all such as are any ways afflicted in mind, body, or estate. --Mrs. Jameson's Legends of the Monastic Orders. WomEN [Women] as PEACEMAKERS.- [PEACEMAKERS] They are rightly termed, writes a lady, the gentler sex. Their sensibilities are quicker and deeper than those of men; they know better how to sympathise in the joys and sorrows of others; they live on the sweet and hallowed reciproci- [receipts- reciprocities] ties of affection; and all their influence comes not from terror and violence, or even authority, but from good- [goodness] ness, from kind offices, from the resistless power of love. Theirs is the empire of the heart. They wield no sword ; they threaten no violence, they claim little authority, they seldom insist even on their acknowledged rights; and yet they expect their full share of influence in every department of society, and silently move unseen the hands that sway the world. They rule by obedience; they conquer by retreat; they triumph by submission ; they carry nearly all their points by insisting strenuously on none. Such a temper is the spirit of peace; such a character an embodiment of its principles, and the result is a decisive illustration of their power. Women, if not disposed, are compelled to adopt the policy of peace; and their general success proves the superiority of moral over physical power, the efficacy of returning good for evil, and giving the other check to the smiter. [smite] Their nature, their training, their condition, their rela- [real- relations] tions [tins] in life, all conspire to render them peace-makers, and peculiarly fit them for co-operation in this cause. Women may, if they will, perform for this cause ser- [se- services] vices which no others can. They are the mothers of men, and leave on their children an indelible impress of themselves. The hand which rocks the cradle will be found, in the end, to rule the world, the voice which whispers in the infant and youthful ear lessons of truth or error, of goodness or guilt, will yet give tone to morals, law to society, and character to the whole human race. We must win the young to peace, and their character is necessarily moulded almost entirely by female hands. As mothers and teachers, they are the chief educators of mankind. They have access in childhood to every mind under circumstances peculiarly favourable; they cast the mould of society for the world; they may, under God, make its character very much what they please; and if they would stamp upon every young mind under their care a deep, indeli- [intel- indelible] bie [be] impress of peace, war would, of necessity come to an end with the very next generation thus trained.- [trained] Olive Leaf. Love.-There is a fragrant blossom that maketh [market] glad the garden of the heart its root lieth [Leith] deep; it is deli- [delicate] cate [care] yet lasting, as the lilac crocus of autumn loneli- [lone- loneliness] ness and thought are the dews [dees] that water it morn and even; memory and absence cherish it as the balmy breathings [breathing] of the south its sun is the brightness of affection, and it bloometh [Bloomer] in the borders of hope its companions are gentle flowers, and the briar withereth [therewith] by its side. I saw it budding in beauty I felt the magic of its smile. The violet rejoiceth [rejoice] beneath it, the rose stooped down and kissed it; and I thought some cherub had planted there a truant flower of Eden, as a bird bringeth [breathing] seeds that they may flourish in a kindly soil. J saw, and asked not ite [it] name aa lan- [lane] ve was 80 wealthy, though every of every findeth [fined] its echo within. And yet, what shall I say Isa sordid man capable of love Hath a seducer known it Can an adulterer perceive it or he that seeketh [seeker] strange women, can he feel its purity Or he that changeth [change] often, can he know its truth Longing for another's happiness, yet often destroying its own. Chaste, and looking up to God as the fountain of tenderness and joy; quiet, yet flowing deep, as the Rhine among fivers; lasting, and know- [knowing] ing not change-it walketh [Walker] with truth and sincerity. Love what a volume in a word, an ocean in a tear, a seventh heaven in a glance, a whirlwind in a sigh, the lightning in a touch, a millenium [millennium] in a moment. What concentrated joy or woe in blest [best] or blighted love For it is that native poetry springing up indigenous to mind -the heart's own country music thrilling all its chords -the story without an end that angels throng to hear -the word, the king of words, carved on Jehovah's heart Go, call thou snake-eyed malice mercy, call envy honest praise count selfish craft for wisdom, and coward treachery for prudence; do homage to blas- [bas- blaspheming] pheming [farming] unbelief as to bold and free philosophy, and estimate the recklessness of license as the right attri- [atari- attribute] bute of liberty-but with the world, thou friend and scholar, stain not this pure name, vor [or] suffer the majesty of love to be likened to the meanness of desire; for love is no more such than seraph's hymns are dis- [discord] cord and such is no more love than Atna's [Ana's] breath is summer. Love is a sweet idolatry, enslaving all the soul ; a mighty spiritual force, warring with the dulness [dullness] of. matter; an angel-mind breathed into a mortal; though fallen, yet how beautiful AI the devotion of the heart in all its depth and grandeur. Behold that pale geranium, pent within the cottage window -how yearningly it stretcheth [stretched] to the light its sickly long- [long stalked] stalked leaves. Now it straineth [strained] upwards to the sun, coveting his sweet influences how real a living sacrifice to the god of all its worship. Such is the soul that loveth; [love] and so the rose-tree of affection bendeth [beneath] its evening leaf to look on those dear eyes. Its evening thou hast, and th siroceos [grocers] of the world have withered its once Oasis.- [Oasis] Proevrebial [Proverbial] Philosophy, by M. F. Tucker. Taxinc [Taxing] a Liperty.-The [Liberty.-The] most singular instance of British pride is related of a man known in his day by the title of the proud Duke of Somerset. This pillar of the Corinthian capital of polished society, married a second wife. One day, with an affectionate ease, she suddenly threw her arm round his neck and fondly saluted him. Madam, said the unmanly peer, my first wife was a Percy, and she would not have taken such a Roya. [Royal] Wir.-When [Sir.-When] Queen Elizabeth visited Coventry, the on 60 chime in with her ridiculous vanity in supposing herself possessed of personal charms, and not mincing the matter, ad- [der] er, e mayor, in the followi [follow] - certed [carted] speech i wang [wag] con We men of Coventry Are very glad to see Your royal majesty, rd, how fair ye be To which the Queen answered extempore- [extempore my] My royal majesty Is very glad to see Ye men of Coventry, -Good Lord, what fools ye be Another corporation, in addressing James I., hoped that he might reign as long as the sun, moon, and stars endured Gude Guide] faith, mon, said the King, then my son maun [man] reign by candlelight - History of ANEcDoTE [Anecdotes] oF THE Late Sm R. Peet.-Sir Robert proposed to have the portraits taken of some of the principal friends and colleagues with whom he had been associated in public life, and for this purpose sent for one of the most eminent artists of the day in that department. The portraits were to be ten in number; and after generally explaining his wishes, he asked what would be the price Three hundred guineas each, was the answer. Very well. He took up a piece of paper and wrote- there is a cheque for fifteen hun- [Hun- hundred] dred [red] guineas in the meantime. You may begin with Lord Hardinge, [Harding] who is soon to go out to India. He handed the cheque as quietly and freely as if it had been merely an order for admission to the gallery of the House of 'Commons; thus, added the gentleman, when relating the circumstance, at the very first, and without remark or preface, giving me as good as an annuity of seventy-five guineas per annum. ANCIENT aND [and] MopErn [Modern] Mopes oF APPEALING TO THE Contrastep.-The [Contrast.-The] king Charles I. and his parliament having both finally quarrelled, and resolved on settling that quarrel by arms, they both appealed to the people. Doubtless each had its settled and decided partisans, whom no appeal from any quarter could alter; but in that national dispute there were many independ- [in depend- independent] ent [end] or indifferent persons, whose support was most valuable. And now began that appeal, through the press, to public opinion, which has continued ever since, and which forms so remarkable a feature in modern political history. In the old feudal time, the great noblemen and churchmen were all important to secure as the chiefs went, so went the vassals. But with the growth of an independent middle class of yeo- [ye- yeomen] men, traders, merchants, each member of it ready to act on his own judgment, a conviction of the understanding was the one thing needful. Add to this the call for news, 80 natural in a time of civil war, and you have in e Puritan revolt the origin of the newspaper press and political writing. In the next century, you find the men of talent who can write a class supremely impor- [import- important] tant. [tan] The real political debate is carried on, not in par- [parliament] liament, [Parliament] but in the press. Johnson's pamphlets were more.important than any minister's speeches. It is admitted on all hands that Burke's one book did more than aught else to steady England for an attack on France and her revolution. In the present century, William Cobbett [Corbett] wrestles for a few months with English and emerges into political literature to become a power in the state. People speak of the church in old times how it furnished men of talent with the means of procuring authority and influence. But for the man who has talent and insight now, the arena of the press may well be an ample one; for power over the heads and hearts of his fellows is sure to him, in exact proportion (in the long run) to his merit and what ambition could look for more What Reading and Writing have become, by F. Espinasse. [Espionage] OystER-EaTING [Oyster-Eating] ANIMAIS-It [ANIMALS-It] is nothing surprising that the different species of walrus and narwhales, [Hales] in- [inhabitants] habitants of the ocean, should feed partly or principally on cutiles [cuties] and shell-fish; nor that the whale should ob- [obtain] tain a large proportion of the nutriment for its huge growth from the myriads of little pteropod [prepaid] mollusca which crowd the Arctic seas; but perhaps you would not expect to find among molluscous [mollusca] feeders, ani [an] which are strictly terrestrial. Yet the ourang-outang [orange-outang] and the preacher monkey, it is said, often descend to the sea to devour what shell-fish they may find strewed upon the shores. The former, according to Carreri [Carriage] Gemelli, feed in particular on a large species of oyster; and, fearful of inserting their paws between the open valves, least the oyster should close and crush them, they first place a tolerably large stone within the shell, and then drag out their victim with safety. The latter are no. less ingenious. Dampier [Damper] saw several of them take up oysters from the beach, lay them on a stone, and beat them with another till they demolished the shell. Wafer observed the monkeys in the island of Gorgonia [Gorgon] to proceed in a similar manner; and those of the Cape of Good Hope, if we are to credit La Loubere, [Louvre] perpetually amuse themselves by transporting shells from the shore to the tops of the mountains, with the intention undoubtedly of devouring them at leisure. Even the fox, when pressed by hunger, will deign to eat mussels and other bivalves; and the racoon, whose fur is esteemed by hatters next in value to that of the beaver, when near the shore, lives much on them, more particularly on oysters. We are told that it will watch the opening of the shells, dexterously put in its paw and tear out the contents; but when it is added that the oyster, by a sudden closing of its shell, occasionally catches the thief and detains him until he is drowned by thereturn [the return] of the tide, the story assumesavery [assumes] apocryphal character. The American musk-rat, and an animal allied to it in New Scuth [South] Wales, feed on the large mussels so abundant in the rivers and lagoons of those countries; the animals dive for the shells, and drag them to the land, where they break them, and devour the inmates at leisure. Our own brown rat, having settled in many islets at a great distance from the large islands of the outer Hebrides, finds means of existence there in the shell-fish and crustacea [Crusts] of the shore; and according to Mr. Jesse, the same rat, satiated it may be with the common fare, will sometimes select the common brown snail (Helix aspersa) [Jasper] as a pleasant entremet.- [entered.- entered] Dr. John- [Johnson] son's Molluscous [Mollusca] Animals, American Wooptanns.-The [Captains.-The] forest lands of America preserve to the present hour something that is charac- [character- characteristic] teristic [rustic] of their wild condition, undisturbed for ages. They abound in ruins of their own. Old trees, dead and dying, are left standing for years, until at length they are shivered and broken by the winds, or they crumble slowly away to a shapeless stump. There was no forester at hand to cut them down when the first signs.of decay appeared they had no uses then, now they have no value. Broken limbs and dead bodies of great trees lie scattered through the forests; there are spots where the winds seem to have battled with the woods. At-every step one treads on fallen trunks, stretched in giant length upon the earth-this still clad in its armour of bark, that bare and mouldering, stained by green mildew-one a crumbling mass of fragments, while others again lie shrouded in beautiful mosses, long green hillocks marking the grave of trees slowly turning to dust. Young trees are frequently found growing upon these forest ruins; if a giant pine or oak has been levelled by some storm, the mass of matted roots and earth will stand upright for years, in the same position into which it was raised by the falling trunk; and occasionally a good-sized hemlock or pine, or beech, is seen growing from the summit of the mass, which, in itself is perhaps ten or twelve feet high. We have found a stout tree, of perhaps twenty years' growth, which has sprung from a chance seed, sown by the winds on the prostrate trunk of a fallen pine or chesnut, [chest] growing until its roots have stretched down the side of the moul- [mould- mouldering] dering [during] log, and reached the earth on both sides, thus holding the crumbling skeleton firmly in its young embrace. The decay of these dead trees is strangely slow; prostrate pines have been known to last fifty years undecayed, [indicated] still preserving their sap; and upright grey shafts often remain standing for years, until one comes to know them as familiarly as the living trees. Instances are on record where they have thus remained erect in death for a space.of forty years. Amid this wild confusion, we note here and there some mark left by civilised man; the track of wheels, a rude road, sprinkled over by withered leaves, or the mark of the axe, sharp and clean, upon a stump close at hand, reminding us how freely and how richly the forest con- [contributes] tributes to the wants of our race.-Miss Cooper's Rural Hours. THE IGNORANT AND INTELLIGENT Man ConNTRASTED.- [Concentrated.- Concentrated] The ignorant man is afraid of swerving a hair's breadth from the plan laid down by his great grandfather, while the intelligent man would calculate that to follow such mode, without an attempt at improvement, where pro- [progress] gress [grass] was possible, would be to throw away the expe- [exe- experience] rience [reins] of three generations. Think for a moment of the saving of life, effort and suffering which would result from a general knowledge of the simple laws of health ; medical men assert that nine-tenths of our diseases result from ignorance and if we calculate our produc- [produce- producing] ing population at five millions, each producing to the amount of 6s. 8d. weekly, and allow an average of two weeks' sickness per annum, the positive financial saving which would accrue from such a knowledge of the func- [fund- functions] tiens [ties] of the human frame as would lead to health pre- [preserving] serving habits, would be 3,000,000 per annum amongst the working-classes of Great Britain, besides all the pre- [per] blushing petal basketh [basket] in their light, and all its glad steam saw from the brace and bit, hammer and chisel, to the machine which cuts a plate of iron half an inch in thickness just as we cut brown paper; from the hand file to the iron planing machine to chlorine bleaching from block to machine calico print- [printing] ing; from the hand letterpress machine, to the vertical steam-engine, throwing off 10,000 newspapers per hour This is the result of systematic attention to mechanical education. What a mass of productive power is here ; 5,000,000 of men exert 600,000,000 of man-power - Dr. Watts, of Manchester. PROFIT AND Loss ON THE BANK OF ENGLAND.-Care- [Carelessness] lessness [lessons] gives the bank enormous profit, against which the loss of a mere 30,000 is but a trifle. Bank notes have been known to light pipes, to wrap up snuff, and to be used as curl papers and Britsh [British] tars, mad with rum and prize money, have not unfrequently, [frequently] in time of war, made sandwiches of them, and eaten them between bread and butter. In the forty years between the years 1792 and 1812 there were outstanding notes (presumed to have been lost or destroyed) amounting to one million three hundred and thirty odd thousand pounds; every shilling of which was clear profit to the bank.-Dickens's Household Words. SnuFF-TaKInG [Snuff-Taking] MapE [Map] Easy.-A snuff-box of a novel construction, and designed to supersede the necessity of using the fingers in taking snuff, has been registered at Birmingham. The box is inverted, and upon being turned up, two small cups are found charged with the titillating mixture, and ready to be applied to the nose, A PuzztE.-In [Puzzle.-In] a house, not 100 miles from Booth, town, are living at present-1 grandfather, 1 grandmo- [grand- grandmother] ther, [the] 1 father, 4 mothers, 3 sisters, 5 brothers, 6 uncles, 3 aunts, 5 nephews, 6 nieces, 8 cousins, 5 sons, 6 daugh- [day- daughters] ters, [tees] 1 sister-in-law, 1 brother-in-law, 3 granddaughters, 1 widow, and 1 widower-total 61; and there are only 13 persons in the whole. Drivine [Divine] 4 BarGaIn [Bargain] wirH [with] a Can't you take of my baird [bird] here said a grave, tall, slab-sided Yankee to an Albany barber, feeling at the same time his chin with a noise like a grater; It's a light baird [bird] what d' you tax Three cents for a light baird [bird] aint [aunt] it Yes. Waal, Wall] go ahead then. While the barber was rasping three cents worth from his chin, his sitter saw an assistant putting cologne upon a custo- [custom- customer] mer's [Mr's] hair, through a quill in the cork of a bottle. Look ohere, [there] 'square, said the Yankee, can't you squirt some o' that pepper saase [sass] onto my head tew [te] Say, can't you throw a leetle [little] o' that in for the three cents ADVANTAGES AND DIsaDVANTAGES [Disadvantages] OF CORPULENCY.- [CORPULENCE.- CORPULENCE] The acquisition of fat is not without an important prac- [pray- practical] tical [critical] bearing on the health. A certain power of resist- [resistance] ance [once] to external physical influences seems to depend very much on the maintenance of a proper proportion of this substance in the body. Prize-fighters have long since found that to make it safe for them to undergo the severe treatment which the exercise of their calling entails, they must at least be up to a particular weight. This weight varies, of course, according to the indivi- [divine- individual] dual's constitution. One pugilist will describe himself as belonging to the heavy, another to the light weights; not using the expression to denote his actual gravity, but to indicate what proportion to his height it ought to bear-that is, whether he ought to be light or heavy for a man of his inches to enable him to enter into a fight without peril. The number of pounds being ascer- [ace- ascertained] tained, [gained] if he has trained himself too much, he will feed himself up to the mark for he knows by experience, that though fat will somewhat impede the activity of his muscles, yet, without it, the blows he receives would be followed by more severe consequences. Now, it i clear that the augmentation of weight thus experienced is not muscle, for the previous training has brought that tissue to its fullest development; and it is too perma- [Perea- permanent] nent [sent] to be water so that I think the conclusion I have suggested is the true one, and that it is fat which gives the power of resistance. Onthe [Other] other hand, excess in this respect is equally injurious with deficiency. Indeed, practically speaking, it is more injurious, because the dangers to which it exposes the individual are more likely to be induced by the ordinary course of our lives than are the dangers which defect is subject to. By an over development of adipose tissue, the capillary system of blood vessel is, as I before pointed out, vastly increased in aggregate bulk, while at the same time no corresponding increase takes place in the forces which supply the means of action to those capillaries. Hence there is a comparative weakness in the conservative vital actions; and an injury to any part of the body, especially to those parts which, physiologically speaking, are most distant from the fountain of life, is less easily repaired. Thus, in obese persons, erysipelas, low in- [inflammation] flammation, [formation] and gangrene, supervene on accidents, and operations are more dangerous in their conse- [cone- consequences] quences. [sequence] Practically, therefore, a similar result arises in the case of excess and deficiency, but with, I think, this difference, that whereas the first gives rise to bad effects after small and common accidents, the evil of the latter is only experienced when the system is put toa [to] severe strain. We are all liable to tumble down and break our shins, which, if we are obese, will be a more serious accident than to others but few of us wish to prepare ourselves for sustaining the punishment of a pugilist, which doubtless requires a full allowance of fat. - Dr. Chambers on Corpulency. [Corpulence] CREAM OF PUNCH. If Haynau [Hannah] gets a Marshal's baton, whereabouts ough' [ought] he to get it and who ought to give it to him Why did Napoleon thrash the Austrians when he said so many of them were old women The Austrians could not thrash the Hungarians, be- [because] cause the Magyars would not show them their backs. The Austrians say that thrashing women is perfectly allowable in war, for Frederick the Great notoriously thrashed Maria Therese. Women-thrashing is considered in Austria so much better sport than man-thrashing, that the Austrians in Hungary disdained the latter amusement, and got the Russians to thrash the men. Tre [Te] Ricuts [Rickets] oF ENGLISHMEN.-When Drum-Major Cattlin, [Catlin] of the 150th, [the] was told that a Hungarian lady had been flogged, the Drum-Major, who is an enthusiast, asked what business they had to waste flogging on women Flogging, says Drum-Major Catlin, is the privilege of British soldiers and sailors. THE ForcE [Force] OF ExPrriENce.-It [Experience.-It] seems that the con- [constabulary] stabulary [constabulary] force is to take the census of Ireland next year. This appointment is not so ridiculous as, at first sight, it may appear; for, with the pugnacious habits of the country, it stands to reason that none are so well qualified for taking the Irish population as the con- [constabulary] stabulary. [constabulary] Buinp [Bin] ComPEtITion.-We [Competition.-We] see that it is the intention of the different blind asylums throughout the country to contribute works of art and industry to the Exhibition of 1851. The prize, however, must be carried off by Government, if it only thinks of sending in as its con- [contribution] tribution [retribution] the Window Tax, for that is universally looked upon as the most perfect specimen of blindness that was ever put before the eyes of a nation. Hoax.-The boldest of the Irish gentlemen who have described the sea serpent, infers that it isa great electric eel, from the circumstance that an indi- [India- individual] vidual [individual] of his crew received a shock of electricity from one of the sprats disgorged by the nauseated monster into the boat. If the same sensitive person were to pick up a partridge just shot, it is to be presumed that some of the charge that killed the bird would hit him in the hand. THE PRINCE OF WALEs's [Wales's] StuprEs.-The [Stores.-The] Court Circular every evening informs us that the Prince of Wales en- [enjoyed] joyed his usual exercise. We have been given to under- [understand] stand that his usual exercise is half a page of Latin Delectus, [Delegates, and it is a proof of his royal highness's relish for study that his exercise is matter of enjoyment to him. The prince takes great pains in his translations, and has already, it is said, asked his tutor when the progress of his studies will bring him to the translation of a bishop, which the royal pupil has heard spoken of. The tutor, it is believed, looks forward naturally enough to becoming himself the subject of such a translation at the proper period. Hiex [Hie] QUALIFICATIONS FOR A PRESIDENT. The Morning Chronicle, talking of Louis Napoleon, says, He rides admirably, and looks well on horseback- [horseback] most important qualities in France. If these are qua- [qualities] lities [cities] that are looked up to in France, we would recom- [com- recommend] mend that the candidate for the ensuing presidency should be selected from the equestrian company of the Hippodrome, or Mr. Batty's circus. The chances of success would be divided, we should think, amongst Mazeppa, [Maze] M. Dejean [Dean] Auriol, [Ariel] and the Courrier [Courier] of St. Petersburgh. [Petersburg] The latter making his triumphal entry into Paris on the backs of six wild steeds would be sure to carry everything before him THe [The] PREMIER AT PLay.-The [Play.-The] North British Mail, in allusion to our recent highly-popular cartoons of the Premier's holidays as they really are, and as they are supposed to be, observes, that we have made a random hit, and that the supposition was the correct descrip- [Scrip- description] tion, [ion] for that Lord John Russell was one day last week seen enjoying himself with his children iv sending up paper balloons into the air, and chasing them over the lawn. This in an ordinary personage would no doubt be a pursuit bespeaking a mind at ease, and wholly un- [unoccupied] occupied with grave objects; but it is not quite clear, that in the case of Lord John Russell, the sending up pieces of paper is to be looked upon as balloon-flying in sport made s ip in earnest It is always essential for a Premier to know which way the wind blows, and as the throwing up of a straw often deter- [determines] mines the course of events, why may not the despatch- [despatching] ing of a balloon lead to the same important conclusion The fact. of Lord John's chasing the breeze-wafted nents [rents] a most characteristic proceeding, for they would sent expenses consequent on sickness. If you would see say, a ig minister always wants to see which at a glance the diference [difference] produced in a generation by wa the wind blows, only that he may endeavour to systematic instruction, remember that this is the age of follow it. objects over the lawn would be called by his oppo- [op- perfect] fact, established in Van . The veteran Leigh Hunt is about to resuscitate his London Journal. Two cargoes of roofing tiles and bricks have lately been imported into London from Antwerp. The Leicester Journal says that in some parts of that town soft water is selling at threepence a bucxet. [bucket] An excursion train from Brighton b t 400 persons into London on Sunday last. ms rough The funeral procession in New York, in honour of General Taylor, was seven miles in length. Ledru Rollin's book on The Decay of England won't sell and the poor publisher is consequently in straits. During the past week, no fewer than ten persons were severely injured by falls of earth, &c. at the new docks, West Hartlepool. Last Friday, William Edward Eike, convicted of stealing a debenture for 2,000 from the South Western Railway Company, was sentenced to be transported for seven years. A range of three iron warehouses, calculated to contain many thousand tons of goods, has just been completed by a firm in Liverpool. They are intended for California. The Hobart Town journals inform us that John Frost, the leader of the Newport Riots, has been lecturing at Hobart Town on the evidences of Christianity. Sir Robert Peel, M.P., has just returned from Berne, after winding up his affairs in Switzerland. Lady Peel is now on a tour in France; her health is greatly improvec. [improve] There are now on the stocks at N on Sone [One] cightocn [Crighton] ocean steamers, of the aggregate tonnage of 24,6 Ds. of them are intended for the California trade. The Rev. John Wilson, -B.D., F.S.A., one of the Senior Fellows of Trinity, has been elected President of this college in the room of the lamented Dr. Ingram. An Irish paper mentions that black soles have lately been so plentiful in the Tralee [Trial] market, as to be sold at the rate of Id. a pair. The Pope has just presented a superb mosaic to the Emperor of Austria, and another, together with an album, containing valuable engravings, to Prince Schwarzenberg. [Churchwarden] An attempt is being made to introduce the culture of lentils into Scotland, and it is stated that Lord Murray intends sending his crop of lentils to the great exhibition of 1851. Lord John Russell was one day last week observed, in front of Mr. Maule's house at Birnam, [Barnum] enjoying himself with his children in sending up paper balloons into the air, and chasing them over the lawn. The head mastership of Ipswich Grammar School has been conferred on the Rev. Stephen Rigaud, [Regard] one of the mgsters [masters] of Westminster School, and chaplain to his Royal Highness the late Duke of Cambridge. The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Manchester, has licensed the Rev. George Yarnold [Arnold] Osborne, M.A., to the rpetual [perpetual] curacy of Fleetwood, on the nomination of Sir P. Fr. Fleetwood, Bart., the patron. On Wednesday a Court of Directors was held at the East India House, when General Sir William M. Gomm, [Comm] K.C.B., was sworn in Commander-in-Chief of the Com- [Company] pany's [any's] Forces, and an extraordinary Member of the Council of India. Commit a crime, and it seems as if a coat of snow fell on the ground, such as reveals in the woods the track of every partridge, and fox, and squirrel, and mole. You cannot wipe out the foot track-you cannot draw up the ladder, so as to leave no inlet or clue. America boasts of another grand invention in lighting. Pure and cheap gas is said to be produced b; inserting into a red-hot retort a hollow cylinder filled wit naptha, [path] which instantly changes into gas of twice the density of coal gas. The Emperor of Russia has prohibited throughout his empire, from and after January 1, 1851, the wearing of the costume peculiar to the Jews; but the governors general may authorise Jews of an advanced age, not under 60, to wear their accustomed dress, if they are willing to pay for permission. The Times stated that the Duke of Rutland has given the whole of his Newark tenantry notice to quit, not with a view of expelling them entirely from their farms, but in order that his grace may have the whole of his estate re- [revalued] valued, and new rentals made to suit the nature of the times. The magistrates at Stowmarket have intimated to a pas- [passenger] senger [singer] who retained an Indian Cashmere shawl left b; another passenger in a carriage on the Eastern Union Rail- [Railway] way, that persons not delivering up property of this descrip- [Scrip- description] tion [ion] to the railway authorities are Hable [Able] to be indicted for felony. While Sir Robert Wilmot, Bart. of Osmaston Hall near Derby, was shooting over his estate at Weston-on-Trent, on the 16th inst., he unfortunately shot a man who was ploughing in a field. The man fell down, but a surgeon 'ound [fund] that the wounds were merely superficial, so that no danger was to be apprehended. On Thursday evening, the wife of a respectable trades- [tradesman] man residing in the neighbourhood of the Strand, accident- [accidentally] ally suffocated her infant during her return from a pleasure excursion to Hammersmith, by wrapping it up too chee [cheer] under her shawl. The catastrophe was not discovered ti the party reached home. By the South Eastern Railway half-yearly report, just made, we learn that travellers to the continent may now rform [from] the journey to Paris in 123 hours, to Brussels in 19, to Cologne in 20 hours, to Hamburgh [Hamburg] in 43 hours, to Leipsic [Lips] in 43 hours, to Berlin in 49 hours, to Vienna in 84 hours, to St. Petersburgh [Petersburg] in 123 hours, and to Trieste in 128 hours. The apparatus and surplus materials of the Britannia Bridge are about to be sold by auction. This collection, like everything else connected with the structure, is gigantic. There are upwards of 100,000 cubic feet of timbers 100 tons of ropes anil [ail] hawsers; suspension-chains and chain-cables enough to build a bridge of 100 to 150 feet span and a great variety of other ponderous articles. It is understood that Sir Denis Le Marchant will succeed the late Mr. Ley as Clerk of the House of Commons on a reduced salary of 2,000 per annum. Mr. Booth, the Examiner of Recognizances and Counsel to the Speaker, is likely to succeed Sir Denis Le Marchant as legal secre [secure] of the Board of Trade. Mr. Booth's office will be abolished. These changes will cause a considerable saving to the public. Times. The Steamer Viceory, [Victory] which was recently wrecked off Halifax, Nova Scotia, is likely, it is said, to prove a profit- [profitable] able investment for those who purchased her when she was on the rocks. They paid, it is stated about 2,000 dollars for her. The engines have been taken out without having sustained any damage, and it is now expected as her ponderous machinery is removed that the hull will be got off and repaired at trifling expense. The engines alone are worth 50, dollars. ee ABERGAVENNY FREEHOLD LAND Society.-This society is going on well. It has not been formed more than four months, yet it numbers about 160 shareholders, who have taken about 210 shares, and have 176 m [in] the bank. On Friday last a general meeting was held. The report then read was most sati [sat] ry. A Nove [Nov] Mops oF CatcHINe [Catching] THE PuBLIc.-An [Public.-An] adver- [aver- advertisement] tisement [basement] in a Cologne newspaper announces that a commis- [comms- commission] sion agent in that city is to supply the inhabitants, ata [at] certain price per dozen, with any quantity of Barciay, Barclay] Per- [Perkin] kin, and Co.'s double brown Haynau [Hannah] stout, which, headds, [heads] is well known to be the best porter in England and that nothing may be wanting, the seals and labels will bear proofs of genuineness, in the shape of a sketch of Hay- [Hannah] nau's [na's] reception in the brewery. SETTLEMENT OF PENSIONERS IN CaNADA.-The [Canada.-The] govern- [government] ment [men] are desirous that discharged soldiers should become settlers in the colonies, and about 200 men of regiments stationed in Canada have quitted the service during the last month, and remain in that colony. This arrangement will materially assist the plan for forming a large body of pen- [pensioners] sioners [sinners] into local companies, under the command of staff officers, the men not being actually disabled but unfit for active service.- [service] United Service Gazette. THE LATE FIRE IN THE Ciry [City] or LonDON.-The [London.-The] Observe gives the following statement of the losses sustained by the various insurance offices, in consequence of the fire near the Corn Exchange -Phenix Fire Office, 23,000 ; Alliance Office, 20,000; Sun Office, 18,000; Norwich Union, 10,000; Guardian, 8,000; Royal Exchange, 8,000; Imperial, 12,000; Atlas, 7, Church of England, 5,900 Monarch, 2,000 other offices, 2,000; total, 115,900. . Ropsine [Reposing] A BENEFIT CLUB Box.-On Saturday evening (week,) the stewards and members of the club assembled at the Dog and Partridge Inn, Barton Mills, discovered that the box in which the funds of their society were deposited had been robbed of between 60 and 70. The box is one such as is generally used for clubs of this with three separate locks and keys but how or by whom the money has been stolen at present remains a complete mystery. The locks have been examined, and it does not appear they were opened by picklock [pick lock] keys.- [keys] Cambridye [Cambridge] Chroniele. [Chronicle] PricE [Price] OF FooD [Food] In France.-The Times of day, announces a general decline in the price of corn in the markets of Chartres, Meaux, [Max] Etampes, [Stamps] Soissons, [Seasons] Orleans, Nantes, and Marans [Marines] during the last eight days. In Alsace the decline in the price of wheat has been considerable in consequence of its being ascertained that the potato crop has suffered little injury. At Thaun, [Than] wheat fell 3f. the hectolitre, (from 18f. [f] 88c. [c] to 15f. [f] 88c.) [c] and potatoes from 3f. to If. 80c. [c] There have been some large purchases of wheat made in Paris for the account of London houses within the last few days. Letters from Belgium state that two-thirds of the potato crop in that country have been destroyed by disease. JENNY LIND aN is Jenny Lind bese [bees] letter form New York, speaking of the Jenny Lind juror, says-' The Lind, you will see, has arrived safely. Tickets for her openi [open] concert sold very high; the first for 225 dols. [sold] (about 248 W] sterling), but the second fetched 25 dols, [sold] only 5 sterling). It seems to be considered that Barnum got a A normal school, for schoolmasters is about to be Diemen's 'Land. friend to run up the price at the outset, to i the public to follow, but at such prices few of the verdant school were to be found. The folk here are i mad after men and boys sitting on Stewart's new buildi [build] o i the Irving-house, about 6 p.m., watching for On returning about 10 the mob still remained. Two or three ladies were on the balcony, but it was too dark to distinguish whether Jenny was one of the select The crowd, however, imagi [magi] she was there, and thee was sufficient for them. One of the ladies, after eating a threw the stone over the balcony, when ate ee took place to secure what was i memento of the fair Jenny. A friend told me he saw on Saturday a number of the N