Huddersfield Chronicle (26/Oct/1850) - page 6

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E, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1850. Foreign Entelligence. [Intelligence] FRANCE. .. . According to rumours current in political circles in Paris, the question of the prolongation of the power is likely to be settled without an open rupture of the majority of the Assembly. The leaders of the Legitimist, [Legitimate] as well as those of the Orleanist [Orleans] party, feel thut [that] they are not prepared to take any steps towards the restoration of either branch of the House of Bour- [Our- Bourbon] bon [on] and are said to have therefore determined, as the least of a choice of evils, to support the prolongation of the powers of Louis Napoleon for four years. It is said that M. Thiers [This] and M. Berryer [Berry er] strongly recommend this course of proceeding to their followers and it is added that M. Guizot, who still exercises a great degree of influence on political events, fully adheres to it. As for M. Molé, [Mile] he has long since given in his complete ad- [adherence] herence [hence] to Louis Napoleon. The government still continues its attacks on the press. Itis [Its] said that several journals have just been prohibited in the barracks and military establishments. Among them are some former organs of the Moderate party, which for some time past have attacked the Pre- [President] sident [silent] of the Republic with a good deal of severity. M. Guizot is spoken of as a candidate for the depart- [department] ment [men] of the Cher, and no opposition is anticipated. By the latest advices [advice] we learn that at the meeting of the Committee of Permanence, on Thursday week, and at which M. Dupin [Turpin] was to preside, some questions are to be addressed to the ministers. It says, further, that at a cabinet council held at the Elyste [Steel] on Wednesday, it was arranged that M. Baroche, [Roche] the Minister of the Interior, should attend the commitice. [commit ice] AMERICA. The mail steam-ship Niagara, Captain Stone, arrived at Liverpool on Sunday evening. She left New York on the 9th, precisely at noon, steamed direct to Liverpool, encountering pretty favourable weather, and arrived in the Mersey precisely at half-past nine, p.m., after a run, meantime, of eleven days four hours and fifty minutes. She attained throughout a very high average speed, running on the 15th 300 miles. She brought seventy- [seventy] eight passengers, and 50,000 sterling on freight. The United States mail steam-ship Cherokee, arrived at New York on the 5th instant, with Chagres [Charges] mails of the 26th ult., aud [and] Kingston, Jamaica, 28th, [the] the mails from California, and 200,000 in gold dust. The British steamer Peru, from Callao, arrived at Panama on the 18th of September, with 100,000 in specie on freight. The American steam ship Oregon arrived at Panama on the 18th ult., with 300 passengers, and 300,000 gold dust on freight, from San Francisco. The steam ships Northener [Northern] and Republic, had also left San Francisco for Panama, with freights respectively of the value of 60,000 and 80,000. The United States mail steam ship Georgia, arrived at New York on the 6th, from Chagres, [Charges] 2nd October, vid [id] Havana, with 140,000 in spe- [se- specie] cie, [ice] on freight and in passengers' hands. The law for the capture of the fugitive slaves, passed at the last session of congress, had produced a strong excitement among the friends of freedom in the northern states. Meetings had been convened in various parts of the country to express tue opposition of the people to the provisions of the law, and to call forth a condition of public sentiment which should result in its speedy repeal. The religious press, in several cases, has taken strong ground against the surrendering of tke [the] fugi- [fungi- fugitive] tive, [tie] nor has the pulpit been silent. Frederick Dou- [Du- Douglass] glass, once a soutiern [Southern] slave himself, had acceptod [accepted] an invitation to attend an aunti-fugitive [aunt-fugitive] slave-law meeting at Fanueil [Daniel] Hall Boston, on the 14th inst. The slave, Hamlet, who was seized in New York, under the pro- [provisions] visions of the fugitive law, had been purchased by the subscription of several citizens, and is now restored to liberty. from Washington state that the Secretary of the Treasury had issued a circular in relation to the payment of the expenses of weighing, measuring, and guaging [gauging] imported merchandise, the effect of which will be to relieve importers from the payment of those expenses. Mdlle. [Middle] Lind was enjoying new triumphs in Rhode Island. On the 5th she sang at Providence, before an immense audience, and the enthusiasm was terrific. The first ticket was sold to Colonel Ross for 650 dollars. The steam boat Kate Fleming, Captain Dunham, from Louisville for Cairo, burst both her boilers on Saturday the 5th inst., at noon, and was afterwards burned to the water's edge. The accident occurred near Walker's Bar where she had grounded, but had got off when the bell rang to slacken her speed, and instantly afterwards the explosion took place. It is thought that the acci- [acct- accident] dent was caused by the want of water. Ten persons are reported to have been killed or missing, while seven or eight are wounded, including the captain, and nine- [nineteen] teen are reported to be badly burned. Captain Dunham and seven others were on the hurricane deck at the time, and were blown several feet into the air. Some fell on the wreck, and others into the water, where they saved themselves by swimming. ee CALIFORNIA. SERIOUS RIOTS AT SAN FRANCISCO. The account from San Francisco state tha [that the report that Sacramento city had been destroyed by fire is in- [incorrect] correct. Tho squatter disturbances were brought to a close soon after the first outbreak. The greater part of the rioters fled soon after the affray in the streets, while seme [see] of the ringleaders were arrested, and are now awaiting their trial in prison. The wounds received by the mayor, who was reported to have been killed in the affray, are not likely to prove mortal, and hopes are entertained by his physician of his recovery. A few days after the fight in Sacramento, the sheriff was killed in attempting to arrest one of the leaders of the squat- [squatters] ters. [tees] The excitement in the mining districts against foreigners had subsided, and the fassassinations [assassination] have almost entirely ceased. A large number of Chillans [Chills] and Mexicans have left the country in consequence of the law requiring them to take out licenses to mine, This gave a check to business in the district, but the mining operations are still prosecuted with energy and success. The emigrants continue to arrive in large numbers, and usually in a state of painful destitution. The joint mili- [mile- military] tary [Tar] and naval commission appointed by the American government, to explore the whole coast of the United States laying on the Pacific Ocean, has returned to San Francisco. The coast of California, north of San Fran- [Francisco] cisco, [disco] including the whole of Oregon to 49 degrees, has been thoroughly explored, and much valuable informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] obtained. Coal was found to exist in immense quantities all round Beaver harbour, on the north-east part of Vancouver's Island, extending to a great dis- [distance] tance [lance] in every direction. The banking houses of Hen- [Henley] ley, M'Knight, and Co., and Wabass [Bass] and Co., of Sacra- [Sacramento] mento, [monte] have stopped payment. The jewellery store of William Dusuzeau, [Disease] Sacramento-street, in San Francisco, was entered on the night of August 28th, [the] and robbed of a large amount of gold watches, breast-pins, rings, &c., altogether of the value of 15,000 dols. [sold] Pearls and pre- [precious] cious [sous] 'stones, of the value of 5,000 dols., [sold] were also stolen, besides 506 dols. [sold] in silver com. The Alta Cali- [California] fornia [fora] of the 1st September, says- We can safely say that the shipment of gold from this country, during the month of August, exceeds that of any other month since the discovery of the mines. The amount is almost in- [incredibly] credibly large, verging on three millions of dollars. This sum has been regularly manifested, and is exclu- [exclude- exclusive] sive [side] of the parcels carried through by private hands. The following exhibits the amount by each steamer - August 15, per Carolina, 150,000 dols.; [sold] per Columbus, 350,000 dols. [sold] August 21, per Oregon, 1,500,000 dols.; [sold] per Northerner, 339,124 dols.; [sold] total 2,689,124. The Oregon and Republic leave to-day for Panama. The former takes 230 passengers, and 1,500,000 dols. [sold] in gold dust; the latter, about 150 passengers, and about 400,000 dols. [sold] in dust. INDIA AND CHINA. In our latest intelligence on Saturday, we copicd [copied] a telegraphic summary, received via Trieste, of the news brought by the overland mail; and we now take the following fuller summary of Indian and Chinese intelli- [until- intelligence] gence [Gents] from the Times - . Bompay, [Company] September 17.-The petty civil war in the Nizaw's [Nice's] territories still continues without decisive ad- [advantage] vantage on either side. The Nawab [Nab] of Elichpoor, [Elisha] in following up the late victory of Borlee [Boiler] in too unguarded # manner, has received a check from the Nizam's [Name's] forces, and retired on Unjungaum. [Ingram] The Nizam [Name] has restored his suspended minister, Ram Buxsh, [Bush] to favour, but it is not supposed that he will long retain his office. Another of the usual émeutes [mutes] has occurred in the city of Hyder- [Hyde- Hyderabad] abad. [bad] It arose in an attempt made by 150 unpaid soldiers to carry off a field piece in part satisfaction for their arrears of pay. Four hundred Arabs were sent after them, who, after a fight, in which 17 or 18 were killed, succeeded in recapturing the gun. Oude [Ode] is still in an unsettled state and it is reported thatthe [that the] present resident, Colonel Sleeman, [Solemn] is to be relieved by Mr. Torrens, formerly secretary to government, and now political agent at Moorshedabad. [Moorhead] The present aspect of the Punjaub [Punjab] is most encouraging the population, now c ed, have settled down into their former habits of industry. The breadth of land under cultivation this season 1s said to be unprecedented, and the crops are every where most promising, It is rumoured that Sir H. Lawrence had been imprisoned by some independent Rajah on his way back from Cashmere, but the report is not generally believed. Lord Dalhousie is still at Kunawar, [Runaway] but he is to be at Umballa [Umbrella] by the middle of October, whence he proceeds on a tour through the Punjaub [Punjab] to Peshawur. [Pasha] Sir Charles Napier leaves Simla on the 5th of November on his return to England. 'The S martial on Lieutenants Goodridge and Rose hay terminated the former has been and the latter reprimanded for havin [having] i L fe g placed himself under the Protection of the civil power when gratuitously insulted ned with chastisement by a person whom he i v0 be physically inferior to himself, i tead [read] of 'applying,' to use Sir C. Napier's words, 'his ond [and] hie Lost Strength to the defence of his person Bombay railwa [railway] e first sections of the Bengal and ben. ays [as] will probably be commenced in No- [Nobly] by Coan [Con] Ponce Lie athe [the] ee boon orga [organ] c i i y, 42 miles in le hae [he] resident at Baroda for a Buadet, [Budget] at the head of the Gulf of abit [bit from Tankara [Trank] y The preli- [peril- prelate] THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICL [CHRONICLE] minary [Mary] survey and estimate have been made at the ex- [expense] pense [sense] of the Guicowar [Cowardice] of Baroda. The ship Ariadne was wrecked in the Bay of Bengal by the gale of the 6th of August twelve of her crew have arrived at Calcutta, after wandering about in the Soonderbunds [Saunderson] for three weeks, exposed to every variety of hardship. The Australian wines have at length found their way into the Calcutta markets, and are selling there for 32s. a dozen. Mr. Bethune has contributed 10,000 to the New Female Schools at Calcutta. Lord Falkland 3 still at Chakon, [Chain] near Poona, but proceeds shortly to the Mahableshwar hills; his health is better, but not yet re- [reestablished] established. Frelanv. [Fairyland] ENCUMBERED EstaTES.-The [States.-The] business of the se- [second] cond [con] passion of the Encumbered Estates Court commenced on Tuesday, when no less than seven properties c hands in the brief space of four hours. he first sale was of lands in the county of Tipperary, the property of Mr. Cooper Crawford, yielding a net profit rent of 364 4s. 103d. It was set up in separate lots, but there being no bidders, the whole was offered, and purchased by the petitioner in the case for the sum of 6,000. An estate in the county of Cork was put up in eight lots, all of which were disposed of, the whole producing 10,700. The aggregate rental was 851 2s. an. The third sale was also of property in the couaty [county] of Cork, part of the estates of Mr. Robert War- [Warren] ren together with houses and premises in the city of Cork, the latter of which realized [realised] 800. The property in the county yielded an annual rental of 558, subject, however, to several heavy annuities which materially deteriorated the value of the whole. It was disposed of in four lots, and brought 4,460. A small estate in the county of Limerick, producing a profit rent of little over 100 per annum, sold for 1,520. Some lands in the county of Dublin, yielding a yearly profit rent of 188, were sold, after a brisk compe- [come- competition] tition, [petition] for 3,000. A property in the county of Kildare was offered in four lots, but one of which found a purchaser at 2,625. The sale of the other lots was adjourned, the sums bid being deemed below the value. The last and most important sale was of an estate in the county of Wex- [We- Wexford] ford, the first lot consisting of 865a. [a] lr. 7jp. [jp] statute mea- [me- measure] slre, [sere] and producing 1,197 1s. 3d. per annum, including the value of land in owner's possession. Mr. N. M. Power bid 10,000; Mr. Edward Carlton, 10,500. Sir Robert Bateson, 11,000. After some advances Mr. Power bid 16,000. Sale deferred to a later period of the day, and was purchased by Mr. Power for 17,500. Lot 2.-The fee and inheritance of and in the lands of Bolderan, [Bolder an] containing 488a. [a] Ir. 16p. [p] statute measure, and producing a perpetual head rent of 46 3s. 1d. per annum. The fo owing were the biddings -Mr. Carlton, 500; W] Mr. Daniel Thorpe, 800; W] Mr. Power, 1,000; Mr. Benjamin Conn, 1,050; Mr. Power, 1,100. The later was declared the pur- [our- purchaser] chaser at 1,160. The three remaining lots produced over 1,600. DeatH [Death] OF Mr. WILLIAM BLacKkER.-A [Blacker.-A] letter from Armagh announces the death, on Sunday, of Mr. William Blacker, the eminent agriculturist, and agent of the exten- [extent- extensive] sive [side] estates of the Earl of Gosfurd. [Oxford] The deceased was in the 75th year of his age. (qo THE Britannia BaipGe.-The [Bridge.-The] permanent public open- [opening] ing of the new line of tubes for the down line from London to Dublin took place on Monday morning, the great struc- [struck- structure] ture [true] being now in all important respects made complete. On Saturday, Captain Simmons, the government inspector, went over it early in the morning, and instituted, in con- [conjunction] junction with the engineers, a long series of experiments. The first experiment consisted in passi [pass] g two locomotive engines through the tube, and resting them at intervals in the centre of the sections. At nine o'clock, a train of 28 waggons, and two locomotives, with 280 tons of coal, was drawn into all four of the tubes, the deflections being care- [carefully] fully noted. These deflections were ascertained to be exe actly [act] three-fourths of an inch under this load. After repe- [rep- repetitions] titions [petitions] of these experimental ordeals, which occupied several hours, the train of 280 tons, with its two locomotives, was taken out about a mile distant from the tube, and then sud- [sid- suddenly] denly [Denby] shot through it with the greatest attainable rapidity, and the result was that the deflection at this immense velocity of load, was sensibly less in the way of undulation than when the load was allowed to remain at rest on the tube. The contrivance, by which the effects are indicated with great precision, consists pipe containing water, laid along the lower cells of the tube, one end rising up within the tube at the centre, and the other end fixed against the stonework of the abutments of the bridge. Both ex- [extremities] tremities [treaties] of this pipe are furnished with glass tubes and graduated scales, by which the relative levels of the water were easily ascertained. As the slightest leakage or evapo- [apo- evaporation] ration over the ordinary thermometric expansion of the water would derange the level, while only half ot the actual deflection of the tube was registered at each end of the pipe, these disadvantages are obviated by the addition of a large reservoir of water in the interior of the tube, which is covered with oil and placed beside the graduated scale. This larger area exhibited the whole of the deflections at the abutment extremity, and the apparatus presents a perfect representation of all the deflections and phases of the great structure. Messrs. E. and L. Clark, the resident engineers, who have watched minutely from day to day all the developed peculiarities of the novel undertaking, state that the heaviest gales through the Straits do not produce so much motion over the extent of either tube as the pres- [pressure] sure against the side of the tubes of ten men; and that the ressure [pressure] of 10 men keeping time with the vibrations pro- [prices] uces [ices] an oscillation of 4 inch, the tube itself making 67 double vibrations per minute. The strongest gusts of wind that have swept up the channel during the late stormy weather do not cause a vibration of more than a quarter of aninch. [an inch] The broadside of a storm causes an oscillation of less than an inch; but when the two tubes are braced together by frames, which is now being done, these motions, it is expected will cease. The action of the sun at midday does not move them more than a quarter or three-eights of aninch. [an inch] The daily expansion and contraction of the tubes varies from half an inch to three inches, attaining either the maximum or minimum ai about three o'clock a.m. and If a compass be held over any part of the bottom of the cells, the south pole is effected, and if held over the top of the cells, the north pole is affected and this effect is observable in all parts of the tube, whether at the centre or the end, although their post ion is only about 10 degrees west of the magnetic meridian. Preparations are making for covering aan [an] tubes with a light arched roof of peculiar construction. - Lines. CAPTURE OF A BURGLAR aT NORTHAMPTON.-The house of Miss Dumbleton, a lady of fortune, residing at North- [Northampton] ampton, [Hampton] was burglariously [burglaries] entered at two on Sunday morning last. Access was obtained through the kitchen window, at the back of the premises. After ran- [ransacking] sacking the lower rooms, the burglar, disguising himself by putting on a coat and hat which he found in the hall, pro- [proceeded] ceeded [needed] upstairs, and entered the bedroom of Mr. William Davis, a young gentleman, who, with his sister, was staying in the house. Mr. Davis, suddenly aroused from sleep, and observing a fellow at his bedside, demanded what business he had there, at the same time endeavouring to free himself from the clothes. On perceiving this, the villain held up a currier's [carrier's] knife, and swore if he did not lie still, he would soon quiet him. In a moment Mr. Davis sprang from the bed, and rushed upon the scoundrel, and by a sudden effort succeeded in getting hold of the knife. A desperate struggle ensued, when Mr. Davis threw the fellow on the floor, and fell heavily upon him. The noise alarmed the ladies, who opened the windows and called for the police. In a short time several came to the spot, but could not be let into the house, as the fellow had put all the keys in his pocket. Eventually they entered by the window forced by the bur- [burglar] glar, [glad] and took him into custody, Mr. Davis having pinned him to the ground until their arrival. At present we have not heard whether he had any accomplices. Great praise is due to the police for their promptitude; and Mr. Davis, who is quite a young man, is entitled to the thanks of the in- [inhabitants] habitants for the gallantry and courage he has displayed in capturing the fellow. Of all discoveries none has conferred greater benefit upon mankind than that made by Du Barry some years back. Weallude [We allude] toa [to] plant grown upor [upon] that gentleman's estates in Africa, called Du Barry's Revalenta [Prevalent] Arabica. [Arabic] Its superiority over piils [Pills] and other medicines in a marked degree in the metropolis, where the public health has latterly acquired a tone it never attained before; thus, besides a great falling oft in disease, there is a decrease in deaths of from 10 to 15 per centum, [cent] whilst the births exceed the deaths by 40 percent. Testimonials, from parties of unquestionable respect- [respectability] ability have attested that it supersedes medicine of every description in the effectual and permanent removal of indiges- [Indies- indigestion] tion [ion] (dyspepsia), constipation, and diarrhea, [diarrhoea] nervousness, biliousness, liver complaints, flatulency, [flatulence] distension, palpitation of the heart, nervous head ache, deafness, noises in the head and ears, pains in almost every part of the body, chronicinflamma- [chronic inflammation] tion, [ion] and ulceration of the stomach, angina pectoris, [inspector] erysipelas, eruptions on the skin, incipient consumption, dropsy, rheumatism, gout, heartburn, nausea and sickness during eating or at sea, Jow [How] spirits, spasms, cramps, spleen, general debility, paralysis, asthma, cough, inquietude, sleeplessness, involuntary blushing, tremors, dislike to society, unfitness for study, loss of memory, delusions, vertigo, blood to the head, exhaustion, mel- [melancholy] ancholy, [melancholy] groundless fear, indecision, wretchedness, thouhts [thought] of self-destruction, and many other complaints It is, moreover, admitted by those who have used it to be the best food for in- [infants] fants [ants] and invalids generally, as it never turns acid on the weakest stomach, but imparts a healthy relish for lunch and dinner, and restores the faculty of digestion and nervous and muscular energy to the most enfeebled. For the benefit of our readers we place before themas;nopsis [Thomas;synopsis] of a few of 59,000 testimonials received by Mr. Du Barry upon the invariable efficacy of his Revalenta [Prevalent] Arabica [Arabic] Food. It has the highest approbation of Lord Stuart de Decies; [decides] the Venerable Archdeacon Alexander Stuart, of Ross, Skibbereen-a [Siberian-a] cure of three years' nervousness and debility, causea [cause] byabad [baby] fever; Major-General Thomas King, of Exmouth; the Rev. John W. Fiaveli, [Five] Ridlington Rectory, Norfolk, who records the cure of his servant from cight [eight] years' dyspepsia in an aggravated form, with spasms, cramps, pains in the stomach, chest, and side, sickness, and vomiting after eating, and great prostration of strength Captain Bingham, R.N.--acureof [R.N.--acres] twenty- [twenties] seven years' dyspepsia in six weeks' time; R. S. H Grelliere, [Gallery] Esq., Sauchiehall-road, [Social-road] Glasgow-a remarkable cure of total pros- [prostration] tration [ration] of strength, in a very short time; Mr. John Stockdale, 61, Earl-street, Mauchester-road, [Manchester-road] Bradford Mr. William Butler, Toll Collector, Mirfield; Mr. Edward Corbett, Sanitary Engineer, 2, Princess-street, Manchester; Captain Andrews, R.N.; Captain Edwards, R.N, William Hunt, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, King's College, Cambridge, who, after suffering sixty years' from partial paralysis, has regained the use of his limbs in a very short time upon this excellent food; the Rev. Charles Kerr, of Winslow, Bucks-a cure of functional disorders; Mr. Thomas Woodhouse, Bromley-recording the cure of a lady from constipation and sickness during pregnancy; the Rev. Thomas Minster, of St. Saviour's, cure of five years' nervousness, with spasms and daily vomitings [vomiting Mr. Taylor, Coroner of Bolton; Captain Allen-recording the cure of epileptic fits; Doctors Ure [Re] and Harvey James Shorland, [Holland] Esq., No. 3, duey-terrace, [due-terrace] Read- [Reading] ing, Berks, late surgeon in the 96th iment-a [amend-a] cure of dropsy; Mr. W. R. Reeves, Pool Anthony, Tiverton-a cure of 35 years' nervous misery James Porter, Esq., Athol-street, Perth-a cure of 13 years' cough, with general debility J. Smyth Esq., 37, Lower Abbey-street, Dublin; Cornelius O'Suliivan, [O'Sullivan] M-D,, F.R.C.S., Dublin-a perfect cure of thirty years' indescribable agony which had resisted all other remedies and fifty thousand other well-known individuals, who have sent the inporters, [Importers] Dn Barry and Co,, 127, New Bond-street, London, testimonials of the extrordinary [extraordinary] manner in which their health has been restored by this useful and economical diet, after all other remedies had been tried in vain for many years, and all hopes of recovery abandoned. But asthe [asthma] health of many invalids has been seriously injured by Ervalenta, [Event] Arabian Revalenta, [Prevalent] Lentil Powder, and other spurious compounds of peas, beans, Indian and oat meal, under closesimitation [closes imitation] of names, or puffed up as similar, the public will do well to note that no et or canister can be genuine without having the name Du and Co. in full stamped on the label and seal. If you have any ts write to Du Barry and Co., London, direct, for your supplies. A full report of important cures of the above and many complaints, and testimonials from parties of the highest (ee Adverti. [Advert] respectability, Fale [Ale] find, sent gratis by Du Barry and Co- [Cote] THE FRIMLEY MURDER. Friday having been appointed for the re-examination of the charged with being concerned in the murder of the Rev. G. E. Hollest, [Holes] very considerable excitement prevailed in Guildford, in consequence of its having become known that Hiram Smith, one of the prisoners, had made a confession. When the prisoners were brought together on Friday morning, Levi Har- [Harwood] wood, James Jones, and Samuel Harwood, had neither of them the slightest conception that their colleague, Hiram Smith, had made any disclosures. The magis- [magic- magistrates] trates [rates] having assembled, Mr. Keene, the governor of the House of Correction, stated the nature of the important evidence which he had to bring forward, and the pri- [pro- prisoners] soners [Somers] were then brought in from their respective cells. The governor of the gaol took the precaution to place himself between Levi Harwood and Hiram Smith, and the examination then began. Four witnesses residing in or near Guildford, deposed to having seen some or all of the prisoners on the even- [evening] ing of the 27th of September. They were going in the direction of Frimley. Another witness, Mr. Thomas Freeman, swore that he saw one of the prisoners, Jones, going towards Guildford on the morning of the 28th. [the] A boy, called Penny, fourteen years old, deposed that a few days before the murder he saw the prisoner Smith asking the price of some pistols at a marine store shop in Guildford. The master of this shop, however, denied all knowledge of the circumstance. The police officers then repeated the substance of the statements, all of which have been published on previous occasions, At the close of their evidence Mr. Superintendent Hollington produced the new evidence supplied by the confession of Smith, stating that on Sunday last, Smith sent for him, and on his arrival asked to see a reward bill, which was handed to him. After doing so he asked witness to explain the meaning of the word accomplice, and what was meant by a free pardon for any person who did not actually fire the shot. Mr. Keene and witness both told him that he had got the bill before him, and he must use his own judgment. They added that they could neither of them hold out any hope to him in consequence of what he might say. He then said he knew it was plain enough in the bill and he had made up his mind to make a statement. Levi Harwood and the other prisoners ex- [exhibited] hibited [exhibited] much uneasiness at this juncture, and looked fiercely towards Smith. The superintendent went on to say that he cautioned Smith that anything he might say would be used against himself. He, however, dictated the following document, which was written down by the governor of the gaol On the 27th Sep. tember [member] last, being Friday night, myself, with other per- [persons] sons now in custody, named James Jones, Levi Har- [Harwood] wood, and Samuel Harwood, was at Frimley, and broke into Mr. Hollest's [Holes's] house by taking out a bar. I entered first, and Levi Harwood second. With a worm Levi Harwood bored two holes in the frame of the door leading to the kitchen, and pushed back the bolt with his knife, and then myself, Jones, and Levi Harwood went in, and there looked about. Levi Harwood then opened a workbox, [work box] and took two shillings from it. We then all three of us went into the sitting room, and Levi Harwood and Jones searched while I held the candle, and there found a silver hunting watch, and a small old-fashioned gold one. We then went into another room, but I don't know what was taken from there. They then went down to the pantry while I stood in the passage. It was then about half-past two o'clock. I then went out and fetched Samuel Harwood in. Three of us then went upstairs,-myself, Jones, and Levi Harwood went into a bed-room and removed three ladies dresses-two out of the drawers and one from the bedstead. There was no one sleeping in that bed-room. We then came down stairs and put on the masks. Myself and Jones put on the green ones which were produced last Saturday, and Levi Harwood put on a white one, and a white Guernsey over his waistcoat. Jones put on a large cloak which was hanging up in the passage, and I put on one likewise. The cloaks belonged to the house. We then all four of us proceeded up stairs. Jones went first with a pistol in his right hand, Levi Harwood second with a pistol in his right hand, which he loaded on the road to Frimley. He loaded both pistols with marbles. Jones first, Levi Harwood second, and myself third, here entcred [entered] Mr. Hollest's [Holes's] room, while Samucl [Samuel] Harwood stood at the door with a screw-driver in his hand. Levi Harwood then said, Lay still, my good woman, or else I will blow your brains out. He was standing at the foot of the bed at this time. Mrs. Hollest [Holes] instantly got from her bed, and Jones being on her side of the bed, Levi Harwood at the foot of the bed, and myself against Mr. Hollest's [Holes's] side of the bed; when Mrs. Hollest [Holes] got out of the bed, Jones took hold of her and thrust her up in the corner of the room on ler [Lee] own side of the bed. Mr. Hollest [Holes] jumped out of the bed and went to take hold of Levi Harwood, when he (Levi Harwood) immediately fired the pistol at Mr. Hollest, [Holes] and I took the gold watch from off the stand in the room, and we all four then ran down stairs. We were in the room for about five minutes. Jones and Samuel Harwood then started for Guildford. After we had walked together across the commons about five miles, Levi Harwood and myself then parted from tien, [ten] and we went to Kingston together. There I left him to go to London, he having the things with him that had been taken from Mr. Hollest's, [Holes's] and I returned to Guildford. We arranged on the Tuesday previous to commit the robbery. On the Friday evening Samuel Harwouvd [Harwood] aud [and] Levi Harwood went first, and myself and Jones met them on the top of the hill, about two miles from Frimley. It was then about nine o'clock, and there the pistols were loaded by Levi Harwood, We all four went on to the canal canal bridge, and there parted. Levi Harwood and Jones went first, and myself and Samuel Harwood followed them in about five minutes, and then joined them on the green, near Mr. Hollest's [Holes's] house. As soon as Mr. Makepeace had concluded reading the document, Levi Harwood, in a half-stifled voice, ex- [exclaimed] claimed, It's false-what he said is all false Some further altercation ensued between the prisoners, which was immediately silenced by the Chairman, who told them that they might be allowed to see any person they wished to consult as a legal adviser, and remanded them to prison.-The prisoner Smith here asked enqui- [enquiry- enquiringly] ringly [singly Am I to be locked up again, six -The Chair- [Chairman] man Yes, certainly, and pray understand that the statement you have made is at present strong evidence against yourself. This reply appeared to take Smith by surprise--The Chairman then announced that the proceedings would be formally adjourned until Saturday (this day.) - The adjourned inquest upon the death of the Rev. Mr. Hollest, [Holes] incumbent of Frimley-grove, was resumed before Mr. Woods, the coroner, on Tuesday last. The prisoners were not present during the day. Mr. Keene, the governor of the House of Correction at Guildford, was then called, and repeated the evidence which he gave on Friday week before the magistrates. He added, that on Sunday last, while on his usual visit to Smith's cell, he said to him, Well, governor, how do you think I shall get on Witness replied, I really can't say; and added, Are you quite positive, in the statement you made, that Levi Harwood was the man who fired the pistol He replied Yes, I am positive of it. Moreover, on leaving the room, Levi Harwood said he hoped he had not killed Mr. Holilest. [Hostile] Superintendent Hollington, after corroborating, as on a former occasion, Mr. Keene's evidence with reference to Hiram Smith's confession, made the following addi- [add- additional] tional [national] statements -Three of the prisoners, he said, now in custody were taken by him on the night of Sunday, the 29th of September. On the morning of Saturday, having heard of the burglary, and that Mr. Hollest [Holes] had been shot, he made enquiries at Guildford about the prisoners, and ascertained that all of them had been absent from their homes on the night it occurred. He saw Jones in Guildford at midday on Saturday. When he took him, Smith, and Levi Harwood into custody he told them the crimes of which they were suspected, but they denied knowing anything about the matter. He said he had heard they were from home on Friday night, and asked them to account for where they had been Levi Harwood said he had been to Lon- [London] don. Smith said he was at home. Witness replied, At home which home Smith answered, You know. Witness then said, Do you mean the address you gave me a few wecks [weeks] ago at Merton Smith said Yes; and he added that he had applied for work near the Kingston station, where they were laying down iron pipes for waterworks, and that there he met a young man, with whom he agreed to go to the theatre. The statement of Jones was, that he went up on the Downs, overlooking Guildford, by the Wheatsheaf [Wheat sheaf] Inn, and set a few snares to catch rabbits. On searching the prisoners, he had found upon Levi Harwood two sovereigns, one shilling, and sixpence, a knife, a piece of printed paper, and part of a letter. On Jones he found a piece of linen cloth like a handkerchief, a bit of seal- [sealing] ing-wax, [wax] and a penny token. Upon Smith he found 2s. 6d., a tobacco-box, a piece of string, and a knife. While Levi Harwood wasat [West] the police-station, witness took from him a shirt bearing a stain upon the left arm, as if he had fallen upon wet gravel. On his right foot, also, witness found two or three pieces of skin torn off the great toe, and dry blood between the toes. The attention of the prisoner was called to this, but he denied that it was blood. In a table-drawer at his lodgings witness found a small marble. On the 2nd of October, having heard that a small box had been removed from Samuel Harwood's lodgings, he traced it out, and dis- [discovered] covered in it a cord jacket belonging, by bis own con- [confession] fession, [session] to Levi Harwood, anda [and] powder-flask. On the evening of the same day he apprehended Samuel Har- [Harwood] wood, at Stoke, near Guildford, but he denied having any knowledge of the affair. Witnessfound [Witness found] in his pockets 6d. and two penny pieces. He also took from his legs a pair of thick blue worsted stockings with the feet off, and the colour of which corresponded exactly with a small bit of woollen material found near the scene of the murder. The various articles thus referred to by the witness were produced by him in court, and he further stated that when upon the 4th of October he exhibited them to Mrs. Hollest [Holes] she at once identified the penny token. On the morning after taking the three prisoners into custody Levi Harwood told him that he had come down from London by the 8 p.m. train on the Saturday night. Witness was aware of this, and said so, to which wood replied, Then you know as much as I do. Everest, gamekeeper to Mr. Burrell, repeated his eyi- [eye- eye] dence [dene] before the magistrates, and in addition produced rm of centre-piece which had since been found by bun two or three fect [fact] from where the silver cup was discovered.-Mr. Adsett [Assert] and the high-constable also repeated their evidence before the magistrates. The last witness examined was Miss Caroline Bulpin, [Bullion] mistress of the national school at Frimley. She had been called as a witness before the magistrates at Guildford, but from the exclusion of reporters on that day her evi- [vi- evidence] dence [dene] has not hitherto been published. Her statement referred to the penny token already alluded to, which she said was given to her by a little girl named Mary Ann Smith, either on the 15th or 22d of last month, and on the same day handed over to Mrs. Hollest. [Holes] Witness observed the peculiar make of the coin, and on offering it to Mrs. Hollest [Holes] she said that it was a penny token. She also remarked that the image of George II. on one side had rather a long nose, and, referring to a dint in it, said that the face had not been treated with much respect. This evidence concluded the proceedings for the day, and at its close the inquiry was adjourned till Tuesday next. It was understood that the adjournment was de- [decided] cided [sided] on in order to test by every possible means the accuracy of Hiram Smith's confession. The Observer, of Sunday, supplies from an authentic source, the following particulars concerning Hiram Smith, who has made the above confession. It states that his real name is Trower, [Tower] though he was usually called Trowler. [Trawler] He was born in the Merton Road, Mitcham, and is twenty-four years old. His father was foreman in the silk printing mills on the banks of the river Wandle, [Candle] between Wimbledon and Merton. It was suspected by his employers that they were robbed of their silks in a wholesale way, and one West, a constable of Mitcham, having been set on the waic, [wait] he detected the father in the act of purloining the silk, and had him brought to trial, and sentenced to seven years' transportation. At the expiration of that period he settled in the colony, and did not return to England. This conviction occurred when the present prisoner was but four years old, and he, with two sisters, were reared by his mother, who supported herself and family by her earnings as a laundress. The prisoner appears to have assisted her until he was eighteen years old, when he went as potboy [pot boy] to Mr. Miles, of the Eagle Tap, Wandsworth, where he remained eight months; after which he was hanging about Merton for some time. He then joined a gang of tramping hawkers, and at the last spring assizes he, with two others, was tried at Win- [Winchester] chester for robbery. The others were convicted, and sentenced to transportation, but he was acquitted. Since that time he has not been seen about Merton or Mitcham. A few days ago a shabbily-dressed man called on his mother, representing himself as a lawyer, and said her son had sent him to ask her for money to con- [conduct] duct his defence. The mother replied that not long since it had cost her 16 to get him out of trouble, and she declined doivg [doing] more for him. This having occurred a couple days before the prisoner made his confession, appears to indicate that, on failing to obtain funds for defence, he resolved on trying his chance of obtaining pardon by confessing. Superintendent Biddlescombe has obtained a description of the party who asked the mother for money, and is also engaged to enquire as to the prisoner's character. - DESPERATE ATTEMPT TO MURDER A TAVERN-KEEPER AT BATH. On Thursday afternoon last, the city of Bath was thrown into a fearful state of excitement by a report that a man and his wife, residing in Barton-street, Queen-square, had been murdered by a foreigner. The report was to some extent exaggerated, but it is per- [perfectly] fectly [perfectly] correct. The landlord and landlady of the Qucen- [Queen- Censure] square Tavern, Mr. and Mrs. Coplestone, [Palestine] had been assaulted and dreadfully wounded with a razor by a man named Ogle Wallis. The ruffian is about fifty-seven years of age, and states that he is a native of Newcastle- [Newcastle] upon-Tyne, [Tyne] and that about twelve years ago he held a commission as cornet in the 12th Dragoons. It appears that Wallis has been lodging at the Queen-square Tavern for about the last month, and that he owed the greater part of his rent. He is understood to have gone to Bristol on Thursday morning, and returned to his lodg- [lodge- lodgings] ings about half-past four in the afternoon. When he came he told Coplestone, [Palestine] the landlord, that he was going to leave his house, and abused him very much. After this he went up stairs, and remained in his room about ten tainutes. [minutes] On his coming down, the landlord observing that he had his portmanteau with him, said he should not take his goods away till he had paid his rent. The prisoner then struck Coplestone, [Palestine] first with a stick, and almost immediately after pulled a razor from his pocket, with which he commenced a deadly assault, inflicting a severe wound on the back of the landlord's head; about six inches in length, and lacerating his hands and fingers in several places. A piece of skin, one inch and-a-half in length, cut from one of the landlord's fingers, was found by Smith, one of the detective police, adhering to the portmanteau, which had been thrown down in tke [the] struggle. Mrs. Coplestone, [Palestine] hearing the noise, went out to the assistance of her husband, who exclaimed, Gh, Ann, he's killing me. The ruffian then assailed the wife, inflicting a wound on the right side of her fore- [forehead] head, about one inch and a-half in Bnei, [Ben] a cut on the right cheek, about half an inch in depth, penetrating to the bone, and a severe cut on one of the fingers of the right hand. He then managed to escape from the house, but was followed, and apprehended in the imme- [Mme- immediate] diate [date] vicinity. When the prisoner was brought before the magistrates the court was crowded to excess, and a dense mob as- [assembled] sembled [assembled] in the market-place adjacent. Mrs. Coplestone, [Palestine] whose features were scarcely distinguishable by reason of the enormous straps of black plaster which covered them, was sufficiently recovered to attend and give evidence, but her husband lay at the hospital totally unfit for removal. She deposed chiefly to the facts already alleged, and her statement made a great sensa- [sensation] tion [ion] as she simply detailed the mode in which this most furious and dastardly outrage was committed. Her husband cried out He has murdered me; he has murdered me; and the blood was flowing in all directions, The portmanteau of the prisoner was searched, and was found to contain papers showing, that in 1848, Wallis lived in King-street, Covent Garden, and then came into possession of on the decease of his sister. There was also a dressing-case, from which a razor was deficient, and the prisoner accounts for having it about his person by s'ating [s'acting] that it required some repairs; but it is said, that the appearance of the razor with which the wounds were inflicted does not denote that any were needed. On his person upwards of 4 in cash was found. He stands remanded. - ee DECORATION OF THE BUILDING FOR THE EXHIBITION OF 1851, We understand that the Executive Committee on Satur' [Star] day week issued the following document - ON THE DECORATIONS FOR THE BUILDING. applications have already been made by intend- [intending] ing exhibitors to the Executive Committee for the privi- [privy- privilege] lege [Lee] of displaying pavements, parquetrie [parquetry] works, fountalns, [fountain] ceilings, and other similar objects in preparation for the Exhibition, as parts of the decorations of the building. The arrangements are now sufficiently matured to enable the Executive Committee to give the necessary in- [information] formation to parties who seek this privilege, and generally to consider any proposals of this kind which exhibitors may be desirous of submitting to them. The Executive Committee will, trom [from] time to time, make kaown [known] the progress of the works, and the class of decorations for which they will be prepared to grant the privilege of At the present time the Executive Committee beg leave to announce thai [that] they are prepared to receive offers from any intending exhibituis, [exhibits] whether native or foreign, for the exhibition of decorative ceilings, decorated iron railings, ornamental fountains, devorative [Decorative] works in scagliola, [surgical] coloured cements, and other materials for walls, &c. Wood carvers, modellers, decorators, &c., desirous of executing specimens of ornamental ceilings, either in wood- [woodwork] work, plaster, papier-mache [paper-make] or flat coloured decorations, are informed that, generally speaking, the spaces to be ap- [appropriated] propriated [appropriated] to ceilings will be surfaces of 24 feet square, or 576 superficial feet, which will be seen at an elevation of about 19 feet from the ground. The spaces which may be filled with scagliola, [surgical] cement, and other wall decorations, ih be 14 feet high, with semi-circular heads, and 8 feet wide. The height, width, and nature of the ornamental fountains proposed for exhibition should be specified by the parties wishing to send them. Parties wishing to exhibit decorated railings may ob- [obtain] tain the necessary information by applying to the Execu- [Exec- Executive] tive [tie] Committee. Any spaces allotted to exhibitors for theseclasses [these classes] of ob- [objects] jects [sects] will not be included in these allotments of space which may be made to them by any local committee. fore the Executive Committee can make an absolute guarantee of space in these cases, they would be glad to receive a com- [communication] munication [communication] direct from the parties themselves proposing to execute such works, stating the details of their character, accompanied with sketches sufficiently descriptive. All proposals must be forthwith submitted to the Executive Committee. ee THE Ricut [Cut] or ENTRY INTO A PLACE OF WorsHIP.- [Worship.- Worship] Mr. John Bridge has been charged before the Southwark magistrates with creating a disturbance in the Roman Catholic Chapel at Duckhead, [Duck head] by attempting to force his way in. It appears that two young ladies were to take the veil; Mr. Bridge applied to a Catholic bookseller for a ticket a shilling was demanded; Mr. Bridge would not pay this, and resolved to insist on his right to enter a public place of worship hence the fracas, Mr. Long was of opinion that the ceremony of 'taking the veil could not be considered as usual worship, and that therefore Mr. Bridge was not entitled to demand admiss [admission] ion but under the circumstances, the magistrate di custody. 9 agistrate [magistrate] discharged him from DousLE [Double] days ago some fishermen at oem [em] near Argentouil, [Agent] dragged from is the bodies man and woman, bound close ther [the] b pocket-handkerchiefs and cords. A eet [et] in th pockets of the man set forth that they committed sui- [su- suicide] cide [side] owing to the refusal of their parents to consent to their and beaged [begged] of those who might find them to cause them to be interred without any attempt to ascer- [ace- ascertain] tain who they The paper was sipned [signed] 'Joseph and attempts to discover the names and addresses of the unfortunate couple have failed.-French Spirit of the WPBubdlic [Public] LANCASHIRE PUBLIC SCHOOL ASSOCIATION. (Manohester [Manchester] Guardian. ) The approaching conference of the Lancashire Public School Association will recal [real] public attention to a great national want, and to one of the many schemes which have been projected for its diminution or absolute re- [removal] moval. [oval] In the presence of the facts which are open to every man's observation, it is unn [Inn] to show that he who lightly, or without sufficient inquiry, takes upon himself to oppose such a scheme, or even neglects, to the extent of his ability, to promote it, incurs a serious responsibility, both as a citizen and a Christian; nor need we be at greater pains to prove the converse pro- [proposition] position, that he who, under the guidance of his con- [conscience] science, lends co-operation to this work, confers a ser- [se- service] vice upon his fellow-countrymen and upon humanity, such as the social exigencies of our time scarcely allow to be surpassed. We admit with equal readiness, on the other side, that a conscientious conviction of evil tendencies and sinister designs, embodied in a project of education, renders hostility a virtue. All we ask to be admitted is, that indifference or blind bigoted con- [confidence] fidence [confidence] in the leadership of noisy denunciators, [denunciations] however pious and respectable, is no less culpable than moral cowardice; and we wish every body to approach the present discussion of the question with candour, with independence, and with resolution to take no other guides than the good s2nse [sense] and earnestness which they habitually apply to the common business of life. The thing to be done is to train the minds of a class of men now almost universally ignorant. This object at once subdivides itself into two great branches,--the training in religious truth, and the training in scientific and moral truth. The reason for this broad distinction being in the chief place that religious truth is specula- [special- speculative] tive, [tie] and has no generally admitted absolute standard of reference, while the truths of science and morals are, as far as our purpose is concerned, matter of agreement among all those who profess to have authority in those matters at all. There is, then, this important difference, that competent teachers of secular lore have no limit in human nature to the sphere of their exertions; while the professors of religious knowledge are necessarily circumscribed by the numbers of those who are, or wish to be, in accord with themselves on religious matters. For the attainment of onc-half [on-half] of our main object, a single system of instruction,-the repetition, in suffi- [suffer- sufficiently] ciently [cent] numerous forms, of one man-will amply suffice; while, for the completion of the other half, provision must be made in as many diverse directions as the infinite varieties of religious faith may dictate. The advocates of a secular system of national education believe that they see in this natural division of the objects of learning, a separation which may be advan- [advance- advantageously] tageously [gorgeously] maintained in practice. Like all men who have a great deal to do with small means, they desire to classify the work before them; and they conceive that the laws of the human mind have prescribed a method of classification ready to their hands. Having adopted this arrangement, they select for their own share of the general duty, that part which is able to be effected by uniform machinery, and with universal con- [consent] sent. They undertake to teach reading, writing, gram- [grammar] mar, arithmetic, geography, and such other secular information as may be deemed advisable. And they are the more easily reconciled to leaving the religious training of the people to other hands, by observing that we have an established church, and numerous bodies of inferior clergy, exclusively devoted to that duty, besides large and important educational agencies of which the dissemination of religious truth is the sole or chief object. To these professed teachers of religion, they only wish to abandon those departments of tuition which are excluded from their own sphere of operations by the conditions mentioned above. People who imper- [imperfectly] fectly [perfectly] understand their plan, often believe that this exclusion amounts to an entire negation of religious influences and aids. This is total if not wilful blind- [blindness] ness. The conditions only require those subjects to be dropped, in reference to which there exists no standard by which differences between men, equally honest and equally intelligent, can be satisfactorily settled; but there are many truths so far above speculation, that no sane man thinks of disputing them, and which yet have their sanction, if not their origin, in religion. All these come at once within the range which our new educa- [Edgar- educational] tional [national] company has assumed to itself. There is no fear of a conscientious doubt about them, and therefore one stereotyed [stereotyped] primer may, as far as they are concerned, suit the wants of all learners. In this way the Lanca- [Lance- Lancashire] shire Public School Association professes to inculcate a sacred regard to truth, justice, kindness, and forbear- [forbearance] ance, [once] temperance, industry, and frugality; and, inas- [ins- inasmuch] much as these virtues are clearly enjoined in the Scriptures, they promise to use the Scriptures for the purpose of exemplifying and enforcing them,-but for that purpose only,-as zealously and constantly as could be done by any other class of instructors. Here they pause; not because the entire work is done, but because their share of it is accomplished. They admit that the human being, trained by them without auxiliary instruction, must be imperfect. They do not profess to have exhausted the field afforded in the mind of asingle [single] child. They have no notion of superseding or obstructing the labours of other volunteers in the same field on the contrary, they look to the exertions of others as a necessary supplement to their own. But they will boast to have accomplished two or three things which cannot, they think, be so readily accomplished in any other way. They will have filled up an hiatus in the education of the people, which seems very likely to be neglected in the ardour with which the inculcation of theological tenets, and the making of proselytes, are pursued they will have so exercised the faculties of their pupils, that their picty [pity] may be intelligent as well as devoted and they will, by relieving the ministers of religion of the unsuitable duties,now often imposed on them, have doubled the appliances now in existence for the religious cultivation of the people. It seems to them that this isa great deal that it is directly a vast service to human happiness and social order and, indi- [India- indirectly] rectly, [directly] no inconsiderable service to the interests of reli- [deli- religion] gion. [Gin] Amid the failure of most of the well-meant edu- [ed- educational] cational [national] efforts set on foot, the partial success of others, and the growing demand for a more successful system, they can see no better expedient than this; and they confidently conclude that if it, or some similar plan, does not meet the emergency, then does the nature of the evil afford no clue to the remedy required; and unless a miracle intervene, we may expect to stumble on in our blind untutored course, until we fall over the next precipice which Providence may cast across our national path. - THE GATEWAY OF THE OCEANS. (From the Spectator.) The forcing of the barrier which, for three hundred years, has defied and imperilled the commerce of the world, seems now an event at hand. One half of the contract for the junction of the Atlantic and Pacifie, [Pacific] obtained from the state of Nicaragua last year by the romptitude [promptitude] of the Americans, is to be held at the op- [option] ion of English capitalsis; [capitalist] and an understanding is ab length announced, that if the contemplated ship canal can be constructed on conditions that shall leave no un- [uncertainty] certainty as to the profitableness of the enterprize, [enterprise] it is to be carried forward with the influence of our highest mercantile firms. The necessary surveys have been actually commenced; and as a temporary route is at the same time being opened, an amount of information is likely soon to be collected which will familiarise us with each point regarding the capabilities of the entire region. It is understood, moreover, that when the canal surveys shall be completed, they are to be submitted to the rigid scrutiny of government engineers both in England and the United States; so that before the public can be called upon to consider the expediency of embarking in the undertaking, every doubt in connection with it, as far as practical minds are concerned, will have becn [been] removed. The immediate steps now in course of adoption may be explained in a few words. At present the transit across the Isthmus of Panama occupies four days, and its inconveniences and dangers are notorious. At Ni- [Nicaragua] caragua, [Nicaragua] it is represented, the transit may possibly be effected in one day, and this by a continuous steam route, with the exception of fifteen miles by mule or omnibus. The passage would be up the San Juan, across Lake Nicaragua to the town of that name, and thence to the port of San Juan del [de] Sur [Sir] on the Pacific. On arriving at this terminus (which is considerably south of the one contemplated for the permanent canal, namely, Realejo), [Real] the passenger would find himself some six or seven hundred miles nearer to California than if he had crossed at the Isthmus of Panama; and as the rate of speed of the American steamers on this service is up- [upwards] wards of three hundred miles a day, his saving of three days in crossing, coupled with the saving in sea distance, would be equivalent to a total of fifteen hundred miles, measured in relation to what is accomplished by those vessels, A lower charge for the transit, and a compa- [company- comparatively] ratively [relatively] healthy climate, are also additional inducements; and under these circumstances, anticipations are enter- [entertained] tained [gained] that the great tide of traffic will be turned in the new direction. This tide, according to the last accounts from Panama, was kept up at the rate of 70,000 persons a year; and it was expected to increase. The navigability of the San Juan, however, in its pre- [present] sent state, remains yet to be tested. The American company who have obtained the privilege of the route have sent down two vessels of light draught, the Nica- [Nic- Nicaragua] ragua [rag] and the Director, for the purpose of forthwith placing the matter beyond doubt. At the last date, the Director had safely crossed the bar at its mouth, and was preparing to ascend. The Nicaragua had previously gone up the Colorado, a branch river, where, it is said, through the carelessnes [carelessness] of her engineer, she had run aground upon a sandbank, though without sustaining any damage. The next accounts will possess great interest. Whatever may be the real capabilities of the river, accidents and delays must be anticipated in the first trial of a new method of navigating it even in our own river, the Thames, the first steamer could scarcely have been ex- [expected] pected [expected] to make a trip from London Bridge to Rich- [Richmond] mond [mind] without some mi suc- [such- such] present experiment show any clear indications of cess, there will be reasonable ground for congratulation; mishap. Should, therefore, the If the results of this temporary Gout Sood [Good] the expectations it seems to ae y doubt the completion of the canal w menced [mended] with ardour. Supposin [Supposing] show a cost not exceeding there is reason to believe, be eet [et] public have at any time been, acenston, [ascending] oe There is also the fact that the in, can know no limit so long as the oun, [on] OF these shall increase; and, indeed, alrent [rental] of force as to lead them to questiun [question] j the - have been granted are not of a king favourable that they will sooner or by the state of Nicaragua. Ny such exists; as the company are oar, 'fan session of all their rights by the bean. which has been ratified between Gan, [An, 2 United States. mat Berra One most important sign in fax, bur af 3 pletion [portion] of the ship-canal is now farm) ) stance, that there are no rival route cheap wooden railway is to be prove serviceable for much Namnews, [Names] Peru and Chili; but the proje [prose] has been entirely given up. The ci Tehuantepec, [Turnpike] where the difficulties ae at Panama. It is true, the question naturaj y [natural y] an exploration were made of othe [the] America, or New Grenada, some discovered which might admit of the o a canal even ata [at] less cost than wil be ret Nicaragua. But ina matter which .... merce [mere] of the whole world for ages, thers [there] tee os to be considered besides mere heann Hanna] who have studied the advantaye [advantage] 7 Sie [Sir] ee that enough is known of the whule [while] and south of that state. to establic, [stables] possesses intrinsic capabilities essential -,, of the entire work, which are not... quarter, and for the absence of which , immediate sum would compe sate. [come sate] , it is noaror [nearer] to California by several hunite) [Hunter] any other route that could be ,; Tehuantepec; [Turnpike] while, at the ame [me] iy. - as duly to combine the interests both southern countries of the Pacific. tains [trains] two magnificent natural decks whim. in the world might refresh and reiit, [riot] T in natural products of all paratively [positively] well peopled. Fourthly , perature [premature] which is relatively mild, w parts undoubtedly healthy; and nal [al] in the Pacific, which, to use the wor. [or] book on Centrai [Central] America. is as suo [so] a pe known world, and decidedly mouth, Rio de Janeiro. Port Jackson, Tym. and Guayaquil. The proximity to settles the question as to American n., bora [Boar] it may be believed, would certain 9 any route further south, and wloch, [Loch] ec contemplate the undertaking, At the same time, however, it mun- [mines] Se if any body of persons would adops [adopt] set by the American company, anid [and] of any new route at their own -p entitled to every consideration, anil [ail] p tors of the community, whatever mich [much] their endeavours. There are none who an ,. the enterprise, either directly or 4 it will not shed honour. That honour. distant. The progress of the work will us first time in a direct manner the wo upon whose mutual friendship the welius. [Wells] depends; and its completion will commerce more extensive an bene [been] has yet occurred, and which may be witnessed by many who even now ORIGINAL ESSAYS. NO. I HISTORY OF A NEEDLE I was manufactured at aml [am] wth [with] four of my size was enclosed in 2 neat nackes [necks] forwarded to a large dealer in Ox'ort- creer. [Ox'or- career] and after remaining a short period on hs she selected by a fashionable miulliner, [milliner] and sent te End. In less than a fortmght [fortnight] I was 'uae [use] her apprentices, an interesting creature young lady had been nursed in at delicacy at her command but, indulgences, her infant mind bad under the able tuition of an aif [if] Searcely [Scarcely] had the sun of happiness thle [the] oe to womanhood than the shades of ex She was left an orphan in her Sfteenth [Seventh] father was a military officer of spit a bravery, but his unruly temper enor [nor] co quarrel, One morning as he Was uu accosted a brother officer in so abrupt 'une, [one] ust st] words ensued, and a challenge te was - accepted. The following mormnry [memory] they mes ment, [men] ui Chalk-farm, when our cer [er] bs antagonist's ball-was curt home ies [is] The su-idenness [su-idleness] of the shock was to able and afect'onate [effect'nate] wife. She shriek her reason fled After tae [tea] 'unemu [enemy] been performed over her husbanl. [husband] siv [si] was a private asylum, where every attenmvu [attentive] it ss could suggest, or merical [medical] skill presertie [preserve] were her restoration; but alas' wit ur stroke had done its work- [work the] the mud balance-leaving her a Ly ts sa. tinued [continued] several weeks, exclaiming ao nits husband-my husband where ss tie So husband The officer's meome [meme] and having, unfortunately for bis cus. [us] his means, his effects were seizedt [seized] by us his daughter thrown upon the work. she fell back upon me for supp . industry to slavish VS her fingers, except during the short 44 sleep and refreshment. I was Ser [Se] and, at intervals, when her mind [C] it was painful to listen to her sighs. [C] Be tion [ion] in a close and ill-ventilated upon her delicate frame-she sew On one occasion she was so dress for a lady of title, that the arts without thinking of me. Throt [Throat] my services, for the same ev large mansion in specting [inspecting] her ladyship's new dress. ling in one of the folds, when she and, after clancing [cleansing] hastily at ty me in a fancy work-box. I had this state of mertmess, [metres] when the my services. These services, however renewed, and as frequently differed widely from the one I bad desire of my present possessor fur quent [Queen] contemplativn [contemplation] of ber [be] mirror, that I was never lung at wors. [works] ease af the lady had so miected [directed] Jer [Her] fashion of one day was suc [such] next. From the coquettish lady 2600 W] to an accomplisied [accomplished] but unfortinat [unfortunate] amiable woman had been recently ret to poverty. Her husband had beet chant, and had retired from business with a splendid fortune. The yoor [your] Gt [C] was one of railway speculation, -priests and parsons, were eat ments, [rents] The mania drew her -he speculated and was ruined to escape the gripe, when 3s preyed so heavily upon his mind as nun relief in suicide. His much-injures [C] widow was compelled to quit her miss her attendants. She retiret [retire] '0 [7 fronting Edgeware-road, and having ance, [once] she employs me in making tp whom a few short years ago she and sustained with her bounty. A Puri [Pure] or tHe [the] HroDess. [Rhodes] MELANCHOLY Bo wreck was made known on Tuesday. . received from Captain dated Quebec, October 6. The . follow -On the 13th of last month, WV the evening, when the Solway was oe ger' i longitude 4Udeg. [deg] 7sec., [sec] a wreck bow, and the master, perceiving 3 28H [H] bore up with all expedition to rem' proved to be the George Lockwuut [Lockwood] an had apparently lost ail hands, exceP [except] ana. ' lashed to the tafrail, [trial] and a corpse to the lower part of the wreck. mmews [mews] getting within reach her beats were et at i though the sea was running ews [es] making a clear breach over the to take off the unfortunate spelt almost dead and insensible. They O there was no other living person v he wilt hull and cabins were full of water - carefully attended to and food a day or so he sufficiently account of the wreck. It appeered [appeared] the 8th while the vessel was wins aloft, except the master and bey. 58 . sea struck the ship, throwing her sweeping away bowsprit, bulwarss [bulwarks] galley, and part of her broadside. a disappeared amongst the wreck, 20 0 mse [me] ward, Those who were aloft were rng [ng] an only contrived to keep hold of the HST yw again, but on the 9th one of tc hen board and disappeared. The ne ile selves to the iron bar on the tafrail, [trial] Que vt De till the 13th without food or Water ser. [se] Of the eS are fc Pes [Peas] MSOs [Moss] oes [ors] r paints FORTE xm -ORce [Once] rr Je Soy wah [was] Outer ith [it] a aa were We I ecu im [in] ele [Lee] , ouL [our] gitwitt [twit] om ner [ne] Dest [Des] seamen The nest wer [we] the Selway [Always] [C] about two hours before his survivor was the mate of the - Jarvis. REGISTRATION OF paper was printed, showing that . prune, i Of entitled vo vote iB the en a serve in parliament for count . d, and 1,166 50. 12s. In Lancaster gap On alone 21,080 ta. 112. by Lieutenant Bailey, the Prospect op mater ' 't for a et for canal x and it forms so important a chaps han... en rise, that all must the Risto, [Riots] rate, t there won ais, to accrue appears to have struck Ha ikea [ike] og ie SMaranteed [Stranded] nh che eeu [eu] 8s 7 George Mookman [Workman] then expired. me oe