Huddersfield Chronicle (26/Oct/1850) - page 5

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Se a eel evi. [vi] he my [C] Oth, [Oh] a ea --, Woman FOUND DROWNED.-On Monday . THE HUDDERSIFELD [HUDDERSFIELD] CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1850. 5 4 Yous body of a young woman, aged 19, named ning [nine] ee to Mr. John Day of Mold , Mary ee out of the Huddersfield and Manchester Canal, oa taken d of Clegg-lane, in a lifeless state, and conveyed eset [set] d Hotel, where an inquest was held over it on to ti ', afternoon by George Dyson, Esq., coroner, and a quests jury, of which Mr. James Armytage, surveyor, sn oe The following facts were elicited on the 35 the Mary Chambers (the deceased) had been in the eq fr. Day about 8 months and had conducted her- [hers] gers [hers] only well until Saturday night, when she remained galf [half] Uy palf-past [pale-past] ten o'clock, and was told by Mrs, Day at with ast [at] be in sooner, as they always wished to have shat [that] she ae ed at ten o'clock. She left Mr. Day's on the evening about six o'clock, it was thought to sunday [Sunday] cu, but as it has since turned out, went to meet go 10 Cae [Car] named Friend Hallas, with whom she had a you's pany [any] for the last three weeks. They went to- [Sept] sept [C] to Dalton, thence to Dalton Bank, and called at a gether [ether] the latter place, where they stayed until after ten, how hon walked towards home and parted good friends Oke [One] Green Cross Inn, the young man going home, and neat ang Woman going towards Mr. Day's. he gs, however, Spoken to by a young man named East- [Easts] spe [se] the top of Mold-green, who, perceiving that she oot [not] wards Huddersfield, observed that that was not her nee gare [are] She made no reply, but continued her wa way fold-green, and was not afterwards heard of until dom morning. Aman [Man] named Thomas Beaumont was Mon fom [from] Lockwood, on the banks of the Hud- [HUD- Documents] comnts [comments] 5 and Manchester Canal, about a quarter after on Monday morning, and on reaching the at the end of Clegg-lane, saw a bonnet on the tow- [two] we an under the bridge, and a parasol reared against the ing war it. He went to the place, and under the bonnet ba visite, [visit] handkerchief, gloves, shoes, a a few ues. [use] Je articles of female attire, the shoes being placed othe [the] her with the heels towards the water. On Seeing toe Beaumont looked hastily round to see if he could be these assistance to any one in the canal, but as he could of a hi naz, [na] and had to be at his work early, he went to a door ot Mr. Greenwood, canal superintendent, residing the the bridge, called Mr. Greenwood up, told him his an and gave him the clothes. Mr. Greenwood sis) ty tke [the] watchman to ascertain whether any boat had welt uring ring] the night, and finding there had not, he sent jas [as] to the police, and got his irons to search vor [or] apa). [ap] Having raked under the bridge where the the had been discovered and found nothing, as dav- [da- wavelets] elutes anced [and] he went a little further down, and saw on ues [use] side to which he was standing the body of a ne floating on the surface, immediately under ve of the small gardens. She was drawn to the je, taxen [taken] out, and conveyed to the above hotel, having ae her stays tightly laced, and her under clothing and At the inquest Mrs. Day was examined, and Fried Hallas, with whom the deceased had spent the Eastwood, the young man who saw her last ont quer. [queer] Mold-green, and J oseph [Joseph] Chambers, her father, J of whom spoke to her uniform cheerfulness and good tamer, none of them ever having seen the slightest evidence of spirits. or other sign that could lead them she contemplated self-destruction. Hallasstated [hesitated] sat on parting with her she seemed to be as lively and in cour [our] 'spirits as ever he had known her. The jury also Thomas Beaumont, Edward Greenwood, and Wood, but their evidence only related to the Verdict found drowned without or varefully [carefully] straightened and folded up, a dark colored [coloured] exainll [explain] ae i we of the body. arks of violence. A PatRiciaN.-On [Parisian.-On] Tuesday, at the Guildhall, Wr. ifcllawell, [Hellawell] solicitor, appeared in support of a charge refered [referred] ayainst [against] four boys, from ten to fourteen years of ar, from Kirkheacon, [Kirkheaton] named George Sheard, John Row- [Ration] ition. [edition] Thomas Rvebottom, [Bottom] and Richard Stokes, by William Sanelific. [Scientific] Exq., [Ex] consort of Lady Stancliffe, of Broad Oaks, huvinis. [havens] it was alleged, assaulted the said Mr. Stancliffe, fe, brother, and sister, on the night of the 13th inst., (Mr. Stancliffe) was driving his wife, brother, and in his phactun, [phaeton] in the neighbourhood of his father's in at Kirkheaton. The alleged assault consisted of shouting and throwing a stone, which very nearly scraped with Mr. Stancliffe's hat, and caused a sud- [sid- sudden] den tult [ult] in the phaeton's progress, and the rapid descent of the brother of Mr. Staneliffe [Stanley] to ascertain whence those strange noises and that audacious stone proceeded. After aquick [quick] run and much anxiety, the poor little fellow, Sheard, yas [as] captured, and after making a faint resistance admitted that the three lads named in the summons had been stand- [standing] iny [in] with him at Lathe End, when Mr Stancliffe's phaeton passed. The night was so dark that those in the phaeton were Mable from what forms the uncouth sounds of Suaight Sight] up, bang down, smack smooth, and no mis- [is- mistake] take. proceeded but the spell was so potent as to almost cause a in the movement of the party, and when the whizz of a stone was added to the juvenile chorus, the loeiuotion [Lotion] of the carriage was entirely suspended. It was sudurk [Durker] that the party could not see, but fortunately Mr. Stuncliffe [Stancliffe] had ears, and recognised the thin small voice of George Sheard singing Straight up, bang down, smack smovti, [soft] and a favourite phrase of Jack Brag's, aud [and] one which Mr. 8. is said to be fond of using, but it sees even Mr, Stancliffe may have too much of a good thiay. [they] A summons was taken out, and the small party appeared before Juseph [Joseph] Brook, Esq., at the Guildhall, on Tue-das. [Tue-as] under the guardianship of Mr. J. I. Freeman, to wom [whom] Mr. 8. confessed that the boys had not called out neither Prince Albert nor 'Lord George Bentinck, [Incumbent] nuhienen [hygiene] to Whom he is said to beara [bear] striking resemblance. There was no case avainst [against] the two Rowbottoms, [Roberts] and they were accordingly told to stand down until the quality of W√©rey [Were] Was mctud [mated] out to their companions. Mr. Hellawell stated that his client did not wish for a penalty to be im- [in- imposed] posed Int merely ior [or] protection and if the boys would pay tle [te] and promise not to annoy Mr. Stancliffe again, swuld [would] be pertectly [perfectly] satisfied. o thie [the] Mr. Freeman and alter the boys had received a suitable repri- [repair- repairing] ni Mr. Brook, aud [and] a promise of severe punishment 'v oended [ended] in like manner in future, the little fellows if the gully jett [jet] the court. 1' NEW-STREET.-Shortly before two o'clock yester- [yesterday] day one of the night watchmen, whilst on his beat ib New -strect, [street] observed smoke issuing from the boiler- [boiler] tw of Messrs. Schotield's [Schofield's] factory. Information was im- [in- immediately] conveyed to the police-office, and Mr. Superin- [Superior- Superintendent] talent Thomas at once proceeded to the spot. An en- [entrance] tunce [tune] was furced [forced] into the premises, when it was discovered Cal a quantity of Scotch waste, which had been placed ser [se] tee boiler to dry, had ignited, and was just bursting iw a blaze. By the active exertions of the police the fie was very soon subdued, and before any material had been committed. HAMEFUL [SHAMEFUL] NEGLECT OF SANITARY ARRANGEMENTS.- [ARRANGEMENTS] tie examination ofa [of] charge of assault committed by upon Esther Sterling, residing in Barnard yard, some not very creditable disclosures weremade [we remade] the sanitory [sanitary] state of this property. From the uf [of] Whitehead it appears there are thirty houses in the inhabitants of twenty-six of which have but one furtheirwater [furtherance] supply, the other four having private 's. As a natural consequence of this scarcity of the us'vr obtaining a supply of this essential requisite, the ut unfrequently [frequently] becomes a scene of disorder and con- [con rising] rising from the whole of the inhabitants-more par- [Prater] uiterthe [teeth] water has been stopped-requiring waterat [water] time. An instance f this nature occurred on the - when the press for water (it being about tea time) ue excessively annoying, and, to those whose tempers hot over equal, very irritating. High words very i arose amongst some of the waiters in anxious disputa- [dispute- disputed] 'about their turns, and ended in an artificial shower hae [he] 'us administered in one or two cases. The quarrel een en] Mrs. Sterling and Whitehead was considered suf- [su- aggravated] geravated aggravated] as to come before the magistrates. Go, Ue appeared to be equally divided, and the 1s Was dismissed-and we shall be glad to hear ot the ye Way dismissed also. , BURY.-This was a new trial granted on that the defendant had been summoned on a i court day, as joint partner with two persons of the o Haigh and Crowther, but had no connection with og ues [use] whose instruction the goods had Pichacd [Picked] fy. ve vewsdury, [Dewsbury] appeared for the Kyat [Kate 4nd [and] Mr. Clay for the defendant. The action mt 'o recover the sui [su] of 20, the cost of a certain rag Machine, purchased by Mr. Chadwick, of Batley iret [ire] The de'en 'ant acknowledged having gone with Ka ae purchase this nachine, [machine] but denied taking any ans the transaction. He had also gone once or twice vt When in work, though he maintained he had no 'im [in] the matter beyond a looker on. Haigh was and swore that Bury was a partner along with Crowther, and fully agreed to the purchase of Verdiet [Verdict] fur the plaintiff. Soe [Se] ag ting SD OTHERS v. SHAW -The plaintiffs in this to recover the sum of 24 7s. 8d. The case by Mr. Hellawell, and defended by Mr. J. I. Sup ti he defendant's attorney applied for a commis- [comms- commissary] Wag ie oe appearance of a material witness, who be had he the United States. His honour intimated that ie the power to issue such a commission. It ap- [pads] sd dome the year 1845 the plaintiffs were in partner- [partnership] & certain premises known as Aspley Mills, thoes [those] during Manufacturers. The defendaut [defendant] at sundry Closing sys [says] Year had forwarded wool to be spun, and 47s. S's] 59 account there remained the balance of May ment [men] of t ite [it] from him. It was sought to prove the sums of a cbt [ct] in different accounts, and receipts for tte [te] Maint [Main] L2S-and [LS-and] 2 3s were received. Verdict for Steet [Street] for the balance. Fer he an OrueRs [Orders] ev. Swirt.-The [Swift.-The] plaintiffs in this case eS as in the previous action. The case was eater Mr. Hellawell and opposed by Mr. Lead- [Leaders] that the defendant in the year 1847 Sy 'tenant of the plaintiffs, for room and power in te Ng ay at arental [rental] of 240 per annum. After being tis is] te fer afew [few] months some unpleasantness aruse [arise] ie Gace [Grace] plaintiffs and the landlord, in consequence of Uy uyq [buy] 3 of occupation was closed very prema- [prem- promise] See ty bet bercmuptorily. [peremptorily] No settlement had yet been 2 the parties, and this action was now brought #5 Ls, Ge the sun of 14 9s. 3d., for rental; and 15, and ee oe T work and labour done making a total ' a written this it was objected that the agreement be ee n one, but not being on a stamp it could for renter as evidence, and therefore that the walie [wale] must be struck off. His honour ruled the Me A set-off in the character ot damage from Stoppage of the machinery was overruled as ' fry within the meaning of the terms. The defend- [defended] gp COutended [Contended] that he had only burned gas over a by ie OF tivo [tv] h ' Of ous [us] undred [hundred] and two hours, consuming 28,680 crit. [crt] 2 foot, amounting in the total to 7 2s. 6d. Questioned. After patiently weighing fq his honour gave a verdict for the plaintiff for ti u (; I t Ke 4. We the Siler [Silver] 9 Yu tee oy x See AWKING [WAKING] yy. ie Juten [June] WITHOUT LiceNsE.-On [License.-On] Thursday last, Polish Jew, was charged at the Guild- [Disgust] dist, Brook, Esq., by Mr. Joseph Brook, vt, gone on Westgate, with having on the 23rd aa aud [and] meee [mere] house to house hawking certain goods, ig a rchandise, merchandise] to wit, certain jewellery, combs, ba Was not ticles, tiles] not having a hawker's license. Gute- [Gate- Gutter] 'ter [te] yt able to speak English and required an inter- [integrity] ita, [it] Ste INFORMATION AGAIN ST Saturday last, Bf, A LicENsED [Licensed] VicTUALLER.-On [Victualler.-On] William Cowell, landlord of the Boot and Shoe Inn, New Street, in this town, was charped' [Chapped] before le presiding magistrates, by ni ht-watchman Patridge, [Partridge] with keeping his hous [house] ; hour of Coote [Cote] o'clock Pn Se the sale of liquor after the I night of Sa the 12th Seen appeared that Patridge [Partridge] was on duty in New passing the Boot and Shoe, about twelve O'clock, heard a noise as of conversation, which induced the door, and finding it fast, to claim admission. be fo 2 ee delay the door was opened, but nobody could ound. [fund] Shortly before one o'clock the watchman's he were again excited, and on entering the house tw found two or three customers, and an empty glass or wo, with a sugar basin, on the bar-table. Mr. Cowell, in reply to the charge, denied that he had filled after twelve hee [her] and said, that the gentlemen found in the house been transacting some 'business with a commercial traveller, and having entered warmly into a discussion, were desirous of pursuing it to the end, and not being aware of doing an r hing wrong, he had allowed them to do ee id not consider the charge proved, and ANOTHER PUBLICAN IN TROUBLE.- [TROUBLE] examined was a charge against Mr. Moses Sharp edn [end] of the pita et Cloth Hall Street, preferred by Sergeant Sedgwic [Sedgwick] 2 tor having company in his house drinkin [drinking] between the hours of twelve and one on Saturday night entering the house Sedgwick found all the rooms empty, but on searching the yard he discovered three persons trying to hide themselves, and there being no or egress to or from the street but through the Peis [Pies] he at once concluded they had been drinking, and ad gone there to be out of the way. The offence was ocknowledged, [acknowledged] and a small penalty of 5s. and expenses A RatHer [Rather] SusPicious [Suspicious] AFFAIR.-A young Irishman, pamed [named] James Miller, was placed in the dock at the Guild- [Guildhall] all, on Saturday last, charged with being found on the Premis s [Premise s] of Messig, [Message] Armitage Brothers, merchants, for an ulegal [legal] purpose. The charge was laid by John Nicholls, warehouseman to Messrs. Armitage Brothers, who deposed that on Friday morning, on proceeding to open the ware- [warehouse] house and offices in New-street, about eight o'clock, he found the prisoner lying under a table in one of the ante- [anterooms] rooms, who, on being questioned as to his business there, replied that observing the door open on passing the pre- [previous] vious [pious] night, about seven he had merely taken shelter, and was not there for the purpose of stealing or anything of the kind. The warehouseman, not crediting the latter part of the story, gave him into custody. In- [Inspector] spector [inspector] Townend said his attention had been directed to the prisoner as a suspicious character on Thursday morning and he had in consequence taken particular notice of him. The prisoner repeated his story, and asserted that he did Dot come me torn poll Thursday night. The bench were not sa with the explanation, and committ [committee] i to Wakefield for one month. P him Puslic [Public] House AFFRay.- [Affray.- Affray] Michael Gaven, [Gave] an Irish labourer, and one of the residents of Little Ireland, was on Saturday last, charged by the landlady of the Crescent Inn, High-street, with committing an assault upon her on the night of the 14th inst. From the evidence it appeared, that the Crescent had been more than usually jolly on the 14th, [the] in consequence of the celebration of one or two matri- [mari- matrimonial] monial [manual] alliances, and being naturally anxious to join in the festivities of such an interesting occasion, Gaven [Gave] had ob truded [trusted] himself amongst the company. The drink passed freely, and in time Michael began to expand into a hero, and being suddenly seized with one of the ebullitions [ebullition] of ambition, he laid about him right and left. Mrs. Scholes felt called upon to interfere, andin [Indian] doing so she received a severe blow on the head. The prisoner denied the charge, but was convicted in the penalty of 10s. and expenses, or fourteen days imprisonment.-A second charge was pre- [preferred] ferred [erred] against Gaven [Gave] by a tailor, named William Richard- [Richardson] son, for an assault on the same occasion. William had been induced to form one of the nuptial party, and during the evening had been so fascinated with the performances of two hurdy [Hardy] gurdy [guard] girls, as to perform sundry most extra- [extraordinary] ordinary feats under the denomination of double shuffle, and other accomplishments common to the penny dance room. In the height of his enjoyment he came under the influence of Michael's fists, and soon found himself spraw- [straw- sprawling] ling on the floor. As in the previous charge, it was denied, but the bench considering the case proved, inflicted the penalty of 10s. and costs, or fourteen days' imprisonment. A CasTLEGATE [Castlegate] Row.-This interesting locality is so fre- [re- frequently] quently [frequently] the scene of Irish emeutes, [mutes] that there is seldom a court day but some of its denizens appear in the capacity of plaintiff or detendant. [defendant] On Saturday last, at the Guild- [Guildhall] hall, the complainant was Richard Roach, who preferred a charge of unprovoked assault against a well-known cha- [character] racter [Carter] named Richard Sluter. [Slater] Roach said that, about five o'clock, on the 16th, [the] he was standing at the end of Windsor-court, when Slater came up and asked if he would fight. He declined the honour, when, to his astonishment, Dick began to use his pugilistie [pugilistic] powers to a most un- [unpleasant] pleasant extent, and soon placed him hors de combat. The evidence, as is customary in disturbances from these localities, was flatly contradictory, and, in consequence, the case was discharged.-Another complainant appeared, under the name of Michael Tannan, [Tannin] for asimilar offence, on the same evening. Michael had been more careful in select- [selecting] ing his witnesses, and had summoned Mr. Thomas Duffy, a respectable beerhouse-keeper, [beer house-keeper] who positively swore to the assault, describing Slater as being more like a madman than anything else on the occasion. The evidence, of course, as regards number, was sufficient on both sides; but, as regards quality, the compiainant [complainant] had the advan- [advance- advantage] tage, [age] and Slater was, therefore, tined [lined] 4s. and expenses. oi EXTENSIVE ROBBERIES.-At the Hull Borough Sessions on Monday, three men, named Michael Mawson, William Longbottom, and Richard Pinder, were tried on a charge of stealing a quantity of damask, silk, woollen and pilot cloth, cugar, [sugar] proporty [property] of various descriptions, belong- [belonging] ing tothe [tithe] York and North Midland Kauway [Away] Cumpany. [Company] Ail three prisoners were formerly in the service of the com- [company] pany, [any] ator [tor] near the Staddlethorpe [Stealth] station, between Hull and Selby, where the goods trains stop to take in water. Mawson was in the receipt of 14s. a week, and was dis- [discharged] charged in 1849; Longbottom was a guager, [gauge] and Pinder a plate-layer. It appeared that in the jan 1847 and 1848 the company have been called on to discharge nume- [name- numerous] rous [sour] claims for goods lost on the railway, amounting altogether, it is stated, to nearly 1,000. Every des- [description] cription [eruption] of merchandise has been, at one period or the other, abstracted from the goods trains, and no clue to the manner of their disappearance had been discovered up to within a few months since. In May last, however, the prisoner Mawson made a confession to several persons, the substance of which was that he had assisted Longbottom to steal goods off the railway; that this prisoner had got into the carriages, and had thrown down sacks and parcels, which he (Mawson) had afterwards assisted in carrying into Longbottom's house. He produced also a scarf, made, as he said, from silk given him by Longbottom ; and a quantity of flannel, knots of tape, a silk dress, and other articles were found at his lodgings. The prisoner added that the quantity of flour given him by Longbottom, and which was the produce of the robberies, was so great that he had never bought more than two or three stone for his own use all the time he was on the line. In Longbottom's house two pieces of green and gold union damask were found, corresponding with several other ieces, [pieces] amounting in the whole to forty-seven yards, lost in 1847, whilst being forwarded from Halifax to Hull The damask was identified as forming a portion of that stolen, and a witness was enabled tu swear toit [toot] as being of ashade [shade] of green and gold, which could never be attained in two arcels [parcels] dyed at different times. It was proved against Pinder that he had a bed hung with similar damask, and that about the time Longbottom was apprehended these hangings were removed and others substituted. Various suspicious facts were adduced in evidence by Mr. Thompson and Mr. Hunter, counsel for the pros - cution, [caution] and after addresses from Mr. Dearsly [Dearly] and Mr. Seymour, by whom the prisoners were defended, Long- [Longbottom] bottom and Mawson were found guilty, and the other prisoner was acquitted. The case lasted the whole day, and more than thirty wore cxamined. [examined] At the of the sessions on Tnesday, [Tuesday] the Recorder, Mr. Grainger, sentenced Longbottom to 18, and Mawson to six months' imprisonment, with hard labour. At the Hull Police Court on Tuesday morning, a sister-in-law of Pinder, named Harriet Jackson, who appeared as witness in the case against the prisoner, was committed for trial at the next York Assizes for perjury. She had sworn, in giving evidence, that she had never worn a crimson and black silk striped dress, of a pattern similar to that of some silk which had been stolen, while, on the contrary, it was now proved distinctly that she had worn such a garment-the dress, in fact, being found in the house of her brother- [brother] in-law. [law] DEATH OF THE Provost oF K1nG's [King's] CoLLEGE, [College] CAMARIDGE. [CAMBRIDGE] -Intelligence was received at Cambridge, on Monday, of the decease, at his residence in Wimpole-street, Cavendish- [Cavendishsquare] square, of the Rev. G. Thackeray, D.D., F.L.S., Provost of King's College, at the age of 73 years. Dr. Thackeray was born at Harrow, in 1777. His grandfather was head- [headmaster] master of Harrow School, and his father became an eminent physician, and removed to Windsor, where he was the favorite [favourite] attendent [attended] on George III. The late Dr. Thackeray was entered at Eton, where he speedily acquired distinc- [distinct- distinction] tion, [ion] and in due time proceeded to King's College Here he was created B.A. in 1802, M.A. in 18U5, [U] and in the same year he was made a fellow of the college. He was shortly afterwards appointed one of the assistant-masters of Eton, where he continued until he was appointed, in 1814, Provost of King's College, on the decease of Dr. Sumner. He was created B.D in 1813, and D.D. in 1814, (by royal mandate,) on his election to the provostship, and served the office of Vice-chancellor of the University the same year. Dr. Thackeray espoused Miss Cottin, [Cotton] whom he survived, and by whom he leaves issue one daughter, who is heiress to his great wealth. The deceased held the ap- [appointment] pointment [Ointment] of Chaplain in Ordinary to George III, and the succeeding sovereigns, including her present Majesty he was a most erudite classic, and had the reputation of hav- [have- having] ing effected great improvements in the University examina- [examine- examinations] tions [tins] and course of study in this respect. He was, in addition, an eminent naturalist, and his collection and library in connection with this study are reputed to rank among, even if they are not, the best in England. Dr. Thackeray suffered for some years before his disease from an internal complaint, which finally carried him off, and had for some time incapacitated him from taking an active part in the administration of the affairs of the college. He ex- [expired] pired [pride] on Monday morning. It is ex ted that his remains will be removed for interment within the college chapel. THE SCIENCE OF BoRGLARY.-Last [Burglary.-Last] week, three notorious burglars were brought up before the Lambeth street police magistrates, with a considerable stock of booty, and some rofessional [professional] implements, two of which were in the shape of large plyers. [players] A sergeant of the police gave the following description of these- Hitherto, said the officer, the greatest security against picking looks of street doors was that of leaving the key inside; for while it was so placed, a skeleton-key could not be introduced. The use of the in- [instruments] struments [statements] produced, however, destroyed this security; for with them the end or pipe of the door key was laid hold of, and in nine cases out of ten was so turned round, so as to unlock the door. If however, the lock was so stiff as not to act by the force applied to the key, the key itself was Hts man had just i T'S sho [so] that Gute [Gate] J oops to dispose bey Op hear wat [at] i ka an the a comb-and became so importunate 2 . te church, and endeavo [endeavour] a, ictoria [Victoria] Thy Was given to Mr. Brook, who found him at (uhanig, [hang] Ut offering a plated watch guard for sale to yan ', Mr. Broo [Brook ded [de] his license, and as ti NOt [Not] wa be and on condition that the defendant took tore this day (Saturday), the fine of 10 ; abeyance, This arrangement was agreed to, None, he was given into custody. The case Th ed round to a position to enable the burglars to force it from the lock, gad then introduce a proper fitting skeleton- [skeleton key] key. Again, its application asa latch-key was most effectual; it mattered not whether that part entering the pipe of the key was round or square, the instant it was caught by the end of the plyers, [players] that instant could the bolt be forced back. ere was another ingenious instrument amongst the lot, namely, a our door-key, or dummy without wards, and covered with wax, for the purpose of taking the impression from some locks. WEST RIDING PLOUGHING MEETING. The third annual ploughing match of this society, took place at Notton, near Wakefield, on Thursday the 17th inst. in an extensive field of clover ley, in the occupation of T. C. Johnson, Esq., and the property of Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., of Woolley Park, the president of the society. The ploughs, 21 in number, started precisely at nine o'clock, to plough half an acre of land in four hours, which was all com- [completed] pleted [plated] in first rate style, considerably within the time specified, showing the great advantage arising from com- [competition] petition, -it being one of the great objects of the society to combine expedition with good workmanship. The society having offered prizes for drilling also, the competitors tested their abilities in a field near the scene of ploughing. , The competition in draining was excellent, and was car- [carried] ried [red] out in a field of grass belonging to Sir Thomas Pilking- [Pilling- Pilkington] ton, bart., [Bart] Chevet Hall, near the. viaduct on the North Midland Railway. The subsoil being very equal in quality, afforded every competitor a fair opportunity of doing his best. The work upon the whole was admirably executed, and it would have been a difficult task for the judges to have awarded the prizes, but for the disparity ot time occupied by the different competitors. A sweepstakes was also entered into for the best stacking, and the judges had to view the stackyards [dockyards] of those entered, to jade make the award. After the judges had given their decision in the ploughing, drilling, and draining, they, with the promotars [promoters] of ne society, and their friends, assembled at Newmillerdam, [Milled] where they sat down to a most excellent dinner, provided by the spirited landlord, Mr. Sidney Jackson. The chair was taken by the society's respected president, Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., of Woolley Park, the vice-chair being occupied by T. C. Johnson, Esq., Chevet. On the removal of the cloth many loyal and appropriate toasts were drank, after which the secretary read over the award of the judges in the different classes. e judges for ploughing, drilling, and draining. were Thomas Bayldon, Esq., Hollinghurst, [Linguist] and G. Mann, Esq., Scausby [Scab] and for the stacking, William Hunt, Esq., Bret- [Bretton] ton, and Marr, Esq., Wrangbrooke. [Pawnbroker] The snecessfal [successful] competitors, in the following order, on receiving their respective prizes, were appropriately ad- [addressed] dressed by the nim [ni] Cass 1.-To the farmer's son, not in business for him- [himself] self, and under twenty-five years of age, who shall plough in the best manner half an acre of land within four hours with a anne plough. Ist [Its] prize, a silver cup, to Mr. Mark Wood, of Notton Grange, who was also the winner of the society's silver medals the last two years, and the winner of the silver cup at Wentworth Farmers' Club this year. and, a silver medal, to Mr. John Birkenshaw, Gawber CLass [Class] 2.-To the farming man-servant or labourer, who shall plough in the best manner with a swing plough. Ist [Its] prise, 3, to George Duke, servant to William Wordsworth, 8q., Monkbretton. [Bretton] 2nd, 2, to James Dransfield, servant to Samuel Coward, Esq., Haigh Hall. 3rd, 1, to William Sunderland, servant to Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., of Woolley Park. CLass Class] 8rd.-.To [ord.-.To] the farming servant or labourer under eighteen years of age, who shall plough in the best manner with a swing plough. Ist [Its] prize, 3, to Michael Blenkinsop, servant to Mr. Wood, Notton Grange, and 1 each to Charles Hanby, servant to Mr. Rhodes, of Cold Hiendley, aud [and] Joseph Sharp, servant to Mrs. Hammond, Kinsley Common. Cass 4th.-To the farming servant or labourer, under sixteen years of age, who shall plough in the best manner with a swing plough. Ist [Its] prize, 1, to John Borrell, servant to T. C. Johnson, Esq., Chevet; 2nd, 15s. to Richard Shillito, servant to Mr. Belton, Chevet; 3rd, 10s. to William Crossley, servant to J. C. Johnson, Esq., Chevet. DRILLING.-Ist [DRILLING.-Its] prize, 1, to John Shearman, servant to Mr Cooper, Woolley; 2nd, 10s. to William Green, servant to T. C. Johnson, Esq. The drilling done by Edward Raspin, servant to Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., was highly commended by the judges. DRaINING.-Ist [Training.-Its] prize, 1 10s. to Charles Hepworth, Cold Hiendley; 2nd, 1 to John Machell, Notton; 3rd, lis. [is] to Leonard Challenger, Darton; 4th, 10s. to John Brown, Woolley; 5th, 5s. to John Robinson, Woolley. The unsuccessful competitors in this class (nine in num- [sum- number] ber), [be] in consequence of having executed their work so much to the satisfaction of the committee and judges, were rewarded with 3s. 6d. each. Stackine. [Stocking] The sweepstakes 1 12s. 6d. to Robert Bartrop, [Bartram] servant to Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., of Woolley Park; those belonging to Mr. Cooper, Woolley, were much admired by the judges, combining neatness with utility, and had there been a second prize they would have awarded it to them; the other stackyards [dockyards] entered were all con- [cone] ee by the judges to be very neat and worthy commen- [common- combination] ation, [action] The company, after enjoying themselves till a late hour, separated highly gratified with the proceedings of the day. -- - LORD WHARNCLIFFE [ARNCLIFFE] ON AGRICULTURAL PROSPECTS. At the annual meeting of the Wortley Agricultural So- [Society] ciety, [city] on Monday last, Lord Wharncliffe [Arncliffe] made some remarks on the present aspect of agriculture. The too common practice of addressing such meetings in gloomy and de- [responding] sponding [spending] language his Lordship deprecated, as calculated to exercise an injurious tendency. Concerning agriculture his Lordship said he had great hopes for the future. He knew the character of English farmers, and notwithstanding the love of grumbling in which they indulged, he felt satisfied that when put to the test they would manage to fight their way through all difficulties and be the better for the com- [competition] petition to which they wereexposed. [were exposed] He thought they made more of present difficulties than they did of those which were gone by. Of late he had been engaged in looking through masses of papers belonging to former years, an in so doing, nothing had struck him more than the constant, recurrence of complaint and despondency under that system which had now gone by. There was a continual expression of hope that agriculture would some time improve, with a fear of the future which lay before them. If that was the true character of past experience, he saw no reason for despondency at the present time. But he had another and more satisfactory ground of consolation with respect to their present position It was the universal spir [Sir] t of improvement which is abroad. In all parts of the country there were evidences of in- [intelligence] telligence [intelligence] and energy being exerted. There was no person present but would acknowledge that a preceptible [perceptible] and gra- [ga- gratifying] tifying [testifying] improvement was observable in the surrounding district of late vears. [ears] Among other indications was the striking difference that had taken place in the advance- [advancement] ment [men] of the season. Crops were at least a fortnight earlier thea [the] they were forty yearsago. [year sago] Heremembered [He remembered] that in his younger days it was a matter of impossibility to go par- [partridge] tridge [bridge] shooting on the Ist [Its] of September, as the corn was not cut. Yet, at the same period in the present day, in this immediate neighbourhood, there was scarcely a field but what was gathered. This improvement might be traced to several causes It might arise from a more careful tillage of the soil, from trenching, or from a difference in the period of sowing, but the fact was so, and he looked upon it as a satisfactory indication of the beneficial and permanent improvement which had been effected in the cultivation of the land. His lordship then read from a morning paper an account of some operations which had taken place on the farm of Mr. Talbot, in Wales, the tendency of which was to show what a great advantage had resulted from a change from the Welsh system of farming to that of the Scotch, the profits having risen from 110 under the old system, to 428 under the new. He did not bring this forward as an ex- [example] ample which he could fairly say they should follow, but to show the enormous difference which resulted from good cultivation and bad, and to show also that if matters were ever so bad, the best thing they could do was to exert themselves and do their best, for if the man who farmed well was ruined, he that did not must be doubly ruined. These facts, said his lordship, in addition to what we know of the various methods of cultivation, may satisfy you that a great deal remains to be done before we are justified in coming to the conclusion that there is no hope for us. Iam [I am] doing my best as a landlord in putting the land in a proper state of cultivation, and I shall continue to do so till I think I have done all that can be done in this respect. You, as tenants, must also fulfil your duty, be alive to all improve- [improvements] ments [rents] that can be effected, and endeavour to make the most of your land. His lordship then alluced [alluded] to an experi- [experience- experiment] ment [men] in subsoiling which he was making. At present the experiment was not completed, and therefore he would not say more than that if heshould [he should] be present at their meetin [meeting] another year he would tell them how it had answered, an at what cost this had been done. But he was anxious that they should not be guided altogether by what it had cost him, because it generally happened that first experiments were unfortunate, and, from want of experience, involved a greater outlay than was necessary nor yet did he maintain that that process could be so profitably done in that dis- [district] trict, [strict] where labour was dear, as in other places where labour was cheaper. But they must look to ulterior results Would it produce a permanent improvement of bad land Ifso, [Ifs] they must look to the future for a return on the out- [outlay] lay. His lordship was listened to with marked attention, and resumed his seat amidst loud cheers. Some practical jokers at Mentz [Memento] lately amused themselves during the night by fastening chains round the limbs of Guttenberg's statue, as a satire on the restrictions upon the press in Germany. The police have vainly endeavoured to discover the wicked jesters, and a sentry has been posted over the statue, in order to prevent a repetition of such practical pleasantries. ELECTORS.-According toa [to] return to the House of Commons, recently printed. there was allowed in 1848 (the last of four years given) the sum cf 13,877 19s, 9d. to clerks of the peace in England and Wales for preparing, printing, and publishing the list of persons en- [entitled] titled to vote in the election of members of Parliament for counties. The sum allowed in the year for England was 12,711 7s. 8d., and 1,166 5s. 1d. in Wales. The laryest [largest] sum was paid for the county of Lancaster, namely, 1,085 4s. 1ld. [old] The expense in England and Wales in 1846 was as muchas [much] 14,931 6s. YORKSHIRE CHURCH UniIon.-A [Union.-A general meeting of this union was held at York last week, when the following resolution was That the Yorkshire Church Union, whilst it pledges itself to strive to the utmost of its power in obtaining the removal of the civil impediments which hinder the exercise of the spiritual rights and functions of the church, desires to record its sincere adherence to the Church of England, and to those protests against Romanism [Remains] on the one hand and Latitudinarianism on the other, which are contained in her common prayer-book, articles, and formularies. The rules of the society were amended and adopted, new members were admitted, and other business transacted. MONUMENT TO THE LATE Sir R PEEL IN LEEDS.-On Monday afternoon a meeting of the subscribers to the fund for the purpose of erecting a monument to the memory of the late Sir R. Peel in Leeds was held in the Court-house of that borough. The mayor (Mr. J. Bateson) presided. The object of the meeting was to decide upon the nature of the monument, and the locality for its site. It was re- [reported] ported that the subscriptions were expected to reach 1,800, indeed they already amounted to nearly that sum, and several sites for the monument were referred to in a report of a sub-committee, who recommended, as the most eligible, a piece of ground near the Court-house, and form- [forming] ing the yard or area of that edifice. An influential com- [committee] mittee [matter] was appointed, and a resolution unanimously pasted, giving them power to take the necessary steps for the erection of a statue of the deceased statesman on the site mentioned, or should that not be obtainable, then upon the next most eligible spot, namely, in the centre of Briggate, the principal street in the town. HOLMFIRTH MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. ANNUAL SOIREE IN THE TOWN HALL. The annual soiree to commemorate the establishment of this valuable society was held in the Town Hall of Holmfirth, on Wednesday evening last, and it having become known that no less zealous and eloquent a friend of Mechanics' Institutes than the Dean of Ripon (the Hon. and Rev. H. D. Erskine) would take the chair, a considerable degree of interest attached to the pro- [proceedings] ceedings [proceeding] among the middle and working classes of the vicinity. The proceedings, as usual, were opened by a tea party, of which beverage a large number of persons partook. The hall not being sufficiently large to admit all at once, a second edition, comprising the more juvenile portion of the audience, were accommodated after the first had withdrawn. By this means all were accommodated, thanks to the exertions and kindliness of feeling evinced to all comers by the galaxy of ladies who presided at the trays. The hall itself had been decked out in holiday costume, wreaths of evergreens and beautiful flowers throwing their gracious hucs [such] around, and combined with the gaseous elements imparted into the scene to realize for the time a kind of happy valley in the feast of intelligence. Around the hall we also observed a variety of mottos-such as Religion, Literature, Science Educate the People Knowledge is Power; Study to Improve, &c. Shortly after seven o'clock the Dean of Ripon made his appearance on the platform and was greeted with rounds of applause, and proceeded to take the chair in obedience to the call of the meeting. We observed to the immediate right or left of the President the fol- [following] lowing friends of the institution -Joshua Moorhouse, Esq.; Isaac Beardsell, Esq.; the Rev. R. E. Lench, in- [incumbent] cumbent [cum bent] of Holmfirth Church; the Rev. J. Macfarlane, [MacFarlane] Independent Minister; the Rev. Faules, [False] Wesleyan inister; [minister] the Rev. J. Owen, Unitarian Minister; Messrs. George Robinson, J. Wylie, J. Burton, B. Butterworth, Abel Cutiell, [Cuttell] jun., J. T. Taylor, T. Wimpenny, Joe Woodhead, Hixon, and other well-known friends of the institution. From an abstrct [abstract] of the report of the past year, read by Mr. Hixon (the President) it appeared that the prc- [pr- present] sent number of members is 140; and that the following classes were in active operation -Adult, for writing and arithinetic [arithmetic] twice a week; juvenile ditto, ditto; adult reading and grammar once a week juvenile ditto ditto; drawing and English history once; a discussion class meets every other Tuesday. A cricket club had also been established, which worked successfully, after being in existence for about two years. The number of volumes in the library was 686, being an increase during the year of 51, and the number of books ex- [exchanged] changed during the same period had been 2,020, being an increase of 470 on the past year. A branch was also in existence at Jackson Bridge where reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar, and music were taught once a week. In connection with theinstitution, [the institution] a Preliminary Savings' Bank, on the principle laid down by Mr. Sikes, of Huddersfield, had also been established, than which nothing had been found more advantages in the work- [working] ing of the institution, and considering the number of members, was progressing most favourably. The society had been in operation only two months, and the depo- [depot- deposits] sits made in that period had been 22 9s. 1d. The Prestpent [Present] then rose and was received with several rounds of applause. He proceeded to observe, (turning to Mr. Hixon, the permanent President of the Society) - I address you Sir, as the presiding member of this society, because it relieves me from what might other- [otherwise] wise be considered an invidious office-that of taking your place (cries of no, no and I beg you will there- [therefore] fore consider yourself as still presiding, and as still occu- [occur- occupying] pying [paying] your own throne. I therefore, Sir, address my- [myself] self to you. Then, turning to the audience, the reverend speaker proceeded as follows-Ladies and gentlemen, members of the institution and friends to the promotion of the education of the people, I also address you; and I assure you I come here with considerable satisfaction, so far as I can with sincerity say that public meetings are satisfactory to me, who have for along time entertained a great disinclination for all public meetings. (Hear, hear.) It is, therefore, I assure you, a great struggle against wind and tide when I screw myself up to address you on these occasions; but I do sincerely delight to find, from the brief report you have just heard read, that you are in a condition to claim the advantages of a public meeting-not merely gathered together for the purposes of amusement and enjoy- [enjoyment] ment, [men] but literally to accept a fair representation of the fact that you are really an energetic working public body, according to your means and the best that the friends of popular education can wish you is, that you may not only be energetic but progressing-that, by the experience of the past you will take courage and go forward. (Cheers.) But, I assure you, from the expe- [exe- experience] rience [reins] and observation I have had of these institutions, for a great number of years, I do feel that we are now entitled to adopt the language of confidence in relation to them. (Cheers.) A considerable portion of time, in our early efforts, was taken up in defending them. We were then taken up with the duty of defending them because we knew that people did not understand them -we knew that strong prejudices prevailed against them so that, in point of fact-although, as the pro- [proverb] verb says, it isa silly bird that spoils its own nest-yet we were constantly charged with being promulgators of infidelity, and to some extent thoro [Thorp] was a danger that the public would accept those charges as lying against us. (Hear.) I think, laies [ladies] and gentlemen, we can, how- [however] ever, now adopt decided language upon these points the country has had a fair well-measured experience, not only of their sim but of the manner in which we have carried out our projects; and we are now entitled at these annual gatherings to assume a high tone of language, and that tone of confidence, which I say, in all sincerity of heart, we are entitled to. (Applause.) Ladies and gentlemen, a passage occurred to me in Holy Writ the other day-' Man goeth [goth] to his work and to his labour until evening. Well now, is it not a fair question to enquire what man is to do after the evening arrives (Cheers.) Is it necessarily to be assumed that he is to be a labouring man during the day and an idle man in the evening -who, because he is a labour- [labouring] ing man, and belongs to that class of our fellow-beings who have to win their bread by the sweat of their brows, that he must therefore be interdicted from the unlimited use of his understanding (Cheers.) Is that, to be considered as a following out of the gracious decrees of Providence, which say that man shall labour during his time upon the earth (Hear, hear.) 1 may say that we have high authority for saying man is born to trouble as the sparks fly upwards, but is that any reason why a man is to make himself miserable all his life (Cheers.) The mere providential facts do not say what his particular duties are, but I take it to mean the exercise of all the faculties given to him. (Hear, hear.) I address man in the general view of one of our own species-enjoying the same pri- [pro- privileges] vileges, [villages] and also entitled to the same benefits and comforts which we can legitimately arrive at. I say legitimately, because if a man oversteps the bounds of right he is putting himself in the wrong. (Hear.) I therefore say legitimately. Whatever may be the legitimate enjoyment man can arrive at from the exer- [exe- exercise] cise [case] of the faculties with which God has endowed him, it is his privilege to possess them and enjoy them and it is the part of charity on the part of his fellow-men to put within his reach the means of enjoying that which he is so fully entitled to. Now, looking at man, great as is his muscular, his bodily powers, what are they compared with his vast intellectual powers (Hear.) You cannot put a limit to his faculties, or state what measure of enjoyment he is capable of arriving at. I cannot get away from the great end and aim of creation. I say then what is the end and the design given to man from his Creator To have possession over the earth, and subdue it. (Hear, hear.) What was meant by that Do you mean merely by killing wild beasts, and rendering the tendency of the soil to defeat cultivation less prominent-in fact, dealing with things Has the man not a mind Does not experience and all history teach us that of thisearth [this earth] has been by the exercise of man's intellectual faculties in science ;-and do we not owe all we have of the com- [comforts] torts we enjoy, and all we still look forward to with ex- [expectation] pectation-do [petition-do -do] we not, I say, owe all this to the deve- [dee- development] lopment [development] of the faculties of man, entrusted to him, that being an inhabitant of the earth he might cultivate them and subdue it (Hear, hear, and cheers.) What does it mean but to bring everything to his use- [use everything] everything intoa [into] course to answer the hidden end which. in the wisdom of God, was to bring out and lay open in man, and in all classes of men, their iutellectual [intellectual] powers To whom was the ban of prohibition given, you are not the man to do this-keep you to your plough-you to your loom-you mind your own busi- [bus- business] ness, and leave to wiser and greater men the develop- [development] ment [men] of the wonders of God's creation I say, ladies and gentlemen, it is not so. There is no man, not even the humblest man, who can scarcely keep his family alive, who may not by the cultivation of his in- [intellect] tellect [elected] become an instrument in some extraordi- [extraordinary- extraordinary] nary discovery or, to enjoy those discoveries which those better gifted have produced from God's gift. These things lead us to grapple with the charge that we are stirring up the dregs of society, and placing them on the platform of intellect-that you do not know whatis [what's] the tendency of what you are carrying out, that you are manifestly counteracting the decrees of Providence, and that it is none of your business to take the people out of their present position. (Laughter) Ifsuch [If such] should be said, I would have you reply, it is the duty of these institu- [institute- institutions] tions, [tins] if he has the desire, to raise man to that element of enjoyment and improvement which we believe the Divine Providence intended for him, but which he could not enjoy before because his betters knew little better than himself; but now, from the circumstances of the age in which he lives, the great highway of knowledge -limited, it may necessarily be in many cases, but still the great highway of knowledge-without a single turnpike gate, is open to him and all classes of his brethren. (Cheers.) Now, I want then to impress upon you, that such being the well.founded principle of this institution-and by the sympathy you have shown with my remarks I perceive that we quite agree-we must progress in our consideration of this ques- [question] tion-(hear, [ion-(hear, -(hear] hear)-and we must assert that that which we state to be a sound principle, is, practically speaking, one which can be carried out-which has been carried out,-and which there is every encouragement for every. person wishing well to society to throw them- [themselves] selves into the good work, in order to carry it out more and more. (Hear, hear.) I have lived long enough to know that these institutions are no longer looked upon as mere speculations. Though not conscious of their first origin, I yet have know them for a great number of years. When they were first set on foot there was only a vague conception of what might be the issue-the result of calling into intelligent action the great masses of the people. I know multitudes did distrust what might be the consequence when every man who did not think last year should think this year, and be a knowing man next year. It was asserted by persons looking at the thing in theory that the thing was unpracticable- [impracticability] that all persons could not be masters, whatever improve- [improvement] ment [men] took place; but that difficulty and those fears have been entirely got rid of. A generation has now passed away with the full experience of Mechanics Institutions upon them, and now, if society has not sufficiently profited by them it is explained by the fact that we have not had a sufficient extention [extension] of them. (Hear, hear.) I say then, that in practice and theory the project has admirably answered its end, although I know that the scruples of some and the conscientious fears entertained by others make them afraid to take the leading-strings from off the people's backs but the more we see of the results of these institutions, the more we perceive the signal advantages of the system. We now find men drawn out from the ranks of the lower classes of society with whom we can exchange a word of conversation, and that too upon reasonable matters; and upon whom the countenance of inferior and superior act alike, thus indicating the com- [commonalty] monalty [morality] of mind which is the grand link of connection between man and man. (Cheers.). All these things, ladies and gentlemen, are gradually working the one conviction -that these institutions have been permanently estab- [stables- established] lished, [wished] and that the more they are wrought the greater are the advantages that present themselves, throwing over the superficial objections which people first framed against them. I believe that these societies are calculated to bring about an extraordinary revo- [Rev- revolution] lution [Lotion] in social society in this country.. (Hear, hear.) I mean that intercourse between man and man, and that spread of an intelligent feeling over the mere labouring class as we can yet but little conceive. I was struck to- [today] day coming here, by a hand-bill, announcing cheap trips on the occasion of Prince Albert's visit to York, on Fri- [Friday] day next. What is he coming there for On the occa- [occur- occasion] sion of an extraordinary invitation given to all mankind to give proof next year what has been the march of in- [intelligence] telligence [intelligence] up to this time. (Hear, hear.) He has made that visit to the south (by his presence at the grand banquet in London), and he is about to make a similar visit to the north. What is the object but simply to an- [announce] nounce [ounce] that we have arrived at the period in which the great conflict of intellect, and skill, and science, must not merely be carried on for commercial purposes, but that it is to be made the great test for superiority be- [between] tween man and man of which all the world are to be the judges-(great cheering)-not merely you and I, who go to buy, but everybody is to go, and look at these extraordinary productions, and in fact, to call forth the production of intellectual judgment upon all matters of science, manufactures, machinery-in fact, upon every handicraft subject upon which man can devote his faculties-all are to be made general subjects of com- [competition] petition. If Iask [Ask] why Prince Albert comes to the north, I suppose he comes to give an invitation to the north to come and see all this. If there is this general invitation to come and pass their criticism, and indulge their intelligence in admiration of the wonderful works of man's mind, surely, man must be pre- [prepared] pared in some degree to estimate all this. I should say, from that circumstance, your mechanics would indulge an additional excitement in thus calling and inviting them to make themselves acquainted with these things, in order that they may be placed on a level in some degree with the more favoured persons who go to examine such a sight. I do not apply it merely to this, except as the great feature of theage. [these] It is not enough merely to show our great commercial superiority, but it is to be the great topic upon which the public mind is to entertain and edify itself, and thus promote a greater progress in those departments which are to be the objects of exhibition next year. Do we not see in this an appeal to the intelligence of mankind to come out and assert itself (Hear, hear.) Do I not see that it will fix the eye of our intelligence on one or other particular object, upon which the mind will work, and you will be turning it over and perbaps [perhaps] some little circumstance in ordinary life will give you the idea, and do you not see the advantage of coming to this institu- [institute- institution] tion [ion] to work out that idea (Hear, hear.) Do you not see the hints that may be given to you to spend your hours in scientific investigations on that particular topic which is the grand proof of your power You will thus be brought to exercise your minds upon the topic to which your imaginations and enquiries may be directed; but where, I ask, will you find a schoolroom but in this institution, to carry them out (Cheers.) How know you then but that the very spark of an idea, elicited through your fancy, carried down and wrought out in the class rooms and lecture rooms, may not enable you to become an exhibitor, or an instrumental assistant to an exhibiter, [exhibited] on some future occasion (Cheers.) I must say I do see in this exhibition, which is now so much the topic of expectation,-I do see in it a sanction of what we have been about-it is an appeal to our class rooms and Schools of Design, and happily, in point of fact, to the very efforts now making to enable our labouring population to look with a scientific eye to the extraordinary progress making in our manufactures; and will any persons turn round and say that it is only meant for a certain class of persons that it can only address itself to the intelligence of those who have arrived ata [at] particular position in society To that I dissent. Isay [Say] that it isan [isa] appeal to the intelligence of the world, or it is nothing at all and it is your privilege to behold it, and it may be your profit to bring back the elements of inquiry-of curiosity, added to the stimulus of industry to carry out that of which you shall have witnessed such distinguished excellence, and therefore I regard it as of very great importance. (Hear, hear.) Of course, what its results may be in the womb of fate I am not here to determine-that is left to the impartial judgment of those who have to deal with these matters; but it seems to me that this very day, when, if we look down in the lowest grade, there are those endeavouring to be useful to their fellow-ereatures [fellow-features] in helping to search their minds-it seems a great meteor from above calling them to look up, because of these very objects in their simplest rudiments being about to be the great objects of attraction to the whole world. (Cheers.) I see three important words written up there before me (Religion, Literature, Science. Perhaps the union of these three words, of these three important topics, may suggest a practical idea to me. As an experienced member of mechanics' institutions I have never witnessed anything which has tended to the contemplating with aversive feeling any one of the three. I have seen these institu- [institute- institutions] tions, [tins] in their public assemblies in great numbers-like the one I now have the honour to address-I have seen them frequently in their most private working habits and employments;-but never (and I have criticised them jealously-I have looked at them with anxiety- [anxiety] Iam [I am] not so deaf that I cannot even hear the whisper of scandal)-but never have I seen in the slightest degree any tendency to cast disrepute or loose reading upon that very blessed topic which, if you take it away, would reduce man below the level of the beast of the earth that perisheth. [perished] (Cheers.) Never, never, I say, in mechanics' institutes, have I heard one word that has had the slightest tendency to convey the slightest disrespect for religion. (Cheers.) Never have I wit- [witnessed] nessed [fessed] anything calculated to produce sectarian jea- [ea- jealousy] lousy, or in any manner calculated to take off the fine edge of religious respect which every man must feel who wishes to preserve those great truths which are his only happiness and only hope. (Hear, hear.) When, therefore, I hear the charge of infidelity, when it is loosely charged against the institution that its members are subjected to the danger of having their faith tampered with, and that if they come out of the Me- [Mechanics] chanics' [Mechanics] Institutions better instructed men they are worse Christians, when these things are said, as they have been said,-I say that the scandal is foul-it is false. (Cheers.) It can only come from inexperienced minds (cheers)-it can only have been taken up as the clap-trap of a party (cheers)-it does not rest upon any solid foundation, and I have no hesitation in saying taht [that] I believe, practically, both politically and religiously, -though we do not deal with these topics-though we do not teach the thirty-nine articles-for I could not mix chemistry and these matters in a short evening's instruction to a poor man-I say, that I could not put these two elements together, and, on principle, I will not do it, because I cannot do it; and because it would minister to discord if I did do it. (Cheers.) I, therefore, hope that you will not be scarred away from your true principle of action-don't be scarred away by any loose charges of that kind. (Cheers.) Never mind people calling you infidels because you do not teach certain things in your classes. All you need say, conscientiously, is, that in the proper place you attend to these matters, and that no man is allowed to broach theological questions in your classes; and I do trust that, if ever any person break through these rules, you will rebuke him as a brother, and teach him your strict principle; but do not let the tirades of ignorant persons cause your spirit to be ruffled or create in you any uncomfortable sensation. Go on doing your work, strictly adhering to your principles, and I have little fear, in the long run, of an institution which takes a man when his work is done and brings his mind into harness-and drives him on the road of knowledge, for, believe me, that man is much more kindly and happil [happily] dealt with than ightem [item] eait [east] with than if the most enlightened theologian attended him, but left him still to wander in licentious- [licentiousness] ness, selfishness, and ignorance.-The hon. and rev. gentleman sat down amidst applause. The Rev. Mr. next addressed the meeting, and observed that though they were not assembled for a religious purpose he felt pleased that religion was re- [recognised] cognised [recognised] as first in their esteem. It was now admitted on all hands that ignorance was not the mother of devotion, but was, on the other hand, the parent of gross licentiousness and vice. It was, he observed, amusing to hear persons jealous of the knowledge which distinguished the present age but all such persons had been born too late-their ideas belonged to the semi- [semi savage] savage, and not to a civilized state of society. He hailed all new lights in the intellectual field as so many acquisitions to the cause of truth. Education was designed to free man from ignorance, and he congratulated the institution on having that means within their reach. The man who neglected such advantages, was, in his view of things, guilty of a criminal neglect; as the institution afforded the means of acquiring worldly knowledge, which did not tend to shake a man's religious faith; though he made bold to state that a proper d of faith would avail unto salvation, but he did not attach less imper tance [lance] to a secular teaching as a means to an end. Mr. Grorce [Grocer] Linyazus [Lenses] of Manchester, in a practical speech observed, that in most quarters the education of the people had become a point; and, as these annual gatherings were not a sure sign of what they were doing, he exhorted the members and friends to continued and increased diligence in their classes-to be earnest in the matter of stead of being mere hearers and spectators from a dis tance, [lance] to at once put on their armour against the ignorance and error of our times. He reminded his audience that the prevailing fault connected with these institutions was that there was too much talking and little work. What the currency of a country was to its wealth, so should a man's actions be to his professiona, [professional] and, therefore, on the same principle would he (the speaker) prefer the workers before the talkers. He them proceeded to contend, in confirmation of this worki [work] spirit, that nothing was denied to well-directed labour, in proof of which he instanced the successful exertions made by the great ancient orator Demosthenes, whe [the] overcame the affliction of stammering ;-the difficulties surmounted in latter times by Franklin, James Watt, Arkwright, the Grants of Manchester (the original of Dickens's inimitable Brothers Cheeryble) [Cheery] as proofs of what perseverence [perseverance] could accomplish, and predicted similar results if similarly applied in the present day- [dying] In conclusion, Mr. Banks urged en the working-men the cultivation of habits of providence and thrift, reminding them of the lines- [lines would] Would the practice of the many More ciffuse [Coffees] this truth arvund,- [and,- and] He who does not save the penny Never will possess the pound. Conscious that in small beginnings Lies the way to greater store, Prudence hoardeth [harder] up her winnings, Making still each little more. Life may not be always sunny, Youth and strength will pass away. Useful then the stock of money, Saved against a rainy day. The meeting was next addressed in an eloquent stram [steam] by the Rev. J. MacrarRtaNe, [MacFarlane] who proceeded at great length, and in a strain remarkable for its logical acute- [acuteness] ness, to draw the distinction between mind and matter, and to point out the subserviency [subservient] of the one unto the other, but owing to the many other demands on our space we have not room for his brilliant discourse. JosHua [Joshua] Moornotse, [Moorhouse] Esq., them moved, and Issac BEARDSELL, Esq., seconded a vote of thanks to the Hom [Home] and Rev. H. D. Erskine, for his kindness in taking the chair. Mr. Hixon, (the president of the society,) im [in] supporting the resolution, alluded to a recent at made upon this institution, and intimated that had no& those attacks already been so ably answered by the Hon. President he should, in justice to himself and that institution, have thought proper to have defended the institution from those charges, but now, after all that had been said by previous speakers, he need not further allude to it The motion was carried by acclamation, and was suitably acknowledged by The Hon. and Rev. PREsIDENT, [President] in a feeling address, which elicited repeated plaudits, Thanks were then awarded to Mr. G. L. Banks, to the Revds. [Revs] Macfarlane [MacFarlane] and Fauls, [Fails] to the ladies who had presented donations of trays and money, and presided at the trays; and also to those members who had em- [employed] ployed [played] their time in the decoration of the reom-moved [room-moved] in a series of brief addresses by Mr. J. Woodhead, Mr. John Thorp Taylor, Mr. John Harpin, Mr. Abel Cuttle, jun., Mr. John Moorhouse, jun., Mr. Charles Taylor, and Mr. Benjamin Butterworth, after which the whole assembly testified their loyalty by joming [coming] in singing, God Save the Queen, and thus concluded one of the most intellectual and pleasurable evening's enter tainments [entertainments] which, we venture to assert, has been ex- [experienced] perienced [experienced] in this goodly town for some time past. - Sportiny [Sporting] Entelligqente. [Intelligence] MANCHESTER, Tvespay, [Trespass] There was a very numerous attendance at the room to-day, and a great disposition for business was manifested. Our list of quotations indicates a prospect of the Cambridgeshire being a good betting race forthe [forth] round betters. Glauca, [Glace] the winner ef the Cesarewitch, was backed at prices varying trom [from] 30 tol [to] te 100 to 1 (offered). By this it would seem that she will not pus in an appearance. 6 to 1 would have been taken about each of John Day's and Lord Clitden's [Clit den's] loft. THE CAMBRIDGESHIRE STAKES. 4to1 [to] agst [August] Landgrave [Land grave] (t.. 30- 1 Landseer [Land seer] (offered) 9 to 2.) 30 to 1 agst [August] Russborough [Restore] (t.) 7- 1 agst [August] The Italian (t.) 100 3 Rosalia-offered. [Rosalie-offered] 100 8 Loadstone [Gladstone] (t. 40 1 Administrator (t.) 100 8 Essedarins [Strains] (t.) 50- 1 Docility. 100 8 Turnus(t. [Turn(t] 100 to7.) [to] 100 6 Trouncer (off) 200 -11 Miss Ann (t. twice and wanted.) 25- 1 Kingof [King of] Oude(t.) [Ode(t] THE DERBY.-No betting. TATTERSALL'S, THurspay. [Thursday] Beyond the advance of the King of Oude [Ode] into the first class, consequent on heavy investments in the city and at the cluba, [club] the betting yesterday led to no alteration until nearly the close ; the Loadstone [Gladstone] party then came out im [in] force, and at the break had the satisfaction of seeing him almost an equal favourite wi the Goodwood horse Miss and Trouncer improved im [in] favour; the Italian and Turnus [Turn] vice versa. A marked decline im [in] Ariosto and Hernandez was the only movment [moment] in the Derby. Latest prices - 50 1 Borneo tk. freely. 50 1 Chief Justice. 50 1 Malton tk. aft. of 100 1 Glauca [Glace] tk. aft. off CAMBRIDGESHIRE STAKES. 9 to 2 agst [August] Landgrave. [Land grave] 20 to Lagst [Last] Turnus. [Turn] 5-1 Loadstone [Gladstone] (tk. fr) 25-1 Russborough. [Restore] 8-1 The Italian. 23-1 St. Rosalia. [Rosalie] 10-1 King of Oude [Ode] (tk. 30-1 Uriel (tk,) and afterwards offered.) 30 -1 Landscer. [Lands] 12-1 Essedarius. [Asserts] 50-1 Windhound [Wind hound] (tk. 16-1 Miss Ann (tk.) even on four agst [August] the field 17-1 Trouucer. [Truce] DERBY. 1,000 to 30 agst [August] Ariosto (tk.) 8,000 to 200 agst [August] Lightfuot [Delightful] (tk) 1,000 30 Hernandez(tk) a THE BADSWORTH HOUNDS. Meet at half-past Ten o'clock, on TUESDAY, Oct. 29 Womersley Park. SATURDAY, Nov. 2 Ringston [Kingston] Hall Births. On the 16th inst at Osberton, [Osborne] Notts, [Notes] Viscountess Milton (wife of George Savile Foljambe, [Flame] Esq ), of a Marriages. On the 24th inst., at Almondbury, by the Rev. S. Briggs, curate, Mr. Eli Balmforth, of Marsden, to Miss Ann Garside, of Lingards. On the 24th inst., at the parish church in this town, Thomas Hurtley, Esq of Burley, near Leeds, to Miss Charlotte Holroyd Broughton, only of Mr. James Broughton, agent te Messrs. Varley and Co., corn millers, Huddersfield. On the 24th inst., at the parish church, in this town, Mr. Joseph Simeon, mason, of Lindley, to Miss Sophia Silverwood, of Hudderstield. [Huddersfield] On the 24th imst., [inst] at the parish church, Almondbi [Almond bi] Heury [Henry] Littlewood, shoemaker, to Miss Priscilla Taylor, Berry Brow. On the 21st inst, at St. John's Church, Wakefield, Mr. Jonathan Fothergill, of Westgate, to Miss Sarah Ward, uf [of] Northgate. On the 20th inst,, at the parish church, Huddersfield, Mr. Samuel Buckley, bookkeeper, to Miss Ann Savill, both of thig [this] town. On the 20th inst., at the parish church, Huddersfield, Mr. John Pennington, draper, to Miss Ellen Elliott, both of Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield. [Huddersfield] On the 20th inst., at Almondbury, by the Rev Lewis Jones, the vicar, Mr. John Eastwood to Miss Mary Mellor, both of arsden. [Marsden] On the 19th inst., at the parish church, Bradford, Mr. Henry Clough, Carr Syke, to Mrs. Ann Agnes Sweeting, relict of the late Mr. C. Swesting, [Wasting] of Bedale. On the 19th inst., at the parish church, Wakefield, Mr. Thomas Parken, [Parker] overlooker, Horbury, to Miss Ann Bevers, of the same place, On the 17th inst., at Bishopsbourne, Dudley, Lord North, eldest son of the Earl of Guildford, to Charlotte Maria, third daughter of the Hon. and Rev. William Eden, rector of Bishops- [Bishop sure] ure. [re] On the 16th inst., at Sculcoates, Hull, by the Rev. T. 8, Bonnin, [Bonnie] M.A., Charles Napoleon Hopkinson, Esq., of i nm House secoud [second] son of James Hopkinsun, [Hopkinson] Esq., of Fulford, near York, te Annie Elizabeth, only daughter of John W. Coates, Esq,, Pasture House and Stvukesley, [Stakes] Yorkshire. On the 16th inst., at the parish church, Almondbury, My. Allen Horsfall, clothier, Berry Brow, to Miss Hannah Dyson, Newsome. On the 15th inst., at St. Paul's Church. Shipley, by the Rev W. Kelly, incumbent, Mr. A. P. chemist an drnggist, [druggist] to Surah, daughter of Mr. William Denby, worsted manufacturer, all of Shipley. On the 14th imst., [inst] at St. John's Church, Leeds, Mr Joseph Hobson, hop merchant, to Mary, second daughter of Mr. John Kaye, black beer brewer, maltster, [master] &e., of Leeds. On the 13th inst., at the parish church, Almondbury, Mr. William Wakefield, spinner, to Miss Mary Bayley, both of Netherthong. , Mr. oth [oh] of eae [ear] Deaths. On the 24th inst., Miss Mary Chambers, of Almondbury Bank. On the 24th inst., Miss Judyth [Judgment] Dyson, aged 19, of Lower ouses, [uses] On the 24th inst,, aged 30, Catherine, the youngest daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Barmby, of Wakefield On the 23rd inst., aged 46 years, Mr. Thomas Ellis, of Cross street, Wakefield. On the 23rd inst., William Franks, Old.Crown-yard, Wakefield, late driver of the mail gig to Pontefract. On the 22nd inst., aged 38, Elizabeth, Dobson, tea dealer, Silver-street, Wakefield. On the 22nd inst., at Alderley-park, Cheshire, the Ri John Thomas Stanley, Lord Stanley, of Alderley. Bight Hem. On the 2Ist [list] inst., at Holmfirth, Mr. Thomas Miller, aged 49 years. On the 20th inst., aged 36 years, Susann i Hinchliffe, of Washpitt-mill, [Washpit-mill] doa [do] wile Of Mie. [Me] Soke On the 19th inst., aged 4 weeks, Albert, infant Worsnop, coffee roaster, Huddersfield. son of Mr. Jas, On the 19th inst., d 25 Ann, da Haigh, of Oldfield. 7 daughter of Mr. Josep On the 19th insi. [inst] 74, Mr. W. Elli [Eli] j gate, Wakefield ott, [ot] corn factor, Kirk. On the 19th inst., at his seat, Holly Gro [Geo i Right Hon Sir William Henry Freemantle, [Free mantle] OC the Ranger of Windsor Great-park, aged 84. -H., Deputy On the 18th inst., aged 74, Mr. William Eli 153, Kirkgate, Wakefiel [Wakefield] Mr. Wil ott, [ot] corn factos, [facts] On the 17th inst., i chemist and druggist, Upper ae wife of Mr. John Milne, On the 17th inst., aged 25, Frances af ' a 2 a i son, of Primrose Hill, near Wakefield. wife of Mr. Charles Simp- [Sim- Simpson] On the 17th inst., at W act LUI [LI] a Waka Birmingham. wife of Mr Ainaley [Ainley] 75 years, Mr. Joba [Job] respectable printer, uf [of] On the 16th inst., Mr. Edward Calvert, of Almondbury. On the 13th inst,, Mr. William Kaye, of Lockwood,