Huddersfield Chronicle (26/Oct/1850) - page 3

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weve [wee] re meee [mere] ere ee prevent tamer Tote CL va aor [or] UR gies [Giles] iid [id] y. THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1850. 3 Boetrp. [Poetry] ee OTHER TO HER PROFLIGATE SON. hou [hour] know, my son, and little dost thou oare [are] cg of bitterness this bleeding heart nust must] bear, F to watch from day to day shy mad career of sin, aie [are] doom gnares [snares] before thee laid, and see thee rushing in. . Oe hopes I cherished once of future joy in thee gor [for] Be aii [ai Ob thou hast been a cruel son to me pect [pet] DHE [SHE] ieopless [peoples] nights of grief this anxious heart hath known siting and callous heart that heart must surely be, on es not at a mother's tears-and such is thine to me grich [rich] m0 scones of revelry, the goblet and the song, gsi [gs] js ever turned on me, forgotten in the throng ough [ought] yy my tenderness in childhood's earliest years, this pat eart [art] with sighing now, and dim my eyes with tears t return youjgive [give] for all my toil and care, ft to struggle on alone in widowhood's despair goes le y warnings all despised, how useless are my pleas monstrate [demonstrate] in yain, [rain] in vain I strive to please gi 1 gilent [silent] sullenness, or insolent reply, frown [C] recompense you give-Oh can it be my boy w short years before besought my fond embrace- [embraced] und [and] my neck so lovingly, and looked up in my face (wos [wis] nn confiding innocence and such a joyous smile, Fit ee med awhile to sooth my grief and those sad hours qe bes os transient hours of bliss are ever flown from me, On know the change hath brought no happier hours for gad wel [well] 1 urbe [urge] dost t goon js this the B woh, [who] but 2 fe De erring son, had but that noble sire thy acts of frowarduess, [froward] thy grovelling, low desire, as ws it would have cost his heart-what depths of anxious me oy oh racked his soul to death, to leave thee here below. Ic vou [you] of what thy father was, his loved, his honoured name on ot character with his, and blush with conscious shame. omit wre [re] ever lost on thee, 'tis [is] useless to upbraid, will never feel remorse till I am lowly laid. what pangs of wretchedness will seize thy guilty breast, will be for ever soothed in eternal rest. then Will care for thee, my son -who in the hour of pain veriook [Brook] thy follies past, and love thee o'er again Fill ove [over] will watch beside thy bed, thy every want attend, thy pains as I have done-who will thee so befriend reall [real] hose treacherous friends wno [no] now assume the heat Ou mine Not one of all t pai [pair] g sickness and distress they' chun [chin] thee with disdain. i be jy such an hour as this when others all forsake, Jat [At] knox [know Wilt on thy mother think, and feel thy heartstrings a a pang thou dost inflict within her bosom now, el iy future break thine own, and cloud thy gloomy brow; ul wee jn such an hour may'st thou, my son, when bow'd beneath the ra ee of the evil past, and seek thy father's God Fain would I hope for such an hour, fain live to see the day, But, Ob 1 feel this grief-worn frame is hastening to decay. pat now will not chide thee more, no more thy ways upbraid, But thou wilt think of me, my son, when I am lowly laid. Readings. Keep your store of smiles and your kindest thoughts for home; give to the world only those which are to re. he greater the difficulty the more glory is there in grmounting [gr mounting] it. Skilful pilots gain their reputation from storms and tempests. ; Sincerity is like travelling in a plain beaten road, which commonly brings man sooner to his journey's end than by-ways, in which men often lose themselves, Let young people remember that their good temper il gain them more esteem and happiness than the genius and talents of all the bad men and women that ever existed. AND JouHNson.-Goldsmith [Johnson.-Goldsmith] had, unfor- [unfair- unfortunately] tmately, [tamely] a great desire to shine in conversatiun-too [conversation-too] often unconscious, dissimilar to Addison, of his want of ability in this faculty-and thus not only attracted to himself some pertinent saying of Johnson, but also en- [endured] dured [cured] much self-mortification. Once, when he thought he was talking much to the admiration of a mixed com- [company] ny, a German, who had perceived Doctor Johnson avout [about] to speak, suddenly touched him, saying, Stay, stav-Toctor [star-Doctor] Johnson is going to say something -Dr. his Religious Life, &c. Risinc.-I [Rising.-I] was always an early riser. Happy the man who is Every morning day comes to him with a sirgin's [virgin's] love, full of bloom and purity, and fresh- [freshness] fulness. [Furness] The youth of nature is contagious, like the gladness of a happy child. I doubt if any man can be called old, so long as he is an early riser and an early walker. Andoh [And youth -take my word for it-youth in dressing-gown aud [and] slippers, dawdling over breakfast at noon, isa very decrepid [decreed] ghastly image of that youth which sees the sun blush over the mountains, and the dews [dees] upon blossoming hedge-rows.-Black- [Blackwood] wood, SuokE [Smoke] Money.- Anciently, even in England, were Whitsun farthings, or smoke farthings, which were a composition for offering made in Whitsun-week, by every man who occupied a house with a chimney, to the cathedral of the diocese in which he lived. [lived] Audley's Companion to the Almanac, p. 76. Pente- [Pete- Pentecostals] costals, [costa] or Whitsun farthings, are mentioned by Pegge [Page] as being paid in 1788 by the parishioners of the diocese of Lichfield, to the dean and chapter, in aid of the repairs of the cathedral; but he makes no allusion to the word smoke, adding only that in this case the pay- [payment] ment [men] went by the name of Chad pennies, or Chad farthings, the cathedral there being dedicated to St. Chad.- [Chad] Notes and Queries. DeNMARK [Denmark] AND THE DaNEs.-Denmark [Danes.-Denmark you know it, and yet you do not know it-this wonderful little island kingdom, which stretches from the vicinity of the north pole, where the Greenlander tosses in his kajack [Jack] amid the icy waves, and sees the spirit of his father hunt and sport in the flames of the northern lights; where eternal death seems, in Issefjord, [Asked] to have erected the pillars of his temple of never-melting icebergs, which still tremble, and are sometimes prostrated by the voice of man; to the Southern Ocean, where, under the glowing line, the sugar-cane and the coffee-plant are cultivated by the and the light of nature ceases to bloom in magnificence. Between Greenland and ta Cruz-eternal winter and eternal summer-lies wt archipelago of islands, subject to the Danish crown. Icland, [Island] with the most ancient memories of the north ; the volcanic cradle of the Scalds; the Faroe isles, pecu- [Peru- pectin] atin [tin] scenery and in people, where, amid rocks and ists, [its] the sun pourtrays [portraits] Ossianic [Asiatic] shapes; the Halligs, [Halls] Where man and the sea contend for the earth; and many, very many more. But Denmark Proper, the motherland. consists of the great and fertile islands, where the stork, the sacred bird of Denmark, builds its nest; in whose azure creeks the crimson Dannelrog, [Daniel] the tational [national] flag, floats; the beautiful islands of Zetland, Jutlind, [Outline] and Funen. [Fun en] There have the Danish people their home.-Frederika [home.-Frederick] Bremer. Tae [Tea] Duke's Room at Water CastLe. [Castle] This neu [ne] isa room of but moderate size, without orna- [on- ornament] nent, [sent] and very plainly and scantily furnished, but neat, accurate, and orderly in arrangement; altogether bear- [bearing] ng Very ich [inch] the appearance of the single room of a tary [Tar] secretary in garrison. On the right is an ordi- [ord- ordinary] tary [Tar] iron camp bedste [best] with a single horse-hair Mattress upon it and therann, [another] whateres [whatever] ha tha [that] coacesry [accessory] ae cirtams [steams] or any paraphernalia about it, the 'on Duke rests when at Walmer. Over the bed- [Bedsteads] Stead is a small collection of books, which is seen, on a pid paid] glance, to have been selected for use; the best Uglish [English] writers of Anne's Augustan age. both in Petry [Petty] and prose; a few recent histories and biogra- [biog- biographies] Plies; some French memoirs with military reports, . ial al] publications, and parliamentary papers, form the table library. In the centre of the room is a mahogany in 2 Well ink-stained, at which for two or three hours Ties day, the master of the room takes his place and oe his pen. Near it is a more portable one, so con- [combed] bed a6 to be used for reading or writing on while in conte [cont] These, with two or three chairs, comprise the of iv 8 of the room, and are sufficiently characteristic ts owner. The window looks out upon the sea, and via, opens upon the ramparts-upon which a few ie the duke never failed to be every morning by ock, [ok] and there, for an hour or more, take his war 8 walk. The view from the ramparts, by the cast 'S magnificent one; from the position of the while Prospect is unbroken both south and north, e directly in front it is only bounded by the French 'oast.- [east.- east] Pictorial Half Hours. Cather Epvucation.-I [Education.-I] have seen in Roman deutly [deadly] Countries Protestant children offered confi- [confer- confine] theiy [the] to the care, not only of their collegiate, but of oo institutions, and the charge accepted and not abused. I have seen in Presbyterian 'ties children of Episcopalian parents trusted with and hee [her] confidence to the Presbyterian institutions, Ro confidence not abused. In Ireland, I have seen man Catholic and Protestant children brought up in oe school, it may have been either by Catholic or One stant stand] masters, and the confidence, whether in the when the other, not abused. In the north of England, ne nt is not less strong than in the south, I the schools which did not, with strange in- [native] tive, [tie] ney, [ne] call themselves national, and were exclu- [exclude- exclude] Cath, 'ut did truly call themselves parochial, and were ; 'ole, children of all denominations taught by a of Fy.) 2st [st] frequently himself attached to the Church out Ugland, [Gland] without any partiality on his side, and with- [within] en at Jealousy on the part of the parents. May I not then that if there be dissenters here, or any- [anent] Not be, '2 England, who are left without education, it 1s toe fan they dare not, but because they arenotallowed [endowed] Chars de their children to the care of the members of the the (yf England And is this wise Is this fitting endoq [end] nt of England-the church so wealthy in its ved [bed] ments, [rents] so wealthy in its members, so fit to be honest if only it would allow itself to be loved Is it Possess the Church of England, being national, having it should of the parochial institutions of England, that thedn, [then] d call its schools national, and then leave any ligions [religions] either in secular instruction, or in such re- [rho] Who, instruction as those may be willing to receive, whe [the] Conscience sake, cannot adopt its formularies, have 8een [been] j con eed [ed] in [C] irom [from] poverty can command no other instruc- [instruct- instruct] mat And is this Christian, think you, that any should it, Tefuse [Refuse] such education on this ground, that Benin offered it would be rejected -Dr. Elliott's A Scormsn [Scorn] Con -Why did the Queen's mother wish to travel inreg. [in reg] when in Scotland latel [late] Because did not wish to be Kent i i engrossed the aforesaid. the signet made a signet bill for the lord keeper of the privy seal. I paid him 4 7s. The clerk of the lord keeper of the privy seal made a privy seal bill for the Lord Chancellor. I paid him 4 2s. The privy seal bill was handed over to the clerk of the patents, who the same time I paid stamp duty f i Choe [Che] rata [rate ag pera [per From the at of lamp nent [sent] ual [al] he ees [see] We little think, when the on was contrived. 9s. 6d. Note Thomas Joy would have made the same sing red wine sparkles in the cup, ane [an] whe [the] tT toasts are applauded by our ai 'ip, hurrah att [at] we record the fall of J erusalem, [Jerusalem] ruelty [cruelty] o ristians [Christian] against th of God.-Notes aud [and] Queries. [C] chosen people Docs anp [an] Loatc.-A [Lot.-A] fat old gentleman was bitten in the calf of his leg by adog. [dog] He at once rushed to the justice of the peace, and preferred a complaint against a joker in the neighbourhood, whom he supposed to be the owner of the offending cur. The following was the defence offered on the trial by the wag 1. By testimony of the general good character of my dog, I shall prove that nothing could make him so fo of his canine dignity as to bite a calf-2. He is blind and cannot see to bite.-3. Even if he could see to bite, it would be utterly impossible for him to go out of his way to do 80, On account of his severe lameness.-4. Granting his eyes and legs to be good, he has no teeth.-5. My dog died six weeks ago.-6. I never had any dog - Yankee Paper. A Larce [Large] Taroat.-The [Throat.-The] Morning Star, published at Cincinnati, relates the following anecdote of a young gentleman of the south, who expended a large fortune, money, lands, everything in the course of in- [intemperance] temperance and profligacy He had just paid a last year's grog bill of 800 dollars. One day he was walking in the street very leisurely, when, seeing a physician on the opposite side, he called him to come over. 'Doctor, said he, 'I wish you'd just take a look into my throat.' I don t discover anything, Sir,' said the doctor. 'You don't,' said he, 'why that's strange will you be just kind enough to give another look 'Really, Sir,' said the doctor, after a second look, 'I don't see anything,' 'No why, doctor, there is a farm, ten thousand dollars, and twenty gone down my throat THE PROFESSIONS OF ANIMALS.-Bees are geome- [come- geometricians] tricians. [trains] The cells are so constructed as, with the least quantity of material, to have the largest sized spaces and lcast [last] possible loss of interstice. The mole is a meteorologist. The bird called the nine-killer is an arithmetician as alse [ale] the crow, the wild turkey, and some other birds. The torpedo, the ray, and the elec- [elect- electric] tric [tic] ecl, [cl] are electricians. The nautilus is a navigator ; he raises and lowers his sails, casts and weighs anchors, and performs other nautical acts. Whole tribes of birds are musicians. The beaver is an architect, builder, and wood-cutter he cuts down trees, and erects houses and dams. The marmot is a civil engineer; he not only builds houses, but constructs aqueducts and drains to keep them dry. The white ants maintain a regular army of soldiers. Wasps are paper manufacturers, Caterpillars are silk spinners. The squirrel is a ferry- [ferryman] man; with a chip or piece of bark fora boat, and his tail for a sail, he crosses a stream. Dogs, wolves, jackals, and many others, are hunters. The black bear and the heron are fishermen. The ants have regular day labourers. The monkey is a rope-dancer. Give WIszLy -AN [Wisely -AN] ANECDOTE.-One evening, a short time since, the curate of B., a small village in the north of France, returned much fatigued to his humble dwelling. He had been visiting a poor family who were suffering from both want and sickness; and the worthy old man, besides administering the consolations of reli- [deli- religion] gion, [Gin] had given them a few small coins, saved by rigid self denial from his scanty income. He walked home- [homewards] wards leaning on his stick, and thinking, with sorrow, how very small were the means he possessed of doing good and relieving misery. As he entered the door, he eard [ward] an unwonted clamour of tongues, taking the form of a by no means harmonious duet-an unknown male voice growling forth a hoarse bass, which was completely overscreeched [over screeched] by a remarkably high and thin treble, easily recognised by the placid curate as proceeding from the well practised throat of his housekeeper, the shrewish Perpetua [Perpetual] of agentle [agent] Don Abbondio. [Bond] A pretty business this, Monsieur cried the dame, when her master appeared, as with flashing eyes, and left arm a-kimbo, [a-limbo] she pointed with the other to a surly-looking man dressed in a blouse, who stood in the hall, holding a small box in This fellow, she continued, is a messenger from the diligence, and he wants to get fifteen francs as the price of the carriage of that little box directed to you, which I'm sure, no matter what it contains, can't be worth half the money. Peace, Nanette, said her master; and taking the box from the man, who, at his approach, doffed his hat, he examined the direction. It was extremely heavy, and bore the stamp of San Francisco, in California, together with his own address. The curate paid the fifteen francs, which left him possessed but of a few sous, and dismissed the messenger. He then opened the box, and displayed to the astonished eyes of Nanette an ingot of virgin gold, and a slip of paper, on which were written the following words - To Monsieur the Curate of B. A slight token of eternal gratitude, in remem- [rem- remembrance] brance [branch] of August 28th, [the] 1848. CHARLES F--. Formerly serjeant-major [Sergeant-major] in the -th regiment ; now a gold-diggeor [gold-dagger] in California. On the 28th of August, 1848, the curate was, on the evening in question, returning from visiting his poor and sick parishioners. Not far from his cottage he saw a young soldier with a haggard countenance and wild bloodshot eyes, hastening towards the bank of a deep and rapid river, which ran through the fields. The venerable priest stopped him and spoke to him kindly. At first the young man would not answer, and tried to break away from his questioner; but the curate fearing that he meditated suicide, would not be repulsed, and at length with much difficulty, succeeded in leading him to his house. After some time, softened by the tender kindness of his host, the soldier confessed that he had spent in gambling a sum of money which had been en- [entrusted] trusted to him as serjeant-major [Sergeant-major] of his company. This avowal was made in words broken by sobs, and the culprit repeated several times, My poor mother my poor mother if she only knew. The curate waited until the soldier became more calm, and then addressed him in words of reproof and counsel, such as a tender father might bestow on an erring son. He finished by giving him a bag containing one hundred and thirty francs, the amount of the sum he had unlawfully dissi- [dis- dis sited] ted. the old man, but by the grace of God, you will change your habits, you will work diligently, and some day, my friend, you will return me this money, which indeed belongs more to the poor than to me. It would be impossible to describe the young soldier's joy and asto- [Aston- astonishment] nishment. [astonishment] He pressed convulsively his benefactor's hand, and after a pause, said Monsieur, in three months my military engagement will be ended. I solemnly promise that, with the assistance of God, from that time I will work diligeatly. [diligently] So he departed, bearing with him the money and the blessing of the good man. Much to the sorrow and indignation of Nanette, her master continued to wear through the ensuing winter his old threadbare suit, which he had intended to replace by warm garments and his dinner frequently consisted Of Dread and soupe [soup] matyre. [mature] And all this, said the dame, for the sake of a worthless stroller, whom we shall never see or hear of again Nanette, said her master, with tears in his eyes, as he showed her the massive ingot, whose value was three thousand francs, never judge hardly of a re- [repentant] pentant [pendant] sinner. It was the weeping Magdalen who poured precious ointment on her Master's feet; it was the outlawed Samaritan leper who returned to give him thanks. Our poor guest has nobly kept his word. Next winter my sick people will want neither food nor medicine; and you must lay in plenty of flannel and frieze for our old men and women, Nanette [Nanette] Dickens's Household Words. A Poor Man's TaLEe [Tale] oF a Patent.-After a deal of trouble I found out a master in Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, nigh Temple Bar, where I made the declaration, and paid eighteenpence. [eighteen pence] I was told to take the declaration and petition to the Home Office, in Whitehall, where I left it to be signed by the Howe Secretary (after I had found the office out), and where I paid 2 2s. 6d. In six days he signed it, and I was told to take it to the Attorney-General's chambers, and leave it there for a report. I did so, and paid 4 4s. Note Nobody, all through, ever thankful for their money, but all uncivil. My lodging at Thomas Joy's was now hired for another week, whereof five were gone. The Attorney-General made what they called a report, of course (my invention being, as William But- [Butcher] cher had delivered before starting, unopposed), and I was sent back with it to the office. They made a copy of it, which was called a warrant. For this warrant I paid 7 13s. 6d. It was sent to the Queen to sign. The Queen sent it back signed. The Home Secretary signed it again. The gentlemen throwed [throw] it at me when I called, and said, Now, take it to the Patent Office in Lincoln's Inn. I was then in my third week at Thomas Joy's living very sparing on account of fees. I found myself losing heart. At the Patent Office, in Lincoln's Inn, they made a draft of the Queen's bill, of my invention, and a docket of the bill. I paid 5 10s. 6d. for this. They engrossed two copies of the bill-one for the Signet Office and one for the Privy Seal Office. I paid 1 7s. 6d. for this. Stamp duty over and above, 3. The engrossing clerk of the same office engrossed the Queen's bill for signature. I paid him 1 1s. Stamp duty again, 1 10s. I was next to take the Queen's bill to the Attorney- [Attorney general] General again, and get it signed again. I took it, and paid 5 more. I fetched it away, and took it to the Home Secretary again. He sent it to the Queen again. She signed it again. I paid 7 13s. 6d. more, for this. I had been over a month at Thomas Joy's. I was quite worn out, patience and pocket. Thomas Joy delivered all this, as it went on, to William Butcher. William Butcher delivered it again to three Birmingham parlours, from which it got to all the other parlours, and was took, as I have been told since, right through all the shops in the north of England. Note William Butcher delivered at his parlour, in a speech, that it was a patent way of making chartists. But I had'nt nigh done yet. The Queen's bill was to be took to the Sign et Office in Somerset House, Strand, where the stamp shop is. The clerk of Tt is nearly all I possess in the world, said at a profit, for 1s. 6d. I next paid fees to the deputy, the Lord Chancellor's purse-bearer, 2 2s. I Dext [Next] pad fees to the clerk of the Hanaper, [Harper, 7 13s. I next paid fees to the deputy-clerk of the Hanaper, [Harper, 10s. I next paid to the Lord Chancellor again, 1 11s. 6d. Last of all, I paid fees to the deputy-sealer, and deputy chaff-wax, 10s. 6d. I had lodged at Thomas J oy's over six weeks and the unopposed patent for my invention, for England only, had cost me 96 7s. 8d. If I had taken it out for the United Kingdom, it would have cost me more than 300.-Dickens's W.-Dickens's] Household Words, No. 30. HEnry [Henry] THE FIFTH aND [and] THE N. AvY.-Henry [Navy.-Henry] the Fifth may be said to have been the first English sovereign who created a navy of ships of war, which he did in great measure with carracks captured from the Genoese. [Genes] A list of the navy in the early part of his reign is given in the Acts of the Privy Council, vol. ii, but it was subsequently enlarged. He was certainly the first sove- [stove- sovereign] reign who enacted that piracy should be considered as high treason, and that masters of ships should be com- [compelled] pelled [celled] to swear that if they took any prizes they would bring them to port to be adjudicated by officers ap- [appointed] pointed for the purpose. He appointed a channel fleet, consisting of two ships of one hundred and twenty tons each, five barges of one hundred tons, and five balingers, [lingers] which were distributed from Plymouth to Berwick. The two former classes carried each forty-eight mariners, twenty-six men-at-arms, and twenty-six archers; the balingers [lingers] forty mariners, ten men-at-arms, and ten archers. Transports were paid at the rate of 3s. 4d. per ton per quarter of a year, exclusive of the wages of the mariners.- [mariners] Henrici [Henry] Quinti. [Quaint] Our EDUCATIONALSTANDARD,- [Educational standard,- Educational standard] At the quarter sessions of the peace of the county of Dorset, held at Dor- [For- Dorchester] chester on Tuesday last, the report of the chaplain of the gaol was read in open court, which contained the follow- [following] ing startling facts under the head of statistics of crime after congratulating the county upon the de- [decrease] crease of crime during the past year, amounting to at least twenty-six per per cent, it sates, that there had been 828 committals during the present year. Out of 828, into whose religious and moral condition he had closely inquired, I find that 267 had never attended any place of divine worship, either in the churches of the establishment or dissenting chapels, and 361 had never learnt to read. Out of 749 who could repeat the Lord's Prayer, 386 had not the slightest notion of its meani [mean] ; and out of 622 who could repeat the Apostle's Creed, 137, or nearly one-sixth part, had no knowledge of the nature, the work, or even the name of Christ. Joun [John] KEMBLE.-Theatrical genius seemed to have been inherent in the Kemble blood. It is hard to say whether John Kemble was greater as an actor, or his sister, Mrs. Siddons, as an actress. His mind was cast in the same mould; but its features in some respects were different from hers. He had the same tendency to the grand and the heroic-unbending firmness, un- [unconquerable] conquerable courage, Roman magnanimity, were what he loved to represent, and in which he chiefly excelled. But he had more versatility of power than his majestic sister. King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, were performed by him with as much success as Brutus, Cato, or Corio- [Cairo- Coriolanus] lanus. [lands] The Stranger was one of his greatest pieces. The character of Haller, worn down by grief, emaciated by anguish, firm in resolution, but writhing under emo- [emotion] tion, [ion] suited his peculiar transcendant [Transcends] power. He por- [or- portrayed] trayed [strayed] to the life the idea of Virgil- [Vigilance] Nullis [Bulls] ile movetur [moved] Fletibus, [Felts] aut [at] voces [vices] ullas [Ills] tractahiles [tractable] audit Fate obstant, [instant] placidasque [plasters] viri [very] deus [des] obstruit [obstruct] aures. [Ayres] ... ... Assiduis [Assiduous] hine [hone] atque [ate] hinc, [inch] vocibus [voices] heros, [hero] Tunditur [rotundity] et magno [Magna] persentit [presented] pectore [picture] curas, [cures] Mens [Men] immota [immortal] manet [mane] lachrymz [lachrymose] volvuntur [volunteer] inanes. [Innes] Kemble's figure and countenance were admirably adapted to the representation of melancholy or dignified cha- [character] racter. [Carter] Both were heroic. Cast in the Roman mould, his face had the high features, stern expression, and lofty air, which spring from magnanimity of soul and conscious lustre of descent. His air, step, and manner on the stage, were entirely in unison with his character. Though not tall, his majestic carriage and firm step be- [bespoke] spoke the heroic mind. He walked the boards like Cario- [Cairo- Carious] lanus; [lands] his seat at the council was that of Cato; Brutus could not with more dignity have drawn his sword from his scabbard. His voice was husky, and generally in a kind of sing-song, but powerful in his bursts of passion. It is probable that his style of acting would not meet with the same unqualified admiration now which it did in his time it was better suited to an heroic than a utilitarian age. It would now be complained of as stiff and un- [unnatural] natural. It bespoke the period which achieved the vic- [victories] tories of Nelson and Wellington, rather than that which raised a monument to a successful railway speculator. But it is not on that account likely to be the less elevat- [elevate- elevating] ing, or to have approached less closely to the eternal standard of ideal perfection. Kemble was a great anti- [antiquarian] quarian. [antiquarian] He had closely studied the dress, arms, accou- [account- accoutrements] trements, [treatments] architecture, and furniture of former ages, and exhibited them with admirable fidelity on the stage. His flowing white robes in Cato, his glitering [glittering] helmet in Coriolanus, his short sword in Brutus, are yet present to the recollection of all who witnessed them. These adjuncts to theatrical effect are not to be despised even by the most exalted genius. They constitute part of its charming illusion; it is no small addition to a noble performance to see the whole still life with which it is sur- [Sir- surrounded] rounded a complete realisation of former times; to behold again revived the exact feudal armies of Henry the fifth or Hotspur [Hot spur] to see Othello arrayed in the true garb of Venetian wealth, and Brutus or Coriolanus walk ing the boards with the air and arms of Roman warriori. [warrior] Immense was the attention which Kemble bestowed on this subject. So strongly did it occupy his mind, so largely did it influence his conversation, that one was sometimes almost tempted to think that nature had destined him rather for an antiquarian than a tragedian. But when he appears on the stage in the characters he had thus arrayed with so much ease in the garb and panopoly [monopoly] of former times, it at once was seen to what end that ancient lore had been applied. It was ail brought to bear on the graphic delineation of character; it was an adjunct of mind that matter was to him so much the object of study. It was the combination cf of both which constituted the magical illusion of h's performance.-Alison's Essays. Tae [Tea] Towns oF LANCASHIRE AND THE West Ripinc.- [ripping.- ripping] In South Lancashire, Manchester, Boltén, [Bolton] Bury, Roch- [Rochdale] dale and Blackburn, were already manufacturing towas [towns] of some importance. Manchester was the best built, most active, and most populous town in with divers fine mills on the river Irwell; two market places; several stone bridges over the three streams which unite there; and a handsome collegiate church. But the Irwell, its principal river, was not navigable, on account of rocks and shallows. Bolton, the next in im- [in- importance] portance, [importance] then stood mostly by cotton and coarse yarn. Divers villages in the moors about Bolton also made cotton. We have fewer particulars respecting Bury, Blackburn, and Rochdale; but their manufactures were of sufficicnt [sufficient] importance in the reign of Queen Elizabeth to employ a deputy alnager, [general] or measurer of cloths. Kendal, in Westmoreland, was a celebrased [celebrated] emporium of woollen cloths in the reign of Heary [Hear] the Eighth; and in that of Elizabeth its inhibi- [inhabit- inhabitants] tants [ants] carried on an abundant trade in that artcle [article] throughout all England. In the West Riding of York- [Yorkshire] shire, the manufacture of woollen cloths was carried on to a great extent, in the valleys of the Calder and the Aire, [Are] almost from their sources to the point where they fall into the Ouse. [Use] Wakefield, on the Calder, stood by clotaing, [containing] and was the principal manufacturing town in the district. It was avery [very] quick market town, tole- [tolerably] rably [ably] large. Halifax, and the villages in the surround- [surrounding] ing hills and valleys, were also full of manufactures. Forasmuch, Inasmuch, says the preamble of an act of parliament, of the reign of Philip and Mary, as the parish of Halifax and other places thereunto adjoining, being planted in great wastes and moors, where the fertility of the soil is not apt to bring forth common good grass, but in rare places, and by exceeding and great industry of the in- [inhabitants] habitants, the inhabitants altogether do live by cloth- [cloth making] making; and the greater part of them neither groweth [growth] corn, nor is able to keep a horse to carry wool, nor yet to buy much wool at once; but hath ever used only to repair to' the town of Halifax, and some other nigh thereto, and there to buy upon (of) the wool driver (dealer), some a stone, some two, and some three or four, according to their ability, and to carry the same to their houses, some three, four, five, or six miles off, upon their heads or backs; and so make or convert the same either into yarn or cloth, and to sell the same, and to buy more wool of the wool driver, by means of which industry the barren grounds in these parts are now much inhabited, and above five hundred house- [households] holds there newly increased, within these forty years past. For these reasons these industrious people were allowed to continue to buy wool in the same way, not- [notwithstanding] withstanding a recent act of parliament regulating the mode of wool buying. Lower down these valleys, on the junction of three streams, Bradford, a pretty quick market town, half the size of Wakefield, stood by clothing. And about eight miles lower than Bradford, on the banks of the Aire, [Are] stood Leeds, which had been a clothing town from the reign of Edward the Third, when the fulling mills were let for 33s. 6d. a year, and which has since become the capital of the woollen dis- [districts] tricts [tracts] of England, although it was inferior to Bradford when it was visited by Leland. Leeds, he says, two miles lower than Kirkstall Abbey, on Aire [Are] river, is a pretty market, having one church, reasonably well builded, [builder] as large as Bradford, but not so quick as it. Such was the condition of the districts from which Liverpool then drew its chief supplies of manufactures, and whose great increase in activity and wealth, in more recent times, has been the principal cause of the won- [wonderful] derful [wonderful] increase which has taken place in the commercial prosperity both of Liverpool and Hull. At the time of which I write, the north of England was still far behind Norfolk, and the valleys of the Thames and the Severn, in manufacturing wealth and resources; but it was steadily gaining op them, and has continued to advance until it has greatly surpassed them all.-Baincs's [all.-Banks's] Hie tory of Liverpool, &c., Section Third, I paid him 5 17s. 8d.; at circular. houses At last they did stop. Gradually the people Furness Anser.-The [Answer.-The] site is one of those delicious valleys which the Cistercians always selected for their buildings the ruins are very extensive, and belong mainly to the latter part of the twelfth century, when the pointed arch was being incorporated with the semi- [Smith] . They occupy a space of ground 600 feet in length by about 400 feet in width, and the grounds inclosed [enclosed] to the monastery altogether were 65 acres. Standing in the centre of the quadrangle, a regular square, with sides of some 180 or 190 feet each in length, you have on the north side the conveptual [converts] church, a building of extraordinary proportions, with its tower, chancel, transepts, and choir 306 feet in length, the width of the church across the transepts being 190 feet. On the east side of the quadrangle was the refectory, about 200 feet long; the chapter house and common refectory, with dormitories above (upwards of 200 feet in length); and on the west a magnificent hall, stretching from the chancel of the church to the utmost limits of the southern building (being, in fact, nearly 300 feet in length), which may have served as the hospitium [hospital] or guests' hall. There was also a long suite of buildings farther south of all these, at right angles, and covering them from east to west, the exact purpose of which has not been determined, though one was apparently a small chapel (the abbot's chapel), and another the hospital. The chapter house is a singularly fine Early-English apartment. THE PaLace [Place] or new Palace of Industry begins to rise from the ground. Not only in the beauty of its form and brilliancy of its materials, but in the rapidity with which it seems to grow does it realize the magic of an eastern fable. What a day or two ago seemed a confused plantation of iron columns, is now the graceful outline of a principal part of the structure. The pillars appear suddenly to have fallen into their proper places, in regular lines, nearly 800 feet in length, and marking off four of the grand avenues. The transept shows itself above the hoarding -the whole framework of the lowest tier being already fixed, and also part of the next in elevation. Within the in- [enclosure] closure, the scene ig an organised confusion. The number of workmen employed is so great that the inex- [Index- inexperienced] perienced [experienced] eye fancies they must be in each others way -but the disorder is only apparent. Each man has his allotted task,-the whole are working in harmony; and hence the fairy-like rapidity with which the crystal edifice is rising up. A steam-engine is on the ground, -and the fires of a multitude of forges form a strange and characteristic feature of the scene.-It is now arranged that the internal decoration of the building shall form part of the Exhibition itself. Already numerous applications have been made for this purpose. It is announced that surfaces of limited area will be ap- [appropriated] propriated [appropriated] to artists offering specimens of ceiling and of wall decoration, The galleries will be protected by ornamental iron railings. The body of the Palace, the passages and refectories, will afford ample opportunities for the display of stone or marble fountains, statuary, carving in wood, and work in papier-maché [paper-mach] or other materials. Other products of industry which require some kind of setting for their due exhibition-as glass- [glass staining] staining, grand altar-pieces, and the like-may also not inappropriately form parts of the building-We may as well add, for the information of parties who may contribute in this way, that the space so occupied will not be subtracted from that which they may have already claimed of the local committees in the main body of the Palace.- [Palace] Atheneum. [Athens] Epmunpb Stong, [Strong] THE GEOMETRICIAN.- [GEOMETRICIAN] Edmund Stone published, in 1731, an edition of Euclid's Elements, with an account of his life and writings, and a defence of the Elements against modern objectors. The follow- [following] ing account of Stone, from Dr. Hutton, may be cited, #s an example of true genius overcoming all the disad- [dist- disadvantages] vantages of birth, fortune, and education. Edmund Stone was the son of a gardener of the Duke of Argyle. At eight years of age he was taught to read, and at eighteen, without further assistance, he had made such advances in mathematical knowledge as to be able to read the Principia [Principal] of Newton. As the duke was one day walking in his garden, he saw a copy of Newton's Principia [Principal] lying on the grass, and called some one near him to take it back to the library. Young Stone, the gardener, modestly observed that the book belonged to him. To you replied the duke; do you understand geometry, Latin, Newton I know a little of them, replied the young man, with an air of simplicity. The dike was surprised, and having himself a taste for the sciences, he entered into conversation with the young mathematician. He asked him several questions, and was astonished at the force, the accuracy, and the can- [candour] dour of his answers. But how, said the duke, came you by the knowledge of all these things Stone replied, A servant taught me, ten years since, to read. Does any one need to know more than the twenty-four 'etters, [letters] in order to learn anything else that one wishes The duke's curiosity was redoubled. He sat down on a bank, and requested a detail of all his proceedings. I frst [first] learnt to read, said Stone. The masons were then at work upon your house. I went near them one cay, and saw that the architect used a rule and com- [compasses] passes, and that he made calculations. I inquired what night be the use of these things, and was informed shat [that] there is a science called arithmetic. I purchased a book of arithmetic, and learned it. I was told there was another science called geometry. I bought the books, and learned geometry. By reading, I found that there were good books in these two sciences in Latin. I bought a dictionary, and learned Latin. I understood, also, that there were good books of the same kind in French. I bought a dictionary, and learned French. And this, my lord, is what I have done. It seems to me that we may learn everything when we know the twenty-four letters of the alphabet. The duke, highly pleased with the account, brought this wonderful genius out of ob- [obscurity] scurity, [security] and provided him with an employment which left him leisure to apply himself to the sciences. Joan oF Arc.-A work recently published at Paris is an elaborate examination of the trial, condemnation, and execution of the Maid of Orleans, which com- [completely] pletely [lately] exonerates the English from the odium of having had hand or part therein. She was tried by the Holy Inquisition-condemned by the Inquisition-executed by the Inquisition. The charges against her were purely and wholly ecclesiastical; her trial was conducted in the pure ecclesiastical form, just as those of any other suspected sorcerer, witch, or heretic; and in virtue of ecclesiastical laws she was sentenced and burned. The English had no more to do with her trial than with the condemnation of Socrates. If she had never defeated them,-never fallen into their hands-her fate would have been the same. Not the slightest trace of their participation is to be discovered in any of thé [the] proceed- [proceed lugs] lugs, or even in any one of the numerous interrogations to which she was subjected. She was a victim to the atrocious fanaticism of her time, and nothing more; her judges and executioners, her own countrymen, blinded by fanaticism, saw in her only the dabbler in evil spirits, and thought not of her glory or patriotism; and in no respect whatsoever were they the instruments of the English. All this, I am aware, is well known to the historical student; but it is not the less gratifying to find it stated, admitted, and loudly proclaimed by a French writer, who has taken the trouble (the first time it has ever been thoroughly done) te examine and sift technically the proces-verbaux, [prices-verbal] the testimonies of wit- [witnesses] nesses, [senses] the interrogatories of the accused, the recorded evidence,-in a word, all the multitudinous papers con- [connected] nected [connected] with this extraordinary case. Hitherto, almost all French historians have, either directly or indirectly, cast on the English the moral responsibility of this abominable judicial assassination; foreign writers have done the same; and even the English themselves, from over-tenderness of conscience or from ignorance, have submitted to the imputation. But henceforth this can- [cannot] not be; the French themselves are now constrained to admit that not one drop of the heroine's blood falls on a English head.-Paris correspondent of the Literary uzette, [Gazette] GLIMPsE [Glimpse] OF NaTuRE.-It [Nature.-It] was a glorious morning at the end of May and when I escaped from the pall ot smoke which hung over the city, I found the sky a sheet of cloud- [cloudless] less blue. How I watched for the ending of the rows of houses which lined the road for miles-the great roots of London running far out into the country, up which poured me an endless stream of food, and merchandise, and uman [man] beings-the sap of the huge metropolitan life-tree How each turn of the road' opened a fresh line of terraces or villas, till hope deferred made the heart sick, and the country seemed-like the place where the rainbow touches the ground, or the El Dorado of Raleigh's Guiana settlers -always a little further off How, between gaps in the houses right and left, caught tantalising glimpses of green fields, shut from me by dull lines of high-spiked palings How I peeped through gates and over fences at trim lawns and gardens, and longed to stay, and admire, and speculate on the names of the strange plants and gaudy flowers and then hurried on, always expecting to find something still finer a-head-something really worth stopping to look at...till the houses thickened again into a street, and I found myself, to my disappointment, in the midst of a town And then more villas and palings and then a village ;- when would they stop, endless whom I passed began to look more and more rural, and more toil-worn and ill-ted. The houses ended, cattle yards and farm buildings appeared and right and left, far away, spread the low rolling sheet of green meadows and corn-fields, Oh, the joy The lawns, with their high elms and firs; the green hedge rows, the delicate hue and scent of the fresh clover-fields, the steep clay banks, where I stopped to pick nosegays of wild flowers, and became again a child and then recollected by mother, and a walk with her on the river bank towards the Red House. I hurried on again, but could not be unhappy, while my eyes ranged free, for the first time in my life, over the chequered squares of cultivation, over glittering brooks, and hills quivering in the green haze, while above hung the skylarks, pouring out their souls in melody. And then, as the sun grew hot, and the larks dropped one by one into the grow- [growing] ing corn, the new delight of the blessed silence I listened to the silence, for noise had been my native element I had become in London quite unconscious of the ceaseless roar of the human sea, casting up mire and dirt. And now, for the first time in my life, the crushing confusing hubbub had flowed away, and left my brain calm and free. How I felt at that moment a capability of clear, bright medita- [media- meditation] tion, [ion] which was as new to meas I believe it would have been to most Londoners in my position. I cannot help fancying, that our unnatural of excitement, physoat [phys oat] as well as moral, is to blame for very much of the working men's restlessness and fierceness. As it was, I felt that every step forward, every breath of fresh air, gave me a new life. I had gone fifteen miles before I recollected since I rose.--A for the first time for man I that, oe y months, had not coughed No man has a right to do as he pleases, except when he pleases to do right. QuEEN [Queen] A vast ruff, a vaster fardingale, [Cardinal] and a bushel of rings. -Horace Walpole. There are three things in the world that know no kind cf restraint, and are governed by no laws but merely by passion and brutality civil wars, family quarrels, aud [and] religious disputes.-Brotier. [disputes.-Brother] He that visits the sick in hope of a legacy, let him be never so friendly in all other cases, I look upon him in this to be no better than a raven that watches a weak sheep only to peck out the eyes on't.-Seneca. Revelation is to man as an instinct, teaching him what reason cannot-his religious duties, the undying nature of his intellectual part, and the relation of his conduct to eternal happiness and misery.- [misery] Sir Humphrey Davy. An UnpENIABLE [Undeniable] ALipi-A [Alibi-A] Mr. Hardy having been accused of keeping a gambling shop in San Francisco, his friends, naturally feeling hurt at the imputation, rebutted it by stating that he was in gaol at Lockport, for bigamy He that has found a way to keep a child's spirit easy, active, and free; and yet, at the same time, to restrain him from many things he has a mind to, and to draw him to things that are uneasy to him; he, I say, who knows how to reconcile these seeming contradictions, ae in my opinion, got the true secret of education.- [education] DEGENERACY OF THE MeEn. -Mrs. [Men. -Mrs] Partington says that when she was a gal she used to go to parties, and always had a beau to extort her home. But now, she says, the gals undergo all such declivities the task of extorting them home revolves on their dear selves. The old lady drew down her specs, and thanked her stars that she had lived in other days, when men were more palpable in depreciating the worth of the female sect. Prisoners at WoRcESTER.-I [Worcester.-I] cannot think that the extract from the accounts of the churchwardens of St. Margaret's, Westminster, at all justifies C.F. S. in supposing that the Scotch prisoners were massacred in cold blood. The total number of these prisoners was 10,0600. Of the 1,200 who were buried, the greater part most probably died of their wounds; and though this number is large, yet we must bear in mind that in those days the sick and wounded were not tended with the care and attention which are now displayed in such cases. We learn from the Parliamentary History (xx. 58) that on the 17th of September, 1651, the Scotch prisoners were brought to London, and marched through the city into Tothill-fields. The same work (xx. 72) states that Most of the common soldiers were sent to the English Plantations; and 1,500 of them were granted to the Guiney [Guinea] merchants, and sent to work in the gold mines there. Large numbers were also employed in draining the great level of the Fens (Wells, History of the Bedford Level, i. 228-244.) [W-W] Lord Clarendon (book xili.) [xii] says, Many perished for want of food, and, being enclosed in a little room till they were sold to the plan- [plantations] tations [stations] for slaves, they died of all diseases. -C. H Coorer.-Notes [Cooper.-Notes] and Queries. LEGENDS oF ByE-conE [By-one] Days.-Among the legends of St. Francis, some of the most interesting are those which place him in relation with the lower animals. He looked upon all beings as existing by, and through God; and as having a portion of that divine principle by which he himself existed. He was accustomed to call all living things his brothers and sisters. In the enthusiasm of his charity he interpreted literally the text, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. He appears to have thought that all sentient beings had a share in the divine mission of Christ; and since a part of that divine mission was to enlarge the sphere of our human sympathies, till they embrace eW our fellow creatures, it should seem that the more the tender spirit of Christianity is un- [understood] derstood [stood] and diffused, the more will the lower creation be elevated through our own more elevated intelligence and refined sympathies. Dr. Arnold says, in a strik- [strike- striking] ing passage of one of his letters, that, the destinies of the brute creation appeared to him a mystery which he could not approach without awe. St. Francis, in his gentle and tender enthusiasm, solved that mystery -at least to himself-by admitting animals within the pale of Christian sympathy. I shall give a few of these legends here, as the best commentary on the subjects above described. It is recorded that when he walked in the fields the sheep and the lambs thronged around him, hares and rabbits nestled in his bosom; but of all living creatures he seems to have loved especially birds of every kind, as being the most unearthly in their nature; and among birds he loved best the dove ..........-. St. Francis had also a great tenderness for larks, and often pointed out to his disciples the larks mounting to heaven's gate, and singing praises to the Creator, as a proper emblem of Christian aspira- [aspire- aspiration] tion. [ion] A lark brought her brood of nestlings to his cell, to be fed from his hand he saw that the strongest of these nestlings ised [used] over the others, pecking at them and taking more than his due share of the food whereupon the good saint rebuked the creature, saying, 'Thou unjust and insatiable thou shalt die miserably, and the greediest animals shall refuse to eat thy flesh.' And so it happened, for the creature drowned itself through its impetuosity in drinking, and when it was thrown to the cats they would not touch it. On his return from Syria, in passing through the Venetian Lagune, [Language] vast numbers of birds were singing, and he said to his companion, Our sisters, the birds, are praising their Creator let us sing with them,' and he began the sacred service. But the warbling of the birds interrupted them, therefore St. Francis said to them, 'Be silent till we also have praised God,' and they ceased their song, and did not resume it till he had given them permission. On another occasion, preaching at Alviana, [Alana] he could not make himself heard for the chirping of the swallows, which were at that time building their nests; pausing, there- [therefore] fore, in his sermon, he said, My sisters you have talked enough; it is time that I should have my turn. Be silent, and listen to the word of God ' and they were silent immediately. -On another occa- [occur- occasion] sion, he was sitting with his disciple Leo, he felt him- [himself] self penetrated with joy and consolation by the song of the nightingale, and he desired his friend Leo to raise his voice and sing the praises of God in company with the bird. But Leo excused himself by reason of his bad voice; upon which Francis himself began to sing, and when he stopped, the nightingale took up the strain, and thus they sung alternately, until the night was far advanced, and Francis was obliged to stop, for his voice failed. Then he confessed that the little bird had vanquished him; he called it to him, thanked it for its song, and gave it the remainder of his bread; and having bestowed his blessing upon it, the creature flew away. -Mrs. Jameson's Legends of the Monastic Order. Mr. Maskell, who was a few months since examining chaplain to the Bishop of Exeter, and who recently went over to the Church of Rome, has addressed a letter to Dr. Pusey on his practice of receiving persons in auricular confession. The writer intimates that per- [persons] sons are secretly received at confession against the known will of their parents; that confessions are heard in the houses of common friends; that there is clandes- [glands- clandestine] tine correspondence to arrange meetings, under initials, er envelopes addressed to other persons; and he says it is time that this matter should now be brought before the world plainly, honestly, and fully. I know, says Mr. Maskell, how heavily the enforced mystery and secret correspondence regarding confessions, in your communion, has weighed down the minds of many to whom you and others have 'ministered;' I know how bitterly it has eaten, even as a canker into their very souls I know how utterly the specious arguments which you have urged have failed to remove their burning sense of shame and of deceitfulness. And, for their sakes, forgetting both myself and you, I speak so plainly as I have. The main object of the writer is not, however, to make these astonishing revelations of what is going on in the Church of England, but to show that Dr. Pusey assumes a power to which he has no title whatever. MorE [More] PENANCE.-Last week, in the Consistory Court of Gloucester, judginent [judgment] was given in the case S v Dauncey, [Dance, a suit preferred against the defendant, for defaming the character of the promoter, a single lady, daughter of an innkeeper at Stonehouse. Dauncey, [Dance] who is a bootmaker, living also Stonehouse, was sentenced to do penance in the parish church, and pay 12 towards costs. Cream of Bunch. Last BaLtoon [Bolton] News FroM [From] Paris.- [Paris] Yesterday, M. Poitevin [Pointe] made an ascent on the back of a dromedary. The dromedary went up with an ass. Latest Law AGAINST THE PREss.-The [Press.-The] children of all editors and writers for the French press, must hence- [henceforth] forth be signed with the names of the authors of their existence.-Extrait [existence.-Extract] du Moniteur. [Monitor] MistaKEN [Mistake] IpENTITY.-A [Identity.-A] most extraordinary instance of mistaken identity recently occurred in Scotland. A Cambridge student, travelling through Glen Tilt, ac- [accosted] costed the Duke of That Ik as a gentleman. Tue Last Protectionist DopcE.- [Dope.- Dope] We understand that there has been some difficulty at the Custom House about the reception of some cattle from the Continent, in consequence of the possibility of some of them having arrived from Italy, and their admission would be a con- [contravention] travention [prevention] of the Act of Queen Elizabeth against bring- [bringing] ing in Bulls from Rome. It is intimated that a shrewd Protectionist has suggested this difficulty to the Custom ' House authorities, as a sort of last kick against free trade principles. Mr. Puncn's [Punch's] REGISTERED Desians- [Designs- Dishonest] The Copyright , Amendment Act, passed last session, allows designs to be provisionally registered for a year, which will secure the benefit of the design to the proprietor. Mr. Punch has registered a design to procure an equitable adjust- [adjustment] ment [men] of the income-tax and a repeal of the window-tax, a design to confer the elective franchise on every honest man who is intelligent enough to exercise it, and several other designs of great value and importance. Mr. Punch, however, has no idea of securing the benefit of one of these ificent [efficient] designs solely for himself, but intends, with his accustomed liberality, that the public shall enjoy all the advantages that can be derived from them, HOMCGOPATHY. [HOMEOPATHY] The following letter is from the pen of a learned member of Trinity College, Cambridge, one, who we are informed, stood very high as a wrangler in his year. He practised allopathy with great success for some years in one of the largest towns in a neighbouring county, which he sacrificed to his convictions of the truth of homeeopathy, [homeopathy] and we are sure that under these circum- [circus- circumstances] stances, those of our readers who take an interest in the progress of the healing art will peruse his letter with more than usual interest. The letter appeared in the last number of the British Banner, from which we extract it. In common with all the practitioners of homeopathy in these kingdoms, I feel indebted to you for your gene- [generous] rous [sour] determination to see that we have fair play and you in your character of umpire, and not of advo- [adv- advocate] cate [care] I shall feel obliged by your inserting this brief history of my adoption of homeopathy, and, though I withhold my name in accordance with proper professional etiquette, I send, for your private information, my name and address. I was educated at a public school, and had unusual advantages of literary and scientitic [scientific] instruction I believe none of my medical colleagues of any school had more, very few so many. . The first time my attention was called to homeopathy was on the occasion of the death of Malibran. [Membrane] From the newspaper reports, and from my prejudice of education, I was induced to believe that she had fallen a victim to a a ridiculous folly; I have since ascertained, that if she was victimised it was by the practitioners of the old school. I laughed homeopathy to scorn, and should have thought myself insulted by any indiscreet prophecy that I might some day be a homeeopathist [Homeopathic] myself. , Seme [See] five or six years after Malibran's [Membrane's] death, I was led to test the therapeuties [therapeutic] of Hahnemann [Hangman] from the following circumstances - One of my children was subject to convulsions, originally from teething, but afterwards from any and eve y cause of irritation,-a passion, fright, disturbance of stomach or bowels, &c. I had used the allopathic resources without any advantage, when a friend pressed me to try aconite, belladonna, and chamomilla. [chemical] To this friend I had some years before been indebted for the first concern about my soul, and I am now indebted to him for whatever comfort and satisfaction I have had, or may yet have, as a prac- [pray- practitioner] titioner [petitioner] of homeopathy. The child never had a fit after- [afterwards] wards, and is now as healthy a girl as any in the country. In fact, she has had no illness but measles from that time to this. It may appear strange, but I was stillincredulous. [still incredulous] TI thought my child's recovery, whilst taking the homeopathic remedies, was a mere coincidence; that critical change had occurred, and to that the cessation of her fits was due. I gave no credit to homeopathy. ; In the course of that year, however, some of my patients, for whom I had done my best without any sensible advan- [advance- advantage] tage, [age] and for whom others before me had also done their best to no purpose-suffering from maladies that could be seen and handled, as it were-were treated homcopathi- [Homeopathic- Homeopathic] cally, [call] and, to my amazement, were speedily cured. The theories of coincidence and natural crisis were totally map- [applicable] plicable [applicable] to these cases. I will only mention one of them. A gentleman had for years suffered from hemorrhage from the bowels. He had consulted the most eminent sur- [Sir- Sir] ' geons [aeons] of the metropolis he had tried numerous physicians. He was a mere bag of bones, and each successive bleeding threatened the immediate extinction of his life. I had seen him on one of these occasions, and it was beyond my expectation that he rallied. I had lost sight of him for five or six months, and supposed he had consulted some one else. Had he died I shoukl [should] have heard of his death. I met him one day in the street, so changed that I hardly knew him. He was portly, had a healthy complexion, and had an air of exhilaration to which for many years he had been astranger. [stranger] I congratulated him on his transforma- [transform- transformation] tion, [ion] and asked him how it was brought about. When had the next bleeding after I saw you, I was thought to be dying my wife sent for Dr. & homeopathic practi- [practice- practitioner] tioner. [erection] He gave me china; I rallied, and have had no bleeding since, and the doctor is now treating me to cure me. But you see I am cured. Seeing is believing in this instance, and in others, I saw and believed, I investigated the subject, adopted homeopathy, lost the practice I had as an allopathist, offended my family and friends, was looked on as mad by sume, [sum] and as the fanatical victim of a wicked delusion by others. ; I persisted, however, through good report and ill report ; and, touching the medical question, I am more and more satisfied, by every day's experience, of the truth of the homeopathic law of healing, and of the efficacy of small doses of one medicine at a time. ; I was once bigotted [bigoted] and illiberal towards homeeopathists [Homeopathic] myself, and am disposed, therefore, to make every allow- [allowance] ance [once] for the bigotry and illiberality of my allopathic col- [colleagues] leagues. But I never called the homeopathists knaves, quacks, and impostors, because they were homeopathists. 1 thought the law was exceptional, for I knew it was some- [sometimes] times applicable but I considered the doses ridiculous. One of my illustrations was, that if a drachm [drama] of arsenic was thrown into the Thames at its springs, ali who drank of the water through its course must infallibly be poisoned, ac- [according] cording to the homeopathists. . We court investigation and searching enquiry. Some of our body are as highly endowed with the gifts of nature and education as are any of the allopathic school some are as high-minded and as high-souled [high-soiled] as any men of any rank or profession in the kingdom-to such men the epithets knaves, quacks, scoundrels, and impostors, are not ap- [applicable] plicable [applicable] according to the fitness of things and the circum- [circus- circumstances] stances of the case.- [case] Your obedient servant, October 10, 1850. SE FUNERAL OF THE QUEEN OF THE BELGIANS.- [BELGIANS] The remains of this illustrious and amiable lady were on Friday confided to their last resting-place, in the presence of the ing, Queen Amelia, Duke de Brabant, Comte de Flandre, [Flanders] Princess Clementine, the Duke de Nemours, [Memoirs] Prince de Joinville, [Corneille] the Duke d'Aumale, [d'Male] and the Prince Augustus of Saxe [Sale] Coburg [Burg] Gotha, the Ministers, the corps diplomatique, [diplomatic] and a long list of public functionaries. e Royal party was accompanied by the Duke de Cazes, [Cases] General de St. Yon Minister of War under Louis Philippe), Dela [Deal] Rue (formerly irector [rector] of Algerian affairs at the Ministry of War), de Montesquiou [Mosquitoes] and d'Houdetot, [d'Hottest] the Dukes de Marmier [Marie] and de Trevise, [Treatise] &c. The fimeral [funeral] service commenced about 11 o'clock, and lasted for about half-an-hour. The voice of the Cardinal who officiated was frequently broken by emotion, and all persons in the church were in tears. On the conclusion of the requeem, [require] the King and Royal family retired. The non-commissioned officers then removed the coffin to the vault, the Cardinal casting holy water upon it, and throwing on it a handful of dust, saying, Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. The coffin having been duly deposited, the vault was closed, and the sad ceremony terminated. The King and Royal party during the ceremony expressed very deep sorrow at the painful event which had gathered them together. REMORSE OF CONSCIENCE CONSEQUENT UPON A DREAM. -Thomas Cash, a singular looking character, was charged at Sunderland, on Tuesday, by P. C. Darnton, with having stolen a horse at Houghton le-Spring. It appears that while the officer was on duty at midnight on Monday the risoner [prisoner] came to him and told him the following story - e said he had been to Houghton Feast, on leaving which he went along the Chester Road, and after passing the Col- [Colliery] liery [livery] Row Bridge, went to the first farm-house he came to at midnight, and stolea [stolen] horse, which he rode to Newcastle, and there sold to a person in Sunderland-street, receiving in exchange a donkey, which he sold shortly afterwards, He then came to Sunderland Fair on Monday night. While asleep in a lodging-house he had a fearful dream; he thought he had received sentence of death for horse steal- [stealing] ing, and that he was led forth to be executed amid all the grim paraphernalia of death he thought he heard the last benediction of the priest, and felt the iron hand of Jack Ketch putting the fatal noose around his neck. He awoke with affright from his terrible dream, and rushing out of the lodging-house, he insisted on the first police-officer he met taking him into custody on a charge of horse stealing. The prisoner was accordingly taken to the station house. He said the statement was alltrue. [all true] Remanded.-Sunder- [Sunderland] land Herald. LaTEST [Latest] FROM THE ARcTIC [Arctic] REGIONS.-On Sunday last, two whalers, the Pacific and St. Andrew's, of Aberdeen, ar- [arrived] rived in that city from Davies' Straits. They report.a very unfavourable season and a very ynsuccessful [successful] fishery. In the month of July seven vessels got beset in the ice, and were so closely packed that it was for a time concluded that they would have to winter in the Arctic regions. Having provision only for a single voyaye, [voyage] the idea of passing the winter there was a terrible thought. A consultation was, therefore, held amongst the commanders, and it was agreed that it should be put to the men whether any of them, and how many, would volunteer to remain in each ship, while the others would make the best of their way to open water, and disperse themselves among the ships that were clear of the ice. From 12 to 14 men volun- [voluntary- volunteered] teered [steered] to remain in each ship, it being considered that that number would be sufficient to manage her; but if the provisions would have served for more through the winter, there would have been no difficulty in getting addi- [add- additional] tional [national] volunteers. The Jane, of was the nearect [nearest] ship in open water, and towards that vessel 150 men proceeded, the parting from their comrades being in many instances, of a very affecting character. The whole of these men were received on board the Jane, and Captain Walker proceeded without loss of time to apportion them among other vessels. This was done in the course of a few days, but soon after indications appeared of the ice giving way; and, to the gratification of all, it speedily broke up. The ice-bound whalers were then soon at liberty, and lost no time in gathering their men and pro- [proceeding] ceeding [feeding] with the fishery. The breaking up of the ice, how- [however] ever, had the effect of making the fish very shy, and it being found impossible to get through Melville-bay to the west land, few whales were killed. The ice continued open up to the time the Pacific and St. Andrew's left for home on the 5th instant; but the weather had been so stormy that most of the other ships were driven up the country to take shelter under the high land. Nothing was seen of the ships composing the expedition in search of Sir John Franklin since the dates mentioned in Commander Forsyth's despatch but it is the opinion of those in these whalers, who are able from long experience in the Arctic regions to judge, that the breaking up of the ice, and clearance of Lancaster Sound, would open a round Cape Reilly, where the remains of Sir John Franklin's encampment were found, and up Wellington Channel. If so, then it may be concluded that this channel will be well explored whatever may be the Law aND [and] LawyrERs.-The [Lawyers.-The] extraordinary diminution of business in the bankruptcy and insolvency courts bears emphatic testimony to the flourishing condition of the country. Never before were they so little occupied as at this moment. The Gazettes of last week presented altoge. [altogether] ther [the] but five bankrupts, the usual number two years ago being twenty in each Gazette, or an average of forty per week.-Law Times.-We understand that the commis. [comms] sioners [sinners] of common law are disposed to recommend a vy extensive change in the mode of proceeding in actions at. law, by which expense and delay will be dimini [diminish] It ae that the fests of action will be simplified, pleading in a great degree abolished eres [ere] epecdy [elect] and comparati [compared] and the practice Observer. Rai Plunket [Plunged] has the chair of the Caledoaian [Caledonian] MEDICcUS. [Medics] vely [very] inexpensive.- [inexpensive] Legad [Lead]