Huddersfield Chronicle (25/May/1850) - page 3

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, oy 41 a 4 12 a aT a -- poETRY. [poetry] iy THE LATE WILLIAM WORDSWORTH, FSQ [FS] Q BLITHE new-comer I have heard, hi d rejoice. hear thee and Te) Q shall I call thee Ried, [Red] oy but a Wandering Voice . Pile am lying on the grass TLY [TRY] rrofuld [rifled] shout I hear, ; This aeems.10 [seems.10] ai the whole air's space, as loud far off as near. ough [ought] babbling only to the vale, yishine [shine] and of fiowers, [flowers] Thrice weleome. [welcome] darling of the Spring, Even yet thou art to me No Lind, but an thing, A volee, [vole] T.esame [T.same] whom in my schoel-boy [school-boy] days vened [vend] te; sigh made me look a thousend [thousand] ways Ip bush, and tree, aud [and] sky. hee [her] did I often rove jy woods and on the green; now wert still a hope, a love; 1 Sci Jonged [longed] for, uever [ever] Seen. And I can listen to thee yet; 'an lie upon the pluin [plain] u, till I du beget gulden time O viessed [assessed] Bird the earth we pace n appears to be 'An unsubstantial faery place, That is At homie [home] for thee. FIRESIDE READINGS. A SIGH, und [and] it Gained, othes [others] the deepest grief. there that so softly tells ow long gone by; s of happiness to come So sweetly as a sigh. THE SHAKE OF THE HAND THAT IS FELT AT THE HEART. ct in fashion's gay circle we find that and love can impart; uintance [instance] may be very pleasant and kind, ir shake of the hand is uot [not] felt at the heart. endship [end ship] when spirits congenial unite, 1. tuuch [touch] thrills direct to the heart. Genius are often dull and inert in society; as the. cor, When it descends tu earth, is only a stone. e difference between a postage stamp and an stick one on with a lick, and lick the other with ail of an ignorant apothecary, that his employ- [employ pour] pour drugs, of which he knew little, into'a ch he knew less. uuan [an] asked a countryman the other day the way To Lees-town replied Hodge. O, don't go you'll be stung to death. , tus [us] a fing [ding] ficid [faced] for the phonographers. [photographers] One of reynirts [rents] of the Bible Society acknowledges Huns from Mynyddysly [Mondays] and Rhosllanerchrogog. vid [id] fdlow, [flow] who fur many years sold combustible in London, had the following cry Buy a 7 Ot Matches of a poor old man made of foreign GOING re ee ira aie [are] New York Paper says [says] 4 7 , Jt Fenusvlvania [Pennsylvania] have recently created 15 new ' Stunted nearly half-a-duzen [half-a-dozen] What in eerepid erred] age, he prematurely falls is sure mut [mt] ene ho benetit [benefit] conferred on man by uy Have lived long who have lived virtuously, St Cook's Jonrual, [Journal] MICLL.-The [MILL.-The] Chancellor of the Exchequer Me bill, in which are incorporated, oe 7) suggestions. We should have had eon [on] cuite [quite] ii i i alieady,-p [already,-p] guite [Guide] mullings [Mullins] enough in this 7 Cath, Teo [To] i ich [inch] were Of hee [her] One day Uz Tic Spouses. Soc wife if she po eee [see ven died t I Ley WEE tall comparing notes upen [upon] Mine, said one, Was not so very talkative. the other, why you are a happy Woon, [Soon] duh wight 1 har ser [se] hoe once addressing the electors at the to hie icliowe, [o'clock] raised on the shoulders of ee don t alter your ways I will replied Shevidan [Sheridan] eeu. [eu] am very glad af Saeridan, [Sheridan] for an uglier countenance Vi ' are ee like children in the matter of ll find got stretching forth your hands the previousiy [previous] cae [car] half-spiteful pleasure in eof [of] perfect inag [ing] fered [Fred] wreath, while if vou [you] sit id crow, 2 the chances are they te lice Cook's Journal. SUPERSTITIONS, Ty S When the practice of opening sea person dies is founded on the idea the bod pains tcok [took] the soul as it Whi, [Who] 1 8nd [and] flattening it against some the haw would serze [sere] the purpose), cram- [creams] slik [silk] dvte [date] pad hinge openings thus the soul t cy uaserably [miserably] pinched and squeezed og, cecasion [occasion] of such door or lid. 5 cor irustrated [illustrated] this, and the fiends assed [passed] i ality. [quality] The friends of the departed dents gf ut Were not made the uncon- [union- encountering] ' Wrturing [Retiring] the departed in their daily tsition station] prevails in the north as well ieee and a shailar [shall] one exists in the lave scen [scene] it practised. Among t there is also a strange custom when to the X CONSTANTINOPLE.-I went in nt ina ye Tand [And] Cirey [Circle] Olimpico -an [Piccolo -an] equestrian 1 Per oe scolar [scholar] tent, on a piece of open Th it Was 2s curious a sight as one See Was in three ges- [ge- Grist] entirely italian [Italian] and the audience was rouid [round] the 7 of Levantines, [Landings] nothing but fezzes and of eu There were few females bg with none; but the house was ic Spectators ich [inch] nearly all ae iL and the smoke from hailings, [sailings] nor nor They ail sat as grave as judges, verfuran [veteran] we done so for any period of time, ht wag sept been given or not. I have 1, nd bounds, ous [us] one, but rise was of the as a real clown-a t Mr. Enyligh [Only] a into the ring, and cried ee Thor 'Here we are again-all of alump [lump] ne no response to his salutation, and so it fell flat, OF ty as if he would have given his the lave called for dlins [dealings] ae ik and found him the - Idid [Did] not recognise the name the annals of Astley's, but he was a ntistanding [standing] ; he us than observed, you t at you said, that I said, tha [that] t th ery [very] of an said, nothing to nobody, it wee her that at last agitated the fezzes, please, Mr. i the wind, a 7 still ike. [like] although the meanin [meaning] of the eat Writers ot ed book to them. I don't know but ver [Rev] it ase [as] travel would have gone to, ASO [ALSO] RS wee ahah [Shah] ah that scurmey [scheme] ort [or] t we of even the shores of 42 sunset shadows from All Suuith's [South's] Af the minarets of -member to have seen-worthy coverings for the beasts. He has at least one thousand pounds' worth of ivory nd; when he addresced' [addressed] all the misha [mishap] f to Brentwood r epresented, [presented] in e phorus, [chorus] and- [and the] THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1860. KicKING [Kicking] aT NorHine,-A [Nothing,-A] shrewd farmer in iS, ra. the Ver. [Rev] mont [most] Legislature declined the speech of a member who was remarkable for no ing but his oa ugnacious [sagacious] re and self-conceit thus,-' Mr, wrenches me terribly to kick at F it always oe AND TWO Laps.-A within a mile of St. Helen's, has been honoured wi most extraordinary increase of live stock within the cours [course] of one week. The pode [pose] wife presented him with two boys the mare with two fine foals, the cow with two calves, and sow with sixteen young ones. On hearing of his wife's safe delivery of the first infant, he exclaimed, Well, I am now worth one hundred pouads [pounds] more am not I a joyful man When news of the moma [mona] Was conveyed to him, he said T'll work no more this week, I am now 1 hundred and fifty pounds; who would work oa worth two hun [Hun] TROPHIES OF a ScotcH [Scotch] Larrp's [Lap's] SPoRTING [Sporting] S - exhibition of a novel and attraetive [attractive] character has jut ben opened at Hyde Park Corner, London. Mr. Ro eyn [en] Gor- [For- Gordon] don Cumming. a young genntleman [gentleman] of propert [property -ip the High- [Highlands] tands, [sands] and as keen a sportsman as the Highlands has ene preduced, [reduced] has filled the old Chinese Gallery with th - phies [pies] of his skill, the produce of five years' chooting [shooting] nt the far interior of Southern Africa, many hundred miles beyond the farthest point hitherto reached by any white man. Mr. Cumming has killed 18 lions, 28 specimens of the black rhinoceros, 39 of the white rhinoceros, 76 hippopoptami, [hippopotamus] and 105 elephants. His liens' skins are the finest we re. king of in the room, and a pair of elephant's tusks measuri [measure] i feet-the largest thenaun. [than] meg mne [men] ELECTIONEERING IN Huncary.-The [Henry.-The] candidates were unusually obliged once to make a tour through all the places where they expected to find voters forthem. [forth] With these they had to fraternise, by ing, dringing, [grinding] smoking, and dancing. The canditates' [candidates] friends, however, had sti [st] oftener to undergo these tributary pleasures. The last day previously to.the election were the most harassing. The money devoted to the purpose was almost always by that time consumed more was wanted, the pretentions [pretensions] of the voters increasea. [increase] Innumerable mancuvres [manoeuvres] were now tried to gain over the opposing voters, or, at least, to secure their neutrality by persuading them not to come to the election. As in most counties the number of voters amounted from 1,000 to 5,000, it may easily be conceived on what a scale of magnitude intrigues were carried on, and how much money was lavished. But the head quarters, the candidates' own houses, or the abode of some self-sacrificing friend, were crowded above aJl [all] description. Visits, letters, summonses, litical [political] inquiries, communications of assumed importance, ft to the temporary party idol neither nor rest. Carriages came and went all day long, and processions of Kortes [Cortes] with standards and music ap in the court,- [court] Memoirs of a Hungarian Lady, by Theresa Pulszky, [Pulses] A Houncartan [Hungarian] Baron.-As one of the last characteristic barons of feudalism, I may name the Baron Palocsay. [Policy] On manor he never permitted any of the county officers to execute the decrees of the county; but requested to have them immediately communicated to him, and always en- [enforced] forced them himself most conscientiously, even when they were against his own interest; but he jealously refused to allow any one but himself to rule on his estates. As he spent immense sums on elections, and by his superb hos- [hospitality] pitality [vitality] and beneficence had great ascendancy over the county officers, they often yielded to his feudal whims; as also, no less willingly, did his numerous guests, From time to time, especially in winter, the castle, where the old baron dwelt the whole of the year, being in a lofty and bleak situation, would chance to be without visitors, At this hislordsbip [lordship] felt annoyed, and in such cases habitually sent out in search of guests. His servants went to the high road that leads to Galicia and Szepes, [Sleeps] and when thoy.saw. [tho.saw] a travelling carriage, they forced the travellers to turn to the castle, where the baron, without listening in the least to their protestations, entertained them for three days in the most princely manner, because, as he said, The Hun- [Hungarian] garian [grain] has a right to keep his guest for three days if they are willing to remain longer, it isa great honour to the host. This notion many Hungarians still retain, even if they no longer enforce it as practically as the old baron used todo. [too] Indeed, I know of the case of a Mr. S-, who, when once he came on a visit to a Hungarian country gentleman, remained for seven years in the house of hijs [his] host. This certainly was a little eccentric, but visits for several months are not unusual; and persons who come with three or four children may be heard to apologise for not having brought with them the rest of their family. Baron Palocsay's [Policy's] castle, however, never presented a more curious aspect than every year in autumn, which, in the highlands, is the general wedding season with the peasant, who rarely enters into this auspicious state until after the harvest, when his most pressing labours are over. At that season the baron used to assemble in his hall all sant [san] girls, from sixteen to twenty years old, and all the lads, from twenty-two to twenty-six, belonging to his manor; which had a Slovak population. He had them ranged opposite to one another, sorted them pair by pair, and said Thou Jancsi [Janis] (John) art precisely fit for Marcsa [Marc] (Mary); and thou Andras [Rand] (Andrew) for Hancsa [Chances] (Anne), and soon. The couples thus designated went to the cha- [chapel] pel, [Peel] where the chaplain announced their marriages, which, after a fortnight, were performed, and every one of the newly married received a cow and many other accommo- [accommodate- accommodations] dations [nations] for their establishment. When, however, one of the lads objected to the choice made for his benefit, and mentioned his disinclination for Hangsa, [Sang] and his preference for Ilya [Ila] (Ellen), the baron would reply that he did not believe it, and obliged the lad, as a proof of his love, to endure twenty-five lashes. If he underwent this trial, he was free to choose for himself.- [himself] Madame Pulszki [Pulses] AMemoirs [Memoirs] of a Hungarian Lady. NaTuRE's [Nature's] Voices.-By the aid of a pocket telescope, and any of the popular works on British ornithology, a great deal may be learned respecting the habits and cha- [characteristics] racteristics [characteristics] of birds. Some are so shy that it is difficult to get sufficiently near to them, to examine with the unassisted eye their forms and plumage. But the most modest and reserved can be minutely inspected, even on the highest tree tops, by the aid of the telescope. e species and varicty [variety] have been ascertained, the habits of the birds can be investigated and its song noticed. The latter is a plea- [pleasant] sant [san] recreation for those whose business habits or natural tastes induce them to take an occasional walk into the country. They will soon become familiar with the spring time sounds, gushing up, even before the dawn of day, from every glen, copse, hedgerow, and orchard. How pleasant will it be to them to to this morning hymn, taught orly [only] by God. How delighted must they be with this indescribable mingling of nature's melodies, given out in the morning, or under the clear sunshine, and amidst the green leaves and sweet flowers of the world, while rejoicing in its vernal prime. Hearken to all that combine in that joyous chorus. 'There is the clear ringing ecstatic strains of the wren-the insig- [ing- insignificant] nificant-looking [significant-looking -looking] little brown wren-the canary of England ; the rich and nicely-modulated whistle ot the blackbird the plaintive strain of the robin-red-breast-most musical- [music almost] most melancholy the rapturous outpouring of the thrush ; and the quick, off-hand, dashing notes of the chaffinch. The screams of the jay as he by, with his bright plumage flashing in the sunlight, or the chattering of a ir of loving magpies in their amorous career, may pro- [price] Bice [Ice] a momentary discord, which will make the sweetness of the music more appreciable, when unaided by their vigo- [vigorous] rous exertions. Who would not love a ramble by the green fields to be in the midst of nature's voices To be with them and to feel the clear, soft, balmy, health-giving air, pass by on its hygean [Hogan] mission To see the rich country smiling with a promise of the golden grain that yet lies folded in the silken bosom of each slender plant To listen to the sparkling river while it murmurs melodiously along To look upon, admire and love every little flower that unveils its beauties to the glowing sun Who does not love the birds, and the trees, and the flowers Who does not re- [rejoice] joice [voice] in the beauty of all these created things, and adore their Omnipotent Creator Look at the little child how it exults amongst the flowers of the field-how its eye flashes at the sight of a daisy-how rapturously it follows with its eager the butterfly of the little skyward speck-the singing lark that outpours [out pours] the fulness [Furness] of its heart. Where does the maiden most fondly learn the greatest mystery of her being Where does she most lovingly plight her troth In the valley, where the stars are the sole spectators, in the glen, where the mute blossoms are the only hearers. here goes the man from the toil of his busy battle for broad, to. cool the fever of his brow, and let his heart go young, and noble, and generous again -to the hill side, to the river bank, or the leafy wood, where he finds that there is beauty, gladness, and goodness, in all that Ged [Ge] has made, What consoles the aged, after cherished hopes have faced, joys, have changed inte [inter] sorrows, and the heedless antagonists 1n the race of life for gald [glad] or renown, jostle by withous- [without- without] no-. ticing [citing] even their silver hairs They may turn to the smile of God in the green fields, on every blade of grass, and on every little leaf. There it is ag pure an holy, as when their eyes in childhood gazed upon it so gladly. They may console themselves with the reflection, that the omnipotent and benevolent Author of all beauty, and goodness, and grandeur around, is directing all his operations with perfect wisdom-however inscrutable; ang [an] that though men 0. not know, yet they will one day Love one another - outh [out] ot Constantinople, From a clever little called The Publig [Public] Good, son of the anvil, residing bo 'titution, [institution] and oh m [in] HuMItiry.-Sir [History.-Sir] Peter Laurie blandly requesting th omnibus conductor to put him down. y Punch. zona [Zion] editor of the Louisville rnel, [rel] reporting o ohare [share] of personal ugliness against a contemporary, sy e are credibly informed, that siter [sister] ths [the] of ey, none bait handsome babies were or several years; allt [all material in the universe was used up in his creation. young woman, on alighting from a stage, dropped a ribbon from her bonnet ae the tottom [bottom] of the coach. Youll [You'll] have left your bow behind, said a Jady [Lady] passenger. No, I hav'nt; [have'nt] he's gone a ing, innocently rejoined the damsel. nities [notes] A Strone Hint.-4 young lady once hinted to a gen- [gentleman] tleman [gentleman] that her thimble was nearly worn out, and asked what reward she should receive for her industry. He made ane, [an] ea eet [et] by sending her a. new one; with the I send a thimble for fingers nimble, Which I hope will fit you when you try it; It will last you long, if its half as strong As the hint which you gave me to buy it. BisHors' [Bishops] SigNaTURES.-The [Signature.-The] prelates of the Church of England are sometimes accustomed when signing their names to use the old Latin appellations, or abbreviations of them for their sees, instead of the English ones. Thus, Evor, [Over] stands for York; Cantuar, [Canter] for Canterbury; Vigorn, [Vigorous] for Worcester; and Evon, [Von] for Exeter. It is said that an eminent bookseller once received instruction, per letter, of an author's intention to publish a life of Pitt. It was signed George Winton, and was thrown aside with the most perfect indifference; the publisher never thinking that George Winton was George Bishop of Winchester. When the Princess Charlotte was ill, the Bishop of Salisbury sent frequent written inquiries to her Scotch physician, signing himself John Sarum. The dsctor, [doctor] after the receipt of man similar missives, observed to a friend, that he had Baoan [Ban] much pestered with notes from Ane An] Jean Saroom, [Room] that he kenned nothing aboot. [about] But, he added I tak [take] nae notice of the fellow -Heraldic Anomalies. Str [St] Tuomas [Thomas] More's HovsEHoLD.-The [Household.-The] conduct of this great man's house was a model to all, and as near an approach to his own Utopia as might well be. Erasmus says-' I should rather call his house a school or universit [University] of Christian religion, for there is none therein but reaileth [health] or studieth [studied] the liberal sciences; their special care is piety and virtue; there is no quarrelling or intemperate words heard; none seen idle; which household discipline that worthy gentleman doth not govern but with all kind and courteous benevolence. The servant men abode on one side of the house, the women on another, and met at prayer time, or on church festivals, when More would read and expound to them. He suffered no cards or dice, but gave each one his garden-plot for relaxation, or set them to sing, or play music. He had an affection for all who truly served him, and his daughters' nurse is as affectionately remembered in his letters when from home as are they themselves, Thomas More sendeth [sender] greeting to his most dear daughters et, Elizabeth, and Cecily; and to Margaret Giggs, as dear to him asif [as] she were his own, are his words in one letter; and his valued and trustworthy domestics appear in the family pictures of the family by Holbein. ey requited his attachment by truest fidelity and love; and his daughter Margaret, in her last passion- [passionate] ate interview with her father on his way to the Tower, was succeeded by t Giggs and a maid servant, who embraced and kissed their condemned master, of whom he said after, it was homely but yery [very] lovingly done. Of these and others of his servants, mus remarks, After Sir Thomas More's death, none ever was touched with the least suspicion of any evil fame. -Mrs. Hall, in the Art ourna. [journal] An AFRican [African] SEcRET [Secret] SocreTy.-There [Society.-There] is a secret society in Cape Mount, as in most countries, called the Pourra [Pure] Society. The rules are mutual assistance, sworn secrecy, to such an extent that, if one should reveal anything in a distant country, his brethren will travel after him, deter- [determined] mined to kill him wherever they may meet him. Of course, they have many other rules, which from the above reason, are kept pretty secret. The application of the gridiron is really in use among the Pourra [Pure] men, and the initiated are marked by a hot iron, from the lower end of the backbone to the shoulder-blades. In the vicinity of every town is a Pourra [Pure] bush, and, during a meeting, it is certain death. to be found in it. The term used by the natives is, buryi [bury] wisdom. The elder brethren, dressed as demons and wil men, with fearful howls and imprecations, raise, as they pretend, the devil, and by his art name the candidate. A feast ensues, after considerable noise and howling, and shriekings, [shrieking] perfectly bewildering, and exciting the curiosity of the uninitiated.-Forbe's [uninitiated.-Fore's] African Blockade, PaTTeRN [Pattern] PENITENCE.- [PENITENCE] Now, here is John Styles, twenty years of age, in prison for a felony. He has been there five months, and he writes to his sister, Don't fret, my dear sister, about my being here. I cannot help fretting when I think about my usage to my father and mother when I think about it, it makes me quite ill, I hope God will for- [forgive] give me; I pray for it night and day from my heart. In stead of fretting about imprisonment, I ought to thank God for it, fur before I came here, I was living quite a careless life; neither was God in all my thoughts; all I thought about was ways that led me towards distruction. [destruction] Give my respects to my wretched companions, and I hope they will alter their wicked course, for they don't know for a day nor an hour but what they may be cut off. I have seen my folly, and hope they may see their folly but I shouldn't [should't] if I had not been in trouble. Go to church, my sister, every Sunday, and don't give your mind to going to playhouses and theatres, for thatisno [Watson] good to you. There are a,great many temptations. Observe John Styles, who has com- [committed] mitted [fitted] the felony, has been living quite a careless life. That is his worst opinion of it, whereas his companions who did not commit the felony, are wretched companions John saw his folly, and sees thei7 [the] wicked course. Itis [Its] playhouses and theatres which many unfelonious [felonious] people go to, that prey upon John's mind-not felony. John is shut up in that pulpit to lecture his companions and his sisters, about the wickedness of the unfelonious [felonious] world. Always supposing him to be sincere, is there no exaggeration of him- [himself] self in this Go to church where I can go, and don't go to theatres where I can't Is there any tinge of the fox and grapes init [inst Is this the kind of penitence that will wear outside Put the case that he had written, own mind, My dear sister, I feel that I have disgraced you and all who should be dear to me, and ifit [fit] please God that I live to be free, I will try hard to repair that, and to be a credit to you. My dear sister, when I committed this felony I stole something-and these pining five months have not put it back-and I will work my fingers to the bone to make res- [research] dear sister, seek out my late com- [common] 'om Jones, that poor boy, who was younger and littler than me, that Iam [I am] grieved I ever led him so wrong, and I am suffering for it now Would that be better Would itbe [it] more like solid truth Dickeys's Household Words, - - --- HOW TO MAKE HOME UNHEALTHY. FILLING THE GRAVE, From the Examiner. M. Boutigny [Boating] has published an account ofsomeexperiments panions, [pains] and tell which go to prove that we may dip our fingers into liquid; metal with impunity. Professor Pliicker [Picker] of Bonn has amply confirmed Boutigny's [Boating's] resulis, [results] and in his report hints a conclusion that henceforth 'certain minor opera- [operations] tions [tins] in surgery may be performed with least pain by placing the foot in a bath of red-hot iron. Would you not like to see Professor Pliicker, [Picker] with his trousers duly tucked up, washing his feet in a pailful of this very soothing fluid And would it not be afit [fit] martyrdom for sanitary doctors, if we could compel them also to sacrifice their legs in a cause, kin to their own, of theory and innovation. As Alderman Lawrence shrewdly remarked last week, from his place in the Guildhall, the sanitary reform cry is got up. 'That is the reason why, in his case, it does not go down. He, for his own ports did not disapprove the flavour of a church-yard, and appeared to see no reason why it should be cheated of its due. The sanitary partisans, were paid for making certain statements. It would be wellif [well] we could cut off their supply ef half-pence, and so silence them. Liwang, [Lang] an ancient Emperor of China, fearing insurrection, forbade all conversation, even whisper- [whispering] ing, in his dominions. It would be well for us if Liwang [Lang] lived now as our Secretary for the Home Department. There is too much talking-is there not, Mr. Carlyle We want Liwang [Lang] among us. However, as matters stand, it is bad enough for the sanitary reformers, They are beneath the contempt even of an ass. They are despised by A der-. man Lawrence, . Let us uphold our city grave-yards on that, point we have already spoken out. Let us not cheat them of their pasturage; if any man fall sick, when, so tg s his grave is dug, let us not lift him out of it by misdirected care. rat topic now engages our attention. There is a report among the hear-say stories of Herodo- [Hero- Herodotus] tus, [us] touching some tribe of Scythians, that when one of them gets out of health, or passes forty years of age, his friends proceed to slaughter him, lest he bgcome [become] diseased, tough, or unfit for tcble. [table] Those people took their ances- [aces- ancestors] tors into their stomachs, we take ours into our lungs,-and herein we adopt the better plan, because it is the more unwholesome. We are content, also, now and then to let to as much as ible. [able] We do not absolutely kill our neighbours when they sicken yet by judicious nursing we may frequently keep down a too great buoyancy of health, and check recovery. How to produce this last effect I will now al you, entle [gentle] mourners, do not chide me as verent,- [rent,- rent] Auch [Such] ich [inch] war in Arkadien [Arcade] geboren,- [Brown,- Brown] bear with me, then, and let me give niy [ni] hints concerning wgritudinary [gratuity] sick-room discipline. Of the protessional [professional] nurse I will say nothing. You, of course, have put down Mrs. Gamp's [Gap's] address. A sick-room should, in the first place, be made dark. ight, [it] I have said before, is, in most cases, curative. It is a direct swindling of the doctor when we allow blinds to be pulled up, and so admit into the patient's room medicine for which nobody (except the tax-gatherer) is paid. A sick-room should, in the next place, be made sad, obtrusively sad. A smile upon the landing must become a sigh when it has passed the patient's door. Our hope is to depress, to dispirit invalids. Cheerful words and gentle laughter, more especially where there is admitted sunshine also, are a moral food much too nutritious for the sick. The sick-room, in its furniture as well, must have an ominous appearance. The drawers or a table should be decked with physic bottles. Some have a way of thrusting all the medicines into a cupboard, out of sight, leaving a glass of gaily-coloured flowers for the wearied eyes to rest upon this has arisen obviously from a sanitary crotchet, and is on no account to be adopted. Then we must have the sick-room to be hot, and keep it close. A scentless air, at summer temperature, sanitary people want; a hot, close atmosphere is better suited to our view. Slops and all messes are to be left standing in the room-only put out of sight-and cleared away occasion- [occasionally] ally; they are not to be removed at once. The chamber also is to be made tidy once a day, and once a week well cleaned it is not to be kept in order by incessant care, by hourly tidiness, permitting no dirt to collect. There is an absurd sanitary dictum which I will but name. It is, that a patient ought to have, if possible, two beds, one for the day, and one for the night use; or else two sets of sheets, that, each set being used one day and aired the next, the bed may be kept fresh and wholesome. Suppose our friend were to catch cold in consequence of all thi [the] ess [es] No, we do better to avoid fresh air; nor should we vex our patient with much washing. Weill not learn to feed the sick, butsend [but send] their food away when they are unable to understand our clumsiness. Yet, while we follow our own humour in this code of chamber practice, we will pay tithes of mint and cummin [common] to the men of science. We will ask Monsieur Purgon [Purging] how many grains of salt go to anegg; [eng] and if our patient require twelve turns up and down the room, we will inquire, with Argan, [Organ] whether they are to be measured by its length or When we have added to our course some doses of religious horror, we shall have done as much as conscience can de- [demand] mand [and] of us towards Filling the Grave. I may append here the remark, that if ever we do resolve to eat our ancestors, there is the plan of a distinguished horticulturist apt for our purpose. Mr. Loudon I believe it was, who proposed, some years ago, the conversion of the dead into rotation crops,-that our grandfathers and grandmothers should be converted into corn and mangel- [angel- Mangles] wurzel. His suggestion was to combine burial with farm- [farming] ing cperations. [operations] A field was to be, during forty years, a place of interment; then the field adjacent was to be taken for that purpose; and so on with others in rotation. A due time having been allowed for the manure in each field to rot, the dead were to be well worked up and gradually disinterred in the form of wheat, or carrots, or potatoes. Nothing appears odd to which we are accustomed. We look abroad asd [as] wonder, but we look at home and are.con- [content] tent. The Esquimaux [Esquire] belicve [believe] that men dying in windy weather are unfortunate, because their souls, as they escape, rizk [risk] being blown away. Some do not bury in the rainy season, for they believe that then the gods, being all busy up above, cannot attend to any ceremonies. Dr. Hooker writes home from the Himalaya mountains, that above Lake Yaron [Baron] the Lamas' bodies are exposed, and kites are summoned to devour them by the sound of gong and of a trumpet made out of a human thigh-bone. Such notions from abroad arrest our notice, but we see nothing when welook [we look] at home. Wemight [Might] see how we fillour [flour] sick-rooms with a fatal gloom, and keep our dead five or six days within our houses, to bury them, side by side and one over another, thousands together, in the middle of our cities. However, when we do succeed in getting at a view of our own life ab extra, it is a pleasant thing to find that sanitary heresies at any rate have not struck deep root in the British soil. In an old Book of Emblems there is a icture [picture] of Cupid whipping a tortoise, to the motto that Dawe hates Delay. if losers of reform in sanitary matters hate delay, it is a pity; for our good. old. tortoise has a famous shell, and is not stimulated easily.. - - THE BEGGING-LETTER WRITER, (From Household Words. ) He is a 'Household Word.' We all know something of him. The amount of money he annually diverts from wholesome and useful purposes in the United Kingdom, would be a set-off against the Window Tax. He is one of the most shameless frauds and impositions of this time. Tn his idleness, his mendacity, and the immeasurable harm he does to the deserving,-dirtying the stream of true be- [benevolence] nevolence, [influence] and, muddling the brains of foolish justices, with inability to distinguish between the base coin of distress, and the true currency we have always among us,-he is more worthy of Norfolk Island than three-fourths of the worst characters who are sent there. Under any rational system, he would have been sent there long ago... I, the writer of this paper, have bea, tor some time, a chosen receiver of Begging Letters. For fourteen years, my house has been made as regular a Receiving House for such communications as any one of the great branch Post- [Post offices] offices is for general correspondence. I ought to know something of the Begging-Letter Writer. He has besieged my door at all hours of the day and night he has fought my servant he has lain in ambush for me, going out and coming in; he has followed me out of town into the coun- [con- country] try he has appeared at provincial hotels, where I have been staying for only a few hours he has written to me from immense distances, when I have been out of England. He has fallen sick he has died, and been buried he has come to life again, and again departed trom [from] this transitory scene he has been his own son, his own mother, his own baby, his idiot brother, his uncle, his aunt, his aged grand- [grandfather] father. He has wanted a great coat, to go to India in; a pound, to sct [act] him up in life for ever a pair of boots, to take him to the coast of China; a hat, to get him intoa [into] permanent situation under Government. He has frequently been exactly seven-and-sixpence short of independence. He has had such openings at Liverpool-posts of great trust and confidence in merchants' houses, which nothing but seven-and-sixpence was wanting to him to secure-that I wonder he is not Mayor of that flourishing town at the present moment. The natural phenomena of which.he has been the victim, 'are of a most astounding nature. He has had two children, who, have never grown up; who have nover [over] had anything to cover them at night who have been continually driving him mad; by asking in vain for food who have never come out of fevers and measles (which, I suppose, has accounted for his fuming his letters with tobacco sinoke, [sink] as a disinfect- [disinfectant] ant) who have never changed in the least degree, through fourteen long revolving years. As to his wife, what that suffering woman has undergone, nobody knows. She has always been in an interesting situation through the same long period, and has never been confined yet. His devo- [dove- devotion] tion [ion] to her has been unceasing. He has never cared for himself 4e could have perished-ho would rather, in short -but was it not his Christian duty asa man, a huskand, [husband] and a father, to write begging letters when he looked at her (He has usually remarked that he would call in the evening for an answer to this question.) He has been the sport of the strangest misfortunes.- [misfortunes] What his brother has done ta,.him would Lave broken any- [anybody] body else's heart. His brother went into business with him, and ran away. with the money his brother got him to be security for an immense sum, and left him to pay it; his brother would have given him employment to the tune of hundreds a-year, if he would have consented to write let- [letters] ters [tees] on a Sunday his brother enunciated incom- [income- incompatible] patible [palatable] with his religious views, and he could not (in conse- [cone- consequence] quence) [Queen] permit his brother to provide. for bim, [bi] His land- [landlord] lord has never shown a spark of human feeling. When he put in that execution I don't know, but he has never taken it out. The broker's man has grown grey in possession. They will nave to buzy [buy] him.some day. He has been attached to every conceivable pursuit. He has been in the army, in the navy, in the church, in the law connected with the press, the fine arts, public institu- [institute- institutions] tions, [tins] every description sud sid] grade of business,, He has been brought up as a gentleman he has been at every col- [college] lege [Lee] in Oxford and Cambridge he can quote Latin in his letters (but generally mis-spells [is-spells] some minor English word); he can tell you what Shakespeare says about begging, bet- [better] ter [te] than you. know it. It is to be obseryed, [observed] that in the midst of his afflictions he always reads the newspapers; and rounds off his appeals with some allusion, that may be sup- [supposed] posed to be in my way, to the popular subject of the hour. Sometimes, when he is sure that I have found him out, our friends grow old, lthough though] we may repress the tenlency [tendency] and that there is no chance of money, he writes to inform tuddock, [Paddock] at the head of a band many 3 me that I have got rid of him at last. He has enlisted into the Company's service, and is off directly-but he wants a cheese. He is informed by the serjeant [Sergeant] that it is essential to his prospects in the regiment that he should take out a single-Gloucester cheese, weighing from twelve to fifteen pounds. Eight or nine shillings would buy it. He does not ask for money, after what has passed; but if he calls at nine to-morrow morning, may he hope to find a cheese and a share anything he can do to show his gratitude in en Once, he wrote me rather a special letter proposing relief He had got intoa [into] little trouble by leaving parcels of mud done up in brown paper, at people's houses, on pre- [pretence] tence [thence] of being a Railway Porter, in which character he re- [received] ceived [received] carriage money. This sportive fancy he expiated in the House of Correction. Not long after his release, and on a Sunday morning, he called with a letter (having first dusted himself all over), in which he gave me to understand that, being resolved to earn an honest livelihood, he had been travelling about the country with a cart of crockery. That he had been doing pretty well, until the day before, when his horse had repped repeated] down dead near Chatham, in Kent. That this had reduced him to the unpleasant neces- [NeWS- necessity] sity [city] of getting into the shafts himself, and drawing the cari [car] of crockery to London-a somewhat exhausting pull of 30 miles. That he did not venture to ask again for money ; but that if I would have the goodness to leave him out & donkey, he would call for the animal before breakfast At another time, my friend (I am describing actual expe- [exe- experiences] riences) [princes] introduced himself as a literary gentleman in the last extremity of distress. He had had a play accepted at a, certain theatre-which was really open; its representa- [present- representation] tion [ion] was delayed by the indisposition of a leading actor- [actor who] who was really ill and he and his were in a state of abso- [also- absolute] lute starvation. If he made his necessities known to the manager of the theatre, he put it to me to say what kind of treatment he might expect Well we got over that diffi- [diff- difficulty] culty [guilty] to our mutual satisfaction. A little while afterwards, he was in some other strait-I think Mrs. Southcote, [South cote] his wife, was in extremity-and we adjusted that point too. A little while afterwards, he had taken a new house, and was going headlong to ruin for want of a water-butt. I had my misgivings about the water-butt, and did not reply to that epistle. But, a little while afterwards, I had reason to feel penitent for my neglect. He wrote me a few broken- [bracketed] earted [eared] lines, informing me that the dear of his sorrows died in his arms last night at nine o'clock I dispatched a trusty mossenger [messenger] to comfort the bereaved mourner and his poor children but the messenger went so soon, that the play was not ready to be played out; my friend was not at home, and his wife was in a most delight- [delightful] fal [al] state of health. He was taken up by the Mendicity [Mentality] So- [Society] ciety [city] (informally it afterwards appeared), and I presente [present] myself at a London police-office with my testimony againss [against] him. The magistrate was wonderfully struck by his educa- [Edgar- educational] tional [national] acquirements, deeply impressed by the excellence of his letters, exceedingly sorry to see a man of his attain- [attainments] ments [rents] there, complimented him highly on his powers of composition, and was quite charmed to have the agreeable duty of discharging him. A collection was made for the 'poor fellow,' as he was called in the reports, and I left the court with a comfortable sense of being universally regarded. as a sort of monster. Next day, comes to me a friend of mine, the governor of a large prison, Why did you ever go to the police-office against that man,' says he, 'withows [without] coming to me first I know all about him and his frauds. He lodged in the house of one of my warders, at the very time when he first wrote to you and then he was eating spring-lamb at eighteen-pence a pound, and early aspara- [spare- asparagus] gus at I don't know how mucha [much] bundle On that very same day, and in that very same hour, my injured gentle- [gentleman] man wrote asolemn [solemn] address to me, demanding to know what compensation I proposed to make him for his having passed the night in a 'loathsome dungeon.' And next merning, [morning] an Irish gentleman, a member of the same frater- [fraternity] nity, [city] who had read the case, and was very well persuaded E should be chary of going to that Police-office again, posi- [post- positively] tively [lively] refused to leave my door for less than a sovereign, and, resolved to besiege me into compliance, literally sat down' before it for ten mortal hours. The ison being well provisioned, I remained within the walls; and he raised the siege at midnight, with a prodigious alarum [alarm] on he bell, Now, in the hope that the results of the real experience of a real person may do something more to induce retiec- [retire- reduction] tion [ion] on this subject than any abstract treatise-and with a personal knowledge of the extent to which the Begging- [Begging] etter [letter] Trade has been carried on for some time, and has been for some time constantly increasing-the writer of this paper entreats the attention of his readers to a few con- [concluding] cluding [including] words. His experience is a type of the experience of many some on a smaller some on an infinitely larger scale. All may judge of the soundness or unsoundness of his conclusions from it. Long doubtful of the efficacy of such assistance in any case whatever, and able to recal [real] but one, within his whole individual knowledge, in which he had the least after-rea- [reason] son to suppose that any good was done by it, he was led, last autumn, into some serious considerations. The be r- ging-letters [going-letters] flying about by every post, made it perfectly manifest, that a set of lazy vagabonds were interposed be- [between] tween the general desire to do something to relieve the sickness and misery under which the poor were suffering ; and the suffering poor themselves. That many who sought to do some little to repair the social wrongs, inflicted in the way of preventible [preventive] sickness and death upon the poor, were strengthening those wrongs, however innocently, by wast- [wasting] ing money on pestilent knaves cumbering society. That imagination,-soberly following one of these knaves into his life of punishment in jail, and comparing it with the life of one of these poor in a cholerg-stricken [cholera-stricken] alley, or one of the children of one of these poor, soothed in its dying hour by the late lamented Mr. Drouct,-contemplated [Direct,-contemplated] grim free, impossible to be presented very much loncer [longer] before God or man. That the crowning miracle of all the miracles summed up in the New Testament, after the mira- [Mir- miracle] cle [ce] of the blind seeing, and the lame walking, and the res- [restoration] toration [oration] of the dead to life, was the miracle that the poor had the Gospel preached to them. That while the poor were unnaturally and unnecessarily cut off by the thousand, in the prematurity of their uge, [age] or in the rottenness of their youth-for of flower or blossom such youth has none-the Gospel was NoT [Not] preached to them, saving in hollow and w- meaning voices. That of all wrongs, this was the first mighty wrong the Pestilence warned us to set right. And that no Post-office Order to any amount, given to a Bex- [Be- Being] ging-Letter [going-Letter -Letter] Writer for the quicting [quitting] of an uneasy breast, would be presentable on the t Great Day as anything towards it. The poor never write these letters. Nothing could be more unlike their habits. The writers are public robbers ;- and we who support them are parties to their depredations. They trade upon every circumstance within their know- [knowledge] ledge that affects us, public or private, joyful or sorrowfy [sorrow] ; they pervert the lessons of our lives; they change what ought to be our strength and virtue, into weakness, and encouragement of vice. There isa plain remedy, and it is in our own hands, We must resolve, at any sacrifice of fecling, [feeling] to be deaf to such appeals, and crush the trade. There are degrees in murder. Life must be held sacred among us in more ways than one-sacred, not merely from the murderous weapon, or the subtle poison, or the cruel blow, but sacred from preventible [preventive] diseases, distortions, and pains, That is the first great end we have to set against this miserable imposition. Physical life respected, moral life comes next. What will not content a Begging-Letter Writer for a week, would educate a score of children for 2 year. Let us give all we can let us give more than ever, et us do all we ean; let us do more than ever. But let. us give, and do, with a high purpose not to endow the scum of the earth to jts [its] own greater corruption, [correction] with the offals of our duty. , Oe A Cuter Justic [Justice In Dancer oF Hanctne.-Chief [Hanging.-Chief] Jus- [Us- Justice] tice [ice] Rolle [Roll] had refused to sit on the trial of the royalists, but he continued to perform the usual duties of his office, and, soon after, he went the Western Cirenit [Cent] with one of his puisnes. [pines] While holding the assizes at Salisbury, he was in the greatest danger of coming to a violent end. Pen- [Pen of] of several hundred cavaliers, suddenly got possession of the city. Some of the mest [meat] unruly, without his knowledge, seized Chief Justice Rolle [Roll] and his brother judge, who were then actually in the court a .in their robes, and required them to order the sheriff to proclgim [proclaim] Charles II., meaning after the proclamation tu cause them al to be henged, [hanged] who leaps Lord Claren- [Clare- Clarendon] don) were half dead already. 'They refused, and the threat was about to be executed in good earnest; but many country gentlemen protested against it, and Penruddock [Paddock] Pismissed [Dismissed] the judges, having taken their commissions from hem, and desired them to remember on another occasion to whom they owed their lives. They were still resolved to hang the sheriff, who positively, though humbly and tears, refused to proclaim the king; but he contrived to make his escape. It so happened that in 4 few days this insurrection wag, quelled, and the greatest number of the insurgents, being taken prisoners, were lodged in Salisbury goal. Orders therefore came down from London to Chief Justice Rolle, [Roll] requiring him to try them for high treason but he returned to town without frying any of them, saying that he much doubted whether they had done znything [anything] which amounted to treason and that at any rate he was unfit to give judgment in this case, wherein he might be considered a party concerned, -- [concerned] Compbell's [Campbell's] Lives of the Chancellors,