Huddersfield Chronicle (24/Aug/1850) - page 4

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x 4 THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1890. RE-OPENING KSELLING, [SELLING] STATIONERY MARKET-PLACE BOOKSELLING, AND PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT. BENJAMIN BROWN, BOOKSELLER, PRINTER, AND NEWS-AGENT, (LaTE [Late] OF MaRKET-WALK,) [Market-WALK] AS great pleasure in apprising his Friends H ond [and] the Public that he ss RE-OPENED the ELIGIBLE PREMISES Situate at the MARKET-PLACE CoRNER, [Corner] HUDDERSFIELD, lately in the occupation ot Mr. N. G. Bond; and while he tefully [fully] acknowledges the support hitherto rendered Fim, [Firm] he trusts that strict attention to business, good articles, and reasonable terms, will secure for him an in- [increased] creased amount of public patronage in his new position. BOOKSELLING conducted, in all its branches; Works and Periodicals, of every description, expeditiously procured to order. Parcels from London regularly every week. BOOKBINDING in all its departments, in the first styles of the art, and cal- [calculated] culated [calculated] for durability. STATIONERY, FANCY AND PLAIN, constantly on hand, or procured to order. Ledgers Day and Cash Books Books, Metallic and Plain ; Copy and Cyphering Books; Pocket Books; Writing Papers; and Mourning and Wedding Stationery. THE NEWS-AGENCY. All the London and Provincial, Daily and Weekly, News- [Newspapers] pers [per] procured. Orders and Advertisements received, and punctually attended to. LETTER-PRESS AND COPPER-PLATE PRINTING in all their varieties. Placards, Hand-bills, Books and Pamphlets, Circulars, Bill-heads, Address and Business Cards, and every other description of Printed articles exe- [executed] cuted [cured] with neatness, and on reasonable terms. B. BROWN also begs to call attention to his extensive and well-selected CIRCULATING LIBRARY, containing the works of the most approved and popular English authors. LATEST INTELLIGENCE. BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. Lonpon, [London] Fripay [Friday] NIGHT. --- Lonpon [London] Corn MaRKET, [Market] Friday, August 23. -Fair show of English wheat--market opening steady at Monday's prices. Foreign arrivals large, but few buyers, and prices unaltered. Barley, beans, and peas, taken to a limited extent at late rates. In oats moderate business at previous rates. English red wheat, 41s. to 45s.; [S's] white ditto, 43s. to 50s. Arrivais [Arrivals English wheat, 990; ditto oats, 132; ditto malt, 542; ditto flour, 680. Foreign wheat, 13,312 barley, 7,642; oats, 12,790. LIVERPOOL CoRN [Corn] MaRKET [Market] August 23rd.-The weather this morning has cleared up, and is now very fine. Wheat is in small demand, but holders are firm. For good flour there is a fair enquiry. The stock at market is small. In oats a fair business, atsame [at same] prices. Indian corn in demand, both for Ireland and speculation, at an advance of 6d. per quarter. SMITHFIELD CATTLE MARKET, August 23rd.-Beasts, 1,298; sheep and lambs, 14,480; calves, 591; pigs, 215.- [W] Beef, 2s. 10d. to 3s. 10d. [d. mutton, 3s. 8d. to 4s. 2d. veal, 2s. 6d. to 3s. 8d.; pork, 3s. 2d. to 4s.; lamb, 3s. 10d. to 4s, 8d.-Holland beasts, 414; sheep, 3,060; calves, 324.- [W] Scotch beasts, 100; Leicester, Northampton, and Lincoln- [Lincolnshire] shire beasts, 300.-Good [W.-Good] supply of all kinds of meat. Beasts and sheep sold readily at Monday's prices. Lambs did not sell so wtll. [well] Demand for choice calves, and inferior sold at a reduction. Prime Scots, 3s. 10d. per stone. i CAUTION TO THE BENEVOLENT.-Information has been kindly forwarded us within the last few days, that a person is travelling through this district seeking charity, under eircumstances [circumstances] which at least subject him to strong suspi- [sup- suspicion] cion [Lion] as an impostor. He has been in the habit of waiting upon some of the principal inhabitants on his route, to whom he presents a document, or memorial, bearing date the 22nd July, and purporting to be sanctioned by the minister and churchwardens of the township of Beighton, who certify that James Ibbotson, small farmer and grocer, is known to them, and that on the night of 5th July his premises took fire by some accident, as yet unknown, and so rapid were the flames that property to the amount of 140 was totally destroyed. Hating thus stated the cir- [circumstance] cumstance [cum stance] by which their unfortunate parishioner was deprived of his means of subsistence, they go on to excite the sympathy of the benevolent, by adding- His cha- [ca- character] racter [Carter] for honesty and strict integrity is unimpeachable, therefore, we, in consideration of his great family and heavy loss, strongly recommend his case to the notice of the benevolent. Wehave [Have] not the pleasure of knowing theminis- [the minis- the minister] ter [te] of Beighton, nor even in what part of the county of York his township is situated, but we take it for granted that his style of writing and composition is above that of a school- [schoolboy] boy, and that his knowledge of punctuation would teach him at least to use one stop in two paragraphs, On com- [comparing] paring the body of the petition with the signatures we are ready to absolve the worthy minister from the implication of authorship, but there is little doubt that the scribe who signed the name J. Hardy, churchwarden, 10s., [1st., had the honour of inditing the petition. There are a great many respectable signatures of ministers and others, for sums varying from 1s. to 10s. and a pound, some of which will be known to our district readers, as Mr. Imkin, [Imagine] Mr. W. Roebuck, Mr. Farrar, Mr. Moorhouse, and Mrs. Hinchliff. The total amount collected appears to be 10 19s. On the 10th instant Mr. Ibbotson called upon Mr. Joshua East- [Eastwood] wood, the guardian for Meltham, soliciting assistance, and was requested to call again on the 12th; but anticipating that things were not going to be made pleasant, he has not since done so. Owing to this circumstance the petition was placed at our disposal, and we accordingly take the opportunity of cautioning the public against such impostors. THE UNLICENSED Lopernc-Hovses.-We [Long-Houses.-We] noticed a fort- [fortnight] night ago that a great number of summonses had been taken out by the Clerk to the Board of Works, under the Improvement Act, against occupiers of unlicensed lodging- [lodging houses] houses, principally residing in Post-office-yard, Kirkgate, Manchester-street, Upperhead-row, and' Swallow-street, The remanded hearing of these cases came on last Satur- [Star- Saturday] day, before Joseph Brook and G. Armitage, Esqrs. [Esquires] There were twenty-five cases, twelve of which were defended by Mr J. 1. Freeman, and Mr. Turner. Mr, Hobson, Clerk to the Board of Works, as prosecutor, read the 116th, 117th, and 118th sections of the Towns Improvement Clauses Act, the first of which enacts that it shall not be lawful to keep or use, as a public lodging-house, any house, not being a licensed Victualling house, which shall be rated to the relief of the poor in a less sum than 10 unless such house shall have been registered as a lodging- [lodging house] house and every house shall be deemed a public lodging- [lodging house] house in which persons are harboured or lodged for hire for a single night, or for less than a week at one time. The 118th section further enacts, That any person who shall keep any lodging-house, and keep lodgers therein, if such lodging-house shall not have been duly registered, shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding 40s. for each such offence. After one or two cases had been gone into, it was objected that the Act in this special application being a penal one, it was requisite, on the part of the prosecution, to prove every charge-not merely by inference, but by direct evi- [vi- evidence] dence. [dene] In reply, it was contended that such a decision would render the lodging-house clauses of the Improvement Act almost inoperative, as it was next to impossible to obtain direct evidence of the hiring. The question was discussed, and the bench ruled that the charge must be established by direct evidence. This decision was no sooner given than the parties again joined issue as to the rendering of the words harboured or lodged for hire. On the part of the prosecution it was argued that harboured, even presuming there was no hiring, rendered the occupier liable to the penalty. Such an interpretation of the words was objected to by the legal ye present, amongst whom Messrs. C. S. Floyd, W. Barker, C. Turner, and J. I, Freeman, argued that the terms were convertible, and meant harbouring for hire, or lodging for hire. J.C. Lay- [Laycock] cock, Esq., the magistrates clerk, dissented from this view. The bench, under the expression of so widely-opposed legal opinions, recommended that the question in dispute should be referred to counsel. This arrangement was at once accepted, and the cases were adjourned fora month. We may correct an impression entertained by these lodging- [lodging house] house keepers that they cannot legally have a regular or permanent lodger. This is a mistake. We believe the Act scaly takes cognisance of lodgers for a less term than a CavTION [Caution] TO SERVANTS AND WoRKING-MEN. [Working-MEN] of some importance, arising out of custom, and affecting the rights of labour, was submitted to the magistrates J. Brook and G. Armitage, Esqrs., [Esquires] at the Guildhall, last Saturday. The circumstances of the case are simply as follow -The defendant, William Watson, is a farm la- [labourer] bourer, [Borer] and had engaged with Mr. Norris, one of the tenants at Fixby-hall, at a weekly wage of 14s., under the custom-though without any written agreement-that a month's notice was requisite before leaving work or being discharged. Some time in June, Watson asked for an ad. vance of wage, which was refused, and about a month after- [afterwards] wards he left his employ without any notice. In conse- [cone- consequence] quence [Queen] of so acting, he was summoned on a charge of neg- [neglect] lect [let] of work, and a commitment was made out for a month to Wakefield, but by the intercession of Mr. Norris he was liberated on offering an apology and paying the expenses. A RarHer [Rather] Curious CHARGE. -A singular charge of felony was brought last Saturday against Mr. Raper, at the Guildhall, of stealing a hat, the property of Mr. Thomas Bradley. The prosecutor in this case is an old hat cleaner, and is known by the cognomen of Old Dan. In the pursuit of his vocation he had prevailed upon Mr. Raper to transfer a hat for the purpose of revivifying its decayed ap- [appearance] pearance. [appearance] Old Dan's memory, like his stock in trade, was not so good as it had been, and the consequence of such failing displayed itself in returning to Mr. Raper a hat ve Fi ior [or] qpality. [quality] Its identity was denied, and, on e inst., the parties again met at the Wellington, when defendant complained of the non return ot his 2 aN ion of the one in dispute, as a e, until the real identical hat' should coms [cons] ate into Free hon Old Dan was indignant at this imputation on his wb and determined to have satisfaction. Accord- [Accord hen] hen af before the as stated above, t ee tues [tue] ; bend whens conan [Canon] of at ET his eyes with astonishment, exclaimi [exclaim] Wh if. man takes a hat that im't is, knowingly, isn't [in't] that stealing - the eh argument could not be understood, and Wet HOt. [Got] tittle ed to find the prisoner dis- [dis driving] DRIVING WITHOUT REINS.-Mr. Abbe Wakefield and Austerlands [Islands] turnpike appeared at the nil on rday, [day] to charge Green with driving two carts, without having the second attached to the first, on the 8th instant, Ordered to pay expenses, -A case Surveyor of the THE CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2A, 1850. MR. JAMES BROOK AND THE IMPROVEMENT COMMISSION. In the last number of the Chronicle, it wan stated, that, just before we were ready for press, we had been favoured (through a friend) with an early copy of an address then in readiness for issue in large numbers by Mr. JaMEs [James] Broox-the [Brook-the] intention being to keep back that address until after the publication of the Chronicle, whereby its mis- [is- misstatements] statements and false reasonings [reasoning] would have had full opportunity for one whole week to work their intended effect upon the public mind, without their being at all called in question. As it was, however, we were enabled to characterise the precious pro- [production] duction [Auction] and to promise in this number of the Chronicle such an exposure of the assumed positions, tortured facts, false premises, and inconclusive con- [conclusions] clusions, [conclusion] as should make the document the laughing stock of the whole town. This promise on our part was the cause of our receiving during the week a public invitation from Mr. James Brook to meet him at his meeting in the Guildhall, to discuss the matter in person ; an invitation which, for very obvious reasons, was declined. The document we had called in question was distributed by thousands it was in print ; Mr. Broox, [Brook] im [in] putting it forth, chose his own arena. Our battle-ground is the broad sheet of print presented weekly to the reader; and we preferred keeping to our own field, instead of being cajoled into that of the enemy. Besides, in what we have to say, we wish to address ourselves to the judgment of the thinking portion of the public- [public not] not to seek to take passion captive by low ad captandum [captain] clap-traps or vulgar appeals to preju- [Peru- prejudice] dice and, with all respect for Mr. Jauzs [Jesus] Brook and his noisy backers on Thursday evening, we think the meeting in the Guildhall was not exactly the sort of assembly to listen in a calm and dispas- [dispose- dispassionate] sionate [Senate] manner to a reasonable and fair discussion of the point at issue. A calm perusal by the fire- [fireside] side of his mass of assertions without proof on the one part, and of our dissection and exposure of them on the other, will be far better calculated to promote the cause of truth, than a noisy disputation before a noisy disputatious audience. Whether this course will not so effectually serve the cause of those who are thrusting Mr. Brook forward is another question. We have now therefore to redeem our promise- [promised] to thoroughly dissect Mr. Broox's [Brook's] address. In doing this we shall have, in some measure, to defend the acts of the Improvement Commissioners; and at the onset we wish the grounds on which we do this to be clearly understood. Our position is that of public examiner. It is the vocation of the Press and criticise the acts of public men and public bodies to accord the meed of praise where praise is due; to defend against unjust accusation and unreasoningclamour; [unreasoning clamour] and to censure, where cen- [cent- censure] sure is merited. The Press, in faithfully and honestly pursuing this course, proves itself to be the upholder and guardian of freedom the life-breath, as it were, of liberty the only safe guarantee for the indepen- [independent- independence] dence [dene] and faithfulness of public men. The inde- [ind- independence] pendence [dependence] of public bodies of authority is not alone threatened by the inherent tendency in all bodies to stagnate and become corrupt but a far greater danger to true independence exists when consti- [consist- constituted] tuted [tute] authority is reviled it is constituted authority when sweeping and indiscriminate cen- [cent- censures] sures [cures] of public men are not only tolerated but approved, because likely to serve party purposes ; and when unnecessary clamour is brought into action to bear down those public servants who have done their duty to the public faithfully and honestly. Against this principle of action we shall, we hope, ever raise our voice and use our pen. While no one is more ready to examine in a fair and impartial spirit into the acts of the several bodies of authority in Huddersfield, no one shall be more ready to repel the rude assailant, or the employer of indiscriminate condemnation for the accomplishment of his own personal purposes. We do this on public grounds, and because it is the duty of a journalist as the faithful defender of true liberty. In our examination of the Address we are now about to dissect, we shall treat each portion undera [under] distinct head; and we must premisegenerally [premise generally] that we have been at some pains to collect and assure ourselves of the correctness of the facts we shall adduce in answer. To those of the Com- [Commissioners] missioners who have acceded to our requests, and furnished the several matters of information re- [required] quired, [cured] our acknowledgments are due; while to the public we can safely say, that that information may be relied upon. THE EXPENDITURE OF THE COMMISSIONERS. As a sample of that indiscriminate condemna- [condemns- condemnation] tion [ion] we have before adverted to, we may state, that mainly through the efforts of a few who meet in small coteries, a very general impression has prevailed that the Commissioners have been recklessly extravagant in their expenditure of the public money. That impression has, in this address of Mr. James Brook, received a distinct and tangible shape-a shape in which it can be examined and dealt with. He opens with the assertion that the expenditure of the rate-payers' money is increased nearly two-thirds and after a number of assumptions as to what the ex- [expenditure] penditure [expenditure] was under the old bodies of autho- [author- authority] rity, [city] he arrives at the conclusion that the new Commissioners have expended on their ordinary business, during the time they have been in exist- [existence] ence, [once] the sum of 11,859 19s. 5d. Well, here is the assertion. Now for the fact. Every year the Commissioners are bound to pub- [publish] lish [Lush] a statement of all monies that come to their hands, and the manner, and for what purpose the same have beenexpended. [been expended] This the Commissioners have done for the two years they have been in ex- [existence] istence. [instance] Mr. Brook designates these two annual statements to be inexplicable and decepiive [deceptive] a specimen of the manner of reckless assertion and indiscriminate charge Mr. Brook indulges in. So far from these documents being inexplicable, they are as plain as words and figures can make them. They distinctly are what they purport to be and every information is conveyed that it is possible to convey in an abstract of books of account. As to their being deceptive, Mr. Broox [Brook] forgets that both of these statements which he characterizes as delusive have been subjected to an ordeal which it would have been well for his own reputation asa financier, (supposing him to care for it,) had his figures, and calculations, and deduc- [deduct- deductions] tions [tins] been subjected to. The Commissioners' Statements of Account have undergone the searching, scrutinising, tho- [thorough] rough examination of a public aupit, [audit] by auditors appointed by the rate-payers themselves and these gentlemen, after this close examination; after com- [comparing] paring the same with the several books of accounts kept by the Commissioners, have cERTIFIED certified] the same to be correct; have pronounced them to be faithful statements of the expenditure during each period embraced in each return. And yet, witha [with] full knowledge of this fact, Mr. Brook does not scruple to designate documents,-the correctness of which is thus guaranteed,-to be deceptive In his blind zeal to render the Improvement Act odious or else from an habitual indulgence in the practice of reckless assertion, Mr. Broox [Brook] does not hesitate to impugn the competency or the honesty of the auditors appointed partly by himself If Mr. Broox's [Brook's] assertion be true, that these gentle- [gentlemen] men have CERTIFIED to the truth of deceptive.docu- [deceptive.dock- documents] ments, [rents] they were either too ignorant to find it out, or not honest enough co expove [expose] tlie [tie] deception prac- [pray- practised] tised [tied A pretty compliment Mr. Broox [Brook] pays to men who have endeavoured faithfully to perform their duty However, we shall take the facts, as certified by the auditors, and by their means examine Mr. Broox's [Brook's] other assertion as to the expenditure of the Commissioners. We shall assume these facts to be-as we know them to be-vcorrect, [be-correct] till Mr. Brook gives us something more than reckless asser- [assert- assertion] tion [ion] to disprove them. Both parties are agreed that under the old bodies two rates, at 10d. in the pound each, were laid each year, as ageneral [general] rule. Indeed the fact is so noto- [not- notorious] rious, [riots] that there is no gainsaying it. Of course in Huddersfield, as in all other towns, the amount realized [realised] from each rate would increase with the in- [increase] erease [crease] of property but as the operations of public bodies must necessarily extend as the theatre of those operations extends, as a general rule the in- [increase] crease on one hand would balance the increase on the other. Two rates of 10d. in the pound then were levied in each year on all rateable property in Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field, under the old bodies of authority or 1s. 8d. in the whole. We know it is said that from the Lighting and Watching Rate, property under 7 annual rent was exempt; and also that many poor cottagers were forgiven their rates by the Board of Highway Surveyors. But it is clear of this particular class of dwellings and had to be made up by the other rate-payers. A very mistaken notion on this subject of exemption from rates has prevailed but experience and extended inquiry has proved that the exemption was no ex- [exemption] emption at all to the class for whom it was in- [intended] tended for what they had not to pay as rate they were certain to have to pay as rent. How unblushingly it was put in Huddersfield, in excuse for the high rent demanded, that there was no lighting or watching rate to pay, hundreds can testify. And what was the experience in Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] was also the experience in other places. Tn 1838 a select committee of the House of Com- [Commons] mons enquired into the operation of this principle, and reported fully against its continuance. In 1843 a most elaborate report was drawn up under the direction of the Poor-law Commissioners, in which the conclusion is fully established that the landlord is the person who, directly or indirectly, gains by these exemptions. And what these landlords thus gain, has to be contributed by the other rate. Say arate, [rate] if collected up, will realize 5,000 and that the body requiring the money expend at the rate of 500 a month. Say also that the leakage from exemptions and excused, is 1,000; it is clear that the amount realized [realised] will only serve for eight months instead of ten and it is no less clear that those rate-payers who do pay would, in such a case, have another rate upon them two months earlier than would otherwise have been the case ; or in other words that the struggling shopkeeper of New-street, the heavily taxed publican, and the employer of labour in a factory would have to pay one rate out of every five to the owners of this in- [inferior] ferior [inferior] cottage property, instead of paying it for the support of the poor, or the paving, lighting, or cleansing of the streets. But the worst of this system of exemptions is not yet apparent. Among other of their evil conse- [cone- consequences] quences [sequence] are the direct inducements held out to landlords for the construction of such an inferior description of houses that they will only obtain occupiers of a class whose property entitles them to the exemption. This property has notoridusly [notorious] been kept in the very worst state possible-even without those conveniences and arrangements which betoken civilization, and distinguish the human being fromthe [from the] brute. The consequence of this neglect has been-fever-infection-contagion. The sacrifice of human life from these causes has been appalling; and the additional burden thus entailed upon the rate-payingrate-payers [rate-pay ingrate-payers] has been enormous. In Huddersfield, for instance, in 1847, the sum paid on account of SICKNESS ALONE in some of these neglected quarters,-Old Post-office-yard, Windsor- [Intercourse] court, Barker's-yard, Connor's-yard, Boulder-yard, Kirkmoor-place, and Denton-lane, was upwards of 400; W] and this was exclusive of the maintenance of the orphans left as a regular burden upon the rate-payers. Thus the exemption worked into the rate-payers pockets in two directions first they paid to the landlord class a premium (in the reality of increased rent, but in the shape of exemption from rate), for the erection of dwellings destitute of nearly every convenience and comfort; and then they had the tenants to maintain through sickness consequent on the neglect thus rewarded. And this is the system to which Mr. Broox [Brook] wishes to return The hope is a forlorn one indeed Well, but in the olden times, a few years ago, the expenditure of the two former bodies of autho- [author- authority] rity [city] required a rate of 10d. each, per year; or 1s, 8d. in the whole. We will now see what the expenditure of the new body has been. By the published statements of the Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners, [sinners] verified and certified as before set forth, we find their expenditure on the public works under their charge to have been as follows [follows] YEAR ENDING May, 1849. s. d. Paving Department 1558 17 94 Constabulary Scavenging do. Less Manure scld [sold] Lighting do. Salaries, office expenses, adver- [aver- advertising] tising, [rising] printing and stationery, law expenses, and miscellaneous EXPENSES ...... 636 12 11 YeEaR [Year] Enpina [Ending] May 16, 1850. Paving Department ............... 2927 4 7 Less private improvements to be ore te, PO-PAIG [PO-PAIN] 1160 4 3-1767 [3-W] 4 Constabulary department.......... -1017 [W] 2 Scavenging do. 1175 10 Less manure sold 266 19 0-908 [0-W] 11 Lighting department................ 721 10 7 Salaries office expenses, adver- [aver- advertising] tising, [rising] printing and stationery, law expenses, and miscellaneous OXPCNSES [EXPENSES] 762 4 7 Total public expenditure in these departments from commence- [commencement] ment [men] of act to May 16, 1850... 9,167 5 2 This, then, has been the total expenditure upon the public works up to the 16th of May, 1850. As to what has been expended for private improve- [improvements] ments, [rents] it is altogether another matter. The public have not to pay one penny of the amount so ex- [expended] pended, but the owners or occupiers of the property benefitted [benefit] by the private improvements. The secv- [sec- security] rity [city] for repayment which the Commissioners have is THE PROPERTY itself. This may change hands or be tossed about as you like still no matter so long as it is there a rate can be laid upon it until the expenses of such private improvements are re- [repaid] paid and, if needful, the rents can be impounded. To enable the Commissioners to obtain funds for the execution of these private improvements with- [without] out employing the public rates, they are empowered to borrow money, the parties on whose properties it is expended paying the interest, and not the general rate-payers, We cannot better illustrate this than by adducing the case of Fitzwilliam- [Fitzwilliamstreet] street and the Trustees of the Lord of the Manor. Under the Improvement Act the said Trustees have given notice to the Commissioners that they have laid out a certain street, to be called Fitzwilliam-street, describing its course and direo- [dire- dire] that this was so much presented to the landlords, and requiring the Commissioners to make and pavements in such intended street recovering back the expenses of making such sewers and pavements from them j (the seid [said] 'Frestces,) [Foresters] as landowners, in the mann [man] er bed by the act itself. The Commissioners, therefore, undertake the work; borrow money at 4 per centum [cent] per annum to pay for the execution of the work; and then lay an annual rate of 6 10s. in every 100 expended upon the land- [landowner] owner for the time being, for a period of thirty years. This payment of 6 10s. in the 100, for thirty years, will, if Mr. Broox [Brook] will calculate it, pay back the principal and 5 per cent. (with a trifle over,) for the use of that principal for thirty years. There is no bargaining-no if's or but's in tion [ion] ; such sewers as may be necessary, the manner they shall pay back what has been ex- [expended] pended for them, is fixed by the Act of Parliament itself and if they do not pay the rate when levied upon them Byram Hall, and even the Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field Estate itself, can be sold by the Improvement Comunissioners [Commissioners] Independent, therefore, of the great benefit which will result from this new mode of laying out streets, -sewering [swearing] and paving them before buildings are erected,-it is clear that the rate payers must gain pecuniarily [generally] upon these transactions. The Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] can borrow money at 4 or 4 per cent., and the Trustees must pay 5 per cent. The public work, therefore, is divisible and dis- [distinct] tinct [tint] from the works executed for private indivi- [divine- individuals] duals. [Dials] The one has nothing to do with the other. The rate-payers pay for one-the parties themselves who are benefitted [benefit] pay for the other. The expense of the Pupiic [Pupil] Works, from the commencement of the act up to the last audit is, as we have just seen, 9,167 5s. 2d. The rate laid on the 14th of August, 1849, at 1s. the pound, amounted to 4,910 4s. 6d. The act has been in operation two years. During that period but one rate, at 1s. 8d. in the pound, has been collected. Two have been laid but there is one almost wholly to collect. Two rates at 1s. 8d. in the pound, for the two years the Commissioners have been in existence, would amount to 9,820. With the new property added to it, and which will have to be added to the rate now in course of collection, the amount will be close upon 10,000. The expenditure, as we have seen, has been but 9,167. Where, then, has been the increase of two- [towards] thirds Where is the increase at all Where has been the extravagance Where the waste The fact is, spite of all that can be said-spite of all the mystification which can be resorted to spite of all the reckless assertions which can be made, the expenditure of the Commissioners on the public works has been within a rate of 1s. 8d. in the year. There the fact is-beyond the power of refutation. It is not beyond cavil for sophists and men who do not regard character will cavil even with truth. WHAT HAVE THE COMMISSIONERS DONE FOR THE MONEY prudent, wasteful or careful. In the first place they have from two to three from what the old highway district was and this more than it formerly did. These Macadamised Huddersfield and the cost of maintenance is very great. During the period the Commissioners have been in office they have purchased and paid for 15,180 yards of paving sets and they have executed more than 11,000 yards of setting more than double the quantity ever before executed in Huddersfield during a similar period of time. At the audit in May they had in stock just upon 3,000 yards of paving sets-in value near 500. In 1847 the price paid to the Gas Company for gas to each public lamp, was 47s. for 240 nights lighting. The other day a contract was executed to light these same lamps for 32s., being a saving of 15s. per lamp. In 1847 the number of lamps was 260 now itis [its] near upon 400. At the period spoken of, the price paid for lamp- [lampposts] posts was 4 each; now they are contracted for at 25s. Lamps which cost from 7s. to 8s. glazing, are now glazed for 2s. 9d. For their rate at 10d. in the pound the old body could only provide eight scavengers eight watch- [watchmen] men in summer, and twelve watchmen in winter for the same amount of rate in the pound the new Commissioners provide twenty constables and twenty scavengers all the year round. During the period the Commissioners have been in office, they have cleansed out some most filthy places-localities where fever or contagion of some kind was formerly never absent and which places, as we have before seen, cost the poor rate 400 during the year 1847, for relief consequent on fever alone. These places have been thoroughly reno- [rent- renovated] vated-thoroughly [dated-thoroughly -thoroughly] cleansed, and proper provision for drainage and private convenience made. Since the alterations in these localities were made, while typhus and scarlet fever, and small-pox, have been prevalent in other parts of the town, and many deaths have occurred, the last returns of the Registrar show that not one death from any of these causes has occurred in any of these cleansed localities. Ratepayers and occupiers of cottage residences let this fact sink deep into your minds; for in the measures which have brought about this proud result in places beforetime [before time] notorious for their filth, their fever, and their cost, is to be found true economy for the one, and health and comfort for the other. ------ -- THE QUESTION OF BORROWING MONEY FOR PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. Mr, JAMES Brook says, in his address, the most rutnous, [ruinous] the most mischievous, and, at the same time, the most stupid and foolish of all schemes that this Improvement measure has introduced, is the borrowing scheme. Now, this is very good, rich, peculiarly rich, from a man who owes all he possesses in the world to the scheme he thus characterizes who began iife [life] as a borrower and who has found the system to be so so stupid, and so foolish, as to induce him to become a lender yea, and a lender at usurious interest Mr. Brook has been an extensive supporter, in his time, of money and building-clubs, From these he has bor- [or- borrowed] rowed to these he has paid interest at the rate of ten per cent. to these he has also paid back more principal than he received and yet with this very ruinous application of the most ruinous principle, Mr. BRook [Brook] had accumu- [acme- accumulated] lated [late] we were about to say house to house, but con- [content] tent ourselves with saying dwelling to dwelling for there is an important distinction, in a sanitary point of view, between a house and a dwelling. The ruinous prin- [pain- principle] ciple [Copley] has operated so satisfactorily for Mr. Brook that he now enters money clubs for the purpose of lending, at ten per cent interest, to those who, like him- [himself] self at one time, are needy enough to require ruining. ; The objection to this system of borrowing is,-that there ts wterest [Wester] to pay. Strip the objection of its redundant phraseology, and it just amounts to this and no more. If we could borrow 50,000; have the use and the benejit [benefit] ot the money for thirty years, and then pay back the exact sum we borrowed, and nothing for that use or benefit, all would be right Whetherthe [Whether the] borrowing system be ruinous to the borrowers or not, it is clear that under such circum- [circus- circumstances] stances would be so tothe [tithe] lender If Mr Brook will only let his money out on these terms,-the money on which he has paid tinterest,-he [interest,-he] will soon find that he will require ruining again by being obliged to borrow the case. The rate of interest they must pay, and But then those who borrow, pay back more than they receive, when they pay interest. To be sure theydo, [they] else why does Mr. BRook [Brook] become a lender But if they back more 'than the prineipal, [principal] they also, if they be ordinarily judicious, MAKE MORE BY THE USE OF IT. And here is the secret of Mr. BROOK's own ruin. To clear off a debt of 4,033 in ten years, Mr. BROOK says it will require 9,303. This is a stupid 'mistake on the part of Mr. Brook. And we wonder that so clever a financier should have made so great a miscalculation. The 9,303 are not required to clear debt of 4,033. The sum of 4,033 would off a debt of that same amount but the 9,303 are required, not only to clear off the debt of 4,033, but also to pay the interest for ten years on the yearly portions of that amount while in use-and also the interest for that same period of time on 8,784. Mr. Brook wonders that no one has come out in defence of this system of borrowing, when assailed by his brother RIcHARD, [Richard] from whom Mr. JAMES has BORROWED ) his argument And is he really sincere in this expression of astonishment Did he think that any sane business mind could possibly deem such an argument worthy of elaborate notice Why, the very mention of the thing raises a involuntary laughter. Let us illustrate the argument -- A man borrows 1,000 upon mortgage, and stipulates to pay for it five per cent. At every half-yearly day he pays his 25, In thirty years he will have paid 1,500, and still owe the 1,000 as at first. But then take the other side. With the 1000 he half-yearly for the lender, and 13 10s. for himself. smile; and the reading of the calculations excites bursts of builds a house; and he lets it at a rental which, after repairs, rates, and insurance, pays him 6 per cent, or possibly 7 He, therefore, from that 1000 gets his 25 On the answer to this question will depend the fact as to whether they have been extravagant or miles of Macadamised road to maintain more than the old board of Highway Surveyors had. Ii is true that their district for rating purposes is enlarged partly accounts for the fact that a rate now realizes [realise] roads, however, are the most frequented out of at the Improvement Commissioners' every exertion in promotion of the object contemplated. The geutleman's [gentleman's] committee, too, have ultimately appointed Mr. Pritchard as secretary, to co-o and collection of subscriptions. At the committee meeting, This, however, according to the anti-borrowing argu- [argue- argument] ment, [men] he has no right todo. [too] As soon as he has paid back 1000 in amount (no matter when) he is, in equity, quits ; and the man who acts otherwise, it a lender, is, to use Mr. BROOK's own choice language, an infamous Jew, a detestable stock-jobbing scoundrel. Pity that Mr. Broox's [Brook's] practice should differ so materi- [matter- materially] ally from his preaching but he is awfully inconsistent, and we fear, has earned a full title to his own hard names. Say, some thirty years ago he borrowed 100, and with it erected a dwelling. He let, and still continues to let, that dwelling for 10 a-year. The man who borrowed the tenement has paid Mr. Brook 300 W and yet Mr. Brook calls the dwelling 47s --What an infamous Jew system. The fact is, the argument is not worth one moment's serious notice. It is refuted every hour by the every day practice of life. It is refuted by the very institution of property, and by every act ot commerce or trading. Money is worth, and will have its value; and if it is kept in the pockets of the ratepayers, instead of being paid away at once in the shape of heavy rates, it is worth do them just as much as they pay for what they borrow. There now only remains the question of the propriety and the justice of spreading the cost of permanent improve- [improvements] ments [rents] over a period of years. Say the town requires sewerage to the extent of 20,000. Why should the rate- [ratepayers] payers of this day provide the whole of that amount In sewerage we none of us have more than a life interest. Those who come after us will reap the benefit as well as us why should they not contribute to the cost If the rates are raised forthwith, and the sewerage paid for at once, how can they do this The point could not be better illustrated than in the present position of the heir to the Ramsden Estate. His Trustees are improving that estate by the formation, sewering, [swearing] and paving of Fitzwilliam- [Fitzwilliamstreet] street but as the present heir has only a life interest in the estate, why should he be at the entire cost He is young-unmarried may in a few years die then the estate passes into the hands of somebody else. And why should net that somebody else pay his proportion for the benefit conferred on the estate he thus be- [becomes] comes possessed of This is the rewson [reason] why the re- [recovery] covery [cover] of the expenses of sewering, [swearing] paving, and forming intended new streets on the Ramsden Estate, is made an annual fixed charge on that estate for a period of thirty years. But while this length of time is taken for the re- [repayment] payment of the principal monies thus expended, care is also taken-Jew-like-for the payment of the interest What is so obviously just in the case of the owner of the Ramsden estate, is no less so in the case of a poor widow, whose rental from two or three cottages is her only income. For her to build a privy, or to execute (and pay for at once) the required drainage, is an impossibility but it is not impossible for her to pay by a certain number of easy annual instalments and it is to meet such cases as these, that the power to borrow money is conferred on the Im- [In- Improvement] provement [improvement] Commissioners. Mr. Brook seems to have made the discovery for the first time that we have a Huddersfield National Debt. Where has he been living Where has he put his eyes Has he forgot the Water-works, and the debt of 47,000- 47,W] a debt, too, bearing And yet without that debt how could we have procured that first and greatest necessary of town life, and almost of existence Oh, Mr. BRook [Brook] would say, wait without water till you can raise the 47,000 at once. But no; the denejit [dent] of the borrowing systemis [system] here seen. We have the water-no town in England better ; we enjoy the blessing; we are thankful for it; we enjoy easy water-rents; those rents pay the ├ęzterest, [interest] and will, in time, pay off the principal; and nobody will be burdened or harmed by the transaction, So with the sewerage. It is no less essential to life and health that the water brought into the town, when fouled, should be conveyed out again. The one is in fact as necessary as the other, and forms but part of the same system, subject to the same principles, and the same laws. What is true of one is, therefore, true of the other. At this point we must pause. We have next to examine Mr. Broox's' [Brook's] extraordinary statements on the Gas question, and his utter repudiation of his own principles asto [Aston] and interest, in the case of the Huddersfield Gas Company. This exposure, however, we must reserve for next week. He shall then have it, as he deserves. If they be Jews and detestable Stock-jobbing scoundrels who borrow and lend at five per cent. interest, what are they who exact fifteen per cent And what are, also, they who wish to continue them the fifteen, and to pay them 60,000 for what only cost 20,000 20,W We shall next week endeavour to ascertain. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. THE HUDDERSFIELD PreL [Pre] MonuMENT.-We [Monument.-We] are glad to hear that the preliminary arrangements for this laudable project have, after some unavoidable delay, been so far com- [completed] pleted [plated] that the machinery is now in practical working order. The working-man's committee are holding meetings weekly Rooms, and using rate in the soliciting Many of our readers will Rev. J. C. Franks, of 1 few dersfield, [Huddersfield] will preach in Hudde [Hyde] formeriy [formerly] vies morrow (Sunday) morning, an at al ae uo doubt that embrace the opportunit [opportunity] the discourses of their former pe SUDDEN DearH [Death] oF a Liceys [Licences] day afternoon Mr. Joseph Platts, 1 ton Inn, died very suddenly, at his 2 Mr. Platts has for some time past RW indisposition, arising from a peculiar am he were choking, but the com for serious sae. [sea] Yesterday titor [tutor] in the pig and poultry . at the awkward monn [mon] was removed to the Cricket Ground in consequence. During the mor, [or] house on his road to the show ground and water. On reaching his destination he bs and shortly afterwards As once removed to his home, and eve but unfortunately without the desi [dis] to have to state that Mr. in the afternoon. NaTIONAL [National] EDUCATION.-The friends will be gratified to learn that it ic no ference [France] of the friends of national secular aie [are] a next, to decide whetherthe [whether the] education nated [Anted] in Lancashire, and which has hith [high] foranominally [fora nominally] local purpose, in its character and in case such mined upon, to consider and adopt the Sheayy [She] visions of an education bill, and arranie [arrange] into the House of Commons in the .. 8 ment. [men] The evils of sre [are] social degradation and crime, are think that the movement to obtain . national also. Let not the triends [friends] of , the town and neighbourhood of Hulile [Hull] throw their influence into the seale y ,, we hope will ere long outweich [outweigh] al the ., be brought against it. THe [The] PaRisH [Parish] CHURCH Clock. - months are setting in, we would sy of the town the propriety of lich; [Loch] clock each evening. We know noi [no] improvement comes within the ment [men] Commissioners or the Churchwar. [Church war] be no question that were the parish he nated [Anted] during the winter months. jt World great convenience to the inhabitants .,..,... of the principal towns of England several gas companies to light the pub and so far as our own experience exten. [extent] to believe that their public spirit in chip in a due appreciation on the part -h.. the statements which have come t yyy [ty] unquestionable sources may be relic up, field Gas Company are realizins [religions] 4 their undertaking, and, in our u ealled [called] upon to pursue a course w other towns, where the gas lower rate of interest on the eapit [apt] received by the Huddersfield gas p that the Gas Company will at or into consideration, the more so, a5 out is pretty general amony [among] the whom have addressed us latterly on th. i LecTURES.-On [Lectures.-On] Monday anid [and] W. H. Chadwick delivered tro [to] Brethren's Room, Albion street. The s. first evening was, The People's Puc [Cup] Elliott, Burns, &c.; and for the secon [second] and times of Oliver Cromwell. MecuaNiIcs' [Mechanics] INSTITUTION Gara.-T. [Agar.-T] . this excellent institution was held last s,- Cricket Ground, Halifax-road. Tho , fortunately inauspicious, and the weather im [in] was boisterous and cold. From this . were deterred from being prexe [price] rating and interesting proceeidlir [proceed] che however, by considerations of wind ' hundreds were on the vround [round] & arrangements were guod, [good] and eve from the Scottische, [Scott's, (lown [low] to was called into active requisition ac, performances of a quadrille band, the continued their enjoyment till a lace h. objects of attraction was a small which was gathered a knot of 2. each other to take hold amd [and] tien, [ten] bursting into a merry peal of wight writhed under its potent int attraction of the evening was the exhiiacuy [exotic] light, under the care of Mr. Ma was highly successful, and thrown upon objects at a co them perfectly visible and lis is] assembly it was no difficult task tw re of fifty or sixty yards, though the nu dark, The company disperserl [disperse] a perfectly satistied [satisfied] with the arranyeneus [arranges] TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION Wir [Sir] 1 It will be seen by an advertisement in ani [an] cu a memorial from the principal mere uitile [mere tile] in Hudderstield, [Huddersfield] is about tu be presen [present] Telegraph Company, requesting cat lay down telegraphic wire on the between Manchester, Hucilers [Fusiliers] desirability of such an arran and we make no doubt that if proper spirit, the Telegraph t ny 8 alacrity to the prayer of the memoriu. [memory] the Chronicle office the banks. ani [an] 1s booksellers for signature - To the Board of Divectors [Directors] uf [of] the E penu, [pen] Lothhura. [Lothario] Low The Memorial of us the undersime [undersigned Bances [Banes] Manufacturers, Solicitors, anid [and] other. town of Hudderstield, [Huddersfield] in the West fcr [for] of York,- [York] Sheweth,-That [shewed,-That] the town of Huis [His] principal seats for the mamuficture [manufacturer] goods in the kingdom, anid [and] centauins [contains] )' habitants. That the Manchester and Lewis o and North-Western Railway runs th ing one of the principal links of lir Sir] the north to the south, aml [am] em most important seats of woollen. hun [Hun] factures [factories] of the West Ridiny [Riding] of Yorx- [York- Sixth] That throughout the whole of the tending from Manchester to Lee s i communication of which the puble [public] the nearest telegraph station being st Le fifteen miles from Huddersield. [Huddersfield] That your memorialists [memorials] are extn [next] mercial [commercial] and other engagements, communication with the large and of Great Britain and the continent. fir ths tion [ion] of which rapidity of communicitiun [communication] importance, and the want of suvh [such] still felt to be of the most serivus [serious] Your memorialists, [memorials] thereture. [there] respec [respect] you will see fit to lay down, for such a line of telegraphic ov Huddersfield, and Leeds, as cn the business transactions of your public generally. ANNIVERSARY OF THE HUDDER [UDDER] CAaBINETMAKERS' [Cabinetmakers] Uytoy.-On [UT.-On] Mow of this society met to celebrate the chu [cu] formation. The agremens [agreements] ot the & spirited game of ericket [cricket] amoust [amount] lr [C] selves, after which they retired to the Siu. [Sir] partook of a sumptuous dinner wt the dainties of the season, 2 hy [C] worthy host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. m [in] S he a Which and FY assistap,. [assistant] red Platts expired aio. [air] Me Popular ne OT Dep [De] F pu FEST Ve Se mut [mt] te veep mously [Mosley] voted to the chair, and Mr. 5. ' chair. The chairman, in an the health of Her Majesty the with all the usual honours. The the Royal Family were also receives Uo The toasts, to the town wt field, and to the Cabinet responded to and the remainder) very agreeably, each contributing swell the tide of pleasure. 'The purty [party] hour, the toute [route] ensemble having passe' Two OrRIGINALS.-It [Original.-It] is shat [that] ty Guildhall is relieved by the wit tin men plain had never Sy Re yg ie much Worse Inotnowbem,, [intone] last Monday evening, pass-books were given to the col- [collectors] lectors, [electors] and ordered, by permission, to be left at the dif. [if] ferent [front] banks, the Chronicle Office, the Post-office, and with e respective booksellers. A deputation was arranged to wait upon the leading gentry of the neighbourhood, in order to obtain their assistance and co-operation. We trust the usual public spirit and energy displayed by our towns- [townsmen] men will not on this occasion be found cool and indifferent. Amongst the amounts already received we find the names of F. Schwann, Esq., 15; George Crosland and Sons, 15; and George Mallinson and Sons, 10. ScHoon School] or DesigN.-We [Design.-We] have had occasion at different times to press the claims of this important institution upon the manufacturing interest of the burough, [borough] and a more intimate acquaintance of its practical results, adds to this conviction. Within the past week, we have had an oppor- [upper- opportunity] tunity [unity] of examining a number of original designs for waist- [waist coatings] coatings, rugs, and other kinds of textile produce, and can speak with pleasure to the uniqueness and beauty of some of the conceptions-particularly those of Master Midwood, who possesses artistic skill of a very high order. Many of the original designs by the pupils of the school, have been worked out, and obtained great praise. On this visit we had our attention directed to an hearth rug from the loom and original design of Mr. Joseph Hudson, Market-place, whose knowledge of drawing and has been entirel [entirely] obtained at the School of Design. It possesses harmony of colouring, and immediately strikes the eye by its beauty and finish. The design isa simple and cuter scrawl, with an oval centre, relieved by a group of flowers. The colouring of the edge is a deep brown, and the scrawl is worked in umber, tinged with a darker shade towards the edges, the instertices [instances] being filled up with a rich crim- [crime- crimson] son. The grouping of flowers is coloured to nature and rests on a marble und. [and] The effect of the whole is re. markably [remarkably] good, and reflects high credit not only on its designer and worker, but in a similar degree on tho worthy master of the school, Mr. Lister, under whose superinten- [superintend- superintendence] dence [dene] Mr. Hudson has reached so creditable a profieiency. [proficiency] TESTIMONIAL TO Mr. LUKE SwaLLow.-Last [Swallow.-Last] eveni [even] party of about twenty gentlemen met to ther [the] at Mr. Ainley's, Commercial Inn, New-street, presided over by Mr. John Firth, the vice-chair being filled by Mr. Joseph Charlesworth, for the purpose of presenting a silver snuff. box to Mr. Luke Swallow, as a tribute of respect and esteem for his unwearied exertions, along with other Commissioners of the Water- [Waterworks] Works Company, in procuring for the inhabi- [inhabit- inhabitants] tants [ants] of Huddersfield a more abundant supply of water. The box was presented by the Chairman in a few brief and approprate [appropriate] remarks, and feelingly acknowledged by Mr. Swallow, who expressed his readiness at all times to his best for Huddersfield and its inhabitants. The following a the inscription engraved on the lid of the box in 1 - Presented by a few friends to Mr. Luke Swallow, i of respect and esteem for his unwearied exertions, 'long. mite other Commissioners of the Water-Works, in procuring to the inhabitants of this Borough a more ab 1 ring he Huddersfield, July, 1850 undant [abundant] supply of water. ric [tic] character. There is a general reutiie [route] onmaking [making] theirappearance [their appearance] before tne te] sists [lists] in simple affirmation or denial of but now and then there comes pyr [per] who gives a zest to the formalities vf') court of sober justice ring with his ae humour, or draws down a perfees [per fees] fo) . ties first-rate acting. Of this class-thvux [class-thou] were two gentlemen who were 1 on Tuesday last, under mimer charms enness. [ens] William Thompsou [Thomas] epee native of Philadelphia, United States. 4 from Hull to Manchester. He [C] on the Saturday, and suffering rem ein [in] to whioh [which] fosh [fish] is heir, he cn tality [vitality] of our fellow townspeople tr Su the Sunday he had planted himsel [himself] a5 78 the dodge of extreme TOs To] benevolence of the stray passers. by the causeway of his ailmentsan' [ailments an' 1s ' his labours were disturbed by the in intendent [intended] Thomas- Or rather. Thompson, Ishould Should] say thatthe# [that the# that the] 2 tendent-who [tendency-who] despite the supplant uu eruelty, cruelty, to make him an objec [object] i him off to the lock Pp vets 4 that he was ed of bistriome [bistro] Pe at in his travels' played his part some itinerant play-house, contempt, and dared that thts [this] him in the face, and reiterate the ase [as the officer had the audacity t oy he could not bear; and the foul Uap [Up] uu honour was rebutted with teas rations of hisinnocence. [his innocence] The well, and found that mercy us Droppeth, [Dropped] as the geutie [Guide] rain iw ; for temper uae [use] nt ae do ' ee yin Blessing him that eves 088 His suecessor, [successor] an honest merry the proverbial qualities of his coll jus [us] charge of Policeman Mellor. for bet arow. [are] FPimothy [Timothy] Rywx [Rex] pleaded b us and assured their worships outcasts-the thus it was that Timothy, [C] thoughtless countryman, Oliver draw sweet discord from a nage [age] we wi and body in unity and us in his journeyings had been whew and amid the gay lightsomenes [loathsomeness] - his won hod dante of the ; Timothy was too earnest 4 ee wee honours could not resist bis WH Ib allowed to try his fortunes iano [piano] well of his prison-house, he 1 left the court in high glee. 2 with his predecessor, afforded 2 PSs. [PS] to the bench and the court-house . prow Ss We Sto, [To] en fe 'So a sc Wits, rr ., ato [to] Fh.