Huddersfield Chronicle (24/Aug/1850) - page 3

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1850. 3 POETRY. EPS [ES] OF ANGELS. wn F T Ss T the hours of Day are numbered, and the voices of the Night Wake the better soul, thst [that] slumbered, To a holy, calm delight ; evening lamps are lighted, like phantoms grim and tall, the fitful fire-light the parlour wall ; Ere the And, shadows from Dance upon the forms of the departed Enter at the open door ; The beloved, the true-hearted, Come to visit me once more He, the young and strong, who cherished Noble longings for the strife, By the road-side fell and perished, with the march of life They, the holy ones and weakly, Who the cross of suffering bore, Folded their pale bands so meekly, Spake with us on earth no more And with them the Being Beauteous, Who unto my youth was given, More than all things else to love me, 3 'And is now saint in heaven. With a slow and noiseless footstep, Comes that messenger divine, Takes the vacant chair beside me, Lays her gentle hand in mine. And she sits and gazes at me With those deep and tender eyes, Like the stars so still and saint-like, Looking downward from the skies. Cttered [Uttered] not, yet comprehended, Is the spirit's voiceless prayer, Soft rebukes, in blessings ended, Breathing from her lips of air. 0, thon [tho] oft depressed and lonely, my fears are laid aside, Ig but remember only Such as these have lived and died Professor Longfdlow. [Longfellow] - FIRESIDE READINGS. FonTUNES [Fortunes] OF THE CroMWELIs.-The [Cromwell.-The] Cromwells [Cromwell] were consideration and high county Standing in Hunting- [Hunting of] of hire, seated at the fine mansion of Hinchinbroke, [Hunchback] eo esconded [seconded] in the female line from Cromwell, Earl rae of the time of Henry VIII. Its chief, as well , of its members, fought manfully under the at banner. At the present time seven peers of the ny trace descent from the Lord Protector, namely, re ade [de] of Morley, Chichester, Rothes, Cowper, De Grey, and Ripon but, as a contrast to 'i fur side of the picture, we must honestly confess bs within one hundred years after Oliver's death, ee of his descendants were reduced to the depths of ee almost begging theirdaily [their daily] bread. Itis [Its] a singular that an estate which was granted to George Monk, uke [Duke] of Albemarle, for restoring the monarchy, should, by intermarriage, eveutually [eventually] vest in the late Oliver Crom- [From- Cromwell] 'll, Es, of Cheshunt, who died in 1821, being then ie 'ast [at] male descendant of the Protector.-Burke's Ancodstes [Anecdotes] of the Aristocracy, 4 Hot For Mustcians.-See [Musicians.-See] the effects of a long of music at a public concert. The orchestra are ireathless [breathless] with attention, jumping into major and minor evs, [es] executing fugues, and fiddling with the most eatatic [attic] precision. In the midst of all this wonderful wicnce, [licence] the audience are gaping, lolling, talking, staring shout, and half devoured with ennui. On a sudden yore springs up a lively little air, expressive of some niural [natural] feeling. though in point of Science not worth a The audience all spring up, every head nods, every foot beats time, and every heart also; a miversal [universal] smile breaks out in every face; the carriage is not ordered; and every one agrees that music is the ost [out] delightful, rational entertainment that the human nind [nine] an possibly enjoy. In the same manner the astonishing execution of some great singers has in it very litle [little] of the beautiful; it is mere difficulty overcome, lke [le] rope-dancing and tumbling; and such difficulties overcome, as I have before said, do not excite the feel- [feeling] ius [is] of the beautiful, but the wonderful.-Rev. Sydney Suith's [Smith's] Elementary Sketches of Moral Philosophy. Tse [Te] Porrry [Perry] or A Home.-There was a peasant trim- [trimming] ming [min] his garden and a woman working at her spinning- [spinning wheel] wheel beneath the grateful shade of a trellised vine. Therewas [There was] a humble cottage, boasting neither of beauty in its architecture nor of the spaciousness of its extent. Its roof was low, its walls were of clay, its porch was nidely [widely] constructed, and its whole aspect spoke more of labour than of wealth. But it was a home, and wherever there is a home there is poetry, there is soul, there is beauty, and the expression of a sentiment which out- [out values] values all the conventionalities of the world. The man wasa [was] husband, the woman was a wife and a mother. She had one child, a boy, but more heavenly than human, in the fresh divinity of his young and guileless heart. It was a joy to these parents to know that God tal blessed the fond love which had united them to- [together] gether [ether] with this confiding image of himself, and to them tue world had but one hope, and all that hope was liv- [li- lives] uz in their gentle boy. It was their lot to toil, but to til they had been born; they had been visited by sor- [Sir- sort] but tuey [they] put their trust in God and thanked Him Lurthis [This] one blessing, this benediction and pledge of their trusting hearts, this offspring and centre of their dear 'echous [echoes] and the living, breathing hope of a futurity w be male redolent with the fragrance of one long un- [including] cuding [luding] summer-the fruition of those anticipations vhich [which] were now in their budding bloom. If their lot had been one of gloom light had fallen out of heaven, aud [and] they were the parents of a child. The sun went town and twilight came. The river rolled along as as heretofore. The little birds which dwelt cas [as] tue tall grass and sedges on the banks were com- [come] oe the by one, to rest them till a new morning should ul' thew, with its golden light, to sing again and be ll. The flowers j e i i ids. 3. ers [es] in the meads [means] were drooping their as though in sorrow that so fair a day should i ileud, [ailed] aud [and] their eyes were gushing with silent tamed, they saw the shadows of darkness come to tia [ti] World in gloom, and to veil the soft blue cur- [curing] in thesky. [the sky] And the child had gone like a young foray its parent nest, and had laid its little cherub ttle [title] Pou [Po] its tiny couch. And within the walls of the wutage [wage] the spirit of beauty had a sacred home.- [home] a Cugh's [Cough's] Journal. a ring or BeRNaDorTeE.-It [Bonaparte.-It] was some time eane [ene] t Gi cer [er] peace of 1802 that a foreign gentleman rim ne raltar [altar] with letters of credit and introduction tthe [the oe house in Italy to a house of business en trance' the ostensible object of this visit being to dant [dan] of rears between the two firms. The mer- [Mr- greater] eater 5 a rock having read the letters, received the imate [mate] th cordiality, and made him welcome as an his house. The foreign merchant, when in- [injury] unr [ur] by his host to the gov expressed, as st every strane [Strand] Soi hee [her] nore, [more] EXP . Forks. betravine [bet ravine] Pe astonishment at the stupendous ed by his observations the most profound tHe [the] express ie science of fortification, and at the same hich [which] the o ag natural curiosity to see the lions,' liu [li] to one sf nor readily assented to, and introduced Fouder [Founder] an aS staff asa cicerone. The extravagant Wree [Were] at wee observations of the man of com- [comes] Ls conductop [conduct] meal afforded no small amusement to civil, allowed th cutinels, sentinels] to wy ote [ot] du 7 ant we . aS 'Ospitable [Hospitable] ( after a day or two, tired with doing gentleman to rove about among whom he soon became as familiar as The time of departure of the en close at hand, when one morning the fy. i merchant, who was in the habit of We fishy mtg was on his way before breakfast to WU on g wos [wis When he found that in his haste he had he hat. On taking it off to examine it he Se, unusual the hat of his guest. Something, how- [Howe] 'ize it thor [tho] i 1t8 [t] appearance, induced him to scru- [scrub- scrupled] in wi oscly, [closely] when he observed a double crown, Nations uch, [such] to his astonishment, he found plans erode tang [tan With a most perfect reconnoissance [reconnaissance] of wit the auele [ale] by the very simple gentleman who knew stim, tim] ney [ne] Of the flank from the flanked angle of a my. Our Gin tolla [toll] hormwork housework frum [from] a ram's sted [ste] to lag raltar [altar] merchant, pocketing the papers, the the jnatter [pattern] before the governor. In the a. 7 ie for cign [sign] gentleman having missed his hat, i h was not right, and that by remaining vtied [tied] dowry Uf [Of] Should endanger his personal liberty, 6 'yond [Bond] ie the port, and, engaging with a boatman, lis [is] Way to re ange age] of the guns of the fortress, and one before his friend returned home. at 'adi, [aid] [C] thus escaped from the rock, on his iat [at] he related (rey [re] called on the British Consul, to i fortress He Cause of his sudden flight from the jit [it] ng matic [magic] the loss of his papers and drawings; all here.' he, pointing to his forehead, I ted thas' [has] te naine [nine] is Bernadotte. It will be re- [here] he of Helena, Bonaparte mentioned the lint) Proceeding S28, [S] Siege to Gibraltar, with the lage [age] aud [and] the '6 aud [and] the amount of force to be em- [Emly] fy [C] been sue 'Tesult [Result] of which he was confident would obtain) a no doubt, planned from the in- o Sw aed [ad] from the man destined to wear the ERY [VERY] of Naval and Military Gazette. appears EXTRAORDINARY CAVERN IN AME- [ME- Meltham] that jn Wi, a letter recently received from Y sinkin [sinking] 'sconsin [Wisconsin] territory, some miners, tay [ta] cat depth J a shaft for a lead mine, discovered wh it length and oo' cavern, said to be at least Mat there laving this extraordinary pecu [Peru] Sg TORS it the mi rough it a river of such extent 'Wiggs [Wigs] 7 LC Rides fae [far] required to be furnished with Yate a, P With of the cavern were found lined in ' ean Yielg [Yield] nine silver, lead, and tin ores, 80 lace full ume [me] per cent. Were it not that 'ey tots We inust, [inst] ce on the authenticity of the US to fess that this description would the HS 88 it dove too much of the marvellous, re- [reign] Nigh at Some of the wonderful caverns y 5, Wey [We] lebrated celebrated] writer, died in Paris on Ue that - We te ne Tai [Ta] i tae [tea] Curtostry [Customary] TO BE Encourac [Encourage] Curiosity is a youth, in those who have too much, it should he limited by a wise and gentle restraint or delay, lest by wander- [wandering] ing uit [it] everything, they learn nothing to perfection. those who have too little, it should be excited, lest mney [money] ms tain rae sane Ww self-satisfied, and easur [measure] i i ene ding e of ideas, nor an aptitude of Waste oF Lire AMONG LiTERARY [Literary] MEN. -Literary men are sad spendthrifts, not only of their money, but of themselves, At an age when other men are in pos- [post- possession] session of vigorous faculties of mind and strength of body, they are often used-up, enfeebled, and. only capable of effort und [and] ' lants, [Lance] Ifa [If] man er the influence of strong stimu- [stem- stimulants] lants, [Lance] the distribution of his own time- [time if] if his literary avocations are of that nature that they can be followed at home-if they demand only continu- [continue- continuous] ous [us] effort, there is no reason why the waste of vital energy should be greater in his case than in that of the follower of any other learned profession. A man soon discovers to what extent he can safely and profitably tax his powers. To do well in the world he must economise himself no less than his money. Rest is often a good investment. A writer at one time is competent to do twice as much and twice as well as at another and if his leisure be well employed, the few hours of labour will be more productive than the many, at the time ; and the faculty of labour wiil [will] remain with him twice as long. Rest and recreation, fresh air and bodily exercise, are essential to an auther, [author] and he will do well never to neglect them. But there are professional writers who cannot regulate their hours of labour, and whose condi- [condition- condition] tion [ion] in life is to toil at irregular times and in an irregular manner. It is difficult, we know, for them to abstain from using themselves up prematurely. Repeated paroxysms of fever will wear down the strongest frame; and many a literary man is compelled to live a life of fever, between excitement and exhaustion of the mind. We would counsel all public writers to think well of the best means of economising themselves-the best means of spending their time of duty. Rest and recrea- [regret- recreation] tion, [ion] properly applied, will do much to counteract the destroying influences of spasmodic labour at unseason- [season- unseasonable] able hours, and to ward off premature decay. But if they apply excitement of one kind to repay the ravages of excitement of another kind, they must be content to live a life of nervous irritability, and to grow old before their time.-North British Review.-Article on the Li terary [Terry] Projession. [Procession] ANEcDOTEs [Anecdotes] oF Circuit ExpEertence.-Long [Experience.-Long] after he had left the bar, Mr. Ward used to relate one of those instances of disappointed expectations which cloud the prospects and damp the ardour of the young aspirant. He had attended the spring assizes of the Northern Circuit. In those times of slow coaches and bad roads the days consumed in travelling to the far north at this inclement season, and the expense of posting from town to town, to maintain the dignity of the bar, in short, the loss of time and money, when compared with the small amount of business to be done, presented to the seniors of the bar sufficient reasons for absenting themselves in winter altogether from this portion of the circuit; pursuing, meanwhile, with more profit and less labour, the London business. A great advantage of this ar- [arrangement] rangement [management] was the chance of distinction it offered to the juniors. Upon the occasion to which we are alluding, Mr. Ward had been retained as counsel in a case of con- [considerable] siderable [considerable] importance. His leader (procimus [precious] at longo [long] procimus [precious] intervallo [interval] to the great men who were absent in London) was taken ill at the last moment. The conduct of the cause devolved upon Mr. Ward. Here was one of those opportunities which the sanguine young lawyer has read of, longs for, but hardly dares to hope. He im- [in- improved] proved it to the utmost, outdid himself in learning and argument, gained the cause, received the thanks of the before affrighted [affected] solicitor, drank in with greedy ears most flattering remarks from many others, and left court full of happiness and hope. Next circuit was the sum- [summer] mer. [Mr] The absent leaders again made their appearance their invalid substitute was once more in full vigour, and I got, said Mr. Ward, not a single brief, nor so much as a nod of recognition from my grateful client Upon another occasion he was repaid by thanks that were somewhat ill-timed. He had defended a prisoner at York, for horse-stealing, at that time a capital offence, and one in which, if many horses happened to have been lately missing, the law was, according to the policy of the day, notunfrequently [consequently] allowed to takeitscourse. [discourse] Nospeech [No speech] was then permitted for the defence; but, by across-exami- [across-exam- examination] nation now cautious, now puzzling, now insinuating, and by occasional observations thrown out in the course of it, according to the then most approved fashion, he managed to make such an impression on the jury that they acquitted his client. After the assizes he had to travel by a stage-coach on his way home. The first person he saw seated just opposite to him was he for whom he had made such exertions. The acquited [acquired] felon grasped both his hands with fervour. TI'se mooch obloige [obliged] to you, Coonsellor [Councillor] Ward, said he I'se mooch obloige [obliged] to you, but, winking his eye, he added, I doot [door] I was guilty though -Memoir of R. Plumer [Plumber] Ward. Sounp [Sound] Portators [Potatoes] From SEED.-Among other opinions which the present season has confirmed, is the very curious and important one that diseased potatoes may be safely and advantageously used for seed. Several cases of sound potatoes having been obtained from rotting sets, were mentiored [mentioned] in our volume for 1846; instances were even mentioned where the crop thus raised was better and more abundant than where sound potatoes had been carefully planted; and this year a similar, but more conclusive, case has occurred. Mr. Benjamin Smith, of Wokingham, has produced before us proof that while disease largely exists there in fields where sound sets were employed, there is no disease at present where diseased sets were purposely selected for trial. The following are instances -1. Very much dis- [diseased] eased sets of ash-leaved kidneys were planted on the 18th March, in drills five inches deep. These were taken up sound and ripe on the 2nd of August, without Very rotten late potatoes were planted November, 1849, six inches and half deep, covered first by two inches of earth, then by a layer of half-decayed weeds, and lastly by earth; taken up in the beginning of August, without disease.-3. Very bad sets planted in March, as before; taken up in the beginning of August, without disease. In this case each set produced about seven sound potatoes.-4. Sound sets of ash-leaved kid- [kidneys] neys [ness] and others, a mixed lot, were planted in February, as before. Taken up in August, were found to be much diseased. In all the neighbourhood the disease has spread much, except where the rotting sets were used. Abraham Lewis, blacksmith, also of Wokingham, having seen a statement concerning the value of diseased sets, published by Mr. Smith in the Reading Mercury, in July or August, 1849, planted some land in February last with ash-leaved kidneys so diseased that they appeared like dead walnuts. His crop was dug on the sth [st] of August, and proved not only sound, but abundant and of extraordinary beauty. Some of these potatoes, seen by us, were probably finer than any to be found in the market. It is the opinion of Mr. Smith that diseased scts [acts] are much better for planting than sound ones. The former soon rot when the live part has begun to grow; the latter art apt to remain hard, fleshy, and brittle, even when the new crop is ripe, and he thinks that in the former case there is an effort of nature to throw off the disease. It is possible that the morbid matter which causes disease may disappear in the general decay of the tuber in the one case, and may remain unchanged in the other, prepared to seize upon the haulm [haul] as soon as it is ready to receive its influence. At least no better explanation of this curious fact pre- [presents] sents [sent] itself to us at present; but the fact itself is certainly, in practice, very valuable.-Gardener's Chro- [Caro- Chronicle] nicle. [nice] SincuLaR [Singular] Derence [Defence] oF a SracE [Race] PLayER.-An [Player.-An] itine- [tine- employer] player, possessed of more wit than money, was, a few days ago, driven by that hard master, hunger, to com- [commit] mit [it] the high crime of poaching in this neighbourhood, and was, unluckily, detected in the act, and carried forthwith before a bench of magistrates, when the offence was fully proved. The knight of the buskin, however, being called upon for his defence, astonished the learned justices, by adopting Brutus's speech to the Romans on the death of Cesar to his case, in the following manner Britons, hungry men, and epicures hear me for my cause, and be silent that you may hear; be- [believe] lieve [liver] me for mine honour, that you may believe; cen- [cent- censure] sure me in your wisdom, and awake your senses, that you may the better judge. If there be any in this assembly, any dear friend of this hare, to him I say that a player's love for hare is no less than his. If, then, that friend demand why a player rose against a hare, this is my answer -Not that I loved hare less, but that I loved eating more. Had you rather this hare were living, and I had died starving, than that this hare were dead, that I might live a jolly fellow As this hare was pretty, I weep for him; as he was nimble, I rejoice at it; as he was plump, I honour him; but as he was eatable, I slew him. Here the gravity of the court was obliged to give way; prosecutor, spectators, and all burst into laughter at the ready wit displayed by the poor actor. The information was withdrawn, and the knight of the sock and buskin left the court with pockets much heavier than when he ee it with the inten- [intend- intent] i appearing on the stage the same evening, in an naw [new] Journal. OOKING [LOOKING] AN ELEPHANT's TRUNK AND FeEt.-The [Feet.-The] trank [rank] and feet are considered a delicacy, and a detach- [detachment] ment [men] are employed on these. The four feet are ampu- [amp- amputated] tated [stated] at the fetlock joint, and the trunk, which at the base is about two feet in thickness, is cut into convenient lengths. Trunk and feet are then baked, preparatory to their removal to head quarters. The manner which this is done is as follows A provided with sharp-pointed sticks, dig a hole in the groun [ground] each foot, rnd [end a portion of the trunk. These holes are about two feet deep and a yard in width the excavated earth is embanked around the margin of the hole. This work being completed, they next collect an immense quantity of dry branches and trunks of trees, of which there is always a profusion scattered around, having been broken by the elephants in former years. These they pile above the holes to the height of eight or nine feet, and then set fire to the heap. When these strong fires have burnt down, and the whole of the wood is reduced to ashes, the holes and the surrounding earth are heated in a high degree. Ten or twelve men then stand round the pit, and rake out the ashes with a pole about sixteen feet in length, having a hook at the end. They relieve one another in quick succession, each man running in and raking the ashes for a few seconds, and then pitching the pole to his comrade and retreating since tho hoat [host] is sn intense that it is scarcel [scarcely] to be endured. When all 'the ashes uc thus make out beyond the surrounding bank of earth, each elephant's foot and portion of the trunk is lifted by two athletic men, standing side 'by side, who place it on their shoulders and the pit together, they heave it into it. The long pole is nov [not] again resumed, and with it they shove in the heated bank of earth upon the foot, shoving and raking until it is completely buried in the earth. The hot embers, of which there is always a great supply, are then raked into a heap above the foot, and another bonfire is kindled over each, which is allowed to burn down and die a natural death; by which time the enormous footor [foot] trunk will be found to be equally baked throughout its inmost parts. When the foot is supposed to be ready, it is taken out of the ground with pointed sticks, and is first well beaten, and then scraped with an assagai, [assail] whereby adhering particles of sand are got rid of. The outside is then pared off, and it is transfixed with a sharp stake, for facility of carriage. The feet thus cooked are excellent, as is also the trunk, which very much resembles buffalo's tongue. The reason why such large fires are requisite, is owing to the mass of the flesh that must be baked. In raking the sand on the foot, the natives are careful not to rake the red-hot embers in with it, which would burn and destroy the meat whereas the sand or earth protects it, imparting an even and steady heat.-Cumming's Five Years in the Interior of South Africa. Lord Byron presented the late Mr. Murray, his pub- [publisher] lisher, [Fisher] with a handsome bible as a birthday present. It was afterwards found that the profane wit had, in a pas- [passage] sage of the New Testament, erased the word robber and substituted that of publisher, so that the passage read, Now Barabbas was a publisher. THE Mixep [Mixed] Arrows or Love anp [an] Deata.-Cupid, [Death.-Cupid] one sultry summer's noon, tired with play and faint with heat, went into a cool grotto to repose himself, which happened to be the Cave of Death. He threw himself carelessly down on the floor, and his quiver turning topsy-turvy [tops-turvy] all the arrows fell out, and mingled with those of Death, which lay scattered up and down the place. When he awoke he gathered them up as well as he could, but they were so intermingled that, though he knew the certain number, he could not rightly distinguish them, from which it happened that he took up some of the arrows which belonged to Death and left several of his own in the room of them. This is the cause that we now and then see the hearts of the old and decrepit transfixed with the bolts of love and, with equal grief and surprise, behold the youthful, part of our species smitten with the darts of eath., [earth] IcnoraNncE [Ignorance] OF SHAKSPERE.-At [SHAKESPEARE.-At] a dinner lately given at Stratford-upon-Avon, in celebration of the nativity of Shakspere's [Shakespeare's] birth, Mr. Russell said he was reading Lear, and As you Like it, in Derbyshire; one man of the town said to another, Shakspere's Shakespeare's] coming to- [today] day ;-another said- Hast thee seen him, you-what is he like Why replied the other, a man ina blue coat, with a book under his arm. Thirty years ago a lady, who kept a ladies' school in Stratford, told him seriously that Shakspere [Shakespeare] was very little thought of till Leamington became a water-place. Some short time since he was in Scotland, and called upon Sir Adam Ferguson, who was a very intimate friend of Sir Walter Scott, and upon Mr. Russell mentioning that he was giving public Readings from Shakspere, [Shakespeare, Sir Adam said- Oh, Shakspere-I [Shakespeare-I] can tell you something about that. A lady of my acquaintance wanted some prints which I had, and very goods ones they were too; upon their being handed over to her, and put in proper order, she came to a likeness of Shakspere. [Shakespeare] The old woman said-' Weel, [Week] and what is that' 'Oh,' replied Sir Adam, that is Shakspere [Shakespeare] before Sir Thomas Lucy.' Weel, [Week] added the old dame, 'but what's he doing i said her friend, 'he's taken up for dear-stealing.' him awa', [away] 'tak' [take] him awa'-exclaimed [away'-exclaimed] the old lady, 'I'l ha' no sic a fellow in my house No Hospirau [Hospital] For IncuraBiEs.-It [Insurances.-It] is an extraordi- [extraordinary- extraordinary] nary fact that among the innumerable medical charities with which this country abounds, there is not one for the help of those who of all others most require succour, and who must die, and do die in thousands, neglected, unaided. There are hospitals for the cure of every possible ailment or disease known to suffering humanity, but not one for the reception of persons past cure. There are, indeed, small charities for incurables scattered over the country-like the asylum for a few females afflicted with incurable diseases, at Leith, which was built and solely supported by Miss Gladstone; and a few hospital wards, like the cancer ward of Middlesex, and the ward for seven incurable patients in the West- [Westminster] minster; but a large hospital for incurables does not exist. The case of a poor servant girl which lately came to our knowledge, is the case of thousands. She was afflicted with a disease to which the domestics of the middle classes, especially, are very liable-white swelling of the knee. On presenting herself at the hospitals, it was found that an operation would be certain death; and that, in short, being incurable, she could not be admitted. She had no relations; and crawling back to a miserable lodging, she lay helpless till her small savings were exhausted. Privations of the severest kind followed; and despite the assistance of some benevolent persons who learnt ker [er] condition when it was too late, she died a painful and wretched death. It is indeed a marvellous oversight of bene- [been- benevolence] volence [violence] that sympathy should have been so long with- [withheld] held from precisely the sufferers who most need it. Hopeless pain, allied to hopeless poverty, is a condition not to be thought of without a shudder. It is a slow journey through the valley. of the shadow of death, from which we save even the greatest criminals. When the law deems it necessary to deprive a human being of life, the anguish, though sharp, is short. We do not doom him to the lingering agony with which innocent misfortune is allowed to make its slow descent into the grave.-Dickens's Household Words. EFFects [Effects] oN ouR [our] Law oF Property.-l. It causes the land to accumulate in the hands of a few propri- [proper- proprietors] etors; [store] it prevents it selling, in the generality of in- [instances] stances, in small estates it has for the last two hundred years tended gradually, but continually, to merge all small freehold properties in the great estates, until the old race of yeoman freeholders and small copyholders, who, eighty years since, were to be found all over our island, has almost entirely disappeared. It thus de- [deprives] prives [prices] the farmers, the shopkeepers, and the peasants, of almost every chance of purchasing small plots of land, except for building purposes, in the neighbourhood of the towns; it promotes a system of large farms, and by so doing, lessens the number of small farms, and ren- [en- renders] ders [des] it every year more and more difficult for a peasant to rent a farm and to raise himself to the next step in the social scale; and it thus deprives the peasant of all strong motives to exertion, self-denial, economy, or pru- [pr- prudence] dence, [dene] renders his prospect hopeless, and condemns him to pauperism. 2. It tends, in many instances, to cheat creditors of landlords of their just claims. If a man purchase land and get deeply into debt, and afterwards marry, and if upon his marriage, and while he is still in debt, he makes a settlement of his property in consider- [consideration] ation [action] of his marriage, and afterwards die, not having paid bis debts, and leaving no money or other property besides the land, or not sufficient money wherewith to pay his debts, his creditors cannot sell a bit of the land so settled, and have no means of recovering their debts, although they were induced to trust him before his mar- [marriage] riage [ridge] by seeing him in possession of the property. If, too, a man has a great house and estate which belong to him for his lifetime only, under his own or some prior settlement, and if shopkeepers and tradesmen, secing [seeing] him in possession of this great house and estate, allow him to run up long accounts with them, believing him to be able to pay any amount of claim upon him, and if this wealthy owner die very much in debt and leaving no money, the poor creditors, who had no means of learning whether the land belonged to him for more than his own life or not, cannot, after his death, recover a farthing of their debts, even if their debtor was pos- [post- possessed] sessed [ceased] during his lifetime of a million acres of land. 3. It tends, also, in very many instances to keep large estates out of the market for fifty, eighty, or one hun- [Hun- hundred] dred [red] years, when, if it had not been for these laws, the proprietor would either have been compelled to sell them by his own extravagance, or by his bad and un- [unskilful] skilful farming or management; or when he would have voluntarily sold either part of them, in order to obtain capital wherewith to cultivate the other part better, or the whole of them, in order to engage in other pursuits more congenial to his tastes. 4. It induces unprincipled proprietors to be tenfold more careless than they other- [otherwise] wise would be about the education of the child who is to succeed them; forthey [forth] reason with great truth, that what- [whatever] ever their own extravagance, the child will take the pro- [property] perty [petty] which issettled [is settled] upon him, unaffected by his father's debts, and, whatever the child's extravagance and folly, he will not be able to dissipate the property, or to lower the social station of the family. It thus often puts into the influential places of the land men whose early edu- [ed- education] cation and habits have rendered them totally unfit to be intrusted [instructed] with any influence whatever, and who never would have enjoyed that influence if it had not been for this state of the law; and it thus often sets up as examples for society persons of depraved tastes and corrupt morals. If a proprietor is extravagant, this state of the law, in the vast majority of cases, saves his estate from being sold either by himself or his creditors; and, if he is prudent, it often enables him to add to the property, to entail, in many cases, again, and so to hand it, undivided and increased in extent, through several successive hands again. It supports a large body of old men and young men, who are not obliged to work for their living,-who are kept by the laws in their positions, however unworthy of those positions they may be,- who have never been obliged to study or improve their minds, who have, therefore, often grown up in ignorance and are so rich as to enable them to exercise an immense influence in the state, and to make their own conduct and manners the standard for all thoughtless and weak-minded men, and who, therefore, more than any other class, foster habits of extravagance, effeminacy, luxury, and immorality.-Kay on the Social Condition of the People in England and Europe, TEMPER.-Bad temper is oftener the result of un- [unhappy] happy circumstances than of an unhappy organization ; it frequently; however, has a physical cause, and a peevish child often needs dieting more than correcting. Some children are more prone to show temper than others, and sometimes on account of qualities which are valusble [valuable] in themselves. For instance, a child of active mperament, [temperament] sensitive feeling, and eager purpose, is MOTe [More] Ubkely [Buckley] to moot with content and rubs than a dull passive child, and if he is of an-upen [an-upon] noturo, [nature] his inward irritation is immediately shown in bursts of passion. If you repress these ebullitions [ebullition] by scolding and punishment, you only increase the evil, by changing passion into sulkiness, A cheerful, good-tempered tone of your own, a sympathy with his trouble, whenever the trouble has arisen from no ill conduct on his part, are the best antidotes; but it would be better still to prevent beforehand, as much as possible, all sources of annoyance. Never fear spoiling children by making them too happy. Happiness isthe [other] atmosphere in which all good affections grow-the wholesome warmth neces- [NeWS- necessary] sary [say] to make the heart-blood circulate heartily and freely unhappiness the chilling pressure which pro- [produces] duces [duce] here an inflammation, there an excrescence, and, worst of all, the mind's green and yellow sickness-ill temper. -Education of the Feelings, by Charles Bray. THE Bioom [Broom] or Acr.-A [Ac.-A] good woman never grows old. Years may pass over her head, but, if benevolence and virtue dwell in her heart, she is as cheerful as when the spring of life first opened to her view. When we look upon a good woman, we never think of her age ; she looks as charming as when the rose of youth first bloomed on her cheek. That rose has not faded yet ; it will never fade. In her neighbourhood she is the friend and benefactor. Who does not respect and love the woman who has passed her days in acts of kindness and merey-who [mere-who] has been the friend of man and God- [God whose] whose whole life has been the scene of kindness and love, and of devotion to truth We repeat such a woman cannot grow old. She will always be fresh and buoyant in spirits, and active in humble deeds of mercy and benevolence. If the young lady desires to retain the bloom and beauty of youth, let her not yield to the sway of fashion and folly let her love truth and virtue and to the close of life she will retain those feelings which now make life appear a garden of sweets-ever fresh and ever new. An Eprrortat [Operetta] Hint To CoupLes.- [Couple.- Couple] We have now before us a copy of an American paper, the Towa [Town] Herald, which has adopted a somewhat novel mode of giving publicity to the marriages of its friends. 'he announcement, which is in the most prominent por- [or- portion] tion [ion] of its columns, is headed Hymeneal, in large letters. Next we have a woodcut, the centre of whichis [which] composed of two hearts, through which Cupid's arrow has been fairly thrust, the whole being encircled with a wreath of flowers. The heart in question, to our fancy, is not the most delicate in the world, and from our own experience of the human heart-which we confess to be somewhat limited-we should have pronounced the heart in ques- [question] tion [ion] that of a healthy bullock. This emblematic type of wedlock is followed by the usual announcement of the marriage in question, and this matter-of-fact explanation over the editor of the Jowa [Joe] Herald breaks forth with the following raodest [Rhodes] suggestion to his general readers - The above notice was accompanied with the usual favour-a bountiful share of delicious cake-may peace and joy be with them through a long life, happily spent, is the printer's prayer. If any of our readers feel dis- [disposed] posed, on like occasions, to recognise our humble ex- [exertions] ertions [exertions] in the American fashion, we promise them our good wishes, though we could not pledge ourselves, with our American brother, to throw into the bargain a printer's prayer. Our duties are onerous enough already without this supplementary responsibility super- [supersede] adde [add , THE Misertes [Miseries] oF Havinc [Having] a New Coat.-No lover of independence ventures voluntarily on a new coat. This is an axiom not to be overturned, unlike the safety stage coaches. The man who piques himself on the newness of such an habiliment is-till time hath moulded it into beauty -its slave. Wherever he goes, he is harassed by an apprehension of damaging it. Hence he loses his sense of independence, and becomes- [becomes] aserf [Fraser How degrading To succumb to one's supe- [sue- superiors] riors [riots] is bad enough, but to be the of a few yards of cloth to be the hotel of a tight fit; to be shackled by the ninth fraction of a man to be made submissive to the sun, the dust, the rain, and the snow; to be panic-stricken by the chimney sweep to be scared by the dustman to shudder at the advent of the baker ; to give precedence to the scavenger; to concede the wall to a peripatetic conveyance of eggs; to look up with awe at the apparition of a servant girl, with a slop pail thrust halfway out of a garret window to coast the gutter with a horrible anticipation of consequences; to faint at the visitation of a shower of soot down the chimney to be compelled to be at the mercy of each and all of these vile contingencies; can anything in human nature be so preposterous, so effeminate, so dis- [disgraceful] graceful A truly great mind spurns the bare idea of such slavery hence, according to the Subaltern, Weiling- [Ceiling- Wellington] ton liberated Spain in a red coat, extravagantly over- [overestimated] estimated at sixpence, and Napoleon entered Moscow in a green one out at the elbows.- [elbows] Blackwood. INDISCREET ConveERsaTions.-A [Conversation.-A] traveller by the South Devon Railway overheard the following conversation on Mondey [Money] morning, the 12th inst. At Newton Abbot the Rev. Mr. Cosserat, [Corset] Vicar of Abbots- [Abbotskerswell] kerswell, [Jewell] entered the train. Addressing a clergyman, who sat near him, whom he thought he recognised. but who was, in fact, a different person, he asked- Do you know whether Mr. Gorham is actually inducted to Bampford [Bradford] Speke He is he was inducted on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day. By whom By the Rev. Mr. Howard, Vicar of St. Thomas's, Exeter. 'Indeed J should not have dared to induct him. Possibly but J should have felt no scruple. The clergy are placed in a very painful position. It is a most awful thing the bishop will hold n communion with any one concerned in that business. What does that mean I do not know. The clergy have conversed much about it; but I never met with any one who knew what it means. In any event, the bishop cannot take the Lord's Supper, nor can any of the clergy, with such a person. A little more chat to the same effect followed the one clergy- [clergyman] man strenuously expressing his horror at the act, the other quietly his satisfaction. Suddenly, a stranger, who sat directly opposite, thus interpesed [interposed] Mr. Cos- [Corset] serat,-It [seat,-It ,-It] would be inconsistent with my feeling of what becomes a Christian, a gentleman, and an Englishman, were I to remain longer ungenerously silent, and by maintaining an unmanly incognito, to allow you incau- [inca- incautiously] tiously [cautiously] to say something which you might possibly not wish a perfect strangerto [stranger to] hear. I might, had I chosen to accept the living which you hold, have been the Vicar of Abbotskerswell, for it was offered to me by the Lord Chancellor but I declined it. I am, through the same patronage, the recently-inducted Vicar of Bramford Speke; and I hope, when the clergy of this neighbour- [neighbourhood] hood are better acquainted with me, that they will form a more favourable opinion of me than you seem to en- [entertain] tertain. [certain. Mr. Cosserat [Corset] was, of course, somewhat as- [astounded] tounded. [sounded] He asked pardon, and assured Mr. Gorham that he would not willingly have uttered one word to give another pain. The Vicar of Brampford Speke begged that Mr. Cosserat [Corset] would be quite at ease; that no apology was necessary, for every person was entitled, at his own risk as to the audience, to utter his sincere opinions that he had interrupted him, simply to pre- [prevent] vent his incautiously dropping any expressions which might hereafter give the speaker himself pain. The high churchman (as he called himself on this occasion) and the heretic (so denominated by others on other occa- [occur- occasions] sions) [Sons] travelled on together in harmony till Mr. Gorham left the train at Starcross, probably more satisfied with the occurrence than was Mr. Cosserat. [Corset] The fellow-tra- [fellow-Tar- travellers] vellers [sellers] of both parties were not a little amused, perhaps instructed. Mr. Cosserat [Corset] probably knows, better than we do, who was the clergyman who recently made a pilgrimage to Brampford Speke, with the view of invit- [invite- inviting] ing the parishioners to move in an address to the queen, expressive of their horror of having a minister of Mr. Gorham's religious sentiments placed over them as their spiritual guide, and could report, more graphically than we could, the heavy blow and discouragement with which that mission was attended.- [attended] Western Times. Perto [Porte] Raccep [Race] Schoo. [School] Farsu.-This [Fears.-This] institution, which owes its existence to a grant of 500 by the com- [committee] mittee [matter] of the Perthshire Destitution Fund, has now been in full operation upwards of two months. Immediately on obtaining the grant, a piece of ground was procured at Craigie, fitted for the purpose, and the services of Mr. James Dow, a student in the Free Church Normal Seminary, Edinburgh, were secured as teacher. As, however, Mr. Dow could not come till the Ist [Its] of August, Mr. Maiben, [Maiden] the secretary to the school, who has had considerable experience in the management of this class of children, agreed to take charge of it until that time. The institution was accordingly opened by him on the 29th day of May last, with fifteen boys, all of whom were in a very destitute condition. Their ages varied from eight to sixteen. One of them had been an unfriended orphan since early youth-five had only one parent alive, two of them being deserted by their remaining parent. In every case the parents were drunkards. Two of the boys had no home but the streets, and all of them had been beggars, golf-club boys, or common pickers and stealers. Their conduct was what might have been expected in these circumstances. Seven of them had already found their way to the gaol or the police-office the office, as they call it), and all of them were graduating forthe [forth] hulks. Within a fortnight after the opening of the school five of them were con- [concerned] cerned [cent] ina joint act of theft. They all swore-they all lied-they all quarrelled-and following the ex. cellent [excellent] example of our young gentlemen, they almost all smoked. It would be difficult to mention a vice to which they were not more or less addicted. Before many weeks had passed away, however, a change of the most gratifying nature had taken place upon these boys; for although their number was more than doubled, oaths, lies, and quarrels, become rare occurrences among them, and not a few had been repeatedly en- [entrusted] trusted with small sums of money, of which they never failed to give a correct account. These moral results were accompanied by others of an equally gratifying description. At certain stated hours, when they have gone.over their lessons, at which they are making good proficiency, they shoulder their spades and away to work, It was at first feared that their previous habits of idloncss [idleness] would have unfitted them for anything like steady industry; but this has been proved to be a mis- [is- mistake] take. They are, indeed, remarkably fond of working, and soon learn to use the spade or hoe to good purpose. Neither are they at all frightened at hard work, but willingly undertake any kind to which they are put. They have been employed, for example, in reclaiming a small piece of waste ground, which, owing to its great steepness, had to be formed into terraces before it could be cultivated. This was all done by the boys, and was performed in a very satisfactory manner, and thus green kail [ail] and Swedish turnip now occupy the place of docks and nettle. On the whole, it may with truth be asserted, that so far as it has hitherto gone, the experiment of a boys' farm has been eminently successful.-Perth Ad- [Advertiser] vertiser, [advertise] CREAM OF PUNCH. Too Horrrstz [Hosts] To a lady who hesitates is lost, what must it then be fora lady who stammers or stutters Why are the Parliamentary Trains so called From the extreme slowness with which everything moves upon them. THe [The] Errects [Erect] oF FREE TraDE.-Pauperism [Trade.-Pauperism] is dimin- [din- diminishing] ishing [fishing] the hungry are fed, the naked clad, and-the whigs [whig] have a surplus. Puxcu's [Pix's] Lasour [Labour] Lost.-We have been requested by Cantab, [Cant] who is discontented with the carriages on the Eastern Counties Railway, to smash the said carriages forthwith. We should be sorry to interfere with an occupation which used to be under- [understood] stood was always left to the servants of the company. A Novetry [Coventry] 1n Edinburgh news- [newspapers] papers contain advertisements of Cheap Excursions to London, and back again. We do not think the lat- [latter] ter [te] part of the advertisement will be any great temp- [temptation] tation [station] to Scotchmen to join the excursion, however cheap. Now if the advertisement had said Cheap excursions to London, and not to come back again, it would have been much more to the tastes and habits of travelling Scotchmen and we doubt if the railway company would have been able to provide sufficient carriages for the extraordinary number of applicants. POLICEMEN IN THE East.-It seems to be the destiny of the police force to keep perpetually moving on. They are themselves the pioneers in obeying the direc- [direct- directions] tions [tins] they are always giving to others. Recent advices [advice] inform us of policemen having been established at Con- [Constantinople] stantinople, [Constantinople] where the British Bull's-eye will henceforth throw a light on the mysteries of crime, and the British truncheon smash the turban of Turkish turbulence. The drunk and incapable mufti will now find himself compelled to move on, and the hard, uncomfortable stretcher will be the fate of the luxurious Ottoman who has been living, not wisely, but too well. Science Heap over HEELs.-A [Heels.-A] newspaper report tells us that an enthusiast attending the meeting of the British Association, desirous of testing the merits of a newly invented article, called a Safety Stocking, plunged headlong from the Newhaven Pier, relying upon the virtue of the stockings in question. His life was thus allowed to hang-not perhaps on a single thread-but on a small quantity of cotton. We do not see how safety stockings can be of any use in water, unless to an enthusiastic savant, to whom it may be im- [in- immaterial] material whether he is standing upon his head or his heels-and it is pretty clear that, with a pair of hose not calculated to sink, the heels of the wearer, when in the water, must have been uppermost. A TurkisH [Turkish] BisHor.-Under [Bishop.-Under] the head of Oxford Intelligence, it was stated the other day, in the Times, that- The Bishop of Exeter, it is said, is taking steps to bring Mr. Gorham before the Arches' Court, for heresy, as held and taught in his book. Really, the right reverend prelate might be content with the high ground which he has taken in order to pull down Mr. Gorham, without straining to reach him by taking steps to boot. Should he prosecute that gentleman for pub- [publishing] lishing [fishing] an heretical work,he will give occasion to thesaying, [the saying] thatsince [that since] he had failed in the endeavour to bring Mr. Gor- [For- Gorham] ham to book, he had resolved to bring the book to Mr. Gorham. This remark, of course, will be made in com- [comparative] parative [narrative] allusion to the story of Mahomet and the mountain and people will add, that they did not know that Henry Exeter was such a Turk before. ENGLIsH [English] GratiTUDE.-Mr. [Gratitude.-Mr] G. Walker was the first to attract public attention to the evils arising from intra- [intramural] mural interment. He spent several years in the inves- [ives- investigation] tigation [navigation] of the question, and large sums of money in the accumulation of evidence. Mostly owing to his exertions, the new Interment Bill has been passed. Appointments have been given away under that mea- [me- measure] sure; but not one to poor Mr. Walker. His existence is ignored by government. Services like his, deserving of some high acknowledgment, are passed over in the the coldest contempt. We often think that England is a most ungrateful nation. France, and other nations, are not so tardy in rewarding their benefactors. Mr. Rowland Hill received nothing but the cold shoulder from ministers for several years. Mr. Waghorn [Wagon] was allowed to die almost in want; and numerous other examples could be cited in proof of the little encou- [encounter- encouragement] ragement [regiment] given in this country to men of science and enterprise. And yet we prove our gratitude in the most liberal manner, whenever a prince of the royal blood is to be the happy recipient of it. Wedo [Wed] not begrudge 12,000 a year toa [to] young Duke of Cambridge, whose only public claim is, that he is the son of his father; but we have not a farthing to give to a man whose claims are based upon the strong ground of an universal good. It is a pity Mr. Walker had not been a member of the royal family; for then, instead of receiving nothing for doing something, he would have come in for something like 10,000 for doing nothing. For the future, when we are told of government patro- [patron- patronage] nage [age] of men of talent and energy, we shall very politely exclaim, Walker ---.- You have observed a skilful man reading Virgil. Well, that author is a thousand books to a thousand persons. Take the book into your two hands and read your eyes out, you will never find what I find.-- [find] Emerson. Martiat [Martin] Estimation.-Never have I seen tenderer mothers than in Egypt. It is my impression, indeed, though I should not like to be too positive on such a subject, that maternal affection is the only pure passion of which the Egyptian women, as a rule, are capable. I have often heard it said by them A husband is a hus- [his- husband] band if one is lost another is to be got; but who can give me back my child -Two Years in a Levantine [Valentine] Family. A fatality seems to attend the statues of the American sculptor, Hiram Powers. It is only a few months since we had to announce the accident which befel [befell] his Eve -wrecked at Certhagena [Percentage] in the vessel which was con- [conveying] veying [varying] it to Amarica. [America] A similar fate has now overtaken his statue of the late Mr. Calhoun-said by the Ameri- [Amer- American] can papers to have cost the artist years of toil, and which had been anxiously expected in his native country. Onthe [Other] 7th of April Mr. Powers wrote from Florence that the statue had been encased for shipment, and congratulated himself that it was not ready to be put on board the Swedish ship Westmoreland, in which his statue of Eve was shipped. Hopes are expressed that the statue may be recovered. DESTRUCTION OF AN INDIAMAN [INDIAN] BY FirE.-On [Fire.-On] Saturday intelligence was received at Lloyds of the total loss of the Indiaman [Indian] Zealand, Captain Smith, by fire. The vessel was bound from London to Bombay, and on the llth [loth] of July, when in lat. 14, long. 26, a fire was dis- [discovered] covered raging in the hold. So rapidly did the flames travel, that in less than twenty minutes the entire ves- [bes- vessel] sel [se] was a complete mass of fire, the crew and passengers, fifty in number, barely having time to get on board the boats, without securing any provisions or water, and must have perished had not the French ship Panurge [Pan urge] hove in sight. They were landed on Friday at Plymouth. The value of the vessel and cargo was 40,000. ProFEsson [Profession] WEBSTER's CasE.-We [Case.-We] have just learned some facts which go far to show the utter falsity of Professor Webster's confession as to the disposition of Dr. Parkman's body, and by which he attempted to show his want of premeditation in the killing. A student at the Medical College has this morning, for the first time, disclosed that at the time of the murder, while he was in the dissecting-room entry, he distinctly heard sounds of something being dragged over the stairs leading to Professor Webster's lower laboratory, which he has now no doubt were thus produced by the descent of Dr. Parkman's body. An examination of the sink in the upper laboratory, described by Professor Webster as the one he used for the dismemberment of the body, demonstrates its positive incapacity for the purpose, it being of very small size. And furthermore, the hand hose which the Professor speaks of in his letter of ex- [explanation] planation [plantation] to the Council as used by him to convey water to said sink, was this morning measured by officer O. H. Spurr, and found to be a couple of feet too short for that object -Boston Transcript. FiayeD [Failed] ALIveE.-A [Alive.-A] statement was copied into the newspapers sometime ago, that a man belonging to a party bound for California, having declared that he would shoot the first Indian that he met, deliberately shot a and being taken by a party of Indians was skinned alive. The report was subsequently contra- [contradicted] dicted. [ducted] Notwithstanding this, the Bangor Mercury says that a letter has been received from one of the party to which the man belonged, which was a company bound to California overland, giving the details of his crime and punishment in the manner stated. Soon after this cold-blooded murder of the the party, about twenty in number, was surrounded by three hundred Indians, and threatened with instant death unless they disclosed the perpetrator of the atrocious deed. After consulting together, they determined to point out the murderer, who was at once seized by the Indians, bound to a stake, and his skin peeled from him, even to his toes. The operation lasted two hours, and the victim survived two hours after it. The company, among whom was his own brother, were compelled to form a ring round the stake, and witness the terrible torment of the wretched man. Four or five of the party, and among them the one who called down upon himself such a terrible punishment, went from Troy, in the state of Argus, SCRAPS OF NEWS. The Birmingham subscription for a monument to the late Sir Robert Peel amounts to 500. There are six newspapers in the United States edited by ladies. The two-penny fee for admission to St. Paul's Cathedral is to be forthwith abolished. It said that some of the growers of strawberries for the London market have as many as 25 acres of land planted with the fruit. The Sisters of Mercy have penetrated the wilds of Western Australia, and have established a convent and school at Perth. An Eastern contemporary, speaking of a brother editor, says he is a believer in aydespethy, [depth] for he lies in wet sheets. Ata [At] cricket match at Ostend, [Intend] Captain Sutton delivered a ball which, between wickets, hit and killed a swallow while on the wing. It is expected that Major-General the Duke of Cambridge will leave England this week to resume the command at Dublin. Miss Cushman, the actress, sailed from Liverpool on Saturday last, in the Shannon, bound for Halifax and New York. It is currently reported that Lord John Russell has taken apartments in Birnam [Barnum] Hotel, near Dunkeld, for a few weeks, during her Majesty's sojourn at Balmoral. A Worcester paper relates that a slater [Slater] died, on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day morning week, at Evesham, in consequence of eating three cucumbers for supper on the previous evening. Sir Frederick Thesiger, [These] availing himself of the long vacation, has taken his family on the continent, via Ostend. [Intend] Wombwell's rhinoceros, one of the great attractions of his menagerie, died at Paisley on Sunday week; and itis [its] stated that its skeleton will be purchased for the Edinburgh Museum. A Canterbury paper, the Kent Herald, says that while a party was carousing at the Star Tap, in this city, on Tuesday evening, a brick was seen to move, and forth- [forthwith] with up sprang a large mushroom The General Board of Health have appointed Mr. Charles Macaulay, formerly clinical clerk to Sir Benjamin Brodie, and Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence at St. George's Hospital, to be Assistant Secretary to the Board. Lord Dudley Stuart has given notice of a motion fcr [for] next session to abolish the custom of directing strangers to withdraw from the House of Commons during divi [div] sions. [Sons] In Aberdeen the streets are swept every day, at an annual cost of 1,400, and the refuse brings in 2,000a 2,a] year. In Perth the scavenging costs 1,300 per annum, and the manure sells for 1,730. Patrick Forbes, who murdered his wife with a poker, in the most revolting manner, at Newcastle, will be executed on the summit of the town gaol, this (Saturday) morning. Mr. Robert Hunt, eldest brother of Leigh Hunt, who was recently presented by Her Majesty to a vacant brotherhood in the Charter-house, died on Friday night last, in the 77th year of his age. Dr. Shelton Mackenzie, the author of Mornings at Matlock, has been appointed, through the influence of Lord Brougham, to the office of official assignee to the Court of Bankruptcy, Manchester. Mr. Cook, of the Swan inn, Dunkerion, [Dungeon] lately fed his pigs with diseased potatoes, and afterwards found nine of them out of eleven dead. He administered salt and water to the remaining two, and they recovered. It is stated that Signor Lablache [Blanche] has given what is called a new proof of his loyalty to the director of her Majesty's Theatre, by signing a fresh engagement with that gentleman for a term of three years. Atthe [Arthur] Marylebone police-office, on Saturday, a ship- [broker] broker, named Belchin, [belching] was fined 10 for wantonly ex- [extinguishing] tinguishing [finishing] three gas lamps on Haverstock Hill. The defendant pleaded that he was a little inebriated. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge are about making a grant of 3,000 to the Bishop of Toronto, towards securing the endowment of a college, of a per- [permanent] manant [meant] character, in connection with the church in his diocese. Saturday last was the anniversary of the birthday of her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, on which auspicious occasion that illustrious lady completed her sixty-fourth year, having been born on the 17th of August, 1786. The London and North-Western Railway Company are at present building anew and commodious milk market on their station in Lime-street, Liverpool, which will prove of great benefit to the vendors of that nutri- [nature- nutritious] tious [Titus] article. A correspondent of the Manchester Guardian says, Sir Robert Peel (the father) was born at Peel-house, in Lancashire, in the year 1750. His eldest son and successor died in the year 1850, exactly a century after- [afterwards] wards-a strange coincidence Eleven Americans, on their way to California across the plains, have been murdered by the Yumas Indians. At the crossing of the Colarado [Collar] there is a gang of American and Mexican onilaws, [Lawson] who rob and murder travellers. Lately a scorpion was found in a sawpit [Sept] in Chatham Dockyard, taken out of a piece of Italian rock, alive. It is of the species of a blackish colour, described by naturalists as one whose sting causes odd motions of the limbs, and a laughter like that of fools. It appears from a return to parliament (issued on Friday) that in the year ending the 5th January last, the duty was paid on 6,935,003 gallons of British spirits for consumption in Scotland. In the previous year the number was 6,548,190. The last lift of the last tube of the Britannia Bridge was completed amid much acclamation on Friday, and everything is understood to progress so satisfactory as to lead to the conclusion that the entire structure will be opened a fortnight earlier than was expected. The Western Times says,- A few days ago a deputa- [deputy- deputation] tion [ion] waited on Sir Moses Montefiore, [Montevideo] to ask his assist- [assistance] ance [once] in their efforts to build a church. 'You know my religious opinions,' replied the excellent Jew 'I cannot give you money to build a church-there is five hundred guineas for you to do what you like with.' In the sand-hills about Southport, we frequently find snail shells broken into small pieces near a stone. It appears that thrushes, finding live snails, wish to eat them, and in order to get them out of the shells, break them against the stones; thus necessity is often the mother of Chronicle. Mr. Johnson, the Leominster correspondent of the Hereford Journal, had a verdict with 10 damages re- [returned] turned against him at Guildford assizes, for writing a letter Mr. M'Crohon, [M'Crown] superintendent of police for the county of Hereford, whom he charged with gross corruption. [correction] Herapath's [Rather's] Railway Jowrnal [Journal] announces that the Lon- [London] don and North-Western, Midland, and Great Northern Companies, have come to an amicable arrangement for traffic, the substance of which is, that all three com- [companies] panies [Panis] shall carry at the same rates between the same points. During the examination of a prisoner at the Merthyr Tydvil [Devil] police court, last week, a man named Henry Evans contrived to steal some money from the pockets of two old women, who were listening to the proceed- [proceedings] ings; but a bystander detected the bold thief, who was apprehended and committed for trial. THE NEWLY-APPOINTED CaRDINAL.- [Cardinal.- Cardinal] Dr. Wiseman who, for the last two or three years, has officiated as Roman Catholic Bishop of the London district, left town on Friday last, en route for Rome, to discharge the fune- [fine- functions] tions [tins] of the office of cardinal, to which he has been recently promoted. The last Englishman who was in- [invested] vested with this dignity was the late Cardinal Weld. During a review of the 81st [st] regiment of foot, near Berwick, on the 2nd instant, a young man named Thompson was slightly wounded on the ancle [Lance] by a ram- [ramrod] rod, which a soldier had neglected to withdraw from his musket after loading it. The wound was dressed by the military surgeon, and the patient was doing well until Sunday morning week, when he was seized with lock-jaw, and died soon afterwards. We understand that Mr. Alexander Redgrave has been appointed to co-operate with Colonel Reid in obtaining information and in making the necessary arrangements for enabling the working classes to visit the Exhibition of 1850, and communicating on the subject with the proper authorities in London, the railway companies, and with the local committees. While a gentleman was driving his gig along the Coventry-road, Birmingham, a few days since, he lighted a cigar, and afterwards threw away the light, which unluckily fell upon his coat. He soon began to feel very warm about the back, and then discovered that his coat was on fire; but he speedily stripped off the smouldering garment, and the only damage he sustained was the loss of his coat, and of sundry papers which were destroyed or injured. The Bishop of Exeter, it is said, is taking steps to bring Mr. Gorham before the Arches' Court for heresy, as held and taught in his book. With reference to this case in particular, as well as the integrity of the Church's doctrine generally, the Committee of Church Unions, appointed immediately after the recent great Church meetings, is understood to be preparing some most. im- [in- important] portant [important] propositions to be submitted to another great meeting.- [meeting] Oxford University Herald. THe [The] BvILpING [Gilpin] FoR [For] THE Great ExHisrmon.-The [Exhaustion.-The] building is entirely divided into 24 places-in short, everything runs to 24, so that the work is made to square and fit, without any small detai [detail] being left to carry out. The number of columns 15 feet long is 6,024 there are 3,000 gallery bearers; 1,245 wrought iron girders; 45 miles of sash bars; and one millicn [million] seventy-three thousand seven hundred and sixty feet of glass to cover the whole. The site will stand upon upwards of twenty acres of ground but by an - which may ment [men] of Mr. Paxton, the a afforded by galleries, can be extended to about 96 acres, if necessary. 3