Huddersfield Chronicle (23/Nov/1850) - page 6

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Foreign Entelligence. [Intelligence] cane ven FRANCE. Tne [Te] Legislative Assembly met on Friday and Satur- [Star- Saturday] day, but the proceedings were altogether devoid of mut [mt] ; The Monitenr [Monotony] publishes a decree of the President of the Republic, calling under arms 40,000 of the 73,500 recruits of the contingent of the year 1849. The report of the Minister of War upon which the decree is founded, says-'In the presence of the political events which Germany, aud [and] thougi [though] tne [te] government is firmly decided, a8 your message expresses. to observe the strictest neutrality as long as the interests of France and the balaice [balance] of power in Europe shall not be com- [compromised] promised, it is an act of prudent foresigiit [forest] to assemble iw the territorial divisions of the north and east a aumber [number] of troops sufficient to mect [met] all eventualities. Phe [The] Constitutionml [Constitutional] that the French go- [government] vernment [Government] has augmented the military division of Strasburg [Strasbourg] by four regiments. The Consiitulionnel [Constitutional] adds - We have 19 oceasiou [occasion] to say that this measure does not indicate any change in the policy of the govern- [government] ment. [men] It is only a siaple [simple] inecasure [insure] of precaution, in presence of the events in Germany. The Austrian and Berlin cabinets appear to incline towards a policy of conciliation; but the popalation [population] in Prussia continues a state of great fernicutation. [function. . The accounts frem [free] the departments are unanimous im [in] declaring that the infiueuce [influence] of the President's mies- [miles- messages] sacse [sacred] on the people hax [ha] been a favourable o1e. [one] The government papers say that the message has dissipated ali the few's which the cne mies [ce miles] of order had for along time past, und [and] tlat [that] which had slackened fur an iustant, [instant] has taken a new flight. Va Friday, the committee of the departaient [department] of the Seine, appeinted [appointed] by the Freucii [Ferris] goverpmcut [Government] to deter- [determine] mine on tie admission or vojevtion [vocation] of objects presented for the purpose of being sent to the great London exhi- [ex hi- exhibition] bition [notion] of i851, [i] by the manufacturers and tradesmen of Pauis, [Paris] kclu [cl] a mectig [Arctic] at the Hotel de Ville. The meeting having been constituted, it adjourned to the i thinstant, [i instant] when it would voiatence [violence] ine [in] examination of the articies [articles] destined fuer [fur] the exhibition. The eousists [assists] of iw niy-five [ni-five] members. Not even on the first wight of the scason [season] was the Hadian [Harding] Opera misre [Mise] crowded than on Tuesday nisi [nos] The theatre contained within its wails all that is most ezsinent [assistant] for rank, fashion, and talent. Mademoiselle Fiorentini [Intervention] made her appearance in Norma, and wa3 [was] wartzly [warts] applauded. The President of the Republic, acecmpanied [accompanied] by his new Aide-de-Camp, Gencral [General] Roguel, [Rogue] entered his box ata [at] little after uime [time] o'clock. Considerable dainage [danger] has been done in Paris by a storm of wind on Tuesday night and the uight [eight] previous. The carousel and the quays were covered with slatcs [slates] town frum [from] tle [te] roofs of tue Tuileries [Distilleries] and the Louvre. A chimney was blowa [blow] Gown is the rue St. Aveir, [Aver] and branches of trees torn away in the gardensof [gardens of] the Tuile- [Tile- Distilleries] ries [rise] and the Cuamps [Cramps] Elysces. [Ulysses] ur it. It is stated in a letior [Lotion] fron [from Constantinople of the 16th that the Austrian goverment [Government] hud [HUD] given its consent to tie velease [lease] of cll [ll] tue Hungarian refugees in Turkey, with the exception of Evussuth, [Eves] but that the Porte had declared that all aust be released or none. The refugees themselves weve, [wee] 16 is added, of epinion [opinion] that all owght [ought] to be turcuted [cultured] alike. The dciinitive [initiative] answer of Austiia [Austria] was expected with ansicty. [anxiety] Should it be favourable, Perezcl [Perusal] aud [and] Batthyani [Bathing] would, it was said, take up their resideres [residence] at Paris, end Kossuth at London. AMERICA. The Asia came into Livirpoul [Liverpool] on Sunday morning, Bringing papers froma [from] New York to the 6th inst. inclusive. Mach excitement conuuued [continued] to prevail relative to the fuzitive [fugitive] slave law, and ii is said that in some instances the pursacts [pursuits] uad [ad] been shot by the fugitives. Great alana [Allan] had been excited at Busten, [Basten] ruzours [rumours] haying been current of wiintendcd [intended] outbreak e uongsé [e songs] ihe [the] coloured population to resirt [resort] the vperation [operation] of ihe [the] law. Troops bad aceordingiy [according] been tv the scene, according to general report, but t' ciicin [icing journal at Washington tue statcinent. [statement] The Heputlijue [hepatic] says. how- [however] ever, that should any exigency arise, the President will discharge his duty accurding [according] to the law of the union. Sore excitement also provadel [privately] in Washington in re- [reference] ference [France] toa [to] resolution passed by a Virginian reform convention, proposing to expel from Virginia all free there resident. On the 24th ultimo a large anecting [acting] was licld [licked] at Cleveland, to express its disappro- [disappear- disapprobation] bation [nation] of the fugitive sleve [slave] law. Nruncroas [Greengrocer] speeches, eondemning [condemning] it in the strongest terms, and pronouncing iL uncoustiiutional, [constitutional] were made, aud [and] adopted to that effect. At New York, a great mecting [meeting] convened to maintain the of the union had been highly anccessful [successful] Great nurabers [numbers] of citizens attended, and mech enthusiasm was excited by a letter from the Hon. D. Webster, secretary uf [of] state, warmly maintaining the purpose for which the assembly had been convened. By letters from Washingten, [Washing] of the Sth, [St] it was con- [considered] sidered [resided] probable that some changes would take place im [in] the cabinet, by the retirement of Li. Corvin [Carving] from the seerctaryship [secretaryship] of Mie [Me] treasury. The great exibition [exhibition] te be eld [ed] in this couutry [country] was exciting much interest, and the President had given erders [orders] that the storeshin [store shin] Fredonia should be ready te ecavey [cave] to Lou lon [Lou on] the exhibitions from the States. It is also announced that the secretary of the navy had ecusented [sentenced] that the New York navy yard, with requisite storage, be used for the depo-it [depot-it] and safe keeping of such articles as are intended jor [or] the exhibition. tappears [appears] that che treasury receipts of the United Siustcs [Sisters] rom the ist [its] of January to the 30th September, bad been 15,622,446 dollars; cxyeiliture, [culture] 8,480,954 éollars, [collars] Tie President had issued a proclamation placing the vessels of Ciili [Chili] on the same as those ef the United Staics. [Stairs] 3ir. [Sir] George Thompson, the anticiavery [antiquary] advocate, bad arrived at New York, end several of tice [ice] Aierican [American] Journals had densuneed [denounced] him in very inflammatory Langage. [Language] Senny [Penny] Lind had given two more concerts at New York, and parties of from fuur [four] te five hundred persons Were arriving at New York to bear her, after travelling seme [see] hundreds of inilos. [unions] She was about to visit Wash- [Washington] meton [Merton] and CANADA. Accounts from Canada sivte [site] tint many had scrived [scribed] in the province from the United States, and in gomae [game] places the troops had vacated their bamacks [backs] to give to the refugees. Foronto [Front] accounts state that fur the quurter [quarter] ended on the 3ist [list] of October, the had been 2,683,698 dol- [do- dolls] srs, [sr] being an increase of &86,176 [86,W] dollars on the same period of last year. CALIFORNIA. rom Sau [Say] Francisco, via Chagres [Charges] and New Oricans, [Organs] accounts had been received to the 17th Sep- [September] tember, [member] announcing that 60,000 ia gold dust was cu rowe [row] to the United States, and that Sau [Say] Francisco had keen for a fourth time the scene of a great fire. It is stated thet [the] more than ouc [our] hinidred [hundred] buildings were des- [destroyed] and the damage was estimated at or about half a ruillion [million] of dollars, 'The financial crisis still excited roveh [rove] remark, but it wes [West] thought the worst was over. From the mines there is little to add to the intelligence brought by the Pacific. Tie accounts are somewhat but stili [still] of a fvoursble [favourable] character, INDIA. Fhe [He] dates of the last advices [advice] received in London on Tuesday, were, Hous [House] Kong. 27; Calcutia, [Calcutta] ciober October] Bombay, October 17. Little of importance has in Tndla [Tyndale] sinea [sine] the écparturs [particulars] of the last English mail The civil wer [we] in the Nizam's [Name's] territurics [territories] still lingers on, and anothor [another] affair kas [as] taken place in the neighbourhood of Edlichpoor [Edition] Between the troops of its Newab [New ab] and those of the Nizaza, [Piazzas] m. which the lnitur [lent] were defeated, and lost two guns; but wo particulers [particulars] have yet ganspired. [transpired] The Newab [New ab] appears to avoid collision with the forces of his liege a8 Tuuch [Touch] as possible, and to content himself with bedding his own, in hopes of en ultimate zecoumodation. [accommodation] Kydrabad [Drawback] has been unusually peaceable for the lest fortnight, but it is contdently [confidently] surmiiscd [surmised] that Rajah Raw Baksh [Bash] will soun [sun] cease to be iuinistcr, [instr] 1 The Panjab [Punjab] con- [continues] timues [times] to be tranauil, [tranquil] It js reported that the A ffrec-lees [freq-lees] at Pass hae [he] i i Stata [State] kc of the Bohat [Boat] any ave 'come in' to beg that some terms may be made with ther, [the] and that (ey express their willinguess [willingness] to accolc [o'clock] to any arrangements for keeping the Passes open. At Lahore, Captain Gaussen, [Gauss] of the Lith [With] Dragoons, bas met with a very sevious [serious] accident, by walking in his slecp [sleep] off the flat roof of a suinmer [summer] w the Shuliman [Suleiman] Gardens, where he was passing the Ft is feared that be will not recover. The Bombay Railway will have been commenced be- [before] fore this roazhes [roses] England. The portion to be bezan [bean] consists of the embank nent [embank sent] across the Sion Marsh, which separates the islands of Bombay and Salsctte. [Select] This marsh (which the present road traverses on a raised eauseway) [causeway] is rather less than half a mile across. It is covered with mangrove jungle, and is of no great depth. it is consequently to be filled in, the materials for the erebankinent [arrangement] being ebtained [obtained] from cuttings at each eid. & canstitites [constituted] the only heavy bit of carth [cart] work on the first section of the linc, [line] Major Kennedy, military seerctary [secretary] to the commander in-ciicf, [in-cf] lias [has] been appointed by the Court of Directors to succeed Mr. Sims. civil engineer (the period of whose engagement had expired), 's consulting railway cngincer [engineers] to government, the emo- [eminent] of the office being reduced to 2,500r. [2,r] per men- [men] m and Major Pears, C.B., of the Madras Engineers, been nominated by the Madras government to survey znd [and] on port on the lines of railway proposed in that pre- [prey] y. The Governor-G 1 i i 5th or 6th. eneral [general] 1s expected at Simla on the been must party were all in excellent health, but tof [of] .. by the recommence- [recommencement] mscnt [scent] of the rains which ha . Falkland 2 ch had for some time intermitted. Lord at the Mahableshwur [imperishable] Hills he has bad another severe at ; oa since the depariure [departure] of the East on but 1S how better. His state of health, how- [however] evcr, [ever] continues to occasion Serious apprehensions 'of his Being ultimately obliged to resign his post for the sam eause [cause] as his two predecessors, Si . Gierk. [Kirk] The hot weather is now of yea and Sir aa who can get away from the presidency are at the Maha- [Mather] THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1850. bleshwur [blush] Hills, and the Supreme Court has been closed till the 2nd of November, to enable the bar to enjoy a three weeks' holiday. The monsoon may now be con- [considered] sidered [resided] over. Only 50 inches of rain have fallen at Bombay, the average for the last 33 years being about 76 inches. No serious scarcity is, however appre- [paper- apprehended] hendec [Handel] CHINA. . The Hong Kong correspondent of the Zimes [Times] ,writing on the 29th of September, gives the following summary of The mail steamer arrived here on the 10th inst., and by her advices [advice] from England to the 24th of July have been received. We are glad to have to report a very great improvement in the health of the men belonging to the 59th Regiment. The fever has eyoatly [Italy] abated. There are still many in the hospital, but tlie [tie] deaths since our last have only averaged about three a week, We mentioned last month the report of an insurrection in one of the adjoining provinces to Canton. It is now said that it has become of some magnitude, that a body of government troops have been defeated, and that the rebels are already in the Canton province. The authorities there seem to view the viatter [voter] with some alarm, and they are preparing all the ferce [force] they can muster to march against the rebels. The movement is said to be directed chiefly against the Tartar dynasty, but it is impossible to obtain correct information. The alarming state of the country in the neighbourhood already alluded to occasions much un- [uneasiness] easiness to the Chinese population in Canton, and has an injurious effect on trade. Our dates from Shanghai are to the 29th of September. There had been most boisterous weather, and much injury had been done to the rize [prize] and cotton crops. ns Lreland, [Ireland] APOLITION [ABOLITION] OF THE VicE-RoyaLty.-The [Vice-Royal.-The] grand jury of the city of Dublin have, by a unanimous resolution, denounced tiie [tie] projected abolition of the Vice-royalty as part of tie policy of centralization, promotive of ab- [absentee] sentecism, [scepticism] and as most injurious to the city of Dublin. A committee was appointed to prepare an address to tie Queen. Tae [Tea] Vice-Royatty.-Mr. [Vice-Royalty.-Mr] Thomas Hutton, head of the firm of Hutton and Sons, which. deservedly ranks among ti e highest in the mercantile and manufacturing classes of Dublin, has announced his hostility to the abolition of tiie [tie] Irish Viceroyalty, although he objects to the pledge to that effect which is demanded from the candidates for the municipal elections. Epucation [Education] in Irecanp.-The [Oregon.-The] sixteenth report of the commissioners of national education in Treland [Ireland] has just been printed. The total receipts, including a balance of 11,589 in hand on the Ist [Its] of April, and 120,000 in treasury issues, were 145,663. Aiter [After] defiaying [defraying] expenditure, there was a balance of 7,416 in havd [had] on tke [the] 31st [st] of March last. There has been a gradual increase in the number of schools and scholars since the establishment of the system in 1833; at that period the schools numbered 789, and the scholars 167,642, while the last year's return showed the numbers to be-schools, 4,321; scholars, 480,623. Tie actual increase in the number of schools for the past year was 284 but as 138 other schools were struck olf, [of] the net increase during the year stands as 146. The proportion of new schools for the four provinces stands thus --Ulster, 121 [W Munster, 64; Leinster, 64; Con- [Connaught] nausht, [Nash] 25; total, 284; and the total attendance of scholars, actual and expected, is stated at 505,056. Mr. Jonx [Jon] OConyet's [Account's] Rent.-On Monday last mat- [matters] ters [tees] looked up in Conciliation Hall, the week's rent amounting to 17 6s. 8d., or more than treble the con- [contributions] tributions [contributions] of tle [te] previous weck. [week] OF THE Roman Carnoric [Caloric] HIeEr- [Her- Hierarchy] arcHy.- [arch.- arch] The Roman Catholic clergy of the arch-diocese of Dublin assembled on Monday, at the requisition of their diocesan, for the purpose of presenting an address to the Roman Catholies [Catholic] of England, congratulating them on the restoration of the hierarchy. Archbishop Murray presided, and more than two hundred clergymen at- [attended] tented the mecting, [meeting] which was held in the presbytery of the metropolitan church, Marlborough-street. CruELty [Cruelty] to A Pauper Boy.- [Boy] The result of the government investigation concerning the death of the pauper boy belonging to the Miltown Malbay [Malady] work- [workhouse] jiouse, [serious] has been the lodging of informations [information] for man- [manslaughter] slaughtcr [slaughter] against the master of the Ennistymon [Penistone] work- [workhouse] house, who hes, however, been admitted to bail to take iis [is] trial at the next Ennis assizes. i Tue Deap [Deep] oF 1850.-The [W.-The] ycar [year] 1850 has been remark- [remarkable] able se far for the deaths of notable persons. Among them we may notice those of the President of the United States, and ex-KNing [ex-King] of France, the Emperor of China, the Presi- [Press- President] dent of St. Domingo, the Duke of Cambridge, Sir Robert Peel, one of the most distinguished prime ministers Eng- [England] land ever had; John C. Calhoun, one of the oldest senators in the United States; Sir Francis Jeffrey, the masterly critic; Wordswerth, [Wordsworth] the Poet Laureate; Neander, [Deanery] the able defender of Christianity; the Rev. Dr. Judson, the vener- [never- venerable] able Americar. [America] Baptist missionary; Margaret S. Fuller, the vigorous American essayist; Jacob Hays, high sheriff o1 New Yerk, [York] anda [and] 'terror to evil doers for over half a century; aud [and] a host of others of less mark. IMpoORTANT [Important] TO OFFICERS.- [OFFICERS] The directors of the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Company have re- [resolved] solved that, in future, they will not give any allowance or compensation to their servants in case of death or injury arising from accidents, as they have an opportunity, by the payment of a smail [mail] premium periodically, to insure an alequate [equal] sum in case of injury, and to provide for their iaiilies [allies] in the event of death. In consequence of this resolution, the manager, Mr. Latham, has issued a general order, urging upon engine-drivers, firemen, aud [and] guards, the necessity of availing themselves, forthwith, of the benefits held forth by the Railway Passenger Assurance Company. -Glusyow [Glasgow] Daily Mail. FINE SrIxxixG.-A commercial house in Manchester is spuming a pound of cotton for the Great Exhibition of 1851, inJength [lengthen] 238 miles and 1,120 yards, being the finest ever yet produced. Itis [Its] thus calculated -There are 80 layers of une [one] yard and a half each in a warp, 7 warps ina hank, and 960 hanks in a pound of cotton. Those most eonversant [conversant] with the details of cotton-spinning can b-st uppreciate [appreciate] the value of the machinery and the talent dis- [displayed] played in so wonderful a production.-Liverpool Chronicle. Suppex [Supper] DzatH.-On [Death.-On] Friday morning Mr. Constable, a master painter, residing at Penshurst, expired suddenly in the hooxing-office [hooting-office] of the South-Eastern Railway station, at that place, under the following circumstances -Mr. Con- [Constable] stable wes [West] approaching the station with the intention of rozeuding [residing] to London, and when, within a short distance, seeing the train was at the station he bezan [bean] to run, hoping to be in thne. [the] Un entering the booking-office, however, he siagyerod [shattered] into the arms of the station master, faintly asked for a glass of water, and instantly expired. Dr. Ballard was sent for and hastened to the station, but his services were uufortiuately [immediately] too late to be of any avail. Tae [Tea] DiMAnods [Diamonds] FOR SPACE LN THE GREAT EXHIBITION.- [EXHIBITION] The Tins of Sionday [Sunday] states that in consequence of the ex- [excessive] cessive [excessive] demans [demand] for floor or counter space in the building we understand that Her Majesty's Commissioners at their last meeting resolved to authorize the erection of an addi- [add- additional] tional [national] ;sailery, [salary] by which an increased area of about 45,000 superficial ieet [meet] is obtained. By this increase the total ex- [exhibiting] hibiting [biting] area of floor and counter space applicable to exhi- [ex hi- exhibitors] bitors [bites] of the United Kingdom amounts to about 220,000 supericial [special] fect [fact] but large as this amount is it is hardly one- [oneself] half of the tial [trial] floor or counter space demanded. Fortu- [Forty- Fortunately] natciy [notice] the amount of possible hanging or wail space is very considerable, and below the ageregate [aggregate] of the demands for it; and thus exhibitors who are unable to obtain sufficient floor cr counter space will still have the means of exhibiting vn the wall vertically. We believe that the demands, which were totalled together late on Saturday night, amount to upwards of 120,000 superficial feet for floor or counter space, 200,GU0 [W,GUN] superficial feet for wall space, and were made by ,200 proposed exhibitors. Caprukse [Caprice] oF A SLAVER.-On the 11th of July the Sharp- [Sharpshooter] shooter, Lieutenant J. C. Bailey, captured the Brazilian slave brigantine Julia off Campos. 'This vessel had only four days previously lauded 320 slaves, and was then on her way to Cupitania [Captain] to take on board provisions prior to again proceeding to the Congo, coast of Africa. She was armed with two 15 cannonades and 20 Spanish rifles, to which were alapicd [alpaca] long daggers, to be used as bayonets. She had a magazine regularly fitted with a large quantity of ammunition, grape, canister, and round shot. The captain was a Spaniard, a most determined fellow, who some time avo [avon] commanded a heavy-armed felucca [elucidate] which was taken by the Centaur, and why, it will be recollected, beat off the boats of the Growler and Firefly, the former having several nicn [nice] killed and wounded. The Julia intended bringing over 500 slaves. but the agent on the coast could not pro- [procure] eure [ere] them,-Vauiical [them,-Vocal] Standard. DesrrucTion [Destruction] OF COCKERMOUTH CHURCH.-The ancient and beautiful church at Cockermouth, Cumberland, was destroyed by fire on Friday morning. Scarcely a portion, with the exception of the walls and the tower, is left standing. 'The fire must Lave broken out about two o'clock in the meorniny; [morning] an individual who passed by about half- [half past] past one v'clock states that the church was then safe. A poeiceman, [policeman] however, named Chapman observed flames issuing from the edifice soon afterwards, and gave an instaut [instant] alarm. The whole town was soon in commotion, and the utmost activity was displayed in endeavouring to put astop [stop] to the progress of the fire. Only one engine, however, was available, and there being but a small supply of Water every exertion was useless, and of this beautiful church scarcely anything is left but a heap of ruins. Most ofthe [of the] church books and valuable records were preserved. It is, however, melancholy to state that the valuable paintings tu the church which were so much admired were destruyed. [destroyed] The church which is destroyed, or chapel of case as it has some times been called, was situated on an eminence at the head of Kirkgate, Cockermouth. The church was cularged [enlarged] and beautified in 1825 when 322 ad- [additional] ditional [additional] sittings were obtained, half of which were free and unapprupr.ated, [unprepared.acted] so that it could accommodate about 1,060 persons. The tower contains a peal of six bells, a clock, and chimes. The church was built on the site of the eriginal [original] chapel, which had a chantry, endowed in 1390 by Heary [Hear] Percy, Earl of Northumberland, with lands, which in the 20th of Elizabeth were granted to one Gunston. [Kingston] ' The benefice was returned to the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty in the early part of the last century as worth 26 3s, 4d., which was paid by the Earl of Lonsdale, the patron and impropriator, [proprietor] and 8 for surplice fees, and was certified to the Ecclesiostial [Ecclesiastical] Uommissioners [Commissioners] as of the average value of 32 per annum, The curacy was augmen- [augment- augmented] ted in 1798 by the sum of 200, given by Mr. Baines, and in 1811 it received a Parliamentary grant of 1,000. A parsonage house was built in 1814 at a cost of 1,300, of which 900 was given by the Bounty-office and 400 by the late Earl of Lonsdale. The Rev. Edward Fawcett, M.A., the present curate of the church, has held the living a t many years. It was one of the finest churches in the king- [kingdom] om. It is at present supposed that the fire was caused by some pipes which have just been laid In the chancel to wary it through the CARDINAL WISEMAN'S MANIFESTO. The daily papers of Wednesday contained a lengthy document from the pen of Cardinal Wiseman, occupy- [occupying] ing nearly seven columns of newspaper print. We re- [regret] gret [great] our inability to give the document at length, but must content ourselves with a careful summary of its leading features. He commences by stating the fact that the Catholics had been governed in England by Vicars Apostolic since 1623; viz., by bishops with foreign titles, whose number was increased in 1688 from one to four, and in 1840 from four to eight. A strong wish being expressed on the part of English Catholics to have bishops with local titles, the first petition in favour of such change being sent to the Holy See in 1834, and in 1847 the Vicars Apostolic assembled in London deputed two of their number to Rome to petition personally for this long- [long desired] desired boon. The Catholio [Catholic] Church in this country had so much expanded itself since the passing of the Emancipation Act, that it required a new and enlarged code; the bishops were perplexed, and surrounded by difficulties ; they desired to be guarded against arbitrary decisions, and yet had no rule provided for them; and the uncer- [under- uncertainty] tainty [taint] of the clergy in point of position, made it still more painful. It thus became apparent, he remarks, that either the Holy See must issue another and full constitution, which would supply all wants, but which would be necessarily complicated and voluminous, and, as a special provision would necessarily be temporary ; or, the real and complete code of the church must be at once extended to the Catholic Church in England, so far as compatible with its social position; and this pro- [provision] vision would be final. To carry out this second proposition, which seemed the most desirable, it was found necessary to have a hierarchy, but in obtaining this the Cardinal states that thoughts of aggression never entered the heads of the petitioners or the petitioned nor were the bishops moved by stupid ideas of rivalry with the Established Church, in what forms its weakness, nor any absurd defiance of national prejudices. They knew that they violated no law in asking for what was needful for their, religious existence, and they acted on an right of liberty of conscienc. [science] Other motives were added to show the expediency of granting this boon to the English Catholics; as, for example, that it had been granted to Australia, and was about to be granted to other colonies, without complaint from any one; and it looked like a reproach to the mother country to withhold from it what had been granted to its daugh- [day- daughters] ters. [tees] Cardinal Wiseman then goes on to observe that all this was done without concealment; that it was no wanton sudden act; that it was not a measure of a grasping aggressive character; but one gradually and undisguisedly matured; one based upon the necessities of the Catholic body, its internal regi- [reg- regimen] men, and its healthy organisation. The necessity for having a code produced the necessity for the only government which could administer it. The responsi- [response- responsibility] bility [debility] of the measure Cardinal Wiseman in the main takes upon himself and his colleagues, and acquits the Pope of any design in the matter, beyond a desire to fulfil the wishes of his English children. In that part of his pamphlet, which he ealls [walls] An Appeal, &c., the Cardinal sketches the violent character ot the opposition which has been displayed to this change, at which he manifests considerable surprisc, [surprise] that the people generally should be affected by the ery, [very] though he says that he does not wonder that the Church clergy should look upon this new constitution accorded by the Holy See to Catholics asa rival existence; and it is but natural, he adds, that its clergy should exert themselves to the utmost to keep up an excitement which bears an appearance of attachment to them- [themselves] selves; and hence, he adds, the agitation has by degrees been lately subsiding into a mere clerical and parochial movement. Speaking of the recent similar outcry on the subject of the Maynooth [Month] Grant, he thus contrasts the conduct then displayed by Sir Robert Peel with the course pur- [our- pursued] sued by Lord John Russell in this instance -- But, the great statesman who then presided over Her Hajesty's [Majesty's] councils, and whose loss the country has lately so sin- [sincerely] cerely [merely] deplored, nebly [newly] stemmed the tide, carried his in- [increase] crease with calm dignity through the Legislature, and yielded nought to public outcry. At the present crisis the Catholics of England had no right to expect any co- [cooperation] operation from the government of the country-they asked for none; but they had the right of every citizen to impartiality. They naturally might have expected that he, to whom was entrusted the helm of the State, would kecp [keep] himself above those influences of party feel- [feeling] ing which disqualify the mind for grave and generous counsels would preserve himself uncommitted by any hasty or unofficial expression of opinion would remain on the neutral ground of his public responsibility, to check excess on every side, and moderate dangerous tendencies in any party. Instead of this, the head of Her Majesty's Government has astonished, not this country alone, but all Europe, by a letter which leaves us but little hope that any appeal to the high authority which rules over the empire would be received, to say the least, with favour. But another and a still graver power in the State has allowed itself to be swayed, by the passing blast, from the upright and inflexible position which English- [Englishmen] men have ever considered natural to it. Whatever the agitation and storm that raged around, we have been accustomed to feel sure that the fountains of justice would retain their surface calm and unruffled, and their waters cool and pure. The highest secular dignity in the land has been wisely adjudged to him, who, either seated at the head of the noblest assembly in the world, holds with unswerving hand the balance of constitu- [constitution- constitutional] tional [national] justice, and utters, in venerated accents, decisions on the most delicate topics of public and royal rights, which pass into very aphorisms of legislation or, en- [enthroned] throned [throne] in the innermost sanctuary of justice, decides, almost without appeal, upon causes of vast magnitude, and enters the records of his decisions upon the law tables of the empire. But on the present occasion the storm has been strong enough to disturb the very spring of equity. Instead of waiting till, from the woolsack [wool sack] or the bench, he might have been called upon to speak with impartial selemnity [solemnity] on what may be thought a momentous question, the Lord High Chancellor of England has preferred to deliver his award against us from behind the tables of a Mansion House banquet, and so elicit the anti-Popish cheers of his civic com- [companions] panions, [pains] rather than the honoured approbation of the pecrage [package] or the bar. His compceer [commerce] in high judicial duties sat by and listened was indignant, and justly censured. Lord Campbell. Should he survive to be his bio- [biographer] grapher, [graph] let him, for the honour of More's crinine, [crinoline] sup- [suppress] press the undignified and un-English phrases which he heard for no one here, however raised up, has a right to talx [tal] of placing his heel upon even the covering of another's Lead, who, however humble, is as much a Briti-h [Brit-h] subject and a freeman as himself, and claims equal protection from, as he pays equal defeieace [defence] to, the of his country. While thus the avenues to public justice seem closed against us-while the press has condemned and raised our death-whoop in spite of proffered explana- [explain- explanation] ions, deaf to every call for a fair hearing-while we may consider that the door of the Treasury may be barred against us if we knock to ask, not for pensions or funds, but for a reasonable hearing, when the very highest judicial authority has prejudged and cut off all appeal from us, what resource have we yet left-what hope of justice One in which, after God's unfailing Providence, we place unbounded con- [confidence] fidence. [confidence] There still remain the manly sense and honest heart of a generous people-that love of honourable dealing and fair play which, in joke or in earnest, is equally the instinct of an Englishman-that hatred of all mean advantage taken, of all base tricks, and paltry clap-traps, and party cries employed to hunt down even a rival or a foe. To this open-fronted and warm-hearted tribunal I imake [make] my appeal, and claim, on behalf cf myself and my fcllow-Catholics [fellow-Catholics] a fair, free, and impariial [Imperial] hearing. Fellow-subjects, Englishmen, be you, at least, just and equitable You have been deceived-you have been misled, both as to facts and as to intentions. I will be plain and simple, but straight-forward and bold. I will be brief, also, as far as I can, but as explicit as may be necessary. Cardinal Wiseman then treats of the Royal Supre- [Sure- Supremacy] macy, which he contends has never been admitted by Catholics in things spiritual, and then proceeds to en- [enquire] quire what was the extent of religious toleration granted to the Catholics After ably discussing this point he goes on to deduce therefrom that the Catholics have aright to possess bishops or a hierarchy. He next proceeds to discuss the important point in this controversy -- Does the Appointment of a Catholie [Catholic] Hierarchy trench on the Prerogative of the Crown This is, indeed, a delicate question and yet it must be met. Every address and every reply of bishops and clergy assumes that the Royal prerogative has been assailed. But this is nothing compared with the address to her Majesty, signed by some 100 members of the bar, to the effect that, by this measure, 'a foreign potentate has interfered with her Majesty's undoubted preroga- [peerage- prerogative] tive, [tie] and has assumed the right of nominating arch- [archbishops] bishops and bishops in these realms, and of conferring on them territorial rank and jurisdiction.' One naturally supposes that those who signed this memorial, being professionally learned in the law, have studied the question--have come toa [to] deliberate con- [conclusion] clusion [conclusion] as to the truth of their assertion. On ordinary occasions one would bow to so overwhelming an autho- [author- authority] rity [city] on the present I think we shall nci [ni] be wrong in demurring to its award. There is one point which I would beg respectfully to suggest to the consideration of persons better versed in law than I am. In this document, and in many other similar ones, including the Premier's letter, the Pope's acts are spoken of as real and taking effect. The Pope has 'assumed a right,' he 'has parcelled out the land; he 'has named archbishops and bishops.' If, according to the oath taken by non-Catholics, the Pope not only ought not to have, but really 'has' not power or jurisdiction perusal, 'gpiritual [spiritual] or ecclesiastical' in these realms, it follows that, according to them, the Pope's ecclesiastical acts with regard to England are mere nullities, and are re- [reputed] puted [outed] to have no existence. It is as though the Fore had not spoken and had not issued any document. lo act otherwise is to recognise an efficient act of power on his part. 1 am confirmed in this view by Lord John explanation of the protestant oath. 'The oaths now taken are not altered. We shall continue to take the oath, that 'the Pope has not,' &c.; though at the same time there is no doubt, in point of fact, that he exer- [exe- exercises] cises [cases] a spiritual authority in these realms. I have always interpreted the oath to be, that, in the opinion of the person taking it, the Pope has not any jurisdic- [jurisdiction- jurisdiction] tion [ion] which can be enforced by law, or ought not to have.' According to this test, the Pope. (permissively, at least) does exercise a spiritual jurisdiction in England, and is within the limits of that toleration, so long as he does not exercise a jurisdiction which can be enforced by law, or purporting or claiming to be a jurisdiction enforceable by law. Now, no one for a moment imagines that the Pope, or the Catholics of England, or their bishops, dream that the appointment of the hierarchy can be enforced by law. They believe it to be an act altogether ignored by the law; an act of spiritual jurisdiction, only to be enforced upon the con- [consciences] sciences of those who acknowledge the papal supremacy by their conviction and thcir [their] faith, Has this assumption of titles been within the terms of the law Is there any law forbidding the assumption of the title of bishop A certain Dr. Dillon assumed it, and ordained what he called presbyters, and no one thought of prosecuting him. The Moravians have bishops all over England; and so have the Irvingites, [Invites] or Apostolicals; [Apostolic] yet no one taxes them with illegality. Then our taking the title of bishops merely, constitutes no illegality. Is there aay [say] law that forbids our taking the title from any place not being a see of an Anglican bishop No one can say that there is, Then Lask [Ask] those more learned in the law then myself, can an act of a subject of her most gracious Majesty, which by law he is perfectly competent to do, be an in- [infringement] fringement [infringement] of her royal prerogative Ifnot, [Into] then I trust we may conclude that by this new creation of Catholic bishops that prerogative has not been violated. No ove [over] doubts that the bishops s0 appointed are Roman Catholic bishops, to rule over Roman Catholic flocks. Does the crown claim the right, under its pre- [prerogative] rogative, [relative] of naming such bishops oo, Tt will be said that no limitation of jurisdiction is made in the papal document, no restriction of its exer- [exe- exercise] cise [case] to Catholics; and hence Lord Join Russell and others conclude that there is in this brief 'a pretension to supremacy over the realm of England, and a claim to sole and undivided sway.' Eve-y official document has its proper forms and had those who blame the tenor of this taken any pains to examine those of papal docu- [dock- documents] ments, [rents] they would have found nothing new or unusual in this. Whether the Pope appoints a person vicar apostolic or bishop in ordinary, in either case he assigns him a territorial ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and gives him no personal limitations. Tiis [Ties] is the practice of every church which believes in its own truth, and in its duty of conversion. What has been done in this brief has been done in every one ever issued, whether to create a hierarchy or to appoint a bishop. Has the Mode of Estublishing [Established] the Hierarchy been Insolent and Insidious The words in this title are extracted from the too memorable letter of the First Lord of the Treasury. I am willing to consider that production as a private act, and not as any manifesto of the intentions of her Ma- [Majesty] jesty's [jest's] government. Unfortunately, it is difficult to abstract one's mind from the high and responsible situa- [sta- situation] tion [ion] of the writer, or consider him as unpledged [enlarged] by anything that he puts forth. There are parts of the letter on which I would here refrain from commenting, because they might lead me aside, in sorrow, if not in anger, from the drier path of my present duty. I will leave it to others, therefore, to dwell upon many por- [or- portions] tions [tins] of that letter, upon the closing paragraph in par- [particular] ticular, [circular] which pronounces a sentence as awfully unjust as it was uncalled for, on the religion of many millions of her Majesty's subjects, nearly all Ireland, and some of our most flourishing colonies, The charge uttered in the ear of that island, in which all ran- [guarantees] tees for genuine and pure Catholic education will of necessity be considered, in future, as guarantees for confining the intellect and enslaving the soul, all securities for the Catholic religion as security for the mummeries of superstition, in the mind of their giver-guarantees and securities which can hardly be believed to be heartily offered-the charge thus made, in a voice that has been applauded by the Protestantism of England, produces in the Catholic heart a feeling too sickly and too deadening for indignation; a dismal despair at finding that, where we have honoured, and supported, and followed for years, we may be spurned and cast off the first moment that popularity demands us as its price, or bigotry as its victim. ' But, to proceed. So little was I, on my part, aware that such feelings as that letter disclosed existed in the head of our government on the subject of the hierarchy, that having occasion to write to his lordship on some business I took the liborty [liberty] of continuing my letter as follows - Vienna, Noy. [Not] 3. My Lord,- [Lord] ' ' ' T cannot but most deeply regret the erroneous and even distorted view which the English papers have presented of what the holy see has done in regard to the spiritual govern- [government] ment [men] of the Catholics of England but I take the liberty of stating that the measure now promulgated was not only prepared but printed three years ago, and a copy of it was shown to Lord Minto bythe [Blythe] Pope on occasion of an audience given to his lordship by his holiness. I have no right to intrude upon your lordship further in this matter beyond offering to give any explanaticns [explanation] that your lordship may desire, in full confidence that it will be in my power to remove particularly the offensive interpretation put upon the late act of the holy see, that it was suggested by political views or by any hostile feelings. And with regard to myself, I beg to add that I am in- [invested] vested with a purely ecclesiastical dignity that I have no secular or temporal whatever-that my dnties [duties] will be, what they have ever been, to promote the morality of those committed to my charge, especially the masses of our poor, and keep up those feelings of goodwill and friendly intercommunion between Catholics and their fellow countrymen which I flatter myself I have been the means of somewhat improving. I am confident that time will soon show, what a temporary excitement may conceal, that social and public advantages must result from taking the Catholics of England out of that irregular and necessarily temporary state of government in which they have been placed, and extending to them that ordinary and more definite form which is normal to their church, and which has already been so bencfizially [beneficial] bestowed upon almost every colony of the British empire I beg to apologise for intruding at such length upon your Lordship's attention but I have been encouraged to do so by the uniform kindness and courtesy which I have always met with from every member of Her Majesty's Government with whom I have had occasion to treat, and from your lordship in particular, aud [and] bya [by] sincere desire that such friendly communication should not be interrupted. I have the honour to be, my lord, your lordship's obe- [be- obedient] dient [diet] servant, N. Card, WISEMAN. The Right Hon. the Lord John Russell, First Lord of the Treasury, &e. T give this leticr, [lecture] because it will show that there was nothing in my mind to prepare me for that warm ex- [expression] pression [Prussian] of feeling that was manifested in the letter which, though it appeared a day or two before mine reached him, I must consider as my only reply. And I do not think that the tone of my letter will be found to indicate the existence of any insolent or insi- [inst- inside] d-ous [d-us -ous] design. He then goes on to argue that after the Catholic Hier- [Her- Hierarchy] archy [arch] had been recognised in Irecland-and [Ireland-and] that even royally-after the provision for Roman Catholic bishops in our colonies had been made matter of specific legis- [legs- legislation] lation, [nation] he asks- Is there anything unreasonable or ex- [extravagant] travagant, [extravagant] still more, insolent and insidious, in the Ca- [Catholics] tholics [Catholic] of England to have sought and obtained what insignificant dependencies had received. He then goes on to show, from Lord John published speeches, that in 1845 the noble lord was in favour of allowing Catholics to tuke [tue] what titles they pleased, even those of Pretestant [Protestant] bishops, an opinion the noble lord again gave expression to in the debate on the Roman Catholic Relief Bill in 1846. Had he cbtained [obtained] his wishes in that year, Cardinal Wiseman adds, the law would now have permitted us to call ourselves Bishops of London and Chester, aud [and] Archbishop of Canterbury. The writer again asserts that Lord Minto was shown the bricf [brick] for the hicrarchy [hierarchy] two years ago in Rome, though the matter may have escaped his memory, hav- [have- having] ing more important matters on his mind at the time, but as to the fact that his attention was called to it, and that he made no reply, the writer asserts that there is no doubt. The next and concluding point touched upon is the title chosen for the new cardinal. The extract is somewhat lengthy, but in consequence of its lucid rea- [reasoning] soning, [singing] and the fine strain of eloquence in which it is couched, we transfer it entire -- The Title of Westminster. The selection of this title for the metropolitan see of the new hierarchy has, I understand, given great offence. I am sorry for it.t It was little less than necessity which led to its adoption. I must observe, that accord- [according] ing to the discipline of the Catholic church, a bishop's title must be from a town or city. Originally almost every village or small town had its bishop, as appears from the history of the Anglican church. But a town or city, a bishopric must still be; a torritorial [territorial title is never given. Thus in Van Diemen's Land, while the Anglican bishop takes his title of Tasmania from the territory, the Catholic derives his of Hobart Town from t I have also been told that great offence has bee use of the word to govern, found in my implying some temporal authority. I find, however, that in this appeal T have again and again used the word, because it ix 6 usual and almost only word aprlied [applied] amongst us to episcopal rule. It must be remembered that the Pastoral was addressed, in the usual form of such documents, to the clergy, secular and regu [reg] Har, and to the faithful, which showed it to be meant ics [is] alone, who co un boon in eee [see] 1 derstand [understand] the word. I have Catholics confided to my charge, which im [in] our churches and chapels, But this is, I believe, the first which the press has done me the honour of transferri [transfer] to its columns. It thus came to be represented as ad to all the inhabitants of certain a sort of otlict [outlet] or manifesto, instead of a Pastoral, usually confined to Catholic hearing or the town. In re-establishing a Catholic hierarchy in England it was natural and decorous that its metro- [metropolitan] politan [politician] should have his see at the capital. This has been the rule at all times; though of course those capitals may decay into provine'al [province'al] towns, without losing their privilege. The very term Metropolitan signifies the bishop of the Metropolis. This being the principle or basis of every hierarchy, how was it to be acted on here London was a title inhibi'e1 [inhabit'e1] by law Southwark was to- [form] form a separate see. To have taken the title of a subor- [sub- subordinate] dinate [dante] portion of what forms the great eonglomerate [inclement] of London, as Finsbury, or Islington, would have been to cast ridicule, and open the door for jeers upon the new episcopate. Besides, none of these are towns or cities. Westminster naturally suggested itself, as a city un- [unoccupied] occupied by any Anglican see, and giving an honourable and well-known metropolitan title. It was consequently selected, and I can sincerely say that I had no part whatever in the sclection. [selection] But I rejoice that it was chosen, not because it was the seat of the courts of law, or of parliament, or for any such purpose, but because it brings the real point more clearly and strikingly before our opponents Have we in any- [anything] thing acted contrary to law And, if not, why are we to be blamed But I am gladalso [glad also] for another reason. The Chapter of Westminster has been the first to protest against the new archiepiscopal title, as though some practical attempt at jurisdiction within the abbey was intended. Then let me give them assurance on that point, and let us come to a fair division and a good understanding. The diocese, indeed, of Westminster embraces a large district, but Westminster proper consists of two very different parts. One comprises the stately abbey, with its adjacent palaces and its royal parks. To this portion the duties and occupation of the Dean and Chapter are mainly confined; and they shall range there undis- [Indies- undisturbed] turbed. [turned] To the venerable old church I may repair, as Ihave [Have] been wont todo. [too] But perhaps the Dean and Chapter are not aware that, were I disposed to claim more than the right to tread the Catholic pavement of that noble building, aud [and] breathe its air of ancient con- [consecration] secration, [section] another might step in with a prior claim. For successive generations there has existed ever, in the Benedictine order, an Abbot of Westminster, the representative, in religious dignity, of those who erected and beautified and governed that church and cloister. Have they ever been disturbed by this titular Have they heard of any claim or protest on his part touching their temporalities Then let them fear no greater aggression now. Like him, I may visit, as I have said, the old abbey, and say my prayer by the shrine of good St. Edward, and meditate on the olden times, when the church filled without a coronation, and multitudes hourly worshipped without a service. But in their temporal rights, or their quiet possession of any dignity and title, they will not suffer. Whenever I go in, I will pay my entrance-fee, like other liege sub- [subjects] jects, [sects] and resign mysclf [myself] meekly to the guidance of the beadle, and listen, without a rebuke, when he points out to my admiration detestable monuments, or shows me a hole in the wall for a confessional. Yet this splendid monument, its treasures of art, and its fitting endow- [endowments] ments, [rents] form not the part of Westminster which will concernme. [concern me] For there is another part which stands in rightful contra t, though in immediate contact, with this magnificence. In ancient times, the existence of an abbey on any spot, with a large staff of clergy, and ample revenues, would have sufficed to create around it a little paradise of comfort, cheerfulness, and ease. This, however, is not now the case. Close under the Abbey of Westminster there lie concealed labyrinths of lanes and courts, and alleys and slums, nests of ignorance, vice, depravity, and crime, as well as of squalor, wretchedness and disease; whose atmosphere is typhus, whose ventilation is cholera in which swarms a huge and almost countless population, in great measure nominally at least catholic; haunts of filth, which no sewage committee can reach-dark corners which no lighting board can brighten. This is the part of Westminster which alone I covet, and which I shall be glad to claim and to visit as a blessed pasture in which sheep of holy church are to be tended, in which a bishop's godly work has to be done, of consoling, con- [converting] verting [averting] and preserving. And if, as I humbly trust in God it shall be seen, that this special culture, arising from the establishment of our hierarchy, bears fruits of order, peacefulness, decency, religion, and virtue, it may be that the holy see shall not be thought to have acted unwisely, when it bound up the very soul and salvation of a chief pastor with those of a city, where the name indeed is glorious, but the purlicus [purlieus] infamous-in which the very grandeur of its public edifices is a skadow, [shadow] to screen from the public eye sin and misery the most appalling. If the wealth of the abbey be stagnant and not diffusive, if it in no way rescue the neighbouring population from the depths in which it is sunk, let there be no jealousy of any one who, by whatever name, is ready to make the latter his care, without interfering with the former. I cannot conclude without one word on the part which the clergy of the Anglican church have acted in the late excitement. Catholics have been their princi- [Prince- principal] pal theological opponents, and we have carried on our controversies with them temperately, and with every personal consideration. We have had no recourse to popular arts to debase them; we have never attempted, even when the current of public feeling has set against them, to turn it to advantage by joining in any outcry. They are not our members who yearly call for returns of sinecures or episcopal incomes; they are not our people who form anti-church-and-state associations; it is not our press which sends forth caricatures of eccle- [Eccles- ecclesiastical] siastical [classical] dignitaries, or throws ridicule on clerical avoca- [ava- avocations] ions. With us the cause of truth and of faith has been held too sacred to be advocated in any but honourable and religious modes. We have avoided the tumult of public assemblies and farthing appeals to the ignorance of the multitude. But no sooner has an opportunity been given for awakening every lurking passion against us, than it has been eagerly seized by the ministers of that establishment. The pulpit and the platform, the church and the town-hall, have been equally their field of labour; and speeches have been made, and untruths uttered, and calumnies repeated, and flashing words of disdain, and anger, and hate, and contempt, and of every unpriestly, [Priestley] and unchristian, and unholy sentiment have been spoken, that could be said against those who almost alone have treated them with respect; and little care was taken at what time, or in what circumstances, these things were done. If the spark had fallen upon the inflammable materials of a gunpowder-treason mob, and made it explode, or what was worse, had ignited it, what cared they If blood had been inflamed, and arms uplifted, and the torch in their grasp, and flames had been enkindled, [en kindled] what heeded they If the persons of those whom consecration makes holy, even according to their own belicf, [belief] had been scized, [seized] like the Austrian general's, and ill-treated, and perhaps maimed or worse, 'what recked [wrecked] they These very things were, one and all, pointed at as glorious signs, should they take place, of high and noble Protestant feeling in the land, as proofs of the prevalence of an unpersecuting, [inspecting] a free in- [inquiring] quiring, [curing] a tolerant gospel creed Thanks to you, brave, and generous, and noble hearted people of England, who would not be stirred up by those whose duty it is to teach you gentleness, meekness, and forbearance, to support what they call a religious cause, by irreligious means; and would not hunt down, when bidden, your unoffendiug [unfounded] fellow citizens, to the hollow cry of No popery, and on the pretence of a fabled aggression. Thanks to you, docile and obedient children of the Catholic faith, many of you I know by nature fervid, but by religion mildened, [Midland] who have felt indeed-who could help it the indignities that have been cast wpon [upon] your religion, your pastors, and your highest chief, but have borne them in the spint [pint] of the great head of your church, in silence and unretorting [unremitting] forbearance. But whatever has been said in ignorance, or in malice, against us, or against what is most dear to us, commend with me to the forgiveness of a merciful God to the retributions of His kindness, not to the award of His Justice. May He not render to othors [others] as they would have done to us; but may shower down His kindness upon them, in proportion as they would have dealt unkindly in our regard. The storm is fast passing away ; an honest and upright people will soon see through the arts that have been employed to deceive it, and the reaction of generosity will soon set in. Inquiry is awakened, the respective merits of churches will be tried by fair tests, and not by wordly considerations ; and truth, for which we contend, will calmly triumph. Let your loyalty be unimpeachable, and your faithful- [faithfulness] ness to social duties above reproach. Shut thus the mouths of adversaries, and gain the higher good will of your fcllow-countrymen, [fellow-countrymen] who will defend in you, as for themselves, your constitutional rights, including full religious liberty. GREAT WESTERN aND [and] SouTH [South] WaLEs [Wales] Raitway [Railway] Com- [Companies] PANIES.-SETTLEMENT [PANES.-SETTLEMENT .-SETTLEMENT] OF DIFFERENCES.-It is now stated that the agreement which has been provisionally entered into between the directors of the above companies, has the following basis -The Great Western Company propose to work the line from Gloucester to Swansea with the Bullo [Bull] Pill Branch, and to give to the South Wales Company For the first three years, 31,340 per annum, for a moiety of the profits; for the next three years, 36,340 per annum, for a moiety of the profits for the next two years, 41,340 per annum fora moiety of the profits; for the next two years, 46,340 per annum for a moiety of the profits ; for the residue of the term, 51,340 per annum for a moiety of the profits; the South Wales Company are to complete all the works sufficient for carrying on any traffic which may be brought upon the line. The line and works from Swansea to the junction with the Gloucester and Dean Forest line at Grange Court, and also the branch to the shipping port at Swansea, are to be completed by July 1, 1851, so that there may be one continuous line of railway from Swansea to Gloucester. The other branches are to be finished within specified periods. Curtous [Curious] CrrcumsTaNcE.-On [Circumstance.-On] Thursday mormng, [morning] while the workmen employed at the Ferryhill Station of the Aberdeen Railway were employed re- [removing] moving a bale of American cotton which had just arrived from the south, a strange sound was heard inside the bale, which was forthwith opened by one of the men, who, after digging into the interior of the package, brought to light a live cat, much reduced by hunger and coufine- [confine- Government] ment. [men] As the bale was externally to all appearance in the condition in which it had been left by the original packers, puss had made an involuntary voyage it is conjectured that across the Atlantio, [Atlantic] She is being will treated, and bids fair to recover.-Edinburgh Witness. From the Londen [London] Ga re, Gye [Ge] BANKRUPTS Frr [Fer] Joseph Belm [Bel] surrender November 29. J, Mary lan at the Bankrupts' Court amy [may] MW, 1361, ME step, ee Plews, Old Jewry-chambers , Messing Lan. [An] more, Basinghall [Basing hall] street, 7 assien [assign] tg William Francis Harris, Pri; [Pro] em chester warehouseman, Nove [Nov] December 20, at eleven, at Mr. Teague, [League] mS illiam [William] Carter, High stro. [sort] ae November 22, at ons See SORE rie [tie] one, at the Bankrupts' (yun [sun] De later, Charlotte-row, Mansion.h. Wiese [Wise] Stansfeld, NSE [NS] soy George Hand, Wolverhampron [Wolverhampton] 17, at twelve at the Bankruptcy solicitors. yf Lincoln's-inn-tields [Lincoln's-inn-fields] ans Emmet, Birmingham - mingham. [Birmingham] John White, January 6, 1851, at hall ham District Court of Birmingham official assiemee. [assume] Mp op James Amos, Coventry, trininin. [Trinity] ber [be] 18, December 19, at twelve kev [Rev] District Court of Bankruptey [Bankruptcy] [C] ij. 2, [C] Me sic and Son, Coventry and Messrs wo Teen Emmet, Birmingham Otficial [Official] assent mingham. [Birmingham] ee Mi William Randall, Manchester 30, December 19, at eleven District Court of Manchester official assignee, Vr by.) John Frederick Brett, Gateshe,, [Gate she] , vember [member] 27, at half-past two, at the Neweastle-upon-Ten. [Newcastle-upon-Ten] ruptcy [bankruptcy] solicitors, Messrs. Bell, p, churchyard and Messrs. To an) upon Tyne vificial [official] assignee, Me Ww Tyne. . Ame [Me] DAY, ONt- [Not- Intro] row, Vang 5 eae [ear] Mckay [Mackay] lay- [lustre] Streep. 7 Taber o 7 Ahan), [Than] the Bankr, [Bank] ote ot] Crown-court, (he Som [Some] court, Cheapside. t Sy Oiler; Birny [Born] rh , Messrs, Ee Distr [District] i Messrs, ttic [tic] tal uss [us] Li ME 'hr alf [al] past Bankruprey [Bankruptcy] ley PARTNERSHIPS Dis, Liveseys [Lives] and Rodett, [Robert] Blaekh [Black] far as regards W. Rodvett [Rivet] -F E Macclesiield, [Macclesfield] silk-throwsters- 1,),9,, [silk-rosters- 1,),9] ter, [te] manufacturers of steeks-J [seeks-J] Manehesier, [Manchester] manufacturers of metal-Le Mare and Lane, Minehecs.. [Mongers] -Lazanby, [Larceny] Crawshaw, andl [and] W. shire, quarrymen-Bear and Jone. [One] W. Jepson and Son, 40 DIVIDEN [DIVIDEND] ps December 10, T. and W. -December 9, W. Hardwick. L, .. CERTIFI [CERTIFY] ATE December 10, J. Clarke, Bury in, grocer. irik [irk] Se BANKRUPTS, Ann Elizabeth Hickman ani [an] W Cannon-street-road, and Princes). East, undertakers, to sires o'clock, January 14, at ; solicitor, Mr. Keighley, Basin Mr. Groom, Abehurch-lanc. [Abchurch-lane] L Edward Brewster, Hanil- [Hail] printer, November 28, Decen ber [Dozen be] Bankrupts' Court soliciturs, [solicitors] 'Wellington-street, Bell, William Negus, [Genus] Basnivce-w [Business-w] ber [be] 28, at half-past eleven oe) Bankrupts' Court solicitors, Mec [Me] Suffolk-lane, Cannon-street ose. [one] James Buttfield, [Butt field] Newbury. Ber [Be] 29, at one o'clock, January 11. Court solicitors, Messrs. lotte-row, [lott-row] Mansion-howse [Mansion-house . not Mr. Pennell, as betore [before] Thomas Tuffield, [Field] Hoxton December 3 and 24, at one Court solicitor, Mr Turnles. [Tunnels] Mr. Edwards, Sambrook-court, Bec William Bennitt, Worle. brickmaker, [brick maker] November 28. the Birmineham [Birmingham] District Court. 2... Messrs. Smith and James, Mr. Whitmore, Joseph Smith, Liverpow [Liver pow] 23, at eleven o'clock, at the Liv, [Li] Bankruptcy soliciturs, [solicitors] Messrs. Re day-street, Cheapside and Monn. [Mon] , and Shipman, Manchester ote [ot] Liverpool. Abraham Chadwiek, [Chadwick] Roch lal [all] Littleborough, Laneashire, [Lancashire] corn January 3, at eleven o' lock, Court of Bankruptcy solicit irs. [is] ns. and Atkinson, Manchester; ode. zie, [ie] Manchester. Edmund Chadwick, Manchester December 3, January 7, at pwel [well] chester District Court of Ban Atkinson, Saunders, and Ar assignee, Mr. Pott, Manchesier. [Manchester] DIVIDENDs. [Dividend] December 12, J. Rowlett. Liver. ber [be] 13, P. A. Black and J. Whitrs [Whites] vision brokers.-December I), W. ton, Laneashire, [Lancashire] Cave, Yorkshire, clerk. PARTNERSHIPS Diss Messrs. T. and E. Hoosen. [Chosen] i COURT OF [C] DISTRICT. BUSINESS DURING THE N-I Before Mr. SATURDAY, November 23.-) ce field. )-C. Pearson, She and proof of debts, adjonrusil [adjoins] sr Joshua Wood, Olive Mills, certificate at ten. Before Mr. Comm MonbDay, [Monday] November 25.-Eviwe. [25.-Eve] Bridge and Colne Brides, i mination [nomination] and proof of debts. at Before Mr. Commis [Comms] THURSDAY, November butcher certificate at elever [lever] surgeon, Xe. last exami [exam] journed [joined] from 7th Oetoher, [Together] 2 bute Eastwood, Farnley Tyas. elzven. [eleven] Fripay, [Friday] November 20.-Jeha [20.-Ha] Hoo. cloth dresser; last examination 49. 5 journed [joined] from 13th September, 2c Ripon, surgeon, Xe. vide [side] eleven.-John Eastwood. F first dividend and proof ef eb - - BREACH OF PROMISE oF Maun. [Man] Exchequer, on Saturday, betire [retire] bh action was bronzht [bronze] on behalf or Sherlock, not vet eighteen years ot man named Attwood, the son ef most wealthy market gardeners of A mise [Miss] of marriage. Mr. Se conducted the case for th and Mr. Fiekl [Fell] appeare'l [appeared'l] opening of cow its support, it would appear that age of seventeen, had in the veur [vear] tion [ion] as a sort of companion te 2) Edwards, the wife of a preetur [premature] ot commons, who had taken cottuse [Cortes] Mortlake, in Surrey; and it was tier that she had become acyuainted [acquainted] 0 fendant, [defendant] who, throuh [through] his facher [father [C] of Cambrilge, [Cambridge] obtained a Otfice, [Office] and regularly paid bis promising that as soon as he hee [her] her. He was of age on the Ist [Its] ef) day, after frequent conversation is plaintiff was pregnant, he again cui [cu] at her aunt's, where she was then t agreed that they shoull [should] be mars month. A house was taken by 1 name, wedding dresses were day before that arranged for ple [le] mts [Mrs] again ealled, [called] and dechued [decked] any nial [nail] character, assigning as his reas [read] fulfilled his envayeinent [convenient] his filer Mr. Humfrey, [Humphrey] for the deivenee, [divine] opel) [open] with being a lewd women, and oF proved that while plaintiff was em viously [obviously] in the service of a Mr. she was found in bed, 4 domestic, with a man who wis about the house; and it was alse [ale] Edwards, with whem [when] plaintit [plain tit] was lived as a sort of companion, 25 FS female, and also accom. [com] might give her a rural call. The Saturday night until Tuesday, wee on the whole case, and the jury. ration, found for the plaintiff with - EXTRAORDINARY LoNGEYITY [Longevity] [C] Mary Owen died in the union [C] at the great ave of 99 years and Fu ants of the deceased are 1) chilleen, [chenille] - year; 55 grandchildren, 73 great grandchildren, making a tou [to] remains were interred at Brigham followed to their final home by four grandchildren, great grandehil [grandly] tren, [ten] grandchild t Hits 4 isn [in] aaa [aa] She - 8 iv i ' n 2 Her elhiest [eldest] vranich [branch] iN age of 50 years, and her elilest [eldest] 5 deceased has sister in der Yor [Or] Fo Clifton. ane [an] MELANCHOLY Surcipe [Suicide] of Ms. THE TReasuRY.-Mr. [Treasury.-Mr] Penninsten. [Pennington] 2 years pa t has filled highly 'Treasury, committed suicide on [C] About ha f-past4o'clocka [ha f-past'clock] police [C] fire arms in Hyde Park, almost 90) He immecliately [immaculate] entered the park. 2 oth [oh] ns une [one] fortunate gentleman lying on his 94 6 ded. [de] In his right hand a double on oi tightly grasped, one of the barre s ier [er] discharged, and on the leek uf [of] Seal ry percussion cap, and the lock was gentleman was then still 2 and mouth being distinctly minutes, after which he appeare' [appeared] [C] examined the body, which was lying He found that the deceased had shut j vue right temple, and that the bull bad of the head, where the brains were vbr [BR] that Mr. Pennington had a Gt about from the effects of which he bad een [en] panel about a fortnight since he had 7 had left his house about me soon ml noon, to take a walk with his daug [Aug] Ns wens 086 in about an hour. Afterwards be 'as saying he would take another walk, - an end.to his existance [existence] as we have ane [an] - ie 5 tape red se a pie os yet wre [re]