Huddersfield Chronicle (21/Sep/1850) - page 7

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6. Wool cost THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1850. 7 NS GING [GOING] MANIA IN THE UNITED gE fia [fa STATES. (From the Times.) Webster has been executed at last. Like vs of his class, he seems to have met his sceming [seeming] penitence and religion. Of than seeming, for Professor Webster wore got son to repent of what he had done, and every TE rent to square his accounts with Heaven. induce of the scaffold, too, must strike the most pO natures with the force of a tre- [te- trees] us itv. [it] Yet the Professor, like other respec- [respect- respect] ng ret [re] murderers, could not give up alto- [alto] je ane [an] nope of life. or a regard for his posthumous per tue scar in itself, and dearer still for the sake of aration ration] a fier [fire] plenty of time for repentance, and ait, [at, ausiliaries [salaries] of religion, he pleaded not ;, al the long after his trial that he had Sg. and in the death of his victim. When 7 yand [and] source had failed him, and his case was an ee then. and then only, did he really begin to ae. 1 for the supreme court of Heaven. He iad [aid] struck Dr. Parkman in a moment natural invitation, and that, to his we blow had proved fatal. There can hardly ; okt [out] that he confessed what was not true, and ied confession, so far as regards the parti- [part- part ix] x fact nent [sent] we refer to. This insincerity betrays alt oa Professor's correspondence and conversation, win oe aa the elaborate guise of humility and . tht [the] jis [his] letter to the brother of the murdered aint [aunt] him of his bitter anguish of soul, his sin- [raisin] raion [rain] and yenitence, [sentence] he took care to describe aca [ca] wicked and fatal ebullition of passion, oid [id] affectedly, he would not attempt to . This letter, written with a vast deal of gud [Gd] sentiment, the Professor particularly wc the Rev. Dr. Parkman, to whom it was not to make public, though, excepting jn the form of a private letter, it is diffi- [diff- defeat] at 1 how the writer could have regretted its oe pefore [before] his fate was finally sealed. The is said to have talked freely on the subject of wile jer [her] with various persons, but always with the iN fyom [from] them that they would not make anything jee. [see] qn the case of a written letier [letter] a stipulation of pic ;; wood for nothing, but in the case of a private this am 1 itis [its] almost superfluous. If the crime be against society, a private confession is no at ull. [ll] John Tawell [Dwell] found a gaol chaplain ijy [ivy] enough to be the confidant of his crime, but he oo confession. For all that transpires the sum wale Professor Webster's confession is a protestation tet io did not commit m [in] urder, [under] that tie d people of Massachusetts have made a very of it. It is now half a year since the ys aul [al] several months since there was no doubt of 'ait, [at] America is, indeed, a land of strange con- [con much] Much excellent justice is meted and administered eat twenty minutes' notice and other matters of are there done with singular despatch. Tix. [Ti] then, was this great and evident offender on the rack of expectation for so long a wad It was not, as in some European countries, to react a confession, for the attempt was not made; and or not shriven the professor was hung. As yet is no Clear understanding as to the grounds on sich [such] execution among us is precipitated or deferred. Tere [Tree] is werey [were] in speed, and there is mercy in delay. 4; the interval between judgment and execution is the ; waost [waist] terrible that a man can have to endure, it is mercy shorten it; and, on the other hand, there is the vague ond [and] precarious hope that a bad man, who knows his end 'nl the number of his days, will turn them to better than he had formerly done the uncertain tenure his natural life. There was too much finesse and poliey [policy] in Webster's use of his six months to give the delay any value asa precedent. He was too much occu- [occur- occupied] jied [died] in contriving how to die a penitent, and yet not a uurderer. [murder] In other respects the delay has not been profitable. Webster was literally the State criminal during that period cooped up for the gallows, the first news of the day, the best thing on the editor's list. As que turned over a file of United States journals, there was Webster, Webster, Webster, expanded into infinite details, Jenny Lind happily arrived almost on the very day of his execution, but she can hardly fill up the void ie has left. Our own murderers are but a nine days' wonder. In America everything is colossal, and they sem [se] resolved to have the biggest murderer in the world, and to make the most of him. If the sober people of Massachusetts wished to set a good example to their hasty neighbours in Texas and the Western States, they have overshot the mark, for these fiery children of the bright setting sun will never be able to kecp [keep] their vengeance in bottle for more than half a year, ' A twelvemonth ago Mr. Charles Dickins proposed, if weremember [we remember] right, the very form of proceeding adopted in the States-execution within the walls of the gaol, j before select witnesses. How did it work in this in- [instance] stnce [since In the first place the representatives of the tress appear to have had the free range of the gaol, and the Professor, on his knees in the corner of his cell, had a many eyes on him as a lion at his feed in the Zoolo- [Solo- Zoological] gical [goal] Gardens, ' When we come to the effect t the public mind-on the mass of the people-on the uillions [millions] that see the spectacle through the columns of the press-it is evident that the citizens of the model Republic gloat on these lamentable spectacles, and dwell wevery [every] circumstance with as much as Her Ma- [Majesty] iesty's [est's] faithful subjects, though the latter have been janpered [capered] with a perpetual feast of public executions, wl though it is only the other day that rogues were strug [struck] up before Newgate half-a-dozen at a time, as we lave wituessed [witnessed] ourselves, QF THE PUBLIC JOURNALS. sie [Sir] a with ee was ily. [il] 7 AE od that Le cessive [excessive] but oy wy' rabic [Arabic] and (dl jfesslul. [fossil] REDUCED COST OF PRODUCTION. . (From the Daily News.) We lately detailed the prices, at various periods, of the principal articles required for human sustenance in aud [and] exhibited the saving which the commer- [come- commercial] cial [coal] cuterprises [cuter prises] and financial reforms had combined to 'ccouplish [accomplish] within the last thirty years. Food will, of constitute the great item of expenditure to a iF tajority [majority] of the population. But a margin must be and or clothing for household utensils and necessaries; Wes [West] or various matters essential to comfort and self- [eleven] een [en] In the production of many of the items in this sue 'aman [man] labour forms the chief ingredient, and the se sve se] inventions by which labour has been abridged, ve ction action] multiplied, have rendered the economy 'ter [te] cost most remarkable. In clothing we shall arrive at the fairest estimate of ae gradual diminution of price by computing the es at which the materials have been entered in years for exportation. Their quantity is lider [eider] ay oustituting, [instituting] in fact, the great bulk of the values annually sent from England into 'markets of the world. . ea he was delivered in the Liverpool markets Bd. ad 2s. per Ib m [in] 1818. In 1838 the price was able low and after having fallen at intervals consider- [consider cotton] cotton mat Stood last week at 47d. to 83d. Meanwhile 1838 at, ae was exported in 1820 at 1s. 10d. per Ib; in Seven tho. 3d. and this year, by the average of the cottons ontlis [Liston] ending Aug. 5, at 114d. Manufactured Is 13 Were entered in 1820 at, white 11d, printed thea, [the] oe 1838, white 5d., printed 6d. In 1849 a ne for both descriptions was 3 d. and in 1850 hende [hence] augmentation due to the dearness and appre- [paper- app reproof] Proof of the city of the raw material. It is a curious thivial [trivial] tiveness [divines] of the market to the most on ee in price, that the quantity of export in 24 97 6 t months of the present year is only Pondine [Pending] ToS, [To] against 787,572,403 for the corre- [core- core] u racticnt [reticent] ro of 1849. That this is accompanied by fact that falling-off in the demand is testified by the respective money values are 1849, lesg [less] expo rte; 1850, 11,700,000. For 6 million yards ater [after] Tn d this year, the returns are nearly 700,000 Cotton clotie [clothe home market, Mr. Porter states, strong Md a yard 2 the wholesale price of which in 1810 was 4d. and, S2 d in 1820 for 9d. had fallen in 1833 to Der yang, puoW [pow] Wuly [July] 1850) [W] be bought for 2d. to 24d. 2 1899 at 1 Tinted calico, which sold in 1810 at 2s. 2d. 8. 4d. in 1833, the excise duty having been el bs, 6 as 6d. to 8d. may now be bought at from 1d. to si Per piece of twenty-eight and a half yards, of cotton #2 Yard. The increased use, he adds, 7 in this country so far beyond the increase in 'Pecially [Specially] h, otton [cotton] goods, proves that the people, and working people, who are the t con- [con their] their prop oon [on] Goods among us, have fully profited by Progressive cheapening. 55 hor [or] imported from Riga in 1820, at 48 to 1838 ot a ae, ith [it] a duty of 5s. the hundredweight. In 42 er ton nal [al] duty of 1d. per ewt. [et] the price was Pun yarn And is now 38 to 46, or 44 per Ib. The ld. per p, 8S Xported Ported] in 1838 at 1d. and in 1850 at OMnodity commodity] The earlier prices, before the exports of the Teached [Reached] any extent, may be approximatively to 3,330 thus In 1814, a bundle of fiax [fix] was spun in of thread, which sold for 29s. 5d. and Liz yards oe of similar weight, when converted into ite it] ef 900 per ocd [old] 10s. 9d. showing altogether a de- [debt] Bid in in 1838, was entered for export oA Leathe [Leather] 3t 744. and in 1850 at 63d. per yard. Without the distinction of wrought and 10d. d] per th ge. mserted [deserted] in the returns of 1838 at i 2 for exportation equivalent to 15 17s. ke the returns for this year the price of 2 One, kid gloves, and various 18 38. 6d. per Ib, while unwrought lea- [Napoleon] 'Pon [On] this qa 1 8 38. per cwt. As a commentary ce of gh [C] we may mention that the contract in ls 8iven [given] by the authorities of Greenwich 00 was 5s. 8d. per pair in 1820, 4s. 44d; [d] & of Cc THE Since 18 now exported to markets, where, not odity [edit] renders its ean i ad itt [it] ration and luxury, at home, for the in- [Inn] ni of appeared bagee [barge] toa [to] that while are fancy. Es to be noticed, how- [Howe's] was imported at 12s. the P average for the first seven months of tk at it oa a considerable export of thrown st in 1838, Is. 5d. a po 5 i Is. 24d. and in 1850, 1s. 0d. The een [en] wi exported in Same year at 14, 12 12s. and 11 11s .per cwt. or rom 2s. 6d. to 2s per Ib. What are termed in com- [commerce] merce [mere] woollen manufactures, including a variety of ates cloths, worsteds, &. were exported in 1838 at d. per yard; in 1845 at 1s, and in 1850 at 103d. As used for the dress of the English artisan and whose occupation or vanity rendered him to keep up appearances, the material em- P oyed [eyed] iby [by] his tailor in 1820 was ordinarily called cloth, bought at 3s. 6d. a yard. Stout York- [Yorkshire] sh ire cloth, of better wear and double width, has since en purchaseable [purchase] for 9s. or less; thus saving 50 per Respecting cloth, however, as also with regard to at. stockings, boots, a large category of slop articles, the decrease of price is translated into an improvement in quality rather than a saving of money. Those who are best acquainted with the economical habits of the industrial orders, inform us t i i tice [ice] is te pat for hat their more usual prac- [pray- peace] E accustomed article at the accus- [accuse- accused] price any advantage in the cost being obtained rough a superiority in its wear or look. The conse- [cone- consequences] quences [sequence] may be appreciated by any one who has noticed ne crowds in the suburban fields or river steamers on Sunday nine Brighton or Bristol while the trains disembar' [December] i usan [San] a secking [seeking] arked [arched] their tho ds of pleasure- [pleasure among] Among household comfo [comfort] enumerate- [enumerated] 7. Candles and soap, the older returns, and rts [its] or necessarics, [necessary] we may , are lumped together in e in Were exported at 43d. and in 1845 at 33d. per lb. In 1850, they are separately reported at, candles, 84d., and soap, 34d. Tallow, an ingredient which enters as an important element into the manufacture of both articles, was imported in 1818 at 75s. per ewt. [et] with an addition for duty of 3s. 2d. In 1836 the import price was 45s. 6d.; and in 1850, 38s., duty 1s. 6d., while large supplies are drawn from South Australia at 34s., the duty fr iti [it] i ing a nominal 1d. per owt, [two] y from British colonies being 8. Coal, in this climate a neces [NeWS] of life scarcel [scarcely] inferior to bread itself, was for a low period rendered dear in the London market by a heavy duty. In 1818 this duty was 7s. 6d. per ton, and the price 32s, 9d. The duty was 4s. in 1828, when the price fell to 28s. 6d. In 1845 there was no duty, and coals averaged 17s. 3d., aud [and] at present sell in the river for about 14s., though the cost to the consumer is still enhanced by a variety of civic dues and charges for lighterage, [lighter age] &. The quantity of mineral fuel shipped coastwise [coast wise] for all the ports of Great Britain in 1818 was 3,450,000 tons 1828, it was 4,500,000 tons; and in 1844, 7,377,000 ons, 9. Glass, in 1838, was exported at an average of 1 7s. 5d. per ewt., [et] the duty being 25 per aint [aunt] ad valorem. [removal] In 1845 this was repealed, and the price declined to 1 2s.; and in 1850, with an export trade annually expanding, it was 17s. 23d. The home trade exhibits at least a corresponding decline; and though no official returns are procurabie, [procure] there is-no doubt that glass is replacing the coarser earthenware very extensively in the cottages and lodgings of the artizan. [artisans] 10. In hardware and cutlery the decline experienced within the last thirty years has been from 100 to 500 per cent. The exporting price of the heterogeneous consignments thus scheduled in the returns of 1838, was 105 3s. 7d. per ton. Since then the commodity has been specified per piece, and we thus lose the opportunity of comparison. But Mr. Babbage computed the saving in a few articles, such as locks, candlesticks, &c., at 60 or 70 per cent between 1822 and 1832; and the annals of Birmingham are replete with instances where various specimens of the manufacture have been sold, in consequence of some simple improvements, at no higher cost per gross than they had heretofore been charged per dozen. 11. Salt, up to the year 1823, was burthened [burned] with a duty of 15s. per bushel, and the gross quantity con- [consumed] sumed [sued] in England was 296,000 tons. In 1825, with a duty reduced to 2s., the consumption became 342,000 tons. Since that period the article has been free, and the export price is now as low as 3 d. while the quantity produced merely to satisfy the foreign demand has nearly reached ten million bushels for the seven com- [completed] pleted [plated] months of 1850. 12. Wooden furniture, like most articles of clothing, is a commodity upon which the general purchaser takes out the reduction of price in a greater degree of style and appearance. The commonest lodging-houses now contain pieces of furniture which, in the memory of persons yet living, were reserved as the exclusive orna- [on- ornaments] ments [rents] of palaces. By the steam saw-mills twenty-five shects [chests] of veneer are cut from an inch plank of the more costly woods, five or six being the maximum obtained from the same material by the most skilful hand-sawyers before the invention of machinery. An article with equal appearance, and nearly equal durability to solid mahogany, is now to be bought at a price no higher pe was asked within the last forty years for common e Baron ROTHSCHILD AND THE LATE ATTACK ON Hay- [Hanover] NavU.-On [Navy.-On .-On] Wednesday last, Lionel de Rothschild addressed a letter to the Times, explanatory of the circumstances under which the letter of introductien [introduction] to Messrs. Barclay's brewery was given to General Haynau. [Hannah] He says, General Haynau [Hannah] presented himself with a letter of credit on my firm, and having received some money, he requested an introduction to Messrs. Barclay. In consequence of which request the following note was given him for presentation to Messrs. Barclay, Perkins, and Co. New-court, Sept. 3.-Gentlemen-We have the honour to introduce to you the bearer of these lines, his Excellency Baron Haynau, [Hannah] and shall feel particularly obliged by your allowing the Baron and his friends to view your brewery. We remain, gentlemen, your obedient servants, for M. Rothschild and Sons, B. COHEN. A DeaF [Dean] anD [and] DumB [Dumb] Mondaynight, [Midnight] Georgiana Wadham, [Durham] a child four months old, daughter of Mr. Benjn. Wadham, [Durham] artist, Nursery-street, Kirkdale, was taken to bed as usual, and the following morning was found dead. The cause of death was convulsions, arising from natural causes. The parents of the deceased are deaf and dumb, and the evidence as to the death of their child was given through the medium of an interpreter. The case was one of a singular character, an instance of a similar kind never having been before the court, In reply to some questions put by the coroner, it was stated by a person present that the parents of the child were married through an inter- [interpreter] preter; [Peter] the nature of the marriage service was communi- [common- communicated] cated [acted] by signs; it was afterwards written down, and when they were made fully to comprehend its meaning their sig- [signatures] natures were attached to the contract in the usual way. They were both well-informed, and had received their edu- [ed- education] cation at one of the public institutions. THE TurF.-If [Turn.-If] we were asked to define the expression, The Turf of Great Britain, we should say that it a vast institution, consisting (in round numbers) of about 320 owners, 140 trainers, 100 regular race-courses, and 160 jockies, [jockeys] riding all weights from 8st. [st] 4Tbs. [tbs] to 3st. [st] 7lbs., [lbs] the owest [West] weight at which W. Plumb, alias The Giant, of Epsom, announced himself in the latest edition of Ruff, as qualified to steer for Lord Strathmore, and other feather- [featherweight] weight admirers. Taking the average of the '46 season, we should also say that 1,610 horses were put in training, who ran, received forfeit, and walked over for some 1,520 races and matches. Adopting the same calculation, we should say that stakes, with all their deductions, amount annually to about 208,000, without taking any note of the value of vases, and challenge whips. Added to this, there are about 80 blood stallions of repute as racin [rain] sires, or retired racers, and perhaps I, racing rood mares, of whose produce from 800 to 850 colts and fillies, of which neither sex has any very decided preponderance, are annually registered in the Stud Book. As we never yet set foot in the Emerald Isle, we are leaving its turf statistics untouched, and will merely observe that Crown patronage to the turf is pretty evenly distributed, as while she had 17 Queen's plates accorded to her, England and Scotland enjoy 35. 'Touchstone, we are, or at least were, told is priceless and the heaviest sum that occurs to us at this moment as having been bona fide [side] paid for an elderly race-horse, is the 4,200 which Lord George Bentinck [Incumbent] gave for Bay Middleton, in the hopes of keeping his game leg in subjection, till he had won the Wellington shield ; and the 3,465 which was nineteen years ago well and truly aid for the luckless Fel [Fe] by Langar, after he had won the ioneaster [Easter] two-year-old stakes. The price paid by Mr. Meiklam [Meekly] for the yearling Snowstorm, to wit 787 10s., is about the heaviest, if our memory serves us, that has been given for a bit of young stock for some time past. Col. Anson was pretty lucky ear, in securing from 500 to 400 for three of his young things.-The Sportsman. A Patent STEAM BREAD MAKING MaAcHINE.-The [Machine.-The] ope- [operation] ration of this novel apparatus was exhibited at the e- houseof [house of] Messrs. Lee and Robinson (the patentee and his part- [partner] ner), [ne] on Tuesday, in theclassic [the classic] region of Wapping, and a large number of persons were present to testify to the utility and practicability of the invention, which has for its object the accomplishment of the following points, as stated by the tentee [tenter] By the substitution of carbonated water for , to render bread more nutritive. A saving of fifty per cent in the cost of fuel in heating the oven, by means of an improved method of substituting steam for fire. The gradual admixture of the flour with the water without manual labour. To ensure the oven being kept of an equal heat by means of an indicator and regulator, and by means ot which the heat can be kept exactly as may be desired . By the' use of an ingenious contrivance to regulate the desired weight of all bread, whether from an ounce to any number of pounds the baker may desire, without the possi- [poss- possibility] bility [debility] of error. The saving of all manual labour in the manufacture of bread, with the exception of that of a few boys to Pinos [Pianos] it upon, and receive it from, e the machine. avoiding the necessity of the human hand touching or kneading the dough. On the present occasion Mr. Lee described the nature of the invention with much minuteness, and gave the spectators an opportuuity [opportunity] of witnessing the practical effect of the machinery in its various es. The grand purpose which he sought to achieve was the saving of time and manual labour in the manufacture of the most important necessary of life; and, in order to show how this object was to be car- [carried] ried [red] out, Mr. Lee exhibited the entire process of baking bread and biscuits from the first preparation of the flour to the placing the dough into the oven,; and withdrawing it when y for. consumption. this was done by mechanical contrivances, and the men employed were not even called upon to weigh the dough, or measure the size of the loaf, the apparatus, when set in motion, being calcu- [calico- calculated] to whieh [which] in the ordinary process of baking, is achieved by hand. The result of these experi- [experience- experiments] ments [rents] afforded satisfactory proof that Mr. Lee's oer [per] a in the art of baking rves [Revs] every encouragement, as W' on the score of economy as from the fact that it introduces a more speedy, and at the same time a more cleanly, method of manufacturing bread. The rapidity with which the work.may be carried on by this new and interesting process is most surprising. For the supply of bread to schools, or other establishmenta-such [establishment-such] as poor-law unions and priso [prison] is invention seems to be specially applicable.-Daily News, THE ORGANISATION AND WORKING OF AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER, NEW YORK TRIBUNE. The Tribune is now in the tenth year of its existence, and has not been without its share in the rapid improve ment [men] which, during this time, has distinguished the American press. Originally commenced by its founder a5 a penny paper, it was for some months conducted by him without any editorial assistance except in the com- [commercial] mercial [commercial] department. For some time its continuance was not free from uncertainty, until Mr. M'Elrath [M'Already] under- [undertook] took the management of its business affairs, since which it has steadily and surely advanced toward its present position. With its success and enlargement came an increasing necessity for that organisation which can alone worthily occupy the various depariments [department] of edi- [ed- editorial] torial [trial] labour-give full effect to individual exertions, and guarantee to a journal a permanent value, indepen- [independent- independent] dent of the accident to which life is always subject. Thus, from necessity, the Zribune [Tribune] has gradually been imereased, [impressed] until now it gives regular employment to twelve editors and reporters, thirty-seven printers, two proof readers, thirteen pressmen, engineers, and other labourers in the pressroom, four permanent correspon- [response- correspondents] dents in Europe, three regular correspodents [correspondent] at Wash- [Washington] ington, [Kington] two in Canada, two in California, one in Mexico, one in Havana, one in Central America, one in Phila- [Phil- Philadelphia] delphia, [Delph] one in Boston, one in Baltimore, &c., &c., four wrapper writers, four clerks, sixteen hands in the mailing department, three errand boys, twenty-eight carriers in the city und [and] vicinity-in all, above 130 persons steadily engaged in preparing and sending forth the Tribune. In addition to these there might be reckoned a large num- [sum- number] ber [be] of writers in various parts of Europe and all over this country, who make the Tribune the vehicle of such thought and intelligence as they have to communicate to the public; but we have enumerated only those who permanently form a portion of our establishment. The issues of our paper are now, in round numbers, 18,600 daily, 41,400 weekly, 1,760 semi-weekly, 3,300 for Cali- [California] fornia, [fora] 500 for Europe, making 160,200 sheets weekly, and 8,330,400 annually distributed to all sections of this country, and to the principal places in other parts of the civilised world. This must not, however, be taken as the permanent number-for since the enlargement of the daily, on the 10th of April last, its circulation has increased 3,100 copies, in spite of the effect of the warm season, which usually diminishes the circulation of news- [newspapers] papers. In the same time the weekly has gained 1,900, and the California Tribune 1,000. At this rate, by the 10th of April next, the daily will circulate 25,000 copies, and the weekly 45,000 copies, while the aggregate annual circulation of the New York Tribune will be 10,000,000 copies. At the present time the paper employs a ton and a half of type, and consumes weekly seven and a half tons of paper and 150 pounds of ink, besides other acces- [acres- accessories] sories [sores] in proportion. The printing is all done on one of Hoe's four-cylinder presses, the cost of which was 12,000 dollars, and which is driven by a ten-horse steam engine of the same maker. The average weekly expen- [expense- expenditure] diture [future] of the establishment is 2,800 dollars (at the rate of 145,000 dollars per annum), the whole business being done on the cash system. Since the Daily Tribune was enlarged-and its form changed to that of the great London Journals, a mea- [me- measure] sure which, though involving a great increase of ex- [expense] pense, [sense] has proved altogether satisfactory in a pecuniary sense-it has on an average every day contained 175,000 ems of reading matter, by which we mean editorial and news, exclusive of advertisements. The Londow [London] Times contains daily exclusive of advertisements, an average of about 190,000 ems the Allgemeine [alleging] Zeitung, [Stung] with its re- [regular] gular [regular] supplement, 16 large octavo pages in all, contains 65,000 ems. Thus it the New York Tribune for five dollars a-year, or one shill'nga [shill'na] week to city sub- [subscribers] seribers, [series] or two cents a single paper, furnishes nearly as much reading matter as the London Times for 30 dollars, or ten cents a single paper, and not only gives its sub- [subscribers] seribers [series] more valuable reading than any other paper except the four great journals of London, but is, in fact, the cheapest journal in the world. The Daily Tribune issues regularly three editions- [editions one] one in the morning, which is that served to city subscribers; one at half-past one o'clock, p.m. and one at three p.m. About one sixth of its circulation is in other cities and towns along the Atlantic coast, and in the interior, the opening of the great lines of rapid communication having caused many persons to avail themselves of the advantages of the daily, now that they can get it on the day of its publication, instead of the weekly, which they have taken heretofore. All the matter contained in either of the editions passes through both the others-the latest news in the second evening edition, for instance, appearing in the morning and first evening edition of the next day. To mect [met] the want thus created, the compositors are divided into two sets, part of them commencing in the morning and labouring throughout the day- [death] -the others, of night hands, coming at noon to help out the evening edition, and to distri- [district- distribute] bute type for the labours of the evening, then beginning the work of composition at seven p.m. and keeping at it till the whole is done. The bulk of the work falls on them, for the reason that the greater portion of the news is received after the evening editions are issued. The mass of the advertisements are also set up by them. The Tribune is put to press as early as possible in the morning, the time varying with the reception of the last telegraphic despatches and other news. It will average, however, about three o'clock, am., and the issue to aerate and others commences as soon as may be there- [thereto] ter. [te] Few persons who read their Tribune at breakfast conceive of the amount of mental and manual toil which has combined to fill up the columns over which the eye moves so easily but a moment's reflection on the facts above stated, will show them that it is by no means trifling. No man labours harder than a faithful editor. Other persons have hours free for repose or recreation, but he has not. Other duties may be post- [postponed] poned, [pond] but his are inexorable. Sleep or amusement he enjoys, as it were, by stealth, and with constant liability to interruption. When, after midnight, fancying that the work of the day is over, he turns his steps home- [homeward] ward, it is always with a half presentiment of a recall to the office, and to new fatigues. The public pardons neglect in others of its servants, but is unmerciful with him. He must be ever fresh, ever on He is a worker almost on the principle of perpetual motion. Alike to him is time or tide, snow or July's pride ; Alike to him is tide or time, Moonless midnight or matin [main] prime. And thus he lives an intense and crowded life, and early finishes his career. An aged editor is a rarity. This exhausting pressure of labour can, in a mea- [me- measure] sure, be obviated by organisation and the employment of several persons in its performance. Each paper of any importance has, accordingly, a more or less nume- [name- numerous] rous [sour] editorial corps, whose members work with greater or less independence according to their number, the chief editor often not reading the articles of his assist- [assistants] ants till they appear in the paper. As we are often asked concerning the distribution of labour in the Tibume, [Time] it may be proper here to answer such inquiries. The immediate labours of Mr. Greeley, the msible [sible] editor, of course do not extend beyond the political conduct of the paper and the preparation of the edito- [editor- editorial] rial articles, a department in which he is assisted by Mr. C. A. Dana, who has been connected with the Tribune in various capacities for something less than four years. Mr. Dana also has special charge of the department of European news and politics, and, in connection with Mr. J. F. Cleveland, who has been for seven years an editor of the Tribune, is also engaged in the preparation of the political and miscellaneous intel- [intelligence] ligence [licence] of this country; this involves the reading of above one thousand exchange papers, and the conden- [Cobden- condensation] sation [station] of the news they may contain. The commercial department is under the care of Mr. G. M. Snow, who has been intrusted [instructed] with it since the foundation of the paper, and who was the first in this city to furnish a complete and accurate daily report of the markets. Mr. Snow also has charge of the department of tele- [tee- telegraphic] graphic news. The literary department is conducted by Mr. George Ripley. Mr. Bayard Taylor has particular charge of everything ralating [relating] to California and South America, with the supervision of the important depart- [department] ment [men] of city news, in which he has four regular assistants and reporters. The preparation and arrangement of ship news is the duty of Mr. W. Newman. A special translator is also employed in the office, at the same time that several of the regular editors are often called upon to translate from papers and letters in various languages. Indeed, though each one is responsible for his own department, he is frequently required to assist in one of the others, in which there is an unusual amount of work to be done. The publishing and financial departments, as our readers are aware, are under the superintendence of Mr. M'Elrath [M'Already] the details of which are under the more immediate charge of Messrs. S. Sin- [Sinclair] clair [Lair] and R. M. Strebeigh, [Street] each of whom has devoted several years to perfecting himself in the duties con- [confided] fided [fide] to him. The composing room is managed by Mr. Thomas N. Rooker, [Rooke] and the press room by Mr. George Hall. Asa property, the establishment is held in one hundred shares, of which the larger number are owned by Messrs. Greeley and M'Elrath, [M'Already] the origi [origin] ro- [proprietors] prietors, [proprietors] while the residue are owned by five assistant editors, and five other assistants longest connected with and most responsibly employed in the several depart- [departments] ments [rents] of printing and publishing. It is intended that in time the number of shareholders shall be increased, but that the whole shall continue to be persons em- [employed] ployed [played] upon and useful to the paper. But, while any one may be discharged by a general vote of his asso- [ass- associates] ciates, [Coates] his right of property in the concern, and. his equal interest in any dividends which may be made, would remain unaffected. Each person employed on the paper, whether shareholder or not, is paid a stated salary for his services, which is fixed, and can only be increased or diminished by a vote of the stockholders in general meeting. Compositors (type setters) form an exception-theirs is piece-work. . Such is the organisation of one American n per. We do not present it as complete, as it is desi [dis] that, from time to time it shall undergo every practical ame- [me- amelioration] lioration [liberation] of a nature to contribute to its ence [once] and value to the public. We think it may, however, be taken as a fair illustration of the condition to which the American press has already attained, but which, as we believe, will, in a few years be left far behind in the march of improvement. This country is, as yet, only at the beginning of its career; and there is reason to sup- [suppose] pose that its newspapers will keep pace with its pro- [progress] gress [grass] In every other respect. The Bishop of Exeter has made an appointment which created considerable surprise in his diocese. It is that of the Rev. Robert Aitkin to the incumbency of Pendeen, [Pending] in the parish of St. Just, Cornwall, the parish which Mr. Gorham has just left for the vicarage of Bampford [Bradford] Speke. Mr. Aitkin was for many years a dissenting preacher in a chapel in the Waterloo Road, to which he attracted great congregations by his peculiar style of oratory, and by the breadth of his evangelical views-views in accordance with those held by Mr. Gorham.-Morning Advertiser. The Patriot says Mr. Aitken has been a good many things in his time. A MopERN [Modern] Mazeppa.-On [Maze.-On] Friday afternoon week, the following ludicrous took place on the road lead- [leading] ing from Barnet to St. Alban's. On Wednesday week, a Welsh horse-dealer was fleeced of five sovereigns and some silver. by a gang of thimble-riggers. The Welshman, on reaching Barnet fair, told his mates, who vowed to take summary vengeance on the delinquents. On Friday, they were wending their way with their unsold stock to Holly- [Holly bush] bush fair, and had just cleared the town, when a school of these swindlers were observed plying their avocations at the end ofa [of] lane. On seeing them, it was determined to seize upon and mount them on the unbroke [broken] animals. The gang, however, with the exception of the person who worked the pea and thimble, effected their escape; him they succeeded in capturing, and instantly mounting him on one of the ponies, fastened his legs so that he could neither dismount nor be thrown off; the drove was then put in motion at a quick uneven gallop, peculiar to the moun- [mon- mountain] tain breed, amidst the shouts and yells of the drivers, who at intervals gave the culprit sundry lashes with their long whips, nor did they desist until the drove reached South Mins [Mind] (a distance of four miles) where the prisoner was re- [released] leased, thoroughly galled, chafed, and back sore, to return to his companions in iniquity. A BaLance.-A [Balance.-A] seizure recently took pce [pace] of some malt, the property of Mr. Greves, [Greaves] of Irkfield [Mirfield] rook, Kingsnorton, [Kingston] on account of church-rates, since which the churchwardens have returned the individual in question one half-penny, being the balance due to him out of 4, for which the malt was sold, after deducting the amount of the rate, and the expenses of the levy and sale. ENCOUNTER WITH PoLEcATs.-Some [Plats.-Some] time ago a lad of the name of John Cruickshank, servant to Mr. Scott, Bog- [Bog side] side, while engaged in looking for rabbits, near the marsh between Bogside [Bog side] and Balchers, [Bachelors] encountered a drove of polecats, some twenty or thirty in number. These little creatures are known to be very bold, and being on the occasion alluded to, in great numbers, instead of going out of the way, they made direct for the lad, with the intention of attacking him. With considerable presence of mind he levelled at the advancing body the gun he happened to carry, and then turned to save himself by flight. 'The shot took good effect, killing no fewer than four of the vermin ; and the rest, frightened at the mortality, turned and made off with all speed in the direction from which they came. Had Cruickshank not fired it is not unlikely he would have suffered from the attack of the fierce little animals.- [animals] Liver- [Liverpool] pool Mercury. ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION oF FisH.-A [Fish.-A] report has recently been presented, by the naturalist, Milne Edwards, to the French Minister, Dumas, the no less cele- [cell- celebrated] brated [rated] chemist, on the artificial propagation of fish. M. Milne Edwards shows that all that is necessary to propagate fish is, to bring the ova of the female, when ripe, in contact with the milt of the male in an equally mature state. Spal- [Spa- supplanting] lanzani, [Landon] in 1758, wrote a memoir on the artificial produc- [produce- production] tion [ion] of trout in this way. Jacobi, a German naturalist, in 1762, published an interesting letter on the raising of trout and salmon artificially and Knox, Shaw, Young, and others, in this country have shown the probability of the plan. It appears that two illiterate peasants of the Vosges, [Voyages] named Gehin [Gen] and Remy, having found the scanty living which they obtained by fishing the small rivers and brooks of this mountainous region gradually decreasing from the progressive extirpation of the fish, tell upon the plan of artificial propagation and so successful have their labours been, that they are now regularly employed by the autho- [author- authorities] rities, [cities] in their native district, to re-stock the rivers and brooks, which, once abundantly stocked with fish, have been almost completely deprived of their finny treasures by carelessness and rapacity. Their efforts have been most successful and M, Milne Edwards demands for them- [them first] first, a national recompence [recompense] and, secondly, an extension of their system to all the rivers of France. The plan consists in hatching the fry artificially, and then turning them into the small fecders [fenders] of the streams to shift for them- [themselves] selves. In the same way, Mr. Drummond's waters at Uxbridge, and the Duke of Devonshire's at Chatsworth, have been restocked, in this country.-Gateshead Observer. On Thursday weck [week] a sow belonging toJohn [to john] Kar, [Char] Pleasant street, Haslingden, littered twelve pigs, one of which had two perfect snouts, mouths, tongues, sets of teeth, &c. phe [the] part where the snouts diverge is under the eyes. The breadth of the head above the part is considerable, and the eyes, one on each side, are a long way apart. The fore feet were similar to calves' feet. The pig lived a short time after it was littered, and supped milk with both mouths. Captain Aaron Smith (who has lately acquired some celebrity in connexion with the Borneo pirates agitation and Mr. Cobden) made his appearance at Bow-street Police- [Police court] court on Wednesday, for endeavouring to violate the regu- [reg- regulations] lations [nations] of the Waterloo-bridge Company, and assaulting the tollgate-keeper in the discharge of his duty. He was A HiIGHLANDER [Highland] oN Horsespack.-The [Horses pack.-The] Aberdeen Ban- [Banner] ner, [ne] in commenting on the Duke of Atholl's conduct in reference to the laying the foundation stone of the National Gallery for Scotland, recently reported in the Daily News, says We thought his Grace of Atholl was supremely ridiculous, attired in the kilt and riding on horseback, as he figured at Braemar the other week-at least, the majority of the spectators did not seem to fancy his position as a graceful one; but this exposure is worse still. If such doings are persisted in, aristocracy will speedily be at a discount amongst us. PROJECTED LINE OF STEAM-SHIPS FROM SAN FRANCISCO To understand that there has arrived in this city a representative of a very heavy New York and Liver- [Liverpool] pool firm, who offers to establish a regular line of steam- [steam packets] packets between here and the celestial empire, if one-tenth of the stock will be taken in California; one million being the whole investment. We know of no enterprise which would so permanently advance the greatness of our city, and make this point the American dep├ęt [depot] of the Asiatic trade.- [trade] Pacific Ke ews. [es] The Perth Courier has an interesting account of an ascent which her Majesty and Prince Alcert [Albert] recently made of Ben-na-Bourd, [Ben-na-Board] a large rugged mountain, some 3,900 feet above the level of the sea. It is expected that the Queen and royal family will return to the Isle of Wight on the 7th of next month. The Austrian Observer of Vienna, of is th, renee t indignation at the out upon Gene aynau, [any] great inaen [inane] and announces that 'the Austrian Ambassador at the Court of England has formally demanded that satis- [sates- satisfaction] faction may be given to his government, by bringing the offenders to trial. SINGULAR FUNERAL AT Harwicu.-On [Warwick.-On] the death of Captain Deane, who was formerly a commander of one of the mail packets that sailed from this port, it soon became merally [merely] known that he had given certain instructions re- [relating] fating to his funeral. Peculiar in his life, he exhibited this trait in his last moments, by directing that his remains should be conveyed to their last resting-place, three days after death, -in his farm waggon, and that four seamen and four farm servants should act as bearers; consequently, on Wednesday, the 3rd inst., great numbers of the inhabitants assembled to witness the singular cortege, which was ar- [arranged] ranged in the following order coach, with two curates of the parish and doctor; waggon, lined with black serge, containing the body of deceased, drawn by four horses, driven by two of his ts; mourning coach, with mem- [men- members] pers [per] of the family i and a fly, with the pes [peas] and gorvants, [servants] e singularity of the scene ap) to engender other feelings than those usually attendant on this solemn rite.- [rite] Ipsweh [Ipswich] Express. On Monday (week), for two or three hours in the after- [afternoon] noon, Lisk [Silk] and its neighbourhood were visited by a prodigious multitude of flies-the atmosphere swarmed, and the ground was strewed with them in vast numbers. They appeared to be ant flies; a few without wings. How far they extended has not been correctly ascertained-it is said eight miles to the east, and about sixteen to the west. i their continuance, the sky was beclouded till tow the evening, when the sun shone out, and they nearly all disappeared.- [disappeared] Devonport Telegraph COMPLETION OF THE BRITANNIA BriIDGE.- [Bridge.- Bridge] After some years of unremitting labour, the engineers connected with this great work safely lowered the last of the Britannia tubes to its permanent resting place on Friday last. The Carnarvonshire [Carnivora] end of the tube was lowered three feet, the opposite end being joined on to the Anglesea [Angle] large tube in interior of the lower on the Britannia rock, and, obedient to the law of the novel operation, the centres of both tubes, as before, were raised up Some curious acoustic effects have been observed. Pistol-shots, or any sonorous noises, are echoed within the tube half a dozen times. The cells of the top and bottom are used by the engineers as speaking tubes, and they can carry on con- [conversations] versations [conversation] through them in whispers; by elavating [elevating] the voice persons may converse through the length of the bridge-nearly a quarter of a mile. The following (not hitherto published) is an official return of the cost of the entire structure -Pedestals and abutments on Carnarvon [Canton] side, 17,459 Carnarvon-tower, [Canton-tower] 28,626 Britannia-tower, 38,671 Anglesey-tower, 31,430; pedestals and abut- [abutments] ments [rents] on lesey [Lees] side, 40,470; lions, 2,048 total, 158,704. rought [rough] iron used in tubes, 118,946 cast iron in tubes and towers, 30,619; construction of tubes, 226,234 pontoons, ropes, capstains, [captain] painting materials, 28,096 raising machinery, 9,782 entry and labour in floating, raising, and completing bridge, 25,498 ex- [experiments] periments, [experiments] 3,986 total, 601,865. The total weight of each of the wrought iron roadways now completed repre- [prepare- represents] sents [sent] 12,000 tons, supported on a total mass of masonry of a million and a-half cubic feet, erected at the rate of three feet in a minute.-Times. LIVERPOOL AND SouTtHPorRT [Spirit] Ramway.-The [Tramway.-The] line bein, [being] now completed to Sandhill, the government inspector wi over it, and in about a week the opening will take place. me interesting experiments have been made by the engi- [engine- engineers] neers [NeWS] and directors, in order to work the traffic economically with one of the new descriptions of light engines for working branch lines. The distance between Liverpool and South- [South rt] rt, 134 miles, was accomplished in 16 minutes, travelling 130 miles with ten full trains a day. The cost of one of these engines, as compared with the heavier ones in ordinary use, is as 2,500 to 1,200; the consumption of coke as 8lb [lb] to 25lbs [lbs] per mile; and the weight 9 tons, or one-third that of the usual locomotive. The advantage of the new system is expected to be proved in a great reduction of what is termed the maintenance of way account. TURNPIKE GatEs.-The [Gates.-The] decision given against the trus- [Truss- trustees] tees of the Taunton gate, near the railway station, (Cock- [Cockin] it-gate) [gate] at the Wells Assizes, is of a very important nature, as it raises the question of boundaries in nearly every town in England. By the Municipal Act the old boundaries were generally extended, and in some cases, a3 in Taunton, toll-gates were left within the boundaries. the decision in the case alluded to, it appears that no to sate is permitted within a thousand yards of any MR. GORHAM AT BAMPFORD [BRADFORD] SPEKE. Mr. Gorham entered on his pastoral duties last week, read himself in on Sunday morning, and preached his first sermon the same afternoon. In consequence of the great interest which the disputes between the rev. gentleman and the Bishop of Exeter have excited, a large number of persons visited the village and attended divine service at the church. Bampford [Bradford] lies on the right bank of the Exe, about three miles above the city of Exeter. The parish is five miles long and two wide. It occupies a considerable portion of the valley of the Exe, and takes in the bold and romantic hills which stretch towards Crediton. The road to Bampford [Bradford] was thronged with parties proceeding thither. The village itself was crowded like a fair, and the proprietors of the two rival inns of the place, which are of the ordinary rustic inn character, must have felt well content that dit [it] ferences [references] of opinion have not ceased. The village is not only pleasantly situated, but exceedingly healthy. Mr. Gorham's immediate predecessor, the Rev. Jonn Mudge, [Midge] held the living for nearly forty-eight years, having been appointed in 1790. His predecessor held the living for fifty-two years, making a century between the two divines, and no two vicars ever passed a hundred years in a more pleasant abode. Mr. Gorham himself has a wiry and vigorous frame; indeed, a man compounded of stuif [stuff] less stern might have been worried out of exist- [existence] ence [once] by the long and trying conflict in which he has had to engage. He took high honours at the University, having been Second Wrangler, and is deeply read in divinity. He arrived at Bampford [Bradford] Speke in the early part of the past week to make arrangements for settling his family at the rectory. Whilst doing this he received the ordinary official circular from the bishop, which directs the clergy to prepare for confirmation those of their young parishioners who have not undergone that rite. Myr. [Mr] Gorham assembled them at the rectory house on the evenings of Tuesday and Friday, and there gave them such instruction as he deemed fitting, taking espe- [ese- especial] cial [coal] care, it is understood, that they should not adopt the view which the bishop holds on the sacrament of baptism. On Sunday morning the church was crowded. Mr. Gorham did not preach, but vead [read] the Thirty-Nine Arti- [Art- Articles] cles, [close] and added his unfeigned assent and consent to the same in accordance with the statute. The afternoon service commenced at three o'clock, and as it was gene- [generally] rally known that he would then preach his first sermon, a very large concourse assembled. The little church was cramined [crammed] the pews were all packed full, and the aisles and every corner where standing-room could be obtained were occupied by an orderly and attentive con- [congregation] gregation. [creation] Mr. Gorham read prayers. His voice is clear and distinct, and his emphatic style of reading might be imitated with advantage in many of the Devon- [Devonshire] shire churches. At the conclusion of the prayers the rey. gentleman procecded [proceeded] to make the pre- [prescribed] scribed in respect to the Bock of Common Prayer. He then read the certificate of Sir Herbert Jenner Fust, [Dust] setting forth the authority under which that learned judge had acted in the case, and stating that Mr. Gor- [For- Gorham] ham had on the 6th of August personally appeared before him and subscribed the declaration of conformity to the Liturgy of the Church of England, in accordance with the 13th and 14th of Charles II., the act of William and Mary in respect to the oaths of supremacy and the Act of Union. Mr. Gorham added, that he should feel obliged if the two churchwardens and one or two of the principal parishioners would be good enough, at the conclusion of the service, to witness the appointed form of his having declared his assent and consent to the Articles and Liturgy of the Church. These formalities being concluded, the rev. gentle- [gentleman] man gave out the psalm, and when it had been sung, proceeded to deliver his sermon. It was an energetic discourse. The text was in the General Epistle of St. James, chap. 1, part of the 21st verse- Receive with meekness the engrafted [en grafted] word, which is able to save your souls. The sermon referred the Christian to the Scriptures for the foundation of his belief, and charged him to consult them in the spirit of prayer, humbly and meekly. There was no direct allusion to the conflict in which the rev. gentleman had been so long engaged, save in the commencement a passing reference to his peculiar circumstances in addressing his flock for the first time, which made this text so suitable to begin with; but he might be considered as attacking the dogmas which he opposes by the strenuous way in which he asserted what he considered the claims of the Scriptures. He concluded by adverting in the slightest possible manner to the extraordi [extraordinary] circumstances under which his ministration among them had com- [commenced] menced, [mended] marked, as it had been, by a manifest and providential interposition. He besought his parish- [parishioners] ioners [owners] to let a connexion so begun continue in harmony and advance in love. He was their appointed minister, and the time was hastening on when God's ministers would have to give an account of their stewardship, and when their hearers would have also to account for their opportunities. He adjured them so to live and act as that, by God's grace, there should be no fear for the end. The congregation then departed in a quiet and peace- [peaceable] able manner. The parishioners appear to receive Mr. Gorham in a very friendly spirit, and it is said that he has nothing to apprehend from the critical disposition of the churchwardens, who are plain men, not at all disposed for abstruse polemics. The 'Squire (Mr. Furs- [Furs don] don) and his family were among the congregation. ii Sir Robert Peel's portrait is to be the Stockton ' memorial of the deceased statesman. The cheap excursion trains on the Great Western Rail- [Railway] way, from London to Bath and Bristol, on Sunday last, carried between 7,000 and 8,000 passengers. The failure of Messrs. William Morris, of Manchester, power-loom manufacturers, is greatly regretted. The creditors have agreed to accept a composition of 12s. 6d. in the pound on the estate of William Morris and brother, and 7s. 6d. in the pound on the estate of William Morris. ARRIVAL OF M. LaMARTINE [Martin] 1N LONDON.-Intelligence has just reached us of the arrival of M. Lamartine, [Martin] fthe [the] dis- [distinguished] tinguished [distinguished] French orator, poet, and statesman. He arrived in London this morning (Friday,) and has taken up his resi- [rest- residence] dence [dene] in the neighbourhood of Hyde-park. We understand that M. Lamartine's [Martin's] presence in London is on a mission connected with the colonisation of his estate in Smyrna, and that itis [its] his wish during his stay to maintain strict privacy.-Standard of Freedom. MOVEMENT TO REVIVE THE POWER OF CONVOCATION.- [CONVOCATION] Arrangements are in progress for organising a great move- [movement] ment [men] throughout the country, with a view to demand from the government a revival of the powers of convocation. A large number of wealthy persons have undertaken to support the movement by pecuniary contributions, so that little doubt exists of its being carried out with spirit. church y are taking the necessary steps for acounter [account] movement, the Rev. iel [ie] Wilson, vicar .of Islington, having temporarily put himself at the head of the evangelical section of the church.- [church] Weekly Chronicle. An Abstract of the number of Parliamentary Electors in Great Britain and Ireland, according to the Registra- [Registrar- Registration] tons of 1848-49 [W-49] and 1849-50, [W-50, has just been published. We learn from it that the total number of electors on the register for 1849-50 [W-50] is 1,050,187. For the cities and boroughs, 471,502. For the counties, 587,685. The num- [sum- numbers] bers [bees] last year were 1,041,203. For the cities and boroughs, 451,534. For the counties, 589,669. This shows an increase in the cities and boroughs of 19,968, and a decrease in the counties of 10,984; making the increase in the whole con- [constituency] stituency, [constituency] 8,187. GRowTH [Growth] OF COTTON IN GuIANA.-Mr. [Guinea.-Mr] Josias [Josiah] Booker sailed from Liverpool for Demerara, in one of his own ships, a few days since, accompanied by one of his sons and a number of labourers, young men, who are to be made in- [instrumental] strumental [instrumental] in the production of tropical produce, more especially cotton, on his estate. Mr. Booker takes out agricultural instruments embracing every recent improve- [improvement] ment. [men] EXTENSIVE EMBEZZLEMENT aT GLascow.- [Glasgow.- Glasgow] During the last few days, Captain Miller, head of the Glasgow police, has been in Manchester, and has been, with Mr. Chief Superintendent Beswick, engaged in making enquiries respecting a Mr. James Dewar, lately a teller in one of the Glasgow banks, who has absconded, taking with him about 2,000. It appears that Dewar left Glasgow on the 17th ult. for London, accompanied by his wife and infant child, having previously obtained leave of absence for a fortnight. Subsequently serious defalcations were discovered in his accounts, and it was ultimately ascertained that about two 2,000 was missing; it is sup that Dewar has taken this amount with him principally in gold. We understand that the result of the enquiries of Mr. Beswick and Captain Miller leaves little doubt that Dewar left London almost immediately, and proceeded to Liverpool, whence he sailed for New You, on the 21st ult. on board the American mail steamer Atlantic-the same vessel in which Mddle. [Middle] Jenny Lind went out. A reward of 50 has been offered for his apprehension.- [apprehension] Manchester Guardian. UNFOUNDED CHARGE OF ROBBERY. At the Marl- [Marlborough] borough Police Court, London, on Friday, a respectable pawnbroker, named Walter, was charged with stealing a parse and its contents, under the following circumstances r. Featherstone, an auctioneer, from Somersetshire, [Somerset] stated that on Thursday night he got into the Kensington omnibus, and the defendant shortly afterwards seated him- [himself] self on his left side. Just before that witness felt his purse safe in his left side, but when they got to the end of Oxford-street it was there no longer. Being convinced that no one but the defendant could have taken it, he gave him in charge, and proceeded with him to the station house, where Mr. Walter was locked up. The witness then went home, and when he went up stairs to bed he found the purse in his right-hand pocket. He could only account for this by supposing that it had been replaced by a con- [confederate] federate. The magistrate instantly discharged the defen- [defend- defendant] dant, [dan] and recommended Mr. Featherstone to make ample apology and recompense for the injury he had done to hi reputation. Unions oF Lipertizs [Lipton's] with CountTiES.-By [Countries.-By] an act of the late session (13th and 14th Victoria, chap. 105), [W] facili- [facility- facilities] ties are given for the union of liberties with the counties in which they are situate. It seems that there are various liberties having separate commissions of the peace, and ustices [justice] may, in General or r Session, petition her ajesty [Majesty] for a union to be e with the counties. There are twelve sections in the act respecting the trial of prisoners, and the procedure to be observed after the union 18. effec [effect] PARENTAL AFFECTION OF THE OWL. Last week, a boy belonging to Fownhope, discovered an owl's nest con- [containing] taining [training] four young ones. The birds were equally divided among the captors, but three of the birds have since died. The old owl having, after the lapse of. a week, discovered the spot where the only iving [Irving] one is kept, although at a of a a half from whence the birds were removed, comes ly every evening, about six o'cl to supply food to her young one, ook, [oak] Spurious Tra.-According [Tar.-According] to a trade circular, there is aspurious [spurious] tea manufactory in Jersey, where the bad and damaged tea from the bond warehouses, the tea leaves pur- [our- purchased] chased at the hotels of the metropolis, and the indigenous leaves of the island are converted into what is sold for tea. It is pronounced that a tree with a green leaf upon it will soon be as rare a sight in Jersey asa May flower in England at Christmas. Direct COMMUNICATION BETWEEN LANCASTER AND TRELAND.-We [IRELAND.-We] have been informed that arrangements are in progress between a steam navigation company and the North-Western Railway Company, to have a steainer [Stainer] to ply regularly between Belfast and Poulton. Should this be the case, the route from Yorkshire to Ireland will be materially shortened. The pier at Poulton is progressing, and above 100 yards are built below high water mark.-Prestor [mark.-Preston] Guardian. THE DETECTIVE.-The great utility of the electric telograph [Telegraph] was detmonstrated [demonstrated] on Sunday evening week, Some young fellows had induced the son of a respectable citizen to rub his parent of 20, The parties left Lincoln for Hull by the six p.m. train, consoline [Collins] them- [themselves] selves with the reflection that they could not be s opped [s oped] as there was no telegraph along the line. The iather [other] having discovered his loss and communicated with the superin- [superior- superintendent] tendent [tendency] of police, the latter, at twenty minutes past sever, communicated by telegraph via Derby to Hull police sta- [station] tion. [ion] The messaze [message] arrived at forty minntes [minutes] past seven, upon which one of the officers went down to tue Humber side and apprehended ithe [the] young delinquent as he Was step- [stepping] ping from the packet at 825. Unwisely, the father would not permit direction that the others should be stopped, and consequently, though he recovered his sen he lost his 20. Tt seems that when passing Rasen in the train, the companions of the yeuth [youth] advised him that the money was not safe, end prevailel [prevailed] upon him to entrust it to one of them. The lad has since informed his father that they chose this route because they imagined there were no means of telegraphing from Linculn [Lincoln] to Mercury. THE FREEHOLD Livp [Live] MoveMENT.-An [Movement.-An] interesting event n connection with this movement, took place on Monday, at East Moulsey, [Mules] West Swrey. [Sere] An esiate [estate] haviag [having] recently been purchased by the Westininster [Westminster] Freehold Land Society, a large party left town, by special train, for the purpose of celebrating the acquisition of it. On arriving at the Hamp- [Ham- Hampton] ton Court Terminus, the party found a band in attendance. A procession was immediately formed, which, being pre- [preceded] ceded by several flags, and favoured with fine weather, presenied [presented] an extremely lively appearance. The estate, which has become the property of the members of the society, is situated rather more than a mile from Hampton Court. Having entered upon the estate the procession paraded the circuit of it, acvording [according] to established usage in such eases. This occupied some time, the land comprising about thirty acres. It may here be observed that the estate having cost about 4,700, it is contemplated to parcel it out into about 260 allotments, giving, of course, the same number of votes; and while the amount paid by the allottees will be from 25 to 35 per acre, it is expected that they will each derive from their property a return of about 3 per annum. DEATH IN A CARRIAGE.-On Tuesday week Mr. Badger held an inquest at the Prince of Wales Hetel, [Hotel] Masbro', [Maestro] on view of the body of Mr. Richard Heath, a gen- [gentleman] tleman [gentleman] retired from business, and residing at Steurpore, [Posture] near Kidderininster, [Kidderminster] who expired on Monday in one of the carriages of the down express train on the Midland Railway. Mr. Heath had arranged to make a tour through Scotland, along with his brother, Mr. M. Heath, of Cookley, near Kidderminster, iron master; and they had joined each other at the Stourbridge Station on Monday morning, to commence their journey. They proceeded by the train to Birmingham, where they breakfasted together, and then went forward to Derby. On arriving at Derby deceased took a ticket by the express train to York, but took his place in a wrong train. In consequence of haviny [having] to hurry to reach the express train, he became very munich [much] excited, and on taking his seat complained to his brother of diti- [ditto- difficulty] culty [guilty] of breathing. He continued to grow worse, but de- [declined] clined [lined] the request of his brother and another gent'eman [gent'man] and lady who were in the sanie [sane] conipartment, [compartment] to stop at the first station and obtain medical aid. After the train had passed Chesterfield he said that he felt so mnch [much] worse that he could not go forward, and must stay at the tirst [first] station. He became insensible shortly after, and his brother endea- [end- endeavoured] voured [poured] to signal the guard, but was unable to attract his attention. On being removed from the carriage at Masbro' [Maestro] to the Prince of Wales Hotel, the gentieman [gentleman] was discovered to be dead. From the cvidence [evidence] otf [of] Dr. Robinson, who was callod [called] in, it appeared tht [the] death had arisen from disease of the heart, and a verdict to that cflect [collect] was returned.- [returned] Shejield [Sheffield] Independent. Riot ry aA MormMoN [Morton] CHAPEL IN LINCOLNSHIRE.-A serious disturbance took place on Sunday afternoon last, at the Mormon chapel, Broad street, Spalding. It appears that at the close of une [one] of the services, a short time ago, one of the elders offered to answer any questions which might be put to him. This intimmation [intimation] was accepted, and the elder was interrogated in such a manner that he became completely dumbfoundered. [dumb foundered] To prevent the repetition of an occurrence likely to damage tie sect, and shake the faith of some of the elect, it was determined to exclude any persons except those who were introduced by one of the saints. Notwithstanding this announcement, many persons presented themselves, on Sunday last, for adimitiuuce, [admitted] and the privilege being refused by one of the elect placed side the door, he was assailed by the mob, and ultimately compelled to retire within. An attack was then made upon the Mormon elysium, and one of the saints, a big fellow, attempted to thrust back his assailants by wielding a large rolling pin. Ultimately the police were sent for, but, notwithstanding their interference, a number of unbe- [unable- unbelievers] lievers [levers] gained admission to the temple. Several questions were then put to an elder, but, instead of answering, he entered into a violent denunciation against the sinfulness of those assembled. Not in the least daunted, the questioner manfully kept his ground, and the Mormons, not being prepared to answer, and seeing it impossible to put him down, raised a cry of turn him out This was easier said than done part sided with the Mormons, and part against them, anda [and] general fight ensued, bonnets were broken, coats torn, and hats smashed. The mob outside, hearing the row within, made a rush, and ancther [another] section gained admittance. The questioner got his coat slit up the back by a Mormon, who, in retwn, [return] was rather roughly handled. The police, after a time, again restored quiet. On leaving the tuwn [town] in the evening, the Mormons were attacked, and pelted with stones and mud.-Provincial paper. Aw Eccentric CaaRAcTLR.-The [Cataract.-The] owner ot considerable property, as well as a resident, in the parish of West Ham, has a peculiar monomania for empty houses, and he has a great number which have not been occupied for years, the rents of which, if let, would amount to several hundred pounds per annum and yet, strange to say, the owner's habits are of the most penurious kind. Persons applying to hire one of his houses must have the following qualifica- [qualification- qualified] f tions, [tins] and comply with the following rules -A wife and a ply large family; never smoke, nor keep birds, nor place flower-pots on the window sills and should any person by misrepresentation obtain possession of any house, legal pro- [proceedings] ceedings [proceeding] are immediately taken to eject the occupant. It is said that his lawyer's and builder's bills are two items in his expenses which he pays most liberally. He hasa [has] for each of his rooms in his own dwelling, but they are invariably kept folded up, as he says, to preserve them and a gentleman who is in the habit of frequently calling on him says he never saw them laid down, and has fre- [re- frequently] quently [frequently] joked him about taking care of his carpets.- [carpets] Essex Standard. DEFEAT OF Mr. BUSFEILD [BUILDS] FERRAND AMONG THE FaRMERS.-On [Farmers.-On] Thursday week a meeting was held at Ross, in Herefordshire, for the purpose of forming a branch of the Wool and Flax Association, and to hear from Mr. Busfeild [Builds] Ferrand an explanation of the objects of the as- [association] sociation [association] and its bearing upon the industrial resources of the country. The meeting took place in a meadow at the back of Barrett's Royal Hotel, where a couple of waggons served the purpose of a platform. Mr. Ferrand was intro- [introduced] duced [duce] to the meeting by the chairman (Mr. Chillingworth) [Chilling worth] in due form, and immediately proceeded to hold torth [North] upon the subject of which he had given notice. The honourable gentleman was in the midst of an argument intended te prove that the great cause of low wages in England was the competion [competition] of the Irish, aud [and] was proceeding very man- [manfully] fully in the teeth of some portentous interruption, when a rocession [procession] of about a score of persons marche-l [March-l] up to the nt of the hustings, two of them bearing poles, on one of which was an immense loaf, decorated with party coloured ribbons and labelled Free trade, on the other was a small loaf, enveloped in crape, and labelled Protection. The crowd who accompanied it commenced shouting and hooting with all their might; and being joined by the small band of free traders who had stationed themselves in front of the waggons, made such a hostile demonstration, that, for a considerable time, all the attempts of the chair- [chairman] man and the gentlemen on the platform to restore order were in vain. Comparative quiet having becn [been] at le restored, Mr. Ferrand resumed his address. He had not, however, proceeded far when a placard was elevated in front of the waggon, on which was inscribed The rejected of Knaresborough and this was the signal for renewed hooting and uproar. Mr. Ferrand having again obtained a hearing, was just immersing himself in a fresh batch of statistics, and calling upon the House of Commons to lend a helping hand to save the Lancashire cotton spinners from ruin, when another placard, bearing the words Convicted liar, was exhibited by the crowd, anda [and] cry was raised to overturn the gons. [song] A rush was instantly made, the chains that held the wheels together were loosened, and the most desperate efforts were made to detach the wheels by taking out the linch-pins. [inch-pins] This led to a fight in the body of the crowd, and, matters becoming serious, many of the gentlemen in the waggon leaped out to avoid being over- [overturned] turned. Mr. Ferrand again presented himself, and was proceeding, in the midst of renewed confusion, when another rush was here made to the waggons, for the purpose of overturning them, and another retreat of most of its occupants was the result. Mr. Ferrand and one or two others still held their ground till some stones were thrown, when the chairman advanced to the front of the waggon, and said, as they were determined not to hear any person, he declared the meeting dissolved. Several persons now scrambled up the waggons, and succeeded in obtaining possession, amidst the most deafening uproar, The chairman and gentlemen who took an active part in getting up the meeting retired to the back of the veral [veal] blows were Sane) at Mr. F. with sticks, and the poles on which the placards were carried but he wag by she firm of his frien [friend] uc im [in] in safety to his hotel, followed by the crow. who then paraded the town with a band of PaUPERISM [Pauperism] ON THE DECLINE. During the last Mr. Coxon, the relieving-officer of the Holbeach dintriek [intrigue] (a very large one) of this union, had not a single application made to him for relief. This is a fact quite unp [up] indeed, the labourers in this part have been for some time past better off than they ever were.-Lincola [were.-Lincoln] Chronicle. Narrow EscaPe [Escape] oF THE DUKE or W rae oa ns ae wae [we] ing from Castle when on the Deal road, a le east 01 ver [Rev] the h is carriage took fright at a hoard iby [by] side a a oe were pos [post] r during the races. post- [post] boy lost command of the horses, aad [and] the carriage was cipitated [situated] down a declivity of about two feet, into a stubble field. One of the horses fell, and the post-boy was thrown under the but escaped unhurt, officers of the royal navy, who were w 'ing on the road, assisted the ds, who duke out of his carriage. His who his coolness, then proceeded ankly [ankle] to Walmer.