Huddersfield Chronicle (20/Apr/1850) - page 6

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AMERICA. By the Wiagara, [Niagara] we have advices [advice] from Boston and Halitax [Halifax] to-the 5thinst. [things] The proceedings of Congress present nothing 'worthy of. special comment, No-subjiect [No-subject] of interest had -the attention of either house, but that of slavery, on-which all that had Was an interminable war of words. 4 MM. Bois Le Compte, [Compete] the Minister of the French republic, was presented to President Taylor, on Monday,-the 18th ult. in the presence ef the whole cabinet. The speech of M. Le Compte [Compete] as marked by a conciliatory spirit, and was Fr vonded [Bonded] te by the President with cordial expressions Q hing. jo. Tre [Te] seth [set] at we ohn [on] C. Calhoun, the distinguished senator from South Carolina, took place on Sunday, March 3lst. [last] This event has long been anticipated. Mr. Calhoun was 1782, and was descended from an Ixtsh [Sixth] family -which emigrated to when his father was about. three years old. oo . Private advices [advice] from New Orleans state -that the cholera -had again broken out -in that eity, [city] and it was feared it would assume an epidemic form. A letter had been received from the Hen, Abbott Law- [Lawrence] rence, [rents] Minister to England, by 'the secretary of the Ameri- [Amer- American] can Institate [Institute] of New York, in relation to the contemplated industrial exhibition at London in 1841. Mr. Lawrence warmly recommends the objects of the exhibition, believing that great benefits maybe derived frem [free] it, not only by the citizens of the United States, bet by all mankind. The institute had taken measures to carry the suggestions of Mr. Lawrence into effect. . THe [The] of Weresster.-The [Western.-The] trial of Professor Wébster, [Webster] for the murder of Dr. Parkman, was brought to a close, at-Boston, on Saturday night, the 30th ult., and a verdict of guilty rendered aga'nst [ag'not] the prisoner, and the trial occupied -elsven [eleven] days. During its whole progress, the accused displayed a reniarkable [remarkable] selt-command, [set-command] ta the evidence -with intense interest, but with p2rfect [perfect] ealmness, [calmness] showing not the slightest consciousness of guilt, mor [or] .any emotion, from which inferences could be drawn. The Counsel for the defenec [defence] endeavoured to set -aside the preofs-of [proofs-of] the identity of Dr. Parkman's remains, -to show that the prisoner was at Cambridge at the time. alleged for his dispesing [dispensing] of the remains,-and to prove that, Parkman had been seen subsequent to the hour of the murder as stated in the indictment. The jury were absent. about three hours, and at eleven o'clock returned and. pro-- [pro] nounced [announced] the fatal verdict. Dr. Webster was sentenced to. death on the fellowing [following] Monday, and his execution was ap- [appointed] pointed to take place at such time as may be determined by the governor of the state. The result of the trig was communicated to Dr. Webster's family at Cambridge on Sunday morning. The b-arer [b-are] of the intelligence was Mrs. Preseott, [Present] the mother of the distinguished historian, and half-sister of Mrs. Webster. It was received with the most frenzied anguish. INDIA. The Overland Mail has arrived, with dates from Bombay to the 16th of March; Madras, 13th of March Calcutta, of March and Hong Kong, 27th of February. Sir Charles Napier issued a general order on the subject of the mutiny of the 66th Bengal Native. Infantry, by, which that regiment is disbanded, its colours.being de-. livered over to the Nussaree [Nursery] battalion, which is henceforth to be nominated the 66th or Goorka [Cook] Regiment. The result of the expedition sent from Peshawur [Pasha] against the hill tribes near Kohat, [Hat] has not proved so satisfactory as was at first anticipated.. The-object of the expedition was to reinforce the post of 'Kohat, [Hat] which had been cut off and endangered by the insurrection of these tribes, to chastise them for their unprovoked massacre. of our Sappers and Miners, and to clear the passes, and restore the communica- [communicate- communication] tion [ion] between Peshawur [Pasha] and Kehat, [and Heat] The first object has been attained by the. reinforcement of Kohat, [Hat] but in traversing what Sir Chayles.stylea, [] a dingerous [dangerous] defile 15 miles in length, exposed. te a constant fire of matchlock- [matchlock men] men, Sir C. Campbell has lost 197 of all ranks, killed and wounded, which is supposed greatly to exceed the loss of the enemy. The passesstill [passes still] remain closed the enemy are to he highly exasperated at what has occurred and a second expedition, on a larger scale, is talked of. Sir C. Napier was on his- [hi sway] way back-to Lahore. The ex-Mahgrajah [ex-Maharajah] Dhuleep [Help] Singh arrived at his place of exile (Futieghur) [Fatigue] on the 12th of A garilen [Caroline] has been made, and the grounds of the in which he resides have been laid out very tastefully for him. The Culeutia [Militia] Eagkghman [Examine] reports some on the frontier of Assam, ogcasioned [occasion] by a hill tribe, called Nagas, [Sagas] having succeeded in driving a large detachment of Sepoys out of their hills, by burning their provisions, One of the dryinz-houses [drying-houses] at the Madras powder ills blew up. on the. Ith [It] of March, killing four men, and wounding others. The cause of the accident is unknown. The eccounts [accounts] of the districts of Mulkapoor [Milk] were con- [confirmed] firmed, the Rajoop [Rap] faction, assisted by-about 200 Sheiks, were victorious over the Mussulmans [Salmons] and their allies, but a body of the victors were intercepted and deprived of their plunder by the troops sent from Aurungabad [Arranged] to quell the riot. The Nizam's [Name's] financial and Ministerial difficulties re- [remained] mained [maiden] unabated, and a crisis in both cases appeared imminent. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. Rerort [Report] ON THE SratTE [Rate] or THE BOMBAY MARKETS, FROM THE 2ND TO THE 15TH [THE] OF MaRcH, [March] INCLUSIVE, LonxccioTus.-Demand [Lancaster's.-Demand] dull. Domestics.-Sales, 2,620 pieces, at 8r. 7a. to 124r [r] per piece. The Arabs have purchased pretty largely of the coarser qualities, at a slight reduction, however, in price ; and a fair business. has been, done in. the finer makes by the Persian dealers. Fancy Goops.-Plain [Goods.-Plain] and allover jappet [tappet] scar's, bleached mulls, pine and zabra [zebra] dresses, are dull; while a good de- [demand] mand [and] exists for gray [Gray] and bleached chootics [shoots] with fancy borders, gray [Gray] mulls, low lappet and lappet scarfs, dyed. mulls and madapoHams. [Madams] Drep. [Deep] Goors.-Turkey [Goods.-Turkey] red mulls are. uninquirel [uninjured] for, the demand for twilled and plain. cloth having slightly increased, WooLLens.-The [Woollen.-The] value of finnnels [flannels] has slizhtly [slightly] receded, but fair rates are still obtainable. Stocks are bw. The demand for and value of fine cloths have declined, while medium save list qualities ane [an] in good inquiry.. HIN [IN] AY Hone Kone, [One] Fes. [Fe] 27. The Peninsular and' Oriental Company's steamer Pekin arrived here on the 17th inst., bringing accounts from England to the 23th of December The Apolia [Apply] troop-ship, with the head-quarters of the 5th Regiment, arrived here on the 9th, after a passage from England of 236 days, having had to put into Rio Janciro [January] in. consequence of the cholera having broken out en board. 'The number of deaths, however, did not exceed 12, The Apollo sails from this on the Ist [Its] proximo, [proximity] and takes home the 95th Regiment, after 13 years' service in the East. The holydays [holidays] have passed over quictly [quickly] at Canton, and business is now being resumed, with an indication of im- [in- improvement] provement [improvement] in most articles of import. . Matters remain in statw [state] gua [gun] at Macao. Various rumours are afloat as to the intentions ofthe [of the] new-Governor when bo arrives with the force under is command. Dates from Shanghai are to the 19h [H inst. Little doing owing to the holydays. [holidays] Silk continued scarce, and prices were expected to undergo a further advance. The export from China up date, compared with that of kst [st] year, is about 1,300 bales short, and is still not expected to exceed 13,000 to 14,000 bales EGYPT. ALEXANDRIA, APRIL 6. Abbas Pasha, the Viceroy; has quitted his residence in the Desert, and is now staying in Cairo. Artin [Train] Bey is kere, [ere] and is making various. alterations in the. administra- [administer- administration] tion [ion] of gevernment.. [Government] The starquis [Marquis] of Northampton, the Earl of Alford, and their party, who have been travelling in the Upper Country- [Country for] for the lasé [last] three. menths, [months] have. taken their passage to Marseilles by the French steamer. Mr. Layard [Yard] and his party are still carrying on their excavations at Nimred' [Named] and Ninevch. [Nineveh] A large-number of copper vesscls [vessels] beautifully engraved have been found in the former, and latter .a.large assortment of fine slabs, illustrative of the-rule,. congnest, [contest] domestic life, and arts of the ancient Assyriuns, [Assassins] are committed to paper. by tho able artist, Mr. Cooper, one of the expedition. The country throyghout [through] the north of Syria is unsafe for travellers, and strong escozts [escort] are requisite, The Ottoman Govyergment, [Government] insteid [instead] of favouring the oultivation [cultivation] of silk in. the mountais, [mountain] which are remarkably adapted for the growth ef the mulberry, and which, in the course of a.fow- [a.ow- years] years, would yield a stapic [static] cxpor [export] are dreaming of further. conquests in the south-eastern parts ef Arabia down by-the- [Persian] Persian Gulf and the districts of Oman. An Admiral and. shout 50 enuineer [engineer] ofieers [officers] and ship-builders passed through. Alosul [Also] os their way to Bussorah, [Sarah] where they intend to make dock, build ships, ang [an] swim a flect [Fleet] in the Culf [Calf] of Persia. daily coming to lizht, [light] and are THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1858. ., IMPERIAL .PARLIAMENT. .--- -house, the Earl of Ilchester, Lord Stanley, and Lord Mont- [Eagleton] eagle took part. Earl Grey replied on the part of the go- [government] 'vernment. [Government] oes [ors] After disposing of some unimportant business, their lord- [lordships] ships adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS.-Fnripay, [COMMONS.-Funeral] 12. OFFICIAL SaLaRiEs.-Lord [Salaries.-Lord] J. RUSSELL, according to the notice he had given, moved the. appointment of a select committee to inquire into the nature and amount of the salaries paid from the public exchequer for official, diplo- [diploma- diplomatic] matic, [magic] and judicial services. Referring to proceedings of previous committees nominated with a similar object, the noble lord defined the scope of their inquiries as being in- [intended] tended to acquire such information as would onable [enable] the rate of individual emolument to be apportioned fairly, avoiding extravagance on one side and injustice on the other, and bearing in mind the propriety of so endowing the offices of trust as to render it possible for men of mode- [moderate] rate private fortune to undertake them. Too strict econ- [economy] omy [my] in ths [the] incomes to be allotted would, he argued, render official rank a monopoly which the rich only could enjoy After alluding to motions which stood in the notice paper in the names of Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Henley, respecting the expenditure on the corps and other branches of the public service, Lord J. Russell argued that the course the government had adopted in the appointment of the select committee was best calculated tosecure [secure] economy without endangering the efficient performance of the na- [national] tional [national] business. He adduced the saving effected in the military and naval estimates during the past three years as a proof that the ministry had not been remiss in the work of retrenchment. Some details of the economies contrived within the same period in the Treasury, the Home-office, and other departments, were also quoted by the noble lord, who explained that the process of reduction had been stea- [sea- steadily] dily [daily] going on for the last thirty years. He denied the accu- [ac- accuracy] racy of the epithet employ oy a popular and piquant author (Mr. Carlyle), who termed the public offices an Au- [Augean] gean [gen] stable, doclaring [declaring] that the work done in them was judiciously distributed, and not paid for extravagantly ; and challenged a comparison between the public establish- [establishments] ments [rents] and those of the Bank or India House. The propo- [prop- proposal] sal [sa] to make official salaries variable according to a sliding scale based upon the price of corn he considered highly in- [inexpedient] expedient, believing that only a few of the items of indivi- [divine- individual] dual expenditure had recently undergone any serious dimi- [Midi- diminution] nutior.. [nation] To the plan according to which members of either branch of the legislature were to be prohibited from hold- [holding] ing salsricd [salaried] officer, he entertained sti.l [st.l] more serious tions, [tins] and instanced many evils that would fellow the separation of the legislative from the executive portions of the national government..,....Mr. DIsRAELI, [Disraeli] in moving his promised amendment, remarked upon the singularity of the step now taken by tke [the] go- [Government] vernmment, [Government] and snowed the differences that existed between the constitution and objects of the proposed com- [committee] mittee, [matter] and of those previous committees to which Lord J. Russell had pointed as precedents. Not one word of opinion had been given by the noble lord as to the practical determination expected materials existed for the formation of the most mature opinion in the reports and investigations that were. already in the possession of the house. There was no reason why a bill should not be at once brought in to enact all practicable reductions. It had been termed indeli- [intel- delicate] cat2 [cat for parliament to interfere with the remuneration of its members but he considered that in legislation nothing was more dengerous [dangerous] than delicacy. Practically the con- [control] trol [trial] of the Commons over the public outlay was annually growing less, and the house was now placed in an invidious position, as its popular function of critic and censor of taxation was changed into those of a taxing machine. This. evasion of responsibility by the ministry he characterised as that would result from the labours of the proposed com- [committee] miitee [mite] among the most singular of the exhibitions promised, us next year. It was in the power of the ministers them- [themselves] selves to.prepare one morning much fuller information 'phan [than] the committee could accumulate in months or years. Such information, and a substantive measure based upon it, would have been laid before them by the government, if they had wished to act frankly with the house, to whose independence the present proposition, was most, hostile in F its origin and its results. the house the com- [committee] mittee, [matter] it would resiyn [reason] to a selected few of its members, and for an indefinite time, the performance of its most im- [in- important] portant [important] duties. His amendment was designed in no party spirit, but to defend the legislature against a ministerial manceuvre,.... [manure] Mr. HUME reviewed the departments wherein the salaries would come under inquiry in the committec, [committee] and argued that the amount subjected to revision was small, and the offices themselves so completely at the dis- [disposal] posal [Postal] of the crown, that the shifting off the subject upon a committee cf that house, must. be considered a suspicious circumstance. His own experience, and it. was a long one, of committees left him little expectation of benefit from this last new specimen. Entrusted to its keeping, the pro- [process] cess of retrenchinept [retrench inept] would be postponed for two years...... Mr. BRIGHT, concurring in the opinion that committces [committee] were too often shams, could not find anything more real in Mr. Disrueli's [Disraeli's] amendment. In the present instance .he expected to have a better than an average cominittee [committee] ap- [appointed] pointed, and trusted to the temper of the housc [house] and the force of public opinion to keep them up to their duties. He should nevertheless watch its composition with muchanxiety. [much anxiety] ...Mr. DRUMMOND accused the ministry of a determination to trip up the heels of the member for Oxfordshire (Mr. Henley), in his motion for efficient reductions. He sketched & fancy portrait of a financial reformer, whose habit was to vote constantly for all impossible motions, and rally round the flag of the government if they were in danger. of defeat...... Mr. Mr. GRANTLEY BERKELEY, Mr. HERRIES, [SHERRIES] and Lord JoHN [John] MaNNERs [Manner] addressed the house in favour of the amendment, and were severally replied to by Lord H. VANE, the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, 'and Lord JoHN [John] RvssELL. [Russell] On a division there appeared for the amendment, 159 against it, 250. Maiority [Majority] in fa- [favour] vour [our] of ministers, 91...... Mr. Horsman then moved a second amendment to extend the inquiry of the committes [committed] into the incomes of ecclesiastical dignitaries. 'The hon. member p' ed to give a variety of details showing that -the prelates were paid more highly, and every way morc [more] lavishly endowed, and less severely worked, than any of the judges or ministers of the crown......Sir GEORGE GREY, Mr. HENLEY, Mr, NEWDEGATE, [NEWGATE] and Mr. P. Woop [Wool] opposed tho motion, as also did Mr. GOULBURN, who made a severe attack upon Mr. Horsman, charging him with a desire to lessen the good morally and spiritually done to the com- [community] munity [unity] by the church and its ministers. After some further discussion, the amendment was negatived by 9 majority of 113...... The motion for appointing the select committee F was then put and carried. The Public Health (Scotland) Bill was read a second time after some discussion. The Police Improvement (Scotland) Bill was also read a Becond [Second] fie, and the house adjourned at 15 minutes past 2 o'clock. HOUSE OF LORDS-Mownpay, [LORDS-Monday] 15.. AGRICULTURAL DI8TREsSS.-Lord [Distress.-Lord] STANLEY presented a petition from agriculturisia [agricultural] of St. Peter's, Thanet. The petitioners stated that the same weight of taxation which was cheerfully borne under protection, could not be borne under the operation of free trade, as, though the amount of taxation had not actually imereased, [impressed] still it had increased largely relatively to the present value of money. The noble lord concluded by presenting five petitions from Lincoln- [Lincolnshire] rhire, [hire] also complaining of agricultural distress. t The Exchequor [Exchequer] Bills Bill passed through committec. [committee] THE RecENT [Recent] DECISION OF THE Privy CounciL.-In [Council.-In] an- [answer] swer [seer] to a question from Lord REDESDALE, the Bishop of LonDON [London] said that it was his full intention to go on with the Clery [Clerk] Offences Bill. The bi l comprehended some import- [important] aat [at] clauses not connected with the subject of a court of appeal, and before going on he wished to have the oppor- [upper- opportunity] tunity [unity] of consulting lis [is] right rev. friends and other clergy- [clergymen] -men on the matter. Assoon [Soon] as he had done this, and was 'in a condition to introduce a clause that would satisfy the church and the country, he would proceed with the bill. The Brick Duties Bill passed through committee, and Their lordships then adjourned, aes [as] HOUSE OF COMMONS.-Monpay, [COMMONS.-Monday] 15. Petitions in favour of the Secular Bill were resented by Mr. W. J. Fox, Mr. C. Lusuineton, [Linton] Mr. W. rowN, [town] Colonel THoMPsoN, [Thompson] Mr. Bass, Mr. Hunk, and Sir F. BARING....... Mr, S. CrRawrorD [Crawford] presented petitions Rochdale, and elsewhere, praying for a reduction of the duty on. te2....,-. [te] Mr. BRIGHT. presented a petition, from Manchester, against the the established ehurelh....... [laurel] J, MIANNERS [MANNERS] and Lord MARGH [MARCH] presented Factary [Factory] Bill were presonted [presented] by Mr. Conpzy, [Cony] Sir James My. DENISON, and other hon. members. LorpD [Lord] LIECTENANT [LIEUTENANT] OF IRELAND.-Lord J. RUSSELL gave- [gave] notice of his intention, on the May, to introduce a 'from his committee, although unconstitutional and went on to class the 'blue book petitions from.Leneashire [from.Lancashire] against the system of relays in. 'factories, aud [and] petitions in favour of an Eleven Hours. ditt ditto] for the abolition of the office of Lord Lieutenant of. Vin [In] a land, and for the appointment of a fourth Secretary of HOUSE OF LORDS,;-Farpay, [LORDS,;-Fray] Apnit [Appoint] 12. tate. [rate] Fe ye - of the day bein, [being] ah oni [on] Pon [On] on rnd [end] nd nm air DOTS BO th, nr of day Wag poms on, in which Lord Lyttelton, Lord Wode- [Wodehouse] asked whether it was competent for the house to deal with a subject like this, which was one that was likely 'to increase the taxation of the country, without submi [submit] the propositions first to a committec [committee] of the whole house e CHANCELLOR of the EXxcHEQUER [Exchequer] said that no other tax would be levied in the altered bill now before the house, beyond that contained in the first schedule which had passed h committee.......Mr. GOULBURN said the right hon. ge introduce into the bill a mode fr lew [Lee] ing the stamp duty, which had hereto, fore never been It ap d to him t the system proposed by the right hon. gentleman would lead to, great inconvenience and much injustice, and would suggeat [suggest] that the scale should be a descending, and not, an agcend- [agent- ascending] ing one.-After a series of objections had;been raisedjby [raised] sexeral [several] mombers, [members] bill....... The CHancELLOR [Chancellor] of the EXCHEQUER recapitulated the principles of the bill, which he explained to haye [hay] been aimed rather to secure equality than remission, in the weight of the stamp duties. He promised, in favour of the landed interest, to reduce the 3 per cant..duty on mortgages and conveyances, as i proposed, to or s. for every 100. As to tho question, whether the result, would show an increase or a diminution. of revenue, he bad no conclusive evidence to show but calculating approxima- [approximate- approximatively] tively, [lively] upon the principle that the returns. flowed. chiefly an Oe Soe [Se] eel r. transactions, and including the hoe had just announced, the. cstimated. [estimated] less to. the Exchequer was from 320,000 to 350,000 per annum. It. would certainly be over 300,000 per annum...Mr. DisRaELI [Disraeli] of the Exchequer of having br kk fai [fair] h h the small to f land. In roken [broken] faith with the roprietors [proprietors] 0; abo, was promised them the b bonus of 350, ( bya [by] mee [me] the stamp duty, out of the treasury sur- [Sir- surplus] plus in hand but it now turned out that all the gain to one class of proprigtors [proprietors] was to be paid in increased taxation by another class...,.. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said that when he stated that the measure he proposed with regard, to stamps. would involve a loss of somewhere under 300,000, he at the same time statedthat [stated that] he pro- [proposed] posed to relieve transactions of a small amount, as he done, and increase those of a larger amount; and that upon a balance he should lose 300,000 'efter [after] seme. [see] further conversation, Mr. BRIGET [BRIGHT] said there was an almost universal opinion that the bill would increase taxation, in place of giving any relief. As few hon. members were con- [conversant] versant [servant] with the nature of the bill, he suggested that it should be sent to a, select committee, to whom the whole question of stamps could be referred...,. Mr. SADLEER [SADDLER] and Mr. CoNOLLY [Connolly] trusted the committee would defer the further consideration of the bill to.a future time...... Lord J. Rus- [Us- Russell] SELL could not see how the postponement of the bill for a week or a fortnight would assist the object which hen. members vjiew., [view] Great inconvenience always resulted from the postponement of measures of this kind; many transgetions.being [transactions.being] kept in-abeyance, If there was a gene- [general] ral [al] agreement on the principle of the measure, let the com- [committee] mittee [matter] at once go into a consideration of the details, in order that some progress might be madce......Continued [made......Continued] dis- [discussion] cussion [caution] on the of delay ensued, in which Lord DuDLeY [Dudley] STEwart, [Stewart] of the EXCHEQUER took part. The first clause-was at last agreed to. The clauses in the bill, with the exception of clause 8, which was withdrawn. were discussed and agreed to, and the committee proceeded with the schedules......0n schedule B, Sir Henny WILLOUGHBY, on the item charging a duty of 2s. 6d. on bonds for sums under 50, moved an amendment reducing the duty to Is After considerable discussion, the committee divided -For the amendment, 164 against it, 125 [W majority against the clause, 29 The announcement of the numbers was received with loud cheering...... On the motion of the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, the Chairman then reported progress without asking leave to sit again, the right hon. baronet stating that the government must take time to. consider their course of proceeding under the circumstances arising out of an adverse vote. which involved so large a sacrifice of. SECURITIES FOR ADVANCES (IRELAND) BILL.-On the order of the day for the second reading of this bill, Mr. J. SruaRt [Stuart] asked a series of questions in reference to the work-. ing of the Encumbered Estates Bill, which the Solicitor- [SolicitorGencral] Gencral [General] for Ireland did not possess the requisite information. te answer, and ultimately the Solicitor-General agreed to a postponement of the second reading until Thursday. MEDICAL CHARITIES (IRELAND).-Sir W. SOMERVILLE, in answer to objections urged against tlie [tie] seecnd [second] reading o this measure, szid [said] he was anxious that, the bill should be read pro formd, [ford] in order that he might introduce several amendments.-The bill was then read a second time, and ordered to be committed. The Process and Practice (Ireland) Bill, as amended, was 4 considered, and the agreed to. The Indemnity Bill was passed through committee. EXTRA-MURAL INTERMENTS IN THE METROPOLIS.-Sir G. GREY gave notice of a bill for making better provision . for the interment of the dead in and near the metropolis. 'The measure was founded upon a recent report of the board of health, and was intended to avoid injury to the health ef the living, and secure decency in the burial of the dead in the vicinity of the metropolis. Proper compensation was also to be afforded to the clergy and other parties whom the provisions of the bill might be calculated to injure...... After some conversation, leave was given to bring in the bill, and the house adjourned at a quarter past one HOUSE OF LORDS.-Tvespay, [LORDS.-Trespass] Aprit [April] The Brick Duties Bill and the Exchequer-bills Bill were.. read a third time and passed. HGUSE [HOUSE] OF COMMONS.-Tvespay, [COMMONS.-Trespass] APRIL, 16.. TAXES ON. KNOWLEDGE.-Mr. MILNER in a- Dag and masterly speech, moved a series of resolutions, declaring that it was now expendient [expenditure] to make such financial arrangements as would enable the House to repeal the paper duty, the stamp duty on newspapers, the advertise- [advertisement] ment [men] duty, and the Customs Duty on foreign books. Mr. Gibson then entered into a long argumentative statement as to the evil. effects of the taxes referred to in his resolu- [resolute- resolutions] tions, [tins] quoting the. evidenca [evidence] of Messrs. Chambers and Knight as to the heavy burden laid upon literature and Pointing out also. the injurious tendencies of the paper uties [ties] a ne trades and manufretures [manufacturers] In pro- [proing] ing the of the stamp duty on newspapers he Fished not to meddle with the Past. Office, but to leave such papers as were. sent through that channel to pay postage fur their transmission. He contended that, the resolutions proposed could alone admit of such a dissemina-. [disseminate] tion [ion] of literature as was needful to counteract the pestilent trash of the present day. He also dwelt upon the hardship done to all classes by the advertisement duty, and to the poor student in particwar [particular] by the duty on foreign books........Mr. seconded the motion. The question. was opposed By government. cn the ground of revenue....,.. The CHANCELLOR of the ExcHEQUER [Exchequer] said that it was impossible for him to spare 1,379,000 ., which would be the total loss to the treasury if Mr. Gibson's motion was adopted. He was not more nervous than a Chancellor of the 'Exchequer out to be, but he certainly could not think without apprehension of the course which a portion of the House seemed determined to pursue. Mr, Hume had a motion on the books for that very night fora repeal of customs' duties to the amount of 1,538,000 ., so that in one night it was proposed to sweep away three millions oftaxes. [of taxes] Deficiencies had on former occasions been created by God's laws, let them beware how other defjcien- [deficient- deficiencies] cies [ties] were created by man's laws. Sir C. Wood then hinted at repudiation as the ultimate end of all this,-not that he for a moment believed that hon. gentlemen of the reform school wished- [wished far] far, or- [or would] would agree to it; but the inevitable tendency of these extravagant proposals for retrenehment [refreshment] looked in the direction of repudiation, He would take the motion as a whole, and ask the House at once tosreject [subject] it. The debate was then carried on in a very spirited man- [manner] ner [ne] by Mr. Hume, Mr. Ewart, Mr. Aglionby, [Agony] Col. Thomp- [Thom- Thompson] son, (who went against the repeal) Mr. buck, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Disraeli. e latter gentleman was in favour of Mr. Gibson's motion. The question was then put to the House, first as respected the paper duty, which was negatived by 190 to 98, the others without a division. INVESTMENTS FOR THE WORKING CLASSES.-Mr. SLANEY moved for a select committee to consider in what manner the savings of the working classes might be most securely invested. A motion of Mr. SaDLIER [Saddler] for a return of persons in India, nominated by the President of the Board of Control, and receiving salaries and emoluments, was HOUSE OF COMMONS-Wenpvyespay, Arrt [Art] 17. Tas [As] Soury [Yours] AUSTRALIAN CONSTITUTION.-Lord JoHYN [John] 'RUSSELL, in reply to, Sir William, Molesworth, said that Lord Grey had sent out an answer. te. Sir. William Denison's despatch, in regard to. the giving two elective Chambers to South Australia, and in that despatch Sir Williara [William] Molesworth would find a strong and satisfactory the house went. into, committee.on the, Mr. G,, Hupsoy, [Hips] and tha [that] CHANCELLOR, on of the course adopted by.government. This clicited [elicited] ad some lansiter [Lister] from the house. Fox' 1 t day six In a.speech of considerable length he.cautioned the hayse [has] neither to outrage, the reli- [deli- religious] gious [pious] opinions of the. cquntry, [country] nar [near] to accede to a new system of centralization. of a most objectionable. nature. 19 country had a. Seong, [Song] feeling nanst [nant] mi education, ached re. posed ta it. H and' Fore' C ty were Oo i garded [garden] the. bill as an assault civil, and religious berty, [Berry] and concluded by selen [seen] blishment [establishment] of schools in. would never be heard;.,...The Earl of ARUNDEL was not made the firs, He dyelt [dwelt] uper [per] the demgralization [demoralisation] which he said had been caused ia France by the adoption of the new system afeducation, [education] and pro- [proceeded] ceeded [needed] to denounce a variety of cheap werks [works] p hed [he] in England; andyeprinted [interpreted] here, from America, andin [Indian] which the history and character of the Saviour were treated with appa- [papa- apparent] rent devetion [devotion] and admiration, while in reality the Gospel Him. Asserting that such pyblications [publications] were favoured the.atheistic sehcol [school] which produced this Bill, he declared that we were gathering for the great battle between religion and infidelity, God al the Devil, Heaven ond [and] Hell......Mr. RoExBUCK [Roebuck] contended that the attack of the previous er was unjust, and that secular education did not mean atheism. He said that the hostility of Lord. Surrey to the Bill arose from the fact that secular education withdrew the poopie [Pope] from a meddling priesthood, whom he insisted'on cal a Church, which it was not. He (Mr. Roebuck) was just as much a minister of the church, when,teaching his children, as an but of police, parties who had to decide on this bill, and said that if they all came together and opened the Bible, no one would agree with another as to what its teaching meant. How, then, possible for Parliament to afford religious education And so we were to do nothing just because wo were a Christian nation...... Lord ASHLEY said that it was impossi [impose] ble [be] to over-rate the importance of this question and he denounced in the most solemn way any.system of teaching which, while it affected to impress Christian morality upon a child, denied him the knowledge that the founder of that morality was the Son of Ged. [Ge] He argued against the enactment on the.ground' of the extensive interference it would exert over all the educational bodies in the country, on the gronnd [ground] that it would cause an immediate levy of taxes to the amount of upwards of two millions, but chietly [chiefly] on the ground that it wasa [was] scheme withholding Christianity from the people...... Mr, MoncxTon [Monxton] MILNES, M.P. for Pontefract said, the bill merely attempted to supply, as far as secular educa- [Edgar- education] tion [ion] went, the deficiency left by the combined religious and secular education. If the opposers of the bill. had suggested; as they were bound to do, a remedy upon the latter principle, he should have co-operated with them ; but in the absenee [absence] of any other remedy for-an acknotledged [acknowledged] evil, believing at ge same time that a religious impulse was a great educational impulse, he supported this bill, which would not interfere with a religious education Lord JoHN [John] thought there was still a lamentable want of education. among the poorer classes, and that it was a subject for Parliamentary interference. He did not such doctrines as those of the books alluded to by Lord Arundel would obtain acceptation. But he thought any education on a merely sec basis. woukt [would] be lamentably insufficient and that any scholastic system, in which the immortal part of man would be lost sight of, would (unless in circumstances of the greatest necessity be a sad falling off from tha [that] discharge of our duties. He thought the hill incompatible with the liberties of English- [Englishmen] men, and with the character of the numerous and admi- [admit- admirable] rable [able] schools already in existence, in most of which the assertion of a religious principle was the important element. A power was proposed to be given to the Com- [Committee] mittee [matter] of Privy Council to force a system upon the nation, and he thought the enormous power of taxation which was also to be-given was most objectionable, The bill had not at all been what he oxpectesd, [expected] and he should therefore sup- [support] port Mr. Stafford's amendment. He wished, however, that Parliament. had, more information upon the subject, after cbtaining [containing] which the question might be re-considered. .. ...Mr Huis [His] supported the bill, and said that Mr. Fox's statements on introducing it had not been answered. He expressed great regret at the unexpected and inconsistent conduct of Lord John Russcll....... [Russell] 'he Marquis of BLANpD- [Bland- Blandford] FORD strongly opposed the bill....... On the motion of Mr. ANSTEY, 'the debate.was until that day fort- [fortnight] ight, [it] , Phe [The] Highways (South Wales) Bill was read a second e. . Leave was given to Sir J, Duckwortn [Duckworth] to bring in a bill 'ta-alter-the laws relating to weights and measures and to Mr. T. HoncEs, [Hones] a bill to alter the law relating to the revi- [Rev- revision] sion [ion] of burgess lists in corporate boroughs. The House adjourned before 6 o'clock, - - DEATH OF MADAME TussauD.-This [Tuesday.-This] lacy, whose name 4 is so well known to the public, died on Monday evening in her 90th year, after an illness of five days. In the catalogue,of her exhibition the deceased is stated to have been a native of Berne, in Switzerland at the age of six years she was sent to Paris to be placed under the care of er uncle, M. Curtius, [Curtis] Louis XVI., by whom she was instructed in the fine arts. Madame Tussaud had the honour of instructing Madame Elizabeth to draw and model, and. was employed by that princess until October, 1789. In 1802 she left France, and since that period has exhib'ted [exhibit'ted] her collection of figures in the pvingipal [principal] cities and towns of Great Britain and Ireland. Miss SELLON [SELLING] AND LORD CAMPBELE -A [CAMPBELL -A] curious corre- [core- correspondence] spondence, [sentence] has passed between Lord Campbell and Miss Sellon,the [Selling,the] lady siiperior [superior] of the Orphans' Home, a charitakte [character] asylum at Plymouth, where much excitement was created respecting Miss Sellon's [Selling's] Puseyite [Pursuit] practice, as cur readers may remember. It seems that the Lord Chief Justice was. till now on the committee of the Charity, and contributed to its funds; but that Miss Sellon [Selling] feels bound to withdraw from co-operation with one who assisted in framing the recent occlesias [Ecclesiastes] tical [critical] decision of the judicial committes, [committed] of privy council. She therefore wrote ta request the with- [with] F drawal [draw] of his name, noble and honoured as it is. To this letter Lord Campbell replied with great gentleness and re- [respect] spect, [sect] urging her to reconsider her determination, and point- [pointing] ing out that the two archbishops of Canterbury and York are equally responsible for the judement. [judgment] Miss Sellon, [Selling] how- [however] ever, remained inexorable, and in a second letter to Lord Campbell, she entered more fiily [filly] into the danger of admit- [admitting] ting heretical teaching into the church. Another letter from Lord Campbell, in which he gently rebukes the. Jady's [Lady's] intolerance, closed the correspondence, . Law oF Pustic [Rustic] MEETINGS In ScoTLAND.-At [Scotland.-At] the Edin- [Edwin- Edinburgh] burgh Police Court, on Wednesday, W. C. Sleigh, Esq., barrister, London, and Mr. Russell, Edinburgh, were charged by the lord provost with a breach of the peace in having moved and seconded aa amendment, at 9 meeting cal'e to eppose [oppose] the Marriage Affinity Bill, of which ha was chairman. The evidence showed that the noise was on the side of the prosecution; but for speaking without the einer [inner] of chairman, Mr. Sl igh [Sl if] was fined two guineas, and Mr. Russell one.gui [] and both ordered to to fmd'sureties [fed'sureties] for six months VOLUNTARY CONFESSION OF A MURDER IN MIDDLESEX. --Much excitement has been caused in the neighbourhood of Sudbury and Laleham, in consequence of a man named Charles Holden, a labourer, aged 40 years, having vokin- [invoke- control] tarily [truly] surrendered himself up to the police, and confessed' that ke murdered a young woman, twenty years ago. Holden has stated most clearly and distinctly, that about the time he used to Keop [Keep] company with 2 young woman, aged 18, named Jano [Jan] Lewis; that one night, in goin [going] across a field path with her, beiween [between] Chertsey and aleham, [Alma] they had a quarrel, and he gave her a blow with his left hand under the ear, from the effects of which she instantly expired; that he then carried the bedy [bed] into a plantation near to the mansion-house of the Earl of Lucan, where he buried her, having first made a hole two feet dee with a spade, which he got from the tool-house of Lor [Or] Lucan's gardener. He then stated the exact place where he had laid the body, and went with two policemen to point spot It appears that in November last a Skeleton was found in this very pace, and a communication was made to Mr. Wakley [Walker] upon the subject, but that gentle- [gentleman] man, owing to some information received from a surgeon in the neighbourhood, declined to hold an inquest, and no further notice was taken of the skeleton. The statement made by the prisoner has been taken down in writing, and he has several times declared the truth of it, beth before.the policemen and Bir. [Sir] Marviatt, [Marriott] one of the county magistrates. He-has beep remanded te she nextsessions,-- [next sessions,-- next sessions] tees, STROKE OF ForRTUNE.-The [Fortune.-The] schoolmaster and mistress ofthe [of the] Bridgewater Union, named Penley, by the death of a distant re'ation, [re'action] will ultimately suceeed [succeed] to 2 large pro- [property] perty.. [petty] He has left them by his will 3,000, to be paid in a ttelvemonth, [twelvemonth] and at the death of a lady, aged 75, up- [upwards] wards of 700 per annum.-Jelix [annum.-Felix] Furley. Epucation [Education] BiLt.-Qn [Bit.-Qn] the motion for the of this bill, Mr. StarroRD [Starboard] moved that it secular 32,461, and the amount. received denouncing the esta- [east- Starch] which the name of-the SuRREY [Surrey] the. mation, [nation] and; as.a. Catholic, de- [declared] . clared [Clare] 1 sent i to a in which religion narrative was discarded, and the language it placed in the mouth ef-Christ was deseribed [described] as inconsistent waworthy [worthy] - priest in This was u question not of ; He named nine different religious believe that if these secular schools should be established were 7;754 [7;W] houses charged, the daty [day] an which was 21,925, and the amount received #20, 5735, 'pool the number of houses. was 11, a42, [a] and th iat [at] Birmingham the number of houses charged wir [Sir] 'was 5,423, the duty agsessed [assessed wag 16,161, and the a received 7Fecery [ferry] Myrpsr [Mrs] at Newporr.-The. [Newport.-The] 'rice Murphy and Pa, Sullivan, who wese [West] appre... [paper] 'by the Gk rshire [shire] police on iof [of] having poor old' woman Lew . ving [vine] undesgume [undergone] an eBamin. [examine] sbefore, [before] the apn [an] the charge. The feupied [feed] a. whole day, and there were five mac present, including the mayor of Newpert. [Newspaper] There .. sno [no] doubt, from the testimony of the witnesses, 1)... ' thorrid [horrid] crime was committed by one or both the pris, [Paris] each of whom, when before the authorities, laid the .' upon the other.. Patrick Sullivan gave a detailed .. 'of the transaction. He represented that the poor ,. was knocked down with a stone by Murphy, an ikicked about [kicked about] the head, and'that they reBbe i [rubber i] her - 'shawl and a Ettle [Settle] money which they found npen [open] 4-- 'appears that the brutal ruffians mistook the unto ideceased [deceased] 'for anether [another] woman, whom they had seen ,.- 'some money for a cow which she had sold in land whom they resolved to follow and rod. By seme [see] ... -however, they aftexwards [afterwards] mistook the woman an and murdered the deceased. The magistrates auly [ail] the prisoners for trial on the charge of mum... Globe, ; THE CaMBRIDGE [Cambridge] EXEcuTions.-Maria [Execution.-Maria] Reeder ani [an] Lucas, who were found guilty at the lest Cambriri,. [Cambridge] 'ges, [ge] for the murder of Susan Lucas, the wife of 2... culprit, and sister to the female, were executed on , day last. On the evening of Friday the priseners [prisoner] . rest at about-ten e'clock, the Rev. Mr. Rowerts [Roberts] anri [anti] -elergyman [clergyman] having been with them nearly the who. ling the Scriptures and praying. The Smale ex; herself perfeetly [perfectly] resigned to her fate, and the male ...- ledged [ledge] the justice of his sentence, but expresser his 'to his fitness to meet his Maker. At six vleck black] day morning both the prisoners jomed [domed] the prayer-; at-seven they partook of a slight breakm. [break] atafew [ate] minutes before twelve, the two brought into the press-room. The exeeutierer [executioner] injened [injured] the culprits, the mournfel [mournful] procession - headed by the Under-Sheriff, the Res. Mir. Robe Mr. Orridge, [Bridge] the governer [governor] of the gach, [each] The male was brought up first. He was perfeetly [perfectly] calm, but 2),,.. to tremble slightly. Having been place l under .,, -beam, the female, who was assisted to the salluws [sales] - -turnkeys, was placed by the side of her appeared firm and resigned. The usual prelimin.. [preliminary] ing been adjosted, [adjusted] the fatal bolt was tirawn, [drawn] ar happy wretches were launched into eternity. T appeared to die without much pain, as they were - persons. The female was in her 2 st year, and -. in his 24th. [the] At the time of the exceutioa [exceptional] there lesg.than [less.than] 30,000 persons present, SunDay [Sunday] Lasovue [Love] tN tae [tea] Post-Orrice.-A [Post-Price.-A] waited on the Postmaster-General, at his lords). dence, [dene] Carlton Terrace, on Thursday, the 27st [st] uc.. to represont [represent] to his lordship the strony [strong] feeling the several towns with which the respective deputation were connected, in favour of the setirs [stairs] of postal labour-on Sundays, and te urge upon his an arrangement to this effect. the Lerd [Lord] Mayor of York, the Lord Provost of Eclin [Decline] Lord Prevost of Glasgow, the Lord Prevost of Po. Mayors of Bristol, Ipswich, Exeter, Nettinehur [Nottingham] ter, [te] Hastings, Halifax, the Provosts of Pais [Paid] and Stirling, the High Constable of Hexidersc [Schneider] - Spooner, M.P., Mr. Cowan, M.P., Joseph and the Rev. John F. Baylee, [Bayley] Secretaries to the L Seciety, [Society] and Mr. Mactie, [Mate] of Greenock. His reception of the deputation was nest courteeus, [courteous] . the various Chief Magistrates had Marquis, he distinctly told the members of the that neither he nor any member of her M ment [men] was in favour, a3. a matter of preferen [Preference] labour in the post-office, that the prepesed [proposed] 2 fer the total cessation of all postal labeur [labour] or Sen perfectly practicable, and that the autherities [authorities] were ed to carry such arrangements into effect, if . that the country generally desired it. His Jorri, [Orris] testified to the great number and respeetabilic- [respectable- respeetabilicseeking] seeking for the cessation ef all Sanday peszal [Postal] . Edinburgh Weekly Register, March 27th, [the] 1350. THE Earty [Early] LocomotTives.-Thke [Locomotives.-The] four encines [engines] on the 6th October, 1829, the winner of sbi. bi] receive premium of 500, from the treetorsof [treaties] ti pool and Manchester Railway, were the Nuveity, [Novelty] u Brathwaite [Braithwaite] and Eriesen, [Series] of London, weighme [weigh me] ewts. [West] the Sans Pareil, [April] of Mr. Hackworth, [Ackworth] of D - weiching [weighing] 4 tons 8 ewts. [West] the Rocket, of Mr. BR. son, weighing 4 tons 3 ewts.; [West] and the Perser [Perse] Brandreth, of Edmburgh, [Edinburgh] weighing 2 wns [ns] umpires were Messrs. Rastrick and Wook, [Wool] with J. Kennedy, Esq., of Manchester. were that the engines were not to exceed in tons, that each was to draw three times its orn [or] staiting, [stating] and to goa [go] distance of 7) miles ac mec [me] 10 miles per hour, Ths [The] Novelty commenced -, fortunately bursting one of its pipes, cf accu [ac] the route. The Sans Pareil [April] met with a similar al. - and was withdrawn, after it had performed 223 37 min., and was bidding fiir [for] to carry of ric [tic] pre greatest speed was 15 miles per hour. The Pex. [Ex] seems to have had no chaneeof [chance] success. The two and the Rocket were, therefore, the only engines may be said to have contended, or had a chance ing the prize, which was finally awarded te the fo this engine having rum the whole distance twice. - time in tivo [tv] hours 14. minutes seeonds, [seconds] the seeor [see] hours six minutes 49 seconds, the speed averax [average] ease 113 miles per hour, and im [in] the other 4 greatest s was 29 miles per heur, [her] ane [an] its tailes. [tailed] portion of the railway set apart was the Manchester side of Raimhill-brdoe, [Hill-bride] 21 from Liverpool, where the railway runs about eo miles on a dead level. In these trials the envin. [envied] only called upon to drag three times their own and the bast speed of the winning engine was 2 1... hour whilst the engines at present on commun [common] ten or twelve times their own weight, and serve a medium rate of twenty miles per hour. passengers' train twenty four miles per tsk [ask] Mail, Breutai [Bret] OuTRaGE.-On [Outrage.-On] Thursday week, 2 ). well-dressed man, wearing coloured spectacles, the house of a respectable farmer, at CEfton. [Certain] near Sy - whose wi essing [easing] no ordinary attraectiens-w s [attractions-w s] in the house. It had been their custom to let. ments, [rents] and, after naming several parties of (ison. [son] whom he had been recommended, he wished ments [rents] for the season for his famiiy. [family] 'The eceded [ceded] to show him the apartments on the and whist examining them he managed to sh her that her husband and the servants were 2bsent [sent] farm, and that she was the only person in the ' then desired to see the bed-rooms but she toll [C] Were precisely similar in size to those below. He sisted [sister] that he should like ta see them, and. on his lady would be the most preper [proper] person to exam n bo The - MEL tin. beddiny, [bedding] he still pressed hay and told her she ne afraid of him, ashe [she] was the father of a fis [is] nately [lately] she was by this means thrown off her in up stairs to show him the bed-rooms. entering one of them the ruffian laid hoki [hook] of struggle ensued, in which the lidy's [lady's] carmen [carman] much tern, and her shoulder wes [West] much unfortunate lady, having eseaped [escaped] the grasp vz rushed to the stairease, [staircase] with a riew [view] or ese front door, but her foot slipped, and she eas [was] to the bottom ef the staircase, followed by the rit [it] jumped on her, and her to the doer. secured by lecking [lacking] it. He then dragged her by 1 into the parlour, where he actually tore her OSS garments to pieces. The lady still ravisher, when he pulled a handsome cold werch [which] pocket, and it to her if she would con). Wishes, but she ind'gnantiy [ind'indignant] refused it. Fe hand inte [inter] his peckct, [packet] and from the breta [brea ke had already served her, she, imagining th. about to murder ker, [er] implored him nut to and to spare her honour. It wes [West] his ever, which he dyew [dye] out, and with whic [which he proves bind her hands. The lady still strugzled [struggle] wih [with] [C] till she became senseless, and was found by her 1 on his return home quite inanimee, [inanimate] the br tal mt tag accomplished his purpese [purpose] and eseaped. [escaped] ow insensible state of his victim. The pelice [police] hare in pussession [possession] of the facts, but the fellow has 2s et discovery. The unfortunate lady now Nes [Ne] im [in] a aieot [at] carious condition, having since the outrage Bad of hysteric fits. .