Huddersfield Chronicle (19/Oct/1850) - page 7

The following page is part of the Newspaper OCR Project. The text is in the Public Domain.


RRS [MRS] pare rink eich [each] eed [ed] the --- to meet the demand I say not. A is jon [on] of Ai porto wards the promotion of education-they je a the margin of a great deep-they seem g th indifference this rapidly advancing tide palate the a nt calm of this vast untaught of ed with e vat There may come some violent form-some national calamity, which will lash jose [Joe] fury this ignorant mass, when these (Applause.) Now, I think the be pursued by the friends of national educa- [Edgar- educated] Let them unite their energies and form a att [at] mati [mate] onal [only] association-let them pursue a grand eee [see] ions of national education, and then leave he oP ig . inion [Union] is, that the claims of our toiling mil- [mile] yr ow op ds itthat [it that] the maintenance of our position ds and religion demand it. With jat [at] nents, [rents] I beg to submit this resolution to gu jause [cause] of the meeting. then called upon Bee S, PHILLIPS . q said -l am glad to see so large an audience en prought [brought] before us this evening. It is og take a deep interest in the progress of d that they are fully alive to the great ycat [cat] secular and anti-secular parties, which un- [under] ide at present the popular opinion in this coun [con] ersfield, [afield] who have always taken a prominent it ee part, not only in every ,political, but in the owners of property do nothing- [nothing to] to stand in fancied security but let them not be gece [gee] human ces [ce] will find that a very important social 'ses [se] to be as straightforward as it is just and oot [not] 6 national agitation, until the people are alive to o accomplish their desire. (Hear, hear.) fhe [he] [C] OT public safety demands it-in short, pee SP Batley then resumed his seat amidst the jeatty [Beatty] AP C to second the resolution, who nied [need] t0 discuss the important question which is ynmistakeable [unmistakable] sign that the inhabitants of edi [ed] je which must sooner or later take place be- [apply] i would have been strange indeed, if the men ge gi le erous [rouse] and humane movement- [movement] I say it would coe [Co] strange indeed, if they had manifested an ve be bast etic [tic] indifference to this-the noblest and x os of them all. I know not, Sir, what may be the resolution which I have been called upon to fate xt, but of this I am persuaded, that it will receive supp did consideration of this meeting, and be dealt the a at fair and manly manner, which is charac- [character- character] with 2 of a Huddersfield audience. For the question ed in this resolution is one of vital concernment, [concealment] i cts [its] not only the interests of individuals, but the ability of the state itself. Every one of us has a sake therefore, in the settlement of this question; ep are all bound together by mutual interests and the common ties of country and of brotherhood. al Jam sorry to find that the subject of national ati [at] has been converted into a party question; for 'ds of Junius, [Julius] upon another occasion - He vot [not] the Oe ase [as] either of a sect, or of a see, or but the common interest of every man We should endeavour, therefore, to lay al party feelings and considerations in the discus- [discus silt] silt ae woisuty [waist] and momentous matter, and meet ne rag ground of necessity and duty the or ty, viz, that exists for a national system of a ation, [action] and the duty devolving upon us to secure and increasing population-mighty for good all around us, with their faculties unde- [under- understand] or toc [to] developed only in the madness nae, and it would ill become us as honest and Chris- [Christian] oon [on] to allow any private or sectarian feeling to pre- [Prats] tus [us] from uniting our best efforts to remove so great a vanity. For my own part I care very little who are the educators of the people, so long as they are edu- [ed- due] ed; but I protest, in the name of humanity and against the frightful ignorance which now se d disgraces our land. We cannot afford to s and SETA [SEAT] ie gentlemen, about the details of any plan of whilst this alarmi [alarm] dition [edition] of thin Lams beri [Bro] al ists [its] amongst us. Let us begin at the beginning, an fanish [Danish] every person in England with the rudiments of boca [bona] ean be done without. the eesph [sphere] qmarmec [comic] this can 2 - ons, or arousing the prejudices even of the most scru- [scrub- support] support the principle of the plan of the cas School Association. For it is the object of this association to give secular instruction to all, without attempting to interfere with the claims and functions of tes [te] wha [what] there consciontiones [conscientious] an re this, Wher [Her] conflicting opinions upon religious matters, that it would be impossible to conduct any other than a plan for secular education to prosperous issues. (Applause.) It does not follow, however, that education to be secular nust [must] necessarily be irreligious and godless. It has been well said. that the first thing in the teaching of religion isthe [other] finding of a man ue 5 which, fot [for] the most part, 1s a very c ing nd. seems to me that it matters very little whether religious nstraction [instruction] be a part of education or not, provi [prove] only that good men have the management of our public schools' For of what avail is it that our children are taught creeds and catechisms, and indoctrinated in the tigher [higher] mysteries of our religion, if the teacher himself live.- [live] vital and spiritual life within him Will he make these children --heious [house] by teaching them the Thirty- [Thirteen] Nine Articles, or the Asstinkly'e [Austin'e] Catechism (Cheers.) T think not, And on the other hand, if he havo [have] such lie, even though no religious instruction be permitted i his school, he will assuredly exercise a high mi holy influence over his pupils; for religious istruction [instruction] and religious education are very diffe- [differ- different] rut Uungs, [Lungs] the one consisting of mere dogmatic aud [and] the other in inculcations of all the virtues teaching, Flick noble man, and fit him for communion with his uuker. [ike] It is not creeds and catechisms, gentlemen, uatwewant; [twenty] I think we have had enough of these; iat at] we do want is higher men for teachers, with deeper aud [and] holier convictions respecting their vocation and iS responsibilities. These will tell with immense ueical, [equal] though silent effect; whilst our mechani- [merchant- Mechanics] Gl ayptiances [appliances] for the teaching of religion, whether in or elsewhere, must utterly fail of their object. the conscientious opinions of those who differ 'wwe [we] upon this subject, but, at the same time, I can- [cannot] Mot syuupathise [sympathise] with them. Neither do I believe that forts alone are sufficient to meet the require- [required] oe people in the matter of education. Volun- [Voluntary- Volunteer] Su Cu do umach-has [much-has] already done much-and far from me to depreciate the great and generous he ax Which it has made in the popular cause. With sc ulseription [inscription] list of the Huddersfield Mechanics' on before me, I should be ungrateful indeed if acknowledge the just claims of voluntaryism [voluntary] to le consideration and regard. (Applause.) But it denn [Dean] all, It cannot take in the remnants and fagends [Agents] mde [me] nor fold the great bulk of the people in its ee ent [end] arms, There is a manifest injustice like- [liked] tai [ta] jt calling upon the few good men in a given town ity [it] Movement which requires money to make & whilst the generality of the inhabitants, who may interested in its success, do not contribute a ty 38 '0 [Its furtherance. I dislike this everlasting aud [and] bleeding of these good men, although I edge the necessity of it under existing circum- [circus- circus] 4 Treler [Trawler] But in the matter of education, I would much Cog a8 a juster, manlier, and more independent iat [at 8 a School tax levied upon the rate-payers 'own, that the burden of education might be ween oe Now the Lancashire Public School oclation location] Purposes to do this, and to place every nue [ne] oe of the rate-payers. And until ty '0 [Placed, and regularly visited by a town's duane [dane] for that purpose, as is the case in eicie [ice] We Shall never have them well conducted and Whethey [Whether] tis [is] notorious that our public schools, cluntary [country] or aided by the government, are ina ta Che inefficient condition. For example, to quote late tract on Popular Education - Fats oe 48 two inspectors examined schools in various DRS [DIS] containing 29,524 children, of whom [C] one oe to do more than read letters and words With ee and only 4,500 could read the Scriptures ral [al] 'had advanced in arithmetic as far as the bra, &s 800 were learning proportion, and 39 tvinees [tines] att [at] ofthe [of the] government inspectors of schools must leant [lent] and Who will take the trouble to peruse such im- [in- imitation] uation [nation] pi Worthy documents, that the quality of the tien [ten] jy in a great number of the schools visited by Xe followie, [followed] Ulsatisfactory. [Satisfactory] In the most recent reports not among other statements are made I (ith [it] four td any favourable impression of the schools lerhire [hire which I have inspected in Leices- [Leases- Charlesworth] Wortham [C] Standard of instruction in the country schools tiling POD) is very low, little else being taught but the 28 and arithmetic, and these very imper- [amplification] Standard of instruction in most of these schools pected [expected] a 1s very low of four schools which have been tay [ta] I can only record their inefficiency 'tin Purposes of education the schools which I int Pere inaden [Adelina] [C] did notseem [not seem] to be in asatisfactory [satisfactory] state, N08 [N] case supplied with books, the des were Cag. [Ca] attach Peay [Peat] ed to the sides of the wall, and the lower monly [only] left to the care of monitors. Nor can I Ris [Is] I bad favourably of those in Norfolk and Suffolk, as (He opportunity of judging, the general state of een [en] ae ee) is defective the schools in Bris- [Bros- Brisbane] are not, I believe, in an efficient state. I nu report the following schools (in Yorkshire, 8 Very inefficient, and, in their present of for the purposes of education the ang pruction [production] in these schools (Lancaster, Cumber- [Cumber] Sector fe Moreland) is in general very and or Cheshire, Salop, and Staffordshire, reports nt ar Very bad schools which hinder the com- [Compo] Sop of others, tater amen, with these facts before you, and 44 mitted [fitted] that out of the entire popu- [Pope- pout] wt Tullio [Till] Britain there are no more than a, ther [the] baka [baa] children educated in our schools, it a nat or private,-that is to say only wag. be not of the population-I ask you whe- [the- who] of Wite [White] th, time for all good men to stir themselves, . be . st efforts to secure a national ti Wich [Which] shall be made efficient by local ty aig ag] ile Sa Utterly tine 4 [C] and control. I hope yet to live to see the disgrace of ignaranse, [ignorance] which 'has so bag to our land, shall be wiped away tie have n Lincolnshire, for example, shall no nop [not] Population of 49 per cent that can nei- [ne- neigh] ig,'tion, [ig,'ion, ,'tion] no and I hail every movement in this te Nd a re from what quarter it comes, as a iy Man be ee effort. For what more holy work engaged in, than the conquest of dark- [dark] ness and ignorance, and th powers to the empire us light, that we may subjugation of these evil cmilate [climate] God Weta [Wet] ea oe ; i t e have had h to do, I wink, with the devil and his works enough of social en [C] of political and religions animosities, and ey public crimes, carnivals of murder, - easts [east] of death, which men have tolerated and sanc- [san- second] oned, [one] under the tremendous name ofwar [forward (Hear.) Give we may no longer be cheated by these honour and glory. For it is the this and all other countries, that called the balance of Europe by the mightier, tho . merce [mere] and eee [see] racies [races] of com the great conservator of all national life and libety. [liberty] the genius of modern civilisation, from whose wi drop countless and incalculable blessings but war ie te scourge, the curse, and the enemy of man (Ch Its rights are vested in barbar; [Barber] and its true cers) [Ceres] tie tamahawk [tomahawk] of the savage. 1 will now 'gen tlemen, [gentlemen] for I feel that it is neither my faculty nor mis- [is- misled] let. to speak at public meetings I could not, however, important a meeting as this pass over, without ciple [Copley] whe. [the] hi own convictions of the truth of the prin- [pain- print] P ch it recognises, and I have, therefore, great pleasure in seconding the resolution. (Loud Applause.) The CuatkMan [Guardsman] intimated that as the resolution had afforded ner [ne] seconded, an opportunity was then the Te. Ms usage rsa [ra] nantes there as the rahe [rae] and said, he had not come opponent of secular education, and he very much regretted the impression which must have been produced by the previous speakers. (Hear, hear.) There had been times when he had gone without a coat mat he might buy a poor child a Hear.) e had devoted night after night-even though other engagements demanded his attention-for the express purpose of elevating the children of the poor. (Hear, hear.) It was not because he loved secular education the less that he was there, but because he loved religious education the more, (Hear, hear.) It had been said during the evening that the plan which was to be proposed for Huddersfield --the Lancashire School Association plan-did not exclude religious teaching. He had understood Mr. Batley to say, that religious duties would be enforced. (Hear, hear.) He should like then to know what kind of religious duties were to be enforced--on whose authority they were to have religious duties enforced-whether according to the opinions of Mr. Batley, or those of a religious teacher; or whether they were to have the Bible itself in these schools (Applause.) He had understood that secular education, if it was not strictly irreligious, yet it was an entire negation of religion. If it was 80, he stood there alike opposed to sectarian education, and that education which negated religion, (Hear, hear.) As to religious dissensions they affected all parties, the secular as well as the religious educationists, and would present an insuperable barrier to a national scheme. (Hear, hear.) The Churchman would not trust the Dissenter, nor the Dissenter the Churchman, in their respective schools; the Romanist could not trust the Protestant, nor the Protestant the Romanist the Baptist could not trust the Pedo-Baptist, [Pedro-Baptist] nor the Pedo- [Pedro- Baptist] Baptist the Baptist. Well then, if religious denomina- [denomination- denominations] tions [tins] durst not trust each other, how much less would they support those schools where religion was excluded altogether. (Hear.) For who was to be the teacher For if the Baptist would teach baptism in a Baptist school, would he not teach it in a secular school If he was a religious man he would inculcate religious duties. If he was not a religious man, where was the inculcation of religious duties It necessarily followed that he must be an infidel. (Mingled applause, groans, and hisses.) That was the point. (Disapprobation, and hear, hear.) In excluding the religious man because of his religion, and admitting the infidel, they seemed to be placing more confidence in the infidel than the religious man. (Hear, hear, and disapprobation.) There he would be at liberty to teach his infidelity. He was to inculcate religious duties, but it must be Ais [Is] opinion of religious duties. (Hear, hear, and dissent.) He asked, if Mr. Batley was to be the teacher, would he be allowed to speak of the divine providence of God-if he would be allowed to refer tothe [tithe] miracles of Jesus Christ He respected the honest convictions of the sceptic, but whilst he would not take from him a penny for education, neither did he think it fair that he should be called upon for the support of an education taught by asceptic. [sceptic] (Disapprobation, and hear, hear,) It was said reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, science, and in some instances philosophy, were to be taught in these schools. He did not object to this; he wanted something more. He wanted to know of Mr. Batley or Mr. Crosland-with all respect he asked the question- [question whilst] whilst allowing the alphabet to walk in, if they would object if the letters G od walked in at the same time. ( Prepostorous, [Prosperous, dissent, and hear, hear.) The CHAIRMAN rose to order, and intimated that Mr. Batley wished to reply to the remarks of the Rev. Mr. Hanson. (Applause.) JOSEPH BaTLEY, [Batley] Esq., said he was exceedingly giad [gad] they had had the speech to which they had just lis- [is- listened] tened [tend] beeause [because] it presented a pretty fair specimen of the objections which these conscientious gentlemen made to secular education. (Hear, hear, and applause.) He denied completely and totally the assumption that the secular educationists advocated an entire nega- [nena- negation] tion [ion] of religion. (Hear, hear.) There was a great noise some time ago, about the national system for Ireland-about the mutilation of the Bible and the total exclusion of religion from the Irish National Scnools. [Schools] At this moment there were 500,000 children receiving education from these non-denominational non-sectarian schools, and he had two of their cless [less] books, which were entirely selected from the Scriptures. (Hear, hear.) Not the name of God Almighty excluded-not the miracles of Christ excluded-but composed of such as both Protestants and Catholics were agreed upon. (Hear.) With respect to the idea that religion was to be totally excluded from these secular scheols [schools] it was absurd. He asked them was there a respectable private school in the country that was not a secular school-all their first-rate schools were secular schools-and those were just such such schools as the promoters of that meeting wanted-schools where they would teach every- [everything] thing but the disputed dogmas of Christianity. (Hear.) Now, if it was again insinuated that they were the advocates for excluding everything in the Scripture- [Scripture that] that they would have no part of Scripture inculcated in their schools, he would give ie a denial, for they intended no such thing. (Applause. The Rev. Mr. Hanson Gi it appeared that Mr. Bat- [Batley] ley and he, after all, did not differ so very much as to the kind of schools they required-but they differed about the ways and means. All parties were placed in an awkward position on the subject. The Christian would refuse to send his child to a school taught by an infidel-and an infidel, very properly, might object to send his child to a school taught by a Christian, and thus one of the parties would be deprived of the bene- [been- benefits] fits, and be compelled to pay for a school to which he objected. ear. 5 OSEPH [JOSEPH] pel [Peel] Esq. -As to making the infidel pay, it was no new thing. ear, hear, and loud cries of Why make it worse The Quaker had a conscientious opposition to war-but they made him pay. Is it right; is it right They must take a large principle, and not forego a great national benefit for the scruples of one man. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Lorp-Should [Lord-Should] we have to go to parliament for this educational rate (Laughter.) The CHAIRMAN explained of course they would. Mr. Lorp [Lord] thought that those men who were going about with coats on their backs were wanting some nice situations to put their sons in. (Laughter.) ; Mr. made some inquiry respecting a parti- [part- particular] cular [circular] feature of the Lancashire School Association Plan, but was informed by the Chairman that neither that nor any other detailed plan was before the meeting. Mr. Booturoyp [Boothroyd] then resumed by saying that he objected to the fundamental pinciple, [principle] and would maintain, as far as he was able, that it was beyond the province of government, and did not come legitimately within the pro- [province] vince [since] of governors to provide education for the people. The great fault in a civilised country like England was over legislation. (Hear, hear.) He believed that if they came to examine more particularly what was the duty of a government, and to what subjects government should apply its efforts and energies, and those to be restricted within those bounds, they would have better laws and better government. (Hear, and laughter.) He thought the discussion which had taken place showed that it was beyond the province of government, and proved that they could not pass any law or pro- [propound] pound any scheme without raising questions of con- [conscience] science. (Hear.) They had men of different creeds as well as men of no creeds-they had men in favour of sectarian instruction, and others in favour of religious instruction-and they had all an equal right to be re- [regarded] garded. [garden] Quakers had been compelled to pay, and infidels had been compelled to pay for the support of systems which they did not conscientiously believe. But was such a thing right (Loud applause, and No. no. ) He held that government had no right to compel any man to support a religious instruction, but then on the other hand, it followed as a necessary consequence, government had no right to enact any system where all religious instruction would be excluded. (Hear.) It was in this as in trade every man ought to be left to the action of voluntary principles; freedom, the utmost freedom to govern his life, to educate his children to the best of his ability as he liked. (Hear.) Upon the shoulders of parents, and parents wholly devolved the responsibility of education. (Hear.) But the national system struck at the very root of parental responsibility. Notwithstanding all that had been said as to the deplo- [deeply- deplorable] rable [able] state of the education of England, he denied it. Where was the average intelligence so great Go to Amesica [America] and Prussia-we are behind. There was ano- [an- another] ther [the] question he wished to put to the meeting. There was a large portion of the people who were uneducated and degraded, but they would remain so unless com- [compelled] pelled [celled] to attend a school-and were they prepared for that There were schools in Huddersfield where edu- [ed- education] cation could be obtained for 2d. a week. Was it good ) Yes, good and yet. this-the British School-was not as it onght [ought] to be. ear, hear.) Would a wae [we] ee less et a week More, more. He was sure the people would educate themselves better than any Government could do it. (Applause..) gs when it was his pleasure to address them, The CHarRMAN [Chairman] said that there was a secret connected with the British School perhaps not generally known. How many gentlemen were there responsible for 50 each, and had had to pay it (Hear, hear.) The Rev. Mr. Hanson, was the Chairman inquired if he was going tomove [to move] an amend- [amendment] ment, [men] and replying in the affirmative, he was allowed perha [per] to explain that the original resolution was a deceiver, as the system that had been advocated was nota [not] secular education but a religious one, and he should therefore propose that the resolution was altogether a deceiver to the public of Huddersfield. (Roars of Laughter.) The CHarrMAN [Chairman] intimated that such an amendment could not be received, and then introduced Dr. Warts, of Manchester, on coming forward was received with repeated plaudits. He said he was very 'happy to find that on that occasion, unlike the last some objec- [object- objections] tions [tins] then latent against the Lancashire school scheme were now brought out. He was very sorry to find however, that the objections came from men who, he would venture to say, had not read the plan. Now, he (Dr. Watts) held that in justice before a man opposed a thing he should know what the thing was (hear, hear)-and he held that until a man had read that plan he could not know it. (Hear, and laughter.) He re- [respected] spected [selected] the objections put forward by Mr. Boothroyd, because it was possible to lay hold of a funda- [funds- fundamental] mental principle without much reading, it was possible to give one's own experience upon that principle, from having had it under consideration in other questions, but he thought it was not possible for a man to come forward upon a detailed plan, and oppose valid objections, against that with which he was not acquainted at the time of making the objections. (Hear, hear.) When a lawyer went to plead a cause, he first took the witnesses' de itions, [it ions] after which they were taken home and thought about, where he arranged his matter, and then went into court. (Hear.) Their opponent that night had never 'taken the depositions of the witnesses until he came to the meeting. He had not taken them home to think about, and therefore his objections to begin with, were incom- [income- incomplete] plete. [plate] (Hear. hear.) He (Dr. Watts) would endeavour to simplify what he had to say, and in order to begin with the beginning, he would take the fundamental principle-the duty of government. (Hear.) Mr. Boothroyd said it was not the province of govern- [government] ment [men] to attend to, or to compel education, and further that he believed they were over done in legislation, and that it would be better if they were to put limits to the circle of governmental operations. There was an assumption to begin with-no such limit was at present put, and as no such limit was at present put, he (Dr. W.) asked Mr. Boothroyd how he could consistently say that education was beyond the limit of government. He acknowledged there was no limit, but yet he thought that education was not within the limit. That was rather illogical. He (Dr. W.) presumed that Mr. Boothroyd meant that education ought not to be in the province of government. Well, what was govern- [government] ment [men] to begin with. He held that it was the mere exe- [executive] cutive [executive] of the people- Mr. Bootnroyp-Of [Boothroyd-Of] all the people. If government was the mere executive of the people, then, surely, the people's executive-like a mer- [Mr- merchant] chant's clerk-was bound to do that which it was set to do. And he held that the people's executive, if educa- [Edgar- education] tion [ion] was delegated to it, was as much bound to attend to that business as it was bound to attend to the punish- [punishment] ment [men] of offenders. (Hear.) Well, then, they had only to settle the question-they had only to ask the people of England whether the government should interfere or not, and if the majority wished government to interfere, then he contended that the question was settled, and it became at once the duty of government to interfere. (Hear, hear.) Now, they must not come to the conclu- [conclusion- conclusion] sion that he was there to advocate a scheme that was to put all the children into the hands of government-and if he believed that the majority of the meeting were in favour of doing so, he would try hard to set them against it. (Hear.) In reference to voluntaryism, [voluntary] he would also begin with the beginning. Voluntaryism [Voluntary] was right in two states of the world it was right when there was no society-that was when they were all savages and wandering about in the woods-and volun- [voluntary- voluntary] taryism [trays] would be right again when they had all become perfect-that was when every man had become a law to himself. Under no other circumstances was voluntary- [voluntary] ism right. Now that was an assertion which they might think he was bold in making. He repeated that in no other circumstances than in a perfectly savage state and a perfectly civilised state was voluntaryism [voluntary] right. The very constitution of society implied the inadequacy of voluntaryism. [voluntary] What was society for Its very con- [constitution] stitution [institution] implied mutual advantage-and if they were to get mutual advantages by combination-it must be by virtue of mutual concessions, and by the enforce- [enforcement] ment [men] of mutual duties. And if they were to get mutual advantages by mutual concessions in society-he said the fact of society being formed, implied the inadequacy of voluntaryism. [voluntary] (Hear, hear, hear.) He would now go astep [step] further. If the object of society was mutual advantage, could that advantage be obtained by delegation of office (Hear.) They could not have socicty [society] without a general executive, and when they got an executive they delegated some of the individual duties to that executive, and when they had done so they expected to have these duties performed more ad- [advantageously] vantageously. [advantageous] (Applause.) Now, let them try for a moment to think of Huddersfield without its police regulations, without its sani [San] regulations, without its poor law. It would be equally the duty of every in- [individual] dividual [individual] to bring an offender to justice, to sweep in front of his own doors, to watch his own premises, to see that his house was healthy, and to contribute his part towards the indigent poor. But would every indi- [India- individual] vidual [individual] do no, and applause.) Then, if every individual would not do it, they proved the inadequacy of voluntaryism, [voluntary] and saw why society was constituted for mutual advantages and mutual concessions. It was only because men neglected their duties, that a general executive was set up-in order that such men should be compelled to the performance of duties so absolutely necessary. (Hear, hear.) Now, was education one of those things which could be delegated with advantage He thought it was. Some people thought it was not. What was education The complete development of the man in all his capacities. Now, could that duty be de- [delegated] legated Certainly, in part it could be; or, if not, what was the use of their churches, of their chapels, of their day and Sunday schools All these were educational institutions, and all the duties of these institutions were delegated by parents, and delegated doubtless for mutual advantage, they were delegated upon the division of labour system. A man was set up as a cle [ce] an simply because the clerical duty could be better performed by one individual who devoted his whole time to it, than it could be by a parent in his own house. (Hear, hear, and applause.) The school- [schoolmaster] master was set up for the like reasons; and if they set up schoolmasters and clergymen, and delegated to them these duties, because they could by this arrangement be better performed than otherwise-they had already delegated the education of their children, and settled the question-that education could be delegated. (Hear, hear.) There was only another question-could these duties be advantageously separated as well as delegated -for the objection raised against the Lancashire School system was that it was irreligious, and he had been told by a gentleman who had previously spoken that he had wanted a coat, in order that a child might have a gram- [grammar] mar. He (Dr. W.) was quite sure that gentleman did not believe that that grammar was irreligious, although not religous. [religious] (Hear, hear.) Perhaps that gentleman might sometimes teach astronomy, and he (Dr. W.) would ask him if he thought astronomy-without its application was irreligious And he (Dr. W.) would ask the meeting whether their mechanics' institution was irreligious (Loud applause.) He would remind them too that about last Christmas, there was an appeal to the inhabitants of Yorkshire for subscriptions to ap- [appoint] point a general Secretary to the Yorkshire Union of Mechanics' Institutions-and that appeal bore the sig- [signatures] natures of many eminent men in the county holding various religious views-and one of the strongest argu- [argue- arguments] ments [rents] by which the appeal was supported was that it had now been demonstrated that mechanics' institutions were not irreligious. But were they religious Did they teach doctrinal theology Did they acknowledge it as and parcel of their teaching that the children who attended them, should there get enough of religion, or that religion appertained to them On the contrary, they said, Your ministers of religion are the proper teachers of religion. We are on common ground, and we must not introduce here subject of quarrel. (Hear, hear.) Now, that which the Lancassre [Lancashire] Association proposed was to erect primary schools, upon the same basis as mechanics' institutions, and if they con- [confessed] fessed that their mechanics' institutions were not irre- [ire- irreligious] ligious, [religious] then he called upon them to confess that the proposed primary schools were not irreligious either. (Applause.) Some parties told them that education ought to be based on religion, and, as the meeting would have gathered from the Rev. Mr. Hanson, that was a matter upon which there was a difference of opinion. He did not know that that difference was wrong. (Hear, hear.) Difference of opinion might very well be allowed-for it was quite possible to carry out such differences in harmony. It was to be pre- [presumed] sumed [sued] that the first influences of religion would be conveyed to the child's mind through its parents, and those influences would be tinged with their feelings and doctrines. This might be followed up by clergymen of the persuasion to which the parents be- [belonged] longed, and these impressions, he was quite sure, in most cases would be prior to any teachings in their pri- [pro- primary] mary [may] schools; and, therefore, the person who said that religion should be the basis of education, should be satisfied with this; but if he thought that religion ought to be mixed up at all times, and on all occasions, with all other kind of teachings, then he (Dr. Watts) told him that he was going against the division of labour system and all just principles of political eco- [Co- economy] nomy. [nome] (Hear.) He (Dr. Watts) was very glad that society had become so liberal, and especially clerical society, that he found clergymen standing up to claim justice for the infidel portion of society. It was rather a new feature- Mr. Hanson Not at all. -and he hoped would not again be forsaken-but which he trusted, originating with the Rev. Mr. Hanson, would be followed up by all clergymen. (Hear, and laughter.) His opinion was, that the infidels might have been left to complain for themselves. He was quite sure they again rising to speak when th woald [would] have done s0 soon out tongue, and he did enough they were not with- [with] at least they would conceal their infidelity ; think the objection should have come from emselves-and [em selves-and] he should presume that the objection, consequence, was not a powerful one but it might, ps, be as well to sweep it away. (Hear, hear.) He would tell them an anecdote about the Bishop of Manchester, the Rev. Dr. Lee, late of Prince Edward's School, Birmingham. In that school were pupils of almost all the religious sects, not even exclu- [exclude- excluding] ding the Jews-and yet the rev. gentleman boasted that he could bring up children of the various sects of reli- [deli- religion] gion [Gin] without offending any of their consciences. (Hear.) The bishop said he did do it. The way he did was when the religious teaching came on, to simply allow those who chose from religious scruples to withdraw. (Hear, hear.) Now, what would their infidel friends-small in proportion as they were acknowledged to be-say if they were allowed to withdraw Would they put the Rev. Mr. objection- I object. to this religion, and I object to your children getting it. His opinion was, and he believed every infidel would also allow it, that the very highest morality was to be found in the Scripture. (Hear, hear.) He believed it would be generally acknow- [acne- acknowledged] ledged [ledge] that the extracts which were used in the Irish schools were not so very pestiferous-(hear, hear, and laughter); and that the infidels would have very little objection to their children learning the highest morality. He did not think they would object seriously if they were told that God sanctioned this morality. And if they did object, it was very easy to open the door and allow the children of the infidels to go out when those peculiar teachings were given. Now, he would under- [undertake] take to say that they would have no such objections put by infidels themselves, and therefore he might be allowed to pass it over without further notice. (Hear, hear.) To the objection that religious teaching ought to be concurrent with secular teaching, he might just mention a two-column letter which the Rev. Canon Trevor had written to one of the Sheffield papers, wherein he stated. referring to the Lancashire plan, that there was a kind of education which it might be a point of conscience to oppose and to hinder, and in order that their consciences might point out the objectionable part of the Lancashire plan referring to the teaching in the common day schools for children from five to fifteen years of age, he would read the paragraph, and he requested any one in the meeting to stop him as soon as a pomt [post] turned up which aggreived [arrived] his con- [conscience] science. The paragraph read thus - In which they shall be instructed in reading, grammar, writing, arithmetic, geography, and such other kinds of useful secular information as may be deemed advisable, or the growing intelligence of the people may demand. In addition to these, a sacred vegartl [cattle] ta truth, justice, kind- [kindness] ness, and forbearance in our intercourse with our fellow- [fellow creatures] creatures temperance, frugality, industry, and all other virtues conducive to the right ordering of practical conduct in the affairs of life. And inasmuch as these virtues, to- [together] gether [ether] with reverence and love towards the Divine Being are clearly taught and powerfully enforced in the Scriptures, a selection of examples and precepts inculeating [inculcating] them shall be made therefrom, and read and used in the said schools, but without reference to the peculiar theological tenets of any religious sect or denomination. Had they found out the objectionable point Ifso [Ifs] tell him where it was. Where did conscience cry No in the matter. His understanding of conscience was that it was a man's estimate of the absolute right, or the absolate [absolute] wrong of a thing and although he held with Bishop Watson and the sentiment expressed by Mr. Batley, that conscience was the best guide, it was not an infallible one. He believed too that in matters of conscience a hundred millions of men had no right to push aside one, except where that one man's con- [conscience] science interfered with all the rest. (Hear, hear.) But as long as another man's conscientious objection did not inter- [interfere] fore with him, he had no right to interfere with the other. He had given the mode of teaching proposed to be adopted, and yet conscience had not said No to it; and he told them that that was the substance 'of the plan; he told them their objections were not conscientious they might be prudential, politic, or prejudiced, conscientious they were not. They might tell him that conscience dic- [Dick- dictated] tated [stated] that religious and secular education ought rot to be separated. He replied, they were mistaken-that no man's conscience in the world dictated the teaching of religion particularly between the hours of nine and twelve in the forenoon, and between the hours of two and five in the atternoon, [afternoon] (Hear, and laughter.) He told them that they were mistaken in the matter-that it was not a conscien- [conscience- conscientious] tious [Titus] objection it was perhaps a prudential one, and with that he had a right to grapple. (Applause.) Well, if conscience did not lay particular stress for the teaching of religious education at a particular hour in the day, and they allowed an afternoon, say, in the week, in which the clergymen of the different denomina- [denomination- denominations] tions [tins] might assemble the children for direct and uninter- [United- uninterrupted] rupted [reputed] religious instruction-he asked them whether the course pursued by the Lancashire School Association was likely to be inimical to religion. (Hear, hear.) In justice to the infidel, after the claim made by the Rev. Mr. Hanson, the infidel's children would not be compelled to attend these afternoon religious instructions. igion [religion] must remain as at present until they got a divine command to teach them which of the various doctrinal points they were to enforce, religion would be perfectly voluntary. (Hear, hear.) Another objection had been started during the evening, but as it had been given to much stronger language by the Rev. Canon Trevor, he should refer to that gentleman's letter, wherein he said, that in addition to its being a point of conscience to oppose and hinder this Lancashire plan, the means were wrong. It handed over the management to hands which were not fit to manage it. Oh, oh. Now, after what they had heard from Mr. Phillips about the gaol inspectors report of schools, they would think it almost impossible that education could get into more im- [in- improper] proper hands than it was. He (Dr. W.) would meet the objection in this way,-whether municipal corporations were capable of managing municipal affairs They were founded upon a rate paying basis, and if rate-payers could elect the proper men for municipal bodies, he thought they could elect the right men for a school committee. Right men for school committees, being characterised by intelli- [until- intelligence] gence [Gents] and general high character-such men would be chosen for the purpose. (Applause.) Mr. Hanson had asked they be religious or infidel teachers and a voice in the meeting asked Why not infidel His answer to that question was, that it would depend upon the school committees, the committees being upon a rate basis. If the majority of the rate-payers were infidels, why then it was possible that the teachers would be infidel too. (Hear, hear, and applause.) But whatever the school teachers were-they knew it was common when a man took a situation under a contract, that he was given to understand what he had to do, and what he was not to do, and as a matter of course, any teacher of a school, the same as a clerk in a counting house who violated his contract, would first be reprimanded, and, if it was repeated, discharged. (Hear, hear.) Supposing the teacher to be a religious man, in a question affecting the conscience of a man, he would be bound to truthfulness, and not to teach peculiar religious dogmas. He took it that the two qualifications should be-that the man should be a fit man for teaching, and he thought that would imply that he should be a good man and if he was a fit man, had knowledge enough, and possessed the qualifications and ability to impart this knowledge, he could see no objec- [object- objection] tion [ion] to the appointment of such a teacher. (Mr. Booth- [Boothroyd] royd here ejaculated- Conscience. And he was quite sure there would be no objection if he was appointed by a school committee. (Hear, hear.) Some one whispered conscience he could not interfere with that again, unless something fresh was started. Mr. BootHroyp- [Boothroyd- Boothroyd] You assumed that a good man would be a truthful man-making it a point of conscience to abide by the term of agreement. Do you carry out your assump- [assume- assumption] tion [ion] with reference to those who do not make matters of conscience binding in the same sense as religious men gene- [gently] ly di in Dr. Wartts.-The [Watts.-The] question had been ut. Would not a Baptist teach baptism in the school (Mr. Hanson-I did not say so.) Well, they had got the answer. Would not a religious man teach religion They had the answer. He would act according to agreement, or not keep the situation. (Hear, hear.) And he said the man must be what they commonly understood to be a good man, man against whom there should be no moral ble- [be- blemish] mish-and [Miss-and -and] if so, he could not imagine a religious man apart from all theological dogmas, aman [man] ot powerful intellect, being in without exercising all the good influences of his character upon the children, without special teaching. He held that a man's general conduct-his mode of address -the manner in which he conducted his business-made far more impression upon the world, and very much more upon children, who were chiefly imitative beings, than would any teachings of creeds, catechisms, or theological dogmas whatever. (Applause.) Ifthe [If the] general influence was and they were prepared to grant the of pro- [proper] per leisure for the teaching of doctrinal religion, he could not conceive of any objection against this scheme. He believed the business of the night was to affirm the follow- [following] ing resolution -- That the educational wants of the people, and the social claims of the working population loudly call for the establishment of Free Public Schools, for secular instruction, supported by local rates, and under local control. Well, now, in opposition to that, they had been told that education was to be had at twopence per week- [weekday] and yet the people did not avail themselves of it-that was to say there was a want of disposition. Was that want of disposition always to exist Was it necessary to abet that want of disposition, or was it neces- [NeWS- necessary] sary [say] to get rid of it. How Did they tell him by volun- [voluntary- voluntary] tary [Tar] means. Then, why was it not done already Volun- [Voluntary- Voluntary] taryism [trays] had been upon its trial a long time-but z had not got rid of the evil. (Hear.) Did they tell him of a govern- [government] ment [men] plan. It had not succeeded, and he was quite sure the voluntaries would not accept it. If they asked him would all the exisiting [existing] systems do it No. waited twenty, or ten, or five years for this disideratum [desideratum] te be ac- [accomplished] complished [accomplished] by existing systems, who would be accountable in the meantime for leaving the people in ignorance. He affirmed that by an education-rate the thing would be done completely and. at once. (Applause.) And why did they object to sucha [such] rate r. LORD Because wehave [have] enough already That was the best objection they had had, and if he believed that. the education rate would not be saved in amount, he would not advocate the plan. It was be- [because] cause he believed that the temporal and eternals [eternal] effects to flow from the kind of education which they pro- [proposed] posed to give would have a power in lessening the rates which they were now obliged to pay for the support of policemen, of istrates, [magistrates] of judges, of soldiers, o men. (Laughter) It was because he believed that an education rate would necessarily lessen all these that he advocated it. (Loud applause.) Just let them take the simple questions, 'Is intellectual and moral education a good thing 'or not Will it lessen crime or not Will i ie.) Was education in process of speed sot Was there any plan extant having the 0. Wellthen [Well then] if they to which their consciences did not object, and if thire [their] prudential scruples, which in enlarge e productive capacities of the people (Re- [Renewed] newed [need] ap this tion [ion] in any reagonable [reasonable] time a nine cases out of every ten could be, he again or without boldness, or they would not be grea [great] it rise in prices, secured. THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE,, SATURDAY,. OCTOBER 19, 1850. asked what objection could there be to such a plan Their test Manchester opponent, Rev. H. Sto [To] had found out that the reason why thousands of children were not sent to school in the neighbourhood he visited, arose from a want of funds. (Hear.) So far as his own experience went the lowest priced schools, where the education was of average quality were best attended, indeed it would be a reflection upon the age if such was not the case, but if the were entirely free, they would be still better attend (Applause.) In the absence of disposition, the Lan- [An- Lancashire] cashire [Lancashire] plan provided visitors who should from house to house, and might at the same time give information on sanitary matters, show the people how to keep away pestiferous fevers, and any other important information which might suggest itself. (Applause.) He asked the rich man if his property would not be safer in an intelligent country than otherwise he would ask the tradesman whether he would not pay an additional rate, and get rid of the rate for the police and other oe he would ask the working-man whether he would not be willing to pay, even at the rate of ls. in the pound, and have his children educated-he would ask all whether they ser [se] not rather rid their streets of the ane [an] pestiferous sores, and disgusting language with whic [which] thoy [tho] at present abounded, even at the expense of an educa- [Edgar- educational] tional [national] rate of 1s. in the pound-he would ask whether it would not be well spent in removing these evils from the public sight and hearing (Loud applause.) After thanking them for their attention, Dr. Watts sat down amid re- [repeated] peated [Peate] plaudits. Mr. BooTHRoYD [Boothroyd] rose to move the following amendment to the resolution - That prior to the ing of this resolution, this meeti [time] deems it expedient that it should be putin possession of the secular plan of education which is to be supported by the rates. He briefly referred to some of the leading arguments of Dr. Watts's speech from which he dissented, and in reference to the remark that the proposed schools were to be based on the plan of mechanics' institutes, enquired if Scripture reading was allowed in the Huddersfield Mechanics' Insti- [Inst- Institution] tution'- Mr. [tuition'- Mr. '- Mr] and Mr. NELson [Nelson Yes, yes; read ly. -Was that the case The gentlemen on the 3 'Yes, yes. The gentlemen in the body of the pal No, no. The meeting said No. (Hear, ear. The CHAIRMAN submitted that they had the affirmation from the secretary, and it was scarcely fair because two or three of the meeting denied it, to come to the conclusion that the meeting said No. (Hear, hear.) Mr. NELSON came forward and reiterated the assertion, and said if requisite he could produce the books. (Hear, hear.) There was some slight confusion arose out of this ques- [question] tion [ion] which would have been avoided by an explanation, was Scripture reading books were read in some of the classes. Mr. BooTtHRoyD [Boothroyd] merely presented himself to conclude his remarks, and expressed himself as satisfied that the only way in which the degraded portion of the people could be educated would be by compulsion, and he was sure they would not submit to compulsion. The Rev. Mr. Hanson seconded the amendment. Mr. RicHaRD [Richard] BRoox, [Brook] Buxton-road, madea [made] few remarks, and after expressing his opinion that Englishmen would not submit to the Prussian system, denied the accuracy of the statistical returns respecting the population of the country, and its rate of increase, denouncing them as absurd; and concluded by asserting that crime had increased in an equal ratio with education. - Mr. J. SKYRME briefly supported the resolution. The Rev. Mr. MontcoMeEry [Montgomery] thought that the meeting was too far advanced for continuing the discussion, and would move an adjournment. The CHAIRMAN informed him thatJat [that] that stage of the proceedings such a motion was inadmissible. JcsEPH [Joseph] BaTLEyY, [Batley] Esq., as the mover of the resolution, claimed his right to reply, and explained that he had him- [himself] self drawn up the resolution, and had purposely excluded any reference to the Lancashire plan, as he himself did not concur in all its details. (Har, heed) The CHAIRMAN then read the amendment and the reso- [rose- resolution] lution, [Lotion] and called for a show of hands, and declared the original resolution carried by a large majority. (Loud and repeated applause. Mr. Ww. Moone, [Moon] postmaster, moved- [moved that] That this meeting cordially approves of the formation of a National Association, for promoting that object, and appoints Mr. Joseph Batley and Mr. J. 8. Philips as delegates from this district to attend the Educational Congress to be held in Man- [Manchester] chester on the 30th inst. Mr. WILLIAM CROSLAND seconded it. Mr. JOSEPH WILD, at this period of the meeting, re- [requested] quested to be heard; but, in answer to the chairman, stated that he had no amendment to move, on which it was decided that it would not be prudent to prolong the pro- [proceedings] ceedings. [proceeding] Some dissatisfaction was expressed by the friends of Mr. Wild, at this proceeding, amid loud cries of Put the motion, if he has no amendment, -which was ultimately done, and carried with two or three dissentients. After a vote of thanks to the Chairman, moved by JOsEPH [Joseph] BaTLEY, [Batley] Esq., and seconded by the Rev. Mr. Hanson, the meeting dispersed about eleven o'clock, oreo [ore] Goop Fortune. Another instance of the caprice of the blind goddess, who in the revolutions of her wheel often pours her bounties into unexpected hands, has just occurred in this city. A gentleman, we understand, while canvassing at the late election for the Hon. Edward Stan- [Stanley] ley was called in by an eccentric individual, who wished him to purchase the interest he had in some freehold pro- [property] perty [petty] by allowing him an annuity for his life. e gentleman entered into his views, and agreed to allow him the sum of one guinea per week as long as he lived. Before the expiration of the second week the gentleman was again sent for to make the will of the annuitant, wherein he made him his sole devisee and executor. The next day the old man died. But now comes the most marvellous of the story. A foreign letter had been received by, the annuitant a day or two previous to his death. sequently [subsequently] proved to be the will of the old man's brother, who had died abroad, written in Spanish, leaving all his property to his brother, the annuitant. The executor,there- [therefore] ore, by this dispensation, finds himself unexpectedly put in possession of property amounting to thousands of pounds, in addition to an extensive collection of books and paintings of great value.-Chester Courant. [Count] The London Corvespondent [Correspondent] of the Manchester Guardian announces that Mr. W. J. Fox, the member for Oldham is the writer under the ature [nature] of Publicola, [Public, in the Weekly Dispatch, and that Mr. Serle, [Sere] one of the leaders in the Financial Reform Movement, is the author of the articles which appearin [appear] the same journal under the signature of Caustic. Mr. Serle [Sere] was formerly, we believe, an actor, and as may be remembered, made his appearance in the provinces with the celebrated amateurs who were headed by Charles Dickens. THE ARCTIC EXPEDITION.-Advicos [EXPEDITION.-Advice] from Newburyport (N. A.) at Liverpool, on Thursday the 12th, mention that Captain J. W. Dodge, of the schooner Isabella, had fallen in with people who informed him that some Esquimaux [Esquire] Indians had picked up a cask, inside of which was a tin canister, papers, which were brought into Indian Harbour to Captain Norman's trading post on the 20th of July. The papers were said to contain information relative to the expedition of Sir John Ross, but the nature of the informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] Captain Dodge could not learn, as they were sent to Sandwich. bay under seal, to be shipped for England by the schooner Escort, of London. ACCIDENT TO Mr. BErts.-We [Beets.-We] t to state that Mr. Betts, the chairman of the Eastern Counties Railway Com- [Company] pany, [any] met with a very serious accident oa Friday last. He was riding through his grounds at Preston Hall, near Maidstone, when his horse, a very spirited one, shied. He was thrown on the neck of the animal, and the end of his riding whip, which was of the kind used by huntsmen, went through his spectacle into his left eye. Several pieces of the glass also got into the eye, all of which the medical gentlemen have not as yet been successful in extracting, Mr. Betts' sufferings are very severe, and it is doubtful whether the eye can be saved, A Happy ExpLanation. [Explanation] A large party assembled at dinner one day in a hospitable mansion in the south of Scotland, under the genial presidentship [president ship] ofa [of] bachelor host. The wine went freely round, and very long sederunt [sediment] was terminated by the party, with one exception, retiring from the dining room to enjoy coffee and cigars. This exception was an elderly gentleman renowned for his social qualities, who had been selected to fill the seat at the other end of the table, and who had freely exerted himself in the performance of his duties. Not relishing the smoking peor [per] of the entertainment, he kept his seat for a little in dee meditation, and then ringing the bell informed the ol butler of his intention of retiring for the night. Thinking he saw something like a smile on the servant's face, he turned gravely round, saying, Ay, John, I think I'll to bed; but I'm no' fou, [four] John, mind that; I'm no' the re fou; [four] but I'm just fatigued wi' drinking. -Dumfries 'ourier. [Courier] PARLIAMENTARY AND FYNANCIAL [FINANCIAL] REFORM ASSOCTA- [ASCOT- ASSOCIATION] TION.-On [ION.-On .-On] Monday afternoon, the annual meeting of this association was held at the London Tavern; Sir Joshua Walmsley in the chair. On the platform were Lord Dud- [Dudley] ley Stuart, Mr. W. J. Fox, Mr. Hume, Mr. F. O'Connor, Mr. Lushington, Colonel Thompson, Mr. G. Thompson, Mr. J. Williams, Rungee [Rung] Bapogee, [apogee] and other gentlemen. The Chairman opened the p ings by aspeech [speech] in which he reviewed the last session of parliament; and Mr. Searle moved the first resolution, which expressed strong dissatis- [dissatisfied- dissatisfaction] faction with many of the measures of the session, and with much alleged neglect of important matters on the part of parliament. The resolution concluded by declaring that the meeting was deeply impressed with the necessity for a radical reform in the House of Commons.-Mr, Ww. J. Fox, Mr, Hume, Lord D. Stuart, Colonel Thompson, and Mr. O'Connor then addressed the meeting,-the last-named speaker, amidst some interruption, advocating the people's charter.-The resolution was carried with only one dissen- [dissent- dissentient] tient [tent] voice.-Mr Nicholay, [voice.-Mr Nicholas] moved aresolution [resolution] which w the friends of reform to sustain, by prompt contributions, the funds of the council.-Mr. H. Vincent seconded the resolution, which was further supported by a working man, by Mr. G. Thompson, and by other gentlemen, and was unanimously adopted.-The meeting lasted about five hours, and was attended by nearly eight hundred persons. To PERSONS PARALYSED, &C.-EXTRAORDINARY CURE BY HoLLoway's [Holloway's] OINTMENT AND PILL8.-Copy [PILLS.-Copy] of a letter from Capt. E. F. Ferris, commanding Rumpore [Rum pore] Forces. - Rohileund, Roland] India, Jan. 15, 1849; to Professor Holloway -Sir, I deem that your wouderful [wonderful] medicines ought to be well known, and I take the liberty of reporting a miraculous cure that came under my own eye. An old woman had been for this last two 'years quite bed-ridden, having entirely lost the use of her legs from the hip-joint. Her limbs were apparently quite dead, and without the slightest feeling, but, by the use of your ointment and pills, she is quite recovered. (Signed) E, F. Ferris. No ARTICLE CAN BE PERMANENTLY SUCCESSFUL UNLESS eon [on] EAI [EA] When ohn [on] com first be plan for supplying the le of the United Kingdom wi coffee he full well' that success could never be attained unless he submitted to the public taste an article of sterling quality. He therefore determined to place within the reach of all classes coffees of the very finest growths. A large amount of capital was appropriated to san and to Be prepared fir ccs [cc] ies, [is] as to a a supply for two years' advance has been The result been that no branch of business was ever more successful. In the mansions of the rich, and in the dwellings of the more humble, the merits of John Cassell's coffees are uniformly spoken of. But purchasers must guard against ms. None is genuine, whether in packets or canisters, unless it have his signature, to imitate which is felony. 7 Correspondence. We wish it to be distinctly understood that we do not hold ourselves responsible for the views of our cuorrespo [correspond] mdents. [dents] In future no communication, under an anonymvus [anonymous] signature, will be inserted unless the real name of the writer is confided to the Editor, not necessarily for publication, but as an evidence of the good yaith [faith] of the writer --- HUDDERSFIELD INFIRMARY. Pig THE EDITOR oF prea [pre] bie [be] 1R,-A paragraph which ap in your pu cation, headed Huddersfield Infirmary, has afferded [offered] mne [men] unfeigned satisfaction. I am glad to find that the Monthly Board, having thrown off their lethargy, are determined to carry out the liberal provisions of the 43rd Rule, as originally con- [contemplated] templated by the benevolent founders of the Institution. Owing to official apathy or professional exclusiveness this admirable rule has long remained a dead letter, restraining the spread of anatomical knowledge, and preventing the diffusion of medical science. Had the gentlemen who have from year to year com- [composed] posed the Monthly Board been embued [imbued] with a knowledge of their duties they would never have permitted such a flagrant abandonment of one of the most important regulations connected with the charity. - I cannot permit the committee to shield themselves from censure, under the plea that the exercise of the 43rd Rule is only recommended, when the whole context clearly indicates that an active operation of the rule was intended by the founders with a view to the extension of the utility of the Huddersfield Infirmary. I have heard it stated that the three medical officers of the Institution have already arrayed themselves in hostility to the Board, with a view of resisting any attempt to enforce the provisions of the aforesaid rule. I cannot believe the statement, that gentlemen elected to fill offices, in a public charity, would so dishonour their characters as to permit the exercise of private pique to influence their public duties. In chronicling the statement as communicated to me, I am giving the medical officers alluded to an op- [opportunity] portunity [port unity] of publicly repudiating the rumour in your next Saturday's journal. Waiting your reply, I am, Sir, Yours respectfully, A GOVERNOR OF THE HUDDERSFIED [HUDDERSFIELD] INFIRMARY. -- --- HUDDERSFIELD INFIRMARY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Str,-In [St,-In] your number of last Saturday I observe a paragraph stating that at the usual monthly meeting of the committee of the above institution, on the 7th inst., reference was made to a question which had been mooted at the last annual meeting, namely-the non- [nonobservance] observance of a recommendation contained in the 43rd rule-and that the committee, after a long and animated discussion, directed the apothecary to carry out the recommendation by inviting the medical men of the town and neighbourhood, (being governors,) to witness capital operations in all future cases. For the information of those who may not recollect this particular rule I beg to quote it as follows -- That none of the greater operations be performed, (except on occasions of emergency,) without a previous consultation of the medical officers to all of whom a written notice shall be sent by the apothecary, if possible, the day before. And with a rew [re] to the extension of the utility of this Infir- [Infirm- Infirmary] mary, [may] vt is recommended that the gentleman of the Prejession [Procession] of the town and neighbourhood of Huddersjield, [Huddersfield] who ave governors, should be vnvited [invited] to witness the cupital [capital] operations. On the part of the medical officers it seems difficult to account for the non-observance of a recommendation 80 obviously calculated to advance the progress of medical science, except on the supposition of a close corporation, feeling so utterly repugnant to the spirit of a liberal and benevolent profession like that of the healing art, that I throw overboard the supposition at once. I suppose they cannot have neglected or disre- [desire- disregarded] garded, [garden] but have simply forgotten it. On the part of the governors or subscribers, we all know very well that their annual meetings are apt to become mere matters of routine, and that when the primary objects of the institution-namely, the prompt and effectual administration of medical assistance to the patients, along with good and economical management of the finances, are known to be attained, secondary matters are scarcely looked into. I beg to submit, how- [however] ever, that in this case a secondary matter, of very great importance, not only to the institution itself but to the entire community, has been hitherto overlooked by the subscribers. The above recommendation, in rule 43, shows clearly that it was the intention and wish of the founders of this noble institution to diffuse the benefits of the medical experience afforded by its practice more widely through the profession than has hitherto been done, and a truly wise and benevolent intention it was-- [was] one in which every man, woman, and child is vitally interested. The more abundantly the benefits of such practice and observation can be thrown open to our medical attendants the safer we must all feel ourselves to be when under their care. In this view of the case I congratulate the committee on the course they have so judiciously taken in the business, and I confidently trust that the carrying out of the above recommendation will be productive of great advantage to the progress of medical science by affording to its practitioners occasional opportunities of mutual and harmonious co-operation in some of the most important branches of their noble profession. I trust also that those surgeons in the town and neighbourhood who are not already governors will see the importance of becoming so, with the view both of benefiting the institution and likewise availing them- [themselves] selves of the professional advantages now offered to them through its medium. I am, Sir, yours respectfully, A GOVERNOR. ----- -- -- BATH ACCOMMODATION OF HUDDERSFIELD- [HUDDERSFIELD] TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Sir,-It was with great astonishment that I read the article Baths for Huddersfield, by An Octogenarian, in your paper of last week. I should not have thought that in these days of progress and civilization, any man lived who would prefer a coat of dirt and grease to a clean healthy skin, especially if he had read of the im- [in- importance] poitance [patience] of cleanliness to health in the first letter of your correspondent, Mr, J. W. Moore, on bathing. Your Old St. correspondent says, he is oldenough [old enough] to remember the time when no one thought of bathing. I donot [don't] doubt his being old enough -from his letter he appears to be in his dotage but he does not remem- [rem- remember] ber [be] that through all ages cleanliness has been looked upon as a part of religion, and that cleanliness of body is apt to lead to purity of mind. Have not poets, both ancient and modern, sung of cooling streams and murmuring brooks and do not the magnificent stupendous works of the Romans, re- [remain] main to this day to attest the importance they attached to the bath. The baths of Antoninus Caracalla, which were open at stated hours, for the indiscriminate ser- [se- service] vice of the senators and people, contained above sixteen hundred marble seats for bathers, and those of Diccletian [Diction] more than three thousand. A perpetual stream of hot water was poured into capacious basins through as many wide mouths of bright and massy [mass] silver, and the meanest Roman could pur- [our- purchase] chase, with a small copper coin (about the eighth of an English penny), the daily enjoyment of a scene of pomp and luxury which might excite the envy of the kings of Asia; and yet your correspondent is old enough to remember the time when no one thought of bathing. I would ask him to suppose ourselves walkin [walking] g through the lanes and alleys of any of our large towns. Look at that man with his dirty face and unkempt hair, loung- [long- lounging] ing along the street, and hanging down his head as if to hide his face. Let us follow him to his dwelling See there his wife and children, with unwashed faces ; mark the untidy house and dirty floor all bespeak them grovelling in the depths of misery and vice. Again, ook [oak] at that artizan [artisans] walking briskly along the street, with clean face and cheerful countenance; by your leave, we will accompany him. We arrive at his cot- [cottage] tage, [age] in a similar part of the town to which we followed the other man, and enter with him. See his smiling wife and clean and neatly dressed children the house too isin [sin] order-everything in its proper place. We have now seen the two pictures, let your correspondent say how far cleanliness makes the difference. He then becomes very misty, and endeavours to per- [persuade] suade [side] us that if we were to wear buckskin breeches, without linings, as in the good old times, we should know better than to talk about bathing being the means of promoting health; which curious logic I think he should have explained. He then speaks of railways and telegraphs being new-fangled [new-tangled] things, and he, being an Octogenarian, I should infer would rather have lived in the times, when a journey to London, was such a serious thing that it incurred the necessity of i one's will before going; when the journey itself occu. [occur] pied seven or eight days, besides the chance of getting a broken neck by the overturning of the lumbering coach I sup the reason for our ancestors never gadding about, is, that it took so long a time to go even a short distance, that they never went, except upon important business. But times are so woefully changed that a rson [son] may go to London and back in twenty-four ours; and yet your correspondent will not allow a cheap trip to the piecer or power-loom weaver. He then gets very indignant that baths should be pro- [provided] vided [sided] for the million at the small charge of two- [twopence] pence, and gives such a lengthy article on the treat- [treatment] ment [men] of lunacy that we might fancy he had been manage r of an eayiam, [aim] perience [Prince] has proved, and it has been former letters in your paper, that baths may bey m [in] vided-not [sided-not] only for twopence, but even for three half pence, as in the London Public Baths; and at this charge they not only remunerate the Company, but raise money for the establishment of other bathe until Huddersfield is vided [sided] wi modious [odious] baths, toil, will lack one great enjoyment, which they will not I think 4 T remain A LOVER te there are few like our in, Sir, ke OF HEALTH AND EXERCISE. Huddersfield, October, 1850,