Huddersfield Chronicle (19/Jul/1856) - page 8

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grsaby [Crosby] Mrs, Wood, Mrs. Whitham, and Mrs. Fisher, in respect te the death of Mrs. Dove. I agree with Mr. Boevicy. [Viceroy] I consider that the symptoms are consistent with I have experimented for 30 years im-warious [im-various] Kinds of poison, including strychnia. [strychnine] I heard ti Mrs. Dove improved on the Saturday. It was pos- [post- post] ait e that it might have been after taking strychnia, [strychnine] but it wus [was] iwconsistent [inconsistent] with it. I should not have anticipated tikat [ticket] if she had taken a large dose of strychnia [strychnine] on Friday, would have been better on Saturday, but it is not im- [in- impose] that it might have been so. yross-examined cross-examined] by Mr. Bliss-There was nothing in the fiedy [fed] that might not be imputed to strychnia [strychnine] on the Satur- [Star- Saturday] dpy [day] wight. lam of opinion with Mr. Morley that hysteria wid [id] stimulate almost every other disease, and amongst the resttetanus. [rest tetanus] If strychnia [strychnine] had been administered in six eases, I have no duubt [doubt] it would be found, and that it is t&renow, [t&renew] I should have expected to have found it in the tmewes [times] of the body, but they were not examined, This eme [me] and the one in London has done more to advance our ignowledge [knowledge] of discovering strychnia [strychnine] than was ever done by strychuia. [stretch] a matter of knowledge derived from te hooks, rubbing seems to be desired inslightattacks. [institutes] I stiribute [tribute] the symptoms ot Saturday tostrychuia. [ostrich] Hysteria wauht [wait] not account for them. Br. Hobson was then examined. Hesaid-Iam [Head-I am] a doctor of medicine. I went to see Mrs. Dove on Saturday night. B4omnad [Promenade] her dead. 1 agree in opinion with Mr. Morley. Cross-examined-I think the symptems [symptoms] described in tilis [tiles] ense [sense] miyht [might] be found in an aggravated form of hysteria. We-examined-In an aggravated form ot bysteria, [hysteria] the patient would probably be unconscious. . Br. Christison [Christian] was then examived-I [examined-I] am a physician residing at Edinburgh. I have devoted a great deal of time to the study of poisons. I have heard the report of r. Morely [Morley] and Mr, Nunnely. [Tunnel] U agree with both. I aéitrebute [attribute] the symptoms to strychnia. [strychnine] It is just possible it may be consistent with hysteria. It is unusual in cases of paisoning [poisoning] by strychnia [strychnine] that a patient should be insensible, Cross-cxumined-Setting [Cross-examined-Setting] aside what occurred on Satur- [Star- Saturday] dey night, I don't attribute the former symptoms to I should be very sorry to assizn [assize] or mit them to lypsteria. [lustre] 1 have heard too little evidence to form an on one side or the other, Mr. Thomas Teale, surgeon, said-I have heard the evidence, and I attribute the symptoms to strychnia. [strychnine] Tze [The] symptoms of Mrs. Dove, as described, are perfectly in with death trum [rum] an overdose of strychnia. [strychnine] Gross examined -Had heard that she had bysteria [hysteria] before. #rom her symptoms to Friday, I cannot say that should have expected strychnia, [strychnine] knowing the effects to be pre- [preach] aischy [Ischia] analogous. I should have expected it to be strych- [Starch- strychnine] mia, xithough [xi though] she recovered and was improved in health Wenext [Next] day. The effect of strychnia [strychnine] is to weaken the accident had not happened because you could not tell how it did happen. Would you not have said that it was an act of monstrous stupidity if the party still continued to get and use the poison in this manner Well, if that which before the event you would have supposed likely to happen, should happen-the death of one of the family by poison-would you have supposed that likely to change the probabilities of the case But it is said there was murder; and away goes all sympathy, and every reference to the poison being there. 'There is no doubt that the suggestion of murder excites curiosity. I aud [and] come to ihe [the] question of murder but before I do so, I wil pursue the natural turn of thought suggested and I say that my learned friend has taken it for granted that a murder was committed. He bas presumed on your curiosity, and has therefore thought it necessary to exclude the possibility of accident. He has confined himself to the possibility of murder and never questioned the fact whether any murder was committed or not not to be taken asa fact. Let us see how he attempted to prove it. In the first place we are without any positive evidence. Does anybody say he saw that man admiuister [admitted] poison to his wife No one. And yet this is a case where positive evidence ought to be had one where we require it. The poison is not administered in secret at least the fatal dose upon which the case turns. Forgetting the other occasions for a Moment, this was on the assumption set up, given on the evening of the Ist [Its] of March, and in the presence of two witnesses. We ought therefore to have positive testimony. Is there any confession, any admission this is a kind of evi- [vi- evidence] dence [dene] frequent in criminal cases-and such as might be expected from the prisoner, who is a weak minded man-a loquacious man, one who talks and writes a great deal aboyt [about] this very affair. He has always persisted in one tale ;-and that tale is his innocence. There is nothing shows so much as the conduct of a person in these cases. 'The [the] prisoner attended the inquest. There was no flight- [flight no] no attempt to elade [Eade] apprehension, All the evidence is cir- [circumstantial] cumstantial. [substantial] Now circumstantial evidence is very much praised by some persons, and is received with great favour, und [and] reasonably enough so. It enlists our own svif-applause [sf-applause] ; we are pleased at our skill in going over circumstances, in drawing inferences, aud [and] in combining them toge- [toe- together] ther [the] to make out a case. We approve our work, and admire it. Is it not wise to be a little distrustful of our skill Let us see narrowly what the circum- [circus- circumstances] stances are. First, my learned friend would say there is the death of the wife by strichuine. [strychnine] My learned friend did not pretend that that single fact was euough [enough] to make out a case against anybody. He takes that fact, and I leave it as he puts it down; and he combines other circum- [circus- circumstances] stances to make out a murder. Now let us direct our attention to what sort of a murder, or charge is it It is that a man who has been three years married to a wife of Bedy. [Bed] It is sometimes fatal by producing exhaustion. I Have attended to the evidence, aud [and] I don't deny the pessibility [possibility] that the symptums [symptoms] might have been caused by isgsteria. [Austria] By a Juryman-Can a man who has not got himself into zstate [state] of delirium tremens [remains] be in such a condition as to hare tas [as] Rea of being pursucd [pursued] by spirits. Witness-If constantly drunk, he might have those delu- [deli- deluges] when drunk, or when part drunk. Mr. William Hey-I am a surgeon, of Leeds. I have beard the symptoms, and attribute the death to poisoning Be strychnia, [strychnine] I know of no natural disease that would peorluce [police] those effects. Creas-examined-Taking [Crease-examined-Taking] the evidence of appetite, Iam [I am] pet prepared to say that the symptoms are not those of Syatveria, [Slavery] I do not deny the possibility, but it is a peculiar zse' se] where hysteria assumes all the forms of, and assimi- [assume- estimates] to, strychnia. [strychnine] Mr. Richard Uey, [Hey] sheriff of York, confirmed the evidence ef tlre [tire] Inst witness. Cyross-examined [Cross-examined] -I have been a long time in practice in Wek. [We] Looking at the symptoms during the week, I zétiibate [debate] death to strychnia. [strychnine] I have never seen a case of death by strychnia, [strychnine] 1 have seen many cases of hysteria the symptoms would be accelerated by strychuia. [stretch] 'Sie [Sir] symptoms inconsistent with hysteria are the screaming amd [and] the pain. Persons ina state of hysteria do believe themselves to be in pain, but uot [not] the same kind of pain as ig produced by strychnia; [strychnine] and, moreover, they are not always conscious. I never saw spasms so intense in hysteria ae they are described to be in this case. It is a tact that strychuia [stretch] a person is afraid to be touched. In agyravated [aggravated] eases this is so, but in slight cases they might ask to be Re examined-I have never known a case of hysteria webere [were] the walking across the room gave pain to the patient. Leovking [Loving] at all the symptoms in conjunction, I do not know of ay case of hysteria like this, and I do not believe this is ease of hysteria. This closed the ease for the prosecution, and after some eaversation conversation] relative to the non-calling of a witness whose mame [name] appeared on the back of the indictment preferred bafore [before] the grand jury, in the course of which Mr. Bliss sagyested [yesterday] thas [has] the prosecution should be compelled to call wituess, [witness] Ske [Se] learned Judge said he had no power or desire to yrant [grant] the application. 'Siw [Sir] evart [Ewart] adjuurned [adjourned] at ten minutes past six o'cluck until Biiday [Body] morning. THIRD DAY. CROWN COURT, Frinay, [Friday] July 18. (Before Mr. Buvou [Buoy] Bramvell.) [Bramwell] The the] court opened this morning at six minutes past nine. ix was more crowded than on furmer [farmer] occasions, though not at so sarly [early] au hour. 'The [the] prisoner, on ascending the door, appeared not the altered in appearanee. [appearance] During the morning he remained stauding, [standing] but in the afternoon he occasionally sat down, and might be seen swinging his legs carelessly backwards and forwards, During the whole trial he has Bat in court. offered one suggestion to his counsel or svlicitor. [solicitor] The jury having taken their seats in the box, Biv. [Iv] Bliss, Q C., rose and said-The [said-the] case for the prose- [prosecution] eation [nation] is now over; after having continued for two long during which you have seen great power arrayed aguinst [against] the prisoner at the bar. Nothing has been spared which eloquence, skill, ability learning, industry, or seience [science] could supply, to place the prisoner beyond the of mercy. You listened to my learned friend with ad attention and you listened I hope with something of reserve and hesitation, tuking [taking] what was as con- [conditional] citional, [national] and conditional only, until you have heard how these can be answered; keeping your minds awd [ad] hearts open fur the defence-willing and anxious to Beve [Bee] that detence [defence] made out tor the prisoner's life. I aim ekarged [enlarged] with the conduct of that defence, unfortunately fer him aud [and] for you; for if any of my learned friends had beer entrusted with that defence, it would have been fur more satisfactory to me, and far more satistac ory [artistic or] to you. Exxt [Ext] the order of precedence makes it necessary for me to address you and I must begin by confessing my inability that as I could wish, and must theretore [therefore] crave your imdulgence [indulgence] and assistance-to be patient with me; for it wid [id] be a work of some time. I kuow [know] that I must fatigue axed weary you very much; but nevertheless, I hope and believe you will bear with me for the sake of the cause I pead. [read] I wish I could hope and believe you could do weat [West] I well know you will do if you can, and what my Jearned [Earned] friend has felt it necessary to ask you to do ;- that is, to divest your minds from every preconceived ; and I would add also, emancipate your minds Hom [Home] that undue bias which has most unfortunately and waconsciously [conscientiously] been given to them. My learned friend sowed throughout the whole of his speech, that he has mot emancipated his mind from that bias. Unfortunately tie details of this case-an imperfect statement of one side euly,-has [July,-has] been most extensively circulated, and has carried into the mind of almost every reader amd. [and] hearer in the kingdom. This is a case that. sti- [st- stimulates] mmulates [stimulates] curiosity und [and] credulity; and in consequence ef recent events of au atrocious character. to which zeZerence [assurance] in this case has been necessarily and unfortunately made, there has been something like a public panic on the sabieet. [Sabine] It is as if ties of wedlock, love, afiection, [affection] and iviondstip, [industry] all which should give security, furnish merely epportunity [opportunity] and occasion to commit crime. And this case Hos been conducted as if there was need of a signal act te puzish [punish] and repress the alleged crime; as if the ordinary rales [Ales] and usages ought to be stretched a little, and dsparted [departed] from, in order to catch a victim. I beg of you throw off the panic and prejudices which have been so isdustriously [industrious] circulated in this case so much so that you contd avt [at] approach these halls of justice, without seeing t&e walls placarded in large characters, Trial of Dove, the Leeds peisoner. [prisoner. My learned friend has not been able to banish from his mind the of those efforts. He seid [said] that a murder bad been committed and he used all lis [is] eloquence to prove that the prisoner was the murderer. you to let me state the case, as if you had not heard is before. I take permission to question the fact that ever & murder was committed. But what a state of things is it, when I dare not get up in a court of law to deny the must important of all facts on which the case rests, without the Sear of not being tolerated when I suggest this But # you will go with me, and let me sift this mass ef evidence, and try the strength of inferences, 1 ask you to exercise your independent judgment, scidmg Sodom] according to your own opinion, and not being gerverned [governed] by the opinion of others, There is, in the case s it stands, no positive evidence. Everything depends wpon [upon] the inferences to be drawn from the evidence, If Soo [So] much weight is given to any one fact, it may over- [overbalance] balance the whole; a grain too much to the evidence of any witness, a little thing overstretched, and it becomes fal. [al] here are one or two facts in this case which I tink [think] may be taken without argument. I believe no one walt eny any] that the prisoner was a man of intemperate ; often drunk and further, that he is a weak- [conduct] zandcd [indict] man-far from being a wise man. That I think my friend and I agree upon tor the fact is placed beyond dispute by the evidence. Lask [Ask] you to let me state this, acd [and] ge throuzh [through] the facts and data before you, as if you issard [issued] them for the first time. 1 will, as far as my memory geives, [gives] take notice of every important fact, and if not, Bape [Ape] yor [or] will supply the omission but be not impatient. The Dove family cousisted [consisted] of three persons-one, an iwvalid, [invalid] long suffering from hysteria another, a weak, anwise [unwise] man and a drunkard and the third, aservant [servant] about tebe [tee] changed-with visitors coming and going. If you had heard for the first time that poison was brought into this house to poison cats, would you have thought it any thing extraordinary Did you never hear of poison being used to poison catsand [cat sand] Is it not au ordinary thing, often recommended In this case it was considered an ordinary thing, and had the sanction of one person in the medical gentleman's surgery. If you heard for the fest time that such an irrational and unwise act was done, as bringing into the house poison of such a destructive nature that one grain, or less, would be destructive to human life, and that it was kept in a razor-case on the e&imney-piece [e&chimney-piece] in the bedroom, not under lock and key ;- 3 you heard that this poison had been put upon meat, put wpor [poor] cheese if you found poison ia al parts of that small bouse-im [Bourse-im] the bedroom where the master slept-in the room Waere [Were] the servant slept po'sor [po'Sir] in the kitchen, poison upon the sink, poison by the pump, poison in the pantry, polson [poison] eu the candlestick, poison on the plate, poison in the dish, Peisen [Person] on the mantle-shelf-(and I have only mentioned Were it was actually found); if a person should have imken [immense] it by mistake if any of your acquaintances was so imdiscreet [indiscreet] as to use itin [tin] the manner as has been described, and as the witnesses have proved, would you not have it your duty to say it was the most irrational thing im [in] the world and that you should not wonder at any oue [our] being found dead Ifit [Fit] was an article in which there was dingor, [donor] there might be an accident; and a little might au &pon [on] some article of food, or be spilt, or brushed away about bis own age, has conceived the idea of killing her with adrug [drug] which is most rapid and fatal; but he will administer it in small doses su as to keep her in torture during a whole week. This is my learaed [learned] fiiend's [friend's] case; that in the meantime the murderer kisses ber-caresses [be-caresses] her-serves her as a nurse-writes for her mother-brings in his own mother-and causes acquaintances to come and see her. He is particularly careful about her religious state, and the welfare of her soul; going to a clergyman whom he had never scen [scene] before, to bring him to pray with her, He announces to the world that she is going to die; keeps her alive during the week, and kills her on Saturday night by an excessive duse [use] forbids a post mortem examination to be heid, [head] trusting to that for an escape from detection He goes and kisses her cold corpse, and prays over her; and it is alleged he did all this because he loved the widow next door, and because the doctor's bill was expensive. Gentlemen, was there ever in the annals of crime-in the pages of romance-in the imayina- [imagine- imagination] tion [ion] of the human being;-was there ever a crime so atrocions, [attractions] so monstrous, so enormous, so stupendous in its guilt, as that which my learned friend alleges against the prisoner 'The [the] infernal fiend himself could discover nothing more shocking, or more horrible. Is there not something in the c.neeption [c.nation] of that crime which appals, confounds, and overwhelms our own intellect that makes us anxious and desirous for the sake of human nature, and the hunour [honour] of the species, that man never never could be guilty ofa [of] crime like this It is incredible that this case is most improbable and the whole presumptien [presumption] is against a crime so cruel, and so enormous. Sv far we have nothing to favour the crime. Next I ask you, is this sup- [supposition] position and this description of c ime, [c me] which I think I have not exaggerated is it consistent with the mind of a man who and has long been given, to habits of drunkenness a weak-minded unwise mau [may The next point we have in the case is a most important one; the prisoner had in his possession poison uf [of] some kind. How did he get possession of it If it was done secretly or covertly if it was denied ; ifit [fit] was concealed, and in spite of this concealment and colour he was fixed with its possession, it would be an important fact. What is the case here Before he went for the poison he announced to the family that he was going to get it. He told Elizabeth Fisher he was going for medicine, and he should get some poison te poison the cats. 'his important fact she did not mentiov [mention] in her examination in chief, and it was left to be got out in cross-examiuation. [cross-examination] The fact that voison [poison] was to be got was announced and known in the family, told to the servant, who is the enemy cf the master, who has under- [undertaken] taken to say that he threatened tu poison his wife. If that is what she would have you believe, is there anything in it which favours the idea of crime It was evidently a vain idle threat, which was torgotten [forgotten] by the wife, and ought to have been foryotten [forgotten] by the servant. Do you believe that he having such an idea, would tell her that he was going to get poison How does he get it My learned friend says that when he and Harrison, with another witness, were in a public-house, Palmer's trial was rea by Harrison; and the prisoner in a loud tone of voice asked Harrison to get him some strychnine. There was nothing in Palmer's case to encourage a man to use strychnine; and there was nothing in it to cause him to allege that he wanted it to poison cats. Palmer was charged with having used strych- [Starch- strychnine] nine. Palmer's defence was alleged to be that he wanted it to poison dogs. Nobody believed Palmer. Everybody coudemned [condemned] him, and Palmer's case was a warning, a horror, and made every man's heart thrill with detestation, and rebound with joy at the conviction, from the belief that it was fully justified by the evidence. There was nothing in that case to suggest the use of strychnine, or to use it to poison cats. 1 am dealing with the prisoner now I ask you now to view another aspect of the case-insanity. If there was insanity, Palmer's case might suggest the idea of poison. With insanity the impulse is firresistible. [irresistible] The idea of detection and punishment has no effect upon a lunatic. The history and experience of madness proves it. It is the instinct ot imitation. If told of a crime, they instinctively imitate it. So it is, when a shocking form of murder or suicide occurs, you see it repeated in the same form. It has acted like an irresis- [desire- irresistible] tible [table] impulse on the insane man to imitate it, and produce a repetition of crime. But if, when without any intention of committing crime, he really wanted poison to kill a cat, case might have suggested the kind of poison ; and his own consciousness of his own inten- [intend- intention] tion, [ion] as free from crime, could alone have prompted him to ask for the same description of poison. I leave it to your own good sense, whether this view is not more pro- [probable] bable, [able] than that a man, who intended to poison his wife, would ask for that poison in the hearing of two persons In what terms does he ask for it Can you get or make me any strychnine If a person had an impression that Harrison had power over spirits-if he had a delusion that Harrison could torment his wi'e, and that she was not a right woman,-if he had an illusion that Har- [Harrison] rison [risen] was more powerful than the devil-is it strange that he should ask such a question A man who intends to resort to poison, does it in secret. His object is to have it unknown that he had poison ard [ad] he would not have proclaimed it about the house in the manner the prisoner did. My learned friend may say this is merely the result of a subtle fand [and] ingenious disposition. That is not the character of the mind it is not the character of the transaction, or consistent with the rest of the circum- [circus- circumstances] stances of the case. When Harrison refused, the prisoner said I can get it; and where From his own medical man. He wants poison for his wite, [white] and he gues [gus] to the surgery of bis medical man for it Palmer's case is then ayain [again] mentioned-it does not appear by whom strychnia [strychnine] is spoken of. 'he prisoner says his house is infested with cats-and he has told the servantso. [servants] His phrase is he had better take poison to destroy them. It is the phrase ot a man a-king advice taking counsel of the man whose opinion he wants. He gets that opinion, which is- I think it would be the best way. My learned friend says that the statement about poisoning the cats was a pretence. If so, it was not mentioned when he applied to Harrison ; and if it had been a pretence, it would have been put for- [forward] ward then. A pretence which is not mentioned is an absurdity. The poison is got, and, fur the sake of security, the word poison is wrltten [written] upon it. Thet [The] is not all. Everybody was asking, Can strychnine be detected What does the person who gave him the poison tell the prisoner 'It can be detected. But who can detect it Mr. Morley can detect it. Mr. Morley has detected it; and the name of the person in whom he has detected it was mentioned. A book was handed down, and he wasshown [was shown] the test bv which it can be detected. He there reids [Reid] of one test, and is told of another which Mr, Morley knows. Who is Mr. Moriey [Morley] The medical man attending the wife who was to be poisoned. He sees her day by day-aud [day-and] the prisoner knows he resorts to post-mortem examina- [examine- examinations] tions, [tins] and insists upon having them. He even wanted one upon the prisone 's [prisoner 's] father. Morley is the man who can detect strychnine. Is there anythiug [anything] here to encourage the idea of murder, or that accords with the cireum- [cream- circumstances] stauees [stairs Let me tell you, by the way, that the force of circumstantial evidence is this -When you have no positive evidence, you suppose the guilt-and you compare it with the circumstances, of the case. If it accords with all, you have evidence of guilt ;-but if it does not accord with all; if it does not accord with any one aud [and] with every one circumstance that is material, it is good for nothing. The supposition of guilt must reconcile all the of the case-and the circumstances must not be reconcilable with any other supposition, It is bad reasoning, unless that be the case. I think I have shown you hitherto that the suppusition [supposition] of guilt does not reconcile with some circumstances that are very material. The prisoner proclaims that he has got strychnine he tells both his wife, servant, and neighbours. It is put in the dog kennel and the bedioom, [bedroom] Hecarries [He carries] it about in various places, where he is mixing it. At first it is washed away by the rain, After killing one cat, he goes back to the same medical man to get more poisoa [poison] to kill the other cat, when similar occurreuces [occurrence] take place, with this addi- [add- addition] tion [ion] that another person is present. He is asain [again] assured that the poison can be detected, aud [and] that Mr. Moriey [Morley] can so detect it. He is also told to take care of the poison, or it may get into some powder of his wife's. He at once replied, There is no danger, I always give her the medi- [med- medicine] tine myself. If a man intended to poison his wife, aud [and] was saue, [sale] what an irresistible temptation would there be to conceal that fact Tie conduct spoken of is uot [not] con- [consistent] sistent [distant] with the intention of crime. Would a sane man have acted so if he had the iutentiun [attention] of puisuning [poisoning] his wife Well, the pvison [prison] is used for poisuning [poisoning] the cats. We have evidence that it was twice so used. The servant left on Tuesday the 19th February; two days elapsed without a servant, and in the meantime how is the puisun [poison] kept In the razor case, unlocked, lying on the chimney-piece in Mrs. Dove's bedroom. Visitors arecoming [are coming] in. Thereisa [Therein] change of servants; curiosity might prompt any cne [ce] to go there. Wou d [You d] you say Fisher had no curiosity to open the paper of poison of that peculiar deadly kind, and so notorious She might have doneso, [done] aud [and] have forgot-4 B tevit. [invite] the proper way of keeping the poison But wast not that which might have been expected of adrunken [drinking] im [in] matake [make] Many things might conspire to produce the last result and it would be no reason to think that an man, or man who was insane But was it that conduct which would have been resorted to bya [by] person who had the intention of administering and using it to poison his wife 'There is no corttrivance [grievance] on the part of the prisoner to insinutate [insinuate] that she took it herself. His own defence is, I know not how it came there; I know nothing of it if she got it, she gotit [gout] by accident. I believe it will be conceded that a man in his senses, when he attempts to commit a crime, provides beforehand some probable means of evading detection. No sane man would think of perpetrating a crime of this nature, without the hope of escape. 'I'he very fact imports a desire of secrecy. What means of secrecy did this manadopt [man adopt None as it rds the possession of poison he did not conceal that. None in the custody of poison nor is there any pretence to simulate an accident, He negatives any proposition of that kind, nor yet does he attempt to insinuate a crime by auy [any] other person. What then were his means of defence I won't have a post mortem examination, said he. He stakes every thing upon that refusal Was this the act of aman [man] in hissenses [his senses The circumstances of the case are incunsistent [inconsistent] with his having been the cause of death they are inconsistent with the design and perpetration of crime. His family doctor always wants a post mortem examina- [examine- examination] tion. [ion] The prisoner cannot prevent bim. [bi] Could a man adopt no other expedient than the refusal to havea [have] post mortem examination, which refusal never could avail, and which would only tend to convict him, if be was sane There is another important fact to which I wish to call attention. The dates in this case are inconsistent with each other, 'The [the] case is, that on the 10th of February, he intended to poison his wife, and had ten grains of strych- [Starch- strychnine] nine. The whole of this is employed for poisoning cats by the 15th February. On the 15th he goes back for more, Would he go back for more if he had any left Why should he My learned friend thinks his going back for more is evidence of guilt, as he told Mr. Morley he bad onl [on] been once, The fact could easily be proved by others. do not see how his going back is evidence of yuilt. [built] It is opposed to it. Why Because ten grains of strychnine which were got to poison his wife on the 10th of February were uot [not] used for that purpose, but to poison cats 3 and, ifso [ifs] used, why might not that got on the 15th be also used to poison cats It is not alleged that he used any to poison his wife before the 25th Februarv. [February] There is, therefore, nothing in the supposition of guilt coupied [occupied] with the supposition of sanity. And now I cume [came] to the most important part of the case -the means used to administer the poison. 1t was the poison administered on the lst [last] March that caused death and it is to that day that attention must be particularly directed. How does my learned frieud [friend] make out the case Ido not exactly under- [understand] stand what the supposition is-that if the prisoner had a deadly poison in his possession, of which one grain would destroy life, why was not that life destroyed at the time when there would have been no witnesses I do not see why the poison should have been six times administered- [administered five] five times before the fatal dose. I do not see why he should have kept her in torture during the week, if the man had been sane. Why did he torture his wife -was it to similate [assimilate] diseaso [disease It was similatine [assimilate] a disease that would lead to detection. But he knew nothing of its similating [stimulating] effects; he was not a medical man. Whenever bis wife was attacked he called in some witness, and sent for the medical man. He might have seen in the look what the symptoms were, and pro- [probably] bably [ably] did;-and he could not if he administered the poison, have wished so many witnesses to see its effects. ut how would he manage the poison There is no pro- [probability] bability [ability] that he would resort to the torture for six days. 'here is no probability that he could adjust the dose in a manner to do this. There seems to have been no wish to torture and no motives are alleged adequate to such conduct. You cannot imagine that the talent to admi- [admit- administer] nister [sister] these smal [small doses scientifically existed in the prisoner ; or why should such excess be given at last If the strych- [Starch- strychnine] nine is administered in an excessive duse, [use] it is found in the body. This does not seem to consist with the theory for the prosecutiou-or [prosecution-or] with any theory that can be suggested. Let us refer to the last atta sk. [Atha sk] It commenced at half-past ten o'clock. Mrs, Whitham was there till half-past six, when she left, and Mrs. Dove was left alone. Mrs. Fisher was employed down stairs, and where the prisoner was we do not kuow. [know] He comes in at half-past seven, and brivgs [Briggs] Mrs. Whitham back to Mrs. Dove. She finds Mrs. Wood had arrived a few before. Thus, from half-past six to 20 minutes befure [before] eight, Mrs. Dove was left alone, and uo one can tell how she was employed. 'The [the] prisoner gives her a dose of medicine, and the bottle is returned tu the washstand. The remainder of its contents were afterwards analysed, and no strychnia [strychnine] is found there. Therefore, the strychnia, [strychnine] if administered, by the prisoner, must have been put into the glass at the time he poured the medicine out. The whole of the case is staked upon that supposition. Now the prisoner himself did not seem to have known what time the medicine must be taken, until Mrs. Dove said William, will you be so good as tu give me my words which negative the supposition of ill feeling between them. What was his opportunity of putting in the poisun. [poison] Do you believe he went to the chimney-piece, and opened the razor-case, took out the poison, and put it in the glass Mrs. Whitham tells you be was away only long enongh [enough] to pour out the medicine. There is no evidence what- [whatever] ever that he put poison init. [inst] It is extremely improbable that it could have been done, as he was watched by Mrs. Whitham. But there was another witness whose lips are now closed in death. No one could watch more carefully than the wife, ifas [fas] you are told, she desired her body to be exhumed, and had cause of suspicion against her husband. And would she not also have observed if there had been the slightest change in the bitterness of her medicine, especially if there had been three grains of a medicine of which one forty-thuusandth [forty-thousand] part of a grain is intensely bitter. After sugyesting [suggesting] that the poison might have been taken by accident, the learned counsel addressed himself to the question of the sanity or insanity of the prisoner, contending that he was insane, and detailing the nature of the evidence he should adduce to prove that fact, which evidence fullows [follows] below. The address of the learned Counsel, of which the above is an abstract, occupied five hours in the delivery. At its close the fullowing [following] witnesses were called and examined - Mr. J. Jenkins-I knew little of prisoner before he became the husband of my sister. In August, 1852, I saw him several times-last, on July 20th, 1854. I never saw any impropriety towards Mrs. Dove. He always appeared to exhibit intense and foolish affection. He was fondling-more like what takes place between children, than between husband aad [and] wife. I went over to see them a few morths [months] after marriage. had heard of the story of the pistols. My sister wished me to say as little as possible to her husband about it. I remonstrated with him, and Iasked [Asked] him about them; and he said he gave 60s. for them. He began to weep in a most violent manner, and said I am a sinner in the sight of God. He had not been married long, before I became disgusted with his insanity. I did not see the insanity myself; it was what other people told me. His lordship-Then I must strike this out about the insauity. [insanity] Witness continued-I found him very variable in his ideas. He would talk sensibly for a short time, and then without any apparent motive commence about something else. He talked perfectly foolish about his farm. He said he should be 700 in pocket at the end of the season. The farm only consisted of 80 acres. He would at times be highly elated--at others miserably depressed. Hischaracter [His character] was altugether [together] of an impulsive kind. He appeared to be very religious-read portions of scripture, and often sang hymns. I have read of my sister's death, and the symp- [stamp- symptoms] toms and if I had not read of Palmer's case, I should have believed her to have died in one of the extreme fits to which she was subject. Cross-examined-I had no approbation to give to my sister's marriage. She was of age-and I knew nothing of the prisoner-not even his name. My sister asked me about it, aud [and] I replied I did not know the prisoner, but I knew the family, and believed it to be a most excellent one. I never thought the prisoner clever; and after mar- [marriage] riage [ridge] I took him to bea fool. He was never drunk in my presence. He would read prayers at night, and be a reprobate the next day-using improper language to the servants. He was at times excessively elated without any apparent cause. I have come ovar [over] from Madras to tell the truth. Charles Halmer-I [Palmer-I] live near Normanton. About 1839 I The prisoner was was a teacher at Mr. Hiley's, in Leeds. my pupil. He was six hours a day under my eare. [are] I revarded [regarded] him as a youth of a very low order of intellect. I never remember to have met with a similar case. In addi- [add- addition] tion [ion] to imbecility of mind, he manifested want of moral feelinz, [feeling] aud [and] he gave way to vicious propensities. He was profusedly [profusely] liberal, and would give away anything that he had. Qn one occasion I had to write to his father with respect to a pistol he had on his person. I tvok [took] it from him myself-in consequence of a report brought to me by his school-fellow. I found the pistol upon his person. I took it from him and said William, the boys say you intend to shoot your father is that true He made no reply. Mr. Hiley deputed me to wait upon his father. I gave him the pistol and told him that his son intended to shoot him with it, as he came downstairs in the morning. Mr. Dove was very much shocked, and added, I will give him a very severe flogging, and he did. The prisoner was twelve vears [ears] old at the time. My opinicn [opinion] is, that the prisoner was then of an unsound state of mind; that he had a decided tendency to insanity. He was always at the bottom of hisclass. [his class] He was frequently corrected. He took 50 strokes with the same complacency as one. Cross-examined-He was a dull boy, anda [and] bad boy. I then considered he wasinsane. [was insane] I did not tell the head master that he ought not to flog the boy, as he was insane. I did not feel myself in position todo [too] sv. He was flozged [flogged] for incapacity (a laugh) by the master. All the beating was performed by the head master. I never knew the prisoner from that time till I saw his name in the public rints. [tints] J Richard Hiley-I keep a large school at Thorpe Arch. When the prisoner entered under my care, Mr. Dove left me to discover his capacity. After he had been some time I discovered that be was not altogether there. (Laughter He was not generally teachable. His conduct at school was frequently bad, and he appeared fond of mischief for mischief's sake. His reasoning powers were extremely limited. His temper was bad. He appeared to have no idea of any consequences of his own acts; was quite regardless of them. I havecorrected [have corrected] him. He never took punishment well. He could quote religious terms, but had no idea attached to them. I remember his being charged with taking some drawings of his sister's and selling them, He said he had not stolen them-they were his own. He said he had done them, and I ordered him to give an exact copy. He then said he had torgot [forgot] how. J told his father he was not capable of managinz [managing] himself, J was fully convinced he laboured under aberration of mind. The next day I was told he had purchased pistols to shoot his father with. I waited on Mr. Dove, and the youth was expelled my school. Cross-examived-I [Cross-examined-I] never flogged him for not being of a sound mind. I flozged [flogged] him till I was satisfied there was a want of reason-but not after. I punished him when he stole the paiutings. [paintings] I perhaps gave him a stroke. I never gave him fifty. I cannot tell how many I have given him; reason would always guide me in that. (Laughter.) I am not aware I have given him twenty blows at a time. I am sure he was not punished beyond his desert. would not do-tasks would not do-what remained He was expelled the school. He was generally at the bottom of the class. He was expelled for the affair of the pistols. He showed at times some glimmering of intellect-at other times a malformation. Rev. John Manners-I am a clerzyman [clergyman] of the established church. I was formerly principal of Wesley College, Shef- [She- Sheffield] field. Prisoner came tu that institution in the year 1839 or 1840, Ho remained about a year. He was exceedingly foolish-and exhibited stulidity. [stupidity] There was something more of the animal than of a rational creature about him. He would put on a vacant stare; and it was of little con- [consequence] sequence whether he was chastised or not. The impres- [impress- impression] sion made upon my wind was, that Dove was very different to other youths. . Cross-examined-At the time he was there there might have been 150 pupils. Mr, Frankish-I am a farmer, resiling at Sherburn, where I have been about five years. I hada [had] farm pre- [previously] viously, [obviously] where I received the prisoner as a pupil. He remaiued [remained] with me Sj years. From what I knew then, I was led to conclude he was of unsound mind. While he was with me, I had five or six cows, and two ealves. [leaves] He ut oil of vitriol on the cows, and some on the calves. When I charged the prisoner with it, he attempted to deny it at first, but at last he made a confession of the truth. The reason given for not so treating the other calf was, that it was a favourite with him. 'The [the] servant came in one night, and seemed horrified and frightened, and said the cats bad come in most horrid sights. She said there was something on them that seemed alive. The next morning two kittens were found with their eyes all burnt round with vitriol. The prisoner said that he was very sorry for it. I had also occasion to examine the water- [water trough] trough, out of which the horses would not dring. [during] I found in it a bottle of oil of vitriol. He also elevated some beasts through the agency of a beam, so that they rested entirely on the forelegs. Some of my fences were also burnt. spoke to Dove about it, and he said he was sorry for it. heard afterwards that he went to America. There was something said by him about the tribe of Red Indiaus. [India] I remember at one time he said the prairie was on fire and on running out I saw a fire in the fence, and him running before it; sol pursued him. He took some matches out of his box, and made a fire befvre [before] him, which he followed and which burnt a way through the hedge, and then the fire behind him stopped at this point. I remember one night his staying with me after he was married. He asked his wife to She declined, because it was late. He got quite out of temper, and called fur acandle. [candle] Soon after, when Mrs. Dove went to bed, the door was fast, and be would not open it. My wife said if he did not open it she would burst it open, and the door was opened. Next morning he apologised to both of us; and svon [son] after I saw him with Mrs. Dove in his arms, saying my love, and my dear. During the time he was with me, he used to associate with the plough-boys. I was giving a talking to him one night, as I often did. Next morning Mis. [Is] Frankish told me, in Dove's presence, that he said to her, you ought to be thankful that you have a husband this morning, tor I bought this knife to destroy him. Cross exumined-He [examined-He] brought the oil of vitriol with him, when he came to my house. He did not say the burning of the fence was an accident. He had not been with mea week before I thought he was a curious lad, but I thought he might grow better. He grew worse. He was cunning, and would try to deceive one in every possible way. Re-examined-He did not deny that he had burned the hedge designedly. I never trusted him to buy and sell for me. He was not capable of duing [during] so. He Knew little more about farming when he went away than when he came. By the Judge-I had very great difficulty in teaching him about the succession of crops. James Powell-I am a farm labourer, and was servant to Mr. Frankish when the prisoner was on the farm, I was with him three years, I remember his putting a bottle of oil of vitriol in a horse He attempted to stab me, because I would not let bim [bi] have some straw I required for the horses. If I hado't [had't] slipped out of the way he would have hit me. I remember the hedge being on fire. The Rev. Wm. Lord-I am the governor of Woodhouse- [roundhouse] grove School, near Leeds, I know the prisoner, and have known bis father 40 years. I invited him before the death of his father to give him religious instruction. I endea- [end- endeavoured] voured [poured] to ascertain the character of his mind, but I not make any impression upon his heart or his head. His father consulted me as to what provision he should make for him. At the time he wag not, in my opinion, capible [capable] of disposing of property to any amount. [C] He had not visited at my house for a considerable time, because he could never be introduced to the company without great morti- [mort- mortification] fication [fiction] to us all. Cross-examined-I knew him before his marriage. I was not informed of his paying his addresses to Miss Jenkins, until a few weeks after the engagement had commenced. I mentioned to her brother that I objected to him on account of his general strange conduct. He would never read, talk, or tollow [follow] one action to its conclusion. he conversed, he was always irrational. with him about farming. He was not only crude in con- [conversation] versation, [conversation] but contradictory. Re-examined-He manifested an ignorance on the ordi- [ord- ordinary] nary topics of conversation, I have known him 1 4 years. Matthew Cooper, a farm labourer with Mr. Frankish, gave similar testimony to that of the former witness, Powell, Jonathan Gibson-I became acquainted with the prisoner seven years ago. He stayed with me twelve months. He seemed to want power of mind. I had an unfavourable opiniun [opinion] of it. I was not successful in teaching him. He was then turned 21 years of age. He left me and went to America, On his return I took a farm for him, but in his father's name. The prisoner entered upon the farm. He did not farm it as he ouzht [ought] to have done. James Shandon-I ama [am] farmer. In 1852 I went to live with the prisoner as his servant. Old Mr. Dove engaged me. I was there nine months. I noticed the state of his mind. I coming. The family were at prayers. He said the duor [door] must be opened, and she must come in. She did so, and staid. She was allowed to sleep in the outbuildings. He went out, and said there were two men about to rob the house. He reached the gun and went all round. I could perceive no men. He said he would shoot them or any one else. Tae [Tea] gun was at full cock. He went out several times in that way with the gun loaded, and at full cock; he carried it very carelessly. After that he put a cap on, and fired it in the charwomau's [charwoman's] ear. He went galloping through a pond of water, and when told he should not do it, he said the water was cold, and it would do no harm. He got a bull-dog, and used to tie it to the door-sneck. [door-neck] He went out one night with a pistol in one hand and the dog in the other. 'he pistol was at fullcock. [full cock] He put it in the face ofa [of] man he met. I have seen him carry Mrs, Dove about many a time, the same as a child. Cross-examined-I have seen him the worse for liquor. I do not know that he had had any when he said the men were about. Going out with the deg and gun made me think he was not right. I never saw a man pvuint [pint] a gun as he did in any one's face. Once I told him he should not do so, and he nipped up the eat and shot it in a moment, Re examined-He was not like a man of sound and right mind. 'That is my opinion now. Mary Peck-I was housekeeper to the prisoner when at his farm at Bramham Moor. 'The [the] prisoner set my cap on fire in two instances. It wason [Watson] my head each time. He threw water over me when I was ironing. He came in and said he had been waylaid by four men, suspicious cha- [characters] racters. [Carters] He said he knocked one down. I remember he loaded the gun, but fired off the pistol first. When he tired, he reloaded them. I cautioned him. He used fire- [firearms] arms in a very fuolish [foolish] way-carelessly. Robert Tomlinson-Il am a farming man. temberL [September] 852, I went servant to Mr. Dove. The first month I lived in the house. I did not observe any- [anything] thing particularly strange about him. saw him play with his wife the same as a child-carry her in his arms or on his shoulder. Ihave [Have] seen him cry for ten minutes, I had heard them differing before that. I heard him say he was tired to death, and say I don't know what I shall do with myself. In December, 1852, Mrs. Dove came to me, and said he had a loaded pistol. went into the house, and he pointed it at me. I asked him what he was guing [going] to do. took it from him after he had put it in his mouth several times. It was loaded, When I got it, I went and fired it off. At this time, I believe he was the worse for liquor. Sometime after he got a six-barrelled revolver. He loaded three barrels with balls, and three with powder. He did not always appear capable of farm- [farming] ing. I have seer him cut one or two apple trees all to pieces. He pulled others up, and shifted one twice. I have seen him for hours together walking up and down. When I got near, I saw he was erying. [trying] Cross-examined-I never saw him perfectly drunk. I have seen him the worse for liquor. He was not a sound minded man when he was sober. I mean he was nota [not] clever fellow. At times he was a fool. Sometimes he went about his business the same as other men. He some- [sometimes] times worked on the farm. He once threatened to blow In Sep. When I have conversed THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JULY i9, 1856. rstood [stood] is time that the whole of the evidence for defence a be taken to night (Friday), before the court rose but froma [from] telegraphic message, wou [you] seom [some] the court rose about seven. When the ence [once] 'ie defence is ended, a Over wilt reply on say ile ulg [lg é i ore can scarcely be over before noon-probably not before three or four in the afternoon. NISI [NOS] PRIUS COURT.-Tvzspay, [COURT.-Spay] July 15. (Before Mr. Justice Willes. [Wilkes] ) BATES v. MURGATROY [MURGATROYD] D.-SLANDER, sft [st] Mr. Hill, Q.C., and Mr. Hardy were tor she iain 3 Mr. Sergeant Wilkins and Mr. Addison for the e The plaintiff is a woollen merchant and packer at 5 a - dersfield, [Huddersfield] and the defendant is a manufacturer near - ford. The action was brought to recover compensation for slanderous words, imputing dishonesty in trade to the plaintiff, and uttered by the defendant, who pieaded [pleaded] rst, [rest] that be did not utter the words in question, and secondly, that if he did, part of them were true. Prior to July, 1855, the plaintiff was buyer and salesman for George Beaumont and Company, of Manchester, a firm with whom the defendant dealt. They failed in July, 1855, after which the plaintiff set up ine [in] business as a woollen merchant and packer, ard [ad] he arranged with the defendant to pack his goods, and to sell in bis own name goods entrusted to him by the defendant, he paying such prices as were agreed upon when he was paid by the customers to whom he sold the goods. The plaintiff made a simular [similar] arrangement with a brother-in-law ot the plaintiff, named Thomas, and so became engaged in an extensive business, and formed a connexion which he hoped would enable him to doas [does] well as any man in his position might wish. The defendant's finish- [finishers] ers [es] were Messrs. Bowker and Sykes, and the priuters [printers] Messrs. Dewhirst. The plaintiff had to see to these departments, and the goods, when ready, were sent to him to be packed. The arrangement between the parties was carried out from the autumn of 1855, up to March, 1856, without any com- [complaint] plaint being made by the defendant against the plaintiff, In March last, the plaintiff was surprised to find from Mr. Thomas, that certain slanderous words which furmed [formed] the subject matter of the first count of the declaration, had been uttered to him by the defendant, and Mr. Thomas assigned them asa rea-on why he refused to trust goods in future to the plaintiff, for him to sell. 'The [the] words were these. Talking about the mode in which the plaintiff did business, the defendant said to Mr, Thomas If I had not looked very sharp after him, he would have done me out of anend. [and] Ihad [Had] to get Dewhirst's men to come to his place to prove that he got an end which he had not accounted for. Iam [I am] telling thee this on purpose to put thee on thy guard. I mean to close my account with him, and I recommend thee to do so too. The plaintiff asked Mr. Thomas- Do you believe this and Mr. Thomas replied- He did not know what to believe, but he was resolved nut to allow the plaintiff to sell any more goods for him. Shortly afterwards the plaintiff was surprised with another communication. Mr. Thomas desired him to make out his account. The plaintiff enquired why and Mr. Thomas said he had seen the defendant again, and he had made a further complaint about him, the plaintiff. He had said- Bates has sold some goods in Huddersfield belonging to thee, and means to du thee out of them. He has given no account of them, and does not intend to do so. tell thee all about them, but it would do me an injury now; but if Bates does not account for them, I will tell thee all. These and the words previously quoted constituted the alleged slander, in respect of which the plaintiff sought to recover damages, At the conclusion of the case, Mr. Serjeant [Sergeant] Wilkins submitted that the alleged slander was a privileged communicatien. [communication] Mr. Justice Willes [Wilkes] had a strong impression it was a privileged communication, but be would veserve [reserve] the point. Mr. Sergeant Wilkins then addressed the jury for the defendant. He stated that when the plaintiff went to Huddersfield the defendant had no acquaintance with him, but on his application he allowed him to pack for bim, [bi] but never gave him authority to sell goods, except in his name and after consulting with him. In November, 1855, a quantity of goods was delivered to the plaintiff to pack, and he was to forward them to Mr. Atkinson, the defen- [defend- defendant] dant's [dan's] Liverpool agent, who would have nad [and] them conveyed to the Messrs. Brownhead, [Brown head] by whom they were ordered. The plaintiff sent his account for packing, without saying a syllable about his having sold 50 yards of the cloth. In January the defendant went to Liverpool, and on arriving there he was surprised to find that one piece had not been forwarded. Immediately on returning to Hudderstield [Huddersfield] he ' called upon the plaintiff, and informed him of his surprise at learning that one of the ends of cloth bad been kept ' back, upon which the plaintiff admitted he had sold one lend in his own name, but he hoped it would be all right. The defeudant [defendant] said he had no business to sell the cloth, but ultimately the matter was compromised. In February, another lot ot goods was seut [set] to the plain- [plaintiff] tiff to pack, and that having been done, an account was sent to the defendant, amounting to 20. The detendant [defendant] refused to pay the bill, until he had made enquiry, and on going to the premises of the plaintiff, he found that six pieces out of the lot bad been sold by the plaintiff. His suspicion was aroused, and the finisher and printer were sent for; and though the plaintiff insisted that there were no further ends, one was found and pro- [produced] duced, [duce] to his confusion. Upon this the defendant ceased dealing with the plaintiff, and meeting his brother-in-law a few days afterwards, he communicated to him the above j facts. The learned Sergeant charzed [charged] 'Yhomas [Thomas] with having been the author of all the mischief, because, having had a quarrel with the defendant, he went aud [and] infermed [informed] the plaintiff of those words. He contended that there was no malice on the part of the defendant, and that the plaintiff had sustained no damage. Mr. Hull, in reply, urged that the slander had been proved, and that the plaintiff bad been prevented forming a connection he might bave [ave] done, if they had not been used, and he asked the jury to give substantial damages. The learned Judge tuld [told] the jury they must first con- [consider] sider [side] whether the slanderous words were uttered, and if so, whether they were spoken maliciously, fur the purpose of injuring the plaintiff, and not with the bona fide object of putting Thomas on his guard. If the jury thought the words were prouounced [pronounced] maliciously, they were actionable, and they must then decide whether the defendant was justified in using those words. The jury retired to consider their verdict, and after a deliberation of a quarter of an hour, they returned a verdict for the defendant. CROWN COURT, Turspbay, [Thursday] July 15. CRUEL TREATMENT OF A MOTHER 'lO HER CHILD. Elizabeth Elmsall, 30, was charged with having, at Bentley, on the 14th of June last, maliciously inflicted injury upon Maria Elmsall, by striking her with a tire- [Tinker] oker. [over] Mr. Blanshardand [Blanshard] Mr. Middleton proseeuted. [prosecuted] The circumstances of this case were of the most revolting character. Maria Elmsall, a little girl about ten years of age, is the illegitimate daughter of the prisoner, who lived as housekeeper to a person named Jennings, at Bentley, near Doncaster. From nine months uld [old] up to November last, the child was nursed by a woman named Frust, [Fruit] who received two shillings per week for its maintenance. The prisoner took her daughter from Frost at the time named, and behaved to her in the most cruel and brutal manner. She did not allow the child to go to bed more than two nights in the week, and was in the habit of strapping her tightly in a chair, and placing her ina coal hole for many hours together. The child had scarcely any clothing, obtained very little food, and was in a very weak and emaciated state. On the day named the prisoner beat her daughter with a fire-poker, violently struck her with astrap, [strap] and fastening her hands together placed her in a coal hole. The prisoner then went to Doncaster market, and in her absence Mr. Jennings released the child, and behaved kindly to her. When the prisoner returned she was much annoyed that the child. was at liberty. She again struck the girl, and forced her back into the cual [coal] hole. The child's life was in danger, and Mr. Moore, a surgeon practising at Doncaster, was called in, when he found the girl's body a mass of sores and bruises, and her face scratched in various places. The girl was removed to the workhouse, and is now slowly recovering trom [from] the dreadful injuries inflicted upon her. The jury found the prisoner Guilty. His lordship, in sentencing the prisoner, remarked with emphasis, that her conduct had been of the most hateful, disgusting, and inhuman description, and his regret was that it was notin [Norton] his power to inflict a heavier sentence than the one be was about to pronounce. The sentence of the house up, I don't know what for. His mother was at home that night. Re-examined-He had the pistols at full cock, they were dangerous to himself as well as to others. William Tomlinson-I am a mason's labourer. I have been in the prisoner's service. One day the prisoner came to me in the field with his shirt aud [and] stockings in his hand, and said he was going to leave us, His wife and sister came, and told me to cover him up. After they left, the prisoner went away and next morning I found him buried under some sheaves. I remember prisoner signed the goud [God] as ale for drinking. He went and turned the ale on the ground. One day I was going to Leeds, and he told me to buy two linseed cakes to fatten the beas's [bea's] for market next day. (Langhter.) [Laughter] I believe he was sober when he cune [June] into the field with the bundle in his hand. He was sober when he euiptied [emptied] the beer barrel, and when he told me to bring linseed cakes. Cross-examined-When he was sober he talked like other men. teetotal plenge-and [pledge-and] he talked to me of water being as the court was that she be imprisoned for three years to CROWN COURT-Wenpvespay, [COURT-Vespasian] July 16. (Before Mr. Bavon [Bacon] Bramwell.) THE HUDDERSFIELD FORGERY CASE. Henry Leadbeater was committed for forging and uttering a certain bill of exchange for the payment of money, pur [our] porting to be drawn by George Eltuft, [Outfit] well knowing the name of the said George Eltoft [Eldest] to be forged, with intent to defraud Titus Calverley and his partner, at Huddersfield, in the West Riding, on the 8th April last also, for forging and uttering a certain bill of exchange for the pa; ment [men] of money, purporting to be drawn by Henry Leadbeater upon and accepted by one George Eltoft, [Eldest] weil [well] knowing the acceptance of the said George Eltuft [Outfit] to be forged, with intent to defraud James Heron, at Hudderstield, [Huddersfield] in the West Riding, on the 29th April last also, for forging and uttering a certain bill of exchange fur the payment of by the Judge-He did not talk reasonably. (Ube [Be] Judge thought the Defence were going the same ground over and over again. Emma Spence-I went into the prisoner's service in 1853 ' as housemaid. I have seen him serve Mrs. Dove like a child with aspoor. [asp] I have seen him point cocked pistols to his mouth. He threatened to shoot me with a revolver. He told me it was a capital thing to shoot six persons. I put my fingers to my cars as soon as possible, as I fancied he was going to shout down his throat. (Laughter.) He did not go to bed that night. He threatened to set all the buildings on fire with a match. He bas many a time helped me to cook. I was frightened of the man when I was there; I did not think he was right in his head. I don't think yet he is a sound-minded man. Mrs. Dove wasa [was] very jealous woman. Emma Wilkinson-I was in the service of the prisoner three weeks before his marriage, and fur six months after. He did not appear like a reasonable man. I have known him get up in the middle of the night, and go out of the honse. [house] He was sober then. Cross-exam ned-He said he was going to Leeds. Hannah Wilson-I was servant with Mrs. Dove in December, 1853. there five months. I have seen him cry likea [like] man not right in his mind. He behaved very kindly to Mrs. Dove, I never saw him do anything wrong to her. I have seen him carry her in his arms, Cross examined-He cried like an unsound man. By the Judge-He appeared in a right mind sometimes. Joseph Adams--I am a schoolmaster, residing at Normanton. Before I had been three minutes in Dove's company, I formed an opinion as to the state of his mind ; and every time I met him, it orly confirmed that opinion. He never acted as a rational prudent man. He came tomy [Tom] house, and wanted me to write his will. I refused, and told him tu do it himself. He told me he should leave all to Mrs. Dove, so long as she remained a widow, and after her death to his friends. My opiuion [opinion] is that he was not a man of common prudence aad [and] discretion. money, purporting to be drawn by Henry Leadbeater upon and accepted by ore James Taylor, well knowing the acceptance of the said James Taylor to be forged, with intent to defraud James Heron, at Huddersfied, [Huddersfield] on the 6th June last. The case went before the Grand Jury on Tuesday, when Sir John Bailey, who was present as the assessor, thought there was no necessity to indict the prisoner on the three charges; twoweresufficient. A True bill were accordingly found; and this morning (Wednesday) the prisoner was brought into court to plead. After being called upon, he said, in a faint voice, Mr. Blan- [Bland- Blanshard] shard, who appeared for the prisoner, asked to be allowed to call evidence as to vharacter, [character] prior to the unfortunate transactions with which prisoncr's [prisoner's] name was now asso- [ass- associated] ciated. [Coated] Mr. C. H. Jones and Mr. W. Wrigley were in attendance for that purpose, and counsel asked that they might be examined, and sentence passed at once but his lordship said he should not pass sentence until he had read over the depositions, and seen the nature and extent of the crime with which the prisoner stood charged. Mr. Hall, who appeared to prosecute, asked his lordship to fix atime [time] for sentencing the prisoner, and sugyested [suggested] Saturday morn- [morning] ing (this day), a request to which the court gave consent, The prisoner was then removed from the dock, apparently suffering mental anguish at the altered circumstances in which he was placed. Since the forezoing [foreign] was in type, we have learned that on Mr, Leadbeater's being called up to-day, no evidence either to character or otherwise will be adduced. The reason fur this we will state next week. The Seoretary [Secretary] and the Mr. Watson was called, and was just commencing his evidence when our reporter had to leave, at 630. It was messenger of the Hud lersfield [HUD Leasehold] Chamber of Commerce bave [ave] been subpeened [suspend] in the cas -but in all probability they will aot [at] be examined, sound ordinary Congou [Congo] 83d to 9d. Vote BY BALLOT IN AMERICA.-We yestoy. [Yeast] opportunity of seeing a ballot-box, in the possoan [poison] a igilance [vigilance] Committee, which was rasecally [rascal] ingenious, od was about two feet long, 14 inches wide, aud [and] a foot a 8 t and painted on the outside a dark sky-blue colour, had moulding or cleats around the bottom and at the top hack the lid. 'The [the] lock, which looked like an ordinary one ox constructed that, though it is worked with a key, it mi oht [out] also be opened by a peculiar pressure upon one side of the lid. 'There was an ager-hole in the middle of the lid and some of the wax with which it had been sealed at the closing of the polls, when last used, was still remainin [remaining] It seems that the box was used last at a primary election in the Seventh Ward, and the votes were still in it, On looking at the box few would suspect the contrivances about it, but on further and minute examination it Was found that it had a false bottom and a false side, sliding in grooves, under and bebind [behind] which were packed quantities of spurious votes, all ready for an election. The mode of working the machine seems to have been this -A sufficj [sufficient] ent [end] number of the votes which the initiated wished to elect were prepared and secreted under and behind the false bottom and side. The election was held; Smith was tha [that] man to be elected, but Brown was the taan [than] of the people's choice. The polls were then closed, and the box gealed [sealed] and placed in the hands of some one in the secret. Tha [That] stuffer then drew out the false bottom at his convenience, turned the box upside duwn, [down] aud [and] shoved the bottom back, and Smith had a majority of the votes or, suppose Brown had still a majority, the false side was pulled down, and another reservoir of votes tor Smith was opened. Smith now had atriumphant [triumphant] majority, though the seal had not been touched or if nothing else would do, a handful of votes fur Smith mivht [might] be easily thrown in, and in each casg [case] the lid would prubably [probably] be opened, and polled votes corres. [cores] ponding with the number of the stuffed ones be with- [withdrawn] drawn. One thing was certain-S.uith [certain-S.with] would be eleeted [elected] - California Chronicle, Latest (Market Lnielligence. [Intelligence] BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. Lonpon [London] Corn Market, Friday, July 18.-Purchases in English and foreign wheat only moderate, but tully Monday's rates asked. Barley wanted and rising. Oats sold slowly, but more plentiful, at Monday's terms. Flour realised full prices. Arrivals British wheat, 2,210 malt, 2,110; vats, 220; barley, 1,470 sacks, and 1,000 barrels. Lonpon [London] PropuceE [Produce] Market, Friday, July 18.-Little doing in sugar and prices rather lower, although the sup- [supplies] plies were not heavy. Coffee stiff and wanted, gvod [good] clean Native 51s 6d to 56s 3d. Tea firm anda [and] better demand, Tallow stiff and much in demand. LiverpooL [Liverpool] WEEKLY CoTToN [Cotton] Market, Friday, July 18.-Sales of the week 3,880 bales, including 2,570 on speculation, and 5,500 for export. Quotations of fair the same as last week, MErROPOLITAN [Metropolitan] CaTTLE [Cattle] Market, Friday, July 18.- Beasts, 677 cows, 153; sheep and lambs, 11,809; calves, 733 pigs, 210. Beef, 4s 2 to 5s; mutton, 4s 2d to 5s 5 veal, 33 10d to 4s 10d; [d] pork, 4s 2d to 5s; lamb, 4s 4d to 5s 6d. Arrivals Holland-Beasts, 150; sheep, 2,950; calves, 600; pigs, 10 Spanish sheep, 1.700; Norfolk and Suffolk, 200 Cambridge, Lineolu, [Linoleum] Norfolk and Leicester, 2U0. [U] Beast and sheep trade dull, calves and lambs sold at reduced prices. collen, Colleen] Cotton, Corn Cattle (Markets. LL LLL [LL] LPL [LL] AE LLP [LL] APD [AP] PLEO [PEOPLE] HUDDERSFIELD CLorH [Cloth] HALL, Tuesday, July 15.- Stocks continue to increase little business having lately beendone. [Benson] 'To-day formed no exception-indeed manufac- [manufacture- manufacturers] turers [turners] seem to have come to the conclusion, for the last few weeks, that no change will take place in the demand until after the wool sales which commence this week-wben [week-when] with settled wool markets, and change of season, a rapid improvement may be anticipated. WAKEFIELD CorN [Corn] Marker, Friday, July 18.-The [18.-the] wheat trade is quiet, business passing being limited, fine fresh wheat at last week's rates. No alteration in other articles. LeEps, [Lees] Tuesday, July 15.-The [15.-the] weather was very fine, and there was eonsequently [consequently] a large attendance of clothiers and merchants at tu-day's market. Considerable anima- [animation] tion [ion] was displayed in several of the leading articles; and if the approaching wool sales show any decrease in the price of the raw material, there will be a good business for autumn and winter goods, MANCHESTER COTTON MARKEF, [MARKET] Wednesday, July 16.- The market is much quieter, and, with stocks on hand, we should probably have had prices rather easier. Cloths, however, are exceedingly bare in stock, and, notwith- [not with- notwithstanding] standing a quiet demand, manufacturers have orders on their books to keep them busy, and to resist any attempt to lower prices. In narrow printing cloths a fair business was doing yesterday, but generally buyers are holding their orders back. In yarns, as in cloths, prices are steady, with but little business offering. Thestoppage [The stoppage] of Messrs. Wright and Co., spinners, at Stockport, with liabilities variously reported at 80,000 to 90,000, is said to be likely to lead to one or two other stoppages in the spinning trade, Messrs. Lowe and Lowe, of Manchester, commission ayents, [Agents] have suspended business in consequence of this failure, and it is reported that their liabilities are heavy. Asystem [System] of accommodation between the Man- [Manchester] chester and Stockport firms and a cotton broker who has tailed at Liverpool, is said to have swelled their liabilities much beyond what might have been anticipated from their real business transactions. Lonpon [London] Corn Market, Wednesday, July 16.-English and foreign wheat held firmly, but little business done. Supply of foreign better. Flour in fair request; Norfolk d4s. [dis] to 55s. Oats not cheaper, but supply larger and trade slow. Barley wanted, and fully as hixb. [hex] In beans and peas littledone. [little done] Arrivais -British [Arrivals -British] wheat, do. malt, 1,064; do, oats, 120-; do, flour, 810-sacks Lrish [Irish] oats, 1,820; foreign wheat, 300; do. barley, 4,430; do. oats, 12,310; do. fluur, [flour] 00 sacks and 1,009 barrels, The market was thinly attended, and very little business transacted a portion of the English wheat lett [let] over Monday sold at pr.ces [pr.ce] unobtainable that day. No alteration in value of foreign, although generally held for an advance. Value of spring corn fully maintained. STOCKS AND SHARES, Fripay, [Friday] Last Nicuat, [Nikita] Jury 29, 1856, CLOSING PRICES. Consols [Console] for money.... 958 Bank Stock .......... 217 18 account .. 953 1 Exchequer Bills, large 20 4 Three per cuits [cuts] ...... 7 Small 26, 2 RAILWAYS. Ambergate [Amber gate] .........- 43 South Western ...... 106 Caledonian 604 - Manchester, Sheffield, ve Preference 101 3 and Jiineoln........ [Johnson] 4 Eastern Counties .... 105 3) Midland.............. 824 3 Bast Lancashire ...... 85 8 North British ........ 374 8 Edinburgh Glasgow 62 4 ae 7 Great Northern ...... 963 74 North Eastern Berwick S64 [S] Tk 35 A 77 8 Preterence [Preference] ' B....130 2 Leeds .... 174 184 Great Western........ 604 1 York ..., 62 3 Lancashire Yorkshire 974 8 Preference Brightom [Brighton] 8 10 North Staftords [Stafford] ...... 43 North Western ...... 107 38 South Eastern........ 73g [G] 4 FOREIGN. 23 Fourand [Four and] Halfs [Half] 93 100 Russsian [Russian] Fives, new..111 13 Turkish.............. 04 4 Russian NOW.......... 106 REMARKS. English funds in less demand, and a shade lower, but otherwise without feature.-In railways, adverse reports circulated as to dividends on some leading lines, which, caused a yeneral [general] depression. In Great Western the reac- [rea- reaction] tion [ion] was most marked, owing to operations of sellers.-In Jand, [And] bank, and foreign stocks, an active business, but change unimpertant, [important] Bankrupts, We. (From the Gazette, Tuesday, July 15.) BANKRUPTS.-Jobn [BANKRUPTS.-John] M'Millan, [M'Mallin] publican, Wolverhampton, Joln [John] Posthumous Davies, chemist, Mertbyr [Martyr] 'I'ydvill, [I'devil] Glamorganshire.-James Blakeley and Jobu [Job] Blakeley, builders, Flockton.-Samuel Sketchley, [Sketches] scrivener, Horn- [Horncastle] castle, Lincolnshire.-Eliza Horner, cabinetmaker, Man- [Manchester] chester. BAN ANNULLED.-Richard Nelson, draper, eeds. [Leeds] PARINERSHIPS [PARTNERSHIPS] DISSOLVED.-J. Lockwood and W, Keizhley, [Keighley] Huddersfield, merchants.-R. Tooth and A. Tooth, Mincing-lane, merchants.-J. Carr and J, Hep- [Heptinstall] tinstall, [Tunstall] Barnsley, linen canvas, and hair seating warp manufacturers.-W. Ellor, [Mellor] E. Ellor, [Mellor] and B. Bebro, [Bro] Manchester, fent [sent] dealers.-J. Bingham, W. Bingham, and T. Bingham, Liverpool, commission merchants, so far as regards T. Bingham.-E. Senior, J. Senior, J. Fenton, and J. Bailey, Heckmondwike, wool spinners, so far as regards J. Senior.-W. Jackson and W, Whittaker, Luddenden Foot, worsted spinners, Prom the Gazette, Last Nicur, [Incur] BANKRUP [BANKRUPT] US.-Henry Grant, licensed victualler, South- [Southampton] ampton.-Wm, [Hampton.-Wm, .-Wm] Wood, commission agent, Aldersgate- [Aldersgatestreet] street, London.-Wm, Gaskil, [Skill] builder, Croydon, Surrey, -George A. H. Chichester, commission agent, Adelphi, [Delphi] Lonilon. [London] -Simon Partridge, lateh-maker, [late-maker] Darlaston, Staffurd.-Wm. [Stafford.-Wm] Wheeler, corn-dealer, Evesham, Wor- [Or- Worcester] eester.-John [Easter.-John .-John] Crotch, farmer. Okehampton, Devon. BANKRUPTCY ANNULLED,-Yhos. [ANNULLED,-His] S Pack, grocer, Husband Bosworth, Leicester. Marriages On the 16th inst., at the Parish Church, Mr, Thomas Yaigh, [Haigh] to Miss Judy Mellor, both of Lindley. On the 14th inst, at the Parish Church, Mr, Edwin Haigh, to Miss Ellen Parkin, both of Slaithwaite. On the 13th inst., at the Parish Church (by special license), Mr. John Lumb, butcher, to Miss Cowgill, only daughter of Mr. James Cowsgiil, [Cowgill] manufacturer, all of this town. On the 13th inst., Mr, Joseph Lumb, to Mi Iredale, both of this town. for Mee annals On the 13th inst., at the Parish Church, Mr. Jonathan Beaumont, to Miss Jane Hirst, both of Longwood. Deaths. On the 17th inst. Thomas, Birkby. On the 16th inst., aged 70, Mr. Timothy Bride, Windsor- [Intercourse] court. On the 16th inst., aged 66, Sarah, widow of the late Mr, John Booth, of Jacksonbridge, [Eccentric] near Holmfirth. On the 16th inst., ayed [aye] 39, Mary, wife of Mr. Jonas Crosland, of Booth-house, near Holmtirth. [Holmfirth] On the 13th inst., aged 33, Mr. Robert Shaw, joiner, St, Peter's-street. On the 13th inst., aged 23, Alice, daughter of Mr. John Weavill, Brow, Meltham. On the 12th inst., aged 24, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Johu [John] Lord, cloth-dresger, [cloth-dresser] Marsh. On the 12th inst., aged 46, Thomas Shaw, corn- [corn workhouse] Workhouse On the 12th inst., aged 48, Mr. Joseph Whitehead, Honley. . ' AAAS [AAA] SIRS ILLES [ILLS] EN OPA [OP] OE DO aged 85, Hannah, widow of Mr. Jas. miller, On the t1th [that] inst., aged 47, My, John Goodyear, cloth- [cloth presser] presser, Hillhouse, On the 10th instant, at Leeds, aged 11 weeks, Luc [Lu] daughter of Mr, 8, Burluraux, [bulwarks] Kirkgate, in this Ws