Huddersfield Chronicle (19/Jul/1856) - page 7

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oe minute, and returned with a glass, which she supposed contained medicine, She drank it off, and said, Qh, dear its very disagreeable, and very hot; and in a mioute [minute] or two after she exclaimed, 'its very bitter, and addressing Mrs. Whitham, who was there, snid, [said] have you anything in your pocket Mrs. Whitham gave her a lozenge to take the taste out of her mouth. 'he prisoner, when he had got the glass again, went to the washstand, and having washed it out, said, 'I always wash out the medicine-it's such nasty stuff. At this time he Was mot only the worse for liquor, but very much excited. Immediately after he had administered the medicine he became very much excited, and said he would go to Mr. Morley and fetch some more medicine for his wife. He was in such a state, indeed, that he was going away without his cravat or neckcloth, [neck cloth] when Mrs, Whitham said, surely you are not going out such a figure as that He then put on his stock, and said he would go and fetch the medicine. At half-past eight another attack came on. Mrs. Dove ex- [exclaimed] claimed, Oh, dear, Mrs. Whitham, do come to my back. Her body was arched, and her hands clenched. They went to put sgmething [something] to her lips, but she said, No, no more, and then, 'off the bed, as though she wanted to be lifted off, but they could not do so. She called out this three times. Spasm after spasm came on for a considerable time, she maintaining her sensibility, and paroxysm succeeeding [succeeding] paroxysm, till she died in the greatest possible pain and agony, ebout [about] twenty minutes to eleven Her vain was intense. She could speak in the intervals between the paroxysm, and her agony was so excessive that her screams were heard in the kitchen below. A little before ten o'clock that night the prisoner was seen by a neighbour named Wood, and he was told to go home, that his wife was very ill, and that Mr. Morley had been sent fur. He went in for a moment, went up stairs, and Mrs, Whitham said, Go and fetch Mr. Morley and Dr. Hobson. He never spoke, but went out, and when they came back iu an hour afterwards-Dr. Hobson could not be found at the moment when Dove went for him-the poor woman was dead. The prisoner sat on the bed by the side of his wife -by the corpse-and gave her inanimate bodya [body] kiss. He Was preparing to ery, [very] and Dr. Hobson, seeing that it was not a proper place fur him-thinking that the sight of the corpse would add to his anguish, sugested [suggested] that he should be removed to another room, and he accordingly left. During the time, however, that they were waiting for Dr. Hobson, the prisoner spoke to Mr. Morley with great anxiety about his wife, and said, 1 wish to tell you that my wife has a very strong objection to being dissected, and therefore it must not be done. He repeated this three times, and requested that it should not take place. Having stated these facts, the learned counsel proceeded to describe how the deceased took her food and her medicine. Until the Saturday, she had not taken any meat, and then she had a chop. The prisoner had told Mr. Thornhill that he never allowed anyone to give bis wife anything but him- [himself] self; therefore there could not be any pretence for saying that any food or medicine which contained anything that was pernicious had been admiuistered [administered] by anyone else than by him. The medicine was always given to her by the prisoner, except twice by Mrs. Fisher and once by Mrs. Whitham. On those occasions no bad effect fullowed, [followed] but at other times she was suddenly tuken [taken] ill. On one occasion she was taken ill at half-past ten, the prisoner having administered her medicine at tea, and having pregnosticated [prognosticated] that evening that she weuld [would] be attacked at half-past ten. The strrchuine [strychnine] was kept in a box on the mantel-picce, [mantel-piece] over the fire-place, and it could therefore scarcely be said that except himselt [himself] and the deceased had access to it. Then, with regard te his conduct after his wifes [wife] death. At twenty minutes past eleven o'clock, he went to Mrs. Youug's, [Young's] the confectioner, and said it was all over with his wife. She asked bim [bi] when she died and he said it might have been about ten. He was in a state of very great excitement, and said he wished he could weep, adding that last look ef her's hewitches [Cesarewitch] me. At half-past eleven, he went to the Sutelitfe's [Sutcliffe's] Arms public house. He Sat on a buffet, and said his wife was dead. He also said the doctors told him his wife could not live. That was not true. The doctors had always tuld [told] him she would live, and that there was no dunyer, [dyer] as they had seen none. He complained of cold, and had two glasses of brandy and water, and said he thought it was a pity his house should be without a wife. He then weut [West] to the house of Mr. Hicks, a bovkseller, [bookseller] in Upperhead-row. Mr, Hicks was in bed; the prisoner knocked at the dvor, [door] and said Let me in. Mr, Hicks came down stairs and let him in and they went into a room at the back of the shop. At that time he was drunk-very drank-and he said he would like to weep. He remained about five minutes, and Mr. Hicks thought it right that he should got him home at once, and accordingly took him there. On his read he again said his wife had a great unwillingness that a post mortem exani- [exam- examination] nation should ve made. When he got home he found bis mother and his sister waiting forhim. [for him] Mrs, Dove said to him, Oh, William, this is werse [were] and worse. He waseven- [was even- was eventually] tually [tally] got upstairs, and vomited very much, Upon that, and after Mr. Morley reached home, he told Mr. Scarfe his suspicion, and then fur the first time flashed across the memory of Mr. Scarfe, what had escaped him up to that time, and then, as Mr, Morley said, the whole thing was apparent tohim. [to him] On Sunday, the 2nd March, Mr. Morley wrote a letter to the prisoner requesting a post mortem examination, and in answer he received a letter from the mother, declining to comply with his request. was nothing surprising in that determination, for previously, when the husband of Mrs. Dove died, the family expressed a very decided objection to such a course being pursued. At that time no suggestion was made about poison. On Monday, the 8rd [ord] March, however, Mr. Morley reccived [received] aletter [letter] from the prisoner, stating that it was very harrowing to his feelings to be left in the way he had been, and to have suci [such] a request made to him, and asking Mr. Morley ifany [Fanny] blame was cast upon him, or if he-had poisoned her. It stated, 'If you do it, you do iton [iron] your own respon- [reason- responsibility] sibility. [ability. This letter was signed by the prisener, [prisoner] William Dove, and in consequence, Mr, Morley called, and saw some of the fumale [female] members of the family, and talked the matter over, Up to this time some apprehension that poison had been the cause of death had been expressed, but no sugges- [suggest- suggestion] tion [ion] whatever that it had been wilfully administered. Having had this iuterview [interview] with the family, Mr. Morley sub- [subsequently] sequently [subsequently] received a letter, giving bim [bi] permission to make the examination he required, and to take any one with him to assist him, 'That letter was in the handwriting of Mrs. Dove, and was signed by herself and her son. In the after- [afternoon] noon of Wednesday, Mrs, Jenkins, Mrs. Dove's daughter, came up to Leeds. They arrived in the afternoon, buc [buck] did net see the prisoner until the following day. When they saw him he was directing some cards, and in the course of conversatiun, [conversation] he said, You cannot but think shall be married gain. He showed them his late wife's ring. Mrs. Jenkins said she hoped, at least, that the ring would not be put upon.another woman's finzer. [finer] Before his wife was buried, atter [utter] the coroner had seen the boy, and it had been examined by the medical men, the coroner gave a note to the prisoner, stating that it was io be buried. He came back with the note and said, 'It isall [Isle] right, she may be buried now. A conversation afterwards took place with Mr. Morley as to whether she had died from poison, and Mr, Morley said be would not give him any informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] upon that subject, but there was no natural disease to account for death. The prisoner then said, 'Do you Suspect me of poisoning my wife Mr. Morley said the Suspicion was of an accidental poisoniny, [poisoning] and that (know- [knowing] ing poison was in the heuse) [house] some might have got into her medicine, Upon which the prisoner said, I have done it openly shou'd [shoe'd] I have come to your surgery for it Then he said wv Mr. Morley, 1t you find any do let me know. Mr. Morley then asked him how often he had had it, and he said only onee. [one. That was not the fact. If he had only procured it once, the case might have been dif- [if- different] ferent, [front] but the fact of the second dose was important, He said he had brought it home, wrapped it in white paper and placed it in a razor box for security, and had cautioned her not to take it, and had told her This is poison you Must not touch it at all. In the course of the same day he seemed exceedingly anxiously that her fricnds [friends] should believe he had done everything in his power for her, and accordingly, the same afternoon, he showed them a variety of presents he had made to her during her life, and a num- [sum- number] ber [be] of medicine bottles, with the view of suggesting that every medical attention had been paid to her. After this, he went up stairs, where he saw her for the last time before she was closed up. He kissed her, aud [and] said these words, Su teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom. Now, gentlemen, said Mr. Overend, I believe there is one thing omitted, namely, that he called on Thursday at the public-house, and said he was suspected of poisoning his wife by strychnia, [strychnine] and at the same time ulled [Ulley] out a box and said if you take a pinch of that it will Ei you. man at the house, in reply to this remark, said, 'If you have poisoned your wife, your conscience will tell you, and you know best. From this it is quite elear [clear] that he had made himself perfectly acquainted with the use of strychnia. [strychnine] On thatsame [that same] Friday he was arra-ted. [area-ted] J have now gone through all the facts of the case. i think it will be convenient for me to tell you now the post mortem appearances of Mrs. Dove. There is no doubt that she died from strychnia, [strychnine] and we say that it was admi- [admit- administered] nistered [registered] not by accident but by design. Mrs. Whitham jaid [said] out the body. She will tell youin [young] fact that there was no wound whatever on her body therefore there is no suvgestion [suggestion] that.violence was offered so as to cause death. Forty-two hours after death Mr. Nunreley [Nunnery] and Mr. Morley saw the body. Tbe [The] muscles were very rigid, the hands were incurved, [incurred] the brain filled with blood, and the heart empty. Five tests were applied. I don't tell you what the tests are-they will be explained to-you by the medical men. They went through the processes fixe [fire] times, besides the test of taste, and they all ended in the.common result- [result the] the proof that stryehnia [strychnine] had been administered. But they were not satisfied with the chemical tests, but animal tests for strychuia [stretch] were also applied. The contents of the stomach were analysed in this way, and the same result followed. They were net satisfied with that, but with great caution they endeavoured to see that if sirychnia [strychnine] was in that stomach it would have the effect of destroying life to whomever administexed [administered] and as this was.a portion of the stomach tiiat [tat] had not been obsorbed, [observed] they gave a portion of the contents to smo [so] rabbits, two mice, aud [and] one guinea pig, and they all died at various times. The symptoms were the same, and all ended in death. There is, gentlemen, another fact in the case, On the 224 March, the house was closed, Mr. Dove being in prisan, [prison] and a charwoman was sent to clean it, She was accam- [cam- accompanied] panied [pained] by a spaniel dog. They went iato [into] the room wheve [where] the post mortem examination tock place, and found ou the fioor [for] a quantity of blood which waz [was] approached by the dog. The woman observed it and chased it away Whether the dog id absorb any of it, or whether it did not, the fact is that soon after the dog was takea, [take] it died, with all the symptoms of death by stryehnia. [strychnine] I think, after these Circumstances, you can have very little doubt of the accu- [ac- accuracy] racy of the tests made use of by these gentlemen, and that Mrs. Dove came to her death through the agency of strychuia. [stretch] Qn the 24th April the prisoner made a state- [statement] ment [men] relative to what transpired at the inquest. a Mr. Bliss, Q.C., on behalf ot the prisoner, objected to this being referred to, and some conversation took place, during which Mr, Overend said he would not tender it, Mr. Overend then said the only remaining evidence I have to refer to is in favour of the prisoner. On the of May he wrote a letter ta his mother, stating that have often thought of writing to you. Little did J think I shoul [should] ever have been in the situation in which I am placed. Thank God I can say, let the world think what they like, or let the jury bring it in how they like, Jam not guilty of the charge. The letter expresses a film conviction ot an acquittal, and promises that he would call upon his mother as soon ashe [she] can. And now, gentlemen, I have gone through the whole of this case. I have thought it my duty to lay the facts before you simply, and 1 have left them for your consideration and appreciation. It is for you to say whether this mass of evidence, when brought THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1856. before you, gentlemen, leaves any doubt in your mind that rs. Dove came to her death other than by strychnia, [strychnine] and further, whether it was not taken hy herself, but adminis- [admin- administered] tered [teed] by her husband. As I said to you this is a most dreadful and cruel murder. As we suggest it to your notice, the prisoner saw the agonies of his wife time after time, and persevered. From tbe [the] very awful nature of the charge, you have a right to demand of me, bringing an accusation so grave, so serious-you have a right to demand of me to bring forward evidence of the most con- [conclusive] clusive [inclusive] kind; and, if I do not succeed-if leave your mind in reasonable doubt-I ask you to acquit the prisoner; but if, on the other hand, this evidence should satisfy your minds, and lead you to the conclusion that she bas died from poison, and that the prisoner has administered that poison, you will be wanting in your duty to your country, and your duty to God, if you do not find a verdict of guilty. The learned counsel resumed his seat at 25 minutes to one o'clock, having spoken for two hours and 25 minutes, The following evidence was given - Elizabeth Fisher-My father is employed on the railway at Normanton. In June last year, I went into the service of Mr. and Mrs. Dove, and reinained [remained] with them when they went to Leeds, three or four days before Christmas-day. 'They were living very unhappily; and Mrs. Dove was very delicate. One night, at N ormanton, [Normanton] Mr. Deve [Dee] came home tipsy; and atter [utter] Mr. Dove had complained, he took the iano [piano] to pieces, and afterwards he threatened to kill her. ine [in] witness repeated very rapidly some particulars as toa [to] quarrel at Normanton; but she was perfvctly [perfectly] unintelligible to the reporters, and the judge said the evidence was quite unimportant. 1 know a man named Harrison; and I heard Mr. Dove say to his wife that they had been at Leeds, and had got to know that her days would be ended in February. About a fortnight after we got to Leeds, Mr. Dove came home drunk. Mrs. Dove rang the bell, and I went up and she said, See, he's drunk. He said, Never mind I'll do your job tor you one day. Soon afterwards, upon a Saturday, I was called into the sitting room, but Mr. Dove ordered me out. Afterwards I heard a scream, and went in again; Mr. Dove was holding Mrs, Dove in the chair, and he had a carving knife in his right hand, threatening to kill her. He desisted. Between eight and nine o'clock, Mrs. Dove was in the kitchen, and got up to leave itas [its] Mr. Dove entered; he struck her; she went up- [upstairs] stairs, and he followed, and finding her fainting he fetched some brandy, with which I rubbed her lips. Afterwards, be said he had had some money oct [act] of her 3; and on the Tuesday, when she asked him for some of it, he said he would rather give it to any one else. He went out, and Mrs. Dove said something to me; she afterwards said the same Mr. Dove's presence. It was, Elizabeth, if I should die, and you should be away, it's my wish you should tell my friends to have my body examined. He did not say anything in reply. I saw poison in the house. It was ona [on] Saturday. Mr. Dove asked me for a little plate; and I saw Poison upon a label ona [on] paper which he had in his hand. He asked me for some meat, and I saw him put some poisen [poison] upon it. He said it was to poison some cats; he had said that cats had stolen some meat. I also saw him put some poison upon cheese, which was put in a candlestick and placed under the bed in my room. I afterwards found a dead mouse there. The niouse [noise] I put into the asl.pit, and the remains of the cheese I threw into the fire. I also found a dead cat in the yard on the Friday evening after the 10th February. He said he ket [let] the poison In his ragercase; [Rangers] there was a case in the bedroom. When I left Mrs. Dove's, she was confined to her bed 3 that was on Tuesday, and my muther [mother] went on the Saturday. By Mr. Bliss-I was with them from June to February. From what you saw during that period, did you think your master was always sane -'l'he question was objected to by Mr. Overend, on the ground that it was one for the jury. The witness must speak as to facts, and not give her im- [in- impression] pression [Prussian] of them.-lWis [them.-Lewis] lordship econeurred [occurred] 3; and after Mr. Bliss aud [and] Mr. Serjeant [Sergeant] Wilkins had been heard in support of the question, Lis [Is] lordship said that as it was evidently of great importance to the defence, he would consult Mr. Justice Willes [Wilkes] before deciding. On his return, be said that his brether [brother] Willes [Wilkes] agreed that the was very objectionable, and could not be put. It had been sug- [su- suggested] gested, [rested] however, that this question might be put -' Did you notice anything that led you te form an opinion as to the state of his mind, and if so, what did you notice - The question having been put, the witness said I never thought anything about it; nor have I thought about it since. I never said that I did ret think him always sane ; I have said that I did not think him altogether right when he had drink-thot [drink-that] he wasn't [was't] the same as when he was sober, (Laughter.) I never said I thought he was not sane when he had had drink. 1 have said that he was not then like he was when sober; I have never said that he was insane. I may have said that he was not sane when he was drunk I may have told the prosecuting attorney so; but I told you what I meant-that he went on more when he was drunk. I don't know who hired me; Mrs. Dove saw me tirst, [first] but she did not mention the terms to me, The wages went to my father. I obeyed both Mr. and Mrs. Dove; I never disobeyed Mr. Dove but ence, [once] when John Wood was there. I never refused te let him have the beer-tap if I had it; Mrs. Dove generally had it. He once asked jor [or] it when it was in my hand, but I did not speak in reply he had it afterwards and flung it at Mrs. Dove, I don't think that Wood interfered and said that Mr. Dove should have it; I'm sure that I gave it to him, I once recollect refusing to give Mr, Bove [Above] a glass of beer; Mrs. Wood said that he ought to have it ; but I said that Mrs. Dove had ordered me not to give it- [it that] that he was drunk enough, and so he was. 1 never saw the prisoner blacklead the stoves, nor clean plates, nor darn stockings, nor scour the floor. once saw him do some not crochet; he said it would occupy time while he sat with Mrs. Dove. He once got the break- [breakfast] fast ready, 1 recollect Mrs. Dove locking him out I did not do it, but I assisted. Mra. [Mr] Wood gut the door-opened; he afterwards locked himself in the sitting-room and to himself, as he often did when vexed. I dun't know whether he said that he bear it; or that he must sell all up and go. I received notice to quit ; it was sent to me by Mr. Hicks, attorney for Mr. Dove. I didn't [did't] think that very queer; Ididn't [Did't] think aboutit. [about it] Mrs. Dove insisted that I should remain, and I did; but lebeyed [obeyed] her orders and master's, Qn the 10th February, before any poison was brought into the house, the prisoner told me he was gving [giving] to get it to give to some cats; he was going to Mr. Morley's for medicine for Mrs. Dove, and said he would get the poison then. I did not sce [se] him again until he asked me for the plate; it was the same afternoon. He did not tell me anything about the poison, or what he was going to do; he never told me that he had got the poison. Perhaps he did about it when he asked for the meat. He never cautioned me against the poison, vor [or] said that it was very deadly. I never heard him .eaution [caution] anybody. He told me that there was poison enough in the razor-case to poison six-pevple. [six-people] I never said that I saw the paper with the poison on the sink; I said that I saw him standing over the sink with the poison in his hand. 1 never said that he took the poison into the pantry; he might have gone there with the plate, but I had lett [let] the kitchen.. It wasin [was in] Mrs. Dove's bedroom that he put the poison on the cheese. Mrs. Dove was present when-ke told me about the poison being in the razor-case. lsaw [law] Mr. Dove use pvison [prison] onee [one] for the cats and once for mice and he tuld [told] me he should give the cats some.more, as the rain must have washed it out of the meat. The cat that was killed was a large black and white one; there was a large yellow one about the house. I have heard my master say to his -wife, when any one was present, My dear Harry, can I do this or that for you but wien [wine] the visitors left, he went on almost as bad as ever. He was nearly as bad when sober as when drunk. I never saw them playing like children or cares- [caressing] sing I never saw him carry her in his arins, [rains] or put her on his shoulder. Once, at Woodhonse, [Woodhouse] I saw him wheel her up afield ia a wheelbarrow. The wizard is Mr. Harrison ; I never saw him at our house. I don't know how often he consulted him. I don't know that be consulted the wizard so as to get his farm taken by having a 'spell' put upon the landlord. All I know is, that he wrote to the wizard for him to torment Mrs. Dove while she was at Manchester. Mr. Dove took it to my father to post, bat Mrs. Dove wished me to get it, and I did get it befure [before] it was posted. Dove said in the letter that she was not a nice woman. The letter was given to Mrs. Dove and afterwards posted. Mrs. Susan Jenkins took a copy of it; she had been living in the family. I have seen Mr. Dove muttering to himseif; [himself] but never except when he was going on with mistress and me. It was only when he was vexed he went on almost every day, but I did not see him to know whether be muttered always. I never saw Mr. Dove ery,-but [very,-but] I have seen him pretend, three or four times. I never heard Mrs. Dove say, Mr. Dove is very kind tome when he is suber; [sober; have heard her say that he avas [ava] kind sometimes when he was soher,- [shore,- shore] but not very. I have seen a Mrs. Carwithen, [Within] who, I have heard, lived with the family but 1 know nething [nothing] about her. Mrs. Dove's medicine was sometimes kept upon the wash- [washstand] stand, sometimes upon a table beside her bed, andsometimes [and sometimes] upon the miuntel-piece [minute-piece] near the washstand. I never said that Mrs. Dove saw Mr. Dove put the poison upon the cheese she was lying in bed at the time, and as I do not know that she wes [West] asleep, she might have seen it. Mrs. Thornhiil-I [Thornhill-I] am a widow and live at Leeds. I went to char for Mrs, Dove the weck [week] before her death. On the Wednesday before sbe [be] died, she was very poorly. On the Friday, in the kitchen, Mr. Dove told me that lie had been toa [to] and toxnd [taxed] that Mrs. Dove had not many days to hve [he] and that when sbe [be] died he should marry again-a nice lady who had only one ehild. [held] I did not take ap any food to Mrs. Dove he said he always waited upon -Ler [Lee] himself. By Mr. Sergeant Bliss-I laughed to hear this eonyersa- [owners- conversation] tion [ion] of course I did'nt ery [very] at it. Inever [Never] had any conver- [cover- conversation] sation [station] with Mr. Dove, except on that day, more than that I sometimes passed the day to him at his mother's, whea [when] 1 was there to work. J was sent to the prisuner's [prisoner's] by Mrs. Dove, sen. The prisoner blackleaded the stove for me, and cleaned the plates; he also got the meals he did not scour the floors or fold the clothes, I saw him knit ing an antimacassar. During the conversations I have men- [mentioned] tioned, [toned] 2 e called to his wife and asked her to play the tune that was played when his father was buried. I saw him show remarkable kindness towurds [towards] his wife-something more than ordinary. I saw him lft [left] her partly up the kitchen stairs but he then moved ber [be] by force because she did not seem willing togo. [too] Hesaid [Head] thekitchen [the kitchen] was damp- [demand] and it was very damp-and that Mr. Morley thought it weald [weld] be injurious for her. did not hear him use any expression when he went upstairs but shortly afterwards I heard him say You're a lier. [lie. That is all I heard, and I don't know what they were talking about. Whe [The] he black- [blackleaded] leaded the stoves, there was no servant, and Mrs. Dove was unwell. When be asked for the tune to be played, she played it; and he said, It's all right she ,bas'nt heard me, or there would have been a h- of a row, Mrs, Ann Fisher, of Noxmantoa-My [Normanton-My] daughter was ser- [se- servant] vant to Mrs. Dove she came home poorly on Tuesday, the 10th February, and on the Saturday following I went to supply her place. I got there about two Mrs, Dove seemed pretty well and in good spirits. On the Sunday she also seemed quite well, and she went to church I got dinver [Denver] ready, but I did not see her take any. On the Monday morning, I prepared breakfast-coffee, toast, and some bacon. I took it into the parlour, where Mr. and Mrs. Dove were, and where they remained about an hour. After breakiast, [breakfast] Mrs. Dove proposed to help me to make the beds; but as we were going upstairs she complained of her lezs. [Lees] she complained, and I made the bed. other room, and she still complained. bed, and had yot [not] the clothes off, when seeing Mis. [Is] Dove about to fall I caught her and put herinto [hereto] a chair. Iealled [Allied] Bly, [By] Dove and he called Mrs, Whitham, aud [and] we got Mrs, We went into a back bed-room, and she bezan [bean] but We went into the T bezan [bean] to make the on her side that day I did not notice her hands. Dove into bed. I thought he seemed rather alarmed. She began to jump agd [aged] twitch and could not bear touching; even if I touched the clothes she started. Mr. Dove went for Mr. Morley, but he was not in, and Mr, Scarfe came, bringing some medicine with him. I left the room soon after he came, but went up again in about half an hour. The and twitchings [teachings] were then a little less; but they continued for two hours or two hours and a half. She was lying on her right side, and she breathed rather thick. She retained her sensibility throughout but I never heard her speak during the time I was in the room. It would be about half-past nine or ten o'clock that she was attacked. In the afternoon she was a great deal better, and Mr. Morley came. Next morning she seemed pretty well. On Wednesday she had an attack again, of starting and twitching. She complained of her legs and back-that they were getting stiff and paralysed. She generally lay er breathing was rather better. She asked me for her medi- [med- medicine] cine when she thought the attack was coming on, and I gave it to her. I gave ber [be] medicine on two days during the week and after each occasion she seemed better. On the Friday night I was called up, and found Mr. Dove dressed, stauding [standing] by the bed. Mrs. Dove was ill again, and her body was quite arched. She said she had a pain in her inside; and afterwards she said Oh dear me, I thought it was all over with me. I said, I thought so, too. Her breathing was very very difficzlt [difficult] I did not see her teeth or hear her speak of her neck. I stayed up till two o'clock when she was better, the arching of the back being quite gone and left Mr. Dove in the room. She had some cofiee [coffee] soon after breakfast time and during the afternoon she seemed ever so much better. We rubbed her legs occasionally and it was not until half-past eight at night that she grew worse. The bell was rung for me; Mr. Dove was out, having gone a quarter or halt an hour before. I found her ina very bad state. She was moaning very badly, and could not be touched. She lay on her back, and her feet projected right out from her body. Her hands were claspel [clasped] quite tight, and we had difficulty in opening them. did uot [not] hear her speak during this attack. Mr. Dove came back about ten o'clock his wife was then in great agony. He went upstairs, and as soon as he had seen her he went for the surgeon. Mrs. Dove died soon afterwards. I remember seeing Mr. Dove give his wife some medicine oue [our] night before Saturday; but I do not know whether anything happened after it. By Mr. Bliss- went to the house because of a message from Mrs. Dove. On the Sunday they were comfortable together and cheerful; and on the Monday I believe they took breakfast together. Mrs, Dove never lost her senses until the Saturday uight; [eight] then she was quite insensible. On the Friday night it was Mr. Dove who either called me or rang the bell; he desired me to rap for Mrs, Whitham; and I thought he did all in his power. He seemed much alarmed; and he joined us in saying that he thought it was all over with Mrs. Dove. He sat up all night during the attacks, keeping his clothes on; and he complained of exhaustion from want of sleep. On the Saturday night I gave Mrs. Dove some wine. Mr. Dove, when he was going vut, [but] asked me to go up stairs and keep Mrs. Whitham company with his wife, in case Mrs. Wood left. Mrs. Dove ate but little; she had some arrowroot, sago, and cocoa. She frequently complained of thirst. On the Friday she tried toeat [treat] some mutton chop, but failed; but on Satuiday [Saturday] she ate it,-indeed up to the attack that night, she was better in health and appetite during Satur- [Star- Saturday] day than she had been during the whole week. Mr. Dove was in liguor [liquor] early on the Saturday evening; he lay down upon the floor and went to sleep about six o'clock, but I persuaded him and he went to bed. I saw Mr. Dove give his wife her medicine once or twice during the week; on each occasion he washed the glass out afterwards. I did not see him drunk until Saturday night; if he had liquor before during the week it was not perceptible. I have known him about a year; when he was drunk he was very much atfected. [affected] Some potted beef, tapioca, and jelly were sent in to Mrs. Dove by Mrs. Whitham. During the week Mrs Dove ate a little food whenever she was inclined. Mrs, Whitham, of 2, Cardigan. place, Kirkstall-road, examined by Mr. Hardy.-i lived next door to Mr. and Mrs. Dove's house. On the Sunday befcre [before] her death, she went to Burley church, a yuarier [currier] of a mile distant, with me. I saw her at 6.20 in the evening. Next day I saw her at half-past ten, sitting on a chair by the bed-side, and she appeared to be very ill indeed. Mr. Dove seemed alarmed when he fetched me. He went into the room where she was sitting. Sie [Sir] had jerking of the body, and twitchings [teachings] of the hand. I took hold of her hand, and she grasped it violently. When we got heron to the bed, her feet were stretched out. When any one moved about, or touched her, she was worse. I observed her in this state between two and three hours. Mr. Dove went to fetch Mr. Morley, and came back with Mr. Scarfe about twenty minutes after eleven. Mrs. Duve [Due] was then as much affected with the twitchings [teachings] and jerkings [Jenkins] as when I first saw her, I leit [let] her about twelve; went in again in the afternoon, and she could not then eat or speak distinctly. Dove weut [West] away for his mother that day, and she returned with bim [bi] before tea time. Dove told his mother how his wife had been affected. On Tuesday evening she was very weak, On the Wednesday, I went in at haif-past [Haigh-past] ten ; she was a little better during the time I was there she was in bed. The symptoms were the same as on Monday. I did not observe the body particularly. Her teeth were always clenched. 1 remained on Wednesday until about one, and went again in the evening. I asked her what she was crying for. She said her medicine was very disagree- [disagreeable] able,-she [she] never had such medicine before she should not take any more, Mr. Dove said, it's no use having Mr. Morley. I proposed Dr. Hobson. They did not object to it. I went aboutsix [about six] o'clock on Thursday evening -Mrs. Dove had a more severe attack, with the same symptoms. On Friday morning Mr. Dove was in the passage when I went in. About half-past two on Saturday i saw her again-she seemed much better. I remained with ber [be] on the afternoon until half-past six. Mr. Morley came while wasthere. [was there] I gave her the medicine at bali- [ballast] past three. I took the medicine from the washstand. Mr. Morley came at four. A mutton chop was got for ber [be] for tea, and she partook of it with two cups of tea and some pieces of toust. [tout] She appeared better than I had seen her before that week. T went out at half-past six. Mr. Dove was there then. She said she would go to bed directly, She had some jelly that day; I had made it myself. I sent her some pudding on the Friday from my own house. On Saturday, when I went in with the jelly, Dove asked, Do they bury at Burley chu ch [cu ch] I said, At Head- [Heading] ingly [ingle] church and at the Cemetery. At tea time, I tuld [told] Dove she had had her medicine. He said she ought not to have had it at that hour, He went to lie down to rest, and by Mrs. Fisher's advice he went to bed. At half-past seven, I was recalled by Mr. Dove, who requested me to go into the house and stay with Mrs, Dove, as Mrs. Fisher had not come that day, and he was going for the medicine, I found Mrs. Dove in bed,-she appeared nicely. Her back and legs were rubbed, and shortly. after that he gave her the other medicine, He went towards the washstand, and eame-back [same-back] with a glass in one hand and the water in the other. At the washstand he had time to pour it out, Mrs. Wood was present. I saw Mrs. Dove take the medi- [med- medicine] cine. When she had taken the medicine, she complained of its being very hot. I gave her a mint lozenge. Dove took the glass from the washstand. I did not observe what was done with the medicine. Mrs. Dove asked for water, and he gave her some. I remarked something about his dress, and said, Mr. Dove, you are not going down to Leeds that figure. He said he was. I remained with Mrs. Dove aud [and] Mrs. Weod [Wood] was there also. She cried out to me to yo to her back. I went to her back. Her head was thrown back, and her feet. I touok [took] hold of her hand. She grasped it tightly, so that I could not get it away. I put my band to her eyes, but they did not move, Her features were very much distorted. Her teeth were clenched. I took hold of her hands, but she could not bear her legs touched. Mrs. Wood was going to rub her legs, when she said Oh please don't. She had ditiiculty [difficulty] in speaking. She said, Lift me up. I and Mrs. Wood tried to litt [list] her. Her body was arched and quite stiff Her legs were stretched out sraight [straight] from her body, She was then on her back. The clothes were orer [ore] her, so that I don't know what form her feet were in. Her body was so arched that we puta [put] pillow under her back. She rested uvon [upon] her shoulders and bottom part of her back before we put the pillow under. She continued from .a quarter-past eight till nearly eleven in this state, and the.symptoms became more violent. She could not speak for an hour and a half. Her breathing was loud and difficult, and she shrieked eut [et] several times-a kind of scream. When she was not speaking I could not be positive that she was sensible. She died at 2U minutes to 11. I went out of the ten o'clock to tell Mr. Wood to fetch Mr. Morley and Nr. Dove came in after I came back, He pulled off bis coat and went te rub her legs. I said he had Letter not touch her, as Mrs. Dove could not bearit. [Brit] Mrs. Wood then proposed that he should fetch Dr. Hobson, and he left the house directly. I was there when the doctors came. She had been dead some minutes. The prisoner was there then. He sat on a chair and said, Oh, Mrs. Whit- [Whitham] ham, what must Ido I did not notice his face. I had known. of poison being in his house. He brought poison on the 10th of February. I was in the house, and he said he bad broyght [brought] it from Mr. Morley's young man to poison cats. I told him to be careful, as I was afraid of my dog. He said ke would close the yard door, Qn Saturday, the 16th of February, I again spoke to him about the poison. He said the cat had died the previous night. On the 'Tuesday after the death of his wife, he came to my house. He said an inquest was going to be held over his wife. He also came ir after the coroner had gone over the body, and asked it I would allow him to eome [some] in and sit with me sometimes when all was over. I said I would rather not, as people were very ready to talk; and I thought he had better not. I was present at the ingnest, [inquest] and I had some conversation with the prisoner. e asked me how I thought the inquest would come on I said I thought it a very suspicious case. He said, I said, Your having given her medicine at eight, and her having been seized at a quarter-past. He said, I can goin [going] with a clear conscience if they ask me if I gave it to her, I shall say I did not; and if they ask if she took it herself, I shall say I don't know. I never gave her medicine but once, I have seen him give it to her once, Cross-examined by Mr. Bliss-Within the last six weeks of her life I was in almest [almost] every day. The prisoner when goxng [going] out, came in and asked come and stay with her. Iwas [Was] there on the Monday, when the twitches were upon her. I gave her mint tea. I fetched the mint from my heuse, [house] and Mrs. Fisher made it. A fortnight before this Monday, she complained of pains in her head and side, and she kad [ad] been confined to her bed. She told me she thought her heart was affected. On the Mouday [Monday] the prisoner went for his mother, and brought her in a cab, desiring her to stay. He did not bring his sister while I was there. When he described how his wife had been affected. Mrs. Dove heard him. Qn the following Wed- [Wednesday] nesday, [Wednesday] be came for me, before I went in, and on the 'Thursday she was in the twitches when he brought me in. Ou the Saturday she was in better spirits than on either of the previous days. Wien [Wine] I left at halt-past seven on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day night 1 did not intend to goagain, [again] and bade her good night. On that night the prisoner gave her a tea-spoon to get some jelly. When he spoke about the burial ground, it was in his wife's presence. He complained of being sleepy on the Saturday night, and asked me if I was going to He lay down on the ground, and afterwards went out fur some porter. This would be from half-past two to half-past three. said he was going to fetch porter, and it was half-past five when he returned. It would be half-past three when he He appealed to me whether Mr, Morley had given her leave to get out of bed, when he saw j that she was up. He atthe [Arthur] same time said to me 1 theusht [thought] you said you were going away at When I give her the medicine at three she complained that the medicine was nasty stuff, She had complained of it several anything in the house I saw nothing it ev days. I cannot say that she complained of its being bitter when I gave it to her; but it certainly was bitter, as had tasted it out of the bottle; and I know that she com- [complained] plained all the week that it was bitter. Mr. Overend-I will prove-that it contained aloes, and, therefore, must have been bitter. Cross-examination resumed-I know of a general com- [complaint] plaint of bitterness, but not ofa [of] particular complaint at three o'clock on Saturday. She saw me pour out the medicine. When he returned in the afternoon of Sat urday [Saturday] she complained of his being so long, and said he should not go for her medicine at night, when he said 'I will, and lay down. Mrs. Fisher told him be would take cold, when he got up again and left the room. When he went away at eight o'clock he said he was going for the medicine and also ts fetch a nurse. She spoke alter half au hour after taking her medicine but I don't think she spoke after forty minutes. She has told me she thought she would die suddenly, and very soon. Mrs. Dove asked me several times to taste the medicine. It was, some of it, very bitter, and I saidso. [said] When Mr. Dove went to the bed- [beds] was so ill, I asked him why he had not come before. 1 said she had only been attacked three or four days, with side, and said, 'Oh, what must I do, he appeared to be crying. Onevery [Every] attack that she had, she asked to be rubbed. When he to d mc that one cat was dead, I don't the Thursday or Friday. I did not give the first dose out of the bottle, and there were two or three doses lett, [let] I was very much disturbed in my house by the noise Mr. Dove made, whendrunk. [when drunk] When heasked [asked] tobe [tone] allowed to sit with me, he said it was on account of my kindness to Harriet-meaning his wife. He used to do some knitting and darning, but I never saw him cleaning up the house. When Mr. Scarfe came on the Monday Mrs. Dove wasin [was in] one of her spasms. I saw the tapioca pudding I had sent in, on the drawers on Friday. I was alarmed fur my dog, when I was told of the poison, and also for my little boy, and told Mrs. Dove so. She said, 'You need not be alarmed about it; we will take care of it. The medicine Mr. Dove gave her was of the same coluuras [colours] the other, but I did not notice the thickness. LI left the glass on the wash- [washed] hand stand when I gave her the medicine, and he took up the same glass when he gave the medicine in the evening. A quarter of an hour before he left the house, he weut [West] to her bed sideand [stand] kissed her. attend Mr. Sturgeon's church, and I have mentioned the name ot Mr, Sturgeon, I believe to Mrs. Dove. Re-examined- [examined this] This was on the Thursday evening. am not sure whether I mentioned it first, or he did. She said she skould [should] like to see him. The mint tea was given on the Monday during the attack. When he went out for the porter, he did not bring any into his wife's room. I did not see any medicine that he brought on Saturday night, nor did any nurse come. It was during the attack on Saturday, that she said she feared she should die suddenly and soon. When we rubbed her, itappeared [it appeared] to relicve [relieve] her. Mrs. Dove told me that he had anti-macassor, [anti-macs] ard [ad] indeed I saw them working together. Ieat [Eat] some tapioca pudding made at the same time as the pudding I have spoken of. By the Judge-When she was not speaking she was without the jerking, for five minutes ata [at] time. At every attack she asked to be rubbed, and it appeared to relieve her, until the last attuck, [attack] when she said she could not bear it. Sarah Naylor-I live on the Burley-road. On the Ist [Its] March I had some conversation with the prisoner He sail his wife had a fit at two o'clock. He came back the same evening about seven o'clock. He said he knew his wife could not live. Cross-examined by Mr. Bliss-He was not drunk. He had never been in my house before, not to my knowledge. Margaret Young-I keep a confectioners shop, Buriey- [Buried- Bread] road, Leeds. On Friday evening, the 29th February, tlie [tie] prisoner called at my shop for a biscuit for his wife. He said his wife was suffering from He said she would not live over Saturday night, but if she did she would recover. He came again on Saturday. He appeared very much frightened, and said his wife was dead. I asked him what time she died. He said he should never forget the last look. He said she had been a very expen- [expense- expensive] sive [side] wife. This was on a former occasion. spasms on the nerves. house. recollect that he said he had given another dose on he came recovered, about the spiritual welfare of his wife. about having additional medical advice. seller in Upperhead-row, Leeds, and he was much opposed to it. dear Mr. Dove, there will be no necessity. cated, [acted] and for his general conduct as well. him 18 mouths or two years before this. or three times every weck. [week] Cross-examined-I had known him for some two or three months befure [before] the death of bis wife. I cannot say he was ever at my shop above three times. When he came, his phrase was, Ob Mrs. Young, it's all over with my poor wife. He and his wife were once at my shop. They appeared to be a very loving couple. The court here rose at a quarter before six o'clock. 'The [the] jury were placed in the custody of a bailiff, who received instruction from his lordship to allow tkem [them] reasonable exercise, at the same time he must take care no one held conversation with them. SECOND DAY. CROWN COURT, YORK, Tuurspay. [Tuesday] (Before Mr. Buvon [Bunion] ) Mr. Baron Bramwell tovk [took] his seat a few minutes atter [utter] nine o'clock and the jury, who had been locked up in the grand jury room, were at once brobght [brought] into court.-The [court.-the] prisoner maintained the look of almost unconscious indif- [India- indifference] ference [France] which he exhibited during the first day.-The [day.-the] court was not so much crowded. Mary Wood-TI live in Kirkstall-road, near Burley-road, Leeds. On Monday, February 25, in consequence of a message, I went to Mrs. Dove, and found her in bed. I enquired of Mrs. Fisher how Mrs. Dove was and she said that Mrs. Dove could hear what she (Fisher) was saying, bat could not speak herself. On saturday, [Saturday] the Ist [Its] of March, I went again at twenty minutes before eight in the evening. Mrs. Dove appeared well, and in good spirits. Her husband and Mrs. Whitham were present. About 'eight o'clock, Mrs. Dove said to her husband, Will you bs kind enough to give me my medicine, love; it's time. He returned with it in a minute, and she took it; she then said it was very nasty and ht; and immediately after- [afterwards] wards that it was very bitter, Mr. Dove then left her. Soon after Mrs. Dove said she thought she was going to have another attack, and she asked Mrs. Whitham to rub her back. I went to the other side, and tovk [took] her hand, and she clasped mine so tight that I could hardly get it away. Shortly afterwards she said several times, Off the bed but Mrs. Whitham told her we could not lift her off. I thought she could not be sensible when she said so the last time but we could not tell what she said after- [afterwards] wards. She had several intermittent attacks, aud [and] appeared to suffer great pain. Mr. Dove came in before her death, but went away to fetch the doctor, and when he came back Mrs. Dove was dead. She died at twenty minutes to eleven. On the Saturday evening after the funeral, I went with Hannah Taylor to clean Dove's house. We went into Mrs. Dove's bedroom, having a small dog with us. We noticed a little blood on the floor, and that the dog went near to it, upon which I pushed it away with the brush. Tie dog was wellthen. [well then] When we were leaving the house it fell upon its back that was ten minutes after we entered the room. The dog died very shortly atter. [utter] By Mr. Bliss-On the Saturday night, Mr. Dove had had some drink, but he did not seem at all drunk. I lived near the prisoner, and occasionally went to his honse [house] and saw him and his wife. I never saw him treat her unkindly; but I have seen him treat her kindly. I remember being there about three weeks before her death, when Elizabeth Fisher was there. I remember his asking for supper; but they refused to get it. Mrs. Dove was present. I asked Fisher to be so kind as to get it, and she did do so after- [afterwards] wards. I remember the prisoner getting up, saying he could not bear it, and leaving the house by the back door. 'The [the] door was locked after him; and he went and kicked at the front door, which was also locked. He suid [said] he would not be locked out of his own house; and when he was let in, he said he could not bear it. and went with bis supper into the front room, where he locked himselfin. [himself] him to open the door; and his wife went ir. and he was reconciled to her. Before this, in the back room, be said he would wind up the clock; and his wife told him not to do so, or he would break it. Hesaid [Head] he would sell all up; bat Ican't [Can't] say now that he said it was because of his wife being crossto [cross] him. Elizabeth Fisher was not pres nt then. A five-shilling-piece would have covered the dry blood I saw upon the fiver of the bedroom. There had been carpet upon the filnor. [filing] I knew the father of the prisoner, and was iu bis service fifteen years, having left about eight years ago. The prisoner was then five or six years oll; [ll] but he was not always in the house with me. I paida [paid] great deal of attention to him. Could you form any from what you saw, as to his sanity -The -the] question was objected to, and over-ruled. -To another question the witness replied, 'I never thought him right but the answer was objected to.- After some argument, his lordship said that where counsel was not asking a scientilic [scientific] question, and one not upon con- [conceded] ceded facts, the very ground upon which such a question mizht [might] be put to a scientifie [scientific] person supplicd [supplied] the reason why such a question should not be put to a non scientific person.-Mr. Bliss contended that the impression made upon the mind of a witness, by facts observed at the time, was admissible in evidence. -After some bis lordship took a note of the following question, put by Mr. Biiss [Bis] From your observation of the prisoner's con- [conduct] duct, eonversation, [conversation] disposition, and belaviour, [Balfour] during the fifteen years you were in the family, did he appear to you, or not, to be of sane mind '-Mr. Overend objected and was heard at some length.-Mr. Sergeant Wilkins was also heard -His lordship said he was satisfied that, in point of law, the question could not be put; and if the objection was pressed, he should decide in favour of it. He would suggest to Mr. Overend, however, whether under all the circumstances, it wouid [would] not be well if the objection was waived. After a short consultation, Mr. Overend said he would waive the objection. Cross-examination resumed-I never theaght [that] him right- [right] I mean, in his mind. Did you tell his father so -His lordship sail he should certainly objeet [object] to that and he also objected to a varia- [Maria- variation] tion [ion] of it, whether the witness had interfered, and stated her opinion, when the prisoner, as a child, was being corrected, Cross-examination resumed-I recollect that when I took the prisoner to bed at night, after undressing him, he has sat with his back to the door, and kept me in the room for halfan [half] hour, If I wanted to take him away he would sercam [scream] and grin; he did that when he was seven years old. He would put a lighted candle in a basket and lock it up in the closet he did it several times. He used to put candles and salt in the coffee mill; he was corrected for that. I remember once secing [seeing] a great light in his bed- [bedroom] reom [room] one night and I went up and found the door locked. He refused to let me in, and I did not get in until next morning. He had set the curtains on fire with some Spirits, and thrown water upon them. They were spoiled by the water, not by the fire. JI have known him tu chase his sisters with a red-hot poker and to lock themina [them] room and threaten to burn them. I knew him to hang a cat by the tail cut of a window. (Laugher.) He required a great deal of attention on my part to take care of him. These are some of the facts upon which I form the opinion that he was net right in his mind. When he got to be a great boy, 17 years old, and met with a misfortune, by cutting or harting [Harting] himself, after the place had got well, he would take a sharp-pointed knife and cut it open again, thinking it had healed false. He has cut himself with a small-pointed knife. to write his name in his own blood ; and I think there were a great many other like things. Re-examined-Upon the occasion of the supper of which I have spoken, I had been sent. for by Mrs. Dove. When the prisoner set fire to the curtains he was 15 years old, Hannah Taylor-I am a servant residing with the prisoner's mother, I accompanied Mrs. Wood to the prisoner's house on the Saturday after his wife's funeral. I remember seeing blood on the floor of the deceased's bed- [bedroom] room and a dog we had with us was taken ill when we left the heuse, [house] and died as soon as we got home. By Mr, Bliss-I did not sce [se] the dog lick the blood, or eat uld [old] eat, Mary Hicks, Maria Killiam, [William] and John Wood, were next examined, and gave evidence generally corroborative of that given by the former witnesses, Rev. Thomas Sturgeon was next examined-I reside about two hundred yards from the prisoner's house. On Friday, the 29th February, the prisoner came to my house, at eleven in the morning, and told me that his wife was very ill, and asked me to go and see her. He apologised for intruding upon me, as he was not one of my congre- [Congress- congregation] gation. [nation] I told him he had a right to do so. He then gave me his address, When I said I would call he said his wife was dangerously ill, and he thought she had not many days to live, He remembered me, and asked me if I knew his father. I said I did; he was avery guvod [God] and pious man. He said his wife was so ill that might have been made available. When he told me e I told him I had two sick persons to visit, and assoon [soon] as I had seen them I would come to bis T followed in aboutan [about an] hour. When I got there, from the next door, and we entered the house together. He introduced me, and said, Mrs. Dove, my objected to his having additional advice, dear, I have brought Mr. Sturgeon to see you. not say anything; she appeared in a nervous state. left vs toxether; [together] but told pe ts touch he bell when I was ving, [vine] as he did not wish her to eft alone. Pe sats [says] portion of Scripture to her. She appeared to have died he would object to a post mortem examination. Mr. Dove, on leaving, that was glad said it repeatedly. to find she was not so ill. He said she was tolerably well house. when the spasms were not upon her. come on Saturday. I said I did not see any occasion. He said her spasms were so bad they might take her off. I went again on Saturday morning. in. appeared better. was better. of those spasms. She said, O yes, I had the severest attack of all last night. She said she never suffered su rouch [touch] in all her life. She did He TI read T told He asked me to The prisoner was not I stayed with her a little longer than before. She I asked her how she was. She said she Isaid [Said] I am glad you have not had a return Cross examined-After I had seen her on Saturday, the 1st of March, prisoner asked me to continue the visits to his wife. I promised to doso, [dose] I thought he was very anxious I spoke to him He said they had every confidence in Mr. Morley; he knew her constitution, and it might offend him to have any other gentleman. John Hicks was next examined.-He said, I am a book- [book] I recollect Sunday morning, the Zud [HUD] of March. I went to Mr. Dove's about half-past twelve o'clock, Mr. Dove having come to me and said, For God's sake, come alonz [alone] with me. He was intoxicated. He opened the door, and said, Poor Harriet's dead. On entering the shop he said, Oh, I wish I could weep. We taiked [tailed] all the way home. He said he was very apprehensive of an inquest being held, His mother said, My J had virtnally [virtually] forbidden his coming to my house before, about 12 or 18 months since. He was full of lamentation all the way going home, Re-examined-I had virtually forbidden him my house, perhaps two years ago, because he frequently came intoxi- [into xi- into xii] I had known saw him two Cross-examined-I never saw anything particular in his eonduct [conduct] to his wife. Henry Rhodes was next examined. He snid-Iam [said-I am] a broker at Leeds. I saw the prisoner at a dram shop the Thursday before his wife died. Mr, Dove came and sat by me and gave me his card, Mr. Dove, 3, Cardivan [Cardigan] Place. IT had a glass of beer, and he aske l [ask l] me to walk with him, He told me about his wife he thought she would not get better, and after her death I should havea [have] regniar [regular] jellitiea- [Jellies- cultivation] tion [ion] at bis house. newspapers, He spoke of several other things. He toid [tod] me must not come until his wife was dead. Hesaiil [Hail] after his wife's death he would not live without a woman for his accommodation. He asked me if I hit upon one that I thouzht [thought] would suit him, if 1 would take her down to their house, T said if he took me to be a character of that sort he was sadly mistaken, and I leit [let] him. Cross-examined-He said he could net live without a a for his own accommodation. If I met a woman I thought would suit bim, [bi] I was to bring her tu his house. I never saw him before. Henry Harrison- live at No. 5. I have known the prisoner twenty months. He was then living at Normanton. When I was over at bis house, he wanted tu know what would do her good-what would strengthen her. I ama [am] dentist, or rather water easter, [Eastern] and have done a little in astrology. (Laughter.) He has asked me abont [about] his nativity, but I did not finish it. He kept asking me about it, and I told him that I had not completed it. I never told him any- [anything] thing about his wife. About the beginning of January, I read an account of Pulmer's [Palmer's] inquest. I cannot recollect the name of the paper. I read it in his hearing in the bar. There was an allusion to strychnia [strychnine] in it. After I had read it Dove asked me if I could get or make any. said 'No; nothing more than that. He said, if I could not, would I get some elsewhere. I said, for theworld. [the world. I after- [afterwards] wards saw him on the 6th March, at half-past two o'clock. He told me there was an inquest going to be held over his wife. Isaid, [Said] What for He said, Can they detect a grain or a grain anda [and] half of strychnia [strychnine Isaid, [Said] Why, have you given her some He said no, he had got some of Mr, Morley's man to poison a cat with, and some might have been spilt, and she might have got it. I saw bim [bi] on Friday, the 7th, He came to my back door, The house- [housekeeper] keeper opened the door. He said, They have found poison in my wife. I said, If you are innocent, go back what occasion have you to be frightened and he left the door. I said they would not take him. Cross-examined-1l went to his house once. and his wife together. That wasat [West] Bramham Moor, I saw them once after. They did not appeir [appear] altogether comfortable. I have never said they appeareil [appeared] to be living very comfortably together. He was easily affected by beer. Ionly [Only] saw him twice there; then he was not in liquor. He was always talking of being haunted by devils and spirits, thunder and lightning. He has told me that he has sold his soul to the devil, but he believed I had bigger power over the devil than he, and that I could send devils to his wife, so that they mizht [might] sleep together again. He said they were living comfortably now-was there no way to get them out He complained of noises like thunder and lightning. He imputed it to the devils. Almost every time when he had liquor, he complained about spirits. He applied to me many times to employ the spirits to torment his wife, Re examined-I never saw him but twice without liquor. That was on the 6th and 7th March. By the Judge-When he came with these stories I used to laugh. Persons aceustomed [accustomed] to drinking have delirium tremens, [remains] and fancy they sce [se] spirits. Nothing I had said to him gave him these notions. I never encouraged his notions, By a Juryman-On the two days he was sober, he made no remarks about the thunder and lightning and spirits. Mr. Ellison was then examined-I am a sistaut [a sis taut] to Mr. Morley, surgeon, at Leeds. I have known tke [te] prisoner three months. He came to the surgery for medicine for bis wife. We had a conversatien [conversation] about poisons. He said Palmer poisoned his wife, but don't recollet [recollect] the conversa- [conversation- conversation] tion. [ion] Somethin [Something was said about the de-ection [de-action] of strychnia. [strychnine] fle [fe] said it could not be detected. I said it is not true; nitric acid is a test forit. [fort] I handed him a book on Sfateria [Stria] Medica, [Medical] and he read the page at which I opened, p. 908. After he had read it, I don't recollect whether he made an y observations upon it. He said his house was infested with cats, and he would have to make away with them-'o poison them. He asked me for a portion of strycbnia. [striking] I gave him ten grains wrapped up asa powder. I tuld [told] him to be careful. I should say he saw where I took the strychnia [strychnine] bottle from. The antimony bottle was on the same shelf. The strychuia [stretch] bottle did not contain above two drachms. [dreams] He camea [came] short time afterwards to the surgery, aud [and] said the poison had killed one eat, and the rain had washed the rest away. 'There had been rainy weather. He said there was another cat left, and he wished to kill it. I gave him five grains more of strychnia, [strychnine] in white paper, on which I wrote poison. (A plan of the surgery was here handed to the wituess, [witness] and he pointe [point] out the place where the antimony and strychnia [strychnine] bottles were kept.) Cross-examined-He said the cats belonged to people that had left the house and had gone wild. He had the book in his hand about a quarter of an hour. Stryehnia [Strychnine] was mentioned after he talked abont [about] the will eats, I believe it was first mentioned by him. I said if he got another cat I should be glad to get the skin, fle [fe] told me the first cat was buried. I believe he mentioned a grey- [grey and] and-yellow [yellow] cat. The second mentioned was a gray one. This conversation tock place in the afternoon. Peacock was present at both conversations. Dove was ia the habit of smoking a pipe when he came fur medicines, Re-examined-The [Re-examined-the] conversation about Palmer's ease took place before that about the cats. Pervira's [Pereira's] Materia [Material] Medica [Medical was kept in the room above the surgery. James B. Peacock deposed to the conversation about strychnia, [strychnine] which took place between the last witness and the prisoner. He only corroborated the last witness. Cross-examined-I told the prisoner Mr. Morley hal found strychnia [strychnine] in a woman who had diced at New Koad [Road] End. When Mr. Ellison put up the strychnia, [strychnine] I told him Le had better write poison upon it, and he did go. Mr. Scarfe said-I am a pupil of Mr. Morley's, and have been with him four years. I was fetched by the prisoner on Thursday the 25th February. Mrs. Dove was suffering from twitchins [Hitchin] of the face, the teeth closed and the hands clenched. The head was slightly thrown back, The feet seemed to be stretched right out. The feet were covered. I had some conversation with him on the road. He said, If my wife died would the coroner require an inquest Ireplied [Replied] they were only held in cases of acci- [acct- accident] dent, poisonicg, [poisoning] or sudden death. He said, Would Mr. Morley have a post mortem examination I said, Mr, Morley generally had. He said, 'I should not consent. I said I supposed he would not, because when your father died, you would not consent. Ou the Thursday I went again. Her body was in the same position, and there were twitchings. [teachings] She complained about there being pains in the shoulder. She was laid on her back, and the head was thrown back. It passed off whilst I was there. was there about five minutes, Whilst I was there a draught was given to her that had been prescribed that morning by Mr, for her. She seemed to be tolerable when left I ordered a repetition of the same draught. I never attended her before the Monday. I never attended a case of hysteria. I have never seen a case where the symptoms were similar. I have never, to my knowledge, attended a patient suffering from strychnia. [strychnine] On the Saturday evenin [evening] I told Mr, Morley that Ellison had given the prisoner sem [se] strychnia. [strychnine] When the analysis was being made, I went to the house and brought away two or three kinds of medici cine. On the Wednesday or Thursday after her death I went to the house and gut the cat. I gave it to Mr. Morley. I have seen the prisoner come to the surgery more than once IT saw him a day. Cross-examined-The [Cross-examined-the] first time I saw hi f im [in] was on the Monday. I considered that the symptoms I saw in Mis. [Is] Dove were owing to some deranzement [derangement] of the nervous system. The next day I saw her I enquired if there had been any foaming at the mouth. There had not been. The spasms were not shorter than on Monday. I con- [continued] tinued [continued] to treat her for derangement of the nervous system. The prisoner returned with me, to get a repetition of the same draught, Re-examined-I never recollected Ellison telling me about the strychnia [strychnine] uniil [until] after Mrs. Dove's death. Mr, George Morley was then examined. He said-lam He said he had been ne Tot blessed with good and pious parents but he did not live up Friday and Saturday. a li 7 a is 'he had boos a righteous man, that his prayers seen signs of hysteria. The remedies I gave would have a jury would say. He said I should see her death in the a member of the Royal College of Surgeons. I was the medical attendant of Mrs. Dove. I bave [ave] been the medical attendant of the family for some years. From the 27th September she was an invalid up to the time of her death. She became worse on the 25th of February. I saw her on that day-in the latter part of the day. I had seen Mr. Scarfe before going to her. I noticed a twitching of the arm once or twice, and had a minute account from Mr. Scarfe, and made enquiries from her what was the matter with her. Mrs. Fisher said she had pain in ber [be] legs and neck, and spasms. The opinion I formed was that the nervous system was affected. The Spasms were of an hysterical nature, and of short duration. Sho [So] used the word shock. Isaw [Is] her every day. On the Wednesday and Thursday I observed the symptoms again. Isaw [Is] heron She was better on Saturday. I altered my opinion on Saturday night. I had very often tendency to check hysteria, On the Wednesday the pri- [pro- prisoner] sover [over] said, in his wife's presence, that she would not recover. I called him aside and told bim [bi] not to make such remarks. then requested him tv havea [have] consultation. Hs said he was satistied. [satisfied] The day I received a note. The note expressed entire confidence in Mr, Morley, and requested him to speak to Mrs, Dove on religious sae him then there was no serious disease and no indication of danger, when be expressed the opinion that she wouid [would] not live. Ou Saturday fetched Dr, Hobson. The prisoner aguin [again] said he thought M s. Deve [Dee] would not live, and if 8 Dr. Hobson went with me to the Ou the Sunday moruinuy, [Morin] went to his house. I then wrote a note reqnesting [interesting] a post I now attribute the symptoms He was not there. mortem examination. during the week to poisoning by strychuia, [stretch] finding in the body no other disease which would account for death. Hysteria is more irregular. It does not assume a tetanie [detain] character. There is more disturbance of mind, The symptoms I call tetanic are stiftness [stiffness] of limb, nock, and jaw, and a stretching out of the legs, and arching of the back. The sensations in her feet or Jaw are not likely to occur in hysteria, but something lke [le] them might be, Singly there is no one that might not be found in hysteria, but all conjointly are not so. Separately and they are consistent with death by strichnia, [stretching] I got a letter permitting the post moitem [mortem] examination. I wrote no answer to it, but conversed with his mother, and received a letter fron [from] him, signed Mary Dove and William Dove, I told Mrs. Dove that he had obtained strychnia [strychnine] from my surgery, and suspected that, possibly by accident, there might be puisoning. [poisoning] a rough sketch of the post mortem examination with me. (Witness read the report, which has already appeared, and the substance of which is contained in the evidence.) Strychaia [Stretch] is a poison, and the effect of it passes away if the patient recovers. It is not a cumulative puisun, [poison] as in the case of poisons. The constituent elements of strychnia [strychnine] are broken up. It is not decomposed, and would still act upon other unimals, [animals] In the experiments upon animals none of the symptoms of poisouing [poisoning] by strychuia [stretch] were wanting. In the case of the death o1 Mis. [Is] Dove, I know no other cause thin strychnia, [strychnine] L have no doubt that cach [each] ot the several attacks was ocva- [ova- occasioned] sioned [signed] by strychnia. [strychnine] Of the medicines I administered somo [some] were bitter, and had them-- [them] one contained ammonir, [ammonia] had sowe [owe] conversation with Dove, at his mother's huuse [house] on the Wednesday. lis [is] muther [mother] was present during part of the conversation. Ue besan [bean] toask [task] us what we had found. Ife [If] asked whether we had feund [found] poison. I replied we had not completed the analysis. said we had nut found any natural cause of death. Ee put the enquiries in various forms, and asked me if poison was fuund [found] what the L said it would be a serious question, whether it was accidental or taken by heiself, [himself] or adminise [administer] tered [teed] by some other persun. [person] Nothing else was then said, I knew then how he had yot [not] the strychnia. [strychnine] When Lasked [Asked] him about it the prisoner said he never vot [not] strychnia [strychnine] more than onee, [one] and that be had bad it in his house some days. He said he used it to poison mice in the house. He tuld [told] me he had placed it In a razor box. He bad shown it to Mrs, Dove, and told her it was a danyerous [dangerous] poison, and she must not touch it. Strychnia [Strychnine] acts in trom [from] a few seconds tu an hour, or an hour aud [and] a halfatter [hatter] it is given ; depending spon [soon] the ammount [amount] given, the porson's [person's] constitu. [constitution] tion, [ion] and state of bualth. [health] It could not have been adininis- [administer- administered] tercd [ted] in the tea, if she bad that at five o'cloek, [o'clock] as the attack came on at balf-past [bale-past] eight u'clock, but if adminis- [admin- administered] tered [teed] in the medicine afterwards, the attack would take place at the time it did. Stryehnia [Strychnine] is a dry powder-drier amd [and] more dusty than of soda. I think two or three srains [Sprains] were taken by Mrs. Dove on Saturday night. The least amount that would produce that result woul [would] You might take up two or three between your finger and thumb. I saw the body on the Saturday uight [eight] and on the Sunday. Cross-examined by Mr. Bliss-L had seen very little of the prisoner until he cane to Cardigan Vluce [Values] -very little of him when a boy. When ft mentioned the strychnia, [strychnine] he asked me if I suspected him, and said, Lf 1 had done so, do you think should have done it openly Do you think Leould [Would] have been sv That was the first time named stryshnia, [strychnine] 1 don't know how much strychnia [strychnine] found in the doy, [do] IT exanined [examined] the blood, and did not find any there. I sid not think the stain on the carpet or board could have contained strychnia [strychnine] cuough [cough] to have poisoned a dog. In the intestines I discovered a ver [Rev] slight trace of strychuia. [stretch] Sirychuia [Richie] is exceedingly bitter. One forty-thousandth part of a grain would produce a bitter taste. 'There was a quantity of feces [fees] in the intes- [ines- intestines] tines, Strychnia [Strychnine] is not soluble in alkali, Up to that saturday [Saturday] 1 had seen Mrs. Dove every day, I enquired her ailments and symptoms daily. should not expect to find any traces of hysteria in the body. I did not find any traces in the body that could nut be accounted for by the symptoms on Saturday night. Ihave [Have] no doubt that the attacks on the previous days were caused by strychnia, [strychnine] The descriptiun [description] I have heard to-day of the symptoms previous to Saturday, is entirely different or additivnal [additional] to what I myself saw or heard at the time. I hada [had] very impertect [imperfect] account given to me at that timo; [time] I had no nurse to inform me. His Lordship-Was there anything you saw on the post- [postmortem] mortem examination luconsistent [consistent] with strychnine having been administered prior to the several attacks spoken of by the witness. -Witness-Nvt [Witness-Not] at all; some of them were favourable to it. Mr. Bliss-Or favourable to the supposition of its adminis- [admin- administration] tration [ration] twelve months befure, [before] Cross-examination resumed-The [resumed-the] engorging of the lungs favours my view; but I speak very guardedly upon that point. I give my opinion from the descriptions of Fisher, Mrs, Whitham, and Mrs. Wood. The symptoms they describe mizht, [might] some of them, have resulted from hysteria and so might tetanus. Mr. Svarfo's [Scarf's] deseription [description] I consider important also. Is has ben found in several cases that a patient has requested to be rubbed, while suffering from a paroxysm by strychnine; should not, priori, look for it. It is morecommon [more common] that paticuts [patients] desirenot [desire not] to be touched. 'Lhe [He] desire to be tuuehed [touched] is inconsistent with suffering from strychnine. Ten days before the last week of her life, Mrs, Dove compliined [complained] of pains of her limbs, and I prescribed a liniment. It would depend upon ti.e amount of the doses, whether, supposing Mrs. Dove had strychnine given to her before each paroxysm dwing [wing] the week, she mizht [might] seem better on the Saturday than duriug [during] the previous days, Hysteria might engorge the lungs, but not to the extent in this ease. A desire to be touched is, to some extent, an indication that the patient is not suffering from strychnine. Re-examined-There are nevertheless cases in which patients so suffering have desired to be rubbed. 'The [the] feculent [client] matter presenting traces uf [of] st-ychnine, [st-chine] strengthens the assumption that some of the poisun [poison] was administered two or three days before death. By a Jurur-If [Jury-If] strychnine had been put into the medi- [med- medicine] cine it wouid [would] not have atfected [affected] the colour of the medicine ; aslight [slight] white powder would have been deposited, if the liq tid [ti] was left standing but there would have been nothing gritty. never knew ofa [of] case of hysteria causing death with sich [such] external appearances as that presented by the body of Mrs. Dove, Mr, T. Nuanueley-T [Namely-T] assisted Mr. Morley in tho mortem examination, and signed the report which be bag read. Ihave [Have] heard his evielence, [evidence] and agree with it as to matters of scienee. [science] I have heard the evidence of Mrs. Fisher, Mrs. Whitham, and Mrs. Wood. I have expe- [exe- experiment] timented [tormented] much with strychnine and other poisons; and I bave [ave] made two post-mortem in cases of strychuine. [strychnine] I believe that Mrs. Dove's death was cxused [caused] by strychnine, Probably, if strychnine was administered to Mrs. Dove on days preceding Saturday, the difference of the dose might cause a ditfurence [difference] of result one cannot speak positively, because the same dose of strychnine will produce different results in different exses, [Essex] or at different times. should not have anticipated that if she had a dose on Friday, she would have been better on the Sature [Nature] day tlian [Italian] before she took it. By Mr. Bliss-Tucre [Bliss-Cure] was nothing on the dissection that could not be attributed to strychnine taken ou Saturday night; previous doses would lave passed away, The engoring [engineering] of the lungs might have been so caused, I agree with Mr. Morley that hysteria will at times simulate the type of almost every other disease, and amongst the rest of tetanus. The traces of strychnine in the intestines were deubtiul, [doubtful] but we did not examine the intestines particu- [particular- particularly] larly. [early] Ifsix [If six] dos s were given during the week, I have no doubt it is now in the intestines, Wedid [Wedded] uot [not] examine any of the tissues, i I had heen [hen] examining to discover whether strychnine had been given du ing the week, think it would have been more prudent to have examined the tissues. But we thought it sutlicient [sufficient] that we found the poison in the stomach and Iam [I am] not sure that the knowledge possessed at the time would, under any cireumstanees, [circumstances] have enabled us to find strychnine in the tissues in this case, This case and another recent one, have done more than ever was done betore [before] to extend our knowled e [knowledge e] of strychnine, Ru-examined-There would be a yreat [great] difference in the capability or desire of a patient to be rubbed, from the fact of her suffering slightly or severely from strychnine. There is no known disease the symptoms of which are so much in with those described by the witnesses, as the Ree [Ere] ae mptoms [mp toms] aro with the effects of strychnine. iron Bramwell-Was there any symptom inconsistent with strychnia [strychnine] having been administered on a former occasion Witness-Not atall. [stall] It favours the view that it was administered. T found no symptoms that the lnnys [lens] or the brain were enlarged during the week. It is chiefly Mrs. Wood's and Mis, [Is] Whitham's account that has changed my Opinion, Every one of the symptoms are to be found in hysteria separately. Mrs. Wood and Mrs, Whitbam [Whitham] described the symptoms more fully and more clearly, Mr, Scarfe attributed the symptoms to nervous derangement, It is not a symptom of strychnia [strychnine] that a patient should desire to be rubbed. But cases are not common-they are very few, It is more common fur them to desire not to be touched. She complained ten days before that week of pains in her limbs. It would depend on the amount of the dose whether it would be extraordinary that she shou'd [shoe'd] recover, and appear well the next day. Hysteria might have the effect of gorging the lungs and the brain. Not shrinking from the touch is inconsistent with strychnia. [strychnine] It is an indication that the patient is not labouring under its effects. Re-exsamined-There [Re-examined-There] are several instances of persons ' labouring under strychnia [strychnine] desiring to be rubbed. There was nothing in the body inconsistent with the theory that strychnia [strychnine] had been administered on the other days besideg [besides] Saturday. By a Juryman-I never knew a case of hystsria [hysteria] cause ' death with the same external appearauces [appearance] as those pre- [presented] sented [scented] in the case of Mrs, Dove. Mr. Thomas Nunneley, [Tunnel] a member of the Rayal [Royal] College of Surgeons, was then examined, He said I post- [postmortem] mortem examination of Mrs, Dove's body, and signed the report which has been real, 1 have heard the evidencg [evidence]