Huddersfield Chronicle (19/Jul/1856) - page 6

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6 in Betty Dessions. [Sessions] GULLDHALL, [GUILDHALL] SATURDAY, July 12th, 1856. On the Bench J. Brooke and W. Willans, Esgs. [Eggs] KEerinc [Bickering] a DisorDERLY [Disorderly] Houss.-George [House.-George] Hallas, beer- [beer house] house keeper, Castlegate, was charged with not maintaining order in bis house on the previous Saturday evening. geant [grant] Townend said that he entered the house at 20 inutes [minutes] to 12 on the night in question. Ina room upstairs he found a man and a woman tugether, [together] the latter a pros- [prostitute] titute. [institute] The cellar underneath the house was also occupied by a prostitute. Both rooms were rented along with the beerhouse, [beer house] and had an internal communication with it. Mr. Leadbeater, in defence, denied the charge, and called Mr. and Mrs. Hallas, both of whom denied having seen any man in the room with a woman.-Ths magistrates said they were determined to put down such scenes of vice and immorality. They were sorry to find them increasing in the towa. [town] In the present case they should inflict the mitigated penalty of 2, In future they should inflict the full penalty of 5. WatER [Water] WorRKS [Works] AUDITORS.-Mr, Barker applied that Mr. J. Brierly and Mr. C. Dowse should be sworn in as the two auditors of the Huddersfield Water Works accounts. 'The [the] magistrates assented to the application, and the two gentlemen were sworn in. ANOTHER IRREGULARLY CONDUCTED BEERHOUSE.- [Beer house.- Beer house] Catherine Bevers, beerhouse [beer house] pee erase th vz arged [aged] with allowing prostitu [prostitute] congr [cong] White entered the house at half-past two o'clock on Sunday morning, and in the cellar-kitchen he found three men on the hearthstone, and prostitute in bed witha [with] man. He entered again at four o clock, au found the same degraded being in bed with another man. The defendant was fined 2, and expenses 8s,-Aun [8s,-An] Lomax was charged with importuning passengers for the purpose of prostitution. She was seen by Sergeant Townend to stop and take men into a rvom [room] on Saturday night. The bench ordered her to be committed fur one munth. [month] A DISREPUTABLE CHARaACTER.-Elizabeth [Character.-Elizabeth] Long was charged with being a person of ill fame and conversation. She was the woman iound [sound] by Inspector White, sleeping with two persons, on Saturday night. The evidence was incomplete, and the case was reluctantly discharged. An INCORRIGIBLE DRUNKaRD.-Charles [Drunkard.-Charles] Walker was cited to appear before the bench, for drunkenness on the 1lth [th] inst. Qn Wednesday, this same person gave evidence before the coroner, in the case of a man who had died from THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1856. both being drunk, pass along the street, making an uproarious noise, and kicking at various doors on their way. e cautioned them, and wished them to go quietly about their business. Instead of doing this, they proceeded to ; door in Watergate, which they kicked tremendously, an refused to leave until compelled by foree, [free] being take the lock-up. The defendant, who did not appear, was fin 5s. and costs. 1a Cant DRIVER IN TROUBLE.-Miles Boothroyd, an [C] od driver for Mr. John Littlewood, of Honley, was charged by Sykes, the road inspector, with in his cart wea. out reins on the 9th inst., on the road leading from dersfield [Huddersfield] to Woodhead. Sykes said the man was very Cl and had not been charged before. He was therefore let o m [in] paying 5s. 6d. expenses. . duaeae [dear] AGAINST ses [se] SURVEYOR OF THURSTONLAND.- [THURSTONLAND] Mr. John Wood Jenkinson, the surveyor of the highways for Thurstonland, was summoned at the insance [instance] of J oer [per] Haigh, a contractor, for 1 33. 7d. arrears of wages sal be due to complainant from the town. The complaines [complained] banded in his book, from which he made it appear the account commenced on the 23rd of November since which time it had been running on -a very mode with highway surveyors. His claim was for scraping, dyking, [dying] stone napping, stacking, getting, &e., the total being 3 13s. 10d., towards which, at various times, he had received 2 10s. 3d., this leaving the above balance still due -The [the] surveyor put a diffierent [different] face on the affair, by showing that the complainant, instead of wanting anything from the town, was at the last balance, only a fortnight previous, indebted to the town in the sum of 5s. 3d. The books showed that several balances had been struck between the parties since the present year came in; and the defendant explained the cause of this bother, by saying, that on the 6th of June last, Haigh's work was measured off by the clerk who kept the books, and a stack which ought to have been 88 yards, was tound [round] to be some eight or ten yards deficient; but inas- [ins- inasmuch] much as it was the fair, complainant was paid up all he asked for, viz., 8s, 4d.; and the surveyor at the same time advanced him 3s, more, on a promise that the stack should be madeup. [made] Since that time complainant had made three stacks, measuring 122 yards, and wanted paying for them ; but not having performed his promise of making up the deficient stack, he was payment till he had done so.-The [so.-the] complainant averred he had made up the stack, but on being questioned, admitted it was only finished on the previous day (Monday).-The [Monday).-the] case was disch [ditch] the surveyor promising that at the next pay, Friday (last) excessive drinking. Walker was severely reprimanded for his drunken conduct, and warned by the case he had witnessed, of the result of abandoning himself to intem- [item- intemperate] perate [Peate] habits. Such reprimand appeared to have had no effect on the hardened wretch, as he was found the day following, drunk, and accompanied by a prostitute. He was fined 5s., and expenses Gs, VIOLENT ASSAULT UPON a Boy at GoLtcarR.-Edward [Golcar.-Edward] Mitchell was charged with assaulting Wiliiam [William] WalterShaw, [Walter] en the 19th iust., [inst] at Scapegoat hill, Golear. [Golcar] Mr. J. Sykes appeared for the complainant. The complainant is a boy only seven years of age. William Haigh and James Whitwham stated that they saw the defendaut [defendant] running after the complainant and another boy, and that on reaching the complainant, he gave him a blow on the head with his open hand, and kuocked [kicked] him down. On being taken home, the boy complained of .is head, and on the 28rd inst., Mr. Dean, surgeon, of Slaithwaite, was called in. He found no external injury, but the boy complained of his head, and started in his sleep, which led the surgeon to suppose that he was suffering from concussion of the brain. He considered the boy in a very precarious state. Mr. Freeman submitted that there had been no assault, because there was no intention of inflicting injury and he called upon the defendant to make a statement, which was to the effect that the two boys bad been throwing stones upon his house roof. He ran after them, when the boys threw another stone which hit him on the breast upon which he chastised the complainant by a blow with his open hand. The bench fined the defendant Ys. 6d., allowing the 1., making the penalty with 2 6s. expenses Ravace [Race] ASSAULT IN CaSTLEGATE.-Joseph [Castlegate.-Joseph] Hampshire, on bail, surrendered to auswer [answer] the charge of assaulting Harriet Cheetham on the 2ud [2nd] instant. 'lhe [he] case had been remanded from that time, owing to the precarious state of the prosecutrix. Her life at one time was despaired of, and a magistrate had taken her deposition at the Infirmary. She now, although greatly recovered, presented such a discoloured appearance, as proved the brutal treat- [treatment] ment [men] she had received. Mr. J. I Freeman appeared for the rosecution, [prosecution] and Mr. Clay for the prisoner.-Harriet eetham [them] deposed,-I live with my sister, Selina Cheet- [Chest- Cheetham] ham, in Castlegate, Huddersfield. The prisoner came to my sister's for lodgings on Wednesday night, the 2ud [2nd] of July, between nine and ten He brought a bed tick, left it on the table, and went out again. I went to bed about a quarter-past ten o'clock with my two children. Between twelve and one the prisoner came upstairs and began groping about my bed. I asked what he wanted. He said nothing with you, and he began te throttle me. My bed was on the flour. He said he had lost 14s., and he accused me of taking it from him. He was very drunk. He said he would murder me. He broke my cheek bone, aud [and] J have been under Mr. Tatham ever since. I was very ill afterwards, and thought I should not recover, My examination was taken before a magistrate on the 3rd July. -Selina Cheetham deposed that, on Tuesday the 1st of July, prisoner said he was going to sell his bits of things, and asked if he might leave them at our house. This was consented to, aud [and] he brought a broker in and sold them. On Wednesday the 2nd inst., he and the man with whom I live went out, and returned late. Prisoner asked if he might sleep at our house The answer given to him was that there was a woman sleeping upstairs, aud [and] that if he stayed, he must sit in a chair down stairs. I had occasion to go out, and whun [when] I returned to the house, about h past one, I heard a cry. J ran upstairs, and saw my sister lying bleeding. Prisoner was getting into her bed in the same room. I ran out screaming murder. My sister has a mau [may] of her own. This man has never lived with her. She has two bastard children, and has bad three altogether. She had an odd child by a man at Halifax. The man has since been transported.-Mr. T. R. Tatham, surgeon, stated-I was called up a little before daylight, on Thurs- [Thursday] day morning, the 3rd July, by the night police. I went to the place, and found Harriet Cheetham lying on her bed on the floor. She was then bleeding from the mouth. Her face and head was bruised all over by repeated blows, She did not appear quite suber. [sober] The cheek-bone was broken. She must nave suffered great pain. I considered her in great danger tur [tue] two days, and was afraid of erysi- [Eris- erysipelas] elas [Ales] supervening. It was as barbarous an assault as ever saw.-Police-vfficer [saw.-Police-office] Moore deposed-On the night of the 2nd inst., I was on duty in Castlezate. [Castlegate] About half-past one a.m. I went to the house where the prosecutrix lived, and went up stairs, There was no lizht [light] in the house. When I flashed my light I saw prosecutrix laid on the chamber fluor. [flour] Prisoner was kneeling on the top of her, with his left hand round her throat. He struck her twice with his right hand, before I could get tohim. [to him] I called out- Are you going tokill [till] the woman took him off her, and he went and laid himself down on a bed eu the floor of the same chamber. The prosecutrix became quite insensible. After that Sergeant Mellor arrived.- [arrived] Sergeant Jonas Mellor deposed-On the morning in ques- [question] tion, [ion] 1 was called into the Louse. The prisoner was lying on the floor drunk, with his cluthes [clothes] on. He stated they had robbed him of 13s. I asked him who had robbed him, and he said he supposed the woman had. I searched her ket, [let] and tound [round] Is. in silveron [silver] her. Is she ad, d-- her if she is not I will kill her. He repeated Vl kill her-TP'll murder her. I took him to the lock-up, and he kept repeating the same words on the way.-Mr. Clay admitted that it was impossible to produce anything like a defence which would justify the prisoner's conduct. The prisoner had been drinking forsome [Somers] days with the brother of the prosecutrix, and had been robbed of 15s. on the night on which he committed tho assault.-The [assault.-the] chair- [chairman] man said a most aggravated offence had been proved, and whatever the character of the woman might be, the prisoner had no right to inflict upon her such a barbarous assault. They should commit him to the House of Cor- [Correction] rection [section] for six months, with hard labour. A Drunken FRe K.-Richard [Fe K.-Richard] Thewlis appeared in a state of intoxication, to auswer [answer] a charge of assaulting Joseph Braid Freeman. The complainant, who is a young member of the Mechanics' Institute, was going to the Philosophical-hall, on Friday evening, to bear the lecture ef Lord Ingestre, when he was pursued by the defendant, who gave him a severe blow with an umbrella stick, break- [breaking] ing it upon him. He had never seen or spoken to the man defence was that the defendant was going to Rastrick, and being rather fresh, a number of boys com- [commenced] menced [mended] pulling him about, when he struck at the first within his reach, who happened to be the complainant.- [complainant] The defendant was fined 10s. and expenses, and ordered to pay the complainant 1 10s., in default of payment to be committed for two months. A Nove. [Nov] Ipza [IPA] -Samuel Saxon appeared to answer a charge of assaulting a little lad named Jonathan Whitwam. The complainant isa shop boy, employed by Mr. Wood, pottery dealer, Outcote-bauk, [Outcote-bank] The complainant is about twelve years of age, and had been taken from the work- [workhouse] house about six years since, but had never been taught by his employer to read or write. Mrs. Wood said the boy had been sent to school once, but it was found that he would not learn, and therefore he had not been sent since. On Saturday night the defendant was passing Wood's shop in a state of intoxication. Defendant alleged that the boy made some improper remark to him, which caused him to pursue the lad into the shop. 'The [the] lad said he was caught on the lez [le] by and two of the children of Mr. night, he should be paid up all there was due to him. New Poor-RATE FOR FARNLEY Tyas.-The [Tyas.-the] overseer of this township applied for a new rate, at 10d. in the pound, for the relief ofthe [of the] poor, The total expected to be realised was 93 7s. 4d., and the arrears of the last rate being only 12s. 43d., the rate was granted. Worresponvdence. [Correspondence] DETECTION OF STRYCHNINE. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Srmr,-The [SRAM,-the] medical evidence at the late trial of Palmer, having opened out a wide field of enquiry with regard to the detection of strychnine, many processes have been pro- [Poland] ; and I now request a short space in your valuable columns for the details of a process which will enable the skilful manipulator to detect strychnine in the stomach and its contents, and also in the liver, blood &c., of any animal which may have died even trom [from] the smallest possible fatal dose. This method is the one always employed in the laboratory of this institution, and by the aid of which, I have bcen [been] able satisfactorily to detect the presence of strychnine in the stomach of a dog, which had died from the effects of half a grain of this poison; and by its use I have also beeu [been] enabled to procure a sufficient amount of strychnine from the stumach [stomach] of a dog, which had died from the admiuistration [administration] of one quarter of a grain, sufficiently pure to effect destruction upon a few small animals, which cicd [cid] with all the marked symptoms of being poisoned by this fatal alkaloid. I need only add in conclusion that, if the tissues of the body of any person suspected to have died from the administration of strychnine, be sub- [subjected] jected [ejected] to this process, and its presence be not clearly demonstrated, the death of that person ought not, with justice, to be attributed to its agency, This process is Dased [Dashed] the power which animal or bone charcoal possesses of absorbing strychnine. The stomach with its contents is warmed in an evapo- [apo- evaporating] rating basin with water rendered slightly acid by the addition of a little acetic acid the mixture is then filtered through muslin or calico, and the filtrate evaporated over a water bath to the consistence of syrup. This fluid is then to be transferred to a four-ounce stoppered bottle, and mixed with about a tea-spoonful of slaked lime, and a little animal charcoal; the mixture must be well shaken and allowed to stand ina warm place for several hours, The animal charcoal and lime are then separated from the supernatant fluid by filtration, and the filter being well washed, is carefully dried it is then boiled for several minutes in spirit, again filtered and washed well with boiling spirit the spirituous solution is then carefully evaporated, taking care the temperature dves [des] not exceed 212 'The [the] dried residue is the strichnine, [strychnine] generally suffi- [suffer- sufficiently] ciently [cent] pure for applying the test it issometimes, [is sometimes] however, mixed with a small portion of fat, which adheres to it so obstinately, that it requires to undergo a second operation for its further purification, The spirituous residue is moisted [hoisted] with a little water and acetic acid, and gently warmed it is then filtered, and the filtrate poured into a along test tube (about six or eight inces [ince] in length) and mixed with an excess of caustic potash; the tube to be completely filled with sulphuric ether, and the mixture well agitated for five minutes; the whole of the strychnine is dissolved by the ether. 'This etherial [ethereal] solution must be carefully poured off, and evaporated to dryness overa [over] water Bath. The dried residue is the strychnine, now sufficiently pure for testing, which may be done by dissolving this residue in a small quantity of spirit, evapo- [apo- evaporating] rating a little of this in a watch glass, add a drop of strong sulphuric acid, and then a small erystal [Crystal] of bychromate [barometer] of potash when a beautiful and rich purple colour will be formed, which after standing for a short time changes to a reddish brown. It has been stated that antimony prevents the development of this colour; but if the process above described be employed, it cannot interfere whatever with the action of this test, as every trace of the antimony will he entiroly [entirely] sopnratod [separated] from tle [te] strychnino. [strychnine] -I am, sir, your most obedient servant, HERBERT SUGDEN. Laboratory, Andersonian [Anderson] University, Glasgow, July 14th, 1856. Riot aT GATESHEAD.-On Saturday a riot of a serious character took place at the Felling, Gateshead, a body of Ribandmen [Bandsmen] having attacked some Orangemen. [Orange men] It being the anviversary [anniversary] of the Battle of the Boyne, the Protestant Association of Loyal Orangemen [Orange men] went through the streets in procession, Some hundreds of Ribandmen [Bandsmen] assembled, armed with pistols, swords, bludgeons, &c., and attacked the persons in the procession, Great confusion arose, and it is said that between 16 and 20 men were more or less injured in the affray. One man named Sohn [Son] Spencer, a tailor, residing in Gateshead, as well as a boy named Edward Badger, were taken to the Infirmary. Spencer had six contused wounds on the head, his front teeth were all knocked out, and his face and body dreadfully bruised; and the boy had a gunshot wound in the thigh, but it was not considered serious. The lad took no part in the affray, and was standing on the side of the road when he was shot. Several pistols were fired, and the Ribandmen, [Bandsmen] with yells, attacked men, women, and children indiscriminately for some time. The names of the ringleaders are known, aud [and] measures have been taken for their apprehension. One man, named Hannan, is in custody, and it is stated that his shoes were studded with iron spikes in order to inflict the greater injury. The road after the occurrence was in many places covered with blood, where the affray was most violent. AN EXECUTION IN CaLtFornia.-James [California.-James] P. Casey and Charles Cora were hung on the 22nd of May, by the Vigilance Committee, at half-past one o'clock, at the head- [headquarters] quarters of the Executive Committee, in Sacramento-street, near Davis. Both prisoners had been tried before the committee, or a portion of it, and had been found guilty. These trials were in secret, and the reporters were refused admittance, and were unable to acquire information from those present, who, as it appears, were sworn to secresy. [secretary] A promise had been made to Casey, before he was taken, that he should have a fair trial, and be permitted to speak ten minutes. These conditions were doubtless observed. Casey was informed, on Wednesday afternoon, that he had been condemned to be hung. While under charge of the Vigilance Committee his spirit appeared to be unbroken. When awakening after a sleep, he would frequently strike the floor with his handcuffs and swear fiercely at his fate On Wednesday afternoon a young married woman, his cousin, was permitted to visit him. They had some con- [conversation] versation [conversation] together. He told her that he was to be executed, and she swooned on hearing it. During the evening, the Right Rev. Bishop Allemany [Allan] attended Casey, who had been educated in the Catholic religion, During the night he was restless, and passed a portion of the nizht [night] pacing up and down. He was heard to exclaim, Oh, my God, has it come to this Must I be hunglikeadog [neglected During the first two or three days I might as well have esca; [Esq] from the jail as not, and I only stayed there for Scannell's sake. Casey mace a will, the particulars of which are unknown tous. [Tours] He had considerable property to dispose of, estimated by ramour [armour] to be worth 30,000 dollars. Casey was thin and pale, and bis expression was hagzard. [hazard] His face appeared coarse for the want of shaving, no razor having been allowed him for shaving. Cora attracted less attention, and conducted himself more quietly. Report Wood, running through the shop in fear of the defendant, fell over and broke some pots, fur which, payment of 1s. or 10s., it could hardly be told which from the note, had been demanded in writing from the defendant by Mr. Wood.-It was alleged, in defence, that Mr. Wood encouraged the lad to insult parties in the street, so as to cause them to pursue the lad into the shop, when he would fall and break some earthenware, for which an exorbitant bill would be sent to the pursuer by Mr, Wood. This was denied by Mrs. Wood, The bench, in discharging the case, reprimanded the defendant for the example of intoxi- [into xi- intoxication] cation he had sct [act] his children, it appearing that whilst intoxicated he was walking through the streets with a child on each hand, TUESDAY. On the Bench J. Armitage, T. P Crosland, J. T. Fisher, and J. Maigh, [Haigh] Esqs. [Esq] THE ResuLt [Result] oF BaD [Bad] Comrany.-A [Company.-A] younz [young] flat, bearing the cognomen of William Hoyle, applied to the magistrates under the following circumstances, preferring a charge of robbery against Mary Ann Clayton aud [and] Sophia Berry, two nymplis [Naples] of the non-classical region of Castlegate. The simpleton had that morning gone to a beerhouse [beer house] in that locality, kept by John Smith, for the purpose of getting some ale to his bread, in order to make a breakfast, and while there the two women fastened upon him. After he had treated the company to some five or six pints of ale, the woman Clayton held him by the left arm, while her companion lightened his pocket of 10s., with which she bolted. Finding, however, that she had left half-a- crown on the seat, she returned, secured the coin, and then again made herexit. [her exit] The pair were speedily apprehended, when the tempting metal found its way into the coffers of Mr. J. I. Freeman, who appeared to defend the frail pair. After hearing the case so far, the magistrates discharged the women, and advised the youthful debauchee to keep better company for the future. A MipNicutT [Minute] BrawLer.-Charles [Trawler.-Charles] Stancliffe, of Kirk- [Kirkheaton] heaton, [Heaton] who has frequently figured before the bench, was once more summoned there for being drunk and disorderly on duty in the locality of Castlegate on the night in ques- [question] tion, [ion] when he observed the defendant and another man, says he was married to his former mistress, Belle Cora, but the rumour obtains but little credence. At eight o'clock, the general committee was notified that Casey would be executed at half-past one, and ordered to appear under arms. During the morning preparations were made for the execution. Beams were run over two of the windows of the committee-room, and platforms about three feet square extending out under each beam. These platforms were supported next the house by hinges, and outside by ropes extendinz [extending] up to the beams. Along the streets, fur a considerable distance on each side of the place of execution, were ranged the committee, more than 3,009 in number, some on foot with muskets and others on horseback with sabres. No outsiders were permitted to approach within 100 yards. Beneath the place of execution were several cannon and caissons ready for use if necessary. The houses in the vicinity were covered with spectators, and in the streets were coilected [elected] probably not less than 8,000 or 10,000 persons. At a quarter-past one o'clock Casey and Cora were brought out upon the platforms. The former was standing by the Rev. Father Gallagher. The arms of both were pinioned at the elbows, and both wore white caps, intended to be drawn down over the eyes before the drop fell, Cora walked composedly, and stvod [stood] stifiy [stiff] while his companion addressed the crowd. Casey exclaimed, God, pardon and forgive me. Oh, my mother my mother I hope she will never hear of this. Ob, God, have mercy on my mother; comfort her in her affliction. Oh, God, have merey [mere] on my seul. [seal] Oh, my God my God I am not guilty of murder-I did not intend to commit murder. Some one here said, It is not necessary to repeat that again. Casey was confused at this, and mentioning the name of his mother again in a low tone of voice, he drew back. As he did so, the drop beneath Cora was withdrawn, and his body fell a distance of about five feet. He did not move, his neck was no doubt broken by the shock, and there was one soul less in the land of the living. 'The [the] rope was adjusted round Casey's neck, and he weakened in the knees so that a committee- [committeeman] man had to support him. He was placed on the platform, a moment afterwards it fell beneath him. He struggled a little, but at the end of about three minutes he ceased to move, and he too was dead.-Calzfornia [dead.-California] Chronicle, May 24, TERRIBLE COLLIERY . CYMMER, NEAR CARDIFF, ONE HUNDRED AND TWELVE LIVES ST An explosion occurred on Tuesday last, in thecollieries [the collieries] of Messrs. Insole and Ov., at Cymmer, situate in the Rhondda Valley, about 14 miles from Cardiff, which has produced consequences hitherto unparelleled [unparalleled] in the melancholy history of colliery accidents in South Wales. The fearful occurrence took place between the hours of eight and pine in the morning, and at that time it is sup that there were about 150 men in the pit, of whom only 15 have been got out alive. Up to ten o'clock on Wednesday morning, no less than 112 bodies had been brought out. The explosion of fire-damp was not of an extensive charac- [character- character] ter, [te] but it was sufficient to destroy the means of ventilation, and to fill the extensive workings with choke. damp, which suffocated those who were unable to reach the shaft before they were overpowered. The dismay caused by this dreadful occurrence may be well imagined, as every family in the vicinity of the works was bereaved of some member, In one house are lying five bodies, and a choir of singers who had attained considerable local celebrity, under the name of the Porth Choir, only one male member is lef [le alive. The whole of the male members of a dissenting chapel close at hand are also numbered among the dead. Many years have elapsed since any accident of a very serious nature has occurred in this valley, which is celebrated for its coking coal, and from which the Great Western Railway derives the supply for its locomotive power. The last explosion of a sweeping character was one in 1853, at the Middle Dyffryn Colliery, near Aberdare, when sixty-four men were killed. At present, of course, no cause can be assigned for the explosion, but the barometer at the time was falling-a circumstance which has attended every former occurrence of the kind, and which should impose on the overlookers extra caution whenever atmospheric altera- [alter- alterations] tions [tins] may be expected. An inquest was opened pro forma by G. Owerton, [Owen] Esq., coroner forthe [forth] Merthyr district, on Wednesday, and adjourned for the attendance of a govern- [government] ment [men] inspector of mines, OPENING OF THE INQUEST. Mr. .George Owerton, [Owen] of Merthyr, commenced his inqui- [Quinine- inquisition] sition [sit ion] on Wednesday morning at the Ty Newydd, or Newhouse Inn, at the upper end of the valley, Mr. Insoll, [Collins] the proprietor of the colliery, being present, and a highly respectable jury. e Coroner explained, in reading over a list of jurors, that he was always anxious in such cases to have some colliers on the jury, that practical c nowledge [c knowledge] might be brought to bear upon the investigation. The jury then proceeded to view the bodies, which lay amid their sorrowing relatives, at their homes in various parts of the valley. The spectacle in the great majority of cases was frightful, the major part of the unfortunate deceased having met their dea from the fire, not the choke-damp, the former causing the body to become charred, and literally scorched almost to a cinder, while the damp causes death by suffocation, and leaves but little upon the countenance, except an expression like that of sleep. It appears that, on Tuesday morning, 116 or 117 men and boys went down into the Cymmer pit, little anticipating the horrible catastrophe about to occur. The two firemen, whose duty it was to examine the pit, to ascertain if there was any foul air or gas in the pit, re-ascended about six o'clock, pronouncing the pit safe. In less than an hour after-indeed, before some had stripped off their clothes to commence work-the terrible gas exploded, and the affrighted [affected] people ran hither and thither fora few moments. Then one fell in the dark, and others s ring along stumbled on their dead companion, and fell dead also. Here sume [sum] were struggling amid the tortures of the fire. There a tram full of boys, all dead; and in other places, in sidings or niches in the level, men had sat down to await their fearful doom, and had died with their elbows resting on their knees and their faces theirhands. [their hands] Some had struggled forward, no doubt hoping to reach the air- [airways] ways, and possibly escape. When the report of the explosion was heard on the surface, it was too well apprehended what had occurred. Rumour says that for a day or two previously indications had been given of what was about to occur. Blowers, or casual explosions of had taken place. Two door- [doorways] ways had been blown only on the previous day, and there were too many reasons to believe, from the quantity of electricity with which the air had been charged, that an explosion of a more extensive nature might take place. This was too fully verified; and of the 200 colliers who worked in the Cymmer Colliery more than one half were at notice swept into eternity. 116 human beings went down into the pit of death that morning, and of that host only six-returned alive. The screams of the wives and mothers at the mouth of the pit-those women congrezated [congratulated] there to await and recognise the dead-as during the long interval that ensued between the period when the first intelligence of the explosion spread on Tuesday morning till the last body was brought out on the morning of Wednesday-were frightful and distressing. All day long the brave fellows who ventured down, almost in the face of death, to bring up the dead, sent up the bodies of the unfortunate men and boys who had perished, and when these were brought to the surface, the recognition of a beloved husband or darling child awoke harrowing cries, On Wednesday morning the 110th body was brought out, and it was left to conjecture whether any still lay in the pit of death. It was supposed, however, that all who had perished were now brought up. Workmen were immediately put on to supply coffins for the dead. There they were, working hastily with the saw and plan to construct rude shells in which to deposit the unfortunate dead in their untimely graves, amid the crowds of eager people, still waiting to see the last of the dreadful catastrophe, Her majesty's inspector of collieries, Mr. Evans, is engaged in fully elucidating the facts. The inquest is adjourned for a fortnight. MELANCHOLY RESULTS OF AN ACCIDENT.-A sad oceur- [occur- assurance] rence [rents] has happened in the family of Colonel Taddy, [Teddy] at Cleveden, [Cleveland] Sumersetshire. [Somerset] A young woman in the service of that genlleman, [gentleman] while crossing the road leading to the railway station, was in danger of being run over by a car- [carriage] riage, [ridge] the approach of which she had not perceived. and was much alarmed bya [by] warning cry uttered by the driver. She reached her master's house, and was conversing with the butler, when she fell down apparently in a fainting fit, but on the arrival of a medical man, Mr. Davis, who was promptly summoned, it was discovered that she was dead. The butler was greatly affected by the occurrence, and not longafterwards [long afterwards] was seized with illness, which has terminated Mirror. A Man DROWNED WHILE Batutna. [Batting] -A blind mannamed [man named] John Booth, residing in Robert-street, Arbroath, was drowned on Saturday afternoon, while in the bay. He was, though blind, an habitual bather, and was always accompanied to the place by a friend. On this occasion, when in little more than three feet of water, he was observed tostumble [to stumble] and fall. He got up, but again fell, and cried for aid. He did not again regain his footing, but was rapidly borne out by the current. The body continued floating, and was recovered about half an-hour after the accident. At the Infirmary, the customary appliances in cases of immersien [immersion] were used, but without effect, as life was extinct. .The [the] deceased was about forty years of age, and has left a wifeand [wife and] two children. He was only recently affected with blindness. -Arbroath Guide A Fata [Fatal] Lover's Leap.-A girl, named Jane M'Garry, living with her parents in Rosemary-lane, Whitehaven, came by her death a few days ago, under the following painful circumstances -On Monday night week the girl met a young man upon the waggon-way leading to Saltom [Seldom] pit. Her father had a decided aversion to him, on account, it is said, of his religion, the young man being of the Roman Catholic persuasion, while the girl's parents pro- [professed] fessed protestantism, althongh [although] they also at one time had been members of the church of Rome. The father got to hear of the meeting, and proceeded towards the place. The girl observed him at some distance, and to evade him ran to the brink of the precipitous quarries near Saltom, [Seldom] off which she leapt to the roai [road] below, a fall of nearly thirty feet. On gaining the road she ran towards home, but went, it is supposed, too near the brink of the brows over- [overhanging] hanging the beach, as she was seen by some children to roll down on the beach, where she was afterwards found lying insensible. She was removed home, and on the fol- [following] lowing day was taken to the Infirmary, where she died in great agony, on the Friday following.- [following] Whttehaven [Whatever] Herald. Tae [Tea] at Nenaca.-The [Nena.-the] Rev. Mr. Scanlan, the Roman Catholic clergyman, whose intervention to quell the mutiny seems to have been so eagerly sought for by the officers of the militia, has aldressed [addressed] an explanatory version of the affair to the local journal above mentioned, in the course of which the rev. gentleman says It is certain that the men considered the government bad broken faith with them as to the stipulated bounty-that to propose paying their bounty at 5s. a quarter during the remaining years of their term of service to men, who from the nature of the case, could hardly have any chance of receiving it, was amere [mere] makeshift to deceive-that loud murmurs and resolute complaints were by all manifested upon this matter, and that the people generally participated in this feeling; even the best informed in such concerns had no hesitation in designating it as a silly and shameful economy, insisting that it was more than worth while, at a cost of 1,000 or 2,000 to retain to the country, if occasion might be, the services of a regiment, which whatever may now be said of it, did not want a bold and daring spirit to recommend it. I would have it plainly understood, then, though there was no difference of opinion as to the injustice to the soldiers, yet a fifth of the regi- [reg- regiment] ment [men] had no participation in the bu sivess [bu saves] which has now gone before the world as a mutiny, and of this fifth I am satisfiel, [satisfied] from going amorg [among] them, that more than half were influenced by the idva [idea] that to desert the few reckless companions who seemed lent on extremes would be like cowardice; so that in fact the matter in its most foolish features was confined to a few, and these more or less under the influence of drink. All the while, from the beginning, not one of any note amon the soldiers favoured the proceeding, and by all the greatest personal respect was evidenced towards the colonel and the officers, the clamour for the bounty making the entire cause, and all the ex eption. [option] I have no hesitation, then, in saying tha [that] to deal with this regiment, as such, on terms different from other militia regiments would be to proceed upon a false assumption. Whether influenced bythe [Blythe] bishop, who spoke to the men at some length, or by the chaplain, or whether in respect to their officers--I have heard even those who who were most determined to say that they had no inten- [intend- intention] tion [ion] of proceeding to extremes, and it happened that the soldiers of the line did not meet the least opposition on their way to the barrack gate, nor even at the door of the barrack; three-fourths of the militia had gone away from thebarrack [the barrack] long before and the childish exhibition of firing shots into the air for half an hour looked like the pranks of afew [few] drunken boys, and was treated as such by the officers and soldiers of theline. [the line] Itis [Its] greatly to be deplored, however, that the firing of a few shots by some straggling militia men against the soldiers on their way to Pound- [Pound street] street barrack made occasion, if indeed any there were, to call forth that terrible discharze [discharge] of musketry which ended so fatally-even to inoffensive persons in their own houses, In fact neither barracks made any serious resistance to the troops; which proves that this melancholy transaction, which has made us all so unhappy here, means this and no more-was it right in the militia to complain ot being dismissed, not first having received the promised bounty -and was it just ina government to refuse to pay it, and , Of jest to all unthinking boys, send their soldiers half raked upon the country, a source in their rags 2 YORKSHIRE -SUMMER ASSIZES. TRIAL OF WILLIAM DOVE POISONING HIS WIFE BY STRYCHNINE AT LEEDS. n Wednesday morning, pursuant to arrangement, this tel commenced in the Crown Court, York Castle, before Baron Bramwell. With the exception of the trial of Wm. Palmer, perhaps no case has excited more interest through- [throughout] out England for a long period. The consequence was that reporters from London, Liverpool, Manchester, Huddersfield and other places, made application for accommodation to report the i Every effort was made by the under-sheriff (W. Gray, Esq.) to meet the requirements of the representatives of the press aud [and] as the reporters' box was altogether inadequate to the purpose, an additional box was extemporised on Tuesday night, at tbe [the] back of the prisoners' dock. The galleries usually appropriated to the public were open to the first comers but the interest and excitement to be present at the trial were so great, that not a tithe of those who presented themseives [themselves] at the doors could gain admittance. The rush, indeed, was terrific when the doors were first thrown open the court was filled, but from the judicious steps taken, any overcrowding of the court was prevented. . The prosecution was got up by Bertie Markland, [Maryland] Esq. (Leeds) the witnesses subpcened [suspend] numbering no less than 33. J. M. Burret, [Turret] Esq. solicitor (Leeds), had the management of the prisoner's defence. . Dove was brought into court about eight o'clock, in company with about twenty other prisoners. He looked extremely well, and has grown quite stout since his com- [committal] mittal [mutual] indeed, he must have increased in weight 20 or 30 pounds during his incarceration, He looked very cheerful and confident, and chatted familiarly with the other risoners. [prisoner] He was apparently quite unconcerned, showing not the least trace of anxiety. The counsel retained for the prosecution were Mr. Overend, Q.C., Mr. Hardy, and Mr. Bailey. For the defencs [defence] were Mr. Bliss, Q.C., Mr. Sergeant Wilkins, Mr, Hall, and Mr, Middleton. Baron Bramwell entered the court at nine at which time it was crowded in every part, with the exce [exe] tion [ion] of the Grand Jury Gallery, which was only partially filled. His lordship was occupied for nearly an hour in sentencing prisoners previously convicted; and then Wm. Dove was faced at the bar. Upon his name being called he trip lightly up the steps, and took his position in the dock with that calmness and perfect self-possession which has distinguished him from the first. During the day he occasionally sat; but he constantly leaned upon the dock rail, and seemed to pay attention to the evidence, The Clerk of Arraigns proceeded to arraign the prisoner as follows William Dove, you stand indicted for the wilful murder of Harriet Dove, at Leeds, on the Ist [Its] of March last; you are also charged upon the coroner's inqui- [Quinine- inquisition] sition [sit ion] with the wilful murder of the said Harriet Dove. Do you plead guilty or not guilty ' The prisoner replied readily, and in a clear and firm tone of voice, Not Guilty, my lord. THE JURY. The Clerk of Arraigns gave the prisoner the usual notice to chalenge [challenge] the jury, if he objected to them or any of them, and they were then sworn as follow - Mr, John Balance, of Island, Knottingley, willow mer- [Mr- merchant] chant. Mr. Edwin Brown, of Park Riding, Honley, land sur- [Sir- surveyor] veyor. [surveyor] Mr. Thomas Fox, of Old Church, Pontefract, maltster, [master] Mr. Jane Graham, of Hanover-square, Bradford, tea ealer. [dealer] Mr. Edward Wm. Hewitt, of Elmwood-place, Leeds, stuff merchant, Mr. Henyy [Henry] Hopkinson, of Birstal, [Bristol] Gomersall, organ ilder. [elder] . Mr. Jobn [John] Foster Horsfall, of West Croft Head, - Haworth, gentleman. Mr. George Lewis, of Sicklinghall, farmer. Mr. goseph [Joseph] Lucas, of Market-place, New Malton, iron- [iron founder] founder. Mr. Robert Midgley, of Salterley, [Salter] Northowram, wor- [or- worsted] sted [ste] spinner. Mr, chain Norton, of Corn-market, Pontefract, inn- [innkeeper] eeper. [epee] Mr. Richard Harper Smith, of Barthorpe, [Thorpe] farmer. The jury being sworn, the usual proclamation was made for the prosecution to prefer the charge against the accused, and the Clerk of Arraigns read to the jury the charge as above stated. THE CASE FOR THE PROSECUTION. Mr. Ovenend, [Ovenden] Q.C., rose at ten minutes past ten o'clock to open the case for the prosecution. Addressing the jury, he besought them to rid their minds of anything like prejudice; and equally of any impression they might have gained from what they had read or heard, The offence charged ayainst [against] the prisoner was one of the most cruel and cool-blooded perhaps ever known; the jury must therefore judge alone from the evidence, and, what was more, they must require from the prosecution the strictest possible proof for everything advanced. Gentle- [Gentlemen] men, said he, this is one of the most cold-blooded and cruel murders almost known in the history of crime, if the sug- [su- suggestion] gestion [question] of the prosecution should be borne out by the evidence. What we say, on the part of the prosecution is, that the prisoner has committed murder by the use ofa [of] subtle poison known by the name of strychnia; [strychnine] that he used this poison on five or six different occasions; that he made five attempts on the life of his wife which were unsuc- [nsc- unsuccessful] cessful; [useful] and, finally, that he made a sixth attempt, which ended in the death of his wife. I need not tell you that the poison which he used is a poison producing effects of the most painful character. He was a witness of this pain and agony; and the enormity of this peculiar offence con- [consists] sists [lists] in his being a witness of the agonies of his wife after administering one dose; that dose was unsuccessful, and then he administered another, which was likewise unsuc- [nsc- unsuccessful] cessful, [useful] although the greatest pain was produced and that he administered another and another, until he administered that fatal dose which terminated her life. Gentlemen, it may be useful if I describe to you the kind of poison which has been used in this case-what is its nature, what its operation, and what are its effects. The poison which, it is suggested on the part of the prosecution, was used by the prisoner, is the poison known as strychnia; [strychnine] and, unfortunately, strychnia [strychnine] is a poison whieh [which] has been much talked of by the pubiic. [public] it is a vegetable puison, [prison] and extracted by chemical agency from a plant called strychnos, [strychnine] which bears a nut or bean known as nuzx [six] vomica. [comic] The poison is extracted from the bark or root of the plant; and from a quarter to three-quarters of a grain has been known to destroy life. A grain anda [and] half is what medical gentlemen would call a full dose; theretore [therefore] you sce [se] that a very small portion of this is enough to take away the life of an individual. It is very bitter ; aud [and] this is a matter you will have to bear carefully in mind ; for what is suggested by the prosecution is, that it was administered in some medicine which was taken by the victim and therefore the taste would be as apparent as the effects. It is, then, exceedingly and intensley [intense] bitter to the taste, which you will perhaps bear in mind. It is nearly insoluble in water; easily soluble in acids; and insoluble in alkalis. The period when it begins to take effect is from a quarter of an hour to an hour, This depends upon the amount given, and the vehicle in which it is conveyed-whether in a soluble (or fluid) state or in a pe there auch [such] food in the ech [each] whether the teceiving [receiving] it great powers of absorp- [absorb- absorption] tion-or [ion-or -or] a contents of the stomach by which it is received are acid or alkaloid in character. If alkaloid, the poison would be difficult to dissolve-if acid, then it w dissolve very easily. 'Fherefore, [Therefore] you will perceive that the poison will operate sooner or later, according to the state of the stomach, the condition of the persoa [person] taking it, the vehicle by which it is administered, and theform [the form] in which it is when passed into the stomach. After the, first effect. of the poison is felt, its continuance varies from halt an hour to two or three hours, according to the state ofthe [of the] patient, and whether the dose is sufficient to use a fatal result. The operation of the poison is this it is absorbed into the system, passes into the blood, and circulates throughout the whole frame but its great and principal effect is on the spine and spinal marrow. The muscles of the body are peculiarly affected the muscles of the touch-the grasping muscles -are affected ina very remarkable manner. AL the nerves of sensation are peculiarly affected and there is this very remarkable peculiarity that all the nerves which the organ of intelli- [until- intelligence] gence, [Gents] the brain, are unaffected by it so that while thera [there] are great spasms of the muscles, great contractions of some portions, and paroxysms almost beyond endurance, the consciousness of the mind remains, and the patient is well aware of what is going on. This is the great pecu- [Peru- peculiarity] liarity [liability] of this poison, and differs materially from opium, which acts upon the brain and produces insensibility almost immediately after it is taken. There is another peculiarity in the poison strychnine. It is not a cumu- [com- curative] 'ative [active] poison. If you give toa [to] patient a miueral [mineral] poison, like arsenic, in a very small quantity, it will produce very little effect if you give more, it will produce a greater efect [effect] and so on with every repetition of the dose, until you produce the most dreadful effects, and eventually death. But this is not the case with strychnia [strychnine] it is not poison. As it passes through the system it produces a certain effect at once upon the kidneys, spleen, aud [and] lungs; but if the dose be too small to destroy life, it loses all power and passes away from the system. If the effect upon the patient is not speedily fatal, although the effects are very painful, especially during the worst paroxysms,- [paroxysms] -the whole effect passes off, and the patient is left almost without any ill effects, except the exhaustion which must ensue from the paroxysms, and unnatural strain upon the muscles and nerves of the body. There, however, is no remainder left behind,-nothing by which a second dose of the same quantity would act with greater effect, -notiaing [nothing] which would act in the way of cumulation, as in arsenic and most mineral poisons. There are pecu- [Peru- peculiar] liar and remarkable syraptoms [symptoms] of poisoning by strychnine, At first the patient is affected with spasms or jerkings [Jenkins] of the extremities the bands are clenched 3 and the muscles of the arms and legs are convulsed then the less and arms are jerked then there is a difficulty of respiration, and painful efforts to get breath, the reason of which is that, as the doctors will tell you, the poison fixes the lungs, which are unable to act, and if the paroxysm continues long enough, then death ensues from suffocation. he first effect is upon the extremities of the legs and hands and the next is its operation upon the back of the neck and the whole spinal cord and the body assumes a form which 1s peculiar to poison by strychnia [strychnine] and one form of disease, The body assumes the form almost of a bow and the patient is unable to lie so that the back rests wholly upon the bed indeed the body becomes so arched that the patient rests upon the heels and back of the head, and when the Spasms are very violent the arch of the back is so great that a pillow has to be placed under it. From this you will form some conception of hw great the agony must be of those who are poisoned by strychnia, [strychnine] After this effect upon the arms, the back, and the difficulty of respira- [respite- respiration] tion, [ion] the next thing is the difficulty of swallowing or open- [opening] ing the mouth, and the spasmodic action of the jaws and there is also dilatation of the eyes, and a peculiar expres- [express- expression] sion of the face which once seen is never forgotten. This sometimes contiuues [continues] till death, and with slight interrup- [interred- interruption] tion [ion] till the last paroxysm, Death is caused in one of two ways-by the muscles fixing the lungs, and thus producing apoplexy, or else by causing great exhaustion, the patient sinks, When the attack is not fatal the sy toms are the same, but their intensity is less, and they do not continue over a certain time, after which the patient recovers, suffering scarcely anything but great exhaustion, arising from the agony the patient has endured, and the great contraction of the muscles, The poison works itself out, and itself from the system. Now, gentle men, these symptoms, and the order in which they pro- [proceed] ceed, [seed] are inconsistent with any known disease. But there is a certain kind of disease which in some degree resembles it. This is traumatic and idiomatic tetanus. Traumatic tetanus is produced by a wound-and a very slight wound is sometimes sufficient to produce it-by cutting the finger, for example. But the effects thus produced, though some- [somewhat] what similar in appearance, do not occur in the same order as when resulting from poison by strychnia. [strychnine] In strychnia [strychnine] it is a question of an hour in tetanus it is one of days and weeks in tetanus the first symptom is the locking of the jaw; in poisoning by strychuia [stretch] it is the last in tetanus the patient suffers little in the first instance, and the symptoms go on increasing till the patient expires, but in poisoning by strychnia [strychnine] this is not the case. These are the distinguishing features between the two cases. Idiomatic tetanus follows the same course, and is probably called so because it rises cause. Itis Its] distinguished from traumatic tetanus by not being produced by a wound. I believe it is very rare indeed in this country, though it is sometimes met with in India. I nced [need] not, however, dwell further on this matter of traumatic and idiomatic tetanus, as my learned friends on the other side will not trouble me upon the point of whether the deceased was poisoned by strychnia [strychnine] because I shall prove that in the body of Mrs. Dove we found a quantity of strychnia, [strychnine] and that the presence of this strychnia [strychnine] will explain all the symptoms, explain the death, and distinguish the case from traumatic or idiomatic tetanus. As the poison has thus been found it willl [will] not be any argument to presume in the defence that death did not occur from the poison strychnia. [strychnine] I cannot, of course, say what line of argument my learned friends on the other side will adopt; but did think it my duty to explain to you the action of strychnia. [strychnine] Coming to the tacts [acts] of the case, Mr. Overend said that the prisoner was the son of Mr. Christopher Dove, a respectable leather merchant, who carried on business in Leeds. He died about Christmas, 1854, leaving to the prisoner about 90 a-year, upor [upon] which he lived. The prisoner was brought upasa [pass] farmer. At the time his wife ied, he was without den death, or death from accident, Mr. Morley require an examination perhaps he would, Then, said Dove. Scarfe replied wife would not consent nor would oo 5 2 sure m [in] Scarfe said he knew the family would he farnily.' [family] had objected in the case of tho late Mu they learned counsel contrasted this statement w; Dove, 8 tion [ion] given by Mrs. Dove to Elizabeth Fine the died and none of her friends were there th Sr, that if she her body examined. It was for the jury ed Were to hay they thought such a statement was At all ae whether Scarfe arrived at the house about half pout ale able. Mp, The attack, which had commenced at nine wa then going off. He had never seen person 9 Clock, Wag strychnine he judged it to be a nervous affecti [effect] tacked by prescribed some ether and henbane for the on, and he allaying it. At four o'clock in the afternoon Mr of saw her. He was a man whose attention had bec Orley [Otley] to strychnine; he had experimented not on mane Called the inferior animals. When he saw hor [or] he observed on there were some slight twitchings [teachings] and jerkings [Jenkins] of th and he would tell them that at that time the thou ody; [od] strychnine passed through his mind, and he ht of allow eh hte [the] ihe [the] eppearan [appearance] ces [ce] Were such ad not rodu [rod] y strychnine, but coasidering [considering] i of the parties, he did not like to te ety [et] that peison [person] had been administered. At that time spicion [suspicion] unaware that the prisoner had had strychning [strychnine] in 'his possession, On the day on which Mrs, Dove had' thie [the] attack, the prisoner thought it his duty to write to Mra. [Mr] Jenkins, his wife's mother, a letter to the following effect -- February 25, 1359, My Dear Mother,-I am very sorry to tell yon that my wife is very illindeed. [ill indeed] She came down, as I thought, this mornin [morning] much better. He told Scarfe she had been ill all night. sh took a nice breakfast for her, and then commenced to After that she told Mrs. Fisher she would help her to male th He th and Me. asked, would beds, but instead of that she was seized with illness I wont to Mr. Morley, but I am sure I did not expect to see her ulive, [live] My mother has been to see her. On Tuesday the 26th February, Mrs. Dove was pretty wells she had had no return of the arching of the body; she wag in bed all day, and talked in her usual manner, and wag uite [quite] cheerful. On Wednesday the 27th February, about eleven o'clock in the morning, Mr. Dove went for Mrs. Whitham, and said to her, wife is very ill again; you must go in to her as soon as possible, and speak to her about religious subjects-about her soul. Mrs. Whitham went in, and saw Mrs. Dove arched. She stretched her employment; but shortly before he had made an unsuc- [nsc- unsuccessful] cessful [useful] application for the situation of pay-clerk to the Leeds Board of Guardians. Mrs. Dove was of equally respectable parents she was of the same age as the pri- [pro- prisoner] soner, [sooner] within a month or two; and her father, Mr. Jenkins, was also a leather merchant. One of Mr. Jenkins's sons (Mrs. Dove's brother) had married the prisoner's sister. legs, but she was unable to open her mouth or speak dis- [distinctly] tinctly. [directly] In the afternoon Mr. Morley called, and when he entered the sick room Mr. Dove was by his wife's bedside, and said, She will never get over this-she will never recover the attack that has just gone by. Me. Morley assured him there was no reason to fear-that there were not any dangerous symptoms; but be said, Well, Mr. Dove, if you have so much doubt about it, wa The prisoner first became acquainted with his wife ata [at] friend's residence, at Apperley-bridge, near Leeds, where she was staying. This was about the end of 1851, and the prisoner continued to pay his addresses until about the end of 1852, when they were married. Soon after he took her to a small farm at Bramham, which he then occupied. He remained there till the beginning of 1855, and then removed to Woodhouse Grove, near the station at Normanton. At Christmas 1855, they removed again to Cardigan-place, Kirks all-road, about a mile and a half from the centre of Leeds. In that house Mrs. Dove died. The prisoner was very much addicted to drinking he was of a very irritable temper and he often got drunk. He was of a very religious family, as was also his wife, who tried often to check him in his vicious courses; and her so doing frequently resulted in quarrels. It mizht [might] bo sug- [su- suggested] gested, [rested] and proved, that in so doing, Mrs. Dove did not behave with much prudence or judgment; it might be that she irritated him, and that a more discreet person would have acted differently; but the fact was unquestion- [inquisition- unquestionable] able, whether she was in fault or not, that quarrels between them often occurred. It was true also that the prisoner was at times very kind in his manner to his wife; but at other times he was abusive, brutal, and violent. Asa result of their quarrels, Mrs. Dove's mother came from Plymouth, where she resided, to see if some arrange- [arrangement] ment [men] could not be made between them; a very respect- [respectable] able solicitor was also called in, and an arrangement was made, and was on the point of being carried ont, for their separation forthwith, the prisoner allowing his wife 20 a year out of the 90 a year secured to him under the will of his father. But some friends, no doubt from the most kindly motives, stepped in, and the consequence was that Mrs. Dove again agreed to remain with her husband; and she did remain with him until she died. The prisoner pro- [promised] mised [missed] earnestly that he would behave better forthe [forth] future, and that he would not get drunkagain. [drunk again] Certainly, at that time, he did not seem anxious to get rid of her, for he might have done so by allowing her the 20 a year. But long before Christmas, 1855, he had speculated upon the probable time when his wife wonld [would] die. He had consulted a wise woman upon the subject; and when he returned, he absolutely told his wife that he had great reasons to sup- [suppose] pose she would die before February. He mentioned this also to his friends, to the servant, and to other persons -always dwelling upon the probability of her dying before February. Soon after the removal to Leeds, where the prisoner was the worse for liquor, and was reproached by his wife for not keeping his promise, he exclaimed, Never you mind; I'll do your job for you one of these days. Some time after, when his wife complained of his delay in coming to dinner, he being then quite sober, be repeated the same expression. 'The [the] servant maid was in the rcom [room] at the time, but he ordered her out; and when shortly after she heard a quarrel and returned upstairs, she found Mrs. Dove upon the floor, with the prisoner standing over her with a carving knife in his hand. 'he servant alarmed the neighbours and the prisoner then desisted. He had previously made a most gross and unfounded im- [in- imputation] putation [petition] upon his wife, to whom he said, You're a. d-- w-, and were so before I married you. He went out, an returned between eight anil [ail] nine o'clock, when he im- [in- immediately] mediately struck bis wife with his fist. She ran upstairs and fainted directly and the prisoner then manifested had better have Dr. Hobson sent for. After Mr. Morley had left, the wife was seen to cry, and she said she would not take any more medicine, to which she attributed hor [or] sufferings. He (Mr. Overend) called the attention of the jury to this particularly, because although up to this time he could not prove that she suffered imme- [Mme- immediately] diately [lately] after the medicine, yet it would be of importance in connection with what ensued. Dove told her that it would not be any use to have Mr. Morley any more it she would not take the medicine; and then Mrs. Whitham suggested that Dr Hobson should be called in. He was not aware that either the deceased or the prisoner made any observation about that. At five in the afternoon two ladies-Mrs. Hicks and her sister, who had originally resided at Plymouth and were acquainted with Mrs, Dove's friends, and had been applied to by the prisoner to visit his wife, came to the house, They sat in the room with her and she appeared quite well but complained of her feet and juints, [joints] and said she was quite wel [well] except when girds came on, She said whenever it is time to have any medicine Mr. Dove is always ready by day or night to give it to me. Mr. Dove did not contradict that statement. When the two ladies went, the prisoner went with them and told them that he was sure his wife would never get better; that was two hours after Mr. Morley had seen her, and had assured him that there were no dangerous symptoms whatever. Mrs. Hicks said, There is no appearance of death, and Dove said he wished for further advice, but that Mr. Morley was displeased about what he had said, and that, as his wife was content, he had not said another word about it to Mr. Morley. So far however, from Mr. Morley being displeased, he sugges [suggest] the attendance of Dr. Hobson. At eight o'clocks the same evening, Mrs. Whitham went in and found Mrs, Dove in good spirits. On Thursday morning, the 28th February, Mr. Morley received the following letter rom the prisoner with reference to calling in further medical advice - Dear sir,-Mrs. Dove tells me she has entire confidence im [in] you, and she thinks that it would be going to needless expense to have any one else. Don't be deceived-I have entire contidence. [confidence] I don't wish to grieve you today. Will you be kind enough 2o speak to Mrs. Dove to-morrow on religion for she says she Wants some person to take her by the hand, as she feels-herself a sinner.-l am, dear sir, yours respectfully,-Witttam [respectfully,-Witty] Dove. On Thursday, she was pretty well up to seven o'clock, until Mrs. Whitham was fetched in by Dove, when she was suffering similar attacks to those which she had on Monday. The attack was subsiding her jaws were closed ; her hands were clenched, when she ha a sedative draught administered, and at eight o'clock Mrs. Whitham left her. That attack lasted from two to three hours, and Dove wrote to Mrs. Dove's mother, to tell her of the condition of his wife. He wrote it on the Thursday, and it ran thus -- February 28th. [the] Dear Mother,-We received your kind letter this morning, and im [in] answer to which I am very sorry to say that my dear wife is no better, but worse. Yesterday, at twelve o'clock at noon, she had one of the spasms, and it did not pass off till two; and ata [at] quarter to twelve last uight [eight] she bad another attack, which did not pass off until a quarter to three. I had just got to bed, but had toget [together] up, and on and yesterday until half-past three, Mrs. Kilham and Mrs. Hicks came to see my dear wife yesterday. They say they will comeagyain. [complaining] There is widow lady next door, very kind; don't know what I should great anxiety, and gave her some brandy and water, and did all he could to assist her. About five or six weeks before Mis. [Is] Dove's death, the prisoner had received some money from his father's executors. He had been drinking on the Monday, and on the Tuesday, when his wife urged him not to go out again, he said, Never you mind; mind your own business, or I will give you a pill that shall do for Mrs. Dove afterwards said to the servant, Elizabeth, if I die at any.time and you are away from me, it is my wish that you will tell my friends to have my body examined. On the 19th February, they again quarrelled, and he said to her, I wish you were dead and out of the way. Up to this time, Mrs. Dove had been sickly and ailing; and the prisoner frequently complained of the expense to which she was thus putting him. Three weeks before her death there was another quarrel, and aconstable [constable] had to be called in; the wife demanding to be protected. She died on Saturday the Ist [Its] March and on the Thursday preceding, the prisoner met a friend and told him that his wife was very ill, and could not get better, and that after she was dead they would have a regular jollitication. [collection] As toa [to] motive for committing the crime, one thing would be shown-that he was anxious to Marry another person, Mrs. Whitham, who was a widow and a nei [ne] ur; on the Thursday evening he told a man named Rhodes that he should marry again if his wife died. Then, as to the possession of poison by the prisoner. On the 2nd or 3rd of January an inquest was held upon the body of Johm [John] Parsons Cook, who was murdered by Palmer. On the 3d thé [the] prisoner sent to the New Cross Inn, Meadow Lane, for a man named Henry Harrison. Harrison read to the prisoner, from the Temes, [Tees] a statement that in Cook's ease, Dr. 'Faylor [Taylor] had been unable to discover strychnine and the prisoner said thereupen, [thereupon] 'Can you get me, or can you make me, any strychnine 'Harrison said he could mot and the prisoner said, No matter, then, 5 can get it. Somewhere about the end of January, the prisoner went to the surgery of My. Morley, an eminent surgeon in Leeds, who was then attending Mrs. Dove and he there say on the ee While there he took up a and sai [said] is is antimony E suppose it's what Palmer killed his wife with. On the samo [same] shelf there was a bottle containing strychnine and looking at it, the prisoner said, I suppose they can't test strych- [Starch- strychnine] nine. Yes, they ean, [an, said Beecock. [Peacock] Ok no, said the prisoner 'all mineral poisons cam be tested, and so can all vegetable poisens [poisons] except strychnine. Mir, Beecock, [Peacock] however, assured the prisoner that Mr. Morley had tested strychnine and found it in the stomach of a woman. A few days after, the pri [pro] was again at Mr. Morley's surgery, where he saw Mr. Elletson. [Skeleton] He began to.converse abont [about] isons, [Sons] and Mr. Elletson [Skeleton] referred him to a work by Dr. Pereira. The prisoner complained that his house was infested with cats; and the result was that Elletson [Skeleton] gave him ten grains of strychnine, which he wrapped ina piece of foolscap paper, and either labeHed [labelled] or marked it poison. Before leaving the surgery, the prisoner again took down the antimony bottle, and said, This is the poison Palmer used. Subsequently, the prisoner told witness that he had poison enough to kill six persons ; he told Mrs, Whitham that he had the poison, and what be had done, or intended to do with it-p ison dogs in the yard he gave the servant some cheesa, [cheese] which he said had upon it, and which being put under Mrs. Dove's bed, a Mouse was found there dead. Indeed, it mnst [inst] be admitted fully that the prisoner made no secret whatever of the pos [post] session of this poison, Bat supposing that he had used it as he said he had done, to poison dogs or cats, what became of four or five additional gtains [grains] cf strychnine, which he certainly obtained a few days subsequently from Elletsen, [Ellison] upon the representation that he had use 1 all he had before obtained, without ridding ef the cats When it me necessary to question the prisoner about the poison he said that he kept it in his ruzor [razor] case, which he Placed upon the mantle-piece in his bed-room; that he had shown it to his wife, and cautioned her not to touch it that there have done but for her and Mrs. Fisher. Iam [I am] nearly worn out, but sha [Shaw] not complain. My wife said she wished her mother wis-here. My opinion is that if she has another shock she will die, and I would not like to see her without some of her rela- [real- relations] tions [tins] I will do for her what I cam until I drop. My love to all at home; and accept the love from your affectionate son, Wittram [Tram] Dove P S.-t mow it is an expensive jonmey; [Jones] I wish I had money to send you, for you should have it with pleasure, My friends come very little. On Friday morning, the 29th February, Mrs, Whitham went in and found Mrs, Dove restered [restored] from her last attack, At eleven o'clock the prisoner entered with Mr. Sturgeon, a clergymen, whom he had asked to visit his wife. Dove said he regretted that he had not himself lived circumspectly, and that his wife was seized with spasms, and he wished the clergyman would pray with her. He did not, however, join in the prayers that were offered up for her. The clergyman and Dove went down stairs together, and Dove begged him to come the next day as Mrs. Dove might go quite suddenly in the spasms, and as he was very anxious for her spiritual welfare. In the afternoon, Mrs. Hicks and her sister returned, and Miss Dove, the prisuner's [prisoner's] sister, waa [was] giving the deceased some tea, She then complained of her legs and jaws, and said she had had two attacks since Wednesday evening, The prisoner was there and gave her some medicine, and he then wentout [went] of the bedroom into the dressing-room, and as he lett [let] he put his handkerchief to his eyes, and apparently wept. In the evening, somewhat late, these parties, who had came from. Armley, a village on the outskirts of Leeds, went to the railway station, and the prisoner accompanied them. They were too late for the first train, and they had to come back. The prisoner then told them that she could not get better, and that he would not have post-mortem examination, though he was sure Mr. Morley would want one, as he did not understand her complaint, and he had promised his wife thata [that] post-mortem examination of her body should zever [ever] take place. To Mr. Scarfe, om the first attack, he said there should not be an, examination, and he talked about it to Mrs. Hicks, on the road to his house. He spoke great deal of Mrs. Whit- [Whitham] ham's kindness, and said he would make her a present of a book after his wife's death. He also asked her, Did you notice how I was obliged to go into that adjoining room and weep I could not control myself. The two ladies said they had. Aboub [About] nine o'clock in the evening they had to return to the station, and he went with them, and as they were going along, Mrs. Hicks made a reman' [remain] about tae [tea] recurrence of these attacks, and said he had better leave her and hurry home. He said, Oh no; no fear ofthat [of that] she won't have az attack until half-past Now she had had one at ten in the morning, a second. at seven, in the evening, and why he should know that she would have one at half-past ten at night was a matter tor the consideration of the jury. Soon afterwards he returned home, and administered to. her a draught at ten o'clock ; and at half-past ten she had an attack. On his road home he called at a confectioner's shop, kept by a Mrs. Young, to. whom he said his wife would not live till Saturday nizht, [night] anal that he was almost worn out. At half-past ten, Mrs. Dove called Mrs. Fisher upstairs, and she had an attack, The boly [boy] was arched, and there were twitchings, [teachings] but she was conscious, They knocked for Mrs, Whitham, and she came and remained until one when the left her. The prisoner appeared very much alarmed during the time they continued, and' Mrs. Dove Ox- [Exclaimed] claimed, Oh, dear, thought it would haxe [have] been, the last-I thought it would be all over. Mrs. Fisher left her at two o'clock. On Saturday, the Ist [Its] March she appeared pretty weak, and Mr. Sturgeon called on her again. She talked about the attack during the night. Mr. Dove asked Mr, Sturgeon ahout [about] her Spiritual condition, enquired if she would not die. He insisted that there was no li elihood [livelihood] of her recovery, and said that she would be taken off. He asserteil [asserted] also that Mr. Morley was puzzled. Dove was told that additional advice had better be called in; bnt [bent] he said was Poison upon it and that she had no reasoa [reason] what- [whatever] ever to go to the case. Upon the case being searched. how- [however] over, bo trace of poison was found in it, 'I'wo or three day before Mrs. Dove's death, Mr. Morley's groom saw the De soner [sooner] going towards Mr. Morley's surgery it was on the Wednesday or Thursday. The groom knew that the gas had been lett [let] turned down but after some 20 minutes, when he went into the surgery, he found it burning full, and Dove standing there. He was much flirried [florid] azitated, [stated] and was fumbling in his waistcoat pocket and ho said to the groom that he had come there to light his pipe. 'The [the] pri- [pro- prisoner] soner [sooner] had no business in the surgery, but he knew weil [well] where strychnine was kept, and what did he do there Mrs. Dove had been treate [treated] 1 by Mr. Morley for functional deranzoment [derangement] of the stomach, up to the 25th February. On that morn- [morning] ing (Monday) she came down to breakfast, appareatly [apparently] well and cheerful and after making a good meal, she proposed to Mrs. Fisher to assist her in making the beds. As she was soing [doing] upstairs, sue complained of a peculiar faint seusation [sensation] in her legs, such as she had never felt betore, [before] and she was scarcely able to get up. On reaching the bed-rvom [bed-room] she fell upon a chair, and was taken very ill. Mrs. Whitham was sent for, and Dove was called up, and ho manifested the greatest possible agitation and concern as to his wife's position. Her legs became stiff; there were twichings [teachings] of the legs and arms; her body was thrown back there was the arching back; and all the symptoms whicl [which] are pro- [produced] duced [duce] by strychnine. She suffered for about two or three hours, and Mr. Dove was sent to fetch Mr. Morley but he did not find him at home. He found Mr, Scarfe, Mr, he did not like to offend Mr, Morley, and that he had con- [confidence] fidence [confidence] in that gentleman, Between two and three in the afternoon, Mrs. Whitham found her very mich better-frea [better-free] from pain-and she gave her some jelly which she had made for her. 'Phe [The] prisoner was there, and asked Mrs, Whitham if there was not a burial-ground attached to the Burley chureh, [church] his wife then being pretty well. Mrs. Whit an replied, No. And he then asked her if they buried in the cemetery at Leeds; to which she replied, Sometimes, but more frequently at Headingley. At half-past three, Mrs, Whicbam [Victim] gave Mrs. Dove her medicine, the prisoner at that time being absent. After taking it, she did not feel any evil effects she remained in the same state as before, pretty well und [and] cheerful. At four o clock, the prisoner went to a public-house kept by Sarah Naylor, and asked for some porter for his wife. He said she had had a fit at two o'clock, from which she would not recover. That was not true. She was perfectly well at two o'elock, [o'lock] and had not had an attack since half-past ten on the previons [previous] night. A little after four o'ciock, [o'clock] My. Morley saw Mrs. Dove, and suggested that, as she appeared so well, she should be got out of bed, and have a mutton chop. Mrs. Fisher couked [cooked] & chop; and Mrs. Dove, after having been placed in a cheir, [their] ate it, apparently with pheasure. [pleasure] They were all sitting together when the prisoner came in. He was astonished to find his wife np, and apparently amazed at finding her eating the chop, He asked how it was; and Mrs. Whitham in- [informed] formed him that Mr, Movley [Morley] had ordered her up to have it, and that she was sitting up because she was waiting far tea. Mrs. Whitham went away, and the deceased said she would go to bed almost directly. Soon afterwamnts, [afterwards] the prisoner Morley's assistant, and he stated ta him that his wife had been ill all night, and that he must come directly. 'That was not trie, [true] She bad not been ill all night. She wag quite well in the morning, and the attack came on very suddenly. On the road he said to Mr. Scarfe-and his mind seemed to have been drawn to the fact that this mizht [might] prove a fatal attack-' If my wife were to die would there be a coroner's inquest and examination Mr. Scarfe replied tLat [that] inquests were only held in cases of gud- [Gd] said he was going to Leeds aud [and] Mrs. Fisher remained with her, rubbing her back with some liniment. 'The [the] prisoner kissed bis wife, and then went away, ler [Lee] medicine was given at three, her tea at five, and at twenty minutos [minutes] ta eight Mrs, Wood went in and found her sitting up in bed, At that time the prisoner was in the hause, [house] rather the worse for liquor ;' and Mrs. Dove said ta him, William, will you be kind enough to oe give me my medicine ; it is timo, [time, He thea [the] went to the washatand. [washstand] remained [C]