Huddersfield Chronicle (19/Jul/1856) - page 3

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 185.6 Driginal [Original] and Selected. THE WREATH. i soucnt [count] the gay parterre cull a wreath for Marve [Mare] hair; Aud [And] thought I surely here might find 'Some embiem [emblem] of her lovely mind, Where taste displays the varied bloom 'Of Flora's beauteous drawing-room. And, first of peerless form and hue, The stately lily caught my view, Fair bending from her stem Like queen with regal diadem But though I viewed her with delight, She seem'd too much to woo the sight,- [sight] A fasbionable [fashionable] belle-to shine in some more courtly wreath than mine, i turned and saw a tempting row Of flaunting tulips full in blow- [blot] But left them with their gaudy dyes To nature's beaux-the [Beau-the] butterflies. Bewilder'd mid a thousand hues, till harder grew the task to choose; Here, delicate carnations bent 'Their heads in lovely languishment,- [banishment,- banishment] Much as a pensive Miss expresses, With neck declined, her soft distresses The the] gay jonquilles [conquers] in foppish pride Stood by the painted-lady's side, -And hol'yhocks [ho'Hocks] superbly tall Beside the crown-imperial But still midst all this gorgeous glow Seemed less of sweetness than of show ; While close beside in warning grew The allegoric thyme and rue. There, too, stood that fair-weather flower Which, faithful still in sunshine hour, With fervent adoration turns ats breast where golden Phebus [Phebe] burns- [burns base] Base symbol (which I scorned tw lift) 'Of friends that change as fortunes shift Tired of the search I bent my way 'Where Teviot's haunted waters stray ; And from the wild-flowers of the grove I framed a garland for my love The slender circlet first to twine I plucked the rambling eglantine, 'That decked the cliff in clusters free, As sportive and as sweet as she I stole the violet from the brook, Though hid like her in shady nook, And wove it with the mountain thyme [thyme] The the] myrtle of our stormy clime The hare-bell look'd like Mary's eye, The blush rose breathed her tender sigh, And daisies, bathed in dew, exprest [express] Her innocent and gentle breast. -And new, my Mary's brow to braid, 'This chaplet in her bower is laid, A fragrant emblem fresh and wild Of simple sweetest child. - - THE SONG OF THE STARS. Wuen [When] the radiant morn of creation broke, And the world in the smile of God awoke, And the empty realms of darkness and death Were moved through their depths by his mighty breath, And orbs of beauty, and spheres of flame, From the void abyss by myriads came, In the joy of youth as they darted away, Through the widening wastes of space to play, Their silver voices in chorus rang, And this was the song the bright ones sang Away, away, through the wide, wide sky, The fair blue fields that before us lie; Each sun with the worlds that round us roll, Each planet poised on her turning pole, With her iles of green, and her ciouds [clouds] of white, And her waters that lie like fluid light. For the source of glory uncovers His face, And the brightness o'erflows [o'er flows] unbounded space 5 Aud [And] we drink, as we go, the luminous tides In our ruddy air, and our blooming sides ; La, yonder the living splendours play Away, on our joyous path, away Look, look through our glittering ranks afar, 'In the infinite azure, star after atar, [Tar] How they brighten and bloom as they swiftly pass How the ee oe ox ooh. rolling mass -Aud [And] the of the gentle winds is seen Where os warts dance, and the young woods lean. And see where the brighter day-beams, pour, How the rainbows hang in the sunny shower ; And the morn and the eve, with their pomp of hues, Swift, o'er the bright planets and shed their dews, [dees] And twixt them both, o'er the teeming ground, With her shadowy cone, the night goes round, Away away -in our blossoming towers, Tn the soft air wrapping these spheres of ours, in the seas and fountains that shine with morn, Bee love is brooding, and life is born, And breathing myriads are breaking from night, To rejoice, like us, in motion and light Glide on in your beauty, ye youthful spheres To weave the dance that measures the years, Glide on in the glory and gladness sent To the farthest wall of the firmament, Tbe [The] boundless visible smile of Him, . To the vail of whose brow your lamps are dim. United States Literary Diterary [Literary] Gleanings for the fFireside. [residence] FATHER ROACH AND THE CONFESSIONAL. In the of Ireland, given last week, the Battle of the Berries, which, as will be remembered, was allayed by the horse-whip, of the preist, [priest] Father Roach, applied with a vigorous arm to the backs and shoulders of the superstitious combatants, the narrator of the story was left cultivating the accidental acquaintance with Father Roach, which the unexpected rencontre [encounter] had brought about. The story which follows, giving an insight into the inner life of the Irish priesthood, and the oblizations [obligations] of the church, in matters of most serious moment, is the result of that slight acquaintanceship. I found the company of Father Roach so pleasant, that I accepted an invitation which he gave me, when we arrived at the termination of our walk, to breakfast the next at his little hut, as be called the unpreten- [unpretending- unpretending] ding but neat cottage he inhabited, a short mile distant from the church-yard where we first met. I repaired, accordingly, the next Gay, at an early hour, to my appoint- [appointment] nient, [nine] aud [and] found the worthy pastorready [pastor ready] toreceiveme. [received] He met me at the little avenue, (not that I mean to imply an idea of grandeur by the term), which led from the main road to his dwelling-it was a short narrow reac, [rea] bordered on each side by alder bushes, and an abrupt awkward turn placed you in front of the humble dwelling of which he was master the area before it, however, was clean, and the offensive dunghill, the intrusive pig, and barkiug [Baking] cur-dog, were not the distinguishing features of this, as unfortu- [unfortunate- unfortunately] nately they too uften [often] are of other Irish cottages. On entering the house, an elderly and comtortably-clad [comfortable-clad] woman curtised [Curtis] as we crossed the threshold, and I was led across an apartment, whose Neatly sanded floor- [floor] (an earthen one, by the way)-we traversed diagonally to the opposite corner, where an open door admitted us into asmall [small] but comfurtable [comfortable] boarded apartment, where break- [breakfast] fast was laid, unostentatiously [ostentatiously] but neatly, and inviting to the appetite, as far as that could be stimulated by a white cloth, most promising fresh butter, a plate of evidently fresh eggs, and the best of cream, whose rich white was most advantageously set off by the plain blue ware of which the ewer was composed add to this, an ample cake of fresh griddled bread, and Though last, not least, the savoury smell that rose from a rasher of bacon, which announced itself through the medium of more senses than one for its fretting and fuming in the pan, playing many an ingenious variation upon fiz [fi] and whiz [which] Gave dreadful note of preparation. While breakfast was going forward, the priest and myself had made no inconsiderable advance towards intimacy. Those who have mingled much in the world, have often, no doubt, experienced like myself, how much easier it is to enter at once, almost, into friendship with some, before the preliminaries of common acquaintance can be established with others. . Father Roach was one of the former species. We soon sympathised with each other aud [and] becoming, as it were, at once possessed of the keys of each other's freemasonry, we mutually unlocked our confidence. This led to many an interesting conversation with the good father, while I re- [remained] mained [maiden] in his neighbourhood. He gave mea sketch of his life in afew [few] words. It was simply this he was a descen- [descent- descendant] dant [dan] of a family that had once been wealthy and of large ssessions [sessions] in the very country, where, as he said himself, he was a 'fa pauper,' what else can I call myself, said the humble priest, when I depend on the gratuitous contributions of those who are little better than paupers themselves, for my support But God's will be done. His forefathers had lost their patrimony by repeated forfeitures, under every change of power that had dis- [distracted] tracted [traced] the unfortunate island of which he wasa [was] native ; and for him and his brothers, nothing was left but personal exertion. ys The the] elder boys would not remain here, said he, 'where their religion was a barrier to their promotion. They went abrogd, [abroad] and offered their swords to the service of a foreign power. They fought and fell under the banners of Austria, who disdained not the accession of all such strong arms and bold hearts, that left their native Soil to be better appreciated in a stranger land. JT, and a younger brother, who lost his father ere he eould [would] feel the loss, remained in poor Ireland. I wasa [was] sickly boy, and was constantly near my beloved mother- [mother god] God rest her soul -who early instilled in my infant mind, deeply reverential notions of religion, which at length imbued my mind so strongly with their influence, that I determined to devote my whole life to the priesthood. I was sent to St. Omer [More] to study, and on my return, was appointed to the ministry, which I have ever since exer- [exe- exercised] cised [cased] to the best of the ability that Gud [Gd] has vouchsafed to his servant. Sach [Cash] was the outline of Father Roach's personal and family history. . In some of the conversations which our intimacy origi- [origin- originated] nated, [Anted] I often sought for information, touching the peculiar doctrines of his church, and the discipline which its fol- [followers] lowers are enjoined to I shall not attempt to weary the reader with an account of our arguments for the good Father Roach was so meek as to condescend to an argument with one uulearned [learned] as myself, and a heretic to boot nur [our] to detail some anecdotes that to me were interesting on yarious [various] points in question. I shall reserve but one fact-and a most singuler [single] one it is-to present to peaders [readers] on the subject of confe-sion. [cone-sion] upon this point, I remarked to Father Roach, that of all the practices of the Roman Cathulic [Catholic] Church, that of confession considered the most beneficial within its discipline. the rag carved with me in admitting it as highly advan- [advance- advantages] taceous [Eustace] to the siuner. [singer] I ventured to add that considered it 'very beneficial also to the person sinned against. Very true, said Father Roach restitution is often made through its agency. But in higher cases sue for instance the detection of conspiracies, i &e., &c. er a vee [see] Confession, said he, somewhat hesitatingly, ees [see] not immediately come into acticn [action] 1D the way you allude to 7 thau [that] those you allude to, said I; unlawful I venture to hint, rather cautiously, that in this King dom, where the Roman Catholic religion was not the one established by law, that there might be some between penitent and confessor, on a subject where he existing government might be looked upon something he the light of a stepmother, (This was previously to the ing of the Ruman [Roman] Catholic Relief Bill.) A slight fush [fish] passed over the priest's pallid face- No, no, said be, 'do not suspect us of any foul play to the power under which we live.-No -But recollect, the octrine [doctrine] of our church is this-that whatssever [whatever] penance may be enjoined on the offending penitent by his confession, his crime, however black, must in all cases be held sacred, when its acknowledgment is made under the seal of confession. In all cases said I. Without an exception, answered he. . Then, would you not feel it your duty to give a murderer up to justice . The countenance of Father Roach assumed an instanta- [instant- instantaneous] neous [noes] change, as if a sudden pang shot through him-his lips became suddenly ashy pale, he bid his face in his hands, and seemed struggling with some deep emotion. I feared had offended, and feeling quite confused, began to stammer out some nonsense, when he interrupted me. . not be uneasy, said he. You have said nothin [nothing] to be ashamed of, but your words touched a chord, an his voice trembled as he spoke, that cannot vibrate withouf, [with] intense pain, and wiping away a tear that glistenéd [listened] in each humid eye, I shall tell you a story, said he, that will be the strongest illustration of such a case as you have supposed ;'-and he proceeded to give me the following narrative. THE PRIEST'S STORY. have already made known unto you, that a younger brother and myself were left to the care of my mother- [mother best] best and dearest of mothers said the holy man, sighing deeply, and clasping his hands fervently, while his eyes were lifted to heaven, as if love made him conscious that the spirit of her he Jamented [Lamented] had found its eternal rest there- thy gentle and affectionate nature sunk under the bitter trial that an all-wise providence was pleased to visit thee with -Well, sir, Frank was my mother's darling not that you are to understand, by so saying, that she was of that weak and capricious tone of mind which lavished its care upon one at the expensg [expense] of ot hers-far from it never was a deep store of maternal love more equally shared, than among the four brothers but when the two seniors went away, and I was sometime after sent, for my studies, to St. Omer, [More] Frank became the object upon which all the tenderness of her affectionate heart might exercise the little maternal cares, that hitherto had been divided aimongst [amongst] many. Indeed, my dear Frank deserved it ail his was the gentlest of natures, combined witb [with] a mind of singular strength and brilliant imagination. In short, as the phrase has it, he was 'th wer [we] of the flock,' and great things were expected from him. It was some time after my return from St. Omer, [More] while preparations were making for advancing Frank in the pursuit which had been selected as the business of his life, that every hour which drew nearer to the moment of his departure made him dearer, not only to us, but to all who knew him, and each friend claimed a day that Frank should spend with him, which always passed in recalling the happy hours they had already spent together, in assurances given and received of kindly remembrances that still should be cherished, and in mutual wishes for success, with many a hearty prophecy from my poor Frank's friends, 'that he would one day be & great man. . One night, as my mother and myself were sitting at home beside the fire, expecting Frank's return from one of these parties, my mother said, in an unusually anxious tone, 'I wish Frank was come home.' . What makes you think of his return so soon said I. T don't know,' said she, 'but somehow, I'm uneasy about him,' . Qh, make yourself quiet,' said I, 'on that subject ; we cannot possibly expect Frank for an hour to come yet. Still my mother could not become calm, and she fidgeted about the room, became busy in doing nothing, and now-and-then would go to the door of the house to listen for the distant tramp of Frank's horse; but Frank came not, . More than the hour I had named, as the probable time of his return, had elapsed, and my mother's anxiety had amounted to a painful pitch and I began myself to blame my brother for so long and late an absence. Still, I endeavoured to calm her, and had prevailed on her to seat herself again at the fire, and commenced reading a page or two of an amusing book, when, sudde uly [sudden July] she stopped me, and turned her head to the window in the attitude of listening. Itis Its itis [its said she; 'I hear him coming. 'And now the sound of a horse's feet in a rapid pace became audible. She rose from her chair, and with a deeply-aspirated 'Thank God went to open the door for him herself. I heard the horse now pass by the window ; in a second or two more the door was opened, and instantly a fearful scream from my mother brought me hastily to her assistance. I found her lying in the hall in a deep swoon -the servants of the house hastily crowded to the spot, and gave her I ran to the door to ascertain the cause of my mother's alarm, and there I saw Frank's horse panting and foaming, and the saddle empty. That my brother had been thrown and badly hurt, was the first thought that suggested itself; and a car and horse were immediately ordered to drive in the direction he had been returning but in a few minutes, our fears were excited to the last degree, by discovering there was blood on the saddle. We all experienced inconceivable terror at the dis- [discovery] covery, [cover] but, not to weary you with details, suffice it to say, that we commenced a diligent search, and at length arrived at a small by-way that turned from the main road, and led through a bog, which was the nearest course for my brother to have taken homewards, and we accordingly began to explore it. I was mounted on the horse my brother had ridden, and the animal snorted violently, and exhibited evident symptoms of dislike to retrace this by-way, which, I doubted not, he had already travelled that night; and this very fact made me still more apprehensive that sume [sum] terrible occurrence must have taken place to occasion such excessive repugnance on the part of the animal, However, I urged him onward, aud [and] telling those who accompanied me, to follow with what speed they might, I dashed forward, followed by a faithful dog of poor Frauk's. [Frank's] At the termination of about half-a- mile, the horse became still more impatient of restraint, and started at every ten paces; and the dog began to traverse the little road, giving an occasional yelp, sniffing the air strongly, and lashing his sides with his tail as if on some scent. At length he came to a stand, and beat about within a very circumscribed space-yelping occasivnally, [occasionally] as ifto [into] draw my attention. I dismounted immediately, but the horse was so extremely restless, that the difficulty I had in holding him preveuted [prevented] me from observing the road by the light of the lantern which I carried. I perceived, however, it was very much trampled hereabouts, and bore evidence of having been the scene of a struggle. I shouted tv the party in the rear, who soon came up and lighted some fagguts [facts] of bog-wood which they brought with them to assist in our search, and we now more clearly distinguished the marks I have alluded to, The dog still howled, and indicated a particular spot to us and on one side of the path, upon the stunted grass, we discovered a quantity of fresh blood, and I picked up a pencil-case that 1 knew had belonged to my murdered brother-for I now was compelled to consider him as such and an attempt to describe the agonised feelings which at that moment I experienced would be in vain. our search for the dis- [discovery] covery [cover] of his body for many hours without success, and the morning was far advanced before we returned home. How changed a home from the preceding day My beloved mother could scarcely be roused fora moment from a sort of stupor that seized upon her, when the par- [paroxysm] oxysm [Oxus] of frenzy was over, which the awful catastrophe of the fatal night had produced. It ever heart was broken, her's was. She lingered but a few weeks after the son she adored, and seldom spoke during the period, except to call upon his name. But I will not dwell upon this painful theme. Suffice it tosay-she [toss-she] died; and her death under such circum- [circus- circumstances] stances, increased the sensation which my brother's wys- [was- serious] terious [serious] murder had excited. Yet, with all the horror which was universally entertained for the crime, and the execrations poured upon its atrocious perpetrator, still, the doer of the deed remained undiscovered and even J, who of course was the most active in seeking to develop the mystery, not only could catch no clue to lead to the dis- [discovery] covery [cover] of the murderer, but failed even to ascertain where the mangled remains of my lost brother had been deposited. It was nearly a year after the fatal event, that a penitent knelt to me, and confided to the ear of his con- [confessor] fessor [Professor] the misdeeds of an ill-spent life I say of his whole life-for he had never before knelt at the confessional. Fearful was the catalogue of crime that was revealed to me-unbounded selfishness, oppression, revenge, and lawless passion, had held unbridled influence over the unfortunate sinner, and sensuality in all its shapes, even to the polluted home and betrayed maiden, had plunged him deeply into sin. . ' T was shocked-I may even say I was di ted, and the culprit himself seemed to shrink from the recapitulation of his crimes, which he found more extensive and appalling than he had dreamed of, until the recital of them called them all up in fearful array before him. I was about to commence an admonition, when be interrupted me-he had more to communicate. I desired him to proceed-be writhed before me. I enjoined him in the name of the God he had offended, and who kuoweth [worth] the inm st [in st] heart, to make an unreserved disclosure of his crimes, before he dared to seck [neck] a reconciliation with his maker. At length, after many a pause and convulsive sob, he told me, in a voice almost suffocated by terror, that he had been guilty ot bloodshed. I shuddered, but in a short time I recovered myself, and asked how and where he had deprived a fellow- [fellow creature] creature of life. Never, to the latest hour of my life shall I forget the lovk [lock] which the miserable sinner gave me at that moment. His eyes were glazed, and seemed starting from their sockets with terror; his face assumed a deadly paleness -he raised his clasped bands up to me in the most imploring action, as if supplicating merey, [mere] and with livid and quivering lips he gasped out fwas [was] I who killed your brother Oh God how I felt at that instant Even now, after the lapse of years, I recollect the sensation; it was as if the bloud [blood] were tlowing [lowing] back upon my heart, until I felt as if it would burst and then, a few convulsive breathings, [breathing] and back rushed tbe [the] blood again through my tingling veins. I thonght [thought] I was dying; but suddenly I uttered an hysteric laugh, and fell back, senseless, in my seat. When I recovered, a cold sweat was pouring down my forebead, [forehead] and I was weeping copiously. Never, before, did I teel [tee] my manhood annibilated [annihilated] under the influence of an hysterical affection-it was dreadful. found the bloodstained sinner supporting me, roused from his own prostration by a sense of terror at my emo- [emotion] tion [ion] for when I could hear anything, his entreaties that I would uot [not] discover upon him, were poured forth in the most abject strain of supplication. 'Fear not for your miserable life,' said I; the seal of confession is upon what you have revealed to me, and so far you are safe but leave me for the present, and come not to me again until I send for you.'-He departed. . T knelt and prayed tor strength to Him who could alone give it, to furtify [fortify] me in this dreadful trial. Here was the author of a brother's murder, anda [and] mother's consequent death, discovered to me in the person of the penitent. It was a feartul [fearful] position for a frail mortal to be placed in but as a consequence of the holy calling I professed, I hoped through the blessing of Him whom I served, to acquire fortitude for the trial into which the ministry of His gospel had led me, The fortitude I needed came through prayer, and when I thousht [thought] myself equal to the task, I sent for the murderer of my brother. I officiated for him as our church has ordained-I appointed penanees [penance] to him, and, in short, dealt with him merely as any other confessor might have done. Years thus passed away, and during that time he constautly [constable] attended his duty and it was remarked through the country, that he had become a quieter person since Father Roach bad become his confessor. he was not liked-and indeed I fear ho was far from a reformed. man, though he did not allow his rs. to be so glaring as they were wont to be; and I began to think that terror and cunning had been his motives in suggesting to him the course he had adopted, as the opportunities which it gave him of being often with me as his confessor, wore likely to lull every suspicion of bis guilt in the eyes of the world; and in making me the depository of his fearful secret, he thus placed himself beyond the power of my pursuit, and interposed the strongest barrier to my becoming the avenger of his bloody deed. Hitherto I have not made you acquainted with the cause of that foul act-it was jealousy. He found himself rivalled by my brother in the good graces of a beautiful girl ot moderate circumstances, whom he would have wished to obtain as his wife, but to whom Frank had become an object of greater interest and I doubt not, had my poor fellow been s that marriage would ultimately have drawn closer the ties that were so savagely severed. But the ambuscade and the knife had done their deadly work for the cowardly villain had lain in wait for him on the lonely bog-road he guessed he would travel on that fatal night,-and, springing from his lurking-place, he stabbed my noble Frank in the back. . Well, sir, I fear I am tiring you with a story which, you cannot wonder, is interesting to me but I shall hasten to a conclusion. One gloomy evening in March, I was riding along the very road where my brother had met his fate, in company with his murderer, I know not what brought us together in such a place, except the hand of Providence, that sooner or later brings the murderer to justice for I was not wont to pass the road, and loathed the company of the man who happened to overtake me uponit. [upon it] I know not whether it was some secret visitation of conscience that influenced him at the time, or that he thought the lapse of years had wrought upon me so far, as to obliterate the grief for my brother's death, which had never been, till that moment, alluded to, however remotely, since he confessed his crime. Judge then of my surprise, when, directing my attention to a particular point in the bog, he said, J Tis Is] close by that place that your brother is buried.' IT could uot [not] I think have been more astonished had my brother appeared before me. ' What brother said I. [C] Your brother Frank,' said he; twas there I buried him, poor fellow, after I killed him.' Merciful God I exclaimed, 'thy will be done,' and seizing the reign of the culprit's horse, I said, Wretch that youare [your you have owned tothe [tithe] shedding of the innocent bl that has been crying to heaven for vengeance these ten years, and I arrest you here as my prisoner.' He turned ashy pale, as he faltered out a few words, to say I had promised not to betray him. Twas under the seal of confession,' said I, 'that you disclosed the deadly secret, and under that seal my lips must have been for ever closed but now, even in the very place where your crime was committed, it has pleased God that you should arraign yourself in the face of the world- [world and] and the brother of your victim is appointed to be the avenger of his innocent blood.' He was overwhelmed by the awfulness of this truth, and unresistingly [unhesitatingly] he rode beside me to the adjacent town of where he was committed for trial. The the] report of this singular and providental [provident] discovery of a murder excited a great deal of interest in the country ; and as I was known to be the culprit's confessor, the bishop of the diocese forwarded a statement toa [to] higher quarter, which procured for me a dispensation as regarded the con- [confessions] fessions [sessions] of the criminal and I was handed this instrument, absolving me from further secrecy, a few days before the trial. Iwas [Was] the principal evidence against the prisoner. The body of my brother had, in the interim, been found in the spot his murderer had indicated, and the bog pre- [preserved] served it so far from decay, as to render recognition a task of no difficulty the proof was so satisfactorily adduced to the jury, that the murderer was found guilty and executed, ten years after he had committed the crime. ' The jndge [judge] pronounced a very feeling comment on the nature of the en in which had bow placed for many years and passed a very flattering eulogium [Belgium] on w he was pleased to call 'my heroic ubservance [observance] of the obligation of secrecy by which I had been bound.' . Thus, sir, you see how trust that of a fact revealed under confession isheld [shield] by our church, when even the avenging of a brother's murder was not sufficient warranty for its being broken. (This story isa fact, and the comment of the judge upon the priest's fidelity, I am happy to say, is true.) -Lover's Legends and Stories of reland. [Ireland] Scientific and Serbiceadle. [Serviceable] MENAI SUSPENSION BRIDGE. An account of the progress of this stupendous work of art, exhibiting, as it does, the application of malleable iron on the largest scale, must be acceptable no less as a record of the triumph of science, than as a narrative of general interest. It is derived from the account by Dr. Pringle, who resided in the vicinity of the bridge, and attended regularly to the progress of the structure. The first operations of the workmen took place in May 1819, and consisted in blasting the rock called Ynys-y-nuch, [NS-y-such] which was then only accessible at low water, in order to form a solid foundation for the north main pier on the Anglesea [Angle] side. Fur this purpose, in a few months after. wards, the intermediate space between the Anglesea [Angle] shore and the rock was filled up with a temporary causeway of stone-work, wide enough to admit of a rail-road for sledges drawn by horses, and which being considerably elevated above high water mark, afforded the workmen an oppor- [upper- opportunity] tunity [unity] of passing and repassing [passing] to their various occupa- [occupy- occupation] tious [Titus] at all times without hindrance. Previous, however, to the shutting up the navigation (as authorised by an act of parliament), for the purpose of carrying the suspension chains over without interruption by vessels passing through the straits, this temporary causeway was taken down, and the channel made considerably deeper and wider than before, by which means coasting vessels of a moderate ton- [tonnage] hage [age] were now, for the first time, enable to pass through this narrow strait with perfect ease and safety. The impetus of the tide in this part of the strait is at the rate of five miles per hour, The temporary causeway being completed, and the rock rendered even by the aid of masonry, the first stone of this astonishing work was laid privately by Mr. W. A. Provis, [Provision] the resident engineer, on Tuesday, the 10th of August, 1819. In the autumn of the same year the pre- [preparations] parations [preparation] for the foundation of the south main pier on the Caernarvon side were begun. This pier, from the depth of its foundation (seven feet), exceeds considerably the one on the opposite shore both in masonry.and workmanship; a distinction which is very apparent at low water. 'The [the] four arches on the Avglesea [Leaves] side, which for magnitude and grandeur can hardly be surpassed, were begun early in the spring of 1820, and completed in the autumn of 1824, This work is built of a grey marble, procured upon the sea shore N.E. of the island of Anglesea, [Angle] on the property of Lord Bulkeley, for which his lordship was paid siapence [sixpence] per ton by govern- [government] ment. [men] After the completion of the seven large arches, the smaller ones intended for the road-way were constructed, each being fifteen feet to the spring of the arch, and nine feet in width, through which carriages, &c. were to pass. When the arches were turned, the suspension piers were further elevated, tapering gradually in a pyramidical [pyramidal] form, to the height of 53 feet from the level of the road by solid masonry each stone being bound by iron dowels from the top to the bottom of these piers, to prevent their being separated or bulged by the immense pressure of the suspension chain. he next process was the iron department. On the extreme height of the suspension piers are placed the cast iron blocks or saddles (with wrought iron roller and brass bushes) for the purpose of regulating the contraction of the iron, by moving themselves either way as may be required, according to the temperature of the atmosphere, without causing the least derangement in any part of the work, These rollers are most ingeniously constructed, and form a desideratum in this line of bridge building. In order to form a permanent seat, grasp, or hold for the iron frames, to which the lower or extreme ends of the suspension chains were to be made fast, three oblique cavities or openings, of a circular form, and about six feet diameter, were made by blasting in the natural body of the rock on the Anglesea [Angle] side, leaving a considerable width of rock for the suspension chains. These excava- [exact- excavations] tions [tins] were carried down like an inclined plane to the depth of twenty yards. . This being accomplished, a connecting avenue or chamber was formed horizontally at the bottom of the cavities, sufficiently capacious for the workmen to fix the iron frames, composed principally of flat cast iron plates, which were afterwards ingrafted [engraved] as it were into the natural rock, so as to bid defiance to any stress that might bear upon them, and to be immovable unless the solid rock itself could give way. A similar mode of proceeding was adopted on the Caernarvonshire side. . The suspension chains, whicb [which] are made exclusively of wrought iren, [iron] being firmly secured and made fast to the irou [iron] frames just mentioned, the chain bars, each ten feet in length, were then laid down by placing five together- [together equivalent] equivalent to one breadth of the chain, and carried on by consecutive lengths, joined by flat iron plates and bolts, to the apex of the suspension piers, supported underneath all the way up by a temporary frame-work of strong timber, the upper end of the chains resting on the cast iron saddles which had been placed there to receive them. A similar course was pursued with the ascending portion of the chain on the Caernarvonshire side; only that from a difference in the ground this required to be lengthened by additional chain bars from the apex of the pier perpen- [Pender- perpendicularly] dicularly [peculiarly] near to high water mark. . On the 26th of April, 1825, the first chain of the curved part of this stupendous work was thrown over the straits of Menai; the day was highly propitious, and the joy of the interested spectators, as might be expected, very great. A larger concourse of persons than is believed ever assem- [assume- assembled] bled in the situation before, crowded the Anglesea [Angle] and Caernarvonshire shores, to witness a scene such as their ancesters [ancestors] never conceived. Mr. Telford attended to see this part of his grand scheme carried into effect. Soon after noon, it being half-flood tide, the raft, which was 450 feet long aud [and] six feet wide, stationed on the Caernavon [Cannon] side, and which supported the part of the chain intended to be drawn over, began to move slowly from its moorings, towed by four boats to the centre of the river between the two grand piers; when the raft was brought to its ultimate situation (which was in about twenty minutes), it was made fast toseveral [to several] buoys anchored in the channel for that purpose. 'The [the] part of the chain pending from the apex of the sus- [suspension] pension pier was then made fast by a bolt to the part of the chain lying on the raft. The next operation was fasten- [fastening] ing the other extremity of the chain, still lying on the raft, to two large blocks for tie purpose of hvisting [hoisting] it up to its intended station-the apex of the suspension pier on the Anglesea [Angle] side the tension of the chain at this time was forty tons. When the blocks were made secure to the chain, two capstans and also two preventive capstans com- [commenced] menced [mended] working each capstan being propelled by forty- [fitted] two men, two fifers regulating their steps, and enlivening the scene by playing an appropriate tune. The chain rose majestically, and before five o'clock the final bolt was fixed amidst the hearty acclamations of the thousands of specta- [spectacle- spectators] tors who thronged the ground on both sides. Not the least accident, delay, or failure of any kind occurred throughout the day. On the completion of the chain, three of the workmen had the temerity to pass along its upper surface, which forms a curvature of 590 feet the versed sine of the arch. is forty-three feet. On the termination of the day's pror- [pro- proceeding] ceeding, [feeding] the workmen, 150 in number, wera [were] regaled, by erder [order] of the right honourable the parliamentary commis-- [comms-- comms] siohors.of [shoes.of] the Hol [Ho] road impro [Emperor] sh of crw [crew] da each. olyhead [Holyhead] road improvements, with a qua The other fifteen chains were carried over in as many days; the entire line of suspension being completed by the insertion of the last bolt on the 6th of July. The chain being all adjusted, and placed equidistant to each other, the vertical rods were fastened to them; the lower ends being firmly bolted to the iron sleepers, on transverse rod bars, each vertical rod and sleeper being placed longitudi- [longitude- longitudinally] nally, [ally] five feet apart. There are 111 of these sleepers, to each of which are attached transversely four vertical rods, pion [ion] 4h the whole number of rods between the suspension The next process was the formation of the road-ways these consist, of two carriage lines, each twelve feet broad ; ind path, four feet wide, in the centre between them, D; an iron railing reserve passe irom [from] accident. 7 oP en Jn the 30th of January, 1826, this singular structure, which during its progress had excited so much attention, as well from its novelty as its magnitude, was opened to the public by the London and Holybead [Holyhead] mail coach passing over with the bags for Dublin. About 5,000 persons who Were present were then allowed freely to parade the platform for several hours. On the Ist [Its] of February, the first three- [three masted] masted vessel passed under the bridge, with all her spars up her topmasts were nearly as high as those of a frigate, yet they cleared twelve feet and a half below the centre of the road-way, THUNDER. Thunder is the noise occasioned by the explosion of a flash of lightning passing through the air or it is that noise which is excited by a sudden explosion of electrical clouds, which are therefore called thunder-clouds. The rattling, in the noise of thunder, which makes it seem as if it passed through arches, is probably owing to the sound being excited among clouds hanging over one another, between which the agitated air passes irregularly. The explosion, if high in the air and remote from us, will do no mischief, but when near, it may; and it has, in a thousand instances, destroyed trees, animals, &e. This proximity, or small distance, may be estimated nearly by the interval of time between seeing the flash of lightning and bearing the report of the thunder, reckoning the distance after the rate of 1,142 feet to a second of time, or 3 seconds to the mile. Dr. Wallis observes, that commonly the difference between the two is about seven seconds, which at the rate above-mentioned, gives the distance almost two miles but sometimes it comes in a second or two, which argues the explosion very near to us, and even among us; and in such cases, the Dr. assure us, he has sometimes foretold the mischiefs that happened. Although in this country thunder may happen at any time of the year, yet the months of July and August are those in which it may almost certainly be expected. Its devastations are of very uncertain continuance sometimes only a few peals will be heard at any particular place during the whole season; at other times the storm will return, at intervals of three or four days, for a month, six weeks, or even longer; not that we have violent thunder in this country directly vertical in any one place so fre- [re- frequently] queutly [quietly] in any year, but in many seasons it will be per- [perceptible] ceptible [perceptible] that thunder-clouds are formed in the neighbour- [neighbourhood] hood, even at these short intervals. Hence it appears, that during this particular period, there must be some natural cause operating for the production of this pheno- [phone- phenomenon] menon, [melon] which does not take place at other times. This cannot be the mere heat of the weather, for we have often a long tract of hot weather without any thunder; and besides, though not common, thunder is sometimes heard in the winter also. As therefore the heat of the weather is common to the whole summer, whether there is thunder ornot, [ont] we must look for the causes of it in those pheno- [phone- phenomena] mena, [mean] whatever they are, which are peculiar to the months of July, August, and the beginning ot September, Now it is generally observed, that from the month of April, an east or south-east wind generally takes place, and con- [continues] tinues [tines] with little interruption till towards the end of June. At that time, sometimes sooner and sometimes later, a westerley [Western] wind takes place; but as the causes producing the east wind are not removed, the latter o poses the west wind with its whole force. At the place of meeting, there are naturally a most vehement pressure of the atmosphere, and friction of its parts against one another; a claim ensues, and the vapors [vapours] brought by both winds begin to collect and form dark clouds, which can have little motion either way, because they are pressed almost equally on allsides. [all sides] For the most part, however, the west wind prevails, and what little motion the clouds haveis [haves] towards the east whence the com- [common] mon remark in this country, that thunder-clouds move against the wind. But this is by no means universally true ; for if the west, wind happens to be excited by any temporary cause before the natural period when it shall take place, the east will very frequently get the better of it; and the clouds, even although thunder is produced, will move west- [westward] ward. Yet in either case, the motion is so slow, that the most superficial observers cannot help taking notice of a considerable resistance in the atmosphere. Quips, Cracks, and Oddities. EXTREMES.-Many a fool has passed for a clever man, because he has known how to hold his tongue and many a clever man has passed for a foul because he has not known how to make use of it. How to Get a Bass Voicr.-A [Voice.-A] country paper tells the story of a man who was found ona [on] Sunday morning with- [without] out a hat, sitting on a block of granite, with his bare feet in a brook, trying to catch a bad cold, so as to sing bass at church, How To Take a JoKE.-I [Joke.-I] find, Dick, that you are in the habit of taking my best jokes, and passing them off as your own. Do you call that gentlemanly conduct To be sure do, Tom. A true gentleman will always take a juke [June] from a friend. Top tax Story.-Perhaps the best retort upon a lie is to out wit it, as Galba [Gala] did, when a courtier told him that he had bought eels in Sicily tive [tie] feet long. That, replied the Emperor, is no wonder, for there they are so long that the fishermen use them for ropes. A PRorounD [Round] PrReacHER [Preacher] -On a recent Sunday, a clergy- [clergyman] man, near Dayton, Ohio, elucidated his text, He that is without sin among you, &c., by this consummate recondite paraphrase It is the pereogative [operative] of innocence to project the initiative boulder. A TourRKEY [Turkey] MeRcHaNntT.-Horne [Merchant.-Horne] Tooke [Took] was the son of a poulterer, which he alluded to when called upon by the proud striplings of Eton to describe himself. 'I am, said young Horne, 'the son of an eminent Turkey merchant. Loquactous [Loquacious] FoLLy.-The [Folly.-the] worst of a fool, born with a silver spoon in his mouth, is that it so rarely has the effect of making him hold his tongue. The consequence is, he cannot open his mouth without your becoming ainfully [painfully] impressed every time with the existence of the poon. [soon] VIPERS.-At an inn in Spain, a man with a basket of vipers was proclaiming their freshness and liveliness to a large party of travellers, who slept in the same room with him. At night, somebody awakened by feeling something cold passing over his face, and at the same moment the viper-merchant exclaiming aloud in the dark, 'My vipers have got loose, but lie still, they will not hurt you, if you don't move. -Moore's Life. IMITaTE [Imitate] THE PRACTICE OF THE JEWs.-When [Jews.-When] the merchants of Breslau [Brest] applied to Frederick the Great for protection against the ruinous competition of Jewish dealers, the monarch asked how the Jews managed to draw business in their hands. The answer was, that they were up early and late, always travellihg [travelling] about, lived very economically, and were contented with small gains and rapid returns, Very well, said the enlightened monarch, go and be Jews too in the conduct ef your business. Goinc [Going] AHEAD.-Mr. Justice Buller, though ignorant of chancery law, used often to preside in the Court of Chan- [Chancery] cery [very] tor Lord Thurlow, and he was once asked- When do you preach for the Archbishop of Canterbury Thurlow used to say, Buller knows no more of equity than a horse, but he gets through the causes, and I hear no more of them. -Campbell's Lives of the Chancellors. Mrs. SIDDONS aND [and] BaRRINGTON [Brighton] aT YORK.-One York assizes, after the auditors had left the theatre, Mrs. Sid- [Siddons] dons, who had only to go from thence to the Black Swan, in Coney-street, was waiting with a female friend at the stage door for Mr. Siddons to escort them home. A gen- [gentleman] tleman [gentleman] of elegant appearance was waiting opposite the house, and observing Mrs. Siddons, crossed over, and addressing her by name, said, he feared she might be endangered by the cold, and begged her to excuse him for requesting her to forget he was a stranger, and with her friend accept his escort to her lodgings. Mrs. Siddons was woman of too good principles to have any affectation ; she accepted the arm of the stranger, and as she was going homewards, remarked, that what had made her more timo- [time- timorous] rous was the fact of hearing that Barrington the vickpocket [pickpocket] was in the town. The gentleman saw Mrs. Siddons and friend to the door; and putting the latter in first, detained Mrs. Siddons one second, whilst she beyzed [obeyed] to know his name, atleast, [at least] as he positively refused to walk in. My dear madam, pray be under no apprehension, wherever you are, about Barrington he will never injure you. Guod [Good] night, madam. Iam [I am] Barrington He bowed, and was out of sight ina moment. He went wherever Mrs. Siddons was engaged as a star the crowds, attracted by her acting, favouring his depredations, which were always committed upon those he sat next to inthe [another] bux. [box] He was ultimately taken at Newcastle theatre, whilst Mrs. Siddons was acting, and identified by Mr. Stephen Kemble, the then manager. He that night robbed a catholic priest ofa [of] gold watch. This was his last essay; he then left his country for his country's good. SToLeN [Stolen] THUNDER.-In 1709, Dennis brought on the staze [state] a tragedy, [C Appius [Pius] and Virginia, for which it is said he had invented a new species of thunder, which was approved of by the actors, and ever afterwards followed in the theatres. His play, however, was not successful, and happening some nights after to be present at the represen- [represent- representation] tation [station] of Macbeth, he heard his own thunder made use of; upon which he rose in a violent passion, and exclaimed, with an oath, how these rascals use me; they will not let my play run, and yet they steal my thunder Dennis's vanity is well illustrated by another story. In his tragedy of Liberty Asserted, 1704, one of his few plays that enjuyed [enjoyed] success, he had, as he coneeived, [conceived] been very severe upon the French nation, exposing unmercifully their frail- [frailties] ties and vices. Louis 1V., he thouzht, [thought] would never con- [consent] sent to a peace with England unless he was delivered up a sacrifice to national resentment Under this impression, he waited upon Marlborough, to entreat his interest with the plenipoteutiaries. [plenipotentiaries] that he might not be given up. 'The [the] Duke said he did not consider the poet's case to be so desperate. He had taken no care to get himself excepted in the articles of peace, and yet he could not help thinking that he had done the French almost as much damage as ever Mr. Dennis.had done -Carruthers's Life of Pope. MISADVENTURES AT MARGATE, A LEGEND OF JARVIS'S JETTY. MR. floquitur). [flout] 'Twas in Margate last July. 1 walk'd upon the pier, Isawa [Isaac] litedo [Limited] ay said What make you heze [here] The gloom.upon your youthful cheek speaks anything but joy Again I said, What make you here, you little vuigar [vicar] boy He that little vulgar boy,-he deemed I meant to scoff -And when the little heart is big, a little sets it otf [of] He put his finger in his moth, his little bosom rose,- [rose] He.aad [He.and] no littie [little] handkerchief to wipe his little nose Mark don't you hear, my little man striking nine, I sai [said] An hour when all good little boys and girls should be in bed. Rin [In] homeand [homeward] get your supper, else. your ma. will scold-oh fie It's. very wrong indeed for little boys.to stand and ery [very] The in his little eye again began to spring, His-besom throkbid [throbbed] with agony, -he cried like any thi [the] T stoop' 20d thus amidst his sobs h My Tabor 19 on the pecs eng na SO. fy father, by ue Seas, My mother' Meat ana ber, [be] on this here Pier ao er's dead and gone F have not Bad, e-long day. one dra [Dr] cheer hi Mor [Or] 'brown' to 'Y 2 bit of bread with,-lot alone a bast, mare Lithere's [There's] a soul wih [with] ,t've me food, or find me in employ, By day or nizht, [night] then blow me tight (he was a vulgar boy ;) 'And now I'ne bere, fx, 2 this here pier it is my fixed intent To jump, as Mister Levi id from off the Monu-ment [Mon-men] Cheer up cheer up my 1'ttle [1'title] man-cheer up I kindly aqi [ai] You ates naughty boy to such things into your heed a, If you should jump from off the' pier, you'd surely break your I neck-then Bogey'a have you, sure as egzs [eggs] are eggs Come hume [home] with me, my little man, come home with me and sup; My landlady is Mrs. Jones-we must not keep her There's roast pvtatoes [potatoes] at the fire-enough for me and you- [you come] Come home. you little vulgar boy-I loaze [lose] at Number 2. I took him home to Number 2, the house beside the Poy, [Oy] bade him wipe his dirty shoes,-that little vulgar boy,- [boy] And then I said to Mistress Jones, the kindest of her sex, 'Pray be so good as go and fetch a pint of double X But Mrs Jones was rather cross, she mde [me] a little noise, She sid she did not like to wait on little vulgar boys, She with her apron wiped the plates, and as she rubb'd [rub'd] the Said I might 'go to Jerico, [Jericho] and fetch my beer myself I did not go to Jerico-I [Jericho-I] went to Mr Cobb- [Cobb] I changed a shilling-(which in town the people call a bob)- [bob] It was not so much for myself as for that vulgar child- [child and] And I said, A pint of double X, and please to draw it mild When I came back I gazed about-I gazed on stool and chair- [chair] I could not see my little friend, because he was not there I peer'd beneath the table-cloth-beneath the too- [too] I said You little vulgar boy, why what's become of you I could not see my table-spoons--I look'ed but could not seo [so] The little fiddle-pattern d ones I use when I'm at tea; -I could not see my sugar-tongs-my silver-watch-oh, dear I know twas on the mantle-piece when I went out for beer. I could not see my macintosh-it was not to be seen - Nor yet my best white beaver hat, broad-brimm'd [broad-brim'd] and lined with green ; My carpet-bag-my cruet-stand, that holds my sauce and soy,- [soy] My roast potatoes all are gone -and so's that vulgar boy I rang the bell for Mra [Mr] Jones, for she was down below, -Oh, Mrs. Jones what do you think -ain't -in't] this a pretty go -That horrid little vulgar boy, whom I brought here to-night, -He's stole my things and run away -Says she, 'And sarve [save] you right Next morning I was up betimes-I sent the crier round, All with his bell and gold-laced hat, to say I'd give a pound To find that little vulgar boy, who'd gone and used me so But when the crier cried, O yes the people cried, O no I went to 'Jarvis' Landing-place, the glory of the town, There was a common sailor-man a-walking up and down, I told my tale-he seem'd to think I'd not been treated well, And ond [and] me Poor old bufter [butter] -what that means I cannot ell. That sailor-man, he said he'd seen that morning on the shore, A son of-sumething-'twas [of-something-'twas] a name I'd never heard before, A little gallows-looking chap -dear me what could he mean With a carpet-swab and muckingtogs, mucking togs, and a hat turned up with green. He ages about his precious eye, and said he'd seen him sheer,' -It's very odd that sailor-men should talk so very queer- [queer and] And then he hiteh'd [white'd] his trousers up, as is, I'm told, their use, -It's wey [we] odd that sailor-men should wear those things so oose. [rose] I did not understand him well, but think he meant to say He'd seen that little vulgar boy, that morning, swim away In Captain Large's Royal George, about an hour before, And they were now, as he supposed, somewheres somewhere about the ore. A landsman said, I twig the chap-he's been 1 And 'cause he gammons so the jlats, [Lats] ve calls him He said he'd done me wery [were] brown, n the mill- [milling] feeping [feeling] Bill 16 and nicely stowd stow] the swag, -That's French, I fancy, for a hat-or else a carpet-bag, I went and told the constable my pro rty [try] to track; He asked me if I did not wish that might get it back lanswered, [answered] 'To be sure I do -it's what I'm come about. He smiled and said, 'Sir, does your muther [mother] know that you are out ' Not knowing what to do, I thought I'd hasten back to to And beg our own Lord Mayor to eatch [each] the boy who'd done me . brown. His lordship very kindly said he'd try and find him out, But ae thought that there were several vulgar boys He sent for me Whithair [With] then, and I described y macintosh, my sugar-tongs, my spoons, and carpet- [carpet he] He promised that the new police should all their But never to this hour have I beheld that vulgar boy, , MORAL, Remember, then, what when a boy I've heard my grandma' tell, Be warn'd in time by others' harm, and you shall do full well Don't link yourself with vulgar folks, who've got no fix'd abode, Tell hes, m8 naughty words, and say they wish they may be ow 7 Don't take too much of double K -and don't at night go ont To fetch your beer yourself, but make the pot-boy bring your stout And when you go to Margate next, just stop, and ring the bell, pretty well Give my respects to Mrs. Jones, and say I'm -Ingoldsby Legends. News and Wome [Some] The whole revenue of the town of Perth has been arrested by the creditors. The first stone of a sailors' home has been laid at Limerick, on Friday last, by the lord-lieutenant of Ireland. Lady Raglan, accompanied by Lord Raglan and the Hon. Misses Somerset, has proceeded on a tour of the German Spas. On Saturday afternoon, the Persia took her departure from Liverpool to New York, with 205 passeugers, [passengers] besides the mails, and a full cargo. Mr. Smith O'Brion [O'Brien] is at Dromeland, [Dreamland] county of Clare, on a visit to his brother, Lord Inchiquin. [unflinching] Mr. O'Brien it is remarked, takes no part whatever in political affitirs. [affairs] An obelisk or military monument is about to be erected at Hull, in memory of those men belonging to that town who lost their lives during the late war. The Gazette announces that the Earl of Shelbourne [Melbourne] has been summoned to the houso [house] of peers, by the style and title of Baron Wycombe, of Chepping Wounbe, [Wine] in the county of Bucks. The receipts from passengers amounted to 9,525,205 in 1855, against 9,174,945 in 1854; but the receipts per mile exhibit a slight decrease, being 1,164 in 1855, and 1,168 in . The appearance of three nuns lately in the Gloucester Cathedral examining the sacred edifice, gave rise to a silly rumour that Miss Nightingale was one of the party and the quidnunes [kindness] were in a state of great excitement. The gold arrivals of the week have amounted to about 600,000, chiefly from New York and Constantinople, 'The [the] exports have included 121,000 to Brazil, and about 450,000 to Paris. The total number of passengers conveyed on railways in 1855, amounted to 118,595,135, against 111,206,707 con- [conveyed] veyed [eyed] in 1854, the number conveyed per mile of railway open being 14,503 in 1855, against 14,160 in 1854. Mr. W.S. Lindsey, M.P., has organised a new monthly line of screw steamers to the Cape of Good Hope and Caleutta. [Calcutta] Three new vessels have been built for the purpose, with all the modern improvements. On Friday the Northamptonshire Militia were reviewed on the racecourse at Northampton previous to disembodi- [disembodied- disembodiment] ment. [men] The artillery now stationed in the town were pre- [present] sent at the review. The evolutions of the militia were all performed in a satisfactory manner. Though there bas been a succession of showers during the past week in the Eastern Counties, generally, and the crops of wheat and barley have been Jaid [Said] to some extent in Norfolk, the turnip crop will, it is anticipated, be a very favourable one. As a train was running along the embankment opposite to the Chester Infirmary on Thursday, the engine emitted some large sparks which, falling on the grassy slope, ignited the vegetation, and caused a blaze to run along for more than 50 yards in length by about six in width. Mr. Waddington, the chairman of the Eastern Counties Railway Company, has announced his intention to resign. From his address it appears that considerable differences have prevailed at the board and that the hon. gentleman is vanquished by the difficulties he had to grapple with. Two sermons were preached on Sunday in the Methodist New Chapel, Hemington, by Mr. Coulter, of the Life Guards, in military costume. The sermons were for the benefit of the chapel, and large and very attentive congre- [Congress- congregations] gations [nations] answered to the appeals so earnestly made to them by liberal collections. An inquest was held, on Saturday afternoon, at the Farmers' Arms public-house, Darcy Lever, on the body of Joha [John] Entwistle, sextun [Sexton] at the Lever Bridgo [Bridge] Church, who was found suspended by the neck from a bedpost, in his own house, on the previous day.-A verdict of lem- le- temporary] porary [temporary] insanity was returned. On Monday the whole of the children belonging to the parochial Schools of Christ Church, Blackfriars, accom- [com- accompanied] panied [pained] by their parents, friends, and others of the working classes, as also a number of ayed [aye] pour, were treated to an excursion to Addington Park, which was thrown open for their enjoyment and recreation by command of the Arch- [Arch the] the swag, eard [ward] him murmur, Ah 3 An association is in course of formation to provide a direct steam communication with Australia, without bein [being] compelled to call at certain stations to re-coal. It issta [East] that, by recent improvements in marine steam-engines, it is possible so to reduce the expenditure of fuel that the voyage direct to Sydney, via the Cape of Hope, can be made without stopping at any intermediate port for the - purpose of coaling, within an average time of 45 days.- [days] Mining Journal. An accident of an appalling character and disastrous consequences occurred on Friday at the extensive collie of the Coalbrook [Coal brook] Company, in the Blania [Blaine] valley. Journey of ten men descendett [descended] to their work at between niue [nine] and ten at night, and it is thought some one or more of them venturod [ventured] with a naked candle into a working in which fire-damp had aeeumulated, [accumulated] and the con- [consequence] Sequence was a terrible exnlosiow. [explosion] It has subsequently been ascertained that the ten unforttmate [unfortunate] men and youths whe [the] descended to ihe [the] reine [rein] were killed;-and a young man, who descended to their help, fell a victi [victim] i effects of choke-damp. to the suffocating The prospectus has been issued of a company for the construction of an adequate music-room at the west end of London. It is to be called the St. James's-Hall Company; and the building will occupy a space between the Reyent's [Regent's] Quadrant and Piccadilly, with ample entranees [entrance] in both, It has been designed by Mr. Owen and will exceed nearly all the large music rooms in the kingdom, imeluding [including] Exeter-hall, in length and height, although not in width, its measurement being 154 feet by 60 and 60 feet ir heivht, [height] There will also be two minor halls, togethor [together] with a spacious restaurant, the whole of which will be available for public mectings [meetings] or festivals. 'The [the] capital, including a margia [Maria] of 5,000, is fixed at 40,000, in 10 shares, and the annual outoings [outing] for rents and management are estimated at 2,522. Soreian [Syrian] Musellany [Muslin] and Gossip. A Florence letter of the 6th, in the Correspondence Italie [Italy] enne, [ene] says that a concordat, after the model of the Austrian one, was more talked of than ever. The Hagoverian [Covering] ministry has experienced a great check in the Second Chamber, which has rejected the modifi- [modify- modifications] cations of the Constitution of 1849, proposed by governe [govern] ment. [men] A violent hailstorm burst over Uglas, [Glass] Penas, [Pens] and Rejeaus [Reeks] mont (Hautes-Pyrenees) [Hates-Pyrenees] on 'Vhursday [Thursday] week, and committed dreadful ravages among the standing crops. The lose is estimated at 60,0008. Advices from Lisbon have been received to the 9th inst. The cholera is still prevalent throughout Lisbon and the neighbouring districts. Taviroa [Tara] bas also been declared suspected, A lady named Dupont, of a wealthy family, residing in the Pas-de-Calais, celebrated on the Ist [Its] her 100th anniver [Annie] sary. [say] This old lady enjeys [enjoy] ail her taculties, [faculties] and is in the habit of taking walking exercises daily. Eye-witnesses aftirm [after] that when the Pope and the King of Naples separated at Porto d'Anzio, [d'Anion] the Ring threw himself at the feet of his Holiness, kissed them affectionately, and wet them with his tears. For the half-year just ended, the number of deaths in New York is put down at 9,476, which is over 2,200 less thar for the corresponding period last year. This is equal to reduction of 20 per cent per annum. The French authorities on the frontier of Castille [Castle] have adopted the necessary measures to prevent the partisans of the Conde [Cone] de Montemolin [Mandolin] from entering Spain, in case they might be encouraged to doso [dose] by the prevalent disorders. The cattle disease continues to ravage and extend in humerous [numerous] districts of Posen [Pose] and Silesia, town of Schrimm [Scrimmage] has specially suffered. There, and in two conti- [cont- contiguous] guous [gus] villages, 363 head have been killed by order of govern- [government] ment, [men] and 129 have died. A man belonging to the military works corps was execnted [executed] some few days ago in the citadel of Lille, in pur- [our- pursuance] suance [since] of the sentence of a court-martial, for having fired his carbiue [carbine] at an officer named Brichard, [Richard] in November last, and so seriously wounded him in the arm as to render amputation necessary. Accounts from Madrid to the 10th inst. announce M. Escosura, [Esquire] Minister of the Interior, returned this evening, Incendiary fires have been lit up in various parts of the province of Toledo, but without doing much damage. An Investigation has been instituted. The leading journals of the United States have given wide publicity to the friendly addresses sent by the iuhabi- [Ahab- inhabitants] tants [ants] of English towns to places of similarsize [similar size] on the other side of the Atlantic. That forwarded from Manchester has elictited [elected] particular attention. Count Orloff [Off] arrived at St. Petersburg on the Ist, [Its] from Stettin. [Setting] His first interview with the Emperor was affecting, The the] friendship my father felt for you, said the Czar, has not descended into the tomb with him; it remains entire in the heart of his son. A terrible fire burst out at Anxi-le-Chateau [Anti-le-Chateau] (Pas-dee Calais) on the 8th inst., and burnt down nine houses, forme [form] ing part of a street which had been wholly destroyed by fire only two years ago, The loss is estimated at 40,000fr. [40,fr] An enquiry is now in progress to ascertain how the fira [fora] orivinated. [originated] The Greek Government have published a circular inviting capitalists to engage in the work of draining and providing roads for large tracts of uncultivated land in various parts of Greece, thus affurding [affording] an impetus to industry and enterprise which caunot [cannot] fail to produce lasting benefits. The the] Grand Duke Nicholas, says a letter from Hel [He] singfois, [sings] arrived here on the 25th June, and was fol- [followed] lowed the day after by General Todleben. [Toddle] The Grand Duke, accompanied by the general and by General Berg, Governer [Governor] of Finland, inspected the fortifications of Sweae [Swear] borg [bog] and the construction of the new hospital. We learn from the American newspapers that Colonel Fremont's prospects as the republican candidate for the presidency are daily brightening. Mass meetings of his supporters have been held in various parts of the north, at which an amount of popular enthusiasm has been evoked such as never before marked the progress of the cause of freedom. A Methodist Conference which assembled at Rochester, Andrew County, Missouri, on the 14th ult., received orders from a number ot pro-slavery men immed [aimed] iately, [lately] and leave the state. Not complying with the order a mob assembled, entered the church and took the presiding officer and tarred and feathered him. An old man who attempted to prevent the outrage was shot. The recent return ot the Russian loss during the war did not comprise the losses of the fleet. 'This is estimated at 23,000 men out of the 38,400 of which the effective furce [force] of the Russian Black Sea Fleet consisted. This immense proportion of men kitled [killed] is explained by the important part taken by the navy in the defence of Sebastopol. The grain of the crop of 1856 made its first appearance in Augusta, Geo., June 3. The samples are very hands some, plump, large berries, and the crop in all the south, below Virginia, promises abundant, and is probably nearly all harvested at this time. 'The [the] fly and other pests are troublesome in Virginia, The weather is very favourable for wheat in all sections. A despatch from Madrid of the 10th, in the Presse [Press] Belge, [Belle] states that the differenca [different] between Spain and Mexico has been arranged, and that the Spanish fleet is to return immediately to the Havannah; [Hannah] but other accounts lead to the conclusion that this announcement is at least prema- [prem- premature] ture, [true] A letter from Piacenza [Penzance] of the 7th July, in the Opinione [Opinion] of Turin says -The [says -the] situation here continues uncertain, Any understanding between the Duchess and General Crenneville [Greenfield] has become impossible. It is said that the latter is to be recalled and replaced by General Seth, a Hungarian, whose conciliatory disposition is known. Accounts from Madrid announce that in several distrieta [district] of the province of Teledo [Tiled] the standing harvests have been burnt. At Guardia, on the 27th, [the] the National Guard bad to be called out, and suceeeded [succeeded] in extinguishing the econ- [connection] tion. [ion] Great mobs gathered in the town, and cries of Down with the octroi [Oct] duties were raised. The autho- [author- authorities] rities [cities] ultimately succeeded in calming the agitation. On the 9th inst. Turin was visited by a violent squall from the south-west, which carried away a considerable number of chimneypots [chimney pots] and broke a good many win- [windows] dows. [does] It does not appear to have produced much haym [hay] to the crops in the neighbourhood of the town, as it was not accompanied by hailas [Hallas] usual; but in other parts of the country it has most likely done much mischiet. [mischief] At New York, there has been no cessation of warm weather. At 9a.m. on June 30 the thermometer marked 89 at noon 93 and at 4 p.m. 97 but in the evening the temperature moderated lightly. 'The [the] inteuse [intense] heat caused great suffering among the poor labourers and others, whuse [whose] business exposed them. to. the burning rays ef the sun. The heat was the great topic of conversation. Tho inevi- [vine- inevitable] table-- [table] I have nut experienced such a warm day all my lite, was repeated by at least 20,000 persons. bishop of Canterbury. The Royal Pembroke Artillery Regiment of militia was the second to volunteer for any service Her Majesty mizht [might] think proper to command. Captain Child also personally offered to give any sum of money over and above the bounty which would induce his company to volunteer into any regiment in Her Majesty's service, fur which offer he received a letter of thanks from Mr. Sidney Herbert. On Monlay [Monday] forenoon an accident occurred at the machine shop of Mr. Heywood, in Charlotte-street, Old- [Oldham] ham, by which a boy, about six ycars [years] of age, son of Joseph Holt, residing in Barnfold, [Barn fold] lost two fingers of his left han . whilst he was looking at an iron clipping machine at work he put out his band to it, when his fingers were caught in the machine and two of them were cut off. The contributions of Lancashire to the mineral wealth of this country during the last two years have been, coals in 1854, 9,080,500 tons; in 1855, tons. Together with Cumberland that return stands thus in respeca [respect] to iron ore and pig iron -1854, ore, 579,924 tons; pig iren, [iron] 20,000 tons 1855, ore, 537,626 tons pigiron, [pig iron] 16,574 tons. The Boy Jones, who has just turned up again at Ply- [Plymouth] mouth, wassent [assent] on board a man of war, in the Mediterra- [Mediterranean- Mediterranean] nean, [near] after his continual intrusion into Buckingham Palace, He was often in diszrace [diseases] on board, but while his ship was off Athens he had behavel [behave] well, and had leave in conse- [cone- consequence] quence [Queen] to go onshore. He was not longashore, [Lancashire] however, before he was apprehended in King Otho's [Tho's] palice., [police] On Thursday morning week, the extensive spiuning-mills [spinning-mills] They contained abont [about] 80,000 spindles, and the loss is esti- [est- estimated] mated at about 45,000, which is almost covered by insurances. Unfortunately, nearly 500 workpeople will be thrown out of employment by this Messrs. Reed and Sadler, wholesale wine and spirié [spirit] merchants of Bristol, have suspended payment. The addition to which there is a deticiency [deficiency] 1,600 in the aceounts [accounts] of Mr. Sadler, property and income tax for the parish of extent will be forthwith levied for the amount. of the creditors has been convened for On Tuesday the 8th, the Cavan Great Western Railway was opex [open] passenger traffic, he trial trip Monday, when a curious incident party fligs [Fligg] that decorated the ehurch [church] the 17th inst. way train reached the station. At the Stock oh lad named Joh offence was were some ex months, With hard labour. The boy had taken his tather's [rather's] dinner to the shop, an 4 customs offive [office] residing in the Rue dn K of Mr. Joseph Ainsworth, at Bolton near Manchester, were discovered to be on fire, and the premises were-destroyed. liabilities of the firm are said to be zbout [about] 18,000, in -- -- of rather more than Tae [Tea] Mueiny [Mutiny] or THE Trpeerary [Temporary] Minrrta,-Another [Minority,-Another] of who was collectur [collector] of the Ti St Nicholas. An A meeting branch of the Midland ed for the first time for was made on the preceding occurred one of the four since the Ist [Its] of July was blown down at the precise moment that the first rail- [rail pert] pert Boroxgh [Borough] Police Court on Monday, a another lad, n ar wag charged with eae [ear] Da.ned Wiliam Roo 7, wi knife. The Proved; but, as p ea ae there than into any other regiments; and their presence in tenuating [tending] circumstances, it was treated as one of assault or ly, amd [and] the prisoner was committed for twe [we] The King of Piedmont has issued a deeree [degree] authorising the expenditure of 1 060,000 livres [lives] for the erection of forti- [fort- fortifications] fieations [fictions] around Alexandria, a city on the eastern trontier [frontier] of his kingdom, The eastern frontier is really without defence, and this state of defencelessness is. greatly agyra- [agra- aggravated] vated [dated] since Austria, in contravention of the treaty of Vienna, has made Fiacenza. [Faces] one vast fertress, [features] which is a continual menace against our state. 'Phe [The ordonnance [ordnance] is represeuted [represented] as urgent. On the 10th instant, Antwerp was visited by a severe thunderstorm. The lightning struck the British ship Eliza Pp ickering, [Pickering] coal laden from Seaham, anchored off the Tete de Pianslres, [Pansies] and preparing to run upto [unto] Brussels. pilot, r, and one seaman, were fortunately the only persons on deek. [dee] The electric fluid struck down the seaman, tore aJl [all] his garments to shreds, and cast him seuseless [useless] azainst [against] the bulwarks. 'Fhe [He] manu was not killed, but remained senseless when the last accounts left that place, twelve honrs [horns] after the accident. Another flash struck a sentry on duty on the quay, struck off his pouch but, woncerfal [wonderful] to say, did nog [not] injure his person. , A yonng [young] married woman, samed [named] Eugevie [Eugenie] Lamouroux, [Limerick] n th voir [vie] at Clichy, [clutch] was remon- [remain- remonstrated] strated [stated] with by her husband for being toe familiar with a young mon named Ternanx, [Tenants] tiving [living] in the same house, She enemas uh chee [cheer] by being spoken to on the subject, but ; cre [re] be no turther [further] canse [case] for come plain. Phe [The] husband then went out, and did not return home until six o'clock in the evening, his usval [usual] dinner hoar. [har] He found his apartment closed, and on learning that bis wife, after having been cat in the Surenoon [Sure noon] to moke [more] perehases, [presses] had retirned [returned] [home] aud [and] was then certainly m [in] the apartment, uneasy, und [and] sent for a blacksmith to. open the door, On entering the sleeping roum [room] the youns [young] woman was foand [found] lying dead on the floor, and near her the young man, 'Pernaux. [Pens] A practitioner being sent for, declared that their death must have taken place three or four hoars [hoar] befure. [before] Not less than three pans of charcoal had been set fire to in the room. ary [art] Militin [Milton] died on Thursday, the 10th, from the he Tipperary Mi the fourth man of the corps who lost his life by the recent atfray [affray] at Nenagh, [Nina] About 1,500 razular [regular] troops were marched into Nenagh, [Nina] most of them billeted about the town, and the police were on the alert nizht [night] and day about the gaol and in the neighbour- hood of the town, lest any attempt shovld [should] be made to rescue the prisoners. The sudden departure of the first battalion of Grenadier Guards, 1,000 strong, for Dublin, as soon as the news arrived of the mutinous conduet [conduct] of the North Tipperary Militia, has caused somo [some] sensation. There is nv ground for supposing that the Iyish [Irish] regiments of the line will refuse to do their duty but it is well known that fewer Irishmen are enlisted into the househeld [household] troo [too] Dublin, and the certainty that they will act with loyalty and firmness, will, it is hoped, lend confidence to the execus [excuse] tive, [tie] and prevent a renewal of the mutiny.