Huddersfield Chronicle (18/May/1850) - page 7

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CHRONICLE. pA ppRSFIELD [prevailed MAY 18, 1850. it oF R-PLAY GAS-MAN ,NSWERED. [ANSWERED] question of gas supply, whether in jos [jo] oO pe continued in the hands of a private (vit [it] SO Joys, devoid of legal standing, and nt of ee to Oped, break-up, U8, and occupy the [C] whether, by availing pe sined [lined] St P co by Parliament upon should undertake jon [on] behalf of the public in discussing yestion [question] we have been actuatea [actuated] ad the public-and have ad- [ardour] our several positions solely on -, have had, and can have, no individual We Qur [Our] reasons have been addressed to ng te a manner, and for a public purpose. es ina m [in] the question we have had nothing to j only as they stood affected We have attributed no motives- [motives] Ue ations [nations] -called no man's honesty in exi [ex] inten [intend] person. We have taken, and nd legitimate argument, that view of the bY fair an spears to be the correct one-cor- [coven] vein wie [we] fo in practice. In support of this ced [ce] jacts-giving [acts-giving] authorities for those a. a jem [em] when related and applied to have 5. anit [anti] leave the public mind. In cases where aan [an] ffoct [fact] een [en] so earrent [parent] and so long uncon- [union- Unionist] nest entitled to pass current for fact, ig to mention them as rumours, pe wean HET [GET] and corollaries in the alternative, fl to vaderstate [vested] our case-to keep is, seat and strongest facts in reserve-conceiving efor [for] dicious [delicious] warrior who expends all his ammu- [am- amps] ps 1 bea aT counter. And in the conduct of the in ne we are concerned, we have not used 4 a applied one epithet, or attempted a ye bare em thet [the] has not fairly arisen out of the facts gig cone FEE intained [maintained] te axe addi [add] we ERP [PER] PRP [PRO] RESP APPAR [APPEAR] 1 8k gels this fair and legitimate mode We salle [sale] on public grounds has jalng [along] WH ne Huddersfield Gas Company, or rather en et BS nen [ne] the affairs of that concern. the few ibe [be] Managers of the Joint Stock Company (iu behalt [behalf] 0 in the Hulijax [Halifax] Guardian of Saturday wie [we] take up the cudgels, and to attempt cas ee anomolous [animals] position of these occupants pals aos [as] and also to shew that the permissive oir [our] pale accorded, and of which such great indivi- [divine- divine] pine made, ought te be continued. l profit bis course we can have not the slightest objec. [object] le is a public one, and ought to be publicly ' Like every other question it has two sides- [saddest] yicht [yacht] that both should be presented, that the pub- [public] gio go] attend to the discussion may determine which side -she strongest reasons-the most conclusive facts. We alia [ali] éne [one] side it is perfectly fhir [fair] to PPE [POE] By PRREESS [PRESS] F s on on se ale oe i question-even to refute them if it ont se We have adduced facts-telling facts it is nt sean 'either to upset those facts, or to weaken, their mn; mm by well-directed reasons, or to show their in jusivencss [justness] or inapplicability. All this is fair-legiti- [fair-legit- legitimate] ate but it is not legitimate to awaken mere prejudice- [prejudice appeal] appeal to selfish fears-to call names-to designate fur-dealing journalists as levellers -to insinuate -to stigmatize as Lad men those whose (even to the sore and out-of-temper gas pro- [ports] ts chemselves) [themselves] is, that they have advocated a public gestion [question] on fdr [Dr] and legitimate grounds. The fet [get] that the Fair-Play champion of the Gas ompany [company] has had to resort to this ol practice of abusing var opponent -of appealing to prejudice and passion, is roof that he is conscious of a weak case. A man who is evoid [avoid] of reasons-who has no argument to advance-who ds himself Gosely [Mosely] pressed upon by the arguments ad- [added] ueed [used] in opposition, almost invariably copies the practice of ue fish-wives of Billingsgaic. [Billingsgate] and lets off a wordy torrent inuendo, [intend] insinvation, [investigation] and abuse. So it has been with ve Pair-Play gas-man. 6 fa 8 5 it commonly happens, however, that ill tempered folly re itself; and it will be found in the séquel [sequel] that he lucubration of the gas manager is not xempt Sept] from his cnamon [Cannon] rule, Gg This Fair-Play writer designates the proposal to erect as-works fur the town, or (if the present proprietors thiuk [think] 2 te jvehess [chess] everything that the present gas company 8 to sell at a fair valuation, as an attempt to aet [at] on the 'ali prinelpies [principles] of Low's Blanc Aud [And] this is addressed of sensc-of [sense-of] judgment-of understanding What a vuplment [violent] the writer pays the inhabitants of vid' [id] Putting in foree [free] a paver conferred by Parliament, i paying to the full fer what they purchase, is confisca- [confess- confiscate] ns erelling -is reeling -is] Luvs Blancism [Balances And this is 'the argument that A Lover or Farr Piay [Pay has in favour of himself and co-pocketers of the pro- [pros] s arsing from the use aud [and] occupation of our public 208 35 The object of the imputation thus flung out is plain- [plenary] The writer wishes it be inferred that the Hadid Chrouicle [Chronicle] has advocated confiscation-rob- [rom] m4 The Process he describes as a levelling one. ia yet the principle we have advocated is the very iden- [dine- identical] teal Pmnciple [Principle] on which this burrowi [Burrows] ag taember [timber] of the Gas Company and his co-associates are bonded together Nay, more those who are so ready to throw out their imputa- [impute- amputation] Won tesperting [interesting] Louis Blancism, [Balances] are the only confedcracy [Confederate] toufzed [touted] to the town of Huddersfield, who are organized [organised] tion, [ion] and who carry out (to a certain extent) the principles [C] Louis Blanc What is Louis Blancism [Balances Organiza- [Organs- Organs] Association Community of possession-com- [com] ui of 'nterest. [interest. On that very principle is the Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] ee founded It is an illustration of the - rived from organization --from properly Sociated Associated] capital and labour, Every Joint-stock com- [come] vie dee be founded on what this far-seeing bik [bi] Busse [Abuse] one Louis Blancism [Balances] the fact being that wad es tree i y fakes upa [up] principle as old as the hills, bits legitimate and Cn but maid, of confining himself have a hobby he 'pptication, [application] like all men who Udoath, [Oath] Bur disposition to ride his hobby ig ne ee, men who have adopted Louis why oe on tne [te] Louis Blanc community a community of possession and a tier p a and who lay claim to be con- [containing] tating [eating] wh for having introduced and for Piciple [People] sunch [such] ten. profit) for so longa, [long] period on that Blancitm [Lancet] ag eu are not entitled -to throw out that shoe matter of charge, and to insinuate abi, [ab] ne Who only wish to mak [make] broad and table the foun [found] dation-stome [nation-stone] of more broad and more eration, [ration] intend to ace Othe [The] Present Joiat-stouk [Joint-stock] See the part of confiseators [conservators] and friend's surely, the conclusion of our itat [tat] does our one is non sequiter [requisite] indeed Blancisim [Balances] rh ar Play man prove f Why, eet [et] ociates [Oates] ts all When confined to himself and his co- [Cocos] Gis [Is] night perfectly fair. One hundred or more Itucinle [Ordinal] ey a associated together on the community the seit [set] Stock. -and pocketing jointly and tute [tue] joint en. ean Drofits [Profits] arising from the application of 4. al, San organization to be tolerated- [tolerated] Bot to be interfored [interfered] with under a cry of THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONIC open have Gas ks five Wo Principle; to have a the swig and and community of interests to apply the rts. [its] arising therefrom in aid of the public rates i Louts Blanciem [Balance] -iz a thus does the folly of the scribli [scribbler] person of their burrowing Like vaulting ambition, o'erleap [o'er leap] itself, But then, says this man of fair-play, (who evidently wishes the and the winnings too, to be on his chester has led the way to of the principle, that the lowest price (consistent with the cost of production and distribution) is more productive through increased consumption, than a high price. In 1886, the price of gas to the consumer at Manchester was 8. Gd. per 1,000 cubic feet; in Huddersfield it was 10s. In 1839, the price in Manchester was 7s. in Huddersfield still 10s. In 1843, the price in Huddersfield was 8s. 4d, - in Manchester 6s. In 1844, the price in Hudderefield [Huddersfield] was Gd. 5 i Manchester averages laid in the yard of A ton of the coal used 500 cubic feet of gas- [Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] it was 5s. Gas coal in 13s.per [1st.per] ton; in Huddersfield it is the works at 5s. 3d. per ton. at Huddersfield will produce 9, and leave behind 12 ewt. [et] of coke, which is sold at 4d. per ewt. [et] There is besides the tar, sold at 5s. per ton; and the ammonia water, for which a good sum yearly is realised, And there is this besides to be said in favour of the Manchester gas-it is of the purest kind, and best illuminating power. Cannel [Channel] coal is exclusively used in its production, The works, too, are under the care of men who have had extensive experience,-who know both the theory and practice of gas purification ;-and who, therefore, send it into the shops and dwellings of the consumers fit for lighting-not smoking-purposes, With gas of such a quality as this, far less is required to be burnt for the necessary amount of light, than with gas of an inferior quality; and this will make no small amount of difference in the amount of a year's gas bill. Whether Huddersfield has had a pure gas-or a gas of good illu- [ill- illuminating] minating [maintain] quality, we will mt stay to discuss, Every con- [consumer] sumer's [summer's] experience may be safely appealed to for the settlement of that branch of the question. A word, before we pass on, as to the temely [timely] reductions in the nominal price of the Huddersfield gas. We must con- [concede] cede that these have been well planned, and that the utmost is now attempted to be made of them. When the Improve- [Improvement] ment [men] Act, with power to erect or purchase gas-works, was obtained, down went the price of gas to 5s. per 1000 cubic feet. When Mr. Moore first introduced the question of gas supply to the Improvement Commissioners, complained of the manner in which they were dealing out light in the public lamps, and indicated his intention of moving that the powers of the Commissioners to supply gas should be made available, out came the announcement that the nominal price of gas was to be reduced to 4s. per 1000 cubic feet. It is said that a certain animal is gifted with such a strong sense of sight as to be able to see the wind. It is clear that in this case of the en Louis Bianc's [Bank's] principle, the sénse [sense] of scent is great, when danger to monopoly threatens. It certainly isa prudent course that has, in this particular, been latterly pursued. Well would it have been for Mr. Fair-Play and his associate disciples of Lovis [Louis] BLanc, [Blanc] had this prudent course always been pursued by the Gas Company and better en- [entitled] titled would this writer have been to boast that his orga- organ- organised] nized [sized] communists had secured to the public gas ata [at] cheap and reasonable rate. The contrary we aver to have been the fact. And here we give proof. That proof we supply from the Report of the Surveying Officers, HENRY Horwx [Horror] and AMBROSE PorNTER, [Porter] Esquires, sent down from the Woods and Forests to institute the preliminary in- [inquiries] quiries [enquiries] as to the necessity or otherwise of the Huddersfield Improvement Bill. In reference to the cheap and reason- [reasonable] able supply of gas to the public, those gentlemen say in their report,- [report] ; The present contract 1848 [W] made by the Commissioners with the Gas Company appears to have been very impro- [Emperor- improvident] vidext. [evident] In 1828, 40s. yearly for each lamp was paid by the Commissioners to the Gas Company. In 1838 the price instead of being diminished was raised to 46s, In August, 1843, the Commissioners contracted for a period of five years to pay the sum of 47s. per lamp yearly, for 260 nights only, together with the annual sum of 66 for ex- [extinguishing] tinguishing. [finishing] This appears to have teen a most unreasonable contract and its impropriety is shown by the fact that at Leeds the cost per light, for 365 nights in each year, and for a longer period each night, is only 41s. Again since the date of that contract the price of gas to private consumers has beea [been] lowered 50 per cent. We think we may venture to leave that portion of th surveying officer's report to tell its own tale, and for Mr. Fair-play to grapple with. When he has shown, or attempted to show, that he and his co-associates have in the past supplied the public with gas at a cheap and reasonable rate, or that there is any guaraatee [guarantee] they wiil [will] do so in the future, we may have something more to say t him on the subject. Cne [Ce] word more as to the margin with cheap gas. It is sought to be inculcated that the Gas Company have now reduced the price of gas so low that there is no profit tu be made by it. Disinterested souls But if this be so, why are the actcrs [actors] on Louis BLanc's [Blanc's] principle so angry at the idea of their works being purchased at their full value by the public If there be no protit, [profit] why so anxious to keep them What need to insinuate that the Huddersfield Chronicle counsels confiscation and robbery Nay, nay ; these two contradictory statements and reasons will not harmonize. There must be a reason why our friend still wishes to continue his play. That reason is to be found in the following facts, to which we beg to cuail [cal] especial attention. In Manchester, with gas at 7s. per 1,000 cubic feet, the net profits did not amount to 20,000 20,W with gas from 4s. 6d. to 5s. 6d. they amount to nearly 40,000. The increased consumption makes the difference. In Huddersfield THE CONSUMPTION HAS DOUBLED since the Gas Company. re- [reduced] duced [duce] from 6s; 8d. Else why erect the new gasometer ; and else why call in Mr. Ematett, [Emmett] thé [the] gas engineer, to advise as to the extension of the works A copy of Mr. Exmetr's [Extra's] Report now lies before us; and, therefore, we know both the extent of the extensions, and the estimated cost-and we make bold to say that, with gas at 4s, per 1,000 cubic feet, the increased consumption will give a greater aggregate of profits; and it would not be CRIMINAL Louis Blancism [Balances] that those profits should go in aid of the public rates, if the public erected works of their own, or purchased axd [and] paid for (to the full value of every thing there is .t0 sell) the existing works. Neither would it be confiscation ; nor would it be levelling but it would be securing to the public what rightfully belongs to the public, for the use and occupation of their own streets. ' It is right that the public should know that the columns of the Huddersfield Chronicle were freely offered to the Huddersfield Gas Company to reply to our articles on the Gas Question. One of that body waited on us to complain of the position we were taking in relation to them and to that gentleman the offer was unequivocally made. For some reason or other the Gas-Managers have thonght [thought] it fitting to decline that offer, and to seek to reply to us in the columns of another paper. We think it proper to, state the above facts, that the public may see it is from no czise [causes] on our part that the class of readers who have seen our writings on the subject have not bad an opportunity of seving [serving] the other-side a'so, THE PRESENT WORKHOUSE ACCOMMODATION OF THE HUDDERSFIELD UNION, The following important communication from ihe [the] Poor- [Pool] law Board, which had been received by the Clerk, was read at the usual meeting of the Huddersfield Board yesterday (Friday). Though 'the communication is a len [le] yet, inasmuch as it ne Hud [HUD] and the neighbourhood embraced in this union, we make no apology for giving it tx extense, [expense] The communivation [communication] is as follows . Poor-law Boatd, [Board] Somerset House, Sir.-'The 14th May, 1850. 5ir,-The Sir,-The] Poor-law Board direct me to inform the Guar- [Guard- Guardians] dians [Diana] of the Huddersfidd [Huddersfield] Union, that they have received from Mr. Austin and Mr. Manwaring, the i - rs of the district, after visits paid by them to the Kirk. sens Almondbury, Golcar, and Honley Workhouses ; and by Mr. Manwaring to the Huddersfield Workhouse, There are several matters arising out of a want of are detent [decent] ft ee Which the board é ot bringing under the notice of the guardians in order that they may be remedied, or their recurrence enna [anna] and they are mentioned in the enclosed memo- [memo the] The board consider it incumbent upon upon the general deficiency of workhouse accommodation in the nid [nd] The oF fomnetes [fomented] aphich [phish] the work- [work] 3e8 [e] respectively ca 'to hold is uentl [until] exceeded and regard being had to the number fe mpera [opera] receiving relief in the entire union, the accommodation is the most sdvantagewar [advantages] to fae [far] sale a 1 van to the ratepayers, or th ducive [deceive] to the real interests of the soar. moet [met] con Independently of the. Kmited [Limited] aggregate workhouse accommodation 'of the union, the workhouses themselves are of a very low description, being but little fit for the purpose for which they are used. The propriety of closing some of them is a question which must come under the consideration of the board. ere are no receiving wards of any kind at any of the five workhouses, except at the Huddersfield Workhousr, [Workhouse] At the latter workhouse 4 room in an out-building, also used as a joiner's shop, and quite unfit for a receiving ward for want of proper arrangements, is used as such. This receiving ward can accommodate paupers of one sex only. consoquences consequence] of the want of receiving wards are, that the necessary precautions cannot be taken against the in- [introduction] troduction [production] of diseases into the workhowtses; [workhouse] and that pau- [pay- paupers] pers [per] on their admission are not washed and cleansed in a proper apartment, but are taken into the kitchen or the washhouse of the workhouse for that purpose, an improper and ineffectual , At the Golcar, Honley, and Almondbury theré [there] is but one yard to each, and no separation of thé [the] male from the female inmates can possibly be had. At the Kirkheaton and Huddersfield Workhouses there are two yards, aud [and] a separation of the sexes takes place. But, at all the workhouses the children mix with adult inmates. At the Golcar, Honley, Almondbury, and Kirkheaton Workhouses the children sleep in bed-rooms oceupied [occupied] by adult paupers; and in one, if not more instances, children and adults occupy, or have the same beds. With the exception of the Huddersfield Workhouse, there is no proper provision for the sick or for infectious - Nor are there any lying-in rooms. At the Golcar Workhouse, a sick old man, at the time of th inspector's last visit, was lying in bed in the only men's day room ; and a siek [sick] woman, and a weak-min woman, of dirty habits, had their béds [beds] in the only women's day room, which is also the washhouse. At the Honley Workhouse, there were two.sick inmates, a man and a woman, occupy- [occupying] ing different beds in the room used as'a dining room and common day room of the establishment, heaton [Heaton] Wor [Or] day room. x ere are neither baths nor disinfecting stoves at any of these workhouses; and with the exception of the Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] Workhouse, there is no ventilation of the wards by inmates. Theré [There] aré [are] no réfractory [refractory] wards at any of the workhousés, [workhouse] ie board have made these observations for the purpose of bringing the nature and extent of the workhouse accom- [com- accommodation] modation [moderation] of the union under the notice of the guardians, and they request that the subject may réceive [receive] their serious consideration, being one intimately connected with the welfare of the union.-I am ait, [at] your obediént [obedient] servant, . RINGTON, [HINTON] Secretary. To Floyd, Esq., Clerk to the Guardians of the Huddersfield Union. them to observe At the Kirk- [Workhouse] ouse, [use] lately, a woman lay in in the women's HUDDERSFIELD WORKHOUSE. There are two lame boys in the workhouse, who are unable, from infirmity, to attend the school with the cther [other] children and no proper instruction is provided for them according to article 114. ere has been, of late, occasionally, an excess of in- [inmates] mates in the workhouse above the proper number. - The medical officer does not keep the medical relief book sufficiently accurately. He omits to place his initials against the name of every patient in the proper column for that purpose, and also to state the apparent cause of death in cases in which it occurs, Proper workhouse clothing is not furnished to the in- [inmates] mates in the hospital. At the time of Mr. Manwaring's visit, a female patient, who was sittmg [sitting] up, had stockings on with scarcely any feet to them; and a male inmate, who was also sitting up, was without stockings, owing to his having none of his own. ; Inmates smoke in some of the rooms without the special direction of the medical officer. . There is no chaplain to the workhouse; and divine ser- [se- service] vice is not performed agreeably to article 124. The inmates who attend church, do not do so under the control of the master or other officer. The hospital was, generally, in a dirty and disorderly condition. Several of the mattressea were [mattresses were] in ar improper state from their coverings not having been washed, or suf- [su- sufficiently] ficiently [efficiently] cleansed, after having beén [been] used by sick inmates. There are three children in the workliouse [workhouse] who have not been baptized, [Baptist] although they are several months old. They are the male child of Mary Hunt, born 16th June, 1849, and the twin children of Bethsheba [Bethe] Heath, born 19th Sep- [September] tember, [member] 1849. Six boys sleep in one of the rooms occupied by male adult inmates. The master does not submit to the guar- [guard- guardians] dians, [Diana] at their ordinary meetings, a report of the number of inmates in the form prescribed by article 208, No. 25. RIRKHEATON [KIRKHEATON] WORKIIOUSE. [WORKHOUSE] Owing to there being no lying-in wards, or wards for vagrants in this workhouse, a woman was lately placed during her confinement in a bed in the women's day-room, at the end of the building and not long before a fema'e [fame'e] vagrant, who had been found in the public road in a fit, and brought to the Workhouse with her child, were placed in the same bed, which they occupied for the night. This day-room is occupied by women and children. The visiting committee inspect this workhouse occazion- [occasion- occasionally] ally only. Their last visit, before that. of the Inspector's, Was on January last. Proper copies of the 92nd [2nd] and 98rd sections of the Poor- [Pool] law Amendment Act are not hung up in the Workhiouse [Workhouse] in conformity with the 94th section of the act. . The medical officer does not examine all paupers on their admission according to article 91 of the consolidated order. The medical relief-book is also imperfectly kept by the me- [medical] dical [medical] officer, as he omits to enter in the proper column the apparent cause of death of inmates dying in the Work- [Workhouse] house. owe a There is no chaplain to the Workhouse, and divine ser- [se- service] vice is not performed according to article 114 [W grace is not said before or after meals children born in the house do not appear to be uniformly baptized. [Baptist] Article 111 was not observed at the time of the Inspec- [Inspector- Inspector] tor's visit in three instances. One bed was occupied by Henrietta Schofield, her infant, and a girl about 10 years old another by three boys, two of whom were above the age of seven and a third by Mary Ann Hurst and three of her children, aged respectively five years, three years, and six months. oe Some of the inmates employed in household work get an allowance of beer occasionally, without the recommenda- [recommend- recommendation] tion [ion] of the medical officer, contrary to article 108. Inmat a.also [Inman a.also] smoke in some of the rooms without the spe- [se- special] cial [coal] direction of the medical officer, contrary to article 121. Some of the inmates also wear their own clothes, or their own clothes partly and the union clothes partly, a proper workhouse for each inmate not being duly provided. . Fires are kept in all night in some of the rooms contrary to article 208, No. 10. There are no knives and forks for the inmates. ALMONDBURY WOREHOUSE. [WAREHOUSE] There is a young girl in this workhouse, Sardh [Sarah] Ann Broadbent, about twelve years old, who does not go to school on working days with the other children. oo. The visiting committee visit this workhouse occasionally only. hat ater [after] The number of inmates has occasionally exceeded the proper number to be admitted during the last six months. Due separation of the children from the adult inmates is not observed girls sleep in the.same rvom [room] with womon, [woman] and boys in the same room with mer. [Mr] Must deeply concern the ratepayers of all LE, SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1850. Some of the inmates employed in household work get an allowance of beer occasionally, without the written recom- [com- recommendation] mendation [mention] of the medical officer, contrary to article 108. Inmates smoke in some cf the rooms also without the spe- [se- special] cial [coal] direction of the medical officer. The medical officer does not examine all paupers on their admission, according to article 91, ; The medical relief book is not laid before the Guardians at their ordinary meetings, and it is not correctly kept in all réspects [respect] the apparent cause of death of inmates dying in the house is not recorded. The Master does not make a return to the Guardians in the form IT, according to article 208, No. 25. GOLCAR WORKHOUSE. There are two children at this workhouse, a boy and a girl, who do not go to any school. The girl is lame and cannot walk to the school, according to the master's state- [statement] ment, [men] but she receives no instruction in the workhouse. The Visiting Committee appear to visit this workhouse about once in six weeks, but they omit to answer the queries in the visitor's book at their visits, The maximum number of inmates which the house is cal- [calculated] culated [calculated] to hold has been exceeded several times during the last six months. The medical officer does not examine paupers on their admission to the workhouse according to article 91. That officer had not made any entry in his book between the 2nd and 18th April, and the book is not regularly laid before the guardians at their ordinary meetings. The inmates wear their own clothes, a proper workhouse dress not bein; [being] provided. Inmates are allowed to smoke in the rooms of the workhouse without the special direction of the médical [medical] officer. There is no Chaplain te the workhouse, and Divine Ser- [Se- Service] vice is not performed agreeably to article 124; and such inmates as go to church do not do so under the control and inspection of the master or other officer of the workhouse. Prayers are not read before breakfast and after supper every day, according t article 124. It appears that the master has exceeded his authority in withholding the supper of an insane inmate, Betty Hoyle, as a punishment. e does not submit to the guardians at their ordinary meetin [meeting] ings [ing] a report of the number of inmates in the form prescribed by artiele [article] 208, No. 35. . There is a deficiency of bed-linen and the matron stated that she had not a sufficient supply of sheets to enable her to put two on every bed. On five of the beds in the men's sleeping room there were sacks laid on or under the coun- [con- counterpane] terpane [Turpin] to increase the covering. There were also on several of the beds, articles of old clothing used for the same purpose. The bed of Ann Taylor, one of the beds in the women's day room, was in a very dirty and wet state, The boy already referred to sleeps with one of the old men. The workhouse generally was in a dirty and disorderly condition. The master kéeps [keep] fowls which go in and out of the house, and occasion a great deal of unnec [enc] dirt. A hen's nest was in a cupboard, under a dresser, in the dining-room, which is also partly used as a kitchen, and as the master and matron's sitting-room. The yard was dirty and in a disorderly state from cows having been turned into it. HONLEY WORKHOUSE. It does not appear from the matron's statement that the Visiting Committée [Committee] have visited the workhotize [workhouse] during the last six months. There is no entry in the visitor's book made by the Committee since 28th Uctober, [October] 1847. Inmates smoke in some of the rooms without the special direction of the medical officer, according to article 12 of the consolidated order. Two male inmates (Charles Hirst and Henry Littlewood) work occasionally on the roads, and some trifling compensation from the surveyors of ighways. [highway] A larger number of inmates has frequéntly [frequently] been admitted during the last six months than the workhouse will properly accommodate. The register of deaths is not properly kept. The death of an inmate on the 26th March, 1849, was not entered in it. The matron does not submit to the guardians at their ordinary meetings, a report of the number of inmates in the form prescribed by article 208, No. 25, form U. The medical relief book is not kept in the proper form by the medical officer. It does not contain a weekly return of the sick inniates [inmates] of the workhouse, with the dates of the medical officer's visits, &c.; nor does it contain a statement of the apparent cause of death of inmates dying in the workhouse. In the mens' [men] day room, which is also used 48 a dining- [dining room] room and laundry, there are two b One of them is occupied by George Shaw, a paralytic old man, and Charles Hurst, aged about thirty or thirty-five, apparently able- [blended] bodied but somewhat weak-minded. The other is occupied by Susan Charlesworth, an aged sick woman, and Elizabeth France aged 33, able-bodied but also somewhat weak- [recommended] minded. COURT OF BANKRUPTCY FOR THE LEEDS DISTRICT. Before Mr. Commissioner Ayrton. . TUESDAY, May 21st.-Noah Geo; Bond, bookseller, of Huddersfield, choice of assignees and proof of debts, at 11. William Stubkts, [Stubbs] innkceper, [innkeeper] Chapeltown, near Leeds, last and proof of debts, adjowmed [adjourned] from 6th inst., at 12, ; WEDNESDAY, May 224 (at the Town-hall, Hull).-Abra- [Hull).-Ara- Abraham] ham Desforges [Deserves] Willey Desforges, [Deserves] brick maker, Alford, last examination, adjourned from April 10th, and proof of debts, at half-past 12.-James Saner, taildr, [tailor] &c., first auiitsad [audited] last and final dividend and proof of debts, at half. ast [at] 12. . Before Mr. Commissioner West. THURSDAY, May 28rd.-William Wilson Thompson, but- [butcher] cher, [her] Goole, last examination and proof of debts, at 11.- J. Holroyd, dyer, Dalton, last examination and proof of debts, at 11.-James Thompson, tea dealer, Leeds, audit, at 11.-Robt. Chattam, [Chatham] innkeeper, Goole, audit, at 11.- Geo. Wilson, draper, Wakefield, choicé [choice] of assignees and proof of debts, at 11.-James Pennock, veterinary surgeon and farrier, choice of assignees and proof of debts, at 11. Fripay, [Friday] May 24th.-Jobn [the.-John] Ellison, draper, Selby, last examination and proof of debts, adjourned from April 11, witness summoned at 11.-James Thomjson, [Thompson] tea dealer, Leeds, dividend and proof of debts, at 11.-Jos. and Robt. Smith; fancy cloth manufacturers, Kirkburton, certificate, at 11.-John Simpson, corn dealer and cattle jobber, Tad- [Tadcaster] caster, audit, at 11. SaturpDay, [Saturday] May 25th (at the Council Hall, Sheffield).- [Sheffield] Charles Sanderson, iron merchant, Sheffield, dividend and proof of debts, at 10.-Parker, Shore, and Co., bankers, Sheffield, dividend and proof of debts, separate estate H. Parker, at 10.-William Clarke, builder; Sheffield, audit, at 10.-John Seaten, [Eaten] farmer and horse dealer, &c., Frick- [Frickley] ley-cum-Cleytch; [le-cum-clutch; -cum-Cleytch] audit, at 10.-Geo. Wm. Halifax, lime burner, &c., Doncaster, audit, at 10.-Henry Smith; Bri- [Bro- British] tish [this] wine manufacturer, Doncaster; audit, at 10; A NIGHTINGALE IN YORKSHIRE.-We have received a communication from a correspondent at Baildon Green, in- [informing] forming us that.a Nightingale is now in the habit of singing most delightfully in Bayldon Green Wood, about. half-a miie [mine] from Shipley. Our correspondent describes the melody of the feathered sorigster [register] as most exqusite. [requisite] The Nightingale generally commences singing bout eleven o'clock at night, prolonging its strains at intervals until about four in the morning.- [morning] Bradford Observer. BratForp [Bradford] Post-OFrFicE [Post-Office] REcULATIONS.-By [Regulations.-By] the opening of the Bradford Branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, the inhabitants of Bradford have additional time afforded for posting letters, fo Manchester, &c. For the morning despatch the box closes at 10 20 a.m., and letters may be posted with an additional stamp until 11 a m., for Manchester, Lecds, [Leeds] Wakefield, Halifax, Huddersfield, Hull; Liverpool, Ircland, [Ireland] the North of England, and Scotland. For the evening despatch the box closes at 7 40 p.m., and letters may be posted With an -additional stamp until 8 30 .m. for the above places, and for the second despatch to ndon [don] and the South.- [South] Bradford Observer. Tue SEarcH [Starch] FOR SiR [Sir] JOHN FRANKLIN.-The following expéditions [expedition] are now engaged, or about to be engaged, in search of Sir John Franklin -1,, her majesty's ship 'Plover, Behring's Straits 2, her majesty's transport ship North Star, David Saraits [Straits] 3, the two ships dispatched via the Straits of Magellan in order to explore with the Plover ; 4, the expedition under Captain Penny, from Aberdeen ; 5, the four vessels under Captain Austin 6, Sir John Ross's expedition from Ayt; [At] and lastly, Lady Franklin's yacht, Prince Albert. From the United States a further expedi- [expert- expedition] tion [ion] also shortly starts, consisting of two vessels. The deficit in the balance-sheet of an Admiralty officer deceased, and who held a responsible post in a Government establishment abroad; amounts, we understand, to 8,000. -United Service Gazette. DeaTH [Death] OF JaMEs [James] THOM, THE distin- [distinct- distinguished] lished [wished] artist died of at New York, on the 7th ult..'at the age of 51. He was a native of Ayrshire in early life he evinced a great natural taste for the sister arts of modelling and sculpture, and while still a young man, and in very limited circurastances, [circumstances] he succeeded, by the natural force of his genius, in making his name cela- [lace- celebrated] brated [rated] throughout his native country and the. British islands, by the production of his famous statues of 'Tam O'Shanter [O'Shatter] and Souter Johnny'-generally admitted to be one of the happiest illustrations in scuipture [Scripture] of the immor- [immoral- immortal] tal Burns, that has ever appeared. 7 EXTENSIVE FORGERIES BY A COTTON-SPINNER. Mr. William Threlfall, [Threefold] cotton-spinner, of Addingham Low Mills, near Bolton Abbey, woe apprehended in Liver- [Liverpool] pool, on week, on a charge of the above description. prisoner was the same day placed in the Liverpool dock, before Mr. Rushton, and Mr. Harvey, of the firm cf Messrs. Harvey and Falcon, to pro- [prosecute] secute. [secure] It appeared, from the statement of Mr. Harvey, that, on the 13th February last, Mr. Timothy B. Bourne, cotton-broker, of Liverpool, received a letter from the risoner, [prisoner] enclosing a bill for the sum of 2,000, drawn by upon the Hull Fax and Cotton-mill Compa ;, [Company] and purporting to be accepted by Mr, Joseph Rylanaz, [Reliance] manager of the said company. writer requested Mr. Bourne to get the bill discounted, and to apply the money for his (the prisoner's) advantage. The bill was discounted by the bank of Liverpool but on Thursday, in consequence of information he received, Mr. Langton, the er of the bank, went to Hull, and there discovered that the acceptance was a forgery. Word to that effect was instantly sent by electric telegraph to Liverpool, and the prisoner was in consequence arrested. Mr. Harvey, at the con- [conclusion] clusion [conclusion] of his statement, prayed the magistrate for a remand, which was granted. On Saturday afternoon, the prisoner was again placed in the dock, and the court was crowded by merchants and brokers, many of whom were personally acquainted with the prisoner, and recently had had with him. Mr. arvey [ave] again appeared on of the prosecution, and Mr. Aspinall, barrister, assisted by Mr. 'Bremner, of Liver- [Liverpool] pool, and Mr. Barratt, solicitor, of Leeds, for the prisoner. The latter gentleman was informed on Friday, by a tele- [tee- telegraphic] graphic message, of the prisoner's position. , Mr. T. Bourne produced a bill drawn by William Threl- [Three- Threefold] fall, dated the 10th of March, 1850, for 2,000 w the Hull Flax and Cotton-mill Company. He also produced a a letter which he received enclosing the bill. pursuance of the instructions contained in that letter, he got the bill discounted at the Bank of Liverpool, and transmitted tho money. In answer to Mr. Aspinall, witness stated that he did not know prisoner to be a partner in the Hull Flax and Cotton-mill Company. Mr. Layton, of the Borough Bank, proved the discounting of the bill at the bank, and said that he had been assured by the acceptor that it was not genuine. Mr. Superintendent Towerson, [Tower son] examined by Mr. Rushton, stated that he had examined the carpet bag, and in it he found a small lock and leather bag. In the small bag were the bond stamps which he produced. He also found some red ink and paint. One of the stamps contained the words Old Flax and Cotton-mill Company, and the other manager. He had looked at the bill of exchange produced, and he betieved [believed] that it was stamped with the instruments produced. The prisoner was further remanded until Monday. Qn Monday Mr. Blair, instructed by Mr. Harvey, soli- [sol- solicitor] citor, [city] appeared for the prosecution and Mr. Aspinall, the barrister, instructed by Mr. Bremner, of Live 1, and Mr. Barratt, Solicitor, of Leeds, again defended the pris [Paris] goner, The court was crowded by mercantile men, as on the previous occasion, and every available seat was occupied. he prisoner, who is a stout man, of florid complexion, and rather gray, appeared deeply to feel the awkward position in which he was placed. Superintendent Towerson [Tower son] produced the two stamps or frames of letters alluded to in the examination on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day. The inscriptions on the es were, Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, and the gther, [other] Chief mana- [man- manager] ger. He also found in the bag a tin box, containing red paint. He had compared the stamp with the impressions on the bills, and they perfectly corresponded. He pro- [produced] duced [duce] a piece of paper on which there were some impres- [impress- impressions] sions [Sons] of the stamp also a piece of cloth with a preparation of red paint upon it, together with a bottle of red ink. He produced two pieces of paper, one of which a copy of a bill of exchange for 854, dated the 2d of Octo- [Oct- October] ber, [be] 1849, and drawn by the prisoner, purporting to be accepted by Joseph Rylands, per pro. Hull Flax and Cot- [Cotton] ton Mill Company, and also copy of a bill of the same date and same drawer for 500, accepted by the chief manager of the above company also a paper purporting to be the copy of a bill for 500, dated August 1, 1849, drawn by illiam [William] Thelfell, [gleeful] and accepted per pro. the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, by Joseph Rylands also another bill for the sate amount of a similar character. There were numerdus [numerous] other papers in the bag, consisting of bills, letters, books, momoranda, [memorandum] and so forth. The letters were addressed to the prisoner. He found the book produced, which contained particulars of the two bills which the pri- [pro- prisoner] soner [sooner] was charged with forging. There were in the beg several blank bills, which he produced. In cross-examination Mr. Aspinall asked the contents of of the bag, and the officer pointed to several bundles of pa- [papers] pers [per] upon the table, which the learned counsel requested might be marked. Amongst other documents he found a banker's bill for 897 10s. Mr. Rushton objected to this eourse [course] of examinatidn [examination] as irrelevant. He fotnd [found] a Bank of England note of 1,000 in the prisoner's pocketbook, and another of 200; W] and in the bag 3 14s. 10d. in coin also ten blank bill stamps. He also found a bill for 2,000, dated Dec. 19, 1849, [W, drawn by W. Threl- [Three- Threefold] fall to the order of himself, at three months' date, upon the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, at Hull, payable in London, accepted at Sir Charles Price and Co's, bankers, London p.p, Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, J. Rylands, chief manager, due the 22d March, and endorsed, Threlfall, [Threefold, paid Messrs. Overhead and Co ., or erder [order] ; Oakes, Bevan, and Co. p.p. Overhead and Co., R. Pelly [Pell] ; received for Barclay, Bevan, and Co., C. T. King, or some name resembling that. Another bill was for 1,000, Man- [Manchester] chester, at three months' date, drawn by William Thielfall, [Wilful] té his order, upon the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, payable in London, accepted as in the last bill, and not en- [endorsed] dorsed. [Dorset] Another bill was accepted the same as the last, but the body of the bill was not filled up at all, neither was it signed. Another for 1,500, dated Manchester, 3rd May, 1850, drawn by W Threlfall [Threefold] at three months' date to his own order upon the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Com- [Company] pany, [any] and accepted as the last, was endorsed W. Thel- [The- Thelwall] fall. Another for 2,000, dated Manchester, 26th April, 1850, drawn by W. Threlfall [Threefold] at three months date, upon the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, payable in Lon- [London] don, and accepted as the last bill, and endorsed W. Threlfall. [Threefold. Another was for 1,000, dated 24th April, 1850, drawn by W. Threlfall [Threefold] to his own order at three months' date on the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company, payable in London, and accepted as the last bill, endorsed W; Threlfall. [Threefold] Mr. J. Rylands, chief manager for the Hull Flax and Cotton Mill Company at Hull, was next exaniihéd, [exhort] and proved the several bills purporting to be accepted. by him to be forgeriéS. [forgeries] In cross-examination Mr. Ryland's stated that the prisoner had bought shares in the Hull Flax and Cotton Mil Company, but he (witness) did not know whe- [the- whether] ther [the] he was registered for them or not. He had had money dealings with the prisoner on account of the company. Had dealt with him to the exteht [extent] of 10,000 or 15,000 during the last 12 months. They held securities of the prisoner's to the amount of 516,000. There were 150 pro- [proprietors] prietors [proprietors] in the company. The prisoner was then committed to take his trial at the next Liverpool assizes. Mr. Rushton refused to admit the prisoner to bail. oo, There are various rumours as to the extent of the forge- [forgeries] ries; [rise] which are variously stated at from 20;000 20;W] to 60,000 60,W] but there is a desire to make as little as. possible of the case on the part of the authorities and the professional gentlemen employed. Mr. Threlfall [Threefold] was, we are informed, always highly re- [re respected] respected in his business transactions, and was considered an opulent manufacturer Amongst other mills, the pri- [pro- prisoner] soner [sooner] owned one at Rochdale; recently in the possession of Mr. Heyworth, of savings-bank notoriety. ri EXPENSE OF GOVERNMENT PROSECUTIONS IN ENGLAND AND IN AMERICA. We observe that in the important pro- [prosecution] secution [section] of Dr. Webster, for the murder of Dr. Parkman, which lasted twelve days, and depended upon a long train of intricate evidence and of facts requiring mmute. [mite] attention, and most difficult of coherence, two counsel only were en- [engaged] gaged, [aged] while an almost trifling charge of fraud tried at the Central Criminal Court on Friday, in which the Globe Insur- [Insure- Insurance] ance [once] Company were the pursuers, the following costly array of counsel were engaged tor the prosecution,-the Attorhey- [Attorney- Admiral] meral, [meal] Mr. Clarkson, Sir J. Bailey, and Mr. Bovill.- [Bovill] Darty [Dart] News. Tue, OFFIcE [Office] oF LaUREATE.-The [Laureate.-The] poet laureate was for- [formerly] merly [merely] called the king's versifier, and may be traced as far back as 1251, at which period his stipend was one hundred shillings per annum; it is now 100a a] year. Inthe [Another] His- [History] tory [tor] of Engiish [English] Poetry, Mr. Warton says, In the reign of Eaward [Edward] IV. the first mention is made of the more dignified appellation of Laureate, which was originally bestowed on John Kaye. Mr. Warton is also of opinion that the title arose from the degrees taken at the. University of Oxford, on which occasion a wreath of faurel [laurel] was presented to the new graduate, who was styled Poeta [Port] Laureatus. [Laureate] Firs at WrnpHam [Wrangham] CivB [Civil] Hovse.-On [House.-On] Wednesduxy [Wednesday] morhing [morning] a fire of a most alarming character broke out in the well-known premises termed the Wyndham Club-house, situate in St. James's Square. The stranger's room was burnt out, and all its costly furniture and appointments de- [destroyed] stroyed. [destroyed] The other portions of the promises were damaged by water,-Standard.