Huddersfield Chronicle (17/Aug/1850) - page 6

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6 THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1850. FOREIGN IN TELLIGENCE. [INTELLIGENCE] UNITED STATES. sea, which arrived at Liverpool on Tues- [Tuesday] By the from New York direct to the 31st [st] day, we iby [by] telegraph via Halifax to the 2nd inst. She brings 250,000 dollars in specie on freight. In the Senate the Compromise Bill continued under discussion. An amendment, introduced by Mr. Brad- [Bradbury] pury, [pure] providing for a commission for the settlement of the boundary between Texas and New Mexico, had called forth a spirited debate. Mr. Seward contended that this amendment was a virtual surrender of the essential feature of the bill, and proposed a further amendment, authorizing the President to admit New Mexico to the Union by proclamation, as soon as the proceedings of the convention should be ratified by the people. Mr. Bradbury's motion failed of being carried on the final division. Nothing important had been transacted in the house. Governor Bell had issued letters to the Texan sena- [sea- senators] tors and representatives, requesting them to inform the President that Texas denied the right of the General Government to continue the exercise of civil or military authority over Santa Fe, and to demand that the in- [instructions] structions [instructions] herctofore [therefore] given to federal officers be re- [revoked] voked, [voted] and that a complete and secure jurisdiction i arantecd. [arranged] Le. was at New York. He had taken a cottage at Staten Island for the summer, his health having been impaired by the climate of Washington. It having been found quite impracticable to save the Viceroy steam-ship, her hull and engines had been dis- [disposed] posed of for 3,000 dollars. ; We have details of the Mexican intelligence brought to Mobile by the steam-ship Tay. Cholera was raging to a considerable extent. The dismissal of Senor Gutierres [Gutierrez] from his post of Minister of Finance had ex- [excited] cited much disapprobation. He had been replaced for the present by Senor Lacunza, [lacuna] Minister of Foreign Relations. . We have late intelligence from Venezuela. The ap- [approaching] proaching [preaching] election of President continued to be the subject of excitement. The candidate of the military party is General Monagas, [Monaghan] a brother of the President now in office. The civil candidates are-Rendon, [are-Tendon] a senator from Cumana, [Almanac] and Guzman, the present Vice- [President] President, All the candidates claim to be liberals. They were opposed to the party of General Paez. [Pace] Tae [Tea] officers of the government steamer which conveyed General Pacz [Pace] from Cumana [Almanac] to St. Thomas's were imme- [Mme- immediately] diately [lately] discharged from the service on their arrival at Porto Cabello. [Cable] The 1st of August is the day appointed for the Presidential election. ; We have afew [few] days later intelligence from Rio de Janeiro. The supplies, particularly of dry goods, were very large, especially those from Hamburgh, [Hamburg] and it was anticipated that there would be a reduction of prices. Business had been very restricted, and there was no animation in the markets. New York, August 2. The Canada's mails were delivered here to-day. Since the America's departure, the bill known as the Compro- [Comp- Compromise] mise [Miss] Bill, having for its object the arrangement of southern difficulties, and the admission of California, has been virtually defeated in the Senate. The admis- [Adams- admission] sion of California is now to be considered as a separate measure, upon its own merits. A bill has been reported by the House establishing a line of steam-ships between the United States and Africa. The President has held the usual levee, or reception of the diplomatic functionaries accredited; and was gratified by the Russian Minister's appropriate expres- [express- expressions] sions [Sons] of condolence, and wishes for the continuance of peaceful relations were exchanged with the usual forma- [forms- formalities] lities. [cities] The reply has points of marked emphasis. He observed, My intention is to maintain a strict neutrality towards all nations as the true policy of the United States. Stockmarket [Stock market] a little firmer, without any marked change in quotations. The Canada's news has given increased firmness. No cotton to-day; prices Liver- [Liverpool] pool classification are ordinary to middling Upland, 114 to 13; New Orleans and Mobile, 123 to 13; fair to good fair, 133 to 141, and 144 to15; [to] good fine, 143 to 15 for Uplands. Flour-market to-day very dull and lower. Western Canal, No. 1, 4dols. [tools] 50c. [c] to 5dols.; [tools] No. 2, 3dols. [tools] 75c. [c] to 4; Canadian, in toid, [tod] 4dols. [tools] 12 5 dols. [sold] Indian corn-yellow, 65; mixed, 63 to 64. FRANCE. M. Boulay [Bola] (de la Meurthe), [Further] the vice-president of the republic, is not to quit Paris during the absence of the President in the departments. He is, it is said, to preside over the council of ministers, and, if necessary, to place himself in connection with the committee of the assembly, which remains sitting during the recess. The Commission of Permanence of the assembly held its first meeting on Sunday, but a considerable number of the members were absent. The subject of the dinners given to the army by the President was brought under notice, and the committee is said to have been unani- [unanimous] mous [moss] in blaming the conduct of the President, which they considered even more imprudent than unconstitu- [constitution- unconstitutional] tional, [national] The Commission again met at. 3 o'clock on Monday. M. Napoleon Darn presided. The sitting did not last longer than halfan [half] hour. It was resolved that 20 members, at lcast, [last] should always remain in Paris to deliberate, and that their sittings should be secret. So convinced are the red republicans that some plan is on foot to endanger the republic, that ata [at] meeting of the Montaguard [Montague] representatives, held on Saturday, it was resolved that seventy of them should remain in Paris during the vacation to watch over the safety of 'the state. M. Teste, [Test] the Minister of Public Works during the reign of Louis Philippe, having completed the term of three years' imprisonment, to which he was sentenced by the court of peers for having accepted a bribe, was set at liberty on Sunday. The Monitewr [Monitor] announces that the rectors of all the departmental schools throughout France have been re- [removed] moved, and publishes the names of their successors. 'The representatives belonging to the mountain have published a long compte [compete] rendu [rend] of the session, addressed to the people; but the document is of very little inte- [inter- interest] rest, merely expressing a determination to await the result of the election of 1852, and to use all possible means of influencing that election. The President of the republic signed a decree on Monday, conferriag [conferred] the rank of Commander of the Legion of Honour on M. Baroche, [Roche] the Minister of the Interior. The municipal council of Besancon [Banking] have voted a sum of 10,000f. [10,f] for the reception of the President of the republic. The municipal council of Metz [Met] have voted 7,000f., [7,f] and the municipal council of Lons-le-Saunier [Ons-le-Saunders] 2,500f. [2,f] for the same ose. [one] The Prefect of the Seine et Marne has suspended several mayors in his department who signed petitons [petition] against the Electoral law. The President of the French Republic left the Elyste [Steel] at half-past six on Monday morning for the station of the Lyons Railway, whence he was to proceed on his journey to the eastern departments. He was accom [com] panied [pained] by the Ministers of War, Agriculture, and Public Works, and by several officers; the Vice-President of the Republic, with the Minister of the Interior, and the Prefect of Police, joined the travellers at the station. After admiring the splendid station, the party, with the exception of the Minister of the Interior, who returned to the city, set off inaspecial [special] train. At Montereau, [Montreal] Joigny, [Join] and Villeneuve-sur-Yonne, [Villeneuve-Sir-Anyone] the municipal autho- [author- authorities] rities, [cities] clergy, and national guard, presented themselves, in compliment to the President. At Tonnerre, [Tenure] where Louis Napoleon alighted, the mayor, at the head of the municipal council, read an address to the Prince, to which the latter replied, with his customary allusions to the recall of the exile, and the lect let] of December. Accompanied by the Minister and the Prefect of Police, the President repaired to the Hotel de Ville, where he received the judges and magistrates of the arrondisse- [arrondissement- arrondissement] ment. [men] He afterwards reviewed the National Guards, visited the depots, and expressed his satisfaction with all he had seen. Here, too, he met a small number of veterans, who had served in the Imperial Guard. After visiting the hospital, and distributing money to the in- [inmates] mates, he returned to a collation provided for the party at the prefecture. On leaving the town the President placcd [placed] a thousand francs in the hands of the mayor to be distributed to the families whom the visitation of the cholera last year plunged into a state of distress. On reaching the 'borders of the Yonne, [Anyone] the native department of M. Carlier, [Earlier] the latter presented to the President a number of his own friends, who were stated to have been active in promoting the electoral success of December 10. ' The Prince here left the railroad, and, after receiving the clergy and magistrates, who met him with an address, left for Dijon. THE DANISH WAR. The morning train from Rendsburg [Rends burg] brings intelligence that the Danes had made a strongly supported recon- [reconnaissance] moissance [nuisance] along the whole lines of General Willisen, [Wilson] no doubt remaining that they intend very speedily turning this into a general attack of the Holstein army on the Schleswig [Schedules] side of the Eyder, [Elder] for the purpose, if possible, of driving it out of that Duchy entirely; and should such intentions be verified there will be another en- [encounter] counter as bloody as that of Idstedt. [Institute] The town of Tonningen [Contingent] has been taken possession of by the Danish troops. A report is very prevalent at Hamburg, that England and Russia have sent over commissioners in hopes of averting further bloodshed. -- . Rattway [Railway] OPexincs [Exons] iN Prospect.-It a pears that at oe ae of 1849 there were about 6,030 of railway i aed [ad] been authorized [authorised] by periiament, [Parliament] and still re- [rear] eae [ear] be completed that the principal parts of the see and tee the year were among those authorized [authorised] in th and that the proportion of lines sanc- [san- avalanche] have wot ose [one] years, the powers for constructing which ge ee Sea bone Se for the year 1847. Tis, Is] for a ata [at] larger pr cha [ca] probably since lac 2.080 miles whieh [which] only ebout [about] 1,000 miles out of the y hil [Hill] remained to be opened at the end of 1849, were in progress of construction at that time, IRELAND. ARRIVAL OF LorpD [Lord] CLaRENDON.-The [Clarendon.-The] Lord-Lieutenant and suite arrived on Tuesday evening, by her steam packet Banshee, in Kingstown Harbour. A special train awaited his excellency, and at a few minutes after ten he reached the terminus in Westland-row, and immediately proceeded to the Viceregal Lodge in the Pheenix [Phenix] Park. THE Synop [Synod] oF Bisnors.-The [Business.-The] Tipperary Vindicator announces, on the best authority, that the National Synod has been adjourned from the 15th to the 22nd of August. It is gossipped [Gossip] about that the new Primate comes armed with pontifical powers to reinstitute a whole legion of fasts, which had been dispensed with by former Popes, and that a certain number of holy- [holidays] days are to be added to the long list already observed by the Roman Catholics of Ireland. These rumoured reforms do not appear to have been very favourably received. Great CoNFERENCE.-This [Conference.-This] loudly vaunted and long talked-of demonstration has come and gone. Great preparations were made by revising and preliminary committees, and the sittings continued for several days. The conference opened on the 6th inst. Dr. M'Knight editor of the Banner of Ulster, was called to the chair; the Rev. Mr. O'Shea, Roman Catholic clergyman, the Rev. Mr. Dobbin, Presbyterian minister, and Mr. William Girdwood, [Gird wood] were appointed secretaries ; and the result of the whole was the passing of a long string of resolutions in favour of tenant-right, and declaratory of the absolute necessity of paying imme- [Mme- immediate] diate [date] attention to the condition of the farm labourers. Serious CHARGE AGAINST A MacistraTeE.-The [Magistrates.-The] Lime- [Limerick] rick Reporter states that Mr. Smith, of Castlefergus, [Catalogues] a magistrate of the county of Clare, who is accused of having conspired to shoot his mother, and who had been liberated after a recent investigation by Mr. Moloney, of Kiltannon, [Clayton] and Mr. O'Brien, resident magistrate, of Tulla, [Till] has been again arrested by order of government and lodged in Ennis gaol. The depositions in the case are voluminous and strange. The rumour is that the arrest has been ordered on the information of an in- [insurance] surance [assurance] office in which a policy had been effected on the life of the late Mrs. Smith. Mr. Smith isa gentleman about 56 years of age, and has been generally, if not always, a resident at Castlefergus. [Catalogues] The Rev. D. de Boudry, [Body] curate of Mitcham, Surrey, has been preferred by the Dean of Blackburn, to the incum- [income- incumbency] bency [Bench] of Salisbury, Lancashire. MADEMOISELLE LinD.-Mademoiselle [Kind.-Mademoiselle] Lind is to give two concerts in Liverpool previous to her departure for America. The first took place at the Philharmonic Hall, on Friday (yesterday) evening, and the second on Monday. On Wed- [Wednesday] nesday [Wednesday] next the Nightingale will set forth on her transatlantic trip on board the new American steam-ship Atlantic, and many travellers have secured berths in order to accompany the popular songstress across the ocean. New CuourcHes.-The [Churches.-The] thirtieth annual report of the commissioners for building new churches has been pub- [published] lished. [wished] In the last report it was stated that 449 churches had been completed, in which accommodation had been rovided [provided] for 483,273 persons, including 281,076 free seats. 21 churches have been completed, pro- [providing] viding [Riding] accommodation for 14,793 persons, including 10,114 free seats for the use of the poor; and 32 are now in the course of building, to the erection of which aid has been granted from the funds at the disposal of the commis- [comms- commissioners] sioners. [sinners] Grouse SHOOTING IN THE NortH.- [North.- North] Accounts which have reached us from various sources worthy of all credit, would seem to indicate that the season which commenced this morning will be one at all events of fair average sport- [sport superior] superior indeed to that ot several previous years. Almost all authorities concur in affirming the fact, which cannot fail to be highly gratifying to sportsmen, that few traces are to be found of that disease which for some time has caused such ravages among the feathered inhabitants of the moors. From Ayrshire we learn that the grouse are considered very numerous and strong, and that no symp- [stamp- symptoms] toms of disease have been discovered among them. fa Arran there is a good average, some of the coveys being large and fine, others fewer in number and not so strong, but apparently perfectly healthy so that the prospect, on the whole, as regards this part of the country, is indicative of a better season than the two or three previous ones. Mull, it would appear that the coveys consist generally of from nine to twelve, the birds being strong and healthy, and no di use having been seen. Accounts from Perthshire affirm that the prospects in that large and im- [in- important] portant [important] county, are those of a good average season, most of the young birds being very strong on the wing and that, although the broods are not large they are perfectly healthy, From Aberdeenshire we hear that there isa good stock of grouse, but rather unequal in size some being too young and others too old, with but few in the broods, one-half the coveys consisting of only three or four young birds; the numbers being, on the whole, considerably under those of last year, and rather inferior to those of 1848, although much better than those of the preceding years. Another report from the same county affirms that the game appears to be rather scarce and unequal, generally from three to five in a brood, and sometimes, though rarely, from seven to eicht,-a [eight,-a] state of matters attributable, probably, to the coldness of the spring, there having been a considerable quantity of snow on the hills during the hatching season, with severe frosts during the month of May. The same inequality which appears elsewhere, presents itself so strongly in Inverness-shire as to suggest the idea of two distinct broods. The first hatching, it is supposed, having suffered greatly by the snows in May, the birds sat again ; so that the twelfth, it is believed, will introduce the sportsman to two sets of birds-one strong on the wing, the other only cheepers. [keepers] The game, altogether, is expected to be plentiful enough. The birds seem to be scarcer in Sutherland, but unusually plump and vigorous.- [vigorous] Edinburgh Evening Courant [Count] of Monday. THE METROPOLITAN INTERMENTS AcT.-This [At.-This] act, under which Dr. Southwood Smith has been appointed an addi- [add- additional] tional [national] paid member of the Board of Health, will be speedily enforced in the Metropolitan Burial District, which comprises the city of London, Westminster, Southwark, and numerous parishes set forth in one of the schedules annexed. There are seventy-seven sections in the act, which act is to be executed by the Board of Health. The board may provide new burial grounds, and her Majesty, on a report of the board in council, may order the discon- [discount- discontinuance] tinuance [Finance] of interments in churchyards and other places. Regarding the removal of poor persons to reception-houses to be provided, it is enacted, by the 30th section, that the board may at any time, after the passing of the act, appoint medical or other officers who, in the case of deaths within the district, may, where the persons having the direction of the funeral of the deceased may so desire, cause the body to be decently removed to one of the houses for the reception of the dead. Among is one under which the Board of Health may contract for funerals at fixed charges, so that there are likely to be three classes of funerals, according to the means of the parties. The salary of the additional paid member of the Board of Health is not to exceed 1,200 a-year. Tue Lorry AND LIBERAL IDEAS OF AN INSANE Man.- [Man] At the Borough Court, on Thursday, a tall, stout, and fine-looking man, named William Norris, was placed in the dock on a charge of stealing a piece of bacon from a shop, on the previous day. The prisoner was labouring under aberration of intellect, and explained the circum- [circus- circumstance] stance by saying that he had sold a gold ring to the person to whom the bacon belongs, and the party being unable to pay him the full value of the ring, he paid himself by taking the bacon. He then commenced an address to the following effect I have been in the county police force, and also in the Irish constabulary (this part of his statement we understant [understand] is correct), but have had 44,000 left me, and 22,000, and some other property, the sale of which will produce 600,000, and realise me about 60,000 a-year. If there be a reporter present, he is at liberty to take this down. I hope to leave something behind me, and I shall leave your worship 1,000 a-year, and the gen- [gentlemen] tlemen [gentlemen] round that table 100 a-year; I shall also leave each police-serjeant [police-Sergeant] 50, and the privates 40. Now, I consider that as good a speech as Sir Robert Peel ever made. Iam [I am] not going to hoard up my money like corn, and I wish the government of this country would act with the same liberality. I now wish you good by. Oh but am I acquitted, sir; am I discharged -Mr. Maude Sit down a little.-The man sat down, and in the meantime some enquiry was made respecting sending him to the workhouse. In about a quarter of an hour (during which time he had once ortwice [or twice] approached the front of the dock, but inmediately [immediately] sat down when desired), he was informed by Mr. Maude that there was an officer waiting to accom- [com- accompany] pany [any] him, and hoped he would go with him quietly. He a polite bow, saying, I may as well tell you what family I am of,-I am second cousin to the Marquis of Waterford. He then went to the union workhouse, in company with the police-offcer, [police-officer] whom he would no doubt regard as his footman in livery.- [livery] Manchester Examiner and Times. THE NEPAULESE [NAPLES] PRINCE.-At the Westminster County Court, on Saturday, Mons. Rosenthall, the eminent por- [or- portrait] trait painter, sought to recover 15 from Colonel Dheere [Here] Shemsere [Shere] Jung Bahadoor, [Behaviour] one of the Nepaulese [Naples] princes, for painting a portrait. The plaintiff stated that he was engaged by the young Bahadoor [Behaviour to paint his portrait, and, as it was a small sketch, the price was fixed at twelve guineas. After the sketch was finished, the colonel said he would prefer being taken on horseback, and M. Rosen- [Rosenthall] thall [hall] told him it would cost 5 more, in that style.' The colonel replied, Very well, it must be so; and I will have my name in gold letters at the bottom but you will not charge anything for that. His brother, 'the elder Bahadoor, [Behaviour, was so well pleased with the work that he ordered his own equestrian portrait, for which he paid 25. When the defendant's picture was sent in he refused to pay more than 10, saying, that if the plaintiff did not accept that sum, he should not get a farthing. 'Monsieur Baha- [Baa- Behaviour] door, said the plaintiff, 'laughed in my face, and said, 'Will you have 102 Here it is; you had better take it if you don't, you'll get nothing. In reply to the judge, the plaintiff said Colonel Dheere [Here] spoke a little English, and understood what was said to him in that language; besides, he had an interpreter with him. His brother urged him to pay. The judge made an order for the payment of the money on Monday. A ResprtE.-William [Respite.-William] Chadwick, convicted capitally as an accessory before the fact for the murder by poison of his wife's uncle, at the Stafford assizes, before Mr. Justice Wil- [Williams] liams, [liam] has been respited [respected] during pleasure-a course of pro- [proceeding] ceeding [feeding] which is virtually tantamount to a commutation of the extreme punishment into transportation for life. There is no instance, we of tie extranet sentence being infii [inf] ra ite [it] during pleasure. [C] execution 0 beer fixed for next, the 17th inst. The respite for Chadwick Sat sent down by post on rnoon [noon] to Staffo [Staff ut in co uence [fence] Suadey [Side] postal SA nants, [ants] it is likely that the unfortu- [unfortunate- unfortunate] nate [ate] prisoner may not receive the news of the clemency extended to him before Monday afternoon, although every ible [able] effort was considerately made by the authorities to the period of suspense endured by the wretched man.-Observer. It is to be doubted whether he will ever find the way to heaven, who desires to go thither alone, THE INCREASE OF CAPITAL AMONG THE MIDDLE CLASSES. On Friday week, at the British Association. Mr. G. R. Porter read, before section F, a long and valuable paper, being an inquiry into the question- Whether, under our existing social system, there is a tendency for the increasing of capital in the hands of those already pos- [post- posing] ing riches The sources of information bearing upon this interesting social question, which are open to us are not many. An examination of the amount of savings banks will show that the deposits in England, Wales, and Ireland, proportioned to the population, amounted in 1831, to 12s. 8d. per head; in 1836, to 16s. 4d. in 1841, to19s. [Toots] 10d. and in 1848, to 20s. 11d. In Scotland the deposits were-in 1836, 7d. per head ; 1841, 4s. 8d.; 1848, 7s. 5d.; The largest amount of these savings occurred in 1846, when they reached in England to 26,759,817; Wales, 674,657 Scotland, 1,383,866 Ireland, 2,924,910; in all, 31,748,250; being equal to 24s. per head on the population of Eng- [England] land, Wales, and Ireland, and 10s. 1d. per head on that of Scotland. The diminution in 1847 and 1848 is clearly the result of the high prices of provisions, and conse- [cone- consequent] quent [Queen] falling off in wages, caused by the potato rot and its attendant circumstances. The comparative smiallness [smallness] of the deposits in Scotland arises from two cat THE POST-OFFICE RETURNS. th The post-office returns for 1849, just presen [present] e House of Commons, embrace-1, the number of letters delivered in the United Kingdom; 2, the revenue; 3; the cost of management; 4, the payments to railways; and, 5, the number and amount of money orders. e have prepared the following table of these particulars in a condensed form, showing the annual progress which has been made from the date of the old system - 4 as 5 338 23 3 Moncy [Money] orders as awe g. issued. 2 Sad 3 5 2 a) Ba 28 8 8 #5 2 32 bod 8 zsea [sea # Number. Amount a gs oS a 1839 [W] 82,470,596 1,633,764 756,999 [W,W 52,860 188,921 313,124 1840 [W] 168,768,244 500,789) [W,W] 858, 677 [W 52,362 587,797 960,975 1841) [W] 196,500,191 561,249) [W,W] 938,168) [W,W] 96,190 1,552,845 3,127,507 1842 [W] 208,434,451 600,641) [W,W] 977,504) [W,W] 73,464 2,111,980 4,337,177 1843 [W] 220,450,308 640,217) [W,W] 980,650) [W,W] 97,526 2,501,523 5, 112,840 1844 [W 242,091,685 719,957 [W,W] 985,110 [W,W 92,493 2,806,S03 5, 695,395 1845 [W 271,410,793 761,982'1,125,594) 181,111 3,176,126 16,413,361 1846 [W] 299,586,763 110,430 3,515,079 17,071,056 1847 [W] 322,146,244 904,496 1,196,520 121,859 4,030,185 7,903,177 1848 [W] 328,829,185 740,429) [W,W] 1, 403, 250 318,631 8,151,294 1849 [W 337,065,867 840, 787'1,324,562, 230,079 8, 152, 643 first, the system of allowing interest upon very small sums deposited in private and joint-stock banks and, secondly, the more recent connection of savings banks with the government in that division of the kingdom. There is no reason for supposing that the labouring classes of Scotland are less saving than those of England or Ireland and presuming that the disposition to save is naturally as great in each part of the kingdom, the workmen of Scotland have, until very recently, hadamuch [headache] stronger incentive than their English fellow-subjects to set aside a part of their earnings, because of the absence of any legal provision for the wants of their old age, and against the occurrence of sickness or accident. 'The next test to which I would direct attention varies essen- [essentially] tially [tally] from that afforded by the progress of savings banks inasmuch as it excludes all evidence of actual saving or accumulation, while it offers a strictly compa- [company- comparative] rative [native] view of such saving as between different classes of the community. The accounts furnished to parlia- [Parliament- parliament] ment [men] of the number of persons entitled to dividends upon portions of the public debt, divide the fundholders into ten classes, according to the amount to which they are so entitled. Mr. Porter here contrasts by tables the numbers in each class as they stood on the 5th of April and 5th of July of the years 1831 and 1848 respectively ; and then he goes on to say that it will be seen that there has been a very large addition between 1831 and 1848, to the number of persons receiving under 5 at each payment of dividends, and a small increase upon the number receiving between 5 and 10, while, with the exception of the largest holders-those whose divi- [div- dividends] dends [ends] exceed 2,000 at each payment, and of whom there has been an increase of 5-every other class has experienced a considerable decrease in its numbers. There has been a diminution of more than 8 per cent. in the numbers receiving between 300 and 500; W] of 123 per cent. of those receiving between 500 and 1,000, and of more than 20 per cent. among holders of stock yielding dividends between 1,000 and 2,000, would seem conclusively to show, that at least as re- [respects] spects [sects] this mode of disposing of accumulations, there is not any reason to believe that the already rich are acquiring greater wealth at the expense of the rest of the community. The branch of this inquiry to which my attention was next directed, -was that elucidated by returns showing the sums assessed to the income-tax in respect of incomes derived from trades and professions in 1812, compared with the like returns in 1848, excluding from the former period the incomes below 150, which, under the exist- [existing] ing law, are allowed to pass untaxed. The total amount thus assessed, after deducting exemptions, was, in 1812, 21,247,621; while, in 1848, theamount [the amount] was 56,990,224 ; showing an increase in thirty-six years of 35,742,602, or 168.21 per cent., being at the rate of 4.67 per cent. yearly, an increase very nearly three-fold greater than the increase during the same period of the population of that portion of the United Kingdom which is subject to the income-tax. The object now in view is not that of showing the increased wealth of the country at large, but in what degree such increase has been experienced among different classes of the people, or occasion might be taken to express the satisfaction which every English- [Englishman] man must feel at this unmistakeable evidence of the well-being and continued progress of our country; which feeling is shown by the results to which I thus venture upon calling attention to be unalloyed by any well- [founded] founded fears concerning the oft-alleged deteriorated condition of the bulk of the people. The returns examined give the sums assessed to income-tax in various classes, and for the purpose of the present examination I have distinguished the incomes thus given - Between 150 and 500 Between 500 ,, 1000 Between 1000 ,, 2000 Between 2000 5000 And above 5000 - Between 150,000 and 500 per annum, I find a posi- [post- positive] tive [tie] increase in 1848 of 13,724,946 upon the incomes assessed in 1812. Between 500 and 1,000 per annum, the increase since 1812 has been 5,100,540. On in- [incomes] comes between 1,000 and 2,000, the increase has amounted to 4,078,095. In incomes between 2,000 and 5,000, there is an increase of 4,059,743; while in the highest class, which includes all incomes above 5,000 per annum, the increase is found to be 8,779,275. Comparing the lowest with the highest of those classes, it is shown that the increase has been greater in the lowest class by 4,945,674, or 56.33 per cent. remaining documents bearing an official character to which recourse can be had in order to throw light upon this subject are the returns made from the office of the commissioners for inland revenue, showing the sums upon which probate duty has been paid in respect of personal property left by persons deceased. Stated at intervals of five years, beginning with the present century, it has been as follows - 1801, ...... 3,541,931 1826, ...... 31,024,593 1806, ...... 7,039,031 1831, ...... 39,532,397 1811, ...... 14,757,420 1836, ...... 41,768,806 1816, ...... 24,073,456 1841, ...... 41,476,521 1821, ...... 33,028,060 1848, ...... 44,348,721 After making a liberal allowance for evasion of the tax in the early years following its first imposition in 1797, and for the collection of arrears in 1848, the increase, during less than half a century, of property thus brought under the operation of the probate duty is such as must strike us with astonishment. Our present business, however, is with the comparative amount of estates in different classes, for which purpose a calculation has been made of their value in 1833, the earliest year for which the returns enable us to make the same, and in 1848. Dividing the sixteen years, from 1833 to 1848, into equal periods of four years each, and ascertaining the average duty paid in each year of such division, it appears that the sum received in the four years- [years] 1833 to 1836 ...... averaged ...... 238,306 1837 to 1840 ...... 9 230,388 1841 to 1844 ...... Wo 229,162 1845 to 1848 ...... Fi om 223,962 while the average receipts from the probate duty, gene- [generally] rally, has been steadily and progressively advancing with the increasing wealth of the country. Having thus ex- [examined] amined [mined] all the official returns which afford means for arriving at the truth upon this really important subject, we observe the most perfect agreement in their results; and it cannot but be satisfactory to every one to find that the fears entertained and expressed by many as to the probable disappearance of the middle classes from among us are unfounded; that it is far from being true that the rich are growing richer, and the poor are be- [becoming] coming poorer; but that, on the contrary, those who occupy a middle station (perhaps the safest station as regards personal respectability, and that which offers the surest guarantee for tne [te] progress and continual well- [welling] being of the country) are progressively increasing in number and in the proportion which the bear relatively to the population of the kingdom. , - FaTAL [Fatal] QuacKERY.-At [Quackery.-At] Carlisle Assizes, William Tait, a mechanic, was tried for the manslaughter of William Hewitt. A Dr. Coffin for all diseases a spe- [se- specific] cific [Pacific] containing lobelia inflata [infant] Tait is a disciple of br. Coffin. Hewitt, a fellow-labourer with Tait, applied to him for medical aid he prescribed lobelia inflata, [infant] and the paticnt [patent] died a few days after. Surgeons stated that Hewitt ad been killed by an irritant vegetable poison-the lobelia. For the prisoner, Mr. Sergeant Wilkins urged that the ap- [appearance] pearance [appearance] on which the doctors relied as proof of death by poison might have been caused by disease and the doctors were unacquainted with the lobelia medicine, and preju- Peru- prejudiced] diced against it. The verdict was 'Not Guilty. Mr. Justice Whitman remarked, that had it been otherwise, the case would not have been one for severe punishment, as the prisoner had acted with a good intention towards the MESMERISING A WELCH BULL.-One day last week, a young farmer, who had attended the mesmeric lectures of Messrs. Davy and Jackson, at Myrthyr [Myrtle] Tydvil, [Devil] thought he would put in practice what he had heard concerning the feasibility of mesmerising animals; so he betook himself to the fields, and soon saw a fit subject, as he thought, for his operation-a bull of no ordinary dimensions. Walking up to the horned gentleman, he commenced making passes rapidly along, and in close proximation [proclamation] to, the bull's face, and continued so for a few minutes, master bull, the while, looking astonished, and, excepting a twist of the tail, and sundry sagacious nods of the head, bearing the operation very patiently. All good things must have an end, how- [however] ever. Whether the bull thought this, or fancied time was up, deponent sayeth [Seth] not; but making a circular dance around the mesmeriser, each time narrowing it, he poked the disciple of Mesmer into the hedge, rushed in upon him, and catching him on his horns, threw him over. We need not say that the mesmeriser now ceased waving his digits, and paid more attention to the quickness of his heels; but the bull fancying, doubtless, that he had not given his tor- [tormentor] mentor enough, cleared the hedge, and' continued his as- [assaults] saults [salts] at the poor fellow, who did eventually, but not until he had been severely bruised, make his escape, fully per- [persuaded] suaded [sided] that the bump of combativeness was too strongly developed in the bull to admit of its ever becoming a quiet subject to the practical application of mesmerism.- [mesmerism] 'ambrian, [ambition] The Hon. Dudley Ward, the Hon. Captain Blackwood, and another gentleman, three rods in all, killed, during five consecutive weeks thig [this] season, no fewer than 144 clean salmon, in the Garry, on Lord Ward's property, With regard to the column headed net revenue, it must be mentioned that the apparent falling off in 1848 and 1849, arises from 196,086 having been disbursed in 1848 for the conveyance of mails by railways in pre- [previous] vious [pious] years. The great fluctuations in the column headed payments to railways, arise also from the cir- [circumstance] cumstance [cum stance] that the totals frequently include large sums for work done in previous years. THE PUBLIC REVENUE. The balance sheet of the net public income and ex- [expenditure] penditure [expenditure] for the year ending the 5th of July has just been presented to parliament, exhibiting the most gra- [ga- gratifying] tifying [testifying] result of a surplus of no less than 3,438,358. This surplus has been created in part by a large decrease of expenditure, and in part by an increase of income. Compared with the expenditure of the year ending the 5th of July, 1849, that for the year just concluded shows a reduction of 2,383,535, the following having been the amounts expended under the several heads in the in the two years in question - Pusiic [Music] EXPENDITURE.-Years ending oth [oh] July. 4 Interest and management of the public ace & el 28,353,471 Civil list and payment, under acts of par- [par] w 28,112,505 liament [Parliament] from theconsolidated [the consolidated] fund, &c. 2,861,382 ... 2,672,158 APM. [AP] ssc [ss] 6,498,633 ... 6,577,358 Navy 7,762,397 ... 6,381,724 Ordnance 2,669,746 ... 2,375,464 ces [ce] 4,229,219 ... 3,872,104 52,374,848 49,991,313 And while there has been a reduction in the expen- [expense- expenditure] diture [future] of the year of 2,383,535, there has been an increase in the income of 1,013,426, as shown by the following particulars of the receipts - Pusiic [Music] IncomE.-Years [Income.-Years] ending Sth [St] July. 1850. - 20,615,636 14,383,829 6,802,954 sew seen 4,351,531 Property-taX [Property-ta] 5,362,083 5,459, S44 [S] 000 ...... 834,000 Crown 130,040 160,000 Poundage on pensions, ..............008 [W] 4,440 4,564 Hereditary revenues. 12,580 ...... 46,390 Surplus fees. 53,319 119,889 Other receipts............... nie [nine] 748,659 ...... 651,035 52,416, 246 3,429, 672 The reduction of expenditure within the year of 2,383,535, added to the increase of income of 1,013,426 make together the sum of 3,896,961; and as the in- [income] come of the year ending July 5, 1849, exceeded the ex- [expenditure] penditure [expenditure] of that year by 41,397, it follows that the income of the present year exceeds that of the expen- [expense- expenditure] diture [future] by the large sum of 3,438,358; the net income having been 53,429,672, while the expenditure has been but 49,991,313. It is, therefore, our pleasing duty this day, in our re- [remarks] marks upon the papers which have come before us during the week, to refer to the most undeniable evidences of the unusual prosperity with which the country is blessed at this moment. The trade aud [and] navigation accounts show an increase in the amount of our exports for the first six months of the year, even as compared with 1849, of upwards of five millions. The return of the number of able-bodied adult paupers receiving relief on the 1st July shows a diminution in England of 16 per cent, and the income of the year just expired, exhibits an exccss [excess] over the expenditure of no less than 3,438,358 With these great facts before the country, as the result of the first years of free trade, no wonder that it is felt to be a hopeless task to attempt to persuade the public to retrace their steps towards the antiquated and exploded system of protection.- [protection] Economist. IMPORTATION OF TURTLE.-Thesteam-ship [TURTLE.-The steam-ship] Ajax, arrived in the river from Cork, has brought nineteen head of turtle, as part of a large general cargo from Ireland. This is the first importation to our knowledge of turtle by way of Ire- [Ireland] land, being, as may be supposed, first brought from a more distant part of the globe. SuppEN [Supper] DeratTH [Death] oF THE RECORDER OF THE CITY OF Lonpon.-Intelligence [London.-Intelligence] was received at the Mansion House on Tuesday forenoon, of the death of the Right Hon. Charles Ewan Law, Q.C., Recorder ef ihe [the] city of London, which took place rather suddenly that morning, at his residence, at Eaton-place. The hon. gentleman has been ailing for some few days, but his illness was not of that character to cause alarm to his family. He served the office of common serjeant [Sergeant] from 1830 to 1832, when he was elected recorder. By his death a vacancy occurs in the re- [representation] presentation of Cambridge University in parliament. Mr. ussell [Russell] Gurney, judge of the City Sheriffs' Court, is spoken of in the city as likely to be appointed the new Recorder, SuppEN [Supper] DeaTH [Death] at ScaRBorovcH.-A [Scarborough.-A] melancholy in- [instance] stance of sudden death has occurred at the above place. A young lady, named Archer, who was staying with her parents at Priestley's Boarding Hotel, Sandside, [Sands] went ort [or] to walk with a gentleman named Marshall, and was en- [engaged] gaged [aged] in conversation with him, when the gentleman sud- [sid- suddenly] denly [Denby] perceived that his companion weighed heavily on his arm, and in a moment afterwards she sank upon her knees. Medical assistance was procured immediately, but was of no avail. An inquest was held the same evening, when of Died by the visitation of God, was re- [returned] urned, [turned] THE Lone Vacation.-The long vacation has just com- [commenced] menced, [mended] and will continue to the 24th October, so faras [fares] law proceedings are concerned, in the superior courts. Persons served with writs of summons must pay within a few days of the termination of the vacation, or they will have to pay some additional pounds for a declaration. There is no vacation in the county court; and on the Ist [Its] of October the new act will come into operation, when a creditor will have the option of bringing his action for a small sum to 50, or incur great expense in the superior courts. Attorneys and barristers will, under the new act, be entitled to a higher scale of fees than they at present enjoy. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT GRAVESEND.-On Sunday morn- [morning] ing, at two o'clock, a conflagration broke out in a grocer's shop in High-street, Gravesend. The engines were sent for, but the wind being high, the fire spread to the houses all down the eastern side of the street, including the County Bank, the Savings Bank, &c. The High-street on both sides, from the Town-hall downwards to the town pier, was enveloped in flames, which, when they involved the pre- [premises] mises [Miss] of a tallow chandler, and an oilshop [oil shop] and chemist's shop contiguous to it, formed an awful conflagration. At this time all hope of preserving a single house between the Town-hall and the pier was abandoned by all parties, not- [notwithstanding] withstanding that the Dartford and Rochester engines had arrived, and a prodigious volume of water was discharged on the whole line of burning houses on both sides of the street. There was fortunately sufficient time to save the cash boxes and the securities and other documents of the county and saving banks, which were taken to the Custom House, all the officers of which were actively engaged with the military, police, and townspeople in working the en- [engines] gines. [fines] Comparatively little property was saved from the fire, which completely destroyed 24 houses on both sides of High-street, independently of several houses in Princes- [Princes street] street and the courts leading out of High-street, between the Town-halland [Town-Holland] the pier. The assistance of the brigade, with their powerful engines and practised skill, was, how- [however] ever, ineffectual in suppressing the fire still bursting forth from the mighty mass of ruins. The houses were insured, with the of those of Mr, Adlington (where the fire originated), and of Mr. Day, chemist. They were almost all shops, and well stocked, and, in fact, were the principal houses of business in the town. The loss, as esti- [est- estimated] mated by the of the various London Insurance companies, is 80,000. The principal offices that will suf- [su- suffer] fer are the following -Kent Fire-office, 10,0000. Globe, 8,000 ; Royal Exchange, 8,000 ; Alliance, Nor- [Norwich] wich [which] Union, 7,000 ; Phenix, 7,000 ; Mutual, 6,0002. ; West of England, 5,000. Star, 3,000 ; Commercial, making 65,0007. The largest building among the promises burned down was used as the London and County ank. [an] It occupied much ground on the east side of High- [Street] street, close to the Town-hall, and with its contents was insured for 10,000. The clerks succeeded in saving the whole of the books, cash, and paper belonging to the THE NEw [New] PopuLation [Population] Act.-The new Population Act, for taking the census, was issued on Friday last. It con- [contains] tains [trains] 27 sections. The census is to be taken on Monday, March 31, of all persons in houses on the previous night. In England, persons to be called enumerators are to be appointed to take the accounts, through the Secretary of State, by the Registrars of Births and Deaths. The parishes are to bear the expenses, and parliament to reimburse them. The Secretary of State is to adopt means to take an ac- [account] count of the number of houseless [useless] poor on the night of the 30th of March, and of persons travelling and on shipboard. In Scotland the sheriffs are to appoint schoolmasters to take an account. 'he census is of Great Britain only. Schedules are to be filled up by occupiers of houses, and for refusing to give answers, or giving false answers, persons are liable to a penalty of not more than 5 nor less than 20s. to be recovered in a summary manner by distress or imprisonment. MIDDLESBOROUGH AND RepcaR [Repair] half. yearly meeting of this company was held at on esday; [Tuesday] Mr. J. C. Hopkins presided. The secretary read the statement of accounts, from which it appeared that the receipts of the company during the last if-year were 6,050. The auditor's report having been read, was, with the statement of accounts, received and adopted, The chairman, in proposing a dividend of six per cent., congratulated the shareholders on the increasing traffic on the line. A vote of thanks to the chairman terminated the proceedings, THE ALLEGED POISONING OF A WIFE AT MOSSLEY, NEAR ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE. Our readers will remember that at the recent York assizes a young man named William Ross, was tried, found guilty, and sentence of death passed upon him vn causing the death of his wife by means of poison. particulars of the case, as brought to light before the coroner and also on the trial at York, have already ap- [appeared] peared [pared] in our columns, and we need not here repeat them. Ross was to have been executed on Saturday last, at York, but, in consequence of statements tai [ta] before the Home Secretary, and made public in the Dany [Day] News, the prisoner's life was respited [respected] until this day (Saturday), in order that certam [cert am] statements, made on behalf of those interested in Ross's welfare might be goneintoand [contained] fully investigated. Theresult [The result] of thosestate- [necessitate- those statements] ments, [rents] it was then alleged, would free Ross from the crime, and in all probability fix it upon other parties. The Daily News of Wednesday last, on again returning tothe [tithe] wretched man's case, proceeds to comment upon it in the following terms - ince we drew attention to the case of this unfortu- [unfortunate- unfortunate] nate [ate] we have had communicated to us the results of furtherenquiries. [further enquiries] They tend materially to strengthen in his favour. to se ders [des] will bear in mind that at the trial his sister-in-law, Martha Buckley, stated that she had not employed Ross to purchase arsenic for her and that as he asserted she had, her testimony went far to shake the presumption established in his favour by his having taken a witness with him when he purchased the poison. It now appears to us established beyond a doubt that Martha Buckley did employ Ross to purchase arsenic for her, and that she got it from him. Mr. George Gill, a chemist, of Ashton-under-Lyne, has made affidavit upon oath that about a week or ten days before Whitsuntide last, a female came to his shop and asked him to sell her two pennyworth of arsenic mark'ry He told her he could not sell it her without a witness. She said, I live in Mossley, and how can I get a witness I know where I can get it without one. Mr. Gill adds in his affidavit that he subsequently pointed out Martha Buckley among a group of females to Mr. Thomas Grisdale, superintendent of police, as the woman who requested him to sell the arsenic. Jane Ross, the sister of the prisoner, distinctly affirms that when William Ross was going into Ashton with her, Martha Buckley said to him he would save her the trouble of going into Ashton if he would get her three penn'orth [penny'North] of arsenic ;' and that she gave him sixpence and told him to bring her threepence change. William Burton, of Ashton, says I accompanied William Ross to Roughtown [Wrought] from Ashton on the Friday previous to Whitsunweek. [Whitsuntide] He said to me, You can stand here while I leave a small parcel with Martha Buckley, that she desired me to bring from Ashton.' He went into Martha Buckley's house, and returned in about five minutes. Ann Platt, wife of an engincer [engineer] employed at Cressil- [Cress- Cresswell] mill, Mossley, declares that a few weeks before Mary Ross died, Martha Buckley said to her, I went to Eli Wood a druggist in Mossley for some mark'ry, but he refused but J did get some. With this unconcerted [concerted] concurring testimony of four witnesses (one of them upon oath) before us, to Martha Buckley's anxiety to procure arsenic, to her employing Ross to get it for her, to his carrying something to her from Ashton, and to her declaration that he had suc- [such- succeeded] ceeded [needed] in procuring arsenic, it is difficult to withhold belief from his account of the manner in which she dis- [disposed] posed of the arsenic he bought before a witness. It was asserted at the trial that all Ross's drawers were locked up. Jane Worsnep, [Worsnip] a neighbour, declares positively on the contrary, I am sure only one of the drawers was locked up, for I opened all the others to find something that was wanted. It was stated at the trial that Ross had not brought a medical man to see his wife before she died. Moses Jackson declares -- I was at Dr. Schofield's the even- [evening] ing Mary Ross died. Theservant [The servant] girl told me that Ross had been for the doctor, and because her master was not at home they recommended him to go for Dr. Halk- [Hall- Hawkyard] yard. The credibility of this witness is strengthened by the declaration of Mr. Isaac Butterworth, a druggist, at Ashton, that when Mary Ross was ill her husband came for medicines to him two or three times in one day, and said, I don't mind expense so that you can do her good. Mr. Butterworth states that Ross brought his wife to him the Sunday before her death and had medicine for her. He also says that he has known Ross for twelve months, and that from what he knows of him he cannot believe him guilty. Sarah Worsnep, [Worsnip] of Roughtown, [Wrought] gives an account of a conversation she had with Martha Buckley on the day of Mrs. Ross's death. Sarah Worsnep, [Worsnip] in answer to something said by Martha, observed, I would not have given her any drink. Martha replied, I'd give her anything to eat or drink while she lived; them that are up let 'em tarry up; them that are down let 'em ee. Ann Platt declares that on the same day, seeing Martha Buckley at her own door, she asked her how her sister was, and was told she was dead. In the course of conversation Martha used the following strange expressions Our Mary is a d-d bad 'un, and he's no better. She added, I have been there this morning for the rest of the swill. These additional inquiries appear completely to establish the fact, that but for the absence of Ross, con- [confined] fined on the charge of murdering his wife in York Castle, his mother-in-law and brother-in-law would have had a true bill found against them by the grand jury for breaking into the house of Edward Andrews, and stealing several things from it. A great number of wit- [witnesses] messes concur in representing William Ross as having lived on the best terms with his wife, and as much affected by her death Martha Buckley as utterly cal- [callous] lous [loud] on that oceasion, [occasion] and as using immoral language respecting her both before and after her death. John Buckley, Esq., a justice of the peace, and Henry Buckley, a retired police-officer, concur in representing the Bottomleys, [Bottles] Dyer, and Martha Buckley, the prin- [pain- principal] cipal [principal] witnesses against Ross, as utterly unworthy of credit. It will be perceived from this brief abstract that the evidence collected since the trial goes not only to exo- [ex- exonerate] nerate [aerate] William Ross from the charge of murder, but to throw strong suspicions on Martha Buckley, and to suggest a belief that Ross has been the victim of a con- [conspiracy] spiracy. [piracy] Into this recriminatory charge we have no desire to enter; we have no call to accuse any one. But after a deliberate and dispassionate scrutiny of the evidence collected, our firm belief is that Williain [William] Ross is innocent of the crime for which he has been condemned to die. CRICKET MatcH.-We [March.-We] understand that arrangements have been completed between the printers of Huddersfield and Halifax respectively, to play a friendly game at cricket, on Saturday next, in the Halifax cricket ground. From the abilities of the players on both sides, an amusing game is expected. STRANGE AFFAIR AT THE OPERA.-About a week aco [Co] curious transaction took place at the Opera House, in Bow-street. It appears that an elegantly dressed young lady, wearing glasses, was standing at the pit door in com- [company] pany [any] with a foreign looking mustachiced [moustaches] gentleman and a widow lady. Just before the doors opened a brougham drove up, from which alighted a middle aged gentleman and a young female, the former of whom, to the surprise of the bystanders, seized the young lady with glasses by the arm and endeavoured to lead her off to the carriage, saying, Tilly, Tilly, you silly girl, what trouble you have given me. The young lady offered no resistance, but the man with the moustache attempting to interfere, was threatened with the police, which had the desired effect, and the brougham drove off. It was stated by a person who recog [recon] nised [Aniseed] the widow, that she was the keeper of a house in Northumberland street, and it afterwards transpired that the occupant of the brougham was the guardian of the young lady, who was in her 18th year, and heiress of 25,000, besides extensive freehold property. The man she was in company with was a French dentist, residing in the vicinity of Bath. The parties had been traced to Vauxhall, and it was discovered they were living in lodg- [lodge- lodgings] ings as brother and sister. THE Case oF WILLIAM THRELFALL.-On [THREEFOLD.-On] Wednesday, the grand jury, at Liverpool, found true bills on four indict. ments [rents] for felony, against William Threlfall, [Threefold] who was com- [committed] mitted [fitted] for trial in May last, for forging an acceptance on a bill of exchange for 2000 Mr. Blair made an application to his lordship (Mr. Justice Wightman) to fix the day far trial, as it would be a matter of great convenience to man of the merchants, who were witnesses, to know when the case would come on. His lordship replied that he would not fix the day, but said, that if the parties were all ready on the morning of the day suggested by Mr. Blair, Wed- [Wednesday] nesday [Wednesday] next, August 21 he would, in ail probability, take it then. Mr. Aspinall, counsel for the prisoner, asked his lordship if he might be allowed a copy of the indictments, To this request Mr. Blair objected and his lordship re- [remarked] marked that, as it was not usual to do so, he saw no reason tor departing from the course generally pursued. Lorp [Lord] BROUGHAM AND THE CiviL [Civil] List.-Lord Broucham [Brougham] has entered upon the books of the House of Lorda [Lord] long protest against the recent decision in opposition to a parlia- [Parliament- parliamentary] mentary [monetary] investigation of the Civil List. His lordship con- [contends] tends that both in theory and practice the legislature is entitled to investigate the details of the Civil List 3 and that all accumulations of wealth by the crown is at once hostile to the apie [pie] of the constitution, and derogatory to the dig- [dignity] nity [city] and splendour of the royal state, which is so far im- [in- impoverished] poverished [preached] by the savings effected. Samuel Paley, steward to the Filesmiths' [File smiths] Societ [Society] field, has absconded with 120, the moneys of the Teor [Tor] in his ion. He has left a wife and chil [child] j taking with him another woman. dren [den] behind, THE VaLUE [Value] or Pusticiry.-Whoever [Pastry.-Whoever] would thrive out of the common course-be his speciality polities or pills, solids or bubbles-must advertise himself with indefatigable industry. Half the secret of success is notoriety. What do the million know of the exact merits of Moses or the magic strop Nothing at all, only that they knock up against them at every corner, can't look at a dead wall without being invited to try them, or walk the streets without having their great- [greatness] ness thrust into their hands.) And so Moses and the magic strop heap up pyramids of cash, while many Strops and Moseses [Moses] are to starve unadvertised, and waste their genius in the obscure by-streets and blind alleys of the bewildering metropolis - among all classes eye tS Dean shows up curiously the Mi the Soy, and manners. We give so The family of Mr 'L. me of Miss Ward at Louisville. Miss Ward was considered the surrounding district. y,. La and the settlements were nee Mr. Lawrence took his wife to or first charmed with the adminat [admit] tO, hens but subsequently he began to fone [one] yeh [hey] th t a the beatles [bottles] ay herefirs [here firs] against her love of pleasure. a she used cosmetics, and, instea) [instead] je -, a foolish and injurious humouredly that she was real bean me He beautiful enough for him withvus [without] the wy, clared [Clare] a war of extermination 8 chalk mixtures, pink saucers. pow a LE oy of all descriptions... This led 2 ay The lady loved her rouge too well nem men] In ancl [anal] te to in health, and desired to re The At length, after a long series Les the treatment which she had receive and his family, she went on 4 visit never returned. The husband nove... [Nov] the rouge question, and the wm her mother, and her obstinacy perky, pertinacity of the opposition, had es her delicately-tinged cheek to tho . Mrs. Lawrence detailed al her suffer readily listened to by her parents Me four days previous to his wife's a at a rental of 1,600 dollars per anne of the rent and of the charges of honee [hone] A a be paid by Mr. Ward, Mrs. Lawrenge [Lawrence] ys, ously [isl] to this the young couple lire hes pernicious system, which in the Chine is tt, too common. wo Rey Mrs. Lawrence had not been lone wir [Sir] when her husband ordered her ty, remun [remain] pleaded for longer leave of abseneo [absence] ur. inexorable, and after much correstenj. [correspond] of which she refused to go to him ay to her, inviting her to accompany him Tes [Te] Indies, South America, or anywhere oj. of her health, he at length' took the advertising in the newspapers thar. [that] answerable for any debts that this she sued for and obtained a opposition. He has, however, since an. counsel, not to seek means for ser [se] , but to draw up statements for insert papers, detailing, according to hy course of disagreement with his wits. ler [Lee] i ae that h . Ui 5. she TUIALD [TOLD] pene [pen] contention, the principal and perpen [Pender] It is evident, by his uwn [in] showiny. [showing] away from him because she rouce [route . evident by the same evidence, thas [has] the-,,.. him very fondly, and might, under have prepared the statement were, ny lonbr [loner] easy a job for so wealthy a client, Th. 2 published in the New York papers of thes [the] occupies upwards of four columns. Foun. [Found] culous [Julius] tittle-tattle ayainst [against] the lady, follies and weaknesses, such as Syn only to a husbard, [husband] and even her . morselessly [noiselessly] laid before the public. The ),... - rouge question, is characteristic, an readers - Tam going to write you a real war ler, [Lee] are acting by Mr. Lawrence's comman [common] happy by so doing. Then let me ules [rules - Seem to obey, but do as vou [you] please. caution, he can never know it. Yoru [York] your appearance now. Yes, Sallie, ys, object to either. You are better lovin [living] plexion [complexion] than with too much. This I have uwacs [awakes] happy. You could not be less se, siuuhi [South] up any circumstances. Then never fear Mr. it could not be more than what you are 20 dear Sallie, if you would take the never discover it. You must begin wit itup. [it] The most delicate tinge prssible [possible] If you have no more, defy the opinion uf [of] i commands of Mr. Lawrence, ani [an] every on it with some of your mother's spunk. Luin [Lin] off than now You are miserable now so then Ii can't last long, and you leary [early] others. My dear child, determine vue give it up at once, or stick te it li et everything that may oppese. [oppose] Yo are. Then, Sallie, be a woman. and The letter further says, kuew [knew] von your letters. Now do burn this as sea 5 g Sallie, however, did not burn in as its way into print. In one part of the it 20 some remonstrances from her hy-hew - to him, of her own free will. a lave - tics, among which were tie ois [is] 5 dozen botiles [bottles] of Liqmd [Liquid] chalk, and articles, which it would be ten to. RETURN OF THE CocRT [Court] FROM Osi [OS] Prince Albert, and the usual nesday, [Wednesday] and proceedeil [proceeded] by the the Nine Elms Station, and thenee [then] u riages [carriages] to Buckingham Palace, where tuck eters [ester] minutes before two p.m. At three. ai court and privy council, which was 4 Highness the Prince Albert, the Lu iets [its] Chancellor, the Lord Privy Seal, the 7 - Treasury, the Secretaries of State tor the Sel [Se] and Colonial Departmenis, [Department] chequer, the First Lord of the Adnim. [Admin] the Duchy of Lancaster, the Presirle [Preside] trol, [trial] &e., and at which the Queen s spect. [sect] the session, was arranged and agree tpt [pt] VOLUNTARYSTARVATION. [Voluntary starvation] -A note tise [ties] George Smith, sentenced to ten years was temporarily confined in the Huse [House] bath-fields, has died of vohmtiy [vomit] acon [con] inst. he began to act in an vutaveris [votaries] HM way, and it was found necessary t0 ise) [is] oF in order to prevent him from Sr uum [sum] He obstinately persisted in refising [refusing] [C] food, and expired suddenly on the returned the following verdict effects of excitement and exh [ex] mn, proper nourishment, which exbiucscu [excuse deceased's refusing to take the ful [full] SS vided [sided] for him. ACTION FoR [For] Crim. Coy.-- e the [C] Tuesday, an action for eri. [er] ey Case, a navy agent, carrying on London, against a Mr. . ing in Spring-gardens, for ermiinst [minister wife of the plaintiff. The damace [damage] ' It appeared that the defendant and pat terms of intimate friendship up ; 1849, when, owing to an intirmity [intimate] vi differences arese [ares] between plaintiff uit [it] 1 . sulted [suited] in her leaving her husbands her mother. The defendant acct 6) tween the parties, but it was, at the same time, carrying 2 with the wife. These faets [feats] were oe dence, [dene] and in answer the defence so [C] points confirmed by witnesses fer cae [car] ee plaintiff had ill-used his wife on compelled her to forsake his rout. dict for the with 20) dams A NOVEL BREACH OF PROMISE Sh pool Assizes, on Wednesday, a son brought an action for breac [breach] against a Mrs. Day recently axurtied [exerted . the plaintiff was of respectable to the University of Cambridye- [Cambridge- Cambridgeshire] He sue' place called Gateside, [Gate side] and as lung 4 an attachment to the wie [we] of tie Anne Noble, who lived with ber [be] 08 in Westmoreland. The father vf Ws and was a respectable man, well wo 7 however, was strongly opposed to HS .. his daughter had formed with the courtship it was at length agree Marriage should be put off uncil [until] Noble. In 1849, however, 'iss AON [ON] a dant, [dan] who is a railway engineer. (6 os plaintiff's bringing the present seo [so [C] compense [companies] at the hands uf [of] a jury &f he had sustained, and some no there could be, for blighted arfeeavl [arrival] ness destroyed. The learned comme [come] os address, read a number of letters. MY us Tom, by Miss Noble, filled with constancy, but the absence of bet 7 suasive [susie] tongue of the railway brought about an altered state vf Mi the result. was a matrimonial Sergeant Wilkins, for the deteuce [deuce] pursued by this love-sick swaim, [swain] consideration, returned a OF [C] Cost oF Lunatic ASY [AS] Lous. [Loud] 8 i recently published, contains ab 2980 [W] uv received and paid on account of HA ns and boroughs in England and Wa oil ae ing lst last] December, yi 6,751; Chester, 3,498; Cornwall, Dorset, 3,100; Gloucester, 8,558 , ey ere oy tacr, [Tar] tur [tue] palit [plot] iy ot t we une [one] ua. me 3,991; Somerset, 0 owe Suffolk, 5,676; Surrey, 20,088; 5,962; West Riding, 12.09 END oF THE GoRHAM [Graham] G. C. Gorham was inducted [C] Ese [See] om Speke. The Rev. Mr. in che DO a city, officiated on the Fe deacon Moor Stevens. eres [ere] excellent sermon to a numerous [C] paper. peo [pro] Poor Law Wee, abe [be] liament [Parliament] was printed, [C] jy ip the receipt of indoor relief in the 27th of July last was ing period in the previous 104; and of in the week Me te 23 oF oa the hae [he] ean ee we wt of L -s of this admiration, and he ther. [the] tt Ste wm, expenses, demurred at her bills for age ae a, Stith, [Smith] but the gentleman was rt aly [al] POnden [Ponder] a ae a Ae rouge question is brought forward as Mit [It] ment, [men] have been a very valuable wif. [if] Ti. from Mrs. Ward, the mother of Vis. Li A DIVORCE CASE a . IN A recent divorce case, which Tesi [Ties] Both le at Boe, [Be] Ta on turn home YT of Omplainn Complain] ler [Lee] 34 old 5 ww a we 9 if you think differently, then do what som [some] .. RRO [PRO] OUR HEY HEU [HE] EE PPE [POE] BER [BE] ARES Re wee eR wee