Huddersfield Chronicle (17/Aug/1850) - page 3

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1850. 3 poETRY. [poetry] RESIGNATION. ock, [ok] however watched and tended, ead [ad] lamb is there ne howsoe'er [house'er] defended, one vacant chair ris is] fuil [full] of farewells to the dying, e m0 urnings [innings] for the dead ; of Rachel, for her children crying, wil not be comforted be patient These severe afflictions d arise, ot from the groun [ground] celestial benedictions nen [ne] this dark disguise. put dimly through the mists and vapours; bee nese [nee] earthly damps, us but sad, funereal tapers, 's distant lamps. parent js 20 fi But o ere is apt bas [as] tus [us] Amid t at seem to oe be heaven js no Death What seems so is transition ; re life of mortal breath put suburb of the life elysian, hose portal we call Death. js not dead,-the child of our affection,- [affection] on gone unto that school ere she 10 longer needs our poor protection, Christ himself doth rule. jn that great cloister's stillness and seclusion, pr guardian angels led, . from temptation, safe from sin's pollution, She lives, Whom we call dead. after day, We think what she is doing Day bright realms of air; In those ar after year, her tender steps pursuing, hold her grown more fair. go we walk with her, and keep unbroken pond which nature gives, shat [that] our remembrance, though unspoken, her where she lives. Thus The Thinking May reach at asa child shall we again behold her, For when with raptures wild Jn our embraces we again enfold her, She will not be a child; But a fair maiden, in her Father's mansion, Clothed with celestial grace a And beautiful with all the soul's expansion Shall we behold her face. x And though at times, impetuous with emotion and anguish long suppressed, The swelling heart heaves moaning like the ocean, That cannot be at rest,- [rest] We will be patient, and assuage the feeling We may not wholly stay ; By silence sanctifying, not concealing, The grief that must have way. Professor Longfellow. FIRESIDE READINGS. eae ear] sort of bad money, to which our vanity gives currency 5 love with love, and if her balms ature [nature] pays every love wit wa not, yet are they mighty to soothe, If there be a curse that has come to the earth as the crow fies, [firs] it is that of an ill-assorted marriage. . 1 words and gentle thoughts lose half their force ee charm when they lack the voice to im- [in- mes] es and the look to swectea [sweet] them; but the written repulse has tenfold power to freeze. A Frrer [Free] For THE CoTrace.-An [Co trace.-An] excellent filter for the cottage may be made in the following way -Get an jd tub, and having bored a number of holes in the bot- [bots] Sra, [Sea] fil [fi] it half full of fine sand, gravel, and small stones, inid [ind] alternately place this to stand in the cistern, or in a larger tub. so that the water required to be cleansed mary [may] rise through the sand, &c.; it can be dipped out with a cup as wanted, and will be as fine as crystal. 'This is at once the most effectual and cheapest purifier of the limpid fluid that can be contrived.- [contrived] Public Good. J gm an old fellow, says Cowper, in one of his letters to Hurd, but I had once my dancing days, as rou [our] have now; yet I could never find that I could learn ialf [half] so much of a woman's character by dancing with her, as by conversing with her at home, where I could observe her behaviour unobserved, at the table, at the freside, [reside] and in all the trying circumstances of life. We are all good when we are pleased; but she is a good woman who wants no fiddle to sweeten her. A NataD [Natal] ON THE River's Bank.-My strolls about the fields with a book were full of happiness only my dress used to get me stared at by the villagers. Walking one day by the little river Wandle, [Candle] I came upon one of the loveliest girls I ever beheld, standing in the water with bare legs, washing some linen. She turned as she was stooping, and showed a blooming oval face with blue eyes, on either side of which flowed a profusion of faxen [Fagen] locks. With the exception of the colour of the hair, it was like Raphael's own head turned into a peasant girl's. The eyes were full of gentle aston- [Aston- astonishment] ishment [nourishment] at the sight of me; and mine must have won- [wondered] dered [deed] no less. However, I was prepared for such wonders. It was only one of my poetical visions re- [realised] alised, [realised] and I expected to find the world full of them. What she thought of my blue skirts and yellow stock- [stockings] ings, is not so clear. She did not, however, taunt me with my petticoats, as the girls in the streets of London would do, making me blush, as I thought they ought to have done instead. My beauty in the brook was too gentle and diffident; at least I thought so, and my own heart did not contradict me. I then took every beauty for an Arcadian, and every brook for a fairy strea; [streat] and the reader would be surprised, if he knew to what an extent I have a similar tendency still. I fnd [and] the same possibilities by another path.-Autobio- [Autobiography] graphy [graph] of Leigh Hunt. Tat Eanty [Ant] History oF THE Iron TraDE.-The [Trade.-The] ex- [export] Port of English iron was at that time very small. Eisay, [Easy] then, as now, the most flourishing part of Spain, Was the great iron country of those days. Considerable quantities of Biscayan iron were imported into Liver- [Liverpool] Pool. The quality of the Spanish iron was much 'iperior [superior] to that of the English. Camden, speaking 0 the Iron trade in the great forest of Andradswald, [Introduced] in ussex [Essex] (then the greatest iron district in England), Says, it was less tenacious than the Spanish iron, either from nature or the want of skill in the manufacture. The forest of Dean was the second iron district in Eng- [England] and in extent; and the manufacture was carried on ih many parts of the kingdom, amongst others at Bury, and at Furness, in Lancashire. It ceased about Bury in tie rein of Henry VII. from want of wood for the furnaces. It was also suspended in the rich mineral etic [tic] of Furness, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for reason. There the farm tenants agreed to Par bloomery [Bloomer] rent to the lord of the soil, on condition that the furnaces should be blown out, and that the Young trees, used in the iron manufacture, should be pt to feed their cattle in the winter months. So was the alarm caused by the wasting of the mee [me] in the manufacture of iron, that an act was passed that first year of Queen Elizabeth's reign, declaring umber, a foot square at the root, should be cut tans ere within fourteen miles of the sea, or of the ha Thames, Severn, Wye, Humber, Doc, Tyne, Tees, exon 2 auy [any] other river, to be used in making iron, ont in Sussex and in the Weald of Kent, where the att [at] we were then considered inexhaustible. A further also passed in the same reign, in the year 1591, it ing that no ironworks should be formed anywhere 't twenty-two milesof [miles of] London. The following are Cesat [Cesar] which iron was produced during the reigns mh Tudors The Weald or Wild of Sussex and and tie forest of Dean, in Gloucestershire Bury in uness, [unless] in Lancashire Blomefield [Oldfield] and Ruabon, oth [oh] Wales Walsall, in Staffordshire and Llan- [Allan- Landau] aut, at] In South Wales.-Baines's History of Liverpool. bey Scuoors.-WasteE [Coors.-Waste] oF Means.- [Means] There the 8 considerate and kindly agreement amongst mene [men] they have planted their educational establish- [establish of] OF as adjoining their places of worship, many at to them as possible. It has followed that in schools have been by far too closely - Costly buildings, not a few, are to be seen then me Speaking distance of each other, where en, vw a sufficient population of children to fill of prive [price] find, for example, eight of them (exclusive he va te schools) in one district of our city, within ome [one] of little more than a quarter of a mile, and thera [there] in these almost in juxta-position; [just-position] and four of nndne [nine] another district not more than two or three these nee apart. It is not to be wondered at, in a dis umstances, um stances] that we should have empty rooms, Testiment [Testament] ted teachers, as well as an unprofitable in- [one] ae tog of money and expenditure of labour. There and We ke of them, as we have said, in some quarters, they 9 x that there are too few of them in others; to be fet [get] where they are least needed, and are rarely Ae Comm, wih [with] where they are most required. They enlighten 1 Y to be found in the more respectable and here and th Parts of the town, but are only to be seen thicts, [thirds] Like re in the dark and densely-populated dis- [discover] Uiverga [Over] we twinkling stars amid the otherwise We atten [attend] of the night. 'These things being hare hoon [hon] 1, Dut [Du] little value to the statistics which Schools and mated relative to the rapid increase of to suppl th the sufficiency of the voluntary principle Whic [Which] de necessities of the country. The agencies in places without order and method, and they generate they can be of but little use,-where here thee 1.2 competition and party feeling- [ellington] tion [ion] of 4 ead, [ad] as the brits [Brice] the poor by y the 7 -are not sometimes do, to the degrada- [degrade- degraded] the employment of small kinds of onan [anon] to be instrumental in removing Ration yo' Which is the curse and disgrace of our Judicigus [Judicious] gx ust [st] have, then, a system of regular and and labo [lab] noes 2 System which will economise Bide, ur; and yet extend education on every when which will erect schools, and appoint a Tequisite [Requisite] ever they are needed, and only where they noe [one] ae William M'Kerrow, [M'Kerr] in ional [national] Sectarian, or Man THE ONLY PROGRESSIVE rie [tie] bees now build exactly as they eee [see] Homer; the bear is good manners as he years ago; and the baboon is still as nali [nail] a8 persons of honour 274 qn 4 ty were in the time of Queen Elizabeth.-Sydney Gicantic [Gigantic] Ant Hits The ant-hills - te alon [alone] im- [in- inborn] Bono at throughout this part of Africa, oe tale on feet high and one hundred fect [fact] im [in] a ine [in] erence. [reference] oe of clay, which hardens in the cun [can] like 3 ing i, they have generally one tall, tapering spire in ue of the fabric, the base of the spire being sur- [Sir- surround] oun [on] ed with similar projections of smaller height.- [height] rene Five Years' Adventures in South Africa. -, 7 SPOUSE FOR THE Hippoporamvs,-We [Hippopotamus,-We] is a cabinet Secret that the pasha has ha party 2 faites [fates] to proceed up the river, as to search for another young hi pop amass female We may, therefore, look forward a e unrivalled fame of possessing a royal pair- sure re 4 pair' as were never yet seen in any collection of to say nothing of the chance of a pro- [prose] ge ny. These are national questions,-why should they secrets -Dicken's Household Words, No. 19. UDDLING [muddling] Away aN IncomE.-None [Income.-None] are less re- [reproved] than a man who muddles away a large income no y knows how. For all expenditure there should something to show, and that something ought to have either usefulness, or dignity, or permanence, to recom- [com- regimen] saan [san] it. But every now and then we meet with cases of expenditure perfectly mysterious. A man of princely or preferment does nothing, makes no figure elps [Elms] nobody, has no expensive taste, yet not only every sixpence of his income, but gets into diffi- [diff- diffusion] os ties. His domain is neglected, his house ill furnished, us equipages shappy, [happy] his servants ill paid, his subscrip- [subscribe- subscriptions] tions [tins] in arrears, his hospitality mean, his sons stinted, his daughters portionless, [portion less] his estate encumbered in fact, everything going to rack and ruin about him. In- [Instead] stead of performing his part in sustaining the great fabric of society as far as his influence extends, there is one vast dilapidation. He may be said to crumble and crash in every direction. Nobody can say where the money has gone. It has not benefited friends, assisted dependents, built churches, fertilised the soil, ornamented the country, delighted the town, or done anything that a man can lay his hand upon. It has been dribbled and fribbled [dribbled] away on hollow pretences and petty occasions, without either system or object. It has won neither gratitude, nor admiration, nor respect.-Times. ALIENATION IN Marriap [Maria] Lire.- [Lire] As years went on, and the family mereased, [measured] his labour for its support increased in proportion. In this way his time and his thoughts were more and more occupied by practical outward life. Naturally incommunicative, [communicative] he became still more silent and austere. She felt herself still more and more solitary; but too prudent and too proud to complain of the unsatisfied wants both of heart and soul, she shut herself still more within herself still more within herself. He became more and more like the hard rock; she more and more like the solitary lily within its walls. In addition to this, there was a little subject of difference which led to displeasure 'and con- [contention] tention [mention] between the married pair (about the education of their children), and which, often silenced, always recurred afresh. And in this way they became sun- [sundered] dered [deed] by degrees, without rightly knowing hsw; [how] but there was a something between them, a loud, an invisi- [invisible- invisible] ble [be] partition wall, a nameless something, a something they knew not what, which made them increasingly more and more alien to each other. Married couples, who have travelled on together a long way through life, tell me-is not this an every-day story Is it not the history of every nine couples out of ten If the rela- [real- relationship] tionship [township] between the two counties in this descending direction, married the end, becomes changed, until it somewhat resembles the Dead Sea, upon the zhores [shores] of which no flower can thrive, no bird can sing ; over the surface of which a pestilent vapour hangs, and out of whose depths may, at times, in the decreased water, be seen to ascend the dark ruins of a formerly beautiful but oursed [used] city -Frederika [Frederick] Bremer. SCENE IN THE House oF Lorps.-In [Corps.-In] an appeal case, Fraser v. Lovat, [Lost] Mr. Robertson, in the course of his argument, said that it would be necessary that heshould [he should] go step by step through the whole of the arguments which had been advanced by his learned friends, as well as into the various parts of the case itself, and, therefore, must press for his lordship's particular atten- [attend- attention] tion.-Lord [ion.-Lord .-Lord] Brougham What-what's that, Mr. Robert- [Robertson] son -what -what] do you say I always give my best at- [attention] tention [mention] I always give my attention to the cases which come before me I have given my attention to this case, as I do to all other cases. I give my best attention to any case which may come before me, just as much as any other judges, every attention to the arguments of counsel. But, Mr. Robertson, when I find that a learned counsel thinks proper to stop to go over and over his arguments again and again, even up to as many as ten times sometimes, why then, when he comes to about the seventh time, even though he may vary his argu- [argue- argument] ment [men] in words, I turn my attention to some other part of the case--Mr. Robertson most humbly trusted that his lordship would have the kindness to meditate and to deliberate before he made up his mind in such an important case.-Lord Brougham Mr. Robertson, no member of the bar but one who was a member of the bar in Scotland would have thought of saying such a thing. In all my experience I have never met with anything like it and if the Scotch judges think it proper and right-and it isa most astonishing fact that they should do so-if the judges in Scotland think it proper to allow themselves to be so addressed, all I can say is that I shall not permit it here-The arguments were then proceeded'with to their close. THE DUKE OF QUEENSBERRY ON THE TuRF.-In [Turf.-In] all his principal matches he rode himself, and in that branch of equitation rivalled the most professional jockeys. Properly accoutred in his velvet cap, red silken jocket, [jockey] buckskin breeches, and long spurs, his lordship bore away the prize on many a well-contested field. His fimous [famous] match with the Duke of Hamilton was long re- [remembered] membered in sporting annals. Both noblemen rode their own horses, and each was supported by numerous partisans. The contest took place on the race-ground at Newmarket, and attracted all the fashionables [fashionable] of the period. Lord March, thin, agile, and admirably quali- [quality- qualified] fied [field] for exertion, was the victor. Still more celebrated was his lordship's wager with the famous Count O'Taafe. [O'Safe] During a conversation at a convivial meeting on the subject of running against time, it was suggested by Lord March that it was possible for a carriage to be drawn with a degree of celerity previously unexampled, and believed to be impossible. Being desired to name his maximum, he undertook, provided choice of ground were given him and a certain period for training, to draw a carriage with four wheels not less than nineteen miles within the space of sixty minutes. The accom- [com- accomplishment] plishment [Parliament] of such rapidity staggered the belief of his hearers, and a heavy wager was the consequence. Suc- [Such- Success] cess mainly depending on the lightness of the carriage, Wright, of Longacre, [Long acre] the most ingenious coach builder of the day, devoted the whole resources of his skill to its construction, and produced a vehicle formed partly of wood and partly of whalebone, with silk harness, that came up to the wishes of hisemployer. [his employer] Four blood horses of approved speed were then selected, and the course at Newmarket chosen as the ground of contest. On the appointed day, 29th of August, 1750, noble and ignoble gamesters journed [joined] from far and near to witness the wonderful experiment; excitement reached the highest point, and bets to an enormous amount were made. At length the jockeys mounted; the carriage was put in motion, and rushing on with a velocity mar- [marvellous] vellous [Wells] in those times of coach travelling, but easily con- [conceived] ceived [received] by us railway travellers of the nineteenth cen- [cent- century] tury, [try] gained within the stipulated hour the goal of vie- [victory] tory.- [tor] Burke's Anecdotes of the Aristocracy. QUEEN ANnNE's [Anne's] HusBAND [Husband] AND THE BrisToL [Bristol] TRaDEs- [Trades- Tradesmen] mMan.-Prince [man.-Prince .-Prince] George of Denmark, in passing through Bristol, went to the Exchange, accompanied by one of his attendants, and remained there until the merchants had pretty generally withdrawn, none of whom had sufficient resolution to address his highness. At last, one Duddlestone, [Middleton] a bodice-maker, mustered courage, and inquired of the prince if he were not the husband of Queen Anne. Having received an affirmative reply, Duddlestene [Huddlestone] expressed the deep concern he felt that none of the neglect arose from no disrespect to the queen, but froma [from] diffidence of their means of entertain- [entertainment] ment, [men] and finished by entreating the price and me gentleman who was with him, to accompany him to his house, where, added Duddlestone, [Middleton] a good piece of beef and a plum-pudding, with ale of my dame's own brewing, and a welcome of loyalty and respect await your presence. Prince George was much amused with the bodice-maker's request, and, although he had order- [ordered] ed dinner at the White Hart, cheerfully accepted the invitation. Duddlestone, [Middleton] on arriving at home, called his wife, who was upstairs, desiring her to put on a clean apron, and come down, for the queen's husband and and another gentleman were come to dine with them. In the course of the pepast, [past] the prince requested the bodice-marker to return the visit at the palace, and to bring his wife with him, giving him a card to facilitate his introduction at court. A few months after, Duddle- [Dudley- Middleton] tone, with his wife behind him on horseback, set out for London, where they soon found the prince, and were in- [introduced] troduced [produced] to the queen. Her majesty received them most graciously, and invited them to an approaching dinner, telling them that they must have new clothes for the occasion. Dresses of purple velvet, the colou1 [colour] they selected, were consequently prepared, and Duddle- [Dudley- Middleton] stone and his worthy dame were introduced by the queen herself as the most loyal persons in Bristol, and the only ones in that city who had invited the prince, her husband, to their house. After the entertainment was over, the queen desired Duddlestone [Middleton] to kneel, laid a sword on his head, and, to use Lady Duddlestone's [Middleton's] own words, said to him, Ston up, Sir Jan. He was then offered money, or a place under government but he would not accept either, informing the queen that he had 50 out at interest, and he apprehended that the number of people he saw about court must be very ex- [expensive] pensive. The queen made Lady Duddlestone [Middleton] a present of her gold watch from her side, which her ladyship i so great an ornament, that she never went without having it suspended over her blue to market to 2 2 2 apron, Sir John Duddlestone, [Middleton] rising still higher in built in the time of bu royal favour, was created a baronet, 11th Zanuary, [January] 1691, t the sun of his prosperity set.' In the great storm of 1704, he lost more than 20,000, and was sadly reduced, 89 80, indeed, that his grandson and heir, sit John Duddlestone, [Middleton] the second baronet, held an hum- [hymns] eens [seen] in the cones at Bristol, and was living e year ,in av ition. [edition] Burke' dotes of the Aristocr [Artistic] faa [aa] om Barbe [Barber] see Born or a Mrxsp.- [Mrs.- Mrs] TI have brought this bill until I am fairly sick and tired of ie oa lector to a creditor, upon whom he had called at least fbrty [forty] times. You are, eh coolly rejoined the credii [credit] Yes, I am, was the he response. Well, then, you better not present it again. There will be two of. pleased, if you do not; for, to tell the truth, I'm siek [sick] and.tired of seeing that identical bill myself. THE Career or Younc [Young] Encianp.-Lord [Valencian.-Lord] John Man- [Manners] ners [ness] will always retain a prominent position in a party which is so strikingly deficient in young blood, He will fight manfully the battle of Tory Socialism, and perhaps live to regret the time when he lent a hand In setting men against masters, as we fear he has unwittingly, but too successfully done. Mr. Smythe will retire from public life and live an intellectual Sybarite probably producing some brilliant volumes of French memoirs, or French History, compiled from memoirs, with fanci- [fancy- fanciful] ful [full] descriptions, clever points, and questionable morality. Mr. Hope will found a monastery of Cistercian monks at Canterbury, with a London house in Piccadlly, [Piccadilly] but, perhaps, before his perversion, add a new court to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he has alresdy [already] done so much for which the lovers of medieval art may be sincerely grateful. And Mr. Cochrane; why he has played such pranks among the fair sex, if wemay [may] be- [believe] lieve [liver] his own account, that we must positively banish him-but, to dry his tears, which would no gush forth in torrents at such a sentence-we will make him Professor of Poetry at the University of Port Philip.- [Philip] British Quarterly Review. THE ELOQUENCE OF EXPERIENCE.-At 8 debating society in Indiana, United States, for discussion, a few weeks since, was- greatest evil-a scolding wife or a smoky chimney After the appointed disputants had concluded the de- [debate] bate, a spectator rose, and begged the privilege of making a few remarks on the occasion. Permission being granted, he spoke as follows Mr. President Fve [Five] been almost mad a-listening to the debate ofthese [of these] ere youngsters. They don't know nothing gt all about the subject. What do they know about the evils of a scolding wife Wait till they have had one for twenty years, and been hammered and jammed and shmmed [summed] all the while and wait till they've been scolded because the baby cried, because the fire wouldn't [would't] burn, kecause [because] the oven was too hot, because the cow kicked over the milk, because it rained, because the sun shined, because the hens didn't [did't] lay, because the butter wouldn't [would't] come, because the old cat had kittens, because they eame [same] too soon for dinner, because they were one minute too late, because they sung, because they tore their trousers, because they invited a neighbour woman to call again, because they got sick, or because they did anything else, no maiter [matter] whether they couldn't [could't] help it or not, before they talk about the evils of a scolding wife. Why, Mr. President, I'd rather hear the clatter of hammers and stones, and twenty tin pans, and nine brass kettles, than the din, din, din, of the tongue of a scolding vife. [five] Yes, sir-ee, I would. To my mind, Mr. President, a smoky chimney is no more to be compared to a scolling [scolding] wife, than a little is to a dark night. SecuLak [Secular] Instruction.-The cause of religion is too holy, too firmly founded, to be injured by a people's advance in science; and if the various sects cannot agree to teach certain fundamental doctrines in theiy [the] schools, why may not the education given there be whelly [well] secu- [sec- secular] lar, [la] whilst Christian precepts are enforced in other semi- [seminaries] naries, [aries] or at home Is there any one who believes that children are made religious, or even led to regect [Regent] reli- [deli- religion] gion, [Gin] by hearing a chapter read every morningby [morning by] their master before they begin to read and spell 'Far be it from us to depreciate the perusal of the scriptures, or the exercise of prayer, as part of the daily roitine [routine] in a school. Were the teachers religious men, -wiich [which] they will never be until society, even in professedly Christian countries, undergoes a striking change, it might be ex- [exceedingly] ceedingly [certainly] useful to open the business every day in pub- [public] lic [li] seminaries by the worship of God. Bui, [Bi] where such a practice at present exists, in very many instances it does harm instead of good. In advocating 4 system of secular instruction, we do not wish by any neans [means] to undervalue that training of the immortal spirit, without which other knowledge is so unsatisfying; bit we do mean to say, that training of this kind is mwh [mw] more likely to be efficient in the hands of men apponted [appointed] by religious parties. If there be any zeal among Christian sects, youth will not be neglected; if not, the eachers teachers] of national schools, placed there on account of literary or scientific acquirements, can scarcely be expected to watch over the eternal interests of their pupils. In the United States of America, there are national seminaries supported by taxation, governed by the people, and de- [devoted] voted to secular instruction yet nowhere in the world are Sabbath-schools so numerous, and the preeepts [precepts] of the Bible so widely taught to the young. Men have united on the only mutually tenable ground. Their country may be proud of the effects already produced by that union; for ignorance has fled beyond the Alleghanies, [Allegiance] and every one knows that knowledge is power.- [power] Baxter's Impressions of Central and Southern Europe. Statistics oF Factory SUPERVISION.-The Rev. Mr. Ba- [Baker] ker [er] has recently issued a pamphlet, defending the moral tone of the factory system against the charges brought against it in the Rev. H. Worsley's Prize Essay on Juve- [June- Juvenile] nile [line] depravity. We purposely abstain from discussing the merits of the controversy, believing that the truth lies between the two extremes advocated respectively by the Rev. disputants. Mr. Henry, however, gives a table of statistics, an abstract of which we cannot with- [withhold] hold. It shows the number of spinning and power- [power loom] loom weaving concerns in the principal manufacturing districts of Lancashire and Cheshire; also, the number of partners, so far as they are known to the public. It appears that in Ashton-under-Lyne, Dukinfield, and Mossley, there are fifty-three mills in the hands of ninety-five partners; Blackburn, and its immediate neighbourhood, has fifty-seven mills and eighty part- [partners] ners; [ness] Bolton, forty-two mills and fifty-seven partners; Burnley, twenty-five spinning manufactories [manufacturers] and forty- [physics] six proprietors; at Heywood there are twenty-eight mills in the hands of forty-six masters. Manchester, it would appear, is not so much the seat of manufacture as of merchandise. Though it abounds in warehouses for the sale of cotton goods, there are no more than seventy-eight cotton factories, having one hundred and thirty-nine masters. Oldham has the greatest number of mills namely, one hundred and fifty-eight, with two hundred and fifty-two proprietors Preston thirty-eight mills, sixty-two partners; Stalybridge, twenty cotton concerns and forty-one proprieters; [proprietors] Stockport, forty- [fourteen] seven mills, and seventy-six masters; while ;Warrington has no more than four mills, owned by ten gentlemen. The total number of cotton manufactories [manufacturers] in these dis- [districts] tricts [tracts] is five hundred and fifty, which belong to nine hundred and four Cotton Lords. Mr. Baker's case is that a proper moral supervision is exercised over the tens of thousands of operatives employed in these fac- [fact- factories] tories and that such supervision is not delegated from principals to subordinates. It would seem, from his showing, that of the nine hundred and four proprietors, no more than twenty-nine do not reside where their concerns are situated and that of the entire aggregate of mills, there are only four in or near to which no pro- [proprietor] prietor [proprietor] resides. Lancashire and Cheshire cotton facto- [fact- factories] ries, [rise] therefore, are as regards absenteeism, the direct antithesis of Irish estates. The consequence is, that while the former are in a state of average, though inter- [intermittent] mittent [mitten] prosperity, the latter have gone to ruin. THE Kyockinc-ue Stocking-ue Business IN THE MaNUFACTUR- [Manufacturer- Manufacturing] InG [In] Districts.- [Districts] New wantsare [wants are] being continually invented and new trades are, consequently, springing up. A corre- [core- correspondent] spondent [respondent] brings tolight [light] anovel [novel] branch of the manyfactur- [manufacturer- manufacturing] ing industry of this country which was revealed to him in Manchester. Lately, he observes, I was passing through a bye-street in Manchester, when my attention was at- [attracted] tracted [traced] by a card placed conspicuously in the window of a decent looking house, on which was inscribed, in good text,- Knocking up done here at 2d. a week. I stopped a few moments to consider what it could mean, and chose out of a hundred conjectures the most feasible, namely -that it referred perhaps to the getting up of some portion of a lady's dress, or knocking up some article of attire or convenience in a hurry. I asked persons connected with all sorts of handicrafts and small trades, and could get no satisfac- [satisfaction- satisfaction] tion. [ion] I therefore determined to inquire at the Knock- [Knocking] ing up establishment itself. Thither, accordingly, I bent my steps. On asking for the master, a pale-faced asthmatic man came forward. I politely told him the object of my visit, adding, that from so small a return as 2d. a week, he ought to get at least half profit. Why, to tell you the truth, Sir, rejoined the honest fellow, as my occupation requires no outlay or stock in trade, 'tis [is] all profit. Admirable profession I ejaculated. Tf it is no secret, I should like to be initiated; for several friends of mine are very anxious to commence business on the same terms. Not having the fear of rivalry before his eyes, he solved the mystery without any stipulations as to secrecy or premium. He said that he was employed by a number of young men and women who worked in factories, to call them up by a certain early hour in the morning; for if they happened to oversleep themselves and to arrive at the mill after work had commenced, they were liable to the infliction of a fine, and therefore, to insure being up in good time, young men's the question Which is the week. On further enquiry, he told me that he himself earned fourteen shillings per week, and his son-only ten years old-awoke factory people enough to add four shillings more to his weekly income, He added, that a friend of his did a very extensive knocking up busi- [bus- business] ness, his connexion being worth thirty shillings per week; and one woman he knew had a circuit that brought her twenty-four shillings weekly. There is an old saying, that one half the world does not know how the other half live. I question whether ninety-nine hundredths of your readers will have known till you it me to inform them how our Manchester friends, in the Knocking up line, get a livelihood.-Di Howeliold [Household] Words, August 17. employed him to knock them up at two-pence a 984 On the heels of folly treadeth [theatre] shame; at the back of anger standeth [stand] remorse. Do nothing in thy passion; why wilt thou put to sea in the violence of a storm Ignorance is a blank sheet, on which we may write; but error is a scribbled one, on which we must first erase. . . Large minds, like large pictures, are seen best at a dis- [distance] tance [lance] this is the reason, to say nothing of envious mo- [motives] tives, [lives] why we generally undervalue our contemporaries, and overrate the ancients. Wisdom is generally an acquisition purchased in pro- [proportion] portion to the disappointments which our own frailties have entailed upon us for few are taught by the suffer- [sufferings] ings of another. To1L.-Toil [Toil.-Toil] is man's allotment toil of brain, or toil of hands, or a grief that's more than either-the grief and sin of idleness. But when man toils and slays him- [himself] self for masters who withhold the life he gives to them aa then, the soul screams out, and every sinew crac [crab] Tae [Tea] Drviniry [Driving] or Lasour.-A [Labour.-A] treasure is in useful labour there is no wealth, and can be none, but what it creates. Every good, great or small, is pur- [our- purchased] chased by it. Savages, with boundless territories and fertile lands, are indigent and often destitute, because they work not. A single day's labour of a peasant or a mechanic, tends to relieve human wants and increase human comforts. It produces that which is not to be had without it, and to which tons of glittering ore can contribute nothing. In fine, there is no wealth but labour-no enjoyments but what are derived from it. Arctic TRAVELLERS ENCAMPING FOR THE NIGHT.- [NIGHT] Our usual mode of preparing lodgings for the night was as follows -As soon as we had selected a spot for our snow-house, our Esquimaux, [Esquire] assisted by one or more of the men, commenced cutting out blocks of snow. When a sufficient number of these had been raised, the builder commenced his work, his assistants supplying him with the material. A good roomy dwelling was thus raised in an hour, if the snow was in a good state for building. Whilst our principal mason was thus occupied, another of the party was busy erectinga [erecting] kitchen which, although our cooking was none of the most delicate or extensive, was still a necessary addition to our establishment, had it been only to thaw snow. As soon as the snow hut was completed, our sledges were unloaded, and every- [everything] thing eatable (including parchment skin and moose skin shoes, which had now become favourite articles with the dogs) taken inside. Our bed was next made, and by the time the snow was thawed or the water boiled, as the case might be, we were all ready for supper. When we used alcohol for fuel, as we usually did in stormy weather, no kitchen was required.-Rae's Expedition to the Arctic Sea. Eatinc.-Dr. [Eating.-Dr] Johnston's account of the Roman cochlearia goes far to show that the ancients, if not less punctilious in their tastes than we of the present day, were strict disciples of Epicurus in regard to snails -- The Romans took great pains in rearing these snails, which that luxurious people were wont to indulge in, not from any peculiar relish for such tasteless food, but from a belief in their aphrodisiaical virtue, deduced, as Lister conjectures, from a knowledge of the seat of their reproductive o The snails were kept in sties, called cochlearia, 'and those had their distinct partitions, for sundry sorts of them that the white, which came from the parts about Reate, [Rate] should be kept apart by themselves the Illyrian [Brilliancy] (and those were chiefe [chief] for greatnesse), [greatness] alone by theirselves [their selves the Africans (which were most fruitful), in one several, and the Solitanes [Solitaires] (simply the best of all the rest) in another. Nay, more than that, he had a devise in his head to feet them fat, namely, with a certain paste made of cuit [cut] and wheat meale, [meal] and many other such like; to the end forsooth, that the glutton's table might be served plentifully with home-fed and franked great winkles also. And in time, men grew to take such a pride and glory in this artificial feat, and, namely, in striving who should have the biggest, that in the end one of their shells ordinarily would containe [contain] eighty measures called quadrants, if M. Varro [Vary] say true, who is my author.' You need no longer hold up to imitation the temperance of the younger Pliny, whose supper consisted of only three snails, two eggs, a barley cake, a lettuce, sweet wine, and snow; but, alas participating in that degeneracy which is said to characterise the human race of the present day, no snail now ever attains a bulk at all comparable to those of Varro. [Vary] Snails, however, are still eaten in great numbers on the continent of Europe, and they are pre- [preferred] ferred [erred] when taken directly from their hybernating [hibernation] quarters. In Switzerland, where there are gardens in which they are fed in many thousands together, a con- [considerable] siderable [considerable] trade is carried on in them about the season of Lent and at Vienna, a few years ago, seven of them were charged at an inn the same asa plate of veal or beef. The usual modes of preparing them for the table are, either boiling, frying them in butter, or sometimes stuffing them with force meat; but in what manner soever they are dressed, it is said, their sliminess always, in a great measure, remains. -Literary Gazette. Man's Loncevity [Lancet] anp [an] Wispom.-One [Wisdom.-One] cause of that superiority I conceive to be, his longevity without it, that accumulation of experience in action, and of know- [knowledge] ledge in speculation, could not have existed and though man would still have been the first of all animals, the difference between him and others would have been less considerably than it now is. The wisdom of a man is made up of what he observes, and what others observe for him and of course the sum of what he can acquire must principally depend upon the time in which he can uire [ire] it. All that we add to our knowledge is not an increase, by that exact proportion of all we possess, because we lose some things as we gain others; but upon the whole, while the body and mind remain healthy, an active man increases in intelligence, and consequently in power. If we lived seven hundred years instead of seventy, we should write better epic poems, build better houses, and invent more compli- [comply- complicated] cated [acted] mechanism than we do now. I should question very much if Mr. Milne could build a bridge so well as a gentleman who bad been engaged in that occupation seven centuries and if I had only two hundred years' experience in lecturing on moral philosophy, am well convinced I could do it a little better than I do now. On the contrary, how diminutive and absurd all the efforts of man would have been, if the duration of his life had only been twenty years, and if he had died of old age just at that period when every human being begins to suspect that he is the wisest and most extra- [extraordinary] ordinary person that ever did exist I think it is Hel- [He- Helvetius] vetius [Vitus] who says, he is quite certain we only owe our superiority over the ourang-outang [orange-outang] to the greater length of life conceded and that if our life had been as short as theirs, thi [the] d have totally defeated us in the competition for mts [for Mrs] and ripe blackberries. I can hardly agree to this vagant [vacant] statement but I think, in a life of twenty years, the efforts of the human mind would have been so considerably lowered, that we might probably have thought Helvetius a good philosopher, and admired his sceptical absurdities as some of the greatest efforts of the human understanding. Sir Richard Blackmore would have been our greatest poet ; our wit would have been Dutch our faith, French the Hottentot would have given us the model for manners, and the Turks for government; and we probably might have been such miserable reasoners respecting the sacred truths of religion, that we should have thought they wanted the support of a puny and childish jea- [ea- jealousy] lousy of the poor beasts that perish-The Rev. Sydney Smith. A Hicu [Hick] AuTHority.-Mr. [Authority.-Mr] Curran was once engaged in a legal argument behind him stood his colleague, a gentle- [gentleman] man whose person was remarkably tall and slender, and who had originally intended to take orders. The judge ob- [observing] serving that the case under discussion involved a question of ecclesiastical law, Then, said Curran, I canreferyour [Canterbury] lordship to a high authority behind me, who was once in- [intended] tended for a church, though, in my opinion, he was fitter for a steeple. STRONG-MINDEDNESS OF AMERICAN LaDIEs.-The [Ladies.-The] fol- [following] lowing curious and somewhat startling incidents are related in the New Orleans Bee. The high spirited young lady to whom it refers lately figured as the heroine in a case of ab duction [Auction] Rebecca Bernstein, who was compelled to obey the order of the Court, and return to her relatives from the companionship of Joubert, has, it seems, been fully satisfied of the hoods by which this man gained her person. On Sunday last, wrought up to frenzy by the disgrace which he had entailed upon her, she undertook, with the aid of relatives and friends, to wreak a summary revenge. She visited Joubert at his store, corner ot Julia and Tchoupitoulas [Patchouli] streets, and invited him to walk with her, stating at the time that she had escaped from the cus- [us- custody] tody [toy] of her family. The father of Joubert, suspecting danger, insisted that he should not leave the house, but the fellow declaring that he would face the world if Rebecca was with him, donned his best attire, and accompanied her. They proceeded to the corner of Annunciation and Race-streets, followed at a short distance by three friends of the girl, who were there to aid her in case of an emer- [mere- emergency] gency. [agency] During the walk Joubert communicated the fact that Ye had offered 1,000 dollars to an acquaintance if he would assist him in again taking her from the guardianship of her family. While thus conversing Rebecca suddenly threw off her bonnet, upbraided him in violent terms for his infamous course, told him that she was satisfied of the falsehood of his solemn oath that he was not of blood nor a married man, and then, with a motion too quick to allow his retreat, she drew a pistol from her dress, pre- [presented] sented [scented] it, and fired, the ball penetrating his cheek and shattering the teeth of his left jaw. Joubert staggered, but the desperate girl, finding her work but partially done, in- [instantly] stantly [Stanley] drew another pistol, and, planting it directly in his face, pulled the trigger. The weapon failed to second her intention. It snapped, and her friends fearing violence from Joubert, immediatly [immediately] came up to her aid, One of them, pistol in hand, advanced io the wounded man and offered afair [fair] combat, but Rebecca, declaring that she would vindicate her own cause, snatched the third weapon, and in essayed to shoot the late companion of her flight. Joubert retreated as the infuriated girl advanced, and he owes his life to the fact that she could not, with her igno- [ing- ignorance] rance [France] of the weapon, discharge the load. A parley here ensuod [ensued] in this sin affair, and Joubert, before the crowd of persons assembled, declared that, after Rebecca had left her house, he had but two interviews with her, both in the resence [presence] of others. He expressed himself most penitent for his intended crime and past deceptions, and avowed that he had received but his deserts. These statemenfs [statement] pearing [paring] satisfactory to the ies, [is] they drove of in a leaving Joubert to sock relict for his wound. One of the policecame [police came] up at the close of the affair, and attempted to arrest the girl, but we understand that Joubert said that bad no charge to make, and had merited all that he received, upon which no further effort was made to Ee her. F CREAM OF PUNCH. MASTER JOHNNY'S HOLIDAY LETTER. Downing-street Classical and Commercial Academy, August 13th, 1850. My Dear Guarpian, [Guardian] Mr. Pounca,---Now [Pounce,---Now] the holi- [hole- holidays] days are approaching, I take up my pen to write yow an account of the way in which I have been pursuing my studies, and have been going on and conducting myself generally this half year. T am very sorry indeed to be compelled to inform you that I have made very little improvement, and I am afraid that you and all my friends will be extremely dissatisfied with my progress. . In my algebra I have remained quite stationary, owing to my want of zeal and diligence, which has pre- [prevented] vented me from using the application requisite to enable me to understand the Representation of Numbers. Accordingly, I have made no attempt, I am ashamed to say, to solve that problem, which you are so anxious to have settled, of the enlargement of the suffrage. With regard to my classics, all I have to mention is, that in common with the rest of the class, I have had much difficulty with my Greek but we flatter ourselves that we got out of that nicely. My arithmetic has given me some trouble, and would have given me more if I had attended to it much, instead of neglecting it greatly. With the kind assistance of my schoolfellow Wood, however, I have got over one little sum in subtraction, having taken the duty on bricks from the amount of taxation. I had also the Window Tax, and the taxes on paper and news, set me to subtract but I could'nt do either of these sums; I fear you will say, because I did not try. On the other hand, I have done a very heavy sum in compound addi- [add- addition] tion, [ion] which came to 12,000. This was not a regular task but I cannot say that I did it of my own accord ; and, to confess the truth, it was an imposition. T have been very frequently punished-although not 80 often as I know I deserved. I have had several flog- [floggings] gings, [rings] both in this house and the other; and I hope the correction I have received, will do me good, and cause me to be a better boy, and to mind what is said to me. T have not behaved at all well to the new boy that you recommended some time ago, Nathan.. I have ne- [nee] he tried to mix with them of himself, I stopped him, and have put him off for another half year. With a deep sense of my remissness, I acknowledge that when a small number of meddlesome Puritanical boys shut up the Post Office on Sunday, I stood by, and ae not exert myself to prevent them, as I might have one. To make amends for my deficiencies in other re- [respects] spects, [sects] I have endeavoured to distinguish myself in elocution but as I am aware that you think nothing of mere talking, I shall say no more about that. Begging you to accept my duty and respect, and to present the same to my indulgent friend and patron, Mr. Bull, and hoping next half year to turn over a new leaf, and behave in a way more deserving your approba- [approve- approbation] tion, [ion] believe me, my dear guardian, your dutiful Ward, JoHN John] RUSSELL. PS. My holiday task is a question in cyphering, 'To adjust the Income Tax according to the Rule of Propor- [Proper- Proportion] tion.' [ion] It is very hard, and will keep me in and make my head ache and I hope you will intercede, and get me excused from doing it. Coox's [Cox's] DiscovERIEs.-A [Discovered.-A] process has lately been in- [invented] vented and carried into operation for cooking by gas. This may, indeed, be called the triumph of gas-tronomy. [gas-Trinity] THE TRUTH WILL Out.-A Sabbatarian being requested a day or two since to do what he could to get the Post- [Post office] office rc-opened for Sunday delivery of letters, made the following reply I have questioned my conscience, and I really find I cant. Ir 1s THE Cause Iv 1s THE CausE -Many [Case -Many] persons are continually asking the cause why there is absolutely nothing doing in railways. Our answer is that it is im- [in- impossible] possible there can be anything doing when everybody has been done. Tue Cart BEFORE THE Horst.-Hitherto members of parliament have been accustomed to take the oaths and their seats the former before the latter. But now that the space allotted to each member is so tight a fit, being from sixteen to twenty inches each member, you will have hon. gentlemen-if moderately stout-taking their seats first and swearing afterwards. A Port's IpEa [Pea] oF THE SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH.-One of our poets, who has been rather slack of work lately, and whose eye has been rolling in a fine frenzy to very little purpose for the last fortnight, has furnished us with an idea on the subject of the submarine telegraph. He says it is like using the lightning conductor for a steel pen, and the ocean for an inkstand. He might have added that the cliffs furnish the blotting pad, the shore supplies the sand, and the whole world the sheet of paper to write upon. PaRLIAMENTARY [Parliamentary] Agitation.- [Agitation] Legislation has often been impeded by the unseemly heat of debate, and the consequent loss of temper of the different and indifferent members of parliament. We regret to say that things are not likely to be mended when the sittings are regu- [reg- regularly] larly [early] held in the new palace at, Westminster for, as the Lower Assembly is only calculated te hold something over four hundred persons, while the number of mem- [men- members] bers [bees] exceeds five hundred, we have reluctantly brought ourselves to the melancholy conclusion that the House of Commons will never be able to contain itself. In the week ending on the 21st of February, 1850, the total of letters delivered was as follows -England and Wales, 5,784,218 Ireland, 728,010 Scotland, 727,739. MURDER IN WORCESTERSHIRE.-On Saturday last, a man named Geo. Clarke, and Ann Curtis, his neice, [nice] were examined before the Stourbridge magistrates on a charge of murder, alleged to have taken place on the 22nd of June. Ita [It] peared [pared] that the deceased and his wife had lived unhappily together for a long time, and that in consequence she had left him to go and live with her uncle with whom she co- [cohabited] habited. From this cause very serious ill-feeling existed between the respective parties, and on the night in question, the two prisoners along with a man named Cowell, were seen by a witness named Martin to force the deceased cruelly though a small hole into a pit, where he was found suspended by a hook which had caught the waistband of his trousers, with his head downwards, the body being half-immersed in water. When extracated, [extracted] he breathed once or twice, and expired. A surgeon deposed that the deceased had died from suffocation. His ribs were broken. -Times. Fatat [Fatal] Bowser Expiosion.-On [Explosion.-On] Monday afternoon, about three o'clock, an explosion took place at the mill of Messrs. Lees and Mills, Waterhead [Whitehead] Mill, Oldham, by which Mr. G. Fox, boiler maker, of Newton Moor, has met his death, and two others were severely scalded, but of whom hopes are entertained. The real cause of the explosion is as yet unknown, but is supposed to have arisen from the giving way of a defective plate in the flue tube. In the building are two boilers, one of which was undergoing some slight repair, and at which four of Mr. Fox's men were at work. In consequence of this boiler being out of use for the day, the looms, throstles, [throstle] and dressing frames had been stopped, so that the accident does not appear to have ori- [or- originated] ginated [granted] from over pressure. On examination, a rent about 18 inches long was found in the tube, in which the rivet holes have been torn out when this took place, the water, which was high at the time, surrounded the tube, rushed into the fire, thesteam [the steam] forcing the massive doors and frame- [framework] work to a distance of twelve feet, and tearing down all the brickwork in front of the boiler. Mr. Fox was at the mo- [moment] ment [men] passing in front to give some instructions to his men, when he received the whole force of the scalding steam. As soon as possible he was removed to a neighbouring cottage and medical advice obtained, but he died about two o'clock on Tuesday morning. Messrs. Lees and Mills had sent for his wife and family, who were present when he died. The boiler-house is on the ground floor, having three stories above it, which are filled with machinery. Had the boiler burst, and this machinery been at work, it is fearful to con- [contemplate] template what the effects might have been. Messrs. Lees and Mills ever since they erected this building had regretted it, and are now erecting a detached house, and had just ordered two new boilers for it of Mr. Fox, who was leaving the counting-house with the order in his pocket at the time the accident occurred. Messrs. Lees and Mills were just following him, and their escape is almost miraculous,- [miraculous] Manchester Guardian. Caution.-Sprvurious [Caution.-Previous] Piano-FortEes.-The [Piano-Fortes.-The] Dramatic and Musical Review points out a Fraud, which is practised in reference to Piano-Fortes. Besides a simulation of the names of the most esteemed Makers, a certain number ef Manufacturers, with fictitious names, plant Pianos with confederates, who may be a cabinet maker, a stationer, a hatter, &c. who invites people, by reiterated advertisements, to buy an instrument one of the best makers. This matchless bargain is to be sold sometimes for want of money, sometimes because its owner is about to quit the country, sometimes 'in consequence of the sudden widowed condition of its possessor. Pianos in endless succession are supplied from the same inexhaustible stock by owners about to quit the country. This identical fraud has for years continued to be practised in the heart of the Metropolis, by the same individuals, and it still alike deceives both persons from the country and the pro- [proverbially] verbially [verbal] wary Londoners. Showy, but valueless instru- [inst- instruments] ments, [rents] are also sent from London by the dozen, to the provincial towns, exhibited in rooms temporarily hired for the purpose, briskly advertised in the local papers as for sale, and, of course, bought cheap by the ubsary, [usury] in the belief that they are the manufacture of the parties whose names are forged on them.-Broadwood's 'New Model Bichorda [Richard] Grand Piano eve' hitherto made with two unisons, for beiliancy [brilliancy] of tone and elasticity of touch its comparatively moderate price must also give 620 it an additional claim to favourable notice.-Collard's Cottage Piano-Forte This is decidedly the best chea [cheap] Piano-Forte manufactured by any house of long establish repute. The tone, touch, and durability may be relied on ; in fact, the instrument is warranted. The idea was sug- [su- suggested] gested [rested] to Messrs. Collard and Collard by an article which appeared some time since in that highly and deservedly popular publication, Chambers' Journal, the object bemng [being] to bring Piano-Fortes within the reach of that vast an wing body, the middle classes, who, through the opera- [operations] tions [tins] of the Hullah and Mainzer [Miners] systems, and the improved taste of the age, have of late years acquired the capacity of appreciating the social and intellectual advantages of a musical education. It is considered that Messrs. Collard and Collard have fully succeeded in meeting the require- [requirements] ments [rents] pointes [pointed] out in the article alluded to. There can i no doubt a discerning public will give every encouragemen [encouragement] to Messrs. Collard and Collard, and that the alacrity with which that highly eminent firm determined to provide so esi [es] great a desideratum will be properly rewarded, and tamped with the seal of uni ersal [esl] ion.- [ion] Mr. advertisement i another covers.) (i Ee glected [elected] to introduce him to the other boys; and when SCRAPS OF NEWS. Measures are being taken in Brazil for preven' [prevent] intea- [inter- integral] interments, and for the formation o cometeriea [cemetery] Mr. Macaulay is at present visiting the principal battle- [battlefields] fields of Scotland. The aggregate amount of stakes at Goodwood ex- [exceeded] ceeded [needed] 16,000, including about 1,100 public money, The will of the late Sir Robert Peel was proved on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day, and probate passed for assets under 300, 000.- [W] Times. A Preston paper describes a Jamaica-grown potato, weighing 6 Ib, and measuring 15 inches in length. ' Several firkins of butt i into London from Lisbon last weeks TS imported into en The Oxford Chronicle announces that the potato dis ease has again made its appearance in that district. Viscount and Viscountess Villiers have left Lond [Land] for the baths of Vichy, and are expected to be absent on the Continent about three months, Lord Langdale will retire in February next, when he will be entitled to his pension, and thus make way far Sir J. Romilly, [Reilly] the new Attorney-General, A peal of eight bells is shortly to be placed in the tower of St. Mary's church, Scarborough, at a cost of 600. The Admiralty, have this week issued orders that all work on iron steamers is to be suspended until further instructions from their lordships. The carrying stock of the London and North-Western Railway Company includes 26 travelling post-offices and tenders. A person living at Pontefract possesses two pigs, eack [sack] of which has four fore feet, the additional feet being placed in the inside of the fore legs. Mrs. Juggins, [Higgins] the wife of an innkeeper at Sunderland, died lately from hydrophobia, caused by the bite of a rabid cat some months before. On Tuesday evening two young gentlemen were drowned at Greenwich by a sailing boat suddenly capsizing before a heavy gust of wind. Four others were saved. Matthew Gaunt, Eng. has been appointed to revise the list of voters for the Northern Division of the county of Chester and the boroughs of Macclesfield and Stockport. The Rev. Dr. Scoresby, in a paper read before the British Association, stated that the highest crest of a wave above the trough of the sea, in a series of Atlantic observations, was found to be 45 feet. The marble statute of John Hampder [Hamper] for the new House of Commons has been completed by Mr. Foley, the sculptor, and will in afew [few] days be placed in its future position. On the 3rd of August, the wife of Mr. Robert Leigh butcher, Walton-street, Liverpool, was delivered of her twenty-seventh living child. They have all been born a& single births. The preliminaries for a matrimonial alliance are ar- [arranged] ranged between the Earl of Darnley and Lady Harrie& [Harris] Pelham, the eldest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Chichester. In 1849, the expense of the post money-order office, for the United Kingdom, was 70,248; and as the amount of commission received was 70,570, the cost of this depart- [department] ment [men] was 322 less than its receipts. MrJohn [John] Emanuel Hughes, late cashier of the Cuffe-street [Coffee-street] Savings Bank, Dublin, has been committed for trial, charged with embezzling the sum of 730 1s. 8d. of the funds en- [entrusted] trusted to his charge. The East India Company entertained Lieutenant- [Lieutenant general] General Sir William Gomm, [Comm] K.C.B., at dinner, on Satur- [Star- Saturday] day evening, in honour of his appointment as Comman- [Common- Commander] der-in-Chief [in-Chief] of the Bombay presidency. A steamboat race took place on the Humber last Sunday, when the engineer of one of the boats seated himself a considerable time on the safety valve, to the great alarm of the passengers. Mr. Bright, M.P., and Mr. Alfred Dymond, [Demand] had an interview with Sir George Grey on Wednesday, with referenee [reference] to the case of the convict William Ross, now under sentence of death in York Casile. [Castle] About one hundred men are at this time employed in preparing Dartmoor prisons for occupation by convicts; and it is expected the barracks for the military guard will be the first completed and taken possession of. We are informed by a correspondent that the wife of a man named John P--, residing near Little Falls, was om Monday, July 22, safely delivered of five children at one birth, all boys, and that they, with the mother, are als [as] doing well. Beat this who can.- [can] Albany Express. The committee appointed at the meeting convened te consider the propriety of erecting in Brighton a testimo- [testimony- testimonial] nial [nail] to the memory of the late Sir Robert Peel, hava [have] determined on the formation of a public library and mu- [museum] seum. [sum] On Wednsday [Wednesday] week the Keans [Kean] paid down 1,000 te Mr. Maddox, as earnest money for the fulfilment of their engagement to rent the Princess's Theatre. Her Majesty pS taken a box, to which a separate entrance has been built. The imporatations [importation] of tea from all parts amounted im [in] 1849 to 53,459,469 b, of which China alone contributed 53,102,915lb. The next largest imports were from the British possessions in the East Indies, which amounted to 188,701 tb. The workmen employed in well im [in] Peter. lane, York, during the past week, found some straw, moss, acorns, and wheat, besides some bones and a pair of horns, at a depth of about eighteen feet from the surface of the earth. LANCASHIRE AND YORKSHIRE BUILDING We understand that Mr. Alderman Bancroft and Mr. Joseph Adshead have resigned their trusteeship of this society, and that Sir Elkanah Armitage has withdrawn his name as one of its patrons. The man James,3 who recently pretended to hava [have] picked up a letter detailing a plan for the assassination of the Premier, has been required to find bail to keep me. peace for twelve months, and sent to prison in de- [dealt] ault. [alt] The Hanoverian government, anxious to promote the rise of its new free port at Horburg, [Horbury] on the left bank of the Elbe, has granted, by an order of the 6th of August, the remission of the Stade [State] duties on all goods arriving from the sea at that harbour. Captain Mangles Denham, R.N., F.R.S., has repaired to Southport, on the coast of Lancashire, to hold a government enquiry into the causes and circumstances attending the recent wreck of the Prince Arthur steamer. A simpleton at Darfield, near Barnsley, finding that his cow did not produce sufficient milk, supposed that a hedgehog milked her. He, therefore, laid out two or three days and nights watching with a loaded gun for the thief, and at the end of that time found that disease was the cause of the short produce. Sir W. H. Don, of Newtondon, [Newton don] near Kelso, in the county of Berwick, has betaken himself to the stage, and has appeared at Glasgow and Edinburgh, and latterly at Manchester. The baronet is said, like the Marquis of Waterford in his bachelorhood, to have his peculiar pursuits and enjoyments. The Sultan has decided that specimens of the manufac- [manufacture- manufactures] tures [Tues] of Turkey shall be sent to the exhibition in London in 1851; and he has nominated a commission, consisting of five superior functionaries of the ministry of commerce, and of three Mussulman [Muslin] and four Christian merchants, to superintend the necessary arrangements. The ministerial whitebait dinner took place on Saturday evening, at the Trafalgar, Greenwich. There was a very full attendance of ministers and parliamentary supporters of the government, and we have heard that the official re- [reunion] union passed off with even more than the accustomed gaiety of former Whig symposia.- [symposia] Weekly Chronicle. Inconsequence [In consequence] of the vacancy created in the representa- [present- representative] tive [tie] peerage of Ireland by the demise of the Earl of Dun- [Dun raven] raven, Lord Ppunsany, [Insane] who gave way upon the last occasion to the Earl of Lanesborough, [Lanes borough] has commenced his canvass with every prospect of being returned without any opposi- [opposite- opposition] tion.-Morning [ion.-Morning .-Morning] Herald. Dr. T, Southwood Smith, who was the medical member of the General Board of Health, during the period of the Orders in Council (as authorised by the Diseases Preven- [Prevent- Prevention] tion [ion] Act,) has been appointed the second paid member of the Board, provided by the Metropolitan Interment Act,- [Act] London Paper. Miss Elizabeth Rees, of Shipston-on-Stour, the keeper of a boarding-school, had embarrassed herself by railway investments; but her friends, on the 26th or 27th ult. wrote her a letter calculated to ease her mind. i however, to the new post-office arrangement it was not delivered until Monday the 29th; [the] and the unhappy lady was then dead-self-destroyed. Her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert and suite honoured the Ha ket [let] Theatre on Wed- [Wednesday] nesday [Wednesday] evening, to witness The Willow Copse, per- [performed] formed by the Adelphi [Delphi] company. The pieces were acted, by special desire, in the following order The Double-bedded Room, The Hippopotamus, and The Willow Copse last. In Burke's Anecdotes of the Aristocracy, it is stated that among the lineal descendants of Edmund of Wood- [Woodstock] stock, Earl of Kent, sixth son of Edward I. King of England, entitled to quarter the royal arms, are Mr. Jo- [Joseph] seph [Sept] Smart, of Halesowen, butcher, and Mr. George Wil- [Walnut] niet [net] keeper of the turnpike-gate at Cooper's Bank, near dley. [dey] Jenny Lind arrived on Sunday evening at Margate, from Ostend, [Intend] by the Princess Mary, Captain Jenkins, one of the South-Eastern boats. She was assisted from the vessel by Mr. Charles Page, the custom-house agent, and escorted from the pier to a carriage in waiting of Mr. Thomas Batts, [Bates] a respectable inhabitant of the town. Hier [Her] first expression on landing was God bless happy England once again. A young lady named Beard, who was staying with family of Mr. Gunthorpe, N ewington-place, [Wellington-place] was found on Thursday morning lying dead in her ni dress, with her skull fractured, on the stone vemnent [eminent] of the garden beneath her bedroom window, which was o It is supposed that in leaning forward to tend a i erbalanced [balanced] herself, and fell headforemost [head foremost] ios [is] plant, she ov the window. The Duchess of Kent left Lond [Land] Frida [Friday] . by express train for Edinburgh, at which i she amived [moved] of tmalve [twelve] oflock [lock] the same night, and proceeded to Barrys [Barry] Queen-street. ie ing moming [coming] her highness was waited upon by the Provest [Proves] and Mir. eriff [eff] and accepted their eacort [act] to H Palace qe lef [le] Edinburgh on Monday moran [Morgan] in the from whieh [which] she proceeded