Huddersfield Chronicle (16/Nov/1850) - page 7

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CH RONICLE, [CHRONICLE] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1850. of the Public Yournals. [Journals] RAPID PROGRESS OF OUR EXPORTS. (From the Manchester Guardian. ) now before us the trade and navigation We na mmpleted [completed] for the first three quarters of the yetarn [yarn mprising [prising] an account of our exports, imports, yoats [oats] hipping, from the 5th of January to the 10th of god 8 The perusal of these tables brings to light which make it no longer a matter of surprise that otectionists [protectionists] are dumb ;-that Mr. Disraeli, feeling d entirely gone from under him, ventures no to appear with his friend Major Beresford at the x demonstrations but has rather thought it pru- [pr- Prout] to look out in another direction for a floating topic den ore promise; if we may judge by his letter ad- [ado] of m [in] to the lord-lieutenant of the county of Bucks. returus [returns] before us exhibit such unmistakeable evi- [vi- eve] oe of the success of free trade, that no politician of den sense or sagacity can be expected, in future, pent the exploded fallacies on which protectionistgs [protectionists] Corn, they said, would no doubt be imported, r a much larger extent than free traders would amit; [admit] prices, no doubt, would be low, and much lower th qn free traders would admit ;-if large imports and jow [how] prices were the object of free trade, at least for a sime [some] those objects would be secured but the abundance and cheapness would, it was contended, be of no use to he masses, whose means of purchase would be reduced ore than in the same proportion. They were not content with saying that the rate of wages would pe determined by the lower price of corn,-they ent [end] much further. They said that as your im- [in- imports] orts [oats] increase, your exports will decrease good will on aa ur part will produce no reciprocity on the part of foreigners; 8 you open your doors they will shut gheirs, [theirs] and you will be left in the predicament of being obliged to pay for your imports in gold; the shelves of your merchants and manufacturers will be weighed Jown [Own] with accumulated stocks the cellars of the bank will be emptied of their bullion and monetary crises gnd [and] discredit will complete the ruin which your free jrade [trade] policy began The rapid increase in the amount of our exports in 1949 went for nothing with the protectionists. The trade of 1848 had been disturbed by political convul- [Council- convulsions] sions; [Sons] stocks had become unusually reduced and the t demand of 1849 was only caused by the accidental sacancies [vacancies] created by the stagnation of trade in 1848. But wait another year, we were told by Mr. Disraeli, and then we shall see. Well, we have now the e - yjenve [Geneva] of auviler [avail] season. Corn has continued to be jargely [largely] imported -even more so, perhaps, than any one, protectionist or free trader, expected ;-prices have continued low, as low as any one could reasonably wish for;-the conditions of all the forebodings of the pro- [protectionists] tectionists [protectionists] have been realised ;-but what have been the results the month of September, 1848, when, by the by, the panic had subsided, and our export trade had con- [considerably] siderably [considerably] extended, its amount was 4,901,646. In the same month of 1849, the exports had risen to 5,627,092; and in the same month of the present year, to no less than 6,434,834 being inasingle [leasing] month no less than one million and a-half in excess of 1848. But extend- [extending] ing our observations from the single month to which these returns more particularly refer, te the transac- [transact- transactions] tions [tins] of the whole year, up to the 10th of October, the result is equally, if not more, satisfactory. For the nine months, the comparison is as follows [follows] EXPORTED, JANUARY 5TH To OcTOBER [October] 10TH. 36,534,860 44 830,414 1850 cen [cent] 50,286,402 What would the most ardent free-trader wish for more His profession of political faith was this If you would export largely, import freely. If you wish to extend your foreign markets, first open your doors to foreign produce. The corn-laws were consequently re- [repealed] pealed, and the sugar duties equalised. In the present year, we have cousumed [consumed] 2,824,559 quarters of foreign wheat, besides 2,203,580 ewts. [West] of foreign flour; in the present year, also, we have already consumed 242,000 tons of sugar; while, under the recent restrictive system, the highest consumption for.a whole year was 207,000 tons;-and, we have increased our exports from 36,534,860, to 50,286,402 in two years. What more could we desire, to prove at once the soundness of our recent commercial legislation, and the practical benefits it has conferred on our country But we see that some of our protectionist contem- [cont- contemporaries] poraries, [praise] who are staggered by these facts, are now attempting to reconcile their deluded supporters to their disappointment, by representing that this great increase in our exports is rather apparent than real, and has been caused rather by an increase of price than an increase of quantity. Fortunately for themselves, they do not attempt the proof of their proposition. The rely only upon the well-known fact, that cotton is double the price, and that wool has very much risen. No doubt cotton has been 100 per cent higher in price, in the present year, than in 1848; it is also true that wool is now 50 per cent higher than it was two years ago; but, notwithstanding these facts, is it true that there has been little or no increase in the quantity of our exports Let us see -we will take cottons, linens, woollens, and silks; and, in taking all four of our great branches of textile manufactures, we shall not be charged with adopting imperfect or insufficient data for our proof. The following is a comparison of the quan- [quay- quantities] tities [cities] of the chief articles of each class exported in 1848 and in the present year, up to the 10th of October -- EXPORTED, JANUARY 5TH TO OCTOBER 10TH. 184 1850. Cotton manufactures..yards 784,217,634 ...... 1,019,298, 589 lace, &e. ......... yards 50,956,043 ...... 92,667,375 oo oe Th 96,557,546 ...... 99,093,772 Linen manufactures ...yards 66,066,935 ...... 92,196,910 yy YATD [YARD] eee [see] Tb 7,941,148 ...... 14,187,133 Woollens,by the piece,pieces 1,277,790 ...... 2,256,565 by the yard, yards 24,147,312 ...... 51,538,246 ' ewts [West] 49,563 ...... 94,208 Silks, stuffs, &c. ..........-. ib 154,264 314,833 mixed Ib 160,577 ...... 570,289 3; thrown ............... 1b 26,308 ...... 50,687 With these facts before us, what becomes of the protectionist mode of accounting for our enormously increased exports If, indeed, there is any difference, it will be felt that the comparison of quantities is even striking than that of values. This increase, moreover, which is so remarkable in these four great branches of trade, is not less so with regard to the numerous but less important articles which enter into the exports of this country. The fol- [following] lowing is a comparison of some of them - EXPoRTED, [Exported] JANUARY 5TH TO OCTOBER 10TH. 8 184 1850. ewts. [West] 379,816 ......... 732,199 Utter cwts. [cwt] 28,380 ......... 45,606 Candles eee [see] Tb 1,123,019 ......... 2,033,280 Cheese x08 [x] cwts. [cwt] 4,140 oo... 6,117 Coals tons 2,243,952 ......... 2,726,690 Cordage, ewts. [West] 38,100 ......... 78,722 henware [hen ware] ............ pieces 41,917,759 ......... 57,304,018 Glass, ee. ewts. [West] 11,344 wo... 18,163 2 Window ............ ewts. [West] 17,494 13,370 bottles, &e. 1... ewts. [West] 151,634 ......... 224,819 ther, [the] unwrought.....cwts. [unwrought.....cwt] 6,460 ......... 24,032 2 GlOVES [Gloves] 2... eee [see] eee [see] 1b 9,28 28,655 other sorts ......... 1b 0s 768,800 ......... 1,286,216 ee ewts. [West] 73,316 ......... 96,1 Stationery es eves 191,995 ......... 308,168 With such a comparison in the amount of our expor [export] ts these numerous classes of goods, which constitute the smaller and less important branches of our manufactures, it is not difficult to understand the cause of that general and wide-spread increase of comfort, the greater demand for labour everywhere, and the diminution of pauperism and crime, which are now too patent to be any longer enied [denied] by the most rabid protectionists, however much they may attempt to weaken facts which they cannot disprove by contradictory statements or evasive and Partial admissions. Physical comfort, political content, iuental [until] improvement, and moral progress, are the great facts which speak to the humanity of free trade, and Which rebuke the forebodings of those who professed believe that scarcity was good for the people, and 'amess [ames] conducive to the best interests of the nation. THE PAPAL BULL. (From the Times.) The speeches of the Lord Chancellor and Lord John ussell [Russell] at the Guildhall on Saturday last, and the Cathusiastie [Enthusiastic] manner in which they were received by a to the genuine and h, aversion with which the public regards the recent efforts of the Pope to improve their geographical situation by transferring aig [ag] cnfidelium [infidelity] into the chart of the Catholic orld. [old] With scarcely an exception, the press, the tesmen, [seamen] the Protestant clergy, the middle and lower 'Ses [Se] vie with each other in professions of loyalty to pa 'rown [town] and devotion to the church. Thus has been ad for the benefit of somebody a large portion of mn, 1. our Transatlantic brethren call political capital, this capital, like its more material namesake, is sought after and claimed as property by a large 'i er of active and adroit competitors. We ourselves Btate [State] plead guilty to the desire of turning the present epee of the public mind to account by directing it to thar [that] and attainable objects. There is always danger end) Strong popular sentimen [sentiment] may be frittered away in Ss and unprofitable controversy, or wasted upon a Bias le after impossible ends. Real, genuine enthu- [tenth- anything] anq [an] these cold and calculating days is too precious German 4 commodity to be wasted, like the dream of about b unity, which has been so hackneyed and hawked Kince [Since] po Political tricketers [cricketers] that the nation has long its favourite aspiration. this nor the list of the would-be misappropriators [misappropriated] af political capital are the extreme zealots for the db t cause. These men view the invasion of our ting at the Papal Bull as a happy opportunity for get- [Christ] christ, [Christ] the 2S for those eloquent tirades against Anti- [Antimony] many' man of sin, and so forth, which have for so han 2S Shaken the walls of Exeter Hall with their thunder. Such seems to be the Rev. Dr. true Who says that if the faith of the Pope be the ong [on] wy, it is great kindness in him to propagate it 1', 224 that, therefore, the question to be con- [con think] think thar [that] Is the faith of the Pope true or false We teen P thus to narrow the question to a wrangle be- [Protestant] rolestant [Protestant] and Catholic is grievously to misuse & and brilliant audience, leave no doubt whatever as question on sectarian Queen's supremacy, the to be, and robably [probably] are, as much regre [regret] proved by itberal [liberal] and enlightened Romanists as by Pro- [Protestants] testants. [test ants] With every respect for their own faith they C see that thus to assume territorial jurisdic- [jurisdiction- jurisdiction] ean th land ef a friendly power is to render the ee 'J impossible by raising up against it aan [an] feeling In every nation in the world, of what- [what the] The next misapplication of the resent crisis is similar to the last. An i ce of it may be found ins stan address of a number of clergymen to the Bishop of London, in which they state that as the orders of the Church of England are valid, the Church of Rome has no right to appoint bishops here-thus narrowing the question down to a dispute as to the validity of orders, and seeking to force upon the feeling of the people against the arrogant intrusion of the Pope into the precincts of the royal prerogative the non-natural interpretation that it is a struggle to vindicate the claims of the Church of England to the apostolical [apostolic] succession. We fear we are doing no injustice to such persons in believing that. having adopted almost all the doctrines of the Church of Rome, and yet being bound by a golden chain which they are unwilling to snap to the Church of England, they veil their secret sympathy with foreign aggression under the mask of zeal for the Catholic character of the Church of England, thus hoping to divide the party among the in opposition to Rome by introducing em an low Church doctrine. aoe [are] 0 Points of high and The next would-be appopriator [appropriate] of the new-found political capital is Mr. Disraeli, who wishes to turn the anger of the people from the Pope to the Government by pointing attention to Lord Clarendon's treatment of the Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. It cannot be denied the Government have had in the Synod of Thurles [Thurs] and its results a bitter experience of the folly of attempting to enlist the Papistical [Capitalist] hierarchy in the cause of civili. [civil] sation [station] and enlightenment 3 and, in their natural anxiety to secure the aid of the prelates, they may have gone to the very extremity, perhaps beyond the extremity, to which should be carried; but Mr. Disraeli searcely [scarcely] carry off his -triumph, for the people of England know well that Yous England, much more than Old ree, [ere] is the ng of the recent insult, and trace the ess [es] of the Pope rather to aon [on] than to excitement, pasion. [passion] doubt Lord Jubn [Jun] Russell was quite aware that b lin letter to the Bishop of Durham ne was covering hin [in] self with that popularity which greeted him so loudly at the Guildhall on Saturday but in our judgment he well deserves it, not merely because he, the head of our Government, expresses sentiments in accord with those of the people, but because he has sought to turn the opportunity to the best account for the country, not suffering popular enthusiasm to waste itself in' mere empty declamation or unprofitable controversy, but di- [directing] recting [erecting] it to practicable and legitimate duties-that of vindicating our crown from insult, and of warning the public against those teachers who, pining for Popery, forget that the Church of England is not so much high or low as broad, and that she secures the greatest amount of religious freedom because her formularies admit of extreme diversity of opinion, but who still continue to receive her revenues, while they deny her doctrines and seduce her congregations. The first duty we owe to our constitution, the second to our conscience 3 both are far removed from the squabbles of angry polemics, or the quibbles of disappointed politicians. ' (From the Daily News.) Mr. Disraeli appears to think that the business in life of a political leader is somewhat like that of a jockey. He is ready to mount and away at the shortest possible notice-willing to ride any horse that anybody will back-and determined to spare neither whip nor spur, in order to head the field. Yet there are some races he cannot ride; and a steeple-chase is evidently one of them. The idle portion of the people of England are just now bent upon enjoying that somewhat desperate species of amusement. Every parson is out, and even bishops are rising in their stirrups, contrary to the easy habit into which they had fallen of late years. As for the whole mob of squires and lords who take part in this truly national pastime, the dust they raise sufficiently indicates their number. Lord John, with his usual courage, looks as if he had said, I think I'll show you the way to clear these new fences and walls thrown up to puzzle us. Whereupon Mr. Disraeli pulls up at the point of starting, and cries, Nay, but you can't go at them, inasmuch as you built them yourself The tory leader perceives the gain in personal popu- [Pope- popularity] larity [laity] which will accrue to Lord John Russell from his recent declaration against papal encroachments; and eagerly strives to stop the current of national feeling by raising a different question. He does not attempt to defend the novel assumptions of ecclesiastical power by Rome. Quite the reverse. He even disputes the fact of the twelve new catholic bishops being bishops at all. Lord John objects to a part of the realm being specifically given to each of them for an episcopal pos- [post- possession] session, which is the real point in dispute. By way of being clever, Mr. Disraeli overlooks this-the territorial and political. question-and endeavours to raise a totally different controversy about titles conceded by courtesy in an adjacent kingdom, and to certain marks of royal desire to show consideration for the prevalent creed of the Irish people. But the electors of Bucks, for whose edification their representative's letter has been professedly written, must be dull indeed if theyare [there] bewildered by this rather clumsy attempt at distraction. The question is not by what titles Catholic bishops in a Catholic country ought to be called, but whether the Protestant bishops of a Protestant country are to be pushed from their places at the word of a fo'gign [fo'gin] prince whose temporal weak- [weakness] ness notoriously renĂ©ers [renders] him the passive instrument of our absolutist enemies Mr. Disraeli wholly misunderstands what the people of England are angry about. The concession of their appropriate titles of honour to Catholic bishops, when they are, to all intents and purposes, the spiritual chiefs of the clergy of the great bulk of the nation, neither offended nor startled us. We felt that substantially it was no affair of ours. Ireland is not England, and can no more be governed by the same laws or usages in this and other essential matters than Canada and Ceylon. All are, indeed, intergral [integral] parts of the same empire but an empire is a combination for mutual benefit of many communities, not the subjugation to one intolerant hierarchy of many religions. The indignation with which we repel fanatical intruders and outlaudish [outlandish] pre- [pretensions] tensions, far from being inconsistent with a scrupulous care not to offend the conscientious feelings of our fellow subjects beyond the sea, is in reality the fitting and natural counterpart of our national jealousy in all that concerns our religious freedom. We value our spiritual liberty so highly that we desire all other people to enjoy it likewise. Whatever form of Christianity a people adopt, it is the policy and duty of the imperial government to respect. And when, as in Ireland and Canada, sects divide the com- [community] munity, [unity] impartial justice renders the observance of im- [in- impartial] partial courtesy if possible yet more imperative. But as the Queen, when holding her court at Dublin, wisely refused to ignore the fact that the catholic hierarchy of Ireland are and ,have always been the heads of the clergy of the large majority of the Irish people,-so her Majesty will wisely and consistently refuse to sanction the prepostrous [prosperous] affectation of the Court of Rome, in pretending to overlook the existence of the Church of England, and to map out the kingdom into new dioceses, as though it had been a heathen land. It is the rank intolerance implied in this assumption that revolts the generous and just feelings of the people of England. It is the political and social consequences which public ac- [acquiescence] quiescence in it might engender, that we resent, and are determined to avert. ; Mr. Disraeli does not appear to comprehend the dif- [if- difference] ference [France] between recognising a reality in one country and acknowledging a sham in another. He seems equally unconscious of the true meaning of those cere- [ere- ceremonial] monial [manual] concessions recently made in Ireland. Itisa [Its] mistake to suppose that the Queen received the catho- [cath- catholic] lic [li] prelates of that kingdom as nobles because she ap- [appointed] pointed them a certain precedence, and addressed them as my lords. Titles and precedence as every tyro in heraldic conjury [injury] knows are the accidents of nobility, not its essential marks or even its external proofs. My lord is invariably used, for ex- [example] ample, when addressing certain legal officials, and peers' sons, who are in point of fact no more nobles, than England is a fief of the Popedom. [Piped] And, as for precedence, it is equally notorious that the representa- [present- representatives] tives [lives] of foreign powers, whether despotic or republican, take the wall, as Mr. Disraeli terms it, of notables of every degree. Had Cardinal Wiseman had the sense to have worn his honours with a little more of apostolic meekness, the people of England never would have been at the pains to enquire in what courtly style he was received. It is not his cardinalate, [cardinal ate] which is a real office in an Italian state, but his pretended Archbishop- [Archbishopric] ric [tic] of Westminister, [Westminster] and his usurped right to rule over certain counties as bishop, and over the entire kingdom as metropolitan, appointed thereunto by a foreign prince, without the consent or knowledge of either the government or people of the realm, that both government and people refuse to suffer. - Lord John, as principal adviser of the sovereign, and as representative of the first constituency in the em- [empire] pire, [pure] was in an especial manner called upon to give ex- [expression] pression [Prussian] to the national sense of insult and of wrong. If popular feeling is not likely to discriminate nicely between the minister and the man, and if the result be to rally back to the whig administration, of which he is the head, somewhat of the confidence they had lost it is natural we admit that Mr. Disraeli and his friends snould [should] feel chagrin. But are they not blockheads to betray it so openly And is it not pitiful to see a man of Mr. Disraeli's genius and position special pleading about a case on the broad and unmistakeable merits of which the verdict of the nation will assuredly be given OBJECTS OF THE NATIONAL PUBLIC SCHOOL ASSOCIATION. (From the Liverpool Mercury.) We would reason with its opponents as friends, and not as enemies; as men who seek to attain the same objects as ourselves, though they seek them by different means and who deplore equally with us the ignorance wi surrounds and threatens us. We willing ly be- [believe] lieve [liver] that their opposition arises from conscientious motives, and from a dread of some danger to religion, which they fear, but cannot define. And in return, we would ask them to give us credit also for good inten- [intend- intentions] tions, [tins] and to believe that we, too, have at heart the best interests of religion. If on both sides we meet the question in this conciliatory spirit-if we discuss it calmly and without invective, and'banish from its con- [consideration] sideration [side ration] all that can irritate or offend-we have great hopes that the advantages of the proposed scheme may become apparent, and be generally admitted, and that all the sects into which our country is divided will strive with one consent for its establishment. Let us see what it is that the National Public School Association proposes. Its object is to establish by law in every parish throughout England and Wales a certain number of schools, to be erected and supported by local rates, and to be managed by local authorities, specially elected by those who pay the rates. In these schools it Is proposed to follow outa [out] system of instruction which shall include all the branches of useful knowledge, and that portion of religion called morality, upon which there are few, if any, differences of opinion but which shall exclude all that other portion of religion called doctrine, upon which so many differences exist. The two strong features of this scheme are the levying of a tax, calculated at about 44d. in the pound on the assess- [assessment] ment, [men] and the exclusion of doctrinal teaching. They are, too, its vital points upon these its practicability, and consequently its usefulness, depends and these its promoters must never surrender. It cannot longer be permitted, in a country like this, that the poor should depend for instruction on the mercy or the will of the rich. If we all did our duty to the poor, it is true there would be no necessity for a tax but what is left for all men to do, runs a great risk of being well done by none. The system of educating by voluntary subscriptions has been tried, and has been found miserably wanting. Every credit is due to its supporters for their efforts they have done their best, but still they have failed. And now the time has come when we can no longer entertain a reason- [reasonable] able expectation that the great body of the people can be educated by the existing school societies, partly sup- [supported] ported by the state, partly by sects, partly by the chance benevolence of the wealthy. We want a system which has no chances in it; and we think the well-being of millions of our fellow-countrymen would be cheaply purchased if we could procure it by an outlay of 44d. in the pound. It is because the voluntary system has failed, and is notoriously inadequate, that a tax for edu- [ed- educational] cational [national] purposes has been proposed, and, as the natural consequence of such a tax-a system of secular instruc- [instruct- instruction] tion. [ion] We say as a natural consequence, because the moment you compel people to pay for the erection and support of schools, you give them a right to say, At least you will take care that no body of men shall have any preference in these schools, and that nothing shall be taught with our money which we consider sinful or erroneous. And the only two ways in which you can satisfactorily answer such an exhortation are these - You may say, The ministers of every sect which has children in the schools, shall be admitted to give those children religious instruction or you may say, Those portions of religious instruction which constitute the points of difference between various sects shall not be taught in these schools at all; we will confine the teaching to morality. The confusion and hostility which would arise from a daily or weekly inruption [eruption] into these schools, of ministers differing in their ideas upon religion toto [to] celo, [cole] may be more easily imagined than expressed in words; the effect, moreover, on the minds of children seeking for the truth, would be somewhat perplexing and disheartening. The only sound ground, therefore, upon which we can rest the system of edu- [ed- educating] cating [acting] by a tax, is one from which is banished every pre- [pretext] text for a religious dispute; and that is the ground which the Manchester Conference has chosen. We are not now to argue whether or not it is the best possible plan for enlightening the ignorant, whether the voluntary system would not be better if it could be carried out, or whether the system of this or that association may not be theoretically superior it is not for the possible that we wish to legislate, but for the practical. Here is a system propounded which gets rid of religious difficulties will the various religious persuasions have it or not that is the question. If they refuse it on the ground that they object to a compulsory system, we answer- You have had afair [fair] trial with your voluntary plans, and you have failed to educate the people; we can afford to keep them ignorant no longer, and we can- [cannot] not consent to any further prolongation of your experi- [experience- experiments] ments, [rents] because while you are trying them, thousands of souls are wandering in error, and have lost their way in the dark. If they refuse it on the ground that they object to a severance of religious from secular instruc- [instruct- instruction] tion, [ion] we answer No portion of religious instruction is excluded from this system, except points of doctrine upon which men are divided in opinion, and upon which. they will not or cannot agree these we have set apart, that all may unite, without rancour and without fear, in our scheme we leave the parents, who alone have a right to insist upon them, and to your ministers, whose province it peculiarly is to teach them. If those ministers declare that religious doctrines cannot be taught at other times and places than during school hours and in schools, they simply advance an absurdity; if they declare that they cannot teach their flocks doc- [doctrine] trine themselves, but require the assistance of others, they merely assert their own incompetency, and prove that asa body they are not efficient religious instruc- [instruct- instructors] tors. Bui [Bi] all these are points upon which long articles might be written, and we have already trespassed upon the patience of our readers. --- j A Cabinet Council was held on Tuesday afternoon at the Foreign-office. The Lord Chancellor arrived from Windsor Castle to attend the Council; Lord John Russell, Sir George Grey, Viscount Palmerston, Earl Grey, the Chan- [Chancellor] cellor [Mellor] of the Exchequer, Sir John Hobhouse, the Earl of Carlisle, the Right Hon. Henry Labouchere, [Labourer] the Right Hon. Fox Maule, and other Ministers, were present. The Council sat two hours and a-half. The Lord Chancellor returned to Windsor Castle after the Cabinet Council. THUNDER STORM AT MosstEy.-A [Most.-A] correspondent to the Manchester Examiner and Times says -At a few minutes before twelve o'clock at noon on Monday the 4th of Novem- [November- November] ber, [be] a very vivid flash of lightning, followed almost instan- [instant- instantaneously] taneously [spontaneously] by one of the loudest peals of thunder conceiv- [conceive- conceivable] able, was witnessed by the inhabitants of Mossley and the surrounding distrtet [district] At the moment this occurred several ersons [persons] were in the road leading from Mossley to Upper hin, [in] and near to a place known by the name of Quick- [Quick wood] wood no sooner had the lightning flashed than these per- [persons] sons observed a long streak of fire darting through the air, as an arrow from a bow, which struck against a cottage occupied by a person named James Brierley and his family. The electric fluid split some pieces of stone out of the wall in front of the house, between the house window and the chamber window, and broke the panes out of both windows, with the exception of a few. The putty that held the glass in was cut as neatly as if by a glazier. A slit was cut out of the front door, like what a joiner's moulding plane would make. The glass in the picture frames that hung against the wall was cracked, but not knocked out of the frames. In the window a flower-pot was broken, and the plant left standing in the earth upright. The coloured papering on the wall of the parlour was torn off in one piece, entirely peeled off from the chimney-piece to the ceiling, but the paper not torn. Several tin pans and utensils were thrown from the hooks where they hung. On the parlour chimney- [chimney piece] piece, there was an image of Britannia, the head of which appeared as if broken off with some sharp instrument, but without doing any injury to Mrs. Brierley and her child, who were sitting close by. In the back chamber an iron rod was reared against the wall; at the top end of the rod a hole was made in the wall, as if it had been drilled with a punch, which appears as if the fluid had gone down the inside of the wall and found its way out by forcing some of the stones out of the bottom of the wall in the cellar of the adjoining house. At the moment this happened Mrs. Brierley was sitting near the fire in the house, witha [with] young child belonging to one of her daughters lying across her knee. The house was made suddenly quite dark, and filled with smoke that smelled like sulphur. As soon as she could see the child, she imagined it was in a dying state ; she arose from her chair, ran out of the house, and gave the child to a man on the opposite side of the road, saying that she believed it was killed. However the child soon to revive, and is again in its usual good health. Mrs. Brierley has not sustained any further injury than being very much ok Since this extraordinary occurrence the house has been constantly crowded with persons desirous to see the scene of this wonder. THE New HovsEs [Horses] oF PARLIAMENT -A parliamentary paper, entitled A general statement oi the expenditure incurred, and proposed to be incurred, in respect of the site, and in erecting and completing the New Palace at Westminster, ordered to be printed by the House of Com- [Commons] mons on the 14th of August, has just been issued. The following is a summary of the document. For works in- [included] cluded [eluded] in the original estimate-expended, 522,170 ; un- [unexpended] expended, 159,934 Works specially excluded from the estimate-expended, 55,907 3s. 2d.; unexpended, 32,0002. Additional works in the construction of the building-ex- [expended] pended, 35,0632. 3s. 1d.; unexpended, 14,735l. [14,L] 4s. 4d. Additions to and modifications of the original plan-ex- [expended] pended, 19,1507. 1s.; unexpended, 32,5641. 5s. Extra charges upon changes of materials and workmanship-ex- [expended] pended, 51,721 6s. 2d.; unexpeuded, [unexpected] 32,0002. Addition cost occasioned by increased ratio of contracts, &e,, ex- [expended] pended, 53,4002. unexpended, 21,0002. Works inciden- [incident- incidental] tal to, but forming no part of the works of the building, expended, 27,4091. 4s. unexpended, 16,177 7s. 2d. Inci- [Ince- Incidental] dental charges upon the funds appropriated to the build- [building] ing, but not connected with the works, expended, 38,9721. 13s. 8d. unexpended, 5,000 Extra works, in warming, ventilating, and smoke arrangements, expended, 77,5330. 19s. unexpended, 45,5831. Ils. [Is] 2d. Extra works in fire- [fireproofing] proofing, in consequence of preceding, expended, 74,8251. ; unexpended, 10,0502. Furniture, fittings, and decorations, expended, 93,195 9s. unexpended, 404,204 lls. [ll] Pur- [Our- Purchase] chase of property for the site, 82,3622, 1ls. [ls] 4d. Architects' and engineers' charges and cost of superintendence, ex- [ended] nded, [ned] 41,5102. 6s. 3d.; unexpended, 50,757. Os. 7d. 'otal [total] expended, 1,173,240 16s. 8d. total unexpended, 198. 3d.; total expended and unexpended, 1,997,246. 15s. lid. CULTIVATION OF FLAx.-In [Flax.-In] all directions, especially in Ulster, arrangements are in progress to extend the growth of flax. The Newry Telegraph has the following communi- [common- communication] cation from Armagh --- Farmers, and men of business generally, are delighted at the p t of the incorpora- [in corpora- incorporation] tion [ion] by royal charter of a society for the preparution [preparation] ot flax by the unsteeped [Unstamped] process-a society with a capital of one million, which will be expended in bringing into flax culture a larger tract of country, These are the self-reliant move- [movements] ments [rents] which Ireland requires, and which will of themselves command legislative respect. BAIL COURT, Saturpay, [Saturday] Nov. 9. In re Joun [John] Matsinson [Atkinson] ex parte [part] THomas [Thomas] GRAY. Mr. Cleasby applied for leave to file articles of the peace against Mr. John Mallinson, and for an attach- [attachment] ment [men] thereon. It appeared that Mr. Mallinson was a cloth merchant at Huddersfield, and that Mr. Gray, the applicant, had formerly been a spinner of woollen yam at Glasgow; that some time previously to the transaction which was the subject of the present appli- [apply- application] cation, Mallinson had made overtures to Gray to join him as a partner in his business, which he represented to be worth 5,000 per annum, and that Gray, in con- [consequence] sequence of that, sold his previous business and wound up his affairs at considerable loss, and entered into partnership some time in April last. No regular articles of partnership were, however, drawn up, and the busi- [bus- business] ness continued to be carried on in Mallinson's name alone, but Gray attended in the counting-house con- [constantly] stantly [Stanley] from that time. In October last some angry correspondence took place between the partners, Mal- [Al- Mallinson] linson [London] being at the time in London, and on the 19th of October he returned to Huddersfield, and went into the counting-house and found Gray there. There were also there at the same time two clerks, one of whom was James Mallinson, brother of the person against whom the present application was made. When he came in, he said to Gray, Wnat Want] do you want here He an- [answered] swered, [answered] What do you suppose I want; that Mallinson then told him to leave the counting-house, and, upon his refusal, took him hy the collar, and, with the assist- [assistance] ance [once] of the two clerks, thrust him out of the room and forced him down stairs. The staircase is a twisted one, and in the force used Gray's head was struck against the staircase, and his hat completely crushed. That Mallinson followed him down stairs, and told him that if he came there again he would kick his soul to hell. Upon this Gray sent his solicitor to Mallinson's solicitor, tosee [tose] whether there was any prospect of the matter being arranged, so as to enable him to resume his duties at the counting-house but finding that there was none, he, on the 29th of October, applied to the magistrates to bind Mallinson over to keep the peace. The attorney for Mallinson opPosed [opposed] this, and tendered evidence to explain the nature of the transactions which led to the assault. This was objected to by the attor- [actor- attorney] ney. [ne] The magistrates received the evidence, and refused to bind Mallinson over, It was sworn in addition that Gray had no means of living except by the partnership business, and that it was necessary for him to attend at the counting-house, and that he was in fear of his life if he attempted to do so. It was contended that these cicumstances [circumstances] raised a case for the interference of this court. It is true that the applicant does not swear that he 'has anything to fear, unless he goes to this particular place but then he swears that it is necessary for him to go there. A person would always be safe if he kept within his own house; yet, if he could swear that he was afraid to go out of his own house, there can be no doubt that this court would interfere. The point does not appear to have been raised and decided under a pre- [precisely] cisely [wisely] similar state of facts. Mr. Justice Patteson-The case seems to me to come within the principle upon which this court acts. I be- [believe] lieve [liver] the practice is when parties live at a distance to fix the amount of bail at once. The Master stated that that was the practice. The applicant was then sworn to the truth of the matters set out in the articles exhibited. The amount of recognizances to be entered into by inson was fixed at 400 with two sureties in 200 each, and an attachment directed to be issued. -- ROLLS COURT.-Sarurpay, [COURT.-Saturday] NovEMBER [November] 9, 1850. Hotitoway [Stowaway] v. Hottoway-Ingunction. [Holloway-Injunction] This was a motion by the plaintiff, Thomas Holloway, for an injunction to restrain the defendant, Henry Holloway, his servants and agents, from selling or ex- [exposing] posing for sale, or causing or procuring to be sold, any pills or ointment described or purporting to be Hollow- [Holloway] way's pills or Holloway's ointment or H. Holloway's pills or H. Holloway's ointment, in boxes or pots, having affixed thereto, or burnt or stamped thereon, such labels as were in the plaintiffs bill of complaint mentioned, or any other labels so contrived or expressed as by colourable imitation to represent the pills or oint- [ont- ointment] ment [men] as were sold by the plaintiff, and also from print- [printing] ing and publishing the pamphlets or direction papers and from using the wrappers, in the plaintiff's said bill also mentioned, or any other pamphlets, directions, papers, or wrappers, so composed, expressed, and pre- [prepared] pared or contrived, so as to represent that any pills or -ointment sold or proposed to be sold by the defendant were the same as the pills and ointment made or sold by the plaintiff. Mr. Turner and Mr. Miller were for the plaintiff in support of the injunction and Mr. Roupell [Troupe] and Mr. White were against it. Lord Langdale said he would not trouble the learned counsel to reply upon the case. The names of the plaintiff and of the defendant in this case were the same. His lordship did not, he said, mean to abridge the right of the defendant to vend an article in which he dealt, but he could have no right to prepare and get up that article so as to resemble the article invented by the plaintiff, and thereby deceive the public into a belief that it was that of the plaintiff. It was only necessary to refer to the evidence of Guyneau [Guinea] to see that the defendant had given orders that the direction papers of the plaintiff should serve as a guide or model of the pamphlets which the defendant wished him to prepare, go as to pass with the public as the pamphlets of the plaintiff. This was a direct avowal of an intention to commit a fraud upon the plaintiff. It was stated also to Hall, by the defendant, that the introduction of the initial letter H for Henry would never be noticed, and the medicines might be very well sold as those of his brother. This was certainly a description of pro- [property] perty [petty] which was protected by law, and when it came under the jurisdiction of the court it must have the benefit of that protection. The only thing which pressed upon the court was the suggestion that the defendant had not had time enough to put in a sufficient answer. His lordship would, therefore, introduce into the terms of the order for the injunction which he was deter- [determined] mined to grant in this instance permission to the defen- [defend- defendant] dant [dan] to move to dissolve the injunction should he be provided with sufficient evidence to contradict the affidavits. The injunction as prayed by the plaintiff's bill was accordingly granted. Mr. REFUTED -Mr. C. C. Greville [Grenville] has given an emphatic contradiction to those portions of Mr. Disraeli's letter, in which the writer accuses the present ministry of having given to the Roman Catholics all that political and official status which they enjoy in Ireland. Greville [Grenville] observes that tais [tails] is not the first time that or unscrupulous political hostility has attacked Lord Claren- [Clare- Clarendon] don, in connection with this matter, and that he (Mr. Gre- [Re- Grenville] ville) is surprised that such reproaches should be repeated by a man so well informed as Mr. Disraeli, in reference to this particular business. Mr. Greville [Grenville] then proceeds to show that the royal recognition of the spiritual rank of the Irish prelates dates prior to the assumption of office by the present ministry, and consequently prior to Lord Claren- [Clare- Clarendon] don's official career. When he went to Ireland, he found the thing done, and had only to conform himself to it. Whatever blame, therefore, may be thought to per- [pertain] tain to that Act, belongs to Sir Robort [Robert] Peel's administra- [administer- administration] tion, [ion] and not to Lord John Russell's. The Royal Com- [Commission] mission. dated January 13, 1845, approved by her Majesty in council, and intended to facilitate the carrying out of the Charitable Bequests Act, is alone the authority, by virtue of which the spiritual rank of the Catholic prelates in Ireland was recognized. [recognised] Lord Clarendon did not re- [recognize] cognize [cornice] them as pee7's, [pee's, neither did he seek their counsel, nor 'court their favour. Mr. Greville [Grenville] concludes by re- [referring] ferring to his own official cognizance of the acts and instru- [inst- instruments] ments [rents] to which he refers, and tne [te] responsibility of which has been so strangely misapplied by Mr. Disraoli. [Disraeli] SINGULAR AMERICAN BEES.-We saw the other day, through the politeness of a gentleman residing at Smedley, curious species of the bee, introduced from Central 'America, and forming, we imagine, the only colony of their race established in Europe. ese little creatures were 'accidentally brought to England in a piece of lozwood [Lockwood] from the Gulf of Honduras, and were discovered by their pre- [present] sent owner lying in an almost torpid state among the decay- [decaying] ing bodies of their kinsfolk and fellow-citizens, who had been crushed, frozen, drowned, and done to death in a thousand other ways, by the casualities [qualities] of their rough transportation. Being nourished by artificial heat, and hived in a small pyramidical [pyramidal] box with glazed windows, the remnant of the race seem to have forgotten the pains of exile in the bustle of their active occupation, and bid fair to survive the approaching severities of a northern winter. The difference between these insects and the honey-making population of this country is very great, and makes the former interesting to the naturalist. In size they are extremely diminutive-scarcely larger than some species of black ant, and of nearly the same uniform colour and in this respect they certainly do great violence to Virgil's standard of bee-like beauty, which requires the body to be of a bright colour, and to glitter with golden spots. At the same time, they do not offend the taste of the poet in regard to the latam [lam] trahens [trains] inglovius [involves] alvum, [album] being round, tight, compact little animals and remarkably active. Their style of working is as peculiar to themselves as their personal appearance. Instead of building the cone with the beautiful regularity and precision attained by their kindred, whose labours have been celebrated in verse familiar to the infant mind, theyraise [theories] perpendicularly from the floor of the hive an irregular but graceful tree, like a coral branch, and appear, as far as they have yet gone, to be engaged in dividing this fabric iuto [into] storeys, and building round about it a circular tower. The whole ofthe [of the] cone and also the honey are of a less agreeable colour than those with which we are familiar, and beara [bear] very strong resemblance in this respect to preserved tamarinds in fact, the whole structure and its swarming inhabitants might easily be mistaken, at first sight, for a few spoonfuls of that leasant [pleasant] conserve, invaded by the most diminutive of flies. The taste of the honey partakes of a lemon flavour, and is less cloying than our own. Of course the monarchial [monarch] form of government prevails amongst the bees of Honduras, although native of a part of the globe where republicanism is in the ascendant, and revolntions [revolution] are almost as annual as the harvest and the vintage. We un- [understand] derstand [understand] the queen bee is as large as a wasp, but we did not see her she sat somewhere in solitary grandeur within the penetralia [Central] of the hive, and the divinity which doth hedge royalty was her protection from prying eyes. Perhaps the most engaging characteristic of herself and her subjects remains to be mentioned-they have no stings, Whether it was that nature had denied them Weapons, or that even ent [end] facet a tic ih we hard Of It necessary to inquire,- [inquire] Manchestev [Manchester] rdian. [guardian] tis [is] ae AWFUL COLLIERY EXPLOSION. A melancholy catastrophe on Thursday week at the Houghton Pit, near Ni ttle, [title] Durham, by an explosion of firedamp, whe [the] twenty-six men and boys were hurried into eternity. The pit is the pro- [property] porty [port] of the Earl of Durham, and is ventilated by means of two shafts, an upcast and a downcast one. Mr. Rutherford is the viewer, and the general condition of the mine was considered good. At the time of the explosion there were 150 men and boys in the pit, engaged in the various workings. The explosion was sudden. A loud report was heard, which reverberated through all the workings, and was soon indicated at bank (a term applied to the entrance of the shaft). The air courses were in many places completely de- [destroyed] stroyed, [destroyed] and the direction of the current changed. This occurred between five and six o'clock, but it was past eleven before it was possible to penetrate the workings, when the noise of voices was heard in a direction about 400 yards from the bottom of the shaft, which clearly showed there were some survivors of the melancholy occurrence. The men employed in the arduous and dangerous duty of exploration on learning this redou- [red- redoubled] bled their exertions, notwithstanding their compara- [compare- comparatively] tively [lively] exhausted strength, and after many deeds of heroism and personal daring, they succeeded in reaching a part of the mine where the atmospheric air circuluted, [circulated] .and there 120 men and boys were found alive, and rescued from a fate which had seemed inevitable. From the statement of one of these survivors it appears that the men were engaged at their work when they heard the noise, and they rushed simultaneously towards the shaft, but they had not proceeded far when they met with the choke-damp, on entering which many of them fell, some to rise no more. On observing this those not so far in advance became stationary, or retreated for a few yards, where they found the air good. They soon discovered that they were hemmed in bya [by] body of choke- [choke damp] damp, to pass through which would have been impossible; for any of them on attempting to enter it but a few yards were overcome, and would have fallen had they not has- [hastily] tily [till] retreated. On consulting together it was considered the safest plan to remain where they were, and irust [trust] to the exertions which would be made to reach them from the shaft by carrying in theair; [their] and they did sofremain [remainder] forbe- [fore- for between] tween five and six hours, until their delivery was effected. Before that time had expired many a stout heart quailed in prospect of certain death. A dread solemnity per- [pervaded] vaded [faded] the mind of every one, impenetrable darkness in- [increased] creased the agony of feeling, and the silence of this tomb of the living was only broken by wild ejaculations of despair, fervent prayers and supplications to the Almighty for deliverance, or at intervals by signal shouts, intended to guide any exploring party to the sepulchral abode. It is impossible to portray the con- [condition] ditition [condition] of these poor men during this long and fearful period, or convey any adequate conception of their joy and gratitude on being rescued from such extreme peril and restored to their anxious and mourning friends, who gathered round the pit-mouth, awaiting in silence and resignation the return of each exhausted party from the poisonous atmosphere of the workings. It is sad to relate, however, that 26 persons perished, most of them by attempting to get through the choke- [choke damp] damp towards the shaft. Several were burnt. Some were found without heads, others without legs or arms; portions of the same body were found in different and distant places, showing the violence of the fire. It is impossible to tell with certainty where the fire originated, so great is the havoc made in its vicinity. and the men working near it were blown to a great distance. The principal portion of the sufferers are rolly-boys [roll-boys] and waggon-men. One of the overmen [overman] was in the pit at the time, and on hearing the explosion he ran in the direc- [direct- direction] tion [ion] whence the noise proceeded, in order to ascertain the cause, when he met the rush of the fire, which car- [carried] ried [red] him along in its scorching embrace till death ter- [te- terminated] minated [mounted] his agony. His body was found a calcined mass. The event has ereated [treated] a deep sensation through- [throughout] out the district, and thousands have visited the locality from a distance, making inquiries and dwelling with painful interest on the dreadful details. THE EXPLOSION aT Haypock [Haycock] CoLLIERY.-The [Colliery.-The] inquest upon the bodies of the ten persons who lost their lives at aydock [dock] on Thursday last was concluded on Monday last. Mr. Tremenheere [Tremendous] was present as an inspector for the government. Thomas Litherland, the under-looker, de- [deposed] pesed [speed] that the accident must have happened through the negligence of the men there was great difficulty in pre- [preventing] venting them from working with lighted candles. Ralph Leyland, one of the colliers, the next witness, deposed that he was in the mine when the explosion took place; he had never been told not to use candles. It was further proved that the men broke through into one of the old workings on Wednesday afternoon, and the air was so foul that a lamp went out the under-looker had not been in the mine for about a fortnight. It appeared tLat [that] a sheet should have been put over the old working to prevent the foul air from breaking out when the men came to it; but there was no sheet in the mine at the time, and none was put up till Thursday morning. Mr. Tremenheere [Tremendous] observed, that he hoped the present investigation would cause several altera- [alter- alterations] tions [tins] to be made in the management of the mine. For in- [instance] stance, he was strongly of opinion that there ought to be a fireman, whose duty it should be to see that the mine was safe before the workmen entered it, and who should also be constantly on the look-out in the mine. The use of lock-up lamps also ought to be rigidly enforced. The jury then returned a verdict of accidental death, and by direction of the coroner, Mr. Evans, the proprietor of the mine, was sent for. On his arrival, the coroner informed him of the suggestions of Tremenheere, [Tremendous] and urged upon him the necessity of carrying out those suggestions for the purpose of insuring increased protection to the lives of the men employed in the mine. He also considered that a code of rules should be drawn up for the general management of the mine, similar to those in force at other colleries [collieries] in the neighbourhood. RoBBERY [Robbery] ON BOARD A STEAMER.-Two sisters, named Williams, residing at little Trelissick, [Trellis] near Hayle, Cornwall, had been lately on a visit to London, and sailed from thence in a steamer as fore-cabin passengers; and whilst on board, a man of respectable appearance, who was also a passenger, appeared to pay them every mark of attention, by his en- [endeavours] deavours [endeavour] to make them comfortable during the voyage. He selected a convenient sleeping berth for them, and the first night, towards evening, he desired them to go below, and said he would stay on deck and take care of their luggage, which consisted of two large chests. He put it with his own, and covered it over with a tarpauling, [tarpaulin] fearing the rain. About three o'clock in the morning, he came below and awoke them, saying that he was afraid to leave the deck before, as there were so many Lrish [Irish] on board, who might rob the chests of their contents. They thanked him for his considerate conduct, and gave him their address, desiring him to call on them if ever he should come to Hayle, which he promised todo. [too] On their arrival at Fal- [Al- Falmouth] mouth, on the 20th ult., he again very kindly assisted in lifting their chests over the side of the steamer, and giv'ng [give'ng] the females a hearty shake of hands, wished them good bye, and said that nothing but the most urgent business in Treland [Ireland] prevented him from accompanying them to their homes, at which place they arrived on Saturday, the 26th ult., speaking in the highest terms of the kind treatment they received from their fellow passenger; but, on opening their boxes, to their utter astonishment they discovered that everything of any value had been taken away. The most costly articles were silver spoons, a portable writing desk, shawls, and other wearing apparel, &c., to the value of many pounds. The locks of the chests were locked and quite secure, but it is supposed that the very officious pas- [passenger] senger [singer] was no other than a pickpocket, and had succeeded in opening their chests with a skeleton key, whilst he Von on deck in the dark and they below.-Cornwall azette. [Gazette] THE POISONING NEAR DaRLINGTON.-The [Darlington.-The] mystery in which the circumstances connected with the death of Mr. G. Young remained involved at the conclusion of the last inquiry, has been removed by some additional evidence. Mary Cleasby, keeper of the Coniscliffe Toll-bar, has made the following statement, which was taken down in writing at the time, by the medical gentleman to whom it was communicated On the Friday week betore [before] the death of Mr. Young, he called at the gate, and after some talk he asked for a pot to get a drink from the pump. I gave him a glass, and I then, through the small window, saw him at the pump take a paper from his waistcoat pocket, and put some white powder from the paper into the glass; he put back the paper, folded, into his waistcoat pocket. I thought it was one of those boiling soda powders. He next began to pump, when I called through the window that he had better pump off the warm water which was in the pump first. He seemed startled when I spoke, but did as I told him, and having got the water he turned his face from the window and ap to drink, and then threw away what was lett [let] in the glass. He then sat down on the stone at the door, and he had not sat a minute when his colour turned pale, and I said Mr. Young, you don't seem well. He said, no, not very well. He then got up and walked homewards, but stopped when he had got about sixty yards, and leaned upon his stick, and threw up. He then walked on, and again stopped when he had gone as far again, and threw up; after that he turned into the lane that leads to his house, and I lost sight of him till he came into the field beyond. In walking up there, I saw him stop thrice and lean on his stick, so that I thought he was throwing up again. After I lost sight of him, I took the glass, and saw at the bottom some of the white powder, so took some water to rinse out the glass, and threw it into the fire (the water and powder); it turned the coals black at first as water does, but when it burned up the coals burned with a blue flame. The white powder described seems to correspond in every particular with arsenic. The absence of fatal results at that time is accounted for by the immediate and repeated vomitings. [vomiting] The discovery ofthese [of these] circumstances strengthens the opinion that the poison from which death ensued had been taken by the deceased himself. Gas AND WaTER [Water] SuPPLy.-The [Supply.-The] corporation of Man- [Manchester] chester have resolved to confer a very pleat boon on Man fellow townsmen by devoting one half of the splendid pro- [profits] fits of their gas establishment in reducing the water rate to one half what it would otherwise amount to. The gas pro- [profits] fits are about 36,000 a year. Some interested parties have been in the habit of attempting to sneer down the idea of corporations becoming manufacturers. Here is one cor- [corporation] poration [portion] that is not not only a gas manufacturer, but a water supplier too, and what is there in the result to sneer at Not only are the constituents of that corporation sup- [supplied] plied with cheap and good gas, but with cheap and good water too, and moreover with other noble city improve- [improvements] ments, [rents] simply because they have chosen to take these, their own important public interests into their own hands, rather than to allow them to be administered by self-interested, and but too often blindly and stupidly self-interested com- [companies] panies.-The [Panis.-The .-The] Builder. CHINESE PropucE.-The [Produce.-The] importations of fancy articles from China are much more various and extensive than used formerly to be the case. A vessel which has just arrived from Canton has brought no less than 376 packages of china and lacquered ware, as a portion of a la ral [al] cargo from the Chinese empire, eee see] From the Wondon [London] Gazette. BANKRUPTS.-FrmayY, [BANKRUPTS.-Frame] NovEeMBER [November] 8. William Coles, Milton-next-Gravesend, pastrycook, [pastry cook] to surrender November 14, at one o'clock, December 21, at eleven, at the Bankrupts' Court solicitors, Messrs. - son, Gurney, and Stevens, Nicholas-lane, Lombard-street ; and Mr. Sharland, [Garland] Gravesend; official assignee, Mr. Nichel- [Nichol- Nicholson] son, Basinghall-street [Basing hall-street] (and not Mr. Pennell, as before advertised). . George Clive Searle, Tyndole-place, [Tyndale-place] Islington, apothe- [another- apothecary] cary, [car] November 16, at two o'clock, December 21, at twelve, at the Bankrupts' Court solicitors, Messrs. Smith, Great James-street, Bedford row; official assignee, Mr. Pennell, Guildhall-chambers, Basinghall-street. [Basing hall-street] Alexander Black, Wellington-street North, Covent- [Kindergarten] garden, bookseller, November 27, December 20, at one at phe [the] Court solicitors, Messrs. - an ritchar [charity] ewgate-street [gate-street] official assignee, - Stansfeld. se John Rowbotham, Sutton, near Macclesfield, silk manv- [man- manufacturer] facturer, [factory] November 22, December 13, at twelve o'clock, at the Manchester District Court of Bankruptcy solicitor, Mr. Norris, Macclesfield official assienee, [assignee] Mr. Mackenzie, Manchester. . Robert Garton, Kingston-upon-Hull, bootmaker, No- [November] vember [member] 20, December 18, at half-past twelve o'clock, at the Leeds District Court of Bankruptcy, Town-hall, Kingston- [Kingston] upon-Hull [Hull solicitor, Mr. Sidebottom, Hull official assig- [assign- assignee] nee, Mr. Carrick, Hull. DIVIDENDS. November 29, W. Walford, Great Winchester-street, merchant.-December 3, A. G. W. Biddulph, J. Wright, H. Robinson, and E. W. Jerningham, [Birmingham] Henrietta-street, Covent-garden, bankers.-December 2, T. T. Cooke, Man- [Manchester] chester, bill vender.-December [vendor.-December] 2, T. Bamtord, [Bamford] Rochdale, woollen manufacturer.-November 29, J. Robinson, Ripon, Yorkshire, surgeon.-November 29, J. Eastwood, Almond- [Almondbury] bury, Yorkshire, manufacturer. PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED. Moses, Brothers, Leadenhall-street, Sheffield, aad [and] Bir- [Sir- Birmingham] mingham, [Birmingham] bristle merchants.-J. Turner and R. Crabiree, [Crabtree] Bradford, Yorkshire, commission weavers -Brown and Ward, Halifax, Yorkshire, stuff merchants.-Taylor, Whitehead, and Co., Tottington Higher End, Lancashire, woollen manufacturers, as far as regards W. Whitehead. -- BANKRUPTS-TvuEsDay, [BANKRUPTS-Tuesday] NOVEMBER 12. George Stilwell [Stonewall] Jenks, King-street, Hammersmith, cheesemonger, to surrender Nov. 19, at half-past 12 o'clock, Dec. 19, at 11, at the Bankrupts' Court solicitor, Mr. Smith, Barnard's-inn; official assignee, Mr. Johnson, Basinghall-street. [Basing hall-street] . William Trego, [Trek] Coleman-street, builder, Nov. 25, at half past 11 o'clock, Dec. 24, at 12, at the Bankrupts' Court - solicitors, Messrs. Walters and Son, Basinghall-street [Basing hall-street] and Messrs. Sheffield, Old Broad-street; official assignee, Mr. Edwards, Sambrook-court, Basinghall-street. [Basing hall-street] John Liptrott [Patriot] Findley, jun., Birmingham, tailor, Nov. 26, Dec. 17, at 12 o'clock, at the Birmingham District Court of Bankruptcy solicitor, Mr. Suckling, Birmingham official assignee, Mr. Whitmore, Birmingham. Robert Storr, Corby, Lincolnshire, Nov. 29, Jan. 10, 1851, at 10 o'clock, at the Birmingham District Court of Bankruptcy, held at Nottingham solicitor, Mr. Thompson, Grantham official assignee, Mr. Bittieston, [Bittiest on] Nottincham. [Nottingham] Henry Higgins, Bilston, Staffordshire, grocer, Nov. 23, at half-past 10 o'clock, Jan. 6, 1851, at 11, at the Birming- [Birmingham- Birmingham] ham District Court of Bankruptcy solicitors, Messrs. Motteram, [Tram] Knight, and Emmett, Birmingham; oificial [official] assignee, Mr. Christie, Birmingham. Silvanus Vick, Brecon, victualler, Nov. 26, Dee. 24, at 11 o'clock, at the Bristol District Court of Bankruptcy solicitors, Mr. Hill, Worcester; and Messrs. Abbott and Lucas, Bristol; official assignee, Mr. Miller, Bristol. Thomas Brown, Preston, draper, Nov. 22, Dee. 13, at 12 o'clock, at the Manchester District Court of Bankruptcy solicitor, Mr. Bell, Manchester; official assignee, Mr. Hob- [Hobson] son, Manchester. William Simpson, Manchester, starch-manufacturer, Nov. 26, Dec. 17, at 12 o'clock, at the Manchester District Court of Bankruptcy solicitors, Messrs Atkinson, Saun- [Sun- Saunders] ders, [des] and Atkinson, Manchester; official assignee, Mr. Pott, Manchester. William Harrison, Tynemouth, Northumberland, mer- [Mr- merchant] chant, Nov. 21, at 11 o'clock, Dec. 20, at 1, at the New- [Newcastle] castle-upon-Tyne [upon-Tyne] District Court of Bankruptcy solicitors, Messrs. Griffith and Creighton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; official assignee, Mr. Baker, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. BANKRUPTCY ANNULLED. George Price Hill, late of Fleet-street, common-carter. PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED. Proctor Nowell and Co., Bradford, Yorkshire, spinners by commission; as far as regards J. Harrison and W. Kitcheman.-J. Rhodes and Co., Folly-hall, near Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field, cloth-dressers. DIVIDENDS. Dec. 9, J. Burt, J. Burt, jun., and W. T. Watson, Man- [Manchester] chester and I.eecs, [I.secs] commission agents.-Dec. 6, W. Kaye, Liverpool, paper-dealer.-Dec. 6, S. Glenny, Liverpool, corn-merchant. -- .- COURT OF BANKRUPTCY FOR THE LEEDS DISTRICT. BUSINESS DURING THE ENSUING WEEK. Before Mr. Commissioner Ayrton. Monpbay, [Monday] Nov. 18, 1850.-William [W.-William] Eddison, Raistrick, fancy woollen manufacturer dividend and proof of debts, at eleven. Samuel France, Bradford, grocer, &c., dividend and proof of debts, and certificate, at eleven. Andrew Little, York, draper; choice of assignees and proof of debts, at eleven. TvursDay, [Thursday] Nov. 19.-James Gilston, Leeds, woollen draper; choice of assignees and proof of debts, at eleven. WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20.-(At the Town Hall, Hull. [Hull] M'Gibbon and Galbreath, [Galbraith] Hull, merchants; dividend and proof of debts, at half-past twelve. William Rawson, Market Raisen, [arisen] Lincoln, seed and cake merchant; dividend and proof of debts, at half-past twelve. George Thorpe, Kirton-in-Lindsey, Lincoln, serivener; [serene] dividend and proof of debts, at half-past twelve. Robert Garton, Hull, shoe- [shoemaker] maker; choice of assignees and proof of debts, at half-past twelve. Before Mr. Commissioner West. THURSDAY, Nov. 21.- Thomas Broadbent, Halifax, draper; audit, at eleven. John Scorah, Pontefract, seed merchant adjourned last examination and proof of debts from 30th August last, at eleven. Blanchard and Pass- [Passmore] more, Leeds, tailors, &c. allowance certificate of Passmore, at eleven. William Smith, Idle, cloth manufacturer; do., at eleven, a BattLe.-The [Battle.-The] following account of a confticĂ© [confide] between a snake and a musk rat, has been supplied by an eye-witness the snake was, we presume, not poisonous- [poisonous] a circumstance known in all likelihood to its assailant - T saw a combat between a small snake and a musk rat, the latter having hold of the tail of the reptile and shaking it vigorously, the snake making great exertions to get away from its foe, occasionally turning its head half round towards its enemy. Five or six persons were witnesses of the fun, but the rat was so intent upon his work that no no- [notice] tice [ice] whatever was taken of the byestanders; [understand] at last the snake made for one of the doors, and in spite of the efforts of the rat, managed to get between the edge of the door (which was shut) and the sill, and so escaped. The rat hunted backwards and forwards, as a dog would have done after a hare or rabbit, and when we moved to see what had be- [become] come of the snake, the rat departed according to its eus- [es- custom] tom. -Bombay [Bombay] Times. A Sap SUNK By a WaTERSPOUT.-A [Waterspout.-A] fearful accident has recently happened to the Maltese brig Lady Flora, which vessel left Malta on the 14th of October, for horn. On that same day, about nine p.m., when about 30 miles to the west of Gozo, [Goo] she was struck by a waterspout, and immediately foundered. One man alone was saved by the brig Maltese, which was near, but all endeavours to save more of the hapless crew were fruitless. About nine men, among whom were the owner of the ship and his son, have thus met a watery grave, the greater number leavi [leave] widows and families in great distress.-Multese [distress.-Maltese] Corres- [Cores- Correspondent] pondent [pendent] of the Times. THE INFIRMARY Girt oF a LiBRARY.- [Library.- Library] We announced some time ago, that Mr. Alderman Rogers had, with characteristic liberality, furnished one of the wards of the Infirmary. To render this ward complete in every respect, Mr. Rogers has recently furnished it with 2 neat book-case, containing a number of excellent and appropriate books thus placing an abundance of mental aliment within the reach of those who are destined to become inmates in this ward. At a meeting of the board of management of the Infirmary, held on Friday last, the Rev. Dr. Godwin in the chair, it was resolved, on the motion of C. Semon, [Sermon] Esq., seconded by Mr. Alderman Brown- That the best thanks of this board be presented to Alderman Rogers for the handsome ad- [addition] dition [edition] he has made to the ward he has furnished in the institution, by placing therein a book-case with a number of books for the general use of the patients in the Observer. NATIONAL AND SECULAR EpucatTion [Education] aL LEeps.-A [Lees.-A] preliminary meeting of gentlemen favourable to National ecular [secular] Education, was held in the Grand J ury [ur] room, at the Courthouse, on Friday last, when it was resolved to form a branch of the National Public School Association in Leeds, and that a public meeting be held on Monday next, the 18th instant, for the exposition of its principles, on which occasion a deputation from the Central Association at Manchester is expected to attend.-Leeds Mercury. THE Missive Post-orrice [Post-price] Inspector -This gentle- [gentleman] man, whose absence has caused such dark forebodings, an offer of a reward of 10 for information, and a deseription [description] by the police to the effect that his stockings were cotton, and his boots Wellington, with very narrow toes and high heels, -is in Scotland well in health, and in the highest. spirits. DESTRUCTION OF A FRENCH COTTON MANUFACTORY BY Fire.-The rece [race] of cotton-wadding of M. . Lassonnery, [Masonry] at Vienne, [Vienna] of the Tsere, [There] was a few days ago entirely destroyed by fire. The loss is at 60,000 fr. About one bnndred [kindred] workmen were employed in the concern. A workwoman had thrown a piece of wadding over her shoulders as a protection from cold, and had imprudently approached a lamp the wadding caught fire, and the flames extended with creat [great] rapidity to the stores in the building. No life was lost. THE EscaPED [Escaped] Convicts From LEEDS GaAOL.- [Goal.- Goal] We stated some time ago in the Daily News, that one of the ee con- [convicts] victs [vices] who escaped from the Leeds Gaol on the 5th of October had been captured. We have now to add that the second man, Richard Shenton, has retaken near Cheadle, in Staffordshire. He was again lodged im [in] the en on night. He, like his compan; [company] e t sl i i i a not slept in a bed since his escape from WESLEYAN NEWSPAPER ASSOCIATION, - Hinput [Hint] Master Kindersley was en our in going into the proot [root] of itor's [it's] claims this estate, a3 brought i by Me an r, and for paying siderable. [considerable] A dividend of We been declared to the extent o 4 per share have bee that another fai [fair] call