Huddersfield Chronicle (16/Nov/1850) - page 6

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THE HUDDERSFIELD GHRONICLE, [CHRONICLE] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1850. Foreian [Foreign] Entelligence. [Intelligence] NITED [UNITED] STATES. - The royal aay. [say] steamer America, Captain Shannon, which left Boston on the 30th ult. reached the Mersey on Sunday last, with advices [advice] from New York to the 29th ult. and with telegraphic accounts via Halifax, to the 3lat [late after a run from Boston, mean time, deducting the detention at Halifax, of ten days, fourteen hours, and twenty minutes. She brought between fifty and sixty passengers, the usual mails, a fair freight of general merchandise, and 16,000 in specie. The excitement with regard to the Fugitive Slave Law still continues strong in the Northern states. It has been denounced in the severest terms by several reli- [deli- religious] gious [pious] bodies, and the members of those bodies have been recommended, on principles of conscience, not to comply with its provisions. Every attempt to put the law in execution has been met with general expressions of public indignation. In Boston the opponents of the law have organised a large and active committee of vigi- [vig- vigilance] lance, for the purpose of extending protection to the fugitive, and throwing every obstacle in the way of exe- [executing] cuting [cutting] the law. Several civil officers have refused to aid the marshal in making arrests. Still, a number of fugitives, in dread of being captured, have fled' to Canada. A despatch from Boston says,- At about half-past four o'clock yesterday afternoon, H. J. Knight, who is alleged to be a slave-catcher from Georgia, was arrested by deputy-sheriff Bugg, on a writ of slander. The writ alleges that Knight charged one William Crafts, a citizen of Massachusetts State, with being a slave, to the damage of his business and detriment of his character, in the sum of ten thousand dollars. Knight was taken to Mr. Rigg's office, where a great crowd soon assembled, composed of whites and blacks. Abuse was heaped on the prisoner, but no violence was offered. Knight, after remaining in custody about half an hour, obtained bail in ten thousand dollars, and was set at liberty. This is said to be one movement of a series by the opponents of the fugitive slave law to render its execution as obnoxious as possible. The committee of vigilance have had several sessions, and have, it is said, resolved to invite the suspected fugitive slave-seekers to leave the city forthwith. So far no attempt has been made to arrest a fugitive. The warrants lie dead in the marshal's office. Tae [Tea] excitement is great; many say the law shall be enforced, while others say that it shall not. A number of fugitives, fearing they cannot be protected, have fled to Canada. Judge Sprague [Prague] has intimated that the process for the arrest of a fugitive slave is in the nature of civil process-that in serving it an officer will not be justified in breaking open the outer door of any dwelling-house-that every dwelling-house is the castle of its occupants. This application of a familiar principle of the common law promises to give security, to a certain extent, to the fugitives claimed as slaves. Accounts from Texas state that the vote on the Boundary question had shown a large majority in favour of accepting the project. Mad'lle [Mad'le] Lind had sung at several conceris [concerts] in New York, one of which was conducted at a three dollars charge for admittance. Entire satisfaction attended the experiment, and no confusion or rioting occurred. Parodi's [Pared's] arrival, like that of Jenny Lind, had created some sensation, and at midnight she had been serenaded by some of the enthusiasts of New York. Canadian advices [advice] announce, that at a recent meeting of the British American Electric Telegraph Company, at Quebec, it was resolved to construct forthwith the line from Riviére [Riviera] du Loup to Woodstock, whereby a perfect tzlegraphic [Telegraph] communication between Quebec and Halifax will be established. From the city of Mexico there are accounts extending to the 28th of Scptember, [September] being ten days later Great efforts were being made by the various parties to secure the election of their candidates for the presidency. Aris'a [Ares'a] stood at the head of the list up to the latest dates. Robberies were more than ever frequent on all the roads of the republic. Cholera prevailed at Orizaba, and was causing great ravages. Financial affairs in the capital exhibited no improvement, and the Minister of Finance had been compelled to demand of Congress the sum of 300,000 remaining from the American in- [indemnity] demnity, [indemnity] in order to avert a national suspension of payments. LATEST NEWS BY TELEGRAPH TO HALIFAX. October 31st, [st] 1850, p.m.-There is no abatement in excit2ment [excitement] on carrying the Fugitive Slave Bill into effect last night. There was a monster meet- [meeting] ing of merchants and traders of New York, who unani- [unanimously] mously [Mosley] supported the law. President Fillmore has an- [announced] nounced [announced] his determination to call government forces to the aid of authorities in enforcing it.-Sales to-day, of Government Sixes, at 100 99, of 67 at 117; Ohio Sixes, of 60 at 110 [W] Indiana States Fives, 794; Pennsylvania Fives, 923.-Corn [W.-Corn] and flour market dull; prices in favour of buyers. To-day, cotton quotations Liverpool classification, ordinary to middling uplands, 13 to 142; Gulf, 13 to 143; fair to good fair, 15 to 152; Gulf, 153 to 153; good and fine, 153 to 16; Gulf, 16 to 164. WEST INDIES. The mail steamer Dee arrived at Southampton late on Sunday night, with advices [advice] from Chagres [Charges] to the 10th ult., from Jamaica to the 16th, [the] from Barbadoes [Barbarous] to the 13th, and from St. Thomas's to the 20th. [the] The Dee likewise brought 265,638 dollars in specie and bullion. The accounts from the islands and mainland are of little interest. An attempt at revolution had been sup- [suppressed] pressed at Panama. The crops, generally, promised well in the British islands, but heavy rains had fallen in Barbadoes. [Barbarous] The cholera had appeared in Jamaica. AUSTRIA. Accounts from Vienna, of the 6th instant, state that Marshall Radetzky [Retorts] arrived there on the previous day, having been summoned by telegraph from Italy. It is stated that the strength of the Austrian army will be between 500,000 and 600,060 men when the border regiments which have been called out take the field. The fourth battalion of each Hungarian and Italian regiment will also be raised, so that the army will be re-inforced [re-informed] by 78,000 men. The reserve army, which is to occupy the March-feld-the [March-field-the] flat country on the Austro-Hungarian [Austria-Hungarian] frontier-will consist of 73 battalions of infantry, 126 squadrons of cavalry, and 300 guns. The army at present in Italy is composed of 158,000 men, but it will be reduced to 138,000, as 20,000 will reinforce the army in the Vorarlberg. [Variable] According to statements in Vienna correspondence, the federal army of execution will be composed of Hanoverian, Bavarian, and Austrian troops, and will proceed to enforce the obedience of the Holstein army to the commands of the central power. This effectcd, [effect] the King of Denmark will be reinstated in his rights as Duke of Holstein and Lauenburg, [Lung] although the duchies will be obliged to discharge their duties towards the confederation, of which they form an integral part. PRUSSIA. Berlin correspondence of the 6th inst. contains the confirmation of the intelligence of the death of Count Brandenburg, and announces the important fact, that at a council held at noon on the same day, the cabinet de- [decided] cided [sided] on issuing the order it negatived when proposed by M. Von Radowitz, [Redwood] for placing on a war footing the whole of the Prussian army, and calling out the land- [Laundry] wehr. [were] The cause of this order is stated to be the fact, that Prussia had been called on by Austria, in the name of the confederation, to withdraw her troops from Hesse. The Austrian note is said to have demanded that the Prussian troops shall evacuate electoral Hesse, with the exception of the Etappe [Tape] roads. General Radowitz, [Redwood] although out of office, was consulted on this point, and his advice wa3, [was] that the entry of the Prussian troops into Hesse ought to be consinered [considered] as un fait [fair] accompli, [accomplish] and that the cabinet ought to refuse the Austrian demand. The Prussian order calls out the whole of the landwehr [Laundry] of the first summons, and 400 men of each battalion of the second. The number of men liable to serve in the first-class of the landwehr [Laundry] is not less than 140,000; and the total addition to the Prussian force is calculated at about 200,000 men. The bourse was so alarmed by the order calling cut the landwehr, [Laundry] that there was no purchases of funds made during most of the 7th; and the lists give no quota- [quotations] tions [tins] of prices of stock, except for the state debt notes, which fell to 76 though on the previous day they stood at 844. The Staats [States] Anzeiger [Answer] of the 4th inst, published the order in council respecting the resignation of General Radowitz, [Redwood] and the convocation of the Prussian parlia- [Parliament- parliament] ment [men] which is to meet on the 24thinst. [things] The same official journal of the 8th contains the royal decree ap- [approving] proving the immediate calling out of the landwehr, [Laundry] and ordering the ministry to take the necessary measures for that purpose. A protest has been addressed by the elector of Hesse to the Berlin government against the invasion of his ter- [te- territory] ritory [territory] by the Prussian troops. It is stated that this protest is couched in decisive terms, and throws upon the Berlin cabinet the whole responsibility of events that may result. The Hessian chargé [charge] d'affaires [d'affairs] presented this protest to the Prussian minister of foreign affairs, and with it his letter of recall. General Schreckenstein, who commands the Prussian forces, in Baden, is said to have received instructions to take up a position between the Neckar [Neck] and the Murg, [Mure] so as to enable him to join the Prussian troops in Thuxin- [Taxing- Taxing] gia. [Gin] The Prussian division, which has been in garrison at Wesel [Welsh] for the last six months, has received orders to advance Rhine-upwards towards Frankfort. Letters from alinost [almost] every town in Prussia announce unceasing hana. [hand] a tue preparations for war. The men of the mos have already begun to assemble, and troops 8 in all directions. A portion of the Prussian tant [tan] tered [teed] in Hamburgh [Hamburg] left on the morning of the 7th inst. The scldiers [soldiers] were accompanied to the railway and cheered by the ulati [ult] Tuesday's Ti population of Hamburgh. [Hamburg] 3 ys 2 gives the following intelligence from Berlin Our Berlin correspondence is of the 8th and 9th. Count Bernstorff [Bernstein] hot arrived from Vienna The troops in Hesse occupied the same positi [post] J position as on the previous day. Thee was a rrespondence [C correspondence] going on tween the generals, and the rumours of a having taken place were not confirmed. It was reported that General Groeben [Green] had orders to concentrate the Prussian trcops [troops] ox the nilitary [military] roads of that state, By a royal order published on the evening of the 9th, all subjects of Prussia belonging to the army, landwehr, [Laundry] or reserve, are ed from any foreign state, whether they have leave of absence or not. The order will be a fatal blow to the Holstein army, as it would deprive it of its best officers and 3,000 or 4,000 men. The fune- [fine- funeral] pal of Count Brandenburg had taken place with military onours. [honours] -- FRANCE. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. The Assembly met at two o'clock on Tuesday, and after the election of M. Dupin [Turpin] as president for the ensuing three months, at half-past three o'clock M. Baroche, [Roche] minister of the interior, ascended the tribune, and proceeded to read the following message addressed to the National Assembly by the President of the Republic - Messieurs les Représentants,- [Representing,- Representing] My first message was coincident with the Fist meeting of the Legislative Assem- [Assume- Assembly] bly. [by] The same electors who named me to the supreme magistracy of the country called you by their suffrages to sit here, France saw you arrive with joy, for the same thought presided over our two elections. It imposed on us the same mandate, and made the re-establishment of order and the maintenance of external peace depend on our union. A considerable amelioration has been effected since the month of June, 1849. When you arrived the country was still disturbed by the last moments of the Constituent Assembly. Many imprudent votes had created great em- [embarrassments] barrassments [embarrassments] to the government. The violence of the tribune was, as ever, transferred to street agitation, and the 13th of June beheld the failure of a new attempt at insurrection. Though easily repressed, it still showed the imperative necessity of uniting our efforts against evil pas- [passions] sions. [Sons] To overcome them, it was at first necessary to rove to the nation that the best intelligence reigned between the assembly and the executive power, to imprint on the administration an uniform and firm direction, to comba [combs resolutely the causes of ,disorder, to reanimate the elements of prosperity. The President then addressed himself at very great length to the various departments of Interior, Fi- [Finances] nances, [nance, Public works, Public instruction and religious worship, Justice, Agriculture and Com- [Commerce] merce,' [mere] War, Marine, and Foreign Affairs. As that portion of the message which refers to foreign affairs will, no doubt, prove more especially interesting, we transfer it to our columns. FoReEIGN [Foreign] AFFAIRS, Since my last Message our foreign policy has obtained in taly [tal] a great success. Our arms have overthrown at Rome that turbulent demagogy which, throughout the Italian Peninsula had compromised the cause of true liberty, and our brave soldiers have had the signal honour of replacing Pope Pius the Ninth on the throne of St. Peter. Thespirit [The spirit] of party will fail in obscuring this memorable deed, which will form a glorious page for France. The constant aim of our efforts has been to encourage the liberal and philan- [plan- philanthropist] thropical [tropical] intentions of the Holy Father, the Pontifical power pursues the realization of the formulas contained in the motu [mot] proprio [proper] of the 2nd of September, 1849. Some of the organic laws have already been published, and those which are to complete exgemble [example] of the administrative and military organisation in the states of the Church will not be long delayed. It is needless to say, that our army, yet necessary for the maintenance of order at Rome, is equally so for our political influence, and which having rendered itself illustrious by its courage, is no less admired for its discipline and its administration. On the different where our diplomacy has had to interfere it has nobly maintained the dignity of France; and our allies have never had to demand our support in vain. It is thus that, in concert with England, we have sent several forces into the Levant, to show our loyal sympathy for the independence of the Porte which sup that Russia and Austria meant to infringe by demanding in vir- [Sir- virtue] tue of ancient treaties the extradition of Hungarian and Polish subjects refugees on the Turkish territory. Thanks to the wisdom which these powers have brought into nego- [gone- negotiations] tiations [stations] on the question, the integrity of the rights of the Ottoman empire have been sec . In Greece, as soon as we learned the acts by which England supported her reclamations we intervened by our good offices, Frauce [France] could not remain indifferent to the lot of a nation whose independence she had so much contri- [country- contributed] buted [bute] to; she did not hesitate to offer her mediation, de- [despite] spite the difficulties raised during the course of the negotia- [negotiate- negotiations] tions, [tins] nor succeeded in softening the conditions imposed on the government of Athens, and our negotiations with Great Britain resumed immediately their accustomed character. In Spain we have seen with pleasure the ties which made the two countries become closer by the mutual sympath [sympathy] of the two governments. Thus, as soon as the Frenc [French] government learned the criminal attack directed by some adventurers against the Isle of Cuba, we sent new forces to the commander of the Antilles, with an injunction to unite his efforts to those of the Spanish authorities to prevent the recurrence of similar attempts. Denmark excites still our most lively solicitude. This ancient ally, which had so much to endure on account of her fidelity to France at the period of our disasters, has not yet, notwithstanding the bravery of her army, subdued the insurrection which has broken out in the Duchy of Hol- [Ho- Holstein] stein. The armistice of the 18th July, 1849, has been recognised by the of Frankfort, which had charged Prussia to treat inthe [another] name of Germany. After laborious negociations [association] a treaty was signed the 2nd July, through the mediation of England, between Denmark and Prussia. This treaty, ratified by the cabinet of Berlin, and her allies, has just been equally so by Austria and the powers represented at the Assembly of Franktort. [Frankfort] While these negociations [association] were proceeding in Germany, the powers friendly to Denmark opened conferences in London, for the sake of maintaining the integrity of the states of the King of Denmark, such as has been guaranteed by treaties. If the steps taken by the allied powers have not yet succeed- [succeeded] ed in putting an end to the struggles engaged in the north of Germany, they have at least obtained the happy result of curtailing the proportions of the war, which only exists now between the King of Denmark and the unsubdued provinces. We still insist upon the King of Denmark assuring, by institutions, the rights of the Duchies. On the other hand we will give him all the support which he has a right to require from us by virtue of treaties and of our ancient treaties. In the midst of the political conflictions [conflict ions] which divide Germany we have observed the most strict neutrality. So long as French interests, and the equilibrium of Euro shall not be comprised, we will continue a policy marked by our respect for the independence of our neighbours. Immediately after the vote of the National Assembly on the subsidy for Montevideo, the government resumed the negociations [association] pending at Buenos Ayres. The object was to make the modifications in the treaties concluded in 1849, which were deemed indispensable, in order to guarantee efficaciously the independence of the Oriental Republic, to protect the interests of France over Uruguy, [Uruguay] and to preserve the national honour. We hope to terminate usetully [usually] and honourably the regretable [regrettable] complieations [complications] which for a long time past have interrupted the good relations between France and the Republic of La Plata. Our commercial relations with foreign countries are be- [becoming] coming consolidated and developed. The English government has, in fact, extended, since the Ist [Its] of January, 1850, to the French flag the dispositions of the new Navigation Act of the 26th of June, 1849. It has also very recently abolished the differential duties on the expostation [exportation] of coals. We hope that the negociations [association] pending at the present moment, for the new treaty of navigation and commerce with Great Britain, will soon resolve themselves into an arrangement in conformity with the interests of the two countries. The treaty concluded with Belgium on the 7th of Novem- [November- November] ber, [be] 1849, is in force for scarcely a year, and already the two countries have experienced the most advantageous results froun [from] it. Some difficulties of detail, relative to the additional articles of the treaty with Chili, sanctioned by the law of the 15th of March, 1850, by retarding the execution of it, shall soon be levied. A nei [ne] convention has been signed at Paris, on the 3rd of August last, between France and Bolivia. It will be sub- [submitted] mitted [fitted] to the sanction of the legislature, after the approba- [approve- approbation] tion [ion] of the Bolivian government. The negotiation, followed with activity by the cabinet of Turin for the renewal of the convention of the 28th of August, 1843, has just been terminated by a treaty of commerce and navigation. The abuse, too long tolerated, of literary and artistical [artistic] piracy, is the subject of numerous negotiations. The greater part of the cabinet to whom international arrangements have been proposed for the purpose of putting an end to that abuse, have received them at least in principle. Already even Sardinia has signed a convention with France for the reciprocal guarantee of literary and artistical [artistic] property, which will give more effect to the treaties of 1843 and 1846. I can therefore say, without presumption, the position of France in Europe is dignified and honourable. Wherever her voice is heard she advises peace, protects order and right she is listened to everywhere. Such, gentlemen, is a rapid exposition of the state of our afairs. [affairs] Notwithstanding the difficulty of the circumstances, tie law and the autnority [authority] have recovered their empire to such a point that no one believes henceforth in the success of violence. But besides this, the more that the fears for the present disappear the more the public mind devotes itself with assiduity to the contemplation of the future. Nevertheless, France desires repose above all things. Still agitated by the dangers which society has run, she remains a stranger to the quarrels of parties or of men, which are so insignificant in the presence of the great interests which are at stake. T have often declared, when the opportunity is offered of expressing publicly my feelings, that I considered as great criminals those who by personal ambition would compromise the small amount of stability ranteed [guaranteed] to us by the con- [constitution] stitution. [institution] This is my profound conviction, and it has never been shaken. It is only the enemies of public tranquillity who have been able to misrepresent the most simple steps which arise from my position. As first magistrate of the republic I was obliged to place myself in communication with the clergy, the magistracy, the agricultural interests, the industrial interests, the ad- [administrations] ministrations, and the army, and I gladly availed myself of every opportunity of testifying to them my sympathy and my gratitude for the assistance which they had given to me; and above all, if my name as well as my efforts has assisted in strengthening the good feeling of the army, of which I alone have the disposal, according to the terms of the con- [constitution] stitution, [institution] it is a service, I venture to declare, which I con- [consider] sider [side] I have rendered to the country, for 1 have always turned my personal influence to the profit of the cause of order. The invariable rule of my folitical [political] life will be, in every circumstance, to do my dnty, [duty] and nothing but my duty. At the present day it is permitted to every ono, to the whole world, excepting to me, to endeavour to accelerate the revision of our fundamental law. If the constitution contain vicesand [vice sand] dangers, you are all at liberty to point them out to the country. LIalone, [Alone] bound by my oath-I confine myself within the strict limits which that constitue [constitute] tion [ion] has laid down for me. The Councils-General have ina great number of instances expressed a wish in favour of the revision of the constitu- [constitution- constitution] tion. [ion] That wish is only addressed to the legislative power. As far as vogards [regards] me -the elect of the peojse, [prose] and deriving my powers from the people aloue, [alone] I shall always conformto [conformity] their wishes when exp ina manner. The incertitude as to the future creates, I am aware, many apprehensions, by reviving many hopes. Let us all learn to make the sacrifice to the country of these hopes, and only to occupy ourselves with its interests. in the present session you vote the revision of the constitution a constitutional assembly will assemble for the of reconstructing our fundamental laws, and ting the fate of the executive power. If you do not vote it, the people ill, in 1852, solemnly manifest the expression of its new pleasure. But whatever may be the solution of the future, let us understand each other, in order that it may never be ion, surprise, or violence, that shall decide the fate of this great nation. Let us inspire the people with that repose, by being calm in our dehberations. [deliberation] t us inspire them with a profound feeling of justice, by laying aside on our own sides all appearance of selfishness an then, believe me, the progress of our political manners will compensate for the danger derived from institutions which were created in days of distrust and uncertainty. That which pre-occupies me above all things, au may be persuaded, is, not to know who will over France in 1852, but to employ the time of which I dispose in sucha [such] manner that the transition, whatever it may be, may be made without trouble. . The most noble and the most cignified [signified] object of an ele- [Lee- elevated] vated [dated] mind is not to seck, [neck] when one is in possession of power, by what expedients it may be perpetuated, but to watch without ceasing over the means of consolidating, for the advantage of all, the principles of authority and of morality, which defy the passions of men and the instability of the laws. I have honestly opened my heart to you. You will respond to my by your confidence, to my good intentions by your co-operation, and God will do the rest. Receive, Gentlemen, the assurance of my high esteem, LOUIS NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. Elysée [Else] National, Nov. 12. The assembly was extremely numerous, and listened with the most profound silence to the reading of that document. The praise bestowed in it on the gendaymerie [menagerie] for the zeal that military force had evinced in maintaining order all over the country, having excited merriment on the left, the right responded by cries of tves tees] been (very well.) The transportation of galley-slaves to the colonies was favour- [favourably] ably received by the majority, and the appointment of three new French eandinall [ending] by the Pope, which occasioned some murmurs on the left, was hailed with ories [tries] tres tees] bien [been] on the right. The p relative to the restoration of the Pope, applauded by the majority, excited murmurs on the benches of the mountain, several members of whom cried, And the inquisition The erpose [purpose] of the forei [fire] policy of the government, as well as the President's decla- [declare- declaration] ration relative to the revision of the constitution, elicited the loudest applause, which redoubled and continued for some time after the minister had descended from the tribune. M. Henri Didier [Did] having given notice of his intention to address interpolations to the minister of war, relative to the appointment of General d'Hautpoul [d'Happily] to the government of Algeria members on the Peet cra [car] in six months, and this last motion having been put to the vote, was adopted by a large majority. The assembly afterwards adjourned at five o'clock. The Parisian journals are chiefly occupied with an article in the Journal des Debats, [Debts] stating that at a sitting of the standing committee of the assembly, one of the members had declared that a plot had been formed by the society of the Dix Decembre [December] for assassinating M. Dupin [Turpin] and General Changarnier. [Changing] It appears that a report of such a plot was actually made by the com- [commissary] taissary [sanitary] of police attached to the legislative assembly. The prefect of police, however, declares the whole affair a rid culous [Julius] hoax, as there is no doubt that it is; and he has suspended the commissary, though he cannot dismiss him without the assembly's consent. The Moniteur [Monitor] publishes an official decree, dissolving the society of Dix Decembre. [December] - - PEACE MEETING AT WREXHAM. On Tuesday evening a public meeting was held in the Union Hall, at Wrexaam, [Wrexham] Denbighshire. to promote the objezts [objects] and advan ze [advance ze] the principles of the Peace Co The company pr- ent [pr- end] was calculated to amount to about 2,000. At six o'vlock [o'clock] in th evening the proceedings com- [commenced] menced, [mended] and Mr. Cobden's arrival was hailed with loud de- [demonstrations] monstrations [demonstrations] of applause. Mr. T. MAINWARING, [WARMING] a gentleman residing in the neigh- [neighbourhood] bourhood, [boyhood] was called to the chair. Mr. J. of Birmingham, next addressed the meeting, and gave an account of some interviews which he, Mr. E. Burritt, [Barrett] and Mr. F. Wheeler had, after the termi- [terms- termination] nation of the Frankfort Conference, with some members of the Schleswig-Holstein [Schedules-Holstein] and Danish governments, expressing his opinion that these interviews would have been success- [successful] ful [full] but for the untimely interference of fereign [foreign] powers, and was followed by Mr. Richard, the secretary of the Peace Society. Mr. CoBDEN [Cobden] on presenting himself was rapturously ap- [applied] and after expressing his pleasure in meeting so rge [re] a company, proceeded to say, they had met that night to talk about peace and the Peace Congress, and let him once for all say that when he came there to talk of peace he did not mean to treat it as an abstraction. (Hear, hear.) He came there as a practical man, to talk, not only simply with respect to the question of peace or war, but to treat of another question of hardly less importance-the enormous and burdensome standing armaments which it was the practice of modern governments to sustain in time of peace. (Cheers.) Now, he said he dealt with this ques- [question] tion [ion] as a practical man. He had lately been travelling in the rural parts of Wales, and he found that there was a considerable amount of inconvenience among the rural. population, among the farming world, who complained of lowness of price, and the weight of tithe-rent and taxation. (Hear, hear.) We should have those questions to talk over next session. The whole question of taxation would then come up. Government and parliament would then have to deal with a budget of pretty nearly 50,000,000 a year, and they would have to vote money to meet this enormous outlay out of funds raised by taxation on the people. (Hear, hear.) In the first place, we had to provide 28,000,000, in round numbers, out of the taxation, to meet the interest of the funded and floating debt-that debt of nearly 800,000,000 having been almost every farthing contracted in former wars. (Hear, hear.) Deducting those 28,000,000 there were left 22,000,000, about 6,500,000 of which (he still spoke in round numbers) were alone required to carry on the civil government, including the expenses of the courts of law, of diplomacy, of consular establishments, official salaries, and everything necessary to carry on the civil government. (Hear, hear.) After that, they had to vote about 15,500,000 (he spoke of what was done last year) for the expenses of the army, navy, and ordnance ; so that out of the 22,000,000 required of you to pay the current expenditure of the State, more than two-thirds were for military expenses-(cheers)-for these two-thirds taken from the taxation of the people were spent on red coats, blue jackets, and their appurtenances-(cheers and laughter)-and one-third covered all the other expenses. (Hear.) He therefore declared that if they wished any re- [remission] mission of the taxation which fell upon the homes of the people of England and Wales they could only find it by reduciug [reducing] the great military establishments, and diminishing the money they paid to fighting men in time ot peace. No doubt, the next session of Parliament would open amidst great clamour for the reduction of a great number of taxes; but they could not reduce taxation unless they reduced ex- [expenditure] penditure. [expenditure] Ifthe [If the] expenditure were kept up, they must have taxes to pay for it; and, therefore, taxation could only be reduced by coming to a resolution that they would in some way curtail the expenditure. (Hear, hear.) He did not stand there liable to the charge of advocating the total aud [and] immediate abolition of all our war establishments; but, after such meetings as the present, and after the de- [declarations] clarations [declaration] openly made by him for many years, he felt he should be perfectly free next session, with clean hands, and with full consistency and honesty, to vote for the removal of taxation, and leave the government to cut the coat according to the cloth. (Cheers and laughter.) He had no doubt that in the volume written by Sir F. Head (which had been referred to) the author of Bubbles from the Brunnen [Brennan] of Nassau, and he dared say those bubbles were just as substantial as the facts in that volume-(cheers and but there was something in the antecedents of this affair of our finances. (Hear, hear.) The men who wrote these books must be cowards and he knew nothing so preposterous as talking of a number of Frenchmen com- [coming] ing and taking possession of London. (Cheers and laugh- [laughter] ter.) [te] Who was afraid of them (Renewed laughter.) The best way for themas [Thomas] Englishmen to deal with tlie [tie] question was as politicians, more particularly in a financial point of view. (Hear, hear.) Everybody could see, and everybody admitted that the course pursued on the continent could not be continued for five years longer by any government. (Hear, hear.) Everybody admitted that Austria was bank- [bankrupt] rupt. [rust] Well, let them take France, Prussia, and Russia, and they too, through their enormous military establish- [establishments] ments, [rents] were hastening to bankruptcy and revolution. But when they called attention to these evils they did not them without suggesting practical remedies. They said to the governments of the world, 'Cannot you find some other way of settling your disputes, and for guarantecing [guarantee] peace, than an array of enormous armaments Cannot you recognize between governments the principle of submitting your a to the arbitration of a neutral party He asked the government to do in the case of a nation what we always did in the case of individuals. (Hear, hear.) Ifa [If] Frenchman living in London committed a crime, the law-and Englishmen might be proud of it-allowed him to claim to be tried by a jury half foreigners. Now, all he wanted was that the nations of England and France, and other countries, should carry the same principle into opera- [operation] tion, [ion] and that when they had a dispute, the matter be refer- [referred] red to arbitrators, instead of sending out a dozen ships of war, and saying if another nation did not take our account of the matter we would compel them. (Hear, hear) Let two arbitrators, one for each nation disputing, be appointed, and if the two could not agree, let them appoint an umpire to seitle [settle] the dispute according to reason and the facts of the case. Was there anything so Utopian in that (Ap- [Applause] plause.) [clause] The Peace Congress came to a resolution to re- [recommend] commend the nations of the world to enter on a system of disarmament. We havea [have] treaty with the United States, according to which only a cer'ain [er'in] number of ships-of-war were to be maintained by each nation on the limitary lakes -only one on each lake. Now, what had been the oonse- [ones- consequence] quence [Queen Why, from the moment of the existenee [existence] of that treaty, both parties had totally disregarded the mainte- [maintain- maintenance] nance of the force altogether, and there was not at the pre- [present] sent moment more than one crazy English hulk on all these lakes, and he did not believe that the Americans had one at all. (Loud cheers and laughter.) If England entered with an honest spirit into a similar treaty with France as existed with America, it would, if accepted, be advantageous to the interests of both countries. He could not mention the name of Sir Robert Peel without the S expressing his deep regret that we lost such a man at such a time. (Hear, hear.) It was in 184 [W] that Sir Robert Peel was the first to recommend that agitation in which the oe then to the to the danger caused thereby to the finances, and to the consequent risk of revolutions with respect to the govern- [governments] ments [rents] of Europe, and he said that those governments ought to endeavour to come to terms on the basis of a mutual reduction of the military establishments; and he declared numerous standing armies, Sir F. Head and his conduct in Canada which did not re- [recommend] commend him to him (Mr. Cobden) as a good authority in ; attendant on securing a patent. Observer) to inform the public that peace party and he (Mr. Cobden) were now engaged. That d phatically, [emphatically] that he hoped the governments would take that course a if not, he hoped the different communities of Europe would spread their opinions in order to force the governments to adopt that plan. (Hear, hear.) He (Mr. Cobden) had frequently referred to that declaration as being a direct incentive to the course which was adopted at peace meetings; and he claimed for the peace meetings the sanction and approval-nay, he claimed for them the ori- [or- origination] gination [nation] of the most practical statesman that ever lived. Loud cheers.) He remembered, not long BO, speech by a sheriff of London, at the sheriff's inaugural dinner. He did not remember the sheriff's name-in fact, very few persons ever remembered the names of the sheriffs Of (laughter) and, as the gentleman he alluded to happened to be sheriff and alderman of the city of Lon- [London] don,-a [a] very corrupt corporation,-it was not to be won- [wondered] dered [deed] ut that his name had escaped his (Mr. Cobden's) re- [recollection] collection (laughter), though it had been inserted in the columns of that very best champion of peace-Punch which ought to be seen on the table of every one, both in wealthy drawing-rooms and humble cottages. That gentleman hiccupped [occupied] out a great deal of incoherent nonsense about Ghbden, [Hebden] and also stated that he was in favour of armaments to preserve e, and called the principles of the Peace Society Utopism, [Outpost] for that was the standard word. Hear, hear, cheers, and laughter.) Now what had the corporation of London lately done He must say he had not sup they ssessed [possessed] so much wit-he had not given them credit for having a joke in their whole body. (Great laughter.) Why they had changed the programme of that t chil- [child- children] dren's [den's] raree [are] show on Lord Mayor's-day, and, instead of exhibiting men in armour, they provided in their stead a fi emblematical of peace, followed by representations of Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. (Roars of laughter.) No doubt that was intended as asly [sly] vote of censure on this talkative alderman and sheriff; but it was too bad that after eating his dinner they should have gone away and served him such a scurvy trick as that. (Laughter.) There was a portion of the community who did not want peace. ar was the profession of some men, and war therefore was the only means for their occupation and promotion in their profession. 15,000,000 sterling were spent for military establishments. That was a considerable sum of money spent aren [are] classes not very likely to be favourable to peace. (Hear.) Read the United Service and the Army and Navy Gazette. Did they think that those publications were calculated to promote peace Were they not seeking the opportunity of exciting jealousies, pointing to ships of war of fore countries, and saying, 'There are more guns there, and, therefore, we must have more Again, there was a large portion of the continen- [continent- continental] tal community similarly situated to the portion to which he had just referred in this country. 4,000,000 of men- [month] the flower of Europe-from twenty to thirty-three years of age, were under arms, living in idleness. ere were no men in the country parts there; the women were doing their farm-work, and toiling up to their knees in manure, and amidst muck and dirt, at the age of thirty and forty. They might be seen thus employed, tanned and haggard, and looking hardly like the fair sex. (Hear, hear.) He had endeavoured to show that he had a practical object in view, and that the members of the Peace Society had some sanction from practical men for what was sought after by that society. (Applause.) What did other men pro ose [one] most opposed to the Peace Society Did they say that the system which we were opposing would last for ever (Cheers.) Why, the conduct the Govern- [Governments] ments [rents] were pursuing was calculated to shake the faith of the mass of the people in the very existence of Govern- [Government] ment-marching [men-marching -marching] and counter-marching troops-and all for mere parade and the exhibition of armed men. now to another point of our pevce [peace] doctrine, and that was that he wanted to prevent people lending money to those bankrupt Governments in order that they might keep seldiers. [soldiers] (Applause.) He said last August twelvemonths, that the Russian Government, about whose rich and ample resources so much was then uttered, could pot a the campaign in Hungary without coming to London or Amster- [Master- Amsterdam] dam for a loan. He was laughed at, but the campaign was hardly over before a loan was applied for, under the pretence that it was wanted for a railway. (Hear.) He was asked whether he, as a free-trader, was consistent with his principles when he denounced this use of money He was told that a man had a right to lend his money without enquiring what it was wantedfor. [wanted for] Butif [But if] they knew it was wanted for a vile p had they the right of so lending it (Hear.) He (Mr. Cobden) said that they had all heard of the disturbances of Schleswig-Holstein, [Schedules-Holstein] and he joined both with Mr. Sturge [Stage] and Mr. Richard in the ex- [expression] pression [Prussian] of opinion that our Government. was heavily re- [responsible] sponsible [responsible] for having meddled in that affair in the way in which they did, and in having joined France, Russia, and Denmark, in a hostile demonstration against Schleswig- [Schedules- SchleswigHolstein] Holstein. (Hear, hear.) But the point to which he wished to refer was this,-last year these two parties (the Danes and Schleswig-Holsteiners) [Schedules-Holstein] were in collision, and then there ensued a suspension of arms. In the interval Denmark raised a loan of 800,000. That money was spent in pre- [preparation] paration [reparation] for bloody conflicts, and, if it could not have been raised from the English or Dutch, he firmly believed that, from the destitution of the resources of Denmark, peace must necessarily have ensued and those hostilities, which had caused so much devastation within the last few months, could not have been renewéd. [renewed] (Hear, hear.) So with respect to Russia. They heard of the Emperor at Warsaw dictating to Germany. He believed that the cost of the visits between Petersburgh [Petersburg] and Warsaw had been defrayed out of the money raised from the English. (Hear, hear ) He was not dreaming of the millennium, but he believed that long after his time iron would be used to make spears as well as the pruning-hook and the ploughshare. In that course therefore he should persevere in spite of sneers and sarcasms. He might at least be allowed to speak, if not with authority, at least without the imputation of tres- [tees- trespassing] passing on ground which he might not reasonably be sup- [support] to understand as well as most people, and to say, when he saw those who advocated warlike establishments or large armaments for the purpose of encouraging our trade in distant parts of the world, he had no sympathy for them, and they never should have his support in carrying out those measures. (Applause.) They had nothing to hope from measures of violence in respect to the promotion of commerce with other countries. (Hear.) He said, away with all attempts to coerce any hation, [nation] whether civilised or barbarous, by ships of war into the adoption of those prin- [pain- principles] ciples [piles] of free trade, which we ourselves only adopted when we became convinced by the process of reason and argu- [argue- argument] ment [men] that they were for our own interest. (Applause.) He never thanked the Foreign Minister who came with a treaty of commerce from China, or Bornea, [Borne] or St. Domingo, or Russia, binding them to extend their commerce with this country, and to relax their restrictions, should that treaty be obtained either by force, chicanery, or fraud; for, de- [depend] pend on it, that policy so enforced woukd [would] react, and they would never make progress in the poliey [policy] they advocated until they left it to other countries to take the course they believed to be best for their own interests after calm con- [consideration] sideration, [side ration] and until they had seen by the example England had set that the free trade adopted by her was beneficial to her own interests. (Cheers.) Therefore, on high religious grounds, and on free trade grounds, he sup- [supported] ported the gentlemen who were devoting themselves to the cause of e. (Hear, hear.) Mr. WILLIAMS then addressed the meeting, and, after votes of thanks to the meeting and the chairman, the meet- [meeting] ng broke up. PaTENT [Patent] Laws REFORM ASSOCIATION.-Our attention has been directed to the objects of this association by a gentleman who takes a great interest in the forthcoming Exhibition, and to whom one of the prospectuses has been addressed and placed at our disposal. The evils and im- [in- impositions] positions arising out of the never-ending fees drawn from the inventor, through the medium of some thirty-six offices, have been so admirably sketched by Mr. C. Dickens in an article which we to our columns, that it would be superfluous for us to attempt their repetition. We think it a monstrous shame that before a man, whether rich or poor, can claim the protection of his country's laws for the mechanical production of his genius, he must be bled piece-meal to the amount of from 96 to 120. That there is here something rotien [rotten] in the state of Denmark will be at once acknowledged,-and we understand that the object contemplated in this association is to advocate the substitution of some simple process, whereby the patenting of inventions may be rendered more in accord- [accordance] ance [once] with the spirit and requirements of the day. In reference to this subject and especially as to the late act, the Huddersfield Committee for the Exhibition, have adopted the following resolution -' Protection of Copy- [Copyright] right Designs Act does not extend to mechanical and other inventions, and they trust that even before the Exhibition takes place, such alterations in the law may be effected, as will admit the productions of many inven- [vein- inventors] tors, who are now prevented from making public the fruits of their own ingenuity by the difficulty and heavy expenses THe [The] Music HatL.-We [Hat.-We] are happy (says the Bradford the preliminary arrange- [arrangements] ments [rents] connected with the proposed Music Hall are satisfac- [satisfaction- satisfactorily] torily [truly] progressing. The amount of shares subscribed for already exceed 14,000; and the promoters of the under- [undertaking] taking are in very good spirits at the prospects of their patriotic enterprise. We hope it will be carried on and completed with equal auspiciousness. SuppEN [Supper] DEATH.-On Friday evening last a man of the name of Henry Mosley paid his house-rent at the Crown Inn, Keighley, where he also partook of supper in apparent ood [od] health. On leaving he took a walk with a temale [female] end in the outskirts of the town, and while in her com- [company] pany, [any] suddenly dropped down and expired. An inquest was held upon the body on Sunday, when it became evident that his death was the result of apoplexy. He was a widower, and father of a numerous family. THE Post-OFFICE ROBBERIES IN LEEDS.-On Monday, the prisoner, John Warren, who had previously been under examination before the Leeds magistrates, was again charged with several serious post-office robberies. The first case gone into was the of a 5 post-office order, belonging to Messrs. Titley, Tatham, and Walker, flax spinners. The next case was that arising out of the of having stolen a dividend warrant, issued by the Leeds and Thirsk Railway, for 26 13s. 4d. made payable to Mr. Thomas Craven, corn factor, of Leeds. And the third case wos [wis] an premium of 50 11s. d. addressed by Mr. William Robinson, stuff manufacturer, Keighley, to Messrs. Ward and Son, solicitors, Leeds, as the agents to the Scottish Widows' Fund. The evidence against the prisoner was considered so conclusive, that the magistrates committed him to York Castle for trial at the next assizes, br stealing the 744 bill for which he had been previously examined, and on all the above charges (including the for- [forgeries] ffries [fries] they involve), except that of stealing the Leeds and rsk [ask] Railway dividen [dividend] warrant, on which he stands remanded for the production of some merely formal evidence. He also stands remanded on some other charg [charge] of stealing post letters containing railway dividend warrants toa [to] considerable amount. The woman Hannah Leonard, who has also been in custod [custody] Was discharged, 12 o'clock on Monday night & young woman preci [price] itated [stated] herself from the first on ckfriars-bridge, [ck friars-bridge] and, striking with one of the buttresses, dashed in her upon the causeway. The sound of bet of two constables, who ran L after groaning heavily once or twice she expired, and was conveyed to dead- [Deanhouse] house. She was apparently about 26 years of age, short in stature, fair complexion, light brown hair, teeth much decayed, and had on a brown cotton dress with white wrrey [were] side of B violence inst and rebounded her fall attracted the own and raised her, stripes, slate-coloured shawl with red stri [stir] and a straw bonnet with brown ribanda, [band] a THE PAPAL AGGRESSION. BISHOP OF RIPON AND THE ROMISH [ROOMS] THE MOVEMENT. The following is the reply of the Lord Bishop of Ripon to the address of the Clergy of the Rural Deanery of Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield, [Huddersfield] which was inserted in our last number - Palace, Ripon, Nov. 11, 1850. My REVEREND BRETHREN, -I accept, with feelings of much reciprocity the gratifying expressions of affectionate regard with which you have commenced the address which I received on Saturday and I shall willingly impart to you the result of my own reflections as to our duty under the present emergency, when the Bishop of Rome has auda- [ada- audaciously] ciously [Sicily] attempted to establish a Ny of his own in this our island, claiming the ecclesiastical supremacy and sole jurisdiction within it. . I trust we shall all, both clergy and laity, be found ready now, as in times past, to repel the tyranny and repudiate the detestable enormities of the Bishop of Rome, against which our forefathers were taught to pray in the litany of our church and I receive with much satisfaction the assu- [as- assurance] rance [France] of your readiness to drive away, according to your ability, all those erroneous and strange doctrines, contrary to God's word, with which the Ch of Rome has over- [overlaid] laid and corrupted the simplicity of gospel truth. The advice which I have already given in other quarters, I will repeat to you - In the first place, I should recommend that protests, repudiating this usurped supremacy, should proceed from the clergy and laity of your several parishes, as a per- [permanent] manent [mane] record of their resolution to resist this act of forei [fire] ion. Next, 1 should advise that petitions be addressed to both Houses of Parliament, craving that a statute may be passed, forbidding all, save those by law authorised so to do, from assuming or using the title of any archbishopric, bishopric, or deanery, now existing, or hereafter to be created, derived from any place within these realms . I need hardly add that in your own parishes and dis- [districts] tricts [tracts] the utmost vigilance will be requisite in ascertaining what attempt are being made to tamper with the faith of your people by the missionaries of Rome, you will then be able to judge for yourselves, how far it may be necessary to meet these aggressions by instruction from your pulpits, on the points of controversy between the two churches; by the distribution of tracts, setting forth the errors of the Church of Rome, and by yet more diligent visiting from house to house, in order to detect the extent to which the efforts of her ministers are carried, and to meet them on their own grounds. Praying the Great Head of the Church to bless your endeavours to maintain his holy gospel in all its purity, I remain, my Reverend Brethren, You Ffaithful [Faithful] and affectionate Friend and Brother, Cc. T. RIPON. To the Rural Dean and Cle [Ce] of The Rural Deanery of Haddersfield. [Huddersfield] The Bishop of Ripon has replied to the address of the clergy of the Deanery of Leeds. His lordship remarks - 'The present proceeding, as one of the accredited organs of the Roman Catholics has just confessed, is a public declaration in the face of Christendom that the Church of land is no church at all; it is a denial of the existence in England of any spiritual jurisdiction save that of the Pope it abrogates the authority of all existing sees, and pronounces illegal all acts proceeding from the Bishops of the English Church who occupy them; it transfers the primacy of Canterbury to the new al see of estminster [Westminster] it substitutes the see of Southwark for that of London, and the see of Beverley for that of York, Ripon, and others, by virtne [virtue] of the usurped prerogative of an uni- [universal] versal [several] bishop. The Bishop then asks- Has the Bishop of Rome for- [forgotten] gotten that one of his predecessors, whom he must deem infallible, branded such an assumption with the epithets ' profane, Has he forgotten the confident assertion of Pope Gregory I., in the 6th century, when the Patriarch of Constantinople attempted the like usurpation, that 'whosoever doth call himself Universal Bishop, or desireth [desire] to be so called, doth in his election forerun anti- [unchristian] christ, [Christ] because he pridingly [priding] doth set himself before all others After some further similar comments, his lordship, in reference to the course proper to be adopted in this emer- [mere- emergency] gency, [agency] observes- [observe] 'In the first place, I should recommend that protests repudiating this usurped supremacy, now practically assumed for the first time since the reformation, should proceed from the clergy and laity ef every parish in the diocese, as a permanent record of their resolution to resist this act of foreign ion. Next, I should advise that petitions be addressed to both houses of parliament, craving that a statute may be forbidding all, save those by law authorised so to do, m [in] assuming or using the title of any archbishopric, bishopric, or deanery, now existing or hereafter to bo created, derived from any place within these realms. This will be a fresh vindication of the royal supremacy on the part of the legislature of this country, and will serve, I should trust, to quiet the consciences of those who might otherwise feel a difficulty in taking the oath in favour of it, so long as the legislature seemed tacitly to acquiesce in the Papal assumption. T need hardly add, that in your own parishes and districts the utmost vigilance will be requisite in ascertain- [ascertaining] ing what attempts are being made to tamper with the faith of your peodle [people] by the emissaries of Rome. You will then be able to judge for yourselves how far it may be necessary to meet these aggressions by instruction from your pulpits on the points of controversy between the two churches by the distribution of tracts, setting forth the errors of the Church of Rome and by yet more diligent visiting from house to house, that so you may in every way labour to drive away those erroneous and strange doctrines which the head of that church is now specially bent upon incul- [incl- inculcating] cating. [acting] His lordship concludes with a of Opinion that the recent aggression of Popery will ultimate tend to the furtherance of Protestant faith, and to the anion of all the members of the Protestant establishment. The following letter has been addressed to the Lord- [Lord lieutenant] Lieutenant of the coumty [county] of Buckingham by Mr. Disraeli -- My Lord,-I have received numerous appeals from my constituents requesting that I would co-operate with them in addressing your Lordship to call a meeting of the county, in order that we may express our reproba- [probate- reprobation] tion [ion] of 'the recent assault of the Court of Rome on the prerogatives of our Sovereign and the Liberties of her subjects. I think it very desirable that a meeting of the county should be called for that purpose, but, as far as I can gather from what reaches me, great misapprehension is afloat respecting the circumstances which now so violently, but so justly, excite the indignation of the Men are called upon te combine to prevent foreign interference with the prerogatives of the Queen, and to resist jurisdiction by the Pope in Her Majesty's dominions, But I have always understood that, when the present Lord-Lieutenant arrived in his Viceroyalty, he gathered together the Romish [Rooms] Bishops of Ireland, addressed them as nobles, sought their counsel, and courted their favour. On the visit of Her Majesty to that kinedom [kingdom] the same prelates were presented to the Queen as if they were nobles, and precedence was given them over the nobility and dignitaries of the national church; and it was only the other day, as I believe, that the Government offered the office of Visitor to the Queen's Colleges to Dr. Cullen, the Pope's delegate, and pseudo Archr [Archer] bishop of Armagh, and to Dr. M'Hale, the pseudo Arch- [Arch should] should deem himself at liberty to apportion England into dioceses, to be ruled over by his bishops And, why, instead of supposing he was taking a step insolent and insiduous, [insidious, should he not have assumed he was acting in strict conformity with the wishes of her Ma- [Majesty] jesty's [jest's] government The fact is, that the whole question has been surren- [Surrey- surrendered] dered, [deed] and decided in favour of the Pope, by the present government; and the ministers, who recognised the pseudo Archbishop of Tuam as a peer and a prelate, cannot object to the appointment of a pseudo Archbishop of Westminster, even though he be a cardinal. On the contrary, the loftier dignity should, according to their table of precedence, rather invest his eminence with a still higher patent of nobility, and permit him to take the wall of his grace of Canterbury and the highest nobles of the land. The policy of the present government is, that there shall be no distinction between England and Ireland. I am, therefore, rather surprised that the cabinet are so indignant, as a certain letter with which we have just been favoured informs us they are. I have made these observations in order that, if the county meets, the people of Buckinghamshire may un- [understand] derstand [understand] that the question on which they will have to decide is of a graver, deeper, and more conprehensive [comprehensive] character than, in the heat of their laudable emotion, they may perhaps suppose. I have the honour to be, my lord, Your faithful servant, B, Ett. [Et] Hughenden Manor, Nov. 8 THE BIsHoP [Bishop] OF EXETER AND THE PoPE.-The [Pope.-The] Bishop of Exeter has Teplied [Replied] to an address from the laity of the parish of Trinity, in whlch [which] he seems to blame the Govern- [Government] ment [men] rather than the Pope, and betra [beta] something not un- [unlike] like a feeling of exultation at what he would fain make out to be the sequel to the Gorham business. His Lordship says- The recent act of the Bishop of Rome, affecting, in direct contradiction to the canons ef the Catholic Church, to place bishops in this land, which is thronghout [through] already occupied by an nearly as ancient as that of Rome itself, cannot fail ta have excited, in every faithful member of Christ's Church amongst us, a feeling of indigna- [Indian- indignation] tion [ion] at its presumption, and a firmer resolution than ever to resist the unrighteous and uncatholic [Catholic] spirit which has prompted it. Whether this act be, indeed, as you designate it, an 'aggression on the constitutional rights and sovereignty of the Crown of England,' after all the changes in our constitution which modern legislation has introduced, I do not presume ta say. If it be, it is manifestly the duty of the advisera [adviser] of the Queen to take steps to vindicate the outraged rights and honour of their royal mistress. 'But, perhaps, there is too much reason to fear, that the inno [Inn] vations [nations] which have been made within the last few yearg [year] jn our fundamental laws, have in truth removed all inmpedi- [impeded- impediments] ments [rents] to the intrusion of such bulls from Rome as that which is the subject of our present complaint. f this shall prove to be the case, it will become the people of England to blame their own culpable disregard of 'their highest interests, in spite of wan upon them, rather than to indulge in ous [us] but idle invective against the wary adversary who has turned their imprudence so largely to hia [his] own account, DISSENTERS AND THE AccREssIon.-On [Accession.-On] Sunday last, very many of the dissenting minlsters [ministers] in the metro- [metropolis] polis [Polish] preached sermons in reference to the late innovations of the Pope some havi [have] also been preached on the Sun- [Sunday] day recedin [preceding] The Rev. T. Binney, of the Weigh-house, speaks as fo ws Popery is not simply and purely a I will venture to say, is worthy of 'believe that with religious liberty asmDisae- [dismayed- asmDisaecountry] 'country, persoms [persons] of all religious of worship they think it right to adopt, may bishop of Tuam. What wonder, then, that his holiness 'to the crown for the protection they ree [ere] distinguished by the immersizy [immersed] vf is pupuiac [pupil] a the greatness of its trade, bud that it may upon the face of the globe. religion. It isa great and mighty racy, that aims at and desires a terrible compact, almost physical Pre-eminenes. [Pre-eminent] it; irit [writ] of intense hatred to real liberty. timated estimated] ' t requires to be held in check by law oF are not true, ber [be] because its A ite [it] 5 because its creed is a corrupti [corrupt] oe ite [it] it tented inimical to dom ith, [it] dng [ng] this or that tt Dee i se pee dag eivit [invite] . Net Curt Lot to he the Bishop of Exeter's. Lord Jo litany hn ho ing which had been described to Meee [Mere] pool will be manifested in all ne aroused ia Le, foreseein [foreseen] and deprecating the angry me a guage [gauge] in which it is to be feared that feeling ene ag, there find expression. As Lord John Rae eka. [ea] the mischief to treacherous ministers of the ees [see] yl John Manners traces it to treacherons [treacherous] Lom [Lo] whose Anti-Chureh [Anti-Church] policy invited Stam, Steam] the Church and Queen of England. Hes SO 5 retracing of legislation-in the Charitable Bonnets 1844, which Lord Grey felt bound to ibllog [oblige] 1 the prior dignity of a Roman Cathoi, [Catholic] ed over Protestant Bishops in Australia - sion of the Emancipation Act, whi [who] 'enables Re Tete lics [Lucas] at home legally to oust the Protestants hy mt those dioceses which might yet be granted we it ip the Protestant Church. Re ay Met uy elem, - -- - LORD MAYOR'S DAY IN LONDox [London] Saturday being the day for the public in, - the new lord mayor, the day was as Stat ation [action] ie London. The usual pageant was in men aside on this occasion, and some novelties Dare. teristic [rustic] of the present age, and more symbole. [symbol] industry, and growing civilisation than the 2tage, [take] armour were substituted. A procession 3 2 tableau emblematical of industry, the in Orting Sorting] merce, [mere] and manufactures, was designed b 'OM, F.R.S., the of the Art Union, and jie [Joe] Mr. Batty, proprietor of Astley's. The eine [wine] in the moving tableau was a car of siguntic [gigantic] Re eee [see] In the upper part of this car, which 'tae [tea] mal [al] ee towards the ground, was seated Peace. mere effigy, but a real animated 5 her the emblems of her reign, and as much by her looks as her age. Behe tannia, [Tannin] also an animated figure, looking S 2 from time immemorial supposed to look wh een [en] the waves, and having a crew of sailors at her fee - peaceful goddess was preceded by four tiem [time] cm Ss back, who severally represented the fouy [four] the globe, and whose faces had deen [need] the artist, in order that they might assume hue. In their dress and weapons, alo [al] had been taken to complete the 'IInsion, [Sion] 2 to represent Asia zoologically, fumed ject [jet] of interest; but the popular a further increased by the spectacle of whose back was furnished with one those towers, from which eastern archers are have shot forth their weapons. It would fu omit to mention two deer, whose backs were ue, with leafy symbols of their favourite hy case of the four horses severally represe [represent] arts, commerce, and manufactures, the syn thing was an enormous globe on the hae [he] them, with a ship resting upon it. Jare [Are] BS thy the ry ver [Rev] Ppp. [Pp] Cad Le ee 'O0Mer [Romer] Abs (Dusty oe OER [PER] oF he Re Accortling [According] the processicn [procession] conducted the Lord Vine En minster, where the courts of law were i, md he oaths having been administered to the Lori be, procession returned to Blackfriars by ater. [after] Pha [Ha] quet [quiet] at the Guildhall took place, as aul. [al] o'clock in the evening. The company was uf [of] sn, brilliancy on these occasions, and the hall yas [as] ms, teed to excess. Lord John Russell, on his Srst [SST] was received with enthusiastic cheemny, [chimney] 4... in attributed to the access of popularity which ay acquired by his recent letter to the Bishup [Bishop] ov. ham. In proposing the health of bis aod [and] the other ministers, the Lord Mayor ullulei [Pullein] co aly [al] to this manifesto, and the allusion was rr nthe [the] a renewal of applause. Lord Joay [Joy] Rr -hen rose. His appearance was the Sgnal [Signal] for the of the applause with more enthusiasm Ladies waved their handkerchiefs, aod [and] vied with one another in expressions of and delight, and it was some time delure [deluge] lord could proceed. At length, as dy meee [mere] consent, the welcome terminate in one loud . and almost in an instant there was as hall an entire silence, which s usc [us] his lordship spoke. The noble lord mised [missed] us and was probably heard in every portiun [portion] ous [us] apartment. He said, on behalf of her ters, [tees] I have to return owr [or] most grateful Lord Mayor and to this honour that has been done us. hw 3 JIL [AIL] Ue UG E truse [true] we leserve [reserve] be praise which he has been pleased to besww [bess] upon s- that it has been our endeavour to promote cue esa interests of the country-hear. hear) -amd [and] source of the greatest satisfaction to us thus wom [whom] moment the tranquility [tranquillity] of the country wd che sue state of trade betoken a state of we fort which we cannot but look upou [upon] wi gratifieation-(cheers) [gratification-(cheers] ;-and, gentlemen, sorry to say, some of the powers of a2 posed to interrupt that peace which has appr app] vailed [sailed] for so many years, I can only say chai [chair] 2 endeavours of her Majesty's government wil 0 to preserve that peace-that we trust we may [C] cessful [useful] in that endeavour-and that, ac JT cue. 2 and heavy will he the responsibility of thuse [these] ue Sule [Sale] tonly [only] incur the miseries of war. With country, we can have no hesitation in aos [as] we are preserving terms of amicable relacuns [relations] wit the countries of the world, and that we crust Buse [Use] tions [tins] may be maintained. (Cheers.) The Lori 2 speaking of any merits which her Majesco [Majesty] wanes may have, has alluded to declarations whiva [viva] wir [Sir] vee [see] mnade [made] on my part. (Loud cries of Hear, tur [tue] can only say, gentlemen, that that attachment religious freedom of this country which hare urte [true] felt will always continue to animate my bresst. [breast] it will be my duty to maintain to the ums [ms] power the supremacy of our bu SH general burst of cheering), and the religiuus [religious] the people, from whatever quarter they uaF [af] Je teeth (Renewed cheering.) Let me add. however. farther. When perils much more grave, ue imminent, impended over this couay [coy] Princess, who at that time miled [miles] thought fit to call to her aid 2ll [ll] might be their religious persuasion, #h to the throne and true to the interests vf thelr [their] Such was the conduct of Elizabeth ix tme [me i [C] -' danger as ever cecurred [secured] to this counzy. [county] rte aa. i uy ure [re] nine wre [re] obeying the dictates of their SY the institutions of the country. pay 2 nye [ne] jie [Joe] SE) that they live in a land where freedou [freedom oe I trust F may say permanently, established thank you for the honour that you have and done my colleagues, in drimkimg [dramatic] eur the presex. [express. occasion; I fervently hope thus Se rity [city] of this city may continue that ts may we as the most free and enlightened city '4 (The noble wr [C] his seat amidsts [amidst] loud and eathusiastic [enthusiastic] chee [cheer] D ----- - NOMINATION OF THE SHERIF S [SHERIFF S] On Tuesday last, the Lords of Her Council assembled in the Court of Fxcheyuet [Exchequer] munister, [minister] for the purpose of proceeding to ie tion [ion] of sheriffs for the ensuing year for we DE in England and Wakes, with the except vb and Lancashire. ae The Lords of the Council present were fe ' sellor [Mellor] of the Exehequer, [Exchequer] in his State roves aoe [are] C, Wood; Sir George Grey, Secretary oF Oo a Home Department; the Hon. Fox Maule. 8 . the Forces; Loré [Lord] Campbell, Lord Chief Court of Queen's Bench; Sir John of the Cowt [Cow] of Common Pleas; Su f-' a E Baron of the Court of Exchequer ; Mr. Baron Alderson, Mr. Justice a wid [id] Wightman, Mr. Baron Platt, Mr. ong [on] Mr. Justice Falfourd. [Flavoured] The followimg [following] appointments -- Senbur [Senior] Marsland, Esq a Se George Holland Ackers, [Akers] Esy., [Es] o2 Moxews [Mews [C] Hurteston [Heston] Lecke, [Locke] Esq., of Carden. Derpysuire.-Francis [Desire.-Francis] Bradshaw. Ex 3 Blount; Samuel Evans, Esq, of Darley ee Henry Sacheverell [Several] Wilmos, [Willis] Bart., of Chasiues [Chases] is C] Ackiom [Com] Hart; Robert Henry Allen, Esq... of Black John Bowes, Esq., of Streatham Castle- [Castle] bo sie [Sir] Charles Henry Riley Bart., of Lea; George Tomline, [Tomlin] Esq. and Joseph Livesey, Esq., of gw Willi [Will] ae se ip 'ks is Spe [Se] he - lke [le] Newbiggin-halt; Edward Wilson, Bs4, [BS] ws and Richard Barn, Esq., of Orten-ball [Often-ball] John Heary [Hear] Lowther, lington, [London] Wakefield; Andrew Mouagy [Mag] 7 uy park; and the Hon. Payan [Paying] Dawnay. [Dawn] - Ereland. [Ireland] Tue Irish Democrame [Democracy] oe above-named body was heli [held] at the veo [Geo] presen [present] day night, but owing to the unwelcom [welcome] Burge large body of the old body-guarl [body-guard] of DRESS 7 iss Yes any ft peer coal-porters, to wit), the proceeding Cee [See] ne 1D more than a series of rows from exrremely [extremely] Black eyes and swelled mouths ect [act] eae [ear] lent amongst the auditory, and at le from De we a was holding forth, a rush took place aah the hall towards the platform, and pus wes [West] the duties of the re was a oe oe to. They were and hustled shay the crowd to maxe [mace] their escape 3