Huddersfield Chronicle (14/Sep/1850) - page 7

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Sint [Tins] OF THE PUBLICZJOURNALS. CIAL [COAL] 8 ALARIES.-LORD [SALARIES.-LORD] PRIVY SEAL. OFFIC [OFFICE] (From the Morning Chronicle. ) evidence throws some light upon the Lord, 'ous, [us] but not the worst remunerated of the jeast [east] lal [all] ich [inch] came under the consideration of the com- [commences] WP ublic [public] salaries. Without such an explanation 9 nD been quite impossible to form an adequate it Wr the extreme lightness of the duties of the lord potion eal [Earl] The work attached to this high dignity is pry ele [Lee] or as we are told by the nobleman best very ted with it, it isnext [is next] to nothing; for doing which, , Lord Minto receives the moderate of power' anda [and] year. His duties are, we are told, of two p onsibility; [responsibility] they consist in affixing the seal come twice a week toa [to] number of instruments and ence [once] OF that are sent to the office, in which his lordship pater [Peter] ad by a private secretary, two chief clerks, and is ae -an establishment which is now being gh ua 1, There is, however, no difficulty in dispensing duct presence of the lord privy seal. as was shown with arrangements that were made on the occasion of by th diplomatic services being required for a Lord mission to Italy, during which time the business al was performed by Sir G. Grey, without ssary [salary] any sacrifice of time or trouble on art of that gentlemen. In a similar manner, when Durham held this office, the department was god over to others, whilst the real salaried occupant jan ployed [played] upon a mission toSt. [toast] Petersburg. It will Se zcen [cent] that, without any detriment to the public service jength [length] [C] of the pricy [price] f derimg [drug] nece [nee] the lord privy seal may be absent for any time, for the responsibility which is talked of rsto rest] be very readily accepted by any of the cabinet are who may bo obliged to remain in London. It appeared to Mr. Cobden and the comunittce, [community] that the public were paying Lord Minto for doing which, in these days of retrenchment, gives a 10 jusufficient [sufficient] Claim, even to the father-in-law of the eect, [erect] for a handsome income at the public charge. merits the office is clearly indefensible, and in body with the exception, perhaps, of its fortunate welder, would be glad to see it done away with. The ministerial witnesses, anticipating the effect that would pe produced by the discovery, that the office of lord vy seal was in reality asinecure, [injure] adopted the some- [somewhat] 'hat audacious line of attempting to show the great advantage of having members of the cabinet ved [bed] by thelabours [the labours] ofan [fan] important department. Lord Minto asserts that the lord privy seal is ex- [extend] ted to give his attention to all those subjects which sous in more laborious posts are unable to attend to in which he is supported by Lord John Russell. In point of fact, this officer is the odd man of the cabinct. [Cabinet] He is supposed to be ready to turn his hand t0 anything or everything. In or out of parlia- [Parliament- parliament] ment [men] he is to render constant assistance in getting government business. If this be so, the list of jutics [justices] which he may be called upon to perform is in- [indeed] deed formidable. In the House of Lords he has to qswer [sewer] Lord Stanley and snub the Duke of Richmond, to keep Lord Brougham in order, and to explain Lord Lansdowne's explanations. At other times he must conduct enquiries to which his colleagues are too busy wo attend; and if any extraordinary occasion should grise, [rise] he must be in readiness to undertake the most dificult [difficult] operations. He must assist Earl Grey in colonial debates, and Lord Palmerston in foreign nego- [gone- negotiations] ations, [nations] and work alternately at Australian constitu- [constitution- constitution] ions, or German protocols, and which is the most op- [oppressive] pressive [preserve] duty of all, he must attend to the innumerable subjects which Lord John has not time to take into consideration. Lord Minto represents himself as having pen willing to make himself thus generally useful. Whether his ability is inferior to his zeal, or whether the latter did not exist anterior to the salaries com- [committee] mittee, [matter] we are unable to determine but from what has iaken [taken] place in parliament and out of it, we should not have divined that this nobleman was of the slightest assistance to his colleagues. Therefore, either Lord Minto is unable to help them in the conduct of public business, or else his statement that the other ministers are so overworked as to be compelled to leave import- [important] ant questions to the consideration of the less active members of the cabinet, is an ingenious hypothesis in- [inconsistent] consistent with fact. On one occasion, it appears that this zealous member of the government displayed some symptoms of the activity which le would have us believe to be habitual with him. When all Italy was convulsed with revolu- [revolt- revolution] tion, [ion] application was made, according to Lord Palmer- [Palmerston] stou's [stout's] version, for the advice of the English government. The Foreign Office knew very little about Italy, but the mediating viscount felt it his duty to accept the prof- [proffered] fered [Fred] distinction. He proceeded to advise upon Italian politics. But he naturally distrusted the British diplo- [diploma- diplomatic] motic [otic] agents in that country, who, according to the practice prevalent in our service, had been appointed without any qualification except personal relationship ; and that kind of distress which, though too proud to accept relicf [relief] from the parochial authorities, is not above the honourable but lucrative exile of a foreign mission. lord Palmerston felt the difficulty which the peculiar character of his own servants cast upon the policy of his fice. [five] He therefore requested the services of the lord privy seal. It was a great piece of good luck to be able to employ a safe Presbyterian nobleman, who would beable [Beale] to withstand the fascinations of Rome, and whose welliested [elicited] whiggery [piggery] would disarm a suspicion of lean- [lean mg] mg too much to the popular side in discussions re- [regarding] garding [carding] the liberal movements in Italy. Lord Minto, therfore, [therefore] after being primed with the principles of inter- [international] tational [national] law, which distinguish and direct our foreign policy, started for Switzerland and Italy. So far as we can learn from official despatches and from the debates m [in] either house of parliament, the sole result of his journey was.a charge for expenses, amounting to between '4,000 [4,W] and 5,000. He had interviews with the princes aud [and] priests of Italy, and colloquies with the leaders of ee revolutionary societies. He travelled as far as Sicily, ut he does not seem to have had the slightest influence either upon those who there organised a sanguinary a or upon those who repressed it. From first ast [at] lis [is] passage was a solemn progress, which in no Way resembled the political mission of an ambassador, hdr [Dr] wwostentatious [ostentatious] decency of a private English Gai [Ga] After availing himself of the opportunity to Pay visit, at Turin, where his son-in-law hap- [happens] pens to be minister plenipotentiary, he continued his . hich [which] southwards, The principal occasion upon bileon [blown] distinguished himself, was by appearing on a rath [rat] to receive the homage of an Italian mob, and gent Tule [Rule] popular or seditious cries. The more intelli- [until- intelligent] the Ey ree [ere] aud [and] foreigners were simply amused-but bain [vain] far and travellers experienced a more Euclish [English] cling on witnessing the humiliation of the jesty' [jest] influence, and the dull buffoonery of her made Fin representative, But the lord privy seal i f usefui [useful] to the Foreign Office, and he had ayers of i expenses very liberally paid by the tax- [texts] itis [its] gig, United Kingdom. . cult to determine the precise value of these aur [air] services. Neither is it n to frame nbs [ns] estimate of the capacity of Mr. Aber- [Aberdeen] then a Temple, and Lord Napier, to suppose lasts a furnish information upon Italian affairs, at Lord Pat eas [was] Lord Minto; therefore, however badly is merston [Merton] may have thought of our diplomatists the lath we cannot avoid considering the mission of inh, [in] we of all the Elliots [Elliot] to have been a notorious advan [advance] tage [age] vee [see] discover, at least in this instance, what tell pat y re accrues to the public from retaining tilting nt office without real duties and respon- [reason- reasonably] Rally to hae' [he' lord privy seal may declare himself bunt the his friends at all times; he may offer to Ut the or to hear appeals; but there is tal toa [to] test evidence to show that, whatever his Country fo' he has been of the slightest use to the helg [held] 7 20 the last four years, during which he has Join office. Even if we admit Lord argument, that it is necessary to a ibuiign [building] 9 usure [sure] parliamentary support by the Wark, vet of official emoluments without official be aban [ban] don Cannot avoid perceiving that in practice 'ointment his plausible theory, by conferring the it reglie [regular] oY Of cabinet office upon a nobleman who jpinic [picnic] therefore Wl as it g es no work whatever. The office of privy ooo [too] is a flagrant case of the gains of the tin, yy obtained by the influence of family connec- [connect- connect] W ditt [ditto] abt [at] not that Lord John Russell will find ns in providing another sphere for the states- [states] tte [te] we 4 of his noble relative; but in the mean- [mean the] the req [re] vest that the House of Commons will adopt dbolig, [oblige] fn of the select committee, and office of privy seal. TRE [RE] ATTACK ON MARSHAL HAYNAU. [HANNAH] Marshall Hq (From the Daily News.) en thi [the] Ynau [Na] has got a sample of what English- [English] tle [te] on of his deeds. We from the first though eat this man amongst us little short of insult, Son to him. carefully refrained from a word or an allu- [all- all] a ven, ut Haynau [Hannah] himself must have been fed Nee and very mistaken idea indeed of tkrg [trig] rese [sere] 8, when he could have ventured his mur- [Mr- turf] f Be his name and hands, reeking with the Ungarian [Hungarian] 0, ner. [ne] . ito [to] eaten knowing this country, and the universal . rtained [retained] by all Wa y all classes of the population of Stay tlic [tic] the H ians [ins] were frst [first] provoked 'tt very then betrayed, and lastly butchered- [butcher] te Women exposed to the most brutal indigni- [Indian- indignation] Person, rightly aware of this, but must in Wt generat [general] have counselled Marshal Haynau, [Hannah] to ve and sanctioned such . strict privacy in this country, an wld [wild] bo it hateful name amongst men whose blood Mt show and whose indignation could cont, elf with the extreme expression of My. wed With thes, [the] With Christian benevolence, and foros [forks] ngs [ng] Of an Austrian consul-general, tay [ta] 8 to sty tt' Persecution of the Jews of Pesth [Pest] tig, [ti] Mh live a friend but the class of English- [English] Mit [It] afi [af] i, have In and are possessed of instruc- [instruct- instructed] vead [read] the events of the Hungarian campaign ch 8 and most imprudent it was fending ullition [bullion] and expression of these feel- [feel that] that two Haynau [Hannah] amongst them. The reports minutes had not elapsed after his blood, amongst any body of badg [bad] signing his name in the visitors' Barclay's brewhouse, ere it was knows through the w og of the establishment. The electric tele. [tee] grap [gap] never did its work more rapidly than the el feeling that ran through every breast at Bank- [Bankside] side. The consequence was what must have been ex- [exposed] posted. e butcher Haynau, [Hannah] who ran away from his ist [its] battle against the Hungarians, and who avenged ae after by slaughtering all the Hungarian generals who had surrendered themselves to the Austrians; he was exposed to every contumely, and obliged to run for his life. We rejoice that he escaped without serious injury, but we do also sincerely rejoice that such a manifestation of British fecling-so [feeling-so] honest, so popula', [popular] and so spontaneous, as well as so energetic, goes forth doen [done] word oe Europe to mark in what estimation the of Austria in Hun regar [regard] i i gent of our industrious ded [de] by the intelli [until] tis [is] not easy to get at the ular [ural] feeling of this country. It is a kind of thick hd sturdy almost altogether shaded by the tall plants above it, and astranger [stranger] may behold merely an aristocratic growth of forest trees, and take no account of the sturdy vegetation beneath. The public press, too, com- [compelled] pelled [celled] to be a dear one, and to cater chiefly for the high, and dearly purchasing classes by the severe laws and fiscal burdens which hamper it, offer no indication whatever of even middle class opinion, so that a stranger who should judge of England by its press would fall into the most lamentable errors. Marshal Haynau [Hannah] is probably a reader of the Times, and if s0, he must have expected to be exceedingly popular in England. To judge from that journal, he must have supposed that the Austrian government is of all others the most ad- [admired] mired in this country, and the Austrian generals the heroes of English feudalism, for their humanity in Hun- [Hungary] gary, [gray] and for the prudent vigour with which they have Suppressed all efforts at constitutional government. The Times is the journal amongst us of the greatest cir- [circulation] culation. [circulation] The Times spent columns in vilifying Kos- [Tos- Kossuth] suth, [South] in proving the execution of Bathyani [Bathing] just, and even in excusing the flogging of Madame Madersbach. [Debauch] aoe [are] could Marshal Baynan [Banana] expect to be unpopular in coun [con] e read, as we hav [have] i if he believed in, the Times. oe doubt he did, and Deep therefore as is our execration of Marshal Haynau's [Hannah's] character and acts, we must admit the possi- [poss- possibility] bility [debility] of his being deceived in his estimation of English opinion; and we fear that his thrusting his person into the presence of a body of assembled Englishmen may have been the result more of the mendacity of the English journals, than that of the audacity of the Anse [Ans] marshal himself. e hope, however, that Marshal Haynau [Hannah] may not ex- [expose] pose himself, nor any portion of the British publie [public] sub- [subject] ject [jet] him, to more insults. One consideration should indeed arrest the hands and the voices lifted up against him, and that is, that he is in di with the very government in whose behalf he committed such atro- [aro- atrocities] cities. He has been recalled from his command, dis- [dismissed] missed from his employ, and treated, as indeed the Austrian Emperors have, during centuries, treated every one of their generals, from Wallenstein down, with signal treachery and ingratitude. The cause, too, for which Haynau [Hannah] incurred the displeasure of the Court of Vienna, deserves to be noted it was be- [because] cause, weary of putting Hungarians to death, he par- [pardoned] doned [done] some of them, and permitted them to return to their country. This circumstance, together with his subsequent disgrace, with the words attributed to him since his retirement from the Austrian service, show the possibility of Marshal Haynau's [Hannah's] having repented of the cruelties which he perpetrated, and of having served the dark and bigot house of the Ferdinands [Ferdinand] with a de- [devotion] votion [motion] that precluded humanity or mercy. Marshal Haynau [Hannah] found his court reward in ignominious dis- [dismissal] missal; and he has just undergone popular sentence from some of the most true and honest representatives of English feeling and of an English sense of justice. a HOW SLAVES ARE TREATED IN THE UNITED STATES. (From the Times.) The question of slavery in the United States, it is too evident, is not receiving that gradual solution which a series of great men have confidently hoped for. It stands now in much the same state as when Franklin and Jay headed the cause of abolition. A fundamental law of the Union requires that the Federal Government shall not only respect the rights of the slave-owners and the laws of the slave states, but that it shall render its utmost assistance towards the enforcement of those rights. Accordingly, the slave-owners are demanding no more than their right, and indeed in their own opinion somewhat less, in what is called the Fugitive Slave Bill, the provisions of which are of a nature to startle an English ear. In every township of the United States from the Atlantic the Pacific, and from the St. Lawrence to to the Rio Grande, every man, woman, and child whose complexion betrays the least trace of an African origin is to be liable by that bill to the following treatment. A stranger may sud- [sid- suddenly] denly [Denby] present himself, armed with a document from the authorities of a distant state, and demand that coloured person as a fugitive slave; and, if that person cannot prove his counter-statements with the evidence of free men, may carry him off as he would a recovered horse, or dog, or carpet-bag. It may be a coloured man who has for years worked for wages, or kept a store; it may be the daughter or the wife of a man known to be free ; it may be any mulatio, [militia] or creole who cannot prove by the evidence of free men his history and con- [condition] dition [edition] from the day of his birth; he is to be liable to be carried off in the eyes of a free city, and forcibly trans- [transported] ported to the heart of a slave state a thousand miles off. More than this, should the alleged owner, or his agent, make an affidavit that he has reason to apprehend a rescue, or any degree of forcible opposition, then the officers of the federal union are to be compelled by the terms of the above-mentioned bill to undertake them- [themselves] selves the conveyance of the alleged slave, and his safe delivery into the hands of his alleged owner, at the place of his alleged escape. Or, should a rescue ac- [actually] tually [tally] be effected, the state wherein it takes place is to make good the value of the slave to the alleged owner. Any attempt to rescue is, of course, to be punished with the severest penalties. A bill with these provisions has just passed the Senate, and is probably by this time the law of the United States. The introduction and probable enactment of this bill at this moment, though indeed in its is nothing new, would seem to indicate a sort of crisis in slavery. Such, in fact, there is. There appears to be a general movenment [Government] among the population of the Union; not such as to create any definite appre- [paper- apprehension] hansion, [Hanson] for there can be no doubt as to their utter help- [helplessness] lessness, [lessons] but sufficient to create much annoyance and personal inconvenience. The children of Ham have never been remarkable for preferring their claims with much dignity or effect, and it is evident that, as a body, they are not doing much to soften the hearts of their masters in the United States ' ' ' Two incidents will show how the generous instincts of freedom are rewarded by citizens who profess to have sympathies large enough for the whole human kind, especially where a king or an aristocracy 1s concerned. A correspondent of the Express, writing from Washing- [Washington] ton, says,- The runaway slaves hava [have] been so numerous of late in these parts, under the instigations of the Abolitionists here and elsewhere, that the owners of this species of property have become very much alarmed, and are disposed to remove them to safer parts of the United States, or to sell them to slevedealers. [sleeveless. He then gives an instance. William Williams had the good fortune to reside at that focus of liberty, the seat of the American Congress, and, still more, to be coachman to three successive Presidents, including the present. After many years' toil he had recently purchased his own freedom, but his family were owned by some one at New Orleans, though residing around him at Washing- [Washington] ton. Abouta [About] month since they were all suddenly seized by a slave trader, and carried off to Baltimore, en route to New Orleans. The wife, over 50 years of age, three daughters, and as many grandchildren were thus snatched and hurried off to a fate worse than death-to be sold in the south to the highest bidder and separated for ever from their parent and each other. As it hap- [happened] pened, [opened] and as, indeed, it was to be expected, the poor man and his family found excellent friends in the President and some other gentlemen and ladies to whom they were or had been inservice. [invoice] A very handsome subscription was made for the redemption of the family so that, by the last account, only 1,500 dols. [sold] had to be raised for the three grandchildren; all the others have been made free. It is not every coachman, however, who has the fortune to drive the President, or to wait behind a minister of state, and it is evident that many William Williamses [Williams] in the union are now suffering out- [outrages] rages that would not have been tolerated under the slave masters of heathen Greece or Rome. The other incident to which we have referred is thus related by the Norfolk Beacon, with proper democratic imdigna- [imagine- indignation] tion [ion] About twenty-five were arrested yes- [yesterday] terday [yesterday] and taken before his honour the mayor for violating the States' law against slaves making their own bargains, and receiving the money for their ser- [se- services] vices. They were discharged upon producing their es. It will be recollected that there is a corpora tion [ion] law which allows to work and receive their money by paying a tax of one dollar and taking a badge. No more badges will be granted hereafter, as the cor- [corporation] poration [portion] law conflicts with the State law on the subject. We are glad to see this movement, for really the have become so independent under the present system, that itis [its] almost impossible to get one to do a day's work, and a change is loudly called for. Such incidents and disclosures almost forbid us to hope that the Americans are gradually paving the way to the ultimate emancipation of their slaves. Indeed, the form of the federal constitution appears to oppose an insurmountable difficulty. The slave states stand on their rights, and the union is scarcely allowed any action in the affair. No intermediate or lenitive process 18 ible [able] under such circumstances. The old school of abolitionists, who very wisely shrank from the grave responsibility of advising immediate emancipation, re- [recommended] commended measures for improving me and pre- [preparing] paring them for liberty. ong [on] these preparatory measures they particularly urged that he should be allowed a personal interest in his own work, that he should be trusted with occasional liberty, under surveil- [survive- surveillance] lance, that the ties of nature and religion should be that conjugal fidelity should be even re- [rewarded] warded, and lastly, that he should be permitted and encouraged to purchase his own freedom at a fair arbi- [ab- arbitration] tration. [ration] Such were the suggestions of Channing and other writers, and, had we adopted that course with our own slaves in the West Indies, it might have been better for all parties. From the two incidents we have mentioned above it appears that, so far from these sug- [su- suggestions] gestions [questions] being inapplicable to the case of the American they are the very things he wants, and constitute, in fact, his bill of rights. But it is clear that either the power or the will is wanting on the part of his masters. The freest and most enlightened people in the world, as it delights to call itself, is content with the old re- [repressive] pressive [preserve] policy, which on this side the Atlantic has so often ended in a violent catastrophe. It is hardly our place to say what can be done. Quisque [Mosque] suos [sus] patimur [pastime] manes. We have our own evil heritage of difficulties to deal with, and must leave the Americans to theirs. Nay, it is from their British origin that they inherit slavery. We gave them what they are now forced to deal with as a great and miserable fact-the degradation and bondage of two million fellow-citizens, This should moderate the tone of British criticism on the subject. On the other hand, the evident and admitted failure of the Americans to get out of their difficulty should teach them a little more modesty in their remarks upon the social evils of England and other European countries. We certainly are not very successful in our treatment of debased and unfortunate populations, but the Ame- [Me- Americans] ricans [rican] are not the people to reprove us on this point. THE BRITISH PRESS. (From the New York Tribune.) The first impression of the traveller, when he sets foot in England, is that he has reached a country of solidity, strength, permanence, abundant means, and material perfection. The matchless culture of the fields, the buildings that complete the landscape and make it human, the thorough finish of the railroads, the sub- [substantial] stantial [substantial] air of the men and women, all speak of thrift, energy, fixedness, and long endurance. In truth, that is a magnificent island as it stands, and the race that inhabit it are worthy of their place in the world's history. Let Celt and Gaul say what they will; let moralists search the records of war and wrong; let radicals and republi- [Republic- republicans] cans assail aristocracies and monopolies, and drag to light all hideous violations of social justice and natural right; they do well in this, if doing it for wise ends, and as duty prompts, we shall aid them but-we say it in passing-these things are not to be laid to the charge of England as special sins of hers; the whole world shares in them; wherever there is civilisation, there they are, and there they will be till the social fabric is transformed. Nor, heap up the reckoning as you choose, are they of weight enough to balance the other side of the account; and when the impartial future comes to estimate the office of England and the English people in these embryonic ages of humanity, we doubt not that the wrongs and evils now so much and so justly thought of and talked of, will appear but as the incidental trifles of a day compared with the good created and the services performed. But, not to run into considerations so remote, and to some readers so purely imaginative, we say that he must be a man of obstinate prejudices who looks upon England without pride and satisfaction in the power of her miraculous industry, the unfailing practical wisdom, the manliness and depth of character, which have set up their monu- [mon- monuments] menis [mines] not in England only, but throughout the world. But we wander from our purpose, which was a much humbler one than these remarks may secm [sec] to indicate. We merely meant to say that the first impressions of a traveller in England were like those of one who first makes acquaintance with British newspapers. After the flimsy paper and blurred printing of the continent, a file of a London journal seems like a higher order of existence. The heavy and compact linen paper, the clear and beautiful type, the artistic severity of taste displayed in the arrangement and printing, and the elaborate air of the whole thing, stamp it as the product of a wealthy, thorough-going, solid people, who mean to have the best, and are willing to pay for it. In what- [whatever] ever belongs to the material perfection of newspapers England has no competitor. Next to this, the most striking contrast which British journals present to those of the continent is the publicity they give to domestic and local affairs. A German con- [concerns] cerns [corns] himself with what is going on at the antipodes, but takes comparatively little interest in the doings of his own town. A Frenchman is engaged in disputing some theory or driving some. intrigue, and leaves every- [everything] thing else to the care of the all-managing government. The Briton is made upon a different plan. He believes in first knowing what is immediately about him, and knowing it thoroughly. In social life, unlike his conti- [cont- continental] nental [mental] neighbours, most private and reserved in politics and business he will suffer no secresy. [secretary] Whatever is public shall be public, so that the whole world may pass judgment thereon. This is, perhaps, most strikingly illustrated in the provincial press of England; take up one of the large weeklies published in the country towns, and you will find it almost entirely occupied with local news, reports of courts, of meetings, with the dis- [discussion] cussion [caution] of events and affairs in that immediate neigh- [neighbourhood] bourhood. [boyhood] It would seem that nothing within reach had escaped the vigilant industry of the editors; while to foreign matters and miscellaneous subjects they give a quite secondary importance. Sucha [Such] paper is certainly not very not very interesting five thousand miles away from its place of publication, but for the inhabitants of that place it is the very thing; it supplies them with what they can find nowhere else, and does a real and tangible public service. We respectfully commend the British example to the country press of the United States; by following it a little they need have no fear of the competition of the larger and cheaper papers of the cities. When we speak of the British press generally, we mean, of course, the English, Irish, Scotch, and colonial. The last is chiefly remarkable as an evidence of the national attachment to newspapers; wherever goes the English tongue the press goes with it, and we do not now think of a British settlement of any size which has not its public print. To be sure we Yankees rather go ahead of the parent stock in this respect, but we only do the same thing a little more rapidly. English news- [newspapers] papers are now printed in every continent-in Asia, Africa, South America, New Holland; on the desk where we are writing lie files of late journals from three or four towns in British Australia. The Scotch papers have no special merit beyond the general provincial press of the kingdom, for the Scotch character, excellent as it is, does not boast of brilliant peculiarities. The Irish papers, on the other hand, possess a decided cha- [ca- character] racter [Carter] of their own, which is not to be confounded with any other, and which has been strikingly manifested within the last four years. During the period of repeal and revolutionary excitement, the Irish press exhibited a remarkable excellence, especially in the declared oppo- [op- opponents] nents [rents] of English domination. The passion and elo- [lo- eloquence] quence [Queen] which are native in Irishmen, then lavished their best resources through the columns of the patriotic journals with a glowing power that might have roused inanimate nature to rebellion. Far inferior to the French in condensation and force of thought, less phi- [philosophic] losophic, [philosophy] and more individual and capricious in point of ideas, Irish writing equals the Gallic in ease and fluency, and excels it in wit and the magnetic play of feeling. To the business-like Englishman it is often nonsense and mere blarney, but the verdict of national prejudice is always worthless. Grant that Irish writers are often deficient in common sense and practical talent, and it by no means follows that they are deficient in other qualities whose higher utility is not apparent only be- [because] cause they have no present sphere of action. Some day, every nation will have its place, and every talent find congenial employment. But the main subject of this article is the press of England, or rather of London. It is remarkable that out of London England has no daily papers. Even Liverpool and Manchester, cities of 300,000 inhabitants, have only weeklies, semi-weeklies, or tri-weeklies. [ti-weeklies] The reasons of this are the great cost of paper and printing, the unapproachable superiority of the metropolitan journals, the great rapidity with which they are distri- [district- distributed] buted [bute] throughout the island, and mainly, the heavy tax on advertisements, which, as experience proves, in all countries where cheap papers obtain wide circulation, furnish a large proportion of their income. In England, small dailies, such as so abound in the United States, are impossible, for the reason that the advertising is not to be had; the tax (1s. 6d. on each advertisement) pre- [prevents] vents it; the stamp duty, two cents on each sheet, is also a serious obstacle. In awarding the palm of talent to Parisian journalism, as we did in a previous article, we had reference merely to the sphere of thought, ideas, and aspiration. The honour of superior practical ability belongs to London. The journals of that city are organs of common sense, which, by the way, is not at all inconsistent with the support of things most absurd in themselves, provided they have usage and tradition on their side. Common sense is conservative, and consents to change only in the most gradual way, when necessity absolutely com- [commands] mands. [sands] Speculation, system-making, the advocacy of abstract ideas, lie beyond the range of London journals. They take hold of matters in another way; they never lose sight of the solid earth of facts and their conse- [cone- consequences] quences. [sequence] . In their peculiar sphere it is difficult to say how London journals can be improved; when we say this, we speak of them as newspa) [new spa] mediums of informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] as to public matters. tever [ever] industry, ability, and unhesitating expenditure can do, they accomplish. Look at their parliamentary reporting for instance. In the Times or Morning icle, [ice] which is brought you at night in both houses. The adjournment has hardly taken place, and yet there is the-whole-every motion, every speech, every division-occupying, perhaps, a dozen closely printed columns. Or, perhaps, the day before, Mr. Disraeli or Mr. Cobden may have spoken for two hours to a meeting in some county a hundred miles from the city; the reporters of the journal were there, the railway train stood ready to whirl them to the metropolis as soon as the last word was uttered, pnd [and] of your paper contains every hit and every heresy Pf the cise [case Bo in respect to everything else. The news is the first and main demand of the British public, breakfast, you find at full length the debates of last FREEHOLD SocieTy.-We [Society.-We] announced a short time ago that the small estate, first purchased by the Bradford Freehold Land Society, and situate at the top of Lumb- [semblance] lane, had been staked out in order that each allottee might cldim [claim] his allotment. The two streets which intersect the ground, are now having deep drains cut through them, so that each person building may have ready means for effi- [if- efficient] cient [cent] drainage. Upon one of the allotments fronting Lumb- [semblance] lane, two handsome and substantial dwellings, each with two rooms on the ground floor, and a small kitchen behind, are fast rising from the ground; and other buildings will, no doubt, 'quickly appear upon the adjoining allotments. A few days ago, one of the allottces [alliances] sold his allotment at 16 premium and other treaties of a similar character are at present being negociated.- [negotiated.- negotiated] Bradford Observer. THE STRIKE ON THE EASTERN Counties RAILway.-At [Railway.-At] the Town Hall, Colchester, on Monday, a charge of assault was preferred by James Horne, a fireman in the service of the Counties Railway Company, against George Baker, a fireman formerly engaged by the same company. It appeared that both complainant and defendant were among the number of hands who sent in their resignation to the railway board a short time ago; and subsequently the complainant (who had been twelve years engaged upon the railway) gave the matter a second thought, and suc- [such- succeeded] ceeded [needed] in getting himself reinstated in his situation, which it ap caused the displeasure of the defendant, who met him at the Albert beer-house near the railway station, and, without any apparent provocation, first taunted and insulted him, by pushing him about the room, and afterwards struck him violently in the face with his tist, [list] which was the assault complained of. The magistrates fined the prisoner 40s., and 15s expenses; in default he would committed to the County House of Correction for twenty-one days. Defendant paid the money.-Ipsirich [money.-Ipswich] Express. THE MaRRIAGE [Marriage] BrtL.-The [Brutal.-The] Hon. Stuart Wortley has intimated to his constituents in Bute that it is not his in- [intention] tention [mention] to renew the measure for legalising marriages with a deceased wife's sister; and that in the event of another member of the house taking it up, he will use his endeavours to get Scotland exempted from its operation.-Scoitish [operation.-Scottish] Press.- We give publicity to the above paragraph, though at the same time we very much question its accuracy but should Mr. Wortley have resolved upon such a course, this step on his part, however much to be regretted, will not result in the withdrawal of the measure; but, on the con- [contrary] trary [Tracy] forth a more determined energy in its behalf throughout the country, as a means of strengthening the hands of those who may have the conducting of the measure in the next Session.-Ep. H. C. GLoucEsTER [Leicester] MusicaL [Musical] FrstivaL.-This [Festival.-This] annual musical gathering of the choirs of Gloucester, Worcester, and Here- [Hereford] ord, commenced in the former town on Tuesday, when the Dettingen Te Deum [Drum] was the principal object of attraction to a more crowded audience than usually grace the first day's performances. The solo parts were taken by Miss Williams, Miss Lucombe, [Comber] and Messrs. Lockey, Phillips, Lawler, and Barnby. Mr. Lawler, is from Exeter Hall he has a good even bass voice, flexible in quality and respect- [respectably] ably managed. Both he and Mr. Barnby made their first appearance at these festivals. Mr. Barnby is a counter tenor from Westminster Abbey. His voice is of smooth and even quality, but by no means strong. He took the music allotted in the books to Miss Dolby, who was said to be unwell. s THE CUTLERS' COMPANY OF SHEFFIELD.-This associa- [social- association] tion [ion] held their annual feast on Thursday, with the usual convivial success, but with less than the customary political eclat. Mr. Samuel Scott Deaken [Taken] is the master cutler for the year; and he was supported in the chair by the Earl of Effingham, Lord Edward Howard, M.P., and Mr. E. B. Denison, M.P. Lord Effingham congratulated the town on the information given him, that its trade is ina healthy and thriving condition. Lord Edward Howard expressed his happiness that at the same time there is an increased con- [consideration] sideration [side ration] shown by the n asters tor their workmen, and a greater care to promote generally the prosperity and well- [welling] being of the humbler classes of society. Mr. Denison con- [confirmed] firmed with statistical details the general statement of Shef- [She- Sheffield] field's advance in prosperity within the last few years, and reminded the citizens of the increased reasons for aiding education by all their means If the people of wealth in this kingdom expect their property to be preserved from convulsions and revolutions, such as have been seen else- [elsewhere] where, they must perform their duty-I say it advisedly- [advisedly their] their duty to those who are placed below them in the world. If the children of the working classes cannot obtain from their Parents the education to enable them to go steadily and quietly through life, it is your duty and inte- [inter- interest] rest to educate those who are the supporters of your wealth, your privileges, and all your comforts. I do say advisedly, there is no object in which the wealthy people of this coun- [con- consult] would act more wisely to themselves, than to sub- [subscribe] scribe liberally for the education of the children of the working classes and if the wealthy parts of this country and other parts would but subscribe a tithe of what they bestow on indulgences for themselves, on their pet animals, their cattle, their horses, and their own luxuries, I say, but a tithe of what they so spend would afford to those willing to give education to the people, the means and the power to make a very rapid advance in that direction. A Woman oF Spirir.-At [Spirit.-At] the Liverpool police court, a few days since, a charge of smuggling was preferred against a respectable looking young woman, named Bridget Loftus, a passenger by the Duchess of Kent, from Dublin that morn- [morning] ing. The rotundity of her figure attracted attention, and on examination it was found that seven bladders, containing six gallons and a quart of whiskey, were concealed around her person. The prisoner was ordered to pay 10 or in de- [default] fault to be imprisoned. THE PEDESTRIAN MatTcHES [Matches] AT TRANMERE. James Searles, [Sales] the Leeds Pedestrian, has accomplished a little more than one-sixth of his task. Up to last midnight he had walked one hundred and seventy-six of the thousand miles which he has undertaken to walk in a thousand hours. By the conditions of the match which Searles [Sales] first under- [undertook] took, there was no stipulation as to what period of the hour the mile was to be performed, and had nothing interfered to vary these conditions, an hour and a half's rest would have been secured to the pedestrian after walking two miles. Confident, however, of his success, Searles [Sales] has made another match, undertaking to perform the feat in a man- [manner] mer [Mr] exactly similar to that which was accomplished lately by Manks, at Sheffield. He commences to walk the mile exactly at the hour, and, of course, he has only about three- [requites] quarters of an hour for rest, sleep, and refreshment. So far he continues in capital spirits. He has an excellent appe- [app- appetite] tite; his food consists principally of flesh meat; he touches neither alenor [alone] spirits and never exceeds a couple of glasses of sherry a day. He has been visited by Dr. Roper, of Birkenhead, and will be attended by that gentleman up to the close of his task. He walks the mile, on an average, in about fifteen minutes. The minimum time, so far, is ten and a half minutes; and the maximum is twenty and a half minutes. The field, which has been enclosed, is well adapted for the pu A walk has been cut specially, and the und [and] staked off. The pedestrian has to go four times round the field to complete the mile and in order to Hake his task as agreeable as ible, [able] especially in wet weather, the course has been carefully cindered over, and the ground rendered solid. There are eight men in charge of the match-four on the part of Searles [Sales] and four who repre- [prepare- represent] sent the men. who have staked their money. Of course, these relieve each other during the day and night. At dusk the estrian [Austrian] walks upon the high road. This is done in order to prevent any dispute, because, unless there was a man stationed at several of the posts at the of the field, Searles [Sales] might cross the course, and thus evade part of the distance. Now, however, as soon as it is impos- [impose- impossible] sible to see him traverse the course from the other end, he walks half a mile on the road leading to Rock Ferry, and returnsagain. [returns again] A timekeeper is stationed at the end of the half mile to take care that the distance is accomplished, and another at the starting point to see that it is begun and ended fairly. The arrangements to prevent any mis- [is- mistake] take or quibble appear to be perfect. Forthe [Forth] accommoda- [accommodation- accommodation] tion [ion] of Searles, [Sales] a comfortable little cabin has been fitted up in an outhouse at the corner of the field. Here he hasa [has] bed, fire, clock, and all the other conveniences necessary. Once a day water is brought from the river, and he is strip- [stripped] ped [pd] and carefully washed over. When he throws himself on the bed tosleep [to sleep] during the night, he soon gets into a deep slumber but so accustomed is he getting to his work, that he sometimes awakes of himself three or four minutes before the time has expired tor the recommencement of his task. We need scarcely say that many thousands of persons from the Liverpool side the water have visited the grounds. The veteran Southworth, who has undertaken to walk 500 miles in ten days, proceeds satisfactorily with histask. [his task] On Sunday, aiter [after] walking 20 miles early in the morning, he proceeded to Chester, and returned in the evening, in order to prevent annoyance to ms going to and returning from church.-Liverpool Mercury. PROFESSOR WEBSTER.-The Boston Traveller says - The earthly existence of this unfortunate man is rapidly drawing toa [to] close. In four short days more the seatence [sentence] of the law will be executed, and his spirit issued into the eternal world. Yesterday was the last Sabbath he will spend on earth, and we learn that he spent its hours in reading the Scriptures and in solemn meditation, and thai [that] he was perfectly calm and composed. Mr. Andrews states that the Professor's health is perfectly and his spirits as buoyant, and his conversation at times as sprightly, as though nothing were about to transpire he says that for a few weeks he has observed his eyes to be a little bloodshot, and tears occasionally trickle down his cheeks, and on several occasions has found him engaged in fervent prayer, and poring over his Bible and other religious books, apparently unconscious of the presence of any one. Mr. Andrews thinks him to be a most extraordi [extraordinary] man, and hardly knows what to make ofhim. [of him] He thinks it cruel to lace a of five or six men upon him, as was suggested, ut that he should be left to himself to afford him oppor- [upper- opportunity] tunity [unity] for meditation and prayer, as the time for such exercises will soon be brought to an end. Mr. Andrews has some apprehension that the press will censure him for the course he has adopted, in not placing a strong guard ; but he has done what he supposed to be a duty he owed to a fellow dying man, and says that if Professor Webster ever had an idea of committing suicide, the mode and manner has been decided upon long ago in his own mind, and that a guard of twenty men cannot prevent it. His family con- [continues] tinues [tines] to visit him twice a week, with whom he converses very freely, and comforts them by saying he feels happy, and quite resigned to his fate. e Boston Heratd [Rather] men- [mentions] tions [tins] a report generally credited, that the medical student who entered Dr. Webster's rooms at the time the dreadful scene of November last was being enacted will publish a statement after the execution, giving full particulars of all he saw and heard. It appears the student had left his rub- [rubbers] bers [bees] in the doctor's laboratory, and finding the doors locked, and supposing the doctor gone to Cambridge, he raised & Window and entered that way. ExpLosion [Explosion] OF Gas IN A LonDoN [London] CHURCH.-On Sunday evening, shortly before the commencement of divine service in St. Scheel [School] 's Church, Cornhill, thes [the] men proceeded to ight [it] the reparatory [preparatory] to opening the sacred edifice to the public After some of the lamnps [lamps] had been lit, it was found that the flame was not equal in height to what it had previously been, and a strong smell of gas having attracted the attention of one of the attendants, he traced it to the churchwarden's pew, when he incautiously took a lighted candle to the spot. He had no sooner done so, than the light came in contact with the gas which was escaping, and an explosion took place, which set fire to the flooring of the pew. Fortunately the damage done is not very consider- [considerable] able, but so great was the alarm, that the churchwardens issued a notice that the usual service would not be performed and the London papers contend with each other which shall best satisfy that demand. last night in the church.-Daily News. THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1850. CORRESPONDENCE. AUDITING THE COMMISSIONERS' ACCOUNTS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Dear Sir--An anonymous and scurrilous hand-bill, emanating, as I believe, from the north-west corner of the Market-place, and relating to the charge recently made by myself and colleague for auditing the Commissioners' accounts, having been extensively circulated, I crave your indulgence for a briefexplanation. [brief explanation] ; When I accepted the office of auditor I determined to perform the duty which devolved upon me thoroughly, fearlessly, searchingly. I resolved that no one should biame [blame] me for not having made myself fully acquainted with the nature of the accounts submitted to my examination. I look upon auditing as a far different process than the mere testing of the various books, to see that they agree with each other, or that the accounts are correctly added. The law under which we were appointed requires that the audit shall be something more than this; forit [fort] devolves upon the auditors the duty of disallowing any item which they may deem to be illegal, and in such case either the auditor or any other person interested may appeul [apply] against such disallowed portion, and the Court of Quarter Sessions may order the costs of such appeal to be paid by the Com- [Commissioners] missioners. It is clear, therefore, that the duty of auditing is more comprehensive than is generally supposed. Acting in this spirit, and with this sense of duty, my colleague and myself subjected the Commissioners' accounts to a rigorous and a searching scrutiny. We endeavoured to make our audit what the name imports. We not only satisfied ourselves that every farthing set forth as paid had been actualy [actual] paid; but, moreover, that such account had been legally incurred and legally discharged. In this duty we were engaged nearly six days, averaging at least eight and a half hours per day, but for which we charged only four and a half days, and at the rate mentioned in the act of parliament. For myself, I stated from the first, that I would not pocket one farthing for my services; and that whatever accrued to me for such labours should be disbursed in aid of some useful institution, or on objects of public utility. The sum falling to me has accordingly been so appropriated. At the last annual meeting of Commissioners, when I was appointed auditor, I certainly did characterise the amount paid for scavenging as reckless and extravagant, and advocated the system of contracts in every department where contracts are found to be practicable. I do so still. I will not abate one jot of my former declaration but my feeling upon this point would not permit me to per- [perpetuate] petuate [Peate] an act of injustice in my capacity of auditer [auditor] as to disallow what had been honestly paid for the performance of daily labour. So in other items of the Commissioners' accounts. For instance had I been auditor for the previous year, I should have found that 3,586 lls. [ll] 7d. had been paid to the soli- [sol- solicitor] citor, [city] for obtaining the Improvement Act, after the sum of 400 had been first deducted from the original bill. might have thought and denounced-as I did both think and denounce-such charges as monstrously enormous; and it was mainly, if not entirely, owing to my denuncia- [denounce- denunciations] tions, [tins] that the sum of 400 was saved to the town. But, notwithstanding my feeling as to the conduct of the parties in making such charges, surely it would not have become me, as auditor, to have disallowed the payment; and the more especially as I knew that the Commissioners had done their best to bring those charges within something like a reasonable com Again -On going over the tradesmen's bills, I found, on one occasion, that tron- [Ironmongery] mongery, [monger] such as register-stove grates, fenders, and fire- [fire irons] irons, had been supplied by a cabéxet-maker [Baxter-maker but, on en- [enquiry] quiry, [query] I found that the order had been regularly given, and the payment as regularly made and though I had my suspicions that this had been done as a blind, to enable an tronmongering [Ironmongery] Commissioner, at the corner of the Market-place, to supply goods to himself; yet of this suspicion, as I had no adequate proof, I could not, on mere surmise, be expected to disallow the payment. I could mention other transactions which have somewhat the appearance of management, such as bills made out in the name of one partner, whilst the name of the other, a Commissioner, is carefully excluded but, I trust I have said sufficient to shew the North-Westers that, ifthere [if there] was not legal evidence to cause such items to be disallowed, there was quite enough to excite remark and if the parties in question possessed only ordinary sagacity they would remain quiet. I am, dear Sir, yours faithfully, JOSEPH SHAW. York-place, Sept. 12, 1850. THE PEEL SUBSCRIPTION. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Sir,-I wish to make a suggestion through the columns of the Chronicle with respect to the Peel Monumental Fund, as it will be the best means of giving publicity to my opinion on that subject. On several occasions there have been letters indited and inserted, addressed to the Improvement Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners, [sinners] on the importance of Public Baths in Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field. Now, I think, instead of an obelisk or monument being erected on some conspicuous site-as this is what they intend, I believe-(still, a monument would be very ornamental and imposing)-instead, I say, of a monu- [mon- monument] ment, [men] if the committee who have the management of the affair were to erect baths, and designate them, in commemoration immortal statesman, the Peel Baths, they would not only be ornamental, but health- [healthful] ful [full] and beneficial, and, I have no doubt, less expensive, and more satisfactory to the subscribers and inhabitants generally. I think if this were adopted, the question would be more public, and the subscribers would largely increase, as the necessity of a public bath must be obvious to every discerning mind. I do not wish to dissuade the committee; I have the cause at heart as earnestly as any individual subscriber. I merely throw this out as a friendly hint, and wish that such a thing could be put into operation. If you deem the foregoing worthy of approval, and will find a place for it in next Saturday's paper, you will oblige, yours respectfully A SUBSCRIBER. Huddersfield, September 12, 1850. - eo THE HUDDERSFIELD IMPROVEMENT ACT. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, Smr-The [Mr-The] excitement of the late election of Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] having subsided, and the gentlemen elected entered upon their duties, may I ask the insertion of these remarks in your next Chronicle The Act so called, bears but a very recent date, and it does not require any ap to the oldest in- [inhabitant] habitant of Huddersfield to trace back the time when the town's business was conducted by the old Board of Surveyors, and this most effectively and economically carried out. . The various members of the board might daily be seen acting as Clerk of the Works or Surveyor, as the work being carried out required,-all the machinery working smoothly and efficiently, and the true interest of the town secured. In proof of this, reference need only be made to any of the streets, sewered [severed] and paved during the period the old Board of Surveyors acted, and to the cost at which such was effected, both as to works and super- [supervision] vision, as well as to stability and permanency. We are now in full possession of all the powers granted in the new Improvement Act, real and doubtful, and the Commissioners are in duty bound to carry out such powers to the true intent and meaning of the Act, so far as these are clearly set forth therein. Much attention is required of any gentleman elected a Commissioner, who faithfully discharges his duties to the town, either in personal supervision of the works to be done, or in seeing this is done by the officers of the Commissioners, in the most efficient manner, and at the least cost to the town. At this early stage in the working of the Improvement Act it is most unfortunate that a question should have arisen as to the powers of the Commissioners to un- [undertake] dertake [Drake] the supplying of the town with gas, by the pur- [our- purchase] chase or building of works; and this at a time when the Commissioners should rather be united than split into parties on any question. Let us hope the care of the Commissioners will be to obtain all the good to the town the Act confers, and this at the least possible cost; and that their practical knowledge will be directed to this, irrespective of the gas question, or any question tending to cause disunion. The practical working of the new Improvement Act has been a source of great complaint during the past election, and the cost of supervision strongly commented upon; as also the necessity of an engineer, a clerk of works, and a working surveyor, or foreman of masonry. There is no doubt whatever that the engineer is quite sufficient to carry out the orders of the Commissioners, without a Clerk of the Works, having a working surveyor only--and that the office of Clerk of the Board of Works and engineer might very well be fulfilled by an engineer only. The engineer has to superintend the carrying out the works, and give instructions to the working surveyor. The engineer ought to receive his orders from the Commissioners direct through the board, and not through the Clerk of Works. The engineer ought to report on the various works to the Commissioners from time to time, and not the Clerk of Works. The engineer ought to correspond with any party on land, works, and materials, and report thereon to the Commissioners, and not the Clerk of Works. The engineer ought to have the supervision of the whole business, and not the Clerk of Works. Such being the case, I say, and this advisedly, the Clerk of Works is a superfluous and unnecessary office, and the town has a right to expect that both offices should be filled by the engineer, or -an engineer, he giving his whole time to the office. There are men in the town quite equal to, and willing to take the office, and no doubt the present engineer would undertake it. It may be said that the office of Clerk of the Works was created for the gentleman holding it, in consideration of services rendered in getting the act through Parlia- [Parliament- Parliament] ment, [men] and that this is the reason why the engineer is placed under him and engaged for only part of his time. If so, the case is altered. It is nevertheless true that only one paid officer, (the working surveyor) fulfilled the duties in the department of surveyor under the old Board of Surveyors, and we have now the Clerk of Works, the engineer, and the working surveyor, under thenew [then] Board of Commissioners, performing the same duties, but with perhaps more voluminous reports. As to the manner in which some of those duties have been performed, is evidenced by the reports of the trial 7 meetings of the Board of Commissioners, and they speak for themselves. The Leeds Mercury of July 14th, [the] 1849, repos [ropes] The ordin [orin roceedings [proceedings] were suspended until a resohe- [a reside- resolution] tion [ion] was ie to, orderings that a regular stock book should be kept of all goods, stores, and materials, under the superintendence of the Clerk of the Board of Works. That officer, during the course of the discussion, explain- [explaining] ing that it had been intended to keep such a book, but that the time occupied by systematising and other accounts of the Commissioners, had prevented hitherte [hitherto] its being brought into operation. He had, however, taken care to have such materials collected as would enable him te write up such a book as soon as time would permit, and the subject had been already before the rates and finance com- [committee] mittce. [Mitts] The Hudidlergield [Huddersfield] Chronicle of the 8th June, 1350, re- [reports] orts [oats] - Pp Mr. Bolton said-He must also state that at present their stock accounts and the care of them were not in a satisfactory state. ' On the motion of Mr. Eastwood, seconded by Mr. Charles- [Charlesworth] worth, it was agreed that an account of stock, materials, and tools, in the possession of the Conmnissioners, [Commissioners] should be prepared for the monthly meeting. In the audit of August 7, 1850, as reported in the Huddersfield Chronicle, no such book passed the audit. I remain, Sir, &e., VINDEX. [INDEX] Huddersfield, Sept. 12th, 1850. Tar ORLEANS FautLy.-We [Faulty.-We] believe we are in 2 position to state that the most cordial union subsists amongst all the members of the family of Louis Philippe. The Duchess 'Orleans, notwithstanding the popularity which she de- [deservedly] servedly [served] enjoys in her native country and the many induce- [inducements] ments [rents] to fix her abode at Schwerin, [Scattering] has taken a residence for the winter months at Esher, in erder [order] to be in the imme- [Mme- immediate] diate [date] neighbourhood of the august widow and family of the late king, It was only on the first of last month that Louis Philippe became fully re-possessed of all his French pro- [property] perty; [petty] and the Queen Amelié, [Amelia] with her royal children, hare decided that the same persons who had charge of the affairs of his majesty, previously to 1848 shali [shall] continue in the confidence of the family, and in the execution of the trust hitherto reposed in them. There exist, moreover, satisfactory indications of good feeling between the two exiled branches of the illustrious house of Bourbon. A riass [Ross] was celebrated, by order of the Comte de Chambord, [Chamber] on oceasion [occasion] of the death of Louis Philippe; and the expres- [express- expression] sion of the prince's sympathy and condolence has communicated in becoming terms to his mourning relatives at Claremont.- [Claremont] Morning Post. AN EXCITING SLAVE CaseE.-WaASHINGTON, [Case.-Washington] Aug. 7.- The ranaway [Railway] slaves have been so numerous of late in these parts, under the instigations of the Abolitionists here dnd [and] elsewhere, that the owners of this species of property have become very much alarmed, and hence are disposed to re- [remove] move them to safer parts of the United States, or to sell them to slave traders. A cruel instance of this kind is ex- [exciting] citing great sympathy at present. The family of William Williams, the coachman of President Polk, Taylor, and Fillmore, were suddenly on Friday morning, seized by a slave trader and taken from thair [their] homes in this city, off te Baltimore, to be sent to New Orleans. His wife, over 50 years three daughters, and three grandchildren, were thus suatched [searched] from him in an hour toa [to] fate worseto [worse] himthan [him than] death, to be sold in the South to the highest bidder, and separated from him and each other. The poor man was nearly crazed by the dreadful parting. After many years' toil he very recently purchased his own freedom, but his family were owned by some one in New Orleans. The President, feeling deeply for his distress, gave him money, and let him go to Baltimore to see them again. iliams [Williams] found the trader would take the sum of 3,200 dollars for them, and he returned with the hope of raising that amount here to redeem them. A petition was drawn up, and to- [today] day about the city and House of Representatives, setting forth the fact, and asking for assistance, which was so promptly rendered that the prospect in the language of Williams himself, very fair. The President, Mr. Webster, General Scott, and a number of senators, mem- [men- members] bers, [bees] and citizens, have contributed sums from 5 to 50 dollars, Mr. Corcoran gave 200 dollars, which was the price asked for the aged wife, and he made her at once. Besides doing this Mr. Corcoran has purchased one of the women, who has lived in his family for some years, Mrs. Commander Paterson another, and Mrs. General Towson [Dawson] a third, who lived with her some years past. So the children, for whom 1,500 dollars are asked, only remain to be purchased by their grandiather, [grandfather] and he is in a fair way of raising this money.-Correspondent of the Express. ROBBERY BY A CLERK AT LIVERPOOL.-On Thursday week a young man named Fredrick Oliver Rawlinson, a clerk in the employ of Messrs. Daunt, Brothers iron merchants, of Liverpool, absconded with 257 belonging to his employers, which he had been instructed to lock up in the iron safe until the following morning. The prisoner was apprehended by one of the Manchester detective police at the Birmingham railway station on the following Friday, with nearly 200 in his possession. On been questioned about the money, the prisoner acknowledg [acknowledged that it belonged to his masters, and said that when he had made up the amount taken he intended to send it back. It appears that before the prisoner went away he paid a debt of 10 at the house where he had been lodging in Liverpool, and gave 20 to his mother. The prisoner is quite a young man and seemed fully to appreciate the awkwardness of his situation, and when asked what he had to say to the charge, replied, that when he took the money he was not aware of the consequences. He was then fully committed by the Liverpoe [Liverpool Boneh [Bone] to take his trial. The prisoner had only been in the service of the prosecutors since the Sth [St] of July last. CHURCH PREFERMENT.-An act was passed in the recent session (13 and 14 Vict., [Vice] cap. 98) to amend the law relating to the holding of benefices in plurality. According to this act, persons in holy orders are not to hold benefices in plu- [pu- plurality] rality, [reality] except in the case of two benetices, [Notices] the churches of which are within three miles of one another, and the annual value of one of which does notexceed [not exceed] 100. Two benefices may be held under this act on certain terms. Deans of Cathedrals are not to hold office of heads of colleges or halls in the universities, nor are the heads of colleges to hold cathedral preferment, except in certain cases. Presentation of the same person to two benefices is to be void. The act is not to affect pre'erments [pre'elements] or benefices to which persons have been admitted before the passing of the same. Facul- [Faculty- Faculties] ties for the same person to huld [held] two livings in Ireland are not to be granted. Connected with church preferment 2 paper was printed in the late session, from which it appears that the Lord Chancellor administers the patronage of no less than 754 livings, having an annual value of about 190,000; he has likewise the alternate presentation of 23 benefices, of which the annual value is 7,877, making a total of 777 benefices, with an aggregate value of nearly 200,000. Tue New Factory Act aT MACCLESFIELD.-The Mac- [Macclesfield] clesfield [Macclesfield] silk throwsters [rosters] and manufacturers have now com [com] menced [mended] working their mills under the new act-working from six a.m. to six p.m., allowing halfan [half] hour for break- [breakfast] fast and an hour for dinner, and closing their mills at one and two o'clock on Saturday afternoon. Some masters pay the operatives an advance in wages for the two-and-a-half hours per week gained by working till six o'clock p.m., while on the other hand those who cease working their mills at one o'clock on Saturday pay their hands nothing additional for the extra one hour and a half. GREaT [Great] QUOITING MatcH [March] For 200 AND THE CHAMPION- [Championship] sHip.-The [ship.-The .-The] Railway Hotel, in Carlisle, was, on Tuesday week, the centre of attraction, to witness a match at quoits between Charles Haywood, of Oldham, near Manchester, The CThe] Lancashire Pet, and John Rennie, of Alva, in the south of Scotland, the Highland Gymnastic Chief. The match was made some weeks since, and agreed to be played in Carlisle the first obtaining forty-one shots to be the conqueror, and the winner proclaimed as champion of Britain. The distance to be thrown from hob to hob was twenty-one yards, having clay ends. The match was an- [announced] nounced [announced] to come off at four o'clock on Tuesday, prior to which both parties were well-nigh cleaned out of all the money they intended to risk on the event. Haywood's rty [try] were full ofconfidence, [of confidence] he having beaten Rennie in a ormer [order] match, at Oldham, for 25. Haywood is a stout, well-made man, apparently about thirty-six years of age, weighing about fourteen or fifteen stone. Rennie is a slender youth, about five feet nine, and in weight appa- [papa- apparently] rently [recently] not more than eleven stones. He appears to be about thirty years of age, and of a very quiet disposition. About four o'clock the play commenced, in the presence of a large number of our sporting citizens-and for the first few ends played in a very so-so manner, his quoits dropping on each side at some distance from the hob, while Renine [Rennie] commenced dashing into the white at once under the amusing and highly jocular directions of Johnny; and, to use a familiar term, from the com' mencement [men cement] to the end, Rennie was never off it. After a few ends were played, Rennie could be backed for an amount, and, as the game proceeded the odds until all hopes of Charley's winning were put out. The match ultimately closed, after some of the finest play ever witnessed, in favour of Rennie by sixteen shots-he having soared forty-one to Haywood's twenty-five. Carlisle ournal. [journal] THE SwWINscOE [Swansea] MURDER.-At the late Stafford Assizes sentence of death was upon William Chadwick for the murder of his wife's uncle, Samuel Tunniclifte, [Tunnicliffe] by administering poison to him, but has not yet been carried into effect, in co uence [fence] of its having been represented to the Secretary of State that other parties were equally guilty with Chadwick. Two other persons, Chadwick's wife, and her mother Ann Tunnicliffe, have now been prprebonded, [represented] and after the examination of many witnesses before the county magistrates last Thursday, were com- [committed] mitted [fitted] to take their trial upon the capital charge. It will rhaps [haps] be remembered that the deceased man had been ving [vine] with his nephew and niece for about a month before his death, and that some suspicious circumstances in to his will led to an investigation, in which the body was exhumed, and the presence of poison discovered. From the evidence taken on Thursday, it appeared that the prisoner Ann Chadwick, had in the latter end ot January urchased [purchased] some croton oil at a druggist's shop, giving a e excuse for wanting that article, also that Chadwick after his uncle's death, used to his wife expressions which denoted that she was instrumental in ing his death On the day of the inquest the two female prisoners went to Chadwick's father, and proposed that he should allege im [in] his defence, that the deceased had inadvertently drunk a poison prepared to kill crows, and on the same day the stated that they had burnt the old man's will, lest it should bring both families into trouble. On being charged with forging the signature to this document Tunnicliffe made no reply. The prisoner Tunnicliffe had some deeds in her i from the of pomoszion [position which seemed to have been abstracted ouse [use] of the deceased before his removal to the dwelli [dwell] his nephew. Other corroborative evidence was adduced, and the prisoners were formally committed. The New York Evening Mirror states of President Fillmore ces [ce] an accomplished het [get] Foe per about eighteen years of age, and now we believe, in the honourable employment of teacher public school in Buffalo. The latter fact is so ing for a republican ple [le] to boast of; and something to put the dainty hters [hers] of the would-be-aristocracy to the blush. An experiment is making b Midland Railwa [Railway] Company to carry first-class mile, and second-class at half-penny. Very satisfactory, and if it ; Derby and Nott, ham. contimues [continues] it will be tried betweem [between]