Huddersfield Chronicle (11/May/1850) - page 7

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i 1 2 i 1 2 3 ps Pog O71 [O] OD BD mt iT. ap LOCAL CHRONICLE. RSFIELD, [FIELD] MAY 11, 1850. HUDDE [HYDE] 4s QUESTION FURTHER CONSIDERED. he present moment possesses any- [another] the importance that attaches to this question of rneat [rent] fatare [future] principle of supply and this fact mast and iS any be required, for again recurring to its he interests of the town ere deeply in- [inches] thus that is a reason sufficiently powerful rt every energy to protect 'anid [and] to prettete [pretty] To be anywise contributory to an pent that Will secure for the rate-payers of Hudders- [Udders- Hudson] an arand [grand] profitable source of public income, which hare tt efiect [effect] of preventing the repeated calls of the oe js, with us, a sufficient spur to action, and an ne enough to call for every exertion. Wet 'aed [ad] that the securing the gas-supply by the Im- [In- Abut] Commissioners for and on behalf of the public, i be attended with the profitable and desirable result 'tel above and hence our anxiety and pertinacity on 'EG question at t qr excuse, if deration. [duration] d;and se ws to exe interests. abject. ; recoding [recording] articles we have argued the question first, ner) [ne] grounds, by showing that as the gas-supply is - parcel ef a treet [street] question, and as it is one in ithe [the] ordinary principles of competition do not hold pecaliarly [peculiar] one that ought to be undertaken bya [by] s ody [od] of axthority [authority] on behalf of the public and that 'surement [measurement] chould [should] be entrusted into the hands ef those ro omporered [empowered] to drain and pave and then, secondly, ve hewn [when] that, im [in] every case examined, where the inthe [another] hands of Town Councils or Improvement jssioners, [joiners] the result has been more than satisfactory gs been pre-eminentiy [pre-eminently] itis [its] ply is have shewn, from the documents f the Gas attee [ate] of the Town Council, that Manchester from 30,000 to 40,000 per annum NET 'T, to be expended in public improvements, and in aat [at] is suring) [during] of the rates ;-that Saiferd [Safety] enjoys an e fom [from] a stuilar [still] seurce [secure] of upwards of 6,000 per that Rockdale, after paying interest, er a premium, paid to purchase the vested rights ef a established company, after sinking a goodly sum airs and exsension [extension] of works, and after paying 892 epreciatiun [appreciation] fund, had still surplus profits applicable imyirovements, [improvements] amounting to from 1,800 to ) for the year just ended. These facts we have stated he published documents of the authorities themselves ; e hold them to Le conclusive as to thé [the] desirability of vofits [fits] of the gas-supply being secured to the public. case of Rochdale we hold to be peculiarly in point espects [respects] our wn town, Rochdale and Huddersfield etty [petty] nearly ofa [of] size; and the gas-works of the one answer very nearly for the other. The population borough of Rochdale in 1841, was 24,000 [24,W of the rh of Huddersfield, 25,000. This similarity of condi- [condition- condition] of singular utility just now fur in answer to those iy that Huddderstield [Huddersfield] is not Manchester or Salford, watwe [water] cannot expect to get a profit fram [farm] gas con- [onion] though they may do so in such large places; werto [tower] those who are ready enough with these specious unhesitatingly point to Rochdale, and bid 'ook [oak] there bid them remember that out of the sum paid for the gas-works, 10,500 #as a premizin [promising] of an Act-of-Parliament incorporation and that, the haprovemert [prevent] Commissioners hare paid interest tlarge [large] sum, and all expenses of préducing [producing] and dis- [dis] 1g gas, and the sum before-named to a depreciation- [depreciation they] they have still left, in aid of the rates, from 1,800 to We ask objectors to deal with that JSact [Transact] to tell Hsuch [Such] things are in Rochdale, they could not be rin [in] Huddersfield ih y a similar result would not fol- [foll] mn atinilar [Scarlatina] cause what there is in the nature of 3 would make a difference. And would it be 2g that our Tprovem, [Improve] 'ummissi [Miss] into their hands ion one bad 22,00 & source, and prevent a ity it] of raising that amount in rates Would not Seas ne eet [et] ed al borden [burden] of ane [an] ba be accomplished without any mre Mr] pay darters. No man would have a 3 consumption, Now, gl now, unless he inereased [increased] cf ved [bed] ete [tee] would have less to pay by het [get] profits realised. Is not the object, ust [st] desirable one-and deserving of every for its accomplishment 2 'ore, a in be 7 Ging [Going] N THE COMMISSIONERS ERECT OR PURCHASE GAS-WORKS ' weser, [sewer] that all our writing on this ay - Wore nen [ne] for the Commissioners do not possess SES [SEA] 4 pow gas-works and that if they ino [in] to borrow money for such a purpose, Mo power in the ae r assure nat Bet authorizing then so to lay it y entice st readers that both these objections- [objections vine] vine Nave hee [her] feach [each] other, and in fact almost self- [self decry] decry ine, [in] a Inade [Adelina] by one and the same party-a of thin in the continuance of the present ve Speak very bitterly of us because ther [the] like we. Call in question their right todo too] is twin What is nef [ne] their own-the public tke [the] Ower. Wore] t of public advantag [advantage] to know precisely tare, Sie [Sir] Tnprovement [Improvement] Commissioners in this Sold [C] Acs [As] et State them here fully and fairly. of Watching, and Cleansing 'Commissioners passed in 1820, power was given ms, and purchase and provide lamps and it 2 pots, and all such other matters and ; tema [tea] lamps either by oil or gas, as they alone, 4nd [and] also to lay down mains and 'and ty previa [prev] a Streets, lanes, and public pas ang [an] PVE [PE] and erect ; 27 gasometers and other works wy lighting of the Streéts [Street] with gas, the Act aha. the Hua [Ha] was repealed by the pass- [pass] 8 Ay het [get] nt lnprovement [improvement] Act, which is en- [then] Th better paving, lighting, watching, ages 'Rg, Cleansin [Cleansing] x . . 'g, and otherwise improving the af Huddersfield 8 hey Ofthet [After] Act savg [save save] in oe be laws, ' MR Pa the Commissioners, and they are of this A Purpose of lighting the streets 8 MEF [ME] shal [shall] think fe irom [from] time to time, and at such te, ie Loans lau [lay] it, to purchase and provide such thr [the] ane [an] atten, [attend] 'p-irons, lamp-posts, and pi and ay Op lye 8 aud [and] things fi ichti [chit] ; 88, or 9 for lighting such lamps ts M any oth, [oh] ry, y other manner as they shall UY rey [re] of Ltt. [Let] ate fy ms and ny said, hy y; and purifiers, and regu- [reg- regular] na for lighting the streets with gas, thins res alll all] such other matters and shall j ecessary. [necessary. Bu 45, C] G0 on, gem oft Seetj, [Set] HON eh as Cts, [Its] a fur , - Con . the ne rose of carrying this Act, and the 3 Creof, [Croft] into execution, and including of making and rr new sot tho Comes WORKS, and watér-works, [water-works] it shall ny, ey Such eset [set] from time to time to make, Mite as pg be called 'the Im- [In- Moe] oe necessary for the purposes ee well There is here ten, eae [ear] é ion ere power beyond tie, NEO GAS. WORKS 7 rates for the making eng [en] -) and if there be power maki [make] ing and m [in] ain [in] it if we do not find there is also powor [poor] THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRON [CHRONIC] ICLE, [ICE] SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1830. However, we shall see, The last section quoted, taken in conjunction with the 22nd, shows beyond dispute that the erection or providing of GAS-WORKS is one of the PURPOSES of the Act for it is one epecially [especially] named amongst those for which they are authorised to levy Improvement Rates, The 38th section enacts [enacts] ft ehatt [heart] be lavtal [fatal] 401 issi [is] 'ine, [in] to borrow at intoreate [entreat] he crt [rt] oa panel rates by this Act granted, and other property vested in the Commissioners, any sum of money which the said Commissioners may deem necessary for carrying into effect THE PURPOSES of this Act, not exceeding 50,000. The erection or the providing of GAS- [GASWORKS] WORKS is, as we have seen, one of the specified purposes 'of this Act and, therefore, it is a purpose for which the Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] are authorised to borrow money, that euch [such] purpose may be carried inte [inter] effect. It will at once be séen [seen] that if the sum necessary to erect or to purchase-(provide)-gas- [gasworks] works had to be raised directly by rates in one year, or in some three or four years, it could not be done, and the other necessary expenses of the Commissioners be provided ; and this is the reason why the power to erect or provide Gas-works by the old Commissioners was nugatory, even 4f there had been a disposition to render it available. Under that Att [At] there was no power to borrow money and the carrying into effect this particular power would have borne so hardly on the rate-payers for a time, as to deter from its exercise. Under the present Act money can be bor- [or- borrowed] rowed for this purpose, and its repayment spread over thirty years. If our concerns were as well managed as they are at Rochdale, both principal and intérest [interest] would be paid out of the gas-income, and a good reand [read] sum of net profits realised yearly beside and thus the works would not coxt [Cox] the rate-payers one peeny. [penny] Having now shown that the Commissioners hate power to erect or purchase ges-works [ge-works] power to lay improvement rates for the making and maintaining of such gas-works; and power to borrow money on tke [the] credit of such rates, for the purposes f the Act, -Gas-WorKs [Act, -Gas-Works] amongst the rest, ket [let] uz next See as to the power of laying such money cut. The llth [loth] section ef the Huddersfield Improvement Act, 1848, [W, zxcorporates [corporate] and makes a part of itself certain clauses of the Gas-Works Clauses Act, 1847, [W, save so far as they dre [Dr] expressly varied or excepted by the special Act namely,-ali the clavises [clauses] undér [under] the several heads, with respect to the breaking up of streets for the purpose of lay- [laying] ing pipes; with respect to injury to the pipes and other works and with respect to the provisions for guarding against fouling water, or other nuisance from the gas. The 6th stction [station] cf the said Gas-Works Clauses Act, 1847, -the [W, -the] first under the head, with respect to the breaking up of Streets for the purpose of laying pipes, 3s as follows - The undertakers for which read Commistioners [Commissioners] may open and break up the soil and pavement of the several streets and bridges within the limits of the special Act, and lay down and place within the said limits pipes, conduits, service-pipes, and other works, and from time to time re- [repair] pair, alter, or remove the same, and also make any sewers that may be necessary for carrying off the washings and waste liquids #hich [which] may asise [aside] in the making of the gas; and for the purposes aferesaid [aforesaid] may remove and use all earth and materials in and tinder such streets and bridges, and works, and do all other acts which the undertakers for which again read Commissioners shall from time to time deem necessary POR [PRO] SUPPLYING GAS TO THE INHABITANTS OF THE DISTRICT included within the said limits. Will that satisfy the objectors-those who say that the Commissioners have no power to erect gas-works-or that they are devoid of power to lay out the money they borrow for such purpose Power, indeed -what more is re quired [cured Here is a distinct and unmistakable power to lay down pipes power to make drains to take away the refuse arising in the making of gas and power to do all other acts necessary for SUPPLYING GAS TO THE INHABITANTS of the district. And let it be borne in mind that the section we have just quoted is as much the law applicable to Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] as the Improvement Act itself for it is incor- [incur- incorporated] porated [ported] and made part of that Improvement Act, and is nowhere in that special Act EXPRESSLY varied or ex- [excepted] cepted. [accepted. The power to provide gas-works to lay down pipes; and to supply gas to the inkabitanis [inhabitants] is therefore complete. Instead of erecting works, the Commissioners may, if they think fit, provide them by purchase and haing [having] so provided gas-works either by erection or purchase, they may also, if they think fit, eontract [contract] with an individual for the production of gas for the public lamps, at a given rate per 1000 fect, [fact] receiving from him a fixed sum for the use of the works, mains, pipes, and other apparatus for supplying gas to the inhabitants. And there are facts which would go to prove that this mode of management is the best-most economical, and most productive of public benefit. In the month of March, 1849, Mr. A. CROLL, [ROLL] when under examination before a Committee of the House of Commons, on the the London Central Gas Consumers' Bill, said,- He had been lessee of the Coventry Gas- [Gasworks] Works. At the time he took the works the gas company were working them themselvés, [themselves] charging 10s. per 1000 cubic feet; and they had paid no dividend for four years. He agreed to pay a rental of 1,500 a-year, and 45 per cent. additional if the income derived from the consump- [consumption- consumption] tion [ion] of gas rose above 3,000. He immediately reduced the charge for gas 33 per cent., or to 7s. per 1000 cubic feet, and he engaged in process of time to reduce the rates to 6s. 6d. and then to 4s. 6d. The rental txvreased [expressed] speedily on his first reduction; but before the other reductions were made he disposed of the lease to a Mr. RoBINSON, [Robinson] who gave him a bonus for it, and who had since made the reductions in the price of gas detdiled [detailed] above, with a similar result. Thefe [These] were some out-lying villages about two miles from Coventry and to these places Mr. RosrnsoN [Robinson] had laid mains, and had found it profitable, although charging léss [less] than he (Mr. had done. Mr. further stated that he had constructed, and had then the management of the Tottenham Gas-works that the price of production of gas at these works was less than 2s. per 1000 cubic feet. Ctls, [Colts] at the Tottenham works, are very dear, from 20s. to 22s. per ton. The first yeir [year] the Tottenham Company divided 6 per cent., and the second year 9 per cent., on the capital subscribed. But the strongest case of the advantage of combining individual enterprise with public management, is furnished in the imstance [instance] of the London Central Gas Consumers Company, whose works are now in course of erection at Bow Common,-three miles from Cheapside, -and who have now a second Bill before Parliament to incorporate the company, thé [the] former having been thrown out on an On Tuesday last this Bill went before a Select Committee of the Commons, when Mr. SERJEANT [SERGEANT] WraxcHaM, Gresham] Q.C., detailed the objects of the new Bill as follows [follows] ee ee pened [opened] Mr. SERJEANT [SERGEANT] WRaNcHAM, [Ranch] Q.C., in opening the proceed. ings, [ing] said-It was almost supertiuous [spurious] to enlarg [enlarged] om impertixtice [impertinence] to a city so exclusively commercial as Lo cn of He possessing fr i ting but, above al, ata [at] ure [re] and in illumi [mill] above all, rate. Good and eap [ap] gas was now caste the traders of a large community The object of pro- [promoters] moters [voters] was to ish [is] their g26 [G] forks at Bow Common, aS ee to. light to the and to limit the district they proposed to light to te ity [it] don, and to the n oy i mains .. The lighting .of the mter- [meter- intermediate] mediate districts afoso [also] out of the to lay those means out, if the Commissioners think fit. they may in such streets erect any pillars, laraps, [laps] and other tial [trial] to circumstance of the te less objectionable than within th range it would have been absurd to have eet [et] the ony [on] and the way into the city without supplying, as indeed was urged upon them, inhabitants along the route that ther [the] teaceneod. [descend] It was as long ago 'as 1810 that the first ed, incorporating the Chartered Gas Com- [Company] pany, [any] one f the principal opponents of this meas in Set of ioe [ie] me conjunction With the ompény, [company] Though pao [pa] es 1 in the environs, tec [te] lartered [altered] Com- [Come] e elr [er] monopely [monthly] of supply m [in] tity [tit] for seven years, until, in 1817, aan [an] det [de] ined [ned] rating the City ef London Gas Hight [High] Company. Withih [With] three years of their establishment, in 1820 [W ths [the] City of London Company divided 10 per cent. That 10 per cent. had never been receded from, and no ose [one] knew the amount of bonus that had deen [need] declared in aidition [addition] to it. Their capital was Yepresented [Represented] at 200,000; and their shares, when any one was disposed to part with them, were sold at 300 per cent. premium. Trom [From] this the com- [committee] mittee [matter] and the public would clearly see that the city companies had had tolerably long reigns and tolerably rich returns, They had to contend with very vehement competition on tre [te] part of two other companies-the Imperial and the Equitable-outsidt [Equitable-outside] the city ard [ad] this resulted in a gradual reduction from ls. per 1000 cubic feet, in 1827, to 6s. per 1000, in 1847; showing that, though the citizen of London was a patient animal to a certain point, he could be roused into resistance by mo- [monopoly] nopoly [no poly] and high prices. (Laughter). At one period the Chartered Company, owing to pressure of competition, were charging a low rate withent [within] and a high rate within the city. Since the last session of Patliament, [Parliament] the Central Gas Consumers' Com y had been cempletely [completely] registered, and the result of the announcement of the company's renewed application to Parliament had had the effect of compelling the éxisting [existing] companies te reduce their price er 10 0 [10 cubic feet, first of al from 68. to 53., and then té 4s. The total number of persons who had entered into contratts [contracts] to take the Central gas was 6,000, and their consumption of gas would amount to 250,000,000 cubic feet of gas per.annam. [per.ana] The capi- [cap- capital] tal for affording this supply Was limited in the first in- [instance] stance to 150,000, to be extended to 280,000. On the withdrawal of the bill last session a few persons withdrew from the contract, it being optional. The petition that had been presented to the Commissioners of Sewers had been signed by 10,000, out of 16,000 inhabitant householders in the 10 city parishes, in favour of the Central Com- [Company] pany's [any's] dill, and the commissioners of the City Court of Sewers, without their first obtaining an'act of Parliament, had given them permission to take up the pavement and lay down the mains and pipes in order that no time might be lost. The conditions wére, [were] that the eompany [company] should lay down their pipes between 7 o'clock in the evening and 8 in the morning, ma good the pavement; that the gas shoutd [should] be superior in purity and iiluminating [illuminating] power to that commonly supplied within the city that it should never excced [exceed] 4s. per 1,000 eubic [cubic] feet; any surplus above 10 per cent. to be applied beneficially for the public, such surplus to be ascertained by a public officer appointed by the cor- [corporation] poration, [portion] with a public auditor, to see the surplus went in reduction of the rates and not in extension of works or bonuses, Their works at Bow-commoa [Bow-common] were now going on rapidly, and theré [there] was more than 136,000 already sub- [subscribed] &cribed, [cried] They expected after 12 months working to reduce from 48, to 3s. 4d., and eventually to 3s. To this Registered Joint-Stock Cempany [Company] Mr. has made tenders, offering to put gas into their gas-holders at Is, 44d. per 1000 cubic feet andto [and to] deliver it at the burner-that is, to be at the cost of mains, pipes, and service-for 2s. 6d. per 1000 cubic fect. [fact] The gas is to be of a standard quality-the appointment of a tester of the illuminating power and purity of the gas being left to the Corporation of London and that body are also to appoint a metre-examiner, to act between the consumer ahd [had] the company all metres used bearing his stamp as being of the requisite capacity and truth, In addition to this, the company bind themselves to provide metres free of cost to the consumer to charge him only a maximum of 4s, per 1000 cubic feet for gas, with clauses binding them to reduce that price, as their profits increase, to 3s, 4d., and eventually te 3s. per 1000 When this Central Gas Consumers Company was first started the existing companies were charging 6s. per 1,000 cubie [cube] feet amd [and] they stated that it was impossible to pro- [provide] vide [side] and distribute gas for less. They published a pamphlet, filled with all sorts of tables and calculations, to prove this. They affected to laugh to scorn the estimates of Mr. CROLL; [ROLL] but whén [when] the gas consumers of the city entered into cvon- [con- contract] tracts to take gas for five years from the new company, and when the shares were nearly all subscribed for, the old com- [companies] panies [Panis] reduced their price to 5s. per 1,000 feet and when builders were found to take contracts for the works under Mr. CROLL's [ROLL's] estimates, and when the works themselves were commenced, and when it was known that a large ma' jority [majority] of the Corporation of London were in favour of giving the new company permission to lay their mains in the streets, the old companies again reduced their scale of charges to 4s. per 1,000 cubic feet hoping by this course to defeat the establishment of the new company knétving [knitting] that when once the effort to establish this Consumers' Com- [Company] pany [any] was frustrated, the monopoly of supply was again in their own hands, with full control over the price. But the citizens of London were not to be driven from their purpose by such a transparent dodge. They have persevered with their arrangements and whether grant the new bill or not-(of the success of which there is little doubt)- [doubt] tho works will be erected, and the will ultimately have gas at 3s. per 1,000 cubic feet, with no rent for metres. And these great boons will arise mainly from the judicious combination of individual enterprize [enterprise] with public manage- [management] ment. [men] Of this principlé [principle] the Huddersfield Improvement Com- [Commissioners] missioners cotild [could] avail themselves, supposing they had erétted [erected] works, or purchased the existing works and by this mode a host of petty objections, now started, are at once disposed of. The possession of the gas-works, under such an arrangement, would entail scareely [scarcely] any labour, and but little responsibility on the Commissioners, The contract once made, there would be no servants to provide or superintend-no wages to pay-no gas-rents to collect -no books to keep, beyond the accounts with the lenders of money, and the one single contractor. All the details of management would properly be left to that contractor ; and he would have an zxéerest [sincerest] in making thé [the] most of the means at his command. Economy in matiagettent [management] would thus be secured; and the public would alsé [also] be securéd [secured] of all the advaiitages [advantages] and profits that rightfully belong to them. The result of our examination, therefore, thot [that] the Improvement Commissioners have POWER té érevt, [erect] or otherwise provide gas-works for the town; for the purpose of supplying the nhabitants [inhabitants] with gas -that their availing themselves of such power will be attended with great bene- [been- benefit] fit to the rate-payers ;-and that these beneficial results may be secured without adding, in any appreciable degree, to the labours of the Commissioners-while, under such arrangements, the details of management Would be more economically tat#ied out. We eay [way] then, again, that if the are alive to the responsibilities of their position, and actuated by a due sense of public duty, thet [the] will secure for the public these indisputable advantages. wie [we] t 2 é os 7 ge a ooh InavcvraTion [Incarceration] OF Frrewinital [Rental] as .Hicn- [Hon- Constant] STEWARD OF ag ener [enter] seg [se] Mare tlie [tie] day ap- [appointed] inted [United] for the inauguration of Earl Fitzwilliam as High of the Town of Cambridge, lis. [is] was re- [received] ceived [received] at the railway-station by the mayor (Mr. H.S.-Fostpr [H.S.-Foster] and the municipal authorities, and escorted to the Town- [Downfall] hall... [The town-clerk haying nénd [end] the letters-patent the mayor presented them to his Lordship, acoompanyin [company] the presentation with an appropriate speech. rsh [sh] then took oaths, &c., after whith [with] lie replied to the speech of the mayor, and acknowledged the gratification he felt in havi [have] unanimously.chosen to fill the chair formerly, b Bacon, Cromwell, and.Clarendon, to whose he paid an eloquent tribute of respect. The proceedings were then.concluded; but in ithe [the] evening eas [was] given'.in the hall, at which tho mayor pre- [presided] aided, to upwards of 100 guests, 7 - 7 mas Se THE f N HOURS FACTORY BILL. MEETING OF FACTORY OPERATIVES, RICHARD OASTLER'S OPINION ON THE PRO- [PROPOSED] POSED GOVERNMENT COMPROMISE, Mr. Richard Oastler, ina to the Times of Monday, thus expreasés [expressed] himvelf [himself] in reférénce [reference] to the many changes suggested oh all tides ih the Ten Hovis [Hives] Factory Bill - Will you Kindly space in your crowded co lumns [columns] for a few words on the Tén [Ten] Hours Bill from an old man who has had somewhat to do with that question, who enjoyed the friendship and confidence of Michael Thomas Sadler and of John Fielden (two nanies [nantes] never to be forgot- [forgotten] ten by the factory operatives), and who is still known by many in the North as a friend to the factory children If you will thank -you. . 'he Teh [The] Hotrs [Hours] Bill is, Sir, mw joke. Ifin [Fin] high places there are those who imagine they may safely play with that 0] their cost they will speedily find their mis- [is- mistake] take. The factory operatives have sacrificed too much in seek- [seeking] ing for the Ten Heurs [Hours] Act they sacrificed too much he life of their revered, indomitable, and incorruptible leader, John Fielden-in obtaining that act. They have, then, tasted its sweets. They will cling to it, and never yield the least fractional part thereof. If a storm of universal indignation is coveted by the Go- [Government] vernment, [Government] they will be gratified when they have success- [successfully] felly [fell] resisted Lord I noted that famous letter which you inserted a few days 'ago in the Times, signed A Manufacturer. I instantly said, That is not from the mills it savours of diplomacy, and is from the Home-office. I wondered that you had tiot [riot] discovered the cheat. I réad [road] your able argument thereon, and how you fairly left the isswe [issue] with the fac- [fact- factory] tory [tor] operatives. Then I new the charm was broken- [broken that] that you had deprived the reptile of its sting. So sure was I of what the rejoinder from the factories would be, I sent no word of caution to any one. To myself The challenge is a fair one-let them answer. You have received it and right nobly have you accepted it. You have my thanks, There is no mistake now. The bubble is burst. Thé [The] trick intended, through you, to entrap the factory opera- [operatives] tives, [lives] recoils upon its guilty author. Sir George Grey stands god-father for A Manufacturer when he unblushingly accepts a proyesition [proposition] so nearly identical as the adopted measure of the Government. Be itso. [its] The factory operatives aré [are] not yet deftated. [defeated] They know their cause is good. It is never tarnished by rough weather, nor is it damaged by rough usage. The factory eperatives [operative] have friends in Parliament whom they have tried before-those are not fair-weather friends, If well led, against any government their cause is sure. Against such a Ministry as this a less experienced leader than Lord Ashley could not fail to triemph. [triumph] If the Ministry will risk their places on the east f this die, worse might befal [Beal] the nation than that next 'Thursday morning Her Most Gracious Majesty should send for Tord [Lord] Ashley to form a Ministry. That, however, is their look- [lookout] out, not miné. [mine] . I will not antitipate [anticipate] defeat, because I dare not Suspect that the Housé [House] of Commons will stultify iteelf [itself] by rewarding law-breakérs, [law-breaks] and punishing those who are obédient [obedient] to the laws. As to the quibble which causes ali this stir, it is dis- [disgraceful] graceful to all concerned. Sir J. Graham has admitted, ia my hearing, the law was intended to prevent relays. ; If, contrary to every anticipation, injustice should tri- [ti- triumph] umph, [mph] and the Legislature sheuld [should] rob the factory-workers to reward those few who now torment them-(always re- [remember] member the number of relay mill-owners is very small)- [small] why, then, I know my duty it is not my habit to neglect. My voice is well known to the factory operatives they will listen. . Could I whisper in Lord J. Ruszell's [Russell's] ear, I would Say, These are not times to raise such a. sturm [storm] a stronger vessel than yours could not live therein. I thank you, Sir, for this favour, and for the many, many favours which you have shown to me and to the fac- [fact- factory] tory [tor] operatives, and I remain, Sir, your most obliged ser- [se- servant] van ze RICHARD OASTEER. [EASTER] Broadstairs, Ként, [Kent] May 4. THE ALLEGED MURDER AT CLAPHAM.-Wé gave in last week's Chronicte [Chronicle] the particulars of the above alléged [alleged] rob- [robbery] bery [very] and murder, at the house of Mr. Maddle, [Middle] Claremont Place, Clapham. From subsequent. inquiries, it appears that the extent of the robbery had been much exaggerated ; a gold watch, and two or three rings, which were the pro- [property] perty [petty] of the late Mrs. Maddle, [Middle] and were kept in the iren [iron] safe, being the only articles of Value missing. Mr. Maddle [Middle] had not seen these articles more than twice during ten years, and could not identify them if produced. The only late stolen were three very old silver tea spoons, and only tween 3 and 4in in] money. An adjourned inquest on the body of the housekeepér [housekeeper] was held on Monday, when Mr. John Parrott deposed that he had made an analysis of the deceased's stomach, but Was quite wnable [enable] to count for the cause of death, but thought it possible that death had ensued from fright. The only other point of moment elicited from the numerous witnesses examined, was the fact of two men having been seen about the time of the supposed robbery and murder in the immediate vicinity of Mr. Maddie's,residence, the one hating a green bag and the othér [other] a bundle in his hand, but the police had failéd [failed] to trace out any clue as to who they were, or where the missing property had been disposed of. This being the case the coroner's inquisition was closed, and the jury, after an hour's consultation, returned the following verdict - the said Sarah Snelling was found dead under very mysterious circumstances; that there were ro marks of violence or discoloration on the body, nor any trace of poison. That the body had been opened and examined by a properly qualified medical man, together with an analysis of. the contents of the stomach and bowels, but that there was no conclusive evidence to the jury as to the cause of deceased's death. Srxcutar [Executor] Trance.-At the village of situated about nine miles from Bristol, on the road to Wells, a young woman named Ann Cromer, the daughter ofa [of] master mason, now lies in a complete state of catalepsy, in which extraordinary trancelike [trance like] condition, should she survive till next Noyémber, [November] she will have been for no less than 13 years Dtiting [Inviting] the whole of this extendéd period [extended period] she has not partaken of any solid food, and the vital has only been sustained by the mechanical administration of fluids. Although of course reduced to almost a perfect skeleton, her countenance bears a very placid expression. Her respiration is perceptible, her hands warm, and she has some itidicaticn [indicating] of existent conciousness. [consciousness] Upon one occasion, when asked if suffering from pain to squeeze the hand of her mother, placed in hets [gets] for that purpose, a slight ressure, [pressure] the mother avers, was plainly distinguishable and frequently, when suffering from eramp, [cramp] she has been card to makeslight [make slight] moans. About 16 weeks after the com- [commencement] mencement [men cement] of her trance she was scizéd [seized] with lock-jaw, which occasions greatl [great] difficulty in affording her nourish- [nourishment] thent.- [then.- then] The unfortunate young woman is 25 years of age, and has been visited by a great number of medical gentle- [gentlemen] men, who, however, hold out no hopes of her ultimate recovery, CLERICAL STIPENDS IN WALES.-A return, moved for by Mr, J. Williams; respecting the stipends feéeived [deceived] by the curates of churches in the diocese of St. Asaph, Bangor, St. David's, and Llandaff, shows that the highest stipend given to Welch curates is 150, while a great many are as low as 40. There are several instances in which the whole of the eurate's [curate's] remuneration is only 30 per annum. ----- - ADVERTISEMENT ; DEAFNESS POSITIVELY CURED. . Mr. SWIFT, the Aurist, [Austria] présents [present] the public with a most extraordinary casé, [case] corroborating the heading of this para- [paragraph] graph, Deafness positively cured. Mr. Swift has suc- [such- succeeded] ceeded [needed] in restoring a mute to the sense of good hearing, who, up to the age of six, had never spoken.a word, but can now héar [hear] the slightest whisper. ..The boy's cdutation [dictation] being. strictly attended to, he.can read, write, and speak The yarents [parents] of the boy, Mr. and Mrs. Chectham, [Cheetham] 16, Everton ens, Preston, Lancashire, tak great [take great] pleasure in giving every information to interested inquiters. [iniquities] Mr. Swift mentions this.as a very,raré [very,rare] case, as not one in a hundred born deaf and dumb are ever made to hear well. Mr. S. meets his patients one day every four weeks, at his Room, Mr. Ainlcy's, [Only's] Commercial Inn, Haddersyield, [Huddersfield] and will be in attendance on Tuesday next, 14th May, where he may Le consulted on every disease to which the Human Ear is subject. At Home the following eight ditys; [ditty] and every Sunday. Leeds-Bull and Bell, Tuesday an Wednesday, May 21st and 22nd. Britdjord-Nag's [Bradford-Nag's] Head, Thursday, May 23rd Halifax-Miss Daxon's, [Dixon's] Upper George, Friday, May 24th. [the] L,iverpool-Odd-Fellows' [L,Liverpool-Odd-Fellows] Hath, Sir Thomas's Buildings, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednes- [Wednesday- Wednesday] day, May 27th, [the] 28th, [the] and 29th. [the] [C] Preston-Shelley's Amns, [Ans] May 80th... [the] Bolton-Ship Hotel, Friday, May 'oe a ray Jane lane Shap ni aoe [are] of Brown- [Brandy] urday, [Saturday] June lst. [last] Sheffield, King's Arms,. Tues- [Tuesday] day and Wedne [Wednesday day, June ath [at] as 5th. Mr, S. attends hese [these places.as. 4 ove, [over] every fourth week, Hour3 [Hour] 3 tendance [attendance] from 10 m to 6 p-m, of at h THE GOVERNMENT PROPOSITION. A Yteoting [Tooting] of factory operatives. was held in the Corn Hanging Drees [Dress] Manchester, on Monday even ing last, for the purpose of protestin [Protestant] inst the ' preposition fer the settlement of the hours of labour. thai [that was by Mr. Lawrence Pitkeithley, [Keightley] a who, after reading the placard by which the meeting had been éotivened, [evened] called upon Mr. Mawdsley, [Mawdesley] the secretary, to read the first resolution, which he did as follows - That after two years' experience of the operations 'Ten Hours Act,' oa the factory operatives oF Manchester ae public meeting assembled, feel ourselves bound from sad neces [NeWS] sity [city] once more to declare our unqualified approbation of that just and righteous law, and also our determination never to consent to any proposition, emanating from whatever quarter it may, in- [involving] volving [solving] in the slightest devree [degree] a departure from the principie [principle] of ten hours for five days in the week, and eight on the Saturdays, for all females and young persons employed in mills and factories, and that we wil stand or fall by 53 hours a week, as our un- [undoubted] doubtei [doubt] right accorded to us by the solemn decision of Purlia- [Purl- Parliament] ment, [men] with no relays, no compromise, and no surrender. Mr. Curry, a factory worker, seconded the resolution. Tt was supported ty Mr. DuNNovaAN, [Donovan] also a factory ope- [operative] rative, [native] who contended that the proposal of the Government was the most disgraceful thing that had ever been proposed to a British Parliament. ane [an] passed unanimously. he second resolution was proposed by an operative, and seconded by Mr. H. GREEN, a factory hand, aad [and] was- [was] 2. That this meeting is of opinion that the conduct of the Go- [Government] vernment [Government] with rezard [regard] to the Ten Hours Bill, in not informine [informed] the country what they intended toe do until the last moment, has been an act of injustice, as the factory operatives were le ty bélieve [believe] that the Government would support their just claims for an efacient [efficient] Ten Hours Act, instead of which they have now given their aid to.a minority of employers, thereb [there] creating much un- [uneasiness] casiness [easiness] and discontent in the minds of the factory operatives. This also passed unanimously. The following protest was then read by Mr. John Fur, and was unanimously adopted - PROTEST. That the factory cperatives [operatives] here assembled have leamed [leaned] with sorrow and indignation that the Governinent [Government] has signified its intention to niake [Intake] a proposition to the House of Commons by which it is sought to deprive the females and young persons em- [employed] ployed [played] in mills and factories of a portion of those leisure hours which the wise and good ofall [fall] classes have decided to be so es- [essential] sential [essential] to their physical, moral, and social welfare, and take this opportunity to enter their most solemn protest against the enact- [enactment] ment [men] of any law founded upon any proposition which in the re- [remotest] motest [motes] degree sanctions a departure from the principle of the ten hours a day for five days in the week, and eight on the Saturday for the following - Firstly,-Becanse [Firstly,-Because] the Ten Hours Bill was passed into law by the force of public opinion, and by large majorities of both Houses Parliament, after thirty years of peaceful and agi- [ag- action] tion. [ion] Secondly,-Wherever the law has been fairly carried out ac- [according] cording to the intentions of the Legislature, its results to the wworkpeople [people] have been of the most beneficial character without injury to the employers, which has been abundantly proved by the reports of the factory inspectors and other public jotrrnals. [journals] Thirdly-Because petitions to the have been for- [forwarded] warded during the preseut [present] session of Parliament praying the House of Comnions [Commons] to complete the good work by carrying out its intentions, when it passed the Ten Hours Act of 1817, , Fourthly-Because a niinority [Trinity] of masters only require the alteration; the majority being satisfied with the present law, when as proposed, su as to cariy [carry] cut the intentions of the Legislature of 1847. Fifthly-Because the females and young persons for whose éspecial [special] benefit the Ten Hours Act was passed, have availed themselves as far as possible of the opportunities afforded them for religious and moral cultute, [culture] and for the perfurmanéc [performance] of their domestic duties; therefore the enactment of any law to extend the time of their labour is unnecessary and oppressive. We, therefore, most respectfully call upon the Legislature not to sanc- [san- sanction] tion [ion] or countenance the enactment of any law which has for its wbject [object] the deterioration ofa [of] goodand [Goddard] rizhteous [righteous] meusure, [measure] and which might lead to the conviction thai [that] there is one law for the rich and ano- hér [an- her] for the poor. The mecting [meeting] was subsequently addressed by Mr. Elijah Dixon, formerly a factory worker, but now an extensive lucifer-match [life-match] manufacturer also by Mr. Buchanan, a ma- [manufacturer] nufacturer [manufacturer] and by Mr. S. Haworth, of Bolton; and Mr. Story.-A resolution was agreed to, pledging the meeting to enter once more into weekly subscriptions, to defray the expenses incidental to any further agitation necessary to secure an efficient Ten Hours Bill.-Thanks were aiter- [after- afterwards] wards Voted to the chairman and the meeting then termi- [terms- terminated] nated, [Anted] shortiy [shortly] befere [before] ten o'clock. Orrosition [Opposition] TO UNIVERSITY REFoRM.-It [Reform.-It] is stated that a strong remonstrance against the issue of any commission from the croWn [crown] for inquiry into the affairs of the two uni- [University] versitics [visitors] is in course of signature, and has already received the names of nearly all the heads cf houses at Oxford, and is likely to meet with a similar reception at Cambridge.- [Cambridge] Daily News. Messrs Attwood and Spooner, the well-known bankers éf London and Birmingham, hate refused to support the Exhibition of the Manufactures of all Nations in Hyde- [Hyderabad] park, next year, on the ground that the principle is unjust and unfair to our own manufacturers to encourage foreigners to send the productions of their industry to be sold here in rivalry of our own, free of duty upon most, if not upon the whole of them, whilst they uttcrly [utterly] repudiate a similar free admission of English manufactures into their territories. THE LEEDS SUPSCRIPTION [SUBSCRIPTION] TO THE EXHIBITION OF 1851. -The total sum alredy [already] raised in this borough is 1725 19s. 10d. The operatives as well as the master manufacturers are showing their ppreciation appreciation] of the Exhibition, and are subscribing with great liberality. The sulsseriptions [subscriptions] of the persons in the employ of Messrs. Gott Son reach the andsome [handsome] sum of 78 11s. 10d.-Leeds [d.-Leeds] Mercury. The other day a hen of the bantam breed, With her little brood of éleven [eleven] chickens, were sporting themselves in the sun's beams, when 4 full-grown rat, darting from its snug retreat, pounced npon [upon] the little flock, and stole one away. In a few moments it returned a sceond [second] time, ttpon [Turpin] which the hen turned upon her antagonist, and with one stroke from her pointed bill struck him dead on the ground. The hen only weighed about 16 ounces. SHockING [Shocking] MurDER [Murder] IN Thursday last, a Mr. Jack, a farmer of Gleneagles, [Glen eagles] having called upon his brother at Auchterarder, a dispute arose, whén [when] Jack suddenly dréw [drew] aspring [spring] dagger from his pocket and stabbed his brother to the heart. 'I'he victim of this barbarity only survived four or five minutes. The murderer is in custody. THE LATE Poisonine [Poisoning] CasE [Case] aT HackNEY.-Ann [Hackney.-Ann] Merritt, the woman under sentence of execution for poisoning her hiisband [husband] at Hackney, but respited [respected] in order that further in quiries [enquiries] might be tiade, [trade] has had the capital punishment commuted, and is ordered to undergo transportation for lite. -Gilobe. [Globe] THE NURSE FoR [For] THE New Scion or Royatty.-We [Royalty.-We] stated some time ago our belief that her most gracious Ma- [Majesty] ) jesty [jest] had detérmincd [determined] that one of Cambria's daughters should act as foster mother to the exjected [expected] royal stranger. We ean [an] now confidently announce that thig [this] high honour has fallen to the lot of a native of Llanefydd, [Land] in the county of Denbigh, Jane Jones, the party in question, whose origi- [origin- original] nal [al] namo [name] was Lloyd, lived as servant a few years ago in the tamily [family] of Mr. Ezra Ruberts, [Roberts] draper, St. Asaph. She quitted service with the best possible character, and married an in- [industrious] dustrious [destroys] and respectable man, now in the employment of the Chester and Holyhead Railway Company, at the Grean- [Great- Greenfield] field station, Holywell. Queen Victoria's nurse will be 4 real Jonny Jones. -Carnarvon [Jones. -Canton] Herald. DEPARTURE OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDITION ON SaTuURDA'Y.-- [Saturday'Y] Captain Austin's Arctic expedition, consisting of the Pio- [Pioneer] neer, [near] the Résolute, [Result] the Assistance, and the Intrepid, which has been fully equipped and provisioned for three years, at an expense of 9,0U0, 9,U] sailed on Saturday morning at day- [daybreak] break, from Greenhithe, to prosecute 2 rigorous search for the missing ships of Sir John Franklin. The fleet was towed down the river by the Government steamers the Dasher, the Advice, and the Jasper, the last vessel having only returned on Friday from towing Lady Franklin's ship, thé [the] Prince Albert, to Harwich, on her way to Aberdeen' From an early hotir [hot] the people began to collect along tha [that] banks of the river at Greenhithe to witness the departure of these brave men upon their perilous enterprise. About five o'clock the signal was given for their departure when, amidst the firewell [farewell] grectings [erecting] and enthusiastic cheers of tha [that] multitude on shore, which weve [wee] heartily responded to by the gallant fellows on board the Arctic fleet, the vessela [vessels] uitted [fitted] their ground, and sailed for their distant estination. [estimation] Sir John Ross's expedition-for the fitting out of which a public subscription is in progress of collection- will sail the first week in June. The equipment for the tra- [Tar- travelling] velling [selling] parties of Captain Austin's expedition has been -ar- [arranged] ranged entirely ty Lieutenant M'Clintock. [M'Clinton] It comprises eighteen tents, cach [each] to hold seven pergons [persons] eighteen Mac- [Macintosh] intosh [in tosh] floor clot s, bamboo tent poles, hair rope; tin travel- [travelling] ling kettles, with spirit lamps and sperm glass wicks, fourteen large ledges upon runners, twelve small sledges for. soft. surface, tin cans of two and four gallons each mug covered with a c p, which also serves as a gill measure. and secured with a padlock patent chocolate, prepared with milk and sugar; pocket chronometers, pocket sextants, telescopes, and compasses, foi'ty [for'ty] gallons of or irits [iris] of wine, two wolf-skin blenkets [blankets] for cach [each] fent, [sent] one thick blanket bag for each person toslzep [tassels] in, a knapsack for-each man.;. eight gutta percha sledge-tops, to adapt the sledges to crosai [cross] harrow spaces of water, as rafts or boats, and thus avei [ave] the of ing and using a boat; six of Lieut. Halket'a [Halt'a] inflated boats, fui [fi] i ( 'ort [or] i of bosts, [costs] and thirty ballootis [ballots] to each ship.- [ship] Weekly Chronicles