Huddersfield Chronicle (11/May/1850) - page 3

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Me he Ta te We p EXHIBITION OF 1851. Speech a the Mansion-hovee, [Mansion-hove] March 21, 1850,) THE GRAN ea pY MARTIN F. TUPPER. i h for handy skill, ' onest [nest] industry, hurrah fo y ski a fi os the wondruus [wonders] works achieved by Wit and Will ni of the Artizan [Artisans] has come about at length, ae and Princes fiuck [Dick] to praise his comliness [combines] an strength. Ang os come, the blessed time, for brethren to agree, The arse i poor of every clime at unity to be; and rich and pe red openly, and uot [not] alone by stealth, yon Labour, honour 5. sav [save] 3 pny [any] bund [bound] and glowing heart may greet his brother Wealth. With horns oath and ra . a ei cs estate on earth, of labour it hath grown ; every high es cende'a [cent'a] midni [Midi] uty [duty] and by prudence, and by study 8 ' A oh ofall [fall] the world is won by God-reward ne hail thou goodly gathering, thou brotherhood indeed Te is ong [on] of men can mect [met] as honest labour's seed ; a Asia, and Afric's [Africa's] ebon [bone] skin, with all teir [their] kith and kin t nas [as] C Wher [Her] of And Europe and Ame [Me] Fron [From] East ond [and] West, and North and South, te.England's. happy From East Cixint, [Sixty] PPS sens of thousands, lo ther [the] coma, the great indus [Indies] h Jig tens pousunds [pounds] welcome for their handicraft and wor [or] me ut x. Be r brethren of the Workshops of the Earth. they act tel Ris [Is] lady, brother workmen, will exch [each] English Artizan [Artisans] ae ommake [make] you welvome [welcome] all, as honest taan [than] to man; . if aught he has te teach, and learn the much to learn, Aud [And] shuW [Shaw] Ww mn every land, huw [how] the world may earn . . reatth, [breath] man's heritage, of every sort can yield, Fuster [Foster] a a Frag mine and uw sea aud [and] air, frum [from] forest and from field ; mason, Ged's [Ge's] great gift, cun [can] add or take away, Wiatever [Whatever] a Ju bring the wordh [worth] of all the world beneath the human sway 5 science hath found out, and industry harh [har] earned, ehath [that] delicately touched, and high-bred art hath learned 5 ever God's good handicraft, the man He made, hath made; Py mal, [al] God's earnest artizan, [artisans] the best shall be displayed A thin i, not an idle show. for praise, or pride, cr pelf, Guth [Gut] who geins [gains] a good can hide it for himself ut that any thing can auy [any] how improve, ne the cause of ull, [ll] and give the world a move It isa great and end to bless the sons of man, nd meet for nence. [fence] and doing good, in kindness while we can . 12a [a] re biest, [best] the human heart to raise egiveth [giveth] ail, with gratitude and praise REVIEWS. AR A AAA DIPS LEDS [LEEDS] Ail Works for Review to be enclosed to the care of Mr. C. Mitchell. Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, OF THE CHIEF ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST ick [sick] Witd [With] A DecEasED [Deceased] WIFE'S SISTER. With Remarks upon an Artide-in [Artiste-in] the Quarterly Revice. [Revive] Lon- [London] don Houlsten [Holstein] and Stoneman, [Stonemason] Paternoster Row, Tir [Tor LiLo [Lino Mr. Stuart Wortley has an able supporter in tue al mymous [mousy] author of the above pamphlet. The most portion of the above production, as a literary tim, is the reivinder [remainder] to the Remarks in the Quarterly Jurvur, [Juror] The arguments on both sides are put with toler- [tower- treadle] dle [de] fairness, and, out of a multitude of effurts [efforts] making to educa [Edgar] the real points in dispute to a few essentials, we tmecive [deceive] our author among the most successful. At all teuis, [Tues] those who wish to know the salient points of the on each side will meet with ample information in Lue [Le] now before us, nas [as] o Ocnusts [Locusts] OF EXPERIMENTAL CHEMISTRY; being a fami- [farm- familiar] Har introduction to the Science of Agriculture. By Tate, London Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, [Longman] Nit little buok [book] nosw [now] before us embodies the substance of 2 of lectures on Experimental Chemistry, and its ti te given to the Students of the t munine [mining] Colicre, [Colic re] The three first chapters com- [commit] ti sof [of] cxjcriments, [experiments] Hlustrative [Illustrative] of the fundamental s of Chemistry, which are rendered the more ty the voung [young] stadent [student] by a number of illustrative wood cuts, The fourth and fifth chapters a more Sdehtific [Scientific] view of the subject and the last three chazters. [charters] aes [as] to those fur whom the work is de- [dent] tt Ag our author has modestly de- [dene] 'ne the present work for the aid of the teacher, we see LEER ene mito [mit] po Luts [Lust] would the a the na be cid [id] them to an ordinary capacity, ke a ms contains matter worthy the perusal of all 8 Gch [Ch] in Experimental Chemistry, especially m [in] to agniculture, [agricultural] a branch of study which bias hitherty [hitherto] bee ie veen [been] muc [much] rae - much neglected in this country. Cen [Cent] te a short Who NES [NEWS] fF IR ESIDE [SIDE] READ INGS. ; AO tn 6 Ininds [Innings] are rarely quick, afe [age] Misra [Miss hall- [Hall] ee ural ballast, that often prevent our capsizing. OTie [Tie] s 9s more apt to reward appearances than de- c who QP always talking sentimentally have usu- 8. The less water you have in your u8 to make a noise and smoke. Tt ee actions consists not in doing extraordi- [extraordinary- extraordinary] Bt in dying ordinary actions extraordinarily ton Bilan [Milan] Cool' IRE fosrnal, [final] lee The we s ser, [se] Tay Exc [Ex] See, . Oe ra im [in] COURT.-In the reign of William the- [them] Mn tlie [tie] cheanored [cheered] of Exchequer Was instituted, so called id on the a Cota, [Coat] feared like a chess-board, that tule [rule] when the.court was sitting. , OF THE Err . JHE [THE] RED oe a tha that in a place Gardeners' Chronicle Gin 'ested [rested] with rats, one of the frater- [freight] ugh. clothed in scarlet, and then set ato [to] the inidst [inst] of his friends, terror and ultimately the host oF physica [physical] és order fi re . aU expr [exp] ce language We mee [me] oi word, we scuid [scud] our children, Te whet, Shall commonly secure. I . were g age ., x y ; The j 2 4 VMsine [Amusing] ste a stixgle [Stile] word, cr, look even, OS mn. The gentle or firm method is rr 6 peace, 2) Aap [Ap] 4 . hime [home time is come when it is good for one to this there 3 Ut Eke world, and to move in hiraself. [himself] 5. 4 thine of py sad. We must not regard old SS thie [the] trouble, lt is neither right nor grateful to. 4 Blea [Lea] it wae [we] but a vale of tears. Has not God i or 2 7 He not tae, [tea] the zoud [loud] and the beautiful for our joy, has Cray human every age Ly eh by Old age has its enjoy- [enjoy] ey 400 other a . thar [that] a 2d, 'ge canknow. [can know] In its repose the. ' Ne had ar perception of much that is great te ul ditended [intended] to befuro, [before] eu Opry [Pry] -Ht is a fixed and sor [Sir] the child must learn to obey. Obetienee [Obedient] Cs will and a ms, child inust [inst] be submis- [submit- submit] ae ne more. maturak [mature] know wil knowledge. By t that Sout [Out] out the reason why, Take heed, 'wih [with] 2 20t [t] forbid or command anything, if tien [ten] nat Strictly enfuree [ensure] ohedience [evidence] other- [other thing] thing Gan [An] laxity f principle into your action, excepting [C] ever give a command or a Ray 'Yom your determined urpose [purpose] Or vee [see] 'Sient.- [Sent.- Sent] Berthold [Behold] Awerbuch, [Arch] P Ured [Red] just tin ve the famons [famous] French. pain- [painful] fy ta asthe asthma] bearer of a letter of intro- [intro] Oe ain [in] a Aer [Are] of the eouncil [Council] of Napoleon. Lat attired, and his reception Lanjuinais, [Landings] discovered in him such Pook [Pool] sense, and amiahility, [familiarity] that, leave, he. rose.too, and avcompa- [accompany- accompany] x. The change was so d an expression of sur- [Sir- sure] se tard. oh Tiss [Miss] Eto [To] his 8 ces [ce] ory [or] eh Ni the 7 an 1s. or he 4ir [Sir] 'tig [ti] xe a ot 8 the 2 WE BS yp. Teccive [deceive] ; 4. 1 We take leave .. fc unknown person is te, him according to his merit. Jk are labour's kin, twin brethren all his-own, WHEN Is A Man Drunk -A judge asked i How do yo know that the plainti [plaint] was intoxicated f ' Because saw him a few minutes after supper pulling off his trousers with a boot-jack. The plaintiff was non- [non suited] suited, GLORY aND [and] GREATNESS.-The ambition of honour glory is of great use to the world, because it causes men te conceive and to excite generous and admirable things, It is not so with the ambition of greatness, for he who makes it his idol, will have it, right or wrong and it is the cause of infinite mischiefs.-Guzcciardini. [mischiefs.-Succeeding] GENTLEMEN.-Whoever is mn, loyal, and true who- [whoever] ever is of humane and affable demeanour whoever is ho- [honourable] nourabie honourable] in himself, and. in his judgment of others, and re- [ref] f quires. no. law but his word to make him. fulfil an engage- [engagement] ment-such [men-such -such] a man is gentleman, and such a man may be fuund [found] among the tillers of the ground.-De Fere. [Free] EXCOURAGEMENT-It [ENCOURAGEMENT-It] is astonishing how man le one mects [meets] in this world who.cannot.stir a, step in aay [say] tion [ion] till somebody encourages them. And what wonders encouragement.. In business, in art, and in literature, may these encourageable [encourage able] spirits be met, generally at the foot of the ladder, waiting for patronage, and never di climb without a helping hand; for which, by the way, many of them wait the residue of their natural lives-other people being extremely apt to have enough to do with themselves,. THE CULPRIT 'CoMPETITION.'-After [Competition.'-After] the strictest in- [inquiry] quiry, [query] we must confess our inability to discover any reason for supposing that competition is guilty of conducing in the slightest degree to the destitution and misery by all de- [deplored] plored, [deplored] and by common consent assumed to be more pre- [prevalent] valent [talent] than they need be, or ought to be...... -The agents of mischief have hitherto eseaped [escaped] detection. Competition has been. taken up on suspicion has been committed for trial ; has been arraigned at the bar of our court of common sense. His conduct had been subjected to a minute and rigid scrutiny, and pronounced faultless. The witnesses against him have been examined and cross-examined, and the court have been shocked with their ignorance and their inconsistent and contradictory testimony. Finally, the ac- [accused] cused [used] has not only been most honourably acquitted, but, on cross-examination, the witnesses have unconsciously made known who the hidden agents of mischief really are. The existence of a gang of the most reckless villains in per- [perpetual] petual [perpetual] and active conspiracy against the wellbeing [welling] of society- [society was] was clearly proved. Some of the more noxious among them were named-namely, Idleness, Ignorance, Waste- [Wastefulness] fulness, [Furness] Dishonesty, Drunkenness, and Parental Improvi- [Improve- Improvidence] dence. [dene] Well might the presiding judge indignantly express his surprise that such vile malefactors should be suffered to roam at large, and hint his suspicions that there must be some coliusion [collision] or incapacity among those appointed ser- [se- servants] vants [vance] of the public, whose high function and solemn duty itis [its] to repress and confine these social pests by useful teaching and judicious training.-From Mr. Ellis s pam- [am- pamphlet] phlet, [pamphlet] What 1s Competition ENCOUNTER BETWEEN A MAGPIE AND A Hawk.-A mag- [magpie] pie's nest was built in a Scotch fir, and carefully covered in a-top with the cuttings of gooseberry bushes-a very favou- [favour- favourite] rite mode of architectuxe [architect] with Mazgpy [Magpie] when gooseberry- [gooseberry cuttings] cuttings are to be had. I presume the windhover, [wind hover] in pass- [passing] ing, had just dropped in to ascertain whether this desirable tenement were to let, thinking she would like to become a tenant for the summer. Mind, I only say presume, for I know nothing of the matter. My acquaintance with the affair commenced with a tremendous flapping, screaming, and chattering, almost immediately followed by a confused mass-black, white, and brown-tumbling out of the nest, and fallmg [fall mg] among the boughs, scratching and clawing, grappling and flapping, screaming and chattering-the feathers flying in all directions, and the combatants tum- [tumbling] bling head over heels from bough te bough.. Another mag- [magpie] pie, attracted by the inviting sounds, soon arrived at the scene of action but whether from a love of fair-play, ora [or] salutary dread of the fate of those who in quarrels inter- [interpose] pose, he kept clear of the combatants, merely hopping round them with intense aetivity, [activity] and chattering in the loudest voice and in the angriest strain. The. noise made by the three brought more magpies and more noise, ang [an] the hawk soon thought it prudent to relax her hold, and beat a retreat-a movement she executed with such case and speed, that the chattering train of pies, which at first followed with spirit, were soon tailed off, and diving into a - young plantation of larches, seemed to find comfort in jab- [jabbering] bering [being] to each other a recital of the brave feats they would have gladly performed.-Justicus [performed.-Justice] in Chambers's Journal. CARLYLE'S ADVICE YOUNG MEN OF THE PRESENT AGE.-Be not a public- [public orator] orator, thou brave yeung-Britsh [young-British] man, thou that art now growing to be someshing [something] not a stunip-orator, [turnip-orator] if thou canst help it. Appeal not to the vulgar, with its ears and its seats in the cabinet not by spoken words w the vulgar date the profane vulgar, and bid it begone. Appeal by silent work, by silent suffer- [suffering] ing, if there be no work, to the gods, who have nobler than seats in the cabinet for thee Talent for literature, thou hast such a talent Believe it not, be slow to believe it To speak, or to write, nature did not peremptorily order thee but to work she did. And know this there never was a, talent even for real literature, not to spcak [speak] of talents lost and damned in doing sham literature, but was primarily a talent for something infinitely better of the silent kind. Of literature, in ail ways, be shy rather than otherwise, at present There where thou art, work, work whatsoever thy hand findeti [Funded] to do, do it,-with the hand of a man, not of a phantasm be that thy unnoticed blessedness and exceeding great reward, Thy words, let them be few, and well ordered. Love silence rather than speech in these tragic days, when, for very speaking, the voice of man has fallen inarticulate to man and hearts, in this loud babbling, sit dark and dumb towards one another. Witty,-above all, oh be not witty none of us is bound to be witty, under penaltics [politics] to be wise and true we all are, under the ter- [te- terrible] riblist [rib list] peralties [penalties Brave young friend, dear to me, and known toe im [in] a sense, though never seen, nor to be scen [scene] by me,-you are, what I am not, in the happy case to arn [an] to be something and to do something, instead of talking about what has been and was done and may be The old are what they are, and wall not alter; our hope is in you. England's hope, and the worlds, is that there may once more be millions such, instead of units as now. Afucte; [After] i pede, [pee] And may future generations, acquainted again with the silences, and once more cognizant of what is noble, and faithful, and divine, look back on #s with pity and incredulous astenishnsent [astonishment] -Latter- [Latter dug] Dug Pamphlets, No. 5 Stump Orator. MANUFACTURES OF YORKSHIRE AND LANCASHIRE IN THE FuoURTEENTH [Fourteen] Century.-I have already mentioned in the introductory chapter to this work, that no manufactures of any importance existed in what are now the great manu- [man- manufacturing] facturing [manufacturing] districts of Lancashire, at the time when this re- [return] turn was made. The rcturn [return] made from the hundreds of Saiford [aforesaid] and Blackburn, which now supply manufactures and clothing to the populaticz [population] of half the world, was, that there were no persons depending upon merchandise in those hundreds, and none who were lable [able] to pay the tax imposed on persons engaged in trade. Wherever the wool- [woollen] len [le] and linen articles mentioned in the paveage [pave age] grant to Liverpool came from, it does not seem to have been from what are now called the manufacturing districts, unless it vas [as] from the West Riding of Yorkshire. The weavers of York are mentioned as an incorporated body posscsset [possess] of a royal charter as early as the reign of Henry the Second ; and in the reign of Edward the Third a cloth hell was es-. tablished [established] at Leeds, which still continues to be the great elcth [elect] mart of the North of Engiand. [England] The Woollen trade was also earried [carried] on to a great extent in this reign of Ed- [Edward] ward the Third, at Lincoln, Norwich, Bristol, and in many parts of Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Kent, as well as through- [throughout] out the west of England. N pale passed his.reign for the encouragement of manufactures. Some o iat [at] wee wise and useful, extending a liberal hospitality, and conferring numerous privileges. on the.cloth-workers of Flanders and other foreign countries, who were. willing to settle in England. Others were of a different character, attempting to force manufactures by rendering it felony-to export English wool, or to wear forcign [foreign] cloth, cr-even silks and furs. These laws, however, were not observed, for the king was obliged to raise a large portion of his supplies by borrowing money from the merchants of Flanders, and those of Florence, Fisa, [Fish] Genoa, pe ant Neues [NeWS and as. he never the moans of repaying them in money, his. oF ent [end] gone made in sacks of wool The woollen manufactures of steadily ie oe crease during this reign, especially in the counties whic [which] have mentioned above. In thase [these] districts considerable gnantities [quantities] of capital had already been accumulated by agri- [agrarian- agriculture] culture, commerce, and retail trade; and fine breeds of shecp [sheep] suppKed [supposed] abundance of the raw material for the wool- [woollen] len [le] manufacture, with Httle [Hotel] cost of carriage. Asl [As] have 'already mentioned, the soil an1 [an] climate of Lancashire have always been unsuitable to the rearing of sheep and. it is partly owing to that, and of capital in the north- [northwestern] western districts of Enginnd, [Engine] that manufactures took root so slowly in the district, which has become the workshop of the world, since water power, eteam, [steam] and machinery; hare become the chief means ot manufacturing production. The ise time at which manufactures were established in Lancashire cannot be. ascertained, but it was between the reigns of Edward III..and Henry VIII. They scarcely ex- [existed] isted [instead] at the former time, whilst at the latter they were-not merely-established, but fiourishing.-7.. [nourishing.-7] Baines's History-of Lixerpool, [Liverpool] Second Sectian. [Section] - they would perform, by their own account, under the said re Two StTRINcs [Strains] To HER Bow.-Among the notices of mar- [marriages] riages [carriages] given to the registrar of W--,, and published before the board of guardians, there was, last woe the novelty of one an being says- [says the] The stron [strong] the silken one of lowe. [low] There is a slight error at the commencement of the ac- [account] count, viz., that, in fact, the lady had two beaux [Beau] to her string Biscurt-BakINc [Biscuits-Baking] BY MACHINERY.-Such was the striking efficiency of the system of baking the biscuits for the use of the navy during the late war, that an establishment has been in operation for some years at Portsmouth for manu- [man- manufacturing] facturing [manufacturing] them by machinery, which, being ona [on] great scale, turns out an immense.quantity of bread weekly, and Of a very excellent The machinery is the in- [invention] vention [mention] of T. J. Grant, 'who, we believe, has been properly weenie by a grant of 2000 from government.' The ing ing mixed in Y proportions, are subjected to the action of I ty which the are mixed. The dough thus formed is passed beneat [beneath] heavy cast-iron rollers, moving horizontally along stout tables, which press it into huge masses, some 6 feat long by 3 broad. r being cut into smaller pieces, and again Subjected to the action of the rollers, thus quickly reducing all knots, and thoroughly mixing the dough, it is passed under a sheet roller while lying on large flat boards. The next operation is the cutting the thin sheets of dough then prepared into properly-shaped biscuits. The shape adopted is that of the hoxagon, [hexagon] for the same reason as that which appears to have dictated the instinct of the bee in forming its cells. If the circle had been the form used, it is evident that the pieces of dough left between the touching circles must have been unused, whereas, from the peculiar shape of the hexagon, the whole sheet. of dough, with the excep- [except- exception] tion [ion] of insignificant portions at the edges, goes to form bis- [biscuits] cuits. [cuts] The dough to be cut into biscuits being placed in the blanket, a frame moving vertically, haxing [taxing] on its under surface sharp-edge hexagonal divisions, is brought down upon it, thus.cutting at one fifty-two biscuits. To facilitate the remuval [removal] of these to the oven, the frame is allowed to.come-down only a sufficient length, to cut the cakes nearly, but not.quite through. When baked, they are very easily separated. It may be supposed that the dough would be apt to adhere to the interstices between the sharp cutting edges. This is. provided against and here may be cited as an instance of that forethought displayed by inventors of truly practical and useful machines. A movable frame-is placed between each cutting hexagonal periphery and on the top of this is placed a heavy iron ball weighing several ounces. The operation is simple. The frame descending cuts the fifty-two biscuits the fifty- [fifty] two frames give way to the superior preasure [pleasure] but on the large cutting frame ascending, the fifty-two balls causo [cause] their corresponding frames to fall, projecting the dough, which is thus ready to be pulled out to the oven.-Cham- [oven.-Chan- Chambers] bers's [bees's] Journal, A JUVENILE TEACHER ON EpucaTIoN.-We [Education.-We] beg to call the attention of the House of Commons to the following interesting dialogue -Little Boy-Please, Papa, what are you reading, Papa Middle-aged Gentloman- [Gentleman- Gentleman] 'The speeches in Parliament, my little man all about cducating [educating] the mil- [millions] lions of poor little boys and girls who can't read and write, and don't know their A, B, C, nor the difference between right and wrong. Little Boy-Why dcn't [den't] their Papas and Mammas [Mamma] have them taught, Papa' Midele- [Middle- diligently] Gentle- [Gentleman] man-My [My] dear, because they have no kind, good Papas and Mammas [Mamma] like you. Some of their parents are too poor, and some toa [to] careless and indifferent. Little Boy-Then, Papa, why doesn't [does't] the Queen order them to be sent to school Middle-aged Gentleman, Ha her Majesty would only be- 00 happy, if she could; but Parliament can't agree telether. [together] Little Boy-Why not, Papa Middle-aged Gen- [Gentleman] Qeman-Why, [German-Why, -Why] you see, my dear, ParHament [Parliament] is made up of gentlemen that belong to different religions, and not one of them, except a few, will vote for any school unless his own religion is taught im [in] it. So the poor little girls and boys can't be taught anything because.the sects can't scttle [settle] their differences. Little Boy-What differences, Papa Middie-aged [Middle-aged] Gentleman-I can't explain them to you. You couldn't [could't] understand them. They don't signify to little boys of your age. Little Boy-Then, Papa, what do they signify to the poor little boys and girls Middle-aged Gentkeman-Eh [Gentleman-Eh] -why-a-just so-that is-never mind. You'll know one of these days. Little Boy-But what be- [becomes] comes of the poor boys. and girls, Papa Middle-aged Gentleman-W hy, they plunder andwleat [adult] and then they are. taken up, and imprisoned and whipped, and by-the-bye transported, and at last some of them hanged-all because they haven't been taught their duty like you, and know no better. Little Bov-How [Bo-How] cruel If they don't know bet- [better] ter, [te] whose fault is it, Papa Middle-aged Gentleman- [gentlemanliness] Nebodv's [Nobody's] in particular. It is because society can't agree. Little Boy-Who is society, Papa Middle-aged Gentle- [Gentleman] man-Socicty-ch [man-Society-ch -Socicty-ch] -why-oh -Everybody, my boy. Lit- [Little] tle [te] Boy-Then, I think, Papa, it is the fault of everybody, and I think everybody is very wicked, and will never be happy till he can make his mind up, and send the poor children to school. Middle-aged Gontleman-'Pon [Gentleman-'On] my word, my little boy, I believe you are right.- [right] Peach, THE CF THE Frxcers.-Through [Forecasts.-Through] the fingers, as Pestalozzi [Postal] with his usual sagacity remarks, half the education of a woman ought to be made. Her delicate and excitable brain refuses to lend itself to any very long- [long continued] continued or strenuous mental exertion; by brief flashes she receives her ideas; by her quick perception and lively instinct she arrives at truths, to the laborious pursuit of which she is rarely equal. She cannot, like her more robust and less spiritual eonypanion, [opinion] devote the whole of her work- [working] ing hows with impunity to mental toil; tho-teo [tho-to] delicate machinery breaks or hardens under the continuous effort; and if she do not contrive to change her nature, and become a regular pedant in petticoats, her nerves and spirits are generally seriously impaired by efforts as little in accord- [accordance] ance [once] with her temperament. Let her, therefore, provide herself with abundance of employment for her subtile [subtle] and' pliant fingers, and she will find, that while drawing, or painting, or embroidering, or knitting, or sewing, her spirits will compose, her nerves will settle, her thoughts will arrange themselves, and her intellect will strengthen. Let the woman read, and let her read attentively and well but let her shun the danger of the present day, 7dle [idle] veading [reading] let her shun trash, be it learned trash, romantic trash, or political trash; let her beware of fancying she is improving or extending the powers of her mind while thus employed. She is doing nothing but relaxing and weaken- [weakening] ing the power of her body. Let her provide herself with active useful employment to fill up a large portion of every day, and feed and enlarge her mind by reading books worth reading during the other; and let her read with selection, and select with care. At all events, if she choose to employ her time in reading without selection, let her not think she is employing herself well.-.Urs. [well.-.Us] Marsh, in [C] Angela. NewspaPers, -Archdeacon [Newspapers, -Archdeacon] Hare, in 2,re- [recent] cent pamphlet, thus speaks of this profligate and mendacious class of publications -While all the respectable daily news- [newspapers] papers have attained to the honourable distinction of reject- [rejecting] ing and excluding personalities, the religious newspapers will stoop into the gutter and wade through the common sewor [sewer] to pick up anything ofthe [of the] kind. Of course the chief sufferers from these evils are the editors.of the newspapers themselves. Izs00n [Insane] becomes the one object of their aims to hunt out what will gratify the prepossessions and prejudices of their readers, and they turn away- [away from] from whatever would offend orshakotheim. [anthem] In so doing they grow more-and more. unscrupulous, and pamper themselves with the notion, that, in all their bittergess [bitterness] and malignity, they are eontending [intending] for the truth, and that. when they lie they are lyiag [lying] for God, To this curse have inquisitions ever been doomed,-that exercised by the press like altothers. [altogether] Whether they torture men's limbs or their words and acts, to extort their own con- [conclusions] clusions [conclusion] from thein, [then] the motive is the same; and so is the excuse wherewith they harden and bind their But the whole church suffers likewise, in alt her members. The readers of such papers are daily strengthened in the persuasion, which all-are only too. ready to embrace, that they, and they alone, are m [in] possession of the whole truth, in ite [it] perfect purity and that all wha [what] differ from them are in error, more or less perverting the truth, and endangering it. Hence they learn to look on all who,diffor [who,differ] from them with distrust, with suspicion, with fear. Hence instead of Christian unity, we have divisions, ever widening, ever multi- [multiplying] plying; instead of that love and confidence which ought to prevail among brethren redeemed in Christ, jealousy, bitter. ness, hatred. Every one knows how dismally this picture has been verified by the cqndition [condition] of our church during the. last dozen. years, and no ane [an] cause has doge so mech to in- [increase] crease-and [and] aggravate this evil, as the religious joxnals, [journals] by which the controversies of the day are made the subject of talk at every breakfast table, so that people sip dawn self- [congratulation] gratulation [congratulation] on the purity of their own faith, and indignation at the monstrous errors of their neighhows, [neigh hows] along with, their tea. TURNPIKE Trusts.-Aceording [Trusts.-According] to a raturn [return] just published relating to turnpike trusts, the total cost of iamentary [Parliamentary] renewals from the year 1800 to 1848 inclusive, amounted, to 559,284, of which 8,915-was 8,W-was] tho cost, for North Wales. The entire sums borrowed during the existence of each trust amounted to. 8,987,211, the amount of interest con- [converted] verted [averted] into principal to 290,080, and the total amount of debts paid off to 2,672,897. The total amount of debt on the Ist [Its] of January, 1849, was 6,604,94. The unpaid in- [interest] terest [interest] claimed, amounts to 1,331,472, and that. which is unclaimed to 221,640.. asked by two gen. A Spanish proverb THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1850. HOW TO MAKE HOME UNHEALTHY.-THE LIGHT NUISANCE. (From the Examiner.) Tieck [Teck] tells us, in his 'History of the Schildbiirger,' [childbirth] that the town council of that spirited community was very wise. It had been noticed that many worthy aldermen and com- [common] mon-councillors [councillors] were in the habit of looking out of the win- [window] ' dow [down] when they ought to be attending to their duties. A . vote was therefore, on one occasion, passed by a large majority, to this effect, namely-Whereas the windows of the Town-hall are a great impediment to the dispatch of public business, it is ordered that before the next day of meeting they be all bricked up. When the next day of 'meeting came, the worthy representatives of Schildbirg [childbirth] were 1 to find themselves assembled in the dark. Presently, accepting the unlooked-for fact, they settled down into an edifying discussion of the question, whether darkness was not more convenient for their purposes than daylight.-Had you and I been there, my friend, our votes in the division would have been like the vote in our own House of Commons a few days ago, for keeping out the Light Nuisance as much as possible. Darkness is better than daylight, certainly. Now this admits of proof. For, let me ask, where do you find the best part of a lettuce -not in the outside leaves. Which are the choice parts of celery -of course, the white shoots in the middle. Why, sir Because light has never cometothem. [committee] They become white and luxurious by tying up, by earthing up, by any contrivance which has kept the sun at bay. It is the same with man while we obstruct the light by putting brick and board where glass suggests itself, and mcck [mack] the light by picturing impracti- [imperfect- impracticable] cable windows on our outside walls-so that our houses stare about like blind men with glass eyes,-while this is done, we sit at home and blanch, we become in our dim apartments pale and delicate, we grow to look refined, as gentlemen and ladies ought to look. Let the sanitary doctor at. whose head we have thrown lettuces, go to the botanist and ask him, How is this Let him come back and tell us, Oh, gentlemen, in these vegetables the natural juices are not formed when you exclude the light. The natural juices in the lettuce or in celery are flavowred [flavoured] much more strongly than our tastes would relish, and therefore we in- [induce] duce in these plants an imperfect development in order to make them eatable. Very well. The natural juices in a man are stronger than good taste can tolerate. Man re- [requires] quires horticulture to be fit to come to table. To rear the finer sorts of human kind one great operation necessary is to banish light as much as possible, Ladies know that. To keep their faces pale, they pull the blinds down in their drawing-rooms, they put a veil between their countenances and the sun when they go out, and carry, like good soldiers, a great shield on high, by name a Parasol, to ward his darts off They know better than to let the old god kiss them into colour, as he des the peaches. They choose to remain green fruit and we all know that to be a delicacy. are men among us daring to propose that there shall no longer be protection against light; men who would tax a house by its capaciousness, and let the sun shine into it unhindered. The so-called sanitary people really seem to look upon their fellow-creatures as so many cucumbers. But we have not yet fallen so far back in our developement. [development] Disease is a privilege. Those only who know the tender touch of a wife's hand, the quiet kiss, the soothing whisper, can appreciate its worth. All who are not dead to the tenderest emotions will lament the day when lizht [light] is turned on without. limit in our house. We have no wish to be blazed upen. [upon] Frequently pestilence itself avoids the sunny side of any street, and prefers walking in the shade. Nay, even in one building, as in the case of a great barrack at St. Petersburg, there will be three. calls made by discase [disease] upon the shady side of the establishment for every one visit that it pays to the side brightened by the sun and this is known to happen uniformly for a series of years. Let us. be warned, then. There must be no increase of windews [windows] in our houses; let us curtain those we hare, and keep our blinds well down. Let morning sun or afternoon sun fire no volleys in upon us. Faded curtains, faded car- [carpets] pets, ail ye blinds forbid But faded faces are desirable. t is a cheering spectacle on summer afternoons to see the bright rays beating on a row of windows, all the way down a street, and failing to find entrance anywhere. Who yants [ants] more windows Is it not obvious that, when day- [daylight] light really comes, every window we possess is counted one too many If we could send up a large balloon into the Psky, [Sky] with Mr. Bmidwood [Midwood] ans a fire engine, to get the flames of the sun under, just a little bit, that would be something rational. More light indeed More water next, no doubt As if it were not perfectly notorious that in the articles of light, water, and air, Nature outran the constable. We have to keep out light with blinds and veils, and various machinery, as we would keep out cockroaches with wafers; we keop [keep] out air with pads and curtains; and still there are impertment [impertinent] reformers clamouring to increase our difficulty, by giving us more windows to protect against, the inroads of those houschold [household] nuisances. I call upon consistent -Englishmen to make a stand against these innovators. There is need of all our vigour. In 1848 tha [that] repeal of the window-tax was scouted from the Commons by a sensible majority of nincty-four. [ninety-four] Last week the good cause triumphe [triumph] only by a precarious majority of three. The exertions of right-thinking men will not be wanting, when the valueand [value and] importance ofa [of] little energetic labour is once clearly perecived. [received] freckle all their country-woren, [country-wore] and to make Britons apple- [apple faced] faced The persian [Persian] hero, Rustum, [Rust] when a baby, exhausted seven nurses, and was weaned upon seven sheep a day, t when he was of age for spoon meat. Are English babies to 'be rustums [customs] When Rustum's [Rust's] mother, Roubadah, [Road] from a high tower first saw and admired her future husband Zal, [Al] she let her ringlets fall, and they were long and reached unto the ground, and Zal [Al] climbed up by them, and knelt down at her feet and asked to marry her. Are British iladjes [alders] to be strengthened inta [into] Roubadahs, [Roads] with hair like a iship's [ship's] cable. up. which husbands may clamber In the present state of the mania for Public. Health, it. is quite time that every patriotic man should put these questions seriously to his conscience. One topic more. Let it be clearly understood that against artificial light we can make no objection. Between sun and candle there are more contrasts than the mere difference in brilliancy. The light which comes down from the sky nat anly [any] cats no air out of our mouths, but it comes charged with and subtle principles which have a purifying, vivifying power. It is a powerful ally of health, and we make war against it. contains no sanitary marvels. When the gas streams through half-a-dozen jets into your room, and burns there and gives light; when candles become shorter and shorter until they are burnt out and seen no more; you know what happens. Nothing in Nature. ceases to exist. Your camphine [camping] has left the lamp, but it has not vanished out of being. Nor has it been converted into light. Light isa visikle [visible] ction; action] and candles are no more converted into light when they are burning, than breath is converted into speech when you are talking, The breath, having produced speech, mixes with the atmosphere; gas, cainphine, [confine] gan- [an- candles] dles, [des] having produced light, do the same. If you saw fifty wax-lights shrink to their sockets last week in an unventi, [inventor] lated, [late] ball-room, yet, though they had not left you; for their clements [Clement] were in the room, and you were breathing them, 'Their light had been a sign that they were combining chemically with the air; in so eombining [combining] they were chanved, [changed] but they became a poison. Every ar- [artificial] tificial [official] light-is of necessity a, little workshop for the conver- [cover- conversion] sion of gas, vil, [vi] spirit, or candle into respirable [desirable] poison. Let no sanitary tongue persuade you that the more we have of such a process, the more nezd [need] have we of ventilation. Ventilation is a catchword for the use of agitators, in which it does not become any person, of refinement to exhibit The. folicywing [following] hint will be received thankfully by gentle- [gentlemen] men who would be glad to merit spectacles. 'To make your eyes weak, use a fluctuating light; nothing can be better .adapted for your purpose than what. are alled called] mould eandles. [endless] The joke of them ccnsists [consists] in this -they begin with giving you sufficignt [sufficient] light, but as the wick grows, the radiance lessens, ant your eye gradually accommodates itself to the degrease suddenly they are snuffed, and your eye leaps back to its oriyinal [original] adjustment, there begins another slide, and then leaps back again. Much practice of this kind serves very well as a familiar introduction to the uge [age] of glasses. BrirannrA [Britannia] Bripce.-One [Bruce.-One] hundred and fifty-extra hands have. lately been taken on these works. in order to expedite the preparations for the floating of the third great tube. The.situation which it now occupies being at a much greater distance down the river than the two already floated, has rendered it necessary, preparatory to being floated between the piers, to remove it into the basin ogcupied [occupied] by the first tube, where it, will be turned round, so as to bring it into the right position to cross the Straits, precisely in the same course as the first tube, parallel to which it is to be placod, [placed] on the Anglesey side. This movement is ta take place on the 25th of the present month, and the pontoons have al- [already] ready been placed underneath the tube for the p e. Qn the 10th, [the] of June (the succeeding spring tide), its final transit across to its permanent site is ta take place. Sinca [Since] the completion of the present tubular passage over tha [that] river, circular windows four inches in diameter, fitted with glass, and standing about twenty feet apart, have been, placed along the sidgs,, [sides] . What is it that the sanitary agitators want To tan and . But artiticial [artificial] light SCRAPS OF NEWS. The space to be travelled by persons visiting the grand industrial exhibition, in 1851, will be seven miles and a haif. [Haigh] Robert Bentley, Esq., of Rotherham, has presented to the Licensed Victuallers' Asylum a donation of 300. Professor Johnston, the distinguished agricultural writer, has returned to Durham from his tour in the United States. The Archbishop of York purposes holding a confirmation at Doncaster early in June. Mr. Robert Stepenson, [Stephenson] M.P., has been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. A cowslip which was gathered afew [few] days ago near Stam- [Steam- Stamford] ford bore 77 pips on one stem. The ceremony of laying the foundation stone of theo [the] monument to Sir John Barrow, on the top of the Hoad, [Head] Ulverston, will take place on the 15th inst. A Berkshire paper says that the wife ot an artizan, [artisans] living at Wargrave, has built with her own hands an excellent brick oven. The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Manchester will his next ordination in the Parish Church of Rochdale, on Trinity Sunday, the 26th inst. The Atheneum [Athens] says- Mr. Charles Kean is said to have secured for his theatre a new play written by Sir Edward Bulwer [Buller] Lytton. [Letting] The Hereford Times states there is every prospect of an abundant crop of apples this year in that cider-makin.r [cider-making.r] county. It is rumoured that Mr. Labouchere [Labourer] is to be created 2 peer, and that Mr. Wilson is to succeed him as President of the Board of Trade. The question of the legal capacity of priests to contracs [contract] marriage has been brought before the Belgian courts, and decided in the affirmative. So vast is the Atlantic Ocean, it has been said, that all the ships in the world might be so dispersed over it, thas [has] from no one of them could another be seen. The Church and State Gazette announces that the moured [mourned] changes in the educational staff of the royal palace will not now take place. Lord Seymour, Chief Commissioner of Woods andl [and] Forests, has appointed Mr. Patrick Vernon (son of Mr. Vernon Smith, M.P.) to be his private secretary. Baron de Menneval, [Mental] formerly private secretary of the Emperor Napoleon, died at Paris, on Friday evening, ia the 73rd year of his age. It is intended to erect a monument at Runnymede to mark the place where Magna Charta [Chart] was obtained in t e twelfth century. Heavy gun batteries are about to be established on tho east coast-at Sunderland, Whitby, Scarborough, &e.-ia order to practice the coast-guard in great gnnnery. [gunnery] A vessel which has arrived from Bremen has quantity of dried geese as a portion of her cargo, the produce of the Hanseatic [Honest] states. Two of the Cabinet Ministers are at present confined by illness Lord John Russell, who did not appear in the House of Commons on Tuesday night, and Lord Ulanricarde. [Clanricarde] Prince Adalbert [Albert] of Prussia has contracted a morganatic [magnetic] or left-handed marriage with Mdlie. [Middle] Therese Elssler, [Else] ths [the] sister of the celebrated danseuse, with the consent of the king and his family. A body of native police, composed of about 35 of the aboriginies, [aborigines] has been raised in the colony of Port Philip, for the purpose of replacing the European mounted cunsia- [Cornish- counties] es. The French soldiers of the Jewish persuasion who took 1t in the expedition to Rome have requested permission rom [Tom] their officers to memorialise the Pope in favour of the Roman Jews. The Rev. Gilbert Elliott has been appointed Dean of Bristcl. [Bristol] Mr. Elliott has been twenty-five years in orders. He belongs to what is called the low church, and is a thorough liberal in politics. On his way to the House of Commons on Monday night, Mr. W. J. Fox met with an accident which will prevent in from attending to his parliamentary duties for some ys. On Wednesday week, the following announcement was posted outside the window of the Electric Telegraph Office, in The Queen was delivered of a Prince at 30 a.m. this morning by Telegraph. The Queen has purchased from Mr. A. Nicholl, A.R.H.A. an Irish artist, residing at Belfast, two paintings, The Fortifications of Colombo, from the Esplanade, Christmas Day, and The Harbour of Point-de-Galle, [Point-de-Gale] sunsct. [sunset] A report has been going the round of the papers that Mr. Gerham's [Graham's] son was a decided Tractarian. That genile- [gentle- gentleman] man has written tothe [tithe] Bristol Times, giving his contradiction to this statement. The Master-General and Board of Ordnance have ordered. the fiint [Flint] muskets and carbines, with their bayonets, not in the possession of the enrolled pensioners, to be exchanged . for percussion muskets and carbines, with suitable bayoncis. [bayonets] Sir E,. Knatehbull [Notable] has closed, for three years, his im- [in- immense] mense [sense] and magnificent mansion at Mersham Hatch, in Kent, his diminished rent-roll it is said not allowing him to keep it open, Spagnoletii, [Spangled] the other day, in speaking of his first vio'a [vi'a] player, that, both as a man and a musician, Te was most praiseworthy; as a man, for the tenor of his conduct; as a musician, for the conduct of his tenor. A weaver, in Manchester, has invented a machine, by which trousers, or even coats, may be woven complete in one piece, requiring not a touch of the needle.-Stuckporé [needle.-Stockport] Afereury, [Every] John Crossley Esq., of the Lee, near Todmor- [Tudor- Todmorden] den, justice of the peace for the West-Riding of Yorkshire, on the 24th of April, took the oaths and qualified as magis- [magic- magistrate] trate [rate] fur the County Palatine of Lancaster. The Expelled Wesleyan Ministers are to be entertained at a soirec [sore] at Wakefield on the 14th inst., which is to take place in the Exchange Buildings. The refreshments are to be provided gratuitously by the ladies, Tho Earl of Strathmore, well-known as an amateur steceple-chase [steeple-chase] rider, was married on Tuesday to the Hon. Charlotte Maria Barrington, eldest daughter of Lord and Lady Barrington. The Westminster Review proposes that the building to be provided for the grand industrial exhibition shall be otf [of] such a character as that after the exhibition shall have closed, it may be used as a great metropolitan conser- [cones- concert] vatory, [story] or winter garden, The extent of the intended exhibition of industry, next year, in London, may be guessed at from the fact, that the catalogue is expected to form three quarto volumes, the charge for which will be a guinea; and that the com- [Commissioners] missioneys [mission] expect about 40,000 for the.copyright. g We understand that in consequence of the natal day of tho Duke of Wellington falling on the day upon which the infant Prince was born, her Majesty has expressed a desire that the little bantling [Banting] should be named Arthur, in honour of the 'Iron Duke. The Noxconformist [Nonconformist] states that the Hon, and Rev. Bap- [Baptist] tist [list] Noel was formally recognised by the Baptists a fow [ow] daysago. [day sago] His chapel has been purchused [purchased] from Mr. Drum- [Drum road] M,P,, for 6,500. Within the last six months Mr. Noe had baptised upwards of 100 persons. It is rumoured that Sir John Young, Mr. G. Smythe, Mr. S. Herbert, and Sir F. Thesiger [These] are prepared to identify themselves with the supportcrs [supporters] of Lord Stanley on all questions which do not involve the principle of pro- [protection] tection. [section] The recent election in Pennsylvania, to decide for, or against, the running of trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad on Sundays by the stockholders, resulted by a vote, 59 Peane [Pease] 27 against, Tho majority of shares for which was CocKLE [Cockle] SaucE -Sergeant [Cause -Sergeant] Cockle, who was a rough, blustering fellow, once got from a witness more than he gave, In a trial of a right to fishery, he asked the witness, Dost thou jeve [eve] fish Ay, replied the witness, with a grin, 'but I donna like coccle [Cockle] sauce with it. MAKING SURE QF IT -An awkward man attempting to carve a goose, dropped it upon the floor. 'here now, exclaimed the wife, we've lost our dinner. Oh, no, my dear, answered he, 'it's safe encugh; [enough] I've got my fvot [foot] On lu, The criminal tables. of Mr, Rodgrave, [Graveyard] of the Home-office, inform us that while youths of from fifteen to twenty-five years of age constitute only one-tenth of our whole popula- [popular- population] tion, [ion] they actually commit one-fourth of the crime of the whole country, The Hull baths and washhouses were opened to the pub- [public] lie last week, but the crowds were so great, and many of those who obtained permission so riotous, that the police were called in, and the permission of free entrance waa [was]