Huddersfield Chronicle (09/Nov/1850) - page 7

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER. 9,- 1850. last, in a field near to the Rose and Crown Set nerton. [Newton] The entries of stock were more nume- [name- bumped] had been expected, and were of a very excel- [excel] yous than and it must have been a matter of con- [consent] Jent [Sent] .on to the promoters of this society, to find et efforts so successful, for, at a rough estimate, or he of the stock on the ground would be close f not above, 500, principally the property of wen. The classification of the stock might nee n improved, and we have no doubt the incon- [income- convince] ve ve complained of by the judges of mixing all resi [rest] weeds of pigs in one class, will be obviated on ne occasion. We believe, from this very circum- [circus- circus] a alone, three of the finest bred pigs on the ae (of the Chinese breed), belonging to Elliot wader, Were necessarily deprived of prizes by being competition against animals of a much larger e serviceable character. The pigs shown by eg Hawkyard, John Todd, and John Taylor, were a very superior character. Some fine animals were oe ted amongst the extra stock, and those from the oo ves [bes] of John Mallinson, and W. Stables, Esqrs., [Esquires] were se much admired. The entries for poultry were put comprised some very beautiful birds. The rita [rica] Malay, and Polish breeds, and silver and back ph easants, [pleasant] were objects of general interest. Me judges were John Mallinson, Esq., Thickhollins [Collins] ona [on] Mr. T. J. Wigney, [Wine] Huddersfield, who discharged heir onerous duties with general satisfaction. ZIST [LIST] OF PRIZES. sToUK [stock] SHOWN BY WORKING MEN, Cxass [Cases] 1.-Breeding Sows of any age. jaced [aced] in q mor [or] the best sow, 1; second, 15s.; [1st] third 10s. Ist, [Its] 'Barley, South Crosland jaa, [Jas] David Haigh, . Bottom. Baslk [Bask] Cass 2.-Pigs under Nine Montis old. For the best pig, 1; second, 15s. third, 10s. fourth, Ist [Its] and 2nd, John Taylor, Netherton; 3rd, George Taylor, South Crosland 4th, Thomas Mellor, Nethermoor. [Nether moor] Commended John Taylor, Netherton; Joseph Wilkin- [Wilkinson] zon, [on] Crosland Mill; John Brooksbank, South Crosland ; John Quarmby, South Crosland. 3.-Pigs under Twelve Months old. For the best pig, 1; second, 15s; [1st] third, 10s. fourth, r. 6d; fifth, 5s. sixth, 2s. 6d. Ist, [Its] Joseph Hawkyard, Brook Mill; 2nd, Elliot Kinder, Steps Mill; 3rd, George Qldfield, [Oldfield] Armitage Fold; 4th, Alfred Holdroyd, Crosland Bank 5th, George Oldfield, Armitage Fold 6th, Nathan tt, Netherton. Commended W. W. Worsley, South Crosland Mellor, Netherton; Elliot Kinder, Steps Mill; Atfred [Alfred] Holdroyd, Crosland Bank ; John Bamforth, Netherton; James Clarkson, Crosland Mill; Jonathan Sykes, Netherton Elam Sykes, Netherton. Crass 4.-Pigs of any age. For the best pig, 1 second, 15s. third, 10s. fourth, rs, 6d. fifth, 5s. sixth, 2s.6d. Ist, [Its] John Todd, Nether- [Netherton] ton; 2nd, iar [air] Todd, Netherton; 3rd, Edwin Finn, Crosland 4th, John Hawkyard, Brook Mill 5th, Charles Srkes, [Sykes] Crosland; 6th, Robert Todd, Netherton.-Com- [Commended] mended Edward Moorhouse, Netherton Martha Black- [Black bum] bum, Crosland Mill; John Wood, Netherton; John Hawkyard, Brook Mill; Joseph Brooksbank, Crosland ; John Garside, Crosland. THE DINNER. At five o'clock, an excellent dinner was served up by the worthy host of the Rose and Crown, replete with all the substantial luxuries of a country larder, ac ompanied [ac impaired] with a good supply of wine. Upwards of forty gentle- [gentlemen] men sat down, amongst whom were Joseph Wrigley, Esq. (President), James Wrigley, Esq, (Vice-President), John Batley Wrigley, Esq., John Robinson, Esq. (Honley), Joseph Beaumont, Esq. John Mallinson, Esq., Join Clay, Esq., Huth, [Hut] Esq. (Frankfort), Messrs. Huth [Hut] and Fisher (Huddersfield), Mr. T. J. Wigney, [Wine] Mr. Crispin Mellor, Mr. Thomas Mellor, Mr. Joseph Wilkin- [Wilkinson] son, and Mr. Abby. On the removal of the cloth the usual loyal toasts, The Queen, Prince Albert, the Prince of Wales, and the Royal Family, were drunk with due honours, during which the Chairman passed a high eulogy on the character of his Royal Highness Prince Albert, more particularly in reference to his exertions in promoting the Exhibition of 1851, The CHaIRMAN [Chairman] in giving Success to the Netherton Association for Improving the Breeds of Pigs and Poultry, said that though this association referred to matters which he did not perfectly understand, after a litle [little] consideration of its objects he had given it his most hearty and willing support, believing it was calculated to improve the condition of the working- [working classes] classes. There was one point to which he wished to call their attention, which was, not only to try who could produce the finest and fattest pig, but who could keep them the cleanest; for if they did not do so, their pigs would prove a curse instead of a blessing, and result in all the evils and miseries of sickness and death, arising from the neglect of these great sanitary regulations. If they at present had not convenient places for their styes, [styles] he was sure that on such being properly repre- [prepare- represented] sented [scented] to the landlords every assistance would be rendered. (Hear, hear.) The toast was drunk with three times three, and responded to by Mr. Jonn JouN [John] Rogpixson, [Recognising] Esq., of Cliffe House, Honley, said that although he could not preface the few remarks he inteuded [intended] to make by the well-known phrase of a cele- [cell- celebrated] brated [rated] personage, Unaccustomed as I am to public he might parody it and say, Unaceastomed [Accustomed] aslam [asylum] to speak about pigs, you cannot expect me to say much about them. (Laughter.) He knew just as much about a pig as he did about an ourang [orange] outang. (Renewed laughter.) But there was another topic which was much more congenial to histaste, [hesitate] and which re- [related] lated [late] to the gentlemen on his right, under whose patron- [patronage] age the Netherton Association was that day inaugurated. He congratulated them on having placed amongst the frst [first] persons in that association a gentleman of such high character, reputation, and honour as Mr. Joseph Wrigley-a gentleman whose acknowledged vigour and determination, would raise their association to the highest position of success. (Hear, hear, hear.) With respect to the association itself, he took an interest in it because, as had been remarked by their President, it involved matters affecting the welfare of the working classes, as tending to produce more of that harmony and good-feeling--right good honest feeling- [feeling which] Which ought always to prevail. He looked upon it as likely to promote the physical comfort and well-being of the working classes. (Hear.) What could be more delightful to the working-man than to see the timbers of lis [is] cottage hung with hams, and sides, and cheeks of bacon (Hear.) Nor would such a sight be less pleasing to any gentlemen who had workmen under him when calling upon them to find their cottages clean, aud [and] so richly garnished. (Hear.) Well then, if the Working-classes attended to this subject though they Might not be called Lord Bacons, they might be called Lords of Bacon-and that was what he wished every Working-man to be--(laughter and applause)-to have 4 litle [little] empire of his own, where he had got something to make his family physically happy. What was more Productive of crime, and degradation, and misery than the absence of physical comfort amongst the working- [working classes] Classes of any country Travel all over the globe and they would find that just in proportion as men were elevated in their domestic enjoyments and physical Comforts, just in proportion were they lifted up from their degradation. (Hear, hear.) This was natural, ecause [cause] when a man's wants were provided for, he had 1 opportunity of cultivating his mind, and could look abroad in spring on the budding flowers, and in the autumn on the ripening fruit-and upon the fair blue of heaven with those feelings which every work- [working] inginan [engine] ought to feel moving within him. In promot- [prompt- promoting] ing associations like this he believed they were doing Something to promote the physical and intellectual Condition of the working-man-(hear)-besides culti- [cult- cultivation] Vating [Eating] those habits of thrift which, whilst leading them buy a pig, would also lead them to save their money for the purpose of information and joining Mechanics lnstitutions-(hear, [institutions-(hear] hear,)-and, consequently, have 2 tendency to raise them in the scale of intelligence tnd [and] morality. (Hear.) The inhabitants of Netherton tnd [and] Honley had in past times delighted in cock-fights and dog-fights, and amusements of such ilke [like] brutalising character, but he hoped these associations would be the teans [Teas] of directing their attention to something more 'ational, [national] He was sure in their President they had got man who would do all he could to promote these Sbjects-and [Subjects-and] he, therefore, had very great pleasure in Proposing the health of President. (Cheers.) pte [pre] toast was drank with cheers, after which the RESIDENT responded. . OsEPH [Joseph] Beaumont, Esq., in a short complimentary proposed The health of the Vice-President, hich which] was drank with three times three. The briefly returned thanks, and xpressed expressed] his determination to obtain a store of pigs would next year rival that of his friend Mr. Mal- [Al- Mason] son, (Cheers.) . aoe [are] Esq., expressed his great pleasure in present on this the first meeting of the association, 'eVing [evening] that such meetings were calculated to benefit th classes, (Hear.) He was also very happy to hear ih, which their Vice-President had made, that Sugh [Such] not at present a breeder of pigs, he would next come not only a breeder but a competitor. It ob only by such emulation as this they could hope to be 4 superior breed of stock. (Hear.) He had long firm, Convinced, and the show of that day had con- [coned] ed his opinion, that none of them could equal the ret in the breed of pigs, or could produce bacon to good sound quality. (Hear.) After referring the keeping of poultry, and expressing his opinion encl it might be done without annoyance to any one by Cla [Cl] Osing [Sing] a few yards of ground with trellis work, Mr. y concluded by complimenting ae judges on the in which they had discharged their duties, an Proposed their healths. [health] 6 bealth [health] of the Judges was drank with musical Ww and responded to by Mattinson, Esq,, Comp) ted the committee on the very excellent rose and acknowledged the toast, and in the course of a few to the observations of the a the propriety of keeping th lean, and said that this was one a the of good breeding. Without clean styes [styles] they could never have superior pigs. e Vick-CHateMan [Vick-Chairman] then gave the successful candi- [candid- candidates] dates, which was responded to by Mr. E. after which JoHN [John] Batiey [Batley] Esq., proposed The unsuccessful candidates, which was drank with cheers and pene [pen] ere Mr. WILKINSON returned , and gave The health of the i whi [who] was replied to by Mr. Moses Dyson. Pommittee, [Committee, which e remaining toasts of the evening were Town and Trade of Netherton, by Jams Esq., who, in the course of his remarks, referred to the Exhibition of 1851,and [W,and] pressed its claims earnestly upon the attention of all present The Labouring Classes of South Crosland, by Jonn WRicLeEy, [Wrigley] Esq.; Mr. Hura, [Hera] of Frankfort, responded to by that gentleman in German; The Ladies and The Press, and success to the Huddersfield Chronicle, by Joun [John] Cray, Esq. The company then separated, after enjoying a most agreeble [agreeable] evening. SSD --- District Nets. BRADFORD. Tae [Tea] election of Council- [Councillors] lors [Lord] for this borough took place yesterday week. There were contests in all the wards except two, namely West Ward and Manningham [Manning] ward. Although much excite- [excitement] ment [men] prevailed, matters passed off without any dis- [disturbance] turbance, [disturbance] and yielded a gain of three to the liberal party. The following are the results -- East Wagrp. [Warp] Garnett (Conservative) 821 Pollard (re 226 Middleton (Liberal) 180 The retiring candidates in this ward were Mr. Joe Poppleton, surgeon, and Mr. James Wade, both Con- [Conservatives] servatives, [Conservative] . Warp. The retiring councillors in this ward were Mr. John Gordon, surgeon, and Mr, William Peel, stuff merchant s the former a Conservative and the latter a Liberal. The following were the new candidates and the result of the duction [Auction] - nions [ions] (Tory)........... 244 Robson (Liberal)....... 196 Outhwaite (do.)......... 210 Gordon (Neutral)...... 187 West Warp. The only candidates in this ward were Mr. J ohn [on] Rawson, cotton spinner, and Mr. Charles Rhodes, china merchant, retiring councillors. The polling booth was formally opened, and a few votes received for the two candidates, but an hour having elapsed without a vote having been given, the poll was closed. Norra [Nora] Warp. The retiring candidates were Mr. J. Gott, soap manu- [manufacturer] facturer, [factory] and Mr. James Keighley, plumber. Mr. E. H. Parratt, ironmonger, and Mr. Wm. Whitehead, worsted spinner, were nominated by the Liberals; and Mr. B. merchant, were nominated by the Tories, The result at the close of the poll was as Parratt (Liberal) ...... 126 Brumfit (Tory) ...... Whitehead (ditto)...... 125 Terry (ditto)............ irs [is] Warp. e retiring councillors were Joshua Pollard, Esq. and Mr. George Coates, both Conservatives. They were put forward again by their friends. But the Liberals also put in nomination H. W. Ripley, Esq., and Mr. John Cole. The result of the contest was- [Ripley] Ripley (Liberal) ...... 508 Pollard (Conservative) 439 Cole (ditto) ............ 502 Coates (ditto) ......... 33 Lrrrtz [Fritz] Horton Warp. The retiring councillors were Mr. D. Firth, wool- [wool stapler] stapler, and Mr. John Hill, weighing machine maker, both Liberals. For the places thus rendered vacant, there were three sets of candidates. Mr. John Hill (one of the retiring candidates), Mr. Booth (of the firm of Smith and Booth, occupied the field on the part of the Liberals; and Mr. James Wade, gentleman, and Mr. Squire Stowell, manufacturer, on the part of the Tories. An extreme section of the Chartists put forward John Moore and William Hudson, neither of whom had the qualification. The poll stood as follows at the close - Booth (Liberal)......... 392 (Tory)......... 317 Hill (ditto)............... 368 Moore (Chartist) ...... 52 Wade (Tory)............ 337 Hudson (ditto)......... 42 Great Horton Warp, Mr. John Jennings, a Tory, retired. There were two candidates for the vacant seat, viz. -Mr. John Wade, manufacturer, a Whig, and Mr. Samuel Dracup, a Tory. The result of the contest was- [was wade] Wade (Whig) 304 Dracup 214 MannincHaM [Manning] Warp. Mr. James Ambler, a Liberal, was returned, without opposition, in the place of Mr. John Denby, also a Liberal. REDUCTION IN THE oF Gas.-The Bradford Gas Company have yielded to the wishes of the inhabitants so far as to reduce the price of gas. Immediately on the expiration of the present half-year the price is to be reduced from 5s. to 4s. 6d. per 1,000 cubic feet, the same discount being allowed as previous to the reduc- [reduce- reduction] tion. [ion] MEETING OF THE CHURCH CLERGY.-A meeting of the clergy of this deanery was held in the parish church, on Wednesday, presided over by Dr. Burnet, when an address was unanimously voted to the Bishop of Ripon, solemnly protesting against the usurpation of power by the Bishop of Rome, and declaring the Romish [Rooms] hierarchy to be that of an heretical and schismatical [schismatics] church, endea- [end- endeavouring] vouring [pouring] to perpetuate the teaching of error, to usurp the prerogative of the crown, to divide the body of Christ, and to arrogate Catholicity to itself, BraDFORD [Bradford] CENTRAL BRANCH TEMPERANCE SOCIETY. -This society has been making a demonstration, on rather an extended scale, during the present week. On Sunday and Monday meetings were held at the society's room in Cheapside, when addresses were delivered by Mr. G. E. Lomax, of Manchester, and Mr. J. Clark. On Sunday evening the usual love feast was held. On Tuesday evening a tea party, which was attended by a large company, took place in the society's room, and the public meeting, which followed, the room was crowded to overflowing. The Rev. T. Greener presided, and opened the proceedings in a brief, but appropriate speech. Mr. Booth, the agent of the Huddersfield Tem- [Te- Temperance] perance [Prince] Society, then addressed the meeting, and was followed by Mr. Thomas Worsnop, Mr. Lomax, and others. Tse [Te] TaHEeatrReE [Departure] LicENnseE.-Mr. [License.-Mr] John Mosley, lessee of the Bradford Theatre, applied for and obtained the renewal of his license before the borough magistrates, on Wednesday. Their worships, in granting the license, complimented Mr. Mosley on the mode in which he had conducted this house of entertainment in former seasons. LOCKWOOD. OBSTRUCTING THE HicHway.-James [Highway.-James] Crowther, mason and builder, was charged by John Sykes, at the Guild- [Guildhall] hall, Huddersfield, on Tuesday last, with erecting a certain saw pit on the high-road, near to Mr. Crosland's factory, whereby the public thoroughfare was obstructed. The defendant said that they had been building, and not having convenience within a reasonable distance he had been compelled to erect the sawpit [Sept] complained of. It had, however, been since removed, Fined 2s. 6d. with expenses. NETHERTHONG. Guiez [Guise] CLus.-On [Clubs.-On] Wednesday evening last, a Glee Club was commenced at the house of Mr. Uriah Hobson, Netherthong. There was a good attendance and the even- [evening] ing was spent to the satisfaction of all present. Cricket Puayers' [Payers] DinneR.-On [Dinner.-On] Tuesday evening last, about 40 persons sat down to an excelleut [excellent] dinner at the house of Mr. Thomas Crooks, the Gardeners' Arms. After the cloth had been removed, music and dancing prevailed till a late hour. Poor Ratre.- [Rate.- Rate] The Overseer for the Poor of this township appeared at the Guildhall, Huddersfield, on Tuesday last, applying for a Poor Rate of 10d. in the pound. The arrears are 3 17s., and the rate was granted. THONGSBRIDGE. SrveviaR [Revive] Circumstance.- [Circumstance] Mr. John Charlesworth, smith, &c., late of Thongsbridge, died on the 4th Nov- [November] ember, 1846. In 1850 his wife died in the same month. on the same day of the month, and in the same hour of the day-exactly four years after her husband. Her death took place on Monday last. KIRKHEATON. Beer-Hovse [Beer-House] Conviction.-On Tuesday last, at the Guildhall, Huddersfield, Mrs. Wilkinson, beer-house keeper, appeared in answer to a summons for keeping her house open for the sale of beer after twelve o'clock on Saturday night, the 19th ult., and refusing to admit the constable. Mr. Clay defended. The case had been adjourned for the defendant to produce witnesses. The charge was laid by John Holliday, the parochial con- [constable] stable, who said that on the night of the 19th ult., about half-past twelve, he was going his round, and in passing Mrs. Wilkinson's he heard a great noise, which satisfied him there was company in the house. He tried the door, and finding it fastened he knocked, and, telling them who he was, requested to be let in. This uest, [est] however, was declined for the time being, so Joun [John] proceeded tothe [tithe] window, and peering through one of the crevices he observed five or six persons in the room, and the mistress busy clearing away the drinking utensils. After the lapse of quarter of an hour he was admitted, but all was then removed. The charge was denied. It was attempted to be proved that Holliday was admitted as soon as it was known who he was, and that the parties in the house were members of the landlady's family. The bench were not satisfied with the defence, and inflicted a penalty of 2s, 6d. and ex- [expenses] penses. [senses] Terry, solicitor, and Mr. C. Brumfit, wine and spirit - forth to remember the fifth of November. leaving home for work on the morning in question, he put eight squibs into his pocket, which by some means got ignited, soon after he got to his work, and burnt his side so extensively as to cause him to have to be con- [conveyed] veyed [eyed] home. We are glad, however, to say, that the injuries he received are not of a fatal character. , ANorHER [Another] Casz--On [Case--On] Tuesday night last, about nine o'clock, another accident through fireworks occurred in Honley, of a more serious nature than the one just mentioned. We have not received the person's name, but he was burnt to such an extent as to cause him to have to be carried home on a bearing-barrow. The medical aid of Mr. Lees, surgeon, was obtained, and the sufferer is at present under his care. THE Pic SHow.-On [Show.-On] Saturday last, we took occasion to insert a paragraph referring to the pig show adver- [aver- advertised] tised [tied] to take place in Honley this day. During the present week some persons in Honley have sar- [sa- surmised] mised, [missed] that if the labouring-classes keep and feed good-bred pigs, their employers will consider they are getting up in the world, and in order to keep them down will lower their wages. The idea is so rich that we think it worthy to be chronicled-rich from its rarity, for we think in the 19th century, persons enter- [entertaining] taining [training] such ideas are- [alike] Like angels' visits, Few and far between. In our last week's impression we inserted a small para- [paragraph] graph, headed Spade Husbandry. In that ph allusion was made to a proposal of B. L. Shaw, Esq., which he made (after the placards for the pig show were posted), To let off a quantity of land for the encouragement of spade husbandry and cottage com- [comfort] fort. Now Mr. Shaw is the largest millowner [milliner] in Honley, and his proposal to the labouring classes coming directly after the announcement for the show, is a proof that he is desirous to afford facilities by which the labouring classes can feed their pigs at the lowest possible cost. It might be said, with as much propriety, that if a labouring man has a good-snit of clothes on his back when he goes to a place of wor- [or- worship] ship on a Sunday, that would cause his employer to lower his wages. We would ask where is the employer who does not like to see his workpeople decently clad on a Sabbath day And where is the employer who will not admit that food is of the first necessity in suc [such] cessful [useful] labours. We understand that the enteries [entries] for the show this day have exceeded the original expec- [expect- expectation] tation [station] of the committee, and should the weather prove favourable the affair is likely to come off with eclat. InoprortuNE,- [inopportune,- inopportune] On an evening during the current week a discourse took place between a mother and her son on some matters which we shall not name. When the mother happened to say to her son, It is not the kittens that bring mice to the cat, but the cat that brings mice to the kittens to which the son said, Ah, that is as it should be,-I want you to do that and then I shall not grumble. Rattway [Railway] Station Gossrr.-On [Grosser.-On] Wednesday morning last, the train from Honley to Huddersfield was con- [considerably] siderably [considerably] behind its time, as is usually the case at this station. When after some remarks made by the pas- [passengers] sengers [singers] relative to the necessity of an exercise of patience, allusion was made by a gentleman to a recent bye-law issued by the company, stating that any pas- [passenger] senger [singer] would subject himself to a ty of forty shillings if he travelled behind the place for which he had taken a ticket, even if he should tender the differ- [difference] ence [once] of the fare along with the ticket he had received. The necessity of a person sometimes going behind the station to which he could be booked was discussed, and one gentleman made the remark that he would see such bye-law at a distant and profane place before he would submit to it. THE Porato [Potato] Crop.-The potato crop in the neigh- [neighbourhood] bourhood [boyhood] of Honley is not so large this year as the last, but there are fewer of an unsound character. THE Dorncs [Dorcas] oF THE GREEN-EYED MonstER,. [Minster,. Minster] unfortunate Benedict, named John Bawtry, was called upon at the Guildhall, Huddersfield, on Saturday last, by his better half, to show cause why he had thrashed his wife, and why he should not, for so doing, be bound over to keep the peace towards his spouse, and all others of her Majesty's subjects, for six months. The details of the case were of the usual character, where jealousy forms the chief ingredient of quarrel. Suffice it that this good couple-whom, certainly, God never joined together-have for eleven years lived a cat and dog life, rendering not only themselves but every one near them unhappy. The special cause for complaint was an assault committed on the cemplainant [complainant] by her husband, on the 28rd ult. Mr. Dransfield defended, and stated that the conduct of the wife for some time past had led the husband to believe she was not true to her lord and master; and that on the night of the 22nd she remained out till a very unseasonable hour, in consequence of which some unpleasant bickering arose, when the alleged assault was committed. The wife indignantly denied the imputation cast upon her; and the bench, considering the charge of assault proved, fined the husband 2s. 6d. and expenses. LONGWOOD. THE UnFrortuNaTE [Unfortunate] CoNsTaBLE.-The [Constable.-The] remanded ease of assault preferred against George Whitwam by Joseph Taylor (the constable), came on for a second hearing pn Saturday last, at the Guildhall, Huddersfield. As will be remembered, the case was adjourned for the defen- [defend- defendant] dant [dan] to produce witnesses to prove an alibi. The évi- [vi- evidence] dence [dene] went to show that the defendant, on the night of the 14th ult., was drunk and disorderly, in Longwood, and threatened to murder the complainant. Whitwam failed in establishing an alibi, but the evidence of his witnesses proved that at the time stated, between eleven and twelve o'clock, he conducted himself with as much propriety and decorum as his state of beerification identification] would permit. The case was accordingly discharged. FARNLEY TYAS. Rate.-On Tuesday last, the Huddersfield magistrates granted a new highway rate of 10d. in the pound for this township. The arrears are 1 17s. 11d. KTIRKBURTON. [KIRKBURTON] HicHway [Highway] Ratr.-The [Rate.-The] surveyor of highways for this township obtained an order from the Huddersfield ma- [magistrates] gistrates, [magistrates] on Tuesday last, for a new highway rate of 10d. in the pound. The arrears are 3. Before MELANCHOLY DEATH OF A WATERLOO VETERAN.-On Tuesday afternoon an inquest was taken by Mr. H. M. Wakley [Walker] at Chelsea, on the body of John Randall, aged 84, a Peninsular and Waterloo veteran. For some years past the deceased had lived under his son's roof, in Camera- [Camera street] street, Chelsea, on a pension of 1s. per diem, [die] and for the last four months he been suffering from an attack of paralysis, which confined him to his room. On Sunda [Sunday] evening an alarm was given that the room was on fire and, on his son entering the place, he found the unfortunate de- [denying] lying on the floor, close to the fender. The flames were extinguished as quickly as possible, but not before the deceased was frightfully burnt. He died early the follow- [following] ing morning. It was conjectured that, in his attempt to stir the fire, the chair on which he was leaning upset, and he fell against the bars of the grate.-Verdict, Accidental death. CoRPORATION [Corporation] GAS WORKS FOR LEEDS.-At a vestry meeting held in Leeds, the following resolution was agreed to That in the opinion of this meeting it is highly desirable that the council should apply toparliament [to parliament] during the ensuing session for power to establish gas works and to make and sell gas. CaUSE [Case] AND CURE FOR SEa [Sea] SICKNESS.-At a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, last week, an interesting paper was M. Currie, onsea [ones] sickness. In the com- [communication] munication, [communication] M. Currie pointed out thecause [the cause] of sea sickness, which he considers to depend upon the movement of the intestinal canal, which floats, as it were, in the abdomen. It descends with every movement of the vessel, and then, ascending, pushes up the stomach and diaphragm. His theory, when explained, was well received, and Magendie [Magenta] and Keraudien [Audience] gave their assent to it. But his remidy [remedy] was thought more ingenious than practicable. It waa [was] to breathe in with every downward movement of the vese [vere] and expire the air with its ascent. MAGISTRATE MOBBED aT StocKPoRT.-The [Stockport.-The] Stockport magistrates were busily occupied on two days (Saturday and Monday last), in investigating an extraordi [extraordinary] i against three ruffianly looking fellows who were accused of having stopped the carriage of Mr. Baker, a borough magistrate, as that gentleman, with his daughter, were on their way home from an evening party. The evidence went to show that when Mr. Baker's carriage reached Chester- [chested] gate, a mob of from forty to sixty persons armed with sticks, raised a dreadful shout, and with a volley of stones which broke the carriage windows, proceeded, some to drag the coachman off the box and others to force open the car- [carriage] riage. [ridge] The violence of the attack, however, caused the horse to rear, and the carriage was so forcibly shaken that the door flew open, and under cover of the darkness Mr. Baker and his daughter managed to get out. But they were almost immediately perceived and surrounded by the mob, who brandished their staves and weapons over the affrighted [affected] travellers. It appears, however, that there was no intent to do more serious injury, for Mr. Baker and his daughter made their escape under the escort of one police- [policeman] man, though not without their valiant getting knocked down for his pains. When before the magistrates the three prisoners said that it was election time, and they understood that the carriage was being used tor the purpose of bottling electors, and under that impression they as- [assailed] sailed it. The magistrate fined two of them 5 each, and the third 2, requiring them all to find sureties to keep the peace for twelve months. Great excitement has been occa [occur] sioned [signed] by the event. County BoarDs.-The [Board.-The] question of representative beards, for the disbursement of county rates and funds, is still occupying the public mind. Ata [At] meeting of the poor-law t guardians of the Rotherham Union, the following resolu- [resolute- resolutions] tions, [tins] -which have just been circulated, were the Right Hon. Lord Fitzwilliam in the chair That in the opinion of this board, it is desirable that a meeting should be held in the West Riding (to which should be invited the members of parliament for the West Riding and for the boroughs within the same, the magistrates, deputations from all the boards of guardians within, or partly within, the Riding, and such other ratepayers from each union, not exceeding two, as any of the aforesaid boards may please to invite), to take into consideration the proposed measures for establishing county financial boards. 'That such meeting be held at the Railway Hotel, in Normanton, on Wednesday, the 13th of November next, at twelve o'clock at noon and that a circular be issued from this board con- [con] vening [evening] that meeting. g of the county of York, was enfranchised by the Reform Bill, and sends one member to parliament. The town is surrounded by lofty hills, which give to its suburbs a romantic ap ce. Its once barren soil is now highly cultivated, and teems with some of the richest productions of nature. Huddersfield owes nothing to the aristocracy of the land its wealth and its importance are alike indebted to the ceaseless energies of the sons of commerce. The antiquarian must search in vain for the monu- [mon- monuments] ments [rents] or the relics of past ages. Here stands no proud baronial castle, erected in the olden time by some feudal chief, with its tower, its port-holes, and its battlements frowning on the wretched serfs. Huddersfield, with a few slight exceptions, is built on land belonging to Sir J. W. Ramsden, from which he draws a princely revenue of some 50,000 perannum. [geranium] The neighbour- [neighbourhood] hood abounds with excellent stone, which, for colour and durability, is considered the finest in the empire. It is owing to the abundance and the quality of this material that so few brick buildings disfigure the place. run parallel, or cross each other with tolerable regularity. Immense improvements have been carried out since the death of the late Steward, whose dynasty was charac- [character- characterized] terized [tried] by great inattention-sheer stupidity-and ob- [obstinate] stinate [obstinate] perverseness. From this sad state of neglect Huddersfield has been happily rescued. The enlighten- [enlightened] ed zeal, brilliant talents, and vigorous management of its present Steward have communicated fresh impulse to the inhabitants, whilst elegant buildings are rising, as if by magic on the margin of the New North Road in attestation of these facts. Other and still more splendid improvements are in contemplation, which, on being carried out, will render the town of Hudders- [Udders- Huddersfield] field the first in Yorkshire for the elegance of its buiid- [build- buildings] ings, the purity of its air, and the excellence of its sani [San] regulations. Huddersfield possesses every advantage which supe- [sue- superior] rior [Rio] roads, canals, and railways can bestow. The Railway Station is one of the most superb struc- [struck- structures] tures [Tues] in the kingdom. I know not which to admire most-its design or its execution. The former is indebted to the vivid conceptions of Mr. Pritchett-the latter to the unrivalled abilities of Mr. Joseph Kaye. If future ages should inquire for Mr. Kaye's mausoleum, let them take their stand in front of the station-and look around In close proximity to the station is a magnificent hotel with a richly decorated front, and within a few hundred yards stands a far nobler object-the Parish Church. This holy and sacred structure was built after designs furnished by Mr. Pritchett, of York, and was opened for divine service in October 1836. It is built in the perpendicular Gothic style, at a cost of 9,000, and contains 1620 sittings, of which 460 are free. Its cost was defrayed by voluntary subscriptions -an infinitely ter [te] honour to its worshippers, and more to the glory of God, than if built by a forced rate, Facing the end of Queen-street the church of St. Paul's, built by the Parliamentary Commissioners at a cost of 5,486, exclusive of the site-salutes the eye. This neat and elegant church was opened for divine service in the year 1831. Westward, on an elevated site, stands Trinity Church, erected in 1819, at the sole cost, amounting to 12,000, of the late ever-to-be-lamented B. H. Allen, Esq. This benevolent Christian gentleman was a supporter of every institution having for its object the promotion of the temporal and spiritual welfare of mankind. Of him it may be said, that the touching description given in the peerless language of Job was peculiarly appro- [approve- appropriate] priate- [private- When the ear heard him then it blessed him, and when the eye saw him it gave witness to him, because he delivered the poor and needy, and he who had none to help. This excellent man was taken off in the prime of life in the year 1827, when his remains were followed to the tomb by an immense assemblage of his fellow-towns- [townsmen] men, whose grief but too clearly evinced that a prince and great man had fallen in Israel. AN EX-PUPIL OF THE HUDDERSFIELD COLLEGE. Can A WIFE APPEAR aS COUNSEL FoR [For] Her Hvs- [His- Husband] BAND -At the late Surrey Assizes, Mr. William Cobbett [Corbett] brought an action against the Keeper of the Queen's Prison, for a false return to a writ of habeas corpus. Mrs. Cobbett [Corbett] appeared to conduct her husband's (the plaintift's) [plaintiff's] case. is was objected to by the Lord Chief Baron, who pre- [presided] sided, and the trial of the cause was put off till the next day, in order to afford time to retain counsel. On the day following Mr, Justice Erle [Ere] presided and as the plaintiff did not appear either in person, or by attorney or counsel, he was nonsuited. [non suited] Mr. Cobbett [Corbett] now appeared in person, and moved fora rule to set aside the nonsuit, and fora new trial, on the ground that the learned judge was wrong. It was a sufficient precedent, if any were needed, that Mrs. Cobbett [Corbett] had moved the Court ot Chancery and the full Court. Lord Campbell said-The rule moved for can- [cannot] not be granted. We cannot say the learned judge was wrong in refusing to allow Mrs. Cobbett [Corbett] to conduct a cause at Prius x her husband. The nonsuit was regular. e plaintiff did not appear in person, or by his attorney or couhsel, [counsel] but by his wife and t the question is whether, asa matter of right, the wife may insist on coming into court and conducting a cause as counsel for her husband. There is no such rule, and it is inexpedient to establish such a right. On the very first day that I sat in this court I recollect Mrs. Cobbett [Corbett] applied for a habeas corpus, and I listened to her with t attention. I did so, recollecting that Lord Hale had done the same to the wife of Bunyan, the author of the Pilgrim's Progress. In acase [case] where the likerty [liberty] of the subject is concerned great inconvenience might occur if the Court refused to hear a husband or wife, or any one who might come and offer an affidavit in proof that the liberty of asubject [subject] was interfered with. Ina case like this we well know that the bar would come forward and assist without any honorarium or fee, and see that justice was done. That would be better than to say that a wife might come and wrangle in a court of justice, and engage in scenes inconsistent with the delicacy of the female sex. We areof [are of] opinion that the Chief Baron and the other learned judge were right. The other judges concurring the rule was refused. Some young men at Wotton Bassett, have been amusing themselves by personating [persona ting] an execution, and they carried their scheme so far, that had not the staple to which the ' c iminal [c criminal] was suspended given way, he would have been hung. It was some little time before he recovered. Correspondence. We wish it to be distinctly understood that we do not hold ourselves responsible for the views of our correspondents. In future no communication, under an anonymous signature, will be inserted unless the veal name of the writer is confided to the Editor, not necessarily for publication, but as an evidence of the good faith of the writer. i THE LATE WESLEYAN TRIALS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Sim,-Permit me to express my sincere thanks for in- [inserting] serting [setting] in your excellent paper the announcement of seven local preachers cited to take their trial in Buxton- [Buxton] road circuit, on Saturday last. T also beg to trouble you on this occasion, for the in- [information] formation of the Wesleyan body generally, with some particulars and remarks relative to that painful event. No less than thirty-five local preachers were eligible to take part in the proceedings of that meeting, and thirty- [thirty] two actually attended, besides three itinerant preachers. The observations I teok [took] the liberty to make last week on the absolute domination of the Wesleyan hierarchy were fully verified. When the business of the meeting commenced the Rev. F. A. West took the chair. In the onset conside- [consider- considerable] rable [able] time was occupied by some sharp debating as to whether the accused should be tried separately or collec- [College- collectively] tively [lively] ultimately, however, Mr. West conceded to try them singly. He then proceeded to read his charge from the columns of the Chronicle, to sustain which he had a compilation covering over thirteen large folio pages, closely written, but did not proceed far before one of the brethren took objection to his employing the plural instead of the singular, and requested to be informed which of the brethren was then on his trial, But Mr. West insisted on going through with the charge first, touching the whole of them. The opposition asked if the accused were members of the meeting which he answered in the negative, affirming that they were sus- [suspended] pended, virtually, when they received notice of trial; and suspended practically, when they came to that meeting. In reply, the opposition quoted the authority of Mr. Wesley, that every man should be considered innocent until he was proved guilty and, unless they were allowed the privilege of being members of that meeting, they should immediately withdraw. Mr. West contumaciously persisted in his course, and the accused brethren, after protesting against such a mode of pro- [proceeding] ceeding, [feeding] left the meeting. The indefatigable reverend went on with the trial in their absence, which continued till near ten o'clock; when, on the motion being put that the accused brethren should be suspended ten days, and in the meantime a deputation to wait on them to induce a promise to cease from agitating,-what was the result Why, out of thirty-five local preachers on full plan, only seven hands were held up in favour of the motion. It was put a second time, but no more still-only seven. And, but for the votes of the travelling preachers, who in common fairness had no right to vote at all, being plaintiffs in the action, on the same principle that the defendants were disallowed,-the arch-reverend would not have been able to obtain a majority. Now, Sir, what are the practical observations ob- [obviously] viously [obviously] deducable [deducible] from this unequal struggle If only seven hands were forthcoming to support the Wesleyan ministers to enforce a very moderate castiga- [casting- castigation] tion, [ion] there would have been still less to carry a more despotic measure. I may fairly infer, that the huge of the learned Superintendent-enough to scare a thousand poor illiterate layics -a classics -a] production, which, notwithstanding being seven weeks in mysterious embryo, is, after all, an unsightly abortion. We may augur still more favourably, if the ac- [accused] cused [used] had been granted a fair trial, and heard in defence separately, count after count; because, supposing th were guilty of certain nondescript crim [crime] es they wee The town is tastefully laid out in streets, which either' tain their entire innocence, and secured an honourable acquittal. Nor is this statement the sanguine hope of my own indulgent speculations, it is the opinion of others who were present during the whole of the mecting. [meeting] . Nevertheless, under all disadvantages, the reformers have a right to claim the victory, as the following numbers testify. It appears that the votes were distri- [district- distributed] buted [bute] thus -7 for, 7 against; 7 suspended, and 14 others, some of whom could not remain, and the rest were neutral from which it is evident that the votes were equal on both sides; and if the defendants had been allowed to vote as well as the plaintiffs, the ac- [accused] cused [used] brethren would have had an overwhelming majority therefore, beyond fear of contradiction, the Wesleyan ministers in the Huddersfield second circuit were defeated. At the same time, the Reformers are anxious to ex- [express] press their grateful acknowledgments for the valuable services of their esteemed Superintendent; he having done more to advance the interest of their cause than all the agitators united. They cannot withold [without] their tes- [te- testimony] timony [testimony] to his heroic valour, and most heartily wish him success in his arduous career; for, if one act of suspen- [suspend- suspension] sion will do good, a second and a third will be a still greater blessing; and most sincerely beg to assure him that his labours will be ever duly appreciated. I have the honour to be, Sir, yours very truly, A REFORMER. HUDDERSFIELD IMPROVEMENT COMMIS- [COMMS- COMMISSIONERS] SIONERS. [SINNERS] TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Str,--A [St,--A] careful perusal of the report furnished by the Clerk of the Board of Works, and adopted by the Improvement Commissioners, at their last Monthly Meeting, has convinced me that its author was more intent on making out case than of supplying useful information to the Rate-payers. With a view of substantiating my assertion I will at once proceed to elucidate the matter in a plain and familiar style. Firstly.-I charge the report with inexcusable omissions, because that statistical information is with- [withheld] held from those neighbouring towns, which approximate nearest to Huddersfield in size and population. Secondly.-I charge the report with unfairness, because it contrasts the expenditure of scavenging in Huddersfield with towns of eight or ten times its size and population. Thirdly.-I charge the writer of the report with disingenuousness, [dis ingenuousness] because in making out a comparative statement of expenditure, the amount paid for scav- [scar- scavenging] enging, [engine] by the Huddersfield Commissioners, during the past year, is divided by the number of occupied houses in 1850, whilst for Manchester, Liverpool, and Leeds similar expenditure for 1850, is divided by the number of houses erected in those various towns to the end of 1840 Fouithly.-I [Fourth.-I] charge the author of the report with inaccuracy, because the average expense for night scavenging is put down for houses in the borough of Huddersfield at 1s. 2d. each, instead of 1s. 54d., and the cleansing the public streets of Leeds is artificially swelled to 3s. 4d. per dwelling, instead of 1s. 10 d. and a fraction Fifthly-tI protest against the Clerk of the Board of Works adding an assumed sum of fifteen hundred pounds to the cost of street scavenging in Leeds, under the questionable plea that if pauper labour was dispensed with, that additional sum would be yearly required. Sixthly-I strongly object to the latitude taken by the Clerk of the Board of Works in quoting a lengthy article on the absence of sanitory [sanitary] regulations in Edinburgh, instead of confining himself to clear and business-like investigations; as the introduction of unnecessary matter has a tendency to divert the atten- [attend- attention] tion [ion] of the Commissioners from the real object they have in view. Seventhly.-I cannot withhold the expression of my surprise, that our Improvement Commissioners should have quietly adopted a report which is so obviously wanting in simplicity and fair-dealing, and bearing on its surface unmistakeable evidence of its author's wishes to reduce the average expenditure (on paper) below that of Leeds, Liverpool, and Manchester. Fighthly-I [Fifthly-I] beg most respectfully to caution the Huddersfield Improvement Commissioners on the dan- [danger] ger of being led away through the perplexities of be- [bewildering] wildering [bewildering] statistics, as such are too often got up to serve a purpose. Statistics I wish I had never known the phrase It is chiefly owing to their abuse that so many widows and orphans have been reduced to beg- [beggary] gary [gray] by the lawyers' statistics of 1845. Ninthly.-Is it not a fact, that statistics were so pre- [prepared] pared by the concoctors [conductors] of our Improvement Act as to lead the public to believe that the obtainment of the measure would enable the Commissioners to sweep the streets and cleanse the privies out of the profits of the manure Jadd [Add] no more than that I am Your obedient servant, AN EX-COMMISSIONER. Huddersfield, November 5, 1850. --- GEOLOGY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Srr,-I [Sir,-I] had the gratification of being present at the two lectures delivered by Mr. Nesbit, [Nest] of the Kenning- [Kennington] ton Academy, near London, in the Town's School-room, Marsden, on the 28th and 29th ult. I was glad to observe a condensed report of them in the Chronicle of Saturday. A condensed report fora report, in ectenso, [intense] would have filled columns and columns again. I think no person of judgment could have heard the lectures without deriving lasting benefit from them. The lecture on geology was peculiarly interesting and valuable. It was most satisfactory to me as a clergyman, and I know it was so to others, to hear from the lips of the learned lecturer, the repeated and emphatic assurance, that the science of geology does not in the least contradict the Mosaic account of the creation, as contained in the sacred Scriptures. On the contrary, that the discove- [discover- discoveries] ries, [rise] and the deductions from those discoveries, illus- [illustrate] trate [rate] and confirm the inspired record in a remarkable manner. Neither did the lecturer, in his ungarnished [unfinished] Saxon, go out of the way to offer this remark. Neither was it in parenthesis. It was evidently a part of hia [his] convictions, founded on a long course of patient and intelligent study, and introduced into the lecture With the frankness and candour of an honest man. This is as it should be. Science appears in her fairest and most beautiful form, when she serves as the handmaid of reli- [deli- religion] gion. [Gin] The concluding words of the lecturer, when acknowledging a vote of thanks from an approving audience, deserve special record. They were, in sub- [substance] stance, that rich and ennobling as were the discoveries of science, they ought ever to be held in subservience to those moral and spiritual considerations, without which there was no real happiness, either here or here- [hereafter] after. On my return home after the second lecture it occur- [occurred] red to me that the following address of the learned Dr. Halley might not prove an unfit companion to the lecture itself. If you agree with me in opinion, the enclosed copy is much at your service, and its insertion will oblige, Yours respectfully, J. M. MAXFTELD. [MANSFIELD] Marsden Parsonage, Nov. 5, 1850. Geology is a science but of yesterday. The old cosmo- [com- cosmogonies] gonies [monies] were most absurd and unintelligible but a few years since, fossils and relics were considered by some great men to be abortive attempts of nature to produce animals, -an atheistic, but once FP voured [poured] notion, which science in its advances has entirely repudiated. When, after long and painful research, geology began to assume the charac- [character- characters] ters [tees] of science, when it was shown that the crust of the earth had sustained a series of many and great catas- [cats- catastrophes] trophes, [trophies] of which neither history nor tradition know anything,-that the evident effusion of Primary rocks by intense heat was too convincing to be denied,-that the present continents were subject to salt and fresh water inundations for along space of time, and during long inter- [intervals] vals,-that [Vale,-that ,-that] imbedded [embedded] in various rocks were discovered the relics of animals and vegetables unlike any which now exist, and which never could have existed in the present state of our earth; we all know the surprise and astonish- [astonishment] ment [men] that seized the reading public, the alacrity and triumph with which half learned and impious infidels pro- [proclaimed] claimed the utter subversion of the Mosaic history, and the complete refutation of Scripture records; as well as the serious apprehensions and alarm which many Christians felt, as though geology (that profane science, which was exploring with sacriligious [sacrilegious] eye the inexplicable secrets of nature, which it was said, God purposely, in dark caves and deep caverns, had concealed from the gaze and spe- [se- speculations] culations [calculations] of man) were inflicting a severe wound on the credibility of revelation. It is the glory of God to con- [conceal] ceal [cal] a thing, says Solomon; and we may be sure that what he conceals will never be detected by the keenest eye of the most inquisitive philosopher. He could easily have buried those huge saurians and unwieldy mastodons which we inspect in our museums in depths which Cuvier or his disciples could never have explored; but as God placed them where men find them, who will presume to say that we are prohibited from reading these venerable records of creation After the first excitement of surprise had sub- [subsided] sided, and both philosophers, naturalists, and theologians looked a little more calmly on the facts, results of the most interesting kind were observed, and now the confir- [confirm- confirmation] mation [nation] of Scripture unexpectedly appeared. Little did sceptics imagine that their triumph would be so short; little did they expect that the new science was inflicting a wound-not on revelation but on their own system little did Christians think that geology would become another handmaid of faith; and that she was delving in the depths of the earth, and with unwearied steps traversing the val- [valleys] leys, [ley] or climbing the mountains, in order to return to the sanctuary, from which she seemed to wander, laden with fossils and stones as an oblation to offer on the altars of isti [est] ity. [it] (Lond [Land] applause.) Although still, igno- [ing- ignorant] rant, timid, and impetuous jjans [jeans] consign (as does Doctor Croly, [Carol] in that strange book of his, entitled ' Divine Providence; or, the Three Cycles of Revela- [Revel- Revelation] tion )-geologists [ion )-geologists )-geologists] to the anathemas of all true believers; yet I leave it as my deliberate opinion, that one such Christian, by the heedless impetuosity in which he betrays, feebly, an opposition to a science which is only formidable when ill understood, does more to the cause of revelation than one hundred sceptics can ever effect. Modern geology, when first it rose from the bowels - ETHERTON [NETHERTON] ASSOCIATION ch 7 NETH [NET] now they had had, but suggested that on future occa [occur] . BREEDS sions [Sons] greater attenti [attention] HONLEY. AL ESSA [SEAS] t all delinquents alike, ei im [in] character or extent earth, holding up before the world fossil bones, For MPROVING [PROVING] OF PIGS AND tion. [ion] of animale, [animal] so that the gee P paid to a aioe, [air] AccrIDENT [Accident] THROUGH FiREworKs-On [Fireworks-On] Tuesday morn- [original] VRIGINAL [ORIGINAL] ES 78. this view a sake of a nt Shel' [She] the relics of ncent [cent] conflagrations and deluges; sion of this Amociat [Amount] be indiscriminately mixed in one Claes [Class] es hear.) #38 last, an accident occurred to a collier, DESCRIPTION OF HUDDERSFIELD. Although, substantially, I do not hesitate to aver, that exhibiting specimens of huge monsters of unwieldy shape; first exhibition of this Association was held on After repeated calls from the company, Mr. WIGNEY [WINE] near Honley, of ace 20, and residing at, Brockholes, Huddersfield, a flourishing market-town in the West- [Westminster] most, if not all, of them would have been able to main- [inshes] lizards, and flying wmgs [Wigs] scales-creatures sixty or seventy feet long-she was sus- [suspiciously] piciously [viciously] and hastily considered as a dreadful enemy of revelation-as a and ghastly spectacle, which, with the exhibition of a skeleton, would frighten us from the faith, by displaying before us works nowhere mentioned in the book of Benesis. [Bonuses] Let us examine the objection-let us unroll the sacred record.-How do you read it What saith the Bible 'In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. This is a great and important proposition dis- [distinctly] tinctly [directly] enounced, [announced] and the truth of which remains inviolate. Science has never cast over it a shade of suspici [suspicion] And the earth was without form and void, and darkness was upen [upon] the face of the deep. How long this state of chaos and confusion-how long this state of doskneas [darkness] continued, we are not informed; nor do we know what transpired in the interval between the original act of creation, which was in the beginning, and the commencement of the six days work by which the earth was prepared for the residence of man. Whatever intervals of light and life, or darkness and death, may have succeeded each other whatever catastrophes, conflagrations, and deluges, may have been eflected; [elected] in whatever states the earth may have been placed when it was arranged asa habitation at different intervals, of the different classes of creatures; and whether centuries, or thousands of years, may have been allotted to each series, we have no information atall; [stall] but assw [ass] there is nothing in this theory, be it true or false-(an let the geologists determine that)-let the conclusion be what it may, there is nothing in this theory which con- [contravenes] travenes [Ravens] the Mosaic narrative. The sacred historian asserta [asserts] the original creation of matter by the hand of God; and then he describes the earth as a chaos, from which, what- [whatever] ever may have passed over it since, the present system (evidently intended for the existence of man) was, inthe [another] gress [grass] of six days, regularly evolved. But for all the wonders of geology (and of what wonders of creative power and skill this earth may have been the glorious theatre, who shall say there is left by Moses ample scope and space between the first two verses of the inspired record there is nothi [North] more groundless than the undefined apprehensions wi some good people entertain of geology, lest in some way or other it may contradict Sacred Scripture. It may be thought, that the interpretation given of Genesis is am evasion-an evasion of the geological difficulty devised for the present emergency. To this it may be sufficient to say, that it was an interpretation received by critics and com- [commentators] mentators [commentators] long before geology delved among the dirt and ruins of the ancient world, and might be found in the earliest Christian expositions of the p It was the of Justin Martyr, Origen, Basil, and other fathers of the church, that an indefinite period elapsed between the original act of creation, and the subsequent arrangement of all things terrestrial; so that it is manifest that whether we are right or wrong, we are not compelled to seek even new interpretation, but on the contrary, the Mosiac [Music] record remains in all its integrity undisturbed-not a word or letter is erased by all the labours of the geologists-from that fiery crucible the truth of God has issued unimpaired and indestructible. (Cheers.) I said unimparied-it [impaired-it] has done more-it has acquired in the result additional evidence. Geology has completely demolished the most ancient and the most specious forms of infidelity. If you read the books of the old. infidels you will find, that the old infidelity taught, that all things continue as they ever have been, and that the human race has always existed in the ordinary course; son succeeding father in an infinite series. That was the old doctrine of infidelity. Revelation, on the con- [contrary] trary, [Tracy] asserted the creation of man, and taught us that tke [the] epoch of his birth was only 6,000 years ago. Thus have revelation and infidelity stood One or other must be false, for they are in direct opposition. Geol [Geo] as it were, with supernatural power, has worked in 'the charnel [channel] house of nature; she searched out and arraz [arran] in order the skeletons of past ages; she found. a profusion of extinct ani [an] but among them there w. 8 no man. When the coal tields, [fields] forests, and mountains were at the bottom of the sea; when creatures whose bones are entombed in the limestone, were clothed in flesh, or covered with seales, [sales] deriving a crude existence, half on foot, half flymg, [fly mg] she has demonstrated (for it amounts to demonstration), that the human race had no existence-that there was no man; but even if there then, they must have been destroyed in the catastrophe which rased [raised] forests, buried mountains in the ocean, and built around animals their durable sepulchres of marble and rock. Geology has thus silenced the old scepticism, she has dispelled for ever the infidel dream-the atheistie [atheist] scheme of an infinite series of men she hath gone into the concealed records of creation, and having discovered them inscribed in all directions on the thick sandy clay, on the side of the mountain, and sweep of the valley on the drift of the sea, and the mud of the rivers on the pinnacles of the alps, and in the depths of the mines, she returns with a demonstration the most complete, that infidelity is wrong, and that revelation is right-that ata [at] given period man began to exist on the face of the earth. (Cheers.) But then let me ask, whence had Moses this knowledge of the origin of man to which no ancient philosopher ever attained How knew he that God made man on the earth He learned it surely not in the learning of the Egyptians, nor among the early magi of the deserts of Arabia. Did he grope his way through the mysterious labyrinth of nature amongst its skeletons, up to nature's God, by the clue of the geologist, and write his Genesis amid the skele- [scale- skeletons] tons and fossils of a museum If not, he must have learned the lesson amid the clouds of Sinai, and conversed -with him who saw the birth of the world-he must have reeeived. [received] an account of the creation from none other than the great Creator. But then observe, the mogt [most] important iiferenee [offering] which is easily and evidently deduced thé [the] facts proved by geology, is, that the existence of man on the earth must have had acommencement. [commencement] Observé [Observe] the inference- [inference when] when man was first produced (whenever it was) he could not be immediately abandoned by his Maker, or left to the ordi [ord] laws of nature and providence. Had he been so abandoned by his parent as the foundling of nature, he must have speedily perished he could not have existed without experience, education, or earthly parents; he could not exist as men now exist under the present arrange- [arrangements] ments [rents] of Providence he must have been the object of more direct care and distinct revelation than man now is; he could not have been created a babe, for what parent could he have sucked He must, therefore, have been formed, as Moses states, in the maturity of his strength. But then, a man so formed-a mature man turned adrift on the wide world without an instructor, without the use of iron, or wood, a plough, a spade, or a knife without a single domestic animal-without a snare for beasts, an arrow for birds, or a net for fishes; without science, art, or language, he could not possibly have earned his bread by the sweet of his brow. Or ifhe [if he] lived to prolong (were it possible) a misera- [misery- miserable] able existence by feeding on the spoutaneous [spontaneous] berries of forests, or roots of the ground how, without some teacher, could he distinguish the wholesome from the poisonous ; the grapes and figs from the brighter berries of the deadly night-shade He has not the instinct by which beasts discern, at once, their proper food therefore he must have had a provision made for him, something like the garden of Eden he must have been surrounded with his appropriate food, and must have been indulged with daily visitations from his God to teach him as a parent teaches his child. Something like the account in the book of Genesis must have been true. Revelation, in the infancy of our race, was indispensable for its existence man, in helpless inex- [Index- inexperience] perience [Prince] and destitution, must have been nursed and fondled like a babe bowers like those of Paradise, and a garden like Eden, must have been provided previously to his being sent forth by the mandate of heaven, in acquiring a knowledge of good and evil, to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow. One thing seems certain, he must by revelation have been provided with that knowledge whieh [which] his descendants learned from their intercourse with their fellow creatures, or derived from the instruction of their parents. Whence could he have learned to speak but from converse with his God, and the Bible says he did con- [converse] verse with God. The fact of some revelation havi [have] been given is undeniable-science establishes it, and it follows from the inference that man began to exist on the earth. The only question that whether the Serip- [Scrip- Scripture] ture, [true] or something that has perished, is that revolation [revelation] from God. But the Scripture is established on its own pro- [pro] r evidence. And here I might close, but I have only Just entered on the gallery of science we have only ad- [admired] mired one or two of many noble paintings of the gifts of the wise men of the East-we have examined only a speci- [specie- specimen] men in passing; every branch of science and literature invites our attention. Philosophy and geology are two of a very humerous [numerous] family of scientific sisters which follow, bearing precious gifts, in the magnificent train of revealed religion. What treasures of Scripture illustration may be derived from the researches of history, and the study of antiquities If the relics and ruins of Egypt were exa- [ex- examined] mined, you would find in its mighty architecture many proofs of the accuracy of Sacred Scripture. We might show, for instance, that the decyphering [severing] of hieroglyphies [hieroglyphic] has revealed an exploit veiled hitherto in Egyptian symbols -that Shishak, [Shirk] who plundered Jerusalem, lived in the reign of Rehoboam; or we might supply a proof of the accuracy of Moses, who has spoken of vineyards in Egypt, although modern scholars did rot believe him, because Herodotus says the Egyptians had no wine. We might pees this from the great survey of Egypt made by the rench [French] expedition, who found, in the subterraneous caverns of Eilithyia, [Elisha] a minute representation of the vintage in all its parts, down to the drawing of the wine. This cireum- [cream- circumstance] stance proves that Moses was right and Herodotus wrong. (Cheers.) We might read monumental inscriptions in ancient cities, or visit the cabinets of the curious, and ad' duce ancient coins and Syrian medals as proofs of the truth of Scripture. But just take an example St. Luke says that Lydia was a seller of purple in Thyatira; [Theatre] and an ancient inscription fonnd [found] there teaches us that a compan [company] of dyers of purple resided in that city. Philippi was said, by Luke, to be a colony; that is, a settlement of Roman soldiers-veterans who were rewarded for their services with the surroundiug [surrounding] lands. This was disputed, and even positively denied and it was asserted that the name Phi- [Philippi] lippi [lip] came from Philip of Macedon, who was alleged to be the founder of the city. But a coin of that city was (representations of which may be seen in collections,) and on it was inscribed Colonia. [Colonial] One or two such instances are inconsiderable but the argument is cumulative, and similar instances are easy to be adduced in considerable numbers. Just observe to what a severe test Holy Scripture has been submitted on being subjected to science. Science has been most rigorously applied to the investigation of its claims, and it remains unm [in] It speaks of the creation, and the earth is rigoro [rigorous] y examined from its mountain tops to its lowest caves, and no contradiction can be tound; [round] it speaks of the early history of our race, and an appeal ig carried at once into the es of men eastward and westward, northward and southward, and every lology [ology] can furnish, confirms its testimony; it speaks of and its p mids [Miss] have been rifled, its hieroglyphi [hieroglyphic] decyphered, [delivered] and all is minutely accurate; it aE of Babylon and Nineveh, and we examine their relies; of Greece, and we study her history of Rome, and we read her annals. When the Scripture speaks of for their coins; or of cities, we look for their mon hay -- and in searching for contradictions, we find confirmations. Difficulties disap [dis] pear in the prosecution of the inquiry coincidences surprise us where we least expected then. the horizon of knowledge extends, the proofs of revelat;, [relative] in the same ratio, multiply; the book has been subjected every test which science can devise, or literature sale, (and most rigorously have these tests been applied, t comes forth from every trial, with its evi [vi] ts and uniformly augmented never inishe [finished] increased the book, therefo [therefore] re, must be divine; this alse [ale] th fo i some nee the Lord of hosts, wonderful in counsel,