Huddersfield Chronicle (08/Jun/1850) - page 6

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6 THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1850. aaa IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS. Friday, May 31. Tue Scnpay [Snap] Trapine [Rapine] Bit .-The Earl.of moved the re-committal of this bill, on. which a. smart dis- [discussion] eussion [session] followed, Lords and Ea Sena [Sea] expressing great.apprehension lest the measure, by 2 pt- [ting] ing. too much, should defeat its object; winist [inst] Lord Harrowsy, [Harris] the Bishop of St. Asapu;. [Asaph] and' Lord St. GEr- [Her- German] MANS were strenuous in its support. It was, however, ultimately agreed that. the bill should' be re-committed, the Earl of HaRROWBE [Harrow be] und [and] ting to amend it by the intro- [introduction] duction [Auction] of certain.clauses. AUSTRALIAN COLONIES GOVERNMENT Brnt.-Earl [Bent.-Earl] GREY, in a speech of great ability, moved'the second reading of this bill... Earl FITZWILLIAM approved the measure generally, but thought that the Constitution which it proposed to give-to-our Australian colonies would be much improved if it provided for the establishment of a second chamber...... Lord MonTeaGLe.also.insisted [Eagleton.also.insisted] on the absolute necessity for a-second chamber, and declared his intention of moving an amendment te that effect when the bill-was.eommitted...... [bill-was.committee] After seme [see] observations from Lord Granville, in support of the biil, [bill] and from Lord Wodehouse in favour of a second chamber, Lord SranLey [Stanley] thought that if the materia s [material s] for forming a second chamber existed in New South Wales, the time had come when two chambers might be estabiished [established] in that colony. In his opinion it was desirable that the co cniĆ©s-shiou d [co cones-show d] not obtain at once-the full measure of con- [constitutional] stitutional [constitutional] independence, but that Parliamont [Parliament] should retain the power of extending their privileges-and. amending their Cvastitutions, [Constitution] The bill appeared to be deficient in this respect, for in spite of the 35th clause, on which Earl Grey placed reliance, it appeared that the posver [poser] pro- [proposed] posed to be given to the Federal Assembly ct Australia would be independent of control or check. Instead of giving nominally to the Crown, but really to the Minister of the day, the power ef withholding its sanction from any propositions which the Colonial Assembly might be desir- [desire- desirous] ous [us] of carrying into efect, [effect] he would leave the power in the hands of Parliament. Lord Stanley approved an uniform system for the colonies, but under the permissive power given by this bill each of the colonies would be able to secure for itself a different Constitution...... The bill was then read a second time, and the committee fixed for the 10th inst. Their lordships then adjourned. Honday, [Monday] June 3. ECCLESIASTICAL Court OF APPEAL BiLt.-The [Bit.-The] Bishop of LonDoX [London] moved the second reading of his bill for provid [proved] ing a new court of appeal in cases involving questions of heresy in the Church of England. This court, the reverend prelate explained, was to He constituted out of the epis- [pis- episcopal] copal [coal] bench, all the members of which were to be sum- [summoned] moned [mined] whenever a case turning upon doctrinal peints [prints] came before the judical [judicial] committee of the Privy Council and their decision, as expressed by the majority of votes, was to be final and binding upcn [upon] that committee. The Bishop ef London supported his measure by copious references to precedents and anologies, [apologise] showing what had been the prac-. [pray] tice [ice] of the Anglican and other churches in times past and' present, as well as by pointing to the course pursued by the law courts, who remitted questions of science and foreign Iaw [Saw] which were beyond their own immediate knowledge to bodies of arbitrators chosen from among men professionally qualified to decide in the-particular cases. e claimed an equal power for the church, that, namely, of deciding upon points of her own doctrine. The bill he proposed would leave the Judical [Judicial] Committee competent to judge upon mat- [matters] ters [tees] of fact, but reserve to the episcopal tribunal' the final judgment upon matters of faith. Concluding with an ap- [appeal] peal to their lordships to discuss the measure calmly, and decide upon it conscientiously, the reverend prelate was affected even to tears while enforcing the solemn nature of the question then before them for discussion....... The. The Marquis of LansDOWNE [London] conceded the essential im- [in- importance] portance [importance] of the question to the well-being of the Church of England and the country generally. But from that very importance he argued the impropriety of legislating upon the subject at this moment, when the public mind was dis- [distempered] tempered by the excitement consequent upon recent pro- [proceedings] eeedings, [readings] and any step tending to supersede the authority in matters spiritual of the Privy Council would be inter- [interpreted] preted [pretend] with special reference to one particular judgment tely [rely] given, and tend to aggravate a controversy in which the charge of heresy had been laid against a considerable body of En glishechurchmen. [Churchmanship] In moving that thebill [the bill] be read a second time that day six months, the Marquis of Lans- [Land- Lansdowne] downe [down] explained the changes which he thought might be effected hereafter in order to accomplish some of the ob- [objects] jects [sects] set forth by the prelate who proposed it. He was prepared to recommend. that all the bishops should be made de jure [cure] members of the Judical [Judicial] Committee of the-Privy ouncil, Council] and that no dissenter should sit on that-committee when ecclesiastical questions came before them for judg- [judge- judgment] ment....... [men] Lord BrovcHam [Brougham] disapproved of the bill as it stood, so much that he should have adopted the alternative of rejecting it altogether if he had not believed that it could be amended so far as to be rendered unobjectionable. Holding the object as above all important to heal the breach in the Church of England; he was therefore inclined to perse- [persevere] vere with tle [te] measure, at least until it could be-seen wiiat [what] was to be made ofit. [fit] After remarking upon some-of the most objectionable provisions and observing that the setile- [stile- settlement] ment [men] of doctrinal questions by a bare majority of votes among the twenty-seven prelates was not only unsatisfac- [satisfaction- unsatisfactory] tory [tor] in itself, but would have the singular result of leaving perhaps twelve out of the whole body of bishops with posi- [post- positive] tive. [tie] and ineffaceable verdicts of heresy recorded againsi [against] them. Lord Brougham briefly explained tie modifications he desired to effect. These comprise the abrogation of the full and final powers to be vested in the proposed pre- [prelatic] latic [Latin] tribunal, and its conversion into a simple court of aid er advice. Points were to be referred to it from the Judi- [Jude- Judicial] eal [Earl] Committee, on whicli [which] it was to pronounce an opinion, but merely by-way of guidance, leaving the members still free to act, as their catks [cats] required, according to their own eonsciences; [conscience] His lordship then entered-into a warm pane- [panegyric] gyric [lyric] of the Privy Council as a legal tribunal, fullowed [followed] by another of the church, whose members he pronounced to be distinguished among all sects, and communities of the Chris- [Christian] tian [tin] world for piety, learning, charity, and meekness. ...... Lhe [He] Bishop of St. David's, Lord Campbell, and the Earl of Chichester could not support. the measure, but Lords Redesdale and Lyttleton intimated it as-their inten- [intend- intention] tion [ion] to-support the Bill...... Lord STANLEY denied that the Bill either proposed to supersede the jurisdiction of the privy council, or to create a tribunal competent to establish new articles of faith. The rejection of the measure he feared would lead to an entensive [extensive] seccssion, [session] in which the ablest. and most zealous members would leave the church. Although wishing to sce [se] some alterations in the bill, he inten- [intend- intended] ded [de] to vote for the second reading, as he considered that. he church herself shouid [should] declare what. were or were. not ker [er] doctrines or tenets. Altogetter [Altogether] he wished to see the Bishops made, upon questions of faith, a court of arbitors, [arbitrators] asthe [asthma] judges were upon questions of law...... After a few words from the Bishop of Oxford, the Earl of CARLISLE ebjected [objected] to the measure upon principle, and especially to the time at which it was introduced. Upon many doctrinal questions he helived [lived] that a plain unbiaszed [unbiased] lasal [nasal] judgment was the best in every respect. Upon other points he apprehended that no certainty existed sufficient to enable any tribunal to pronounce-a dogmatic opinion m [in] them ene way or the other. Faeling [Feeling] assured that recent verdiet [verdict] upon.a point where the doctrinal question was left epen, [open] had given almost universal satisfaction, he was retuctent [retention] to haye [hay] the tribunal superseded which had acted so well upon an occasion of so. much difficulty...... be Bisho [Bishop] Lonpon [London] briefly replied, and after a few words from Lord Camphell [Campbell] and the Duke of Cambridge the house divided, when the numbers were-for the second reading, 2 rime i the second reading, 33. Duesday,, [Tuesday] June 4. The louse met at 5 p.m., Lord Langdale presiding as 'After the transaction of some routine business, Lord MONTEAGLE [EAGLETON] gave notice, on the part of Lord Brougham, that on solonies, [colonies] praying to be heard at tlie [tie] bar, By their counsel er agente [agent] againat [against] the bill now before the house. THE ApParRs [Appears] OF GREECE.-Lord SranLey [Stanley] then, laid upon the. table the resolution he intended to move on ricay [rica] next fast night) on this subject. It was to the effect that, whilst the house fullyrecopnised the right and the duty ef the government to-scoure [to-score] to her majesty's subjects resid- [Reid- residing] ing in foreign states the full protection of the laws of these atates, [states] if--is to be tted [ted] to find, by the-correspendence [the-correspondence] recently laid upon the table, that various. claims agai [again] the Greek government, doubtful-in point of justice. and in awount, [amount] liad [had] been enforced by acercive [decisive] measures against the government of Greece, qalculated [calculated] to endanger the. con- [continuance] Sinuance [Since] of friendly relations with other powers. Theix [Their] lordships adjourned at half-past six o'clagk. [o'Clark] HOUSE OF COMMONS, Friday, May 31. 'FRrE [Free] awd [ad] SLAVE-GROWN SucaR.-Sir [Sugar.-Sir] E. BUXTON moved that itis [its] unjust and impolitic to expose the free, next, the noble and learned lord would i present a petition from the provinces. of the Australian 'grown sugar of the British colonies and possessions abroad to unrestricted eompetition [unrestricted competition] with the sugar of foreign slave trading countries. He reviewed the question as it affected. the West India interests and humanity, but argued the 'question in its relation to the latter. He traced the history of our legislation on this subject from 1841 to 1846, when the measure was introduced of which he. complained. ' Though the effects of that measure had been mitigated by the alteration in 1848, whereby the colonists were granted a comparative respite, there was nething-in [nothing-in the candition [the condition] of our West India colonies which warranted the supposition that when the differential duties were brought to a leyel [level] the distress in the West Indies. would not be as t as before. Those colonies would compete with America, the French colonies, and.Surinam, but not with such countries as Cuba and Braail,; [Brazil] which could recruit their labouring population by tha [that] importation of fresh slaves, whom they could work like horses night and day.. But, he repeated, it was not the interests of the colonies, but that of hmnanity, [humanity] which prompted his motion. If thera [there] was one principle which this country had maintained more than another, at home and abroad, it was this-that, having once abolished slavery in aur [air] own colonies, it endeavoured to do all that was incumbent upon a great and Christian nation to put it down in othey [they] countries and he hoped the time would never ar- [arrive] 'rive when that great principle was abandoned. He then recapitulated and obviated some of the objections to his motion. Cotton, it was said, was likewise raised by slave labour but our manufacturers are dependent upon that raw material. Ifslave [If slave] grown sugar were excluded here, it was argued that the same quantity would be sent to other countries. But, in fact, the Cuba sugar growers looked 'upon this country as theirrchief [thereof] market. Reminding the house of the misery and. destruction of life attending the ', he urged that, if the slave grown sugar of Cuba 'and Brazil were admitted to free competition with our ;own sugar, we must make up our minds that we were pro- [promoting] moting [noting] a system which produced as much misery and de- [degradation] gradation as could exist in any human condition, and which was the worst enemy of civilization and of the diffusion of the Gospel in Africa.... Mr. W. Evansseconded [Absconded] the motion...Mr HwME [Home] agreed in the mainwith [main with] the motion, and would agree to the proposition, with this amendment That at, the. same time the British Government interposes difficulties that cient [cent] supply of free prevent the colonies from procuring as bourers [labourers] from Africa and other places. ......Mr. MANGLES concurred with. Mr.. Hume, and considered that the West Indies, in respect to labour, had never had fair play. Colonel THOMPSON saw no reason against voting for a.difii- [a.diff- differential] rential [rental] duty against slave-grown sugar, and would therefore support the motion, but not the amendment; which he felt convinced, from his knowledge. of would tend to encourage the slave trade....... Mr. GRANTLEY. BERKELEY supported both the amendment and the original motion.. Mr. J. WILSON said, it was impossible to approach this question as a West India question only, and to exclude the Mauritius, producing 60,000 tons of sugar a-year, and our East India possessions, exporting 75,000 tons of sugar a-year and capabie [capable] of producing much more, besides our new territories to the eastward, where free labour alone was used in the cultivation of sugar.. The evidence taken before the committee of 1848 abounded. with the most gloomy pre- [predictions] dictions as to the consequences of the policy of the govern- [government] ment [men] in these parts of our possessions, and Mr. Wilson showed that these ice had been signally falsified. From all points he drew the. conclusion that the colonists, if they knew. how their own business, need apprehend no competition. To these considerations he added a tinctive [inactive] duties laid upon slave sugar would occasion in com- [commerce] merce, [mere] and the impossibility of avoiding evasion and fraud. The Hon. Mr. (son of Lord Stanley,) who ad-. dressed. the house for the first time, knowing something of the colonies in question from regent. personal observation, denied the possibility of their competing with success -against the slave-employing producers. 'he most authen- [then- authentic] tic accounts showed. that the balance. of cost was largely adverse to the British. ecolonist.. [colonist] If he obtained. free emi- [mi- emigrants] -grants he could not employ them so cheaply as the labour planter could his slaves, unless he reduced them to a similar By abviishing [abolishing] the differential duty we should throw into.the sea all that we had heretofore sacrificed in the cause of emancipation. By placing the slave-trader on an equality with our own subjects, we should declare sall [all] our pretensions. to humanity a mockery, and offer a practical apology to the merchants of Brazil and Cuba for having once dared to interfere with the en- [enterprise] iterprising [enterprising] traffic upon. the. African coast....... .. Mr. Hvir [Hair] was reluctant to infringe the wise and. true po- [policy] licy [Lucy] of free trade, and therefore opposed. the motion. Sir J. PakrncTon, [Printing] while cordially approving of the resolution, did. not think it sufficiently definite and in- [intended] .tended to follow it up, if.successful, with a motion for the complete revival of the sugar duties...... The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER remarked that the motion before them, founded. as it was on a principle, failed to carry out that principle, It recommended the prohibition of slave-grown Sugar, but left untouched the consumption of coffee, to- [tobacco] bacco, [back] and other articles, equally the production of slave labour. As another inconsisteney, [inconsistency] it provided no distinc- [distinct- distinction] tion [ion] between the free labour and the slave labour sugars so 'Ieng [Ing] as they were purchased from foreigners. The con- [consumption] sumption.of [of] sugar per head in. this country had. increased by more than 50 per cent. during the four years subsequent. to the of the duty In the colonies. themselves the production of the article had also largely increased, and many symptoms, which he detailed at much length, showed that the-competition of foreigners coud [could] be success- [successfully] fully encountered, notwithstanding the many predictions to the contrary, by the active exertions of the colonial planters. Free labour he felt convinced was destined. to supersede slave labour, and the distresses of the colonists ;would,derive surer relief from.the cheapness of production. 'than from protestion.. [protection] 'hc number of liberated Africans landed as labourers in the West Indies had increased in the ycars [years] 1847, 48, and 50, from 1,097 to 3,140 and 4,760 respectively. He objected to the motion as diverting the attention of the colonists, and discouraging that active spirit of enterprise which was now apparent among them, and promised the most beneficial effects... ... Mr. GLADSTONE in the main agreed with the motion, which was opposed by Lord PaLMERSTON, [Palmerston] who remarked that the supporters of the resolution had commenced their argument on the ground of humanity, and ended with that of proteciion....... [protection] Sir E. Buxton having briefly replied, the house divided, when the numbers were-for the motion,-234; [motion,-W] against, 275. majority against the motion 41. 'The house then adjourned. Mondzy,. [Monday] June 3rd. METROPOLITAN INTERMENTS Bint. [Bent] On the motion for going into committee, Mr. Lacy moved, as an amendment, that the measure be referred to.a select. committee, which was seconded by Lord DupLEY. [Dudley] Stuart, who. disapproved of the details of a. bill, especially to the mode of working it through.a beard, and to the large amount of patronage would be thrown into the hands.of. the government. Sir G. GREY, objected to the amendment, as being house already pessessed [possessed] all the informa-- [inform-- inform] tion [ion] requisite upon the subject; and, if they delayed legis [legs] lation [nation] at this moment, it was equivalent to throwing over the bill for another session....... Mr. C. LUsHincton [Washington] sup- [supported] ported the amendment; as did Mr. B. OsBornE, [Osborne] who, nevertheless, approved of the measure upon principle, but expected to have a much completer measure prepared by by the select committee....... Su De Lacy Evans and Sir B. HILL supported the amendment, because the bill des- [destroyed] troyed [destroyed] the principle of self-government in the metropolitan parishes...,.,.Mr. 'T,. DuNcOMBE, [Income] whose rising to speak for the first time aftcr [after] bis long iliness, [illness] was welcomed with general acclamation, briefly supported the amendment, and was followed by Mr. T. D'Eyncourt, [D'Courtney] who stated. that the. inhabitants of the metropolis and the metropolitan mem- [men- members] 'bers, [bees] unanimously disapproved of. the. measure,.,....Lord. J. KussELL [Russell] repeated the warning given. by his,colleague, that references to the committee involved the sacrifice of the bill for the present year. He believed that every objection. ' obviated by amendments in committee....... Mr. Alderman SIDNEY preferred that alternative to ing the bill with its present adoption of the objectionable centra- [centralising] lising [rising] system..,....Sir R. PEEL observed that the select committee, if appointed, would provide a fair specimen of extramural interment, in which the. bill. itself would be inurned. [injured] After some further discussion resolved by a,majority of 102. to proceed with the bill in committee.... . 'On the second clause, Mr. DUNCOMBE [INCOME] moved an amend- [amendment] ment [men] for omitting that the several subsequent clauses, with the view of substituting some ney [ne] provisions by which the 'parish authorities of certain metropolitan districts were ta. possess. some of the powers which, as the bill stood, would be vested in the Board of Health. This amend- [amendment] ment. [men] was discussed at much length, the amendment being supported on tha [that] ground that the powers, and especially the powers which were as- [assigned] signed to the Board of Health without any control.upgn. [control.upon] the part of the inhabitants, were anomatous [animates] and unconsti- [Unionist- unconstitutional] tutional....... [national] In the course of the debate, Lord ASHLEY pronounced, from experience, a severe reprobation upon the metropolitan p intractable and sluggish in.all matters ccnnested [contested] with sani- [San- sanitary] 'tary [Tar] reform....... Lord J. RUSSELL afterwards de'ended the g vernment, [g Government] who had introduced no principle of-centralisa- [of-central- centralisation] uion [Union] beyond what the measure demanded for its efficient working and as far as related to the question of taxation, the parochial expenditure would be considerably diminished wader the bill..,....The commistee [committee] divided; and Mr. variety of facts proving the which dis- [dis] ish authorities, who were, he said, most . amendment was negatived by a majority of 135;to-57-78....... [W;to-57-78] The clauses.were then proceeded with, 'and (up to 18). successively see hate been discussed and withdrawn. orders of 'the day bel [be] without exciting veral [veal] orders of the any debate of interest, brisk discussion took place upon the nomination of the select committee upon the Pre-- [Pre] rogative [relative] court of Ireland.......Mr. Napier. moved an amendment to substitute the name. of. Mr. Goulburn. for that. of Mr. Sadleir [Saddler] asa member of that. oommittee....... [committee] 'Finally the house divided-For the amendment 29-against 106....... After a renewed debate and two more divisions on propositions for placing other members upon the panel, the committee, as originally propose t, was.anpointed, [was.appointed] 'The house adjourned at half-past one-o'clock. Tuesday, Tune 4. THE MISUNDERSTANDING WITH. GREECE.-In reply to Mr. Baillie, [Bailey] Lord PaLMERSTON [Palmerston] said that the demands upon Greece were each founded. upon a case which did not in- [involve] volve [solve] any general principle It was impossible to maintain that in cases foreigners were entitled to compensation for all damages sustajned [sustained] by them but on the other hand, there were particular cases in which, by the law of nations, compensation was unquestionably due. 'he claims made on Greece were founded on the distinctions drawn. by Vatiel, [Vital] and no distinction was made by the British government whether the cases happened in America or Europe but there was this difference, that in America the tribunals were more open to obtain justice and right than the tribunals in some of the states of Europe. It was true that the governments of Austria and Russia had used argu- [argue- arguments] ments [rents] not upon the Greek claims, but relative to other mat- [matters] ters, [tees] and had urged that it was impossible to draw a dis- [distinction] tinction [distinction] between the subjects of a country and the foreign- [foreigners] ers [es] residing there, and that in cases where they would re- [refuse] fuse compensation to their own subjects they were entitled to refuse it to foreigners. This was an argument, and no- [nothing] thing more, and he would contrast it with a fact which oc- [occurred] curred [cured] lately-namely, when aship [ship] of Austria was wrecked and plundered on the coast of Ireland, and the Irish could'not legally. afford a remedy, the Austrian government demanded, and her majesty's government granted, compensation to the amount of 500. This was awarded not more than a month or six weeks since. THE PEOPLE'3 CHARTER.-Mr. F. O'CoNNOR [O'Connor] gave notice that, on the 18th instant, he should move a resolution including the payment of members. A motion by Mr. Groean, [Grange] for a select committce [committee] to in- [enquire] uire [ire] into the Dublin hospitals, was negatived without a ivision.. [division] series of resolutions, to the effect that the present system of the administration of the poor-law in Ireland was un- [unnecessarily] necessarily extravagant, unsuited to the diminished resour- [resort- resources] ces [ce] of the country, and tends to the deterioration of the people ...... Lord Naas [Baas] seconded the resolution, which was opposed by Sir W. Somerville, who contended that the pre- [present] sent law worked well, and the question of returning to the law. of 1848 had.already been determined by parliament to 'be injurious....... Col. Dunne supported, and Mr. S. Craw- [Crawford] 'ford opposed the resolutions....... On a division the motion was negatived by 90 to 65. The Bill, as amended, was con- [con] - being fixed for Friday week. its second reading, after a prolonged debate. The Process. and Practice (Ireland) Bill went through committee, and was subsequently read a third time and past. The house adjourned at half-past one. Wednesday June 5. Mr. Fox's Epucation [Education] BiLt.-The [Bit.-The] debata-on [debate-on] the second 'reading of this bill (adjourned from the 17th of April,) was resumed by Mr. ANSTEY, who expressed his cordial concur- [concurrence] rence [rents] in the prineiple [principle] of the bill as a wise and liberal measure, which, whilst it enlarged the means of secular instruction, recognized [recognised] the necessity of religious education, and the rights of parents to teach their children religion in the form they preferred. He-examined at much longth [length] the objections urged against. the bill, the rejection of which would indirectly sanction the existing insufficient system. pecans Mr. Henry Drummond and Mr. Woop [Wool] opposed the bill, the latter of whom contended that the Church of -England had not been, as alleged, behindhand in the the National Society, there had been an immense improve- [improvement] ment [men] in the system adopted in the application of the .Parliamentary grants for stimulating education, the Church 'schools in 1847 amounting to 6,200; and the sch lars to. 400,000. 'The-sum expended annually on Church ecucation. [education] alone was 874,000, whereas the whole amount of Par- [Parliamentary] liamentary [Parliamentary] grants from the begining [beginning] was only 720,000. Everything in the present system of education was in pro- [progress] gress; [grass] the best 'and dried plan, Li sophical [Philosophical] principle, would interfere with that progress. When there was a real check to the expansion of education, 'Subject should be taken up by theGovernment. [the government] Giving credit to Mr. Fox for sincere and even exalted views, yet, believ-- [believe-- believe] ing that education demanded highly-qualified teachers, or the care of pastors or parents, he could not consent to place children in schools where they would receive a pre- [precarious] carious instruction....... Mr. M. Gipson [Gibson] said there was no quest'on in which the working classes took a deeper interest than that of unsectarian education. If ParEament [Parliament] made school attendance compulsory uj on persons employed in vide [side] schools, at the expense of the community, which all religious denominacions [denominations] could attend. He did not approve of giving the Privy Council power to levy rates in support of schools; he wished the power to be permissive only. He was not indifierent [different] to religious education, but that was left where it is by the bill, which did not interfere with the machinery for religious education. No les [le] than ten millions was annually spent in Eneland [England] fur what was called religious education, twice as much as was expended in any other country; the bill did not touch this enormous sum, so that. religious instruction was amply provided for, and now 'it was asked to provide sccular [secular] instruction that should be within the reach of the-people,. Secular instruction was 'not the provinces or function of the Church; if it was, what a reproach would it be on the Church tnt [ant] forty per. cent. of the adult population of England and Wales could not write their names in the marri [marry g registers. Mr. Napier opposed fine bill.......Mr. Fi accused the opposers of the bill of misrepresenting its n. tue and ob- [object] Ject. [Jet] He did not seek to exclude religion; he sought to extend instruction, founding his measure on the demonstre- [demonstrate- demonstrated] ted principle, that somethlng [something] could be done, not in demol- [demon- demolishing] ishing [fishing] the existing edticational [educational] institutions and reconstruct- [reconstructing] ing them, but in improving the agency now at work, and making if-so harmonized [harmonised] with tho new that a greater- [greater amount] amount of good might be accomplished. He repeated'some of the facts he had stated on introducing tle [te] bill, showirg [showing] the deficiency of education in the country, which pointed, ke thought, to some flaw in the existing sys'em. [says'em] Theolo- [The- Theological] gical [goal] teaching, unaccompanied by expansion of the intellect and amelioration of the heart, took no root and produced. no harvest. The divisions prevailing amor [amour] gst [est] educational bodies proved that something more was requisite to keep education from retrograding, as it was real'y doing in some districts. He denied that s cular [circular and re- [religious] ligious;' [religious] were antithetically opposed. It was a and almost impious assumption that studying the works of our MAKER. led the mind away from religicr.. [religion] He regarded religious ard [ad] secular instruction as auxilia; [auxiliary] y to each other; they could not be combined' whilst so mai opinion existed in matters of religion. The Church of England had a higher mission than seculan [secular education its clergy were not meant to be schoolmasters, Moreover, whilst limiting its own teaching, it requiied [required] an outlay of the public money, and Dissenters would not submit to be taxed for secular teaching if the money was to be handed over to the Church, the defficiency [deficiency] of whose schools was denoted by the low standard of its schoolmasters. There were authorities, as well as precedents, for. a. separate agency. for secular and religious. instruction, which was in- [indispensable] dispensible [responsible] im [in] the attainment of the full amount of good- [good of] of an education.that. should not leaye [leave] children ignorant of the most.important. earthly matters. connected with their daily interests. He did not propose education as a panacea ;- but it condition, without which the best efforts to subduc [subdued] or mitigate social crime and misery would lose their efficacy....... Mr. Munrz [Munro] supported the bill. The House divided, when the motion for the second readin; [reading] by 287 against 58, so that the bill is lost. the Weights BL went through committee raforma, [reform] and,the Titles of Religious. Cangregatj [congregated] ii at regd [red] a third time and passed aiid [aid] The House 6.o' lock.. - - 'spector [inspector] of Factories in the Midland District, Sir G. Grey has not filled up the place, and has ordered the duties to be performed by the other sub-inspectors of the district. This is. in addition saving made on the death of Mr. J. Stewart, one of the chief inspectors, whose duties were transferred to the Inspector of Prisons for Scotland. - to after a variety of . The- [The affirming] affirming the expediency of adopting the people's.charter, THE I rIsH [IIrish] Poor. Law.-Mr. FrencuH [French] then moved a sidered, [resided] and several clauses were. added, the third reading The Tenements Recovery (Ireland) Bill was negatived on 'establishment of schoois, [schools] and that since 1811, the date of art was only three years old, and a cut e that in the-bill, founded upon a philo- [Phil- Phil] it would be time for the Legislature to interfere; but the . factories as a condition of earning bread, it ought to pro- [pro] monstrous, diversities of . A vacancy having lately occurred in the office of Sub-in- FOREIGN. INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. ' The adjourned debate on the Electoral Reform Bill was resumed in the Assembly on Thursday. Articles 4 and 5 were to, after the rejection of several amendments. On article 5 a slight modification was adopted, to the effect ;that public functionaries would be electors, if of 21 years of age, without having been for three. years-in office. On Friday the debate was again resumed, and after several amendments had been proposed, and mostly rejected, the Assembly divided on the ensemble of the Electoral Reform 192. The Presidert.announced [President.announced] that in conseyuence [consequence] of his vote the bill was adopted.. Several of the members of the Mountain refrained from voting. On Saturday almost the whole of the sitting was occupied with the report of M. Leon Faucher [Fisher] on the petitions presented within the last week against the electoral law. After a short discussion, in which M. Bac [Back] and M. Faucher [Fisher] were the only speakers, the report was adopted by a majority of 429 to 220. The conservative party will now follow up their plans by resenting, without delay, the bill for restraining the Karty [Party] of the press the proposal to prelong [prolong] the effeet [effect] of the laws against the clubs, which expires on the 19th of June; the law-for removing mayors, and' others of asimilar nature. It is believed in Paris that the negociations [association] so often spoken of between the two branches of the Bourbon family have been abruptly suspended, and that there is but little chance at present of the complete reconciliation the parti- [part- part] i zans [i ans zans] of beth.houses to expect. 4 The President of the. Republic. attended the Versailles races on Sunday. The British ambassador the stand occupied by the President, with whom he conversed in the most friendly manner. The. delegates of the socialist conclave, who exerted themselves to restrain the more turbulent of their party outbreak on the occasion of the Electoral Reform Bill, succeeded partly by declaring that the success of the enough to make a demonstration if the bill should pass into a law. This having been Friday, and by a much larger majority than was anticipated by the majo- [Major- majority] rity [city] than was anticipated by the ministry ten or twelve days ago, when it calculated only on 120 to 130, there was a good deal of agitation on Saturday in some of the fau- [au- fabulous] bourgs; [Burgos] but it was confined entirely to that class called by M. Theirs the vile multitude. The-conclaye, [The-conclude] however, 'displayed great anxiety to prevent any rising. They were again successful, but not without trouble. AMERICA. By the Washington, arrived at Southampton, on Monday, 'and. by the Royal Mail Steamer, which arrived at Liverpool on. Monday, we have advices [advice] from New York to the 21st ult., and by telegraph via Halifax to the 24th ult. The Nicaragua treaty has been confirmed in the Senate by a vote of 42to [to] 10. The Chairman of Commission of Foreign Relations introduced the subject in a clear exposi- [expose- exposition] tion [ion] of its merits, and with a tribute to the labour of the 'respective guides. Clay, and Cass, with others of distinction, took occasion to express approbation in most decided terms, and vindicated its various provisions. The other proceedings of Congress are not of general in- [interest] terest... [interest] The American papers are filled with accounts of the expedition preparing for the invasion of Cuba,. which had sailed for the Isle of Pines, thence to land at some point on the coast of Cuba, which was kept secret. Previous to their departure they were addressed by General Lopez, the eee [see] Much uneasiness was exhibited by the Spanish authorities regarding the expected invasion, but the expedition had not landed, neither had anything 'been seen of the vessels composing it. Cholera continued very destructive, but was gradually subsiding. Some ad- [advice] vices represent the Spanish defences as miserably insuffi- [insufficient- insufficient] cient. [cent] The American journals of the 20th ult. announce that 'the government had transmitted orders by telegraph to 'New York, Mobile, and New Orleans, to sand expresses at once to the Gulf squadron, directing that force to capture the Lopez expedition.-Further accounts relative. to this 'important affair were most anxiously looked for. A destructive fire had occurred in Corning, State of New York, by which property worth 250,000 dollars was de- [destroyed] stroyed. [destroyed] Another fire at Charleston, had consumed John- [Johnson] son's circus, a warehouse with 4,009 bales of cotton, and other property value 200,000 dollars. Under the influence of the favourable commercial advices [advice] -received by the Europa markets are very firm, and on some descriptions advances have been obtained. Flour and gvain [gain] are especially buoyant, and the prices generally above the offers of buyers. The cotton news-does not give very general satisfacticn, [satisfaction] holders. are expecting a-further advance. The-market has would have to be made. Advices from the interior continue to represent a con- [continual] -tinual [Tindal] falling off in receipts of breadstuffs... [bread stuffs] done oh brings New Orleans. news to the latest The cotton-market was heavy, with a moderate demand. Sales of the 21st were 1,500 bales, including good middling at 123c., [c] and middling at 12c .. [c] Grain markets firm. Good business in provisions. New York stock-market firm. Exchange business here is limited, 1092 to 110. The steam-ship Asia is said to have arrived out at Halifax in seven days from Liverpool. The Ginnell [Donnell] Arctic expedition, consisting of the Advance ,and Rescue, have started on. their mission. Both-vessels Were towed to sea... Rio Janeiro accounts represent yellow fever as unabated. It has appeared in Bahia, Pernambuco, [Panama] Rio Grande, St. Catherina, Monte Video, and Buenos Ayres. Many ves- [bes- vessels] sels [less] had arrived at Rio and other ports with fever on board, which had broken out at sea. CANADA, Tn the Canadian House of Assembly an answer to the speech from the throne that the Court of Chancery should be abolished.and equitable jurisdiction extended to com- [common] mon law-was rejected by a vot [not of 35 to017.. [to] An amend-. ment, [men] that parliamentary representation should' be by household suffrage, was rejected' by vote of 37 to 13. An- [Annexation] nexation [vexation] stood next for discussion Ministers. would have a strong majority. INDIA. The date of the intelligence brought by the last mail, are-Caleutta, [are-Calcutta] April 20; Bombay, Nay 1; and Alexandria, May 23. 'The only facts of political importance. contained in the Indian papers.are the submission of the Affreedee [Offered] quiets, and the successful termination of the hostilities in - Uude. [IDE] The following summary of what happened since the de- [departure] parture [pasture] of the last mail is extracted from the Overlaad [Overland] Bombay The Affreedee [Offered] Chiefs, lately anoying [anyone] us on the Peshawur [Pasha] frontier, have,. of their own accord Lawrence to seek for terms They of the murders lately committed; but so little doubt was entertained of their complicity that they were told they must wait for an answer till the wishes of the Governor- [Governor general] General were known. Sir Charles Napier is said to-be desirous of. sending the New 66th or Goorkahs [Cooks] (Nepaul [Paul] Highlandevs) to. Peshawur, [Highlanders) to. Pasha] where they are likely to do good service. Dost Mahomed [maimed] is said ta be doing everything in his -power to provoke and annoy us-his latest act being the of some rafts of wood'floating down. the Caboul [Cable] river to Peshawur [Pasha] for building. purposes. The Commissioner in Scinde [Rescind] reached Sukkur [Suck] on the 15th of April; his stay would, it is expected, be but short. Dr. ia had jones [Jones] and relieved Dr. Scott of of superindending [superintendent] surgeon, and the latter gen- [gentleman] tleman [gentleman] has returned. to the Presidency, and resumed his former berth of secretary to the Medical Board. The Governor-General left Calcutta on the 14th, [the] and was expected at Benares [Bearers] about the 23rd ult., on his way to Simlah. [Similar] Sir C. Napier has reached the latter place. Lord Falkland left abey [Abbey] for Mahabuleshwar on tha- [that- that] 18th, [the] and Sir E. Perry, Chief Justice, returned to the Pn ening, [ending] an bal [ba] mms [ms] of thunder, li ing, and' hail are ini [in] to make their a Sit en the eee [see] aed [ad] aa Bombay the weather has been hot and damp, which shows [] near at hand, 'The Supreme Government have at length passed an act enabling the managers of ity [it] schools to apprentice.the children under their charge; and magistrates. of police to. 'bind these that fall into their hands to learn. trades and professions.. The latter clause has been introduced by sugestions [suggestions] from Bombay, where schools of industry have tong been in preparation for the receptian [reception] of the destitute. and for the instruction in the improved practice of arts and handicrafts of all who care to resort to them. Government, for the last eight years, have been spending thousands of rupees monthly, in endeavouring to instruct cotton cultiva- [cultivate- cultivators] tors in cleaning and picking cotton, by sending teachers to the districts, The Bombay plan is to open a school for all SEFVET [SERVED] comers, and hundreds on. hundreds are expected to resort Bill, and the result was -ayes, 433; noes, 241; majprity,, [majority] bill was very doubtful, and that it would be quite time . been rather weak, and to effect large sales concessions cat which the burden of all the speeches w -was his stables by some bustue [bust] gone in to Colonel disown. alk [all] knowledge to it, some having becn [been] here already and applied. In January the Court of Direc [Direct] superintendent for the schools-ail time past been waiting for the Control gives their sanction, the sc money, material, ground, tools, been secured. Direeturs [Directors] they har, moment zh. hools [tools] wil , and Work dara, [dare] . oe IRELAND. Mr. William Fagan, one of the members ap Cork, has announced his of Vacating 4 the first opportunity that arises atter [utter] the . becomes law, intimating, in the addres [address] in the announcement, that he has no hopes. . state of parties, of effecting any messin. [missing] benefit Ireland. oo SAILING OF THE Frast [Fast] STEAMER Prot [Port] Yorsk.-tThe [York.-the] event which had been loske. [lose. 2. so much interest, not only in Gu Ireland, the sailing of the tirst [first] steam up a direct mail communication be; Ameriea, [America] took place on Saturday with Fisher's express, bringing the Leni) [Line] 1... of Friday, and the telegraphed Engtisa [ingots] tise. [ties] down to Friday at noon, were placed cn .4, at a quarter to ten, and the vessel was i way, amidst the salutes uf [of] cannon, and rh ands [and] of people, who covered the shure, [sure] able boats upon the bay. On Friday .Galway was illuminated, and brilliant 'The commander ani [an] officers of the others, were entertamed [enter tamed] at 'linner [inner] hy Galway club. The Viceroy carried ux 'passengers, with a surgeon and avent. [event] Her on leaving the bay was estimated to be abou [about] per hour; and in little more than she was out of sight. Oo Tae [Tea] Watrrerin [Watering] Sarp.-We [Sharp.-We] .Tufnell, [Tunnel] Secretary of the Treasury, b Government an intention of resismine [resisting] k's . expiration of the session. It has been loss , services of that gentleman entitled hira [hair] cy 2... higher Ministerial sphere. Rumui [Rum] successor. Names have been me - to believe that the post will be a - period, upon Colonel Romilly, [Reilly] member 'ur eekl eel] 4 Chronicle. OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS. The clea [clear] Cottenham to the dignities of Earl . united kingdom is a well-merited tri [ti] the most able and upright judve [judge] elevated seat, from which he is sosun [Susan] , the unanimous regrets f-the protissiia [Proteus] oui [our] Iarge. [Large] The. Hon. W.G. C. nove [Nov] to the British Ministry at Hanoy [Handy] same position at Madrid. Mr. Hora Member of Council at Antigua, in the ox Horsford, Ob FUNERAL OF THE WIDOW OF . day week the remains of Mrs. Jeffrey were Cemetery, in the same spot where be r was interred three menths [months] since. Th from Haileybury [Halibut] College, Hertiordsiir, [Hertfordshire] Professor Epsom, her son-in-law, where soon after his lordship's death, and - Castle, w ence [once] the funeral took the old and cherished friends of Lord Jere. [Here] Cockburn, Lord Murray, the Lord Advan [Advance] .. donian [dining] Corron [Corton] FROM AFRICA.-The 1s Manchester have received 4 small consignmes [consignees] of indigenous cotton from Natal market. It is of rather a darkish staple is long, and in the present stu [st] valued at 73d.. to 77d. perl [Peel] Thes [The] vi possess. an interest here, as wot attracted to the possibility ef cotton 27 countries, though considerable large permanent supply being likely tu be... to come which shall serve to fall buck American market should egain [again] fail w. Orricrs [Corridors] ry Reversion.-We Justice Cresswell has appointed his late Mr. E. W. Lloyd as Clerk ef and North Wales Cireuit [Circuit] the appeintmen [appointment] senior judge who last went the circut [circuit] arose. Mr. Horatio Lloyd (eltest [eldest] sn friend) has the reversionary [reversions] appeintment [appointment] of Judge's associate, which Mr. Reale [Real] attains his majority.-Chester Ue SPEECHES AND DeEDs.-The-1 [Deeds.-The-1] 4 estate of Bartonholm, [Bartholomew] in Irving putt). the late Colonel S. M. Fuilarten, [Fullerton] was, 2 by public roup [rous] at Irvine, and knoeket [knocked] bn t Mr. UC. D. Gairdner, [Gardener] as ecmmissivner [Commissioner] fr ton. The Earl of Eglinton, who has pe some price estate, was one vf te Protectionist meeting in Lest abu [ab] server. ey Wh oe that agriculture is ruined and Lu. Scotsman. FEARFUL AND ACCIDENT. -' fatal and most extraordinary navurs. [navies] se celebration of a wedding, took place at Brats an' through which a master blacs [black rt his life. It appears it is the custom - is at Bradfield, for che blacksmiths of the rt their craft marries, to fire a rejuicing [rejoicing] call blowing up the anvil. A we fixed for Friday, and Mr. John Serivener. [Serene] the custom had made preparations fur -at all times a dangerous and almest [almost] Us process is to turnup [turn] the anvil, 1 4 powder, and plug it tightly in. This Scrivener preparatory to firing it, ib De os effect this by means of a long iron red bette [better] pose; but not having adjusted the piuy [Pius] up a hammer and gave it a blow, whet probably from there being a piece of 'iron, and the handle of the sledye [sledge] bat was resting, was driven through his dead, the weight of the hammer-hea [hammer-he] from his body as he was falling, The 09 man, 28 years of age, and wasmarried, [was married] -Essex Herald. GLANDERS.-Mr. Garfit, landiond [London] of Waterside, Lincoln, died last week of Se complaint. we He lingered in great pain ter [te] ' eight weeks, having taken the disease Tv Jeurnel, [Journey] A new and extensive issue of the shortly take place. FROM THE LONDON BANKRUPTS, Prip.xy, [Trip.xy] Augustus Keapel [Chapel] Holman, Leeds, cloth Jwy [WY] 26, at 11 at the Leeds District solicitors, Messrs. Atkinson, Dibb, and Avs [As] me Messrs. Barret, Leeds official assignee, Wr. John Perko, [Pero] Cross-street, Islington, Jobn [John] Jackson, Mark-lane, eating-house Er Lewisham, Kent, Samuel Adams, Birmingham, gun Wallis James Garrett, Bath, grocer. PARTNERSHIPS DISSvLVED [Dissolved] S. Bocking and H. C. Booth, Sheffield, 2 knives Bowker and Heaton, Atiertun [Astern] oo) shire, manufacturers of mule Shaw 6 Lancashire, and elsewhere, cotton spinners. DIVIDENDS. June 22. J. Yeomans, Sheffield, merchant us Sheffield, steel 21. J- Askew, Leeds, cloth-merchaats. [cloth-merchants] ST el BANKRUPTS, Tusspay. [Tuesday] ' Semuel [Samuel] Hogg and Henry James Ho, 4 auckioneeys [Auctioneers] and wine and spirit merchants. dex, [de] 2 William Foster Newton, Piceadilly, [Piccadilly] Lo dyess-maker. [dress-maker] tt. Thomas Jeyes [Eyes] Edwards, King-stree, [King-street] maker. hill oto [to] King Pyrke, [Pure] High-street, Nuttme [Nutter] er. William Chancellor, Bath, innkeeper William Higgs, Wolverhamton, [Wolverhampton] iron deae [dear] pagel page] William, Birminghas, [Birmingham] Thomas.Goode, Hexeford, [Oxford] chemist. Charies [Charles] Francis, Liveryond. [Everyone] grocer. Joseph John Monck Mason Scott, Liverpool, wine merchant. 5 George Woodward, Doncaster, gun maker v. yum George. Hornsby and Robert Porter Moule. Mir f roo [too] ae ae Jos ii PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED. W. Birkby and Sons, and Lyon es shire, patent iron needle peint [point] me Sule [Sale] ' regards W., G. D., and J. Birkby-J. Swalluw [Swallow] bridge, Yorkshire, corn millera [miller]