Huddersfield Chronicle (08/Jun/1850) - page 3

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poETRY. [poetry] ANVIL SPEAK GENTLY. y -It is better far love than fear. 'et not harsh words mar ight [it] do here sreak [speak] gent by Speak gently I The guud [Guide] we 1 ceva [cave] gently Tove [Vote] doth whisper low vows that true hearts bind . A Friendship's accents flow; gection's election's] voice is kind. conady [Candy] te the little child i e be sure to gall; , accents soft aud [and] mild, remain. Teach it, it Ji way Dot lung 1 xent y [senty] to the young, for they Speak 5 ; Wil have enough te bear 3. this lif [if] as best chey [they] may, pom ante wiles Ste sae [sea] pare 'Tis [Is] full of anxious care. te the aged one rut Che care-Wworh [care-Worth] heart; # life are nearly run- [run] Ja such in poave [pave] depart. ty kindly, te the peor [per] nv harsh tune be heard ; soe [se] have enous [enormous] they must endure, itau [it] wuxind [waxed] werd. [ward] Speas [Peas] a Tyev [TV] may have toiled in vain ; anee [nee] unkin uess [Union less] Tnade [Trade] them sc. i) win them back again. - -- - ANGRY WORDS. yowords [yo words] are lightly spoken, tless [less] hour; re bruken [broken] ep, insidiv [inside] aired by warmest fevliug, [feeling] Neer [Near] before by anger stirred, rent past huuan [human] healing jz angry word. power of care and sorrew, [sore] n-drops arc they, dest [des] of tu-daYy. [tu-day] curds uh, let than never he tous [Tours] unlwidled [unbridled] stip; [stop] they suil [sail] the Ep too pare and holy- [holy are] are lichtly [little] spoken- [spoke nest] est are rashly stirred- [street] t links of life are broken Dv a single angry word. FIRESIDE READINGS. utiful [useful] in art isthe [other] beautiful in nature moulded rean [near] measure in effect with him who can give to himself has many difficulties to strugg'e [struck'e] vis saved every struggle is in a still more tihate [tate] asthe asthma] steam engine of moral power, which, directed palt [pat] af the aye, will eventually crush imposture, Mel 44 . . eto [to] be loved is human nature in its purity. It imyrilse [impulse] of the opening heart, and it livesand [live sand] the bosom of all until the hour of death. -4 liomentary [complimentary] of which the satis- [sates- stations] once, anid [and] is succeeded by remorse; whereas noblest of all rcvenges, [scavengers] entails a is the besetting sin of England, and, brings its own punishment, by con- [convent] Cnty [City] astiugele, [article] and environing it with is from the German, and signifies a the Latin -noble miaded; [minded] George, Martha, from Hebrew, bitter- [bitter common] 'common Mary is Hebrew, and means San TE sig [si Sophia, from Greek-wisdom ; Luba [Luna] Thomas, from Hebrew-a , Lem [Le] German-fur, mous [moss] In-council, not thy entertainment of a ttlincown, [inclination] Because he is a lord, hits tent but gentleman; otherwise, if nd breakest [breakfast] thyself, he will not cure bercuance [because] rather deride than pity thee of inen [Inn] greater than thyself is them, Then short wan iig [ing] i th 8, otherwise, if thou doest [does] nos er ee alt tnder-do [under-do] his expectation, often in ie wate [water] fare. king ff to fad the hee [her] ee to wilfully lose fry thie [the] sclhont [Schoon] la private park-keeper ; A lay eHOOL [howl] Of state affairs, he was iy-day to limself [himself] He brought sauce i wade coarse meat dainties to his Wty [Way] he house epee heart and sulemnly [solemnly] he 840 came wich [which] all his court, AUS [AS] meat Wes [West] not a morsel for them. thee T will invite no more thes [the] ene between priaces [prices] when wer [we] like thumselve [themselves] of privacy, and when they TD. Full. S, both in their person and at- whee the par te mis [is] TORS oF 3 WCF [CF] LiFe.-From [Life.-From] forty to sixty of S Matured sty; ty, a man who may be considered as in the ength [length] of constitution venders [vendors] V1Ols [Vols] t he nese, [nee] u bis the attacks of disease, and expe- [exe- expense] so eet [et] te soundness of alzagst [alongside] in- . U4 1S resg [rest] 0] the hishes [dishes] 'lnite, [lite] firm, and equal 3 all his SS built CTder [Cider] be assumes the.mastery iu capt Competence on the founda- [found- founded] attended lwauhood, [lowed] and. passes through a ast [at] siden [side] RY Sratilications.. [gratifications] Having et Sixty, he arrives at a critical period De at tus [us] river of death flows before called pee el. But athwart this ws ty the oe Turn of Life, which, if inds. [ins] aa vailey [Varley] of Qld Old] Aye, around 1 Hs pases [pass] tows beyond, without boat tile The bridge is, however, Mer [Mr] it bony abt [at] it depends upon how end or break, Gout, apoplexy, cinity [vicinity] to waylay ' TS also ri in the vi 4 from the pass but let him 7 3 himself with a fitting staff, Vv with perfect composure. ' isa turn either into he system and pow- [position] 'sion, now begin break down at righ right] tal excitement, walle [wall] 2 careful supply '1 that tends to force a Wgour-until [Gout-until] night has SVEN Mire XC Some i, THROUGH THE Ue, ag a th uc boldness of Chet, [Chest] Mons' re [C] tunnel nce [ne] [C] Place, state. that in its Sts [St] of Mont Under some of the most [C] 4,850 in particular, where El tain, [train] ca ped [pd] with eternal tunnel, so that [C] Work ee and machinery in. construction, reins in transit, be buried to that ete [tee] ventilation, ther [the] exten [extent of life i fresh air ety [et] With artificial ait [at] is chaps 5, aca [ca] apparatne [apparatus] and of foul withdrawn w, ition [edition] 8 also itself t t work, at least during ex- [ext] ty, lupe [Luke] matin [main] be effected by machinery of Pi, roc [rock 3 The machi [machine] itt [it] i of into it simultancouty [simultaneously] foe Scalpels, working backwards mings [mines] cased in, and put in While these are at refreshes the system, and by its fof [of] its tendency when taken in large THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1850. up and down, so that together they cut out four or rather insulate four blocks on all sides, except on the rock behind, from which they are afterwards detached by bend. It has been already ascertained that each of the two machines, at the opposite ends of the tunnel, will ex- [excavate] cavate [vacate] to the extent of twenty-two feet a day. and it is estimated that the whole excavation will be completed in four years. gallery to be perforated by the machines feet high, and this once cut through ilarged, [alleged] by ordinary means, to 25 feet j width and 19 fect [fact] in height, and a double line of rails laid. (eno [no] os Sue great is only 13,804,942 . 2, is immediate enced [ended] north entzance.- [entrance.- entrance] The Builder, yeomm [Yeoman] at the THE PROPERTIES OF VINEGAR.-The chemical of vinegar are of a strongly-marked character in the first lace it is a powerful antiseptic, or preventer of putrefaction; ence, [once] its use in pickling animal and vegetable substances. It also possesses the remarkable property of dissolving slowly, more especially when assisted by a gentle the flesh of animals, as well asthe [asthma] more firm and tendinous parts. Taken in small-quantities, it quenches the thirst, 1 x power of dissolving the food, materially assists in digestion. All persons are aware . te quantity, to reduce corpulency, [corpulence] and that it is often reserted [resorted] to by-silly girls for that purpose. Taken in excess it does produce leanness, but it is only by destroying the digestive powers altogether. Medical records contain many cases of the most fatal . diseases, brought on by this abuse of vinegar. Let the following single case from the eminent physician Portal suffice. A young lady in good health, began te look upon her plumpness witli [Whitley] suspicion, for her mother was stout and she was afraid of becoming like her, she accordingly 'consulted a woman, who advised her to drink a small glass of vinegar daily. The young lady advice, and the plumpness diminished-she was delighted with the success of the remedy, and continued it more than a month meantime she began-to have a cough, which, she-considered pasa [pass] slight cold, which would go off; it became worse, ac- [accompanied] companied with a slow fever, and a difficulty of breathing, the body wasted away, and a complaint of the digestive organs came on, (caused by the-large quantity of acid she 'bad taken,) which ended her life. Other physicians have t.aced cancer.of the stomach, and other fatal diseases of 5a ante organ to this baneful practice.-Eliza Cook's vernal, THe [The] AcroBpsT-I [Acrobat-I] am the son of a man moving ina . superior sphere of lifeto [left] mine. I left home to follow my fancy for a public life, though. it was. partly compulsion, as my home was no home. I took to the business at first- [distributed] abouteight [about eight] years ago, but not in any band of Ibegan [Began] not long afterJem [aftertime] Crow came out, and before there were any Ethiopian serenaders. It was pretty good then, but i'ts turned about and wheeled about backwards since that time. After my coming out as a street I was a balancer. This I acquired by practice, and after that I picked up balancing with a pole. I was never taught anything in my life. I picked up everything by practice and assiduity. I balance the pole sometimes now. I lie on my back in the streets (the streets and fine weather is all I have to depend upon) with a cushion under my loins, and I dance the pole with my feet. It's called pole-dancing. It's very hard work to the muscles, and trying to the nerves. 1 learned pole-dancing or rather perfected myself in it, in private after twelve months' pains, at Bristol. I had often a rap on the head by the pole's falling, and it ll slip sometimes with the best feet, though I fiatter [fitter] myself that I can yerform [former] it with any man in England. jomed'theacrobats [domed'the acrobats] three or four years ago. Imake [Make] my pole performance part of our acrobat business. It's done generally to keep the pitch up, as we term it, that isto [into] keep the prope [proper] together until you can ge the ha'pence from them. e have six in our compary [company] of acrobats, including a boy. The man who stands at the bottom is called the bearer, and is gener- [gene- generally] ally a strong man but there's as much tact as strength in lis [is] part of the business. Another man jumps upon his shoulders ard [ad] is called the second. Iam [I am] a second (and occasionally a bearer, too.) The man who stands on the second's shoulder is called the top-mounter. He gets first on the shoulders of the bearer, and so-up to the-back of the second, then ke takes hold of the second's left hand and raises himself up to stand' on the second's shoulders- [shoulders each] each assists the other. As the top-mounter leans or in- [inclines] ciines, [sines] the bearer walks forward-he must follow the in- [inclining] clining [lining] of the top-mounter, as.he feels.it communicated to Lim [Lime] by the second, who just projects his chest a little, the slightest movement is sufficient. If he (the bearer) did not move on we should all come down together-nothing could prevent it. Accidents are not common, and we have ways of saving ourselves by a cat-like agility. If the top- [department] tmounter [counter] finds he is falling by leaning too far forward, he must He says go, and the-second puts his hand up to help the top man inthe [another] jump. If he lights on the ball of his foot there is no great hurt, but come -down flat footed and your fvot's [foot's] jarred all to- [to pieces] pieces.- [pieces] Mf orniny [morning] Chroutcle. [Chronicle] ---- - - DO WOMEN CHOOSE THEIR HUSBANDS When a girl marries, why do people talk of her choice -In ninety-nine cases out of a. hundred-has-she any choice Does not the man (probably the last she would have chosen) select her A very clever correspondent (says Mrs Loudon,. in her Ladies' Companiox) [Companion] has sent.a letter con- [containing] taining [training] this query and she makes out her case very ably. She says, I have been married many years; the match was considered a very good one, suitable in every respect- [respect age] age, position, and fortune. Every one said I had made a good choice. Why, my dear Mrs. Loudon, I loved my hasband [husband] when I married him, because he had, by unwearied assiduity, succeeded in gaining my affections; but had 'choice' been my privilege, I certainly should not have chosen him. As I look at him in his easy chair, sleeping before the fire, a huge dog at his fect, [fact] a pipe peeping out of one of the many pockets.of his shcoting-coat, [shooting-coat] I can but think how different he is from what I wouid [would] have chosen. My first penchant was for a fashionable clergyman, a per- [perfect] fect [fact] Adonis; he was a flatterer, and cared but little for me, though I have not yet forgotten the pang at his deser- [deer- desertion] tion. [ion] My next was a barrister; a young man of immense talent, smooth, insinuating manners but he tee, after talking, walking, dancing; and flirting, left me in the lurch. Either of these would have been my 'choice, had I so chosen; but my present husband chose me, and therefore I married him; and this, I cannot hel [he] thinking, must be the way with half the married fo of my acquaintance. There is both sound sense and truth in this; but is it not better that men should choose than that they should be chosen And is not our correspondent probably much happier with. her present husband, shooting-jacket, pipe, and dog inclusive, than she would have been with cither [either] the fashionable clergyman or the clever barrister Men are proverbially. inconstant ; and, after marriage, when the trouble and inconvenience 'of children are beginning to be felt, and when (the most 'trying time of all) the wife begins to neglect her husband fur her children; unless there was originally a very strong attachment on the husband's side, there is little chance of happiness. Ajwife's [Active's] affection, on the contrary, always inereascs [enrages] after marriage; and even if she were indifferent before, no well-disposed woman can help loving the father of her children. Children, on her side, are a bond of union, and though she may appear for them to neglect some of those little attentions which men seem naturally 'to expect, it is only because the child is the more helpless being of the two, and the true woman always takes the side of those who are most feeble. It is a strange but melancholy fact, that when young girls fancy themselves in love,.they are selilom [seldom] if ever happy if they marry the object of their choice. The fact is, in most cases, they find the husband they have chosen quite a different person individual from the ry object he had appeared as a laver. [aver] The imagination in most girls is stronger than ju ent; [end] and as.soon as. the first idea oF. love is the in a female heart, the imagination is set to work 'to fancy a lover, and all possible and impossible perfections are assembled together in the young girl's mind to endow the object of her secret The first man whose appearance and manner. atisact [artist] a gitl.on [gilt.on] her entrance. into -seciety [society] is generally invested by her with the halo of these secret thoughts, and she fancies herself violently in love without the least real knowledge of the man she supposes herself in love with. No wonder, then, that if she marries she is miserable. The object of her love has vanished never to return; and she finds herself chained for life to a man whe [the] detests, because she fancies she has been deceived in nen [ne] eit [it] loved for'his own, ments, [rents] ity, [it] fancied himself loved for own merits, oor [or] eho [who] was a rfectly [perfectly] unconscious of the secret delusions. of the girl, mes, when he finds her changed after 'marriage; quite indignant at her caprice. The friends and 'relations on both sides share in the same feelings- what 'would she have - ghe [he] married for lore andl [and] the co uence. [fence. -ccnsequences [consequence] are in aah cases genevall [general] sad enough. ntha [than] first delusion 'is dissipa [disappear] truth, in.all its hard'and stern reality; 'comes forth from the veil that has been thrown round it, both parties feel indignant at the false position in which they find themselves. Mutual recriminations take place, 'each accusing the other of deceit and ingratitude while injustice of these accusations, which is felt side Works simultaneously the appara [appears] ni ternately, [alternately] first wounds the feelings, and then it repeated, rankles in the wound till it becomes propertiss [properties] ; THE ASPECT OF NATURE IN JUNE, From Eliza Cook's Journal.) It was the time of roses, We plucked them as we passed. The yose, [yes] England's favourite flower and emblem, i; now in bloom, festooning the cottage porches, and peep- [peeping] ing in at chamber-windows, clothing the humble cot in beauty, and making the flower-garden beautiful as a vision of paradise. 'I'he grass is now thick in the meadows and is browsed by the kine udder-deep. The steer stands leaning over the hedge, lowing to his fellows. The doves fill the weods [woods] with their cooing, and the lark can ; Seasee- [Sea- Seaside] get out his full song for joy. The very bushes echo, seem full of the most joyous thoughts. Here from Tennyson, full of the spirit of love and and the birds 'is a picture une [one] - Up the porch there grew an Eastern rose, That, flowering high, the last night's gale had caught aus [as] across fhe [he] walk. One aloft- [elevated] , ownd [own] in pure white, that fitted to the sha [Shaw] Holding the bush, to fix it back, she Stee [See] Pe A single stream of all her soft brown hair Pour'd on one side the shadow of the flowers Stole all the golden gloss, aud, [and] wavering Lovingly lower, trembled on her waist-- [waist] heppy. [happy] shade-and still went wavering down, But here it touch'd a foot that might have danc'd [dan'd] The greensward into greener circles, dipt, [diet] And mix'd with shadows of the common ground But the full day dwelt on her brows, and suan'd [sun'd] Aud [And] doubiel [double] his omar [mar] wesc [West] Ti ed his own warmth ips, [is] And on the beautesus [beauties] wave of such a 'breast' As never pencil drew. Half light, half shade, She stocd, [stock] a sight to make an old man young. Not only the rose, but the sweet honeysuckle blooms along the old winding highways, and in the woods, clam- [clambering] bering [being] up the trunks of the hoary old oaks, and perfuming the air with its rich odour. The woods are beautiful now, and it is delicious to stroll or drive along under the shade of the-trees, covered with their bright young green, when the sun is. throwing his quivering rays through the leaves, robing them in all their beauty. which there are still a few beautiful specimens in- [England] England, such as Sherwood and the New Forest, June is in all her glory. Through the gnarled avenue, a deer is seen bound- [bounding] ing across your path. The dense masses of foliage meet above. your head as you penetrate into the forest recesses, and you. think of the solemn rites of the old Druids, who performed their mysteries beneath their shades. The gloom and thesilence [the silence] are palpable; and from the brilliantsun [brilliant sun] you haye [hay] wandered into twilight. Before you there is only the gaunt and bare trunks of the mighty trees, whose branches spread out high above your head, like the arched roof of some mighty cathedral. You. advance, and the gloom becomes less dense you discern the graceful hanging of the masses of foliage, and ah here, once more, the sun's rays stream down upon a golden patch of turf. The trail- [trailing] ing bramble appears, and the honeysuckle, and pale wood- [woodbine] bine, [nine] and the crimson foxglove, and the bright sunny gorse, and once more you hear the lowing of cattle and the whistle of the merry ploughboy. [plough boy] You have left the dense forest behind you, and have emerged again among the haunts of men, The lark's song, everywhere the clearest and loftiest, peals through the air, and falls upon your ear mingled with the sound of the distant village-bells. A pheasant whirrs by, and anon a timid hare leaps startled from her seat, and flics [flocks] into the neighbouring thicket. The sound of a tinkling rill crossing your path falls gratefully upon the 2ear- [near- ara] A noise like of a hidden braok [Brook] In the leafy mouth of June That to the sleeping woods all night Singeth [Singer] a quict [quiet] tune. And do you not feel already the scent of the now-mown [now-own] hay,-for there, behold the mowers at work, their scythes tearing down heavy swaths of grass at every swoop, while the bees are still grappling with the clover flowers to rob them of their sweets. Ah you sniffup [sniff up] the air again-a bean-field must be somewhere near at hand; and the lazy breeze comes floating along laden with its delicious odour. And now you come upon a busy seene-sheep-shearing [seen-sheep-shearing] by the banks ofa [of] running stream. The flock is collected by the river pool, and, one by one, the struggling sheep are plunged headlong into the water, where the washers receive them waist deep in thestream. [the stream] There they undergo the unwelcome scour, after which. they are pushed forth into the shallow water, and struggling up the bank move away bleating to their equally affrighted [affected] companions. The shearing is another part of the process, full of life and bustle.. This sheep-shearing used at onetime to Be celebra- [celebrate- celebrated] ted by a great festival, in England. It wes [West] another sort of Harvest Home, and was held with great pomp and jollity. It seems to have been as old as the time of David, who came upon Nabal [Naval] at the time of his sheep-shearing, when there was.a great feast in his house, like the feast of a The air is now mild and warm, without the oppressive heat of July or August. The days are pleasant, and the evenings clear. White clouds, rimmed with silver, float along the sky in the sunshine, and the queen of night is brilliant in her beauty. Insects abound, flies increase, and sting the cattle as they stand whisking at them with their excited tails. The- [The grasshopper] grasshopper clicks among the grass, and frogs leap about in myriads after a brisk shower of rein.. The heat. of the dries up the moisture, and the dust lies thick upon the highways. In towns, bricks look very red and hot, and we connot [cannot] help feeling an intense longing after the shade of trees and a walk through the cool grass. Water-carts are busily at work, and really look refreshing. Now, says Leigh Hunt, a fellow who finds he has three miles further to go in a tight pair of shoes, is ina retty [petty] situation. Now, rooms with the sun upon them intolerable; and the apothecary's apprentice, with a bitterness beyond aloes, thinks of the pond he used to bathe in at school. Now, men with powdered heads espeeially especially] if thick) envy thosa [this] that are unpowdered, [gunpowder] and stop to wipe them up-hill, with countenances that seem to expostulate with destiny. Now, boys assemble round the village-pump with a ladle to it, and delight to make a forbidden splash, and get wet through the shoes. Now jockeys, walking in great-coats to lose flesh, curse inwardly. Now, five fat people in a stage-coach hate the sixth fat one who is coming in, and think he has no right to be so large. Now, the old-clothes-man drops his solitary ery [very] more deeply into the areas on the hot and forsaken side of the street and bakers louk [lock] vicious; and cooks are agere-- [agree-- agree] vated; [dated] and. the stcam [steam] ofa [of] tayern-kitclien-.catches [taken-kitchen-.catches] hold' of one like the breath of Tartaris [Tartar] At the end of the month, hay-making is general all over the country, and the wairs [wars] are seen bearing their heavy loads from the hay-field. The bloom of the fruit-trees is- [over] over, the procession of the months is hastening on, and already half the-year is gone by. - Every man ought to aim at eminenee, [eminent] not by pulling others down, but by raising himself; and enjoy the pleasure of his own supericrity, [superiority] whether imaginary or real, without interrupting others in the same felicity. EconomMicaL [Economical] STEW.-Take smail [mail] slices of beef, from the cheapest joints, as leg, shin, or sticking piece, dip each slice in good vinegar, so as to wet it thoroughly; then place all the pieces in a stew-pan ar saucepan, with a close. fitting lid, adding, on tko [to] top, whatever vegetables are required, 2s.cnions, [2s.unions] carrots, turnips, &c., cut small, but zo water must be put in; place the whole by tho- [those] side of a very slow fire tor six or cight-hours, [eight-hours] when it will be found full of gravy, tender in the extreme, exceedingly rich, and, above all,. very delicious. The only precautions requisite are, that it should not be allowed to boil, as that would harden the albumen of the meat, and prevent its becoming tender; instead cf using a stew-pan, the whole may be placed in an earthenware jar, tied over, and placed ina saucepan, partly filled with water. Any kindiof [kind] meat or fish may be cooked in a similar manner. MURDER. WILL OuT. -Stephen [Out. -Stephen] Carlin, beast-jotber, [beast-jobber] from near Skipton, was last seen alive at Pateley-bridge, in company with his partner (a cousin), eleven or twelve ears ago.. His cousin said that he had gone to America, ut foul play was always suspected and on Saturday, the 25th ult., a digger of peat on Roggin-moor, [Rigging-moor] five miles from Pateley-bridge, found the body of the missing man, a few feet below the surface, in such a state of preservation (owing to the antiseptic nature of the soil) that it was readily identified. Carlin's; anda [and] married woman, whom he had wooed in her majdenhooed; [manhood] reeogni [recognise] as her property a handkerchief and comb that were found' in the pockets. THe [The] cousin Jonathan Bland, was apprehended at Skipton on Monday. -Gateshead Observer. REMARKARLE [REMARKABLE] DIMINUTION OF the week ending the 18th ult., we have the pleasure of stating, there was a reduction in the daily average number of pauper inmates of the Birmingham workhouse, as com- [compared] pared. with the corresponding peridd.of [period.of] last year, of 401; of children in the asylum a diminution ot 90; and of tramps admitted to. the workhouse a reduction of 306, making a total reduetion [reduction] in the number of in-door poor of 797 and a similar comparison with respect to the out-door paupers shows a diminution of 4,526; so that there were actually 5,323 fewer paupers receiving relief dwing [wing] the week in question than at the same period of last year,- [year] Birmingham Gasette., [Gazette] Inthe [Another] wild forests, of - e tailor, too, knew the clothes to be SuxMeER [Summer] Circuits or THE JuDGES.-The [Judge.-The] following are the arrangements made for the ensuing summer assizes - Campbell and Mr. Justice Williams. Mrp.tanp.-Sir [Mr.tan.-Sir] Thomas Wilde and Mr. Baron Platt. Home.-Sir Frederick Pollock and Mr. Justice Erle. [Ere] NorTHERN.-Mr. [Northern.-Mr] Justice Wightman and Mr. Justice Cresswell. OxForD.-Mr. [Oxford.-Mr] Baron Alderson and Mr. Justice Patteson. WESTERN.-Mr. Justice Coleridge and Mr. Justice Talfourd. [Balfour] SovutH [South] Baron Parke. Norta [North] WaLes.-Mr. [Wales.-Mr] Baron Rolfe. Mr. Justice Maule will remain in town as Vacation Judge, to attend chambers, &c. THE NEPAULESE [NAPLES] members of this mission which, it will be recollected, has just arrived in England 'from Nepaulin [Pauline] charge of avery [very] valuable consignment of presents for her Majesty the Queen, from the Rajah of that State, have taken a mansion on Richmond-terrace, and purpose remaining in England about three months. The more distinguished personages attached to the mission drive out daily lionizing. On Saturday afternoon much interest was excited by their appearance in full costume in Covent-garden market, where they passed nearly an hour ; and in the evening they were present at Lady Palmerston's assembly. His Excellency General Jung-Bahadoor [Jung-Behaviour] Koowur [Colour] Ranajee, [Range] and the other members of the mission, have ex- [expressed] , pressed themselves highly gratified with their reception, fas wellas [wells] with all they have seen in this country. His Excellency will be-introdueed' [be-introduced] to the Queen in the course of the present week by Lord Palmerston. The presents he has in charge are stated to be worth more than half a mil- [million] lion sterling. EXHIBITION OF INDUSTRY IN 1851.-The [W.-The] committee . appointed to consider all matters relating to the building, reported to her majesty's commissioners on the 9th ult. that they had arrived at the unanimous conclusion that of the numerous plans sent in, 'able and admirable as many ofthe [of the] designs appeared to be, there was yet no single one so ac- [accordant] cordant [Jordan] with the peculiar objects in view, either in the prin- [pain- principle] ciple [Copley] or details of the arrangement, as to warrant them in recommending it for adoption. They state- In some of the least successful of the designs submitted, they found in- [indicated] dicated [dictated] errors and difficulties to be avoided, whilst in the 'abler and more-practical of them there are. valuable concep- [conceal- conceptions] ;tions.and [tins.and ;.and] suggestions which have greatly assisted them in . framing a plan of their own, in which they have aimed at economy of construction, facilities for reception, classilica- [classical- classification] tion, [ion] and display of goods; facilities for the circulation of visitors, arrangement for grand points of view, centraliza- [central- centralization] tion [ion] of supervision, and some striking feature to exemplify the present state of the science of construction in this country. This last object they propose to achieve by a .dome of light sheet iron, 200 feet in diameter, to produce 'an effect at once striking and admirable. Six out of the eight openings in the cylinder of the dome; they state, would be well adapted for the exhibition of stained glass windows of great extent, while the two remaining arches will be open to a main central gallery. As soon as the principles of the plan shall be positively decided, the committee recommend that invitations be issued for tenders to execute works in in aceordance [accordance] with the working drawings and specificatiors. [specifications] Of the designs sent in, 38 were contributed by foreigners (France, 27; Belgium, 2; Holland, 3; Hanover, 1 Naples, 1;Switzerlend, 1;Switzerland] 2; Rhein [Rein] Prussia, 1; Hamburgh, [Hamburg] 1); 128 by residents in London and its environs, 51 by residents in provincial towns of England, 6 by residents in Scotland, 3 by residents in Ireland, and 7 are anonymous. MuRDER [Murder] aT BIRKENHEAD.-On Saturday night a most brutal murder was perpetrated in Birkenhead, the victim being a navvy or doek [dock] labourer, and the supposed murderer aman [man] of similar calling. Late at night two men, named Sennet [Sent] and Cox, were drinking together at Salmon's beer- [beer house] 'house, in Back Chester-street, and about twelve o'clock they proceeded in the direction of Conway-street. Shortly 'afterwards a young woman, resident in the ncighbourhood, [neighbourhood] was passing along the road, when she discovered the body of a man lying across the footpath, and apparently dead. On the opposite side of the road she saw another man standing as if endeavouring to conceal himselt. [himself] This man, as it afterwards turned out, was Cox, and the other, who was lying across the path, was Sennet. [Sent] Deceased had sustained two wounds, one of much severity on the temple and the stone, many of which were lying near; but there was no blood upon them. Polize-constable [Police-constable] Birnie apprehended 'Cox at his own house, where the-deceased's hat, which had 'been missing, was also found. On being confronted with the young woman alluded to Cox was at once identified as the man who was standing in the road, and he admitted that he had been in company with the nurdered [murdered] man, but said that the act was committed by some men whom they met, but who had.made their-escape. . SHEEPWALKS. AND BLACKCOCKS [BLACKLOCK] IN SOMERSETSHIRE.- [SOMERSET.- SOMERSET] Mr. Pusey reports the following as the result of his exami- [exam- examination] nation of Exmoor I was, says the hon. gentleman, surprised to find that moors which had formerly appeared to be fitted only for the pursuit of the blackcock [Blacklock] and the deer, consist, in ter [te] part, of sound land-not in my opinion merely, but in-that of the farmers, one of whom said to me, 'there was land enough. idle to employ the surplus population of England.' The expression, I now 'believe, would be literally true if applied to the country at large. On the Exmoor wastes you find the heath growing knee-high-a proof that the land has strength; you fre- [re- frequently] quently [frequently] find tali ferns mixing their bright green or yellow that the land has depth as weil [well] as goodness, and wherever fern grow, unless, indeed, the elevation be too great, wheat might be reaped. Bui [Bi] in that neighbourhood there is a wonderful indifference in the owners to the use of land, which struck me more because I had not observed it else- [elsewhere] where. The moors are divided into large sheep walks for neighbouring farms. The sheep, a divindled [dwindled] breed, ara [area] kept for and. are sometimes left io. die on the hills of old age. in the snow. The rent may be ls, or per- [perhaps] haps [has] 2s. an acre. Sometimes you find large pieces of the best land cnelosed [closed] with a high fence, and you hope that the owner is about to begin tilling his freehold. On the .contrary, the object of this improvement is to keep out the only sign of farming, the sheep, and to preseive [preserve] the best of the land-beceuse [land-because] where the land is best the covert is highest-an undisturbed realm for the blackcock. [Blacklock] Every blackcock [Blacklock] killed by an owner of these mocr [Moor] has cost more, Iwas [Was] convinced, than a full-fod [full-food] ox; though, indeed, it is nothing new that sporting should impede farming. -Somer- [farming. -Some- Somerset] set Gazetie. [Gazette] Tue Hippopotamus IN THE LONDON ZooLoeiIcaL [Zoological] Gar- [Gardens] -DENS.-Professor -.-Professor] Owen has just published a report on this vaiable [valuable] acquisition to the Zvological [Zoological] Socicty, [Society] froia [fora] which it appears that the hippopotamus, now safely housed in his comfort b e quarters in the Regent's Park, was captured in August, 1849, about 1,350 miles above Cairo. The hunters having previously wounded its mother, had their attention attracted to the thick bushes on the river's bank, in which the young animal wes [West] concealed. When discovered, the calf made a rush to the river, and nearly escaped, owing to the slipperiness of its skin, and was anly [any] sceured [secured] by one of the men striking the boat-hook into its flank The hippo- [hippopotamus] potamus [pots] is now only ten months old, and measures seven teet [tee] lous, [loud] and six and a half in girth at the middle of the barrel-shaped trunk, which is supported clearof [clear] the ground -on very short and thick leas. The naked hide covering the broad back and sides is of a.dark India-rubber colour, im- [in- impressed] pressed by numerous fine wrin des [win des] crossing each other, but disposed almost transversely. When Professor Owen first saw the beast, it had just ieftits [efforts] bath, and he observeda [observed] minute drop of a glistening secretion exuding from the pores, which are dispersed over the whole integument, an 'which the animal is provided with for the purpose of lubri- [libra- lubricating] cating [acting] its thick hide, and thus preventing it from breaking. After lying quietly about an hour, the hipponotamus [hippopotamus] rose and walked slowly about. its.room, and then. uttered u loud and short harsh snort-four or five times in quick 'reminding one of the snort of a horse, and endiny [ending] with an explosive sound like a bark. The keeper stated that the sounds were indicative of its desire to return to the bath. The Arab. opened the door and walked to the new wing containing the bath, the hippopotamus following, like a 'dog, clese [close] to his heels. On arriving at the bath room, the animal descended with some deliberation the flight of low steps leading into the water, stooped and drank a little, dipped his head under, and then plunged forwards. It was no sooner in its favourite element than its whole. aspeet [aspect] changed, and it seemed inspired with new. life-and activity, sinking down to the and, meving [moving] about submerged for a while, it would suddenly rise with a bound, almost bodily, out of the water, and splushing [blushing] back, commenced swimming and plunging about with a porpoise-like motion, 'rolling from side to side, taking in mouthfuls of water and grotesque head, and biting the wood-work at the margin of the bath. The broad rounded back of the animal being now chiefly in view, it looks a much larger animal than when out of the water. After half an hour spent in. this 'amusement, it quitted the water at the call of its keeper, and followed him back to the sleeping room, which is well bedded with straw, and where a stuffed sack is provided for its pillow, of which the animal, having a very short neck, thicker than the head, duly avails itself whon [who] it sleeps. When awake it-is very impatient of any absence of its favourite attendant, rises on its hind legs, and threat- [threatens] ens to break down the wooden fence by butting and pushing against it in a way strongly significative [significance] of its great muscular force. Its food is now a kind of porridge of milk and maize meal. Its appetite has been in no re- [respect] spect [sect] diminished by the confinemeut [confined] and inconveniences of. , the sea voyage, or by change of climate,-Daily News,. other at the back of the skull, both evidently inflicted by a. fans-with these purple bushes yet fern isan [isa] unfailing sign. Spurtmg [Spurt mg] them out again, raising every now and then its 3 ea The Rev. Harrison Taylor, M.A., vicar of Marton-in- [Cleveland] Cleveland, has been appointed a Surrogate of the diocess [diocese] of York. Spohr, [Spore] the composer, who has quite recovered from the ill effects of his severe accident, has just finished his ninth orchestral symphony, which he has entitled 'The The Queen has presented Mr. Hunt, a brother of Leigh Hunt, to a vacancy among the poor brethren of the Chax-- [Chas-- Chas] ter [te] house. On Friday last a public dinner was given at Worcester, to celebrate the arrival of the sea going steam vessel in that city. Tuesday's Gazette announces that Lord Cottenham, (the retired Lord Chancelor) [Chancellor] has been created Viscount Crow- [Crowhurst] hurst [Hirst] and Earl of Cottenham. The freedom of the city of London was presented to Lor-L [Or-L] Gough, on Thursday, as an acknowledgment of his great services in India. A full-length miniature of the Princess Royal, painted by Sir W.C. Ross, by command of Prince Albert, was presente l [present l] to her majesty on her birthday. The New York H.vald [H.Vale] says, There isno [ions] possible chane- [chance] for Mr. Forrest to get his Divorce Bill passed into law by the present Legislature of Pennsylvania. General Tom Thumb has taken the pledge frem. [free] the hands of Father Mathew. The great little man took w pis- [promenade] menade [meade] on the desk while Father Mathew drew out his cer- [er- certificate] titicate. [delicate] A return just published states the amount of stamp duties collected in the year ending January, 1850, on bonds, mortgages, conveyances, and other written instrv- [inst- instruments] ments, [rents] to have been 1,381,225. The East India Company have appointed Lieutenant- [Lieutenant general] General Sir William Maynard Gomm, [Comm] K.C.B., commander- [commander] in-chief [chief] of the Company's forces, on the Bombay establish- [establishment] ment. [men] A new miracle has come to light in the Roman States. At Rimini, [Mini] a picture of the Virgin actualy [actual] opens and shuts its eyes, as ifit [fit] were alive Thousands of people are goin [going] to see the wonder. The Nottingham Mercury states, on the authority of a correspondent, that Mr. Thomas Scotten, [Scott] of Mouni-street, [Mount-street] in that town, has succeeded, for a wager, in hitting with a rile ten penny pieces out of thirteen thrown up in the air Tt is understood that the watermen of London coach-stands are to be sworn in as special constables, to act on the dif- [if- different] ferent. [front] stands, in order to prevent the unlicensed perscns [persons] from driving with badges belonging to other persons. The Manchester Guardian, of Wednesday, says that the five bales of indigenous cotton from Port Natal, lately cun- [can- consigned] signed to-Mr..Hugh Fleming, secretary of the Manchester Commercial Association, and which was valued at 83d. per Tb, has been sold for 9d..a pound.. It is reported that a new daily paper is projected by the proprietors of the Leader, which is under the manageinent [management] ofason [sofa] of Mr. Leigh Hunt, assisted by Mr. Ballantyne, formerly of the Manchester Hxaniiner, [Examiner] as sub-editor. My. Vox, [Box] Mr. Newman, and Mr. Froude [Fraud] are among the prin- [pain- principal] cipal [principal] contributors. Prince Albert has recently sent an exceedingly able and valuable paper to the Royal Agricultural Society of England on 'The Sewerage of Towns, in which his Royal Highness develops a plan for filtering the sewers at convenient inter- [intervals] vals, [Vale] thus accumulating in convenient tanks a rich and valiu- [value- valuable] able manure, and liberating the water from all mechanic admixture of impurity.-Evening Paper. At Oldham, the other day, a person named Joseph Ingham, alias Charles Henry Holdsworth, was committel [committee] for trial on a charge of horse stealing. The prisoner is a person who was some time ago committed for trial ona [on] charge of obtaining goods by false pretences from Mr. H. Blackburn, of Hustler Gate. He has recently been cairy- [carry- carrying] ing things with a high hand amongst the sporting blades ot Lancashire, representing himself amongst the innkeepers, whom he has fleeced to a fine tune, as Sir Charles Brookes. County Courts.-A return has just been published giving an account of the amount received by the Treasury from the treasurers of the several county courts in Englanch [England] and Wales, from their establishment, to the 1st of March, 1850. The amount so received is 21,500, the whole ot which has been advanced to the treasurers of county the funds in.whose hands have been insufficient to defray the liabilities of late courts of requests in their respective districts or the expenses incident to the holding of county courts in the same. CockInG [Cocking] IN CUMBERLAND.-The attempt to puta [put] stop to cock-fighting in this town has been for a time successiu [success] but it appears that in other places the sport is conducted without any interruption, either by the police or other parties. A main of forty-five battles was fought near Wiz- [Wilton] ton, in Cumberland, last week, between Brough, of New- [Newcastle] castle, and Russell, of Wigton, which was dexterously won by Brough, with fifteen a head. The pit was crowded by sporting gentlemen and others belonging to the neighbou [neighbour neighbour] hood, who took great interest in the match, which laste l [last l] three days, and was conducted with a strict regard to the proprieties of the occasion. A great deal of money was pending the result. AUDITING THE YORK CoRPORATION [Corporation] AccoUNTS.-The [Accounts.-The] auditor for the York corporation has refused to sanction a item of 90 in the account for dinner, wines, &c., supplie L [supplied L] at the railway refreshment rooms on the occasion of th- return of her majesty from the north last year. The retresi [resist] - ments [rents] were partaken of by the royal guests, and, after the r departure, by the members of the council and other partics [parties] who had' been officially engaged in the reception of her majesty; and the auditor says private purses should have paid.- [paid] Leeds Mercury. TRADE OF SUEFFIZLD.-We [SUFFICIENT.-We] have to report rather wu - favourably of the present state of the Shettield [Sheffield] trade, s regards that portion of it which relates to the mannfacti [manufacture] re of goods for the home market, and chiefly in the agricu [Africa] - tural [trial] districts. The demand for goods, for expor [export] continues inix, [Nix] especially in steel (although pricss [prices] rule low) ; and as the political differences on the continent are duaily [Daily] abating, an average autumn trade in the market may be reckoned on, so far as present appearances indieate. [indicate] The demand for goods for the United States is great.-- [great] From a Circular via the Sheffield Times. OxycEn [Oxygen] Gas a CURE For CHOLERA.-Dr. Macrae, [McRae] civil surgeon at Howrah, has, according to the Jidian [Jordan] discovered a new and mest [meat] successtul [successful] mode of treating che- [cholera] lera [Lea] patients. He causes them to inhale a certain portion of oxygen gas, which communicates a strong stimulus to the frame, and finally throws the patient into a refre [refer hin [in] sleep. On awakening, he finds himself restored to healt [health , with the exception of the general weakness which alw .y [law .y] succeeds any physical prostration. Dr. Macrae [McRae] has testeck [tested] his mode of practice upon 15 European seamen, who Lave been carried to the Howrah hospital in the last stage of the disease, and the patient has in every instance recuvered.- [recovered.- recovered] illen's Allen's] Indian Bail. EMINENT SERVICES. -The Globe says- A Royal sign manual warrant has just been issued granting a pen- [pension] sion of 25 a year to Mrs. Harriet Waghorn, [Wagon] widow of the late Lieutenant Thomas Waghorn, [Wagon] in consideraticn [consideration] of the eminent services of her late husband. There was 2 Lientenant [Lieutenant] Waghorn [Wagon] who wore out his life in achieving the noblest. werk, [week] bringing England and India within a few weeks-together. It is plain, however, that this is not the Wavhorn [Hawthorn] whose widow is pensioned into something less than ten shillings a week. We may be wrong, but we have strong suspicion that the Queen's rat-catcher was namerl [name] Waghorn [Wagon] though, as we have not heard of the death ot that functionary, we are somewhat puzzled by a persion [person] granted to his widow.-Punch. W. THRELFALL's [THREEFOLD's] BANKRUPTCY.-A meeting under th fiat of bankruptcy issued against William Threlfall, [Threefold] of Ac- [Acting] dingham, [Durham] cotton-spinner, was held on Tuesda [Tuesday] last, in the Leeds District Court of Bankruptcy, before Mr. Commis- [Comms- Commissioner] sioner [sooner] Ayrton. Mr. Oxley, of the firm of Messrs. W. W. Brown and.Co., bankers, and Mr. Joseph Langton, the public officer of the Bank of Liverpool, were appointed, without opposition, the trade assignees. The amount or debts proved the same day by three bankin [Banking] firms and an eminent London firm of money-dealers against the bank- [bankrupt] rupt's [rust's] estate was 33,766. The bankrupt, it will. be re- [remembered] membered, was lately examined at Liverpool,and committa.t [committee.t] for trial at the ensuing assizes at that town on several charges of forgery. . SEVEN SHILLINGS A WEEK.-A poor man, with the an- [appropriate] propriate [appropriate] name of Bones, was summoned for allowing tho guardians of the Wormingford Union to maintain thres [three] children of his wife by a former husband. In defenee, [defence] the 'man said that his earnings were only 7s. a week, and he 'found it impossible to maintain eight people on that sum. He had been nearly starved in the attem [attempt] t, and at last toox [too] three of the children to the union, and lett [let] them thare. [there] The workhouse had been offered to himself and family, but ho declined to go into it, ThoRey, [There] J. R. Smythies [Smithies] said that the parishioners of. Wormingford ought to pay better wages than those of any other because the land in it-was so superior. The fact of. the man having a dislike to go into union wes [West] a proof to him (Mr. Smythies) [Smithies] that he was an 'honest and industrious man as to his supporting eight peo- [pro- people] ple [le] on 7s. a week, it could not be done, and he would never- [never sign] sign the man's conviction except upon mandamus. Tha [That] case was then dismissed. -Hssex [Essex] Herald.