Huddersfield Chronicle (07/Sep/1850) - page 6

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SA TURDAY, [SATURDAY] SEPTEMBER 7, 1850. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. UNITED se lon [on] Wed By the Cambria, which arrived at Liverpoo [Liverpool] we eve from New York to the alt. The chief new political event ry sss conveyance is the senate's sanction of the Fugitive Bill, the object of which is to provide for the settlement of questions regarding escaped slaves. Previously amendments were added to the measure, rendering the United States marshals responsible for the safe- [safekeeping] keeping of such slaves as might come under their charge. Curiously enough, 2 very peculiar case, bearing upon the provisions of the bill, had arisen at Harrisburgh, [Harris] three n having been arrested at that city on the 22nd, and examined on an ostensible charge of horse- [horse stealing] stealing in Virginia. According to general belief, how- [however] ever, the charge was merely a ruse to obtain possession of slaves who had escaped, and great popular excitement had been caused thereby. At Richmond, on the 19th, [the] thirty-two slaves employed on a plank-road suddenly disappeared, and up to the last accounts had secured their flight. Numerous similar cases constantly occur in the American journals. Letters from Richmond of the 22nd ult. give the following details relative toa [to] remarkable slave insurrection, reported in our accounts by the Cambria -- An insurrection, in which 400 slaves were to be engaged, was discovered at Lowndes County, Alabama, last week. The rendezvous of the was fired upon by the whites, killing one slave and wounding 20 others. The slaves then fled. It is said that the slaves were incited to the insurrection by an abolitionist, for whose apprehension a reward of 6,000 dollars has been offered. Large parties are in pursuit of him. He is supposed to have fled towards Charlsion. [Charleston] ral [al] massacre is supposed to have been intended. ; It was expected that the House of Represeniatives [Representatives] would shortly enter upon the discussion of and pass the measures sent down from the Senate on the Californian other questions of a similar kind. Rumours were current in Washington to the effect that a misunderstanding existed in the Cabinet. Our accounts contain no definite intelligence on the point. A new democratic organ was about to be established in Washington. as A rumour which prevailed to the effect that informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] had been received at Washington of extensive frauds by the government officers in California is con- [contradicted] tradicted [contradicted] by the New York Courier and Inquirer. The Cambria brings intelligence of a second confession made by Prefessor [Professor] Webster, in which he admits, as the general evidence went far to prove on the trial, that the murder of Dr. Parkman was a premeditated, act, and not, as asserted in his previous confession, the resulé [result] of momentary passion. He stood for execution on Friday, the 3ist [list] ult., without any hope of a commutation of the ital sentence. Tes Te] commercial news represents the Stock Market as heavy, and in exchange only a moderate business was done for the Cambria. The cotton market was good up to the arrival of the last steamer from England, when there was scarcely any further sales made, but the quotations remained the same. The receipts of cotton at all the shipping ports were 2,054,073 bales, against 2,695,407 to same dates last year-a decrease this season of 641,334 bales. The total foreign export this year was 675,855 bales less than last, say 462,058 bales decrease to Great Britain, 82,996 decrease to France, 94,040 decrease to north of Europe, and 36,751 decrease to other forcign [foreign] ports. The shipments from southern to northern ports were 6,507 bales less this season than last; and there is an increase in stock of CANADA. By the Cambria we have advices [advice] from Toronto under date of August 22, in which it is stated that great excite- [excitement] ment [men] had been created by the secret sale by government of public roads that cost 909,000 dollars for 300,000 dol- [do- dollars] lars. [las] Public opposition was so strongly expressed that the government had determined to repudiate the bargain. NEW MEXICO. Accounts received by telegraph from New Mexico report very curious aud [and] discreditable proceedings on the part of the new authorities of that embryo state. A member of the senate attended to assume his seat, pre- [presented] sented [scented] his credentials, and was admitted. On learning that he would vote against them, however, the majority. acting alike illegally and tyrannically, voted to unseat him. On that step being adopted a large number of senators disgusted, withdrew, leaving in the Chamber not sufficient to form a quorum. Nevertheless, the majority proceeded to transact business. The point in dispute was the preference of a state to a territorial government. MEXICO. Our Mexican advices, [advice] says the Times, extend to the 27th of July. The cholera was disappearing from Vera Cruz, but at Puebla it was increasing fearfully. The Mexican papers were almost unanimously opposed to the Tehuantepec [Turnpike] Treaty, on the ground that it gave the United States too strong a power over the southern frontier. CALIFORNIA. At the time of the Cambria's departure, the Phila- [Phil- Philadelphia] delphia [Delph] and Crescent City had arrived at New York with two weeks later advices [advice] from California, and above ene million dollars in golddust, [gold dust] including a block of ore bearing quartz weighing 193 pounds, filled with gold. The news from the various mining districts is of so varied and complicated a character that it is almost impossible to arrive at correct conclusions. Nearly one-half of the whole mining population, during the months of May and June, were engaged in surveying, while awaiting the subsiding of the waters, and the con- [consequence] sequence had been that many new and important dis- [discoveries] coveries [covered] had been made upon the head-waters of Feather River, and between that and the head of Sacramenio [Sacrament] River. This was the supposed locality of the Gold Lake. Explorations had been made on both sides of the coast range at the sources of Trinity River, and, although some rich and valuable agricultural country had been discovered, yet the prospects for mining in that country were pocr. [poor] The whole region of Hum- [Humboldt] boldt [bold] Bay, o far as it had been explored, seemed well adapted to agricultural purposes, and the timber is described as the finest inthe [another] world. The accounts from the southern mines do not appear very flattering, although operations had been carried on steadily during the whole winter and spring. The yield appeared to be regular, although not so great as in the northern mines. The Gold Lake diggins, [Higgins] lying at the head of Nelson's-creek, are at such an altitude above the level of the plains that the atmosphere is pure and invigo- [indigo- invigorating] rating. Gold had been found in great abundance over a large tract of quartz region. The richest deposits were believed to be at a distance of ten feet below the surface. The gold was coarse and beautiful. At this place men could make from 100dols. [tools] to 500dols. [tools] a-day with ease, according to trustworthy accounts. Around Nevada city, a new town in this region, gold had lately been found scattered promiscuously over the mixed with the very topsoil, where the earth was light and dusty, like ashes. There had been some fighting with the Indians at Trinity city, the Indians being the assailants. The indian [Indian] town was thereupon captured and burnt, and three Indians were taken, tried by jury, and shot. Sacramento city was steadily progressing and im- [in- improving] proving, not only in business, but in size. The city had doubled in population since last March. Some excite- [excitement] ment [men] was caused by the squatters locating on unoccu- [unoccupied- unoccupied] pied lands around tke [the] city, but the whole matter was coming up for legal adjudication before the proper courts, and would be settled in that way peaceably and without further disturbance. South San Francisco was rapidly becoming a place of great resort for shipping. The ease and safety with which many of the largest ships had discharged at that place had made it a very desirable anchorage. It was considered the most favourable place for storage on thie [the] bay, particularly on account of its protection from fire. It had the purest water for ships' purposes, and would ultimately be a place of commercial im- [in- importance] portance. [importance] A Sacramento paper announces the discovery of largest lump of gold ever yet dug in California. mixture of quartz and gold, the whole weighing 30ibs. [30lbs] (360 [W] ounces) troy. --.- SWEDEN AND NoRway.-The [Norway.-The] preliminaries of a post a convention were signed a few days ago at the Foreign- [Foreign office] office between Great Britain on the one hand and Sweden and Norway on the other, by which the intercoursg [intercourse] between the respective countries will be greatly facilitated, and all commercial, as well as political, relations very much improved. Hitherto, the rates of postage between this country and the dominions of the King of Sweden were ona [on] most expensive and exaggerated scale. By the newly pro- [proposed] posed arrangements, the rates of postage will be very consi- [cons- considerably] derably [durable] reduced, and the facilities of intereommunication [intercommunication] greatly increased. Such will be the main results of an ar- [arrangement] calculated to confer important benefits upon the e between the two countries. The details, however, will not be made public until the ratifications shall be exchanged. To Tord [Lord] Clanricarde, the Postmaster-General, is due the chief merit of bringing about this most desirable reforma- [reform- reformation] tion. [ion] His Lordship attended at the Foreign-office on Saturday afternoon, to sign, in the presence of Lord Palmerston, with Baron Rehausen, [Reason] the Swedish Minister the preliminaries of the convention agreed upon.-Observer. A Liapitities-The [Appetites-The] Coun [Con] feldt [felt] (Lola Montes) [Months] and Mr. Heal, chore fier [fire] te arrival in Paris, ordered M. Jacquand, [Jacquard] an artist of some celebrity, to paint their full length portraits, represent- [representing] ing the latter making the marriage present to the lady. aan [an] persed [perse] on was 10,000 for the painting and ae ue re The portrait is not yet completed ; but, fearful ageing his money by the sudden depar- [dear- depart] 4 to be cited ce Jacquand [Jacquard] yesterday caused cover the amount in question. Saal [Seal] Tribural [Tribunal] to re- Bu ting is not finished, the ering [ring] that the in the painting. Mr. Heald's advocate, to copy complained that the sum of 10,000f [10,f] se LOUIS PHILIPPE. The remains of Louis Philippe, ex-King of the French, were on Monday removed from Claremont, and deposited in the vault of a Roman Catholic Chapel, ed to the residence of Miss Taylor, at Weybridge. The obsequies of the ex-Monarch were conducted with the utmost simplicity, and there was an entire absence of that pomp and state which 'might almost have been expected to mark the funeral procession of an individual of such distinguished rank. Indeed, the arrangements for the funeral scarcely differed from those which would have been observed in the case of a wealthy coun [con] entleman. [gentleman] . The seven train on the South-Western way conveyed from London many gentlemen, most o them foreigners, and several ladies, who were anxious to pay the last sad tribute of respect to the deceased ex-Monarch. They were received at Claremont, by Generals Dumas and Chabannes. [Chances] Among the gentle- [gentlemen] men present, were the Prince Castelcicala, [Classical] the Sicilian Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary M. Isturitz, [Straits] the Spanish Minister; M. Ribeiro, Portuguese Secretary of Legation; M. Van de Weyer, [Were] Envoy Ex- [Extraordinary] traordiaary [extraordinary] and Minister Plenipotentiary for Belgium; the Count de Jarnac, [Jana] Mr. Raphel, [Raphael] M-P., and Mr. Cooper, Q.C. Atnine [Atone] o'clock precisely the celebration of the mass commenced, in the Catholic chapel, forming a por- [or- portion] tion [ion] of Claremont, when the coffin containing the body of the ex-King, was placed on two trestles resting on a plat- [platform] form. The coffin was covered by a black velvet pall, fringed with silver, and in the centre of which Cross, extending the length of the coffin, was worked in silver. At a quarter past ten the coffin was removed, and deposited in the hearse, which moved slowly off towards the public road, preceded by the clergy, crossbearer, [cross bearer] and acolytes, and followed by the royal mourners, their attendants, and about 200 other persons, all on foot and uncovered. . Soon after the funeral procession had quitted the park, the ex-queen, her daughters, and their attendants, left Claremont for Weybridge in three carriages and four, and by procecding [proceeding] along the by-roads they arrived at that village long before it was reached by the proces- [prices- procession] sion. At various pointsof [points of] the road groups of persons were collected, and about a mile from Weybridge, a large concourse of persons was collected, who accompanied the procession towards the village. The chapel in which the remains of Louis Philippe have been deposited, is the private chapel of a lady named Taylor, and was intended merely for the use of her family and domestics. After the conclusion of mass, the coffin was borne from the chapel to the vault, when it was placed in a tomb which had been erected in the centre of the vault, and iminediately [immediately] under the dome of the chapel. When the coffin had been deposited in the tomb, the Count de Paris, the duxesde [deceased] Nemours [Memoirs] andd'Aumale, [and'Male] and the Prince de Joinville, [Corneille] entered the vault, and the Rev. Dr. Whitty read the prayers for the dead, the other clergymen giving the responses. The tomb was afterwards sprinkled with holy water by the officiating priests, the royal princes, and the other persons present. The sons and grandson of the late king then severally knelt down and fervently kissed the coffin; they were most deeply and painfully. affected, and it was not without some difficulty that they were eventually induced to quit the vault. The ex-qucen, [ex-Queen] the Duchess of Orleans, and the other ladies of the late king's family and household, remained for a short time in the chapel, and returned to Clare- [Claret] mout [out] shortly after one o'clock. They were soon after- [afterwards] wards followed by the royal princes and their suites. Upon the slab covering the tomb in which the coffin was deposited was placed an inscription in French, sur- [Sir- surmounted] mounted by the arms of the Orleans family and the royal crown of France. . The following inscription was engraved upon a silver plate on the lid of the coffin -- Louis PHELIPPE [PHILIP] PREMIER, Roi [Rio] des Francais, [Francis] Né a Paris Le 6 Octobre, [October] 1773; Mort Claremont (Compté [Compete] de Surrey, Angleterre), [angled] Le 26 Aoat, [Oat] 1850. - i THE APPROACHING GREAT CIVIC BANQUET IN YORK.- [YORK] Mons. Soyer [Boyer] paid York a visit during the past week, for the purpose, chiefly, we believe, of inspecting the Guildhall, so as to form his judgment of its capabilities for the great dinner to be given to his Royal Highness Prince Albert, the Lord Mayor of London, and other distinguished guests, ia October next, by the Mayors of England. To M. Soyer [Boyer] has been entrusted the execution of a design as to the fittings, decorations, &c., necessary for this interesting event, and he has consequently, during his stay here, been busily engaged, in company with the lord mayor and other gentlemen, in measuring off and marking out the ancient hall in which the dinner it is determined shall taxe [tax] place. -Yorkshireman. JENNY Linp.-We [Lin.-We] hear from the best authority, that notwithstanding the enormous sums of money she has earned by her exertions during the last six years, Jenny Lind has orly appropriated 1200 a year to her own use, with which amount she expresscs [express] herself amply satisfied. it may be answered that 1200 a year is a splendid in- [income] come. Granted; but in one who might easily, and with the strictest propriety have insured herself as many thou- [thousands] sands, it will net be denied that so large a sacrifice to the good of others betckens [betokens] an absence of self-love which can hardly be too greatly admired. In this respect Jenny Lind isa phenomenon. Her singular liberality has been associated with her great accomplishments as a singer her moral and qualities have lent an equal lustre to her name, and by the great crowd have been naturally fused or confounded. Viewed in this light, the honours that have been lavished upon her, both in Germany and in Eng - land, are less to be wondered at-viewed ir this light, her farewell to Liverpool, attended with much the same pomp and ceremony that would have celebrated the departure of a crowned head, will appear less incredible and preposte- [proposed- preposterous] rous.- [sour.- sour] Times. The Archduchess, mother of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, arrived at Rimini [Mini] on the 12th, to adore the miraculous painting of the Virgin (that which rolls its eyes), and pre- [presence] senced [sentenced] to it two diamond bracelets and several handsful [hands] of gold coin. IMPROVEMENTS IN GaS [Gas] MANUFaCTURE.-The [Manufacturer.-The] town of Southport has been now for nine months past splendidly lighted up, through the whole of its extent, by Mr. White's patent hydro-carbon gas, made from resin or tar, and water, no coal being used except to heat the retorts. We had recently an opportunity of fully examining into the whole process of manufacturing this gas at Southport, and of carefully observing it in the streets and shops of the town, and confess both the surprise and the pleasure it afforded us to find a gas of surpassing brilliancy and purity, and so entirely free from smoke that the ceilings of the shops and houses were untarnished by it, produced so easily and rapidly under this system. It is additionaily [additional] pleasing to find, that while the brilliancy and purity of the gas is decidedly superior to that from coal, it is produced at a much less price-perhaps at about one-half; and, there being 2 large moter [mother] on the -house, we had occular [occur] de- [demonstration] monstration [demonstration] that the rapidity of production is about thrice as fast as from coal retorts of a similar size, while the labour of attending to the whole is not one-half.-Lzverpool [one-half.-Liverpool] Mercury. Tue Census.-The Act for Taking Account of the Popu- [Pope- Population] lation [nation] of Great Britain, 13 and 14 Victoria, cap. 53, is about to be brought into force, and the arrangements for earry- [Barry- carrying] ing out have already commenced. The day fixed by the act for taking the census in England is the 3lst [last] of March, 1851. By the second section, one ot her Majesty's principal Secretaries of State is empowered to appoint per- [persons] sons to take such account, and to propose for such persons such forms and instructions as he shall deem necessary, &e.; and further, all the expenses incurred under the act are provided for. By these full powers, Sir George Grey, to whose department as Home Secretary this matter belongs, is empowered to take the necessary steps for its Had he chosen to follow the precedent of 1841, when Mr. Lister (the registrar-general), the Hon. Colonel Phipps, and Mr. Varden, [Garden] were appcinted [appointed] Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] to take the census, he was authorised to do so. Sir George Grey, however, with a desire to carry out the provisions of the act in the manner most conducive to economy, has appointed only one Commissioner, and that is the Registrar-General, Major Graham, who will be entitled to make the staff of his own office subservient to the proposed inquiry. Mr. Horace Mann (barrister) is appointed to be Assistant-Commissioner. From the pre- [precautions] cautions, as well as the instructions issued by the Home Oitice, [Notice] care is taken that the enumeration shall be con- [conducted] ducted in the most econcmical, [economical] as well as the most efficient manner. SERIous [Serious] AccIDENT.-An [Accident.-An] occurrence took place on Saturday morning at Colchester, which, besides the do- [destruction] struction [instruction] of much valuable property, nearly resulted in the zacrifice [sacrifice] of human life. e scene of the catastrophe was cn the farm of Mr. Garrad, veterinary surgeon, through which the Eastern Counties Railway runs. It appears that there is a roadway from the above gentleman's farm over the line to his fields un the other side, and that since his occu- [occur- occupation] pation, [nation] the company have erected a high engine shed just below the crossing, so that an up-train could not be seen coming until close at hand. A waggon with three horses and the driver were engaged carting barley, and were in the act of crossing over for another load, when at the same moment the a.m. passenger up-train dashed into them, smashing the waggon to pieces and dreadfully mutilating the horses. Mosi [Moss] providentially the driver, who was riding at the time, just before the engine struck the team, had the presence of mind to spring to the ground, but in doing so barely escaped with his life, the engine in his perilous descent catching the flaps of his coat and completely sever- [severing] ing thera [there] from the garment; one of the horses was found under the engine, and the other lay helpless on the ground. The passengers in the train were alarmed, and rushed shrieking to the windows, but it does not appear that any were injured.- [injured] Essex Herald. THE Commission. The act of last session, 13 and 14 Victoria, cap. 94, to Amend the Acts relating to the Ecclesiastical Commission in England, provides for the appointment of three new lay commis- [comms- commissioners] sioners, [sinners] to becalled [called] the Church Estate Commissioners, who are to form, in withtwo [with two] members elected by the old commissioners, what is called theChurch the church] Estates Com- [Committee] mittee, [matter, and whoare [Hoare] to manage all the property of the com- [commissioners] missioners. One of these last-named two members of tho committee to be elected by the commissioners must also be a layman. All are to be members of the Church of England. Of the three new commissioners, two are to be appointed by the crown, and one by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The chief commissioner appointed by the crown is to receive a not exceeding 1,200 a year, and the commissioner of the archbishop not more than 1,000 per annum. The property of the commission is to be vested in these two, and the expenses are to be defra [defray] out of the funds of the commission. Her Majesty hi appointed the Earl of Chichester to be the chief commis- [comms- commissioner] sioner [sooner] this act, and Mr. J. Shaw Lefevre, [Fever] the chief clerk in the House of Lords, to be the other crown com- [com] missioner (without salary). The Right Hon. H. Goulburn, M.P. is understood to i issi [is] the is be the paid epmmissioner [Commissioner] selected by THE FUNERAL OF THE EX-KING . FASHIONS FOR SEPTEMBER. bon [on] The Paris fashions of the day run entirely upon those toilettes destined to be worn in the country, or at the watering places; yet so much elegance is maintained in them, that in our description, we shall but be resuming the information of the choicest productions of the season. . For dinner or dancing dresses, a robe of white organdie, covered with small bouquets of field flowers, embroider- [embroidered] ed in coloured silks. These bouquets are composed of daisies, corn flowers, wild poppies, and some ears of corn the latter are embroidered in.straw, which, mixed with the brilliant shades of silk, produce a beautiful effect. The body is 4 la Vitrge; [Outrage] the sleeves enlarge as they reach the elbow, forming a kind of cup, or bell. The edges of the sleeves, as well as the top of the body, are trimmed with a narrow ruche of narrow white gauze ribbon, which has an open scolloped [scolded] edge. A harvest wreath forms the coiffure to this toilette. A dress rather in the same class is of white organdie, with a double skirt, open in front, in the tunique [unique] form, a berthe [berth] descending very low behind, and heart fashion in front, the points meeting under the band, falling half-way over the pagode [page] sleeve, thus giving the ap ce of a double sleeve. The elegance of this toilette is enhanced by the beautiful wreath embroidered at the bottom of each sleeve, composed of wheat sheaves, in straw, mixed with bluebells, which are painted in bright colours upon the muslin. The brilliant and velvety appearance of these delicate flowers, which are placed at irregular distances over the ears of wheat, forms a great relief to the embroidery in straw, and produces an effect so natural that one is tempted to try and gather some of the flowers which appear to be thrown upon the robe by chance. The stalks of the sheaves are fastened with a bow, and long ends of gauze ribbon, which is also painted upon the robe. Small bouquets encircle the berthe [berth] and sleeves, but the one on the front of the body is of natural flowers, fastened by a bow of blue ribbon, with long ends floating over the skirt. Bouquets in the same style are placed on either side of the bandeaux.- [bandeaux] A robe of pink grenadine is trimmed, on both sides of the skirt, with five demi-barbes [demi-Barnes] of pink lace, which is gathered so as to form a fan, fastened with a chot [cot] of pink ribbon. They are placed so that the edge of the lace falls over the chou [thou] of ribbon which fastens the. next barbe. [Barber] The body is trimmed with a traverse of nairow [narrow] lace, forming a ladder across the front each traverse is placed over a narrow plaiting of ribbon; the end of each row is fastened with a very small bow of ribbon, diminishing in size towards the point of the body. The sleeve reaches the bend of the arm, and is trimmed with a double pagode [page] of pink lace, which ex- [extends] tends to the wrist, and is fastened up in the front of the arm with a large bow of ribbon. A wreath of fuschias, [fuchsias] mixed with red, pink, and white roses, is placed round the rolled hair. A beautifully simple mantilla, of plain white tulle, edged with ruches [riches] of tulle, is thrown gracefully over this elegant toilette.-For toilette at home, a redingote [reading] of pink and green chiné [China] poult [pout] de soie, [Sir] the body opened square over the chest, and the skirt also open, the edges being scolloped, [scolded] enlarging as they reach the bottom of the skirt, are trimmed with a double ruche of narrow pink and green ribbon, with a fall of deep lace beneath. The skirt is opened over an under-skirt of muslin, which is trimmed with an échelle [Shelley] of lace, to match that on the dress separated by insertions of lace. This kind of gar- [garniture] niture [nature] forms a guimpe, [jump] terminated round the throat with a full lace, held up by a narrow black velvet, fastened with a large brilliant. The sleeves are tight to the elbow, with a double ruche to match the dress, the lace entirely covering the arm. A fauchon [fashion] of Alencon [Concealed] lace is fixed on each side of the head, over bows of pink rib- [ribbon] bon, [on] mixed with narrow black velvet, all the ends of which fall over the neck. This elegant négligée [Negligee] should be worn by a young married lady, of dark yet delicate complexion, to whom it is most becoming. Many pretty déshabilles, [dishabille] of coloured taffctas, [facts] are trimmed with lace flounces, in the same shade as the dress. The lace most generally used is the Cambrai, [Cambric] which is at the same time simple, elegant, and cheap; it is infinitely cheaper and prettier than the woollen lace, and is now made in all colours. The more the summer advances the more the lingerie becomes a requisite in the toilet. Never have lace shawls, mantilles, [Mantles] pardessus, [presses] and cannezous [Cancerous] in all kinds, been more numerous than at present; and we might say, never has there been a more elegant or graceful display of these accessories. We must now mention the cannezous [Cancerous] of organdie, with a triple pagode [page] sleeve these sleeves are embroidered and trimmed with lace; the first descends to the wrist, the last reaches the elbow; they are fastened up, in the front of the arm, with a bow of coloured ribbon. The cannezous [Cancerous] terminates with basquines, [business] is very open on the chest, and mects [meets] at the waist under a bow. Tulle embroidered in satin-stitch, made in the same form, has a very pretty effect. The déshabilles [dishabille] for the country are made of nankeen [Nansen] or gray [Gray] jean, trimmed with a number of narrow white braids these braids are placed sometimes in straight lines of ten or twelve rows, or form Turkish designs, or wreaths of flowers, round the bottom of the skirt and the little casaque [case] which accom- [com- accompanies] panies [Panis] it. The déshabilles [dishabille] in foulard are sometimes trimmed with silk braids. Those in figured jaconots [joints] are trimmed with one deep scolloped [scolded] frill, or four or five narrower ones. The trimming on the sleeves com- [commences] mences [fences] at the elbow. The most elegant parasols are of white mecire; [measure] some aro trimmed with d i fringe, others with point d'Alencon; [d'Concealed] the sticks are of carved ivory, rosewood incrusted [instructed] with stones, or a branch of coral. We have seen two parasols made of Brussels lace, lined with pink taffetas; the lace falls over the edge of the parasol and forms its trimming. The sticks were of tortoise-shell, with incrustations of pearls, amethysts, and turquoise. They are about the size of the marquises, that is to say, very small, and only designed for carriages. Children's costumes are very pretty. The small pardessus [presses] of batiste, with a triple row of English embroidery, are beautiful. They are worn over the plaid taffetas dresses, Italian blue taffetas, or pink and white glacé, [Glace] with tucks to the waist, short enough to show the richly embroidered trousers. The batiste and muslin dresses are almost all embroidered en tablier, and widening en cceur [curs] on the body. With white dresses a broad blue or pink sash is worn, tied behind and plaited round the waist. A round straw hat, with a coronet of small daisies, blue- [bluebells] bells, and rosebuds long strings to match the sash.- [sash] Le Follet. [Filled] - - . DEATH OF THE Ricut [Cut] Hon. C. W. W. Wynn, M.P.- The Right Hon. Charles Watkin Williams Wynn, M.P. for Montgomeryshire, died on Monday, at half-past four at his residence in Grafton-street, London. He was the oldest member of the House of Commons, having sat for Montgomeryshire since 1797, and for about a year previously for Old Sarum. He held the offices of Secretary at War in the Grey administration) and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, from December, 1834, to April, 1835. The right hon. gentleman was in his 75th year. SERIOUS ACCIDENT Tc THE Hon. W. O. STANLEY, M.P.- On Tuesday evening week, while the Hon. W. O Stanley, M.P., was driving his carriage down Summer-hill, in Holyhead, the horses were restive, the pole broke, by which they became unmanageable, and ran with great force againnt [against] the gable end of the Old Billiard Room, at the foot of the hill. One of the horses was killed on the spot, the carriage was much damaged, and Mr. Stanley was severely wounded by the fall. In the opinion of those who saw the accident, it is a wonder that it did not cause instant death. Lady Sarah H. Williams, of Bodelwyddan, and another lady, who were inside of the carriage, were much injured, and became very faint from the effect of the fright. The greatest anxiety and sympathy were evinced by the towns- [townspeople] people, a great number of whom were immediately on the spot rendering every assistance in their power. Efficient medical aid was instantly in attendance. It is gratifying to add, that the-hon. gentleman and the ladies are doing well.-Curnarvon [well.-Craven] Herald. THE SEARCH FoR [For] SiR [Sir] JOHN FRANKLIN.-The following extract of a despatch from Sir George Simpson, dated Nor- [Norway] way House, 26th June, 1850, has been received at the Ad- [Admiralty] miralty [Admiralty] I am sorry it is not in my power to give any information respecting the fate of the expedition under Sir John Franklin, as no advices [advice] have been received here from the arctic regions since the arrival of the express Which con- [conveyed] veyed [eyed] chief factor Rae's letters up to the 29th November, receipt of which was acknowledged from London previous to my departure from Canada. The packets that were for- [forwarded] warded from Lachine [Machine] to Mr. Rae and Captain Pullen, under dates 21st Janua y [Annual y] and 14th February, reached Red River Settlement respectively on the 30th of March and 30th of April but, from the circumstance of the bearers of the first packet having lost their way between Cumberland and Lac a Rouge, occasioning a loss of nearly a month, they did not reach Isle la Crosse till the Ist [Its] June, one packet arriving there in the morning, and the other in the evening of that day the former was despatched within an hour after its receipt, and the latter in like manner, and the bearers of the second packet overtaking those who started in the morning. As the navigation of the rivers was open, it was expected that both packets would have reached Great Slave Lake before the breaking-up of the ice, in time to enable Captain Pullen and Mr. Rae to have resumed their search, provided there were sufficient provisions in the district for that service but that is exceedingly doubttul, [doubt] as the de- [demands] mands [sands] upon our resources during the three it years, have exhausted our reserves (which, under the most favour- [favourable] able circumstances, are always low in that poor and remote part of the country) to such a degree that it was found D to send many of the servants during the past winter to neighbouring lakes to subsist themselves by fish- [fishing] ing. The two boat loads of provisions, with crews of fif- [if- fifteen] teen men, ordered by me, under date 21st January, to be forwarded from Red River, to meet the demands of the expedition to be fitted out this summer, were despatched by chief factor Ballenden, [Blending] at the opening of the navigation, with one hundred pieces of pemmican and flour, stores of tea, sugar, biscuit, pork, &c., for Captain Pullen and Mr. Rae, and about fifteen bales of clothing. Owing to the late breaking-up of Lake Winipeg, [Winnipeg] these boats did not reach the grand rapid until the 12th of June; but as the crews consisted of fourteen picked men of the settlement, and one of the most experienced and active guides, they will doubt- [doubtless] less make an expeditious voyage to M'Kenzie [M'Jennies] River. I fear, however, they will arrive too late to be available for service during the present season of open water. It is ex- [expected] pected [expected] the cargoes of these boats will be delivered entire, as arrangements had been made to victual the crews for the whole voyage from Red River to M'Kenzie [M'Jennies] River. The continued absence of chief factor Rae from the charge of the important district of M'Kenzie [M'Jennies] River, is attended with very serious inconvenience to the business but. we consider no sacrifice too great in giving effect to the views and wishes of her Majesty 8 government and the British public, in refe- [free- reference] rence [rents] to painfully interesting service, The mortal remains of Ramoo [RAM] Samee, [Same] the once celebrated Indian juggler, were interred on Monday afternoon, in old St. Pancras Churchyard, London. The body was followed to the grave by a large concourse of spectators. THE TWEED D.RAILWAY VIADUCT. i structure spans the broad ae - This i inthe [another] chain of railway communication between London and Edinburgh by the East coast. It forms the northern extremity of the York, Newcastle, and Berwick Rail- [Railway] way; and in magnitude of construction and grandeur of design is not only the greatest work on that line, but is, perhaps, one of the most remarkable architectural achievements of modern times. ' The Tweed viaduct connects the York, Newcastle, and Berwick Railway with the North British line, thus forming, with the other railways having a connection with them, an uninterrupted communication from London to Aberdeen. The foundation stone of this noble structure was laid on the 15th of May, 1847, without any public ceremony. The viaduct consists of 98 circular arches, each 61 feet 6 inches span, springing from lofty piers 8 feet 6 inches broad at the narrowest point. One-half of the arches span the river-here a broad and beautiful stream-and the remainder are built on the neighbouring land, south of the Tweed. The total length of the bridge is 2,160 feet, and its greatest height, from the bed of the river, 126 feet 6 inches, including the parapets. Its breadth between the parapets is 24 feet, allowing a double line of rail- [railway] way to be laid. The viaduct is built entirely of stone, with the exception of the inner part of the arches, which is brick, laid in cement. There are about one million and a quarter cubic feet of masonry in the structure and two million and a-half of bricks have been placed in the arches. The greatest depth of the water, at high tide, is twenty-three feet. The design of the bridge is elegant; and the parapets are adorned on the outside by minature [nature] corbelled arches. One-half of the viaduct-that which spans the river-is in a straight line and the other half curves to the east, on a radius of half a mile towards the south side. The roadway has an incline of 1 in 200, rising towards Berwick. The piers of the bridge, which are protected by handsome cutwaters, [cut waters] are carved up per- [perpendicularly] pendicularly, [particularly] and are narrowed near the spring of the arch, by means of offsets. The parapets and springs of the arches are of polished stone, but the rest of the masonry is only rough hewn. [when] The appearance of the -arches is extremely graceful. ' The Tweed viaduct, formally opened- [opened by] by her Majesty on Thursday last, is perhaps the largest stone viaduct in the kingdom. Some similar structures may be longer But less in height, and others that may be higher but not of such length. The last arch of this magnificent bridge was keyed on the 26th of March, 1850, by the wife of the resident engineer. A single line of rails was opened for public traffic on the 20th of July last, and he other line, on the east side, was to be opened on Thursday, for the first time, by her Majesty. The bridge is secured at each end by substantial abut- [abutments] ments; [rents] and in the centre there is another abutment, less in size than the other, dividing the arches into two sides. When one-half of the arches had been erected, it was considered desirable, for the accommodation of the traffic, to erect a temporary bridge across the river, without waiting the completion of the stone viaduct, so as to avoid the uncertainty of the river operations. This temporary timber viaduct was about 1,200 feet in length, and of the same height as the permanent bridge, which it joined at the fourteenth arch. Workmen are now en- [engaged] gaged [aged] in the removal of this singular structure. The quantity of timber used in the construction of the stone and timber bridges was not less than 300,000 cubic feet. The foundations of the permanent viaduct now com- [completed] pleted [plated] were of a very expensive and difficult character. In the execution of the coffer-dams, Nasmyth's [Smith's] patent steam-piling engine was used with great success. Two of these were at work night and day, as well as an engine of 50-horse power, for pumping the water out of the dams. Piles have been extensively used for secur- [secure- securing] ing a stable foundation, the ground principally being loose sand and gravel. No less than two years were spent in driving the piles and laying the under masonry. The large embankment at the south end of the bridge, five-eighths of a mile in length, and in some places sixty feet high, completes the junction of the Tweedmouth with the Berwick station, making a total distance of one mile, It contains upwards of 700,000 yards of earth- [earthwork] work. The contractor at one time employed 2,000 men in the various departments of his contract. 'The entire cost of the viaduct, amounting to about 200,000, has been borne by the York, Newcastle, and Berwick Railway Company. Her Majesty christened the structure, The Royal Border Bridge. MESMERIC MEDICINE IN PARIS. (From the Medical Times.) In Paris, for the last few years, another system, heterodox both in faith and practice, has prevailed, and arrived at such a pinnacle of imposture, that the authorities have been forced to interfere, and put it down by the strong arm of the law. Need I say that I allude to the practice of medicine by thé [the] somnambulists. It was, in truth, an agrecable [agreeable] profession, and withal easy, being practised for the most part by a number of young ladies, who having been rejected at the Conser- [Cones- Conservatory] vatory [story] of Music, took up the art of nervous and lucid clairvoyantes. [clairvoyant. Of nervousness there was little, fora more brazen set of nymphs could not be found; but their lucidity was immeasurable; for not content with secing [seeing] round a corner or through an iron pot, they ledked [Leed] into the other world, and held delightful con- [conversation] versation [conversation] with your deceased parents. All of a sudden, in fact, and as by miracle, was the art of somnambulism applied in the happiest manner to all the wants of society in general, and to medicine in particular. For the former the lady herself sufficed; for the latter she was aided, horresco shores] refcrens, [reference, by some young physician, who played the double part of accom- [com- accomplice] plice [police] and lover. For a long time affairs flourished. The fee was ten francs, and the number of curious, legion. Every one wanted to be informed about everything. For the trifling sum of ten francs were you cured of a mortal disease, or informed of the precise spot in which millions lay buried. Dig deep enough, was the only cendition [condition] annexed. A demoiselle, [Mademoiselle] named Virginie, [Virginia] is among the most celebrated of our somnambulists-chiefly consulted by our ladies in an interesting situation. It was she who announced the other day the delivery of Queen Isabella of adead [dead] prince. The error, you see, was only one of time; but she made a more grievous one shortly since. One of our most celebrated dandies, who is at the same time a hunchback, consulted her the other day. The fluty voice of the dwarf led her astray, and laying her finger on the bosse, bose, she informed the astonished dandy that he was enciente. [ancient] But the forte of these ladies is the discovery of thieves. For ten francs Madame Josephine (extra-lucid) will describe the man who picked your pocket. With such a rare quality, thief-takers, lawyers, and judges became useless. It was an economy of several millions to the state. The Attorney-General got jealous, let loose his myrmidons, and caged all the aforesaid ladies, lucid, extra-lucid, and triple-X-lucid, together with the medical men who had lent their names to the impos- [impose- imposture] ture. [true] The latter are to be prosecuted as accomplices in swindling the ladies for the illegal practice of medi- [med- medicine] cine. One of the most remarkable and not-to-be-ex- [explained] plained circumstances of this case, is that not one of the lucid ladies recognised the police-magistrate who was charged with the duty of drawing up the proces-verbal, [prices-verbal] and then arresting the culprit. They were all seized in full consultation. One extra-lucid, indeed, mistook the commissary of police for a patient, and demanded ten francs, with a lock of his hair. Unluckily the re- [representative] presentative [representative] of the law wore a wig. Many medical men, of whom we had judged better things, are implicated in this unfortunate transaction, and, unless chance favour them, will be severely punished, for the scandal has been great. No one will regret their fate. TEACHING BY ANALOGY.-A female teacher of a school that stood on the banks of a quiet English stream, once wished to communicate to her pupils an idea of faith. While she was trying to explain the meaning of the word, a small covered boat glided in sight along the stream. Seizing upon the incident for an illustration, she exclaimed, If I were to tell you that there is a leg of mutton in that boat, you would believe me, wouldn't [would't] you, even without seeing it yourselves Yes, maam, [madam, replied the scholars. Well, that is faith, said the schoolmistress. The next day, in order to test their recollection of the lesson, she enquired, What is faith A leg of mutton in a boat was the answer shouted from all parts of the school-room. NEWSPAPER CIRCULATION UNDER D1FFICULTIES.-We [DIFFICULTIES.-We] read in the Patrie- The hawkers of journals, the sale of which in the streets is prohibited, resort to numerous tricks to evade detection. Many of the men wear very large trousers, lined with journals; others make false calves them, and some increase their natural rotundity. Yesterday a female hawker, who appeared to be in an advanced state of pregnancy, was arrested. She was searched by a woman and safely delivered of forty-eight copies of the and the Evenement. [Government] Lord Stanley has consented to lay the corner stone of the new athenzum, [Athens] at Bury. Messrs. W. Brown, M.P., and W. J. Fox, ., have been invited to the ceremony. Lirerary [Library] Discovery.-Many books have been written to prove the identity of the Man in the Iron Mask That man is now fully believed-at least by the railway world-to be no other than GrorcE [Grocer] Hupson.- [Hudson.- Hudson] Punch. PECULIARITIES OF THE HoRsE.-Nothing [Horse.-Nothing] can be more surprising than the exactness with which the horse accomplishes everything that is required of him. He is the only animal in existence that can be compelled to run after feeling fatigued. The ass refuses to proceed ; the dog servilely crouches at his master's feet but the generous, high-spirited horse runs with all his strength, and in the extraordinary feats which he accomplishes to please his rider, he oftentimes outdoes his nature, and even dies in order to obey. No country can boast of producing so man kinds of horses of such high 'ec- [action] tion [ion] as the English. We have been for say oar celebrated for our superior breed; and at the present day, through the introduction of foreign blood, oa the j nature of the soil, we possess a variety. The of our horses were clearly proved in the late those of our allies, war, where our cavalry showed over as wal [al] an of the a grest [great] point of strength and durebility, [debility] Pw DO magnificen [magnificent] valley of Berwick, and completes an important link wa SPIRIT OF THE PUBLIC JOURNALS. . THE PENAL LAWS. , ee onal [only] Fee Is it that society. is the object o ws i riety. [variety] wishes to avenge itself on an offender, or that it is desirable to prevent the repetition of similar practices If Sir Samuel Romilly [Reilly] was right im [in] stating that it was the protection and security of the innocent, and that the punishment of the guilty is resorted to only as the means of attaining that end, there can be but little doubt as to the answer that must. be returned to that interrogatory. That prevention 1s better than punish- [punish received] received as a self-evident proposi- [propose- proposing] ment [men has long been carried even to this extent- [extension] tion. [ion] It may, however, be paniehment [punishment] hat, except for the purpose of prevention, put ie possibly be The entire spirit of the Christian religion is opposed to the desire for revenge. Its most sublime precepts are founded in the forgive- [forgiveness] ness of injuries. Vengeance is mine, saith the Lord, I will repay. And although the feeling is deeply im- [in- implanted] planted in the human heart, it is at least but a portion of our fallen nature that should be discouraged as far as practicable. . We feel justified then in asserting that the sole object of punishment is to deter from a repetition of the crime. Whenever it fails to attain that end, remedies of a different character must be applied. It does not follow that those remedies should be more stringent than those formerly in operation. Experience has proved that the extreme penalty of death did not prevent the commission of larcenies and other comparatively minor offences, for which the perpetrators forfeited their lives in the good old times. All right-minded persons were horrified at the constant repetition of the revolting spectacles of human beings in the full vigour and strengh [strength] of their existence being strangled on the gallows. The penal laws have been materially altered during the last quarter of a century. They no longer emulate the Draconic code, which might be said to be written in letters of blood, condemning every offender to be cut off from among the people, and yet crime has not increased Since the tenour [tenor] of the punishment has been abated new measures of precaution have been adopted. Persons do not rely for the protection of their property merely on fear; they are obliged to guard it with greater vigilance, so that the chances of success are diminished, while those of detection, and if so, of punishment, are greatly increased. Numbers of criminals having been suffered to escape altogether in the olden time, rather than be exposed to such disproportionate punishment, as excited the sympathies of the people in favour of the offender, rather than of the law he had violated. Tried by this test, then, it cannot be denied that the practice of convictions, and inflicting corporal punishment on juvenile offenders, has failed to attain its object. When once a youth has entered upon a course of thieving as a profession, he cannot be retrieved merely by flogging, or imprisonment with hard labour. Something more must be attempted if any effort is to be made for his redemption; he must be separated from his evil companions and instructed in the mode of earning an honest livelihood by his own industry. Under the present system, an unfortunate child, without friends or relatives to shelter or protect him, is detected in some paltry theft, brought before the magistrates, summarily convicted, and sentenced to afew [few] days' imprisonment, and to be well whipped. He is discharged; but nothing is done to divert his infant mind into a better direction. He has no means of obtaining the common necessaries of life no one will employ him with a blasted character, and he must thieve in order to gain his livelihood. Again and again the same thing occurs. He becomes familiar with every House of Correction, and indifferent to the lash. He is unquestionably tortured a great deal, but he preys upon society, and costs far more, to use no higher argu- [argue- argument] ment, [men] than would have done to direct him into the paths of industry, if adequate measures were taken for that purpose when his destitute condition first became known to the authorities. At length he is convicted, after numerous trials, of some offence that justifies a sentence of transportation, and then, but not till then, he is sent to Parkhurst, [Pankhurst] and steps are taken to reclaim him, who by that time has become a hardened and experienced thief. A strong illustration was afforded of such a case at Hick's Hall, last week. Two boys were convicted of picking pockets in St. James's Park, on the 15th ultimo, during the prorogation of parliament. The following history was given of one of them, aged fourteen years - Lockyer, one of the officers of the Westminster House of Correction, replied that he could give the Court the history of the boy Durkin, which, he added, was rather an eventful one. It was as follows -On the 19th of May, 1848, he was committed for two days, and was well whipped. On the ord of June following he was committed for four days, and was well whipped. On the 22nd of the same month he was again committed for two days, and was well whipped, On the 3rd of July succeeding, he was committed for fourteen days, and was whip On the 9th of March, 1849, he was commit for three months, and was again whipped. On the 10th of November, in the same year, he was committed for ten days. On the 29th of that month he was committed for one month ; on the 6th of April, 1850, he was once more committed for one month, and was well whipped, On the 11th of May, having been out of prison but five days, he was committed for two months, which term of imprisonment expired on the 1lth [th] of July, and, having cume [came] out from his confine- [confinement] ment, [men] on that very day he was again convicted of picking kets, [keys] when he was for the tenth time sentenced to imprisonment for the period of one month, and to be well whipped. From that imprisonment the boy was released on the 11th of the present last month, and four days after- [afterwards] wards, namely, on the 15th, [the] he was apprehended upon the present charge. What chance, we ask, was there for that wretched lad during any portion of that time What advantage was derived from the various summary convictions-the repeated floggings to which he was sentenced Would it not have been far better if he had, on the 19th of May, 1848, been brought before a jury and then sent to Parkhurst [Pankhurst] We believe no person who reads the above melancholy narrative will differ from that opinion, and will not concur with us in saying that prevention is better than punishment. EMIGRATION OF WORKING MEN. (From the Manchester Guardian.) Most of our readers are well acquainted with the origin, progress, and general results of the scheme pro- [propounded] pounded by Mr. Feargus [Argus] O'Connor, for the purpose of converting artificers and manufacturing labourers into landowners and agriculturists, and thus rendering them independent of that class of capitalists towards whom the proposer of the scheme entertains such fierce hos- [hostility] tility. [utility] How far the working of this plan has answered the purposes of Mr. O'Connor himself, we are wholly unable to say but the extent to which it has been suc- [such- successful] cessful [useful] for nineteen out of twenty of those who have placed their money in his hand, and who neither have received, nor are very likely to receive any equivalent for it, is obvious enough. With respect to those who, to use Mr. O'Connor's phrase, have got upon the land, their success may be readily learned by any one who will take the trouble of enquiring at Snig's [Sing's] End, O'Con- [Connolly] norville, [novel] or any of the other establishments in which they have been located. The scheme has proved- [proved] as every man of common sense and ordinary informa- [inform- information] tion [ion] knew it must prove-a wretched and ghastly ure. [re] Mr. O'Connor, however, is not the only person who has been labouring to induce manufacturing operatives to abandon the employments which they understand and are accustomed to, for labour on the soil, entirely unsuited to their habits, and, in many cases, beyond their bodily strength. The same course has been pur- [our- pursued] sued by combinations of workmen in different parts of the country, who have sought to diminish thcir [their] own numbers, and to increase their wages, by encouraging emigration to the United States. Schemes of this nature have been acted upon to some extent in this im- [in- immediate] mediate neighbourhood; and still more, we believe, in the midland counties. Perhaps the most extensive and systematic plan of the kind is the one set on foot by the working classes in the Staffordshire potteries, who have purchased a considerable tract of land in the territory of Wisconsin, and formed a settlement upon it de- [denominated] nominated Pottersville Percival] -of the success of which very glowing accounts have from time to time been given to the body of workmen who have contributed the neces- [NeWS- necessary] sary [say] funds; and many individuals who were gaining comfortable livelihoods have been induced to abandon their homes, in the hope of acquiring independence in the wilds of America. What their success has been, we learn from a letter signed Joseph Grimshaw, which appears in the Macclesfield Courier of Saturday last, and which appears to have been written by a former resident at Macclesfield to friends still residing there. The whole letter is very graphic and truthlike; [truth like] but we must content ourselves with that portion of it which re- [relates] lates [late] more particularly to the settlement of Pottersville, [Percival] where the writer intended to take up his abode. After describing his journey from New York to Wisconsin, he says- [says we] We stopped at Milwaukee two days as we could not get a waggon to take us, the road was so bad. On this route we passed forests most awfuily [awful] grand, and prairies whose beauty I cannot describe. In four days we arrived in Pottersville, [Percival] the most distressed looking place we had seen since leaving New York. When we saw this place, which has been so often described as a paradise, it caused our spirits to in to droop. We began to see we had been deceived. ere was not one of the inhabitants that had a meal to spare. They looked almost like Indians, so ragged. Here I began to think it must be a lo time before I could find in my heart to bring you to wach [each] & wild place, except I bad intent to break your heart. I know your min has been uneasy a long time, but this would have made it far worse. It was night and we could not be accommedated [accommodated] with lodgings although we were wil- [willing] ling to pay for them. We were directed to the fort of Win 'go, a barracks built a few years back to overawe the Indians and drive them over the Fox River. When we arrived at the place, we received the intelligence that the romised [promised] land lay about eight miles off, over the Fox ver [Rev] and that the land which in England had been sented [scented] to have been paid for in the Potters' Exaininer, [Examiner] waa [was] not in existence. were expected to , which the Indiana have not left, 'as inn as the American ment [men] have not pai [pair] the very ext morning m [in] ei aide toad he acd [and] sch a great deal of trouble we came in sight of the place, and much means to find it but by going by the sun or by the Indian i are narrow walks made by their i after or 8 i i Hl ee it li il it Cross bat tribes, one in ing two abreast. Here we head to the promised land. We fo place, with nothing to sit or lie morning 1 commenced work in felli [fell] ee apc [ap] to wi rm but my st began to Bat me. I was work and lie down in the log cabin, with I could find for a bed for we could none there from the fort. I remained in eight days, when I found I got no better. worse than a pig-stye [pig-style] with being so ov. I being no less than twenty or thirty all in one obliged to come away, with another man w ague, to the fort. I remained here about I made up my mind for the present to return to Mil for a short time, while I make u my mind w Wankes, [Wakes] main in America or return to land. to raw ten years of hardships to become anything like in able circumstances on the land. am now in om where I intend to stop a few weeks, for in this oi... more at home than any place I have been in sorry to say that since I left Fox River many of th I bers [bees] have returned, bringing news that the shot one man dead. He ventured too far up th have when the Indians called him to keep back which wood, not understand, and they shot him dead. he dick Such have been, and such are sure to be, the of all attempts to convert bodies of men, taken indizes [Indies] minately [minutely] from manufacturing pursuits, into eultiy [ult] of the soil. Here and there a man of greater aire [are] energy and physical strength, and greater robustness constitution than the rest, may overcome the diSien s;, [design s] and privations, and resist those di which inyay [ina] attend the first efforts of colonists in a new cota [coat] but the great majority will be sure to become with a description of labour for which their prey; habits have rendered them unfit; and they willeither [will either] like Joseph Grimshaw, quit the scene in disgust, or, like the poor and miserable inhabitants of Pottersville. [Percival] . on in rags and poverty, unable to spare a meal or to any one who may be in need of it. We hope those of the working classes in this neighbourhood wha [what] have been induced to listen to the flattering represen [represent] tions [tins] of men frequently interested in deceivine [receiving] ao and who may contemplate emigration to some repo [rope] ted paradise in the new world, will carefully the statements of the letter from which we have quoted, and content themselves with earning a jin; [in] at home. on vg ij Eg f Ht i a relive re iL a bea TRIAL AND SENTENCE ON THE OFFICERS OF THE ORION. (From the Times.) The jury empanelled at Edinburgh to en the circumstances connected with the loss of the Orion have found the captain guilty of culpable of duty, and the second mate guilty of culpable an reek. less neglect of duty. Thomas Henderson, the captain has been sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment and John Williams, the second mate, to seven years' transportation. George Langlands, [England] the first mate of the vessel, was a subordinate officer, not on duty at the time of the wreck, and so escaped the consequences of the verdict which has been most justly returned against his brother officers. That verdict cannot but be. accepted by the public as most satisfactory. The ip charge of such vessels as the Oricon [Origin] must be mule tg feel most keenly that if they neglect the important duties of their charge they are criminally responsible g the laws of their country. There is not a sinzle [single] day throughout the year on which many thousand lives us not intrusted [instructed] to the keeping of such men as Caprip [Caprice] Henderson, whether on the rivers or channels of these islands. In some instances-as, for example, on the short but uncertain passage between the French and English coasts-the officers in command of the steam ships are models of capacity and attention to their but on many other stations a very different state of things prevails. It might be supposed that the interist [interest] of the owners would supply a motivesufficiently [motive sufficiently] strong for the sclection [selection] of competent persons to place in command of their ships. Practically this has not been found to be q sufficient guarantee. An accident happens-if the circumstances connected with it are of a very heinuas [hens] character it is perhaps sent up for trial, the captin [captain] is arraigned for manslaughter and probably ac uitted, [ac fitted] or, if found guilty, he escapes with an admonition from the judge anda [and] merely nominal sentence. Suc [Such has been the usual practice in England, but the Sevtch [Sketch] lawyers have acted with a better judgment, and with a more provident care for the public safety. It is clear enough that the officers of the Orion had no intention of mur. [Mr] dering [during] the passengers on board their ship, but what they were really guilty of was a culpable and reckless neglect of a most important duty, upen [upon] the suitable discharge of which the lives of many of their fellow ercatures [lectures] depended. Of this they have been convicted, and certainly the sentence does not err on the side uf [of] severity. With such facts as these before us. we may well wonder at the discussion which took place dwng [ding] the progress through parliament of Mx. Labouchere's [Labourer's] Bill for the Improvement of the Merchant Navy. We were among the first to hail the introduction of any measure which seemed to offer something like a security for che competence and character of masters in the mercantile marine even after the abatements which had been rendered necessary by the acrimonious opposition offere [offered to she bill on the part of a clique of the shipowners. But even if it be true that a very low standard of qualification im [in] a master is all that is requisite for short coasting ms, still a distinction should be made between the cases of passenger traffic and goods traffic. It woulki [would] be impos [impose] sible to enquire too strictly into the capacity and swadi- [Wadi- steadiness] ness of every officer entrusted with the charge of steam ships which convey passengers from port to port. li may be said that generally in the case of stexm-boat [steam-boat] accidents they are due' rather to the carelessness thar [that] the incapacity of the person in comman [common] Bur if we look at the evidence given at the recent trial. it would scem [seem] that Captam [Captain] Henderson sinned in beth particwars [particulars] He came on deck about one o'clock, when the vessel was being steered almost dead in shore under the tion [ion] of the second mate he examined the compass and then went below. Captain Robinson, who hail deen [need] for years engaged in making a hydrographie [hydrogen] survey vf Set land for the Admiralty, was examined upon the ol, and stated distinctly to the court that no course vou [you] sistent [distant] with safety would allow the vessel to be o neat the coast. The obvious inference appears to be thas [has] Captain Henderson was as unfit for his post as he was neglectful of its duties. quire inty [into] So Dr. CHALMERS ON PuBLIc [Public] cammus [cams] refrain from quoting one striking passage, on the Sunday following the execution vo Thixclewvod [Excluded] and his accomplices for the Cato-street conspimey [consumer] - There is something in the history of these Londom [London] executions that is truly dismal. It is like setting glimpse into pandemonium nor do we believe that 2 the annals of human depravity did ever stout-hearted sinners betray a more fierce and unfeeling hardihoud. [hardihood] 6 is not that part of the exhibition which is merely revoluny [revolution] to sensitive nature that we are now alluding tw. i not the struggle, and the death, and the shreude l [shudder l] ope- [operator] rator, [rate] and the bloody heads that were carrie round the scaffold, and the headless bedies [bodies] of men who dus [Du] one hour before lifted their proud defiance to the in whose presence the whole decision of their spu ts [su ts] must by this time have melted away. It is the mort [more] part of the exhibition that is so appaliing. [appalling] I s che firm desperado step with which they ascendet [ascended] tw the place of execution. It is the undaunted scowl whic [which] they cast on the dread apparatus before them. lt 3 the frenzied and bacchanalian levity with which they bore up their courage to the last, and earned, in ret [re] the applause of thousands as fierce and as frenzied 3 themselves. It is the unequalled daring of the maz [man] who laughed, and who sung, and who cheered the mul [mu] titude [attitude] ere he took his leap into eternity, and ws cheered by the multitude, rending the air with appr [app] bation [nation] back again. These are the doinzs [doings] of insdelity- [infidelity- institutes] These are the exhibitions of the popular wind alter religion has abandoned it. It is neither a system of unchristian morals, nor the meagre Christianity of chose who deride, as Methodistical, [Methodist] all the peeuliarities [peculiarities] of our faith, that will recall our negleeted [neglected] population. Ther [The] 1s not one other expedient by which you will recevet [received] the olden character of England but by geing [being] forth wit the gospel of Jesus Christ among its people. Nvtias [Nevis] will subdue them but that regenerating power whic [which] goes along with the faith of the New Testament. we nothing will charm away the alienation of their spit but their belief in the overtures of redec ming [recorded min] merey- [mere- anecdotal] ANECDOTE OF a SrycER.-Signora [Saucer.-Signora] Grassini. [Assigning] the 37236 Italian singer, died a few months since at was distinguished not only for her musical talents, 04 also for her beauty and powers of theatrical One evening in 1810, she and Signor per formed together at the Tuileries, [Distilleries] and sang in Romee [Rome] and Juliet. At the admirable scene in the third 3 the Emperor Napoleon applauded vociferously. Talma, [Alma] the great tragedian, who was among the aucliemees [climes] wept with emotion. After the performance wis the emperor conferred the decoration of a high ordet [order] on Crescentini, [Crescent] and sent Grassini [Assigning] a scrap of pape [paper] on which was written, Good for 20,00 Napoleon. Twenty thousand francs said ome [one] her friends- the sum is a large one. It will ao as a dowry for one of my little nieces, replied a quietly. Indeed few persons were ever more g tender, and considerate towards their family - reat [rest] singer. Many years afterwards, when the a had crumbled into dust, carrying with it im [in] is ni among other things, the rich pension of Signora U her she happened to be at Bologna. There another of #8 nieces was for the first time presented to her. uns [us] request that she would do something for ber [be] 20 relative. The little girl was extremely pretty, but her friends thought, fitted for the stage, 8 ber [be] sings was a feeble contralto. Her aunt asked her '0 [C] a and when the timid voice had sounded a Dear child, said Grassini, [Assigning] embracing her, not want me to assist you. Those who called voice a contralto were ignorant of music. one of the finest sopranos in the world, excel me as asinger. [singer] Take courage, love your throat will win a shower of did not disappoint her aunts Bho [Bo] staf [staff] Liven nd eee [see] oa Grad