Huddersfield Chronicle (06/Jul/1850) - page 3

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THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1850. 3 - POETRY. the floor t counterchange the wince ELE [LEE] oe with dusk and bright; th all thy breadth and height eriDg [ridge] sycamore; ing down. ither [other] wandering 2 d your shadows fair, 1 the liberal air steam of town. por [or] often, y Arthur al k to And shook [C] Tae [Tea] dust and din and he saw; t an eye for all 7 ni in all our simple sports; iis [is] i Lim, [Lime] fresh from brawling courts and dusky purlieus of the law. jm in this retreat, led in ambrosial dark, cooler air, and mark winking through the heat. jmmant [meant] Jo drink th The landscape ; e brood of cares, saul [sail] re este [est] in morning dew, me st that round the garden flew, oT half the mellowing pears es, when all in circle drawn SS, m, heart and ear were fed im [in] as he lay and read on the lawn. bli [bi] About bi i To hear hi i The Tuscan poets all-golden afternoon or happy sister, sung, she brought the harp and flung 'A ballad to the brightening moon Nor Jess it pleased in livelier mooas, [moors] Bevond [Beyond] the bounding hill to stray, And preuk [Prick] the livelong summer day With banquet in t Whereat we gianced [gained] from theme to theme, piscussd [discussed] the books to love or hate, or touch'd the changes of the state, Or threaded some Socratic dream ; i i busy town tif [if] I praised the usy [us] town, ne loved to rail against it still, ; For ground in yonder social mill We rub each other's angles down. Orin the he distant woods; and merge, he said in form and loss The picturesque of man and man. We talked the stream beneath us ran, The wine-fiask [wine-Fisk] lying couched in moss, Or cont'd within the glooming wave ; And last, returning from afar, Before the crimson-circled star Had fallen into her father's grave. And brushing ankle-deep in flowers, We heard behind the woodbine veil The milk that bubbled in the pail, nd buzzings [buildings] of the honied [horned] hours. Fro Alfred Tena [Ten] yson's [son's] New Poem, In aFriik [Africa] Al J ae... FIRESIDE READINGS. pan LILLIAN . When one of the kings of France solicited M. Bou- [Boy- Boer] 'er, who Was 4 Protestant, to conform to the Roman (.tholic [Catholic] religion, promising him in return a co ; Sire, replied he, If I could be per- [Persia] w.betray my God for s marshale [Marshall] staff migitt [might] be induced to betray my king for a bribe of much less DererMINED [Determined] Patriotism OF A MINisTER.-An [Minister.-An] Em- [Emery] of China proposed making a tour through part of is dominions. One of his councillors opposed. it as at iat [at] time improper. The emperor in his heat drew aud [and] cried, pass the order for my journey instant, or I will strike off your head. The officer, the least emotion, took off his cap of state and nibe, [nine] and laying him down, said, your Majesty may trike for I cannot comply with what I know to be contrary tithe good of the empire. The emperor checked him- [him] gf and gave up the journey. ScRIPITRE [Scripture] AND THE CauRcH.-The [Church.-The] Scripture is the gun; the Church is the clock, whose hand points us to, and whose sound tells us the hours of the day. The sun we know to be sure, and regularly constant in his motion the clock as it may fall out, may go too fast or tov [to] slow. We are wont to look at, and listen to the clock, to knuw [knew] the time of the day but, where we find the variation sensible, to believe the sun against the clock. not the clock against the sun. As then, we would condemn him of much folly that should profess to trust the clock rather than the sun so we cannot but justly tax the miscredulity [credulity] of those who will rather trust to the Church than to the Scripture.- [Scripture] Bishop Hall. Gispox [Gospels] THE Historlay.-The [History.-The] ardent genius and pic- [pictorial] tonal eye of Gibbon rendered him an incomparable de- [senator] Ineator [Into] of events; and his powerful mind made him seize the general and characteristic features of society and manners, as they appear in different parts of the world, as well as the traits of individual greatness. His descriptions of the Roman empire in the zenith of its power, as it existed under the time of Augustus of its decline and long protracted old age, under Constantine and his successors on the Byzantine throne; of the manners of the pastoral nations, who, under different names, and for a succession of ages, pressed upon and at last overturned the Empire; of the Saracens, who, issuing from the lands of Arabia, with the Koran in one hand and the scimitar in the other, urged on their re- [restless] aistless [aisles] course, till they were arrested by the Atlantic ou the one side, and the Indian Ocean on the other; of the stern Crusaders. who, nursed amid the cloistered Suades [Shades] and castellated realms of Europe, struggled with that devastating horde when 'twas strongest, and ed it when 'twas wildest of the long agony, silent me and ultimate resurrection of the Eternal City ; the wea [we] notte [not] pictures, hicks to the end of ascinate [ascent] every arde [are] i inati [into] Alison's Essays. hai [hair] tien [ten] ee Errors Respective THE Toap.-The [Top.-The] toad treat animal, which has been most ungenerously Usliness [Business] man for, not contented with deriding its ona [on] he has associated it with all vile things, and oo, ae it, for its want of beauty and grace, to be- 4 of evil and he has, furthermore, en- [another] thar [that] i with 4 polson [poison] so intense, that Aélian [Allan] declares can-basilisk-like-slay by the very power of its Ge. Tt ic ' tise [ties] misfortune,' says Buffon, [Buffo] 'to re- [ref] Of hie oe objects and carrying out the spirit 1s 2 thee observation, he has loaded the poor toad coula [could] dic [Dick] epithet which disgust and misapprehension ow gure [sure] We have handled many toads, and we then to 1 they are not poisonous ugly we will grant eating but beautifully adapted to their office in seeping j md, moreover, personally useful to man in Ps ciao the insect legions which, even in this Dsitive [Sensitive] exit would, if unmolested, speedily become a they woul [would] at If gardeners knew their own interest, reptile whic [which] i. every means in their power encourage a sate, me devours their slugs, worms, and wood-lice, have pin te 4 tender plant from destruction. We kept in greenhouses or frames with the autase.-Chambers's ats.-Chambers's] Journal. Tur 0 the CRADLE.-The death of a little child is to ud bes [be] ie 8 heart like dew ona [on] plant from which a freshen 't perished. The plant lifts up its head in oth... [oh] to the morning light; so the gathers from the dark sorrow through as passed, a fresh brightening of her ud in fae [far] ns As she bends over the empty cradle, diving light ngs [ng] her sweet infant before her, a ray of but with hee [her] seal the cherub face. It is her son still, a heaven nc Of on his brow. She feels Gong fon. [on] the only atmosphere where her pre- [prettily] tlie [tie] would could unfold without spot or blemish, and Of hi. not recall the lost. But the anniversary of Uear [Year] Marne Seems to bring his spiritual presence like [C] indulges in that tender grief which ates Of Lite 7 Opiate in pain, all hard passages and ky ee he world to her is no longer filled with and hope in the future, so glorious with Joy; she has treasures of happiness unchastened heart never conceived. flowers with which she has decorated where her infant died, are oe brighter hopes now drawing on Lew Jerasa [Grass] thinks of the glory and beauty of k D af where the little foot will never find will sil [ail] the flowers to render a shoe necessary. Y the be wanted for the dear head reposing nd t is th, ore 3 kind Saviour. And she knows her one pas in that world of eternal bliss. She has iy use in that book-to her emphatically, ty' hich which] sc 4, 20 lying closed on the toilette ue Wty [Way] t fresh i Dentyas [Dents] Ney [Ne] dp, 1 daj [da] mae little children to ' r of such is the kingdom of Heaven. SCtOR's [Scott's] 'are . the gj teat 18 not only for the sick man, but ite [it] is often sens that the doctor comes. His pre er 800d for them as for the patient, and after hin, [in] yet more eagerly. How we have all jae [Jane] Wheele [Wheeler] in hee [her] 22 emotion the thrill of his mi ade [de] US feels Street, and at length at the door, Comfort We hang upon his words, and 8 t from a smile or two, if he can th. Seen th unshine sunshine] to lighten our darkness Who we is ho mother prying into his face, to know if ie lieg [ling] vn the sick infant that cannot speak, and is BOW bhe [he] 1... little frame battling with fever there into his eyes What thanks if there Band dares tt Grief and pain if he casts them wide Who je eric [rice] hope Or it is the house- [house he] he [C] the phyg [phys icken. Dicken] The terrified wife looks on. bay onies, [ones] wae [we] nas [as] his wrist, smothering fever eit [it] Plays and tt dren [den] have been called upon to doer, the wife CXne [Cane] ee talk. Over the patient in the wa stands ac fp ctant, [cant] the children unconscious, the death he m [in] he were fate, the dispenser of life tft [ft] Ps so for let the bationh [Libation] off this time the r s ons [on] Tespite [Despite] mi cruel mst [ms] be toa [to] mon how') F that i eeling [feeling] that he has given the wrong re- [Erie] ie yt a8 the ott [ot] have been possible to do better ; 2 4.) pathy [path] with survivors, if the case 'W lnmense [Linens] the delight of victory - Royal Danone says 700 ee before the . bacco), [back] when I i young, seeing a fine print, by one of the old malate cd & bn ly tchman [chan] lounging in a capacious arm chair Dlowing [Lowing] a cloud from his beloved pipe. -Underneath bien [been] motto. 'Gloria mundi [mind] fumis.' [fumes] I asked my er what it meant. 'Why,' said he, 'it has two meanings first, The glory of the world is smoke;' second, 'Smoking is the glory of the world.' Sontac [Contact] anp [an] 8 Durt.-The [Dirt.-The] presence of é ita [it] the Italian Theatre was fresh Stimulus for Maria's talent, and contributed to its pee fection. [section] Each time that the former obtained a brilliant triumph, Maria wept and exclaimed, Mon di Ma icu [ice wh snes [ones] she sing so well Then from those tears 1 be uty [duty] and sublimity of harmony, of which the public the benefit. It was the ardent desire of amateurs sing the duet in Tan- [distanced] credi. [credit] For a4 moment they shewed fear, hesitation; but at last they yieided, [yielded] and approached the piano, amidst the acclamations of all present. They both seemed agitated and disturbed, and, observant of each other, but presently the conclusion of the symphony fixed their attention, and the duet began. The enthusiasm their singing excited was so vivid and so equally divided that at the end of the duet, and in the midst of the ap- [applause] plause, [clause] they gazed at each other, bewildered, delighted, astonished, and by a spontaneous movement, an invo- [into- involuntary] luntary [voluntary] attraction, their hands and lips met, and a kiss of peace was given and received with all the sincerity and vivacity of youth. The scene was charming, and has assuredly not been forgotten by those who witnessed it.- Madame Malibran, [Membrane, per la Countess Merlin. PouBLic [Public] Opinton.-Let [Opinion.-Let] children be early taught to set a true and just value upon public opinion. Show them how the world has always treated its greatest men- [men] how it has stoned its prophets, crucified its Saviours, martyred its apostles. Show how fickle, how indis- [India- indiscriminating] criminating it is to this day-how ignorance speaks with the same confidence, or even with more than knowledge,-how the heights and depths of the greatest minds are measured at once by the conceit of the smallest. Show how hard it is for people to praise, how easy to blame. Call the attention of the young to the kind of criticisms current of both men and things in this much-dreaded society and let them say if they really seek excellence, whether they ought to value such criticism. When they have mastered any one subject, let them listen to the flippant, trivial, conceited, shallow judgments [judgment] of the world of their acquatntance [attendance] upon it, and let them learn from that to appreciate the worth of public opinion, and judge whether the desire of fame, based upon such a public opinion, is worth striving for, or ought much to influence their motives to action. To 'appreciate a great man, requires if not one as great, still a great man, and the judgments [judgment] of the world, therefore, must be either borrowed or er- [erroneous] roneous-more [onerous-more -more] frequently the latter, as self-conceit usually supplies any deficiency of talent,- [talent] Whatever nature has in worth denied, She gives in large recruits of needful pride. Upon whom does fame bestow her rewards Rarely upon those who most deserve them. Does conscience approve the judgment even of the most intimate friends with respect to our characters how then can we expect the world, or posterity, to do justice and praise or blame that is not discriminating or just, who would value The originators of useful reforms are generally persecuted, they who really work, and in the modest quiet of their studies gradually prepare the world for new truths, are unnoticed and neglected but he who becomes the mouth-piece of this public opinion, who has brains enough to appreciate, but not to origi- [origin- originate] nate, [ate] and who can talk, this is the man whom the world pays, and fame immortalises-Education of the Feelings, by Charles Bray. ANECDOTE OF THE DUKE oF WELLINcTON.-During [Wellington.-During] the campaign of the allied troops in 1815, a Parisian citizen who was returning from the country through the Champs Elysees, [Lessees] where troops were encamped, was robbed of his watch by a sergeant in the British army. Complaints were immediately made to the commanding officer, and the troops were paraded before the French- [Frenchman] man who was thus enabled to single out the offender. A court-martial was held and the criminal condemned to die on the following morning. As early as four o'clock the whole of the allied army was assembled in the Bois de Boulogne, near Paris, where the prisoner was to undergo his sentence. The charge upon which he had been tried, and convicted, was read aloud, and the unfortunate man prepared for the presence of an offended Maker. Not a murmur ran through the ranks. The justice of the decree was acknowledged by every soldier, and if the short lapse of time between the of- [offence] fence and its solemn expiation excited the feelings of terror, they were mingled with respect for the stern severity of theircommander. [their commander] The drums beat, and the black flag waved mournfully in the air. The ministers of justice had raised the engines of destruction-the fatal monosyllable fire was half ejaculated, when the Duke of Wellington rushed before their firelocks, [fireworks] and commanded a momentary pause whilst he addressed the prisoner as follows You have offended against the laws of God, of honour, and of virtue-the grave is open before you-in a fewshort [few short] moments your soul will have to appear before its offended Maker. Your prosecutor complains of your sentence. The man you have robbed would plead for your life, and is horror-struck at the rapidity of your judgment. You area soldier; you have been brave, and as report says, even until now you have been virtuous. Speak boldly In the face of Heaven, and as a soldier of an army devoted to virtue and good order, declare now your own feelings as to the justness of your sentence. General, (gaid [said] the man) retire and let my comrades do their duty; when a soldier forgets his honour life becomes disgraceful, and an immediate punishment is due as an example to the army-FirE. [army-Fire. You have spoke nobly, (said the duke with a tear in his eye,) you have saved your life-how can I destroy a repentant sinner whose words are of greater value to the troops than his death would be Soldiers, bear this lesson in mind, and may a sense of honour always deter you from infamy. The troops rent the air with huzzas -the criminal fell prostrate before the duke.-The word March, was given-he arose, and returned alive to those ranks which were to have witnessed his execution. Tue Hovse [House] Friy.-A [Fri.-A] fly on the wing is no less curious an object than one on foot; yet when do we trouble our heads about it, except.as a thing which troubles us The most obvious wonder of its flight is its variety of direction, most usually forwards, with its back like a bird; but on occasions backwards, with its back down- [downwards] wards, as when starting from the window, and alighting on the ceiling. Marvellous velocity is another of its characteristics. By fair comparison of sizes, what is the swiftness of a race-horse clearing his mile a minute to the speed of the fly cutting through her third of the same distance in the same time And what the speed of our steaming giants, the grand puffers of the age, compared with the swiftness of our tiny buzzers-of whom a monster train, scenting their game afar, may ever follow partridges and pheasants on the wings of steam in their last flight, as friendly offerings But, however, with their game the flies themselves would be most in 'keeping' on the atmospheric line-a principal agent in their flight, as well as in that of other insects, being the air. This enters from the breathing organs of their bodies in the nerves and muscles of their wings, from which arrangement their velocity depends, not alone on muscular power, but also on the state of the atmosphere. How does the fly buzz is another ques- [question] tion [ion] more easily asked than answered. With its wings, to be sure hastily replies one of our readers. With its wings, as they vibrate upon the air,' responds ano- [an- another] ther, [the] with a smile half of contempt half of complacency at his own more common measurement of natural philo- [Phil- philosophy] sophy. [Sophia] But how, then, let us ask, can the great dragon- [dragonfly] fly, and other similar broad-pinioned, rapid-flying in- [insects] sects, cut through the air with silent swiftness, while others go on buzzing when not upon the wing at all Rennie, who has already put this posing query, himself ascribes the sound partially to air, but to air as it plays on the edges of their wings at their origin, as with an olian olin] harp string,' or to the friction of some internal organ on the root of the wings' nervures. Lastly, how does the fly feed busy, curious fly, that drinks with me,' but does not 'drink as I his sole instrument for eating or drinking being his trunk or suck, the nar- [near- narrow] row pipe by means of which, when let down upon his dainties, he is enabled to imbibe as much as suits his capacity. This trunk may seem an instrument conve- [cone- convenient] nient [nine] enough when inserted into a saucer or sirup, [Syrup] or applied to the broken surface of an over-ripe blackberry, but we often see our sipper of sweets quite as busy on a solid lump of sugar, which we shall find, on close in- [inspection] spection, [section] growing 'small by degrees' under his attack. How, without grinders, does he accomplish the con- [consumption] sumption of such crystal condiment A magnifier will solve the difficulty, and show how the fly dissolves his rock, Hannibal fashion, by a diluent, a salivary fluid passing down through the same pipe, which returns the sugar melted into sirup.-LZpisodes [Syrup.-Supersedes] of Insect Life. THIERS' [THIS] OPINION OF THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.-The English army passed the Bidassoa [Bids] on the 7th of October, 1813, and Pampeluna [Pimples] surrendered on the 31st. [st] This was the most constant and most hated of Napoleon's enemies in arms on French soil, under the command of a general who at once revived that uniformity of success which Marlborough, Talbot, Henry V., and the Black Prince had already given to their country. There is no use in denying it; every circumstance considered, the Duke of Wellington was the greatest general whom the late wars brought forth for human contemplation; his mind was so admirably poised, notwithstanding the vivacity of his genius, that he was always equally ready and equally great on every occasion. He united the powerful conception of Napoleon to the steady judg- [judge- judgment] ment [men] of Moreau. Each of these mighty captains was, perhaps, in some degree, superior to Wellington in his peculiarity; Napoleon may have had more rapidity of view to devise a plan on the battle field, and change his whole order of battle, as he did at Morengo. [Moreno] Moreau may have understood better the management of a retreating army before an exulting enemy. But the exquisite apprehension and intelligence of Ar- [Arthur] thur [the] Wellesley served him in a moment, and took at once the conduct and the measures which the occa- [occur- occasion] sion required. Many of our countrymen have contested his genius but no man can deny to him the most canable [capable] judgment that ever shone forth in a great soldier. It is this admirable faculty, this discerning wisdom of the mind, which has misled all Europe as to his genius, in the same manner as it did two centuries ago in the case of the great Lord Bacon. Men do not expect to Bee in the same person the active and the passive spirit equally great; nor does nature usually bestow such opposite gifts on the same man. In N. apo- [po- Napoleon] leon a steady judgment and a patient endurance of amity were not the corcomitants [concomitant] of his impulsive genius and tremendous activity in war. Moreau had all this passive greatness. But the Duke of Wellington had only united the two gifts. Nay, more; the noble army he had so long commanded had gradually learnt to partake of the character of their leader. No soldiers in the world but the English could have stood those successive charges, that murderous artillery, which they 80 bravely bore at Waterloo. JuLy.-July [July.-July] is so called from Julius Cesar, the cele- [cell- celebrated] brated [rated] Roman general and historian, who invaded and conquered Britain, The dog-days now begin their course, and continue till the middle of August. The singular designation was given in consequence of Sirius, or the dog-star, rising and setting with the sun during this period. The advancement of knowledge has dissi- [dis- dissipated] pated [pate] the absurd notion formerly entertained that on these days the sea boils, wine turns sour, dogs go mad, the bile is increased and irritated, and all animals decline and languish. Sound philosophy ascribes effects to their true causes. Heat, and not the conjunc- [Cognac- conjunction] tion [ion] of planets, produces some of the effects now des- [described] cribed [cried] 3 the others are pure fictions. The heat of July 1s intense during the meridian heat animated nature seeks shelter or repose. Birds, exhausted and lan- [an- languishing] guishing, [finishing] secrete themselves in the woods; sheep repose beneath the lofty hedge horses crowd around the shady tree cows ruminate, as they stand in the cooling pond; swine revel in the mire; the insect tribes alone seem to rejoice and to maintain their acti- [act- activity] vity [city] during the fiery hour of noon. Evaporation pro- [proceeds] ceeds [Leeds] with increasing rapidity. The rivers are decreas- [decrease- decreasing] ing-the [the] brooks are dried up; the moisture of the earth, though exhaled, is not lost; attracted to the higher regions of the atmosphere, it is detained awhile to moderate the fierceness of the solar rays, and then deposited in the form of dew, or distilled in copious rain, which refreshes and preserves vegetation. CREAM OF PUNCH. LINES TO HENRY LORD BROUGHAM ON HAVING BEEN GOOD. How much more pleasant 'tis [is] to praise Than to rebuke or blame; We'd rather say, Well done than raise The cry of 'Fie, for shame For instance, now, when Henry's good It always gives us joy- [joy how] How much we wish he never would Act like a naughty boy And Henry has been good and brave, A check to try and put On Mawworms, [Maw worms] who, on Sunday, have Our letter-boxes shut. Thus to behave is prettier Than being, even in fun, Rude to a foreign Minister, Or rude to any one. THE Penny-Post-CaRRIER-PIGEON-SUNDAY-SOCIETY.- [Penny-Post-Carriers-PIGEON-SUNDAY-SOCIETY.- SOCIETY] A new society is about to be organised with the above title. Its object is to deliver parcels on a Sunday between neigh- [neighbouring] bouring [boring] towns. Ata [At] distance of every thirty miles there will be a fresh relay of pigeons. By this means a letter- [letter we] we mean a parcel-will be conveyed from London to Man- [Manchester] chester very much quicker than if it had been sent through the post. A pigeon will start every two hours,-thus en- [enabling] abling [bling] a person to send a letter and receive an answer on the same day. It is calculated that each pigeon can with the greatest safety carry twenty-four letters, the size of which will be limited by a scale and as some hundreds of pigeons would fly off at once, it is easily calculated how enormous the returns will be in the course of a day, for the number of pigeons would only be restricted by the number of letters. Pigeon-holes would be established at different parts of the metropolis for tae [tea] reception of letters,-when we say letters, of course it is understood we mean parcels. The only difference would be, that the letters would have to be strung round with coloured thread, for fear the post-office might cry out against an interference with its monopoly, and prosecute private individuals for deriving emolument from the execution of a duty which it refuses to carry out itself. We wish this new Carrier-Pigeon-Sunday Society every success. A JOKE FROM Mr. SPEAKER.-As the tellers on the Vote of Confidence division advanced to declare the num- [sum- numbers] bers, [bees] the Speaker-with doubtless a prophetic sense of the majority of 46-said, with a benignant smile at Ministers- [Ministers gentlemen] will be pleased to keep their places. THE Most LIBERAL MEASURE OF THE SESSION.-It is said, in defence of the very limited accommodation in the new House of Commons, that Mr. Barry, in return for certain interferences with his plans, made the mistake on purpose, and instead of measuring the bodies of 656 mem- [men- members] bers, [bees] simply took the measure of their intellect. Judged by this new standard of measurement, we are compelled to confess that not only is there plenty of accommodation in the new House, but that it is much too large for any pur- [our- purpose] pose to which the present Parliament can possibly devote it. LIBERAL PATRONAGE.-We are informed that Govern- [Government] ment [men] has, with the greatest liberality, granted Mr. Bricut [Brit] the use of Leicester Square for trying, on a small scale, the experiment of Cultivation of Cotton in India. AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE.-There was never such a thorough specimen of natural American Independence as was exhibited at the Botanical Gardens in the Regent's Park, by the celebrated American plants which were advertised to appear in full bloom, at least three weeks earlier than they condescended to show themselves. Everyone was asking a month ago, how it was that the American plants did not show according to promise, but they obstinately remained shut up in their buds, as if when looked for to blossom their reply had been If I do, 'm blowed. [lowed] SOMETHING VERY SURPRISING.-We cannot sufficiently express our surprise. There was a Protectionist Meeting at Salisbury lately followed by a disturbance. There was nothing so very surprising in that, for the one always follows the other. But Mr. FERRAND was present at the meeting, and yet his name does not appear amongst the speakers. We can only account for this extraordinary accident by supposing that the Hon. M.P. was actively engaged at the time pursuing his new vocation. Depend upon it, he was busy wool-gathering. Ex-Kinc [Ex-King] Hupson [Hudson] aT SUNDERLAND.-His late Majesty took the chair at Sunderland on the opening of the Docks. His health was drunk, and-with much emotion-he return- [returned] ed thanks. As the late potentate slowly rose, it is said he looked very like KEAN in Sir Giles Overreach, when he said- [said some] Some undone widow sits upon mine arm My sword to th' scabbard's glued by orphants' [orphans] tears Mr. Hupson, [Hudson] however, returned grateful acknowledg- [acknowledged- acknowledgments] ments. [rents] He said with overflowing heart. when he forgot Sutherland might his right hand forget its cunning If Mr. Hupson's [Hudson's] right hand be the hand with which he signed railway cheques, making things comfortable, the amount of cunning to be forgotten by that member must be pro- [prodigious] digious. [prodigious] PropER [Proper] NAMES FOR Liticants.- [Applicants.- Applicants] Last week there came before the Judical [Judicial] Committee of the Privy Council, an appeal from the Supreme Court of Judicature at Bombay, in an action to which the parties were DoLUBDass [Doubts] PEtT- [Petty- Pretenders] TENBERDASS [TENDERS] AND OTHERS v. RAMLOL [REMOVAL] THACKOORSEYDASS [THURSDAYS] AND OTHERS. The remarkably euphonious names of these Indian gentlemen may provoke a smile; but they ought also to suggest a reflection; namely the people who go to law are generally quite as much asses as DOLUBDAss, [Doubts] . TEMBERDASS, [TIMBERS] AND THACKOORSEYDASS. [THURSDAYS] THE ATTACK UPON THE QUEEN. At twelve o'clock, on Friday, the prisoner was brought in a cab from the police station to the home office, in charge of Mr. Superintendent Otway and Inspector Shall, of the C division. A large crowd of persons had gathered near the station during the morning and when the prisoner was brought out he was loudly hooted by the spectators. The Right Hon. Sir George Grey, home secretary, arrived at the home office at twelve o'clock, and was shortly joined by the Chancellor of the Ex- [Exchequer] chequer (Sir Charles Wood), the Military Secretary (Lord Fitzroy Somerset), the Attorney-General, Mr. George Cornewall [Cornwall] Lewis, M.P., and Mr. Waddington. The Under-Secretaries of State, with Mr. Hall, the chief police magistrate, and Mr. Burnaby, chief clerk of Bow-street police court, were also in attendance. The prisoner arrived at the home office at a quarter past twelve o'clock, and was conducted to an ante-room, where he remained for a few minutes pending the com- [completion] pletion [portion] of the arrangements for his examination. On entering the room, which contained several persons, the prisoner betrayed no emotion, but took his seat ona [on] chair to which he was directed by the superintendent. An opportunity was here afforded of closely inspecting his person and demeanour, which may be thus described. He is a person of very gentlemanly appearance, appa- [papa- apparently] rently [recently] a little over thirty years of age, of a light delicate complexion, and very light and soft brown hair. A premature baldness over the crown of his head gives him a somewhat more aged appearance than he would otherwise have. His features, which are rather prepos- [propose- prepossessing] sessing, [season] are set off by whiskers and mustachios, carefully arranged, and his forehead, which is well developed, is characterised by several horizontal wrinkles, and a cer- [er- certain] tain [train] peculiar twitching, indicative of restlessness of mind. He was dressed with peculiar neatness-almost approaching dandyism-in [dandy ism-in] a loose blue frock coat, a white double-breasted waistcoat, buttoned closely to the throat, a blue neckerchief, and a pair of Tweed trousers with boots buttoned half-way up the leg. The expres- [express- expression] sion of the prisoner's countenance appeared to the reporter to betray a feeling of surprise at the position in which he was placed, and a degree of anxiety as to the fate awaiting him. The half-averted gaze of the parties present did not appear in any way to disconcert him and when summoned before the authorities in the adjoining apartment, he took up his hat and walked to the door with a careless and somewhat lounging gait. When the prisoner was introduced, the charge taken at the police station was read over by Mr. Mayne, the chief commissioner of police, who, with Captain Hay, his co- commissioner, was in attendance. At this moment, Mr. 'Huddleston, barrister, instructed by Mr. Hardesty, the Solicitor, of Great Marlborough-street, who accompanied the learned gentleman, arrived at the home office, for the purpose of being present on behalf of the prisoner. The first witness examined was Colonel the Hon. Charles Grey. In reply to questions on the part of the Attorney- [Attorney general] general, the gallant colonel said he was one of her majesty's equerries, and in that capacity was in attendance upon the Queen, on the evening of Thursday last. Her ma- [Majesty] Jesty's [Jest's] carriage was in the act of leaving the court yard of Cambridge House about twenty minutes after six o'clock on the evening in question when witness, who was following it on horseback, observed a man strike a blow at her majesty with a small stick which he held in his hand. Before witness could get out of the gateway which was stopped up by the carriage, he saw Renwick, the Queen's sergeant footman, seize the man who had struck her majesty, and hold him until he was dragged away by the mob. That man was the prisoner of this fact he had no doubt whatever. The prisoner having been told by Mr. Hall that he was at liberty to ask the witness any questions, declined todo [too] so. Mr. Robert Renwick was next called, and examined by the Attor- [Actor- Attorney] ney-general [ne-general -general] in reply to whom he said that it was his duty to be in attendance upon her majesty as sergeant footman. He was seated in the rumble of the royal carriage, behind her majesty, on Thursday evening last, as she left Cambridge House. As the postilions were in the act of turning into the road a momentary pause took place, while the outriders were clearing the road for the Queen to pass, and at this instant a man who was standing at the extreme edge of the kerb-stone raised his arm and struck the Queen a sharp blow on the forehead with a small stick.-The Attorney-General here produced the stick taken from the prisoner-a small partridge cane, about two feet two inches long, with a curved hook for a handle, and a small brass fer- [ferrule] rule at the end-and inquired whether that was like the stick in question -Mr. Renwick. said it was-The Attorney-general Did you see the man who struck her majesty Mr. Renwick I did-The Attorney- [Attorney general] general Do you think the prisoner is that man Mr. Renwick I am certain he is. I have no question about it-The prisoner again declined asking the wit- [witness] ness any questions.-Sergeant Silver, of the A division was next examined he said he was on duty in Picca- [Pic- Piccadilly] dilly, about 20 minutes past six on Thursday evening, when he observed a crowd of persons near Cambridge House, and immediately afterwards heard a voice call out, The villain has struck the Queen. Witness ran to the spot, and found the prisoner in the hands of the mob, who were violently assaulting and ill-treating him. After some difficulty, and with the assistance of other constables, witness succeeded in rescuing the prisoner, and conveyed him to the police station. Witness took from the prisoner a small riding stick, which appeared to have been in use some time. The stick produced was the one in question-Samuel Cowling, of No. 8, Norwich-court, Fetter-lane, was next called He said he was in Piccadilly on Thursday evening, at a little after six o'clock, and formed one of the crowd waiting to see her majesty leave Cambridge House. The pri- [pro- prisoner] soner [sooner] was standing close to witness's right elbow, and gave him some annoyance by endeavouring to force himself in front of witness. When the royal carriage was in the act of passing from the court- [courtyard] yard into Piccadilly, witness saw the prisoner raise his hand and strike the Queen on the forehead with a small stick. Witness instantly caught hold of the pri- [pro- prisoner] soner's [sooner's] right arm, and called out loudly for the police, who came after a short interval and took the prisoner to the station house. Mr. Hall intimated that the prisoner would be brought up again at twelve o'clock on Friday next, when the witnesses were all ordered to be in attendance. The prisoner's committal was then made out, and placed in the hands of Mr. Otway, under -whose charge he was subsequently conveyed in a cab to the House of Detention, in Clerkenwell. Before leaving the Home Office, and while awaiting his committal, the prisoner wrote down a list of books which he requested he might be furnished with from his library. Among the books he wished for were, Guizot's History of Civilization, Palace of Architecture, etc. A large crowd awaited the prisoner's departure from the home office and when he was brought out the hissing and hooting on the part of the spectators were fearful. Scoundrel, rascal, and other similar ejaculations, resounded on every side, and it was with some diffi- [diff- difficulty] culty [guilty] that the police could protect him from the sum- [summary] mary [may] indignation of the people. Mr. Pate, sen., father of the prisoner, arrived in town on Friday afternoon, and waited upon the authorities in reference to his son's painful position. This gentle- [gentleman] man is highly respected in Cambridgeshire, for which county he filled the office of high sheriff only the year before last. The prisoner is not more than 30 years of age. He was educated at Norwich, in a school kept by the Rev. Mr. Currie, one of the clerical dignitaries of that city. It appears that before entering the army he had made a voyage to Malta, and it is said that his health suffered very much from the heat of the climate. While in custody at the Vine-street station, he recognised one of the inspectors, who is a member of a highly respect- [respectable] able family resident at Wisbeach. [Beach] In the course of conversation, the officer remarked, I wish to Heaven I had been at your right hand yesterday, and then this siould [should] not have happened. The prisoner replied, em- [emphatically] phatically, [emphatically] 'I wish to Heaven you had. He after- [afterwards] wards added, to the same officer, that he had felt very low for some time past. He made no allusion to the crime with which he stands charged, but rather ap- [appeared] peared [pared] anxious to avoid the subject. The prisoner has lodged for some time over Messrs. Fortunum [Fortune] and Ma- [Mason] son's premises, at the corner of Duke-street and Picca- [Pic- Piccadilly] dilly. The lady who has charge of the house describes him to have been of avery [very] absent turn of mind, and states that he would sit for hours at the window with- [without] out reading or occupation of any kind. His apart- [apartments] ments [rents] are very elegant, and the cap and sword belong- [belonging] ing to him when in the Hussars are suspended on one of the walls. His wardrobe is described as being most extensive and valuable, and the manner in which he kept it extremely orderly. It is stated that the pri- [pro- prisoner] soner [sooner] was in difficulties about two years and a-half ago, from which however the payment of his debts by his father relieved him. He has since more than once sought an increased allowance from his family. The prisoner is an He has a mother and two sisters living. The manner in which Pate made the attack has not yet been accurately described. The facts are as follow - The delinquent had stationed himself as nearly as pos- [post- possible] sible at the edge of the kerb-stone, on the left hand side of the egress gate of the court-yard of Cambridge House. When the outriders came out they were im- [in- immediately] mediately followed by the postillions [postilions] in charge of the royal carriage. A momentary pause took place while the outriders were clearing the road for the royal car- [carriage] riage, [ridge] and at this instant, her majesty being brought directly opposite to Pate, the fellowstruck [struck] her with very considerabie [considerable] violence in the manner before described. The blow caused her majesty to swerve on one side for an instant, and caused much alarm to the royal children, of whom three were in the iage [age] with her Majesty, his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, the Prince Alfred, and the Princess Alice. Mr. Renwick, the Queen's sergeant footman, who was sitting behind her majesty, observed Pate strike the blow, and, spring- [springing] ing forward, seized the fellow by the collar. The pos- [post- postilions] tillions [millions] looking round at the instant, while in the act of turning into the road, saw Renwick thus engaged, and pulled up their horses to a halt, which her majesty ob- [observing] serving, she immediately said, Go on Renwick; I am not hurt. The royal carriage then proceeded, as al- [already] ready stated, to Buckingham Palace. During this try- [trying] ing scene her majesty was ably supported by her lady- [lad yin] in-waiting, [waiting] the Viscountess Jocelyn (daughter of Lady Palmerston), who assisted to calm the fears of the young princes, and re-assured her royal mistress by her presence. SPIRIT OF THE PUBLIC JOURNALS. THE MINISTERIAL FOREIGN POLICY. (From the Times.) We are not surprised and we are not dissatisfied at the termination of the debate which has now subjected to a complete review the foreign policy of the British Government, for though the majority is probably just sufficient to enable Ministers to retain office without disgrace, they have received such a lesson on the con- [conduct] duct of the foreign relations of the Crown as the boldest of them will not readily forget. The leading men of every shade of opinion not immediately connected with the existing Administration came down to the House to condemn with all the weight of their eloquence and experience the whole of our foreign policy for the last four years. Sir James Graham, Mr. Gladstone, Sir Robert Peel, Sir Robert Inglis, Sir W. Molesworth, and Mr. Cobden were the chief organs of what Lord John Russell has stooped to designate as a foreign cabai [cab] whilst on the other side, with the exception of two or three expectant lawyers and such statesmen as Mr. Milnes and Mr. Osborne, not a single independent mem- [men- member] ber [be] of liberal principles cared to do more than pay to his party the reluctant tribute of his vote. The debate was on one side a powerful exposition of the true pinciples [principles] which have governed, and must still govern, the conduct of British statesmen, conducted without party concert or party objects, but dictated by an earnest regard to the character and interests of the country; on the other side it was a fierce party struggle, to which private opinions were unscrupulously sacrificed, and the question was carried not by a conviction of its truth, but by the dread of a general election, by the uncertainty attending the formation of a new Cabinet, and by the bugbear of a return to protective duties. With all these efforts a majority of 46 was obtained, in which number we discovered 33 members of the Government, and some 8 or 10 Protectionists, who voted for Lord Palmerston either from personai [personal] regard, or because, though they distrust Palmerston much, they dislike Peel and Graham more. The result, there- [therefore] fore, is, that the foreign policy of the Cabinet, already censured by a majority of 37 in the Lords, has escaped by a difference of 9 votes a similar condemnation by the joint authority of both houses, and that 264 mem- [men- members] bers [bees] of the House of Commons have recorded their deliberate vote against it. On both sides of the question this debate has done great honour to the spirit and ability of the House of Commons. It is true that when the real statesmen of England returned to the lists, the Protectionists and their leader shone in debate with very diminished glory ; but the searching analysis of Sir James Graham, the prodigious effort of Lord Palmerston, the unanswerable argument of Mr. Gladstone, the fervid declamation of Mr. Cockburn, the plain straightforward sense of Mr. Cobden, and the condensed judgment of Sir William Molesworth were each, in their way, worthy of the best days of British Parliamentary eloquence. ' ' For ourselves, we may be permitted to remark that we find in the concert of opinion which has thus been elicited by Mr. Roebuck's resolution from the most eminent and patriotic authorities of the nation a com- [complete] plete [plate] justification and confirmation of the course we have found it our duty to pursue. It isa [is] false and malignant libel on men whom it is easier to insult than to answer to impute to foreign views or foreign instiga- [against- instigation] tion [ion] that system of principles and opinions which con- [condemns] demns [dens] the motives of Lord Palmerston's past proceed- [proceedings] ings. Their real condemnation consists entirely and exclusively in the fact that those motives have been unworthy of English policy, and have not promoted English interests. They had in truth been condemned before by the no less unequivocal testimony of failure; for, as Mr. Gladstone wisely observed, in interfering in the affairs of a neighbouring state it is essential for our character that we should succeed. Failure, such as has attended Lord Palmerston's intrigues in Spain, his promises to Sicily, his projected conference on the affairs of Italy, does of itself demonstrate that such un- [undertakings] dertakings [undertaking] were lightly begun or insincerely prosecuted and that he risked a departure from the rules of inter- [international] national conduct for some object not essential to the interests of Great Britain. To compare such enterprises with their longwinded [longitude] correspondence and their ignoble conclusions, to Mr. Canning's manly, brilliant, and de- [decisive] cisive [decisive] resolutions, is to compare a halting parody with an heroic poem. ' ' ' ' Lord John Russell will not forget that his adminis- [admin- administration] tration [ration] has been placed in no small jeopardy and em- [embarrassment] barrassment [basement] by the foreign policy to which he has sometimes blindly and sometimes rashly assented; and he may be aware that the criticisms he has listened to within the last few days will also find their place in the lasting history of his Government. Even his more reckless colleague will not be anxious to repeat so doubtful and dangerous a trial of the temper of the country; and he must be perfectly aware that the majority of votes which has whitewashed his past aberrations is no criterion of the approval even of his acherents. [adherents] We are therefore not without hope that this castigation will produce results of lasting advantage, not only to the country but to the Ministry. We are quite ready to begin a new score without more reference to past miscarriages and offences than is absolutely necessary to account for the position in which we find ourselves; and we think the leading Ministers of the Crown will acknowledge that it is more than ever their duty and their interest to exercise a vigilent [violent] control over the correspondence of the Foreign-office, to re- [renounce] nounce [ounce] its unbecoming acerbity of tone, to labour in good faith and good spirits to improve the state of their relations with the rest of the world, and to efface past accusations, not only by a party vote, but by a substan- [subs tan- substantial] tial [trial] amendment of their conduct abroad. We hope that in attributing these intentions to them, we are not paying an unmerited compliment to their judgment, and that they may be wise enough to act upon some of the truths which have been pressed upon their notice by forbearing opponents or disinterested friends, for they may depend upon it, another such victory would be their ruin. (From the Daily News.) One advantage, at least, may result from the late de- [debate] bate, that people in general will direct more attention and interest towards our foreign relations, and that politicians in particular, seeing that the fate of parties may be made to hinge upon them, will find it advisable to master that part of state affairs, reflect upon and digest the knowledge connected with it, and thus come to the subject, not as most of them did last week, cram- [crammed] med for the nonce, and uttering the most inconsistent crudities, but with something like conscience and con- [conviction] viction, [fiction] and with the information requisite to forma [forms] judgment, not merely gathered up hastily, like pebbles from a high road, to pelt an obnoxious minister. ' What England requires, is, not a minister to bully, nor a minister to sneak, but a minister that will repre- [prepare- represent] sent the sentiments of the country, fearlessly avow them, and act upon them, so far as justice, fairness, and wisdom permit. There can be no sounder principle than that of non-intervention-not interfering in other people's affairs. If every European nation would ad- [admit] mit [it] of, and act upon, this principle, we should have an end of differences and war. But, unfortunately, other countries will interfere, and unfortunately the entire net work of law and treaties, as Europe is full, not only of excuses, but injunctions to interfere. We have gua- [gun- guaranteed] ranteed [guaranteed] Belgium, and we have guaranteed Portugal. The fiercest opponents of Lord Palmerston aver that we have guaranteed Schleswig [Schedules] to Denmark, and sum- [summon] mon the foreign secretary to go to war and send ships to enforce the guarantee. To establish non-intervention fairly and fully, we should re-model the written inter- [international] national law of Europe. We know of no better mode of explaining and illus- [illustrating] trating [rating] the doctrine of non-intervention than by con- [considering] sidering [considering] the policy of Earl Grey's administration. That statesman laid down more formally and solemnly than any man the principle of non-intervention-it is, in fact, his declaration that is universally invoked. His resolve was not to intervene himself. Perhaps his resolve was equally not to intervene even to prevent other inter- [interveners] veners. [veers] But did he declare this to Europe Far from it. It is well known that nothing prevented Prussia, backed by the two eastern powers, from intervening in favour of the King of Holland, but the attitude assumed by Lord Grey's administration in support of France. That attitude went to say to the great powers neither more nor less, than that if they intervened to crush Belgium and put down France, England might inter- [intervene] vene [even] to resist that attempt. It was the attitude of England and Lord Grey that prevented a European war. Was, however, this policy of Lord Grey, a strict and rigid following out of the principle of non-intervention Mr. Cobden lays it down as a rule, that we must not intervene in any case; and in order to prevent other powers from intervening to crush a liberal party, for example, or constitution, we have no other means at our disposal than to declare that we will not intervene. By thus setiing [setting] other powers a good example, he says, we will more effectually prevent their intervening than by any other mode. Now, with unfeigned respect for Mr. Cobden's general principles and opinions, we can- [cannot] not admit the sense or wisdom of such a political view. We would go his length so far, perhaps, as to say, that we should rarely, if ever, interfere. But we should strongly recommend a minister not to make too open and positive a declaration of such intention. Nothing preserves Turkey from Russia, Belgium from France, or Portugal from Spain, or indeed the entire south and west of Europe from the powers of the north and east, but the belief that in certain cases of wrong, of aggres- [acres- aggression] sion, of ambition, or tyrannical encroachment, the spirit and the power of England would be moved to interfere. Now, what we say is, don't remove that salutury [salutary] fear, which is one of the greatest safeguards of the freedom and independence of the nations of Europe. Weshould [We should] be delighted to see Mr. Cobden and Sir William Moles- [Molesworth] worth ministers. And we have no doubt the good they would work would be very great. But we should strongly recommend them not to rise up on the first day of their hold of office, and declare that in no case would they interfere or intercede in the affairs of Europe, and in no case would they entertain the idea or the possibility of war. We should fully approve of such intentions but the wisdom of declaring them we doubt. For we feel convinced that such a declaration from any English ministry would have the effect of letting loose the passions of conquest and ambition, which prevail in the breast of the most barbarous part of Europe, and with them would go forth unchecked the incalculable evils of rapine and of war. ' Sir Robert Peel's speech was one of the most remark- [remarkable] able he ever uttered on foreign policy. It was ex- [extremely] tremely [extremely] temperate, and in nothing illiberal, perhaps, save in its final vote. With most of its criticisms on parts of Lord Palmerston's policy we fully agree; but we thought those parts trivial, or irrelevant, when taken in comparison with the motive, the conduct, and the aim of the entire foreign policy of the administration. But the most important part of the debate appears to us to have been Lord John Russell's plain statement of his policy with respect to Russia. The British fleet, he said, was sent toe the Dardanelles to support the Sultan, in case Russia should have presisted [resisted] in her outrageous demands. Had Russia persisted, said the prime min- [minister] ister, [sister] we were prepared to stand the risk. These words are very simple, but, at the same time, unmistakeable. They will go through Europe, east and west. And they will go, moreover, with a vote of the House of Commons, passed immediately afterwards, ap- [approving] proving and backing them. Count Nesselrode may write as many notes, with as great an amount of inso- [inst- insolence] lence, [Lance] as he pleases. Here is his answer-and never answer came more opportune. Our readers will have perceived in our foreign intel- [intelligence] ligence [licence] the account of an insurrection against the Turks in Bulgaria. All letters from the Danube for the last twelvemonth have repeated that an insurrection was in preparation, that it was the next move of Russia against Turkey, and that it would infallibly break forth the in- [instant] stant [stand] that the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh [Petersburg] found a mo- [moment] ment [men] favourable. That mcment [moment] it did find, or thought it found, in the successful explosion of the conspiracy at Athens, in Paris, and in London-a conspiracy that was to oust Lord Palmerston, and to neutralise his power. We look upon this insurrection in Bulgaria to be as much a part of the plot, as the false report conveyed by the Times of Baron Gros [Gross] having told Mr. Wyse [Wise] of the coming convention, and of Mr. Wyse [Wise] having slighted his communication. All parts of this plot hung well together, and certainly it was most ingeniously contrived to hurt and humiliate this country. The humiliation was indeed denounced in the debate, as having forced the English government to accept the French condi- [condition- conditions] tions, [tins] which it had so recently spurned. If humilia- [hum ilia- humiliation] tion [ion] there was, however, who is to blame for it but the House of Lords, which sought to place this country at the foot of the foreigner, and which fortunately only i succeeded . thus affirming the existence and admiring the ingenuity of the plot, we must protest against its being ever supposed that such men as Sir Robert Peel or Mr. Cobden were privy to it. No one breathes such insinuation save themselves in repelling it. - WRECK OF THE ORION. From the Pimes. [Times] Several letters have appeared in our columns de'ail- [ailing] ing the circumstances connected with the wreck of the Orion. Indeed, the fortunate incidents of a bright night and a smooth sea proved the salvation of so many passengers who must otherwise have perished that the evidence elucidating the event is unusually copious. Generally, few are left to tell the tale of grief, and in the confusion attendant upon storm, darkness, and terror, the particulars of a catastrophe are imperfectly observed, ill-remembered, and incorrectly detailed. We know almost nothing of the circumstances which cost us the President, the Avenger, or the Conqueror; even the loss of the Great Britain appeared almost a mys- [mystery] tery, [try] but the Orion seems to have been sacrificed in calm weather, smooth water, and bright moonlight, ag if to show us how such things are done. She left Liverpool at half-past three p.m., well found, apparently well handled, and with every assurance of a most agreeable The extraordinary fineness of the weather tempted even the ladies to remain on deck till near midnight. The last gleams of sunset had scarcely vanished when the Mull of Galloway was passed, and as the vessel neared Portpatrick the morn- [morning] ing promised beautifully, the sea was without a ripple, and for more than an hour the land was in clear view of the man at the helm. Presently some banks of fog obscured the prospect for a moment, but almost before the officer in charge could conceive any alarm the ship was lost. She had struck full tilt on a rock, ripped open her bilge, rebounded from the shock, drifted a few yards with the tide, and was settling down by the stern in seven fathoms water, and within 100 yards of the shore. In the case of a sunken reef, an unknown crag, or a hidden shoal this account of a wreck would contain nothing very strange; but the rock which proved fatal to the Orion was perfectly well known, and, what is more, her course had been so shaped that, even if she had missed this obstacle, she must, in the very next minute, have gone crash among the rocks of the mainland. The very villagers of Port- [Portpatrick] patrick [Patrick] saw her danger before she struck, and cried out that she would be lost. In fact, her course was that of a man who throws himself flat on the line in front of an express train. The result was a matter of certainty. The term accident is altogether inapplicable to such an occurrence. Since, however, it is not probable that the owners of the Orion gave specific orders for the destruction of their vessel, or that her commander deliberately re- [resolved] solved on an act of professional immolation, it becomes important to ascertain what were the causes which operated with effects so exactly analogous to those of wilful and predetermined suicide. These, we have little doubt, are correctly indicated in a very perspicuous communication from the spot which we publish to-day. The cause seems to have been an over anxiety to hug the land, so as to escape the adverse tide and secure rapid passage. In other words, for the sake of saving half an hour, the ship and her living cargo were gra- [ga- gratuitously] tuitously [gratuitously] exposed to perils wholly independent of the ordinary dangers of the deep. With a good vessel, a vigilant commander, and a competent crew, the risks of a sea voyage from Liverpool to Glasgow on such a night as that of the 17th ult. were absolutely inappreciable. In fact, there was no greater hazard incurred than by a drive from Charing-cross to the Zoological-gardens in a Hansom's cab. The Orion created her own sea risks, and met the consequences. Against such temptations as those to which we refer a twofold security is presumed to reside-first, in the true interests of the proprietors and officers of the ves- [bes- vessel] sel; [se] and, secondly in the interests of the public. A hundred successful experiments could not compensate the company for the loss of aship. [ship] The captain, in evading or transgressing a seaman's duties, exposes his own life no less than those of his passengers; and it is not unnatural to argue that the conclusions of the pub- [public] lic [li] at large upon such catastrophes as these would soon make themselves substantially perceptible in the pecu- [Peru- pecuniary] niary [nary] receipts of the company incurring the blame. These considerations are usually felt, and sometimes alleged, whenever a proposal is made to msure [sure] the greater safety of voyagers by exemplary penalties or direct legislative interference. We admit that they seem weighty, if not conclusive; and yet, in practice, the presumed securities will be found of scarcely any force whatever. The vigilance of the proprietors is likely to be mate- [materially] rially [really] relaxed by the immunities derivable from the system of insurance but, without now insisting on this point, we may remark that their immediate interests often clash with their true interests. It is thought very desirable that their vessels should have a character for quick passages, and it is clearly expedient that the cargo should be as large as possible. To compass both these results in their fullest shape, a succession of risks is incessantly incurred. Hazardous tracks are taken to save half an hour, and the capacity of the vessel, rather than its capability, is taken to determine the limit of her load. As to the officers, when it comes to the last, life is doubtless as sweet to them as to others but long habit, frequent escapes, and a spirit of professional rivalry, beget in them a kind of insensate folly which is searcely [scarcely] credible. The feeling is not peculiar to sea captains it is traceable in employes [employed] of all descriptions, from the commander of a sea-going steamer down to the driver of a street cab. A Chelsea coachman will let thirty outsides scramble on the top of his crazy vehicle, and be all the better pleased for the crush. Our river steamers daily take cargoes more than twice as nume- [name- numerous] rous [sour] as they ought to carry. All dread of acecident [accident] absolutely vanishes when compared with the immediate prospect of netting half-a-crown more than usual. Nor are the public in general other than consenting parties to the practice. Except in rare instances no catastrophe teaches them wisdom. The repeated wrecks of emi- [mi- emigrant] grant ships have, indeed, diffused a most unfortunate repugnance to this expedient of relieving an over- [overburdened] burdened soil; but it really seems as if in this case alone people were more closely affected by what they heard than by what they saw. A calamity known only by report causes general terror and alarm, whereas a catastrophe at our very doors excites little more than a feverish curiosity. When the Cricket steamer had been blown up by Waterloo Bridge, every boat belong- [belonging] ing to the company was crowded to the water's edge for the next week, and the shattered wreck of the sunken vessel was actually considered an object of legitimate attraction. Practically, the care taken by people of their own lives cannot be reckoned as any safeguard at all. If a Greenwich steamer were just leaving London Bridge, so full that another passenger would sink her, twenty persons would be found ready to jump on her deck together, nor would the commander be likely to make much objection to the joke. Ww hat responsibility then can be devised to preclude this wanton exposure of life How are we to create mm proprietors and officers an interest strong enough to deter them from endangering every soul under their care for the sake of seven minutes and a half in a 15 hours' voyage, or 50 shillings in the balance of the day's account It can only be by stringent legislation and unsparing example. At present, we may really say, in general terms, that the paramount object of the com- [commander] mander [Marden] is not the safety of the vessel under his charge. In fact, he rarely gives a thought to this point. His care is how to make a quick passage, to outstrip some rival, and to render the whole speculation remunera- [remainder- remunerative] tive [tie] to his employers. He has no more idea of losing his vessel than a cabman [carman] of losing his wheel. What he looks to is a rapid drive and a heavy fare. It may be urged, perhaps, that if shipowners, seamen, and passengers, are all thus consenting parties to the risk, it is nobody's business to interfere but fools and idiots, not to mention women and children, have claims to public protection. We are fulfilling an ungracious duty in penning these remarks but it is a duty still. Lives are not to be sacrificed to folly or avarice without pro- [protest] test on the part of public censors or intervention on Bhs [BS part of authority. Even the Government of the United States has affixed heavy penalties on this variety of self-destruction and though the average annual loss of English lives is perhaps below a hundred, it is at any rate large enough to challenge the grave concern of a prudent and enlightened legislature. OF 4 BaLLon [Balloon] into THE THaMES.-On [Thames.-On] Saturda [Saturday] evening, his excellency the Nepaulese [Naples] ambassador (who, on the Saturday previous, was unable to be present at the ascent of the Nassau balloon) visited Vauxhall Gardens, accompanied by his brother and a very large suite, to wit- [witness] ness the ascent of Mr. Green and Mr. Rush, ey were received by Mr. Waddle, the lessee, and conducted to the firework-ground, where they inspected the aerial machine ; and shortly after their arrival, at a quarter to eight o'clock the ascent took place. The balloon rapidly attained a eat elevation, and took an easterly direction. The Nepaulese [Naples] visitors afterwards promenaded the gardens, attracting the attention of the crowd who were assembled and, having witnessed the whole of the entertainments, the fireworks, &c., and expressed their gratification, and retired. In the meantime, the balloon had made its way through the clouds towards Gravesend, beyond which place its descent was accompanied with imminent peril to the lives of the aeronauts. [aeronautic] At a quarter to nine o'clock, or thereabouts, it A gee. over that town, its course bei [be] directly eastward; but, from some cause or other whi [who] has not transpired, it afterwards descended in the river near the Jenkin buoy. A barge which was at a short dis- [distance] tance [lance] from the spot, made towards it the crew succeeded. in rescuing both Mr. Green and Mr. Rush from the balloo [balloon] which was rapidly floating down the river, The cutter Fly also proceeded to the rescue; and, havi [have] grappled the balloon, found it impossible to check its pro- [progress] gress [grass] until, by discharging muskets into it, they made then collapsed, and was vents for ve escape of the gas. It laced with the aeronauts [aeronautic] in th barg [bar] ravesend, [Gravesend] age it arrived about four on morning Green and Mr. Rush after to London. The first gen shortly tleman [gentleman] on the head and the balloon, ae probably from his on the surface of the water. -Zimca, [water. -Mica] i Sma [Ma] Suing over