Huddersfield Chronicle (03/Aug/1850) - page 7

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yp PARLIAMENT. al F LORDS. 6. . d Duncan M'Arthur eph eh] Hinde; am ischa' [such] oe JoseP [Joseph] and discharged. gt Pye bats OE IN BYDE [BYE] PARK. ieee sep [se] ES sntion [station] of the house to the e sot proPd [proud called the Atel [Ate] with reg vard [card] to an peor [per] the Atom 'in the Court of Chancery rope 2 be tion [ion] the erection of a building Pay BY int Exhibition 1n 1851. The noble at considerable length, and de- [Attorney] attorney-General as most un- [under] he had prevented the public because he knew that their op- [opium] vm in a court of law. WNE [WE] complained that Lord ard [ad] this question without giv- [give- give] jed [red] to him that the Attorney- [Administration] diseretion [discretion] which was ad- [aye] ye in anner [manner] which he believed mes 2 in eral [Earl] to the public. As, however, gsi [gs] bene [been] out to explain the matter in the eo. gfe [fe] ee 9 St) i si for the G re xsD [sd] arg [ag] t forw [for] fe had BMPS [BPS] oem [em] bg a Pere ce. BF, youl [you] nes [ne] exercised the oH pad DB the m [in] . c l 2 od E 2 7 Sey. [Se] ab ; powills [Pills] wepot [depot] necessary to say anything more ir we oi se then adjourned, after disposing of the iti [it] 1 ara in J of me das [as] pie July 29. jg on Monday night the Royal Assent ic to a vast number of bills. announced a message from jus [us] a wish to secure Marlborough-house Dales wien [wine] he shall have attamed [at tamed] the ce U, he message should be considered at House. adjourned, after disposing of some that ' east Ol the a tuen [turn] Tuesday, July 30. Board of Health Bill was read a second jon [on] of Le wd CARLISLE. e mon Lord LANSDOWNE, an address to the ae a6 Her Majesty's Message, expressing a arb [ab] ough [ought] House for the ce of Wales, - adopted. x ae Marquis of LANSDOWNE, the reso- [rose- recommend] Comnittee [Committee] of the 19th of July, em- [commendation] nendations [stationed] contained in the first and on the Parliament-office, Gentleman Usher of the Black Kod, [OD] His lordship stated that yovided [divided] for the full and adequate remu- [rem- remote] the officers of their lordships' house, but were sive [side] same TIME, with a due regard to economy. en adjourned. eral [Earl] at Gener [Gene] ore HOUSE OF COMMONS. Fridvy, [Friday] Jul 'Yy 26. ver [Rev] took the chair at twelve o'clock. ie wok the oaths and his seat for the city ot x ROTHSC [ROTHSCHILD] BILD [BOLD] CLAIMING HIS SEAT PERSON. eee [see] Sir R. H. Inglis presented a Bath against the admission of Jews into hich [which] was received with derisive cheers from id members, but with much applause by the quarter-ypast [quarter-past] twelve, Baron Rothschild pre- [Pref] ywif [wife] at tue bar, and advanced to the table 'jr, J. A. Smith and Mr. W. Page Wood, and ie sented [scented] his qualification, which was accepted, J geire [Gere] to be sworn upon the Old Testament. atthe [Arthur] reyuest [request] of the Speaker, the Baron with- [Withers] jis his] seat under the Speaker's gallery. He was ywards yards] in communication with several mem- [men- memory] ry Lord J ohu [oh] Russell. rose, and said, that ever since the house 4 Christian legislature, no man had ever presumed yehe [he] word Withuut [Without] offence) to offer to take his seat ing the sulaun [Sultan] oaths in the name of our Re- [rekindle] eqndudel [entitle] his speech by moving that Baron 'i. upon, presenting Limsclf [Himself] to take his seat, havi [have] dw he allowed to be sworn upon the Old Testa- [Taste- Estates] 'vie house refuse to alter the form of taking the a is excitement prevailed during the delivery of the ;- jgnune's [genuine's] speech. GENERAL, without expressing any opi- [pi- object] ject, [jet] noved [moved] that, as in the case of Mr. returned for Clare, Baron Rothschild be by himself, his counsel, or his agents, in caim [claim] to sit and vetein [vein] parliament, on taking ithe [the] Old Testament. 'yup contended that the amendment did not and said there was no need of the house dupon [upon] the question by counsel, because no ited [tied] by law from taking oaths upon the Old He should, therefore, vote both against the amendinent. [amendment] tak [take WoRTLEY [Whitley] said he had always supported the uof [of] Jews into parliament, but he protested against being taken by surprise or by storm. He would he debate be adjourned, wo give time for further avn, [an] Jy RUSSELL considered the proposal for an ad- [adult] ut reasonable and consistent with the character of Which ought not to decide a question of so much wihout [without] due deliberation. At the same time sume [sum] course ought to be taken in this uithat [that] of Mr. O'Connell, a course which would by prejudice Baron Rothschild. He hoped that due id le taken for deliberation, and a day fixed for sion which would be convenient to Baron 'JaMIy [Jamie] HALL strongly blamed the government e delay in the settlement of this question, and said the tatus [Titus] vi Lonlon [London] would no longer be trified [tried] with. 'i. AystEy [Aster] said the present parliament might not lu exlteuce [execute] next sexsion, [session] and if it were dissolved before Suz [Su] settled this question it would always be Hable [Able] ta the te of having neglected its duty. i. NEWDEGATE [NEWGATE] condenimed [condemned] the attempt to force on a extreuely [extremely] objectionable both in point of precedent icuracter accurate] He supported the adjournment of any con- [cons] (sv. upou [upon] the question till next session, as proposed by Russell on Menday. [Monday] air, USBURNE [OSBORNE] . ) res) BURNE in a rattling speech, warmly assailed the f Lord John Russell on this bill, as totally un- [anvils] flis [fis] character, and said if the Jews had not been body he would not have ventured upon such a Pcs. [Pc] an unlerstanding [understanding] had been entered into between ae and Mr. Walpole, to postpone the decision at ae WALPOLE said he had entered into no arrangement. iy na a sual [usual] BORNE, amidst loud cheers, urged the friends of tto [to] be drazved [derived] at the heels of an equivocating alent, lent] by cousenting [counting] vo further delay. Heasked [Asked] the k. bo he was empowered to administer the oath to ;. in the house, in the same way as the T, the courts of justice. ie oman ESKER, in reply, said that the result would not upon his answer, but he could not permit any alter- [alter] nw the mode of administering the oath without the We of the House, we RS was of opinion that all the oaths to be ti jy ai ought to be tendered to him together ; Foleo [Folio] Gone in the case of Mr. The Bl hone therefure, [therefore] ought to be discussed at once, ai amel [male] eee [see] with Lord J. Russell that it should be i Actos [Acts] one patti [part] seat time for consideration. the dy the wisest and best course was JF. Taesicep [Daisies] cat jan, [an] SESICER [SERVICE] sai [said] d, supposing the debate to be ad- [Dawes] wes [West] to understand whether the dis- [dis] ur the sty Upon the preliminary question as to the thor [tho] upon the Old Testament, severing it from the Bae [Be] eee [see] which he thought was involved in it. assigned a reason for his claim, the whole disenes [diseases] 4 have arisen, and therefore it would be better y tas [as] a whole, [C] HUME censured th vend CenSt [Cent] e Government for interposing an ery [very] ant Which prevented the decision of the preli- [peril- previously] Poul [Paul] 'ion. It that amendment were withdraw, he Mir. We 2 the adjournment. , Gil how aid he was authorized [authorised] by Baron de Roths- [Roth- Rothschild] bite ew behind the bar) to say that he had no desire (ii Tag, ot the bar as to his claim to be sworn upon the Th pment, payment] [C] Attorney he, thereupon withdrew his amend- [Grahame] GRAHAM tho ron [on] sed [se] br itself, asa' Rothschild te deci [DEC] ught [ought] the preliminary question should and strongly advised the friends of not to oppose an adjournment of the as of a grave judicial character. he withdrawn his motion for an . Alstey [Ulster] question was put; whereupon med. and ed that the debate upon that' question b be the discussion fell into some confusion, Hlth [Health] admirable made one after another and withdrawn, ited [tied] ty reer [refer] Ju gment [gent] and temper of the chair being Wotion Motion] of Loa [Lo] the eagerness of members. Ultimately, Cl Monday wt J Russell, that the debate be adjourned us, br o'clock, was carried, after two divi- [div- divide] Tre [Te] sitine [stone] majorities, At the ee Was protracted until near four o'clock. Lice g ene Sitting the house was ed in com- [coming] PP ly, but nothing of moment ensued in the dis- [diss] Which iS. Worn y, a THE Se TO BUILDINGS IN HYDE PARK. Attomey [Attorney] Gore. called attention to the proceedings of jr relative to the erection of 2h touch pate Proposed exhibition, which he attacked A 5 ae EY GENERAL said he had adopted the SUE OF his sole responsibility, without hr 0n the wwe. [we] with anybody, having entertained meyer [Meyer] et The signing of an information ia Was not a matter of form, but of ta ait [at] gettlemen [gentlemen] residing in question was at the relation of the park was cl the Property, and i Heri [Her] so far e a Om) . any royal oods [goods] and Forests, could erect build- [Baltic] ticle [tile] the nish [ish] park, he had not the slightest doubt, ie the tests of the panne [pane] iduals [ideals] pra [par] not interfered with. wi i were of two species. O i were ene the Commissioners of Woods and Forests, & fites sites] and tenis [tennis] actof [act] parliament, and, by contract, hy 4 Fund. ny. Crown lands were paid into the Con- [Con the] the roy [oy] [C] other affected the recreation of the Wrap Med upon the Parks, which, asa mere legal point, Common la ve and p of the Crown. ere tient [tent] Un the pr in the whole of the public to have ead [ad] to 3, and a custom could community. Ifa [If] right was resident in London and ear; the Crown had the fee- [feed] d could do what it thought fit as Its power was restrained by acts give to the subject, it had a) cas [as] but to obtai [obtain] any we EF whl [who] they bleed eu Wi to afford Pormitied [Permitted] sucha [such] tom euch [such] a If so, an Attorney. use of his name would forfeit in Hyde-park. The right of hat the Crown, with the concurrence of the courts of his duty to the Crown and use th i i anne eatimaten [intimate] sot a committee of supply upon th. om ee the ils [is] of military finan [final] zon [on] 8 facetious speech from M H me Y, a the yeomanry vote e house reg t mmi [mi] supply Was received and os a oon [on] its wane nae a a onal [only] the re; ing business te ing ben [C] Rouse adjourned at two until Monday, July 29, ARON ROTHSCHILD CLAIMING HIS SEAT, at the mo sary, [say] whether he was ae Sotho question would be neces. [NeWS] Mr. OsBorNE [Osborne] hoped the Baron would not answer such a question, which raise i of abjuration. would the other point as to the oath The CHANCELLOR of the Speaker why he form. Sir J. Granam [Graham] j proposed that no Baton through oe chair that every question be put on and seconded and carried before it be Lord J. concurred in thi [the] in this propositi [proposed] tho te, ee a oe Excuequen [Exchequer] When that London having 2 One ot the members of the city of to be sworn on the Old T ment, [men] be called to the table d why he to be sworn in that fone [one] the S ' motion being agreed to the Baron de Ro i was sat and, appearing at the table, to the atin tin] Swearing which I bomen [omen] dine tere [tree] form of Science. He then retired, most binding upon my con- [con after] After some further discussion upon poi points of form at. Worttey, [Worthy] after observing that he thought the ends of Baron de Rothschild were taking an injudicious said what the house really wanted to know was er he came to the table with a bona Jide [Side] intention of question be put to the take these oaths. Sir G. GREY objected to this course, which i both the questions; he thought it Fe ee OD pre x a question Sets ug better to decide the e house ins divi [div] negatived by ligt [light] y ided, [died] and Mr. Wortley's motion was ey question being then put, r, HUME moved as an amendm [amend] Rothschild having presented himeclt' [hamlet] a ee arm de having requested to be sworn on the Old Testament, de- [Dearing] faring hag frm [from] 3 be most binding on this conscience, er ec to sw i ingly. [ingle] ear him on the Old Testament er 4 3 said, this was a Se argued calmly and dispassionately. He thought Sir R. Inglis's original resolution was objectionable. there was no necessity for a resolution in affirmance [performance] of the practice of the house; it was for the other party to show that what was proposed could be lawfully done. He re- [recommended] commended that the motion should be withdrawn, and Mr. Hume's amendment discussed as a substantive motion. It was Impossible, in his opinion, to seperate [separate] the two questions When a member came to the table to be sworn all the oaths were tendered to him together. The question, taking it as one, did not depend upon the usage of parliament but upon the law of the land, and he contended that, ac- [according] cording to existing statutes, a member of that house could not be sworn on the Old Testament although that form was binding upon his conscience. Sir Frederick then passed in historical review the laws passed on the subject of parliamentary oaths since the 5th of Elizabeth, the first act requiring an oath to be taken by a member of parliament, and contended that the new oaths of allegiance and supremacy prescribed by the Ist [Its] of Wil- [William] liam and Mary were, by the construction of that act, required to be taken on the Holy Evangelists. He denied the doctiine [doctrine] of Mr. Wood, that Jews were admissible to parliament between the Ist [Its] and 13th of William III. The act of the 13th and 14th of that king introduced the oath of abjuration, containing the words, On the true faith of a Christian; and from that time to the first of George I. there had been no substantial alteration in the form of the oath; so that by the statute law all three oaths must be taken in the Christian form. This was the clear result of the first George I., taken in conjunction with the other statutes, and the contemporanea [contemporary] expositio [exposition] confirmed this construction. If so, no authority short of an act of the legislature could change the form of a promissory oath or oath of office. Great stress had been laid upon the act Ist [Its] and 2nd Victoria, chap. 105, but it had not the bearing contended for; it was a declaratory act to affirm the law as it no doubt existed; and an affirmative statute, decla- [declare- declaratory] ratory [oratory] of the law, had no repeating operation on the com- [common] mon or statute law. Baron de Rothschild, as a Jew, could not take the oath of abjuration as it stood; the house had no authority to strike out the words, On the true faith of a Christian; co uently [until] it was impossible that the oath could be administered to the Baron in the form he required. Lord J. RUSSELL concurred with Sir F. Thesiger, [These] that this question ought to be treated as a strictly judicial ques- [question] tion. [ion] The electors of London having returned the Baron de Rothschild to this house, it was due to them, and to the whole body ofelectors [of electors] ofthe [of the] United Kingdom, that nothing but a positive obstruction, of law should induce the house to exclude him from his seat, and that in the absence of any positive obstruction. they ste ld afford him every facility. He believed that the ancient practice of 'the legis- [legs- legislature] lature [nature] did not prescribe oaths to its members, and he doubted the policy of such oaths, which, while they entangled consciences, provided no security for right legis- [legs- legislation] lation. [nation] The Baron had offered to take the oath in an unusual form, and there was no precedent for the reception or the refusal of sucha [such] form. Then he went to usage in the courts of law, and he found, from the high authority of Lord Hardwicke, citing Lord Hale, that a Jew, sworn on the Holy Evangelists, might be indicted for perjury, the Old Testament being the Evangelism of the Jew. There were two circumstances material to this question-first, if the Ist [Its] George I. repealed the acts requiring the oaths of allegiance and supremacy to be taken on the Holy Evange- [Evans- Evangelists] lists, there was no act in existence binding the house to administer these oaths on the New Testament secondly, from the Ist [Its] to the 13th of William III., there existed no oath directly excluding Jews from the legislature. Sir F. Thesiger [These] had argued that these oaths had always been taken in the Christian form and that it was so by positive statute but he had failed to make this out; all that he had shown was that it had been the custom so to take them, but unless some statute could be pointed out he did not-think the house should insist upon a form which excluded a gentleman duly elected. The question was, whether the house should allow the Baron to say what oaths he was ready to take with respect to the words 'on the true faith of a Christian in the oath of abjuration. Some said they were not of the essence of the oath; but he did not think it was in the power of the house to dispense with the words, and he should be compelled to vote against omitting them. Although he was in favour of the admis- [Adams- admission] sion of Jews into that house and of abolishing this remnant of a persecuting spirit, if the Baron could not take his seat as the oath stood at present, no opinion in favour of the Baron's claim should, he thought, induce the house to take a step which might be attended with serious evils. If per- [perfectly] fectly [perfectly] convinced that he was right, he should not fear any consequence of a collision with the courts of law; but if not acting according to law, the house would be really exercis- [exercise- exercising] ing a dispensing power. He was of opinion that Baron de Rothschild should be allowed to be sworn on the Old Testa- [Taste- Testament] ment, [men] but he was not willing to alter the terms of the oath of abjuration without the authority of an act of parliament. Sir R. InGLis [English] acknowledged the moral courage and pru- [pr- prudence] dence [dene] of the speech of the noble lord. As the Baron, when he took the oaths, must hold all three in his hand, no ad- [advantage] vantage could be gained by permitting him to come to the table when he was prepared to take only two. At three o'clock, on the motion of Sir G, Grey, the debate was adjourned until five o'clock, at which hour it was resumed by . Mr. AnsTEY, [Anstey] who replied to Sir F. THEsIcER, [These] and strongly condemned the proceedings of Lord J. Russell. Mr. Woop [Wool] observed that his general proposition, that all oaths should be administered in the manner most binding on the conscience, had not been controverted, and he con- [contended] tended that this rule applied to oaths of office, as well as to juridicial [judicial] oaths, in countries. The act 1st and 2nd Victoria destroyed all the argument of Sir F. Thesiger [These] upon this point, since it included all cases, and expressly men- [mentioned] tioned [toned] on appointment to any office or oneal. [alone] The 30th les [le] II. made no mention of the Holy Evan- [Evangelists] gelists, [lists] and the 1st William and Mary abrogated the oaths required by the acts of Elizabeth and James. He pur- [our- purposely] posely [Paisley] avoided the question respecting the oath of abjura- [Jura- abjuration] tion. [ion] Mr. S. WorTLEY [Whitley] should vote t the amendment, on wast judicial question the ground that, according to the practice of parliament and dhe [he] information contained in the journals, all the oaths should be combined as it must be inferred from what had been stated by Baron de Rothschild that he was not of the Christian persuasion, there was a manifest absurdity in allowing him to take two of the oaths when it was known that at the next step the door must be shut upon him. The motion of Sir R. having been by gonsent [consent] negatived, a division took place upon Mr. Hume's amend- [amendment] ment, [men] which was carried by 113 against 59. It being then too late to administer the oaths the matter stood over until Tuesday at twelve o'clock. The Mercantile Marine Bill was then read a third time and, with further amendments, passed. ; The house then went ants the Gases s Message respecting the settlement of Marlborough-house upon the Prince of Wales, when the resolution was agreed to, a motion by Mr. Hume, that the Chairman report pro- [progress] gress, [grass] being negatived by 68 to 46. A motion by Colonel SisTHoRP [Sister] for an address to the Crown to direct the Attorney-General to sanction an infor- [inform- information] mation [nation] for an injunction restricting the erection of build- [buildings] ings in Hyd [Had] park; was negatived. - The house then went into committee of supply upon the navy estimates, and afterwards upon the commissariat estimates, and civil contingencies, when various votes were agreed to. . 'The Chairman reported progress to sit again on Thurs- [Thursday] day. Certain bills were advanced a stage. . The Fees (Court of Chancery) Bill and the Collection of Fines (Ireland) Bill were wi wn. . The remaining business having been disposed of the house adjourned at a quarter to two o'clock. Tuesday, July 30. BARON ROTHSCHILD'S SEAT. read the resolution agreed to on the pre- [prey] y, directing the Clerk to swear the Baron de Roths- [Roth- Rothschild] child on the Old Testament. . The Baron appeared at the table, introduced, as before, the i ithe [the] House of Commons and deserve the cen. [cent] eee [see] THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1850. 7 by Mr. Wood and Mr. J. A. Smi [Mi] dar [Dr] A. Smith, and, with the Old Testament in his hand, took the onthe [other] of allegiance and 7 emacy, [macy] reading the words audibly and distinctly after ne Cen [Cent] 2 utting [cutting] on his hat when he pressed ie be iis [is] lips. the same manner, he followed the erk [er] in reading the oath of abjuration until he cameto [comet] the on this ue oth [oh] of Christian, when he said 4 ord's as not being binding on my conscience, and Passing quickly on, read 'So help me God, kissing The Speaker desired the B i tired amit [admit] cries of anon to withdraw, and he re- T. UME, [ME] rising, as he said, to order, observed that th for the City of London had taken the oaths in the orm [or] which he declared to be most binding on his con- [Condon] dot as by Hie vote of the previous night the house had f ee obliged a night to do; and objected to his being The SPEAKER said, as the hon. member declined to'repeat certain words of the oath as prescribed by Act of Parlia- [Parliament- Parliament] ment, [men] he had directed him to withdraw until he had ascer- [ace- ascertained] tained [gained] the pleasure of the house. Sir F. THEsIGER [These] moved that Baron de Rothschild, one of oe members returned by the City of London, having re- [red] d to take one of the oaths prescribed by law to be taken by a member, a new writ be issued for the election of a member for the City of London in his stead. Mr. Woop [Wool] said, this was a question which concerned not only the privileges of that house, but the interests of the country at large, and the rights of the electors of the United Kingdom. The house was not called upon to take an active part, asin [sin] Mr. Pease's case; the oath here had been duly taken, and whether taken or not the seat was full, The oaths were divided into two distinct classes. By the 30th of Charles II., s. 2, penalties were attached to sitting and voting in that house without taking the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. The Ist [Its] of William and Mary, ec. 1, altered their form, and regulated the penalties by reference to the act of Charles. The penalties for not taking these oaths were that the party would be deemed a popish recusant convict, and would be disabled from sittin [sitting] in the house. The oath of abjuration was first introduced by the 13th of William III., 6; the penalty attached to not taking it was that the party should be adjudged a popish recusant convict, and disabled from holding any office, and from thenceforth sitting or voting in par- [parliament] liament. [Parliament] The oath of abjuration was altered by the Ist [Its] of George I., 13, enacting a new penalty, virtually repeal- [repealing] ing the parliamentary disability. Baron de Rothschild, therefore, though he might be subject to other penalties, was not disabled from sitting and voting by reason of not having taken the oath of abjuration. The motion of Sir F. Thesiger [These] was founded upon the assumption that the words omitted by the Baron were a part of the oath, and not words of adjuration merely. He (Mr. Page Wood) had shown, the day before, that according to jurists of all countries, the question in such cases was only whe- [the- whether] ther [the] an oath was taken with solemnities which bound the party. In the case of Quakers, the omission of these words in their affirmation showed that they were not a part of the oath-not a part of what the person swore to, but what he swore by. In Mr. Pease's case, a totally new form of oath was prepared for him, the house having re- [resolved] solved that he might take his seat upon making his solemn affirmation to the effect of the oaths directed to be taken at the table and he was allowed to make his affirmation without the words upon the true faith of a Christian. Baron de Rothsc [Rothschild i'd hai [hair] done all that he did and something more. Mr, Wood then combated the arguments against his view of the question, observing that the oath of abjura- [Jura- abjuration] tion [ion] was altered. mutates mutandis, [stands] according to the nature and reason of the thing, which in this instance required that in swearing a Jew the words upon the true faith of a Christian must be omitted. It was argued that legislative acts must be got rid of Jews to take the oath without those words, but in Mr. Pease's case the house had acted upon general principles, without an act of parliament it was now called upon to exclude a gentleman, whose right to a seat was not disputed on any other ground, upon the narrowest technicality. The great question for the house to decide was, had the Crown sufficient protection, and the practice of the courts of law had settled that by the oath, as Baron de Rothschild was willing to take it, the Crown was sufficiently protected. Mr. Wood concludedavery [concluded] effective speech, which the Attorney-General declared to be one of the ablest arguments he had ever heard, by mov- [move- moving] ing, as an amendment, that the seat was full. The ATTORNEY-GENERAL said he had on every occasion voted for the admission of Jews into that house, and still wished for their admission but he was bound, on this occasion, to dismiss all individual feelings, the functions of the house on this question being of a purely judicial cha- [ca- character] racter. [Carter] Assuming Sir F. Thesiger's [These's] view of the case to be correct, he doubted whether the course he proposed, of issuing a new writ, was the right one. In Mr. O'Connell's case, he had refused to take the oath of supremacy, and upon his refusal a new writ was issued. Baron de Roths- [Roth- Rothschild] child had not refused to take the oath, and it might be proper to ask him whether he would take it in any other form before a new writ issued. With regard to the ques- [question] tion [ion] itself, he had considerable difficulty in coming toa [to] con- [conclusion] clusion, [conclusion] which was a painful one but if he were sitting as a judge, sworn to decide justly between pariies, [parties] he could not say that the Baron had taken the oath of abjuration. The able legal argument of Mr. Wood had failed to produce the same effect upon his mind as upon his own. His argu- [argue- argument] ment [men] amounted to this-that the part of the oath objected to was not a substantial part that the words So help me God were synonymous with upon the true faith of a Christian, and that, therefore, the house might dis- [dispense] pense [sense] with the latter words, and strike them out. He could not come to such a conclusion as that, where an act of parliament had prescribed a form of an oath which members were bound to take, that house was at liberty to vary its terms, especially when the legislature had itself indicated that the words proposed to be omitted were of the substance and body of the oath. In Mr. Pease's case he was known to be a Christian if he had been required to affirm that he was so, he would have had no difficulty in making the affirmation but when an affirmation was substituted for an oath, it was n to exclude all words of an adjuratory [oratory] character. Even were the case of Mr. Pease conclusive, which he denied, a bad precedent would not justify that house in dispensing with an act of parliament. The statute of Victoria contained nothing which required or enabled the house to administer an oath contrary to law tt merely exempted a party from penalties when he had taken the oath in a particular form. The proper course in the case of an oath of this description, was to remove it by act of parliament that house had not the power of saying, this is a useless oath, therefore let us dispense with it, which would be an assumption of an absolute dispensing power. Speaking in a judicial capicity, [capacity] he could not in his conscience say that Baron de Rothschild had taken this oath in the form prescribed by an act of parliament, and that he was entitled to take his seat. Mir. ANSTEY asked why, if this was a judicial question, it had been prejudged, and made a cabinet question; and he contended that the Attorney-General had not attempted to reply to the unanswerable speech of Mr. Wood. Mr. HuME [Home] wished to know by what law Baron de Roths- [Roth- Rothschild] child was liable to forfeit his seat for not taking this oath. If he sat and voted, he would be liable to penalties, but could not be expelled. The ATTORNEY-GENERAL replied, that in his opinion the statute of William I, which inflicted disability, had not been repealed. .. Mr. V. SMITH, referring to the conflict of legal opinions, considered that the house should have time to consider the real state of the law. Sir G. GREY was of the same opinion. Mr. DIsRAELI [Disraeli] was likewise of opinion that as the question seemed to be limited to the fact whether an act of parlia- [Parliament- parliament] ment [men] had been repealed or not, time should be allowed to consider it. wee After some further discussion the house divided upon Mr. Wood's amendment, which was negatived by 221 to 117. The original motion was thennegatived [then negatived] without adivision. [division] A conversation rather than a discussion now took place respecting the ulterior course of proceeding, and it was ul- [ultimately] timately [ultimately] decided that the matter should stand over until Thursday at 12 o'clock, in order that the Attorney-General, in conjunction with the Government, might prepare a reso- [rose- resolution] lution [Lotion] to be submitted to the house, to be discussed on Monday. The comming coming] sitting was protracted until half-past four . PARLIAMENTARY VOTERS (IRELAND) BILL. At the evening sitting, on the motion for the considera- [consider- consideration] tion [ion] of the lords' amendments on this bill, at half- [half six] six the house re-assembled, when, on the order for the con- [consideration] sideration [side ration] of the lords' amendments of the Parliamentary Voters, &c. (Ireland) Bill, Lord J. RUSSELL said, the first question upon these amendments was as to the alteration made in the amount of rating, from 8 to 15, which would reduce the number of electors from 264,000 to 144,000. This appeared to him a very serious alteration, and he pro to substitute 12 for 15, which would give 172,000 electo [elect Another alteration, to which he attached greater importance, af- [affected] fected [effected] the principle of the bill, which instead of requiring a claim for registration, had proposed that the rate-book he should be a self-acting register. He moved to disagree with that alteration altogether. The other amendments he did not object to. Mr. GASKELL supported the amendments of the lords, and moved that the amount be 15 instead of 12. Several Irish members approved of the course proposed by Lord J. Russell. Mr. Moore spoke strongly the amendments of the Lords, and against the conduct of the government in respect to this measure. . r. BRicHT, [Bright] with much vivacity, attacked the first minister, whom he accused of undue deference to the other house. Lord J. RussEtL [Russell] defended hemself [himself] with animation, an charged Mr. Bright in apparently desiring one absolute democratic assembly, suffering no barrier to its will, and no opposition to its decrees, to which all estates and constituted bodies were to bow. The sum of good en. joyed under our present system, he observed, was so great, our institutions were so valuable, and their fruits so pre- [precious] cious, [sous] compared with other forms of government, that he was not willing to change our present constitution for any scheme which Mr. Bright might propose. Lord John referred to the policy he had pursu [purse] in various public measures, to show that great good might be effected by concession and compromise, instead of bluntly saying, Here is my measure I will listen to no change, and rather run the risk of a collision between the two houses of parliament. In the present case the bill wasa [was] practi [practice] ood, [od] and if, as altered, it did not content the people of land, it would not prevent a further extension of the franchise. Mr. M'CuLLaGH [M'Cull] strenuously opposed the Lords' amend- [amendments] ments, [rents] as well as the proposition of the government, which was supported by Mr. M. O'Connell and Mr. Sheil. [Sheik] Mr. DISRAELI, in the course of some observations upon the measure, charged the Lord President of the Council in the other house with giving the bill a stab in the back. Sir G. Grey defended Lord Lansdowne, whose con- [conduct] duct with reference to this bill, he said, had been misrepre- [misery- represent] sen Upon a division, the propositions of Lord J. Russell were affirmed by mia [mi orities. [territories] The report upon the Queen's message was agreed to after some and a division called for by Mr. Hume. The postponed resolution of the Committee of Supply underwent a short debate, initiated by Colonel Dunne. The Municipal rations (Ireland) Bill was read a second time, after an ineffectual attempt by Mr. Reynolds to ne the stage. . ining [dining] business having been disposed of, the remaining house adjourned at one o'clock. LARGE AND INFLUENTIAL MEETING FORERECTING [For erecting] A MONUMENT TO SIR ROBERT PEEL IN LEEDS. On Monday last, noon, a large and enthusiastic meeting was held in jhe [the] Court-house, Leeds, the Mayor (Joseph Bateson, Esq) in the chair, for the purpose of obtaining an expressijn [expression] of public feeling as to the pro- [propriety] priety [pretty] of erecting a monument to the memory of the late Sir Robert Pee, The meeting was convened in accordance with a reuisition [requisition] to the Mayor, signed by 280 of the leading frms, [arms] gentry, and tradespeople of the borough, and waj [was] called for twelve o'clock at noon. Shortly after that har the hall was well filled, and during the meeting tepeated [repeated] calls were made for an adjournment, in consjquence [consequence] of numbers being unable to obtain admission. At time one there would not be less than 700 or 800 ersons [persons] present. The proceedings were characterised br the greatest unanimity and en- [enthusiasm] thusiasm. [enthusiasm] On the jlatform [platform] we observed the Mayor (Joseph Bateson, Esq), W. Beckett, Esq., M.P., John Gott, Esq., George Hide, Esq., George Goodman, Esq., the Rev. G. Armfield the Rev. W. Sinclair, and a great number of the priwipal [principal] gentlemen of the borough. J. G. Marshall, Ey., M.P., was unavoidably absent owing to the seriousillness [serious illness] of one of his family. On the motion of Beckett, Esq., M.P., seconded by GEorgs [George] Esq., The Mayos [Mayor] was manimously [unanimously] called to take the chair. In opening the pmceedings [proceedings] his worship briefly noticed several communications he had received, which would be referred to the committee as containing valuable suggestions in promotion of the object of the meeting. After reading the requisiton, [requisite] and expressing his full concurrence in the object for which the meeting was assemHed, [assumed] and his willingness to support any plausible pwject [project] for erecting a monument to so great and good aman [man] as the late Sir Robert Peel, he con- [concluded] cluded [eluded] by calling upon W. Beckett, Esq., M.P., to move the first reolation. [relation] WILt1an [Wilton] Beckett, Esq., M.P., on rising, was received with the nost [not] rapturous welcome, the applause conti- [cont- continuing] nuing [suing] for tome time on its subsiding the hon. member said-He filly concurred in the observations which had so ably falen [fallen] from their worthy chief magistrate, and his first dity [city] was to offer him thanks on behalf of him- [himself] self and hs colleague, who, he was sorry to say, was not presest- [present- presses] The Mayor rose and explained the reason why their other respected borough member, Mr. J. G. Marshall, was absent. That gentleman had come down from London on purpose to be with them, but owing to serious family affliction was detained at his residence. WiLuian [William] BECKET Esq., continued-He deeply re- [regretted] gretted [greeted] the absence of his colleague, because he believed Mr. Marshall concurred with him in the opinion he en- [entertained] tertained [entertained] of that great and honourable man the late Sir Robert Peel. (Hear, hear.) He thanked the committee for appointing that meeting at a time when he could have the pleasure of attending for he should have been deeply mortified had he been prevented from doing honour to that great man more particularly so because he recollected that it was owing to the position he held as one of their representatives that he had been able more closely to watch the public conduct of Sir R. Peel, and at time to enjoy the pleasure of his private friendship. (Hear, hear.) Considering the claims which Sir Robert Peel had upon the gratitude and respect of that large mercantile community, the natural question they must ask themselves was, how far had his policy benefitted [benefit] them -and the best answer he (Mr. Beckett) could give was to refer them to the year 1842, when Sir Robert Peel last came into power, and found the country in a state of great destitution, of poverty, and of complete depression of trade-(hear, hear)-and if they followed the course of his legislation-if the looked to the present state of prosperity which they enjoyed in the activity of trade, he thought they would have no difficulty in pointing out the man to whom they were indebted for the great blessings they enjoyed. (Cheers and applause.) He (Mr. Beckett) however, must take a higher view of the qualification of Sir R. Peel They must look at him in his public character. What were his services in a national point of view-not merely a local one-and therefore he would ask their consideration again to the political qualifications of that great man-what were the offices he filled and then to consider whether he did or did not promote their national interests In reference to the qualifications which Sir Robert Peel possessed as a great statesman, all admitted that his leading feature was the possession of a degree of intellectual power-(hear, hear)-enabling him to take a most comprehensive view of all subjects that came under his discussion the next was his great care not to come to rash resolves; and in considering sub- [subjects] jects, [sects] such was his desire to do justice to all parties, that he was constantly led to the study of equity and justice. (Cheers.) With these qualifications, Sir Robert Peel had often been in office, and had often been in opposition. He entered the House of Commons in the year 1810. From that time he had been upon the floor of the House of Commons, carrying on and entering into the debates with an intelligence and a vigour sel- [se- seldom] dom [don] equalled. (Hear, hear.) He spoke with such an authority that he was seldom questioned, and he always claimed and obtained the attention of the house, because they felt that he spoke from honest motives. (Hear, hear, and applause.) The education of Sir Robert Peel had entitled him and qualified him for that position. 'The peblic [public] school of Harrow was the first public recog- [recon- recognition] nition [nation] of him, and they soon saw the germ of his future talents. A residence at the University of Oxford also taxed the same diligence and produced the same pro- [proficiency] ficiency. [deficiency] He there obtained the greatest academical honours, as well in classics as mathematics; and, happily for this country, instead of going to enjoy his great of going to enjoy the sunny skies of Italy, and the pleasures and enjoy- [enjoyments] ments [rents] of travel, he was at once launched upon the floor of the House of Commons. (Great applause.) If he (the speaker) wished to refer to the great offices which Sir Robert Peel filled, he must commence at the period of 1810, and go on up to 1846; but he would do that which would be more agreeable to them -he would give them a short detail of those offices as given by Sir Robert Peel a few weeks ago, when he (Mr. Beckett) had the pleasure of being with him on a committee of the House of Commons, in which he was examined-(hear, hear)-and he would read to them what Sir Robert said to them of his political life. (Applause.) Mr. Wilson Patten, the chairman of the committee, said- Sir Robert Peel, you have filled a great number of most important officés [offices] in the govern- [government] ment [men] of this country, will you be kind enough to enu- [en- enumerate] merate [aerate] them Sir Robert Peel answered, that he held the office of Under Secretary of State in the War and Colonial department, from 1810 to 1812; from that office he was removed to the office of Chief Secretary for Ire- [Ireland] tland, [land] in August, 1812, and remained Chief Secretary, under three Lord Lieutenants, from 1812 to 1818-the [W-the] Duke of Richmond, Lord Whitworth, and Lord Talbot. In 1822 he was Secretary of State for the Home Depart- [Department] ment, [men] and remained in that office until the spring of 1827, when Mr. Canning's ministry was appointed. In 1828 he was again in that office, and retained it to the 80th of November. When the Duke of Wellington's government resigned, in December, 1834, he accepted the offices of the First Lord of the Treasury and the Chancellor of the Exchequer. He remained in office holding these two appointments until April 1835-not [W-not] more than four or five months. In Sep- [September] tember, [member] he accepted the office as First Lord of the Treasury, without the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, and in 1841 he again took office, as Premier which he held up to the abolition of the Corn- [Corn laws] laws in 1846. [W. Now, he, (Mr. Beckett) could add nothing to this simple statement which was so satis- [sates- satisfactory] factory, than to say that he believed that great states- [statesman] man filled all these offices with the greatest honour to himself and the greatest advantage to his country. (Cheers.) Those offices had usually entailed upon those who had held them titles, honours, and emoluments, and he believed justly so upon many public men; but in the absence of all desire for self-advancement-in the absence of every personal feeling, Sir Robert Peel declined all the offers which were made him during his life and desired in his will that no one of his family should receive either emolument or honour in conse- [cone- consequence] quence [Queen] of his services, and he evidently desired to die 'unrewarded except in the gratitude of his country. (Loud applause.) With those few observations it was for them to say whether they would permit the name of that great man to away from them unnoticed and disregarded. He (the speaker) knew perfectly that their answer would be- We will not. (Applause.) He knew them too well to suppose so. All that he could say, he did hope-in the first place he knew they would determine upon something-that whatever they did determine upon it might enlist the co-operation and the support of all classes of the community, from the most opulent merchant down to the most humble artizan, [artisans] (cheers,) because he was persuaded from his own personal knowledge and observation of Sir Robert Peel, that there was no desire of his heart so great as the welfare of all classes of the community that there was no wish that he had so much at heart as to promote the welfare of mankind. (Hear, hear, and loud ap- [applause] plause.) [clause] With their permission he would read the re- [resolution] solution which he had to submit to them - That the late Sir Robert Peel, by his great public services, during a lo liamentary [Parliamentary] career, his high qualities as a stateuman, [statesman] kis' [is] spotless integrity, his noble spirit of self- [selfsacrifice] sacrifice for the national good, combined with those private virtues by which he was distinguished, eminently deserves the gratitude and admiration o his coun [con] en; and this meeting would, therefore, record its pro 'ound [fund] sorrow at the irreparable loss which the nation has sustained by his untimely death. e honourable gentleman sat down amid greatapplause. [great applause] ae WILKINSON briefly seconded the resolution, which ted nem. [men] con. we eae [ear] Esq. was well received, and after ex- [expressing] pressing his pleasure at having confided to him the motion placed in his hands, read the second resolution as follows - That in order to give permanent expression, on behalf of the inhabitants of this borough, to these feelings esteem and regard for the illustrious statesman, it is ex dient [diet] to erect some public monument in his honour. t a committee be appointed to raise subscriptions for this purpose; and that they convene the subscribers, to decide on the nature and locality of the monument. The resolution, he continued, was divided into two parts, one, that the feelings should have permanent expression by the erection of a monument, and the other, that a committee be appointed to decide upon its nature and locality. He observed there his fellow-townsmen of all ranks and of all grades of opinion. (Hear, hear.) They were not met for any party purpose. All the factions of party, as regarded the illustrious departed, were then hushed in the silence of the grave. (Hear,hear.) They were not met for any political objeét [object] the policy of that great statesman-the era in which he lived, would, as far as they could then judge, be amongst the most im- [in- important] portant [important] in the annals of mankind. (Cheers.) He con- [considered] sidered [resided] it entirely a national object, inasmuch as they were met for the expression of the regret they entertained in common with the whole nation-and with the world so far as they had had an opportunity of hearing their sentiments, for the loss of Sir Robert Peel. (Hear, hear.) They were met to express their sorrow for one who was then no more-on social grounds to express the conviction of their minds that hehad [head] conferred many and great benefits on this country, and particularly upon that portion of the community which was in the large towns. (Hear, hear.) Tiey [Tie] had also not only to express the conviction of their minds, but also their feelings of gratitude towards one whose whole life was devoted in a most self-denying, single-minded, and self- [selfsacrificing] sacrificing manner for the good of his country and the benefit of mankind. (Cheers.) He hoped their expres- [express- expression] sion of regard and admiration would be, in some respect, worthy of the man, and also commensurate with their feelings. (Hear, hear.) The second portion of the resolution was that a committee be appointed to raise subscriptions for that purpose, and that they convene the subscribers to decide on the nature and locality of the monument. Thus the nature and locality of the monument would be left to the subscribers to decide. It had been suggested that some allusion should be made at the present meeting to the monument con- [contemplated] templated. (Hear, hear, and cries of adjourn to the Cloth-hall.) The erection of a public hall had been named. (Hear, hear.) Having decided upon the way in which to do honour to his memory- [memory renewed] (renewed cries of Adjourn to the Cloth-hall, but after a short time arrangements were made for the accommodation of all)-it would then be for the town to say whether it would erect a suitable casket for the gem. (Hear, hear.) It would be a fine opportunity-and he hoped it would be a general benefit to the town-of as- [assembling] sembling [resembling] large numbers for the purpose of receiving in- [information] formation and instruction upon important matters. (Applause.) It would also give the opportunity for the interchange of opinion concerning public life, and, perhags, [perhaps] afford the means of refined and rational enjoy- [enjoyment] ment. [men] (Cheers.) Now, all these things were what the late lamented statesman was wishful to impress upon the public mind-frequently by public argument-by the most powerful argument of all-a life devoted to the public weal. (Hear, hear, and applause.) He was ever ready to be a party to anything that would contri- [country- contribute] bute to their welfare and happiness. (Continued ap- [applause] plause.) [clause] This would be the last memorial-the last tribute that man could pay to his fellow-man, either to a private friend ora public benefactor, and he (Mr. Gott) was rejoiced to see so large an assemblageto [assemblage to] express their opinion upon a subject of so great and so high an im- [in- importance] portance. [importance] (Hear, hear, and renewed cries for adjourn- [adjournment] ment [men] to the Cloth Hall.) Mr. J. Sykes seconded the resolution, which was unanimously carried. Mr. Jonn Barr (clerk to the magistrates) moved the next resolution,-- [resolution] That the following gentlemen form a committee to carry out the above object, with power to add to their number - The Mayor, W. Beckett, M.P., J. G. Marshall, M.P., John Gott, H. C. Marshall, Wm. W. Brown, T. P. Dibb, Ed. Baines, Peter Fairbairn, Thomas Benyon, [Benson] Thos. Stansfield, Y jun., John Wilkinson, David Newton, Joseph Cliff, Robt Barr, Jas. Holdforth, [Holdsworth] John Jackson, Wm. Pawson, J. O. March, W. E. Hepper, John Marshall, (Horsforth,) John Rhodes, Jas. Kitson, Samuel Walker, Darnton Lupton, Thos. Plint, [Pint] R. Church, M. Cawood, H. Hahn, George Young, John Chiesman, [Chairman] David Green, P. M. Passavant, [Servant] W. Smeeton, Saml. Hammond, Richd. Slocombe, [Slocum] Jos. Buckton, Richard Hardwick, Wm. Firth, Thos. England, Jos. Barker, Thomas Hall, Ben. Walker, Geo. Hyde, and Joshua Rastrick. Mr. Hyde was appointed the treasurer; and Mr. Cawood, Mr. Young, and Mr. Plint, [Pint] the honorary secretaries. The Mayor said he had received a letter, dated No. 3 Neville-street, Hunslet-bar, from Joseph Rastrick, con- [containing] taining [training] suggestions as to the plans which should' be adopted for raising subscriptions amongst the working- [working classes] classes. He proposed that in each firm or manufactory a committee should be formed, presided over by the foreman or overlooker, who should collect subscriptions, and then present them to the central committee-it would be much better than for the labour to devolve upon one committee. (Hear, hear, and applause.) Mr. Davip [David] GREEN, bookseller, in an effective speech, had very great pleasure in seconding the nomination of the committee, which was adopted with applause. Mr. Tuomas [Thomas] PLIntT [Plaint] supported the resolution in an eloquent speech, during which he referred to the various acts which entitled Sir Robert Peel to their gratitude and admiration, and detailed the views which he himself had at different periods entertained towards that great statesman, acknowledging that he had judged him un- [unjustly] justly on the important question of the Corn Laws. He then, however, most readily gave his support to the previous resolutions, as also to the one then before the meeting. It had been suggested at the preliminary meeting on Saturday, that the best mode of honouring the memory of Sir Robert Peel, would be by the erection of a public building sufficient to hold 1,500 or 2,000 people. (Loud applause.) It was thought better, how- [however] ever, to leave this matter for future decision. He con- [concluded] cluded [eluded] by expressing his belief that those who agreed with the great measures of Sir Robert Peel would not be found backward in coming forward with their libe- [line- liberality] rality [reality] in support of the object of that meeting. (Hear, hear, and applause.) The Rev. W. Sinciair, [Sinclair] on rising to move the third resolution, was received with vehement applause, which continued for some time; after it had subsided, the rev. gentleman proceeded, and said that he made it his study to avoid interfering in political matters, yet he most readily concurred in the object of the meeting that day, feeling, after all that had passed, that it could not be considered in any light as a political movement. He had much pleasure in rising to move,- [move] That a copy of the first resolution, together with an expression of respec [respect] condolence on the part of this meeting, be transmitted to Lady Peel and her family, by the Chairman. (Hear, hear, and applause.) He hardly knew anything more striking in his life than the deep and general regret which the death of their great statesman had caused the blow had resounded throughout Europe, and the legislatures both of France and Portugal had broken through the strict routine of their etiquette, and testified their regard and admiration for Sir R. Peel, and their sympathy with the people of England for their loss. And in England itself it would appear as though every man had lost some personal friend. (Hear, and applause.) This general feeling of sorrow had very rightly found its freshet in various projects for erecting memorials to the departed statesman; and in his opinion, after the harassing toils and feverish contentions of parliament were over, these men were often too feebly repaid whilst they lived. They toiled, they laboured, they struggled, for what they esteemed the good of the nation, and the improvement of its institutions, but in general sunk into the grave ill-paid ; and, as Fox and Canning, in early life, with many an unsatisfied heart, and many an unfinished scheme. (Cheers.) It was remarked by Scott, the able commen- [common- commentator] tator [tate] on the Scriptures, that posthumous reputation was the veriest bubble with which the world ever deceived her votaries. From that sentiment he took leave entirely to dissent. Now the reason why a man might reasonably aim at a posthumous reputation amongst his fellow man was ably and emphatically laid open to them by Adam Smith, the great mental philosopher in his Theory of the Moral Sentiments. (The Rev. gentleman here reada [read] long extract from the work referred to, to the effect that the author of our being had implanted in our minds faculties deriving pleasure from the praise of others, and suffering annoyance at their disapprobation; he had made man the judge of mankind feeling more or less humbled and mortified at. censure, and more or less elated at applause.) Referring to this extract the Rev. gentleman proceeded to remark that these ob- [observations] servations [Conservative] were strictly applicable to the case of the great statesman whose untimely fall they so greatly lamented. He sacrificed place and office, and the esteem of those with whom he was acting from a high sense of public duty, and the burning desire which a man of a naturally cool temparament [Parliament] had felt for the sad and deplorable condition of the working men of this great country. (Applause.) He believed that Sir Robert Peel's chief desire iu the latter part of his life was to ameliorate their condition and to raise their intellectual and physical condition as far as could be done by legislative enactments and for that object alone he sacrificed all that men naturally held so dear, (Applause.) They wereglad [were glad] torepay [to repay] such sacrifices-they were glad to call forth in after ages men of standing to carry on similar works, according to the necessities of each successive age. What were all distinctions that wealth and glory could hang upon them, to the monu- [mon- monument] ment [men] of humble happiness their countrymen would raise after they were gone-to having their names placed in the long and noble catalogue of England's worthies (Cheers.)There were various points of view which had been ably taken of the deceased statesman's character and conduct, and there were some others that might still be taken. When he looked upon Sir Robert Peel whilst in office, laboriously framing his plans and bring- [bringing] ing them forth in such completeness and perfection, not only was the general outline clear and distinct, but all the minutest parts consecutively subordinated to the great end in view, so that they were carried without a single change or improvement being made in them- [them when] when he thought of the deep and meritorious industry and high intellectual gifts which must have been used; he felt that he owed him a debt of increased admira- [Admiral- admiration] tion. [ion] (Applause.) But when they looked upon him as of statesman out of office-when they thought how after the carrying of the Reform Bill, and the apparent disso- [diss- dissolution] lution [Lotion] of the great Tory confedracy, [Confederate] of which he was the acknowledged chief, how instead of retiring from public life as many a man would have done, for artistic and literary enjoyment, for which he had ample means and taste, he set about the reconstructing of his party laboriously toiling for what he thought was. ill in danger-accepting the defeat fought within the limits of the constitution, and preserving it as Lord John Russell acknowledged-preserving the possibility of their carrying on the very work of their noble constitu- [constitution- constitution] tion, [ion] which could not possibly play rightly, unless there were to be two great parties, rising and falling as they met the public sympathies and the public wants. (Cheers.) Individually, also, Sir Robert Peel had de- [deserved] served a deep debt of admiration and gratitude. (Hear, hear.) There was another point to which he (Mr. Sinclair) thought he might call attention. Lord Bacon had said that a man who desired in public life to be the only figure in a number of ciphers would die and leave no name and no successor; but he wko [who] wag con- [contented] tented to be one amongst many, to be surrounded by men of the highest gifts intellectual and moral, for the good of the people, would leave behind those who could take his place, and would have done agreat [great] good to his country. Sir Robert Peel in an eminent degree possessed these qualities. He had noue [now] of that jealous feeling which could not do with another near the throne. He selected the ablest men around him as Mr. Gladstone and others, to fill his offices-men who would fill their places in another history. (Hear, hear.) The resolution he (Mr. Sinclair) held in his hand, referred to a nearer and dearer and closer connection. They must look at Sir R. Peel not only as a public man and a statesman, but asa private individual anda [and] Christian and when they thought of what had happened in two great countries; how the corruption [correction] of public men and means, was one of the plainest reasons for the upsetting of their government, and the revolutions which they incurred-when he thought of many of their cousins in America how their public men had not come untainted to the examination against the accusations which had been raised, he could not but contrast with pleasure the noble condition of all their public men, of all parties, in this free and enlightened country. (Cheers.) It was not long since, even in this country, when their public men did not hold that high position of public integrity which now they did. At present, there was not a breath of suspi- [sup- suspicion] cion [Lion] upon any one of note in public life; and they ought to remember that, when they thought of those in pre-eminent situations, who had given a tone to the public morals in that respect, and had raised their country, certainly, in that sense to the highest condition of any nation upon earth. (Loud applause.) Sir Robert Peel's private life was a subject upon which he dare not trespass. He knew his incorruptible integrity; he knew his amiable conduct in all the relations of life he remembered at the very time when he was most har- [harassed] rassed [raised] by public affairs, Sunday after Sunday did he walk at the head of his family to the house of prayer. (Cheers.) They would remember how in the midst of the most agitating and distracting public con- [conflicts] flicts [flits] on the subject of the Corn-laws, he found time to soothe the distress and relieve the wants of poor Haydon, the painter. (Hear, hear, and applause.) And who could but mark that when, after his fall from his horse, the fatal wound had been given, he was able to bear up, whilst he was carried to his house, but when he saw the distress and affliction of the sharer of all his joys and sorrows, his great heart gave way, and he fainted in the arms of his attendants. (Sensation.) It was to soothe the distress of that amiable and excellent lady that they were called upon to transmit to hera [hear] copy of the first resolution, embodying their high sense of his spotless integrity, his noble sentiments, and sacri- [sari- sacrifices] fices [ices] for the public weal, combined with those private virtues for which he was distinguished, and he (the speaker) was sure they would all feel a pleasure and satisfaction in endeavouring by the fecling [feeling] of that reso- [rose- resolution] lation [nation] to soothe the grief which she must feel beyond all others at the afflicting loss which England and Europe deplores. The rey. [re] gentleman concluded his eloquent address amid great applause. Mr. E. Batves, [Bates] in an excellent speech, seconded the resolution, which was most enthusiastically carried. Mr. CHARLES MAkIN [Making] submitted a resolution to the effect that the meeting should definitely pronounce in favour of a Public Hall. An interesting en- [ensued] sued, during which it was stated an estimate had been some time given for a building capable of holding 4,500 people, at. a cost of about 7,000 or 8,000. The general opinion was decidedly in favour of such a project-pro- [providing] viding [Riding] the subscriptions were sufficiently large. It was ultimately agreed, however, to leave the matter in the hands of the committee and subscribers, and, at the request of the Mayor, the motion was withdrawn. On the motion of Mr. Benyon, [Benson] Mr. Beckett took the chair. A vote of thanks was then passed to the Mayor, which was duly responded to, and the proceedings ter- [te- terminated] minated [mounted] at two MEETING OF FACTORY DELEGATES AT HALIFAX. A meeting of factory delegates, called by circular, of the various towns in the West Riding, was held at Nicholl's Temperance Hotel, Broad-street, Halifax, on Sunday last, the 28th of July. RoBerr [Robert] WILKINSON, in the chair. The following places were represented - Halifax Short Time Committee (2); Woodside Shed, Haley Hill (3) Dean Clough Mill (2); Dennison's Mill, Lee Bridge (1); Whitworth's Mill, Lee Bridge (1); Copley Mill (3) Stansfield Mill, Triange [Drainage] (1) Kebroyd [Broad] Mill, Triangle (1); Ripponden Mill, (1); King Cross Mill, No. 1 (1); King Cross Mill, No. 2 (1); Queens- [Queens head] head, Mill (1); Shibden [Shorten] Mill (1); Dewsbury (1) Bradford (4) Todmorden (1). The CHarRMAN [Chairman] opened the business by stating that they had been called together to consider what further steps should be taken to demonstrate the opinion of the factory workers on the conduct of Lord Ashley im [in] the compromise of the Ten Hours Bill. They had met under more favourable circumstances on previous occasions. But however painful it might be to be cheated out of what they had had guaranteed to them by the laws of their country, yet they were not to be disheartened but still struggle onward till they obtained the restoration of the Ten Hours Bill. The CuarrMan [Juryman] then called upon the delegates from the several localites [localities] to state what was the feeling of the factory workers in their several districts. The Hattrax [Hatter] DELEcartE [Delicate] said that he was glad to have the opportunity of again meeting the friends of the Ten Hours' Bill; for he could assure them that after the shameful manner in which their cause had been treated by parties whose conduct deserved the strongest repro- [report- reprobation] bation, [nation] yet, notwithstanding the treachery of Lord Ashley and the baseness of his tools, the factory workers of Halifax, he could assure them, would never cease agi- [ag- agitation] tation [station] until they had secured a full, fair, and efficient Ten Hours Bill. The BraDrorD [Bradford] DELEGaTE [Delegates] stated that the facto [fact] workers approved of the groundwork of the ministerial bill, but they strongly objected to the two hours addi- [add- additional] tional [national] labour per week. As far as Bradford was con- [concerned] cerned [cent] he was sure that every effort that could be made would be cheerfully rendered to secure the object for which they had so long struggled. He then stated that there was a strong feeling in his district against the compromise of Lord Ashley. The TopMorDEN [Todmorden] De.ecarte [De.Carter] said, that as far as his district was concerned they felt strongly on the sacrifice of the best interests of their children, and that though it might be thought by some that this compromise of Lord Ashley's would settle the question, he was sure that it would do no such thing but that it would rouse them to double exertion. He could assure them that no effort would be left untried to accomplish so desir- [desire- desirable] able an object as that of securing to the factory workers the opportunity of improving their social, moral, and religious condition in life. He then spoke in strong terms reprobating the conduct of Lord Ashley, Philip Grant, and others, and cited several other instances of duplicity, and concluded by observing that he looked forward with hope to the obtaining of the Ten Hours ct. The other delegates then gave statements breathing the same sentiments as those expressed by the previous speakers. The following resolutions were then moved and se- [seconded] conded [Conder] by the delegates present, and carried unani- [unanimously] mously [Mosley] - 1st. That in the opinion of this meeting, Lord Ashl [Ash] has basely and treacherously betrayed the of the factory children. After breaking faith with the factory operatives, we have no more confidence in my Lord Ashley, Philip Grant, or any of their tools who have acted with them, remembering the promise which my Lord Ashley has always held out to the operatives employed in factories- [factories that] That he would die in the last ditch. That we, the dele- [dale- delegates] gates, take this opportunity of expressing our utmost con- [contempt] tempt and indignation to his Lordship, for the scandalous, abominable, and di eful [useful] manner he has manifested in having betrayed the factory cause. And we also take this opportunity of ringing this as the last death knell betwixt Ashley, his colleagues, and the factory operatives, and bid them an everlasting adi [aid] 2nd. That in the opi [pi] eu. ion of this meeting, the bill which has recently received the sanction of both houses of parlia- [Parliament- parliament] ment, [men] for the regulation of the labour of young persons and females employed in factories, is practically a repeal of the Ten Hours Bi passed in 1847, which act has never been petitioned against by the factory operatives. We therefore are of opinion that the ministers, by repealing the Ten Hours Act, have lost the confidence of the factory opera- [operatives] tives [lives] of this country, 8rd. [ord] That in the opinion of this meeting workers of this co ought to renew once more agitation for a real and efficient Ten Hours Bill for all young persons and females, and that no child be allowed to commence work earlier in the morning nor later in the evening than females and young persons employed in factories. And that this meeting therefore call upon them to do so, and to solicit the aid and support of all the trades in England and Scotland in favour of the principle on which that measure is based. 4th. That this m [in] the factory ight [it] hours per week become the law of the land. th. That the thanks of this m [in] are due and are hereby given to Lord John Manners, Duke of Rich- [Richmond] mond, [mind] and all our friends in parliament. And also a vote of thanks to Richard Oastler, W. W alkor [alike] and S. Fielden, Hegre. [Here] and all friends out of parliament. r a vote to i sou thanks to the Chairman the meeting