Huddersfield Chronicle (02/Nov/1850) - page 8

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THE HUDDERSFIELD SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1850. SHE GREAT EDUCATION MEETING AT MANCHESTER. (Continued from the seventh Page.) the free I roachi [roach] the same exten [extent] as in the See ane [an] ee it would ultimately be through iin [in system of national secular education that Mie [Me] slavery in America would be abolished. (Cheers.) existed in America, not because of education, ici [ii] in spite of it. (Hear.) Well, what was the result fihs [fish] education in the free states There was guaneely [guanine] 3 child that could not read, and read well. The had become a reading people, and as his friend Cebden [Cobden] had said, in the town of Connecticut, with tion [ion] of only 20,000, the inhabitants supported saree [sere] daily newspapers, and literature of a general in the same ratio. (Hear, hear.) After drawing ison [son] between the working classes of England America, somewhat unfavourable as regarded men- [mena] aE acquirements, the reverend doctor expressed his Meerty [Meet] approval and concurrence in the movement, and gat [at] down amid loud applause. 'She resolution was carried unanimously, when the earewan arena] made the gratifying announcement that a of 500, accompanied by a letter of sympathy wit the object of the association, had been received fiom. [from] Edward Lombe, Esq., of Norfolk, an announce- [announcement] ment [men] which was received with a hearty round of eSaers [eases] Rev. R. Torr, rector of Burton Overy, in a neat agereciz; [agencies] moved the third resolution se towat [toward] rates, 'That to be suppo [support] y ra oe od specially elected by the rate- [ratepayers] weyers [eyes] for that purpose. tt was briefly seconded by J Stores Esq., a Eon [On] d carried unanimously. on. W. CRosskey, [Cross key] of Derby, moved the fiurth [Firth] resolution, in a few remarks, expressive of his eniire [entire] approval of the Lancashire School Association, wbich-was [which-was] seconded by the Rev. T. BREwsTER, [Barrister] clergy- [clergy] msm, [ms] Paisley, and was carried unanimously. It was as m [in] practicable, and, steering clear iat [at] his i scruples, would be easy of adoption, and af aE conscientious in results. 'Whe [The] business of the evening being now terminated, Bishard [Bi shard] Cobden, Esq., M.P., took the chair, and, after a of thanks to the Chairman, moved by Mr. Alder- [Alderman] man Harvey, seconded by Dr. Hopeson, [Hopes] the meeting shortly before twelve . WHE [HE] WESLEYAN TRIALS IN BUXTON ROAD CHAPEL, HUDDERSFIELD, THIS DAY (SATURDAY). AMfier [Amer] a.long course of agitation on the part of the tops have at last been taken for seven of the local preachers in the Second Circuit before a Special Local Preachers' which has been summoned for four o clock zs (Saturday) afternoon, in the Stewards' Room, Buxton Baad. [Band] Chapel, by the Rev. F. A. West, superintendent the above circuit. No less than seven gentlemen Ease been acted before this tribunal, viz., Brothers R. of Lockwood; Charlesworth, of Paddock; of Paddock; Richard Tinker, of Armitage-bridge, Wickerman, [Vickerman] of Armitage-bridge; Joseph Donkersley, of Henley; and John Sykes, of Honley, by a circular in the following terms to each of these gpsiiemen [specimen specimen] Huddersfield, Oct. 28, 1850. BrotHEeR,-After [Brother,-After] long forbearance, a forbearance omen. acknowledged by all parties, and many efforts to avert the step, I am very reluctantly compelled to adopt a of discipline to repress the evils of agitation and Our people who are concerned for the spiritual welfare and prosperity of the church, are anxious for peace. 'Tie law of Christ forbids me especially to wink atsin. [Aston] I Haligze [Halifax] the present agitation to be a course of sin, and S angit [S anti] with great evils. My hope, that time and reflection, sm expostulation, would bring the agitators to a better my great reluctance to exercise severe discipline Emve-raade [Eve-trade] me, perhaps too long, delay to enter upon this duty. d even now, since my object is only the aorrection [erection] of these evils, in reference to yourself, and the geerention [generation] of them, in reference to others,-if you will mapaty [marty] to me your determination to abstain for the future om these courses of agitation and schism, I will readily erexinok [erection] tha [that] poet, and rejoice to evince my regard for your office. But, if you cannot make up your mand [and] to abjure these proceedings, I must request your aitemdance [attendance] at a special local preachers' meeting, to be held im [in the Stewards'-room, on Saturday, afternoon next, at Sime e'clock, in order to meet the enclosed charge, which I in duty to prefer against you. Yours faithfully, F, A. WEST. THE CHARGE. EB ave to charge. you with agitating divisive and un- [one] e#zistian [e#Christian #zistian] conduct; particularly in appealing to the world of church order and discipline, and in urging fe members of our society to withhold all pecuniary sup- [supplies] to Methodism; to the damage of the interests of among us, and tending to the subversion of the Wasleyan [Wesleyan] Ministry and economy, in direct violation of the christ, [Christ] and in contravention of the functions of the qparterly [quarterly] meeting. . Tirzeference [Reference] to this painful subject, we have received letter from a highly influential Wesleyan, amzez.uho [amaze.ho] is, we believe, an office-bearer in that body - #z,-An inquisition in the 19th century is a marvel Bible Society meetings, and Tract Society meetings, amudimissionary [admission] meetings, and even in other meetings for Mie.promotion [Me.promotion] of useful knowledge, the enlightenment of t&e-present age is extolled for incomparably eclipsing the Ikest [Strike] efforts of the brightest geniuses among the Fathers; the days of the Star-chamber and the High Court of are usually designated the dark ages. But lew [Lee] lamentably deceptive is such boasting, for while we Hiave-vainly [Have-vainly] beheld the loftiness of our conceived pre-emi- [pre-mi- eminence] wenee, [renee] a handrul [Handel] of Wesleyan Methodist preachers have immsic [music] y grown and fattened on the voluntary support ef wmsuspecting [respecting] and devoted followers, until they have toeme [time] an irresponsible compact hierarchy, assuming to lm alike impenetrable, invincible, and irreprehensible. [reprehensible] A aueved [achieved] oligarchy, which seduces the rich, and frowns the a se the most perfect confidence, silence, and obe- [be- obey] eeee. [ieee] The Wesleyan Conference never errs, never the above letter, from the Rev. F. A. West, of one of its agents. There is an appearance af. Kxiness [Kines] and urbanity, but what does it nei [ne] Why, this After all attempts to entreat and remonstrate 'the Conference were both refused and despised, now steps are being taken more effectually calculated to their lordly reverences. But Mr. West being to maintain the haughty spirit and arrogant pesver [sever] of the Conference, has patiently waited, and eetiy et] ogiled [oiled] in ambush until his prey should venture Wy eut, [et] and onslaugh [slaughter] now at once rushes forth prepared for a erable [enable] t. Mr. West calls this 'long forbearance, and then justifies Manaelf [Manual] by saying, the laws of Christ forbid him to wink at au. Prue. [Pure] The laws of Christ also forbid him to sin, and Ba- [Would] would act more modestly if he first learnt not to sin before he troubled himself about winking at sin in Bat Mr. West believes the present agitation is a course efsn, [fens] fraught with great evils. Why this is just as ridicu- [Riding- ridiculous] #ius, [is] as the drunkard saying to his teetotal friend lubouring [labouring] mii [mi] all his might to reform him-this agitation is wicked. Hevertheless, [Nevertheless] Mr. West assures these local preachers, his in the ministry, whose hands have administered ticir cir] own necessities, and his besides; that if they will ifthe [if the] future abstain from the above sin, he will overlook the-pest and rejoiee [rejoice] to evince his regard for their character amvl'effice. [ample'office] Really such an effort to magnify his office, is offshoot from Rome, it cannot be anatural [natural] of Protestant England it must have been newly along with the Cardinal. But whcther [whether] or foreign origin, it is a most fatal doctrinal error. 'Witte authorised such a mortal as him to forgive sin; more- [moreover] wer, [we] are we quite sure the Scripture teaches that reforma- [reform- reformat am] for the future is all that is requisite to make a man a and especially a minister, at the same time. people do not generally admire what is called taste the style is rather too gaudy. However, do not let us misunderstand the reverend gen- [containing] when he charges the local preachers with a course af ain; [in] perhaps he does not mean exactly sin against the Stu of God, who alone can forgive, but merely against the éeference. reference] In this case I cannot avoid thinking how mesh better it would be if the large minutes of Wesleyan added to the Bible as an appendix. It weuiki [week] be much easier then to prove what sin is, and many otter et ceteras [terrace] which now stand in the way of Conference, Yours very truly, A REFORMER. Se Post-OFricr [Post-Officer] Notice. Post-oFfFIck, [Post-office] OCTOBER 1850.-The [W.-The] United States' mail packets leaving Liverpool aad [and] Southampton will hereafter convey cl mails for New Brunswick, Novia [Nova] Scotia, and Prince Edward Tiled, and letters, Ke., will be forwarded in such closed wars, if ially [ally] via New York, or vi te United States. With respect to Canada, 80 tée-erdinary [the-ordinary] mails, dispatched by the British mail packets, pees through the United States, it will be n that fettars.for [fitters.for] that province, intended to be sent by the United packets, should bear on the address the words by United States' packet, as well as via New York, or wathe weather] United States. Letters for Nova Scotia, New ick, [sick] or Prince Edward Island, via New or via the United States, will be transmitted b te first packet, whether. British or United States, whic [which] m Gispatched [Despatched] to New York after they are posted. The peace nm letters for-.all these colonies, forwarded e United States, will be Is. 2d. the half-ounce, aaxiso on,.which [axis on,.which] may be paid in advance, or left unpaid, aé the option of the senders. Newspapers forwarded he States will be liableto [liable to] a postage of 1d. q seh [q she] on delivery at their destinations, Exeps [Exes] WESLEYAN Missionary Soctery.-The [Scorer.-The] annual aurxices [excise] connected with the Leeds Auxiliary to the Wes [West] oman Missionary Society have passed off with extraordinary and effectiveness. The total amount of collectio [collection] Paised [Raised] in connection with this anniversary has i tte [te] very large sum of 1,607 14s. 94d. Of this, 465 2s 9d. was raised at the public meeting in Oxford Place Chapel, amd [and] 830 2s, 4d. at the adjourned public meeting held the following in Brunswick Chapel. The whole of the were characterised by the utmost fervour and 'The Right Hon. Richard Lalor [Lair] Shiel has been appoin [upon] Rig ted Hine' Majesty's at Florence in the place of the late will remain for a short time in reforms in the mint im [in] carrying out the After spirited contest among the parties in Cambri [Cambridge] Waiversity, [Diversity] eligible to elect a curate for the Way Harper MAS oy GU ot the Rev. France eilier [earlier] candidate who went to io ene oo The only of Clare-ball. Rev. T. A. IMPROVEMENT COMMISSIONERS MEET- [MEETING] ING, LAST NIGHT. The monthly meeting of this body was held last night in the Commisioners' [Commissioners] Rooms, South Parade, J. Brook, Esq., in the chair. The business transacted possessed little public interest. and the proceedings terminated a little before nine o'clock. There were present-Commis- [present-Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] Thomas Firth, John Firth, Thomas Hayley, William P. England, John Brook, James Booth, John Sutcliff, Jeremiah Riley, Jere [Here] Kaye, William Moore, Thomas Mallinson, J. Beaumont, and T. P. Crosland i revious [previous] meeting having been read, she oF te wished to make one or two remurks [remarks] respecting the smoke nuisance. He was very desirous that the proceedings of their last meeting should not be mis- [is- misunderstood] understood, and he wished it to be scat before th moment any proved practical plan was brought belore [before] the ic, the Commissioners would be but discharging their uty [duty] in taking a decided stand upon the matter, and in exercising those powers which the Improvement Act con- [conferred] ferred [erred] upon them, to compel each mill owner to consume his own smoke. The subject was creating great attention in some of the neighbouring towns, and it was very desirable that the question should be kept in view, not for the pur- [our- purpose] pose of pressing the act of parliament before any practical plan had been discovered, but in order to avail themselves of the earliest opportunity for obtaining the removal of the smoke nuisance. THE BURIAL GROUNDS QUESTION. The CLERK OF THE BoarD [Board] OF WoRKS [Works] read a correspondence between Joseph Brook, Esq., as chairman of the Commissioners, and the Bishop of Ripon, on the propriety of immediately closing the parish, and other burial grounds within the borough which recent investigations had proved to be altogether unfit for the purposes of interment. From the reply of the right rev. Bishop, it appears that measures are bein [being] adopted for at once carrying out the wishes of the Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] on thesubject. [the subject] Some unexpected delays had arisen, but it was hoped that in a few days an order would be issued by the Bishop directing these grounds to be closed. Watco [Watch] CoMMITTEE.-During [Committee.-During] the month two or three cases of drunkenness and neglect of duty had been reported to this Committee, as occuring [occurring] in the constabulary night force. There had been several applicants for the situation of inspector, and the election, r a careful examination, into the qualification of the candidates, fell upon Mr. Brierly, late a serjeant [Sergeant] in the Halifax police force, who was accordingly recommended for the office of night inspector An additional serjeant [Sergeant] was also recommended. e continual reports of drunkenness against the pri- [pro- privates] vates [Bates] in the night force presented to the Watch Committee, induce us to conclude that there must either be very little care exercised in the choosing of men to fill the office or, that the force must be in a very defective state of super- [supervision] vision. We think a town like Huddersfield should have a police force whose members should not be found drunk in the streets without either belt or lantern-or lounging lazily in bed instead of being on their beat. We hope to hear no more of these di ful [full] p' ings. FirE [Fire] anp [an] Licatinc [Inclination] CoMMITTEE.-The [Committee.-The] sub-committee empowered to decide upon the most appropriate sites for increasing the number of gas lights, have reported in favour of twenty-one new lamps in the various quarters of Chapel Hill, Spring Wood, Swallow, Trinity, and Fitz- [Fitzwilliam] william [William] Streets, Highfield Foot-path, Angel and Trumpet Inn Yard, Back Ramsden Street, and one or. two other places. A short conversation arose on the question as to how far the Commissioners were justified in fixing lamps in private yards at the public expense, which resulted in the two last named sites, owing to some informality, being referred back again to the Committee. The general impression on the question appeared to be that where the yard or other property formed a thoroughfare the lighting should be at th public expense. DRAINAGE COMMITTEE.-The Committee had received various tenders for the sewerage below Grove Wood Bridge. The offers of the applicants showed a most remarkable differ- [difference] ence [once] between the highest and the lowest tenders -The lowest were 2s. 4d., 2s. 3d., 2s., 1s. 9d., 3s., and 3, as compared with the highest, 7s. 6d., 7s. 5d., 7s. 6d., 6s., 12s., and 15. The tenders of Joseph Sykes, Style Com- [Common] mon; and James Brook, Kirkheaton, had been accepted. Nuisance COMMITTEE.-Steps have been taken under the direction of this committee, ordering the remo- [Rome- removal] val of certain nuisances existing in different parts of the town. SCAVENGING COMMITTEE. The following important report has been received and adopted by the Scavenging Committee of the Huddersfield Improvement Commissioners at their last meeting - REPORT OF THE CLERK TO THE BOARD OF WORKS, UNDER THE HUDDERSFIELD IMPROVEMENT COMMISSIONERS, To the Scavenging Committee of the said Commissioners. Gentlemen,-At a recent meeting of your body, the fol- [following] lowing resolution was passed - That the Clerk to the Board of Works be instructed to collect as much information as he possibly can respecting the modes adopted in other places for scavenging; and particularly in those towns where the manure is said to pay the expense of scavenging; and that he report the same toa [to] future meeting of the Committee with a view to the trying to let the scavenging in Huddersfield by contract. In obedience to the instruction therein contained, I beg to report as follows -- As the groundwork for my enquiries I first endeavoured to ascertain what the cost. of scavenging in Huddersfield was, before the passing of the recent Improvement Act, and also what it has been since that act came into operation dis- [distinguishing] tinguishing [finishing] in the latter case between the day and the night operations. Before the passing of the Improvement Act, the opera- [operations] tions [tins] of the scavengers were 7 to a por- [or- portion] tion [ion] only of the public streets. According to the evidence iven [even] before the Surveying Officers from the Woods and orests, [rests] by the superintendent of scavengers, there were but 28 streets cleansed by the force under his control, while there were 50 streets and 116 courts where the scavengers never entered for scavenging purposes. The cost, however, of cleansing those 28 streets, according to the evidence of the superintendent, was, for the year 1847, 550 9s. 6d. The manure, or refuse, realized [realised] 65; leaving as the actual amount of money paid for cleansing those 28 streets, under the old board of commissioners, 485 9s. 6d. But this was not the whole of the cost of cleansing. The Macadamised roads within the hamlet of Huddersfield were at that time cleansed by the Board of Highway Sur- [Sir- Surveyors] veyors. [surveyor] No separate account of the cost of this cleansing has been kept; consequently the actual cost of the whole operations of public cleansing cannot be given. But judging from the present cost of cleansing i ces, [ce] the then cost to the surveyors could not be less than 75 pe annum, including team work for removal of refuse. dopting [adopting] this computation, the total cost of cleansing the 28 public streets and the Macadamised roads, would be 560 9s. 6d. Under the Improvement Act, the commissioners are re- [required] quired [cured] to cleanse all places; all the streets, roads, squares, courts, alleys, and thoroughfares within the limits of the said act, and to remove all dust, ashes, and rubbish there- [therefrom] from, and also from the houses and tenements of the inha- [ina- inhabitants] bitants [bit ants] within the said limits; and also to cause all privies and cess-pools within the said limits to be from time to time emptied and cleansed in a sufficient and proper man- [manner] ner. [ne] These duties the scavenging committee have endea- [end- endeavoured] voured [poured] to perform. The instructions to the scavengers are to cleanse all the streets, lanes, roads, courts, and alleys; and from the absence of complaint, from the greatly im- [in- improved] proved appearance of the places formerly totally neglected, and from the returns of the superintendent, it would appear that these duties are, generally speaking, very regularly performed. The cost for the year ending May 16, 1850, has been as tollows [follows] - Day SCAVENGING. .. 56. ses [se] 540 10 10 Team 84 6 Brooms, and proportion of carts, tools, 38 8 9 and Horse keep, rent, taxes, &c., one-half... 5317 4 Water for streets, and sundries............... 10 72617 5 . 102 12 Proportion of carts, tools, and repairs 33 5 6 Horse-keep, rent, taxes, one-half............ 53.17 4 Light and sundries. 14 810 Total Cost 418 3 8 The total cost of both day and night scavenging was 1145 1s. 1d. During that year manure was sold to the amount of 266 19s., which would reduce the actual money cost of cleansing all the streets, courts, maca [mac] ised [used] roads, and emptying of cess-pools, to 878 2s. 1d. When the proceeds from the sale of manure are divided as nearly as can be ascertained between the day and the night scavenging, the actual cost of these separately will be as fillows [follows] - scavenging Ni at GO nes [ne] Within the limits of the Improvement Act, there are about 3300 dwellings. This is exclusive of mills, manufac- [manufacture- manufacturers] tories, shops, and warehouses. The cost of day scavenging in Huddersfield will amount to 3s. 10 d. per dwelling per annum; of night scavenging to 1s. 24d. per dwelling per annum. The cost of both de- [departments] partments [Apartments] is 5s. 03d. per dwelling per annum. In Leeds the Town Council have only the scavenging of the public streets within the township of Leeds at present in operation. The back streets and alleys are scarcely ever entered and the authorities have no power to cleanse courts, or remove refuse from the dwellings. The cost of cleansing the public streets alone-(by this term is meant those streets mainly used by the public, is 2,226 12s. 8d. But a great proportion of the labour employed is pauper. labour, for which the Council only Wey [We] to the Poor-law Guardians 6d. per man per day. en these are com- [computed] puted [outed] at the rate paid in Huddersfield-2s. per day for the same class of labour and for a fair comparison with Hud- [HUD- Huddersfield] dersfield [Huddersfield] it must be so computed,-the cost of cleansing these public streets only is 3,726 12s. 8d. The manure realizes [realise] 350 leaving the total money cost for this minor branch of scavenging operations 3,376 12s. 8d. By the last census Leeds township contained 20,213 dwel- [del- dwelt he] . The cost of this portion of day scavenging for Leeds is a fraction over 3s. 4d. per dwelling per annum. In the borough of Liverpool the Town Council arec [are] with the duty of emptying cess-pools, in addition to the day scavenging of the main streets. For the removal of the and soil from privies, ash-pits, and cess-pools, the sum of 10,000 is paid to Mr. Rose, the contractor, who also has what he can make by the sale of the manure. In Liverpool, as in Huddersfield, much of this refuse has to be got out of the cess-pools, at a t expenditure of labour, and afterwards to be conveyed down narrow entries to the carts. There were also great accumulations when Mr. Rose undertook the present contract, the result of the Council's having contracted previously with parties without means-and who, therefore, in cases labour, neglected their engagements. In the same borough, Liverpool, the street cleansing is kept in the hands of the Council, who directly employ pauper labour. Thestate [Estate] of the main streets even are any- [anything] thing but creditable to this system of management and as for the back streets and courts, their condition may be judged when the fact is stated that these are not methodi- [method- method] cally [call] cleansed-only when contagion or epidemic disease is that called for much revalent [prevalent] in the neighbourhood. At the present time Mr. Rose has an offer before the Liverpool Council to cleanse the main streets for the sum of 11,500, in addition to the manure. But this tender does not contemplate the sca- [ca- scavenging] venging [evening] of the courts or back streets, more than they have been done by the Council itself. The acceptance of the offer is, however, urged pon [on] the Council, on the ground that a considerable annual saving will thereby accrue. By the last census the borough of Liverpool contained 45,392 dwellings. When the cost of day scavenging (for the public streets only) is apportioned adopting the tender of Mr. Rose as the actual money cost-it amounts to 5a. per dwelling per annum. The night scavenging amounts to 4s. 6d. per dwelling per annum together, the cost is 9s. 6d. per dwelling per annum. In the township of Manchester the Town Council are also charged with the duty of removing refuse from the dwel- [del- deli] i as well as with street cleansing. Perhaps in no town in England have scavenging been better per- [performed] formed than in Manchester. e facilities for night sca- [ca- scavenging] venging [evening] are also far greater than in most places, especially in the newly-built portions of the town. Availing them- [themselves] selves of the powers conferred in their Police Act-powers similar, and almost word for word with the sections in the Towns' Improvement Clauses Act-the Council have re- [required] uired [fired] the erection of a distinct and private privy for ev dwelling, placed so that the scavenger's cart can approac [approach] thereto for the removal of the refuse. The result is, that few dwellings are now built back to back that each dwel- [del- dwelling] ling has its own distinct private court-yard, with its own private petty and that Seok [Seek] streets for the removal of refuse are the rwle-not [rule-not] the exception. . For the township of Manchester for the year ending June 24th, [the] 1850, the cost of day scavenging has been 7,609 16s. 10d. The manure and other receipts in re- [reduction] duction [Auction] have realised 809 12s., leaving the actual money cost to be 6,800 4s. 10d. The gross expenditure on the night scavenging has been 10,150 16s. 6d. The amount realised by the sale of manure has been 4,982 12s. 7d., leaving the actual cost of this department 5,178 3s. 10d. By the last census the township of Manchester contained 29,474 dwellings. When the above sums are apportioned, it makes the cost to be of-- Day scavenging...... 4s. 74d. per dwelling per annum. it t do. Be. oa ditto ditto. Total cost ...... 8s. lid. ditto ditto. These analysations [analysation] will make it ap that the Scaveng- [Avenge- Scavenging] ing Committee of the Huddersfield Improvement Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] do not stand unfavourably as to relative cost of scavenging operations, as the following recapitulation will make more apparent - RELATIVE COST OF DAY SCAVENGING. Huddersfield.-Main streets, back streets, and os Leeds,-Main streets only ............... Manchester.-Ditto, ditto, and courts. Liverpool.-Main streets only Poe RELATIVE COST OF NIGHT SCAVENGING. Huddersfield 1s, 24d. per dwelling. Live I ik. 4s. 6d. 3 Manchester 3s. 6d. vs RELATIVE COST OF UNITED SCAVENGING. Huddersfield 5s. Ofd. [Of] per dwelling. 8s. 14d. 99 9s. Lest it should be supposed that this difference in the cost for dwelling is ca y the ter [te] distance of the lay- [lay stalls] stalls in Leeds, Manchester, and Liverpool, and that there is therefore much additional cartage in those places com- [compared] pared with Huddersfield, I beg to say such is not the fact that in all those places the lay-stalls are within the town, and at relatively shoxt [short] distances from the centres of population and that in my opinion, Huddersfield is rather at a disadvantage for a comparison as to distance of cartage. . It, will be seen that in none of the instances adduced, does the sale of the manure cover the cost of the scavenging but on the contrary, leaves a goodly sum to be paid out of the respective rates raised on the inhabitants. I cannot learn that the sum realized [realised] by the sale of manure defrays the cost of scavenging in any English town. In Scotland it has been known to come very near this result and in one case to leave a good sum as profit. For instance, in 1840, the cost of scavenging in Edinburgh was 12,000; and on an average of years, the sale of manure yielded 10,000 per annum,-leaving but 2,000 to be provided from other sources. In Aberdeen also, about ten years ago, thc [the] cost of scavenging was between 1,400 and 1,500, while the manure sold for 2,400,-leaving a profit of nearly 1,000 on the cleansing. This difference of result between the English and Scotch towns is partly accounted for by the ifference [difference] in the habits of the population. In Scotland, water closets are the exception, not the rule; and it is well known that the offensive excreta of the inhabitants has to be retained in vessels in the dwellings, until the scavengers' cart comes round to carry it away, when the vessels are taken into the streets and emptied into the cart. In both Edinburgh and Aberdeen, these carts go round daily,- [daily] and in the poorer districts twice a day. One result is, that the excreta is procured by the authorities unmixed with ashes or other refuse; and its commercial value may be judged of from the fact that in Edinburgh, the sum of 5s. 3d. per ton is realised for the manure, placed on the banks of the canal,-while in all the places where I have made inquiry in England, from 1s. 3d. to 1s. 6d. per ton is considered a good price for such as is collected from pettys, [petty] mixed as it is with ashes and other rubbish. It will also be geen [green] that there is economy in collection, if I may so use the words, in the Scotch as compared with the English system for while in the former country it is brought to the ' nightman's [Norman's] cart in the day time, in the latter it has to be got out of cess pools during the night, at great ex- [expenditure] penditure [expenditure] of labour. The following picture of Edmburgh, [Edinburgh] from the pen of Dr. Sutherland,-where his labours had to be energetically directed during the cholera, which almost decimated some quarters of the old city,-will not I think make many esirous [serious] of introducing the Scotch system amongst the ple [le] of though one result should be a iminution [diminution] of scavenging expenses. ing the absence of water closets and pettys, [petty] Dr. Sutherland says - It is commonly believed that the chief causes of sick- [sickness] ness are connected with the condition of thesurface [the surface] orsubsoil [or subsoil] of a town; but in the Scotch cities it is found that a great deal of epidemic disease occurs at the top of the loftiest tene- [ten- tenements] ments, [rents] where a comparatively pure atmosphere surrounds the dwellings. The perishable nature of the structures in many of the English towns renders a complete reconstruc- [construction- reconstruction] tion [ion] possible within comparatively short intervals of time, and a pro ive [vie] improvement and amelioration can thus be effected. Such, however, is not the case in Edinburgh and G w, very many of the houses of which have been inhabited for centuries, and to all appearances will last for centuries to come. Ancient medizval [medicinal] structures, after having served as mansions during feudal times, have been divided and subdivided to suit the necessities of a new class of occupants, with little regard to the best methods of effecting the change, aud [and] with an utter forgetfulness of the comfort, health, and convenience of the tenants. Houses with eight or ten successive nests of families, piled one above the other, are by no means uncommon. Such tene- [ten- tenements] ments [rents] are hardly suitable for the purposes of modern civilisation, and they can only be occupied without absolute danger to the health and morals of the inmates by a strict application of those resources which science has ones to bear on the social welfare of the people. The 'lands,' as they are called, have generally one common stair to give access to their teeming population, a circumstance which must always render a thorough cleanliness of these ap- [approaches] proaches [preachers] next to impossible, Many of the stairs and the passages which branch off from them are dark and noisome; and from the absence of all domestic conveniences in the houses, they become depositories of filth of the most dis- [disgusting] gusting kind. The atmosphere in them is most impure, and often extremely offensive; and as the houses must be sup- [supplied] plied with air through these channels, we need not be sur- [Sir- surprised] prised to find that the supply is at times almost intolerable. The same want of convenience leads to a most abominable state of the closes, which all police regulations have hither- [hitherto] to failed to improve materially, especially in Edinburgh, so that the ordinary channels through which the atmosphere reaches the inmates, even in the loftiest and apparently best ventilated parts of the old town of Edinburgh, are im- [in- impregnated] pregnated [presented] with impurities, dissolved and carried along by the air. There are no means provided by which the solid and fluid egesta [stage] of the househoulds [household] can be removed, except the laborious process of carryinging [carrying] down the whole weight which had previously been carried up. There are neither water-closets, sinks, nor dust shoots, and the result of the want of these most needful conveniences is, that all the offensive refuse of the house must be retained within inha- [ina- inhabited] bited [bites] apartments, and in immediate proximity to the scanty water-supply. The atmosphere is rendered damp and foul by the exhalations, and the water unwholesome by absorbing them. It is true that the police send round carts for removing the refuse; but under the best possible arrangements of this kind, the house refuse must still be retained sufficiently long to be injurious, while the inmates not unfrequently [frequently] find themselves inconvenienced by the operation of conveying it down from such an altitude at the precise moment fixed by the police for its removal. The practical result is, that it is often retained as long as pos- [post- possible] sible, or thrown out of the windows in the closes below. It is even not a rare occurrence to find large accumulations of decomposing matter, which appear to have lain for years, in garrets and empty apartments of these lofty houses. The following letter from Aberdeen, which was kindl [kind] lent to me by an officer under the corporation of Bradford, will also shew that in Aberdeen the sale of manure is ceasing to be the source of profit it once was. I may remark, that the letter was written in answer to a number of queries from the town of Bradford, sent with a similar object that the Huddersfield Scavenging Committee have in view in in- [instituting] stituting [stating] these enquiries. t letter is as follows - Aberdeen, 23rd August, 1850. Sir, -Provost Thompson has handed to me your letter of the 21st instant, and in answer to the queries therein contained I beg to state- [states] Ist, [Its] The cleansing of the town, as well as the other branches of police, and the supplying of the town with water, is under the charge of Commissioners appointed in terms of a In virtue of powers conferred i the act they have enacted various bye-laws relative to cleansing, a copy of which is sent herewith. 2nd, The Commissioners employ the scavengers, a.d contract with ies [is] for driving the manure from the streets. They sell the stuff weekly by public auction, Fora number of years pre- [previously] viously [obviously] to the present year, the right to the manure of the towns was sold to contractors who drove it from the streets and sold it on their own account. The highest rent paid by these contrac- [contract- contractors] tors, about ten years ago, was between 2,400 and 2,500, which left a profit of about 1,000 on the cleaning of the town. Since that time the rent has gradually fallen, and when a lease wes [West] offered this year no one would give 1,200 for it. The Com- [Commissioners] miasioners [missioners] therefore resolved to hold the concern in their own hands, with the view of ascertaining its real value It may be mentioned, however, that the fall in the price of manure pretty well accounts for the reduction of the rent. 3rd, There are two depositories for the filth, one of them at a distance of about half a mile from the town, and the other within two hundred yards of a populous suburb. The former is a by a stone wall, and the other by a close wooden fence. 4th, The population within the police boundary is about 65,000. The number of scavengers is about sixty, and of horses and carts sixteen. The carters assist the scavengers in loading the carts, and in making up the dung-heaps for the weekly es. If you want any further information you can let me know. Iam, [I am] Sir, your most obedient servant, Wittiam [William] Duncan. 'reasurer [treasurer] f Police, W. H. Hudson, Esq,, Bradford. t With respect to the different modes adopted and recom- [com- recommended] mended for the atreeta [street] and courts, and the riddance of refuse, the General Board of Health, in their 'secent [recent] report, on the supply of water to the Metropolis, recommended the use of the water jet. This re- [recommendation] commendation is grounded on the result of trial-works, instituted for the purpose of testing its eet [et] its efficacy, and i at She eld, [ed] ir Vitam [Vital] Lee, the superintending i r who conduc [conduct] e enqui [enquiry] into the state of our Burial grounds, conducted the trial works as to this mode of cleansing streets and the result is gaid [said] to be, thorough cleansing effected in one-third the time, and at one-third the expense of scavengers' labour of sweeping the surface with the broom. In elphia [Alpha] the water-jet is used for the purpose of cleansing the fronts of houses, as well as footways [doorways] and paved carriage roads and it is stated, that its main ublic [public] buildings, and houses, have all the cleanliness an Prightness [Brightness] of a Dutch town, where the fronts of the houses are washed by water thrown from scoops, by hand, instead of by the more powerful method of the jet. And the General Board of Realth [Health] report, that several of the local beards in provincial towns, Cee [See] a constant sup- [suppose] of water, are preparing to apply it to street-cleansing, are waiting for the purchase of the water-works from the water-companies, with whom the arrangements for such applications of water are found to be always in- [inconvenient] convenient and often impracticable. The General Board of Health say,- At a rate of ex- [exactly] tly [ty] below that which would be requisite for a suf- [su- suffering] ly extensive system of scavenging or sweeping by hand, it is practicable to have the foot-pavement of every main thoroughfare washed every day, and made as perfectly clean as the court-yard of a gentleman's man- [mansion] sion; that, in the same manner, the carriage-way may be rendered as clean and free from dung and filth as before the commencement of the traffic; and that a like amount of external cleanliness may be economically extended to a nd maintained in the courts, alleys, and back streets, in- [inhabited] habited by the poorer classes. This mode of cleansing, however, pre-sup, three prior essential requisites a universal system of pipe sower- [steerage] age and drainage; an abundant and constant supply of water at high pressure and a systematic provision of fire- [fireplugs] plugs or stand pipes, at short distances from each other. The two latter we have not in Huddersfield nor, indeed, enough of the first for a general resort to the practice of the water-jet for the purposes of street cleansing. One of the conclusions of the General Board of Health is as follows From the examination of important works which have been in operation for a sufficient length of time to test their efficacy, and from detailed estimates made by different competent engineering officers upon house to house examinations of the worst conditioned districts, it appears that combined works, comprising a water-pipe for the ser- [se- service] vice of each house, a sink, a drain, and waste pipe, and a soil-pan or water-closet apparatus, may be laid down and maintained in action, at a cost, not exceeding, on the aver- [average] age, three-half pence per week or less than half the ex- [expense] pense [sense] of cleansing the cess-pool for any single tenement. Respecting the value of the sewerage under this of thorough drainage, and also the practicability of its being usefully and profitably applied as manure, the General Board of Health in the report before spoken of say Trial works were directed and executed to deter- [determine] mine better than had practically been done, the expense at which the soil water might be conveyed and distributed as manure, and to make provision for its sale. By these works it was proved, that one hundred tons of liquid man- [manure] ure [re] might be distributed in less than half an hour, at an expense of Is. 8d.; and in less than an hour all offensive smell was dissipated from causes explained in the important evidence of Professor Way, whereas by the common method of applying manures, the oftensive [offensive] surface-evaporation con- [continues] tinues [tines] for days, and often for weeks, to the loss of the best portions of the manure. The evidence obtained by these trial works, of the fertilizing power of sewer water was en- [entirely] tirely [entirely] in corroboration of the experience of nearly half-a- century, as supplied by Edinburgh and Milan. Wit to the question of letting the scavenging ot Huddersfield by contract, the results of my inquiries bear each way. In Bradford, what little apology they have for scavenging is done by contract-the contractor receiving the sum of 400 per annum, and the manure. I have not stated this case in detail, because I found all parties were dissatisfied with the present system and that it has formed one of the grounds for the recent application of the Public Health Act to that town, under the provisions of which, the Council of Bradford will now have to undertake the thorough scavenging of all places within their limits, and the removal of refuse from the dwellings as well. In Brad- [Bradford] ford those I came in contact with were sick of the contract system as it has worked antagst [stagnant] them. And again, in Liverpool, as I have before stated, when the contracts were en to parties without means, the work was not at all satisfactorily performed. It is a different thing, however, when a party who is responsible becomes the contractor, and when due security is taken for the fulfilment of the conditions of the contract. The present working of the Liverpool night scavenging would seem to say that under such circumstances the work will be at least efficiently per- [performed] formed. Again, the experience of Manchester is decidedly against the contract system, if the reports of the Scavenging Com- [Committee] mittee [matter] and the proceedings of the Corporation are any guide. For the past two years the scavenging has been in the hands of the Scavenging Committee, who have employed their hands direct; and the result between that arrange- [arrangement] ment [men] and the former system of contract, is said to bea great saving, accompanied with better work. Should the Committee, however, to whom this report is addressed, on a consideration of all the circumstances of the case, determine to let the scavenging of Huddersfield, or any portion of it, by contract, my strong advice grounded on the advice of others whom I have met in the course of the inquiries made for this report-parties who have had much experience -is, that THE WHOLE SCAVENGING should be let under one contract. The reason for this is obvious. Scavenging, whether by night or day, is but scavenging- [scavenging is] is but one operation. Economy of direction and economy in the local application of labour, can be secured when under one control but if there should be two bodies of workmen, responsible to different parties, conflicting ope- [operations] rations and quarrels are almost certain to be the result. Should the Committee determine to let the scavenging by contract, a carefully prepared specification will be neces- [NeWS- necessary] sary [say] and due security for the performance of the condi- [condition- conditions] tions [tins] of the contract must be insisted on. If the Committee could get a reasonable offer from a responsible party to undertake the operations, perhaps it would be worth while to accept it-if for nothing else but as a means of testing the economy or otherwise of their present proceedings. I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, JOSHUA Hopson. Board of Works, Huddersfield, October 30, 1850. THE Pavine [Pain] COMMITTEE, AND THE RATES AND FINANCE CoMMITTEE.-Nothing [Committee.-Nothing] of interest was reported from these Committees, beyond a short conversation as to the books of the rates and finance department, from which we under- [understand] stand the arrears were being gradually made up, and that the accounts at present were in a satisfactory position. Commissioner FIRTH wished to know what was intended to be done respecting the condition of the foot-bridge in Spring Wood, as it was at present in a very slippery and dangerous state. The CHaIRMAN [Chairman] explained that so soon as the subject had been brought under the attention of the Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners, [sinners] it had nm reported to the railway directors, and steps immediately taken for placing the footpath and bridge in efficient and complete repair. The making of these repairs had been contracted for, and were to have been completed by the 15th instant, but owing to certain obstructions, arising from the Water Works' Commis- [Comms- Commissioners] sioners [sinners] relaying new water pipes, these repairs had been reluctantly delayed. Commissioner T. FrrTH, [Firth] and HayLey, [Haley] defended the Vater [Water] Works' Commissioners from being the cause of this elay. [lay] Commissioner CROSLAND said no charge had been made against the Water Works' Commissioners, but simply a reference made to the apparently unavoidable obstacles arising out of the re-laying of certain water pipes. On a question put by Commissioner W. P. ENGLAND, as to whether any formal reply had been made to Mr. Loch, ting the site chosen out of the three submitted to them as suitable for a public cemetery, an interesting but unimportant conversation arose on the subject, in which the Chairman, Commissioners Mallinson, Moore, Kaye, and others, took part, after which the question pped. [oped] It appeared from the report of the Finance Committee, that tne [te] expenditure for the past month-was, miscclla- [musical- miscellaneous] Pocus oxpenses, [expenses] 43 16s. 10d.; [d] and for wages, 588 8. , The various reports and minutes were then received and adopted, after which, Commissioner T, FIRTH moved, and Commissioner KAYE, seconded- [seconded that] That the sum of 2,000 be borrowed by the Commissioners, under the powers contained in the Huddersfield Improvement Act, 1848, [W, and the several acts of parliament incorporated there- [therewith] with, upon security of the special sewer rate thereby authorised to be levied, and that the Clerk be requested to advertise for the same, in such manner as shall be directed by the said Com- [Committee] mittee. [matter] This concluded the business of the meeting. - Oo HALIFAX. HALIFAX MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS. YESTERDAY, (FRIDAY.) Yesterday the town was all bustle and activity, con sequent upon the Election of Municipal Councillors for the ensuing year, and the excitement which has charac- [character- characterized] terized [tried] the week then attained its climax, the struggle, more particularly in St. James' Ward, being one of a close and interesting character. Early in the morning symptoms of action were mani- [manifest] fest; indigations [indications] of determined effort to win, if possible, were unmistakeable. Cabs were brought into general requisition (not one being unhired) [hired] canvassers, messen- [lessen- messengers] gers, [hers] clerks, and all the paraphernalia of electioneering appendages being upand and] doing. The interest excited wus [was] equal to that of the first election, though perhaps not so in all the wards, but quite, if not more so, in the one alluded to. During the week addresses, squibs, and warnings of various kinds have been extensively circulated through the medium of placards, and the late sittings of the different committees evidently showed that much important business was being, or about to be, accomplished. Men who entered the work coldly on Monday morning, by degrees attained more or less increased temperament, and as success seemed more apparent from the amount of promises received, so in proportion rose the thermometer of feeling, so that by the eventful morning of the day to decide theis [this] hopes, and dispel their occasional fears, the pulsation might be said to have obtained its greatest speed. We give our readers as accurate a statement of the issue in each ward as the shortness of time which has elapsed prior to our going to press will allow, and we trust that now the con tests are over, no unpleasant remembrances may be shown-no animosity or ill feeling engendered, but the proper business of each resumed, the victors endea- [end- endeavouring] vouring [pouring] to show themselves worthy of success. The following is the final result in each ward [ward] Sr. James's Warp. Two Councillors required. 'Batty (Radical).............. sro [so] nn ae sa (Ci ee tained [gained] a signal victory over the Chastists. [Chartists] mewne [men] .TRiIntTY [Trinity] Warp. 'wo Councillors wanted Walsh 142 A yard Conservative Whig) ..................- 141 pee Vt ee Bie) [Be] one 122 Dearden 113 MaRKET [Market] Two Commissioners Required. Collinson (Liberal) ....... oo 115 Wiglesworth [Worthless] (Conservative Whig) 111 Cartor [Carter] (Tory) 102 'B, Wood (no party), retired from North Ward 51 NortH [North] WakD. [Wake] One Councillor wanted. Ramasden............... [Ramsden] 86 53 WARD. One Councillor required. 'Retiring Councillors. The result of the elections is generall. [general] satisfaction, the return of Mr. Green for received with t. James' Ward more especially. HALIFAX RACES.-OCTOBER MEETING, 1850. On Monday, the 28th instant, a considerable influx of visitors, as well as a great amount of excitement, was manifest in the town, the above event occasioning far more interest and attention than its most sanguine promoters had anticipated. The streets were quite thronged all the afternoon, and presented the appear- [appearance] ance [once] of a Midsummer fair day. The number of spectators was estimated at 20,000. Much annoyance was ex- [experienced] perienced [experienced] from the want of a tent for weighing in, &c., which had been expected by rail, but owing to some negligence, was not forthcoming,-the proceedings, how- [however] ever, gave general satisfaction, and augur well for future success. Edward Haigh, Esq. acted as judge Messrs. M. Smith- [Smith] W. Crowther, and J. Firth, were stewards; and Mr. H, O. Cadney, clerk of the course. The first race on the card was the Union Stakes of 10s. each, with five sovereigns added. Wide heats. Seven entries, of whom five started - Mr. Jackson's Butcher Lass, 6 yrs............ Mr. Clegg's b. f. Martha Lynn, 4 yrs......... Mr. A. Priestley's f. Grace Darling, aged ... Mr. Wilkinson names br. c. Othello, 3 yrs... Mr- [Crowther] Crowther's Pi The rider of Mr. Waterer's [Water's] Maid of Kent mistook the place of starting; and the stewards disqualified Mr. John Ingham's Lady of Leeds for informal entry. Trotrina [Trotting] HanpicaPp.-10s. [Handicap.-1st] each, with five sovereigns added, to carry weight for age and height. Mile heats. Mr. Sidney Smith's br. h. Stamper ............ 11 Mr. H. Murgatroyd's gr. h. Old Duke ......... 22 Trotrinc [Trotting] Mr. M. Smith's Kate Kearney walked over. The day's proceedings were wound up by a dinner at the Odd Fellows' Hall, at which the committee and many other friends enjoyed themselves until a late hour. Dress Concert.--The grand dress concert at the Odd Fellows' Hall, on Thursday evening, under the efficient leadership of Mr. J. H. Frobisher afforded the lovers of music in Halifax a rich and agreeable enter- [entertainment] tainment, [attainment] the following eminent vocalists being princi- [Prince- principal] pal performers, Mrs. Sunderland, Miss M. Williams, Mr. H. Phillips, and Mr. Lockey. The attendance was highly respectable, comprising most of the leading families in Halifax and the Neighbourhood. The encores were numerous, and the favourable reception which marked the whole evinced a general satisfaction. Miss Williams was encored in the songs She shines before me, My Childhood's happy Home, and the Duett [Duty] with Mrs. Sunderland The Swiss Maidens she also gave an Italian song The Che Faro. Mrs. Sunderland ,our old favourite, was very happy in the Duett [Duty] Farewell for ever, in concert with Mr. Lockey, in which as well as in the Trio, This Magic wove Scarf. (Mrs. Sunder- [Sunderland] Isnd, [And] Mr. Lockey, and Mr. Phillips,) as also the Song Tl follow thee, her recall was loudly sought for ; Mr. Phillips received similar compliments after giving the Ballad My heart's in the Highlands, the chorus Haste thee Nymph, (Solo parts by that gentleman) and the Song I canna leave the Highlands, as well as in the Trio before alluded to; Mr. Lockey was alike fortunate in the Duett [Duty] with Mrs. Sunderland and gave with considerable effect The Scena, [Scene] 0] 'tisa [tia] glorious sight, from Oberon, as also the Songs Marraton [Martin] to Inez, and The Minstrel Boy. It is needless to add that previous expectation was more than realized, [realised] and the evening's entertainment was another confirmation of the justly earned reputation of the Artistes above- [above mentioned] mentioned. TEMPERANCE.-The friends of the abstinence move- [movement] ment [men] have been much gratified during the past week by two lectures delivered on Tuesday and Thursday even- [evenings] ings, by Edwd. Grubb, Esq., who treated the subject in a masterly and interesting manner. PROVIDENTIAL EscaPe.-Yesterday [Escape.-Yesterday] evening week, a most singular circumstance occurred at the house of Mr. Bethel Naylor, spirit merchant, Northgate, to a young lad, named Samuel Briggs, about thirteen years of age, his grandson. It appears he had gone to bed rather unwell, (having had a fit at school the day before,) in a room of the third story, situate over the chamber sitting room of the Commercial Inn, which bedroom belongs to his grandfather's house, and near eleven o'clock, fancying in a dream that a man was in the room about to injure him, had escaped out of the window, scrambled over the cornice of the sitting-room window and clung to the mullion, this window being in three divisions. In the sitting-room in question there had been a meeting of the committee forwarding the elec- [elect- election] tion [ion] of Messrs. Green and Battye, most of whom had gone home. Four, however, had staid, chattering mat- [matters] ters [tees] over, when the breaking of one of the panes, and the lad's cries aroused the attention of one gentleman, who instantly threw up the window and drew him safely in. The poor fellow had no remembrance next day of the strange and remarkable adventure he had undergone. ---- - HOMCOPATHY. [HOMEOPATHY] TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Mr. Eprror-I [Emperor-I] am somewhat at a loss to understand your correspondent in reference to the monthly board of the Infirmary, they having simply done an obvious duty by framing a resolution to carry out one of the most important objects of that noble institution, embodied in fhe [he] shel [she] Bale, which has hitherto remained a dead etter. [letter] Yy your correspondent anticipates o ition [edition] from the respectable medical staff of the Infirmary I cannot conceive. The Board have a duty to perform, and the public, of course, expect them to carry out every rule of the Infirmary manfully and impartially. It is not for them to enquire whether this medical man gives large or small doses-whether he practices allo- [all- allopathy] pathy, [path] hydropathy, [homeopathy] or any other pathy. [path] It is enough for them to know that every medical officer who acts in the Institution, or witnesses any operation there, has received his proper credentials for practising the art of medicine. Hence, to doubt their hearty co- [cooperation] operation with a gentleman of such respectable character and high professional skill as Mr. Ramsbotham, [Ramsbottom] because he practices homeeopathy [homeopathy] is absurd and insulting, espe- [ese- especially] cially [call] as the 43rd rule has only reference to surgical operations, for the unfortunate victim in such a case has no chance between a small dose or a large one; it must necessarily be allopathic, whether it be the loss of a leg or any other member of the body. An Ex-committee Man cannot conceive on what grounds Mr. R. can hope to be admitted, on the suppositious ground of his being an irregular prac- [pray- practitioner] titioner. [petitioner. In the first place this writer should have established his premises for to make such a charge is as serious as it is untrue. Nor is there a medical gen- [gentleman] tleman [gentleman] in Huddersfield who dare attaint [attain] this successful practitioner either with want of skill or proper quali- [quality- qualifications] fications. [fortifications] True it is that Mr. R. abandoned the dis- [disgusting] gusting popular system of bleeding, blistering, vomiting, and p with all its painful and destructive uncer- [under- uncertainty] tainty, [taint] for one based on the fixed principles of nature, harmless in its judicious application, and amazingly curative in its effects; that counteracts disease without prostrating the animal tem. [te] Of this I can speak personally, being one of the happy recipients of a system that will bless mankind. But this does not at all amount to a disqualification therefore, in justice to all parties, especially Mr. Ramsbotham, [Ramsbottom] I feel it a duty to remove any erronous [erroneous] impression, either as to contemplated opposition on the part of the medical gentlemen, or as regards the qualifications of Mr. Rams- [Ramsbottom] botham, [both] in the hope that a spirit of fairness may be exhibited, and that all 'these parties may unite to ad- [advance] vance an art that has made less progress than any in the world, to cast aside all prejudice, mystery, and ex- [exclusiveness] clusiveness, [exclusiveness] that the ills which flesh is heir to may be alleviated, and human nature saved the torture arising from prejudice and ignorance. VINDEX. [INDEX] ---- THe [The] Urinity [Trinity] oF THE County Courts Demons -One fact, says the Brighton Guardian, is worth twenty arguments, and we propose therefore to demonstrate the great utility of the County Courts by succintly [sufficiently] narrating a case in which we were ourselves concerned the spring of ve current year Brighton was visited by an exhibition, and the proprietor brought his printing to our office. He paid his bill and was so well satisfied with our work and our that he gave us an order for several thousand bills or the next town he was then about to visit. We supplied his wants and forwarded our account; but instead of remit- [remitting] ting the amount, 3 lls., [ll] as he had promised to do by post-office order, he gave us leg continuing his career through the country and probably laughing in eee [see] the successful trick he had played off us. Bya [By] le persevering enquiry we discovered our debtor's London thenwe [then] obtained asummons [summons] out of the district, which was duly served, and when the day of hearing arrived the case was undefended and we obtained judgment. Now we renewed our enquiries, and havin [having] g ascertained that our customer was announced for a certain day at Wakefield, in Yorkshire, we despatched thither an execution through the regular channel, and in the course of a few days we received through the Brighton Court the sum of 5 2s. 10d., being the amount of the claim, costs and levy included. Under tho old law we must have lost this a cobs, for the custs [cust] up judgment would have deterred us from pursuing a scamp for so small a sum Coun [Con] Court however enabled us to overtake our a shabby customer at a com i amall [small] risk, the total aratively [arrival] cost for which brought us our due bei [be] only 1 lis. [is] 10d. Under the old the issuing service of the writ would have swallowed up all the stoner. There is continued depression in the which, indeed, seems to be Of one mag of the year, being between the Xpected [Expected] At this a, scarcely any buyers in town during the We bam [ba] aa, buys, except for immediate want, p, goods generally, are in the best SANE ig BRADFORD MARKET Tavrspay [Taxpayer] Sage --W vi r disposition to bu i 02. -Th, middle escriptions) [descriptions] at the rates tonne 79 (sapere) [spare] and the sales during the week have rate with the high cost of labour anj [an] 2 om of wool, that te now and the Advances, production. PIECES,-The chief demand DO crys. [cry] winter goods and Cobourgs [scourges] and 5 DOW inp [in] ins quantities to assort up Dong, Hairax, [Hair] Saturday, Oct. 36.-Our p; es but slenderly attended to-day, and there Hall hag tem te] position to purchase worsted goods, excep [except] S D0 mine se to which the manufacturers cannot ee rates on goods have never kept with th vances [vance] on yarn. The yarn trade is in 4 0 condition. The merchants are ee 3 quotations and the manufact [manufacture] i rd state of the wool market, refuse keg ACE of business is doing in long wool, ata [at] tri, [ti] a in price. Short wools are a little Sime. doing. OF OUE [OUR] U5 wane LEEDS, Tuesday, Oct. 29,- arkar [ark] and Saturday have been aon [on] ge business has been done. Heavy winter sed [se Wik [Wil] ag ready sale; and, with approaching re Wet omy [my] demand for this description of goods may aye he RocuDaLz, [Rochdale] Monday, Oct. 28.-The a tinues [tines] much the same as it was the pree [pre] The buyers are offering less money for cases, lower prices have been taken. purchase the raw material very sparingly no fear of prices getting up. MACCLESFIELD, Tuesday, Oct. 29. interest of this town aie [are] haw som [some] The m [in] dullness of trade; and many weavers, we, waiting for employment. has not proved so satisfactory as was throwsters [rosters] continue fairly supplied the present, we hear of no lack of employ ' department. The market for thrown 2 ots [its] very unsatisfactory; prices of the article bein [being] more than those now demanded for the raw mz DS areas is no new feature to note in the raw silk last publication. ASC [AS] Shes oye [oe] State oF TRADE IN Man otra [ora] al oa My 43 the Ltrs [Lars] Ton [C] uy. x ad a ae XT On. So ADL, [AD] x Manninen. [Manning] AM Seam ry Rhy [Thy] tar Then 5 aS anticipared [anticipated] With ap, Tuesday, Yer, The spinners of yarns have made no im [in] th 4 tions, [tins] and a general firmness prevails in this ale For doubled yarns, from 60's to upwazis [upwards] op continues to be some call but fine sinc [since] WANS [WAS] Reve Rev] zie, [ie] of Sheet is still neglected. The cloth market is regards prices, but and the transaes [transfers] te Means considerable. t printing fabries [fabrics] pressed than most other artic [attic] les fing [ding] fabrics are story ee LIVERPOOL CoTTON [Cotton] MARKET, Tuesday O,- by On Saturday, the cotton market was more wer... [we] extreme prices which were previously obrained [obtained] mand [and] was probably in anticipation of the yesterday. This arrival brings advice of... frosts in the highest cotton districts of toe have had no effect here indeed the demand ior [or] mee [me] descriptions has much subsided, and the last Friday are barely supported. Surat, jn -h. . continues in strong demand, and held firmly a 4) The sales in four days have been about 3.4) cluding [including] 8,500 for export and speculation in, sisted [sister] of about equal quantities of American 3m. Surat. roa ae le tl Qtleer [Qt leer] seal WOOL MARKETS. BRITISH. LIVERPOOL, October 26.-Seotch [26.-Scotch] There's little jam for laid Highland wool, which must cither [either] vse [use] 9 consumers of this class having freely supplied .. the clip time, or that it is found higher now chats seme [see] other sorts as a substitute. White Highland 2 4 mest. [meat] Good crossed and Cheviots are more for, without leading to much business. 7 Laid Highland Wool, per 24lb [lb] ........ 9 Oo White Highland ditto... Ne BP Laid Crossed ditto ... unwashed 11 2 7-3 Ditto ditto ...... washed... 11 13 3 Laid Cheviot ditto ... unwashed ld i Ditto ditto ...... washed 34 a White Cheviot ditto ...... ditto ...... J) 3 Imports for the 329 ba Previously this year ..................... lsay [say] us Foreign There were public sales here on Werines iay [Weariness say] 23rd, at which the attendance was govd. [good] Abeur [Abe] Su) bales were offered, 1,500 of which were Bast Indian. mex me] sold at full prices, in most classes at ju. to Si. and all sold. Buenos Ayres, except the best lesenpauas, [Lesseps] i were in less request. 100 orto [root] late Egyptian principally oo ae Imports for the week...............000...... [week...............W] at Previously this year ................... .. W285 [W] OREIGN. [FOREIGN] Lonpon, [London] Oct. 28.-The imports of wool into Lonuoa [Luna] last week were smaller, comprising 790 bales tom vuner, tuner] 170 from Germany, and 150 from Pern. [Per] The uarses uses] vas [as] been rather quieter. Accounts from New Yors [York] -he following report -' There has not been much lone 2 -ms article during the week, but prices remain ot but few fears are entertained of a decline. Small os pulled No. 1 and super have been disposed of u ie. ui and 37c. [c] cash; washed Cordova, 24c. [c] to 25e.- [e] uni Smyrna, 25c. [c] to 26c. [c] per lb., six months. We ure [re] notice a material falling off in the receipts, ani [an] he umount [amount] in the market at present is stated to be only 70m [m] bh ali qualities, which is not more than ne wows on hand at the same period last year. n che of manufacturers there is a large supply, but her we willing to sell at the low rates current at present. generally are very stiff, and the inquiry is 'air r the market is somewhat better, and the cransavmons [Cranston] we limited to about 2,000 pounds No. lac sper [per] & 35 c.; and extra at 38c. [c] This forenoon 2 sale ws wale 2 ne of 25,000 pounds, at about forty cents casa. [case] mal al] supply of foreign restricts transactivus, [transactions] and che murset [must] 4 quiet. THE Woot [Wood] TRaDE.-We [Trade.-We] have had a zood [good] r iemana [oman] most descriptions of wool during the past monti. [month] considering the lightness of stocks on our market- amount of business has been done, fully quotations given in our last monthly 3300 bales of which about 1400 were East iy tian, [tin] Russian, &c. 500 Lisbon and Oporto, 1) Jusnus [Justus] Ayres, and sundries were offered here by publie [public] wena [went] 2 the 23rd ultimo; we had a very good attendances 1 De trade both export and home buyers, and there was Bf rited [tired] competition throughout, particularly tor the Bsc [BS] nu wools, which were all sold at full prices, and on wme [we] i lities [cities] low grey burry [Barry] and medium whites an ot UP d. to 3d. per lb. was obtained. Of Egyptian. pert. at menos [meson] Ayres part was withdrawn. A considerndie [considered] 2 ness was done after the auction sales by private - and two or three cargoes of Egyptian and Dwnsk. [Downs] were sold to arrive at extreme current rates. lian [loan] and Cape, the market is frm [from] with w nomws, [names] fevex [fever] tendency in prices. Spanish Frontier and Loon ue good demand and sales have been made within che days at further improvement in price. s 2 good demand selling readily at current rates. Brenes [Brees] and Entre [Enter] Rios command a ready sale at full pres. little in the market. Donskoi, [Dons] considerable sales nao [no] made, toarrive, [to arrive] and for good long stapled paresis advance has been obtained. Mohair im [in] qoudd [oud] the late advance is firmly supported. Wool no stocks, a small 1 of Mermo, [Memo] in been sold within the last few days at extreme yw Alpaca further sales have been made to arrive 25 Ip prices, no stocks on the market.- [market] From Messrs. Wo and Co.'s Circular. WAKEFIELD CoRN [Corn] MarKET, [Market] YesTeRDar.-We [Yesterday.-We] good supply of wheat and barley reperted [reported] this vee. [see] ke of other grain. We have experienced a slow a wheat tus [us] thay, [that] and fine qualities are racher [Archer] condary [country] sorts are difficut [difficult] to quit, though a iecule [eagle] ' from the rates of last Friday would be accepo. [accept] es in moderate demand at late prices. In beansav [beans] MEME Oats per stone, and shelling 6d. per vel [veal] US Arrivals -Wheat, 10,710 qrs.; [Mrs] barley, 2,379 45 361 qrs. [Mrs] beans, 258 qrs [Mrs] peas, 388 qrs. [Mrs] London Corn ExcHaNncE, [Exchange] Wednesday, ewer nl The supply ot English wheat, fresh up tor sale 5 Ing, was very and the arrivals of 2 materially fallen off, which gave increased the holders of foreign wheat; but, as there anit [anti] limited attendance of buyers, they were VSS SS] their immediate wants at Monday's prices. continues without variation, but there was 3 doing in foreign oats. LIVERPOOL CorRN [Corn] Tuesday, There was a pretty good attendance at marse [Mars [C] In wheat the demand is only moderate, anu [any] this day week are barely supported. urs [us] acts and is in fair request. Oats and peas siow [show] each the turn lower. Barley and malt quiet. [C] in fair request, and full prices realised. Armvas [Arms] land and coastwise [coast wise] Wheat, 822 barley, 515 [W] flour, 1,670 sacks and 80 barrels beans, 140 'Sur, [Sir] 5 oatmeal, 5,976 loads foreign wheat, 10,731; 25 sacks and 95,619 barrels Indian corn, Hutt Corn Market, Tuesday, October 29.- a moderate supply of wheat from the mem men] which met a fair sale at about last week's pric [price] jee [see] wheat was unaltered, and to-day there was 2 gee for spring corn. NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE CORN MARKET, ess [es] ber [be] 29.-With a large supply of wheat from the trade ruled dull, although Saturday's OP i tained. [gained] Fine samples of malting barley ee dour, value, but ordinary sorts are rather lower- [Lowerhead] and other articles, no change. LzEps [Sleeps] Corn ExcuaNncs, [Exchanges] Tuesday, Octo [Oct] aa have a tolerable arrival of wheat, and in wee vessels that have reached Liverpool. pseu [pose] ' pate Tr 265 inv. [in] Jem [Em] a, We act very cautiously, aus [as] 3 i and prices for esert [ester] ae steady at last week s rates. Beans and oats a aah Other articles as before-Arrivalb [before-Arrival wae [we] dour, 747 barley, 1,777 beans, 49 malt, , peas, 150 ra 1,395. . Great WESTERN Excursion excursion train on Sunda' [Sunday] took 750 persons F cursos [cross] to various parts of the West of Bngiand. [Banding] and wen [C] train from Bath and Bristol en about turned with them on Wednesday nigb' [nigh] a acs [as] the ee gg road, all in the Gatuapay, [Gateway] Novenmaza [Nicknames] 1850