Huddersfield Chronicle (02/Nov/1850) - page 6

The following page is part of the Newspaper OCR Project. The text is in the Public Domain.


THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1850. Foreign Entelligence. [Intelligence] FRANC E. de . il of ministers met on Sunday, atthe [Arthur] palace en to deliberate on the question of Schles- [Scholes- Schedules] wig-Holstein. [Holstein] Immediately after the rising of the eouncil, [Council] the Minister of Foreign Affairs had a long in- [interview] terview [review] with the English ambassador, who received despatches on the previous day by courier from London. The Russian chargé [charge] d'affaires [d'affairs] had also an interview with Lord Normandy, after which an extraordinary courier was despatched for St. Petersburg. Prince Callimachi, [Climate] the Turkish ambassador in Paris, kas [as] had along conference with General Lahitte, [Latte] the Minister of Foreign Affairs, on the subject of the Hun- [Hungarian] garian [grain] refugees. It is said that the Turkish govern- [government] ment [men] has demanded the good offices of the British and French governments against the menacing demands of the Austrian cabiriet. [Cabinet] . A novel ceremony took place on Thursday, in the ehapel [chapel] of the Palace of St. Cloud. The President of the Republic admivistered [administered] the oaths to the three French cardinals recently created by the Pope, and presented them with their cardinal's hat and their robes of office. The prelates in question wore the civil cos- [costume] tume [time] of their dignity, black coat with red buttons, Black breeches, and red stockings. In presenting the insignia of office the president addressed a short compli- [comply- complimentary] mentary [monetary] speech to each of the cardinals. The Pope's nuncio, the ministers, and a large body of the superior re present. on stated by some of the Paris papers that a con- [conspiracy] spiracy [piracy] has becn [been] discovered at Lyons; that Mr. Gent, who was a member of the Constituent Assembly, has been arrested; and that a number of blank passports were found. Itappeared [It appeared] that some arrests have actually Been made at Lyons; but the affair has been much exaggerated by some of the government papers. - The Moniteur [Monitor] publishes a decree of the President of the Republic announcing the following military changes General de Rostolan, [Stolen] commanding the 8th, 9th, and 10th military divisions, remains charged with the com- [command] mand [and] of the 7th, 8th, and 9th divisions, of which the kkead-quarters [lead-quarters] are Marseilles, Montpellier, [Montreal] and Perpig- [Per pig- Perplexing] zan. [an] General Layre [Layer] d'Arbouville, [d'Above] commanding the Tith. [With] 12th. and 14th divisions, remains chargod [charged] with the 10th, [the] 11th, and 12th divisions, of which the head- [headquarters] quarters are Toulouse, Bayonne, and Bordeaux. General Neumayer, [Number] commanding the 1st military division, is ap- [appointed] pointed to the 15th division. Rennes, [Serene] in place of General Duvivier, [Driver] admitted on the retired list. General Neumayer [Number] will also have the command of the 14th military division, of which Nantes is the head-quarters. General Correlet, [Correct] commanding the 7th military divi- [div- division] sion, is appointed to the command of the Ist. [Its] division, in place of General Neumayer, [Number] appointed to the 14th and 15th military divisions. The Moniteur [Monitor] publishes a second decree granting a credit of 109,300f. [W,f] to the Minister of Public Worship to defray the cost of the bulls and either expenses incurred by the establishment of the three French Cardinals lately appointed by the Pope. AUSTRIA. The Emperor of Austria only returned from Bregenz [Broken] # Vienna on the 18th inst. At a dinner during his stay at Bregenz, [Broken] according to the correspondence of the Fimes, [Times] the following scene took place -The emperor gave the first toast, which was, To the health of their majesties of Bavaria and Wurtemberg, [Timber] my valued friends and allies. The King of Bavaria rising drank the health of the emperor. He was followed by the King ef Wurtemberg, [Timber] who said, His majesty has allowed me to propose the Austrian army an old soldier is not fond of many words, but he follows the summons of the emperor anywhere and everywhere. The best wish I ean give for the army is, 'Long live the emperer [Emperor] The latter replied, I return thanks in the name of the whole army. It can but be the greatest honour to my- [myself] self and the army, and we are proud to go against the enemy with such valiant comrades. -The prime minis- [minister] ter, [te] Prince Schwartzenberg, [Swedenborg] left Vienna for Warsaw on the morning of the 23rd, and was to be followed by the emperor on that evening. The latest intelligence from Vienna is furnished by the following telegraphic despatch, which appears in Tuesday's Times Vienna, October 24 The follow- [following] img [ing] few lines will show that the die is cast. A Bavarian and Hi ian corps must to-day have entered Hesse assel. asser] An Austrian battalion accompanied the former corps. 4,000 men march from Italy to join the army im [in] the Tyrol, which at present consists of 30,000 men. Fourteen infantry battalions and four cuirassier [Crass] regi- [reg- regiments] ments [rents] march from Hungary to join the Bohemian army, which at present consists of 85,000 men. Both of the armies are within half an hour's maich [March] of the res- [respective] pective [respective] frontiers. Generals Schlick [Slick] and Clam will be appointed to the command of the army crops in active gervice. [service] General Leiningen, [Leaning] an excellent officer, has taken the command in Frankfort, instead of General Schirnding. [Sending] The emperor is commander-in-chief of the armies of the confederation. His majesty left last night for Pragu [Prague] He was accompanied by Prince Schwart- [Stewart- Swedenborg] senberg. [Sanger] UNITED STATES. The royal mail steamer Cambria, Captain Leitch, [Leith] which arrived in the Mersey on Sunday, has brought and papers from New York to the 15th, [the] and the telegraphic accounts, via Halifax, to the 17th Oct., melusively. [delusively] The papers from New York by this arrival are only taree [three] days later than those brought by the Atlantic, and they contain little intelligence of importance.- [importance] &n announcement has been made that Sir Henry Balwer [Baler] had withdrawn, on the part of her Majesty's government, all its demands for port and other dues for the harbour of San Juan de Nicaragua, and the naviga- [naval- navigation] ton of the river. The recent elections in Ohio have resulted in the ehoice [choice] of the opposition candidate for governor, by a majority of 10,000 or 12,000. The representatives to whe [the] next congress will be eight whigs, [whig] eleven of the epposition [opposition] party, and two free-soilers. [free-boilers] In Pennsylvania, the opposition have gained a majority in the choice of atate [state] officers, and of representatives to congress and the state legislature. From Detroit we have accounts of a great excitement arising out of an attempt to re-capture one or two fagitive [active] slaves from the south. Firearms were used and some blood shed, in consequence of an attack on the house of an Irishman, who was supposed to have against the slaves. Upwards of three hundred megroes [meres] were encamped on the Canadian shore, opposite Detroit. A meeting of the friends of freedom as- [assembled] sembled, [assembled] and an outbreak was feared. Satisfactory accounts had been received at New Orleans from the agents of the Tehuantepec [Turnpike] Railway Company on the isthmus, relative to the progress of the enterprise. Great difficulty, it was anticipated, would be felt as regards raising capital for the N. icaragua [vicarage] Canal amongst the capitalists of England. A terrible accident occurred at New York on the 32th. [the] The ship Western World, from Liverpool, had been unloading for the last two or three days at Pier 8; and on Saturday, a quantity of pig iron, amounting to about 150 tons, had been removed from her, and laid in one spot on the dock, and several carts and men were engaged in putting it on board a barge, which lay at the end of the wharf. From the great weight of the iron, being all on one spot, the pier gave way, precipitating carts, horses, men and women, into the river, with a terrible crash and commotion of the water. There were two of the labouring men drowned, and also a woman who had a stand beside the ship; two eoloured [coloured] men were likewise seriously injured. Malle. [Mall] Lind continued to attract great interest, and triumphs attended her progress daily. On the 11th and 12th of October she gave a concert at the Fitch- [Fitchburg] burg Depét, [Depot] Boston; on the last occasion, 6,000 persons were present, and some disturbance happened, in con- [consequence] sequence of excessive crowding. Mdlle. [Middle] Lind had dis- [dis] aa amongst the charities of Boston a sum of about Havannah [Hannah] accounts, of the 8th of October state, that great excitement existed there in consequence of a report that 6,000 men were congregated in the United States, ready to embark for another expedition under Lopez. The Captain-general had disbanded the volun- [voluntary- volunteers] teers, [trees] fearing they were leagued with invaders. The soldiers slept on beg eee [see] and the navy was in ssible [possible] order, e cholera i the south of the island. fad eke om fe - - LATEST NEWS BY TELEGRAPH TO HALIFAX. New Yorx, [York] October 17.-The steamer Arctic gailed [failed] ex her trial trip to-day. The America's news was in New Orleans on Tuesday evening, ten minutes ahead of time, and gave, yesterday, increased firmness to the cotton market there. There is no news ef California mail. The stock market continues active, and with advancing prices, especially the fancies. The Government Sixes, 67, sold to-day 117 [W] Indian State Fives, 80; Ohio Sevens, 106. Quotations of prices for eotton, [cotton] flour, wheat, and Indian corn, are precisely as when the Cambria's mails left. Lreland, [Ireland] DismissaL [Dismissal] OF A WorknHovuse [Workhouse] Master.- [Master] The first fruits of the investigation into the case of the boy Kerrin, [Perrin] who was sacrificed by the poor-law people in Clare, has been the dismissal of the master of the i on workhouse, who allowed the children to eave on their return to Miltown, after being kept all day without food. oF THE Member vou [you] Lingnick.-Intelligence [Ling nick.-Intelligence] received of the death of Mr, Dickson, the successor of Mr. William Swith [With] O'Brien in the representation of the County Limerick. A host of candidates are i including Mr. Wynd- [Wind- Wyndham] kam [am] Goold, [Good] y in the field, including Captain Dickson, of Croom [Room] Castle, Mr, The Queen itis [its] said, will contribute the famous the Kohinoor, or Mountain of Light, to the Exhibition of Mr. Stephenson, the Engineer, had been treated with W. rr Piedemontese [Piedmont] engineers, Fené Fen] distinction by the corps of. ATTEMPT TO MURDER a LONDON Monday morning, about half- [half three] three o'clock, as constable Goodwin, S 58, wie [we] on duty in the Road, near Primrose Hill, he observed a man, Ww ie on coming up to him (the constable) asked the way to Glou- [Lou- Gloucester] cester [chester] Road. Goodwin told him that he was walking away from it. He then'asked the man what he had in his b d, seeing that he was Carrying a bag which appeared oF tain aheavy [heavy] bulk. He rophied [prophesied] wun [win] his sown re ee worked for it. 4 pa td ot aon [on] him, and that he must go to the station house, The man walked a short distance, when ho su 1- denly [Denby] inflicted a wound with a knife upon the policeman's which caused the blood to flow. Goodwin grasped of the fellow, who attempted to stab him in the but was prevented. They struggled and fell, and while down he stabbed the policeman twice in the face. They got up, and a desperate struggle ensued, the policeman being nearly exhausted from loss of blood and over-exertion. He called out loudly for assistance, upon which two of the policemen on the N orth- [North- northwest] Western line went to him, when, by their united assistance, the man was taken to the station-house in Albany-street, where he gave the name of Williams. In searching him was found 25 in silver and copper, consisting of crowns, half-crowns, shillings, &c. Inquiries were instituted, when it was dis- [discovered] covered that the money was the property of Mr. G. Seeton, [Sexton] landlord of the Dublin Castle, Park-street, Camden Town, who had deposited the money in a cupboard in the bar arlour [parlour] and in the till. It is supposed that the thief must ave concealed himself in the tap-room. The knife (a table knife) with which he stabbed Goodwin was Mr. Seeton's. [Sexton's] Goodwin is under the doctor's hands.-Daily News. THE BURGLARY IN THE REGENT's PaRK.-A [Park.-A] man who gave his name John Mitchell, was brought up on Tuesday, to the Marylebone Police Court, on the charge of having been concerned, with three others under remand, in the late daring burglary at James Holford's, Esquire, Regent's Park. The prisoner was so exceedingly weak as to be un- [unable] able to stand while the evidence was gone into against him ; his left arm was in a sling, and he presented, altogether, the appearance of one who had been very seriously injured. He was taken into custody at twelve o'clock the previous night, as he was sitting up in his bed at a lodging-house in Surrey-street, Blackfriars-road, and a woman was engaged in dressing some wounds which he had upon different parts of his person. The cabman [carman] identified him most posi- [post- positively] tively [lively] as being the man whom he drove, as inserted in former reports of the case, from the York and Albany, Regent's Park, to the Strand, on the morning of the bur- [burglary] glary, [glory] shortly after the same was committed, and the prisoner, who now admitted his guilt, was ordered to be sent to the House of Detention, from which he will be brought up again with the other three prisoners on Monday next. Siz [Six] BENJAMIN HEYwoop's [Heywood's] BaTus.-What [Bates.-What] Carlyle so admirably suggests as possible to be done by captains of industry in our day, Sir Benjamin Heywood, of Manchester, seems to have accomplished by his judicious munificence. Miles Platting has been indebted to him in various ways. The Mechanics' Institution is an honourable instance of his liberality. Lately he has added baths and washhouses to the district, at an expense ot 2,500. This establishment, fitted up with great taste, is superior to that in George- [Registered] street, New Road, London, which will suggest to the me- [metropolitan] tropolitan [Metropolitan] reader an idea of its style. Its management is entrusted to Mr. Winstanlay, [Instantly] whose judicious rules, partly self-devised, produce both harmony and efficiency in the operation, which do him very great credit. Mr. Winstan- [Instant- Winstanley] ley is an instance of one who carries the profitable expe- [exe- experience] rience [reins] of humble life into an enlarged sphere of usefulness. The utility of these baths to the populace is evinced by the fact that they have been used twelve thousand times in the short period of little more than three months of which they have been open. Weare glad to find that already they nearly pay expenses and as bathing isa habit which, when once acquired, is, like eating and drinking, never likely to go out of fashion, the time must come when they will repay the capital expended on their erection.- [erection] The Leader. THE FRIMLEY MuRDER.-On [Murder.-On] Saturday the examination of the prisoners in custody charged with the double crime of murder and burglary at Frimley was again resumed before the magistrates at Guildford. The evidence adduced no great novelty or interest, being to some extent a repetition of details which have already been made public, and where fresh facts were adduced they were merely such as supplied blanks in the indirect proof of guilt. When the prisoners were one by one brought into the court-room, their appearance was narrowly watched, but indicated no material change. Samuel Harwood's face looked paler on entering, and became flushed as if with strong excitement as the enquiry proceeded. Levi Harwood also, though the confident daring recklessness of his manner and expression had suffered no visible abatement, seemed to be more thoughtful and concerned about himselt. [himself] His complexion had acquired a less healthy hue, and the muscles of his face and throat were in constant motion. Jones looked quite as well if not better than at the previous examination; and Smith, the approver, ap to be more at his ease, though his eyes were still for the most part bent timidly on the ground, and he never once directed them to where his companions in guilt were standing. This man has quite the slim active figure of a burglar, while all the rest in build and expression look like footpads. A enrious [serious] piece of pan- [pantomime] tomime [time] occurred during the proceedings on the part of the risoner [prisoner] Jones, which, singular to say, was only observed Ee one or two people in a crowded room. The accused were drawn up in a semi-circular form at the entrance end of the court-room, a turnkey being placed between each of them to prevent communication. ing a pause in the roceedings, [proceedings] Jones, who had managed to fall behind a ttle, [title] caught Levi Harwood's eye unobserved, and clench ing his fist at the same time and slightly raising it, with a motion of his lips, and a glance at Smith, he very signifi- [signify- significantly] cantly [candle] conveyed the kind of treatment the approver would receive if an opportunity ever offered. A 'worm bit was produced, which corresponded with the holes made in the scullery door of Frimley Rectory-house, but beyond this no new point of importance was established calculated to bring the crime home to the four prisoners now in custody. A remand to yesterday (Friday) was consequently decided on, when it was intimated that the prisoners would be fully committed for the burglary and murder should no new facts in the meantime be brought to light.-On Tuesday the coroner resumed the adjourned inquest on the body of the Rev. J. E. Hollest, [Holes] at the White Hart Inn, Frimley, when the widow of the deceased gentlemen was examined on several points not embraced in her former depositions. The coroner then summed up the evidence minutely, and the jury having deliberated for a few minutes found a ver- [Rev- verdict] dict of 'wilful murder against Hiram Smith, James Jones, and Levi Harwood. 'They further expressed an opinion that there was not sufficient evidence to return an adverse verdict against Samuel Harwood, and that there was no evidence to show which of the three men included in their verdict fired the fatal shot. THE PLaTE [Plate] ROBBERY IN THE STRAND.-On Saturday last, Daniel John Shaw, a boot and shoemaker, James Badeock, [Blockade] also a boot and shoemaker, Eliza Shaw, wife of the first named prisoner, John Gardner, a well-known cracksman, Mary Ann Cheruneau, [Cheering] with whom he cohabits, George Buncher, [Butcher] another notorious cracksman, and Mary Ann Buncher, [Butcher] his wife, were placed at the bar of the Bow- [Bow street] street police court, with Charles Clinton, an errand boy in the employ of the parties robbed, charged with being concerned in stealing 4 of plate and jewellery from the shop of Messrs. Williams and Clapham, 13 and 14 Strand, on Monday night week, value about 2,000. It would appear from the statement of Clinton, that the male prisoner, Shaw, had induced him to supply him with the pri- [pro- private] vate [ate] keys of the establishment, duplicates of which were made, and theoriginalsreplaced. According to priorarrange- [prior arrange- prior arrangement] ment [men] Clinton let in two of the party about nine o'clock on the night of the robbery, during the temporary absence of the porter of the establishment, who secreted themselves in the shop until all had retired to rest, and them plundered the premises of valuables to the above amount. All the prisoners, except Ann Cheruneau, [Cheering] (who was discharged, there being no case against her,) were remanded until the Wednesday. A Prupent [Present] Atrempr [Attempt] aT SuiciDE.-For [Suicide.-For] some time past a young man of Exeter, named Willi [Will] --, a currier [carrier] by trade, has been keeping company with one of the servants at Matford-house, St. Leonard's. A quarrel took place, and offers of reconciliation on part of the swain were spurned by the fair one. He could not bear the rebuff, and thought of self-destruction. His mind being made up for the committal of the rash act, he rushed back to the door of Matford-house, made a noose in his scarf, tied the other end, and hung himself to the stantly [Stanley] the house was in arms-the bell being rung with such violence that caused alarm to the inmates fortunately the master was within, and, coming to the door, discovered the would-be suicide kicking about in a most ridiculous manner, The fellow was cut down, the constable sent for, and on the following morning was taken betore [before] two magistrates, and fined 6s. 6d. for his freak-Kzeter [freak-Teeter] Flying ost. [out] face, hold abdomen, SCENE AT THE DEPARTURE OF THE STEAM-SHIP AFRIC [AFRICA] -A remarkable scene occurred on the river, on Saturday, 01 the eve of the royal mail steam-ship Africa's departure with the mails for New York. We believe the circum- [circus- circumstances] stances are briefly as follows -On account of a private and peculiar business transaction at New Orleans, two gentlc- [gentle- gentlemen] men of Sligo conceived that they had a claim against Mr. Muir, her Majesty's consul at New Orleans, for a sum of 450. Mr. Muir was about to leave England, on Saturday, to resume the duties of his consulate; but the creditors named obtained a judge's warrant and dispatched a sheriff's officer to arrest the consul on his departure from Liverpool. Shortly before the hour appointed for the Africa's depar- [dear- departure] ture, [true] Mr. Fry, the officer, procured a four-oared gig, and, accompanied by a Liverpool officer, went on board the steam-ship, seized his prey, and carried him on board the steam-tender Satellite, which then lay alongside the Africa. Offers of an arrangement were made, with security for three times the amount claimed, but the officer refused all. Mr. Muir being surrounded by many friends, a fray was fast becoming imminent, and the quiet and sensible conduct of the arrested gentleman alone prevented instant chastise- [chastisement] ment [men] being inflicted upon the insolent officials who held the warrant. Meantime, great tumult and excitement existed, and the Africa was fast nearing the mouth of the river, having received the mails on board, and apparently no resource remained to Mr. Muir but to submit to delay. Just at the last moment, however, a more amiable feeling animated his pursuers, an arrangement was effected, and Mr. Muir re-entered the Africa and re- [resumed] sumed [sued] his voyage. GRAND PERFORMANCE OF SACRED MUSIC IN THE CHAPEL Royal, WINDSOR, BEFORE THE CouRT.-A [Court.-A ments [rents] are being made with nearly 100 ot the principal singers of the cathedrals of this country fora grand performance of ancient sacred music, to take place at the pel [Peel] Royal of St. George, Windsor, before her Majesty and his yal [al] Highness Prince Albert and the distinguished members of the Court, in the early part of the ensuing month. Hebastian [Sebastian] Cabot is the first navigator to whom the public are indebted for a knowledge of the Arctic regions. He originally sailed from Bristol in the summer of 1498, and reached the 67th parallel of latitude. CHAIRMANSHIP OF THE East RIDING QUARTER Szs- [SS- Susan] Bethell, Esq., has resi [rest] Chairman of the East Riding Quarte [Quarter] ions, an office r which he has most efficiently filled during a period of thirt [that] one years. The magistrates and the bar' at the rout ast [at] Riding Sessions, passed high eulogiums [eulogised] upon Mr. for the ability, dignity, and strict impartiality which had distinguished his administration of justice. G. Strickland, Faq., [Far] only son of Sir George Strickland, has boea [bea] elected to succeed Mr, Bethel, ed the post of MARSDEN MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. LECTURES ON AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY AND GEOLOGY. On Monday and Tuesday evenings last, J. C. Nesbit, [Nest] Esq., F.C.S., F.G.S., delivered two excellent and interest- [interesting] ing lectures on Agricultural Chemistry and Geology, in the Town School, Marsden, to the members and friends of the Mechanics' Institution of that place. The lec- [le- lectures] tures [Tues] were illustrated by a variety of experiments and diagrams, and were each evening very respectably attended. Mr. Neészir [NeWS] on rising, remarked that a subject so vast as Agricultural Chemistry could be but very imperfectly treated in a single lecture; it was far more difficult to compress than dilate upon so comprehensive a science. Mr. Nesbit [Nest] then rapidly glanced over the various ele- [Lee- elementary] mentary [monetary] bodies and their properties, and entered at some length into the nature of the gases, which he illus- [illustrated] trated [treated] by many interesting experiments, such as the burning of phosphorus, iron, and carbon in oxygen, &c., which produced the most brilliant effects, after which he proceeded to state that the substances found in the soil are potash, soda, lime, magnesia, iron, alumina, silicic [solicit] acid, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, muriatic acid, and fluoric [florid] acid. Although there are in nature about sixty elementary bodies, yet not more than those which I have repeated are found in the land go that, in reality, the chemistry of agriculture is reduced within much smaller limits than general chemistry. Now these substances are found in the land, most of them in plants, and most of them also in manures. Potash is found in saltpetre- [saltpetre it] -it is the base of saltpetre; and pearl ash is carbonate of potash procured from the ashes of land plants. Soda is found in common salt, which is used for making soda. Lime every one knows, both in the state of lime and in the state of carbonate of lime, which occurs in nature as chalk or limestone rock. Magnesia is the base of common Epsom salts; it is found in most lands to a certain extent. Iron is found in the land in the state of oxide or rust of iron. Alumina is the base of all clays; [clay] without alumina you cannot have a clay. Silicie [Slice] acid is sand but sand is sometimes soluble and sometimes insoluble, and if silica be found in plants, you aro perfcotly [perfectly] aware that it must have previously been in solution in water to have enabled the vegetable to take it up. Phosphoric acid is found in bones, of which it is the base and, in small quantities, in most soils androcks. [and rocks] Sulphuric acid, as oilof [oil] vitriol, is much used in the agricultural world for mixing with bones. Muriatic acid is found in common salt united with soda; the acid itself is known under the name of spirit of salt. Fluoric [Florid] acid is found in such minute quantities as to be scarcely appreciable. I have detected it in Farnham hops, but in very minute proportions. I have thus re- [reintroduced] introduced the mineral substances which are found in the soil, in the crops, and in manures. There are other substances found in vegetables, but these are provided for most plants by the air. There is charcoal. You all know what charcoal is, and that it is contained in large quantities in vegetables; that substance generally comes from the air. Nitrogen is also supposed to come gene- [generally] rally from the air. Hydrogen and oxygen are found in water. The atmosphere is composed of oxygen and nitrogen, and likewise contains watery vapour and car- [carbonic] bonic [Tonic] acid gas. I now come to treat of manures, Those manures which have been known from ancient times amount only to one or two. Farm-yard dung and the excrements of animals have been known for a very long period; these are the two staple manures. It has been found in all countries and in all places, that when land has been manured with animal excrements, either in a liquid or solid form, great benefit has been received by the land, and good crops have been obtained; and it has been thought by many that some peculiar action must take pies the guunal [journal] system by which these manures are produced, and that t benefit is gained b i food through the bodies of animals, [C] Ne lof [of] us exe quire for a moment, where these manures could possibly come from. Animals live upon vegetables; all at least of those animals that you have upon your farms. The sheep and the oxen live on vegetable matter. Vege- [Vere- Vegetables] tables are masticated and digested, and a certain portion is then rejected as being no longer fit for the uses and purposes of the animal economy. The matter which is thus rejected by the animal is that which you find bene- [been- beneficial] ficial; [official] but you do not discover in that which comes forth from the animal any additional principle; you do not see any principle different from that which entered into the animal at first. The animal has, in fact, ab- [abstracted] stracted [attracted] some of these substances. You give your ani- [an- animals] mals [Mails] certain quantities of vegetable matter they ab- [abstract] stract [tract] a certain portion for their own use, and they reject the rest; and it is that which is rejected by them that you find so beneficial to the land. Now the quality of the matter rejected depends very much on the quality of the matter eaten. If you feed bullocks with straw, or chaff, or turnips alone in one case, and with oilcake [oil cake] in another, you are perfectly aware that the manure in the one case is not equal to the manure in the other. The oilcake [oil cake] manure, if I may so speak, beats the other manure; you give these substances in different quantities and different qualities, and therefore the one manure differs from the other. The whole of the manure which comes from the animal is derived from the vegetables on which it feeds; and if these vegetables are exceed- [exceedingly] ingly [ingle] rich in certain kinds of things, speaking relatively, you may call the manures rich, because they produce a certain kind crop which sells for the greatest price in the market. ivery [very] one knows, however, that hay and straw will produce more hay and straw than oilcake [oil cake] alone because the substance which comes from oilcake [oil cake] is calculated to give straw too great vigour and too little strength, so that it will not stand well in the ground. Too strong manures of a certain kind, throw straw down, instead of giving it strength to stand up. Then the quality of the manure which an animal produces depends altogether on the quality of the vegetable food which you give it. If you feed an animal merely on hay and turnips, the manure will give far less vegetable matter in the succeeding crops than if you feed it on chopped straw, beans, oats, barley, oilcake, [oil cake] or linseed. In using these manures, therefore, for fattening your animals, you obtain a much greater amount of fat and flesh 3 you have a much better manure than you would otherwise have, because you have a quantity of mineral and vege- [vere- vegetable] table matter which you add to the land in the excre- [excuse- excrements] ments [rents] of these animals. But, before I proceed to de- [describe] scribe the nature of farm-yard dung, allow me to remark that you cannot have more manure given out by animals than is previously contained in the vegetables on which they feed; that is to say, if you feed a flock of sheep with turnips, you have not more manure than you would have had if you had ploughed the turnips in and caused them to rot in the land. If you add oilcake, [oil cake] you certainly get the benefit of it in the manure, as well as in the fat and flesh of the animals, We see then that the whole of the manure comes from vegetables; the whole of the manure which is given by animals, and which you have in farm-yards, comes from the vegetable kingdom. That which you have taken from the vegetable kingdom is received back again. But where do vegetables get the various substances of potash, soda, lime, magnesia, oxygen, nitrogen, charcoal, &c., which they contain It is now pretty certain that plants generally derive their carbon from the air. Take any soil whatever; take land after a clover crop, you will find that it contains more carbon after you have cut the clover than it did before the clover was sown. A forest in Scotland, which was planted fifty years since, now contains more charcoal than it did at the com- [commencement] mencement [men cement] of that period. Nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, is also derived from the air to a great extent, being brought down by means of rain. It has been de. tected [tested] in rain-water when souzht [sought] for, and likewise in snow, and is thus known to exist in the air. Under general circumstances broad-leaved plants derive all the ammonia that they want from the air; but whether in the unnatural state of affairs in which we cultivate (I call it an unnatural state of affairs because we want five times as great a crop as the plants naturally give), whe- [the- whether] ther [the] nature will furnish as much as they want, must be determined by experiment. I really see grounds for believing that for some plants, particularly those which have not very large leaves, such as wheat, it is requisite, in order to obtain the desired crops, to supply ammonia; but at the same time to furnish them also with the mineral ingredients that may be necessary for their growth. I believe that to be the true system of manur- [manu- manuring] ing, and I think that a bad result will follow from the action of strong ammoniacal manures alone. Liebig [Lie big] mentions an instance in which a party grew grapes for making wine. This person obtained large quantities of animal manure from the neighbouring towns, and he obtained great results; but in two or three years he could not get any result, He had robbed his land of all the other mineral ingredients, and he could not after- [afterwards] wards get it to grow anything; whereas, in another in- [instance] stance, a man got the very best continued results merely by manuring his vines with the cuttings that came from them. Ihave [Have] always advised hop growers to put back their leaves and vines in order to take the least possible amount of substances from the soil; and after that, I shave recommended them to replace in the soil eve substance which they have taken out of it, either in the shape of farm-yard dung or in some otter shape. In the same way I advise you not to use the same dung every year, but to use dung of a different kind. Until chemistry has arrived at a more advanced state than it has reached yet, what you have to do isto [into] take care that if you take away an excess one year you make it up the next, 80 as to lose nothing on the whole. Iam [I am] very much obliged to you, gentlemen, for the patience with which you have heard the imperfect address that I have delivered to you and all I can say, in conclusion, is, that if I have given you only one idea towards the pro- [proper] per cultivation of the soil, I shall be exceedingly happy that such has been the result. If any gentleman is doubtful on the subject of my lecture, or thinks that I have stated what cannot be supported, I hope he will speak, in order that the truth may come out, whatever else may happen. (Cheers.) GEOLOGY. Mr. NEsBIT, [Nest] on proceeding to address the audience, said that the science of geology in its greatest and widest extent, embraced the history of the earth present and past. It was the law, the rule of an history of the world in its pre-existence and in its present condition. It would be very difficult, indeed, for them to under- [understand] stand clearly the nature of the previous history of the earth without they had some acquaintance with the Now, let us en-. history of the earth in its more recent periods; he would, therefore, just direct their attention to the changes at present goingon. [going on] The earth is not, as was generally supposed, in a state of quietude. The ever- [everlasting] lasting mountains were being continually removed, changed, and operated upon. The hills were not always stationary. If any portion of the earth's surface was immoveable, it was the ocean, which always remained the same. Truly it might be said of it, in the beau- [beautiful] tiful [pitiful] language of Lord Byron, Just as Creation's dawn beheld Thou rollest [rollers] now. Geology did not at all refer them to that primev [prime] period what God first created the world out of nothing -but merely to the consideration of those phenomena which are existing in, upon, or underneath the earth's surface, and from a proper judgmert [judgment] of which they might deduce certain facts, in the same way as they might from testimony in ordinary circumstances deduce the truth. If, as Paley said, they found a watch ona [on] wide moor, they would at once conclude that it had been manufactured, and by examing [examine] the wheels ascer- [ace- ascertain] tain for what purpose. In the same way, the geologist, by examining the various fossils which the earth produces- [produces by] by examining each wheel and motion of this complicated machine, would be enabled to deduce why these wheels were put in operation, and thus obtain the history of the past by what they found in the present. In this ex- [examination] amination [examination] he would first direct them to atmospheric action. In consequence of the varying temperature of the atmosphere they had two powerful agencies con- [continually] tinually [continually] in action-contraction and expansion-which tore asunder the strongest rocks, and was destined to tear asunder and grind to powder the most solid struc- [struck- structure] ture [true] that man could raise. Besides these, there was the carbonic acid gas, found in every drop of rain and every flake of snow, continually, hourly acting upon the rock, and ever separating its particles one from another -washing, in its combination with water, all the soluble parts of the earth from the highest points, down those natural drains in the land, the brooks, the rivulets, and the rivers. Thus was continually being transported to the ocean the detrital materials forming the earth's surface. Along with these detrital matters would be carried the remains of animals and vegetables-which. being deposited in the bottom of the occan, [can] would gradually become overlaid, and thus layer on layer would be. deposited, forming what was called stratifica- [strategic- stratification] tion-composed [ion-composed -composed] of detrital matter, and animals peculiar to special localities. Whilst, however, this process of degradation was proceeding in many quarters of the earth-a totally opposite one was resulting in others-as along the coast of Kent, for instance, where the ocean was slowly but unceasingly leaving its detrital matter and by such means inercasing [increasing] the extent of land in such localities. At that very moment a com- [company] pany [any] was formed for enclosing 30,000 acres of land left in this way, at a point on the Norfolk coast, known as the Wash. So that it would be observed that whilst there was a continual change in the position of the land, the quantity in all probability remained the same. Be- [Besides] sides these agencies there was another, the action of the coral insect. These apparently insignificant insects, by depositing the carbonate of lime, which they separated from other materials, were gradually raising islands from the summits of oceanic mountains, and filling up the great valley of the deep. Other processes were un- [unceasingly] ceasingly [ceasing] in operation, as volcanic action, which was gradually changing the surface of the earth, by the de- [deposit] posit of fresh material, or the elevation or degradation of continents. Thus it would be seen that the ocean and the valleys, by receiving the physical and animal deposits of large continents, were great historic records of the physical features of the earth at the respective periods when these processes were going on. These varied stratifications were found to be characterised by thrée [three] leading distinctions, and had been divided into three groups, the tertiary, or most recent life; the secondary, or middle life; and the primary, or old life grou. [group] In te' tertiary period they found the remains of mammalia, or those which suckle their young, and ranging the highest in the scale of animal organisation. In the secondary period were discovered animals of the lizard kind-an order of a lower class than the mammalia; and in the primary period they found also a still lower class of animals. In this last group they found coal. From these data the geologist and comparative anatomist could read the history of the past with almost as perfect accu- [ac- accuracy] racy as though they had been observers of the stupendous changes which for tens of thousands of years had been going on. By examining the structure and character of the bones of the various animals dis- [discovered] covered in these strata they could tell whether they had been herbivorous or carnivorous animals, and thus form a general idea of the climate and character of the country whence these deposits had come. In concluding, Mr. Nesbit [Nest] remarked that whilst geology proved indis- [India- indisputably] putably [suitably] the existence of the earth over a series of years infinitely more extensive than had been generally believed, yet it would not be found to contravert [controvert] the proper and legitimate interpretation of scripture, but rather to establish its truth-for all investigations had proved the non-existence of man, the crowning work of all, upon the earth up toa [to] very limited period. Beyond 'this consideration, there were others of a practical nature, in which geology would always be found to be an invaluable guide. Perhaps in nothing would its utility be more obvious than in the process of mining. As an instance he might just state that some years ago a coal company was formed in Northampton, a town standing on a strata through which any geologist would have told them they could not get coal without sinking a shaft 15,000 feet, and yet in this absurd speculation 20,000 was thrown away without any results but dis- [disappointment] appointment. At this very moment at Guildford, a town standing on the London clay, they were mining for coals, when geology told them they would have to sink 10 miles before they could obtain any. Surely a science which would obviate such waste of means was deserving of more consideration. After reverting to one or two other important points, Mr. Nesbit [Nest] concluded by reciting a portion of a beautiful poem on the ammorite [ammonite] and the nautilus. Mr. Joun [John] Rosrnson [Robinson] moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Nesbit [Nest] for his lecture, which was duly seconded, after which the Rev. Mr. Maxfield expressed his pleasure in hearing the talented lecturer maintain the perfect har- [harmony] mony [money] of the teachings of scripture and geology, as it was a question which had excited the serious attention of the religious world, and the sneers and contempt of the opponents of Christianity. The Electric Telegraph Company are extending their wires to Chester, and thence to Birkenhead and Holyhead. The United Service Gazette states that cholera is still raging with much virulence at Cephalonia. [Ceylon] The Wesleyan Methodist chapel, Oldham, wasduly [was duly] noti- [not- notified] fied [field] in Friday's Guzette [Gazette] as licensed for the solemnization of marriages. The Rev. Richard Greenall, [Green] a clergyman of Stretton, near Warrington, has excommunicated a poor man, named Cooper, for marrying his deceased's wife's sister. Out of about 340 criminals executed at York within the last century, twenty-eight asserted their innocence up to the latest moment of their existence. His Royal Highness Prince Albert reached Osborne, on his return from York, about half-past three o'clock on Saturday afternoon. The Liverpool Albion states that the county magistrates have resolved to establish a mounted police force in the out- [outskirts] skirts of that town, during the ensuing winter. The Grimsby Docks are rapidly progressing towards completion, and it is rumoured that it is the intention of the Great Northern Railway Company to have their en- [engineering] gineering [engineering] depot at Grimsby. The Sheffield manufacturers, 159 in number, have ap- [applied] plied for 5,500 square feet of space. The number of firms in Birmingham who have intimated their intention to ex- [exhibit] hibit [habit] is 222, and the space required by them is 18,126 square feet. The late Vice-Chancellor Sir James Wigram has retired upon an annuity of 3,500, being the amount to which a ice-Chancellor, either resigning after a service of fifteen years, or disabled by permanent infirmity from exercising the judicial functions, is, under the 5th Vict., [Vice] cap. 5, s. 36, entitled. In reference io the arrival in this country of a pair of carrier Pigeons from Sir John Ross's Arctic Expedition, the Ayr Advertiser states that previous to starting Sir John Ross arranged that he would despatch the younger pigeons when he arrived in his winter quarters, the older couple to be set at liberty in the event of his finding Sir John Franklin. The pigeons which have arrived are found on examination to be the younger ones, and only serve to indicate that Sir John Ross had got into winter quarters in the Arctic regions. PocKET [Pocket] TELEGRAPH FOR THE PREVENTION OF RaILway [Railway] AcCIDENTS.-An [Accidents.-An] ingenious contrivance for the prevention in the events of railway accidents has been submitted for experimental use to the principal railway companies b Messrs. Brett, the projectors of the submarine telegraph between England and France. The apparatus is a pocket communicator for the guards for engine-drivers, which on the instant of an accident can by the aid of a small role of wire, be so connected with any point of the main line of electric telegraph from the train or carriage by the guard himself, that communications may be easily sent to announce or guard against accident at every station on the railway. BURGLARY AT BRISTOL.-On Sunday evenin [evening] i the temporary absence of the family, the house of aw . Turtle, Old Park, Bristol, was burglariously [burglaries] entered, and a large quantity of wearing apparel and other property was taken off. e police suspected a man named Ha es whom they captured, and in whose room they found ail the bee with other stolen articles, and a complete set of lars' [las] implements. He was b magis [magic] trates [rates] at Bristol, and remanded. ronght [right] before the The changes in the Norfolk and London Estuary about to be commenced under the superintendence of Sir John Rennie pad Mr. Bobert [Robert] Stephenson, will form one of the st engineering works ever undertaken in the eastern counties of England. The main object is, to reclaim from the sea a tract of land of great agricultural value, measuring 32,000 acres but in addition to this, the fens and the low- [Lords] ds known as the Bedford Level will be thoroughly drained, and the navigation of the Ouse [Use] from the sea to Lynn and beyond will be greatly improved. The estimated e of reclamation is 20 an acre-for the entire work 640,000. Towards this large sum the corporation of Lynn has voted 60,000, and the fen proprietors 60,000 more; the remainder is to be raised by a joint stock com- [coma] a The land, it is said, will be worth, on the average, an acre; so thatin [that in] a f it i i lay will bo enti [anti] in a tow years, it is believed, the out- [out mechanics] MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MONTHLY CONCERT. PROGRAMME, Overture .... Samson. Chorus .......... AWake [Wake] oo... we Song, Miss Tate,......... Ye men of Gaza............ Recitation, by Mr. James Hill. Chorus............... ted Beam............ ' Song, Mr. Senior,......... Total Eclipse ............ 55 Recitation, by Mr. Bradley. Chorus...... Round about the Starry Throne ...... Lecture on Chemistry in its relation to the Arts, by Mr. Marriott. The usual monthly meeting and concert was held on Saturday evening last, and was attended by a crowded audience. The musical performances were on a more limited scale than on previous occasions, but afforded great pleasure to the company, and were very much ap- [applauded] plauded [pleaded] Mr. John Stansfield presided, and agreeably conducted the proceedings of the evening. A very excellent lecture on chemistry in its relation to the arts ject [jet] by a series of very interesting experiments. Mr. Marriott dwelt on the importance of a knowledge of practical chemistry in every-day life, and pointed out in a clear and pleasing manner the many and valuable im- [in- improvements] provements [movements] which would result from a closer and more familiar acquaintance with the science of chemistry, and expressed a hope that the class about commencing its studies in connection with the institution would be found to be a valuable acquisition, and productive of gratifying practical results. During the evening the following oration, entitled England, was delivered by Mr. Nelson, and elicited loud applause - ENGLAND. You ask me what are the claims of my country to the respect of mankind I answer you, Ist, [Its] As a Briton I claim respect for my country as the home of a race of men who, whatever may have been the dark mysteries of their faith, were learned, brave, and virtuous. acknow- [acne- acknowledged] ledged [ledge] the one, Cesar felt and confessed the second; and no writer, ancient or modern, has presumed to dispute the latter. Such were our Druid forefathers, who, when impe- [imp- imperial] rial Rome invaded their homes, repelled that greatest of generals, and one of the noblest men she ever produced, and drove him three times from her shores-who, when the same ruthless power dishonoured their religion, forth- [forth shadowing] shadowing the subsequent glorious struggie [struggle] of their descendants for religious freedom, chose rather to be immolated upon their own altars than to suffer them to be desecrated; and who finally defended the enervated Romans from their Gaclic [Garlic] invaders, and shed a last lustre upon the falling empire by their feats of arms. Iam [I am] the descendant of a race who have been mixed with many people, but corrupted by none-who have elevated every tribe of men with which they have been united; whose valour has been a proverb throughout Europe for nearly 2,000 years; whose sons have fought a thousand battles, and rea laurels in every field; and who, not con- [content] tent with the spear of Mars, have seized the trident of Neptune, covering his briny domain with their fleets, and making every shore resound with the thunders of their victories, until the slaves and tyrants who are too mean or criminal to imitate or admire their virtues, crouch like lashed hounds beneath their power, which, as they but too well know, is ready to execute justice wherever oppression exists, and give liberty wherever slavery presumes to lift its head. But while land and sea have witnessed the triumph of British arms, how much more glorious and lasting have been her peaceful triumphs-her poet's lyre has been struck by Shakspere [Shakespeare] the matchless, and Milton the mighty. Tennyson still dreams us into beauty, and Bailey lifts us into sublimity. The highways of our commerce set at naught [night] intervening mountains, roaring cataracts, and dividing seas they pierce the one and span the other. We are alternately in the bowels of the earth, and lifted into the skies. Our thoughts are communicated to others with the speed of their own conception and our language, once confined to a fraction of our own land, is now spoken wherever man, savage or civilised, dwells; in the sultry east and the cold north, in the city and in the wilderness, in the desert and the garden, the products of our looms, our forges, and our mines are to be found. Everywhere the British name is a password of respect and a security against outrage,-our liberty and our laws form the rallying cry of nations rising for freedom. Our last great act 2 to open our capitol to the industry of a world, and freely to envite [invite] surrounding nations to criticise our own. Conflicting parties rush to our shores for refuge, the tyrant and the slave alike bless our land, the one seeking to escape the vengeance he has roused, and the other the oppression he dreads-all find safety here. Here no port checks our tree course, or hireling spies our action-free as the waves that roar in wild glee around our shores, we say land of my birth, brightest spot on the earth, England my country for ever. - - -- - A SILENT VoTE [Vote] oF CENSURE.-At the late banquet, an incident occurred which skews the estimation in which Mr. George Hudson is at present held in his former stronghold the corporation of York. In preparing for the reception of the guests, the paintings, chiefly portraits, were all transferred from the Mansion-house to the walls of the banqueting room in the Guildhall, with the sole exception of that of Mr. Hudson, which was left alone in its glory, thus depriving the treble ex-mayor of the privilege of witnessing the dinner, even in effigy.-Dazly [effigy.-Daily] News. Mr. Commissioner Harris, of the Insolvent Debtors' Court, expired at his residence in Chester-place, on Friday, in his 77th year. He had been a commissioner of the court for nearly 30 years. The situation, in accordance with an act of parliament passed some time back, will not be filled up, but the cases will be divided among the three remain- [remaining] ing commissioners. The salary was 1,500 a year. It is reported that Mr. M. D. Hill, Queen's Counsel, Recorder of Birmingham, brother of Mr. Rowland Hill, and of Mr. Frederick Hill, the Inspector of Prisons, has been offered, and has accepted', Mr. Baron Rolfe's seat in the Court of Exchequer. Highway ROBBERY NFAR [NEAR] LaNcastER.-On [Lancaster.-On] Tuesday evening Mr. William Wilson, bailiff to W. A. Saunders, Esq. of Wennington Hall, was attacked by three men, near Summerfield House. He réceived [received] a violent blow on the forehead with astick, [stock] and was knocked out of the shandry. [shandy] The villains then rifled his pockets of all the money in his possession, and decamped. We t to learn that there is as yet no trace of the miscreants.-Lancuster [miscreants.-Lancaster] Guardian. The Liverpool Albion intimates that it is proposed that an Eisteddfod be held in Liverpool next speings [springs] at which several literary gnd [and] poetical prizes will be awarded for com- [compositions] positions in the Welsh language. Correspondence. We wish it to be distinctly understood that we do not hold ourselvgs [ourselves] responsible for the views of our correspondents. In future no communication, under an anonymvus [anonymous] signature, will be inserted unless the real name of the writer is confided to the Editor, not necessarily for publication, but as an evidence of the good faith of the writer. ens THE PENISTONE BRANCH RAILWAY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE. Srr-On [Sir-On] Monday last, I, in company with two friends, left the Huddersfield station at a few minutes to twelve o'clock, being booked with the assurance that at Penis- [Penistone] tone we should meet a train forward to Worksop. We did so, but when within five hundred yards of the station, to our astonishment it started, leaving the Huddersfield train and its passengers to enter the sta- [station] tion [ion] at Penistone one minute afterwards. The conse- [cone- consequence] quence [Queen] was we were compelled to wait in the town of Penistone for four hours and a quarter, and, in addition to the inconvenience, had to pay the hotel expenses for dinner, &c. Itis [Its] but a few weeks ago that a gentleman left Huddersfield for Worksop, by the quarter past four train, being informed there would be one at Penistone forward. On his arrival, he was told that the train had left some ten minutes previously, but on representing to them the urgent necessity of his proceeding, was by paying first class fare, permitted to go on a luggage train to Sheffield, at which town, although the train was going forward to Worksop, they positively refused to let him ride further. He had, therefore, to stop at Sheffield a whole night, to his great annoyance, besides having to pay hotel expenses. The time tables of these respective companies are adjusted so as to arrive at Penistone in time for each other, and yet the meeting is the exception, a difference between the two compa- [company- companies] nies, [ties] is, I presume the cause, and the public are the unlucky victims of their petty squabbles. Yours, respectfully, Se HOMEOPATHY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CHRONICLE, Sir,-If I had the ability to e the respective merits, or otherwise, of allopathy, a the inhabitants of Huddersfield would not thank me for so doing, inasmuch as both modes of treatment, for some time past, have been before the public for the patient cured of his malady is not so anxious to know how the cure was effected, but rather rejoices in the fact of the cure itself and, with the man in the Gospel, exclaims, One thing I know, that, whereas I was blind, now I My predilections have been all in favour of the allo- [all- allopathic] pathic, [path] or old mode of treatment, many practitioners of which I hold in high esteem moreover, I believe they are sincere in the opinion that their's is the only proper mode but personal experience convinces me to the contrary, and as health and life are far more important to the possessor than riches, I owe it as a duty to the public to record my adhesion to the homeeopathic [Homeopathic] mode of treatment in preference to the other. It is now about three years since I became the subject of a complaint at the heart that sometimes threatened instant dissolution. At different times several of the faculty, eminent in the profession, have been called in, and in all instances stimulants of no ordinary degree were administered all agreed as to the nature of the complaint, yet none held out a promise. that a cure could be effected, and what wonder, when the medicines given were of that character to undermine the constitu- [constitution- constitution] tion [ion] or poison the frame I was advised some time ago, and reluctantly con- [consented] sented [scented] to call in an homeopathist, and though no very sanguine expectation was held out, yet the hope (with care and continued perseverance) was expressed that I should be considerably relieved, for time would be re- [required] quired [cured] to counteract the mischief effected by the medi- [med- medicine] cine taken. Iam [I am] thankful to say that I believe myself cured of the malady in question by homeopathy. I might.enumerate several instances of minor com- [complaints] plaints, where the patients have almost imperceptibly been 3; when, under similar circumstances, the nauseous doses administered by the allopathist, for several days, have made the patient worse than at the g- It you think the above worth place i nex [next] number, you will oblige yo mB Your next AN INHABITANT. Huddersfield, October 30, was delivered by Mr. Marriott, who illustrated his sub- [sub] MR. BOOTHROYD AND THE Ra LATE EDUCATION yume' [Hume' OP TO THE EDITOR OF THE Sir,-The assertion made in Mr CROs [Cross] you last week, to the effect that th. Mees [Seem] Education Meeting was not only j DORE ae. verted, [averted] induced me to address subject, and I have now his 2 in penning the sentence might tout OF stat. oS well ade [de] he hack no sche [she] Te any imputation wpon [upon] the mm As to the complaint of waa [was] Oe FEM Hanson and Mr. Boothroyd hones W che carefully avoid stating what essen tag's 'hey it is too common acry [cry] of the min slightest uneasiness to any reporter orty [forty] - Trusting that I have exonerate.) nn Boothroyd's charge of perrersign [pressing] TEE Soy I sein, [sen] as respectfull, [respectfully] BPA [BAP] yor [or] oc. Chronicle office, Nov., 1850 ELS, [LS] Renn [Rent] a oe , a amg [am] Nl a hm Wrky [Wray] 4 iT oH THE REV. MR. HANSON AND THe [The] .., TO THE EDITOR OF TUE is, Srz,-I [Sr,-I] hope you will allow me, th woe, weg [we] of your journal, to offer some remar [rear] te Bet Rev. John Hanson's unprovoked SS en Catholic Church, in which he exp eat won feeling afraid of being wheeled the days of Romish [Rooms] darkness, intoleranes [intolerance] In the first place I would ask him 2 7 University of Oxford Alfred. ea) om mn, 4 Justly name) whose father took him to Rome, where 5. by the Pope himself Nay. a. i a enough, here is the record that the -.. mt University was hegua [Hague] by Monk, land for the express purpose, and services of whom Alfred monastery for him at Winchewte, [Winchester] twenty colleges in all at rae eleven were founded by Catholic Biss [Miss] sons and daughters to portion, beings celibacy); two by Monks one by Catholic kings, nobles, gentlemen tion [ion] to this the Abbeys were wh tion, [ion] each of them having one or ince instruct the youth of the re expense to the parents, without even lew. [Lee] sen people at large. we The church in those days was -i, people, the poor laws and the wip) [whip] .. unknown, until the golden dens , the period to which I allude, a perty [petty] was for the building and repainn. [reaping] - third for the support of the clerey. [clergy] yy, 4 poor; it was not then a crime -, 1.0 [1] Tanner (a protestant) says, i Uy; Lege [Lee] mort [more] EL yo, Pet De eye 2 that all the a0. were, in effect, great schools and spear... ing in those days, places of PIALIY [PALEY] any 3, them were obliged to relieve many , day. They were likewise houses of on. almost all travellers. i manne [manner] op such that, in the Priory of Norwich, hundred quarters of malt, and aboce [above] 0 quarters of wheat, and all other thing . were generally spent every year. oC But to return to the eharge [charge] of imomnon [amnion] ask your correspondent, what respect church shewed for learning at the ame [me] aE che tion [ion Whole libraries were destroved [destroyed] waste paper of, or consumed for the 1. The splendid and magniticent [magnificent] Abber [Abbey] which possessed some of the jnest [nest] u,... the kingdom, was ransacked, and ts sens, sold or burnt. An Antiquary whe [the] traveller that town, many years aster the o sod ietis [its] he saw broken windows patched up with the of the most valuable MSS. [MISS] on vellum, un. bakers had not even then consumed cue had accumulated, in heating their ne. eminent persons from the Bodelun, [Blundell] vol Maitland's [Midland's] Dark Ages, p. 281. The lacmer [calmer] the late Archbishop of Canterbury. Your season bear in mind that printing was unknown and that many of the monks spent the sors [Sons] of their time in translating and tauscniins om Seriptures [Scriptures] with the pen, of which some woo, beautifully illuminated may still be seen, wu men have been branded with the name jf ux addition to taking charge of the voor [Moor] youth, visiting and relieving the sick, ground. The successor to Ceolfrid [Alfred] was Dwathber [Weather] who was chosen for his virtues, and 's by Bede, who tells the grounds on selected.-See Bede, Vit., [It] 3. Benedion. [Benson] we. 158. Such was the person selected wo me [C] hundred monks. But how were these no. ployed [played Not in idleness, but in reclame [reclaim] moor, and making the land naturally dare. mus food for the sustentation [suspension] of their superior cultivation of several counties 2 originally owing to the k bours [k ours] of the noma. [soma] this early period were the parents of as of the arts. -See Lingard's Angly [Anglo] suwo [sow] um vol. 1, p.p. 208, 209, 210, 322 Your next charge is intolerance. I would ws um means was Charta, [Chart] the bulwark liberty, granted The barons, with 2 bishop at their head (Langton), in days mien so lie religion was the religion of this lan Vi moe lished [wished] trial by jury Whence came our oy be Whence came those laws of Enylami [Elam] vei [vi] Lo calls the birth-right of Enzlishmen [Establishment] 4 Protestant origin Oh no they ae ul origin. The trial by jury was who was at the same time must 'elvis. [Ellis] the founding of churches and monasteme [monster - the Aet [At] of Habeas Corpus, which Blacsswae [Blacks] second great charter of English liberty Second, who was obliged to abdicate the tama [tam] fessing the Catholic faith. In return. 2 tantism [mantis] given us The National Debt tees 24 for money, &c.,&c. But, in particular, wet Catholics received from this church, dy aw The Penal Laws I will mention atew [at] oo - England, this code, Ist [Its] law, strippel [stripped] Be their hereditary right to sit in parliament took from lZ the right to vote at eleetun [tunnel] 24 Magna Charta [Chart] says that no man shal [shall be aie [are] [C] his own consent, it double-taxed every wun [win] to abjure his religion, and thus BY 8th law, if a married woman kept away TY she forfeited two-thirds of her dower, sue vis ' executrix toherhusband, [husband] anid [and] might unos [nos] det [de] lifetime be imprisoned, unless ramswniet [Ramsgate] at 10 a month 9th law, it enudiet [audience] WY tices [ices] of the peace to call befure [before] them [C] information any man that they chose. 1 ae a ye Oe WWE [WEE] S years of age, and if such mat J the Catholic religion, and continued in us six months, he was rendered incapable vf v land, the possession of which might beway [Beau] - came into the sion of the next Prniestio [Princes] a was not obliged to account for any four justices of the peace, in case a man me victed [convicted] of not going to church. to call um De to compel him to abjure his religion. vf . to sentence him to banishment ror [or] ire wl jury), and if he returned he 14th, [the] It punished the saying of ma ih 120, and the hearing of mass with 1 . [C] 15th, [the] Any Catholic priest who rw os the seas,, and who did not abjure bs days afterwards, and also any persun [person] em Catholic faith, or procured another w merciless, this sanguinary code, pumisie [pms 7 ripping out of bowels, and quarterm [quarter relating to Ireland was much more 8 couraged [courage] wives to disobey their ns turn their parents out of doors by dectarts [dictates] Protestant, and offered a reward of 0 Catholic priest who would abjurce [Abchurch] Us declare his belief in the Protestant uch [such] Having thus answered your ys intolerance, I pass on to that of nw heard much of the fires of Smithield, [Goldsmith] we cutions [caution] in Mary's reign whereas these 2 have been carefully withheld from 7 y correspondent to Challoner's Lives of who were put to death in a dred [red] of whom were executed in wat [at] os use were hanged, boweled, [bowels] and quartere, [quarter] O88 [O] 2 less lay persons. A Protestant us that she executed more than al im [in] year, and was so little satisfied 1 at that she threatened to send private persons os penal laws executed, for profit coed ete [tee] te rr every drop of blood which Mary sitet [site] ee ae pint, and yet one is called Bloody Mary. ne DO Queen Bess. Contrast the differemee [deferred] YF 5 a tion [ion] of Christianity into this sland [land] F ow St. Augustine, or in Ireland by St. oy tantism [mantis] by the aid of German troops In conclusion, allow me to make poe ing your correspondent's belief thatthere [that there] sus when the bible-the whole bible, and would aa bible, will be our religious standard. Wi , if the increased cireulaticn [circulation] of the 2 os creased the p of Catholicity UB ON ioe [ie] increased ten fold. The Catholic nag ae forbid the reading of the YY. cw much respect for the sacred volume a. read indiscriminately without note oF iy be made into a task book, as Ihave [Have] 809 0] ooo [too] ' or the most obscene BOS [BIS] See inst Ue ridicule. Let me reco [recon] 2 ue 2 the holy scriptures more closely, ws that charity that thinke [think] th no at what he does not understand doer acquainted with what the Catholic [C] 5. He will find her doctrines are PIT oils at those which were taught by 3, mitts he will find too that they are the en a itl it] ye sat - Se. disciple of St. John), St. Irenas [Irons] St Jase [Case] g the third and all the other . taught. se for 1nd [and] Allow me, Mr. Editor, to up so much of your a7 is A CONVERT TO THE C4 Huddersfield, October 29th, [the] Feast of Venerable Bede.