Huddersfield Chronicle (01/Jun/1850) - page 3

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--- oO ETRY. [TRY] pD ING- [INDIA] DAY. af years have neon oe light tar's steps We since at the iy has brought a blight qoere's [gore's] flowers you WOT', the an one word of strife There's of our troth, To mar own in early life and jose [Joe] me ther [the] blessings on us both ve sh a guch, [such] oh, well I may Ee LL LI III IO oR WE Ap af eur [er] home, above oe ond [and] familiar things; gnrou [ground] ath [at] thine angel form, ; go sure ie voice, thy visage bright, Thy 6 the fury of the storm, - od the darkness into light m [in] this, full well I may Rewer [Brewer] Wedding-day. NG Our eoall [all] it oP SESE SEE BS. ity [it] has tost [toast] ae on Life's deep main, r broke, Hope's anchor lost, . rue resting place again; n the Deluge, like a shroud Teas sed [se] us,-thy prescient love ol the rainbow in the cloud, pain far waters Saw the Dove oth [oh] may in part wy it on Our Wedding-day. at a Father's heart forget that happy morz, more] 'y sent, 10 pind [pond] us closer yet, ar BS ss yn unio union] 15.3 child was born. Le. oti [ot] I think how biest [best] I am, How Oe a thee, and in our pledge of loves uo oy 13 4. ends the ewe UpOP [Upon] her iamb ' 5 provds. [proves] above her nest, the dove mo ho el 7 fesecting [affecting] thus, ob, W al I may I wat [at] it on Our Wedding-day. pipe ica [ca] Cook's Jourial. [Journal] o'er PE B E BS Nor mu Wi Frank F. Davy. ti rol [roll] bi DINGS. . FIRESIDE REA woe 4 erican [American] author describes man 8 Man as sherry cobblers. -Punch. - gnimal [animal] t we the oly [old] . f being is not to be taken from age, The true ene he manazes [manages] himself, may die old - ction. [action] Ahi [Hi] dat [at] fourscore.-Jeremy Collier, an Drage ne's own resources is to be cast into SE coe Chen undergo ade. [de] ve ver [Rev] ed display an energy, of which they were pre- [press] ees [see] Ve ie . .. ps virtue all preach, none practise, and yet oontent [content] to hear. One master thinks it good ese fe er his servant, the laity for the clergy, and the IIE [IE] or for the laity. Selden. 65 fe tex [te] Do not rely upon friends. Don't rely 20 Jo YouNG [Young] MEX. 5 Th de hs 6 34 ve wood name of your ancesters. [ancestors] ousan [thousand] ve 6 4) pil [oil] ee rime of life in the hopes of aid from those whom 41 and thousands have starved because they 6 a jel [Joel] father. 6 34) 79 SOLICIT Scescrirtions.-In [Descriptions.-In] the first place, I 6 36 nto [to] apply to all those whom you know will give 6 a next, to those whoin [win] you are uncertain whether 4 4 ave anything or not, and show them the list of - 'hy have given and lastly, do not neglect those who 735i [i] sure will give nothing, fur in some of them you may 6 45) agit [act] ken -Dr. Franklin. IN Waxt.-There [Wax.-There] is much variety even naar [near] of the same kinds, Sce, [Se] there are two snails ; a house, the other wants it yet both are snails a question whether case Is the better that which hath more shelter, but that which wants it BENS [BEN] OD 4 ny . 46 et 2 olen [lone] the privilege of that cover is but a bur- [bur] 51 yw see, if it has but a stune [stone] to climb over, with what 8, 'ait [at] draws up that beneficial load and if the passage wvisstraight, [straight] finds no entrance Whereas the empty snail ves [bes] ny difference of way. Surely it is always an ease, 821 jamietimes [sometimes] a happiness, to have nothing no man is so 8 34) ity [it] of envy as he that can be cheerful in want.-Bishup [want.-Bishop] soo [so] ane' [an] 9 4 Mvstanp.-Prior [Misting.-Prior] to the year 1720, there was no such [C] 55; in its present form at our tables. At that time the 9 25 5 coarsely separated from the integument, and in wit h state prepared fur use. In the year mentioned red tu an old woman of the name of Clements, re- [arrive] arrivi [arrival] in Durham, to grind the seed in a mill, and pass it j ithe [the] several processes which are resorted toin [ton] makiag [making] heat. Thesecret [The secret] she kept for many years her- [Heron] ond [and] in the period of her exclusive possession of it sup- [spite] itue [it] principal parts of the kingdoin, [kingdom] and in particular metropolis, with this article. George I. stamped it by hisapproval. [approval] Mrs. Clements regularly twice ed to London and the principle towns through- [through fur] fur orders, the same as any tradesman's rider ieprsent [present] day, and the old lady contrived to pick up oniy [on] a decent pittance, but what was then thought a tue ennpetonce. [instance] Frum [From] this woman residing in Dur- [Du- Fruit] uit [it] recesved [received] the name Durkam Durham] Mustard, 4 SPEECH BY Lorn BrotcHam.-The [Brougham.-The] pre- [preserve] the reporters' zallery [gallery] are a very honourable Hi wien, [wine] Amongst the seniors, if not the senior, are the author of the Peerage, and of the useful little red volume, the Parliamentary Companion, who tery [try] forthe [forth] Tues fur between thirty and Tyas, another veteran of more than iamentary [Parliamentary] service on the same paper, w Lave been the author of the sharp critiques uguam's [gum's] Classical knowledge and is spoken of ot allery [gallery] tradition. The stery [story] runs veca [cave] lusuriating [lacerating] over a glass of wine and the 0, when the hour cama, [came] and he was due in - As he tovk [took] his place Lord Brougham was the pencil of Tyas was on the track. Went on, and the mind of the reporter kept upon the double thread of Brougham a, The scholar in the gallery thought the scholar or of the house would remember a fine illustrative the Roman vrator, [orator] But he passed it and con- [consequence] Tvas [Tyas] went to work to write out his required it, he put in Brougham reprinted the speech, r 'aout [out] the whole of the interpolated St Fourth Estate, a History of Newspapers, by By, f, A i ties Seaver [Sever] ATAT [AT] AS tr bd ee ee ee ee WS 8 ee we op wt 8 GREENWICH is his our winter his time of rest. It appears that in [C] ue on the whole, are clearer than the less cloudy than mornings. Every as- a turn us an observer, and a chain of duty eg at and day at other periods the busiest por- [or- Pomade] md 20 at the Observatory is between 9 in the te the oho 'sternoon. [stern] During this time they ie we Misk [Miss] being to com lete [let] the records of 'sinade, [inside] by filling in the requisite columns , oe Or S Sri BS rinted [printed] fortis, [forts] and then adding and sub- [suitor] tor yw Case requires. Whilst thus engaged a0 has charce [chance] of oo an instrument, leoks [leeks] from . penny Tesulated [resulted] clock, and when it warns pected [expected] planet is nearly due, he leaves his sow Si te Tepairs [Repairs] to the room where the tele- [tee- eland] and h the mr Jusunent [Consent] of this has previously been pester, in dee hicety. [city] The shutter is moved jd oy durante [Durant 2, We astronomer sits on an easy full 1 Ovame [Ova] back, Jf j s is high ' the object he secks [secs] is high a Uns [Us] chair bacs [bas] j re [C] vac is lowered till he almest [almost] lies the chair back is raised in pro- [pro] 1 and metallic pencil in hand. are stretched seven he least ot ficld [field] of view. If his seat chun [chin] auton [Aston] arranges it to his satistac- [artistic- statistics] [C] docks, ant wt of Its own. Beside him is of the pl scmoment [moment] approaches for The tremble arith' [Frith] excitement of the moment be field of 3 for the entrance of inst made. An Eke that ofa [of] sportsman tne, [te] Ww. peint, [point] and who awaits the ace, 6 tale 4 star appears, the observer, in the second. Sccoud Scud] from the clock face; ceding bog ute [ate] eve, and counts on by ois [is] beats of the clock, naming the se- he is the stay freer pict [pit] i down im [in] ee peeses [pees] each wire of the in 1d d, and the n jotting book with a metallic y was ution [union] of onty, [ont] of his observation, s '30CONd [Condon] As zi, 7. 's in is ral [al] of time 8 Corresponds in his judg- [judge- judge] q no fe ck wis een [en] the passage of the Wich [Which] preceded such pacsave, [passive] . v, Y, F HF 1 i i g 5 iu if aE i 4 é ur, Prt [Pr] NES [NEWS] Gum pe F travelling on foot, and ights [its] and Shadows of Military Y good. Some sins have 2 mane ification [fiction] it. really a torment; and. when. the storm of on it leaves one to see-that he has madi [made] himself a fool in the-eyes.of bad element in any co i i removal would furnish occasion for a y of thankegiving [thanksgiving] NaTURAL. [Natural] RErorTiINe.-N [Reporting.-N] ature [nature] will be reported. All things are engaged in writing their history. The planet the pebble, goes attended by its shadow. The rolling rock leaves its scratches on the mountain the river its channel in the soil; the animal its bones in the fern or ieaf [if] its modest epitaph in the The falling drop makes its sculpture in the sand or stone, Not a foot steps in the snow, or along the ground, but prints in characters more or leas lasting a map of its march. Every act of. the man inscribes itself in the memoirs of its fellows, and in his own manners and face. The air is full of sounds, the sky nd the ground all a ar and signatures, ,every object covered over with hi i the intelligent.- [intelligent] Emerson. ints, [inst] which 's Waat [Wait] we Kxow [Know] or Aristorie [Restore] Whoever is fond A oO the biographical art as a repository of the actions and for. tunes of great men, may enjoy an agreeable specimen of its certainty in the life of Aristotle. e writers say he was a Jew; that he got all his information from a Jew, that he kept an a and was an atheist ; others say, on the contrary, that he did not keep an apo- [po- apothecary] thecary's [theory's] shop, and that he was a trinitarian. [tendering] me say he respected the religion of his country others that he of fered [Fred] sacrifiess [sacrifice] to his wife, and made hymns in favour of his father-in-law. Some are of opinion he was poisoned by the riests [rests] others are clear that he died of vexation because e could not discover the causes of the ebb and flow in the Euripus. [Europa] We now care or know go little about Ari [Air] that Mr. Fielding, in one of his novsls, [novels] says, Aristotle is mote rom 2 oo as many page belive [believe] who never read a sy eo works. -Sydney Smith's E. of Moral Philosophy. Jews Sketches A WALK IN A WoRKHOUSE.-Groves [Workhouse.-Groves] of babies in arms ; proves of mothers and other sick women in bed; groves of unatics [lunatics] Jungles of men in stone-paved down-stairs day- [day rooms] rooms, waiting for their dinners; longer and longer groves of old people, in upstairs infirmary wards, wearing out life, God knows how-this was the scenery through which the walk lay for two hours. In some of these latter chambers, there were pictures stuck against the wall, and a neat dis- [display] play of crockery and pewter on a kind of sideboard; now and then it was 2 treat to scea [sea] plant or two; in almost every ward there was acat. [act] In all of these long walks of azed [zed] and infirm, some old people were bed-ridden, and had been for a long time; some were sitting on their beds half- [half naked] naked some dying in their beds; some out of bed, and sitting at a table near the fire. A sullen or lethargic in- [indifference] difference to what was asked, a blunted sensibility to everything but warmth and food, a moody absence of com- [complaint] plaint as being of no use, a dogged silence and resentful cesire [desire] to be left alone again, I thought were generally apparent.- [apparent] Dickens's Household Words, No. 9. CoMMUNIsM [Communism] AND CoMPETITION. [Competition] Partnership can do much but there is one thing which I still must say it can- [cannot] not do. and cannot destroy To do this, the whole co-operating and co-trafficking class must be ove [over] partnership and that is physically impossible. A partner- [partnership] ship may contain two or three, or, let us say, a thousand families but it will never take in a nation of thirty millions, much less the entire human race. In fact, a voluntary part- [partnership] nership, [ownership] which is without limitation of msibility, [mobility] will only take in so many as are either intimately acquainted or related by blood, asin [sin] the ancientGentes. Each community will be asa large family acting towards its own members, in its divisions of property, by ofkindness [of kindness] and sympathy, but by rules of trade towards other communities. Competi- [Compete- Competition] tion [ion] may be annihilated within, but will necessarily be as active as ever without. Nor can I admit this is an evil. To say 80, is to call all equitable commerce an evil. With- [Without] out competition there can be no market prices, but only a monopoly price. In consequence of the competition to which every community must submit, it seems impossible at present that manufactures can be successfully carried on by combinations of workmen. If workmen will learn to dis- [discriminate] criminate good masters, and endeavour permanently to attach themselves to such, and demand a legal method ofso [of] doing, they will gradually solve the problem of co-operation ; but when, as now, they join in strikes against the best masters, they doom themselves to prolonged suffering and a most uncsriain [increasing] futurity.- [futurity] Francis William Newman, - Frou [Four] a Letter to the Editor of the Leader. MaRRIED [Married] Menx.-So [Men.-So] good was he, that I now take the opportunity of making a confession which I have often had upon my lips, but have hesitated to make from the fear of drawing upon myself the hatred of every married woman. But now I will run the risk-so now for it-some time or other, people must unburden their hearts. I confess, then, that I never find, and never have found a man more love- [loveable] able, more captivating, than when he is a married man, that is to say a good marricd [married] man. A man is never so handsome, never so perfect in my eyes as when he is mar- [married] ried,-as [red,-as ,-as] when he is a husband, and the father of a family, supporting in his manly arms, wife and children, and the whole domestic circle, which, in his entrance into the mar- [married] ried [red] state, closes around him and constitutes a part of his home and his world. He is not merely ennobled by this position, but he is actually leautiied [lauded] by it, Then he appears to me as the crown of creation and it is only such aman [man] as this who is dangerous to me, and with whom I am inclined to fallin [falling] love. But then propriety forbids it. And Moses, and all European legislators declare it to be sinful, and all married women wouid [would] consider ita [it] sacred duty to stoneme. [stone] Nevertheless, I cannot prevent the thing. It is so, and it cannot be otherwise, and my only hope of appeasing those who are excited against me is in my further conclusion, that no love affects me so pleasantly the con- [contemplation] templation [temptation] of no happiness makes me so happy, as that be- [between] taveen [Tavern] married people. It is amazing to myself, becauge [because] it seems to me, that I living unmarried, or mateless, [matchless] have with that happiness little to do. But it is so, and it always was so.- Miss Bremer. Tue Evit [Evil] Erye.-Going [Ere.-Going] one day into a cottage in the village of Catterick, in Yorkshire, I observed hung up be- [behind] hind the doura [dora] ponderous necklace of lucky stones, 2. . stones with a hole through them. On hinting an inquiry as to their use, I found the good lady of the house disposed to shuffie [suffer] off any explanation but by a little importunity I discovered that they had of being able to pre- [preserve] serve the house and its inhabitants from the baneful in- [influence] fluence [influence] of the evil eye. Why Nanny, said I, you surely don't believe in witches now-a-days 'No I don't say as I do but certainly i' former times there was wizzards [wards] an' buzzards, and them sort o' things. Well, eaid [said] I, laughing, but you surely don't think there are any now No I don't say 'at ther' [the] are, but I do believe in an evil eye. After a little time I extracted from poor Nanny more particulars on the subject, as viz, -how that there wasa [was] woman in thevillage [the village] whomshe [whom she] strongly suspected of being able to look with an evil eye; how, further, a neighbour's daughter, against whom the old lady in ques- [question] tion [ion] had a grudge, owing to some love affair, had suddenly fallen into a sort of pining sickness, of whom the doctors could make nothing at all; and how the poor thing fell away withont [without] any accountable cause, and finally died, no- [nobody] body knew why; but how it was her (Nanny's) strong belief that she had pined away in consequence of a glance from the evileye. [evil eye] Finally, I got from her an account of how any one who chose could themselves obtain the power of the evil eye, and the receipt was, as nearly as I can re- [recollect] collect, as follows Ye g ns out ov'a night-ivery [night-very] night, while ye finds nine toads-an' when ye've gitten [gotten] t'nine toads, ye hang 'em up ov' a string, an' ye make a hole and burica [brick] t' toads i't' hole-and as t' toads pines away, so t person pines away 'at you've looked upon wiv [iv] a yevil [evil] eye, an' they pine and pine away while they die, without ony [on] disease at all -NVotes -Notes] and Queries, a 9 A Fact.-A member of our local 7 Anti Crualty Cruelty] i to Society, was the other day accosted by an old woman with - Sir, ain't [in't] you a member of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals TI am, ly. am very glad of that, rejoined old dame, fpr [for] I can tell'e ofa [of] shameful case. There's m [in] daughter have only been married three weeks usban [husband] her like fun. -Bath Journals se ent [end] WorLp's [World's] Mutrum Trim] ux PAaRwo. -We [Parkwood. -We] are told a t a compan [company] is on foot for the, se of buying up Lord he e object of the purchase send in the on. lord iat [at] the exhibition of 1851. With his . [C] Company feels sure of winning the great prize. ote [ot] 18 scarcely a thing that he does not know something 2 3 and if they can only. keep. him from 'talking, they fee Peed they can palm him off asthe [asthma] wonderful specimen a ritish [British] ustry. [trust] We are sorely afraid, however, that. te that wen let it have the wealth of California added even 2 eet [et] of Monte-Christo, [Monte-Christ] must be ruined, if it is compelled [C] Lord Brougham at his own valuation.- [valuation] Punch, CANNING AND THE AMBASSADOR -What dull coxcombs re plomatists [diplomatists] at home generally are I remember ng at Mr. Frere's [Free's] once, in company with Conping [Coping] and a few other interesting men. Just before dinner Lord-- [Lord] on Frere, [Free] and asked himself to dinner. From the moment of his entry he began to talk to the whole party, in French-all of us being genuine English and I was old his French wasexecrable. [was execrable] He had followed the Rus- [Us- Russian] sian army into France, and seen a good deal of the great men concerned in the war; of none of those things did he ey a word, but went on, sometimes in English and some- [Smith] the tke [the] French, gabbling about cookery, and dress, and Ake. At last he paused for a little, and I said a few words, remar [rear] how a great image might be reduced to the midiculous [ridiculous] and contemptible, by bringing the constituent ae into prominent detail, and mentioned the grandeur of be deluge and the Preservation of life in Genesis and the 3 aradise [paradise] Lost, and the ludicrous effect produced by rayton's [Rayon's] description in his Noah's Flood. The bull for his beloved mate doth low, And to the ark brings on the fair-eyed cow, &c. Hereupon Lord resumed, and spoke in raptures of a picture which he had lately seen of Noah's Ark, and said the animals were all marching two ana two, the little ones first, and that the elephants came last in great majesty and led up the foreground. 'Ah no doubt, my lord, said Canning 'your elephants, wise fellows, stayed behind to k up their trunks This floored the ambassador for an hour.-Coleridge-Table Talk. A REAL WIFE, AND A WIFE AS WE WISH HER TO. BE.- Siebenkiis [Sinkers] pored over a fatal iron-mould-a pock mark or wart in his wife's heart he could never raise her to a lyrical enthusiasm of love, in which she might forget heaven and earth and all things. She could count the strokes of the clock between his ki d listen to the pot boiling over and run to take it off, with the big tears, which he had drawn from the outpourings of his heart, yet standing in her eyes. She sat in the adjoining room and sang to her- [herself] self quavering psalms, and in the middle of a verse she in- [interpolated] terpolated [plated] the Prosaic question, What shall I cook this evening And he could never get it out of his head, that once, in the midst of the most moved attention to a closet sermon of his on death and eternity, she looked thought- [thoughtfully] fully downwards, and at length said, Don't put on your left stocking to-morrow morning, I must first Narn [Barn] a hole in it. The author of this story hereby asserts that he has often gone almost out of his mind in consequence of such like interludes. It is in truth to be wished that the said author, in case he enter into the state of matri- [mari- matrimony] mony, [money] may find a woman to whom he can read the most essential principles and dictata [dictate] of metaphysics and astro- [Castro- astronomy] nomy, [nome] and who will not, in his most towering flights, cast up his stockings at him. We will, however, be satisfied if one fall to his lot who has humbler merits, but who is capable of soaring with him to a certain height; one on whose opened eyes and heart the flowery earth and beam- [beaming] ing heavens strike not in infinitesimals, but in large and towering masses for whom the great whole is something more than a nursery or a ball-room one who, witha [with] feeli [feel] at once tender and discriminating, and with a heart at once pious and large, for ever improves the man whom she has wedded. This it is, and no more, to which the author of this story limits his wishes.-Jean Paul Ritcher. [Richer] Statistics oF 'THE TIMEs. -Some [Times. -Some] interesting statis- [states- statistics] tics, relative to the printing of the Times, were mentioned in a paper on printing machines, read by Mr. Ed. Cowper, at the Institution of Civil Engineers, on Tuesday week, from which it appeared that on the 7th of May, 1850, the and Supplement contained 72 columns, or 17,500 lines, made up of upwards of a million pieces of type, of which matter about two-fifths were written, composed, and cor- [corrected] rected [erected] after seven o'clock in the evening. 'The Supplement was sent to press at 7.50p.m., [7.p.m] the first form of the paper at 4.15 a.m., and the second form at 4.45.a.m.; on this occasion 7,000 papers were published before 6.15 a.m., 21,000 papers before 7.30a.m., [7.a.m] and 34,000 before 8.45a.m., [8.a.m] or in about four hours. The greatest number of copies ever printed in one day was 54,000, and the greatest quan- [quay- quantity] tity [tit] of printing in one day's publication was on the Ist [Its] of March, 1848, when the paper used weighed 7 tons, the weight usually required being 43 tons; the surfxce [surface] to be printed every night, including the Supplement, was 30 acres; the weight of the fount in constant use was 7 tons, and 110 compositers [compositors] and 25 pressmen were constantly employed. The whole of the printing at the Times office was performed by three of Applegarth and four- [four cylinder] cylinder machines, and two of Applegarth's new vertical eylinder [cylinder] machines. Want OF Epuc Mon [Epic Mon] aMonG [among] THE Massrs.-The [Messrs.-The] Com- [Commissioners] missioners of the Times and Chronicle, the Government Commissioners on the Health of Towns, the Employment of Women and Children, the Factory Commissioners, the Education Inspectors, Lord Ashley and Mr. Kay, all are agreed as to the dense mass of pauperism and ignorance which forms the sub-stratum of English society. About one-half of our poor car neither read nor write here is a measure of the denseness of ignorance which exists. About eight millions a year are expended on poor-rates one por- [or- person] son in every eight is a recipient of poor relief this is a measure of our poverty. About three millions a year are expended on crime and its punishment here is a measure of our criminality. It is a disgraceful fact, which the Re- [Registrar] -gistrar-General's [Registrar-General's --General's] report of marriages yearly displays to us that about one-half of all the men and women of this country who are married do not write their names at marriage, but sign with marks This may be an imperfect test of edu- [ed- education] cation, I admit; still it is a test of unquestionable value, as showing the relative state of elementary education through- [throughout] out the country. And if you reflect, that many persons who write their names can write nothing else, I think you will admit that this fact alone is conclusive against the efficiency of the present elementary education of the peo- [pro- people] ple. [le] If we ask how Leeds stands in the Registrar-Gene- [General] ral's [al's] returns-Leeds, which is the centre of the movement for letting education remain as it is, left entirely to chance and charity to supply its deficiencies,-how do we find the fact Thus-that in 1846, the last year to which these returns are brought down, of 1,850 marriages celebrated in Leeds and Hunslet, 508 of the men, and 1,020 of the women, or considerably more than one-half of the latter, signed their names with marks. In Bradford, of 1,409 marriages, 571 men and 1,076 women signed with marks in 1846; and in Huddersfield, of 939 marriages, 378 men and 696 women signed with marks. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, of 10,654 marriages, 3,749 men, or consider- [considerably] ably more than one-third, and 6,561 women, or considerably more than one-half, signed with marks, Lancashire is still worse than Yorkshire in this respect. For instance, in Rochdale, of 795 women married in 1846, only 91 signed the marriage register with their names. I have also a per- [personal] sonal [tonal] knowledge of the fact, that of 47 men employed-upon a railway in this immediate neighbourhood, only 14 men can sign their names on the receipt of their wages, and this not because of any diffidence on their part, but positively because they canzot [cannot] write. But the most striking case is that furnished by one of our own local papers, in which it was lately stated that of twelve witnesses, all of respect- [respectable] able appearance, examined before the Mayor of Bradford, at the court-house there, man could sign his name, and that indifferently, It is-true.the men were from Pud- [Pudsey] sey, [se] which may be considered the Beotia [Beta] of Yorkshire. But I think the fact may be relied on, as I take it from no meaner source than the Leeds Mercury New, contrast this with the state of adult instruction in a country sessing [season] the advantages of common day schools-the New England States of America. In Massachusetts only one in 166 cannot read and write; in New Hampshire only one in 310; in Vermont one in 473; in Connecticut only one in 578.-Speech [W.-Speech] delivered by Dr. Smiles, at the Educational Aeecting [Acting] at Leeds, April 11th. Mr. GLADSTONE'S VISIT TO IraLy.-Some [Italy.-Some] of our con- [contemporaries] temporaries have a political mission to the hon. member for Oxford, but we believe he merely went in the character of friend to a noble lord now in the Levants [Servants] whose conjugal sorrows will come before the House of Peers next (last) Tuesday. The melancholy office of collecting evidence, in this deplorable business devolved on him. It appears that the infant born last August received in baptism the name of Horatio Walpole Lawrence; t latter name being a travelling designation of the Countess, who, as stated iast [east] week, has pleaded guilty in the Ecclesiastical paper, JUNE 1, 1850. THE EARL OF LINCOLN'S DIVORCE BILL. The second reading of this bill was brought before the House of Lords on Tuesday. The proceedings appeared to attract a considerable degree of interest, there being a more than usual muster of persons at the bar. The atten- [attend- attendance] dance of Peers was at first small, not exceeding a dozen, among whom were Lord Bro Lord Langdale, Earl Powis, the Earl of Wicklow, Lord Redesdale, and Lord Strangford. Gradually, however, the numbers present in- [increased] creased, and before the hearing of the case terminated the house was as well attended as during one of its usual sittings for the transaction of public business. No counsel appeared. on behalf of the Countess of Lincoln. Mr. Robinson, on behalf of the petitioner, proceeded, to lay before their lordships the evidence in support of the a tions [tins] on which the bill was framed. Tho object of the bill, he said, was to dissolve the marriage of the Right Hon. Henry Pelham Pelham Clinton, commonly called the Earl of Lincoln, with the Hon. Lady Susan Harriet Catherine Pelham Clinton, commonly called Countess of Lincoln, his now wife, on the ground of an adulterous in- [intercourse] tercourse [course] between the lady in question and Lord Walpole, the eldest son of the Earl of Orfurd. [Afford] The Earl and Countess of Lincoln were married in Scotland in 1832 according to the laws of that country. Evidence was then given of the magri [magi] of Lord and LadyjLincoln, [inconsolable] and of the absence of Lady Lincoln and Lord Walpole from England since 1848. Mr. Robinson then put in evidence the note identified by Mr. Ranken [Rank] in order to prove that on the 9th of August Lady Lincoln was at Baden. It was as follows - The post is just due, and I write a singleline [Singleton] to you, dear Lincoln, to tell you that I have arrived here safeand [safe and] sound. I feel very tired. I was detained on the road by indisposition, but in a day or two shall see Dr. Crelius. [Religious] My love and blessings to my dearest children. Noel Pavoick, [Peacock] a native of Illyri [Ill] of Lord Walpole, said that he England with his lord- [lordship] ship in July, 1848. They travelled to Ems, where the arrived about the 11th of August and remained till the 7 of October. During the time his lordship was at Ems, Lady Lincoln was there. She arrived later, but left at the same time. They were in the habit of seeing each other there, and were on intimate terms. They lived in separate hotels, but Lord Walpole visited her ladyship at all hours, late and early, and they used to drive out together. From Ems his master went to Wisbaden, [Western] where he remained two or three nights, Lady Lincoln remaining only one night. Thence they went to Basle, [Bales] Lady Lincoln following them, and putting up at the same hotel. From Basle [Bales] they pro- [proceeded] ceeded [needed] to Lausanne, to Geneva, to Turin, to Genoa; Lord Walpole and Lady Lincoln travelling alone in the saine [sane] carriage. Her ladyship used to take her meals in the same room with Lord Walpole, sometimes in the sitting room, sometimes in the bedroom. While at Genoa witness was sent for a newspaper and went with it to the apartment where they were. He entered without knocking, for though it was his general practice he omitted to do so on that occasion. On entering he found Lord Walpole and Lady Lincoln lying on the sofa. It was night at the time-seven, eight, or nine o'clock, in the month of November. Lord Brougham.-Was there anybody else in the room Witness.-No. Lord Brougham.-Did Lord Walpole see you Witness.-Yes, and came afterwards to the door for the aper, [per] Pt ord Brougham.-Did you speak Witness.-No. His lordship received the newspaper and thanked me for it. He afterwards went with his lordship to Rome by Civata [Cit] Vecchia. [Vetch] Lady Lincoln accompanied them, but did not enter Rome in the same iage. [age] This recaution [caution] was also adopted at Genoa. They remained at me, living in separate hotels, till April, and at Frescati [Forecast] till the 16th of May, continuing during that time on the most intimate terms. Here an alteration became visible in the size of Lady Lincoln, and she became gradually stouter.. By Lord Walpole's desire witness went and took a residenco- [residence- residence] at Frescati [Forecast] in April, where her ladyship went to live, his lordship visiting her apartments at all hours. While at Frescati [Forecast] he was discharged from his lordship's service, and Polino [Polling] was dismissed from Lady Lincoln's service at Rome. During the time he had spoken of they were in the constant habit of visiting each other at all hours. While at Ems he saw some notes addressed under the name of Lawrence. When Polino [Polling] was discharged he was succeeded by a person called Santi [Anti] Bella, a very tall remarkable looking person. While he new her Lady Lincoln pasged [passed] under no assumed name. Mr. Gladstone, who began his evidence in a low tone of voice, and was immediately desired by Lord Brougham to speak up, said that he had for many years lived in habits of close intimacy with Lord Lincoln, and he had also for a long time been well acquainted with Lady Lincoln. She is person of delicate health and has undergone great suffering. Lord Brougham.-You have also been on friendly terms with Lady Lincoln's family, have you not Mr. Gladstone.-Allowing for the difference of station, we were well acquainted. I find bya [by] reference to my journal that Lady Lincoln left England on the 2nd of August, 1848. I called on Lord Lincoln that evening, and he told me of her departure, Mr. Robinson.-Have you seen her since Mr, Gladstone.-I am not certain. I rather think I have but not in the usual manner as Lady Lincoln. Had she been in this country think I must have known it. I have been in constant communication with Lord Lincoln since she left, and can state that he has remained in this country all that time. Lord Brougham.-lIt [Brougham.-it] is not necessary to prove that he was in England all the time. If he was in this country five or six months after the evidence we have heard it would be sufficient. Mr. Gladstone.-I recollect rumours reaching England in August as to Lady Lincoln, and in consequence of these rumours meetings took place which led to my going abroad, as much, however, in the interest of Lady Lingoln, [Lincoln] as of Lord Lincoln. The. of the rumours to which I refer was such as left no doubt that there were unhappy indiscretions, which were capable of a worse construction. There was, however, no disposition to put the worst con- [construction] struction [instruction] upon them, and hope was entertained that nothing but indiscretions had taken place. The mat- [matter] ter [te] was one which we viewed in two lights, viz.-as a mat- [matter] ter [te] involving criminality-in which case a professional person would at once be sent out to investigate; or asa matter involving indiscretion-in which case a friend of Lord Lincoln's should go and induce Lady Lincoln, if he could obtain access to her, to place herself in a pusition [position] of security. The latter was the view adopted, and in the ca- [capacity] pacity [city] just mentioned I went abroad. Lord Brougham.-Were you not authorised by Lord Lincoln to induce her ladyship to come back and formerly a servant of security. Lord Brougham-Your mission did not exclude the hepe [hope] of her coming back Mr. Gladstone.-I think not, my lord. My object was to induce her to do what prudence seemed to require. I went in quest of her to Naples; going to Rome first in order to avoid quarantine. She had left Naples, however, some time before my arrival, for Genoa, and had desired letters to be addressed to her at Milan as she was going to try some baths in that neighbourhood. At Milan I found a trace of Lady Lincoln by her own name, and in consequence of something I learnt there I was induced to go to Como, where I was led to believe that she was residing in the villa Mancini under the feigned name of Mrs. Lawrence. I got to Como on the morning of Tues- [Tuesday] day, the 31st [st] of July last, and on my arrival I went at once to the villa and endeavoured to obtain an in interview. I sent in my card to her, first as Mrs. Lawrence, and then as Lady Lincoln but she declincd [declined] to see me in the first in- [instance] stance, as I was a stranger to her, and in the second be- [because] cause she knew no such person. I then endeavoured in- [received] received only a verbal statement in reply that the lady knew nothing. I left the villa at that time about mid-day. The person who had guided me there had, I ascertained, been employed to take out their passports, and I observed that the carriage was being prepared for a journey. In the evening I paid a second visit to the villa, and I saw evident preparations for their departure. There was a carriage at the door, and I saw a female figure standing as if ready to get in. I did not see whether she did take her seat in the carriage, as I was anxious not to ho observed, and more- [moreover] over, I did not wish to assume the responsibility of an ob- [observation] servation [Conservative] made by me for the person most interested. The carriage drove past me with the blinds down. The female figure saw corresponded with that of Lady Lincoln. Lord Brougham,-Could you tell if she was with child Mr. Gladstone.-No, my lord; she was wrapped up for travelling. I went after her next day, but weighing the whole matter in my own mind, and considering the unde- [under- undesirable] sirableness [desirableness] of presenting myself before her, I turned back while she took the way to Verona. I then returned to England, and in consequence of the report which I brought peer with me the matter was put into Mr. Parkinson's nds, [nd] Lord Redesdale.-Did Lord Lincoin [Lincoln] know of Lady Lin- [Lincoln] coln's [Colne's] departure before it took place on the 2nd of August Mr, Gladstone.-I believe he did not. I consider that she went without his knowledge. I remember that the reason Lady Lincoin [Lincoln] gave for going, without any express arrangement, was the weak state of her health, and the strong feeling she had that it was necessary for her on that Mr. Gladstone.-Yes,; and to place herself in a position - effectually to obtain an answer from her in writing, but I ' 3 account to go abroad, and her unwillingness to enter into any discussion ting such a step. I saw the first whisk Lord Linecin [Linen] from her, and the second a few days after. Lord 1 Redesdale.-Did Lord Lincoln reply to those let- [letters] ters [tees] Mr. Gladstone.-My impression is that he did not. He took measures to ascertain the course she had taken. J mean when she was going to visit the Grand-Duchess. Lord Redesdale.-By what means was she supplied with money to enable her to travel . Mr. Gladstone.-I have no original knowledge on thas [has] ject. [jet] oe Brougham.-Mr. Parkinson, do you know tha' [that] Lady Lincoln has 600 a-year pin-money, and that he marriage portion was 30,000 30,W] Mr Parkinson.-That is so, my lord. . Joseph Asmond, [Almond] Lord Lincoln's butler, said that he hat been for nine years in his service. There were five children by Lady Lincom. [Lincoln] From August, 1848, to 1849 Lord Lincoln had lived at Ryde except when on visit to Mr. Sidney Herbert at Wilton-house. His lord- [lordship] ship had been in this country the whole of the time. In August, 1849, witness left London with Mr. Rafaelle, [Raphael] and went to Italy. They arrived at Verona on the 8th of Sep- [September] tember. [member] At the hotel to which they went they found thers [there] was a lady whom, however, he did not then see. He lef [le] Verona for several days, and came back on the 18th of September to the same hotel. He saw there, on the 20th, [the] about 5 o'clock in the evening, a lady whom he identified ax Lady Lincoln, leaving her apartments to take an airing in an open-carriage. There was an infant, apparently onlya [only] few week's old, in her ladyship's apartments, also a nurse, an1 [an] servant named -Ellen Jones, formerly wet-nurse in tho family. He saw Lady Lincoln return from her drive, about two hours later. He again saw her ladyship at Nice, he at that time being accompanied by Santi [Anti] Bella, who said, That is Mrs. Lawrence whom I was living with at tho Villa Mancini. Witness contradicted him and said, Nv, that is the Countess of Lincoln, Mr. Rafaelle, [Raphael] a solicitor, said that he had no personal knowledge of Lady Lincoln, but was applied to by Mr. Parkinson, Lord Lincoln's solicitor, to go over to Italy. He did so, and took the last witness with him. At Verona ho found it necessary to send Asmond [Almond] away for a few days, as he was known by Lady Lincoln's servants, He then corr. borated [borate] Asmond's [Almond's] evidence, stating besides that the land- [landlord] lord of the hotel told him he only knew Lady Lincoln as Mrs. Lawrence. Witness produced a certificate from priest of having baptized [Baptist] the Horatzio [Oratorio] Laurenize, [Lawrence] no regular certificate being procurable, the church havin; [having] been converted into a granary. Lord Brougham then moved the second reading of thix [this] bill of divorce, which was met by an opposition from Redesdale, the latter of whom, however, intimated that h r. would not move a motion on the matter. Lord Langdala [Langdale] briefly supported the second reading, which was agreed to without opposition. SCRAPS OF NEWS. Colonel Wetherall has accepted the appointment of de- [deputy] puty-adjutant-general [duty-adjutant-general -adjutant-general] to the forces. The Rev. W. Maskell has officially resigned the living cf St. Mary's Church, Devon.- [Devon] Guardian. Lord Cockburn is engaged on a life of his late distinguished friend and brother judge, Lord Jeffrey. A man has been detected at Birkenhead selling painted sparrows for canaries. It is said that the beautiful palace of Fontainebleau, the favourite residence of Napoleon, is to be turned into a cavalry school. The Government contract for 50,000 gallons of rum tor the navy -was taken, on Thursday week, by Messrs. Lernon, [Vernon] Hart, and Son, of 59, Fenchurch-street. The Executive Conimittee [Committee] for promoting the Great Exhi- [Ex hi- Exhibition] bition [notion] of 1851 have resolved upon preparing a model of the docks of Liverpool. The bench of bishops, after four day's anxious delibera- [delivery- deliberation] tion, [ion] has determined not to put forth any declaration as had been proposed, on the subject of baptismal regeneration. The Derry Journal states, 'on certain authority, that the Chancellor of the Exchequer has been prevailed on to consent to an advance of 100,000 towards the completion of the Belfast Junction Railway. A Belgian paper states that M. Thiers, [This] after seventeen years' marriage, is about to become a father, and that he and his lady are about to visit Italy, for the purpose of hav- [have- having] ing the child baptized [Baptist] by his Holiness, The Times of Monday states that there is no truth in the reported illness of the Bishop of London, his lordship having been merely confined to his room a few days by w slight attack of gout. The salaries of all the officers of the Dorchester Poor-law Union, with the exception of the relieving officers and the master of the workhouse, have been reduced by the board of guardians 15 per cent. A new prison for convicts is to be built at Portsea, which will be commenced this spring. It is to contain 1,500 or 1,600, and when built the convict-ships at Portsmouth will be done away with. The Rev. H. James, vicar of Wellingdon, [Wellington] fell frorr [fro] Beachy Head, en Friday last, on to the sands below, ard [ad] when found-by his a short time afterwaics, [afterwards] was lifeless. Deceased was 38 years of age. A movement is on foot, on the part of the friends of t' e late John Wilson, the Scott'sh vocalist, to erect a mor [or] u- mental tablet to his memory in the new cemetery at Quebce, [Quebec] where his remains are interred. A rumour was current on Monday that Lord Cottenham, 'if he had not already resigned the Chancellorship, wou [you] d do so in a few days, and that Baron Rolfe, one of the fins uity [it] lawyers of our time, would succced [succeed] him as Lo. d. Chancellor. At Middleham, on Tuesday, Charles Prince, a boy in the employ of Mr. Fobert, [Robert] trainer to Lord Eglinton, was kick d in the chest by a favourite horse, named Probity, and x- pired [pride] the next day; he was brother to John Prince, the jockey. Accounts from the South Tyrol state that the weather there is very unfavourable that nearly all the mulberry plantations have been ruined, and have risen greatly in price, a circumstance which will have a bad eftect [effect] on tho cultivation of silk, and on the price of manufactured sik [si] goods this year. The President and fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford, 'have veted [vested] 100 guineas to the Bishop of Exeter, towards defraying the. expenses in his process with Mr. Gorham. The Bishop is a member of Magdalen College. This is said. to be the only pecuniary assistance which the Bishep [Bishop] has accepted from many offers. Thomas Wakley, [Walker] Esq., M.P., has addressed a letter to his constituents, in which, after observing that the state of his health has precluded a proper attention to his Parlia- [Parliament- Parliamentary] mentary [monetary] duties, he states he is ready to resign if they thin'c proper but as the end of the present session of Parliament is drawing near; he would prefer to remain in his present position until that period. A silver penny of the reign of David I., King of Scotlanc, [Scotland] was lately found at Framingham, in Northumberland. It may beremembered [remembered] that David beseiged [besieged] and took Alnwick Castle in the year 1135.-Times, [W.-Times] If the editor of the Times can venember [November] the latter event, he has a much better memory than we have hitherto given him eredit [credit] for.- [for] Ep. H. C. Monday last being Trinity Monday, the Elder Brethren of the Hon, Trinity Company held their anniversary festi- [feast- festival] val, by proceeding by water to Deptford, and viewing the almshouses and attending divine service at the old chure [cure] of that town. In the evening a grand banquet was servet [serve] the dining hall of the company's house on Tower-hill ; his Grace the Duke of Wellington, the Master, presided, 'supported by the deputy, Sir J. H. Pelly. [Pell] Active measures are being taken by the Watch-Com- [Committee] mittee [matter] to reduce the cost of the police-force in Liverpoo [Liverpool] Notice has boen [been] served on thirty-four sergeants, that in three months from the Ist [Its] of May their wages willbe [will] re- [reduced] duced [duce] trom [from] 25s. weekly to 21s., and that they will be 1e- [required] quired [cured] to patrol their beat, and otherwise perform ccm- [cc- common] mon policeduty. [police duty] Although thirty-four sergeants have beeit [beet] noticed, thirty only will be reduced. On the night of Sunday week a woman named Susannah Lee, wife of Daniel Lee, a shoemaker, living near the Gas- [Gasworks] works, Dudley, was delivered of twins, nearly full grown males, who, strange to say, were joined together in the chest and part of the abdomen, each, howevor, [however] havinga [having] well pro- [proportioned] portioned head, neck, arms, and legs. They were born alive, but one of them died almost immediately, and the other survived only about halfan [half] hour, The poor woman is doing well, Siens [Sines] oF THD [THE] TimEs,-On [Times,-On] Wednesday afternoon, at the city of Bristol, Mr. G. C. Harril, [Harris] auctioneer, sold the rever- [ever- reversion] sion or remainder in fee simple of an estate situated in the parishes of Marlborough, and West Alvington, South Devon, for the sum of 3,0201., the reserved price upon which, and at which the biddings commenced, being only 1,500 ,