The Doncaster and Salter's Brook Turnpike road was built circa 1740, to connect with the earlier Manchester and Salter's Brook Turnpike.
In the 1830s, the trustees submitted "an Act for more effectually improving the Roads from Doncaster to Salter's Brook Bridge, and for diverting and altering the said Roads, and making certain Branches therefrom". The alterations were primarily to ease gradients along the steeper sections.
The turnpike road ran from Doncaster to Salter's Brook Bridge (at the boundary of Yorkshire and Cheshire), passing through Barnsley and Penistone along what is now the A628.
The Well House Lane Top Toll Point was situated to the north-east of Penistone.