Brewster Sessions of 1852
The Brewster Sessions were the "annual meetings of licensing justices to deal with the grant, renewal, and transfer of licences to sell intoxicating liquor".
The following report is based on newspaper coverage of the 1852 sessions.
On the bench:
- Joseph Armitage (chair), George Armitage, W.L. Brook, J.T. Fisher, Joshua Moorhouse, John Starkey, John Brooke, and T.P. Crosland
Joseph Armitage noted the increase in "unlawful retailing on the Sabbath day" and warned that "the magistrates were determined to exercise the fullest powers the law permitted in arresting this growing evil."
The previous year's application by Elizabeth Ainley to built a new property on top of Castle Hill was heard and her licence revoked. Despite her best efforts, she had been unable to find masons to carry out the work and it was felt "the great amount of work going on in Huddersfield and the neighbourhood" was to blame.
There were 28 applications for new licences of which 3 were granted. Excluding Ainley's application, the remaining 27 were:
|"near the railway station"
|Skye Bottom, Fulstone
|Scar Head, Golcar
|Albert Court, Schofield Yard, New Street, Huddersfield
|Marsh Bar Junction
|West Parade, Huddersfield
|Old Hat beerhouse
|James Townshend Wigney
|Greenwood Yard, New Street
|Colne Street, King's Mill
|Quay Street, Huddersfield
|Bradford Road, Fartown
|Northumberland Street, Huddersfield
|Lidget Lane, Lindley
|"near the Mechanics' Institute"
|"near Spring Gardens"
|Junction, Crosland Moor, Lockwood
|Victoria, Hinchliffe Mill, Holmfirth
|Lane End, Wooldale, Holmfirth
|Brown Cow Inn
The renewal of the licence of Messrs. Partridge and Rennison (Cloth Hall Street) was refused after objections from Mr. Smithies (landlord of the White Hart Inn on Cloth Hall Street) and Mr. Gaunt (landlord of the Queen Hotel on Market Street) who "contended that the license had been obtained fraudulently, and that the house was a perfect nuisance to the neighbourhood". To support their claims, a petition "signed by nearly all the respectable inhabitants of Cloth Hall Street" was handed over.
Mr. Alexander Glendinning presented a memorial on behalf of the Huddersfield Temperance Society noting that there was already 89 public houses and 93 beerhouses for the population of 30,000 (or 1 for every 165 persons), and that was "more than sufficient". Any increase, they warned, would result in "serious inconvenience and deplorable mischief."
At the adjourned sessions, spirit merchant Mr. Styring sought permission to have his licence renewed and extended to "make it applicable to another part of [his] premises". Initially the bench felt this amounted to have two licences for the price of one, but eventually agreed with condition attached.
The appeal of Elizabeth Ainley was heard and it was stated that a contract to erect the new building had been secured. However, the bench were split and decided not to give the application a second hearing. Subsequently, at the West Riding Quarter Sessions, sufficient evidence was presented that the decision was overturned.
The appeal by John Kenworthy (Buckstones) was "peremptorily refused."
An application by Francis Ford (Lockwood), presumably to allow gambling, was refused "on the ground of the evil influences resulting to boys, who were frequently induced to gamble".
Transfers of Licences
During the following 12 months, the following transfers of licences were reported:
|Waggon and Horses, Leeds Road
|George Mallinson (her son)
|Rising Sun, Lockwood
|Clothiers' Arms, Old Street
|Henry Schofield of Thurstonland
|Bath Hotel, Lockwood
|John Crow (of the Shipwreck Inn)
|Shipwreck Inn, Lockwood
|Wiliam Copley of Almondbury
|Railway Hotel, Holmfirth
|Albion Hotel, Buxton Road
|Commercial Inn, Moldgreen
|Rock Inn, Thurstonland
|Ann Hellawell (her daughter)
|John Sutherland Tolson of Huddersfield
|George Woodhouse of Huddersfield
|Old Oak Tree
|John Beaumont of Huddersfield
|George Dyson (deceased)
|Elizabeth Dyson (his widow)
|Warren House, Linthwaite
|Joseph Boocock of Huddersfield
|Albion Tavern, Huddersfield (Albion Hotel?)
|Rose and Crown, Huddersfield
|George Read (the younger)
|Dog Inn, Kirkgate
|Duke of York Inn, Ramsden Street
|Black Lion Inn, Upperhead Row
|Clothiers' Arms, Kirkgate
|Harriet Wrathmell (Wrathwell?)
- "Brewster Sessions" in Huddersfield Chronicle (28/Aug/1852)
- "The Brewster Sessions" in Huddersfield and Holmfirth Examiner (28/Aug/1852)
- "Adjourned Brewster Sessions" in Huddersfield Chronicle (02/Oct/1852)
- "Adjourned Brewster Sessions" in Huddersfield and Holmfirth Examiner (02/Oct/1852)
Notes and References
- "West Riding Quarter Sessions" in Huddersfield Chronicle (23/Oct/1852).