Angles, Danes and Norse in the District of Huddersfield (1929) - Summary

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Angles, Danes and Norse in the District of Huddersfield (1929) by W.G. Collingwood (2nd edition)

  • Preface (page 3)
  • Chapter 1 : The Anglian Occupation of Yorkshire (page 7)
  • Chapter 2 : British Loidis and Elmet (page 9)
  • Chapter 3 : The Anglian and British Map of the Huddersfield District (page 13)
  • Chapter 4 : The Anglian Abbeys (page 17)
  • Chapter 5 : Anglian Monuments (page 19)
  • Chapter 6 : Dewsbury (page 24)
  • Chapter 7 : Thornhill (page 33)
  • Chapter 8 : Walton and Rastrick Cross-bases (page 37)
  • Chapter 9 : Kirkburton and Kirkheaton — the Danish Settlers (page 40)
  • Chapter 10 : High Hoyland and the Norse Settlers (page 46)
  • Chapter 11 : Domesday Book an the Norman Conquest (page 50)
  • Chapter 12 : Mirfield, Cawthrone, Penistone and Skelmanthorpe (page 55)
  • Summary (page 60)
  • Bibliography (page 61)

SUMMARY

The main historical results of our study may be summarised in a few entries:-

About A.D. 607, Aethelfrith marched through Elmet and Loidis to fight the Welsh at Chester.

About 616, Eadwine annexed Elmet, taking it from Keredig, the last native king of the Britons.

625 to 633, Paulinus in Northumbria. His mission ended with the great invasion of Welsh and Mercians, which threw back the progress of the Anglian church and culture.

After 635, but hardly soon after, the Angles began to settle in our district. Dewsbury may have been an outpost of their occupation, and an abbey was probably founded there in the second half of the seventh century.

The eighth century has left no records or monuments here, but was the period of peace and prosperity in Northumbria generally.

867, the Danes took York, but did not invade the Western dales of Yorkshire.

Early tenth century, a few Danes began to settle in the Huddersfield district.

930-945, Cumbrian and Norse influence; beginning of the Norse settlement. Period of the cross of Whithorn type at High Hoyland.

After 950, the Anglo-Danish cross at Kirkheaton.

1023, Angles, Danes and Norse living together in SOuth Yorkshire.

1069, devastation of the district by William the Conqueror.

1086, Domesday Book; the devastation not yet repaired.

End of the eleventh century, monuments at Rastrick, Mirfield, Cawthorne and Penistone.

Early twelfth century, re-population of the devastated areas, partly by settlers of Norse descent from the West.