Annals of the Church in Slaithwaite (Near Huddersfield) from 1593 to 1864 (1864) by Charles Augustus Hulbert

The following is the OCR text of a book and will likely contain errors. This page is designed to be indexed by search engines. Click on a page number to view the book in your web browser.

The text is believed to be in the Public Domain.

Page 1

ANNALS OF SLAITHWAITE.

Page 3

ANNALS

OF THE

CHURCH IN SLAITHWAITE,

(NEAR HUDDERSFIELD),

WEST-RIDING OF YORKSHIRE,

From 1864,

IN FIVE LECTURES,

WITH A OONTINUATION AND NOTES.

BY CHARLES AUGUSTUS HULBERT, M.A.,

PERPRIUAL OURATE OF SLAITHWAITS-0UM-LINGARDS,

AUTHOR OF THE ‘‘GOSPBL REVEALED TO JOB.”

‘* This shall be written for the generation to come, And the people which shall be created shal] praise the Lord.” Psalm citi. 18.

LONDON : LONGMAN & OO. HUDDERSFIELD: JOSEPH BROOK. 1864.

Page 5

TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

WILLIAM WALTER,

FIFTH EARL OF DARTMOUTH,

LORD VISCOUNT LEWISHAM, ETO, ETO.,

WHO, AS LORD OF THE MANOR OF

ATTR-OUM-LINGARDS,

» “be. HAS BUCOREDED 7d ‘toni ‘LINE OF ANCESTRY

IN THE SUPPORT oF ‘THE CHUROH,

WITHIN THAT THEIR ANCIENT DOMAIN, @.

THESE ANNALS ARE, WITH PERMISSION,

RESPECTFULLY AND GRATEFULLY DEDICATED BY

THE AUTHOR.

Page 7

PREFACE.

Tax ancient and populous Chapelry of Slaithwaite, or Slaugh-waite, situated chiefly within the extensive Parish of Huddersfield, but lying on either side of a romantic valley, from four to six miles east of that town, has been long remarkable for its succession of pious ministers,—and, of late years, for its Mineral Baths.

The Yorkshire reader will not fail to add, with a smile—for ifs famous half moon! The version of the tradition deemed most authentic, represents a boy from Slaithwaite as spending the day at York, in admiration of many things in the Metropolitan City of the North, so different from what he had seen at home; but when night came he exclaimed—“ Well ! if there is not our Old Slaughwaite Half Moon!” Dr. Chalmers relates a similar story of a man whom he engaged to drive him from Huddersfield to the roman- tic parts of Derbyshire, and whose constant surprise

Page 8

Vill. PREFACE.

was excited by scenes so different from anything “in all Huddersfield.” There is, however, a moral in the story which is not without its bearing on the present volume. The Moon is the Scriptural symbol of the Church, as a light-bearer, and as reflecting the glory of the Sun of Righteousness, and surely “the Church of our in her Doctrine and Liturgy, fairly repre- sents that secondary splendour. The Churchman in his wanderings through his native land, rejoices to find, amidst the diversities of men’s minds and man- ners, the same blessed luminary in every parish, although shining with greater or less brilliancy. The Author of this volume deems it a privilege to have ministered for a quarter of a century, where that light had been so purely diffused for so many generations. May these “ Annals” tend to foster—not a worldly Churchmanship,—but the growth of that simple and Evangelical piety, which owns Christ crucified as the Sun and centre of its system, and the Church as the Moon at his feet: that faith which is the work of the Spirit, which itself worketh by love and overcometh the world.

Page 9

PREFACE. ix.

The name of Slaughwaite—derived from the sloe tree—also refers to its once woody character. Hence, combining these two allusions, the device in front of this preface represents the moon rising ‘out of a thicket, with the words “HZ Iwco Lux’’ (Out of the grove light), invented at the request of the Slaithwaite Gas Light Company, for their seal and motto. The traveller by night along the London and North Western Railway from Huddersfield to Manchester, may observe that, alone of all the villages in the valley, the street and road lamps of Slaithwaite cast their beams on all the surrounding country. Even so have the various Spiritual and Educational lights kindled in our midst, shed their benignant rays on those portions of the population which were not equally blest with the light of the Established Church.

The Mineral Springs and Baths, with the lovely gardens in which they are embosomed, augment the remarkable salubrity of the district: to which salubrity Dr. Aikin bore testimony seventy years ago, in his “Description of the Country thirty or forty miles round Manchester, After describing Hudders- field, he adds :—-

Page 10

x. PREFACE.

“The Chapelry of Slaughwaite in this parish, which equally partakes of the increased population from trade, has afforded the following list of births and deaths,—1784—Christenings, 124; Burials, 58. 1785—Christenings, 185; Burials, 29. 1786—Chris- tenings, 140; Burials, 49. 1787—Christenings, 140; Burials 90. 1788—Christenings, 153: Burials, 87. From this table a very favourable idea may be deduced of the healthiness of this district, and the advantages it offers for the increase of the human species. These chiéfly proceed from the comparative healthiness of 8 carried on in rural situations, and at the workmen’s own houses; from the plenty of employ and high price of labour encouraging to early matrimony; and from the warm clothing, good fare, and abundant fuel enjoyed by the industrious in this place.”

Although several Woollen and Cotton Manufac- tories now exist, and the population of the district has increased to about 5,000, yet this description of domestic employment, connected with small farms, continues to apply, and with it much of patriarchal manners and thought.

Page 11

xi.

In the days of Stage Coaches, ten passed through the village daily; but the Railway. opened in 1849 has, however, more rapidly introduced modern refine- ments, and at the same time the deteriorating influ- ence of less simple pleasures.

The Sabbath is less hallowed by attendance in God’s House, although great order prevails without. Facilities are now being given for building: and as our youth in large numbers, trained up in our Schools, diffuse themselves over the country, we trust others attracted by the advantages afforded, may supply their places, whilst they carry intelligence and moral influence abroad. About forty Schoolmasters and Mistresses have been sent forth since the opening of our National Schogl in 1885; and they have all been taught those religious principles which, under the grace of God, will render them a blessing wherever they labour.

In all the departments of professional and com- mercial life we have our offshoots. To our eminent native artist, Mr. Jabez E. Mayall, of London, this Work owes the contribution of the photographic por-

Page 12

Xi. ' PREFACE.

trait of the Author. For the view of Slaithwaite Church and Schools, he is indebted to his former pupil, Mr. Albert Willan, B.A., of Caius College, Cam- bridge: and to the late Mrs, Dyson, of Huddersfield, for the opportunity of copying the profile of her uncle, the Rey. Thomas Wilson. The wall in front of the view represents part of the ancient Chapel, still hallowed by the graves of Mr. Meeke and other venerable persons. The Author is also indebted to various other friends for the information supplied; but chiefly to the manuscripts of the former Ministers, In printing the Lectures delivered in his National School, in the spring of 1863, and the two Decenial Reports, nearly in their original form, he has been actuated by a desire to retain that freedom of style,with which he addressed his own parishioners, rather than any for- mal condensation for the sake of general readers. - The impatience expressed by many of the former for the publication, which has been unavoidably delayed, is the best assurance that the subject has awakened a lively interest in their minds. Some whom the Author wished thus to gratify, have themselves become matter of history; but they are added to the number of “the Spirits of just men made perfect.”

Page 13

PREFACE, xiii.

Of the succession of holy men, whose memoirs form the most important part of this volume, it may be ‘said in the language of the Son of Sirach, “ All these were honoured in their generation, and were the glory of their times. Their bodies are buried in peace, but their name liveth for evermore. The people will tell of their wisdom, and the congregation will shew forth their praise.’’—Ecclesiasticus xliv. 7, 14 & 15.

The picturesque scenery, the Reservoir, the various Schgols, would have invited to further description and illustration, but the design of the present work is not topographical, but religious; and it would have increased the expense and thereby defeated the object —which is, to perpetuate among the humble and pious people of this country the relics of their former pastors, and at-the same time to testify that Christ has never been absent from the Church of these realms; but that He has been “found in the fields of the wood”’ “that dwelt in the bush.” Psalm cxxxii.

6., Deut. xxxili. 16.—In Luco Lux. C. A. H.

Slatithwante, June Tih, 1864.

Page 14

THE BRITISH CHURCH.

I joy, deare Mother, when I view, Thy perfeét lineaments, and hue Both fweet and bright;

Beautie in thee takes up her place, And dates her letters from thy face, When fhe doth write.

A fine afpeét in fit array, Neither too mean, nor yet too gay, Shows who is bet:

-Outlandifh looks may not compare; For all they either painted are, Or elfe undreft.

* * * * * *

But, deareft Mother, (what thofe miffe) The mean thy praife and glory is, And long may be.

Bleffed be God, whofe love it was To double-moat thee with his grace, And none but thee.

George Herbert.

Page 15

CONTENTS.

md LECTURS I.

INTRODUOTION.—EARLY History: 1593 ro OF THE Rev. Ropert MEEKE, 1685 to 1724.

Clothing district early favoured with faithful Ministers— Arch- bishop Grindal’s letter to Queen Elizabeth vaney of the Colne —Descent of the Earl of Dartmouth—Family of Kaye—Dooms- day book—Etymology of Golcar, Lingards, and Slaithwaite— Dr. Walker—Dewsbury Parish Church—Crosses at Slaithwaite, Golcar, Woodhouse, and Chapel repaired— Sir John Kaye—Parliamentary survey—Baptisms and burials —Dark age of the Church—Revival of religion—Succession of Ministers—Church of our Fathers—Rev. Robert Meeke, 1685 to 1724— William Meeke—Salford Chapel—Atneas Bottomley— Extracts from Mr. Meeke’s diary—Old burial place—F ree School—Sermon of Mr. Meeke—Lists of Archbishops of York and Bishops of Ripon. Pages 12 to 38.

Appendix No, I.

Manors in Doomday book—Lingards and Linthwaite parlia- mentary writs—Tyas family—Law suit for Slaithwaite, in Henry VIII.’s time—Lawton’s Notices of Slaithwaite—Mr. Meeke’s endowment deed and will— Register of birth. Pages 39 to 44.

LECTURE II.

THe Rev. Joan [xocumBent, 1724 to 1727.—Rev. JosEPH THORNS, 1727 to 1760.—Rxv. Jonn Mureaartroyp, ScoHOOLMASTER, 1738 TO 1786.—OocoasIONAL MINISTERS, TO 1806.

Edmund Bothomley—Elegy on the Rev. John Sutcliffe, by Mr. Boulton—Rev. Joseph Thorns’s sermons— Renewal of trust deeds —Death of Mr. Thorns—Rev. John Murgatroyd: extracts from

Page 16

xvi. CONTENTS.

his manuscripts ; Churches supplied ; inscriptions on his house and school; persecution at Marsden; resignation, death, and burial ; extract from his diary. Pages 45 to 60.

Appendix No. II.

Presentation to Archdeacon, by John Eagland, of Mr. Thorns and others—Slaithwaite Free School, copy of second endowment deed—Messrs. Walker and others—Mrs. Dorothy Walker— Graduation of Ministers. Pages 61 to 65.

LECTURE III.

THE OF — Rev. HENRY VENN.—REv. SaMUEL Forty, B.A., IncumsBenr, 1761 to 1767.— Rev. MatrHew Pow ey, M.A., IncumBENT, 1767 to 1777.— THEIR SUBSEQUENT MEMOIRS.

Infidelity prevailing—-The Wesleys—Rev. Benjamin Ingham —Dr. Conyers—Rev. William Grimshaw and Isaac Smith, Haworth—Countess of Huntingdon— William, second Earl of Dartmouth—Cowper’s lines—James Hall, Golcar—Longwood Chapel— Elland Society—Rev. Samuel Furly: successful minis- try ; enlargement of Chapel ; pastoral address ; opposition ; letter of Archbishop of York; removal to St. Roche; letter to Mr. Joseph Mellor—Extract from Memoirs of the Countess of Hun- tingdon ; visit of her Ladyship to Slaithwaite—Obituary in the Evangelical Magazine— Rev. Matthew Powley: preaching in the Burial Ground ; great floods; reading the Articles ; removal to Dewsbury ; traditional account ; monument—Extract from Mr. life— Life of the Countess of of Unwin—Account of Mr. Powley in the “Life of the Rev. John Buckworth”’— Mrs. Powley’s monument. Pages 66 to 97.

Appendix No. III.

William, second Earl of Dartmouth—Elland Society— Lay and Clerical contributors— Memorial to Rev. Henry Venn—Rev. Matthew Powley, extracts from registers, &c. Pages 98 to 100.

LECTURE IV.

THe Rev. THoMas WILSON, CURATE AND INCUMBENT, 1777 TO 1809.—Rev. WaLTER SuitH, CuraTE, 1789 anD 1790.— Rev. Roserts, Curate, 1805 To 1810.

Page 17

CONTENTS. XVI.

Mr. Wilson’s first coming—Difficulties respecting rebuilding the Chapel—Spiritual success: Sunday School begun—New Church built—Trustees— Unity and conformity—Pews— Parsonage house —Queen Anne’s bounty—Great distress—Rev. Walter Smith— Origin of Dissent inSlaithwaite—Powle Moor Chapel—Providence Chapel —Death of Mrs. Wilson—Death of Mr. Wilson: character and style; anecdote; burial; inscription on tombstone ; sermon for Church Missionary Society—Memoir by Rev. W. Roberts, in Cottage Magazine—Obituary by Rev. Walter Smith. Pages 101 to 129.

~

Appendix No. IV.

Powle Chapel: Ministers—Great scarcity—Rev. Walter Smith : obit and tombstone—Rev. William Roberts—Registers— Mr. and . Joseph Roberts—Rev. Samuel Longhurst, and other Ministers of Linthwaite. Pages 129 to 132.

LECTURE V.

THE ReEv. CHARLES CHEW, IncUMBENT, 1810 To 1818.—REv. SaMUERL WALTER, CurnatE, 1815 to 1818; Incumsent, 1818 TO 1823.—Rev. THoMas JACKSON, INCUMBENT, 1823 To 1839.

Mr. Chew’s previous history—Rev. E. Parkin, W. Hanbury, and W. Harding— Removal of Sunday School—Appointment of George Mellor—Weekly meetings of communicants— Resignation —Rev. Legh Richmond : sermon at Slaithwaite— Rev. J. Wesley on female preachmg—Hoylehouse Methodist Chapel— Church tower raised—Rev. uel Walter—Note from funeral sermon by Rev. H. J. Maddock— Revs. John Eyton, William Mo and Patrick Bronte—Mr. long sermons at Huddersfield —Family—Distribution of tracts—Tombstones at Madely and Slaithwaite—Rev. Thomas Jackson: appointment by Rev. John Coates ; selection of hymns; trouble with Organist ; marriage ; failure of health; Curates ; officiating Ministers ; graduation at Cambridge ; Incumbents of Golcar—Rev. James Lacy—Sunday School remodelled—National School commenced—Discipline— New road— Public baths—Preparatory School—School at Cophill — Ministers of Linthwaite: Rev. N. Padweck and Dr. Wolff— Centenary Chapel—_Wm. Bamforth—Anecdotes—Samuel Wood —John Lawson Varley—James Roberts—James Sykes—First confirmation— Mr. Jackson’s death, gravestone, and monument. Pages 133 to 162.

Page 18

xviii, CONTENTS.

No. V.

Church Missionary Society—Preachers and collections—Rev. John Coates—Rev. William Robinson—Rev. Thomas Jackson : further particulars—St. John’s Church, Golcar—Dates of Minis- ters—Linthwaite Hall—Clerical scholars of Slaithwaite School— Rev. James Dransfield, James Quarmby, Joseph and John Dransfield—Sunday Schools—Organ—William Whitacre, Esq.— Extracts from Churchwardens’ accounts. Pages 168 to 168.

CONTINUATION. Rev. C. A. Huser, IncumBENT, 1889 To 1864.

Reception on coming—Previous ministry at Islington— Visit of the Earl of of residence improved.

Fimst DECENNIAL School reformed— Cottage lectures—Lending library—School at Holthead—Erection of National School: opening, bazaar, inspection—Second confirma- tion—Free School rebuilt and restored —O’Cot Chapel bought and removed—Upper Slaithwaite School and Licensed Chapel— Mechanics Institution — District Visiting Society — Maternal Society—Clothing Club—Spade Husbandry Association—Prac- tical observations. Pages 169 to 184. .

SEcoND DECENNIAL Report, 1850 to 1859.—Re Annual School Sermons-—-Fifth confirmation—Rev. T. H. Wat- ‘son—Young Men’s Classes—Iliness—Lectures on Job—New | Schoolhouse at Lingards—Foundation and opening—Infidel pub- lications—Mormonism— Holmfirth Flood—Improvement of organ —Sixth confirmation—Ordination sermon—Death of the Earl of Dartmouth—Memorial window—New chancel erected by his son —Antechapel—License to marry—New Burial Ground—Free School suspended—Rebuilding of Farmhouse—Gas Company— Widows’ cottages—Free School: new scheme for management— Visit of the Earl and Countess of Dartmouth—Opening of the Infant School— West Slaithwaite School: laying of first stone— Opening of the Meeke and Walker’s Institution—Great meeting of Sunday Schools on Whit-Monday, 1855— Bishop Bickersteth : first sermon at Slaithwaite—Eighth confirmation—Church Mis- sionary Society—District Visiting Society—Legal provision for the Minister—Ooncluding observations—State of the Schools, 1860. Pages 185 to 205.

Page 19

CONTENTS. xix.

CONCLUSION.

RETROSPECT OF THE YEARS 1860 To 1864.—BI0GRAPHICAL Norices.

“x

West Slaithwaite School completed—Psalmody—Rifle Volun- teers—Ninth confirmation—Annual sermons and collection— of Prince and Princess of Wales—Indisposition of Author — John Schofield—John Varley—Richard Varley— Robert Wood—Joseph Mellor—James Bamforth, Birks—Joshua Bamford, Slacks —Samuel Sykes—George Mellor—James Bam- forth, Holme—Thomas Haigh, Colnebridge—John Roberts— William Dean—William, fourth Earl of Dartmouth : letter to the Author—Frederick Thynne, Esq.—Spade Husbandry Meet- ings— Assistant Curates: Rev. Charles Brumell, Cutfield Ward- roper, Thomas Henry Watson, Stephen Pering Lampen, William Henry Girling, William Callis, John Teague Greenway. William Gray Gilchrist, and E. G. Charlesworth—Rev. J: oseph Hughes : character and death— Vinita of Bishops Longley and Bickersteth ~—Conclusion.

Appendia No. VI.

FREDERIOK THYNNE, Hsq.: extract from speech—Benefac- tion Boards and Inscriptions—-Clock—Slaithwaite Church and Curacy—School Terrace—Old Free School—National School- house — Upper Slaithwaite School —Lingards School —West Slaithwaite School.

OnirvaRry: Members of the District Visiting Society ; other venerable inhabitants; Providence Chapel; James Hall, Golcar ; Rev. W. C. Madden ; Dr. Edmund Smith ; Messrs. D. and Cc. Evans. Fages 229 to 244,

ILLUSTRATIONS. Portrait and Autograph of the Author ... To front the Title. Vignette and Motto... . wee » the Preface. Profile of the Rev. Thomas Wilson... .. » page 114.

View of Slaithwaite Church, Free School, and National School ..... wee » page 169.

\

Page 21

SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

LECTURE I.

IntRopucTION—Earty History, 1593 to 1685— INCUMBENOCY OF THE Rev. Rosent Mzrxe, 1685 ‘po 1724.

Tax Church of England has not,we believe,in the worst and darkest times, wanted able and holy Ministers, who in the remote valleys of our land, have kept alive the lamp of gospel light. Perhaps this is especially the case in the Northern Counties, whence many of the eminent Reformers of our Church arose; who first adorned the Universities with their learning, and afterwards, devoting it to the glory of God, were the valiant defenders of the faith. The immense parish of Halifax—in area exceeding the County of Rutland—and the clothing district — around it, were highly favoured with faithful Ministers in the time of Queen Elizabeth. Archbishop Grindal,

Page 22

14 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

writing to that illustrious Princess in defence of the practice of preaching, in the year 1576, reminds her that the rebellion, which had recently been suppressed in the North, was occasioned “through papistry and ignorance of God’s word, through want of often preaching! And in the time of that rebellion” he says, “were not all men of all states, that made profession of the gospel, most ready to offer their lives in your defence? In so much that one poor parish in York- shire, which by continual preaching had been better instructed than the rest (Halifax I mean) was ready to bring three or four thousand able men into the field to serve you against the said rebels. How can your Majesty have a more lively trial and experience of the contrary effects of much preaching, and of little or no preaching? The one working most faithful obedience, and the other most unnatural disobedience and rebellion.” In the same letter, the Archbishop declares that “ Public and continual preaching of God’s word is the ordinary means and instrument of the Salvation of Mankind.”* “I myself,” he adds, “ procured above forty learned preachers and graduates within less than six vears to be placed within the Diocese of York besides those I found. there.” We must, however, confine ourselves to one of the remoter ramifications of this fruitful vine—the Valley of Slaithwaite, running for about seven miles from

* See the ‘“‘ Remains of Edmund Grindal, D.D., successively Bishop of London, and Archbishop of York and Canterbury.”— Parker Society Edition, 1843, page 380.

Page 23

INTRODUCTORY HISTORY. 15

East to West, from Huddersfield towards the Moun- tain Chain, which forms part of the backbone of England; and practically separates Yorkshire from Lancashire. The Valley is watered by the River Colne, rising in the hills at the head of the Valley and flowing west- ward to Huddersfield, about two miles beyond which town, it falls into the Calder, and thence onward to the German Ocean. This stream divides the two great parishes of Huddersfield and Almondbury, the former on the North, and the latter on the South side; in which during the last thirty years there has been a remark- able extension of Church accommodation, and a body of Clergy rarely equalled for unity and devotedness. The Ancient Chapel of Slaithwaite stood in the midst of this valley, and was the only one, until the above augmentation, for the four Townships of Slaith- waite and Golcar in the parish of Huddersfield, and Lingards and Linthwaite in that of Almondbury. But the two Townships of Slaithwaite and Lingards, though in different parishes, forming one Manor, and isolated from the other estates, were always in a pre- scriptive manner more closely united, and form at present the parochial chapelry or new parish of Slaith- waite-cum-Lingards. The Church Rate for the repairs of the Chapel, has always been limited to, and continued uninterruptedly in these two Townships. They are the property of the Earl of Dartmouth, derived by descent from the issue of the marriage, above a century ago, of George Viscount Lewisham to the heiress of Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart., of Woodsome Hall, in Almondbury.

Page 24

16 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

At the time of the conquest the whole country was probably a forest. The nearest manors mentioned in the Doomsday Book, are Croisland and Gudlacsarc, (or Gudlacsear) ; with the last, we shall have to do, as representing the modern Township of Golcar. Guthlac appears to have been an Anglo-Saxon Saint; there is a Church dedicated to St. Guthlac in Hereford- shire, named in the same record. Tradition says that the valley was so full of wood, that a squirrel could leap from bough to bough, all the way from Marsden to Huddersfield. Such is certainly not its present appearance, although it has many lovely points, and numbers of places, long ago stripped of their “wood,” still retain the name. Fossil trees have been found lying at full length on the surface of the earth, and the boulder stones of Lingards (Lingearths) especially, are full of these remains of primeval forests. The name of Slaithwaite, originally | Slaugh-thwaite, or Slaighthwaite, is derived from the slaigh, slack, or sloe tree, which once prevailed; and which is still found wild in the adjoining Townsbip of Marsden. In clearing Slaithwaite Moss a few years ago, Mr. John Bamford, of Barrett, found the remains of a charcoal fire, about four feet below the surface of the peat. It is the opinion of some antiquaries, including our learned friend Dr. Walker, of Deanhead, that Mis- sionary Priests traversed the country in early times from Dewsbury, the great Mother Church of the large district, including Halifax, Almondbury, Kirkheaton,

Page 25

INTRODUCTORY HISTORY. 17

Kirkburton, and Huddersfield ; and that Guthlacscar, or Guthlac’s Rock, may have been a “scar’’ or rock on which the gospel was originally preached. Another is pointed out at Woodhouse, on the East of Hudders- field, marked by a small cross, now in the garden of the parsonage; and a third at Deanhead, in Scam- monden, still called Cruthill, or Cruxhill—the site of the present Chapel. Each of the two former places is now crowned with a heaven pointing spire, and the Chapel of Deanhead will soon be replaced by one of the same character, by the exertions of the present Incumbent. Crosses were erected in the meetings of cross roads, here as elsewhere: the base and part of the shaft of one still exist in front of the Manor House, in the village of Slaithwaite, and “ Lingards Cross’’ was recklessly destroyed about thirty years ago. These were probably the most ancient scenes of divine worship in the times before the Reformation, but there were Chapels at Marsden and Slaithwaite some centuries ago. Marsden Chapel possesses a Royal Grant, bearing date in the reign of Edward IV.--and there is a record that atSlaithwaite An Ancient Chapel being much decayed, was repaired and enlarged at the charge of John Kaye, Esq., and his tenants and neighbouring inhabitants, in 1593,”’ the reign of Queen Elizabeth. We have, however, no data for ascertaining the origin of Slaithwaite Chapel, or anything of its earlier history ; but as the Manor of Slaithwaite and Lingards formed part of the possessions of the Earl of Lancaster, and were held by members of the Tyas

Page 26

18 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

family, of Woodsome Hall, in Farnley Tyas, and their collateral descendants and successors, the Kayes; it is most probable that in the more ancient times as now, the family at Woodsome were tne chief promoters of the Chapel. Sir John Kaye, of Woodsome, gave £500 to King Charles I.,* and no doubt sustained the interests of the Church. But in 1651, when the Parliamentary Survey was made—the year when. Meltham Chapel was consecrated by an Irish Bishop —it was reported that there was “ No Minister, way: bad, and only four shillings per annum endowment,”’ a sum which is still paid from a farm at the Binn, in Marsden: the same report recommended the forma- tion of Slaithwaite into a parish, with Linthwaite, in Almondbury annexed. Under the Commonwealth, therefore, and the prevalence of the Independents, there was no supply for the spiritual wants of the people. We have no Ministerial records earlier than the reign of Charles II. The first entry in our Register is that of “ Burials” in 1679; there are also Baptisms and Marriages in the same unknown hand, until 1685 ; when the ministry of the Reverend Robert Meeke commenced. But in a pastoral letter of the Rev. Samuel Furly, published in 1764, there is an intima- tion that the same moderately Calvinistic doctrines were preached about eighty years before. It has been common to denominate the eighteenth century the dark age of the Church of England, but. not a few burning and shining lights existed in the

* Lloyd’s Memoirs, 1668,

Page 27

INTRODUCTORY HISTORY. 19

remote districts, whose rays, though extending. no further than their own valleys, kept the fire of true Apostolic spirit glowing inthe midst of genera] darkness and coldness. This more particularly appears in the early-part of the century, when religion, both in the established church, and among the nonconformists was. at the lowest ebb. An Arian system of Theology, a frigid morality, and a general laxity of manners, followed the angry controversies. of the period which ended with the revolution in 1688. In the Isle of Man, however, sound doctrine, united with primitive. discipline, subsisted under the episcopate of the truly Apostolic Bishop Wilson, for 58 years, 1697 to. 1755.. In general the Puritan strictness of manners, as well as doctrine, had given way. Sancroft, Kenn, and the non-jurors had left few successors, and the low church party were Arminian at best, under Tillotson, Sherlock, and others; ultimately little better than heathen. morality was inculcated even by the successors of Baxter, Owen and Howe; and when the Revival of Religion took place towards the middle of the century, Doddridge was almost the only nonconformist of note who gave it welcome. That Revival, however, shewed that the Established Church contained within itself the seeds of its own. regeneration. The true Apostolic succession of holy men and blessed confessors had never failed. The Dove of peace had never finally departed; England had never wanted the real spiritual presence of Him who walked among the golden candlesticks, and had the

Page 28

20 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

stars in His right hand. There was “ the hiding of his power ;”” but “horns” (or beams) “ came out of his hand, and his brightness was as the light,” and this, in answer to the prayer of his secret ones, ‘‘ O Lord, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known, in wrath remember mercy.” Habakkuk, 111. 2, 4. We have already suggested that some Minister, whose religious sentiments were those of the moderate Calvinistic section of the Church, seems to have pre- ceded Mr. Meeke, whose residence commenced here in 1685, when James II. ascended the throne of these realms, and continued until 1724, when Geo. I. was reigning. Mr. Meeke was followed for three years, 1724-27, by a Rev. John Sutcliffe, a good man, and for thirty-three years by the Rev. Joseph Thorns, who appears to have been as dry and ethical in doctrine as he was unspiritual in life, reaching to the beginning of the reign of Geo. ITT., when the celebrated Henry Venn, being Vicar of Huddersfield, and therefore Patron of the Perpetual Curacy of Slaithwaite, ap- pointed the Reverend Samuel Furly, a man of his own decidedly Evangelical sentiments and spirit. From that time, until my appointment in 1839, a period of eighty years, including the long reign of Geo. IIT., and those of Geo. IV., William IV., and Victoria, there has been a succession of holy and devoted men, Evangelical in their general doctrine, although varying in their particular views of predestination and election ; and if I might be allowed to add my own name to the

Page 29

INTRODUCTORY HISTORY. 21

honourable list of my predecessors, there has been a SUCCESSION, with one exception, fora HUNDRED AND EIGHTY YEARS—and without any exception, For ONE HUNDRED YEARS of Ministers holding and preaching the distinctive of the Reformed Church of England, in all their fulness and depth, accompanied by a LIFE of devotedness and consistency. This is the proposition to be maintained in the following pages ; and it is the more remarkable, as it has become almost a proverb, that a pure dispensation of religion never remains above three generations in the same place. In the Homily of our Church against Idolatry, third part, it is advanced against the use of Images, which it was maintained by Papists would be harmless, while accompanied by a faithful Ministry to limit and explain their use, that “It appeareth not by any story of credit, that the true and sincere preaching hath endured in any one place above one hundred years ; but it is evident that Images, Superstition, and Idolatry, have continued many hundred years.” This notable circumstance may, however, well prove one of warning, lest the candlestick should soon be removed from its place, unless we walk in the light of it, and pray for a continual supply of the oil of. divine grace to keep it burning. Once we have heard there was no minister—when the Established Church of England was prostrate in the dust ;—and there are still those who cry, “ Down with her, down with her, even to the ground!”

Page 30

22 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

These considerations originated (n 1844) the poem which is so frequently sung with enthusiasm to a well- known chant :—

The Church of our Fathers.

“Our holy and our beautiful house where our fathers praised

thee.”—IsaraH, lxiv. 11.

Why should I wander from the ways My wise forefathers trod, Or, in these cold degenerate days, Forsake the Church of God?

They loved the venerable dome, Where still their ashes lie, The Saint’s abode, the Martyr’s home, The portal of the sky!

For there, upon their infant brow, The cross’s sign was made ; The token of the Christian’s vow, Till death to be obeyed.

And there their youthful lips had join’d The plaintive Psalm to raise, And there they bent with lowly mind To mingle prayer with praise.

There did their faltering accents plight Their vows of mutual faith, There did the white-robed Priest unite Their hands and lives till death.

Page 31

THE CHURCH OF OUR FATHERS. 23

There, constant in their well-loved place, Each Sabbath saw them throng, With reverent step and serious face, The sounding aisles along.

They loved the floor their fathers trod For many an age long past, It was the ancient house of God, From age to age to last.

Great was their zeal, with decent care, Its high vault to adorn, They could not brook the house of prayer Their negligence should mourn.

The table of the Lord they sought Each festival of love; Their gifts—but most their hearts—they brought, To yield to God above.

They heard with humble thankfulness What Christ for them achieved ; Our Fathers heard in ancient days, And, simply taught, believed.

They lived in unity and peace, No party discord knew ; Like angel-bands in holiness, And ready service too.

Yet, in the hour of trial brave, When persecution came, They fought the fight their Church to save, And dared the martyr’s flame.

Page 32

24

SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

And since the same blest truth is ours, For which they fought and bled, And the same Holy Spirit pours, His unction on our head ;

Since the same blest communion joins Our hearts which blended theirs, The same sweet service still combines Our common wants and prayers ;

Why should we leave the holy ways Our wise forefathers trod, Or, in these cold degenerate days, Forsake the Church of God !

C. A. H.

Page 33

THE REVEREND ROBERT MEEKE,

1685 To 1724.

Ir required no small courage and devotedness to «undertake a Cure, for which the only certain provision was four shillings per annum ; as appears not only from the parliamentary survey already quoted, but also trom the terriers delivered in 1688 and 1716. There were, as now, small payments made by the inhabitants of the townships, at the rate of one shilling and sixpence each sitting, and these cannot have amounted to more than twenty pounds per annum when Mr. Meeke entered upon his charge. Being possessed of some private means, and continuing a single man, of simple habits, he was enabled to undertake and continue in the Cure for nearly forty years. His diary, already referred to, from May, 1689, to September, 1694, is very minute and circumstantial, and will be the prin- cipal source of information respecting him and his ministry. His dues seem to have been collected with difficulty, ‘trading being bad ;” and he receives with some surprise and gratitude the present of a few potatoes from an aged woman ; thankful, nevertheless, that he is independent of such contributions.

Page 34

26 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

I have only recently been able to arrive at accurate information as to the parentage of Robert Meeke. In his diary, Dec. 30th, 1693, he says, This day begins my thirty and eighth year, being born on Tuesday, the 30th of December, 1656, between three and four in the afternoon, in Salford, near Manchester ;” and on the cover of one of the books bequeathed. by him to the succeeding Curates, is a curious memorandum scratched, which gave me the first clue to his connec- tion with an eminent divine, who proves to be his father, “ Pack this book in the first books that are sent to Will. Schelthorne, in Manchester, for Mr. Meeke, Minister of Salford Chapel.” From various sources, I learn, William Meeke (whether originally in episcopal orders does not appear) was the Parochial Minister of the above Chapel, which had been recently erected and endowed by Humphrey Booth, when the parliamentary sequestration was made in 1650. Mr. Meeke conformed to the Presbyterian Classis, and was a distinguished Member of the Synod, on its establishment during the Civil War; but suffered persecution from the Independents, when they became powerful under Oliver Cromwell. The Chapel stood on the Bridge between Manchester and Salford. Meeke was imprisoned at Liverpool, with other Ministers, in 1651, upon suspicion of some corres- pondence with the King in his going through the country. This was at the time when the gallant Earl of Derby died as a martyr for his loyalty. Having been at length set at liberty, William Meeke retained

Page 35

REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 27

the pulpit in Salford until 1658, when he died. A dispute then arose, which was finally terminated by the Restoration of the Monarchy and the Episcopal Church, in 1660. This venerable divine I find described in Newcome’s Memoirs, as “Sincere Meeke,”’ and that “asa choice preacher, as it is said of Absolom’s body, it might of him, that none was so much to be praised for beauty as he.”’ In his diary, September 1, 1692, Robert Meeke describes a visit to Flam- borough, to see his father’s relatives; and “ went to Skipley to see the tenant who liveth where my father was born, it is an old house, much out of repair, and very mean. I went to see my father’s study. I thank God I have one much more convenient and pleasant. I desire to be thankful and humble, for my parentage is of an inferior rank, but I hope, and as I~ hear, of a religious family, which is better than gen- tility and greatness. My father was born in a very mean house, my mother in a courtly hall: thus the Lord is pleased to make high and low, noble and ignoble, equal, and both one. I am a branch of yeomanry by my father, of gentility by my mother. Lord, grant me true nobility, virtue, and grace, above my mother’s blood; meekness and humility according to my father’s name.’’ He speaks of receiving rent - from the tenant, and much kindness from relatives at Flamborough. I should have had no difficulty in inferring that his father here alluded to was the Rev. William Meeke, of Salford, where Robert was fessedly born, although that event took place only two

Page 36

28 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

years before the death of the former divine ; but in some of the books I found “ Will. Meeke, eldest son of William Meeke,”’ and in the diary a frequent mention of a Billy Meeke, a fatherless boy, whom Robert seems to have adopted. I have recently obtained the certifi- cate of Robert’s birth and baptism (see appendix), and conclude that William Meeke the younger was an elder brother of Robert, and that on his death the books reverted to him, with the family estate, and the care of the widow and family. — June 4, 1694.—He speaks of himself as of small stature, and a shy disposition; and that such was his father’s temper, and which occasioned him to marry late in life, and the son to forego altogether the charms of the married state. Healso speaks of the pious coun- sels of his mother, and her death in 1693. Itis manifest that he sprung from godly parents, of great respect- ability of character; and I presume that his mother’s relatives, one of whom of the name of Brooksbank, resided at Linthwaite Hall, were chiefly settled in the neighbourhood of Manchester. Robert Meeke was about twenty-nine years of age when he came to Slaithwaite, in 1685. He was a moderate English churchman, and the library which he bequeathed to his successors, Curates of Slaithwaite, many of the books having belonged to the elder William Meeke, prove both of them to have been learned men and sound divines; as well by the choice of authors as the manuscript notes on the margin of not a few. Robert Meeke was lodged from 1689 to 1724 at the Green, Hilltop, in Slaithwaite, a house still existing in

Page 37

REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 29 -

good repair, with his cousin Bothomley, who was awoolstapler. The lintel stone still bearing the inscription A‘. 8. B.,1686. He had previously lodged at Waterside. His study is still pointed out, but there are few or no other traditions respecting him. He left a copy of Poole’s Annotations, and various manu- scripts, to be kept continually at that house, which was the case, until the decease of the last member of the Bothomley family about fifty years ago, when they were dispersed; and only the diary, to which such frequent will be made, has been recovered. This occurred to myself in the year 1848, when I found it opportunely in the possession of the late Mrs. Hannah Cock, of Cophill; by whose husband it has been bought at the sale referred to. This interesting document shews that he was a studious and pious man; a laborious and prayerful preacher. He says, “ Lord, hear the prayers put up unto Thee this day and succeed Thy Word.” He also catechized publicly in the church, and introduced the frequent administration of the Lord’s Supper, not without some opposition. ‘ Some think it will put the town to much charge, and were This murmuring may have led Mr. Meeke to bequeath nine pounds, the interest to be applied to buy bread and wine for the communion. The Vicar of Huddersfield came in Easter week to administer the sacrament and receive his dues. Wine, in later times, was furnished by the Parish Churches of Huddersfield and Almondbury, but which has long ceased.

Page 38

80 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

We have no account of his ordination as Deacon -but in September, 1689, he was ordained Priest at York, and received the sacrament. He says “Ithought the Bishop was very solemn and serious in the office of ordination, Lord, hear the prayers of the church for us, and give us grace to mind the duties which were told us of.” His views of Baptism may be gathered from the following extract :—“ Oct.21. Iwent to Mr. Ramsbotham’s (at Huddersfield), to dinner,his daughter being baptised, for whom I stood as a witness and sponsor, being requested by the father; this is the first that I am engaged for, and grant the child may have Thy grace, renewing and regenerating, that the benefits of baptism may be conferred.” He appears to have been ingenious, for he says ‘‘ I have some skill in tempering clocks; I wish I had wisdom to redeem time.” This may refer to frequent confessions of sloth, and other occasional indulgences owing to the customs of the people, at funerals especially, which he deplores, and which are followed by expressions of deep humiliation and repentance. His diary throws much light on the state of things, public and private,and shews that the general character of the population has undergone very little change since his time. It is to be regretted that his previous and subse- quent diaries have perished; with the year 1689 our direct and minute acquaintance with him ceases. With it terminates all account of Mr. Meeke, except his will; leaving twenty-five years of his life blank. A few extracts will prove interesting.

Page 39

REV. ROBERT - 31

Alludiug to the feast or wake (St. James’s day), he says, “July 25, 1689. To-day is our doings at Sleighthwaite. 28. There was to-day as great a con- gregation as I have seen, but I am afraid many came more to see than hear; more for pleasure and curiosity than anything else; but, Lord, if thou be pleased to do them good by my labours, blessed be thy name; thou didst help me in my work of preaching this afternoon above my August 5, “My heart, O Lord, is still impure, O create in me a humble, and contrite, a holy and a clean heart, let not sin reign lest it bring my ruin. O Lord, by thy Providence about me, I am convinced tbat thou art Omniscient and Omnipresent, pure and holy, but merciful, parduning iniquity, trans- gression and sin.’ Mr. Meeke’s views of Nonconformity may be gathered from the following :—“ August 31, 1694. Went to see a mew Chapel at Tintwistle, which is built by a Nonconformist, who is tabled at my Aunt’s. There are since the toleration many Chapels builded. Lord grant it may be for the good of souls. We all preach the same doctrine, pray for the same things. All the difference consists in garments, gestures and words; and yet that difference breedeth heats, discus- sion, division, prejudice, jealousies, judging and coldness of Charity, and Christian affection among friends. I am afraid this is the effect of such separated Meetings and different modes of worship, Lord, &c.” “Nov. 1693. It is now wet and moist weather again, thick and foggy. The vapours arising from the

Page 40

32 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

earth hinder the light of the sun—and so, my sinful corruptions, arising in my heart, might justly deprive me of Thy shining countenance. O Lord, sanctify the circumstances which oftentimes follow my offences, and lead me to a sincere repentance thereby.” “May 1694, Met with an old acquaintance, a Noncon- formist, who told me there was an ordination of Ministers at Mr. Thorp’s of Hopton. There is much difference among learned men about ordination. Some are for Bishops, some for Presbyters, some for the Congregation and Lay Elders. Lord, promote true religion by men of thine own sending, and by what hands thou pleasest, in thine own time. Granta greater union in judgment among learned, and in practice among pious and religious men.” - Mr. Meeke’s labours in Slaithwaite may not have been very successful, but they were very diligent and exemplary. He says, July Discoursed about an hour with a good old woman. I find it convenient, on several accounts, to be familiar with, and to visit my chappelrie. Lord, give me all wisdém and prudence in all places to behave myself as I ought.” In 1718, Mr. Meeke obtained £200, Queen Anne’s Bounty for the living of Slaithwaite, to meet Benefac- tions of £100 each from Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart., and William Walker, Esq., of Wakefield; and with these sums that part of the estate at Sowood-in Stainland, Parish of Halifax, was purchased and settled on the Curacy, which still forms its chief endowment. At the same time the ‘other portion of the same estate

Page 41

REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 83

was bought by Mr. Meeke, for his own use, for £100, and was conveyed by him in 1721 to trustees, as an endowment for the Slaithwaite Parochial School, which appears to have existed under Mr. Meeke’s superin- tendence for thirty years before, as several memor- andums in his diary, shewing acts of supervision and authority indicate, in connection “with the town men.” ‘This trust he confirmed by his will in 1724. In 1719, the Chapel was rebujlt and enlarged hy his exertions, and his remains repose within the sacred walls and near the place of the Holy Table; his tombstone, an upright slab, still existing at the East- end of the enclosed site of the Old Chapel, reads thus—“ Nere this place is interred the body of Mr. Robert Meeke, who was Curate of this Chapel 39 years and 5 months, to y° satisfaction of his auditors: he left £4 per An. to y* School of Slaightwaite for teaching 10 poor children, and y* interest of £9 for Bread and Wine, and 133 Books for the succeeding Curates. He departed this life May 31st, A.D. 1724, in the 67 year of his age.” The School which he thus founded continues to this day a more permanent monument of his interest in the highest good of his people. The provisions of the deed of endowment and the will are somewhat con- flicting, but in all respects shew a firm attachment to the pure doctrine and discipline of our Church ; and the preamble of his will thus expresses his faith. “Tn the name of God, Amen, this 20 day of March in the year of our Lord 172+, I, Robert Meeke, of

Page 42

34 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Slaighthwaite, Curate, in the Parish of Huddersfield, in the West-Riding of the County of York, being in good health and understanding and memory, blessed be my God, do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following :—First, I commend my spirit into the hands of God my heavenly Father, firmly and comfortably hoping to be blessed imme~ — diately after my departure throw faith in Jesus Christ, . _my Redeemer, and I leaye my body to be buried in a decent and Christian manner, looking for a glorious resurrection of the same, from a vile and corruptible to an incorruptible and glorious estate, thanks be to God who giveth me the victory over sin, death and the grave through Jesus Christ my Lord.’”’ (See Appendix, No. I.) A Stone Font still remains in the Church, bearing the inscription, R.M. 1721; and the lintel of the prin- cipal entrance of the Old Church, os rebuilt by Mr. Meeke, bearing the date 1719, has stood as the door- way of the Minister’s garden ever since the new Chapel was built in 1789. Mr. Meeke’s bequest for wine was included in the purchase of the School estate at Sowerby, in 1731, | and the Trustees still pay nine shillings per annum to the Chapelwarden for this purpose. He also left five pounds to make “an easier and shorter way to the burying place.”’ | This burial place, being detached from the Chapel, is a-curious illustration of the History of England. ‘In the oldest Register of Burials is a Memorandum

Page 43

REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 35

in Mr. Meeke’s handwriting —“ From this time (1684) there was no person buried at Slackthwaite, except one or two; until October 13, 1688, for the Vicar commanded the Corps to be brought to Huddersfield. But the Chappelrie presented a petition to the Con- sistory Court of York, and the Dean and Chapter (Sede Vacante) granted this following License to bury in y° Chappell of Slackthwaite, or in an adjacent Cemeterie being freely given by the Right Worship- full Sir John Kaye, and decently repaired by y° Chappelrie for that purpose.”’ The license does not follow; but it is curious that this date, when it is said ‘the See of York was vacant, agrees with the time, as related by Lord Macaulay, when King James II. kept the Archiepiscopal See vacant, in order to put in a Papist. Mr. Meeke’s journal also illustrates the _ National History in many other particulars: shewing that he carefully kept all the public days of thanks- giving or humiliation set forth by authority ; and seems always to have been a loyal subject and a strict Con- formist, though liberal in his views and charitable in his practice. On a review we cannot but observe that Slaithwaite must have been much indebted to the residence of such a man for forty years. Coming at first with scarcely any remuneration, and exercising charity far beyond the means at his disposal for that purpose. Intelligent and kind, he appears to have been ready at all times and hours to visit his parishioners, and even far beyond--for I find records of journeys to baptize

Page 44

86 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

as far as Outlane on the one hand, and Crosland on the other, a distance of four miles each way. He frequently preached at Huddersfield and otherchurches ; and the records of his benevolent exertions induce us to believe that he bore the fruits of temperance, as well as other virtues, in old age. The permanent provision for a settled Ministry was obtained by his exertions; and consequently the suc- cession of resident Curates secured. He provided for their learning by the bequest of his Library. He either originated or confirmed the School of Slaith- waite, which has beén so valuable a provision for the instruction of youth. His endowment was augmented by the bequests of his friends Thomas and William Walker and Michael Anely; and the second Deed provides for a School of Good Literature; and the Catechism contained in the Liturgy of the Church of England. The School was carried on as nearly as possible to the primitive foundation, upon the original site of the Free School, rebuilt in 1744, and again in 1842—and adjoining the old Chapel, where Mr. Meeke’s remains repose—until the completion of a New Scheme in 1859, for its management, obtained by the present Trustees, sanctioned by the Commis- sioners of Public Charities and the County Court, according to the Act of 1858. This Scheme retains - all the purposes of a Free School for children, designed by Mr. Meeke and the other benefactors, whilst under the name of ‘‘ Meeke and Walker’s Educational Insti- tution,” it proyides for the adult population, male and

Page 45

REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 87

female Evening Classes, for their instruction in useful learning and religious education; and I trust it may continue for many generations as “a School of good literature,” and the nursery of every Christian virtue. A few of Mr. Meeke’s Sermons remain, preserved by the late Rev. John Murgatroyd, Master of the School from 1738 to 1786, and resident in Slaithwaite until his death in 1806. The manuscripts of this gentleman, occupying a space of seventy years, pre- sented to me by his niece, the late Miss Hannah Mellor, form an important addition to those of Mr. Meeke. These Sermons are very neatly written, and are sound in doctrine and practical in their application, on the Arminian, rather than Calvinistic hypothesis ; occasional notes exhibit considerable learning. In the Introduction to a Sermon upon Ephesians ii. 19, we read—“ In this and the other Epistles of St. Paul, he principally insisteth upon three things: Articles of Faith; the benefits we receive by Christ; and the Duties of a Christian. Under the benefits which we receive by Christ are comprehended the great difference or differences between sinners converted by true repentance unto God, reconciled by faith in Christ Jesus, and there is a vast difference, and a very great unlikeness, betwixt these and unconverted, unbelieving sinners.” | This VAST AND ESSENTIAL DIFFERENCE is what we must ever bear in mind, and its maintenance is the espe- cial characteristic of the series of holy men, who have

Page 46

38 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

laboured here for so many generations. Other men have laboured and we have entered into their labours. “Whose faith let us follow, considering the end of their conversation: Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.” Heb. xi. 7, 8.

March 5th, 1863.

As the Archbishops of York and Bishops of Ripon will be frequently referred to, I add the following list from the time of the Revolution :

ARCHBISHOPS OF YORK :—

Thomas Lamplugh 1688. John Sharp 1691. Sir William Davies 1713. Launcelot Blackburn ............... .. 1724. Thomas Herring . ...... 1742. Matthew Hutton............... ccc... 1747. John 1757. Robert Drummond ...... Dae 1761. William Markhan ..................... 1777. Hon. E. Venables Vernon Harcourt 1808. Thomas Musgrave 1847. Charles Thomas Longley ...... ..... 1860, William Thompson ............ 1863.

BIsHOrs OF RIPon :— Charles Thomas Longley ............ 1836. Robert Bickersteth 1857.

Page 47

APPENDIX No. I.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE I.

DOMESDAY BOOK.

Dr. Whitaker, in his edition of Thoresby’s ‘‘ Leodis and Elmete,” 1816, page 348, says :-— ‘“‘'The Gudlacsarc of Domesday is now contracted to Goldcar ; but it must have been written Gudlacscar. The innumerable errors in the spelling of local names, which prevail throughout the record, can only be accounted for by supposing that Nor- man Scribes were employed, who, with the pitiful affectation which prevails among their countrymen to this day, carelessly or purposely falsify English names.”

LINGARDS AND LINTHWAITE

Are not mentioned in Domesday Survey, which proves them to have been separated from some of the more ancient manors at a later period. Those mentioned (in Almondbury parish) are Almanberie, Ferleia (Farnley), Hanleia (Honley), Meltham Cola, and Crois- land. p. 327.

In Huddersfield parish, also, we have only Odersfeldt, Bradleia, Gudlacsarc, Cornbi (Quarmby), and Lilia (Lindley). No mention of Slaithwaite or other townships.

I find the following subsequent notices :—

In Parliamentary Writs, 1316, Edw. II, are named,

Joun Tyas, Slaighewaite. RIcHARD Tyas, Farnley.

Among the possessions of the Earl of Lancaster are, Lingarthys, Lepton, Holm, iii vill. Co. Lancast.

Dr. Walker informs me that John and Richard Tyas before named, were owners of the towns under the Earl of Lancaster, just before the breaking out of the civil war between the Houses of York and Lancaster; when the Earl was executed, Henry Tyas was condemned and executed. No mention of John or Richard Tyas. The Beaumonts took no active part. The Elands lost estates.

The Manor of Lingthwaite belonged to the Duke of Lancaster in 1361, as part of the Honor of Pontefract.

Page 48

40 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Leodis and Elmete, p. 331, under Farnley Tyas, parish of Almondbury, says :—

‘© A° Henry VIII. was a law-suit for the Manor of Slaithwaite, which from the time of John de Tyas had accompanied Woodsome, between Charles Yarburgh and Arthur Kaye, when both parties claimed, as heirs of the body of John Tyas the Younger (Hopkinson’s Pedigrees). It seems evident that after the death of Franco Tyas, the estates passed to the descendants of an heir female, several generations higher up in the line, and that the grant of Franco Tyas to Fitton was merely in trust for some intent not expressed.”

In Valor Ecclesiasticus, Henry VIII. time,

Payments to the Chantrey of St. Mary’s, York, inter alia, is the following :

‘Rent in Stainland, Slaghwhaite, Rastrick, (Hudd. 1s. 8d.)’ ‘* From Rental of the Manor of Almondbury, in Elizabeth’s time : | ‘Waterfarms in Slaeghwet, iiij4.’ (Dr. Walker.)

From Lawron’s CoLuections relative to the West-Riding of York, (supplied to me by the Rev. Christopher Alderson, Rector of Kirkheaton) I add the following :—

‘‘SLAITHWAITE (Parish of Huddersfield, Perpetual Curacy), Agbrigg, Wapentake upper division. Population, 2,892 (in 1831). Patron, the Vicar of Hudderstield.”

From the Parliamentary Survey made 1651, Vol. xviii, p. 8305 :— ‘‘Four miles from Huddersfield ; way bad. No minister. No maintenance save 4s, per annum. Recommended to be made a parish, and Linfitt, in the parish of Almondbury, to be added thereto.”

From the Notitia Parochialis or returns made by Incumbents of Livings to queries sent them by a divine whose name is now unknown, in 1705 :— Ancient Chapel being much decayed, was repaired and enlarged at the charge of John Kaye, Esq., and his tenants, and other neighbouring inhabitants, in 1593. No endowment, but contributions something better than £20 per annum; a gift of 4s. yearly, left by the will of one — Eastwood, of the Binn, in Marsden. It is charged on the Binn Land, and now paid by Samuel Haigh, Widow Kaye, and James Hirst, the occupiers.”

Subsequent notices by Lawton :— ‘* Augmented in 1718 with £200 to meet benefactions of £200 from Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart., and William Walker, Esq., and in 1776 with £200, and in 1792 with £200 by lot.”

Page 49

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE I. 41

“30th April, 1765. Faculty to erect a gallery.” August, 1787. Faculty granted to re-build the chapel.”

‘‘ 4th August, 1789. The chapel and chapel yard were conse- crated.”

** No Glebe house.”

“The register books commence in 1684. Defective in some parts, but entered at Huddersfield.”

*‘ Charity Free School founded by the Rev. Robert Meeke, by deed 21st June, 1721. Income of 18a. 2r.17p. of land, after paying 9s. per annum for bread and wine for Sacrament on Whit Sunday. ‘Twenty free scholars are taught reading, writing, and arithmetic. The Curate is declared by the deed not to be eligible as schoolmaster.” Vide 19th Charities Report, page 548. Post town, Huddersfield not noticed by Torre.

Rev. Rospert MEEKE.

The original trust deed of Slaithwaite Free School is not now re be found, but the following abstract is in the possession of the rustees :—

‘June 28rd, 1721. Rev. Robert Meek invested the said trust in Bottomley, James Bamforth, Thomas Shaw, and Edmund Mellor, their heirs and assigns, y® survivors and survivor of them, and his heirs after the said Mr. Meek’s death, to the use of the said Aeneas Bottomley, &c., with intent and purpose that they, and the last survivor of them shall from the clear yearly rent of the said premises, pay to such schovlmaster of Slaightwaite as by the said trustees or the mInajor part of them shall for ever be elected (not being the Curate of Slaighthwaite), for yearly, half-yearly, and quarterly teaching such a number of poor children within the Chapelry of Slaighthwaite as the said trustees shall think fit, in reading, writing, and arithmetic ; which number of chil- dren are to be elected and named by the Curate, Chapel- warden, and Overseer of the Poor of Slaighthwaite for the time being, for ever: two to be chosen from Golcar, two from Linthwaite, two from Lingards, and four from Slaigh- thwaite. The number of children to be increased or lessened at the discretion of the Trustees for the time being ; such Trustees are to pay y® clear remainder of the yearly rent and profits of the premises, if any be, to such Schoolmaster (not being the Curate of Slaighthwaite), as a reward for his pains. And if there be a vacancy or no such Schoolmaster at Slaighthwaite, then the Trustees for the time being shall be accountable to pay over the rents of the premises that shall become payable and due during any such vacancy unto the

Page 50

42

SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Curate, Chapelwarden, and Overseer of the Poor for the time being, for them to pay over to the succeeding master, and the like order to be ever observed. And when there shall be but two Trustees living, then the two surviving Trustees shall choose to themselves three more Trustees, to make the number five, out of such principal inhabitants of Slaighthwaite, as they shall think fit, of which number the Curate of Slaighthwaite for the time being to be always one. Of intent and pnrpose that such surviving Trustees shall con- vey to themselves and new elected Trustees, &c.”

‘The said Mr. Meeke departed this life at Slaighthwaite, 31st May, 1724. The following is a copy of his Will, taken from the official copy with probate in the possession of the Trustees :—

‘¢In the name of God, Amen !— this 20th day of March, in the

year of our Tord 1724, I, Robert Meek, of Slaighthwaite, Curate, in the parish of Huddersfield, and the West Riding of the County of Yerk, being in guod health and under- standing and memory, blessed be my God, do make this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following :— First, I commend my spirit into the hands of God my Heavenly Father, firmly and comfortably hoping to be blessed immediateiy after my departure, throw faith in Jesus Christ my Redeemer ; and I leave my body to be buried in a decent and Christian manner, looking for a glorious resurrection of the same from a vile and corruptible to an incorruptible and giorious estate, thanks be to God who giveth me the victory over sin, death, and the grave, through Jesus Christ my Lord.—As for my worldly estate which it hath pleased God to bestow upon me, and to preserve for and nnto me until this day, I give and bequeath as followeth :—IJmprimis: I give and bequeathe unto the Schoole and the use and livelihood of the Schoolmaster in Sleighwaite, who is not the Curate or Minister of Sleighwaite aforesaid, nor of any other place elsewhere, that he may attend the duties of the School without any hindrance, and may have time for necessary reading and lawful diversion. I give and bequeath to him a parcell of land in Far Sowvod, in Stainland, in the ccunty aforesaid, now in the possession of Henry Haigh, cf Sowood aforesaid, which said land I have already conveyed by deeds sealed and signed by my own hand before sufficient witnesses, into the hands of faithful feoffees or Trustees for the vse aforesaid : and if there be no Master my will and desire is that the profits of the land aforesaid be given to the poor within the chappellrie of Slaighthwaite, to be distributed in Bibles, New Testaments, and Common Prayer-books, according to the discretion of the Warden, the Minister, and three or four understanding men belonging to the chappell aforesaid. If

Page 51

wn

MR. MEEKE’S WILL. 43

the occasional profits be thought too much for Bibles, &c , my will is that the feoffees intrusted do bestow it in buying warm and decent wearing cloaths for some of the poorer children aforesaid. Item, my books I leave to be sold, except those of which I have left a catalogue in the hands of my Executor, which I give to the Minister of Sleighthwaite for the time being, and some of them to the particular friends mentioned in the catalogue aforesaid ; the price of the books sold I give to the poor of the Chappelry of Sleighthwaite and Linthwaite, and Lingarths, and that part of Golcar on this side the brook under Share-hill, to be divided ard distributed by rome impartial and prudent men in the said Chappelry as they can, according as the several hamlets pay to the chappell aforesaid. Item: I give twenty pounds to my brother Ralph Ardern, in Newton, near Manchester, in Lancashire. Item: I give to my sister Martha's son, now an apprentice in Mar- chester, ten pounde, and to her daughter ten pounds, but the benefits or interest of the twenty pounds aforesaid I give to my sister Martha during her natural life, and after her death, the money to her son and daughter.

Item: I give to my sister Hall and her daughter, thirty pounds. Item: to Brother Erooksbank and my sister five pounds betwixt them. Item: to Mr. Hilton, his wife and two children, twenty shillings a-piece. Item: to my land- lord Aineas Bothomley, fifty shillings ; and to my landlady, his wife, also fifty shillings ; to their children, Deborah, Richard, Aineas, and Abigail, twenty pounds to be divided equally amongst them ; to the other three children, Elizaheth the wife of James Walk, of Thirstland, in the parish of Burton, to Martha and James, in Manchester, forty shillings a-piece. Item: to Mr. James Lightbourn and his wife and sister Elizabeth, five shillings a-piece. Item: to Jonas Walk’s children, my landlady’s grandchildren, twenty shillings a-piece; to the servants in my landlady’s house at my decease, ten shillings among them. Item: to Joshua Woodhead twenty shillings. Item: I give all the cups in the trunk, and two salts and three spoons to Deborah and Abigail Bothomley, and all the napkins with the trunk ; also to my landlady the bottle seller in my closett Item: I give the two volumes of Pool’s English Annotations to the use of the family, and to whomsoever resideth at Hilltop, in Sleighth- waite, and not to be lent abroad lest they be sullied and spoiled. Item: with these books I give the two reading desks in my closett. Item: to Edmund Bothomley I give the safe at my closett door and all my notes and my Father’s diary, and my own, being in several paper books, to be perused if he please, or else to be burnt. Item: to Edmund the booksafe in his chamber. Item: the two gold rings I give to

Page 52

44 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Deborah and Abigail aforesaid ; the two little boxes with small monies I give to Elizabeth and Martha, the daughters of Jonas Walker. As for other things too tedious to name, of any worth, I leave to my after-named Executor, to be kept for himself or given as he pleaseth. Item: I give nine pounds to be placed in good hands, and the interest to be paid yearly to buy wine for the Communion. Item: I give five pounds to make an easier and shorter way to the burying place. Item: I give to my landlady the reading glass and its case, Item: to my brother Ralph Arderne my steel tobacco box. Item: to Abigail Bothomley I give my knife and fork in my pocket, and the old fashioned knife and case. And lastly, I appoint Edmund Pothomley my Executor, to pay my funeral expenses, my debts, the legacies aforesaid, and hereunto I set my hand and seal the day and year above

said, “ROBERT MEEKE.” ‘‘ Signed, sealed, and declared, the contents of this whole sheet to be my last will and testament, in the presence of us, . © THos, SHaw, EpmunD MELtor, Daniet Eacuanp.”

Mr. ME&EKE’s BIRTH AND Baptism.

Extract from the Register of the Cathedral (late Collegiate) Church of Manchester :—

‘¢ Births in December, 1656 : 80. Robert, sonn to Mr. William Meeke of Salford, Clerke, baptized at Salford Chappell the ffourth day of January one thousand six hundred ffiftie and six.”

The ordinary reader may perhaps be puzzled by these dates, which are old style, when the year ended on the 25th March ; consequently January came after December,

Page 53

LECTURE II.

THe Rev. Jonn Surorirrs, INcUMBENT, 1724-27— Rev. JosEPH THorns, INCUMBENT, 1727 to 1760— Rey. Joon Muraatroyp, ScHOOLMASTER, 1738 To 1786, Tro 1806.

Although the matter to be laid before you, in this lecture, may not be of the same diversified character as that contained in the introductory address, and the account of the Rev. Robert Meeke, yet it will be found to throw light on a part of our religious history of which, perhaps, the least is popularly known ; and when the state of religion and morals was the lowest of all the period to which our records refer. There remained, however, some of the worthies who were contemporary with Mr. Meeke; among whom was Mr. Edmund Bothomley, son of Bothom- ley, Mr. Meeke’s host at Hilltop, and continuing reside there. The record of his burial, in the hand- writing of Mr. Murgatroyd, is, March 3rd, 1762 :— “Mr. Edmund Bothomley, Hilltop, Slaithwaite, a thorough honest peaceable man, and good christian. In a word, one of the usefullest persons in his time amongst his neighbours.” Mr. Meeke was succeeded by THe Rev. JoHn SUTOLIFFE, respecting whom I have not been able to collect any information, except that the Rev. Thomas Sutcliffe, late

Page 54

46, SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Incumbent of Heptonstall, informed me some years ago that he was a relative. The record of his burial is as follows :— “1727, Ap. 8. Mr. Jno. Sutcliffe, Curate of Sl-ghw'. Chap.” In the third volume of Mr. Murgatroyd’s manu- scripts I find, however, “ An Elegy on the death of the Rev. John Sutcliffe, Curate of Slaithwaite, who died | April 4th, 1727, by Thomas Boulton, Schoolmaster of Slaithwaite,”’ of which the following verse is a specimen :— Since Sutcliffe, pious Sutcliffe’s gone, His rigid fate I must bemoan ; I'll warble forth his obsequies, And with lamenting fill the skies ; Nor shall I much adorn my sense Of grief, with painted eloquence ; But such as swa sponte flows Out of a heart full fraught with woes. What cross malignant star hath gained The sceptre and supreme command ; Throughout the bright ethereal court, With dust and ashes thus to sport ; Which laughs, while peals of sorrow ring, Making an autungn of a spring ; Cutting the choicest blossoms down, For Sutcliffe, pious Sutcliffe’s gone !

And so, through six stanzas of equal length, in which the birds, the fishes, the beasts, the earth, and finally Atrophos, are invoked to lament for “ Pious Sutcliffe:”’ but the poem is left unfinished. It certainly exhibits the character of the writer, rather than the subject,

Page 55

REVS. JNO. SUTCLIFFE & JOSEPH THORNS. 47

who, at all events, was probably an amiable man, to have secured the respect of Mr. Boulton, who has also left, in manuscript, a paraphrase on the Book of Ecclesiastes, which, if original, shews that he was a man of some learning, taste, and piety. Mr. Sutcliffe was followed by Tue Rev. JosErax THorns, 1727 tro 1760. Nothing has been gathered respecting this gentleman’s parentage and education. I possess a number of his sermons, preserved by the Rev. John Murgatroyd, and who seems to have re-written and preached many of them. ‘Their style is that of a scholar and a gentleman, and some having been preached in Cambridgeshire, apparently during a visit there, I am led to conjecture that Mr. Thorns may have been a native of that county, and probably a Graduate at Cambridge. One of the sermons bears the date “ Dridlington (Norfolk) Nov. 27, 1726,” which may be another indication that Mr. Thorns came from the Eastern Counties. His doctrine is not very distinct ; the subjects being chiefly practical or rational. He however states in one on Phil. iii. 10, “ First, by our Saviour’s resurrection we are assured that a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction was made for the sins of the whole world. That the aids of God’s holy spirit are vouchsafed to us, in order to help us forward in the ways of holiness and virtue, and to assist us in our engagements with the devil and all his works, the . pomps and vanities of this wicked world, and all the sinful lusts of the flesh.”

Page 56

48 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

The former sermon is also inscribed “ Slaighwaite, June y* 10th, 1727, at the funeral of J. Binns, of Faldenworth ;” from which I conclude that Mr. Thorns was appointed soon after the death of Mr. Sutcliffe, which took place April 4th preceding. The entries of burials and baptisms are in a different hand, probably that of Mr. Boulton, until October 1st, 1727, when seemingly Mr. Thorns came to reside ; and his hand- writing continues, without intermission, until his death in 1760. Mr. Thorns was evidently, therefore, a resident minister, during the whole thirty-three years of his incumbency. In 1731, during his time, the second Deed of Endowment of the Free School was executed, but his name does not appear. The school- house was rebuilt in 1744, but chiefly by the exertions of Mr. Murgatroyd. The trust deeds of the school were with much difficulty renewed in 1749, and Mr. Thorns appears as one of the trustees. Mr. Murgat- royd then notes “ That tedious affair about renewing Mr. Meeke’s trust ended. April 14th, Saturday, 1750.” There is no monument, stone, or memorial of him remaining, but in Mr. Murgatroyd’s journal is the following memorandum :—“ The Rev. Mr. Thorns died, 3 o’clock, p.m., Sep. 13th, 1760. I saw him die.” . With reference to Mr. Thorns’ character, we have a slight indication ina note of Mr. Murgatroyd, on the origin of the name of Slaighwaite. ‘ Now the witty, prickly Mr. Thorns (as some may epithet him), I observe always spells it thus—Slaighwaite.” There is a further indication in a curious document, more

Page 57

REV. JOSEPH THORNS. 49

than one copy of which I have seen ; the one before me was kindlylent by Miss Roberts, of Broad Oak, daughter of the late Mr. James Roberts, one of the founders of Linthwaite Church. It is a presentation of Mr. Thorns, by Mr. John Eagland, the chapelwarden of Slaithwaite, to Dr. Pyle, Archdeacon of York, June 27,1758. It is difficult at this distance of time to judge of the merits of a dispute, which seems to have arisen between the minister and chapelwarden; but Mr. Eagland complains that Mr. Thorns had threatened to present him, for not presenting the landlords in Slaithwaite for selling ale on Sundays ; and in his turn presents the chapelwarden, newly chosen by Mr. Thorns, and four other men, as common and notorious profane cursers and swearers. He defends the land- lords, and their houses; and the singers who had displeased Mr. Thorns, whom he impugns in no very respectful terms. And making every deduction for the temper of the complainant, the description, if correct, is that of a very worldly character ; addicted to singular dregs, jockey cap, &c., and lowcompany, with “only a few old sermons to repeat, which almost everybody Tradition confirms the habits of Mr. Thorns to have been those of a sportsman, but that he was exceedingly afraid of thunder and lightning, having experienced a literal fulfilment of our Lord’s words, Luke xvii., 34, when a man sleeping in the same bed was killed. Hence, on one occasion, Mr. Thorns hastily left the pulpit during a thunderstorm, and ran to hide himself in his own cellar. This was part of the house in Backlane,

Page 58

50 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

which appears to have been first obtained for the use of the minister in Mr. Thorns’ time, from a memorandum in Mr. Murgatroyd’s M.S., April 12th, 1744. This house continued to be occupied by the succeeding ministers, until the erection of that in which I live by the Rev. Thomas Wilson, in 1789. And was taken down in 1849. The Book of Homilies was set up in the church in 1758, during Mr. Thorns’ incumbency, and the wardenship of John Eagland, before mentioned, who resided at the Old Hall, or Manor House, in Slaithwaite, as his descendants still do. The Book is still chained to an oak desk, having been removed from the old chapel to the new one, on the evection of the latter. Martha Wood, of Crimble, in QGolcar, who died there in December, 1839, aged 91 years, told me she remembered saying her catechism to Mr. Thorns in the aisle of the old ehapel, during afternoon service ; a practice I believe pursued by Mr. Wilson, and revived by myself in 1840. She also remembered the Rev. Henry Venn, Vicar of Huddersfield, and said that he was “the first Methody who came into this country.” On the whole, I think it is manifest that vital religion was at a low ebb in Slaithwaite during the incumbency of Mr. Thorns, as was generally the state throughout the country; but that the moral condition of things here was a favourable picture of the kingdom generally before the great revival of religion took place. There was no actual unsoundness in Mr.

Page 59

REV. JOHN MURGATROYD, 51

Thorns’ discourses, but a lack of spirituality and fervour. The last sermon on which there is any note of time is dated June lst, 1760, and it is a sermon against the love of the world, and the love of riches, often preached—fifteen times at Slaithwaite—but seems to lack direction to the true riches which are laid up in Christ; and as the congregation cannot generally rise above the tone of the minister, we may fear that there was very little more than the formal but Scriptural service which, in the worst cases, our Church secures. Mr. Thorns’s burial is recorded on the 13th September, 1760, in the handwriting of Tus Rev. Jonn Muraatroyrp. ‘This gentleman, who was in holy orders, and was master of the Free School from 1738 to 1786, and resided in Lingards until his death in 1806, partly supplied the interval between the death of Mr. Thorns, and the residence of his successor, Mr. Furly. This appears from a note of his in his journal, being a copy of a letter to the Rev. Henry Venn, dated Jan. 20th, 1761; and the entry of sermons in the after noons, at Slaithwaite, from Sep. 21st 1760, to Jan. 25th, 1761, being engaged at Almondbury in the morning. The present is a convenient opportunity of noticing this worthy and laborious man, who, residing in this vil- lage for nearly seventy years, must have exercised con- siderable influence over the minds and manners of the inhabitants. I have always heard him spoken of with the greatest respect by those who recollected

Page 60

52 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

him. I am indebted to his niece (already mentioned) for his copious and laborious manuscript collections, extracts and journals; and for several other books, which I reserve as a permanent addition to those bequeathed by Mr. Meeke. These writings have thrown much light upon many parts of our local history. Those who recollect his person describe Mr. Murgatroyd as a tall and venerable looking man, who wore & powdered wig and long cloak. His habits were temperate and pious. He was a native of Weathercock Fold in the Parish of Halifax. His father was William Murgatroyd, a blacksmith by trade. His mother was daughter of William Fairbank of Halifax. They were possessed of some property, which still remains in the family of Mellor, into which he married. The first account which I have of him is contained in the first Volume of his M.S. Collections; it is a testimonial addressed to a gentleman of the same name, the Rev. Mr. Murgatroyd, of Kirkleatham, by a Kester Metcalf, dated July 1737; and describes him as “Son of William Murgatroyd, late of Harley Royd, but now of Halifax, eighteen years of age; desirous of being made a scholar, and having been several years under the care of Mr. Wadsworth, Schoolmaster, of Rishworth—a sedate, thinking and promising boy; who reads the following authors, viz.—Greek Testament, Homer, Juvenal, and Persius, with tolerable judgment, and makes exercises answer- able thereto. His father is unable to send him to the

Page 61

"REV. JOHN MURGATROYD. 53

University, therefore humbly begs you to be so good as to take him into your care, as being your usher, or any other preferments you shall think proper. He is a man of the times, for in the late election at York, for Members for the County, he gave his vote for Sir Rowland Winn and Squire Turner.”’ Another testi- monial appears from Dr. Legh, Vicar of Halifax, addressed to the Trustees of Keighley School. Young Murgatroyd was unsuccessful in both applications ; but the testimony is very creditable. The first notice relative to Slaithwaite School which I find is the entry of some Scholars in 1738: the first being Thomas Boulton the younger, probably son of the late Master, Thomas Boulton, who died in 1734. Mr. Murgatroyd was not licensed to the Free School until 1740. In his own journal, January 19th, 1786, he says, “This afternoon agreed about quitting the School :”’ and on the 23rd, ‘ This afternoon I resign’d Slaithwaite School into the hands of the new chosen Trustees. I have been Master from May 29th, 1738— near 48 years. I hope that I have done my duty in this important trust with faithfulness. If I have at any time erred may God forgive me for Christ’s sake. 24th—Awak’d with God. C.D. A fine winter’s day. This is the last day of School teaching with me at Slaighwaite; being St. Paul’s Eve, ’tis a remarkable time. The Lord give me grace to live my few remaining days to his glory.”’ Mr. Murgatroyd was ordained in 1754 deacon, and in 1755 Priest, by the Archbishop of York, as Curate

Page 62

54 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of the Parish Church of Almondbury, on the nomina- tion of the Rev. Edward Rishton, Vicar, on a stipend of fifteen pounds per annum. His letters of orders and licenses are in my possession. In addition to this salary, a collection was made from house to. house throughout the parish—which is ten miles long. He records “‘ Augt. 6th, 7th, and 8th, 1755, a colleetion made for Almondbury Curate, got £4 11 0: gave the Clark 5s. for going with me, and one day’s horse hire.”’ His testimonials were signed by Dr. Legh, Vicar of Halifax, Mr. Sandford, Vicar of Huddersfield, and Mr. Thorns. Mr. Murgatroyd continued, whilst residing at Slaithwaite, the Cure of Almondbury, until July 17th, 1767; after which he was engaged in various Churches from Sunday to Sunday for nearly forty years—frequently taking duty at Slaithwaite for the successive Ministers; and must have ridden or walked many miles, for a very small remuneration. He writes “Rev. Mr. Burnett* paid Feb. 12, 1761, £10 10s. Od. and surplice dues for taking care of Slaigh. Chapel 20 Sundays.’”’ He remarks that he never received more than half-a-guinea for a Sunday’s duty, except once from the widow of the Vicar of Huddersfield, who gave him and then he returned it to her. His journal of sermons records his services at Huddersfield, Almondbury, Kirkheaton, Kirkburton, Saddleworth, Friar Mere, Elland, Honley, Holmfirth, Ripponden, Sowerby, Emley, Longwood,

* Curate tou the Rev. Henry Venn, and afterwards Incumbent of Elland,

Page 63

REV. JOHN MURGATROYD. 55

Marsden, Lightcliff, Rastrick, Deanhead, Slaithwaite, &c. &e. In fact, all the Churches and Chapels within twenty miles of Slaithwaite; and this continues with gradually less frequency until his death. The last entry is July 27th, 1806, ‘‘ At home—no horse.” On his resignation of the Curacy of Almondbury he seems to have sought the charms of connubial life. He was married at Almondbury, December 16th, 1767, to Ann Mellor, daughter of Edmund and Martha Mel- lor, of Lingards; one of the most respectable families in the place. He built a house in Lingards in 1786, on his resignation of the School, and resided there until his death, Oct. 27th, 1806. The house is still in good condition, and in the possession of his nephew, Mr. John Mellor, under the Earl of Dartmouth. The following inscription over the door still remains, in ornamental characters : En Lector M attende. I. 1786 A.

Slender’s the thread on which life doth depend, A mcment’s time may bring me to my end ; - Therefore while I do live my care shall be To have true comfort in eternity.

Mr. Murgatroyd’s Commonplace Books shew a great amount of industry, in abstracting and copying various works in Divinity, History, and Poetry, which he borrowed from his friends; also a correspondence in early years with Mr. Miller, School Master of Milns- bridge, I presume Longwood School, founded about the same time with Slaithwaite, and by Mr. Thomas Walker, one of our benefactors. Mr. Miller was a

Page 64

56 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Cla@sical Scholar, and ingenious in stone cutting. An old inscription remains in the Free School, which was placed over the door of the School when rebuilt, engraved by him: *Non operis famam poterit delere vetustas. Anno Domini 1744. Letters are also preserved from several grateful pupils, who had gone forth and occupied good situations in life in London and elsewhere. From all which it will appear, that as a School Master, Mr. Murgatroyd must have been a very useful and valuable man. But we have rather to do with him in this Record as a Divine; in which character I do not think that he was very eminent, but laborious and conscientious, _ and took great pains in the preparation of his sermons, He never practised extemporary preaching: it was little used in those days, except among the Methodists, as the revivers of Evangelical doctrine were called. He seems at first to have adopted the moral style of Mr. Thorns, and after his death the actual sermons of that gentleman, but re-written ; and to have had consider- able prejudice against the gospel as preached by Mr. Venn and others of his views. But a gradual change is observable, both in his sermons and his notes; and about 1778 we find him frequently engaged at Elland, for Mr. Burnett, who was a decidedly Evangelical Clergyman. He records the texts preached on by Mr. Venn, Mr. Ingham, and Mr. Powley, at Slaith-

shall not be able to obliterate the memory of the work,”

Page 65

REV. JOHN MURGATROYD. 57

waite, with some interest. He may probably have been disappointed in not succeeding Mr. Thorns as Incumbent: certainly Mr. Furly, his actual successor, seems to have met with no particular favor, as we shall have to shew in giving account of that gentleman, whose matter and style were new and startling to him. Mr. Murgatroyd was also frequently accustomed to preach for Mr. Wilson, from 1780 to 1806, and hence I have no doubt that there was a substantial agreement between them. I have heard it said that when Mr. Wilson wished for his services, he would ring a bell early on Sunday Morning, their houses being on opposite sides of the valley. A devout feeling runs through all his later diaries, and he notes the substance of the sermons which he hears. May 30, 1789, he writes—“ This day, by the day of the month, fifty-one years ago, I began to be the Master of a School. Old David Eagland entered me into Slaighwaite School. I hope that the Lord has ever been my guide, both in my private and public eapacity hitherto—where and when I have been guilty of commission of sin, and omission of duty, I pray God in Christ’s name to forgive me, and in future guide me through those few days which I have to be on this side eternity. Amen, Amen, Amen!” So good a man could scarcely escape persecution in some form ; although ‘Along the cool, sequester’d vale of life He held the noiseless tenor of his way.”

He officiated at Marsden very frequently, and in the

Page 66

58 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

year 1779—when a vacancy in the living occurred, he expected to have been appointed, and it seems with reason. But he met with very rude treatment from some of the inhabitants, who seem to have favoured Mr. Bellas, of Height (Friar Mere), in Saddleworth, afterwards Incumbent of Marsden; with whom, how- ever, Mr. Murgatroyd was always on good terms, and often preached for him; but who was, as tradition reports, a man of very different habits; and who bid the people follow his words, not his deeds. In consequence of which many of them came to Slaith- waite Chapel. The following are curious extracts :— ©1779, March the 28th, at Marsden, and the Chapel- warden, encouraged by the Methodistical party, (?). kept the door locked again, so we'd no service.. I dined at Waterside, and got well home, Mr. Marsden came with me to this side Shaker Wood. The 11th, The chapel door was kept locked again, Mane (morn- ing). For the same reason, V. (evening). They got foolish Taylor, of Saddleworth Church, to interfere and do the duty, Vesp. They at noon kept the chapel door fast, and turned the people in at the other door. Shameful work.’”’ So on the 18th.—“ April the 25th. At Marsden, and the door locked still. As I went up three or four men were placed in Mr. Marsden’s wood to abuse me, who did so in ashameful manner. They were placed there again at night, but Mr. Marsden being with me, they walked off without giving any abuse. Fellas, of Height, came to do duty for them, Vesp. Robert France, of Blakestones, brought me a

Page 67

REV. JOHN MURGATROYD. 59

message, April 24th, from Mr. Smith (Vicar of Almondbury), to persist in going, which encouraged me to go again. Must such work go unpunished P May the 2nd, at home. Oh pity! Mr. Marsden was to acquaint me if the bell rang, but hearing nothing from him, I stayed at home. Snow fell thisday. The 9th, at home. Oh pity!’ The same continues for the next month. We have no further account. Mr. Murgatroyd had no children; he lived in Slaithwaite 29 years as a bachelor, thirty as a married man, and nearly ten as a widower. Mrs. Murgatroyd died April 27th, 1797, aged 77 years. He bequeathed his property to his niece, Miss Mellor, who was brought up under his care, and who died June 20th, 1854, aged 74. He lies buried within the site of the old chapel, with the Mellor family. An appropriate inscription was added, in 1844, to the record on the family grave- stone, at my suggestion, at Miss Mellor’s cost, just a century after his completion of the rebuilding of the School-house. Mr. Murgatroyd was succeeded, in 1786, in the School, by Mr. John Boulton, a relative of the former master, and subsequently by the Rev. William Smith, and others, of whom an account will be given here- after. It is difficult to estimate the value of such a man’s labors and example ; although, as a preacher he may not have been highly gifted. His burial is thus recorded by the Rev. William Roberts in the Register : “1806, Oct. 30, Revd. John Murgatroyd, an amiable man, aged 87, Slaithwaite.”

Page 68

60 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

I shall conclude this Lecture by an extract from Mr. Murgatroyd’s diary—his closing observations on the year 1791 :—“ The Lord for Christ’s sake forgive the sins committed by me throughout this year—and if my life be continued, give me grace to prepare to live for ever in heaven, that I may be meet to join in the praises of the Triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,—make one of the chorus in the everlasting songs of redeeming love. Lord, guide me henceforth for this glorious purpose. Almighty God, give me and my family and relatives, and all others, grace; that thy will may be done by us on earth, as it is done in heaven. Then having lived in obedience to thy word in our Bibles, we shall look on our deliverance from this cumbersome world by death, to be a friendly inlet to a place where cumber can never come; but our comforts will be pure and any trouble, and everlasting in God’s presence, where there is ful- ness of joy. This happiness should be ever, while pas- sing through this world, highest in our thoughts, and if we bear a true love for our souls, will be so. It is a matter of great thankfulness that Slaithwaite has had, generally, both a minister and a schoolmaster of learning and piety, and thus Science has walked hand in hand with Religion; like the Star of Beth- lehem, conducting the sages to Christ. Even so may you walk in the light of the many and blessed advan- tages afforded you, until the light of this world is lost in the glory of that Sun which shall never set.

March 19th, 1863.

Page 69

APPENDIX No. II.

NOTES & ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE IL

THE REV. JOSEPH THORNS. “A COPY.”

The answer of the Chapelwarden of Slaithwaite to the Articles to be inquired of in the Visitation of the Right Worshipful Edmund Pyle, Woctor in Divinity, Archleacon of the Arch- deaconry of York, June 27, 1758. fitle 1—Concerning Churches and things appertaining there- unto. None to present. Title 2—Concerning the Living and the Minister's House. None to present. Title 3.—Concerning Hospitals and Schools, Schoolmasters, Physicians, Surgeons and Midwives. None to present. Title 4.—Concerning the Clergy, except on the other side. None to present Title 5.—Concerning Parish Church Officers. None to present. Title 6.— Present: Wm. Bamforth or Bamford of Inghead ; Jos"* Sugden ; John Hirst, of Castle, and James Bamford or Bamforth, of Einley Place, for common, open and notorious profain cursers and swearers. Litle 7.—Concerning Ecclesiastical Officers. None to present.

(Witness) JOHN EAGLAND, . Chapelwarien.

Indorsed as follows :—

Mr Thorns protests and affirms that he will present me for perjury, If 1 do not present all the Landlords in Slaith- waite for selling Ale on Sundays at Weddings, &c. Also he wants me to suppress and hinder the Singers from singing in our Chapel. Also he has chosen Wm. Bamforth to be Chapelwarden for this present year, and according to the opinions of all the best sort of men in chapelry, he is not a propper person for that Office. In the first place, as to the Landlords there is not more sivilized men, Take them all together in one Country Town in England. Their llouses are kept free from gaming or whoring or any other, vice that I know of, Only the sin of cursing and swearing, is too much

Page 70

62

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

used by the country people when they meet together, but I have taken care to present four of the most notorious villans. One of which Mr. Thorns has nominated the new Chapel- warden. As to the singers they have always born a very good character forty years, to my certain knowledge. And a very good set of singers we have, which gives their services tis.—A few years since Mr. Thorns was sorely Troubled with Mercenary qualms, as his constitution is very subject to that Distemper, and he extorted a good Guinea from y® poor singing Lads upon this condition that he would never disturb them in their singing any more. Now the Fitt returned on Feb’: last and Mr. Thorns ordered Mr. Batty to send for a Citation for the Singers. Upon that I heard a great part of the Congregation say that if the Singers must not sing, they would not come to Chappel any more— for the singers had something new and affecting. But Mr. Thorns for his part had nothing but some Old Sermons to repeat which almost every Body knows: As to reading y® Divine Services he makes a poor doo with it—he is so very idle y* scarce one half of the congregation can hear what he says, which is a great pitty, for it makes a great many absent themselves from Chappel. I dont think but Mr. Thorns is presentable in his apparel, in his white stockings, his white waistcoat, his mottle coat and his Jockey Cap, so that no one can tell by his garb that he is a Priest, fur he is oft dresst more like a Dancing Master then a Priest—(not to mention his fighting). Mr. Thorns has a bad property in going over his neighbours Thresholds oft to hear news and lies amongst the Butchers and sitting in Cobler’s shops, day by day. Busying himself with every Body’s business, Repeating Grievances, and proving Tales, causing great disturbance all the Town over, Giving nicknames and makes a droll upon everybody’s character, Calling every body Fool or Beggar but himself, Bullocking and hectoring every body with Wagers, that he is so rich and so rich. Well I do believe the man is rich in money— But would be far better for his Congregation if he was more rich in his Talents of grace—I am sorry to speak it.—But he realy is a common Town Pest, continually causing difference Both in the Chappel and in the Street. So I pray God either to mend him or to Remove him, or take him quite away. Which is the Harty prayer of the Congregation.

JOHN EAGLAND, Chapelwarden. June 26th, 1758.

Page 71

SLAITHWAITE FREE SCHOOL. 68

SLAITHWAITE FREE SCHOOL.

The following is a copy of an old Abstract of the Second Trust Deed. 1731.

‘“Thomas Walker, Salter, (Huddersfield) gave one hundred pounds (by will dated 9th May, 1719). Michael Anely ten pounds, Dr. William Walker (of Wakefield) ten pounds, and the Rev. Mr. Robert Meek nine pounds; to be laid out for the use of a School of good Literature at Slaighthwaite - (excepting 9* deducted for a sacrament) with which sums Mr. William Walker purchased a farm, copyhold land at Woodlane-in-Sowerby, containing one messuage or dwelling house, one laith, and one cow house, with 3 acres and 3 roods of meadow and pasture land, also y® Ley Close, and besides that 1 acre and 1 rood, and a close called the Ing. One shilling and sixpence is paid to y® Lord of the Manor of Wakefield, for which composition is made.—Nine shillings (as above) is paid yearly out of y® said premises for wine for a sacrament at Whitsuntide at Slaighwaite, according to Mr. Meek’s will, and five pounds eleven shillings to the school, in case that the rents and profits will amount to pay both sums, otherwise each must abate proportionably. The said premises were conveyed by the former owner to the said William Walker, Edmund Bothomley (son and heir of fineas Bothomley) and William Dawson, of Wakefield, Gent., and last surviver. ‘“‘The sckoolmaster must be elected and qualified to perform his duty, as is in this Tripartite Deed bearing date y* Twenty- fifth day of December, 1731, hereafter expressed. First.— Such schoolmaster shall on every vacancy or removal, or in forty days after, be elected and chosen by the said William Walker, Edmund Bothomley, and William Dawson, and the last survivors of them. Then afterwards or after their deaths, a schoolmaster shall be chosen by the Vicar of Huddersfield for y® time being, y* Curates of Slaighwaite and Deanhead for the time being, and their respective successors for ever. ‘* Item.—Ten children, boys and girls to be taught. “* Item.— The master must be a member of the Church of England ; of a sober life and conversatior, and one who frequents the Holy Communion. [lath a good genius for teaching youth to read, can write a good hand, and under. stands the grounds of arithmetic, will also carefully attend his school. “‘ Item.—The master must take care of the manners and behaviour of y® scholars ; use proper methods for discourag- ing vice, particularly lying, cursing, swearing, and profaning the Lord’s-day. Oblige them in order hereunto to attend

Page 72

64 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

divine service, teach them to read English well. When the boys can read com etently well, then teach them to write a feir legible hand, with grounds of arithmetic, sufficient to qualify them for common apprentices. Jtem.—The master must teach both the boys and girls the catechism, as is contained in the Liturgy of the Church of England, and catechise them once a week in the school. ‘** Jtem.—The children who are taken in must be the poorest objects, and chosen out of the townships of Slaighwaite and Lingards, by Edmund Bothomley during his life, and after his death by the curate, chapelwarden, and overseer of Slaighwaite for ever. Item.—\f£ any child proves to be incorrigible after due admonition and moderate correction, such must be displaced and another chosen in its room. ““ Item.— The parents of the elected children shall assure the master as far as they can that they shall! not be kept from school on any occasion whatever except want of health. ** Jtem —Girls only to. be taught to read well and catechized, except the master has a wife, who can teach them to knit or sew, then vhat to be done. ** Jtem.—Should the estate by any unforeseen accident be deficient or not raise the yearly value it does now, then both the charities shall abate proportionably of their value ** Jtem.—The master shall keep a book where he shall fairly enter the names and age of the children on their being admitted, together with the names of the parenjg, and when such children are dismissed, shall enter their age, and how much improved. “ Item.—Lastly : If any master does not perform his duty according to the above Rules, or fails in any of the qualifica- tions required of him, then the said electors shall have power to keep back his stipend, remove him and elect another more proper person in his stead.”

MESSRS. WALKER AND OTHERS.

The above Deed made however no provision for the con- tinuation of the Trust.

The property therefore lapsed to the heirs-at-law, and they kindly united in 1784 in renewing the Trust, and both estates were placed in the same trustees and have so con- tinued ever since. The parties to the last named deed were Rev. M. Powley, Vicar of Dewsbury, and James Shaw, of Li.gards (surviving trustees) and Richard Shaw, of Man- chester, heir-at-law of Thomas Shaw, late of Lingarths, Salter, who survived Edmund Mellor of the first part. Richard Kennett, of Wakefield, Esq:, only son and heir-at-

Page 73

SLAITHWAITE FREE SCHOOL. 65

law of Mary, late wife of the Reverend — Kennett, late of Bradford, which said Mary was the only surviving child and heir of William Walker, of Wakefield aforesaid, merchant, by his late wife, and who was the only surviving heir of William Walker, of Wakefield ; who survived Edmund Bothomley, of Slaithwaite, son and heir of Afneas Bothomley, formerly of the same place, all deceased, of the second part ; and William Elmsall, of Brearley Manor, of the third part. The estates were thus conveyed to Mr. Elmsall, who was Lord Dartmouth’s agent, and by him to surviving and new ¢ trustees. And the Trust has been duly continued ; and is now executed with great facility under a new scheme, sanctioned in 1859 by the Commissioners of Public Charities,

MRS. DOROTHY WALKER. >

In the oldest Register of the Chapel there is a memorandum in Mr. Meeke’s handwriting, being a list of articles belonging - to the Chapel, amongst which is: ‘‘ A new silver plate given by Dr. Walker’s wife, Mrs. Dorothy Walker; it weighs ten ounces troy, wanting — pennyweights. Sent to me for the Chappell Communion. Sep. 28, 1720.” The plate is still in use, with a cup of the same date, and another cup purchased by the Chapelry in 1779, for four guineas. We have only a pewter flagon. May some kind person be induced to imitate Mrs. Dorothy Walker !

GRADUATION OF MINISTERS.

* Since the completion of the foregoing Lecture, I have visited Cambridge, and obtained the following extracts from the ** GRBADUATI CANTABRIGIENSES” in the University Library :—

‘* Meek, Gul. Jesus College. A.B. 1706. “ Sutcliff, John St. John’s. A.B. 1718. ‘‘ Thorns, Jos. Trinity. A.B. 1725, A.M. 1782. “ Furly, Sam. Queen’s. A.B. 1758. ‘ Furly, Sam. Magdalen. A.B. 1781.

The ‘‘ Gul. Meek” above mentioned may have been the “ Billy Meek,” who was the nephew and protege of our benefactor. Mr. Sutcliff and Mr. Thorns are evidently shewn to have been graduates, as conjectured of the latter: and of Mr. Furly, father and son we shall have occasion to speak in the next lecture,

Page 74

LECTURE III.

Ton REvIvAL oF Henry Venxn— Rev. Samvurt Furty, B.A., INcumsBent, 1761 To 1767—Rev. Marrurew Pow ey, M.A., IncuMBENT, 1767 to SussrqveNt MEMOIRS.

It was observed in the last lecture that the coldness and deadness in the pulpit, and negligence out of it which prevailed during the period (1724 to 1760), to which that lecture referred, were only too characteristic of England in general. Infidelity had made such havoc among the higher orders, that Chmstian writers thought it enough to defend the outworks; whilst profaneness and immorality spread among the lower rauks of society. Moral and spiritual darkness rested upon the deep ; but at lencth the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. He who walks among golden candlesticks had said “ Let there be light !’’ A revival of true religion had commenced about the year 1730, at Oxford among some young students, including the two Wesleys; who were joined by Whitfield and others, and called from their strict- ness of manners and regularity of religious services, Methodists.” In the course of thirty years this movement, which began within the Church of England itself, had extended far and wide; although checked by the Ecclesiastical authorities. The first who in- troduced the revived doctrines of grace, with energy

into the West-Riding, was the Rey. Benjamin Inghan,

Page 75

°

REVIVAL OF RELIGION. 67

one of the associates of the original methodists at Oxford. He was followed by such crowds, whenever he preached in the churches and parochial chapels that it gave ‘great offence: and at a visitation held June he was forbidden by the Arch- bishop of York, to preach in any churches and chapels in his diocese. This led to the introduction of the Moravian Brethren; the of the Wesleyan Society, and of a small sect eventually called “ Ingham- ites’—not quite extinct. The new preachers were at first driven from the churehes to the fields; and the doctrines of redemption, conversion, justification and sanctification, produced marvellous effects wherever they were declared. Mr. Ingham married Lady Margaret. Hastings, sister of the celebrated Countess of Huntingdon, and they resided at Ledstone Hall, near Leeds. At Helmsley, in the North-Riding, Dr, Conyers became a distinguished and successful minister, and had at one time 1800 communicants: and on account of the prominence of the doctrine of the new birth in his discourses he was called profanely “ Old born again.” At Haworth, near Bradford, the Rev. Wm. Grimshaw had no less than 1200 communicants. Mr. Grimshaw was an eminently laborious and successful preacher, and at Haworth there has been a succession of faithful and earnest preachers, for more than a century : for I have in my possession a printed letter by Isaac Smith, M.A., of Haworth, occasioned by his suspension in 1739, nominally for marrying persons

Page 76

a

68 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

not resident in his chapelry, but most probably for the evangelical doctrines which he set forth—and Haworth has been rendered famous, of late years, by the writings of the daughters of the Rev. Patrick Bronté. The noble Countess of Huntingdon was a great promoter of this evangelical revival. She appointed several clergymen as her chaplains, who ofliciated, according to the order of the Church of England, in Parish Churches, and also in chapels founded by her ladyship in various parts of the kingdom: and this continued until it was decided that those chapels were unlawful, when several eminent clergymen withdrew, and confined their services to consecrated buildings. At the same time the excellent and pious William, second Earl of Dartmouth, became an influential patron of the same party: and being highly esteemed by the good King George III., was able to exert con- siderable power in their protection. He was the friend of the poet Cowper, who speaks of him as an exception to the general state of society in the higher ranks, and as ‘* One who wears a coronet and prays.” It was through his lordship’s inftuence that, in 1759, the Rev. Henry Venn, became Vicar of Huddersfield ; and this commenced a new era in the religious history of the parish and neighbourhood. Mr. Venn was a man of mighty power, “ A burning and a shining light.” His ministry was wonderfully blest to all around; until he was overwhelmed by his labours, and obliged, in 1770, to resign a post of small endowment,

Page 77

REV. HENRY VENN. 69

though of extensive usefulness, through failing health, for the small and retired vicarage of Yelling in North- amptonshire. The effects of his preaching were compared to that of water upon lime—the ‘people fell before him. | The nomination of Slaithwaite perpetual curacy being in the Vicar of Huddersfield, Mr. Venn appointed the Rev. Samuel Furly, B.A., who had been connected with the Countess of Huntingdon, as the successor of Mr. Thorns, in 1761. Mr. Venn preached occasionally at Slaithwaite, and in the course of his visitation to the different townships to receive his dues. In his Memoirs, by his grandson, the present Rev. Henry Venn, he says, “ I am now sitting at Abraham Hall’s, in Goldcar, who is I believe a faithful disciple.” His son, Mr. James Hall, of Golcar, a worthy sup- porter of the church in that township, will be recollected by many. He told me that when Mr. Venn came to Huddersfield, some years after he had resigned the vicarage, he remembered going to the parish church with his father to hear Mr. Venn, and in returning some one What! hast been to hear t’owd Trumpet again!” The anecdote is characteristic of the clear, lucid and authoritative power of Mr. Venn’s ministry of the word, although some- times with great tenderness and love. Mr. James Hall, a short time before his death, sent for me, for the purpose of making over to me and my successors his interest in a pew near the pulpit in Slaithwaite church, which he thought convenient for the minister’s family.

Page 78

70 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

The pulpit of the old parish church in which Mr. Venn preached was removed to Longwood Chapel, on the rebuilding of the church in 1886. Longwood chapel was erected about 1750. Mr. Murgatroyd records :— “ Dec. 12, 1750. Gave James Sykes, Linth. Hall, 5s. a subscription to Longwood New Chapel.” There was previously no chapel or place of worship between Slaithwaite and Huddersfield. After Mr. Venn’s removal, as he was not succeeded by a person of like views and zeal, many of the more earnest people came to Slaithwaite Chapel, to enjoy the ministry of the Rev. Mr. Powley, who was also appointed by Mr. Venn in 1767; and his successor the Rev. Thomas Wilson. All of whom were distinguished and honoured preachers of the everlasting gospel: holy and devoted men of God. The most permanent memorial of this period is ‘The Elland Society.” An association of clergymen of Evangelical sentiments, commenced at Huddersfield in 1767, by Mr. Venn, and held at the vicarage until removed to Elland in 1770, when the founder resigned the former cure. It has now continued for ninety- six years; at first only as a society for mutual exhor- tation, instruction and comfort ; but since 1777, as an association for the purpose of helping pious and devoted young men to obtain an education at .the universities, and to fit them for the sacred ministry of the church. It still flourishes. The number of its members being limited to twenty-four, who are elected by ballot, a single black ball excluding a candidate.

Page 79

REVIVAL OF RELIGION. 71

Nearly two hundred young men have received assist- ance ; and many have occupied distinguished positions in the church. The celebrated poet, Henry Kirke White, and the first Missionary of New Zealand, Samuel Marsden may be specified. The list of members from the first includes many of the eminent names of those clergy who have, in this country especially, maintained the cause of Evangelical religion. Among them are Mr. Powley and Mr. Wilson, of Slaithwaite, Mr.Smith, of Almondbury, Mr. Robinson, of Longwood, and Mr. Padwick, of Linthwaite. The society has again met at Huddersfield since 1844, and its useful- ness is only limited by the amount of subscriptions to its funds from well disposed members of the church. The latter part of the nineteenth century was remarkable for the rise of other societies of more extensive influence, for the promotion of the cause of true religion at home and abroad—and it was the earnest desire of the ministers to whom our record refers, to co-operate in these movements, in strict accordance with the principles and discipline of the Church of England. The revival had been evidently wrought by the Spirit of God; it arose within the Church of England; and it was not the original intention or design of even those who practically separated from her communion, to do so, until, as they thought, compelled by circumstances. It is neither my duty nor wish to judge others, but to rejoice that in this chapelry the zeal of the ministry was tempered with a due regard to ecclesiastical order in the public -

Page 80

12 SLAITIIWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

administration ; whilst advantage was taken of such private means of grace as are not now deemed to be inconsistent with true churchmanship.

We return therefore to the first of the new series of Evangelical

Tue Rev. Samuet Forty, B.A., 1761 to 1767.

I am indebted to the Jate venerable Mr. Samuel Sykes, of Holywell, Slaithwaite, for traditional recol- lections of several of the ministers whose labours I have to record, and from him I learned that Mr. Furly, wheu he came to Slaithwaite was a siender, middle-aged man; that he preached extempore, and resided in the house already described. The entries of baptisms and burials in the register are in the handwriting of Mr. Murgatroyd, from October, 1760, to March, 1762—when Mr. Furly’s hand first appears; but this may be owing to the entries having been previously made in some other book, ay the uniformity of the writing seems to indicate, and Mr. Murgatroyd employed to copy them in. Hence we cannot infer that Mr. Furly was non- resident. The entries continue in his handwriting chiefly until March, 1767, when that of Mr. Murgat- royd again appears, until July in the same year, when Mr. Powley’s first occurs. ‘It is a proof of the success of Mr. Furly’s ministry that it became necessary to enlarge the chapel by the

Page 81

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. 73

erection of a gallery, for which purpose a faculty was granted 30th April, 1765. Among Mr. Murgatroyd’s books is a volume of sermons and tracts by Whitfield, Romaine, and Venn, with an address by Mr. Furly, entitled “A Minister’s Letter to his Parishioners, in answer to some serious questions.” Printed by Griffith Wright, at Leeds, dated Slaighwaite, October 20, 1764. A striking and excellent paper, chiefly on the new birth and the doctrines connected therewith. He says “ Your last question inquires ‘ What you are to understand by what you are told from the pulpit that there has not been any true Christian doctrine preached here these 100 years, “till of late.’ This you have never been told from the pulpit; for I have been informed that, a very little more than eighty years ago, the same truths were taught in this place which are now preached. But waving this, I would desire every impartial person to judge whether the sermons that were preached here afew years ago were agreeable to the true Christian doctrine expressed in our Homilies, and set forth in the writings of our great Reformers. I leave every one to judge for himself.” | Mr. Furly thus appears to have met with consider. able prejudice and some opposition at Slaithwaite ; and if I may judge from the very large handwriting in which the following letters are copied by Mr. Murgat- royd, even that good man was not exempt from the feeling at first, although he ultimately adopted the same views.

Page 82

i4 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

“ An extract of some passages in a letter from the Archbishop of York to the Vicar of Almondbury, dated: Bradsworth, November 24th, 1769, occasioned by Mr. Rishton’s having made his Grace a present of one of Mr. Furly’s famous printed papers :— “ ‘With regard to the delusions spread amongst the people in your Parish, and in that part of the Diocese, I know no better way to resist the artifices of the deceivers than by plain instruction in the genuine doctrines of Christianity, and constant attention to the parochial duty. In conversing with those who are likely to be led astray, and by small tracts (such as Archbishop Synge’s Knowledge of Religion made easy for the meanest capacity,) being given them, they may be satisfy’d with themselves and live honestly, soberly and industriously with comfort and credit. There will be deceivers and deceived, as there have been since the rise of Christianity ; and guarding the minds of those likely to be deceived has been found more effectual than oppgsing in controversy the Deceivers. I wish success to all your labours and am

Your affectionate Brother, R. EBOR.”

I presume that the following was addressed by Mr. Rishton to Mr. Murgatroyd, at that time his curate.

“Dear Siz,—As I have not his Grace’s express permission to make his letter public, I must insist upon it that you suffer no copy to be taken, nor even to show or read it, but to persons of approved prudence

Page 83

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. 78

and discretion—for, should it fall into the hands of those turbulent gentlemen they might possibly publish it, with their unmannerly comments upon it, which might subject me to his Grace’s displeasure, which I am very unwilling toincur. I have been long sensible that these men bear no inward reverence to their ecclesiastical superiors,and only submit to them because they cannot help it, and to keep themselves out of the reach of their discipline.” | Mr. Furly laboured with much earnestness and success, until he left, in 1767, for St. Roche, Cornwall; a small and remote church—and he regretted leaving Slaithwaite. My old friend added that Mr. Furly became blind, but continued to preach; he could repeat the prayers and most of the psalms from memory, and his wife used to read the lessons. I have, however, no confirmation of his blindness, though much of his affliction. And this is all which I have been able to gather respecting him from local tradition, except the following letter, of which I have the original autograph, addressed to Mr. Jos. Mellor, of Lingards, and bearing the post mark of St. Roche.

“ March 25th, 1768. “ Deak Sra, “It is now very near a year since I left your village; but time, which is the rapacious devourer of all things, will never erase from a grateful mind favours that have been once received, When I had the happiness to reside in Slaighwaite, a place which

Page 84

76 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

wil ever share in my affections, I remember with gratitude the repeated civilities which your gvod nature led you to shew me and mine. But, Dear Sir, it ought to be ever impress’d upon your mind ‘that good nature, which gives a title to the regard of our fellow creatures, will never entitle any one to the kingdom of heaven. What God requires is a sincere acknowledgement and deep sense of the natural aliena- tion of the beart from Him; its shocking inward corruption, an abhorrence of its worldly and sensual desires, a penitent renouncing of this present evil world, and an unfeigned attachment to the Lord Jesus Curist, His person, work and grace, His people, cause and truth. . Where this is not, the heart is full of evil in the sight of GOD, the external profes- sion of religion despised by Him, and the soul rejected from before Him. For the heart can never be in a state which God will approve, till real repentance has humbled it, in a deep sense of its horrid depravity, and the blood and grace of Christ have purged it from guilt and renewed it in holiness. To this the Holy Scripture bears sacred testimony in every part. The Lord give unto you understanding in all things pertaining unto your soul’s good. It gives me great satisfaction that so valuable a man as Mr. Powley is with my dear people of Slaigh- waite. Lord Dartmouth esteems him very highly, and thinks him not only a truly gracious servant of God, but in particular a man of most excellent spirit. Our Christian friends at Bath love him and esteem him

Page 85

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. v7

to a great degree. And two Gospel Ministers in this country, who were with him at College at Oxford, look upon him with an uncommon affection. I am very intimate with them, and often hear them speak of him. As therefore he is far more worthy of your regard — than myself, no doubt but the same kindness you shewed to me you will continue to him. Our little Jansie and litle George had the small pox two or three weeks ago; they were both very full, and at the time, very ill; but are happily recovered, and not likely to be much marked. My dear Nancy now lies in of a little girl and is purely. We both desire our respects to your sister, Miss Mellor, and your son, Pray remember us to the family of the Neilds. With gratitude and love. I am, Dear Sir, . Your affectionate Friend, 8S. FURLY.

P.S.—I have this post wrote to Mr. Bottomley and desired my affectionate regards to all the rest of the people.”

In addition to these local traditions it will be in- teresting, I believe, to add the accounts which I have been able to collect respecting Mr. Furly’s labours and suffering from other sources; and his previous and subsequent history. In the Memoir of the Countess of Huntingdon, vol. IT. p. 2, we read

Page 86

78 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

“It was now (1781) that the Rev. Samuel Furly was removed to Bath, on account of his health. This good man was early connected with the Methodists, While at Cambridge he had formed an acquaintance with Mr. Venn, then fellow of Queen’s College, and his senior by eight years. To him he recommended ‘Law’s Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life;’ and Mr. Venn read it with peculiar interest and advantage, and immediately began to frame his life, according to the Christian Model there delineated. After his ordination Mr. Furly did duty a few months in London, occasionally assisting Mr. Romaine, and soon after removed to Lakenheath in Suffolk. He continued there but a short time, and from that place went into Yorkshire, and resided at Kippax twelve months. Whilst there, Lady Huntingdon became with Mr. Furly, through the medium of Mrs, Medhurst. He afterwards removed to Slaighthwaite, where he remained five years, and preached to a large congrega- tion, to many of whom his ministry was much blessed. There he received avisit fromthe Countess of Huntingdon, when she was with Lady Margaret Ingham at Aberford. In the year 1766, being in London, he was introduced by the Countess to the excellent Mr. Thornton, of Clapham, who presented him to the living of Roche in Cornwall.”’ “Mr. Furly seldom left his parish ; but whenever he visited Bath, he always rejoiced at being invited to preach in Lady Huntingdon’s chapel. He was a faithful and zealous preacher of the Everlasting Gospel ; rather

Page 87

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. 79

s Boanerges than a Barnabas (more a Son of Thunder than of Consolation) and his learning aud abilities made him an excellent explainer of the Holy Scriptures. During the period that he was at Bath, for the benefit of his health and medical advice, Lady Huntingdon, often visited him. “ Dear Mr. Furly (says Mr. Venn) writes me word he had the pleasure of seeing your Ladyship at Miss Gideon’s. Your visits of love to that afflicted friend of mine, and child of God, I doubt not are a more reviving cordial to her soul than any medicine.” (Miss Gideon was a Lady who was con- verted through the services of Lady Huntingdon’s Chaplain, in her Ladyship’s drawing-room.) Through the whole of her severe illness, Miss Gideon’s cheerful resignation to the Divine will was wonderful to those who were eye and ear witnesses to the christian forti- tude and patience with which she bore the most excruciating pain. The conversation of Lady Hunting- don and Mr. Furly was peculiarly serviceable to her, and though she had to struggle with much feebleness and pain, occasionally attended his ministry at her Ladyship’s Chapel. ‘‘ Nota complaining word” says the Countess, ever escaped her; but she is continually repeating the sweet passage of scripture ‘“ Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.”” Dear Mr. Furly prayed with her a few days ago, and administered the Lord’s Supper at her house. Truly this Child of God is in the furnace of affliction; may she come forth “like gold from the refiner’s fire.”’

Page 88

80 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

The Evangelical Magazine for July 1797, lent me by the Rev. Richard Ebenezer Leach, Incumbent of Holmfirth, contains a life of Mr. Furly, from which part of the above account is evidently taken. I gather further from it that Mr. Furly was born at Westham in Essex, October 17th, 1722, and was placed early at the Grammar School in that County. After the death of his father, which happened when he was young, he was entered Fellow Commoner at Queen’s College, Cambridge, as his love of learning and early piety made kim wish to take holy orders ; and his wishes were seconded by his worthy and pious mother. While he was at Cambridge, it pleased God to give him such a measure of divine grace, that he stedfastly resisted those temptations which are so pernicious to young men on their first advancing into life. He was often wont to express the greatest thankfulness to his God for enabling him in mercy to withstand those snares and temptations with which he was surrounded while there. When he removed for the last time, in 1767, to St. Roche, with his wife and five children, he was a stranger in a remote county, but the supports of the God of Jacob were with him, and enabled him to preach his word with power. Upon his first coming he had to declare the Gospel to a dark people, and it pleased the Lord to bless his labours. The dry bones began to stir. For a time he was much attended by numbers from neighbouring parishes. That, however, did not continue long ; the novelty soon ceased, but his zealous labours went on, minding not

Page 89

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. 81

discouragements. He constantly preached twice every Lord’s day, and for near twenty years had a lecture every Wednesday evening; but as the church waza large, and very cold, he, at last, removed the lecture to his own house. In his family he was indefatig- able, and he educated his three sons himself. After they were grown up, and had left him. he took a certain number of young gentlemen to instruct; and his great assiduity and attention to them are well known in Cornwall. It pleased God to bless him with a remarkable share of health and spirits for the greatest part of his life; but about twelve years before his death he was attacked with a violent and uncommon pain in his face, which was at first supposed to be rheumatic, and as such was treated It has since been discovered that his case was mistaken; and it was plainly perceived at last to have been the seeds of that fatal disorder, a cancer, which removed him from this vale of tears. He had an interval of near five years from his first attack, in which time be suffered but little. In the spring of the year 1794 his disorder took a different turn, though attended with but little pain; but in the autumn of that year the symptoms had arisen to a very alarming height. From the first, when he heard the nature of his complaint, he well knew he should have much to suffer; and the Lord gave him strength for the day. His agonies were beyond description great, and from Christmas till his death, which was in August 1795, his nights were sleepless, and spent in the bitterest

Page 90

$2 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

pain, and during all that time he could not rest his wearied body, for he was totally unable to sit down. In the midst of this furnace of affliction, his reliance on his God was firm and unshaken, and his patience and resignation most exemplary. Not one complaining word ever escaped his lips; but he was continually repeating that sweet passage of Scripture, “ Whom the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.”” “I know, (said he) that my heavenly Father sends me this affliction in much love, and shall I not patiently bear it? Is it not a proof that the Lord treats me like a dear child? and has he not kindly bid me not faint when I am rebuked of him? Oh that I may but glorify his blessed name in this sore trial ! My God sees that I want the furnace! May I but come out like gold that has undergone the refiner’s fire!” Throughout the whole of his severe illness his cheerful resignation to the divine will was wonderful to those who were eye and ear witnesses to the Christian fortitude and patience with which he bore the most excruciating pain. Though his sufferings were so great, yet did he sfill continue his labours both in the church and family ; and when any part of that, or his friends told him that they feared his exertions were beyond his strength, his answer was always, “ My God supports me, and shall I not glorify him while I have breath ? Shall I not declare the everlasting Gospel which he has appointed me to preach as long as I am able? Yes, through his divine assistance, I will shew forth his praise till I join the church triumphant

Page 91

REV, SAMUEL FURLY. 88

above.’ He had always a great share of animal spirits, and much strength of mind ; and, in the younger part of his life, he had to struggle with a natural hastiness of disposition. But how was he changed into the patient lamb before he quitted earth for heaven? His tenderness and affection to every part of his family was great indeed ; and to a friend, who once came to see him, he blessed God for having given him children who were willing and able to afford him all the assist- ance in their power. He was still able to walk by leaning on two persons, and they were his constant supporters. Often did helift up his heart in thankfulness to the Lord for this mercy ; and he said that his prayers were heard by his heavenly Father, who, in much love, had not confined him to his bed, which he always dreaded. : About a fortnight before his death he was seized with a deadness in his right arm, and his legs were so much swollen, that it was with difficulty he could walk a few steps. Yet such was his ardour in his great Master’s cause, that he was supported to the house of God, and preached a sweet sermon on these words, “‘ Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.’’ Numbers heard him, and many strangers were there, who were much affected to see how God assisted his dying servant to declare his precious word to the last. He afterwards adminis- tered the blessed sacrament to many Christians, who beheld him with astonishment, and streaming eyes. It was with pleasing and mournful wonder that they

Page 92

84 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

saw a dear Minister of the blessed Jesus, almost on the verge of heaven, exerting himself to perform: his Master’s work : and though one hand was totally dead, yet with the other did he, with trembling steps, carry round the bread and wine to his dear flock for the last time. Throughout the week he seemed to grow weaker and weaker; but faith and patience strengthened. On the Saturday following a symptom took place which betokened that his end was fast approaching, One of his daughters first mentioned it to him with weeping eyes. For a few moments after he heard it, he continued in prayer with lifted eyes to heaven ; after that he broke forth into an exclamation of praise, telling her she had brought him joyful tidings; and he then added, “ My prayer to my God has been heard, that he would enable me-to bear with meek patience whatever he saw fit to lay upon me. I bless and adore his holy name for this affiiction; he saw that it was necessary for me to wean me from earth. Well know- ing that it was the hand of God, I have been contented to suffer as much and for as long a time as he pleased. I shall now soon be released; and how shall I be thankful enough that he, in much love, is going to shorten my Thus did this blessed man receive the intimation that death was near. In the evening of that day his son-in-law came to see him, who is a sincere believer. The moment he approached him, he cried out, “ My dear son, I have heard joyful news to-day. Your father will soon be in glory.” Though it may seem incredible to those who read this account, yet did Mr. Furly go to his church the

Page 93

REV. SAMUEL FURLY. 85

next day, and preached from these words in the Psalms, “They that know thy name, will put their trust in thee ; for thou, Lord, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.” This was a blessed discourse indeed! He spoke from real experience, that he had found the God he trusted a strong hold, a covenant God, who never forsook those who put their reliance on him: and how did he warn sinners to repent, and turn from their evil ways, telling them that he had preached to them for near twenty-seven years from that pulpit, and had, during all that time, repeatedly warned them to flee from the wrath to come; that he now delivered his message perhaps for the last time, therefore whether they would hear, or whether they would forbear, he had delivered his own soul; and their guilt would be upon their own heads.”’ This was indeed the last time he ever preached that Gospel in which his soul delighted. The next day, upon enquiring whether his congregation could hear him, and being told that his voice was very weak, he said, “ Then I am now useless; I have Master’s work, I have done with all things here below.’’ He also spoke with much delight of his approaching dissolution. He was now in the last stage of weakness, but his faculties were still unimpaired. On the Wednesday following it was with much difficulty that he was held up by his family ; for in bed he could not continue, and they were afraid that he would die m their arms. In the evening, however, with great difficulty he was put into bed, and for some hours after he seemed rather easier, though

Page 94

86 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

he could say but little. About three o’clock on Thurs- day morning he was taken with the agonies of death. His wife and six of his children were around his bed ; and it was evident that his senses continued, and that in the midst of pain his prayers were directed to his Saviour, who forsook him not in the shadow of death. A short time before he breathed his last, his wife took his hand, and said, “ My dear husband, you are going to Jesus.” He then sweetly fell asleep in that Jesus, to whose arms he was indeed going. He died August 6th, 1795, at about nine o’clock in the morning. He left behind him eight children, two sons and six daughters, who were all grown up. | The Record extracted from the Grapuati CanrTa- BRIGIENSES, at the end of the last Lecture, shews that Mr. Furly took his degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1758, and did not proceed to a higher degree. Another Samuel Furly, most probably his son, took the same degree at Magdalen College in 1781. This is all that I have been able to add to the preceding accounts of himself and family.

Tue Rev. Martuew Pow M.A., 1767 To 1777,

We have already been prepared by the written testimony of Mr. Furly, to appreciate the excellence of his successor in the Cure of Slaithwaite, the Rev. Matthew Powley, who held the same for about ten years. He was a very superior man, and his memory is justly cherished. His wife was also a person of learning and piety. I have heard it said that he took

Page 95

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 87

*

his Hebrew Bible to Church, and she her Greek Testament. They resided in the old house in Backlane, which was taken down a few years ago, and he minis- tered in the Old Uhapel. In his time there was a new Deed of Trust of the Free School executed, of which he was ex-officio a Trustee: it bears date Dec. 14th, 1771; and again he continues Trustee, although be- come Vicar.of Dewsbury, and executed a new Deed of Trust, in 1784. 1n June 1775, on the occasion of a great flood, it appears from several entries in the Town Books that Mr. Powley preached in the Burial Croft. The Old Chapel was then liable to these inun- dations, which were effectually prevented by the diver- sion of the course of the River Colne, on the formation of the Canal, about twenty years afterwards. Mr. Powley’s very neat hand first appears in the Register March 26th, 1768, and continues until June 28th, 1777, when it is succeeded by that of Mr. Wilson, which is very poor. Mr. Murgatroyd’s Common Place Books contain re- cords of Mr. Powley reading the Articles anda Homily, (probably that on Justification, referred to in the Eleventh Article, and entitled “On the Salvation of Mankind,’’) on his reading himself him; adding obser- vations upon them as he went along. Mr. Murgatroyd also mentions his first text, 1 Cor. IT. ch. ver. 2—“I determined not to know anything among you save Jesus Christ and him Crucified,’ and many other similar texts are recorded, which shew the very large and faithful dispensation of the gospel which the peo-

Page 96

88 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

ple then enjoyed; and Mr. Murgatroyd’s gradual appreciation and approbation, as before expressed. I found also in the church an old folio copy of the Book of Common Prayer, in which are various notes on the Psalms, in the handwriting of Mr. Powley; and in the Register Book, a recipe for making ink, which cer- tainly proves its own excellence, being, after the lapse of near a century, black and brilliant as ever. * The Rev. Thomas Wilson became Mr. Powley’s Curate in 1777, about a year before the latter resigned Slaithwaite, when appointed to the Vicarage of Dews- bury, but he held both livings by dispensation from the Crown, which was obtained through Lord Dartmouth, the object being to enable Mr. Wilson to succeed. Mr. Powley continued to preach occasionally until 1779. On one of these subsequent visits he preached an emphatic sermon on the words of Zechariah, chap. © I. vy. 5, “ Your fathers, where are they ? and the pro- phets, do they live for ever?” I am indebted to the present Vicar of Dewsbury (Rev. S. P. Field), for the following information :—“ The tradition here as to his personal appearance is that he was a tall, thin, pale man, with dark hair. In his ministration in the pulpit very energetic, but his voice shrill and unpleasing. As the verses on the mural tablet in the Chancel seem to indicate, the parishioners did not esteem him as -he deserved; partly because he was a preacher of righteousness in an ungodly generation, and partly because in the late years of his ministry, he was much hindered by bodily infirmity, which the geod christians

Page 97

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 89

‘ of those days, as too often in our own time, seemed to think to be in a clergyman a fault rather than a mis- fortune. In the Chancel, too, is an oval-shaped mural tablet, to the memory of two female servants, for many years resident in the family. His domestic habits and ways seem to have been of the plainest and simplest character.” Mr. Field adds the following copy of the inscrip- tion :— ° IN MEMORY OF THE REV. MATT. POWLEY, M.A., (29 years Vicar of this Parish), Bown IN WESTMORLAND, 1740, HERE, 1806. He lov’d the earth that hated him, the tear That dropp’d upon his Bible was sincere ; _ Assailed by seandal, and the tongue of strife, His only answer was a blameless life ; And he that forg’d, and he that threw the dart, Had each a brother’s interest in his heart ! Paul’s love of Christ, and steadiness imbibed, Were copied close by him and well transcribed. He followed Paul, his zeal a kindred flame, His yearnings o’er immortal souls the same ; Like him he laboured, and like him unmov’d, He meekly suffered for the God he lov’d. In Mr. Venn’s life, page 513, is a letter dated Sep. 6, 1792, wherein he says, “Since I began this letter Mr. Powley is come to see me, and tears filled his eyes on seeing me so much reduced. We have had much sweet intercourse together.’’ There are also two letters to Mr. Powley from Mr. Venn, in the same publication.

Page 98

90 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS,

To the above memoranda, I am enabled to add the following extract from the Life of the Countess of Huntingdon, under the date 1768 :— “ Her Ladyship’s Chapel (at Bath), was supplied at the commencement of the year by the Rev. Matthew Powley, a man of superior talents and distinguished piety. He had been mentioned to her Ladyship in terms of approbation by Mr. Venn and Mr. Berridge, both of whom esteemed him very highly for his inde- fatigable diligence and zeal in the service of the Church of Christ. This was Mr. Powley’s first introduction to the congregation at Bath, and it was highly encou- raging to him to learn, on his return to Yorkshire, that the Lord of the Harvest had crowned his labours with success.” In a letter from her Ladyship to Mr. Venn, acknow- ledging her obligations to him for having recommended one so able and faithful, she adds, ‘“‘ Mr. Powley took his leave on Sunday, in the words of the Apostle, ‘The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ,’ &. It was one of the most solemn and affecting meetings which I ever remember to have attended. The Lord was remarkably present, and the whole congregation seemed to bow beneath the power of the Spirit. The unction of the Holy One in a peculiar manner rested upon his labours here. I have heard of two persons awakened by his majestic appeals to the conscience, and trust very many spiritual children from this place will be his joy and crown of rejoicing in the day of the Lord.”

Page 99

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 91

In another part of the same work we read, “One of the benefits which resulted to Mr. Unwin by the removal of Mrs. Unwin and the Poet Cowper to Olney, was his acquaintance and intimacy with the Rev. M. Powley. This gentleman had graduated at Oxford, and was ordained about the same time with Mr. Newton, in 1764, and settled within a mile of Dr. Haweis, in Northamptonshire. He was extremely intimate with him, and frequently supplied his church during his absence. “I trust,’ says Mr. Newton, “TI have provided well for Olney in my absence, by Mr. Powley ; he is a very valuable young man, he loves the people and they him, may the Lord bless them together.” Mr. Powley’s occasional visits to Olney brought him acquainted with the Unwins, and ‘he soon learned to indulge an attachment for Miss Unwin, a young lady of distinguished excellence and piety, which ended in their union. This amiable woman survived her excellent husband, and all those interest- ing characters with whom she was so intimately associated in early life, and closed her lengthened career in Yorkshire, near the scene of her partner’s labours, in the month of November, 1835, having attained the advanced age of 89. (See appendix.) The following account of Mr. Powley, and of his last moments, extracted from a periodical of the day, appears in the memoir of his successor, the Rev. John Buckworth, written by Mr. Stammers, his brother-in- law :—~ : “This truly pious and valuable clergyman was born at Whale-moor, in the parish of Louther, and county

Page 100

92 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of Westmorland, Sep. 21, 1740; and, after having been well grounded in classic literature, at the Gram- mar School at Appleby, was admitted of Queen's College, Oxford, where he proceeded regularly to the degree of M.A. Nothing particularly interesting to the Christian reader can be recorded of him previously to the commencement of his residence at Oxford. There it was that he became, for the first time, experi- mentally acquainted with religion, and began to bow the knee of prayer before God, as a sincere and humble petitioner for mercy through the merits of Christ. The exceeding sinfulness of sin, the unsatisfying nature of all sublunary acquisitions and enjoyments, and the unspeakable importance of an interest in the redemption of the Son of God, became, not long after his admission, the subjects of his most serious medita- tion; and the topics on which, from that time, he chiefly dwelt, in all his communications with God and man. His attendance on the ministry of a clergyman, who preached at that time in Oxford with fidelity and success, must be regarded as the means by which, under the divine blessing, he was first awakened to a sense of his spiritual dangers, and brought to the knowledge of his Saviour, and to the experience of ‘joy and peace in believing.’ But zeal for the distinguishing doctrines of the Gospel being a much more rare qualification half a century ago than it is at present, the opposition to which it was exposed was, of course, more consider- able; and Mr. Powley was informed by the ruling members of his college, as soon as his religious senti-

Page 101

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 93

ments and attachments were ascertained, that he must either determine never more to exchange visits with the clergyman whose ministry had proved so great a blessing to him, or renounce all hope of academical preferments, which might otherwise be easily obtained. He hesi- tated for a considerable time to make the sacrifice required of him; but was at length induced by the advice of his friends in general, and of the obnoxious individual himself in particular, to yield in that instance. Hedid so. Still, however, his superiors were dissatisfied; for it was found, that though he strictly and literaHy fulfilled his engagements with the _ college, he nevertheless persevered in attending upon the public ministry of his friend. This, therefore, he was now called upon to renounce, as well as every other species of intercourse with him—but in vain. Conscience would admit of no farther compromise with those who would have substituted gain for godli- ness, a8 the object of his pursuit. The exclusion of Mr. Powley from such advancement as his college could bestow, was the consequence of his unshaken firmness. e “ His conduct on this occasion secured to him the favourable opinion and good wishes of all pious and respectable persons who became acquainted with it; and it gained him the patronage of a man whose praise is in the church, and with whom it was indeed an honour to be in any way connected. No sooner did a late venerable and excellent divine (at that time vicar of Huddersfield) hear of it, than, with that

Page 102

94 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

generosity which ever distinguished him, he instantly resolved to present Mr. Powley to the first vacant chapelry which was in the gift of his church. About three years elapsed from the time of Mr. Powley’s entering into holy orders, before an opportunity occurred for the fulfilment of this gentleman’s kind intentions ; during which period he was employed by the late Rev. Brook Bridges, as his curate, at Waden- hoe, in Northamptonshire. But at length the perpetual curacy of Slaithwaite, in the parish. of Huddersfield, becoming vacant, he was licensed to it, on the nomination of the vicar, in 1767. “The time of his residence at Slaithwaite he was always uccustomed to consider as the happiest portion of his life. He was stationed among people who knew how. to estimate his worth; and his labours were abundantly blessed to the conversion and edifica- tion of his hearers. Soon after this, he was united to Miss Unwin, daughter of the late Rev. Mr. Unwin, of Huntingdon, in whose family the poet Cowper was so kindly sheltered during the years of his adversity. “In 1777 Mr. Powley was presenged by the King to the vicarage of Dewsbury, which had been procured for him by the interest of the late Earl of Dartmouth. He derived much comfort from the recollection, that his presentation to Dewsbury came to him perfectly unsolicited, and without any kind of interference on his part.” “For meekness and humbleness of mind, for sincerity and integrity of heart and life, for love to

Page 103

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 95

God and to the souls of men, and: for a faithful and laborious discharge of professional duties, the subject of this memoir was eminently distinguished. His latter years, however, notwithstanding the amiable qualities of his mind, and the unblameableness of his life, were rendered extremely painful and distressing to him, by the perverseness and ingratitude of many of the people among whom he dwelt and laboured, and whose welfare was the object, of all others, nearest to his heart. But it is hoped, that those who opposed and persecuted him while living, may learn to reverence his character, and to value the truths which he taught and exemplified, now that he is no more. Some appearances of a promising nature are already discoverable ; and, in compliance with his dying wish, a petition, drawn up on behalf of his curate, was signed by upwards of a thousand resident house keepers, and presented by Mr. Fawkes, one of the county members, to Lord Grenville, in whom, as Prime Minister, the right of nomination to the living on Mr. Powley’s death was vested, who no sooner understood the object of the petition, than he cheer- fully granted it. Mr. Powley therefore had the heartfelt satisfaction to learn, before he breathed his last, that at the request of his parishioners themselves, his living was assured to the very person whom he had desired to succeed him. When the tidings reached him, he had yet strength to exclaim, ‘ Bless God! Praise God ! Shortly afterwards he entered into his rest.”

Page 104

96 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Mr. Buckworth, Mr. Jackson, Incumbent of Slaith- waite, and Mr. Stammers, all married daughters of John Halliley, Esq., of Dewsbury ; and Mr. Buck- worth, in consequence, became afterwards connected with Slaithwaite, and occasionally occupied the pulpit. His name is well known, as having been the tutor of Bishop Corrie and many other clergymen eminent in the missionary field ; and he conducted, for many years, the Cottage Magazine, one of the earliest and most successful of the cheap religious periodicals. He was for a short time curate of St. Chad’s, Shrewsbury, where I, as a boy, recollect to have seen and heard him. He was a friend of my parents, and after forty years had elapsed, on paying a bis widow, at Dewsbury, I was delighted to find on her table a book on the Pastoral Care, presented in 1818 to Mr. Buckworth, by my revered father. You, my dear friends, will excuse these personal recollections in a lecture, which must derive its chief interest from similar associations in your own minds with those who were dear to you, but are now gone to “ the house appointed for all living.” In closing this lecture we must gratefully remark that for an unbroken period of seventeen years, as we have seen, Slaithwaite was favoured with a full and clear exposition of the Gospel,under two very eminently gifted ministers; scholars and gentlemen, as well as Christians ; and while mainly anxious for the conversion of souls, they were sincerely attached to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England. The con-

Page 105

REV. MATTHEW POWLEY. 97

gregations had become very large, and the chapel very insufficient, and owing to frequent floods, very ruinous. Mr. Powley on his appointment to Dewsbury, had made excellent provision for his Cure at Slaithwaite, by engaging the services of the Rev. Thomas Wilson as hig Curate, until Mr. Wilson was able to take the living, which in process of time was the case. The history of Slaithwaite for thirty-two years under the ministry of this apostolic man, will form the subject of our next lecture. In the meanwhile, in the language of the prayer for the church militant, “let us bless God’s holy name for all these his servants departed this life in his faith and fear, beseeching him to give us grace, so to follow their good examples, that with them we may be partakers of his heavenly kingdom.”

Slaithwaite, April 16th, 1863.

August 20th, 1863, I copied the following inscription from the Monument in Trinity Church, Ripon :—

‘This Tablet is inscribed to _ the Memory of SUSANNAH POWLEY, only daughter Of Mrs. Unwin, the friend of Cowper, and relict of The Rev. Matthew Powley, M.A., Vicar of Dewsbury. Her hope had long been fixed on him who is the Resurrection and the Life, And she died in peace 9th 1835, Aged 89 years.

Page 106

APPENDIX No. III.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE III.

WILLIAM, SECOND EARL OF DARTMOUTH.

The following are lines in his poem, entitled “ Truth ;” referring to the state of religion among the higher classes in his day ; happily the number of those among the nobility at the pre- sent time, who evince a serious regard for 1t» interests, 1s much greater :—

**Envy, ye great, the dull unlettered small ; Ye have much cause for envy—but not all; We boast some rich ones whom the gospel sways; And one who wears a coronet, and prays; Like gleanings of an olive tree, they show Here and thére one upon the topmost bough.”

The allusion in the last line is to Isaiah XVII. 6.

ELLAND SOCIETY.

Several of the students benefitted by this society have returned the amount in after periods of life. Thus Mr. Marsden’s name appears in the list of donors for £200.

In the report issued last year is a summary of the history of the society since its commercement.

Among the lay contributors are, from 1778 to 1798, The Far! of Dartmouth, £241 10s.; Sir Richard Hill, £175; William Wilberforce, Esq., £2565 ; Henry Thornton, Esq. £3880 ; among the Clerical, Rev. Charles Simeon £275 ; &., &o. These illustrate gleanings ‘‘ on the topmost bough.

Page 107

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 99

REV. HENRY VENN.

The following is a copy of the Monument to this eminent Divine in Huddersfield Parish Church

Sacred to the Memory of the REV. HENRY VENN, From 1759 to 1771, Vicar of Huddersfield, In a dark age of the Church, He was a burning and a shining light ; And the people of this place rejoiced in his light. In affectionate and unwearied labours among them he spent the vigour of his days ; Nor resigned the charge Till compelled by broken health and an enfeebled constitution. The years of declining life He passed in comparative retirement, As Rector of Yelling, Hunts., And died June 24th, 1797, at Clapham, Surrey, Where his mortal remains lie interred, in sure and certain hope of a glorious resurrection,

On occasion of the re-building of this Church, Sixty-six years from the close of his Ministrations in it, His surviving children and grand-children, * Finding his memory still embalmed in the hearts of many at Huddersfield, And conscious themselves from an experience, That has each successive year acoumulated, . Of the privilege of such a parentage, - Unite in erecting this tablet As their testimony to the truth of the promises, that “The kindness of the Lord is from generation to generation upon such as fear him.” And that ‘‘The Memory of the just is blessed.”

Page 108

100 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS. +

EV. MATTHEW POWLEY.

The following are the entries in Slaithwaite Chapelwarden’s accounts referred to :— £ os. d. 1775, June 9, Cleaning Chapel after flood......0 4 ” », 11. A rest to preach on in the burial croft, after flood .............0. 4 Again :— | 1777, Aug. 7. Expenses when Mr. Powley pceht. (preacht) in y® burying ground after the flood..... ... 1 6

It is amusing that about the same time we find the following entries :—

Wood for Cuck Stool ccc cee 7 Ditto for Whipping Post......... 3

The following is extracted from the Gentleman’s Magazine for April, 1777 :—

‘ Dispensation. Rev. Matthew Powley, M.A., to hold Dews- bury V. with the perpetual Curacy of Slaithwaite, York- shire.”

Mr. Murgatroyd’s M.S. contains the following memoranda :— ** At Slaighwt 26 April, 1767. New Parson’s text, M. 1 Cor. ii. ch., 2nd verse. V. Heb. vii. ch. 25 v. Sep. 27, M. Articles 9th, J1th, and a Homily, a text was taken, | Jeremiah, vi. 15. Nev. y® 8th, All the Articles of the. Church read, and observations made of them in the morning.”

‘Aug. 22nd, 1779, at Slaithwaite Chapel, Mr. Powley’s morning text, 1 John, iv. 9 and 10, which is the first time of my going to Chapel since Dec. 22nd, 1776.” This was the time of Mr. Murgatroyd’s trouble at Marsden. ‘‘ Aug. 29, at Slaighwaite.”

The Evening Mail of August 24th, 1863, contained the follow- ing announcement :—

‘ Died, on the 19th inst., near Southampton, Mary Anne, wife of the Rev. Matthew Powley, Eritish Chaplain at Malaga.

Page 109

LECTURE Iv.

THe Rey. Toomas Curnats anp Incum- BENT, 1777 to 1809.—Rev. SMITH, Curate, 1789 ann 1790.—Rev. W1LL1aM ROBERTS, CuratE, 1805 to 1810.

We have already heard that the excellent and Apos- Thomas Wilson, came first to Slaithwaite in the character of curate to the Rev. Matthew Powley, in the year 1777. He was then a poor man, and his first appearance in the village created some prejudice; but he soon proved, that if he was not clothed in purple and fine linen, he was endued with eloquence of a remark- able kind, and such evident sincerity, plain sense, and spirituality of mind that the confidence he at once gained, he never lost during the thirty two years of his Ministry. For ten years he laboured with difficulties of a legal and local kind, in endeavouring to build the Chapel, or rather, as it proved, to construct a new one on a much larger scale, and on a different site. The inhabitants of Linthwaite and Golcar, were then anxious to claim an interest in the Chapel; whilst those of Slaithwaite and Lingards muintained that since the rebuilding of the Chapel in 1719, they alone had borne the expenses, and had always maintained it in repair by assessment, although the other townships had contributed occa- sionally by cartage and free labour. The great success of Mr. Wilson and his immediate predecessors had been proved by the erection of several

Page 110

102 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

galleries at different times, which were found insuffi- cient, and the Chapel had become prematurely ruinous, in consequence of the floods, already alluded to, which inundated the floor and seats ; before the course of the river was diverted by the construction of the canal some years after the Chapel was taken down. The number of communicants.was also very great, three hundred partook: and I find in 1779, an additional cup provided. | Mr. Wilson provided for the better instruction of the young, by the commencement of Sunday Schools in the year 1783,—and they must have been among the earliest in England ;—and were held in several places, at private houses, by zealous and pious persons of his con- gregation. One especially at Brook Side, in Crimble Clough (valley) at the house of Benjamin Sykes ; where a venerable man, named Joseph Mellor, who went on two crutches, and was carried sometimes on the back of another person (John Mayall of Vineyard and who died in 1848) superintended aSunday School onthe principles of the Church. The Psalms and Lessons were read aloud, prayers and catechism said, accompanied with sound and earnest religious instruction ; and sometimes the crutch was used by Mellor, to enforce his argu- ments upon the refractory. Another School was held at Lower Wood in Lingards. These Schools were, in 1800, collected into a large chamber or “ Warehouse,” near the Bridge, under Joseph Lunn, (recently deceased) where they continued until 1813, when they were removed to the large Vestry under the Church,

Page 111

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 103

and so remained until 1841, (when this National School was erected,) under the direct superintendence of the successive Ministers. At length, owing to the exertions of Mr. Wilson, the difficulties were removed, and the site for a new Church and Churchyard was freely granted by The Right Honorable William, Second Earl of Dartmouth, (before-named as the friend of Venn, Furly, and Powley,) at Mallingfield, in Slaithwaite, and conveyed to Mr. Wilson, and Messrs. Samuel Wood, and Joseph Eastwood, of Slaithwaite ; John Lawson Varley, James Shaw, John and Benjamin Sykes, of Lingards ; and the Church was finally consecrated, by Archbishop Markham, August 4th, 1789, while yet unfinished. The New Structure, plain and substantial in its character, was very capacious compared with its prede- cessor. Jt was calculated to huld 1360 persons in pews: all of which were immediately filled with atten- tive hearers: even before the building was completed. Additional accommodation was afterwards provided for the Sunday Scholars, making the whole about 1500 sittings. The congregations gathered from all the surrounding country were immense: many came from Huddersfield ; they stood, it is said, like corn in a field: sometimes double rows in a seat. There was no Dissent in the Valley; and no other Evangelical Preacher. Then were to a great extent realised the expressions of my familiar poem :

‘‘They lived in unity and peace No party discord knew, Like angel bands in holiness And ready service too,”

Page 112

104 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

The families all attended Church who could get accommodation, and it was a very pleasing sight to — observe them winding down the hills, (as it still continues to be) from the remotest habitations of this scattered district. The pews in the Old Chapel were removed to the new one and additional seats constructed. The ‘increased accommodation, amounting to about 730 sittings, was disposed of by lot, as freehold by purchase, to form a fund for the building ; as there were in those days no Government Grants, no Diocesan or Incorporated Church Building Societies, or other modern aids to Church erection; and as the use of the Church was not confined to the Ratepayers, it could not be done equitably by assessment. Occupants of old sittings continued to pay as before, unless they were also pre- viously freehold by custom. This arrangement was certainly illegal, and unjust to the Minister, who ~ derived no increase of income from the immense enlargement of the area of the Church, and consequent labour in public services and pastoral visitation; but in this, as in every thing, Mr. Wilson shewed his disinterestedness, aud there was probably no other way of accomplishing the object of providing for the people who thronged to his Ministry. The same num- ber of sittings were still, and are to this day paid for; ‘amounting, at eighteenpence or two shillings (for a few) per sitting, to about £45 per annum. All the rest were and continue free from any payment to the Minister. Mr, Wilson was a man of strong health, of

Page 113

i

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 105

plain and frugal habits; he married a respectable widow, who had some fortune, and whose father, Mr. Schofield, of Delph in Saddleworth, (called familiarly Mr. Goodman) assisted Mr. Wilson in building the convenient house adjoining the Churchyard, in which the successive Ministers have resided, on a lease granted by the Earl of Dartmouth, for fifty years, which expired in 1839, and the house is now the property of that noble Earl’s descendant. Mr. Wilson, however, received in 1776 and 1792, two donations of £200 each, (by lot,) from Queen Anne’s Bounty; and with which the farm at Crofthouse in Scammonden was purchased in 1796; but the con- veyance was not completed until 1799; and which added about £20 per annum to the living. This matter also cost Mr. W. much labour and anxiety, including a journey to London, in 1799 or 1800; and I find from a memorandum on the back of a document, in Mr. Wilson’s hand, “ Texts preached at Mr. S. Chapel preach Wisdom to them who are perfect—Aftern. Now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord.’ Which I presume refers to the Lock Chapel, of which the Rev. Thomas Scott, the Commentator, was Minister. In all these labours Mr. Wilson was well supported by the venerable men, who were Trustees with him of the Church—especially Mr. Wood and Mr. Varley. The former laid down all the money for the building, and received it as it arose from the sale of sittings ; and in 1791, an organ was added, procured from York, by those gentlemen, at a cost of one hundred aud forty.

Page 114

106 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

guineas and freight. It was played on by Mr. John Schofield, a native amateur musical genius, from that time to his death, May 24th, 1843. He played previously on a smaHer one, making the whole period of his gratuitous service, fifty-four years—as recorded on the monument erected to his memory—and whose noble, original, and effective performances, will be fresh in the recollection of most of my hearers. About the year 1799, great distress prevailed in consequence of bad harvests; when Mr. Wilson expended far more than he could spare in the relief of the sufferers. It is still recollected as “ Barley time,” and interesting records are found in the “ Town Books.” (See Appendix.) "Mr. Wilson laboured singly for above twelve years ; but in 1789 and 1790, was assisted by the Rev. Walter Smith, afterwards Curate of Almondbury; of whom I have a brief account in a note on the Funeral Ser- mon, preached in 1825, on the death of the Rev. John Coates, Vicar of Huddersfield, by the Rev. Henry John Maddock, Incumbent of Trinity Church in that town.— (See Appendix.) Huis handwriting appears in . the Register from April 1789 to Oct. 31, 1790: and in Mr. Murgatroyd’s Journal there is also a curious entry on the subject of his appointment as Classical Master of Slaithwaite Free School. I have no tradi- tional account of Mr. Smith’s Ministry, but the testimony of the late Rev. James Quarmby, who was his Scholar, that he discharged his duty in a conscien- tious manner, Mr. Smith’s after-life deserves a

Page 115

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 107

separate notice. His last words were, “ Pardon and Peace.” As before observed, for many years after Mr. Wilson came, there was no dissent. But-about the year 1790, a Schism was first made in the seamless robe of the Church, (as Cyprian the Martyred Bishop of Carthage, in his treatise on the Unity of the Church expresses it, of the Novatian Heresy) and the history is very curious. Mr. Wilson had refused to sanctien, (as was then necessary) the renewal of the license of an Inn- keeper, on account of some irregularity, and the Magistrates accordingly would not grant it. At the same time it happened that Mr. Wilson, who was a peace-maker, had been called on to settle a dispute between twe neighbours at Clough-house in Slaithwaite, respecting some hens, which had “layed away” in anothereperson’s barn, and who claimed the eggs. Mr. Wilson decided against this claim, and in favour of the owner of the hens. The disappointed party, being offended, united with the publican; and when the justices refused the license for the public-house, the landlord said, “ Then I will thank you to give me a license for a Dissenting Meeting-house.” To this purpose his principal room was devoted, fetching the Baptists from Salendine Nook; and thus, it has been facetiously observed, “Schism was literally hatched in Slaithwaite: they layed away then, and have layed away ever since.” Now, however, Mr. Wilson’s real troubles began. His soul was much grieved, when several of his most

Page 116

108 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

respectable followers forsook him, and walked no more with him; and: he said to others “will ye go away also?’ It is probable that the cause was partly that, while Mr. Wilson was sound and Evangelical in all his views, he was most practical also in his applications. But he did not make the doctrine of Election so prominent as some of these persons desired ; and with “high doctrine,’ were also imbibed objections to Infant Baptism, and other ordinances of the Church, which Mr. Wilson met in his plain and effective manner. The rite of circumcision was shewn to be analogous to Baptism ; and he asked, if Isaac and the Children of the Jews were fitter for admission into the Church of God at eight days old, upon the faith of their parents, than Christian children now. Thus, however, commenced the first separation, and it resulted in the erectiong of a Meeting-house of the Particular Baptists at’ Powle Moor, in Scammonden, in 1790; and from which a still more extreme and exclusive party, denying the Law as a Rule of Life, seceded in 1816, and raised Providence Chapel, at Ingnook in Linthwaite ; both adjoining the boundaries of Slaithwaite as near as possible, though in opposite directions, as no site could be obtained within the Chapelry. Previous to this dissent the families all attended Church, morning and afternoon, and I believe were collected frequently at home in the Sunday Evenings ; and around the hearth were questioned as to the lessons, texts, and sermons, and catechized by their parents;—a very wholesome custom, which, if

Page 117

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 109

general, would render Evening Services unnecessary in a great degree, as they are in many cases of doubtful advantage to the young. Mr. Wilson also catechized frequently after the second lesson in Afternoon Service, and weekly in the Free School. | Mr. Wilson lost his excellent wife October 2nd, 1792, in the 46th year of her age. He had no Curate of whom we have any record from 1790 until 1805; but the late Miss Armitage, of Honley, (foundress of the Churches at Milnsbridge and Brockholes) informed me that the Rev. Mr. Westerman was urate of Slaithwaite and Master of the School for one or two years; and I find in the Register a strange hand trom May 7th, 1791, to September in the same year. In 1805 the Rev. William Roberts became Mr. Wilson’s assistant, and resided with him, as Timothy to Paul, a Son in the Gospel. He obtained the very general love and attachment of the people, and is still remembered by many. I rejoice to say that he is still living as Rector of Radwell, Herts, and I have the pleasure of his correspondence. He remained with Mr. Wilson until his death; when there was considerable disap- pointment that he was not chosen as his successor. Mr. Wilson continued his labours until about six months before he dropped the mantle of mortality. His last Sermon was from Isaiah XLV. 22—“ Look unto me, and be ye saved, all ye ends of the efrth,” and I am told that he climbed the pulpit steps on his hands and knees to deliver his parting message. Mr. Wilson was very active for many years, he rode great distances, and nothing daunted by wet weather, K

Page 118

110 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

was in the habit of walking about in acloak and a pair of pattens. His presence created respect in the most ungodly: the drunken and profane would hide them- selves when he came in sight. He visited every “ fold’” frequently, and would colleet the inhabitants into some house, when he would read the Scriptures and pray ; and that with such earnestness that he could be heard along distance. I have been told this, not only by old inhabitants, but also by our good Archdeacon, Dr. Musgrave, and his late most Reverend Brother the Archbishop of York; both of whom, being Scholars at Birstall, were in the habit of attending Slaithwaite Church whilst spending their holidays at Marsden, with Mr. Horsfall, the gentleman who was shot by the Luddites in 1812. They were deeply impressed by Mr. Wilson’s solemnity in private prayer, and have ever shewn great interest in Slaithwaite and its spiritual good. Mr. Wilson was plain and earnest in his style, and very energetic and loud in his pulpit ministrations, and would stamp and thunder, as well as sometimes weep, and use the most tender persuasions. He was probably an instance of what Dr. Johnson gives as the cause of the suceess of the early Methodists. “ Sir, it is owing to their expressing themselves in a plain and familiar manner, which is the only way to do good to the common people, and which Clergymen of ‘genius and learning ought to do from a principle of duty, when it is suited to their Congregations. He was very graphic, and full of illustrations in his preaching ; idiomatic and well understood in his

Page 119

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 111

language, being an indigenous Yorkshireman, a stone mason by original trade. He was most faithful in dealing with his parish- ioners in his pastoral visitations. 4 late well-known tradesman in Huddersfield, who married Mr. Wilson’s niece, and was descended from the ancient family of Dyson, of High Westwood, in Golcar, told me in 1840, that he was converted through Mr. Wilson’s Ministry ; and that the first impression was made by a conversation with him. He then resided at Crimble, and was found at the loom, where Mr. Wilson having, according to his custom, called for a suspension of the “din’’ of business; addressed him, “John, when you have done that piece, and cut it off, what will there be left? Why Thrums, Sir! (I need not explain to you my friends, that these are the rough ends of the Cloth, by which it is attached to the loom ; but which are alluded to Isaiah XXXVIII. 12. Thou hast cut off as a weaver my life, or jn the margin “ From the Thrum.”) “ Well! and when you have run through your present wild life, John, what will there be left but thrums,? A ruined body and a damned The impression never left him—and he told me that he removed to Huddersfield, where he prospered in business, and had originally become a Wesleyan, because he could not obtain accommodation in the Parish Church. He ultimately, in 1839, pro- moted the building of the “ Wesleyan Centenary Chapel,” in the part of Linthwaite which adjoins Slaithwaite ; in which former township we shall find

Page 120

112 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

that Wesleyan Methodism made an entrance at Hoyle- house Clough some years after Mr. Wilson’s death, in the time of Mr. Walter. ft is a curious illustration of the history of dissent that the Baptist Meeting, at -Powle Moor, was pagtly constructed out of the old timber of Slaithwaite Chapel, which was taken down about two years before, having been purchased by a builder, who afterwards became one of the seceders. Truly the ancient and sound parts of their system have been borrowed from “the Church of our Fathers !”’ Mr. Wilson’s doctrine may be judged of from the fact that he was the means of several copies of Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible being purchased by the people ; he much promoted family worship, and the devout keeping of the Lord’s day. Mr. Wilson died on the 2nd of July, 1809, in his 65th year, The Register of his burial, in the handwriting of Mr. Roberts, is as follows :—

“1809. July 5th. The Revd. Thos. Wilson, $2 years a labori- ous and successful Minister of the Gospel in Slaithwaite. He was greatly beloved by the flock over which he presided, and much respected by all true lovers of godliness, who had the happiness of his acquaintance.”

His character is also very briefly, but expressively summed up in the Inscription on a Marble Tablet in

our Chancel.

‘An Israelite indeed.”

Page 121

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 113

It is more elaborately set forth in the poetical Inscription on the Tombstone in the Old Burial Croft, probably composed by the Rev. W. Smith.

‘* Go feed my Lambs,” the heavenly Shepherd cried, “‘Go feed my Lambs ” again that voice replied ; Firm to his trust, a servant here is laid, Who heard the tender precept and obeyed ; Back to green pastures, he the wanderers led, The weakly foster’d and the hungry fed, Rebuk’d the bold, but bid the timid rise, And gave new strength and wisdom to the wise. Farewell, blest Spirit ; for a toil like this Thy Lord shall lead thee by the streams of bliss, And give thee, guided by his staff and rod, To join thy flock again, and see thy God.

As Mr. Wilson was very early in adopting the great institution of Sunday Schools, which has taught the whole population in this Riding to read the Bible; so that one who is “ not a scholar,” is now a rare exception, so he embraced the cause of Missions in its revival, at the opening of the present century. I learn from a statement recently published, that in 1803, a Sermon was preached in Slaithwaite Church, on behalf of the Church Missionary Society for Africa and the East, then in the fourth year of its existence; and ten pounds were collected. It will be seen in my next Lecture, that an Association was formed in 1813; which has therefore existed fifty years; and the interest in the cause, which is still felt, is of above sixty years growth. Mr. Wilson had no family ; but his sister Elizabeth married Mr, William Varley, Schoolmaster, and they were the parents of Mrs. Jane Dyson, of Hudders- field; and who has lately deceased, leaving a large

Page 122

114 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

family of children and grandchildren. One of her daughters married Thomas Mallinson, Esq., Justice of the Peace for Huddersfield ; who died at Dublin, and: received a public burial at Huddersfield, in the present month of April, 1863. To Mrs. Dyson I was indebted for the loan of the black profile of Mr. Wilson, with which I illustrate this Lecture: she was a pious and venerable Christian: and she rests with her husband within the site of the Ancient Chapel. Mr. Wilson resided for several years in the Old House in Backlane, and built an’ additional chamber, looking into the Churchyard; which was his study : and where the late beloved Mr. Richard Varley, then a boy, was his companion, after he lost his wife. I have thus, according to my customin these Lectures, given you all that I have been able to collect from personal search: and I shall now close with the testi- monies which I have gathered from other sources. Like his gracious Saviour Mr. Wilson has had (in the language of Dr. Ellicott) four “loving pictures limned by four loving hands.” In Nov. 1862, I received the following message from the Rev. William Roberts, through Frederick Robert Jones, Junior, Esq., of Huddersfield :—* If ever you see Mr. Hulbert, of Slaithwaite, give my love to him, and tell him the Old Curate of Slaithwaite is well and often prays for him and his flock, that he looks back with pleasure upon the five years he spent there.” Isent him a letter and several reports and other papers, and received a most interesting reply

Page 123

REV. THOMAS WILSON,

Minifter of Slaithwaite, 1777 to 1809.

Page 125

REV. THOMAS WILSON. «115

(see Appendix) in which he refers me to the account of Mr. Wilson, which he furnished to the Cottage Magazine, dated Market Bosworth, January ‘10th, 1812. It is as follows :— “The Rev. T. Wilson was born of respectable parents in the North-Riding of Yorkshire, and having felt the power of religion at an early period of life, he became very desirous of devoting himself to God in the work of the ministry. Accordingly he was placed under the care of the late Rev. Mr. Milner, at the grammar-school, in Hull; where through close applica- tion to his studies, he prepared for holy orders. These he obtained at the hands of Dr. Drummond, the then Archbishop of York. The- first place of his labours was (as I have heard him with pleasure relate) at Collingham, a small parish near the place of his nativity. Here it pleased God to bless his labours to the conversion of many souls, and to make him an instrument of much good to the congregation at large. His residence at this village, however, did not continue many years, Providence having designed him for a much more extensive field of action. The perpetual curacy of Slaithwaite, in the West-Riding of York- shire, becoming vacant in the year 1777, through the resignation of the Rev. Matthew Powley, the late vicar of Dewsbury, Mr. Wilson was then presented to it. He entered upon thfs his new charge, with a mind deeply impressed with its awful responsibility. Here, as in his former situation, he was “instant in season and out of season,” bearing in mind the high commission

Page 126

116 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

with which he was entrusted; namely, “to seek for sheep, which are scattered abroad through- out this naughty world, and to labour to bring them to a state of perfection in him, who is the head of his body, the church.”” The salvation of his flock was, indeed, ever uppermost in his thoughts, and to promote their good he left no means untried. Not only did he regularly preach twice every Sabbath, in the most earnest and affectionate manner, but he also made it his constant practice to visit his people from house to house, in order to administer admonition and consola- tion, as occasion required. This he considered so necessary a part of a minister’s duty, that he was used to say, Where it was neglected, the ministry could not be proverly fulfilled. In addition to his daily visits, and public preaching, he was accustomed to meet a select party of his people every Wednesday evening at his own house, for the purpose of instructing them in the concerns of their souls. His usual method on these occasions, was either expounding the Scriptures in the plainest and most familiar manner, or reading in some good book, which was generally preceded by, and accompanied with, singing and prayer. These were often delightful seasons both to himself and his people. They were the means of keeping up the life of religion in the soul, and of often fanning fhe feeble spark (which before the next Sabbath might have been almost extinguished) into a flame, So precious were those seasons to my own soul, that I frequently look back

Page 127

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 117

upon them with the most heartfelt pleasure; and I cannot but wish that a similar method of instructing their flocks was more generally adopted by good men than it is. Were this the case, no doubt, very happy consequeuces would ensue, and it would certainly be strictly conformable to the apostle’s advice, “not to forsake the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is, but to exhort one another daily, while it is called to-day, lest any of us should be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.” While speaking of my dear friend as a minister, I cannot forget to mention his attention to the younger branches of society. No man was perhaps fonder of young people, nor took more pains than himself, both in instructing them, and in exhorting their parents to them up in the way they should go.” “When- ever he had an opportunity, whether at home or abroad, it was his constant endeavour to say something to impress their minds with the value of their souls, and the importance of eternity. Often have I heard him make use of such like expressions as these, when addressing himself to young persons. Now give God your heart, and devote to him your life. Remember your sun may go down at noon, Take, therefore, my advice, “ Choose with Mary that good part which shall never be taken away.” With respect to his religious sentiments, they were purely evangelical. The guilty and ruined state of man by nature—the grand method of his recovery through the atoning blood and righteousness of Christ,

Page 128

118 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS. |.

and the happy consequences of such recovery, both m this world, and in that which is to come, where the principal subjects of his preaching, subjects on which he expatiated with a zeal and ardour rarely equalled. If there be one thing which he enforced more than another, it was the necessity of holiness of heart and life. This, however, he always did in a scriptural manner. Man, as separated from Christ, the true vine, he constantly maintained, “can do nothing.” — His first aim therefore was to lead the sinner to Christ, that he might be justified by faith in his sacrifice ; and then to build him up in every Christian grace, by exhorting him to live out of himself upon the fulness of his Redeemer, as the only way of becoming faithful in every good word and work, and of growing in a meetness for heaven. In short, he strongly and con- stantly insisted on the necessity of receiving the Lord Jesus equally in all his offices; as our prophet to teach us, as our priest to atone for us, and as our king to govern us, swaying the sceptre of his grace in our hearts, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of himself. Of the great suecess which attended his labours at Slaithwaite and in the neighbourhood, numbers who yet survive him can, from their own experience, stand forth and gratefully testify ; and there is every reason to hope, that very many who died in the Lord before him, will at the last day be the joy and crown of his rejoicing. Respecting his conduct as a Christian, he was most exemplary. Never, perhaps, did any man exemplify in

Page 129

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 119

his own life what he preached to others, more than he did. With the greatest propriety could he adopt St. Paul’s address to the Corinthians, in reference to the people of his charge, “ Brethren, be followers of me, even as J also am of Christ.”” That he had drunk deep into the spirit of his Divine Master, was evident from the heavenly dispositions which discovered them- selves in him. Humility, meekness, modesty, and a train of other lovely virtues, shone forth in him in their brightest lustre. Of these I am perhaps better capable of speaking than most persons, having had the happiness of residing in the house with himas his assis- tant, during the four last years of his life. Towards me he always behaved with the kindness of a father, and would frequently express his fervent wish, that we might both obtain mercy of the Lord, to be faithful to our important trust. Towards the poor of his flock, his benevolent heart was frequently and largely extended. Many of these will have cause to remember him as long as they live; for when in a time of scarcity a few years ago, they were almost in a state of starva- tion, he exerted himself to the utmost to relieve their wants, and to keep them from perishing. The many acts of kindness indeed which they experienced from him were really astonishing, considering the smallness of his income; and must in a great degree be attri- buted to the economy of a faithful female servant, who had many years lived with him, as well as to his own frugality and temperance. To conclude this part of his character, be it observed, that, like his Lord and

o

Page 130

120 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

. Master, he went about doing good both to the bodies and souls of men, or to use the language of Goldsmith :

‘* He tried each art, reproved each dull delay, Allur’d to brighter worlds, and led the way.”

I now proceed to notice his last illness and death. For some time before his public work was ended, he had been gradually declining in health. He was unwilling, however to discontinue his favourite employ, so long as he possibly could ascend the pulpit. The last time he publicly addressed his flock, was on the third Sunday in Advent, 1808, from “ Look unto me and be ye saved, all ye ends of the earth.” A fitter subject than which he could not perhaps have chosen, had he known it to have been his last. He left the pulpit as well as usual, and continued in that state till the Tuesday morning following, when he was disabled from coming down stairs by a paralytic stroke. He had often wished that, if it pleased God, he might end his labours and his life together, and seemed to have a dread upon his mind of becoming, as he termed it, a trouble to his friends through an inability to help himself. But the Almighty, whose thoughts are not as our thoughts, did not see fit to grant him this desire. or he had appointed him to remain yet full six months longer upon earth, in order no doubt to try his faith and patience, and to refine and make him thoroughly meet for the enjoyment of his heavenly kingdom. The discipline with which he was exercised, during this time, was not very severe, as he was generally enabled to rise from his bed during the day,

Page 131

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 121

to eat his meals tolerably well, and to walk about in his room by means of a little help. His affliction was doubtless a trial of his faith and patience, as just hinted, but God was with him under it, in an eminent degree, and fulfilled in his experience the truth of that gracious promise—‘ As thy day is, so shall thy strength be.’’ Residing under his roof, I had frequently an oppor- tunity of observing, how much his mind was stayed upon the God of his salvation, and with what truly Christian resignation he was enabled to submit to the will of his heavenly Father. One day in particular, I recollect I said to him, after my return from visiting some sick people, “I hope, Sir, you find the Lord your support and consolation.”’ He replied, ‘I do, he is my light and my At another time, on my return home, I found his mind sweetly dwelling. on his favourite text, “‘ Blessed are the people that know the joyful sound ; they shall walk, O Lord, in the light of thy countenance,” &c. He had, it is true his cloudy seasons as well as his bright ones ; but upon the whole he was carried on in a sweet and tranquil manner, until it pleased God to take from him the faculty of speech, which happened four days before his dissolution ! On the morning of the day when this took place, I had to go to Huddersfield with the young people to the confirmation, and before I left home, I found my dear friend extremely heavy and scarcely able to sit upright in his chair. I took him by the hand and said, “The Lord be with you, Sir;” to which he immediately replied, “The Lord go with’you.”’ These were his L e

Page 132

122 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS,

a

last words to me, as I found him speechless on my return, though perfectly sensible; for, on my sitting down by his side, he presently looked up, and on seeing me he began to weep. From this time, which was on Thursday evening, he continued until the Sunday following, gradually getting worse, and in the evening about six o’clock he resigned his happy soul into the hands of his blessed Redeemer, to partake of that glory and endless felicity of which he had, as on this day, often spoken with so much delight. His remains were interred on the Wednesday following, amidst the tears and lamentations of hundreds of his beloved people, who, for several hours previous to his inter- ment, had assembled together to witness the affecting scene. A very appropriate sermon was preached in reference to his character and death, a few Sundays after, to a most crowded and attentive audience, by the Rev. Mr. Robinson, of Longwood, from St. Paul’s words to Timothy, “I have fought a good fight,”’ &e.

To the foregoing narrative, which was reprinted by the late Rev. Nicholas Padwick, B.A., Incumbent of Linthwaite, in his Christian Monitor for Feb. and March 1833, I must secondly add the testimony of another intimate friend and former Curate, the Rev. Walter Smith ; published in a small Tract, entitled a “Memoir of the Rev. T. Wilson, thirty-two years Minister of Slaighwaite, written by the Rev. Mr. S— to which is added a Character”—Huddersfield: Printed by T. Smart, Bookseller, 1810. “The Character”

Page 133

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 123

added consists of an “ Address to youth of both sexes, more especially those belonging to the Sunday School, Slaighwaite.”’ Wilson was possessed of strong faith in the divine word, a fervent love of God and Christ, and a lively sense of the vast worth of men’s souls. During his whole ministry he was a most diligent preacher, uncommonly sealous in his manner, and remarkably plain and pointed in his addresses to men’s consciences. His praise, not as a scholar indeed, but as a good minister of Jesus Christ, will long continue to be heard through a large and populous district His simplicity and godly sincerity were admitted and admired by great numbers, who could not be prevailed upon, by his tears and entreaties, to forsake their sinful courses ;—nevertheless, he has left behind him many seals of his ministry; and many, it is believed, con- verted by his means, died before him, in faith, and ‘most joyfully received his spirit into the heavenly habitations. He lived down prejudice and slander in a very uncommon degree: his rule and his practice were, To overcome evil by doing good. He was eminently a man of peace: he loved it in his heart,— he sought it earnestly ;—but this divine and amiable disposition did not damp his zeal for the cause of God, and his concern to saye men’s souls. He boldly rebuked sin; he shewed his abhorrence, particularly, to that destructive vice of drunkenness, so prevalent in manufacturing places, which robs so many of the lower orders, not only of their comforts, but of the

Page 134

124 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

necessaries of life. He kept a watchful eye over publics houses ;—he felt and frequently expressed the deepest sorrow (and his regrets were not always unavailing) at the irregularities and excesses which occurred in those places, and especially on Sunday evenings. Many nights of broken rest did he pass, occupied with reflections on the depravity, blindness, and madness of sinners, who were treasuring up to themselves wrath against the day of wrath, while they despised or neglected all his warnings,—his warm, vehement, affectionate appeals to their consciences ! The love and attachment of Mr. Wilson to the Established Church was unquestionable: he loved its order, its doctrines, and its services. The unity, peace, and concord of all good men were also most devoutly desired by him; for the attainment of which he seemed ready to make any sacrifice short of villifying the church to which he belonged. As Mr. Wilson loved the doctrines and the order of the church, of which he was a minister, 50 he was uniformly and exemplarily zealous in supporting the state, of which he was a subject. He had well weighed and appreciated the advantages of our civil constitu- tion. Thankful, in the highest degree, for such privileges as those which each British subject is heir to, and which have been so invariably maintained under the mild and equitable government of our present Sovereign, he abhorred from his soul all the attempts which have been made, of late years, to render the people dissatisfied and disaffected. He

Page 135

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 125

saw it his duty frequently to preach the scriptural doctrine of obedience to rulers; and wondered how any man, professing to fear God, could withhold honour from the king. All his doctrine, and the regulation of his practice, he derived from the Bible, in which he meditated day and night. To constant meditation on the Scriptures, he added much prayer; indeed, he was most eminently prayer. He carried all his wants, his diffi- culties, his doubts, his fears, his distresses, to the throre of grace, relying on the merits and intercession of his Redeemer. He knew the value of this privilege, and seemed to be lifting up his heart to Heaven all the day long. In this frame he passed through the long and arduous trial of his patience, with which it pleased God to visit him. ‘He was dumb and opened not his mouth,’ because it was his doing. Much might be said of his affection to his people, © and his kindness and liberality to the poor and neces- sitous; suffice is to say, his people were his flock. Few, I apprehend, have done more in his circumstances, at any time, to relieve the distressed: and yet, not in- discriminately, or on great occasions only, but discreetly and gradually, both by counsel and by money. Though he loved order and neatness, and shewed that he was not destitute even of a taste for elegance, yet it plainly appeared that the wants of the poor occupied his thoughts more than his own accommodation. He was always ready, after the example of his beloved Master, to deny himself for their sakes; and, for His

Page 136

126 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

sake indeed, it not unfrequently happened that he was constrained, by sights of distress, or the importunities of those who had experienced his liberality, to give the last piece of silver he had ;—he, however, was. wont to say, it was not the duty of ministers who had families, to do as he did. To such persons he recommended their making a due provision for their children out of their incomes, whenever God put it in their power. Instead ot children to perpetuate his memory, this good man left behind him a new and spacious edifice for divine worship, built at his solicitation, and on which he bestowed much care, time, and labour; and, _ adjoining to it, a neat and convenient parsonage-house, erected at his own expence, for the better accommoda- tion of his successors. | Mr. Wilson was somewhat advanced in life when: he first turned his thoughts towards the ministry ; and he had not had the advantage of a regular classical education. A clergyman of Leeds, of a kindred spirit, beheld in his fervent piety the dawning of singular usefulness, and put him in the way of obtaining holy orders. He applied himself to the study of the languages, and was ordained to a curacy near Wetherby, Yorkshire. There his ardent spirit laboured diligently ; and much concern about religion appeared in many of his congregation. Some things there were, however, disagreeable to him in that situation; and, on the removal of the late Mr. Powley to Dewsbury, Mr. Wilson, through his means, became curate of Slaigh- waite. Here he found a numerous congregation, a

Page 137

REV. THOMAS WILSON. 127 -

plain people, who were not offended at his plain preaching ; and among them he determined to ‘ spend and be spent.’ A short time after he settled at this place, he married a widow lady, possessed of a moderate fortune, who resided in the neighbourhood. While her virtues made his home agreeable, her fortume enabled him to be charitable in his daily visits among his people. This union, however, did not continue long: in the course of a few years he was left a widower, and so remained to his death, a pattern of unblameable purity and sobriety. In his deportment, Mr. Wilson was grave without affectation or moroseness, and cheerful without levity. His freedom of manner, openness of heart, and good humour, rendered him a welcome visitor at the houses of his acquaintances, rich and poor, learned and un- learned. His conversation was diversified by pleasant anecdote, and rendered edifying by profitable remarks, happily introduced. - ‘ This truly excellent man of God (added the gentleman who wrote this memoir) was my counsellor and most intimate friend during twenty years. I call to remembrance, with comfort and gratitude to God, that 1 was ordained to his curacy, which opened the way to a friendship which has never been interrupted. I have fully known, therefore, his doctrine, his manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suf- fering, charity, patience, afflictions. I believe, indeed, he had, in common with all the servants of God, the corruption and infirmities of our nature. He

Page 138

128 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

acknowledged to me, in the strongest terms, on the Sunday preceding his death, his sinfulness and un- worthiness. He fought a good fight, and now has finished his course. The tears of numerous spectators, as well as those who carried him to the grave, testified the love and veneration they had for him: all seemed to say (men, women, and children, individually) ‘ Let me die the death of this righteous man, and let my end be like his!” The third account of Mr. Wilson is contained in the Memoirs of the Countess of Huntingdon. It is chiefly taken from Mr. Roberts’s narrative, but adds the fullowing remarkable fact relative to his history previous to his coming to Slaithwaite: “ Whilst at Collingham, near Wetherby, Mr. Wilson received a visit from Lady Huntingdon, in the course of her numerous rambles through Yorkshire; and her advice and conversation were of. great benefit in exciting him to greater diligence and zeal in the discharge of the duties of his function.” The fourth account has been given in the earlier part of this Lecture; and I trust the whole may tend to perpetuate the memory of so good a man; and I will conclude with a part of the Lesson with which this Lecture was introduced—“ Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your yi. 16.

Slaithwaite, April 80th, 1863,

Page 139

APPENDIX No. IV.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE IV.

-POWLE CHAPEL.

May 2nd, 1863, I obtained the following information from the Rev. Henry Wilcock Holmes, the present pious and laborious Minister at Powle Particular Baptist Chapel, which was built on a much larger and handsomer scale than the old one, in 1859 :

‘‘ The first Minister was the Rev. Charles Bamforth, from 1793 to 1804; previous to whom they had no regular supply. He is buried at Powle, and was succeeded by the Rev. Abraham Webster, from 1808 to 1817; when he went away for four years and a half; and then returned for a like period: making his Ministry altogether fifteen years at Powle, where he died and was buried. Mr. Holmes has been there for thirty-four years, 1829 to 1863.”

GREAT SCARCITY.

The following are extracts from the Slaithwaite town Books :

“17th Augt., 1799. A very heavy flood which swept away the Corn Mill Dam, the Old Chapel-yard, Two houses at Bridge-end in Lingards, and did great damage to corn and hay : a very dear time succeeded.” | “18th Augt., 1899. The Reservoir frightened many of the householders from their habitations.” Augt., 1799. Another great flood, which did much damage to the Canals, Mill dam broke again.” “8 Sep., 1799. Oats cut at Crimble, being the first here cut.” “22 Sep., 1799. Another great flood, which brcke the wall in the Old Chapel-yard a second time, and did much damage ; this was said to be the heaviest flood in many places of the Country—A grievous time succeeded.” rose to Twenty Shillings for 48!>* (a hoop) and Wheat the same in 1799 and 1800, and sunk to 7* 6% and 9* 6% in 1801,” *

Page 140

130 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

REV. WALTER SMITH.

The following is a note appended to the Funeral Sermon, on the death of the Rev. John Coates, Vicar of Huddersfield, by the Rev. Henry John Maddock, in 1825:

Rev. Walter Smith, A.B., Curate of Almondbury, died at Huddersfield, October 2nd, 1821, after a few days’ illness, on his way from Cambridge, whither he had been to introduce his Son. He was born at Bramham, in this County, A.D. 1764, entered at Magdalen College, Cambridge, where he took his Bachelor’s degree, 1787, and was ordained soon after to assist the Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Slaithwaite, near Hudiersfield, where he remained two years ; he was after- wards Curate of Rastrick, and then of Huddersfield, for five years. In 1796, he went to Almondbury, and was elected Master of the Grammar School, which situation and curacy he held until his unexpected and lamented death.”

The following view of his character is from the pen of a Clergy- man, who was intimately acquainted with Mr. Smith from his youth, and well knew how to estimate his worth :

“In Mr. Smith the established Church has lost a faithful pastor ; the King a loyal subject ; his family an affectionate protector ; mankind a friend ; and christianity an ornament. His death therefore, in the midst of life, is deeply deplored by his relatives, and will long be unfeignedly regretted by all persons to whom he was known.” The following is the inscription on his tombstone in Almondbury Churchyard : Beneath this stone is interr’d the body of the REV. WALTER SMITH, B.A., 25 years Curate of this Parish and 17 years Master of the Grammar School, He died October 29th, 1821, Aged 56 years. His last words were ‘‘ Pardon and Peace.”

With reference to his appointment as Classical Master of Slaithwaite Free School, we have the following entry in Mr. Murgatroyd’s Journal : ° After an advertisement being inserted in the public papers, I find, 1790, Feb. 24, ‘‘They are met at Landlord Sykes’s to- day to appoint a Master of Slaighw'e School, to succeed Mr.

Page 141

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 131

Jno. Boulton—but I’m informed two letters, one from Mr. Powley, and one from Mr. Ramsden, the Vicar of Hudders- field, have been read to y® company in opposition— Rev. Mr. Greenwood’s sor from Thornhill offer'd himself as a Candi- date—then chops in a Smith, y*® assistant Curate at Slaighw*e Chapel to stand Candidate for the School—Shameful work ! N.B.—Mr. Greenwood’s Son, I’m informed is a very proper person—able in figures &c.—Interlined, I’m informed again quite otherwise.” . Evidently here the contradiction, as to the Election of Master, existing in the two distinct Trust Deeds of Endowment, caused a difference. This has been remedied—but only in 1859, seventy years afterwards, by the New Scheme of the Charity, sanctioned by law.

Mr, Smith’s second daughter, Catherine, and Phillis his Widew, lie with him. The latter died May 30, 1830, aged 65 years.

Mr. Smith resided in the Vicarage at Almondbury, and at first had only £40 per annum. He took pupils, chiefly young men, preparing for orders—among whom was the Rev. J. G. Breay, of Birmingham, whose Memoirs have been published. He was a truly pious man. Edmund Smith, Esq., Surgeon of the Hydro- pathic Establishment, Ilkley Wells, is his son—and one of his daughters married the Rev. Charles Seager, of Oxford, who, in 1843, seceded to the Church of Rome, as did his wife. Mr. Seager was a good Hebrew Scholar, and published a Translation of Simon’s Hebrew Lexicon,

REV. WILLIAM ROBERTS.

+.

This good man became Mr. Wilson’s Curate in 1805, and is now Kector of Radwell, Herts.

I find in the Register Book—

Christenings by Wm. Roberts, Curate, 1805, July 20— and continued, (after Mr. Wilson’s death) until May 14, 1810, when I read—

“‘ Christenings by the Rev’ Mr. Chew,” same day with one by Mr. Roberts. Among the earliest is that of the Rev. R. KE. Roberts, M.A., now Rector of Richmond, in this County, son of the late Mr. and Mrs, Joseph Roberts, of Height, in Linth- waite, who died there the same day, February 18th, 1853, and are buried in our Churchyard. were lovely and pleasant in their lives and in their death they were not divided.” 2 Sam. ii, 23,

Page 142

132 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

In a letter from the Rev. Wm. Roberts, dated Nov. 17, 1862— He says, ‘I thank you for your sympathy with me in my infirmities, which though painful at times, are I trust sanctified in a good manner, and I would beg an interest in your prayers, that my faith may daily increase and that God may be glorified in me and by me. To such of you peuple as have a lively recollection of me, I send my Christian love, and if I had it in my power to address them. I should say as Moses was directed to say to the Children of Israel, ‘‘Dear friends, .Go forward—press towards the mark—Be diligent that ye may be found of Christ, without spot and blameless.” Tell them that God is very good to their old Curate, and enables him, at the approach of 84, yet to preach occasionally the same blessed Gospel—that he preached to them.”

In a subsequent letter dated Dec. 11th, 1863, he expresses, with wonderful vigour and clearness, his interest in the various plans in operation among us, of which I had sent him Reports &c., and his desire to see this publication. May he be spared to see its conclusion !

The late Rev. Samuel Longhurst, M.A., a nephew of Mr. ‘Roberts, succeeded the celebrated Dr. Wolff, as Incumbent of Linthwaite, in 1840; but owing to unhappy circumstances, resigned in 1850, and died at Peel in the Isle of Man, May 1851. He was of Queen’s College, Cambridge ; a good Hebrew and Oriental Scholar ; and published, in 1833, Common Place Book, or Companion to the New Testament.” He was succeeded by the Rev. Joseph Rhodes Charlesworth, who exchanged with the present Incumbent, Rev. John Ryland, for the Incumbency of Elstead, Surrey, in 1854. ‘

Page 143

LECTURE V.

Tan Rev. Curw, [noumBent, 1819 To 1818.—Rev. SamveL 1815 to 1818; IxoumMBENT, 1818 to 1823.—Rev. Tuomas JACKSON, INCUMBENT, 1823 To 1839.

After the death of Mr. Wilson, in July 1809, the Incumbency of Slaithwaite remained vacant for some months. record which I find of his successor, the Rev. Charles Uhew, is dated May 1810. Mr. Roberts continuing as Curate in residence in the meantime. Mr. Chew was appointed by the Rev. John Coates, Vicar of Huddersfield. I learn from John Whitacre, Esq., of Woodhouse, whose family were intimate with Mr. Chew, that the latter Gentle- man was a native of Northamptonshire, and laboured near Market Harborough, Leicestershire—I presume at Husband Bosworth—before he came hither. He was a graduate of Oxford: a man of gentlemanly habits ; a good extemporary preacher ; very painstaking and popular. In person, of middle size; energetic in — his manner ; about fifty years of age, when he became Incumbent. According to the fashion of those days he wore powder, and was of dignified appearance and much respected. In some of which respects he would contrast with both his predecessor and successor. He married first a Miss Hanbury, daughter of the Vicar of Langton, near Market Harborough. His second M

Page 144

184 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS,

wife was Mrs. Hicks, a widow, who had a daughter living with them. Mr. Chew was not very happy in this connection. Mrs. Chew did not like the country, and induced Mr. Chew to leave; first on account of his health, when Mr. Walter became his Curate, June 24th, 1815, and finally resigned in 1818. Mr. Chew went into Leicestershire or Northamptonshire; and, it is said, was suspended from his Clerical function for some irregularity in rubrical or other ecclesiastical matters, by Bishop Tomline: who most probably did not like his doctrine, which was Calvinistic, of which the Bishop wrote what he entitled a “ Confutation,”’ on which the Rev. Thomas Scott published “ Remarks.” The Rev. Edward Parkin was assistant Curate from June 1814, and the Rev. William Hanbury, a Nephew of Mr. Chew, from October 1814 to June 1815; in 1816, he succeeded to the family living of Harborough, Warwickshire. Mr. Hanbury was a good scholar, a Student of Christ Church, Oxford, and had also the living of St. Ebbe’s, Oxford; he is still, I believe, living, but deranged. I find the name also of the Rev. William Harding frequently in the Registers, from May 1814, to June 1815. He was Curate of Huddersfield for five years, and afterwards perpetual Curate of Sawley, Derby- shire; and was an excellent man. He was accidentally in 1823. . In 1813, Mr. Chew removed the Sunday School from “the Warehouse” near the Bridge, to the large Vestry under the Church. It had been placed by him

Page 145

REV. CHARLES CHEW. 185

under the. superintendence, as Master, of George Mellor, of Highhouse, in Linthwaite, in 1810: and this venerable man retained the office until his death, March 31st, 1857—and fulfilled its duties for nearly the whole period of 46 years. He always expressed the greatest respect for the memory of Mr. Chew. Mr. Chew continued the weekly Meetings of Com- municants in his house, which had been carried on by Mr. Wilson; and assisted the devotion by playing on the violin. I find a Book, in his handwriting, contain- ing a List of ‘the names of those families that attend Slaithwaite Church.” Of the heads of families there named, very few nowremain. The families enumerated are 167 in number, including parts of Linthwaite and Golcar; but it cannot have contained half the real number, as all the pews were then occupied, and are sufficient for 500 families. The same Book contains a list of those at Laxton and at H. Bosworth. I presume that Mr. Chew was succeeded at the latter place by Mr. Roberts, as the same date of place is subjoined to the account of Mr. Wilson, communi- cated to the Cottage Magazine, which was edited by Mr. Roberta’s College friend, Mr. Buckworth. I regret not to be able to trace Mr. Chew’s history any further—but I doubt not it will be found that his “ Record is on high.” Jn 1818, during Mr. Chew’s Incumbency, the Missionary Association was formed; and it was zealously promoted by Mr. Walter, when in charge of the Chapelry. Shortly after he came, the

Page 146

186 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

celebrated Legh Richmond, author of the “ Dairyman’s Daughter’’ and other Annals of the Poor, preached in Slaithwaite Church, as I learn from his Memoir, (Edition of the Rev. Edw. Bickersteth, page 106.) “ Huddersfield, Oct. 1, 1815. Preached for the Church Missionary Society, from Acts XXVII. 28. Collection £54. Church much crowded.—Preached in the Afterncon at Slathwaite Chapel from Mark XVII. 15. Above two thousand persons present. In the Evening preached at Longwood Chapel from Psalm LXXXIX. 15 & 16. Animmense multitude. Upwards of £80 collected at these three Services. Had a day of great labour and apparent usefulness— Was carried through mercifully in all the three Sermons. I hear of good effects from my Sermons of last year in this vicinity. Particularly that at Huddersfield, from Eph. III., on the love of Christ.”? The same good cause was advocated at Slaithwaite in successive years by other eminent Divines, (see Appendix.) The Congregation continued to keep up during Mr. Chew’s Incumbency and but when Mr. Walter came, although an excellent man and good preacher, (of Arminian sentiments), he was, almost worn out, and could scarcely be heard, owing.to having lost his teeth, and the attendance declined.. He had laboured twenty-three years, as Curate at Madeley in Shropshire, among the the Collieries and Ironworks, and was much respected there. Mrs. Fletcher, the widow of the venerable John Fletcher, lived and

Page 147

REY. CHARLES CHEW. 137

laboured at Madeley during the whole time of Mr. Walter’s curacy there. This Lady used to expound and exhort in a Barn, near the Vicarage, after her husband’s death; but having inquired of the Rev. John Wesley as to the propriety of her labour—he briefly replied—* Dear Sister, Yours may be a peculiar case, but all I have to say is that it is not God’s order.” The Wesleyans first formed a Congregation in this valley during Mr. Walter’s time, at Hoylehouse Clough, in Linthwaite; where they continue to have a Chapel and School. . The Church Tower had been left unfinished by Mr. Wilson and his coadjutors; being carried up only to the level of the roof; and had a small cupola and bell. When the late Earl of Dartmouth first visited Slaithwaite, in 1813, he was much disgusted with the appearance of the Church, and offered and gave £100 towards raising the tower to its present height, which was completed by means of a rate, under the Warden- ship of the late Mr. Thomas Haigh. The fine tenor bell of Huddersfield Church was also purchased and paid for by rate, raised by the late Mr. James Pearson. The clock, with its four separate faces, was placed in the Church tower by subscription, promoted by Mr. Richard Varley, in 1816.

Tae Rev. Watrter. From a note appended to the Funeral Sermon preached on the death of the Rey. John Coates, by the Rey. Henry John Maddock, Incumbent of Trinity

Page 148

138 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Church, Huddersfield, I learn several particulars respecting this devoted man; but the following is the allusion in the Sermon to which the note refers. After enumerating the Reverends W. Smith, W. Robinson, and W. Harding; who had been contem- poraries, Mr. Maddock says: “And what shall I more say? Shall I be silent here respecting another of these lamented labourers ? Whose innocency of life, devotedness to the cause of God and truly Christian spirit, secured him the estima- tion of all good men; and whose strength was consumed in promoting the welfare of those institutions which have the spread of the gospel for their object. Yes! who amongst us will not lament the death of a Walter P What friend to the cause of God, and to the Bible, the Missionary or the Tract Society, by which that cause is promoted, will not say of him, Alas! my Brother! May his Spirit be more evidenced amongst us, and like him may we spend and be spent for God and his cause.” Nore. “The Rev. Samuel Walter A.M., Perpetual Curate of Slaithwaite, near Huddersfield, who died June 7th, 1823, was born at Wellington, Shropshire, May 12th, 1764, educated by the Rev. Dr. Robins, at Bristol, and afterwards of St. Edmund’s Hall, Oxford, where he took his degree of A.B., and was ordained Deacon to the Curacy of Churchill, Somersetshire, 1788 ; where he remained four years and then removed to South Petherton, and from thence to Madeley, Shropshire ;

Page 149

REV. SAMUEL WALTER. 139

where he laboured with indefatigable zeal for twenty- three years, under a kind Vicar and with a friendly people. June 24th, 1815, he came to Slaithwaite, as assistant Curate to the Rev. Charles Chew, upon whose resignation, in January 1818, he was appointed by the Rey. John Coates, Vicar of Huddersfield, to the Chapelry. Whilst health aud strength were vouchsafed he laboured diligently in the cause of God. He was a zealous promoter of Bible, Missionary, and Tract Societies, in Huddersfield and its vicinity; and his last moments were occupied in giving directions respecting a Sermon to be preached in his Chapel for the Church Missionary Society. He was a kind father, a diligent pastor, and a sincere friend. Humble and unassuming in his manners, he gained the estimation of all who knew him, and his memory will be long revered by Christians of every To this public testimony I can add my personal recollections of Mr. Walter; who, it is a singular fact, was a friend of my own father and family, both before and after his coming to Slaithwaite. He was much ‘esteemed in Shropshire, and kept up a friendly com- munication with the Wesleyan Methodists after the manner of his predecessor at Madeley, Mr. Fletcher. Indeed at one time he took his turn on the plan with the Local Preachers of the Wellington Circuit, as did the Rev. John Eyton, Vicar of Wellington, and the Rev. William Morgan, then Curate of Wellington, and afterwards Curate of Bradford, and Incumbent of Christ Ohurch in that town. The last named

Page 150

140 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of these good men will be recollected by some of my hearers, as having preached in our Church, for the Sunday Schools in 1843, and assisted at the formation of the Branch Association of the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1846. The Rev. Patrick Bronté, late Incumbent of Haworth, (father of the popular female writers of that name) who was one of the remarkable series of Evangelical and extemporary preachers, who have laboured at Haworth for a century past, was also a friend and neighbouring Clergyman, when the above venerable trio were active in Shropshire, at a time when Evangelical preachers were few and far between. I have often heard Mr. Morgan describe his walks up the Wrekin with Mr. Walter and Mr. Bronté. Those gentlemen were all of what is now almost an ‘ extinct genus in the Church of England—Arminian Evangelicals; sympathizing more with the Wesleyans than with any other body of Dissenters; and differing from the older Evangelicals on the doctrines of personal election and final perseverance. Mr. Walter’s income, as Curate at Madeley, was supplemented by attention to pupils. I have a printed card before me, in which he is announced as giving instruction on Classics, at Brockholes House, near Ironbridge, Shropshire, at ten shillings and sixpence a quarter, in connection with an Educational Estab- lishment. Mr. Walter also gave occasional instruction at Slaithwaite, and among his pupils was the Rev. James Dransfield, a native of Blakestones, afterwards — Curate of Wadsworth, near Doncaster; and the late

Page 151

REV. SAMUEL WALTER-« | 14]

Mr. Joseph Garside, who became. a lay Baptist preacher, and is recently deceased. Mr. Walter was a little man, and. by no means impressive in appearance ; he preached long, and could scarcely be heard in our great Church; which - sioned many to leave, and a’ Methodist Congregation, as already named, sprung up. I fear he did not come mand the reverence of the Choir, who on one occasion lighted their candles and prepared to sing before he had finished his Sermon. There had been an ancient custom, recognized in the deed of Consecration of our present Church, for the inhabitants to attend and take.the Sacrament at the Parish Church of Huddersfield, on Easter Sunday ; and the Incumbent of Slaithwaite generally preached there, and the Vicar came to Slaithwaite, as all could neither go nor find accommodation. Mr. Wilson was used to be Jong : but being very energetic was tolerated ; but one Easter Sunday, Mr. Walter preached so long that the bells were going for afternoon service as the Communicants left ; and the Churchwardens had gone to their dinner and returned. This however broke the custom, and_,ever since, each Minister has preached at his own Church on Easter Sunday ; but the Incum. bent of Slaithwaite has generally preached one of a course of Lent Sermons, on a Week-day ; and the Sermon to the children on Whit-Monday, at the Parish Church, was also preached in rotation by the nine Incumbents of the Old Parish of Huddersfield, until of late years. The present Incumbent preached

Page 152

142 SLAPTHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

in his turn in 1843 and 1852, and the Vicars have © frequently preached at Slaithwaite on Palm Sunday for the Schools. | Mr. Walter was twice married. His first wife died at Madeley in 1797 ; his second wife was a pious young person from the same neighbourhood, well known to my family, by whom he had two daughters, and I recollect that she visited my parents after Mr. Walter’s death, with one of her daughters, Sarah Ann, to whom my Uncle and Aunt (Samuel and Ann Hulbert) were God-parents. Mr. Walter was not happy in his eldest son, who was a printer and bookseller at Ironbridge, and being unsuccessful in business, involved his father also in losses. He died recently in humble circum- stances; having been aided by that excellent Society, the West-Riding Charity for the Clergy’s Widows and families, of which I was then a Steward. _ Mr. Walter’s habit of taking a large number of cups of tea is well known. I recollect well, when a _boy, being struck with this, when Mr. Walter would occasionally arrive at my father’s house at Shrewsbury, after a walk of eleven miles before breakfast. This innocent peculiarity made him, however, no less a welcome guest. He was also an active distributor of Tracts ; and once, at a time of much excitement, (about 1817) a late venerable Lady, who saw him thus.engaged in the Market Place, in Huddersfield, told me that she took him for a seditious person, disseminating treason, and said he ought to be taken up, when she was told that it was only Mr. Walter, of Slaithwaite, distri-

Page 153

REV. SAMUEL WALTER. 143

buting his godly books! This Lady, who delighted to tell the story, was the wife of the late James Brook, Esq., of Meltham and Thornton Lodge. Mr. Walter’s care for the children was shewn in his provision, at his own expense, of about seventy additional sittings at the West end of the Church, for -the use of the Sunday Scholars, and now forming part of the Antechapel. As there was at the time of my coming here no Memento of the second Mrs. Walter, who was buried — in the same vault with her husband, outside the North East door of the Church, I had the pleasure of adding her name and date of decease ; (from the information of the late Mr. Samuel Sykes, Churchwarden, who also lies near them, as does the Rev. Thomas Jackson) with two lines of verse composed for the purpose. The following is a copy of the Inscription : Sacred to the Memory of the. REV. SAMUEL WALTER, A.M., Of St. Edmund’s Hall, Oxford, Twenty-three years Curate of Madeley, Shropshire, And nearly eight years Minister of this Chapel, Who fell asleep in Jesus, June 7th, 1828, Aged 59 years. Also of Ann, second wife of — The above Rev. 8. Walter, Who died at Liverpool, June 5th, 1824, Aged 49 years. Here rests their flesh in hope divine ; Pause, Reader, Search— What hope is thine ?

Page 154

144 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

A similar Record of Mr. Walter appears on the _ tombstone over his first wife in Madeley Churchyard, to which I paid a visit in August 8rd, 1855, and copied the

In Memory of Sarah Walter, Wife of the Rev: Saviuel: Walter, Curate of this Parish, Who departed ‘this life, March 24th, 1797, aged 83 She walked humbly with God in life, and after a long and painful affliction, in which her mind was kept in peaceful confidence, fell asleep in Jesus, ‘and is no reaping the fruits of her temporal sufferings in the enjoyment of an eternal weight of glory.

wD Tux Rrv. THomas Jacgson. Of this respeeted gentleman no printed account exists, as far as-I am aware. But I have ascertained that he was originally in business, and in connection — with the Wesleyan body, among whom he was a preacher; but was ordained and became Curate of Huddersfield, ‘under the Rev. John Coates, Vicar, in 1817, by whom, on the decease of Mr. Walter, June 7th, 1823, he. was appointed to the incumbency of this Chapelry, on the 20th of the same month. During: the early part of his Ministry here, he was active and attentive to his duties ; and at all times earnest and faithful. He was a sound practical preacher; chiefly of written Sermons; he did not excel in extemporary composition, although he sometimes attempted it. His views were evangelical, and judging from the Selection of Hymns which he compiled for the use of the Church, had become moderately Calvinistic.

Page 155

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 145

The Selection, which is still retained in use, was ‘intended as supplementary to the Old version of Sternhold and Hepkins, which, with Dr. Watts’s Psalms and Hymns, had been formerly adopted. An old folio Common Prayer Book in my possession has passages of the Psalms selected and marked for use by Mr. Chew. Mr. Jackson’s collection consists of a selection from Watts; with several of the most popular hymns by Addison, Wesley, Cowper, and Newton. The preface contains an extract from the “Injunctions of Queen Elizabeth,” permitting the use of Metrical hymns; and Mr. Jackson adds the devout prayer, “ May the Great Head of the Church vouchsafe his blessing with this Selection, and enable those who shall use it, to sing with the spirit and with the understanding also,’’ and may they be prepared by his grace to unite with the Heavenly choir in ascribing ‘“‘ Honour and glory and power unto Him that sitteth upon the Throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.” The selection is very limited, and more remarkable for spirituality of sentiment than poetry. It underwent three editions in Mr. Jackson’s time; and has been thrice printed since, with supple- mentary hymns and poems; but is still felt to be inadequate to the wants of the congregation. I believe there were some serious misunderstandings between Mr. Jackson and the Organist, Mr. Schofield, which nearly led to an Ecclesiastical law suit: Mr. Jackson was probably desirous of more simplicity of worship than the musical taste of the country tends N

Page 156

146 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH: ANNALS.

to promote. It is certain that such feuds were very common in Parishes in former years: more mutual toleration has now probably been arrived at, but true congregational singing is still very defective or rare. Mr. Jackson was about thirty-four years of age when he became Minister of Slaithwaite; and he married Sophia, daughter of John Halliley, Esq., of Dewsbury, and sister of Mrs. Buckworth, wife of the Vicar of that Parish, before-named. Mrs. Jackson, their son, and five daughters, still survive him. Mr. Jackson enjoyed a good income from private sources. Whilst Curate of Huddersfield, he engaged in tuition, but was now enabled to give himself entirely to the work of the Ministry, except the education of his own family; a primary duty, which no Clergyman may safely neglect, if -he has not means or opportunity of deferring it to others: since the example of his family, above all, tends to support or defeat his ministerial success. Mr. Jackson’s health however failed him about five or six years before his death ; and becoming much confined to the house, he engaged the services of successive Curates; who were faithful men, but with very small stipends, as there was then no Society to aid in that respect. Mr. Jackson, however, in 1838, made application to the Additional Curates’ Society, who could not then entertain the application. I had, however, most unexpectedly, the benefit of this appli- cation, of which I was ignorant, six years afterwards, by an offer on the part of the Committee, who had reserved the case on their books, to meet any local

Page 157

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 147

contribution for an additional Iabourer. The Chapelry has, since 1844, enjoyed a grant of eighty Pounds per annum towards that purpose. Mr. Jackson successively engaged the services, as Curate, of the Rev. Thomas Simpson, from December 1833 to September 1834. Mr. Simpson became Vicar of Pannalt, (the Parish Church of Low Harrogate) in 1835, which he retained until 1862, and is still living. The Rey. Thomas Radcliffe, B.A., from Oct. 1834 till July 1837. He died at Oldham shortly afterwards. The Rev. George Saunders Elwin, B,A., succeeded Mr. Radcliffe in August 1837, and remained. until very near the death of Mr. Jackson in 1839. During which time he married, and had a son born, in the house at Lingards-—built and formerly occupied by Mr. Murgatroyd; and this son is now an ordained Minister also of the Church of England. The father is Rector of Hawkinge, near Folkstone, Kent ; a living deservedly bestowed by the late Archbishop Sumner. Mr. Elwin not being able, through ill-health, to com- plete the two years for which he had engaged, provided the services of the Rev. Edward Leigh, M.A., whom I found engaged in the duties upon my appointment, June 7th, 1839, and he continued until I came into residence in September following. I find in the intervals the names of the Rev. J.C. Franks, Vicar of Hudders- field, G. Ashworth, R. Willan, S. Hopkins, R. Younger, N. Padwick, and J. Butterfield, as occasionally and kindly rendering their assistance as “ Officiating Ministers.” |

Page 158

148 SLAITHWAITH CHURCH ANNALS,

Mr. Jackson had not received a University education in the usual way, but became what is called a “Ten years’ Man ;” and after two or three terms-of actual residence at Queen’s College, Cambridge, took the degree of Bachelor of Divinity in July 1837, the’same day on which I took that of Master of Arts. He was pointed out to me in the Senate House on that occa- _ sion, by the Rev. Charles Musgrave, Vicar of Halifax, who also received his degree of Doctor of Divinity at the same commencement. It was the only time that [ ever saw Mr. Jackson ; and little thought than in less than two years I should become his successor, not without some recommendation from the same Dr. Musgrave, our good Archdeacon, who has ever been so ready to assist and counsel me in all my labours. Mr. Jackson was in person good looking, tall, and be stout; in his: habits somewhat reserved and retired ; did not undertake any services or lectures beyond the ordinary duties, but was much respected by all who knew him. During his time several changes took place which did not tend to increase the congre- gation, The Churches of Linthwaite ard Golcar were opened in 1828 and 1829; and immediately abstracted many of the best supporters of Slaithwaite Church, on either side of Valley; and there was no corresponding increase of population within the remain- ing townships of Slaithwaite and Lingards. The Ministers appvuinted to these Churches, by the Revs. J. C. Franks, and Lewis Jones, Vicars of Huddersfield and Almondbury, were pious and zealous men. At

Page 159

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 149

Golcar, Messrs. Holt, Grange, and Butler, officiated successively for the first six or seven years. In March 1835, my lamented brother-in-law, the Rev. James Lacy, B.A., of St. John’s College, Oxford, was ap- pointed: a young man of much promise, but who remained less than a year, having taken a fatal cold, whilst attending his candidates for confirmation to Huddersfield in the following autumn. He returned to his widowed mother’s house, at Islington, near London, where I was at that time Curate, and died there September 10th, 1836, aged twenty-four years. The. memory of this devoted young Minister is still cherished in Golear ; and short as was his Ministry, it was not without important consequences in the conversion of souls. I cannot but gratefully trace my connection with this place to a visit paid to him whilst he was resident at Golcar, in anticipation of the still tenderer connection with which you are all acquainted. Mr. Lacy was succéeded by the Rev. James Edward Downing, B.A., of Catherine Hall, Cambridge, who, after labouring with much success for tweuty-six years, met with so melancholy an end on Christmas day, 1862. Reverting to the Sunday School, I find Mr. Jackson recording in 1824, in a Minute Book, that “‘ The Right Hon. William, Earl of Dartmouth, was instrumental in introducing the Lancasterian mode of education into the Sunday School at Slaithwaite, before the National Society existed; but it was his object that the machinery only should be adopted. The National system of

Page 160

150 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

instructing the children of the poor, in the principles of the Established Church, being more congenial with his Lordship’s views, he now signified his wishes on that subject to the present Incumbent, and his agent here, Mr. Timothy Armitage; and to Mr. George Mellor, the Master; expressing his Lordship’s feeling, “ That it was very important that the School should be in connection with the National Society, and under the superintendence of the Incumbent of Slaithwaite.” With reference to this suggestion, it is right to observe that his Lordship and his noble son and successor, have, for above fifty years, contributed Twelve Pounds per annum as a salary to the Sunday School Master. The Sunday School was accordingly formally united with the National Society, and has continued so unto this day. The system pursued was however that of which is now gererally abandoned in Sunday Schools; and that of voluntary teachers was resumed in 1839. The number of children in the School was about 150. There was, however, hitherto no Week-day School, except the Free School, which was in a very low state under Mr. Hargreaves, when, in 1835, Mr. Jackson commenced on his own responsibility the National ‘Week-day School, in the large but low vestry under the Church. He engaged the services of Mr. John Mellor, a native of the district, and nephew of Mr. George Mellor who has been already mentioned; and who has continued to fill the office, in the vestry until 1841, and subsequently, on the opening of this School-

Page 161

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 151

room, within these walls; with how much credit and success, I need not now describe. But I consider the commencement of this day School by far the most important Monument of Mr. Jackson’s Ministry. Mr. Jackson watched over the public-houses with much strictness; and he checked immorality by pre- senting to the Archdeacon at the visitations, several persons, who were living in open sin. The consequence of which was that all who could lawfully do so, married. In this he was zealously supported by the late Mr. Samuel Sykes, Churchwarden, and at whose instance Tables of the Creed, Lord’s Prayer, and Command- ments, were set up in the Chancel. The Communion Service, which had previously been read in the Reading Desk, was now solemnized in the Chancel; which, however, was then very narrow and inconvenient, being & mere abutment from the East Wall. Previous to the year 1824, the village of Slaithwaite was much more secluded than at present. The old turn- pike road, from Huddersfield to Manchester, ran over Linthwaite and Lingards, by Blackmoor Foot and Holthead to Marsden; a road said. to have been con- structed by blind Jack of Knaresborough; leaving Slaithwaite in the valley below. But, about forty years ago the new turnpike road was formed, which passed very near the village, and created almost a new hamlet on the “ Roadside.” Ten Coaches ran back- wards and forwards daily, including the Mail, until the formation of Railways; that passing above our vil- lage on the opposite side was not opened before 1849.

Page 162

152 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

The Public Baths were commenced by Mr. Richard - Varley in 1824, among other improvements: and an attempt was made to secure a good education for the inhabitants by the erection of a handsome building in Lingards, known now as School Terrace, but which was commenced on the proprietary principle by shares, as the “‘Slaithwaite and Lingards Grammar Tt succeeded very well for several years, under the Rev. John Butterfield, who had at one time twenty-four Boarders ; but ultimately failed, and the other shares being disposed of to the Earl of Dartmouth—who had taken an interest in the undertaking; the building converted, in 1888, into private houses, of a neat character. These premises I have held since 1842, at a favourable rent, for the residence of the National Schoolmaster, and the benefit of the School. An attempt was also made by Mr. Jackson to establish a Sunday School at Cophill, on what is called the Holm side of Slaithwaite; indicating his sense of the necessities of that part of the Chapelry, in which two National Schools have since been erected —Upper ard West Slaithwaite. But he met with little success . and much opposition, even insult; owing to the prevalence of dissent in that neighbourhood. But, on his withdrawal, there resulted the formation of .a Sunday School at “ Bank which still exists; professedly conducted upon the principle of “No particular form of Religion ;’ but actually carried on by the Particular Baptists of the Secession party. In making these records of facts, which I cannot but

Page 163

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. | 153

deplore, in their tendency to separate and divide Christ’s Church, I must he understood to bear testi- mony to the individual piety of many members of dissenting communities; and my joy in any real good which they may effect. . The Church at Linthwaite has been less successful than that at Golcar; but the first Minister, the Rev. Nicholas Padwick, was a most laborious and Evangelical Pastor. He not only laboured in the pulpit and from house to house, but he also published various Tracts, and a periodical of an interesting character, entitled “The Christian Monitor.” Mr. Padwick was compelled to resign his charge in 1837, by the failure of his wifo’s health, and the small amount at that time de- rivable from the benefice. He became Incumbent of Milnthorpe in Westmorland, and died November 30th, 1860. He was succeeded hy the Rev. John L. Figgins, at present Incumbent of St. Clement’s, Manchester, a person of high Calvinistic views ; and who was followed in 1839 by the eccentric and well known Joseph Wolf, D.D., who continued until 1840 or 1841, at Linth- waite, with his devoted but scarcely less eccentric . wife, Lady Georgiana, daughter of the Earl of Orford. He was scarcely suited for a fixed charge. Dr. Wolff became Rector of Isle Brewers, Somerset, and has recently died, having survived his Lady a few years. He had adopted very high Church views, dwelt much on prophetical subjects, and was seldom at home. During the whole of Mr. Jackson’s Incumbency he was supported by many of the most faithful of those who

Page 164

154 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

had been brought to the Lord by the Ministry of his venerable predecessors. But many had.been drawn away, legitimately by the new Churches; and less . justifiably by various forms of dissent. The Wesleyan body had increased; and in 1839, built a Chapel, by the aid of their “ Centenary Fund ;” promoted by Mr. John Dyson, of Huddersfield, before-mentioned. It was in progress when I began my residence in Slaith- waite. Among those venerable men, who continued firm to the Church, must be placed foremost the names- of William Bamforth, Samuel Wood, and John Varley.. Me. Bamrorts, of Lowerwood, Lingards, was a comparatively poor man in this world’s wealth ; but was rich in faith. He nevertheless contributed . more to the permanent benefit of the place than many, wealthier persons. He was a weaver by trade, and made his own pieces for Huddersfield Market. He lived in a small house, still occupied by his Nephew, Mr. James Bamforth ; he saved a little money, of which he devoted a large portion to the Lord. He was much attached to the Church service, and very regular in his attendance. On one occasion, when there was no service, owing to the sickness of the Minister, he went into his ‘“ Closet’’ or pew, and read the whole service to himself very devoutly, being deeply impressed with the solemnity of God's house, and the nearness of the Lord, to all those who draw nigh to him there. His character for simplicity, sincerity, and piety, was such that the greatest scoffers and opponents of true religion admitted that, it ever there was a true Christian, it

Page 165

WILLIAM BAMFORTH.’ 185

was William Bamforth! He was very early impressed under Mr. Wilson’s Ministry, and continued faithful under all his successors until his death, December 28rd, 1838, aged 87 years. He was a warm supporter of the Sunday School, and of the Church Missionary and British and Foreign Bible Societies. He was a collector for the Missions, for many years, long before the separation of Golcar -Linthwaite from Slaithwaite. At the Annual Meet- ings he would sometimes address a few solemn and impressive words; which, delivered by one of 80 venerable an appearance, with fine white locks flowing down his shoulders, produced a deep impression. I have heard the Rev. Hugh Stowell relate that, on one occasion, when the late Benjamin Haigh Allen, Esq., of Huddersfield, was in the chair, Mr. Bamforth ob- served “The Lord blessed the house of Obed Edom, because of the Ark of the Lord which abode there. Now—pointing to some Missionary boxes on the table —take these into your houses and the Lord will bless you for their sake.” At his death he bequeathed fifty pounds to the Chureh Missionary, and a likesum to the Bible Society. It has already been mentioned that Mr. Wilson had erected the house in which I dwell; on a lease for fifty years from the then Earl of Dartmouth, at a ground rent of one pound annually. Mr. Wilson, in his will, bequeathed the house to “the succeeding Incumbent ’’—and of the thirty years then unexpired, Mr. Chew his immediate successor, occupied ©

Page 166

156 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS. °

it for about seven freely, except the above ground rent. But, on his resignation, the remainder of the lease was claimed by Mr. Wilson’s nephew and resi- duary legatee, owing to a defect in the expression of the will. To save it from being alienated from the use for which it was intended, Mr. William Bamforth, in the time of Mr. Walter, purchased the remain- ing term, about twenty-two years, for three hundred pounds, which were due to him from the claimant; and sinking the principal, received a rent of sixteen pounds; being five per cent interest and the ground rent, from Mr. Walter and Mr. Jackson successively, until his death, about a month before Candlemas 1839; when the lease expired, and the house became the property of the Earl of Dartmouth. Mr. Jackson rented it until his decease May 11th; rather more than three months. Thus, the owner, the occupier, and the lease itself expired within a very few weeks. And this—thirty years after Mr. Wilson’s death, and fifty after the erection of the Church and Minister’s house,—may be said to be an era in the “ Annals . of the Church in Slaithwaite.” Mr. Bamforth’s last words—those of dying Jacob, —“T have waited for thy salvation, O Lord,’’ were the text on which his funeral sermon was preached ; and they are inscribed on his tomb within the old Chapel walls. Mr. Bamforth made no provision respecting the house in his will; knowing that the lease was drawing to a close; but, as some dissatisfaction has been

Page 167

WILLIAM BAMFORTH. 157

expressed by his representatives, it is right to state that it has been reserved by the noble owners for its original purpose, without any benefit to themselves. In 1839, 1847, and in 1859, it was enlarged and improved, at their expense chiefly, and without any additional rent being charged. Indeed the rent is only nominal, as it is returned by his Lordship in another form, as well as the surplus value of the cottage houses, in Back Lane, now Church Street, which formed the Minister’s old house; and which, with the garden, were surrendered on my entering on the living. Thus then the pious designs of Mr. Wilson and Mr. Bamforth have not been eventually defeated ; but for seventy-five years, the conveniently situated house has been practically and popularly “the Parsonage,”’ though not legally attached to the living; and is licensed as such by the Bishop. The many beneficial changes, now in progress relative to Church property, may possibly in time remedy this anomaly. Meanwhile I rest securely under the patronage of the noble owner of the house, though not of the living. Mr. SaMveL Woop, of Slaithwaite, was another zealous and devoted Churchman. He was one of the original Trustees of the Church ; be acted as Treasurer during its building, and advanced the money until the Subscriptions, or rather purchase money, as they were deemed, for freehold pews, came in. I see his name attached to all documents relative to the Church or Sunday Schools. He was also Treasurer of the Free

School; and when a barn, belonging to it, was burnt O

Page 168

158 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

down, provided the money and received it by istal- ments from the Master. He diligently attended Church, and visited the Sunday School. He also took an active part in the purchase of the Organ, and in all other matters in which the spiritual and temporal interests of the Church were concerned. Mr. Walter spent many of his evenings in his company; and his descendants have always been among our best sup- porters. Mr. Wood died Nov. 22nd, 1838, aged 84 years. | Mr. Joun Lawson Vartey, of Lingards, was another of the original Trustees of the Church; and took a lively interest in its erection, and in other works of public interest. He died Jan. 24th, 1829, aged 72 years. His Sons inherited these qualities, two of whom, Richard and John, as may be hereafter shewn, died in the faith; and his family still continue to be a main support. Mr. James Roperts, of Broad Oak, Linthwaite, had been a very useful man, in the interest of the Church and Minister, until the erection of Linthwaite Church, for which he gave the site, in 1828. But the three before-named—Messrs. Bamforth, Wood, and Varley, were like David’s three mighty men. There were many others; “ Howbeit they attained not unto the first three.” 2 Sam. XXITI. 19. Among the devout attendants, until the opening of Golcar Church, were John Ramsden, James Hall, and Joseph Wood, of Golcar. James and Thomas Sykes, of Linthwaite Hall, with Samuel Cotton, were Members

Page 169

JAMES SYKES. . 159

of the Moravian Church, but attended at Slaithwaite, except when they walked over to Fulneck, to the services and communion of the United Brethren. Mr. James Sykes was born in 1760, and died in 1842, A man of very simple manners, but deep and Evangelical piety. He continued in single life ; and for forty years before his death, resigned the farm to his younger and married brother, that he might devote himself, without care, to God; and, as he once said to me, remained “A lad at home’’ until his decease. The Moravians came over once a month, and held a Service in the old Hall, as long as any of the family remained there; which was until the death of Mr. Thomas Sykes and his widow, about 1847. Mr. Robert Sykes, their son, also a Moravian, has recently deceased. In their latter years, when these venerable persons were unable to go to Fulneck, they gladly communicated at Slaithwaite Church: and lie in the Old Burial Ground. With these, and many other good men, the Church at Slaithwaite was adorned, in the days of Mr. Jackson ; some of them vestiges of the labours of those more eminent, but not more earnest divines, who have been described in previous Lectures. The boundaries of our Zion were however rather narrowed than extended during the thirty years which elapsed after Mr. Wilson’s death. Still there were some good young persons rising up, who formed the first band of Sunday School Teachers, when it was reconstructed, upon my appointment in 1839. The District Visiting Society,

Page 170

160 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

commenced also in 1840, was organized with about thirty pious men, venerable for character as well as years ; nearly all of whom now “rest from their labours and their works do follow them.” We look back with veneration on their memory ; we cherish their graves ; but do we follow their faith and patience? Let me in the language of Moses, (Deut. XXXII. 7.) say “Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations; ask thy father and he will shew thee ; thy elders and they will tell thee.” During Mr. Jackson’s Incumbency the Second visit of a modern Bishop to Slaithwaite took place ; on the occasion of the first Confirmation held in the Church by Dr. Longley, first Bishop of Ripon, August 17th, 1838; when 122 Candidates were admitted to that sacred rite, viz. 16 from Golcar, 52 Marsden, 21 Meltham, 10 Scammonden or Deanhead, and 23 Slaithwaite ; there were none from Linthwaite, which was undergoing a change of Minister. Mr. Jackson was afflicted with a disease of the heart, which terminated suddenly at Manchester, May 11th, 1839, but he was brought hither and buried in a vault beside Mr. Walter, at the North East door of the Church; and I rarely cross their graves, to enter the sacred inclosure, without the solemn sense of my own mortality. On the gravestone, the following text is added: “ God is my record how greatly I have longed after you all in the bowels of Jesus Chrisf’—Phil. I. 8. The following is the inscription on the Monument in

Page 171

REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 161

the Chancel, on a shield, surmounted by a cross. It is said to have been composed by the Rev. Wyndham Madden, M,A., then Incumbent of Woodhouse, near Huddersfield, who preached Mr. Jackson’s funeral Sermon, and is now Rector of Berghapton, Norfolk.

Sacred to the Memory of THE REV. THOMAS JACKSON, B.D., Of Queen’s College, Cambridge, Six years Curate of the Parish Church Of Huddersfield, And sixteen years the Minister of this Church. The cross of Christ was that in which alone He gloried ; the precious truths of the Gospel He fervently, faithfully and affectionately | Preached. Its holy precepts he exemplified in His life and conduct ; and its rich consolations He realized in the solemn prospect of eternity. He departed this life May 11th, 1839, Aged 50 years, And lies interred near this Chancel. This Monument is erected by his Affectionate widow.

I thus close my Lectures, beloved brethren, on the Religious History of Slaithwaite, until the time of my appointment, June 7th, 1839, on the nomination of the Rev. James Clark Franks, M.A., Vicar of Hud- dersfield, and formerly Chaplain of Trinity College, Cambridge. It would not be becoming in me to dwell at any length on my own Ministry among you, my

Page 172

162 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

dear people ; and I must refer you to the two Decennial Reports, which I have published, for a continuation of our Ecclesiastical History. I can only hope that I have continued the same testimony which has been borne by so many of my revered predecessors in the Ministry ; and that I have fulfilled the purpose expressed in my first Sermon— determined not to know anything among you save Jesus Christ and him crucified.”’ I shall, nevertheless, hope to collect some Memorials of those who, in my time, have departed this life in the faith and fear of God; and as many, who from distance and other circumstances, have not been able to attend these Lectures, have nevertheless expressed great interest in them, I propose to print them in a cheap and conve- nient form, if sufficient encouragement be received, that they may remain for future generations. Devoutly praying that my own infirmities and shortcomings in this and every other work, may be forgiven by Him, Whose I am, and Whom I desire to serve; and that my humble but earnest endeavours may be accepted in love by you all—for His sake, “ Who hath loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings, and priests unto God and his Father: to Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” Slaithwaite, May 21st, 1863.

Page 173

APPENDIX No. V.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF LECTURE VY.

CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

I beg to correct an error in page 113, as to the date of the first Sermon for this Society at Slaithwaite, it was 1804 not 1803, as appears from a printed statement, published by the Huddersfield Association in 1863, being its Jubilee year. ‘‘In 1804, Ten Pounds were also remitted from Slaithwaite, the produce of a Sermon”—‘“‘ And in 1814, were remitted £12 6s. 2d., from Slaith- waite in was on the occasion of the formation of the Branch Association, which still exists, and remitted, in 1863, its fiftieth year, £25. I have been favoured with the following list of Preachers ; which I owe to the kindness and research of the Rev. George Hough, Incumbent of South Crosland, who has held that Incum- bency ever since its formation in 1828. I regret that I cannot complete the list to the present time, but it includes some eminent divines, —

1804—Rev. Thomas Wilson, Collection...... £10 1815— ,, Charles Chew, 99 tee ee 6 1816— ,, Legh Richmond 99 teens 20 3 4 1817— ,, John Buckworth, ,, _...... 10 16 1818— ,, William Robinson, ,, __..... 8 6 6 1819— ,, Legh Richmond, ,, _....... 9 5 1820— ,, H. Davies, 99 te ees 6 5 1821— ,, Robert Cox, 19 ewes 410 6 1822— ,, Joseph Jowett, 99 ee ees 513 6 1823— ,, Edward Bickersteth ,, ...... 7 1 8 1824— ,, H.J. Maddock, er 10 6 6 1825— ,, C. Neville, 99 810 1826— ,, Hugh Stowell 99 twee 8 1 1

Among the early Collectors and Subscribers, are the names of Rev. S. Walter, E. Parkin, and T. Jackson ; Messrs. Wm. Bam- forth, James Roberts, John Roberts, Samuel Wood, Joseph Wood, John Eastwood, Miss Hicks, Mrs. Walter, Mrs. Jackson, Miss Ann Roberts, &c. &c. Mr. Walter died with the announce- ment of Mr. Bickersteth’s Sermon lying on his breast. Our present eloquent Diocesan, is nephew of Mr. B. and preached our Mis- sionary Sermons to very large congregations in 1858 and 1860.

Page 174

164 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

REV. JOHN COATES.

NoTE TO THE FUNERAL SERMON BY THE Rev. H. J. MADDOCE.

The Rev John Coates, A.M., late Fellow of Catherine Hall, Cambridge. He came to Huddersfield as Curate to the Rev. John Lowe, April 1785, and was instituted to the Vicarage in November 1791, on the presentation of Sir John Ramsden. During the thirty-two years’ time he held the Vicarage of Hud- dersfield, he nominateg to the Chapel of Ieanhead, the Rev. Mr. Ramsden and the Rev. Mr. Younger ; to Slaithwaite, the Rev. C. Chew, the Rev. S. Walter, and the Rev. Thomas Jackson ; to Longwood, the Rev. Mr. Hadwen, the Rev. Wm. Robinson, and his Son, the Rev. John Coates, He died on Sunday, July 6th, 1823, and was buried in the Chancel, north-side of the Communion Table, with every mark of respect and regret. The Sunday following, a Funeral Sermon was preached at the Parish Church, by the Rev. S. Knight, Vicar of Halifax, from Psalm xii. 1, to acrowded and weeping audience.

REV. WILLIAM ROBINSON.

From the same Sermon, I derive the following account : The Rev. William Robinson, A.B., Perpetual Curate of Long- wood, near Huddersfield, and Master of the Free School in that place, who died suddenly in the night of September 6th, 1822. He was born at Cambridge in the year 1762: entered at Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he took his Bachelor’s Degree and served the curacies of Weatherthorp on the Wolds, in this county; of Reading, uuder the late Hon. and Rev. William Cadogan ; and of Huddersfield, where he laboured with much success and usefulness for six years with the Rev. John Coates, by whom he was presented to the Chapelry of Longwood. To do good and to advance the interests of religion, were the grand objects of his life; and to which he made everything else sub- servient : he took great delight in visiting the poor, and contri- buting to their necessities often beyond the extent of his means. His piety was ardent, and his disposition affectionate ; his attain- ments in learning were various and respectable, and his attachment to literature was remarkable to the last ; and he always regretted that he had not more time to devote tu pursuits from which he derived great solace and delight; but above all, the adorable name - of the Saviour might be said to be ‘‘his theme, his inspiration and his song ;” in comparison of this, he with the Apostle, accounted all things but loss. The universal sorrow that was shewn, and the tears that were shed at his death by a congregation that had long loved, respected, and admired him, were a just and sincere tribute to his various excellencies, and exalted virtues.” Mr. Robinson was the contemporary and friend of Messrs. Wilson, Chew, and Walter.

Page 175

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 165

REV. THOMAS JACKSON.

Since delivering the above Lecture, and while these sheets are in the press, I have received a letter from Mrs. Jackson, who is now residing at Southport, in which, in answer to my inquiries, she says, ‘‘My husband was born at Sheffield, March 31st, )789,.” She laments her inability from bodily indisposition to write much, but says, ‘‘ Were you sitting by me, and we were conversing together respecting my dear husband’s labours, I could say much of both what he did and what he bore ; but this I believe, from his first entering upon the important sphere to the very close of his life, it was his most anxious concern to bring glory to God, in the conversion of souls, and in the edifying and building up of his dear children in their most holy faith. It was truly his desire to spend a.d be spent in the blessed service of his Lord and Master. During the first ten years of his Ministry being quite alone, without any assistant Curate, he had indeed to labour hard, especially in pastoral visiting : the places lying so far apart from each other, as you well know, it was often almost too much for him, and when during the last four or five years of his life he had a Curate, no help was granted him though it was applied for, to enable him to bear the expense of the same On first going vo Slaithwaite he found much to contend with: though his predecessor was a good man and a faithful gospel Minister, he had been very lax in the discipline of the Church, which made it most difficult for my husband to have all things done ‘decently and in order.” Here 1 could particularise, but must omit the same ; as it might not be to the point. For some years writing had been taught in the Sunday School, and this, to which of course, he was exceedingly opposed, he resolved to-put down, and at last succeeded. I think I named to you that he had a weekly Meeting in our house for exposition of God’s Word with singing and prayer. It was tirst held in the kitchen, but, as the number increased, we removed into the largest room above ; and I do trust we often felt that it was good to be there, and that Jesus himself drew near, and revealed his love to our souls. And in the pulpit he was often enabled to preach with much fervor, not coming with excellency of speech, &c., but with the Apostle’s determination ‘not to know anything among them save Jesus Christ and him crucified.” I do trust and believe that, though there was much to discourage, my dear husband’s Ministry was owned and blessed of God, and not a few, I hope. were refreshed and strengthened in running the race set before them. Dear old Mr. (or rather William as he used to be called) Bamforth greatly esteemed his privileges, and often has he conversed, for a considerable time, on those precious truths which were continually brought before them. Now, we trust, they unite in singing that new song of ‘‘ Worthy is the Lamb that was slain.”

Page 176

166 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Often did my dear husband, towards the last, go into the pulpit panting for breath ; indeed he was more fit for bed than to preach, but it was of no avail, I could not prevail upon him to desist.”

ST. JOHN’S CHURCH, GOLCAR.

The following are the dates of the several Incumbents, taken from the Registers : The Rev. T. B. Holt, jirst Burial, Nov. 12, 1829.

” R. __ie+, April, 1831. » P. E Butler, ” May 14, 1834. ” James Lacy, ” April 24, 1836. ” J. EK. Downing, ” Augt. 1, 1836.

” Wm. Barker, ” April 5, 1863. Mr. Butler leaving Yorkshire afterwards withdrew from the Ministry of the Church, |

LINTHWAITE HALL.

This Ancient Elizabethan Residence belongs to Sir Joseph Radcliffe, Bart. Captain Thornton lived there in Cromwell’s time, and beat up for recruits on behalf of the Parliament, at Pighill, in Slaithwaite, when the Chapel ‘‘ loosed” on Sunday Even- ing. From Mr Meeke’s Diary it would appear that his Brother-in- law, Mr. Brooksbank, lived at Linthwaite Hall about 1695 ; and that the Rev. Mr Broom, Minister of Meltham, lodged there, and rode over to his duties. The Sykes family occupied it for four generations, from 1729 to 1847. The grandfather of the genera- tion referred to in the Lecture, came to Linthwaite Hall from Flathouse in that Township, when he was 22 years of age. I was indebted for this information to the late Samuel Sykes, of Hollywell, Slaithwaite.

CLERICAL SCHOLARS OF SLAITHWAITE FREE SCHOOL. Among these Iam happy to mention the Rev. J aMES QUARMBY,& native of Binns in Linthwaite, who was educated under Mr. John Boulton, the Rev. Walter Smith, and Mr. William Varley. He was baptized by Mr. Wilson; and became Curate of Mablethorpe, in Lincolnshire, where he laboured for 23 years, and died there May 15th, 1843. I had the pleasure of his correspondence for several years before his death, and he bore strong testimony to the excellency of Mr. Wilson’s Ministry. He left two sons, Clergymen and Graduates of Oxford. He was very kind to his aged brother, Mr. Joseph Quarmby, who was the last of the family who had occupied the farm at Binns for a century, until 1844, and from a certain dignity of manner, bore the bye-name of ‘“‘ Lord Grey.” The Rev. DRANSFIELD was born June 8th, 1799, the son of Joshua and Betty Dransfield, of Blakestones in Slaithwaite, was a pupil under Mr. Hargreaves, at the Free School ;—after-

Page 177

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 167

wards a private pupil of the Rev. S. Walter. He read with the Rev. Mr. Rogers, Evening Lecturer in Wakefield Church previous to his ordination by the Archbishop of York as Curate of Uantley, near Doncaster He was then in his 26th year. Three years afterwards he became Curate of Doncaster, under the Rev. Dr. Sharp, Vicar, and remained there three years, and finally settled at Wadsworth, where he died November 7th, 1834. He married, whilst at Cantley, Elizabeth, daughter of William Sheardown, Esq., of Doncaster ; by whom he had one daughter, still living with her pious mother in that town. Mr. Dransfield published a Sermon on a particular occasion. His sentiments were Evan- gelical; he was a good preacher, and frequently occupied the pulpit in Slaithwaite Church during the Incumbency of Mr. Jack- son. He was offered an endowed School, on condition of giving up a pastoral charge, but this he considered would not have been in his line of duty. His end was peace. In a conversation with a Clergyman, he said ‘‘ Freach Christ : none but Christ will do.” Mr. Joseph Dransfield, Uncle of the foregoing, was also a Scholar of Slaithwaite School, and being adopted by the Elland Society, at the recommendation of Mr. Wilson, became a Member of the University of Cambridge, where he was a friend of the Rev. Samuel Knight, afterwards Vicar of Halifax ; but died in the last year of his undergraduateship, 12th September, 1784, aged 23 years, and is buried in the Old Burial Croft. I was indebted for the above information chiefly to the late Mr. John Dransfield, brother of the Kev. James Dransfield. He was Churchwarden of Slaithwaite for seven years in my time; a mild and amiable man. He was also Trustee of the Free Schcol. The Curates of Slaithwaite have generally lodged at Blakestones, since 1844, with him and his respected widow; and he always rendered willing service in all my undertakings. He was buried August 20th, 1858, aged 66 years; leaving two daughters, now in Australia.

SUNDAY SCHOOLS.

- Since the delivery of these Lectures I have found the following Memorandum in Mr. Murgatroyd’s Journal for 1786, April 28. ‘*Sunday School was begun in the School the 9th inst.” I resume the Cottage Schools preceded this. Mr. Murgatroyd resigned the School January 1786. Among the Commissioners appointed in 1788 to Report on the state of Slaithwaite Chapel, previous to its being taken down, I find the name of ‘‘ William Whitacre.” He was uncle of John Whitacre, Esq., of Woodhouse ; and was the first person who introduced Sunday Schools into this neighbourhood.—The second person in England. He opened Schools at Meltham and else- where, aud probably was the means of the above early effort at Slaithwaite.

Page 178

168 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

EXTRACTS FROM THE CHAPELWARDEN’S BOOKS, 1788 TO 1839. TIMOTHY ARMITAGE, CHAPE LWARDEN.

1788, Aug. 25, One day’s work when the Chapel £ 8. d. was’ pulled down.................. 01 6 » . Nov. 8, Chapel cleaning after the Flood...... 6 6

1789, Aug. 4, Paid John Sykes for the expences of the Archbishop’s Servants (at the Consecration of the New Chapel) ........ 2 2 1806, Jan. 23, Paid Mr. Wilcock, Golcar Hill, our proportionate part ofopposing the New Church, (at Huddersfield) 8 8 THOMAS HAIGH, CHAPELWARDEN.

1814, Steeple raised, Lord Dartmouth gave............ 100 O Lingards share of Rate ......... 89 10 11 Slaithwaite Co 293 5

Tctal cost...... £482 15 11 JAMES PEARSON, CHAPELWARDEN. 1816, July 11, Church Bell and other Expenses, paid Mr.Godfrey Berry, (Huddersfield Churchwarden) 87 7 SAMUEL SYKES, CHAPELWARDEN. 1824, April 17, Mr. Wilson’s Bill for Commandments and Arms, and staining Communion 1212 3 June 10, Paid for Steam pipes and Apparatus for warmir g Church, under direc- tion of Richard Varley........ ... 4410 6 RICHARD HORSFALL, CHAPELWARDEN. 1826, Jan. 29. Journey to Huddersfield for John

99

Schofield’s affairs ................ 2 6 », 29, Expences of putting a Plea in the Court of Kings’ Bench............... . 110 » Sept. 29, Journey to Mr. Battye for instructions relating to the Organ ............ 2 6

(These Items had reference to the disputes between the Minister and Organist. ) 1834, May 3, Slaithwaite part of Bond to clear us from expence of rebuilding the Parish Church, at Huddersfield 014 4 1835, April 22, Slaithwaite proportion to Huddersfield Parish Church ...... 3 17 10 (This is the last Puyment of the kind.) JAMES HOYLE, CHAPELWARDEN.

1839, June 6, Chapel cleaning and Materials ...... 5 16 - ” The Chapel also repainted ............ 23 3 8 (This was on the occasion of the appointment of the present

Incumbent. )

Page 180

"IOOHOS TVNOILYN (NV ‘IOOHOS ‘AOUNHD ALIVAHLIVIS

Ihe 3 f= = ay i \ Re oe aly HH) | ae hi il

ls | eon =A4\E E . > i = eae ame es = Ws | ew | VEE am | A ; a 7 es Es ~ Stoo = © ss + Pia e\ |

Page 181

CONTINUATION.

Tue Rey. C. A. [NoumBENtT,— 1839 To 1864.

Although, my beloved parishioners, it is not my in- tention to indulge in anything like an autobiography, I with pleasure accede to the wishes of many among you by reproducing the two Decennial Reports of the progress of the Church in Slaithwaite, which I ad- dressed to you in 1850 and 1860, with a continuation to the present time. It affords me satisfaction at the same time to redeem my promise of adding some particulars, besides what will appear in the History, of several of my fellow labourers, who are gone to their reward. A quarter of a century is now nearly com- plete since I first came among you. It has almost swept away the generation of your fathers, by whoin I was so cordially welcomed in June, 1839. I owe them some memorial, as well as those other friends, connected but not residents, who have looked on and cheered us forward in the race. The providential circumstances which led to my appointment, also secured me a favourable reception. The neighbouring township of Golcar—whose worthy inhabitants continue their friendly connection—had been the scene of the labours of my lamented brether- P

Page 182

170 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

in-law (as related page 140), and of her, who for that short but well-remembered period, was his companion, as she has been my helpmeet, in every good work, for now nearly twenty-seven years. The old men of the neighbourhood who remembered Mr. Wilson in his early days, were ready to own some similarity to his youthful fervor, and rallied round me; while the young naturally responded to the call of one nearer their own age and feeling. Hence very large congregations continued to attend the Church, when the interest of novelty was over ; and everything which was proposed found a ready support, Having passed the five preceding years of my ministry (1834 to 1839) as curate of the extensive parish of Islington—a highly favoured district of the metropolis—under the Rev. Daniel Wilson, Vicar, I had enjoyed privileges and opportunities of parochial experience of unusual extent, and was anxious to carry out the same plans, as far as practicable and suitable, in Slaithwaite. I was instituted in London on the 7th June, 1539, by the Lord Bishop of Ripon: and on the following Sunday, the 9th, accompanied by my patron—the Rev. J. C. Franks, celebrated divine ser- vice and preached twice; also reading the Articles of Religion, and declaring, according to law and my own conviction, my unfeigned assent and consent, ex animo, to everything contained in the Book of Common Prayer, &c. My first text has already been given. The second,—“ What think ye of Christ?’ —is a question which I desire constantly to repeat.

Page 183

REV. C. A. HULBERT. i71

Very few days after my appointment, I received a visit, at Islington, from the Right Honourable William, fourth Earl of Dartmouth, whose kind support I had sought at the instance of the Vicar of Huddersfield, and of which his Lordship assured me. My first stay in Slaithwaite happened to be coincident with the half- yearly audit of his Lordship’s agent, Frederick Thynne, Esq., of Westminster: and thus commenced that happy connection, which was only interrupted by the death of Lord Dartmouth, in November, 1853, and Mr. Thynne, in February, 1864, and has been renewed with at least equal confidence by their sons and successors. His Lordship’s kindness and liberality never abated, but increased every year: and the following pages will develope the various plans which, with the counsel and support of Mr. Thynne, were carried on ; and the munificent sum of between five and six thousand pounds expended by his Lordship. His first care was to repair and enlarge, for the accommodation of myself and family, the Housz oF of which the history has been given; and, with characteristic humility, on his next visit to Woodsome Hall,—the seat of his ancestors, his Lordship walked over to Slaithwaite—nine miles— and paid us a visit, accompanied by his agent; inspec- ted the improvements, and, by an equivalent subscrip- tion, set me free from rent. Thus settled, I began to look around, and seek materials for that “ Spiritual building :” of which the following Reports contain the progress, omitting the introductory matter.

Page 184

172 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

THE FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT—1839 To 1849.

Our first object of attention was the Sunday School ; conducted by Monitors under Mr. George Mellor as Superintendent, in the large low vestry under the Church. It was thought advisable to retain the good man in his office, but to reconstruct the School, by the formation of a body of intelligent adult Teachers. These had to be trained; and for two years, on Saturday Evenings, attended at our house and were instructed by my dear wife and myself in the Scriptures and the formularies of the Church. Many of them became Communicants the following Easter. The School was thus, in November 1839, remodelled and of regulations adopted. At this time the number of Scholars on the boards was 165. Corracx LecturEs and a WEEKLY SERVICE in the School were begun, but the latter, qn account of numbers, removed to the Church ; anda Lenpine LIBRARY was also founded for general use oneasy terms, These plans have continued with little alteration unto the present time. The Library still exists, much augmented, but not as much used as at the time of its institution. _ The same vestry was occupied as a National School in the week —and was very inadequate to the convenience of the increasing numbers who attended, on Sundays especially, and was exceed- ingly deficient in light and ventilation. The first effort was therefore the opening of a Sunday School at in Lingards, about a mile distant from the Church, in a large room which formerly used as a School by the party who built the ‘*General Sunday Schovl,” on Meltham Moor. The new Sunday School was opened March 1840. Thirty-four children imme- diately attended, who afterwards increased to seventy.—And this School continued until June 1847, when it was suspended. The want of aresident Master, and the distance from the Church were found insuperable difficulties, after we lost the first devoted Superintendent, Mr. Richard Bamford, at whose suggestion the School was begun, and who has now for twenty years been the Master of the National School at Marsden. [The erection of the School at Hilltop, in Lingards, in 1852, was however a conse- quence of this effort. ] 7 In the first year of my Ministry, two dissenting bodies com- pleted their designs, previously conceived, by the erection of the **General Sunday School,” already named, by persons chiefly of the Particular Baptist persuasion; and the Wesleyan Centenary Chapel, in that corner of the township of Linthwaite, which so closely adjoins Slaithwaite as to be practically and popularly part of the village so called. Both these erections drew away some from our fold ; and they continue to this day. A further secession took place for a time in the Baptist body ; and the ‘“‘ Wesleyan Reformers” have formed a distinct in the same part of the village.

Page 185

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. 173

At this time the aNcIENT ENDOWED ScHOOL was suspended, hav- mg been found in a ruinous condition by the Trustees at the decease of Mr. HaRGREAVES, the late Master, in Jan., 1837, and the funds were accumulating for the purpose of rebuilding. The only ex- isting provisions for Church education were therefore in 1840, the Schools in the Vestry and at Holthead. On the 12th April, being Palm Sunday in that year, a Sermon was preached on behalf of the Sunday Schools by the Rev. Lewis Jonss, Vicar of Almond- bury, and £5 5s. were collected. The congregations had now become very large ; and on this occasion, you will recollect, - that I revived the ancient Church practice of baptizing infants after the second lesson at afternoon service, commencing with my second son, and nineteen other children, and for the first time the favourite hymn ‘‘ Hosanna” was sung. On Easter Sunday fol- lowing, also, Catechetical examinations were revived, in the after- noon service, and have been continued monthly ever since. On Easter Monday the children were assembled and examined in the Church and received rewards. On Whit-Monday following (June 8th) the children of both Sunday Schools, and some others of the day School, amounting.to 280, attended Church in the afternoon, and went in procession to meet the School at Holthead and back, and were regaled with buns and tea, by private subscription, for the first time, at the Slaithwaite Baths. After which, the Teachers and friends assembled, to the number of about 120, in the large room there, and we celebrated with much thankfulness the blessing of God on the first year of our connection as Minister and People. Sunday, June 7th, the anniversary of my appointment, there were present in the Sunday School at Slaithwaite 200, at Lingards 75 Scholars, and 26 Teachers.—In all my School plans I was zeal- ously seconded by my lamented friend, Mr. RicHarp VARLEY, who had been a Sunday School Teacher in his early days, and continued in the office of Treasurer of the School funds until his death, Dec. 12th, 1847. I have been more particular in relating the events of this first year, as they are for the most part the beginnings and types of customs which still subsist; and may they be perpetual ! It now became apparent that a more commodious School-room was absolutely necessary ; and the occupation of the vestry-room, with the consequent unavoidable desecration of the church-yard had long been a matter of regret to the inhabitants. The subject was indeed named to the Earl of DakTMoUTH, on the occasion of his Lordship’s visit to Slaithwaite, in November, 1839. A site was then fixed upon by his Lordship, a little above the West end of the church-yard, and in Mallingfield, occupied by Mr. JouN ScHOFIELD (the gratuitous Organist for 54 years), who most willingly gave up his interest as tenant. His Lordship con- veyed the site on the 31st day of July, 1840, to three Trustees. as @ School for the education of the poor in the principles of Christian

Page 186

174 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

religion, according to the doctrines and discipline of the United Church of England and Ireland ; and the deed of conveyance was executed and enrolled in Chancery at his Lordship’s expense. The first stone of the new School-house was publicly laid August 17th, 1840 ; on which occasion Sermons were preached by the Rev. JostsH BATEMAN, Vicar of Huddersfield, and the Rev. THomas MinsTER, Incumbent of Farnley Tyas, after which £8 were re- ceived. On Dec. 17th a grant of £154 was obtained from Her Majesty’s Committee of Council on Education, and another from the National Society of £75, in aid of the erection, and the building was ultimately completed by voluntary subscription, . at an expense of about £700. The School was subjected, Oct. 13th, 1840, to the inspection of Her Majesty’s Committee of Council on Education, according to the Minute of Council of Aug. 10th, 1840, which provides that such Inspectors of Church Schools be appointed with the consent of the Archbishop of the Province. The building was proceeded with and was covered in before winter ; and ready for use, though not complete, at Easter, 1841. April 4th, 1841, Palm Sunday, the School Sermons were preached by the Rev. WynpHAM Mappen, M.A., Incumbent of ‘Woodhouse, and myself ; the numbers of children reported as in attendance were—Slaithwaite 250, Lingards 80, total 330. The collections amounted to £7 15s. 7d. On Easter Tuesday, April 13th, 1841, the new School-house was opened ; on which occasion the children of the National and Sunday Schools assembled in the old School, and went in procession through the Minister’s garden, where they sung a hymn, and were headed by the Venerable Archdeacon 1).D., the Rev. T. Minster, and the Rev. C. A. HuLBERT, (the Trustees) ; the Vicar of Huddersfield, the Treasurer, Committee, and several of the Clergy and friends ; followed by the members of the Odd-Fellows and Odd-Women, Foresters, Archers, Gardeners, and other Societies, with banners and insignia, attended with bands of music. They passed through Back Lane to the new School and into Church, where prayers were read by the Incumbent, and an excellent sermon preached, to an auditory of 1,200 persons, from Eccles, vi. 12, by the Arch- deacon, and a collection made, amounting (with donations received the same day) to £12 1s. 9d. In the evening a public examina- tion of the children was held in the new School, by the Arch- deacon and Vicar, who expressed themselves much gratified with the proficiercy of the Scholars, the promptness and accuracy of their answers, and the general order of the School. After some interesting observations from the Archdeacon and the Vicar, the Incumbent read to the assembled Parents, Scholars, and friends, the new Rules and Terms of the School agreed on and approved by the Trustees and Managers. Certificates of the completion of the building were signed, and a copy of Houldsworth’s Hymn Tunes presented to the National School Master, Mr. JoHN MEL-

Page 187

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. 175

LOB, ag a testimony of respect and approbation. Rewards were also given to the Monitors, the children having received theirs, as usual, on Easter Monday. A Schoolmistress was added, and Miss Betty VaR ey, of Lingards, appointed (who continued until her resignation at Christmas, 1848) to conduct the girls’ School, in- cluding sewing and knitting (now first introduced), but under the superintendence of the Master with regard to order, writing, and arithmetic. Accommodation being now afforded in the new edifice (which is a very much admired Gothic building) for 308 children, allow- ing six square feet for each, the Trustees of the old Free School agreed to the request of the Minister to pay for the instruction of the number of free Scholars directed by the deeds, on the usual terms of the National School; which are ten shillings per annum for each, including every branch of learning taught in the School ; until the old School should be revived: and this arrangement continued until the latter event in July,.1846. The Earl of DARTMOUTH and a few other friends became annual subscribers, and the School became exceedingly flourishing. The peculiarity of the site and many unforeseen expenses had increased the cost of erection, completion, and inclosure of play ground, far beyond the original estimate : so that, although con- siderable donations were obtained, (including £100 from the Earl of DaRTMOUTH), it became necessary to make an additional effort, especially as it was thought desirable, if possible, to provide free residences for the Master and Mistress. Accordingly the ladies proposed to have a Bazaak of fancy and useful works ; for this purpose, a committee of the friends of the School was formed, and the plan carried out with great spirit. The patronage of Her Majesty the QuEEN Dowaasr, the Countess of DarTMourTH, and the Honourable Lady RaMSDEN was obtained, and each of these ladies sent very handsome donations of articles and money. The Earl of DarrmoutH honoured the occasion with a Visit ; as did a large number of wealthy and respectable friends. The Bazaar was held in the School-room, which was beautifully adorned for the purpose ; and the stalls were supplied and held by Mrs. ARMITAGE and daughters, Milnsbridge House ; Mrs, Bateman, Vicarage, Huddersfield ; Mrs. and friends, Mrs. R. VARBLEY and friends, Mrs, DRANSFIELD and friends, who were assisted by other ladies. The sum realized by this effort was about £350, and which, after meeting the deficiency of building and furnishing the School-house, left a surplus of £150; which, though a noble sum, not being sufficient for the building of resi- dences, and no help being then obtainable from public sources, was invested on mortgage of property. In 1842, a Deed of En- dowment and declaration of Trust was made, enrolled and regis- tered, to which the Earl of DaRTmouTH (as founder) and the Trustees were parties ; and which set forth the rules and principles

Page 188

176 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of the School more particularly, and places it under the m&anage- ment of the Incumbent of Slaithwaite. The interest being devoted to the purposes of the School, until the principal may be required for its original intention, has been applied to the reduction of the rent of the commodious houses situated at School Terrace, in Lingards, which having been erected in 1825 as a proprietary Grammar School, had, on the failure of that undertaking, reverted to the Earl of DaRTMouTH, and which were, in August, 1842, taken, for the use of the Master and Mistress, from his Lordship on advantageous terms. They were fitted up for occupation at the joint cost of the landlord and School Trustees. This arrange- ment still continues ; and for the annual allowance amounting to £7 10s. the Master and Mistress teach fifteen free scholars. July 22nd, 1841.—The Schools were visited for the first time by the Rev. JoHN (now Archdeacon) ALLEN, Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools, who reported that they “‘appeared to be making hopeful progress,” and much admired the building. October 7th, 1841.—On the occasion of holding a Confirmation for the second time in Slaithwaite Church, the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Ripon visited the School, and expressed his satisfaction with the building and School generally. Among the 76 young persons, presented by me for Confirmation on that oc- casion, were many teachers and scholars of the School. There was an increase of 55 upon the number presented in 1838. Palm Sunday, March 20th, 1842.—The annual sermons were preached by the Rev. J. BarEmMan, Vicar of Huddersfield, and the Incumbent of Slaithwaite, when £7 7s. 9d. were collected. The old FREE ScHooL, as before stated, was suspended on the occurrence of the vacancy of a Master: the Trustees (under ad- vice of counsel) allowed the surplus funds to accumulate to form a fund for rebuilding ; and which, in 1842, had amounted to a sum which, with £100 from the Earl of DarTMouTH and other dona- tions, enabled the Trustees to contemplate the re-erection of the School and Schoolmaster's house; but it was desirable that the site should be either changed or enlarged. The former having been deemed unadvisable, an additional piece of ground was pur- chased from the Earl of DArTMoUTH, and conveyed by his Lordship to the Minister, Chapelwardens, and Overseers of Slaith- waite for ever: for the purposes cf the said School for poor children, according to the principles of the Established Church ; and by the same deed (as the original site had no proper title) the Trustees in possession conveyed the same (under the powers of a recent act of parliament) to the Minister, &c., for the uses of the said School ; the School itself and all its trusts remaining under the management and control of the Minister and the Trustees of the Endowments for the time being for ever. The School was at the same time united with the Ripon Diocesan Education Society, and a scheme fcr its revival as a Middle School for Classical and

Page 189

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. 177

Commercial Education submitted to the Lord Bishop, who ex- pressed his approbation of the same in all its parts. On the 28th March, 1842, being Easter Monday, in the afternoon, the Teachers and Scholars of the Sunday Schools, 320 in number, after divine service in the Church, proceeded to witness the laying of the first stone of the new building by the Incumbent and Trustees ; after which they received their usual rewards. The building was covered in the same summer, but, owing to deficiency of funds, was not completed. At length, after much correspondence, a donation of £15 from ADELAIDE, the Queen Dowager, and grants of £132 from the Committee of Council on Education, and £50 from the National Society were obtained. The Schvol was declared complete, and in July, 1846, re-opened, by the appointment of Mr. BurLer (not a relative), of Trinity College, Dublin, as Master ; and, with the assistance of his wife, a boys’ and girls’ School opened with every prospect of success, The right of Inspection was granted to the Committee of Council on Education, by aMemorial of the Minister and Trustees, dated Nov. 4th, 1844. The School was united to the National Society, as a Middle School, February 25th, 1846, on occasion of obtaining the grant above named, and for which we were indebted to the zeal of the Archbishop of YoRK, at the instance of his brother, the Venerable Archdeacon MusGRAVE. In this School building also Mr. RioHArp as Treasurer, was my principal assistant. Thus the district within a mile of Slaithwaite Church had been provided with Schools ; and the amount of education imparted was very considerably increased in the seven years between June, 1839, and 1846 ; but the Chapelry extending very widely in the North and West direction, there was a considerable population still out of reach of these Schools, especially in the winter season. My attention had also been drawn, in the year 1848, to a Sunday School conducted in a building which had been a Wesleyan Meeting-house, situated at ‘‘O’Cot,” on Pole Moor, within the township of Scammonden, but very near the limits of my Chapelry, which drew its teachers and scholars chiefly from the upper part of Slaithwaite. At the request of the teachers, and with the sanction of the Rev. R. Incumbent of Scammonden, I visited that School several times, and contributed to its support ; but, being inconvenjently distant, and badly situated, it was . desirable to find some better position from which to operate on that part of the population. At the same time the National Society raised a large sum for the purpose of Education in the Manufacturing Districts, and I obtained a promise of £150. I sought therefore to purchase the Wesleyan Chapel, as it was the private property of the Executors of the late Mr. OastLER, who built it from a charitable feeling to the wants of the very poor and ignorant population of that wild district, in the year 1825,—

Page 190

178 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

but which undertaking failed for want of due support. Ultimately the purchase was effected for the sum of £150, out of which Mr. RIcHARD OasTLER kindly returned £5 for the benefit of the persons who had claims upon the chapel, and expressed his great pleasure at its appropriation to Church purposes. In the meantime [ laid the case before the Earl of DartmMoutH, and proposed the erection of a new School on a piece of waste ground, called the ‘‘the Shred,” between Birks, Bradshaw, and Woolroyd, in the higher part of Slaithwaite, and about two miles from the Church and Schools, and to remove the said chapel with all its fixtures to the site,—rebuild it as a National School, to be licensed for Divine Worship by the Bishop. His Lordship very kindly responded to the appeal,—consented to give an acre of waste land, as a site and field garden,—and also a donation of £75 towards the purchase of the Meeting-house. With these, and some smaller donations in my hand, I went again to the Committee of Council and the National Society, and, after much correspon- dence, obtained in July, 1844, the promise of £210 from the National Society (instead of £150), and £190 from the Committtee of Council, for the erection of a new School and Master’s house, and the purchase of the old site and buildings. At this time Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools— Rev. F. Watkins visited the existing Schools, and also the wild spot proposed as the location of the new one. On the 12th August, 1844, being the day of the Lord Viscount LEwisHAM attaining his majority, and also ‘‘Slaithwaite Feast Monday,” the first stone of the School was laid, The ground was prepared ; but the building was not pro- ceeded with until the following year, owing to difficulties in obtaining the conveyance and other legal instruments. The new site (nearly an acre of land) was conveyed by the Earl of Dart- mMoUTH and Lord LEwIsHAM to the Archdeacon of Craven, the Incumbents of Slaithwaite and Farnley Tyas, and their successors for ever, as a site for the UPPER SLAITHWAITE NATIONAL SCHOOL and School garden; andthe premises purchased from Mr. OASTLER were also conveyed tothe same Trustees for a School or as an endowment to the Upper Slaithwaite National School. Both Deeds were duly enrolled and registered ; and the building was proceeded with after Whitsuntide, 1845, when legal possession of the O’Cot* premises was obtained. In the mean time the Sunday School was continued at the O’Cot, and a week-day School com- menced in a cottage at Cockley Cote, near the intended School, and which was opened November, 1844, and conducted by Mr. Tuomas the first Master. Divine Service was also performed once a month, by permission of the Bishop and the Rev. R. Youncsr, in the old WesleyanChapel, until Whit-Sunday, 1845, when a final service was performed, and the facts of the conveyance and future appropriation were publicly declared. I

© «O’Cot,” an abbreviation of Oastler’s Cottages,---become a local name.

Page 191

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. 179

had now obtained the services of a Curate, by the aid of a grant from the Additional Curates’ Society, originally applied for by my redecessor, and the Rev. CHARLES BRUMELL, B.A., commenced fis duties after Michaelmas, 1844. Henceforth a third service every Sunday was afforded, either in the Church or one of the School rooms, by permission of the Bishop; and that which was wanting at Holthead was supplied at Upper Slaith- waite: viz., the means of forming in the minds of the children the habit of public worship, according to the doctrines and discipline of the Church. At the third Confirmation, in October, 1846, sixty-six young persons were admitted by the Bishop. The School-house at Upper Slaithwaite was completed suf- ficiently to be occupied as a School in January, 1846, and thither the Sunday and Day Schools were removed, and the Master having married, commenced residence at Easter following. The gallery, pulpit, and pews had been removed and adapted to the new erection, which was of the same dimensions with the old one, but more ecclesiastical. And on Easter Sunday and Monday it was opened for divine worship: when sermons were preached by the Revds. Incumbent of Meltham, J. M. Max- FIELD, Incumbent of Marsden, and myself; after which small collections were made. The neighbours contributed their labour in hewing out foundations, play ground, &c.; and Mr. JamMEs of Birks, as Treasurer, superintended the whole work gratuitously, and laboured very hard in the good cause. With the exception of these, and a few other donations (for which see the Benefaction Board, Appendix No. 6,) the expense of School, School-house, Endowment, conveyance, completion and adorn- ment, (about £800) were defrayed by the public grants and the Earl of DARTMOUTH. The deficiency proved to be much greater than was anticipated ; and my difficulty would have been very great indeed had not the noble Earl most munificently cancelled a debt of £200 advanced as a building fund, until the grants could be realised,— making his Lordship’s contribution altogether, including the value of the land and its fencing, breaking up, and conveyance, about £350. The School is now in a flourishing state, containing about 150 Scholars on Sundays, and 50 or 60 on the week day, when the weather permits. lt is a great blessing to that remote and ro- mantic neighbourhood, and the service, now conducted every Sunday afternoon, well attended by persons in the neighbourhood. Public Baptism and Churching are administered, by licence of the Bishop, and the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper occasionally. By the exertions of Mrs. Hannan Cock, of Cophill, a Bell was purchased, and the hills and valleys around this Temple in the Wilderness, resound to its ‘‘churchgoing” tones. By the benevo- lence of the noble Earl and other friends, this School is also sup- ported with £15 annual subscriptions ; the first Master having been

Page 192

180 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

approved by Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools, had an augmenta- tion of £15 per annum, with the assistance of a pupil teacher, who received a stipend also from government, and the Master was also paid for his instruction. The present Master receives the rent of a cottage left upon the old premises at O’Cot, for his superintendence of the Sunday School, subscriptions £15, and the weekly contributions of the children. His wife assists him in the general instruction of the girls—especially in sewing and knitting. Such are the permanent provisions made for Church education in this place in 1850. The National School, now denominated in official documents, the Lower Slaithwaite National School, con- tinues to flourish under the original Master; and has received repeated visits and encomiums from Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools. It in consequence received, under the Minute of 1846, the grant of four pupil teachers, with stipends to them, and to the Master for their instruction. Rost. J. SaunDERS, Esq., Her Majesty’s Inspector of Factories, has also recommended, on three occasions, donations from Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for the Home Department, from the Factory fines fund, amounting to £25, and which have been expended in the purchase of books, maps, &c., for the general use of the School, and books, stationery, and prizes for the poorer mill children. In January, 1849, the last donation of this kind of £10, was met by the Earl of DartmouTH and other friends with an equal sum, and the government allowed £7; whereby maps and books of a secular kind of the value of £27, at the reduced prices of the Committee of Council, were obtained for the School. Several grants of books, amounting to £20, have also been made by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. The ennual sermons have been regularly preached about Easter, and the collections have gradually increased : indicating an im- proved interest in the cause of Scriptural education among the people, which is truly gratifying to my mind. There remained owever a debt of £15 due to the Executors of the late Mr. RicHARD VaRLEY, on account of the School, which it did not seem practicable to discharge, when, on my representation of the case in October, 1848, our noble Patron again released me by clearing off the debt ; and I have the satisfaction of knowing that on none of the undertakings is there now (1850) any debt remaining relative to the building or completion. Various improvements and repairs, especially in ventilation and drainage, are necessary, and I much desire to see a regular annual subscription list, for all these purposes, and it is my hope that this statement may have that effect. On a review of the past, I can but ‘‘ thank God and take courage ;” but we need much prayer, much diligence, much devotedness, that the blessing may be obtained from on high, and that many souls may be nurtured in the admonition of the Lord within our School walls,

Page 193

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. 181 ©

To the FrMaLE TEAcHERS of our Sunday School, it is no vain compliment to bear the most grateful testimony for their un- wearied dilligence. We want more zealous MALE TEACHERS, and a more lively interest among the inhabitants in general in what is going on. Much prejudice still remains and Satan fosters every evil work ; but He who has been with us hitherto will doubtless go with us unto the end, if we look up to him, in secret and family devotion, as well as in the ordinances of his Church, and the pastures of his word. A Day School was also opened in May, 1849, in a cottage at BoorHBanks, another distant hamlet in the western part of Slaithwaite. Among other incidental provisions may be mentioned the SLAITHWAITE MECHANICS’ INSTITUTION, which was commenced in June, 1847, by a number of young men, many of them formerly scholars in our Sunday or National Schools, without my know- ledge ; but they requested me, in October following, to inspect their rules, and become their President, to which I consented upon their unanimous adoption of the following rule, ‘That no- thing contrary to the Holy Scripture or the Established form of Religion should be admitted into the Library, Lectures, or Meetings.” The scattered nature and extent of the population committed to my charge, at first much discouraged my mind, but in January, 1841, I was enabled to form a DisTRIcT VisiT1NG SOCIETY, which has ever since continued, and forms a blessed means of communi- cation between the Ministers and peuple. The primary duty being the distribution of tracts and the collection of information, which at the monthly meetings held in my library, we are enabled to obtain from the dilligent and faithful District Visitors, who are chiefly experienced men, at whose recommendation temporal and spiritual relief is aforded to those who need, and whose counsel is sought on most occasions of difficulty. Many who first began with me this good work have been called to their reward ; they were among the excellent of the earth. But you to the annual Reports of this Society, which have been my annual pastoral address for the whole period. I should not omit to mention two useful funds, which are perhaps not sufficiently known. In 1840, Mrs. HuLBERT com- menced a MaTERNAL Society, for the benefit of lying-in married women, under the patronage of the lamented Countess of Darrt- MOUTH ; and bags of useful articles are lent, relief given, and visits paid to poor women, who are recommended in due time by the subscribers, and each by some neighbour who is willing to guaran- tee the safety of the bag, and its return in a proper state at the end of the month. The subscription entitling to a recommenda- tion is half a crown. Q

Page 194

182 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

In 1842 also, a CLOTHING CLUB was instituted under the same patronage, in connection with the National School, for the supply of articles of clothing to the children and their families. The materials are purchased at the lowest price, are cut out and made up in the School, under the superintendence of the Mistress, and a half yearly sale is held of them before Christmas and Whitsun- tide. Weekly deposits are received from the children, to which 20 per cent, are added as premium, and tickets issued equivalent to the several deposits and premiums, which are received as money at the sale. Thus the parents obtain, on easy terms, articles of clothing for their children, at less than the mere cost of the mate- rials, and the girls are learning at the same time the useful art of needlework. ‘The premiums are also furnished by subscription. The Spapk HusBanpry ASssociaTION, needs only to be men- tioned in its bearing on the Schools. In both the Lower and Upper National Schools, while the girls are taught plain sewing and knitting (for which prizes are given), all the boys who are taught freely are exercised in garden and field labour; and the Reports annually published, since 1844, have afforded gratifying results.

To these facts, contained in the first Decennial Report, were appended the following practical obser-

vations :—

I can but hope that these various plans may all tend to the holiness and happiness of the people ; and if so, the services and sacraments of the Church will be duly appreciated and used. The congregatio.s are indeed large, but when we consider the number of the people, we cannot but feel that many are very irregular, and some entirely negligent. There is however a very strung regard exhibited for the sacred edifice of the Church itself, which though it possesses no architectural beauty, is venerable in my eyes, as it is venerated in your hearts, as the labour of a genera- tion of plain and pious Churchmen, who had no external help, and few to guide them. Whose hearts were set on earnest godly service ; who loved the Gospel, and the Church because it was the messenger of Christ. And their descendants have been rightly jealous of that (to them) ‘‘holy and beautiful house where their fathers praised God ;” and have not allowed it to go into decay. Tt fs no small matter of satisfaction that this has been done by the regular and lawful assessment of the Chapelry, without inter- mission. A CHURCH Rate has never been refused for the necessary repair and decent performance of divine worship. Moreover, in 1842, an ADDITIONAL Buriat Grounp being purchased and in- closed, was consecrated on St Luke’s Day, Oct. 18th, by the Bishop

Page 195

FIRST DECENNIAL REPORT. __ "188

of Ripon, who the same evening, presided at the Annual Meeting of our Church Missionary Association, in the National School Room. The expense of the ground (besides a gift of stone for its inclosure from the Earl of DARTMOUTH) was defrayed by a rate on the Chapelry. It is true that the amount thus levied is not great, about one penny halfpenny in the pound per annum, but the principle is important and the sum sufficient for the pur- pose. Various improvements have been effected in the Church by subscription, and the benevolence of individuals; and BENLFAc- TION BoaRps erected in the Churchto commemorate various acts of this nature, and stimulate the zeal of future ages. Let us remem- ber that we can best shew our respect for our forefathers by imitating their good example ; and requite the benefits they have bequeathed to us, by transmitting those benefits undiminished to posterity. For when men can contentedly see the Churches of their fathers fall into ruins over their very ashes, they may expect to see their own hearths usurped by strangers, and their title ‘deeds scattered to the winds ! But what is the Material to the Spiritual Church! We are now looking forward to another Easter, and another Confirmation of Baptismal vows immediately succeeding. May it be refreshing to the minds of your Ministers, my beloved friends, to see an increase of those who “flock like doves to the windows,” like Noah’s dove, to the Ark of the communion of the Church, where only you can find rest for the sole of your foot. ‘The spirit and the bride say come, and let him that heareth say come, and let him that is athirst come, and whosoever will, let him come and take of the waters of life freely.” The landlord has done his part to afford accommodation by the provision of free sittings, supplied with kneelings also; and the benevolence of former times has made some provision for the Minister, so that your pecuniary burdens are in this respect small. I call therefore on you the more readily to support me in those Institutions which are intended for your own spiritual benefit, and the instruction of the rising generation. To the aged I say, give us your prayers and your counsel: to the active and young, your co-operation and devotedness: to the rich, your pecuniary aid and your influence: to the poor, your neighbourly services, in strengthening our hands, gathering in the lambs and stray sheep: all may help forward the work of the Lord ; and have the glorious privilege, in some or all of the various plans delineated, of ’ coming to the help of the Lord against the mighty,”—‘“ the unclean spirits” of ‘ Ignorance, Infidelity, Immorality, and Idolatry. Let me remind you also of the Wednesday evening Lectures, and the Church services on Saints’ days. All are intended to refresh the weary pilgrim, ‘‘ That he may drink of the brook by the way, and so may lift up his head.”

Page 196

184 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

During the ten years of my sojourning among you, let us reflect that 520 Sabbaths have passed away. 1 find that I preached, in the former five years, 767 Sermons and Lectures ; in the latter five years, during which I have had the assistance of Curates, 1,028—and they at least 250, making altogether 2,045 public addresses, preceded by solemn services. During the past year four or five every week. The sacrament of the Lord’s Supper has been administered monthly in the Church, and occasionally at Upper Slaithwaite, altogether about 130 times—1,265 Baptisms and 865 Burials have been solemnized—(Awful thought. How has the congregation of the dead increased !—220 young persons have been admitted to Confirmation—only about 120 to the Lord’s Supper. Where are the other hundred? There are now about 600 children and young persons under instruction altogether in our schools ; 469 of whom assemble on the week day, and 413 on the Sunday. How many of these are the children of God, according to baptismal privilege ? My dear friends, these are questiong which press heavily on the heart and conscience of your Minister, and should cause “deep searching of heart” in you. We must soon close our connection. Our noble landlord has made my dwelling-place among you handsome and convenient, and I thank him, for your sake, as well as my own ; and I have prepared a large and wide house in your Chapel yard, where some of my own dear flesh reposes, and where I too may soon take my abode. Wherefore “I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.” (2 Pet.i.15.) ‘‘Thus saith the Lord (Jer. vi. 16), stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good old way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls.” ‘‘ Now unto Him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory, with exceed- ing joy. To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.” Jude 24, 25.

I remain, your affectionate Pastor,

C. A. HULBERT. Slaithwaite, Lént, 1850.

Page 197

THE SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 1850 Tro 1859.

What of the night ?”—IsaraH xxi. 11.

‘‘Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day.”—ActTs xxvi. 22.

My Dear Frienps,—I feel it is no small cause of thankfulness to our common God and Saviour, that I am spared to address to you, a second time, a Report of ten years’ progress in Church and School matters amongst you: although many to whom my former Decennial Report was made, will not read the present one,— for they are gone to give up their own account before God. Ten years are a large portion of human life—however protracted; and to how many, if not to myself, must this be the last decade, on which we have now entered! I cannot therefore but humbly think that such periodical returns must be profitable, as they ought to be solemnizing. While everything else has progressed, each should ask himself, “ How old art thou ?’’ Where are we? What is our position ‘with regard to our personal—our souls’ history ? May . the consideration of the past humble yet encourage us. The period of Lent, 1850, when I laid before you my former Report, found us in the possession of a

Page 198

186 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

large and comfortable, but plain Church, and three Schoolhouses; the former then sixty years old, the latter—viz. the Lower Siaithwaite National School, the Old Free School, and the Upper Slaithwaite School, all built within the preceding ten; a Day School, then recently begun in a cottage at Boothbanks; but the Church Sunday School formerly conducted at Holt- head, in Lingards, had been suspended. We have now . to report the great improvement of our Church; the erection of a beautiful new School for Sunday and Weekday instruction, at Hill Top, in Lingards; the enlargement of the National School attached to the Church ; the laying of the first stone of a Schoolhouse at Boothbanks ; and the restoration and establishment of the Free School on a more extensive plan, for the benefit of adults and infants. All the other Institu- tions mentioned in my last Report have been continued witb more or less success. The Churchyard has mean- while been enlarged. Death has maintained his onward course ; although somewhat impeded by wise and suc- cessful sanitary arrangements. The particulars of these general items will form the materials of this Report.

Meanwhile also, surrounding parishes have been equally active ; and the facilities afforded by the Committee of Council on Educa- tion, have almost reduced school building and management to a science, whereas twenty years ago, an Incumbent was left to do what was right in his own eyes, and could obtain very little encouragement or advice. Sometimes, indeed, the help afforded by the Committee of Council has been attended with conditions of fulfilment, and pressing hard upon particular localities, 80 as to deprive the most needy of the help required ; but on the whole, the Government plan of Education has worked well and

Page 199

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT: 187

sucessfully; especially, where the ministerial superintendence has been vigorous and zealous ; and where there has been found busi- ness talent to meet the necessary but laborious processes of obtaining grants in aid. The first events to be recorded are the ANNUAL SERMONS on behalf of our Slaithwaite and Lingards Church Sunday Schools, which have been usually preached in the Church, since 1840, on Palm Sunday ; and the Commemorative Services on Easter Sun- day at Upper Slaithwaite School, since 1846, with collections towards the expenses of Divine Service in that Licensed School. There are also Annual Sermons in the latter school in August, in memory of the foundation, August 12th, 1844; and in the Lin- gards School in June or July, in commemoration also of its foun- dation, June 10th, 1851. All these occasions are very impressive ; crowded and attentive congregations have, each successive year, testified the deep interest felt by the inhabitants in all these homes of sacred feeling and instruction, by their presence and their increasing contributions. | April 12th, 1850, the Fifth Triennial ConFIRMATION was held in the Church, by Bishop Longley; when 59 young persons belonging to our congregation were admitted to that holy rite. In the previous instruction and examination I was assisted, as in my other Jgbours, by the Rev. Thomas Henry Watson, B.A., curate, who was particularly active in promoting the Sunday School and Evening Classes at Upper Slaithwaite. He resigned the Curacy in December, 1850 ; and died in 1857, at Halifax in Nova Scotia, - of fever taken whilst acting as Chaplain of a ship of war—he was the last of forty victims ; he had diligently attended and buried the thirty-nine! Under his especial care also the Boothbanks School was commenced and carried on for a year and a half. My connection with the Slaithwaite Mechanics’ Institution having practically ceased at Midsummer, 1850, in consequence of the acts of the members themselves; I felt it my duty to establish Youna MEn’s Cuasszs, under the direct and perma- nent presidency of the Ministers of the Church. This was done in November, 1850, in the National School Room, Slaithwaite, and at the several other Schools also, for the benefit of the districts around them. The latter have continued more or less ever since ; and the Classes at Slaithwaite were carried on with great success by Mr. John Mellor and assistant Teachers, until a Minute of the Committee of Council in 1852, forbade Schoolmasters, receiv- ing Pupil Teachers and giving them additional Instruction, from taking any part (or their Pupil Teachers) in Evening Schools. The Secular Instruction was therefore suspended until the estab- lishment of the Meeke and Walker’s Institution, November, 1859, as will be related hereafter. The Sunday Evening Bible Class was, however, conducted with much success by the Reverend

Page 200

188 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Stephen Pering Lampen, who succeeded Mr. Watson as Curate, during the whole of his nearly six years’ residence in Slaithwaite ; and by his successors, the Revs. Edward Gomersall Charlesworth and William Henry Girling; and many excellent young men have gone forth from thence to useful situations in life. The sacred and secular Instruction are now continued, as will be hereafter shewn, in the Institution which has been established on the basis of a legal Constitution and Ancient Endowment, and with the full approbation of the Committee of Council on the Education. The ‘‘ Mechanics’ Institution” has, with some interruptions, continued in existence, and I desire to speak with much respect of those who, for some years, have had its management. On one occasion, in 1854, the use of the National School was con- ceded for a Soiree in aid of its funds, and I have occasionally contributed books, &c., but I have not felt at liberty to rejoin it, without such a change in its constitution, as would give the general contributors some share in its management. Unpleasant circumstances relative to this Institution, as well as others connected with*the FREE ScHOOL, contributed to the failure of my health, at the time when, from December, 1850, to March, 1851, I was deprived of the services of an ordained Curate. I was seized with serious illness, whilst in the pulpit, on Sunday, the 9th of February, and unable to resume my duties there until Easter Sunday following, April 20th, 1851. A period of much trial, but many mercies ; and the sympathy, then expressed by my friends and parishioners, has left a deep impression on my mind. I was, at the time of my attack, in the midst of the delivery of a Course of Lectures, on the Book of Job; which being thus suspended in their oral delivery, were, in the end, com- pleted in a more permanent and satisfactory form, on my con- valescence, by the preparation of ‘‘ The Gospel Revealed to Job ;” published in 1853, and dedicated to the late Earl of Dartmouth. This entire seclusion from active duty, has happily been the only one which I have suffered during the nearly twenty-one years of my Incumbency : and while it was an occasion of much deep searching of heart, it enabled me to mature in retirement many plans, which"have subsequently found completion, by the gracious Providence of God and the favour of my kind supporters. Among these plans was the erection of a NEw ScHOOLHOUSE for the use of the township of LINGARDS, in a convenient situation, so as once more to gather in the Sunday School there, which had been suspended since 1847. This proposal was very nobly met by my honoured friend, the late Right Honourable William Earl of Dartmouth, who, expressing a wish to do something more for the good of this Parish, undertook the entire expense of the building, the first stone of which was laid (after Divine Service at Church) on Whit-Tuesday, June 10th, 1851, on behalf of his

Page 201

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT.

Lordship, by Frederick Thynne, Esq., of Westminster, his agent ; at Hill Top, Lingards, ‘‘For a School for poor children on the principles of the Holy Scriptures, as expounded in the Book of Common Prayer.” The day being exceedingly wet, the attend- ance at the ground was small ; but in the evening, at his Lord- ships desire and expense, three hundred mothers of children in the different Schools were regaled with tea; and afterwards addressed by the Incumbent and the Clergy present, as well as Mr. Thynne. The occasion was connected with the then recent birth and baptism of the present Lord Lewisham, as the founda- tion of the Upper Slaithwaite School had taken place on the day of his father attaining his majority. Addresses of thanks to the Earl of Dartmouth for this and other proofs of his munificence ; and also of congratulation to Lord and Lady Lewisham, on the birth of a son and heir, were carried with acclamation. The site of the School, and the buildings to be erected thereon, were vested by the Earl of Dartmouth and Lord Lewisham in the Minister and Churchwardens of Slaithwaite-cum-Lingards for the time being for ever; by deed, duly enrolled:in Chancery and registered at Wakefield, bearing date February 28th, 1852. The building, which is in the Tudor style, is spacious and hand- some, and is a very pleasing object as seen from the Railway. It was built from the plans of Mr. Thynne ; and executed under the superintendence of Mr. John Varley, son and successor of Mr. Richard Varley, in office and usefulness, as resident Steward of the Manor. The only contribution sought for was a Grant of £45, obtained from the National Society, towards the cost of internal fittings. The whole expense of erection, conveyance, and inclosure, was defrayed by the noble Earl, at a cost of £650. The building was completed in twelve months, and was publicly opened in August, 1852; when Mr. Isaac Taylor Bamford (son of the late Mr. Joshua Bamford, for fifty years an eminent Schoolmaster in Lingards) was appointed Master, ard has ever since retained the office. With the assistance of his wife, he has conducted the Weekday School very successfully, to the satisfac- tion of the Managing Committee, who consist of the Incumbent and five other friends of the School; according to the express wish of the founder, to be chosen by the Minister. His Lordship on this account declined any assistance in the building from the Committee of Council. The Sunday School was revived and met with like success ; and the teachers are most devoted. About one hundred children have been, on the average, taught in the Sunday and Weekday Schools. They attend divine Service at the Church every Sunday afternoon, unless prevented by the weather. One of the Ministers, or the Parish Clerk and Scrip- ture Reader, Mr. Joseph Mellor, commences the School each Sunday morning with prayers. The late and present Earl, have

Page 202

190 SLAITHWAITE: CHURCH ANNALS.

borne the expenses of repairs, as well as - contributing £30 per annum to the salaries of the Master, Mistress, and Sunday School Superintendent. Thus another important Educational Establish- ment was supplied ; and by means of donations collected by the late Mrs. Hannah Cock, another bell sounds over the hills each Sunday morning, to remind the inhabitants of the duties of that holy day. Divine Service is also celebrated. monthly, on Sunday evenings, by license of the Bishop. A harmonium was also pur- chased in 1857, by subscription ; half the cost (€22) was contri- buted by the present Earl of Dartmouth. The inhabitants of Lingards and adjoining parts of Marsden have always shown their appreciation of this important provision ; and annual sermons and collections have been made to provide the current expenses of the Sunday School; whilst the grants of Capitation Fees, and Pupil Teacher’s Stipend from the Committee of Council, have encouraged, as well as helped to sustain, the Weekday School. The opening of which has been annually commemorated by a Tea Party and Public Meeting in the Slaith- waite ‘‘ Feast week,” accompanied by the distribution of rewards in books to Teachers and Scholars. The progress of sound religious education was, in the year 1852, much endangered by the introduction of infidel and immoral pub- lications, insidiously brought in by a bookseller with whom your Incumbent strongly remonstrated, as he had begun with the pro- fession of religious principles, but secretly undermined them ; and who finally left the village. On this occasion ] was strongly sup- ported by the late Earl of Dartmouth ; and in consequence, his Lordship and I were much and violently attacked in a public print. But I was finally assured that I had not erred in thus jealously watching against so dangerous an enemy, by his subse- quent open promotion of atheistical lectures and publications. Sometime afterwards I was also gratified by the receipt of an address of thanks and confidence, presented to me, signed by the most respectable members of the Church, and of other Religious Societies in the neighbourhood. This Testimonial, and one pre- sented to me (together with a suit of Robes) at Christmas, 1851, by nine Schoolmasters, educated in our Schools, and occupying important situations in this and other counties, are some of the most cherished ornaments of my house. Whilst subtle infidelity, in fact Atheism, thus attacked the lower and most populous part of Slaithwaite, Mormonism made some inroads into the upper district ; and several simple persons were induced by ‘another gospel, to seek a Paradise in the wilds of America. Both errors have however, I trust, been nearly eradicated by the spread of sound religious instruction, acting on the naturally strong good sense of the people. The sympathy of the inhabitants of this valley with the sufferers

Page 203

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 191

from the HoLMFIRTH was shewn by the collection of £104 7s. 6d., in February, 1852; of which, £45 12s. being returned, a portion was devoted by the donors to the enlargement and repair of the CourcH OrcaAN; and this became the nucleus of that improvement, which was completed by Mr. Holt of Bradford. The organ was reopened on Sunday, October 23rd, 1853, when, after sermons preached by myself in the morning, the Rev. John Haigh, Incumbent of St. Paul’s, Huddersfield, in the afternoon; and the Rev. Joseph Hughes, Incumbent of - Meltham, in the evening, £39 10s. were collected ; and finally, the whole cost, about £100, was raised by voluntary subscription and a small portion derived from the church rate. It is said that the largest congregations were assembled on this occasion, which had been witnessed since the funeral sermon on the death of the Rev. Thomas Wilson, 1809. It is remarkable that this improve- ment was mainly carried out by the efforts of the grandsons of those gentlemen who effected the purchase of the organ, just sixty years before. The sixth triennial CoNFIRMATION was held in the Church, October 21st, 1853 ; when 61 of our young persons were admitted into the full communion of the church; again October 17th, 1856, the seventh confirmation, when 75 were admitted; this was the last visit of the late beloved Bishop, who ever manifested a deep interest in Slaithwaite and its institutions, which has not ceased, now that he is removed to the richer see of Durham. I had the honour of being called to preach his last Ordination Sermon in Ripon Cathedral, September 21st, 1856, as I had also preached the Visitation Sermon at Halifax, April 13th, 1853. The latter on “The sword of the spirit which is the word of Gop,” having been printed at the request of the Bishop and Clergy, has been widely circulated among you. and contains my maturest views of the only Infallible Rule of faith and practice. And now I have to record a loss which spread over us a general feeling of grief and lamentation. The annual meeting of the Spade Husbandry Asscciation, which had been carried on forso many years under the patronage of the Earl of DARTMOUTH, was announced for the 23rd November, 1853, but was necessarily postponed in consequence of the alarming intelligence of the serious illness of our noble benefactor, and whose death took place on the 22nd of that month, at Patshull, in Staffordshire—his lordship’s newly acquired estate. The sincere respect felt for his character, and gratitude for his numerous acts of munificence and consideration - for all the best interests of his tenantry in this manor, were suita- bly expressed by the closing of shops, and the attendance of several persons at Church on the day of his funeral. Also by the assem- bling of very large congregations, attired in mourning, on Sunday the 4th of December, when I addressed to you solemn sermons on

Page 204

SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

the occasion, from Isaiah lvii. 1, 2, and Luke vii, 4, 5. Several of the benefit societies (or secret orders) attended in due order. This feeling of respect received a permanent form in the ultimate erection of a Memorial Window in the new chancel, representing the ‘“‘Good Samaritan,” with a suitable inscription. The window was executed by Messrs. Evans, of Shrewsbury, and was the result of a general shilling subscriptich, to which almost every family in the chapelry and manor contributed, aided by a donation of £20 from Mr. Thynne, and some other donations ; the whole cost being about £50. This memorial, while it fitly represents the virtues of the deceased, continually inculcates the divine lesson— ‘*Go, and do thou likewise.” The sad event thus commemorated, would have been deemed an irretrievable misfortune to all the Institutions of this place, of which his Lordship had been the main supporter for forty-three years; and particularly by myself, who during the preceding fourteen, had ever experienced his most kind and paternal advice and patrenage, had it not pleased Divine Providence to raise up in his son and successor, one whose chief aim has been to walk in the steps of his father; and to illustrate the family motto— Gaudet tentamine Virtus, Virtue rejoices in trial! Very soon after his succession to the title and estates, the Right Honourable WILLIAM WALTER, Earl of DaRTMOUTH requested a complete account of all his father’s various subscriptions and charities, and (with the advice of Mr. Thynne) confirmed them all: some of them, indeed, have been subsequently augmented. I need not tell you how truly these good auspices have been verified, by the constant interest in our welfare, which has been manifested by his Lordship on all occasions, and I may add, by his amiable Lady. I may not tell you ALL the encouragement which his Lordship has given me in my work. But I may tell you that on his Lordship’s first visit after his accession to the title, which was necessarily a private visit, he expressed a wish to do something commemorative of the occasion; when I suggested the erection of a NEW AND ENLARGED CHANCEL. On which suggestion he eventually acted. The present noble and admired addition to our Church was erected at a cost of £203, at his Lordship’s sole expense, under the super- intendence of R. W. Moore, Esq, architect, Leeds. It was first used for the Communion on Christmas day, 1857, and completed previous to Palm Sunday following; when the event was suitably alluded to by the Venerable Archdeacon Musgrave, in advocating our Sunday Schools. This addition, as well as the conversion by the Churchwardens, Messrs. Horsfall and Varley, of a portion of the West end of the Church into a commodious ‘‘ Ante-Chapel,”’ to which also his Lordship contributed £10, have rendered our large Church far handsomer, and more commodious for public worship. The lesser congregations on Sunday evenings and

Page 205

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 193

Week days are more conveniently received and addressed in the Ante-Chapel, and the Chancel affords greater facilities for the monthly sacraments, as well as the triennial Confirmations. The enlargement was indeed originally recommended by the late Bishop for the latter occasions. May these improvements receive their best approval in the increased number of those who draw nigh to the Lord’s Table, and of those who, by renewing their baptismal covenant in Confirmation, prepare themselves for the other blessed sacrament. It is cheering to add that the people now gladly avail themselves of the privilege, which, after a cen- tury’s legal suspension, was restored to them in 1850, of being married in their own church; and for these occasions also the enlarged chancel is most convenient. For, among the benefits conferred by the late Earl since my prior report, was the obtaining, with the consent of the Patrons and Vicars of both the ancient Parish Churches of Huddersfield and Almondbury—of which the ancient Parochial Chapelry of Slaithwaite, in the former, and Lingards, in the latter, consists— A LICENSE FROM THE BISHOP TO PUBLISH BANNS AND SOLEMNISE MARRIAGES; Lord Dartmouth at that time giving a rent- charge in lieu of tithes, offerings, and fees to the Vicar of Huddersfield. A like arrangement had been made some years before with the Vicar of Almondbury. Marriages were to be conducted without payment of fees to the Parish Church. This arrangement took effect in November, 1850, and at the passing of the law commonly called ‘‘ Lord Blandford’s Act,” brought the chapelry within its operations. Thus, as maintained by the Chancellor of the Diocese and other officials consulted, consti- tuting the ancient chapelry into a “‘new parish” for all eccle- siastical purposes, distinct and independent ; marriages between parishioners became therefore only legal at the church of St. James, Slaithwaite. The fact has been recognized by the vicars, who are adequately compensated for the loss of fees. In the case of Huddersfield, a change has taken place in the vicarage since 1850, by the resignation of the Rev. J. Bateman, and the succession of the Rev. Samuel Holmes, which change confirmed the arrangement of 1850. Another parochial benefit intended by our late noble benefactor, was the gift of a piece of land for an ADDITIONAL GROUND ; that which was consecrated in 1842 having become nearly full, and the older ones entirely so. The late Earl therefore signified his willingness to convey the remainder of “ the Mallingfield,” for this purpose ; which pious design was however interrupted by his death, and not being completed in his lifetime, as intended, by the joint consent of his lordship and his noble heir, was however fulfilled by the present Earl at his own sole cost and expense. It was accordingly duly prepared and inclosed with substantial walls and gates at the cost of £130, paid by a

R

Page 206

194 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

rate raised by Mr John Horsfall and Mr. John Varley, Church- wardens ; and was consecrated by the Right Rev. Charles Thomas, first Lord Bishop of Ripon, on the 7th of June, 1855 ; when an eloquent and suitable sermon was preached by the Venerable Archdeacon Musgrave, D.D., on the resurrection of the body after the image of Christ, from Philippians, iii. 21. The necessity of this provision has been verified by the rapid diminution of the unbroken soil: although the returns of the Huddersfield Union shew that this has been the healthiest district in that Union,—the average of deaths being smaller than any other. Attributable to the improved sanitary arrangements, as well as the salubrity of the air, the variety and moderation of labour, hun:ane arrangements of manufacturers, and, I may add, the use of the Slaithwaite Baths. , On the resignation of the late master of the Slaithwaite Free School, in December, 1853, the schvol premises, which had been completed in 1846, were fc und to be in a dilapidated state, and the farmhouse and outbuildings at Sowerby, belonging to the charity, untenantable through age and decay. These circumstances prevented the trustees from immediately appointing a regular master, as there was no adequate income to offer to one, since their first duty was to provide for the restoration of the Trust property. They however, as formerly, provided for the due instruction of ten poor children at the National School ; taken from the townships of Slaithwaite, Lingards, Linthwaite, and Golcar, according to the endowment deed of the Rev. Robert Meeke, dated 1721, from the rents of the Sowood estate, in Stainland, conveyed and bequeathed by him, which children were accordingly taught in the week-day by Mr. John Mellor, attended Divine Service and the Sunday School, and were catechised weekly in the Free School by the Curate : so that all the requirements of the foundation of the venerable Mr. Meeke were fulfilled, at a cost of £5 per annum. The surplus rent of this estate, and the whole derivable from the land of the Sowerby property, were devoted to the rebuilding of the farmhouse, and the payment of a balance due for the last Deeds of Trust. This improvement was success- fully carried out at a cost of £170, in the years 1854 and 1855, and the premises let for an improved rental. Accounts were regularly furnished every year to the Charity Commissioners, and laid before the Parish Vestry. ‘The Schoolhouse was used for Bible Classes on Sunday evenings ; and on the week days, one of the rooms of the Master’s house became a READ:NG Room, where the Trustees and some principal inhabitants assembled in the evening, and where many important local improvements were planned and carried out. Amongst which may be named the establishment of the GaS Company, and the lighting of not only the houses and mills, but also the streets, with Gas. The streets of the town have also been materially improved and widened, by

Page 207

SECOND DECENNSAL REPORT. 195

the removal of almost every unsightly and unhealthy building, and the erection of several neat groups of cottages, at the expense of the late Earl of Dartmouth ; including one beautiful quartette, devoted to the free occupation of aged or solitary persons, known as “THE Wivows’ The Schoolhouse was also used on various occasions for public meetings and lectures. Notwithstanding all this, the apparent suspension of the School became the subject of misapprehension ; and in 1857, some per- sons, prompted by interested legal advisers, alleged a number of charges against the former and present Trustees, in an application to the Commissioners of Public Charities to grant a License to cite the Trustees before the Court of Chancery. All these charges were fully met and refuted, by written answers and documentary proofs. In consequence the Commissioners rejected the application of the complainants, and approved the general management of the Trust ; but recommended the Trustees to apply for a new Scheme for the regulation of the School and the Property. A Scheme was accordingly prepared at the request of the Trustees, by a Committee composed of the Vicar of Hudders- field, the Incumbents of Slaithwaite and Scammonden, who were Visitors under the original foundation, with the advice of the Venerable Archdeacon Musgrave ; and having been accepted by the Trustees, was presented to the Charity Board, who revised and adapted it to their general rules, and referred it back to the Trustees. After long correspondence, a certificate of the facts was granted by the Commissioners ; and the Scheme, approved and sealed, was referred to the County Court at Huddersfield. It came on for hearing there on the 29th July, 1859, and was duly confirmed by the Court, with the addition of an inhabitant of Golcar and Linthwaite, respectively, as Trustees, of whom the present Incumbents were the first appointed. In the meantime the School property at Sowerby had been rebuilt, and paid for; as also the law expenses, the teaching of the free children, and all other claims upon the Trust discharged, including nine shillings per annum left by Mr. Meeke, for wine for the Communion. So that at Midsummer, 1859, the Trust was free of debt, and a balance of about £12 in hand ; which was expended in necessary and substantial repairs of the School pre- mises. The new Scheme provided for the continued teaching of the ten boys and girls according to Mr. Meeke’s foundation, at the National School, from the four townships, as before named ; and for ten adult scholars on the Walker and Ainley’s foundation, at the Free School, out of Slaithwaite and Lingards, in Evening Classes ; to be open also to young persons of Slaithwaite and Lingards, and parts of Golcar and Linthwaite, within one mile of the School. The School to be occupied also in the daytime as an Infant School, and a residence for the Master and his family. It was determined therefore to commence the School as soon as it

Page 208

196 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

should be in a fit state. A Master was advertised for, and on the 19th September, Mr. Samuel Mellor was unanimously elected by the Clerical Electors and Lay Trustees, as Master. He was well known to them, as being the son of the late Mr. George Mellor, of Lingards, who, having held the office of Superintendent of the Church Sunday School for forty-six years, had died March 31st, 1857. Mr. Samuel Mellor had served his apprenticeship as a Pupil Teacher at the National School with great credit, and had been Master of the National School, at Farndon, Cheshire, for nearly seven years. Mrs. Samuel Mellor superintends the sewing department, and Miss Hannah Varley, the previous Infant School Teacher at the National School, continues to fulfil her office now it is removed to the Free School, which took place in November, 1859 ; the Evening Classes having been previously commenced. But in order to fit up and furnish the School for these various purposes, a considerable outlay was required, which it was neither lawful nor practicable tu derive from the School funds ; an effort was therefore made to raise subscriptions for this purpose with considerable success; but the accommodation requires enlarge- ment in consequence of the great prosperity of the Scheme. About eighty young men, and sixty infants are under instruction, besides the ten free Scholars, making 150 altogether; and it is proposed to open Evening Classes on alternate evenings for the young women, during the Spring and Summer months. Thus, after twenty years of labour and anxiety, it is felt that the wise bounty of the former Incumbent, the Rev. Robert Meeke, and his coadjutors and followers in the same good work, Thomas Walker, William Walker, and Michael Ainley, nearly a century and a half ago, has been adapted to the circumstance of the times ; and the property secured to future generations for a ‘‘School of Good Literature,” and Religious Instruction accord- ing to the principles of the Church of England, as originally designed. The legal Scheme will render the frequent renewal of Trust by Deeds, hitherto so expensive, unnecessary, the vacancies being supplied by a very easy process. May the rising generation continue in its entirety, and enjoy to the full, this good work ; by which endowments, on sound but limited principles, that proved beneficial in the age of their forefathers, when educational privi- leges were rare, are made more extensively available for general and popular instruction. The thirty-first of August, 1856, and the twenty-seventh of October, 1859, are days which will long be remembered among you. The former as that on which the present Earl and Countess of Dartmouth first honoured us with a public visit ; when their reception was described as one of a triumphal, almost royal, nature, according to the ability of the inhabitants. They were met by a procession, with banners and music, and were conducted

Page 209

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 197

to the Parsonage. In the evening his Lordship presided at a ublic meeting, in the National School. The Royal Standard, his Lordship’s kind gift, floated on the Church tower: and the Red Ensign, purchased by the people, on the School, where a very large and respectable assemblage welcomed the noble guests. The School premises had received considerable additions, in the form of excavated playground behind, and large area for the same purpose before ; a Class Room, and other conveniences, completed at an expense of about £300. Towards which the Committee of Council gave £120, various local friends £40, and his Lordship the rest ; besides the additional ground, reaching from the Harp Inn Yard to the street—all which were conveyed to the Incum- bent and Churchwardens by his Lordship, in Trust, and the Deed was on that day executed by the presenting and accepting parties. You will recollect the very animating and encouraging speech which was delivered by his Lordship on that occasion, in reply to the public address presented at the meeting. The Infant School was then commenced under the patronage of the Earl and Coun- tess, who contribute £10 per annum to the Mistress’s salary. On the 27th October, 1859, his Lordship, again accompanied by Lady Dartmouth, visited Slaithwaite ; and in the afternoon, attended by a large number of gentry, clergy, and inhabitants. proceeded from the Free School, to Boothbanks, where he laid the first stone of a new National School, to be called the Wrst SLAITHWAITE NATIONAL ScHoou. In the evening, after a public substantial tea in the National School, at which our noble friends and many other distinguished persons sat down with us; a public meeting was again presided over by his Lordship, when a Scheme, founded on the legal one, was proposed for the future guidance of the Free School; and an Institution inaugurated under his Lordship’s patronage, to be called “‘Tazt MEEKE AND WALKERS’ INSTITUTION.” The rules were read to the meeting, and proposed by myself, as Incumbent and official Trustee ; and seconded by the Venerable Archdeacon Musgrave, D.D., as one of the Trus- tees of the National School, in which the Free School Master may act as Assistant. In the absence of the Vicar of Hudders- field from indisposition, the Scheme was supported by the Rev. T. B. Bensted, S. P. Lampen, and W. H. Girling, and received unanimously. His Lordship accepted the office of Patron. A Committee of subscribers was appointed, and a Sub-Committee of reading members to assist in the management. Lord Dartmouth on this occasion again assured all hearts of his deep interest in the spiritual and temporal welfare of all his tenants and their neighbours, by a feeling speech ; as did her Ladyship by her presence and condescending demeanour. The meeting was, like the former, most happy and enthusiastic; and it is pleasing to report that the Classes, Library, Lectures, and Reading Room

Page 210

198 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

have been readily embraced, and the accommodation found too small for their convenient operation. The Church of Slaithwaite being very large, has frequently been the scene of very impressive congregations ; but one pro- bably which occurred on Whit-Monday, 1855, stands unparalleled. A strong feeling of peaceful charity, if not unity, had grown up among the several denominations of Christians, within the sound of Slaithwaite Church Bell; whose fathers, sixty years before, had all thronged its aisles from Sunday to Sunday ; and it might be said that they still loved its plain though sacred walls, willingly contributed to its support, and came in great numbers on special occasions. The population had increased; two Churches, at Lin- thwaite and Golcar, eight Chapels for Wesleyans and Baptists, had arisen, within the district formerly dependent upon Slaith- waite Church; and yet there were very few persons who did not occasionally visit ‘“‘The Church of their Fathers.” The idea therefore was suggested to me by a friend of Christian Unity (Mr. Joseph Mellor) and readily embraced, that an Annual Meeting might be convened in the Church, or at least attempted with some success, of the several Sunday Schools, on Whit-Monday. A friendly address was therefore issued, and was favourably responded to by three Wesleyans, one Baptist, and three General Sunday Schools. Preliminary meetings were held, and all things arranged most amicably ; ‘simple and well-known hymns and tunes were chosen, printed, and practised, and precedency given in accommodation to the seven visitor Schools, over our own three Church Schools, in the occupation of the Church. On the day, which was exceedingly fine, the order was beyond all eulogy, through the efficient arrangement of the Churchwardens and School Superintendents. The whole Church, pews, aisle, and chancel, was filled. The seven neighbouring Schools occupied the whole floor of the Church. The Church Schools the west half of the gallery, and the general congregation the remainder. Many could not gain admittance. The numbers, counted at the doors, amounted to 2,160 teachers and children (about one-third of whom belonged to the Church), and 1,140 general adult congrega- tion ; total 3,300 persons. In this estimate it must be borne in mind that the Church Schools of Golcar and Linthwaite were not present ; which would augment the number of teachers and children, under Church instruction within the district formerly dependent on Slaithwaite Church, to above 1,000. The service commenced at 2.30, with singing the favourite hymn, ‘‘ Come let us join our cheerful songs,” to the tune called ‘‘ Bromsgrove.” The ¢ffect was overpowering, After the Evening Service, read by the Rev. S. P. Lampen, Curate, the 117th Psalm, “ From all that dwell below the skies,” was sung to the Ol Hundredth Psalm tune; and I gave the attentive assembly an extempore address of about twenty minutes long, on Rev. xx. 11,—‘‘I saw

Page 211

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 199

the dead, small and great, stand before God.” A third hymn concluded the service, which occupied altogether about an hour and a quarter. The different Schools retired in due order to their several places of meeting for the remainder of the evening. The three Church Sunday Schools to the National School Room and the playgrounds ; where, as usual on Whit-Monday evening, the children were first regaled with buns and coffee, and then the teachers and friends were refreshed with tea, and a most interest- ing meeting was held, at which addresses were delivered on the duties and prospects of their office. Whit-Monday, 1856, the attempt was made to repeat the meeting, but only three Schvols attended besides our own; making, however, a congregation of nearly 2,000 persons; but the weather proving exceedingly wet, the repetition was found inconvenient, on account of distances. It may still be hereafter attempted occasionally : for one of the purposes originally pro- posed, viz., to promote in some measure visible—where there is essential—unity in the great doctrines of salvation ; and to wit- ness the same to the confusion of the scoffer, according to our Lord’s exposition of the 8th Psalm, ‘‘ Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise, because of thine enemies, to still the enemy and the avenger.”— Matt. xxi. 16. Another of these remarkable congregations took place on Sun- day, October 17th, 1858, when our present revered Diocesan, the RIGHT REVEREND Dr. BICKERSTETH, preached on behalf of the Church Missionary Society, from John iii. 16, a Sermon which as much astonished by its power as it instructed by its plainness of speech ; the impression of which has not-yet passed away ; the children in all our Schools can still repeat the Bishop’s text— John iii. 16. On that occasion the minister and congregation of Linthwaite Church also attended, with their Sunday School, and the whole Church was densely crowded. His Lordship’s second visit, on the occasion of the eighth Triennial Confirmation, took place September 29th, 1859, when sixty-nine candidates from the Parish, and 280 from surrounding were admitted to the ordinance. On this occasion the Bishop catechized and addressed the young persons from the pulpit at considerable length, and received satisfactory answers, especially from those of our own Bible Classes. It has been satisfactory to my mind, as an evidence of your Christian faith and disinterested care for the souls of others, that whilst so lively an interest has been felt in our local Institutions, and they have been so well supported, the outgoings of Christian zeal have not been withheld from the Heathen and the Jew, or those who are not so well supplied as ourselves with the means of religious worship and instruction, in our own land. Our contribu- tions to the Church Missionary Society have gradually risen to : £36 in 1858, and to the Additional Curates’ Society (from which,

Page 212

200 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

since 1844, I have received an annual grant of £80) have amounted for 1858 and 1859, to £26 each year. In 1854 indeed we raised £50 for the Missionary Society, chiefly by a sale of Ladies’ Work in the Free School, to which many of the respect- able inhabitants of surrounding districts greatly contributed. The British and Foreign Bible Society, the Prayer Book and Homily Society, and the Society for promoting Christianity among the Jews, have received much smaller contributions; but still denoting a sense of spiritual mercies received, and a desire that they may be extended to yet unwatered lands, Occasional col- lections have also been made for the Huddersfield Infirmary, especially on the occasion of the insertion of the Memorial Window, representi.g the Good Samaritan, when £6 were col- lected : also for the Ripon Diocesan Church Building Society, and other kindred objects. THE District Visitina Socrety has continued its steady and useful labours, in the distribution of Tracts, in affording temporal relief, and in constant communication with nearly every family in the Parish. The annual Reports of this Institution have afforded me opportunities of addressing you ; and of recording mercies and bereavements, from time to time. Nearly all, however, of those who, now nearly twenty years ago, entered with me into this work, have gone to their rest; men of plain and sober minds, fervent piety, and self-denying zeal. ‘‘ Even so, saith the Spirit, for‘they rest from their labours, and their works do follow them.” Oh that there were such a heart in their sons.! That they did but imitate as much their simple piety, as they inherit their per- sonal kindness and good neighbourhood; and as they excel, in intelligence and enterprise those who have now departed this life in the faith and fear of God! You, my dear friends, have not been backward in paying all respect to the memory of your fathers ; as many a costly monument and decent gravestone tes- tifies. May the Holy Spirit give you grace to follow their good examples, by writing the truths of Christ’s holy Gospel, “not on tables of stone, but in the fleshly tables of the heart.” Meanwhile, a third generation has been growing up full of promise. Whilst many a tender bud has been nipt, and many a blooming youth has been cut down, numbers of our young people have gone forth into the world. In my vccasional visits to distant parishes and counties, they often refresh my soul by grateful recognition ; for truly may I adopt the words of the loving Apostle St. John, “I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth.” Twenty-six Schoolmasters and three Mistresses, reared in our Schools, are now, like flowers trans- planted, shedding their fertility and beauty, on other lands. Since the commencement of the Pupil Teacher System in 1846, a first, second, and third series have completed their apprentice- ship; eight have gone forth as Teachers, six have obtained

Page 213

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 201

Government Certificates and Scholarships; only one has failed to follow the course for which he or she was instructed ; one {s no more ; and all, except one, are satisfactory in their respective situations ; and return from time to time, like the dove to the ark with the olive branch, or the bee with its stores to the parent hive. Many other scholars are occupying respectable mercantile, and even professional, situations in life with credit. In ovr principal National School, from 1835 to 1860—a quarter of a century—above 2,500 scholars have been instructed, under Mr, John Mellor, the present able and successful chief Master, who has obtained educational honours from the Committee of Council, and the Royal College of Preceptors. Thus a number _ equal to about half of the whole existing population have passed through his hands, and constitute the active portion of every manufacturing establishment and religious community in the district. The great work of provision is now nearly com- plete ; four Schools have, during the last twerty years, been erected, and are in efficient operation ; the Wrst SLAITHWAITE (Boothbanks) is now rising from the ground ; and it is a token for good that we are occupying temporarily the General Sunday School at Bank Nook, by the goodwill of the Managers, until the new building shall be complete ; the Loomhouse, in which the School has been conducted for ten years, being now required for other purposes. The subscriptions to this effort are already very encouraging, but about £100 are wanted to complete the cost of School and Master’s house. A house of residence is also desirable for the Master of the Lingards School; and it is manifest for so wide a provision additional Clerical superin- tendence is needed. The Schools are the nurseries of the Church, and it is most pleasing to see the numbers of young persons of both sexes, who are in attendance on divine worship. These are circumstances which cheer your Minister forward ; despite of misconception and misrepresentation, which no moral or scientific reformer, even our blessed Lord himself, ever escaped. The work of general improvement has been progressive ; but its advances are like the tides of the sea, or the motion of the stars, rather apparent after an interval of absence, or suspended atten- tion, than to the constant observer. Strangers and returning emigrants, have noted the change in the visible aspect of things. Emigration itself, even into neighbouring districts, has received a check from the commercial enterprise, which has recently been awakened in our own district, and the employment given on the spot to hand-loom weavers, who formerly had to seek for occupa- tion in distant places. Hence the Spade Husbandry Society, has both served its time, in supplying an investment for labour in seasons of need, and can be spared, since for some years the land

has been better cultivated, and there has been ample employment

Page 214

202 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNAIS.

in the staple manufactures of the country. The Association has therefure ceased ita operations, except that there is an Industrial Field Garden connected with each of our three principal Schools ; and which receive constant encouragement from Her Majesty’s government and the Earl of Dartmouth ; and Cuttage Allotments increase. The sending forth however of so many active spirits into other districts, has left us feebler at home than if they had been less aspiring and successful. tut those also who have been carried away ‘‘to the land which is very far off, where they see the King in his beauty,” are not few; and their remembrance is sweet. The venerable patriarch has sometimes been entombed with his youthful descendants ; and they meet now, where they shall both alike rejoice in the blessed truths, which ‘they have heard with their ears, and their fathers have declared to them the wonderful works which the Lord did in their days and in the old time before them!” Yes, my dear friends, now, for nearly two centuries, with brief intermission, and for one century complete, without any intermission, the Gospel of Jesus Christ has been fully, spiritually, and practically preached and lived among you; if I may be allowed to add my own imperfect, but I bear you witness, faithful ministrations, and those of my helpers in the ministry, to those of Furly, Powley, Wilson, Chew, Walter, and Jackson ; with their assistant Ministers, Murgatroyd, Smith, Roberts, and others. Men who were famous in their generation ; full of faith and of the Holy Ghost. They have passed away, as we soon must; but the Word of God abideth for ever. The WRITTEN TESTIMONY has been circulated by us all in rich abundance, and will remain among you and your children, when our living voice is heard no more. It is an important and responsible fact that, since the year 1846, when a Bible and Prayer Book Association was formed in this place, about 1,500 Bibles, 900 Testaments, and 1,500 Common Prayer Books have been disposed of by sale or gift in the Parish and neighbourhood ; besides three editions of the Selections of Psalms and Hymns, in use in the Church. These, above 5,000 sacred volumes, average one for each indi- vidual in the district, and their pages, read or unread, will witness at the last day. To these means of religious instruction and comfort, must be’ added the Sermons and Lectures delivered in the Church, Ante- Chapel, Vestry, Schools, and Cottages, and they amount during the last ten years to 3,500. The number of Sacraments, monthly, at Church, and quarterly, at Upper Slaithwaite, 160; the Bap- tisms, 1,336 ; the Funerals, 737. How often the church-hell has spoken its stirrmg homily! The number of baptisms, as com- pared with burials, would indicate great increase in the popula- tion ; a positive increase of the former, as compared with the preceding ten years, of 71, and a decrease of 132 in the latter.

Page 215

SECOND DECENNIAL REPORT. 208

The increase of baptisms may be partly owing to much less neglect of that sacrament than formerly—and the diminution of funerals partly owing to the greater use of the Churchyards of Linthwaite and Golcar; but the expected Census will ascertain the fact. I may however add that there have been 90 parties whose banns have been published, and 80 marriages, since the License was granted in 1850, and they are ‘on the increase. 285 young persons have been confirmed, and our communicants are about 100. ‘This latter is the least cheering fact, and ought to awaken much serious inquiry why the Lord’s Table is not better furnished with guests. At the recent Easter Sunday communion, however, there was a larger attendance than for many years. Whatever shall be the result of the present agitation of the question of Church Rates, it will always be a satisfaction that this legal provision has never failed in Slaithwaite-cum-Lingards. A rate for the latter Township was laid whilst this report has been in writing, to complete its quota of the general rate, accord- ing to custom. The Terrier of 1770 states, that the repairs of the Church have always been paid by these Townships ; which indeed maintained their sole right to do so, upon the rebuilding of the Church, or rather erection of the present edifice in 1788-9: at which time all the sittings added (about 730) were sold as freehold occupations, to form a building fund; without any augmentation of income to the Minister; inhabitants of Lin- thwaite and Gclcar paying larger sums than those of the legal Chapelry, which is nearly identical with the Manor of Slaithwaite- cum-Lingards. ~The Earl of Dartmouth now provides, at his own cost, about 300 free sittings, of those belonging to the Minister, ‘for the use of his tenants ; there remain only a very small proportion (about 350) for which payment of one shilling and sixpence each per annum is made to the Minister ; and hence the total amount of pew rents from all sources is about £50 per annum. The net produce of the land endowment £120, and fees. about £20. Thus the permanent provision for the Minister is less than £200 There is no legally settled Parsonage. I name this for the removal of misunderstanding, though not for complaint. The house provided for the Minister, from year to year, by the free liberality of the landlord, is most commodious and complete: and his Lordship’s other kindnesses are constant, whilst many acts of good neighbourhood express the feelings of the people. My children have nearly grown up among you, and chiefly educated at home, have given me affectionate assistance in my work, and my sons promise of future usefulness in the Church. To their education I have added, of late years, that of one or two others, who have also cordially lent their aid in every good work. I cannot but hope that of these labours the Church will reap the benefit after many days: whilst my own personal efficiency has not been reduced, but rather increased, by a sense

Page 216

204 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of pecuniary independence, and by a@ requisite and constant residence at home. Our ancient, and once obscure, Chapelry is now, therefore, become, by God’s blessing, endowed with all the appliances and privileges of an old English Parish. I shall be very sorry if the condition of things be ever changed—the Parochial system em- bracing every soul in the district in its care; and the Church inviting all equally to its bosom. At present we know no dis- tinction of sect in our ministerial visitation or charitable offices. The withdrawal of the legal provision for its support, would reduce the Churchwalls to a party occupation, with the abolition of its present freedom: and there would be a consequent limita- tion of authority and influence in the district; where now, happily, there is scarce a family with which your Ministers have not some communication, either for spiritual or temporal good. We have many opportunities of sweet and instructive converse in our Cottage Lectures, Public Meetings, and at Funerals, with the Dissenting portion of*the population ; and although we cannot preserve uniformity of worship, we endeavour to maintain ‘‘ the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace, and in righteousness of life.” In the silence of the grave, within our Parochial burial ground, the Churchman and the Nonconformist lie side by side, until the general resurrection ; in the common and blessed hope of which, the Ministers of the Church and their weeping relatives commit them to the dust. And now my second Decennial Report is ended. Let each of us ask himself, What repért have I to give of my own soul? Is it in order against the Master’s coming? It cannot be so, unless you are living up to the manifold privileges by which you are sur- rounded ; unless you are in full communion with Christ's Church ; in daily, hourly exercise of faith and prayer. Behold the Bride- groom cometh! The Judge standeth before the door! That each may be enabled to welcome his approach is my earnest desire, my prayer night and day, for you all. I value highly those splendid labours ; but I still more value your souls; your best, your TESTIMONIALS of respect and regard which, a year, ago you be- stowed on me, and my beloved wife, the partner of all my cares and eternal interests; and which it is my highest ambition to have for my hire. Your temporal interests I seek with scarcely less earnestness; and during the three years that, at your wish, I have been Guardian of the Poor, I have become more intimately acquainted with them all; and your Ministers have been enabled, by weekly converse on religious subjects, to hold up the hands that hung down, and strengthen the feeble knees. But we long to see the Lord’s Table more crowded with sincere par- takers : the number falls far below its due proportion to that of the serious members of the congregation. Diffidence keeps away many; indecision more. Hence the inner spiritual temple has

Page 217

STATE OF THE SCHOOLS. 205

not manifestly extended itself, as the external fabrics. Still the numerous and attentive congregations, at Church and the various School services and Cottage Lectures, are most promising; and deathbeds reveal many of the Lord’s hidden ones, as the last day will, we trust, do more. May the present extraordinary tide of commercial prosperity not absorb men’s minds so as to provoke a reverse, from the merciful but chastening Father of our spirits! The Rev. William Girling, my faithful coadjutor for the last three years, is leaving us for a more responsible scene of labour. I bespeak your prayers for him, and for the Rev. William Callis, his successor in this curacy; for my family, especially my two eldest sons now at Cambridge preparing for the Ministry; for the two youngest also, whose recent effort to place a Harmonium in the Ante-Chapel, was so kindly and liberally met as to assure me of your affec- tionate regard: and finally for myself, that, as long as I am spared amongst you, I may be enabled to make full proof of my Ministry ; and having fulfilled my course, appear before God at last im the righteousness of Christ, and present you all before Him, as my joy and crown of rejoicing. Believe me to remain, My beloved Brethren, Your affectionate Pastor and Friend,

CHARLES AUGUSTUS HULBERT, M.A. Slaithwaite, Easter, 1860.

STATE OF THE SCHOOLS, EASTER, 1860.

Bot: is Bo SUNDAY. ts ya irls, 8 Church i 156 TB 86 85 Free School ............. a 5 § BATAS 55 48 Upper Slaithwaite........ 89 17 86 96 est Slaithwaite ........ 20 25 EVENING SCHOOLS, 264 175 257 804 Meeke and Walker’s...... 76 Upper Slaithwaite........ 61 est Slaithwaite ........ 45 486 176 257 804 Total Weekly Sunday....561 Mistr Pupil Teachers...... 5

Masters...... 5 6. Sunday School Superintendents....7_ | Sunday School owing for double returns, 800 scholars.

JOHN VARLEY, Treasurer, S

Page 218

CONCLUSION.

oF THE YEARS 1860 to 1864, AND BroaRaPHIoaAL Noricgs.

To the foregoing voluminous Reports I feel it neces- sary to add a few further memoranda, which may gratefully record the blessings of the last five years. The biographical notices of some of the departed members of the true Spiritual Church will con- veniently follow. The completion of the very beautiful School and Master’s House at Boothbanks, denominated the WEsT Natronat ScHoot, was effected by the Contractors, Messrs. Eli and David Eagland, masons, of Slaithwaite, with the aid of other resident workmen, within the year 1860. The plans were furnished by Mr. Thynne, and the total value of the erection, site, and conveyance was £1,260, of which, £360 were defrayed by the Committee of Council; £525 by the Earl of Dartmouth, and £375 by local friends. (See Appendix.) The School was publicly opened on the 12th June, 1861, by a Meeting, presided over by Mr. Thynne, and has been very successful as a Weekday School, but has only a small Sunday School. The Dis- senting party who, until recently, occupied premises as a Sunday School, at Bank Nook, near the Boothbanks

Page 219

RETROSPECT, 1860-64. 207

School, have subsequently erected a new building on an adjoining part of the township of Marsden. Many children of tbe latter Sunday School are, however, receiving sound instruction in the week days, at our School; and we rejoice in partial where we are not vouchsafed full success. The Annual Meetings of the MzEKn anp WALKER’S Epvoationat Institution have been held for four years under the presidency of the Earl of Dartmouth ; and very numerously and respectably attended. The Institution continues to be exceedingly useful. The male and female Evening Classes are attended by above 100 young persons. The general Psalmody of the Church has been much improved by the Singing Class; while the Cuore have continued to lead the devotions, if possible, only Too as it is to be regretted that the singing is less general in conse- quence. Their labours are, however, fully appreciated by the congregation; and it may be added that on the 24th June, 1860, on the occasion of Collections for the Choir fund, there were 1,970 persons present, and £22 6s. 3d. collected. And at Christmas last the Organ was further improved, at an expense of £30, which was partly defrayed by the produce of a “‘Christ- mas The successful formation of a Company of VOLUNTEERS, about 100 in number, marked the last year: and they attended at Church for the first time on the 17th of January, 1864, when a Sermon was preached from Kcclesiastes vii. 12, which, at their

Page 220

208 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

request I have published, and have dedicated it to Major Bradbury ; to whose exertions this movement is chiefly indebted for it success. The Corps have also received the munificent patronage of the Earl of Dartmouth, who, on the day of the last Meeting of the Meeke and Walker’s Institution, publicly inspected their move- ments. By their very rapid progress they have afforded proof of the benefit of previous discipline: most of them having been scholars in our various educational estab- lishments. The Countess of Dartmouth also gave encouragement to the Female Class by the personal distribution of prizes at the Public Meeting. . In these Institutions, it has been sought to preserve some connection with our young persons after they have left the Schools; and to operate upon them indirectly for their spiritual good. More directly, however, the Bible and Catechetical Classes, held previous to Confirmation, have had reference to this object.. At the Ninth Triennial Confirmation, held October 21st, 1862, fifty-five can- didates were presented and admitted, including twenty- one males. In the preparatory labour I was assisted by the Rev. John Teague Greenway; as also in the weekly Bible Class of the above Institution ; and in the Readings with the aged and infirm paupers attend- ing for relief every Wednesday in the Vestry. The Annual Sermons on behalf of the Sunday Schools have been preached as usual on Palm Sunday in each year, to very large congregations, and the Anniversary Hymns have been a source of much

Page 221

RETROSPECT, 1860-64. 209

spiritual enjoyment. For the first time this year (1864) we have missed the voice of our late venerated friend the Rev. Joseph Hughes. The Revs. Samuel Holmes, Vicar of Huddersfield in 1862 and ’64, John Blomefield, Incumbent of St. George’s, Leeds, in 1861, Robt. Crowe, Incumbent of Woodhouse, 1863, and E. C. Ince, Incumbent of Meltham Mills, in 1864, have also, with myself, pleaded the cause of our Schools with great success. Sermons and Collections have been made for the smaller Schools at the usual times and places. The amount raised in this manner has been about £35 per annum. In 1862, the Upper Slaithwaite Schoolhouse was repaired at a cost of £63. We have been enabled to contribute about £25 each year to the Church Missionary Society, and we held the Jubilee Meeting of our Association on the 9th Sept. 1863 ; nearly the same sum to the Additional Curates’ Society, and lesser sums to the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Societies for promoting Christianity among the Jews, and Irish Church Mis- sions, and an Annual Sermon on the Anniversary of our Church, on behalf of the Ripon Diocesan Church Building Society. In 1862, the sympathy of our people was excited by the distress of the Lancashire Operatives, and £60 were contributed in money and goods. The Annual Collections on behalf of our venerable Scripture Reader and Clerk, Mr. Joseph Mellor, have also indicated the respect in which he is held. That made on the day of the attendance of the Rifle Volunteers, amounted to £13 10s. All these

Page 222

210 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

and the other Charitable objects supported, indicate & very great increase of liberality in giving compared with former years; although the collections may not appear adequate to the number of persons forming the congregations ; but among whom are few who can be called wealthy. With reference to the Dissenting Communities I am happy to state that we in general live on kind and friendly terms. On some occasions, such as the Meet- ings of the British and Foreign Bible Society, we co- operate, and we have had some meetings for mutual prayer. On the occasion of the Marriage of the Prince and Princess of Wales, March 10th, 1863, the Sunday and Weekday Schools connected with the Church, the Wesleyan Old Connexion and Wesleyan Reformers, and the Cloughhead General Sunday Schools, attended afternoon service at Church to the number of 1,350, and sung hymns appropriate to the occasion, The Particular Baptists met us in the village, and joined in singing out of doors, but did not come to Church. On that occasion each community regaled its own children, and supplied them with medals. The Church supplied its Teachers and Scholars, to the number of 860. About 400 persons were also regaled in the evening, by general subscrip- tion, in onr National School. Our Annual Sunday School Gatherings on Whit- Monday have continued to be held with much spirit. In 1863, there were 742 children present, and many teachers and friends. Our congregations continue

Page 223

JOHN SCHOFIELD. 311

large; but the number of our communicants has not been proportionately increased. A larger attendance at the Lord’s Table has, however, taken place on several occasions than in many former years. My own severe indisposition during great part of the year 1862, fol- lowing upon the decease of several dear friends, ren- dered it necessary to relax some of the exertions which were customary ; and to decline the office of Guardian of the Poor, which I had held for five years; but I am now thankful for a return of health and vigor, although sensible of the progress of time. Many old friends are no more among the Church Militant; but we venerate their memory, and long to rejoin their society in the Church Triumphant above. It remains only to conclude these “Annals of the Church in Slaithwaite ”’ by brief notices of some who are gone before: but each of whom “ By his faith, being dead, yet speaketh.” Mention has already been several times made of _ JoHN ScHOFIELD, of Mallingfield, Slaithwaite, a native musical genius, who gave his services as Organist from 1789 until he departed this life May 24th, 1848 (being Ascension Day), aged 76 years. The Minister and Congregation marked their respect for his memory by erecting a marble monument in the Church, represent- ing the Organ, which he played for above half a century, in mourning, and on the drapery an inscription, inclu- ding the following verse: The Lord, in this his “‘ lowest room,” Long heard him lead the choir, Then called him to his heavenly dome, |

‘* Come, faithful servant, higher.” . LUKE xiv. 8, xix. 17.

Page 224

212 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

On his tombstone—situated in the corner nearest his house, of the new burial ground, in which he freely surrendered his interest as tenant—the following verse is also engraven, in memory of his frequent and effec- tive performance of Martin Luther’s hymn— Great God ! what do I see and hear, The end of things created ; The Judge of all men doth appear, On clouds of glory seated. The trumpet sounds, the graves restore The dead which they contained before : Prepare, my soul, to meet Him! JoHN VaR Ley, of Lingards Corn Mill, son of Mr. John Lawson Varley, one of the Trustees for building the Church, was a man of mild and retiring manners, but refined and intelligent mind, with a strong feeling of loyalty to the Queen and attachment to the Church and its ministers. On the 10th February, 1840, the day of the marriage of our beloved Queen, he presented to the Church a pair of Gothic Oak Arm Chairs for the Communion; and in 1845, his Widow, in conformity with his intention, added a new Oak Communion Table and kneeling Stools in the same style. The table is represented in the Monument ‘erected by her; and over it a Scroll falls, whereon it is recorded that, “ He fell asleep in Jesus, September 14th, 1843, aged 48 years. Toa blameless conduct before man, he added an humble spirit before God. Looking only for salvation by faith in the blood and righteousness of Christ, he endeavoured “to adorn the doctrine of God his Saviour in all things”: and

Page 225

RICHARD VARLEY. - 218

warmly attached to the Church of England, he was a liberal supporter of all her plans of usefulness,— especially in this his native village.” Mr. Varley was Treasurer and Secretary of the District Visiting Society from its commencement to his death, and has been succeeded therein for the last twenty years by his youngest brother, Mr. Joseph Varley. RicHard eldest son of John Lawson Varley, has been referred to as the early protegé of the Rev. Thomas Wilson. He was born May 1784, and was many years a Teacher, Superintendent, and Visitor of the Sunday School in its original form; and ever took a lively interest in its success. When a young man, he used to call together the workpeople of Waterside Mill, of which he was manager, and afterwards partner, on Saturday evening before their departure, and closed the week with singing a hymn. In the year 1816, he promoted the erection of the Church Clock, with its four faces: and the formation of the new Turnpike Road in 1824. He projected and erected the Slaithwaite Mineral Baths, which are still carried on by his family, and, with the beautiful surrounding gardens, contribute much to the health and happiness of the neighbourhood. He was fore- most in designing and executing the Proprietary Grammar School in Lingards, about the same time: and in 1840, the making by the Earl of Dartmouth of the New Road from the village to Meltham Moor, which was called “Varley Road.” For these and

Page 226

214 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

other services, the inhabitants expressed their grati- tude by a handsome Testimonial in plate. On my coming to Slaithwaite, I was only too glad to find so useful a fellow worker; and he was introduced to my particular confidence, by my late venerable friend Joseph Armitage, Esq., of Milnsbridge House. How much help he afforded will have been seen in the foregoing Reports. For the eight remaining years of his life he was my faithful friend and adviser. His sons have placed a handsome Monument in the Church; which justly records that “‘ He died December 12th, 1847, aged 63 years. A man of sound religious principles and amiable manners; who promoted the improvement of this Manor, of which he was Steward, by the erection of public Baths and Schools ; and by justice and kindness to all the tenants. ‘It is required in Stewards that a man be found Cor., iv. 2.” This text, on which I discoursed on the occasion of his death, was part of the Epistle for the day (Third Sunday in Advent) on which he died. Rozserr Woop, the venerable Clerk of the Church for about fourteen years, and previously of Linthwaite Church, was a man of a holy and reverend spirit, and much respected, although of simple and uncultivated mind. He died in February, 1848, aged 80 years. He was a native of Linthwaite, but died at Holt in Lingards. His pious ejaculations and solemn observa- tions, in the Vestry, during the intervals of Divine Service, often refreshed my spirit. He entered with deep fervour into the services of the Church. His

Page 227

ROBERT WOOD. 215

constant remark was, “I love the Church.” His favorite Psalms were the 84th—in which David’s love for God’s house, and the 118th—in which the security of the Church, as founded on Christ the Corner Stone, are set forth. He was a man of great simplicity of character, and yet not without the natural shrewdness of the country. In August, 1842, the great outbreak from Lancashire, still remembered as “ plug time,’’ took place, and thousands of people, one Saturday, poured over the hills which separate us from that County, and stopped all employment (except the Corn Mill) on their way to Huddersfield. On that occasion, a leading Baptist said to him, “ Robert, they will come back and pull down your Church.” “Indeed,” he replied. “And do you think, J——, that they will spare Chapels?’’ Silence implied that such out- breaks were only the spirit of irreligious disobedience _ bearing fruits; and which would mingle in one overthrow all religions, when once the safe barrier of the Church was cast down. ‘The threat was not without some foundation, as some Churches had been interrupted and one Parsonage attacked. We however determined to be found at our post. We had Divine Service not only on Sunday, but on that anxious Monday also, when at Huddersfield the military were obliged to charge the mob; which they did mercifully but effectually, by the order of Mr. Armitage, as senior magistrate, not with bullets, but their swords, and they soon dispersed them without loss of life, The same afternoon we had several hundred persons

Page 228

216 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

at Church; and we found the occasion very profitable. Happily the religious and educational benefits of the last twenty years have been evidenced by the great peace and order which have prevailed during “The Cotton Famine.”’ Robert Wood has left numerous descendants who are attached to the Church in the third and fourth generations. He was succeeded as Clerk by Thomas Lee, a faithful and useful Church- man ; and on his resignation in 1851, by E. G. Sparks, Scripture Reader; but more remarkably in 1853, by our present Lay helper, JoszPH MEttok, generally known by the affec- tionate bye name of “Old Brother.” Who, after thirty years voluntary and gratuitous service as a Methodist Local preacher in this country, has given himself to the Church of his baptism, as Clerk and Scripture Reader, for more than ten years; and who is not more remarkable for his serious piety than . his grave and facetious humour; and I think his attachment to the Church system is unmistakeable. James BamrortH, of Birks, Slaithwaite, a stern but faithful man, served the office of Churchwarden several years, during a period of great distress. He took great interest in the erection of the Upper Slaithwaite School: which is situated near his farm house. He saw every stone of that building laid. He also, with characteristic coolness, superintended the construction of the vault in which he lies interred. He acted as Treasurer of the funds, and, as the School «was opened for Divine Service at Easter 1846, fulfilled

Page 229

JOSHUA BAMFORD. 217

the office of Chapelwarden ; attending regularly until his death, July 1850,—aged 75 years. For several years he, at my suggestion, read all the daily lessons appointed by the Church to his wife,—another patriarchal character. They also left twelve children and many other descendants. JosHus Bamrorp taught a School at Slacks, in the highest part of the township of Lingards, for fifty years; and a large number of the intelligent elder inhabitants of this district were instructed by him. He was a mathematician and natural philosopher : occasionally delivered lectures ; and corresponded with several scientific periodicals. Mild rather than severe in his discipline, he was rather a timid Churchman. He died January 1851, aged 70 years. His son, Isaac Taylor Bamford, who succeeded him in his School, was, upon the opening of the Lingards National School, in 1852, appointed Master ; and has fulfilled the office, with the assistance of his wife, with much credit until the present time; and has obtained a Certificate of Merit from the Committee of Council on Education. We are now engaged in the provision of a house of residence for the Master of this School. SamMurEL Syxzs, Grocer, of Slaithwaite, was for many years Churchwarden, and died June, 1855, aged 68 years. . It is fitly inscribed on his monument near the chancel, and his tombstone outside—“ Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth,” Psalm xxvi. 8. . His admira- T

Page 230

218 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS,

tion for the plain structure in which he had worshipped so long, amounted almost to a-fault: and when I pro- jected some alterations, including the boarding of part of the floor, he quoted against me my own verses,— There, constant in the well-loved place, Each Sabbath saw them throng, With reverent step and serious face, The sounding aisles along : They loved the floor their fathers trod, For many an age long past,— It was the ancient house of God, From age to age to last. He was, however, like Phineas, equally zealous for the moral character of the place, and supported Mr. Jack- son in his efforts to correct several glaring instances by ineffectual appeals to Church discipline. In the same spirit he, as Churchwarden, provided Tables of Commandments, Lord’s Prayer, and Belief. He died wealthy and respected. Gzorer Mauttor, of Highhouse, Linthwaite, but latterly of School Terrace, Lingards, has already been mentioned as, for forty-six years, the Superintendent of our Church Sunday School. He died March 31st, 1857, aged 78 years. He was a “Faithful Levite’’: and my Sermon, preached on Palm Sunday following, at our School Anniversary, was printed with the above title, and the text, taken from Malachi ii. 6, is expres- sive of his character. “The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips. He walked with me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity’ His earnest appeals to

Page 231

JAMES BAMFORTH. 219

the consciences of the children in his addresses, and his comments on the Psalms of the day, will long be remembered by more than one generation. How emphatically did he utter, “'The runagates shall con- tinue in scarceness!’’ His love for the Service of the Church and his veneration for her ministers were evidenced in death. "When insensible to any other communications, he followed me in some parts of the Liturgy—and when he did not know his medical attendant, he made a token of deep respect when his Minister entered. His son Samuel succeeded him in his office, jointly with his nephew John Mellor, our principal National Schoolmaster. James Bamrortu, of Upper Holm, Slaithwaite, a devoted Sunday School Teacher and District Visitor, and for about six years Master of the Weekday School at Boothbanks: was cut off in the midst of life. He originated the Mechanics’ Institution, but it soon passed into more advanced hands. He died of con- sumption in the Huddersfield Infirmary, in September, 1863, aged 42 years. To the last day of his existence he laboured to do good to his fellow sufferers. To these more remarkable labourers in our spiritual husbandry might be added many more, did space per- mit. Handsome and becoming monuments in the Church express the reverence of relatives for SamuEL Woop, of Slaithwaite, Joon Lawson of Lin- gards—already mentioned as trustees for the building of the Church,—and Tuomas Haren, of Colnebridge House, formerly of Calfhey, Slaithwaite : all Trustees

Page 232

220 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

of the Free School, and faithful supporters of the Church in their day; and their descendants have not swerved from their ways. The Churchyard also con- tains mementoes of departed worth. Jonn RoseErts, Surgeon, of Scarhall, Linthwaite, well described as the “ good Physician,” died August, 1851, aged 61. Two daughters rest with him, who died in faith—Alice and Ann: the latter, wife of John Mellor, left ten children —and the whole school in which she taught for four- teen years, mourning her loss, May 81st, 1862. Wit11am Dzay, of Slaithwaite, was a man of talent and extensive practice in the same profession; but died about the time of my coming to Slaithwaite. The sons of these two gentlemen still minister to the physical wants of the neighbourhood ; and are Trustees of the Free School. To these more prominent names must be added all those earnest and venerable men who have laboured with me in the District Visiting Society, since its establishment, January 4th, 1841 ; and which Society continues to form what I familiarly eall my “Senate,’’—meeting monthly in my Library, and the members constitute centres of communication with the wide spread districts in which they reside and visit. The names of those who have gone to their rest will be given in the Appendix, as well as of other persons who were useful in their day and generation ; now “ gathered to their fathers,’’ and to those beloved Ministers, to whom they owed their first spiritual impressions. They shewed their love to their Master

Page 233

EARL OF DARTMOUTH. 221

by walking in his steps in going about doing good; bringing into his fold the sheep scattered over the mountains, and directing the shepherds themselves to the diseased and weakly of the flock. Among the non-resident members of the Church who have cheered us in our labours, the late Right Honourable WILLIAM, FouRTH Ear oF DartMouTs, stands foremost.—The ample records of his munifi- cence contained in the preceding and following pages render it unnecessary to say more here on that subject. The singular simplicity of his character and his retiring manners made him shrink from any public demonstration of the interest which he took in every religious and humane object. His judgment was clear and his attachment to the Church unwavering. He ever supported the cause of morality and order; and died in peace and christian hope, November 22nd, 18538, aged 68. Four Schools erected, and the whole village improved through his patronage, attest his love for scriptural education and the social comfort of his tenantry. The Memorial Window representing the Good Samaritan has already been mentioned as the perma- nent expression of our respect. His Lordship was a fellow of the Royal Society, Vice-Lieutenant of Staffordshire, and an active Magistrate of that County, in which he chiefly resided. The following character- istic letter was written shortly after his last visit to Slaithwaite, September 20th, 1852; when he presented me with a copy of Dr, Pye Smith’s “Scripture and

Page 234

222 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Geology,’”’ requesting my opinion of it. On this occasion his Lordship visited the new School at Lingards, then recently completed at his expense.

Sandwell, 10th Dec., 1852.

My pear obliged to you for your letter of the 7th inst. I am glad to hear from you—as I had from Mr. Thynne— that the zest for agricultural pursuits on the part of the inhabi- tants of Slaithwaite has not ceased to exist in these days of manu- facturing prosperity. I shall read the printed account of the pro- ceedings at the late meetings with great interest, and pay much attention to the sensible John Bamford’s lucubrations. It gives me great pleasure to hear that your Schoolmasters and Mistresses are ‘‘active, diligent, and successful,” and that the School at Lingards has made “a good start.” I return— with many thanks to you for letting me see it—Mr. John Varley’s letter to you [of Lowell, in Massachusetts, formerly of Lowerwood, Lingards]. I quite agree with you that his feeling for his family and for you, and the interest he takes in his native place, are very creditable to him ; and it is a fortunate circum- stance that his remarks, dictated by some experience in bringing land into cultivation, arrived just in time for your Spade Hus- bandry Meeting. If your work on the Book of Job is published in London, I shall be obliged to you if you will direct my copies of it to be sent to my house in St. James’ square. Your quotations from infidel publications do indeed shew the necessity and duty of endeavouring to counteract the bad effects to be apprehended from their circulation in your neighbourhood. Under another cover I will return herewith your Lectures upon ‘‘ Scriptural Geology,” with many thanks for the loan of them. I think them very interesting and instructive. I regret that I have little knowledge of Geology, but I have fancied that the older formation of the earth may possibly be the remains of many former worlds successively broken up (as we are taught that this world is to be), and that it may seem most consistent with reason, and not ,at variance with revelation, to believe that the work of creation and re-creation may have been going on from everlasting. That the present race of men has not existed longer than the Scripture narrative discloses, is, I think, substantiated by the actual moral condition of mankind, and the great extent of countries still unpeopled, when we consider the rapidly increasing ratio in which both population and civilization have been advancing in the course of the last few centuries. In former worlds it seems probable that there would have been rational and responsible creatures, and may they not have been raised again with their bodies, to account

Page 235

FREDERICK THYNNE. 228

for the absence of their bones! I have sometimes thought that the whole of owr Solar System may have been re-formed at the same time, and their motions and relations to one another then regulated,—so that the ‘Sun should rule the day, and Moon the night.” But pardon the length of these comments, I am sorry the hand-loom weavers do not partake in the general prosperity of factory labour, and shall be happy to contribute towards a further supply of bedding and warm clothing; and to the aid of any Young Men’s Association that you may form upon your own plan, and under your presidency, if entered upon. I am obliged to you for sending me a copy of Mrs. Potts’s work, and I beg to offer you my sincere condolences on the loss of so near and dear a relative. I remain, dear Sir, Your faithful Servant, The Rev. C. A. Hulbert. DARTMOUTH.

FREDERICK THYwnnez, Esq., of Great George Street, Westminster, agent to the late and present Earls of Dartmouth, has recently departed this life: having for the whole period of my connection with this place given his support and recommendation to all the numerous plans of usefulness which have been pro- moted by both these noble Lords. His talents and character were of the highest order. For ten years, 1844 to 1853, he enlivened by his eloquence—a specimen of which will be added in the Appendix— the Annual Meetings of the Spade Husbandry Asso- ciation, which at his instance, and under the patronage of the late Earl, has developed the previously neg- lected treasures of the soil; and enabled the tenantry to meet the vicissitudes of manufacturing employment. This Society having done its work, has been succeeded by Educational efforts, in which the cultivation of a Field Garden forms a part. The Schools at Lingards and West Slaithwaite were erected from his designs ;

Page 236

224 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

as also the beautiful group of “ Widows’ Cottages,” built by the late Earl for the aged and desolate. He generally spent his Sundays at Slaithwaite, when paying his periodical visits. He much enjoyed the Services of the Church, and imbibed the Evangelical doctrines inculcated with simple faith. His last illness, and sad bereavement of his beloved wife, were borne with Christian resignation. He died Feb. 7th, 1864, in his 59th year; and is succeeded in his office by his two eldest sons. He gave to all our institutions his personal and pecuniary support; and promoted peace and good neighbourhood by his judgment in many difficult cases arising within the Manor. All these men were more or less famous in their generation ; “they rest from their labours, and their works do follow them.” If all theirsons do not equal them in devoted piety, there has not been one family alienated from the Church during my Incumbency ; but many, who had departed for a time, have returned to its communion. The immense congregations, which on particular occasions fill our spacious Church, evidence a strong attachment on the part of the scattered population ; and the Annual Meetings of the Meeke and Walker’s Institution afford an opportunity of happy inter- communication between its Noble Patron, the present and fifth Earl of Dartmouth, and the -people of this manor and parish, who always listen with pleased attention to his sound and practical addresses. We cannot sufficiently thank God that he has caused his

Page 237

ASSISTANT CURATES. 225

face to shine from generation to generation on that noble family, who now for three hundred years have sustained the visible Church within this place. May ‘the same grace, which dwelt in the friend of Venn and Cowper, rest upon his descendants to the remotest times. | The Parochial Ministrations have, for the last twenty years, been greatly aided by the services of a Curate, through the helpof the“ Society for providing additional Curates in populous places,’”’ which has made a grant of £80 for that purpose. 1 have thereby (with an additional £10) been enabled to secure a succession of faithful and devoted assistants in the Pastoral Work. The Rev. Charles Brumell, B. A., from 1844 to 1847, now in Norfolk, was succeeded by the Rev. Cutfield Wardroper, M..A., appointed in 1848, Incumbent of Farnley Tyas, and Chaplain to the Earl of Dartmouth ; Thomas Henry Watson, B.A., 1848 to 1850 (deceased) ; Stephen Pering Lampen, 1851 to 1856, late Curate of Huddersfield, and now Incum- bent of Scammonden ; William Henry Girling, 1856 to 1860, late Curate of Rashcliffe, and now Incumbent of Newton Solney, near Burton-on-Trent ; William Callis, 1861 and 1862, now Curate of St. George’s, Newecastle-under-Lyne; John Teague Greenway, 1862 and 1863, now Curate of Tideswell, Derbyshire, and William Gray Gilchrist, L.L.B., at present engaged in the work. All these, with the exception of Mr. Wardroper, entered first on the Ministry here, and he was ordained Priest, upon my nomination.

Page 238

226 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

All were sound and faithful Ministers of Christ’s Holy Gospel. The Rev. E. G. Charlesworth also assisted for six months in 1856 and 1857. Among those Ministers who have occasionally occupied the pulpit, reference has frequently been made to the recently deceased and deeply regretted Incumbent of Meltham, the Rev. JoszpH Huaugs. For eighteen years he pleaded the cause of our Sunday Schools on Palm Sunday; and the reciprocal feeling was expressed by my Ministration at Meltham on the like occasion on Whit-Sunday for more than twenty years. He was a man of Jearning, especially in his native language,—that of the principality ; and both gained and conferred prizes for Welsh composition, at the Cambrian Festivals ; wherein he bore the Bardic name of ‘‘ Carn Ingli.” He was a good preacher in his own tongue, and possessed a power of plain English eloquence, which rendered him a great favorite with the congregation here. Our strong personal attachment renders it difficult for me to say more; but he will no longer, in his own frequent phrase, “Gather up the fragments.” He is gathered to his people, but we still in memory hear his clear full voice, declaring with great affection and no uncertain sound, the truths of the everlasting Gospel. He died November 8th, 1863, aged 60 years. The list of preachers for the Schools, presents many other names honoured and beloved: and the Church Missionary Society has twice been advocated before very large congregations by our present eloquent

Page 239

BISHOPS LONGLEY AND BICKERSTETH. 227

Diocesan, Bishop Bickersteth; and who has held two Confirmations and delivered most stirring charges to the Candidates in the Church; preceded in the first instance by a searching publie examination. The Records of the seven preceding Confirmations and two Consecrations by our late revered Bishop Longley, now occupying the highest place in the visible Church, will be found in the foregoing pages. His Grace still retains his interest in our spiritual progress; and the impression of his marvellous com- bination of dignity and courtesy, links itself with all our recollections of his nine Apostolic visits to this remote corner of his diocese. His minute attention to all the details laid before him, especially in the early periods of my Ministry, and his sympathy on the sad and sudden bereavement which marked that of October 7th, 1841, can never be forgotten.* He also presided in 1842 at the Annual Meeting of the Church Mis-. sionary Society. These occasions, although

‘* Like angels visits short and far between,”

have served to cheer us forward in the every day labour of life: and surely it may be said that this ancient Chapelry has been highly favoured in the unbroken Ministrations of the Gospel for so many generations. The great increase of the means of grace within God's house, and in the five other places

* The death of Mrs. Lacy, my wife’s mother, in our house, on the day of the Confirmation.

Page 240

228 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNAIS.

of occasional worship, augments the responsibility of our case. May the condemnation of Bethsaida and Chorazin never fall upon Slaithwaite, but the descend- ants of those “who have crossed the flood or are crossing now,” treasure up the instructions, imitate the examples, and cherish the institutions of their fathers! To do this, and still more, to develope the designs which the departed have promoted, will require no small labour, devotedness and perseverance. May these “ Annals of the Church in Slaithwaite”’ tend under the blessing of God to this end. Cultivate, my dear people, the same simple faith and holy self-denial : treasure up the same blessed Bible, and that best of all uninspired productions, the Book of Common Prayer. So shall you keep God’s statutes and reverence his sanctuary. And, when we are passed away, your children’s children shall still confess in the hallowed language which we repeat from Sabbath to Sabbath, “O God, we have heard with our ears and our fathers have declared unto us the noble works which thon didst in their days and in the old time before them.—O Lord, arise, help us and deliver us

for thine honour.” C. A. H,

Slaithwaite, . Whitsuntide, 1864.

Page 241

APPENDIX No. VI.

To CONTINUATION AND CONCLUSION.

FREDERICK THYNNE, Ese.

Tux following is the Report of the speech of the above gentleman, at the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Spade Husbandry Association, held in the National School, Slaithwaite, November 22nd, 1848, as given in the Leeds Intelligencer.

THYNNE, Esq., of Westminster, agent to the Earl of Dartmouth, on rising, expressed the pleasure he had in again seeing so many of his friends on so interesting an occasion. After alluding, with many kind expressions of his value and worth, to the death of Mr. Richard Varley, which had taken place since their last meeting, he proceeded to remark that the year had been full of eventful passages, both at home and abroad. It is in times like the present, he continued, that man should be aware of how much importance even one individual is in the great social edifice, and that no one was justified, either to himself or to his country, in not fulfilling the duties that his station in life demanded. (Cheers.) There was not a mason amongst them but was fully aware of the importance of every stone, however small it might be, for the safety and strength of any arch they built. If one stone only did not contribute its proper proportion for the main- tenance of the whole, it would be useless, either in strength or durability, for the purposes for which it was erected. Let them in their imaginings consider that before them stood some fair and noble city, replete with every thing that could give it grace or beauty. Let them mark the width of street, the ample square, the narrower court, all joined for one common purpose, that of affording shelter and a home to those that dwelt in it. Let them but look upon the humble, though useful, tenement, that served the son of toil for a home; let them observe the number of the dwellings where lived their wealthier neighbours ; the beauty of the palaces where dwelt their princes ; and the extent and magni- ficence of the temples erected for the worship of the Creator.

U

Page 242

230 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Selecting from among these one pre-eminent in stateliness and grandeur, let them note how minute were the stones that com- prised the building ; should one of these be wrongly placed or adly fitted, to a certain extent strength would be lost: but if j the building there were many such, its beauty would at once be marred and the structure endangered ; remove but one base from any column and the ruin of the column itself would be but a pre- lude to that which would betide the structure. Even thus was it with the materials that form the social edifice of man, and unless man himself was disposed to aid in his own destruction, he would at once see the necessity of his bearing that allotted weight of structure which the Almighty architect had adapted him to “receive. (Applause.) Now let them quit the contemplation of this scene of order and beauty, and hasten to the tented field, where on the morning of a battle the chivalry of England lie sleeping. Within gun-shot distance glare and blaze the watch fires of the enemy: a musket-shot would call to arms a hundred thousand warriors to battle for a kingdom ; yet each eye is closed in peaceful quiet sleep, for they know that the sentinels are vigi- lant, the piquets on the alert, and that before danger can assail them the alarm would be given. (Hear, hear.) Thus with full confidence that each of that gallant host will do his own separate — and immediate duty bravely and well—thousands of Britain’s sons can take refreshing rest, to fit them for the battle. Now see the Eastern sky brightening with light, the sound of trumpet and bugle is heard around. See how, by sections, companies, regi- ments, battalions and brigades hasten to take up their allotted positions. The cavalry with eager hearts, and steeds that snuff the battle afar off, sweep like a whirlwind to their appointed place, whilst the artillery thundering from the hills, proclaim the battle has begun. Of all these warriors not one heart fails, each knows that he himself will do his duty, and from long knowledge of his gallant comrades, he knows that not a man of them will fail in theirs. Why carry on the scene further, for every battle is with confused noise, and garments dyed with blood. Yet ere the sun sets, rings clear and loud the shout of England’s victory, and there is not one among the survivors on that eventful day but feels, as he wipes his blood-stained brows, that his individual exertions have contributed to that day’s triumph. And shall we be lacking in our duty on the battle-field of human existence, where life and death hang on our exertions ; where peace, not war, is the glorious prize before us? (Hear, hear.) Ah, if the laurel crowns the soldier’s brow, his feet are bathed in blood; but he who adds something to the sum of human happiness, has a more lasting and a@ more ennobling crown than he who desolates a kingdom or throws down a throne. (Loud applause.) He (Mr. Thynne) would, however, consider that those around him were desirous also of fulfilling all the other social duties ; and if so, they must be

Page 243

FREDERICK THYNNE, Esq. 231

aware that the first great step was industry. (Cheers.) Employ- ment was scarce among them, and they knew that it was likely to be more so; why then would they not turn their labour on the land? If you have a desire for emigration, he continued, the world is all before you; and let me suppose that some of you, tempted by the hopes of a summer clime and better wages, decide to do so. You will find that emigrants accustomed to live in _towns, such as weavers, &c., are expressly ill adapted for the colony ; yet you will say, ‘“‘I am active and able-bodied, and work can surely be obtained.” You brave the seas, the hardships of the voyage, and on your arrival in the North American colonies | you find, if the information I now have by me is correct, that as a farm labourer you can earn from 2s. to 2s. 6d. a day ; and thus because you cannot get work as a hand-loom weaver, you leave your country, your home, your cottage and land, on which, if you exercised half the industry in remaining as you do in leaving them, you might have as good wages, all constant work, no rigid task- master to measure with a griping hand your labour, but a happy home and the smiling faces of your wives and little ones to cheer you. (Cheers.) Strange, what perversions of the blessings sent by God, to scorn those that lie at your own door, to beg and ask the very same at the hands of another in a distant land! He (Mr. Thynne) had never told them that spade husbandry was a panacea for all ills ; he had never held out to them that in thus exercising his industry, man was to become either rich or powerful or exempt from evils attending human life. Were it really so, meetings such as these would be but little wanted ; but he had told them, aye and he would tell them again, that a man by his own industry could maintain his own family in decency and com- fort by spade husbandry. (Hear, hear.) They would urge that the failure of crops would bring distress. No doubt it would, but it was better to trust in Providence than in man; and surely very far better to risk the losing of a crop than never to take any steps to obtain one. It was not with them, Which shall we choose? but it was unfortunately, What can wedo? Mr. Thynne then proceeded to read the debtor and creditor account of a small spade farm in Farnley, occupied by John Gill, on a spot that had from its elevation been termed the Spitzbergen of the township, from which it appeared that in the two years ending at Christmas 1847, the receipts had amounted to £140, and the expenditure, including every outgoing, some thirty shillings less. A lad of fourteen had been constantly employed every working day during that period, at 8s., and Gill himself had heen employed all his idle time about seventy weeks, at week. On the Nields Farm, held by the Slaithwaite committee, a stone-throw from where they were standing, two hundred and one and a half days’ spade labour expended on two and a half acres of land, had realized for the labourer 28. a day. The statement of John Bamford, of Barrett,

Page 244

232 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

as to his farm, which they had just heard, was also quite corrobo- rative of the great quantity of labour that spade farming required, and that its remuneration might be justly and fairly estimated at 2s.aday. There were in the two townships nearly 100 acres cultivated by the spade ; it would be a low calculation to assume £8 per acre expended in wages of 2s. a day upon this quantity. £800 would give constant work to about 26 fathers of families all the year round. Now, if in times of deep distress, Lord Dart- mouth had said, bring me 26 families out of your township, and I will maintain them, they would have considered, and justly so, that a most munificent offer had been made; and yet, in the aggregate, not more benefit would have arisen to the township than has been contributed by the depositing of so much labour in spade husbandry by the occupiers of the land themselves. (Hear, hear.) Was it not true, then, that individual exertion was neces- sary for the good of the community, and did it not show clearly and palpably that the winning of the battle was due to those who individually bore the brunt of the conflict, and individually con- tributed that labour to obtain it. We regret much that want of space precludes our giving more of Mr. Thynne’s address. In conclusion, Mr. Thynne, in bidding them look to the land as their great labour-giver, added the following (we believe original) e8 :—

Go stand upon the hills that rise about your door; Go stand upon their wooded side, upon the heath-crowned moor ; Go see the land, unploughed, untilled, teem with the richest ore, And ask but man’s unwilling hand to grasp its yielding store. See in your land a factory,—for strength its powers to ply ; Its very floor is paved with gold, its canopy the sky; The scented flowers its atmosphere ; its light the glorious sun ; Go labour there and thrive, till life's last labour ’s done.

The following copies of Boarps and other Inscriptions perpetuate the memory of the friends of the Church and Schools during several generations.

BENEFACTION BOARD, No. I. (In the Church.)

The CLOcK was in 1816. RicHARD VARLEY promoter‘of the following subscriptions :— The Rev. Charles Shew, £10. John Farrar, £10. Samuel Wood, John Varley, senr., Lingards, Edmund Shaw, Richard Varley, Amos Ogden, John Mellor, William Dean, George Scholes, Prestwich, and George Roberts, senr., each 5 guineas. Thomas Haigh, £5. William Balmforth, Lingards, and Joseph

*

Page 245

BENEFACTIONS. 233

Varley, each 3 guineas. Richard Horsfall, and James Roberts, Broad Oak, each 2 guineas. Timothy Armitage, James Pearson, John Roberts, Surgeon, John Ramsden, Mill, James Ramsden, John Ramsden, Waterside, James Ramsden, the Rev. Samuel Walter, Jane Dyson, Huddersfield, James Wright, Lingards, and John Meal, each one guinea. John Schofield, Thos. Varley, Edward Kenworthy, Joseph Parkin, Linthwaite, Samuel Cotton, Thomas Schofield, William Sykes, Hugh Ramsden, Mill, and John Levers, each £1, John Varley, junr., Lingards, James Garside, Nathan Varley, Clough, Thomas Shaw, and James Eastwood, Golcar, each half-a-guinea, Samuel Sykes, Humphrey Wood, Joseph Meal, George Walker, Edmund Sykes, Lingards, Daniel Taylor, Saml. Sutcliff, Abm. Sutcliff, John Sykes and Oo., John Lockwood, Cowlersley, and John Bray, Halifax, each 10s. Jas. Wood, 8s. Joshua Balmforth, Lingards, John Lee, and John Bottomley, each 7s. John Waterhouse, Joseph Holroyd, Lingards, John Fisher, and Thomas Sykes, Linthwaite, each 5s, 6d. And the following donors of Five SHILLINGS each :—John Hargreaves, John Varley, William Newton, Joseph Haigh, James Sykes, John Lightowlers, James Carter, Luke Shaw, John Dodson, Richard Lightowlers, Thomas Lee, junr., William Wood, senr., William Wood, junr., John Balmforth, James Cooper, William Mellor, John Eagland, Joseph Carter, Benjamin Hella- well, Richard Eagland, Thomas Knight, Isaac Garside, William Sykes, Benjamin Hall, Edmund Wilkinson, Bank top, Richard Wood, Thomas Clay, James Walker, Hill top, Joseph Sykes, Joseph Gledhill, Richard Gledhill, James Gledhill, Samuel Cooper, David Wilkinson, Bank top, James Balmforth, Waterside, Ely Bamforth, Waterside, Joseph Varley, Waterside, John Shaw, Netherend, Charles Wood, James Balmforth, Lingards, James Varley, William Varley, Henry Wilkinson, Joseph Carter, Thomas Varley, William Pogson, Joseph Pogson, James Pogson, George Wilkinson, Joseph Wilkinson, William Hirst, James Armitage, Joseph Rawcliffe, Lingards, George Meal, J oseph Johnson, Jonathan Shaw, James Shaw, Thomas Marshall, John Sykes, William Ashton, Thomas Cotton, Linthwaite, Jonas Broughton, George Mellor, Samuel Dyson, William Sykes, J oseph Quarmby, John Sykes, James Dyson, John Shaw, Joseph Mellor, Charles Hirst, John Robinson, William Cotton, Joseph Parkin, Samuel Sykes, John Taylor, William Prince, John Brook, Joshua Tinker, James Garside, George Cotton, John Dransfield, Jonathan Cooper, Joshua Dyson, William Sykes, Crimble, John Sykes, Thomas Sykes, George Swift, Edmund Walker, Joseph Armitage, Richard Swann, John Ramsden, James Quarmby, Joseph Crow- der, James Crowder, John Dyson, David Shaw, John Wood, Joseph Wood, Joseph Hirst, John Shaw, J oseph Shaw, John Dyson, junr., Huddersfield, John France, Joseph Garside, Dowry, and John Pogson.

Page 246

234 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

No. I1.—/( In. the Church).

BENEFACTIONS AND ADDITIONS TO SLAITHWAITE CHURCH AND CURACY, Set up at Easter, in the year of our Lord 1848.

Rev. Charles Augustus Hulbert, M.A., Incumbent. James Bam- forth, Birks, and Joseph Varley, Lingards, Churchwardens.

A.D. 1593. The Ancient Chapel being much decayed, was repaired and enlarged by John Kaye, Esq., his tenants, and other neighbouring inhabitants. 16—. — Eastwood left by will four shillings per annum to the Curate, which is payable out of the Binn Farm in Marsden, at Candlemas. 1688, The Old Burial Croft given by Sir John Kaye, Bart., and Licensed. 1718. £200 Royal Bounty was obtained for the Curate of Slai- thwaite with Lingards, to meet £200 from Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart., and William Walker, Esq., and laid out in buying, 46a. 2B. 19P. of land at Sowood, in Stainland. 1719. The Chapel rebuilt and a Loft erected by the Rev. Robt. Meeke, Incumbent. 1720. Mrs. Dorothy Walker gave a Silver Communion Plate. 1724. Mr. Meeke gave by will £9, the interest to buy Wine for the Communion: charged in 1731 on the Pree School Estate at Sowerby ; payable at Christmas. He also left 132 Books for the use of the Minister for ever. 1765. Another Loft, erected at the expense of the Rev. Samuel Furly, Incumbent. 1776 and 1792. Two sums of £200 Royal Bounty were obtained and laid out in buying 194. 12. 30P. of Land at Croft- house, in Scammonden. 1788. The Chapel was taken down and this new one built by faculty granted to the Rev. Thomas Wilson, Incumbent, Joseph Eastwood, John L. Varley, and Samuel Wood, of Slaithwaite ; and James Shaw, and John and Benj. Sykes, of Lingards. The Right Hon. William, Earl of Dartmouth, gave the ground. 1791. The Organ was bought and erected by subscription; and has been twice repaired at the expense of the present Earl (grandson of the above), at the request of Mr. John Schofield, the gratuitous Organist for 54 years. 1809. Mr. Wilson bequeathed the house built and occupied by him, near this Chapel, to ‘‘the succeeding Incumbent.” The lease was claimed by his heir on the resignation of the Rev. Charles Chew in 1817, and sold to Mr. Wm.

Page 247

1814. 1816. 1818. 1824.

‘1828. 1839.

1840.

1842.

1843,

1845.

1848,

BENEFACTIONS. 285

Bamforth, who let it at £16 rent to the Revs. Samuel Walter, M.A., and Thomas Jackson, B.D. On the lease expiring in 1839, the premises were much enlarged by the said Earl without increase of rent, for the Rev. C. A. Hulbert, M.A. The Steeple built by rate, and £100 given by the said Earl. Mr. Thomas Haigh, Churchwarden. The Clock erected by subscription, and the great Bell by rate. Mr. James Pearson, Churchwarden. Mr. Walter increased the Free Pews provided by Mr. Wilson for the Sunday School, to 70 sittings. The Steam Warming Apparatus was erected by the exer- tions of Mr. R. Varley,—first Churchwarden appointed for Lingards. Mr. Jackson placed the Gross on the east gable. Mr. Hulbert gave 100 Books to found ‘‘The Church Lending Library,” since augmented by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and others. Mr. John Varley of Lingards (son of the above John Law- son Varley) gave Two Gothic Arm Chairs for the Com- munion, The North Burial Ground bought and enclosed at the expense of the ratepayers, and a gift of stone, value £17 6s. 8d. from the said Earl. James Bamforth and Joseph Varley, Churchwardens. Mrs. Hannah Mellor, of Lingards, gave 30 Books and the Manuscripts of the Rev. John Murgatroyd to the Minis- ter’s library ; many of the books of which were rebound, and a large Bookcase made to contain them, at the expense of the present Incumbent. Mrs. Elizabeth Varley (widow of the above John Varley) gave a new Oak Communion Table, and Kneeling Stools with crimson cloth covers, The Pulpit, Reading Desk, Warming Apparatus, and other Fittings of the Church were improved by subscrip- tion, at the cost of £25. Same time the Earl of Dart- mouth gave £25 to provide Kneeling Forms, and to raise and improve the 300 sittings made ‘“‘ Free” at his Lordship’s annual expense.

No. ITT. SCHOOL TERRACE, LINGARDS.

TABLET commemorating the erection of that building as a GRAMMAR SOHOOL :— Under the Coat of Arms of the Earl of Dartmouth, with the

Page 248

286 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

Motto “Gaudet Tentamine Virtus” (Virtue rejoices in Trial), is inscribed —‘‘ This Schvol was erected by subscription in the year of our Lord 1825. ’ The Right Hon. the Earl of Dartmouth, Patron £255. Mr. Richard Varley, £85. Mr. Amos Ogden, £85. Mr. William Dean, £85. Mr. Edmund Sykes, £85. Mr. John Meal, £85. Mr. Humphrey Wood, £85.

No. 1V.—(In the Church.)

SLAITHWAITE OLD FREE SCHOOL. Founded A.D. 17#1—Restored 1846.

~ oe The Rev. Charles Augustus Hulbert, M.A., Minister, Messrs. Richard Varley (Treasurer), Tim. Armitage, Thos. Varley, Thos. Haigh, and Joshua Dransjield, Trustees. £8. d. 1721. The Rev. Robert Meeke, Curate of Slaithwaite, gave by Deed enrolled, about 7 acres of land, with buildings, at Far Sowood, in Stainland, in Trust, for teaching poor Children, from Slaithwaite, Lingards, Golcar, and Linthwaite, useful learning and the Church Cate- chism, which cost 101 11 .0 Mr. Thomas Walker, of Huddersfield, Salter, gave by will, dated 1719, ‘In and toward the u holding and maintaining of a School of good Literature, at Slaithwaite.” ...... 100 1728, Mr. Michael Aneley, of Aneley Place, Slaithwaite, gave by will...... 10 1731. Wm. Walker, Esq., of Wakefield, gave ................ 10 With which Sums (and £9 left by Mr. Meeke to buy wine for the Communion) 3a. 3r. 0p. copyhold Land at Woodlane, in Sowerby, with buildings, were secured by Trust. 1732. The said W. Walker gave £2, Mr. Edmund Bothomley, £2 2s. (Trustees), Mr. Thomas Boulton, Master, £3 14s. ; and other Inhabitants £3 14s. for the repairs of the said buildings ............. 1744. The School-house was rebuilt by the Rev. John Murga- troyd, Master, the Trustees and others. The Right Honorable Lord Guildford and North gave thereto... 10 John Kaye, Esq., Huddersfield 10 1842 The School-house was again rebuilt, enlarged, an addi- to tional site bought, and the whole conveyed to the 1846. Minister, Chapelwardens, and Overseers for ever, sub- ject to the sts, by the Trustees, aided by the following donations, obtained and expended by the Minister and Treasurer :— Her Majesty Adelaide the Queen Dowager..... 15 The Committee of Council on Education ......... 132 The Right Hon. William, Earl of Dartmouth ... 100 The National Society for Education of the Poor 50

o

11 10

oo

ooo°o

Page 249

BENEFACTIONS. 237

Rev. C. A. Hulbert, Richard Varley, each £10 10s. John Varley, and Joseph Varley, Lingards, each £5 5s. J. Farrar, Slaithwaite, £5. Inhabitants in labour, £5. Thomas Haigh, Colne bridge, £2. S. Sutcliffe, Painter, £2 2s. ColMected in Church, £8. An old scholar, £2. Messrs. Haigh, Uppermill, £2. Joseph Parkin, Linthwaite, £1 1s. David Haigh, Mrs. Brideoake, Leigh, Mrs. Mallinson, Lindley, G. Walker, John Varley, Slaithwaite, John Roberts, Surgeon, Mrs. Shaw, late Lingards, and Mrs. C. Shaw, Golcar, each £1. John Bamforth, Dartmouth Arms, 10s. 3B. Hall, Linthwaite, 5s. 6d. John Shaw, Slaithwaite, 7s. 6d. John Sykes, Baths, John Dransfield, Thomas Lee, William Dean, Joseph Sykes, Joseph Shaw, John ‘ Dodson, Richard Lightowlers, James Clay, Richard Gledhill, and John Gledhill, each 5s. 1859.—Fitting up for the Meeke and Walker’s Institution :— TDonations,—The Earl of Dartmouth, £25. Rev. C. A. Hulbert, £10. Messrs. Joseph Hirst, Wilshaw, £5. John Horsfall, Slaithwaite, £5. Charles Brook, junr., Meltham, £3. Miss Hirst, do., £2. Messrs. J. T. Fisher, Marsden, £3. J. 8S. Scholes, Crumpsall, £3. Richard Shaw, Lingards, £2 2s. SBentle Shaw, Lockwood, S. Harrison, Wakefield, each £2. J. W. Carlile, Thickhollins, Thomas Mallinson, Huddersfield, Joseph Shaw, Huddersfield, Joseph Pickles, and William Roberts, Surgeon, each £1. Joseph Brook, Huddersfield, 158. 6d. C. Wilkinson, 10s. T. Sykes, Scarhall, J. Rayner, Huddersfield, Mrs. G..Roberts, Joseph Shaw, John Hirst, Marsden, each 5s.

No. V.—(JIn the Church.) SLAITHWAITE NATIONAL SCHOOL-HOUSE

Was erected in the year 1840, on a Site at Mallingfield, freely granted by the Right Honorable Earl of Dartmourts. It was built and endowed with the interest of £150, by means of the following Grants and Donations, obtained and expended by

The Rev, Charles Augustus Hulbert, M.A., Minister, And Mr. Richard Varley, Treasurer.

£ 8. £ 38. Her Majesty's Committee of Rev, C. A. Hulbert ...... 10 10 Council on Education .. 154 Mr. R. Varley, Lin 10 10 The National Society for Mr. Joseph Varley, oO, the Education of the the School Bell, and .... Poor in the principles Mr. J. Varley, Lingards .. ofthe United Church of Mr. T. Varley, Edgerton ..

land and Ireland .. 75 The Earl of Dartmouth .. 115 Sir J. Radcliffe, Bart...... 20 G. Mackie Sutherland, Esq. 10

J. Seddon Scholes, Esq.... Mr. J. Farrar, Slaithwaite Mrs. Horsfall, do. Mr. J. Parkin, Linthwaite

ooo°o ROR Or or or a AAAAaASA

Page 250

238 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

2 s. £ 8 Mr. 8. By Kes, Slaithwaite 6 6 Collected at the opening of Mr. S.Whitehead, Marsden 65 5 thes chool, after i 5 pen Ven. Archdeacon ce 6 0° D.D., Easter John Brooke, Esq., Armi- 1841 ......200. 712 Bridge 6 Stansfield aweOn, Esq., 499 18 5 #£Net Produce of a Sale of Mr. E. Kent, Slaithwaite.. 8 8 Ladies’ Work and Fancy Messrs. J. 8. Scholes & Articles, held in the Varley, Slaithwaite . 2 2 School, July, 1841 ...... Mr. J. Pearson, West T t Top 2 Donations from Her Ma- Messrs. Haigh, Up 2 re the ween Dowager 20 Mr. Thomas Haig ‘Colne 1 and Countess of « ec 2 Dartmouth 80 Mr. J. Roberts, Surgeon .. 2 2 ‘The Hon. Lady Ramsden 10 Mr. § Schofield, vighton z 2 Stall held; Mrs. House "0 oO ey, ud- tri ouse orsfield 1 held held. by Pe ise H. Stables, Esq., Crosland 1 man, Vicarage, Messrs. Poole and Gamlen, field 40 London 110 ~=Stall held by Mrs. Hulbert, J. T. Fisher, Esq., Marsden 1 Slaithwaite Parso e - 120 Mr. J. Shaw Slaithwaite.. 1 1 Stall held by Mrs. R. Messrs. J. 8. Horsfall, ley, Lingards .......... 50 Slaithwaite ........... - 1 1 Assisted by Mrs. Roberts, Bociety of Ancnt. Foresters 2 Mrs. C. Sykes, Mrs. Society of Odd Women.... 1 Dransfield, &c. Do. of Royal Archers.. 10 Collected after Sermons in 840 the Church by the Revs. J. Bateman & T. Minster, on laying the first stone, August 17th, 1840 ...... 6 10 The Total Cost of the Building and Fittings was ................ 690 Invested on Mortgage at cece cece cece 150 £840

Trustees of the Schools and Bndowment.—The Venerable Archdeacon D.D., the Rev. C. A. Hunpert, and the Rev. THomas Minster; M.A. The Rev, C. A. Hunpert gave the Queen’s Arms to be fixed up in the the Schoolroom, November, 1849.

No. VI.—(Jn the School. )

UPPER SLAITHWAITE NATIONAL SOHOOL AND THE MASTER’S HOUSE ADJOINING, Were erected in the year 1845. The cost of the building, and

the value of the playground and field garden, together with 1,000 square yards of land at O’Cot, in Scammonden, with a cottage

Page 251

BENEFACTIONS. 239

thereon, was £750. The whole was completed by the Earl of Dartmouth, assisted by the following donations :—

£ os. d. Her Majesty, Adelaide, the Queen Dowager ......... 10 The Committee of Council on Education............... 190 The National School Society, Westminster............ 210 The Rev. Charles Augustus Hulbert, Slaithwaite ... 5 Joseph Seddon Scholes, Esq., Slaithwaite .......... | 7 Free Labour by the neighbouring Inhabitants ...... 6 Do. by Mr. Samuel Sutcliffe, Lingards ..... 100 £428

The premises were conveyed to the following Trustees :—The Ven. Charles Musgrave, D.D., Archdeacon of Craven; the Rev. C. A. Hulbert, M.A., Incumbent of Slaithwaite ; the Rev. Thomas Minster, M.A., Incumbent of Farnley Tyas, and their successors in office for ever.

Benefactions towards fitting up this School as a Licensed Ohapel in the year 1846 :—Collected after Sermons by the Revs. J. M. Maxfield, J. Hughes, and J. Richardson, £9. Collected by Mrs. Hannah Cock for the bell, £3 10s. The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge gave the Bible and Common Prayer Book. The Minister and Chapelwardens of Slaithwaite gave the Communion Table. The Rev. James Morris Maxfield, Incumbent of Marsden, gave a Bass Viol, Bow, and Case, 1848.

The School-house and Licensed Chapel were repaired and improved September, 1861, at a cost of £63 17s. 2d., by means of the following donations :— 2 8. d. The Right Honourable the Earl of Dartmouth ..... 88 4 6 Collected after Sermons by the Rev. C. A. Hulbert, and W. H. Girling 8 Collected by the Rev. W. Callis, Curate, Jas. France, and Reginald M. Hulbert (as follows :—)......... 22 12 8

Rev. OC. A. Hulbert, Samuel Dowse, Esq., Mr. J. Horsfall, Churchwarden, Mr. 8. W. Horsfall, each £2. Messrs. John Farrar, Joseph Varley, William Roberts, J. Barbour, James France, (school) each £1. Messrs. John Beaumont, James land, William France and Sons, John Haigh, Richard Shaw, and Richard Varley, Lingards, each 10s. John Varley, Joiner, 8s, Joseph Sutcliffe, 6s, 6d. John Bamford, John Bamforth, Ephraim Haigh, William Hey, Anthony Hoyle, Edward Kent, John Sykes, and Joseph Sykes, each 58, Various inhabitants in sums under 5s,—£3 13s, 2d.

Page 252

240 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

No. VII. (On a stone over the School door ). LINGARDS CHURCH SCHOOL. Erected A.D. MDCCCLI. By the Right Honourable WILLIAM, oF

Was conveyed in trust to the Minister and Chapelwardens of Slaithwaite-cum-Lingards, and united to the National Society for promoting the Education of the Poor in the principles of the Established Church.

Rev. Chas, Augustus Hulbert, M.A., John Dranafield, and John Varley, Furst Trustees.

No. VIII. (In the School).

BENEFACTIONS FOR THE ERECTION OF THE WEST SLAITHWAITE CHURCH SCHOOL AND MASTER’S HOUSE.

In the year of our Lord 1860.

The Rev. Charles Augustus Hulbert, M.A., Incumbent; Messrs. John Horsfall, Slaithwaite, and John Varley, Lingards, Church- wardens.

This School-house was built on a site containing half an acre of land, freely given by the Right Honourable William Walter, fifth Earl of Dartmouth, and conveyed to the Minister and Church- wardens of Slaithwaite, and their successors for ever, in trust for a School, to be conducted in connection with the National Society for the Education of the Poor on the principles of the United Church of England and Ireland, and under the inspection of the Committee of Council on Education. The first stone was laid by his Lordship, October 27th, 1859, and the School was opened June 12th, 1861, by a public meeting under the presidency of Frederick Thynne, Esq. (his Lordship’s agent), from whose plans it was completed—under the superintendence of the Minister and Mr. Jobn Varley—by Messrs. Eli and David Eagland, Builders and Contractors. e total cost, including the value of the land and conveyance, was £1,260 : By means of the following ContTrreurions— The Committee of Council on Education £360 O The Earl of Dartmouth .. 625 Sundry persons as 375

Page 253

EXTRACTS FROM BURIAL REGISTERS,

241

& s. £ gs. Frederick Thynne, Esq .... 80 John Crowther 118 Dowse, Esq., Marsden.... 50 Mr. Hall bridge ...... 1 2 iss Dowse 56 Mrs. Brideoake, Leigh ...... 11 Mowe, Crowther & on, do.. 25 Mrs. Allen, Huddersfield .10 J. Farrar, .» Slaithwaite.. 25 W.H. Bayley, Esq., Salop . 10 Messrs. J. . W. Horsfall 250 Mr. J Bower, Marden 10 Joseph Varley, Faq. 25 WilliamC Crosland, Cro Sale of Ladies’ Work........ 1710 land Tove 1,0 Rev. C. A. Hulbert.......... 10 Mr. A. Cotton, Marsden.... 1° Joseph Hirst, Esq., Wilshaw 10 Rev. W. Greenstreet, Patting- J.8. Scholes, Kea. Crumpaall 10 HAM 10 Mrs, Scho 5 Mr. William Gledhill,Lingards 110 Miss Southey, London ...... Mr. Luke Hall, Marsden .... 1 Messrs. B.Sykes&Co., Marsden 10 Mr. John Sykes, Baths...... 1 E.C. Sutherland Walker, Esq. Mr.Joseph Parkin,Linthwaite 1 Crow Nest, Halifax........ 10 Mr. Mar Jose hVickerman, Honley 1 C. Brook, jun., Ee” Meltham 6 ickerman Joshua Farrar, Esq., Marsden 65 Thynne 010 S. Haigh, Esq., Colne bridge 5 Mie B. Sykes, Hall 010 Jonat Haig . 5 Miss Martha Varley ........ 010 John Varley, E ingards 5 Mrs. Wood, Golcar.......... 010 Richard Varley 6 Mr. Thomas Dean, 8 n. 10 Mr. John W 2 2 Rev. Charles Brumell, Holt.. Rev. James Broo elme .. 2 Mr. Joshua Cock, Slaithwaite 9 8 J.T. Fisher, E 2 Produce of Tea Party........ 8 Mrs. D. Haig Juarmby. 20 Mr. John Haigh, Slaithwaite 5 H.Hopkinson, 2 Friends by MissM.E. Hulbert 8 Richard Shaw, Esq., Lingards 2 No. IX.

LIST OF DISTRICT VISITORS, WHO HAVE DECEASED FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE SOOIETY.

JANUARY 4TH, 1841, TO max, Age. James Sykes, Linthwaite Hall.................. April] i842 wee ry Jaines Sykes May 1842... 71 James Sykes, Cartgate Augt. 1842 ... 25 John Meal, Vineyard oe Oct. 1842 .. 75 Edmund Meal, Delves, Lingards............... Oct. 1842 ... 55 John Varley, Corn Mill, Treasurer,............ Sept. 1843 ... 48 Thomas Sykes, Linthwaite Hall ............... Nov. 1843 ... 76 Edmund Wilkinson, Bank Top, Slaithwaite Dec. 1844 ... 72 James Pearson, West Top do. ... April 1845 ... 79 James Sykes, Wam do. ... June 1845 ... 64 James Bothomley, Car Lane do. ... June 1846 .. 76 Samuel Cotton, Linthwaite Hall............... May 1847 ... 85 *Richard Varley, Lingards ec. 1847 ... 63 Robert Wood, Clerk, Holt, Lingards ........ Feb. 1848 ... 80 James Sykes, Holywell May 1848 ... 35 Nathan Varley, Crimble Clough ............... Feb. 1849 ... 74 Michael Taylor, Hollins, Lingards ........ ... Aug. 1849 ... 79

Vv

Page 254

242 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

_ Buried. Age. Daniel Tawor, Hilltop, Lingards ............ Mar. 1850 ... 71 James Bamforth, July 1850 ... 75 Joshua Bamford, Slacks, Lingards ............ Jan. 1851 ... 70 John Roberts, Surgeon, ‘Scar Hall ... ........ Aug 185] ... 61 John Eagland, Town, Slaithwaite ............ Aug. 1852 ... 75 Benjamin Hoyle, Woolroyd................. ... Feb. 1853 .. 79 William Mellor, Crimble ............... 0.00.42. May 1848 ... 48 John Bamforth, Inghead, Slaithwaite......... Nov. 1853 ... 86 Joseph Walker, Hey, Linthwaite ............ Feb, 1855 ... 72 Samuel Lee, Town, Slaithwaite ............... June 1855 ... 55 John Hoyle, Highfield do. ............... Jan. 1856 ... 69 George Mellor, School Terrace ............... Mar. 1856 .. 78 Elizabeth Prince, Shawcarwood ............... Sep. 1857 ... 86 *John Dransfield, "Blakestones 0.0.0.0... Aug. 1858 ... 66 John Sykes, late Crowtrees, died at Honley Nov. 1858 ... 46 John Bottomley, Church-street ............... Jan, 1859 .. 67 Robert France, Shawfield.................... 4. Feb. 1859 ... 53 John Meal, Delves, Lingards .................. Jan, 1860 ... 75 Joseph Varley, Waterside Aug. 1860 ... 69 John Sykes, Holtlaith, Lingards............... July 1860 ... 73 Thomas Varley, Crimble Clough............... Feb. 1861 ... 61 William France, Goathill, Slaithwaite......... Dec. 1861 ... 78 John Sykes, (late Holm), May 1862 ... 67 James Sykes, West Top, do. os... Aug. 1862 ... 75 Joseph Bamforth, Birks, Jan, 1863 ... 84 Samuel Sykes, Holywell, (rr Mar. 1863 ... 74 James Bamforth, Holm, do, Sep. 1863 ... 42 John Sykes, Brookside, do... wees Dec. 1863 ... 68 Humphrey Varley, Yewtree, Lingards ...... Mar. 1864 ... 69

‘“‘These all died in faith—and confessed that they were strangers

and pilgrims on the earth.”—Heb. xi. 13.

OTHER VENERABLE OR OFFICIAL PERSONS BURIED AT

SLAITHWAITE, 1838 To 1864.

*Samuel Wood, Town, Slaithwaite ............ Nov. 1858 ... William Bamforth, (late Lowerwood), Lingds. Dec. 1853 ... *Rev. Thomas Jackson, B.D...................... May 1839 .. William Sykes, Sexton ........... co ees May 1889 ... James Bamforth, Waterside.................... Oct. 18389 ... Martha Wood, Crimble.................... Dec. 1839 .. Sarah Castle, Huddersfield ..................... Dec. 1840 ... John Dyson, Newhouse, Huddersfield...... .. Dee. 1841 .. James Mellor, Nabb, Slaithwaite........ ...... June 1842 ... . *Amos Ogden (late Lingards), Manchester ... Aug. 1842 ... John Schofield, Organist May 1848 ... Martha Wood, Golcar June 1844 ...

Betty Sykes, Shawfield Oct.

1844 ...

Page 255

EXTRACTS FROM BURIAL REGISTERS. 243

Buried. Sarah Cock (sister of John Schofield), Linth. Jan. 1845 ... 92 William Haigh, Upper Mill, Slaithwaite...... May 1845 ... 7 James Bamforth, Tidingfield, do. ...... July 1846 ... 81 *Timothy Armitage, late Steward, Rotcher ... Nov. 1846 ... 90 John Ramsden, Ramsden Mills, Golcar ...... Dec. 1846 ... 77 Lydia Bamforth, (widow of Wm. Bamforth) April 1847 ... 83

*Joshua Dransfield, Blakestones ............... July 1848 ... 72 *Thomas Varley, School Terrace, Lingards ... Aug. 1848 ... 85 Betty Haigh, Colnebridge House............... May 1849 ... 69 *Jhomas Pearson, West Top, Slaithwaite...... Mar. 1850 ... 57 John Shaw, Netherend, do... April 1850 ... 72 Thomas Broughton, Blakestones, do. _...... July 1850 ... 69 James Crowther, Hoim, do. ...... Mar. 1851 ... 95 Alice Sykes, Linthwaite Hall .............. April 1851 ... 78 Elizabeth Schofield (widow of John Schofield) May 1851 ... 76 *Thomas Haigh, Colnebridge House ......... .. Feb. 1853 ... 78 Joseph and Elizabeth Roberts, Height, Lin- 1853 75 thwaite, died the same day, Feb. 18th ... 73 James Sykes, Brookside, Slaithwaite ......... Jan. 1853 ... 84 Hannah Mellor, Lingards................. 0. 00. June 1854 ... 75 Hannah Cock, Cophill, Slaithwaite ............ July 1854 ... 72 Elizabeth Sykes, Shawfield, Slaithwaite ...... Mar. 1855 ... 79 Samuel Sykes, Town, Slaithwaite ........ .. June 1855 ... 68 Joseph France, Two Gates, do. —............ April 1859 ... 73 Jane Dyson, Newhouse, Huddersfield......... Mar. 1861 ... 76 Joseph Parkin, Star Cottage, Linthwaite ... Oct. 1861 ... 72 Mary Horsfall, Slaithwaite ......... Mar. 1862 ... 77 Betty Dyson, Bradshaw, Slaithwaite .. ...... June 1862 ... 83 Ann Mellor, Mistress of National School ... June 1862 ... 43 Mary Hirst, Brine Place, Lingards..,........ Jan. 1863 ... 85 Sarah Wood, Linthwaite ..................... Har. 1864 ... 92 Joseph Hirst, Lower Holm ... .... hese une 1863 ... 83 George Wilkinson, Dowry, Lingards ..... ... Aug. 1863 .. 80

Hannah Haigh, Kitchen, Linthwaite ......... Jan. 1864 ... 86 All those marked * in the two foregoing Lists were Trustees of the Free School.

“All that generation were gathered unto their fathers,”— Judges ii. 7.

PROVIDENCE CHAPEL, LINTHWAITE.

The following well known names occur in the Chapel and and Graveyard of the Particular Baptists. “‘Rev. John Higson died November 22nd, 1840, aged 68 years. He was Minister of this Chapel 18 years, and was a man of God and truth. Elizabeth also, his wife, died May Ist, 1841, aged 67 years,”

Page 256

244 SLAITHWAITE CHURCH ANNALS.

‘¢ James Eastwood, of Blakestones, Slaithwaite, who died April 23rd, 1840, and left to this Chapel the sum of one hundred pounds, towards liquidating a debt, that was then upon the Chapel, of three hundred pounds, and which has since been voluntarily raised by the Church and friends at this place.”—(Tablet in the pel). ‘‘ John Meal, of Lingards, died Aug. 13th, 1832, aged 48 ears.” ‘‘ Joshua Garside, Car Lane, died Dec. 27th, 1845, aged 58 years.” Sykes, Lingards Lane, July 9th, 1848, aged 71 years.” 90 ‘ John Dransfield, of Blakestones, died Dec. 31st, 1862, aged years 99 “ Joseph Garside (brother of Joshua, and assistant to Mr. Holmes, at Powle Chapel), died Dec. 5th, 1862, aged 77 years.” Mentioned in the life of the Rev. 8. Walter. Buried at Powle.

IN GOLCAR CHUROHYARD.

“ James Hall, of Golcar Hill, departed this life Dec. 25th, 1850, aged 82. A stanch member of the Church of England, ef gentle manners, of unassuming deportment, benevolent and hospitable. Having obtained a good report fhrough faith—he died in the Lord.” July 9th, 1845.—Mr. Hall gave his interest in the pew No. 54, near the pulpit of Slaithwaite Church, “of his good will and esteem for the Minister and congregation, for the use of the Minister’s family. As a mark of thankfulness for mercies received from God in former years within that sacred place.”

During the progress of the work, the following deaths of of persons mentioned have also occurred. “ Rey. Wyndham Carlyon Madden, M.A., Rector of Berg- Apton, Norfolk, formerly Incumbent of Woodhouse, near Hud- dersfield, died May 18th, 1864.” ‘¢ Edmund Smith, Esq., M.D., of Ilkley Wells, died 5th June, 1864, at the Rectory, Richmond, the house of his brother-in-law, Rev. R. E. Roberts, aged 60 years.” ‘‘Mr, Charles Evans, of Shrewsbury, who designed and executed the Memorial Window, died April 1864.” ‘‘ His father, and partner, David Evans, Esq., died Nov. 17 th, 1861, aged 68 years.” -

FINIS.

Printed by J. Brook, Stamp-office, Market-place, Huddersfield.

Page 257

In One Volume, Octavo, Price 13s.

LONGMAN & CO., LONDON. PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, CAMBRIDGE.

THE GOSPEL REVEALED TO JOB:

OR, PATRIARCHAL FAITH AND PRACTICE ILLUSTRATED

IN

THIRTY LECTURES

ON THE PRINCIPAL PASSAGES OF

THE BOOK OF JOB:

WITH EXPLANATORY, ILLUSTRATIVE, AND CRITICAL NOTES, BY THE

REV. C. A. HULBERT, M.A.,

LATE TYRWHITT HEBREW AND CROSSE THEOLOGICAL SCHOLAR OF THR UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

‘‘The Lectures give undoubted evidence of extensive biblical lore, of unwearied industry and perseverance, and of a genuine and orthodox zeal in discovering and communicating the true meaning of many neglected or misinterpreted passages. This important subject has never been so ably-and so successfully Britannia.

Page 258

‘‘A multitude of questions perpetually press on the mind of the student. Such as, Are the alleged glimpses of the Gospel Dispensation real or imaginary? * * Now we do not say that Mr. Hulbert has supplied a full and satisfactory reply to all these questions. But we may confidently assert, that he has approached nearer to a reply to some of them than any Com- mentator on the volume * * We cordially recommend Mr. Hulbert’s volume both to our critical and devout Christian Observer. the prosecution of Mr. Hulbert’s useful labours, it is satisfactory to be assured that he has not indulged in any peculiar or unauthorised expositions. * * * The exegetical notes are extremely instructive. In them we are presented with the literal meaning of the more difficult passages, as eliminated from the original Hebrew, the LXX., the Syriac, and other versions, and the Author’s conclusions. They are sufficiently copious to satisfy the unlearned, though studious reader of the Scripture, at the same time that the Scholar may derive much valuable information from them, or may refresh his memory in studies perhaps too much neglected, if not altogether forgotten, in the turmoil of worldly avocations.”—Cambridge Chronicle. ‘* All is reduced, in the result, to a form of instruction, exhor- tation, and admonition, so simple and impressive, as to be easily comprehended by minds of ordinary capabilities, and received by all who are willing to be informed with religious knowledge. This volume is, indeed, a most valuable and interesting work, on a subject well chosen, by one so capable of treating it worthily.” —Leeds Intelligencer. ‘‘The learned and able preacher, who is favourably known as the Author of a valuable critical and expository work entitled ‘The Gospel Revealed to Job, or Patriarchal Faith and Practice Illustrated,’ has in his Visitation Sermon, set forth the doctrine of the full inspiration and paramount authority of the Bible, with force, simplicity, and unction.”— Record. ‘‘The (comparatively) brief book of Job is here commented on in a volume of some five hundred pages. It will probably be found the most*complete commentary on that portion of Scripture which has yet appeared. Mr. Hulbert has written largely, wisely, and well upon the Man of Uz; and he has added to what his own experience, research, and learning afforded, a well selected mass of contributions of our poets and prose writers, whose pens and minds have been working on the same exalted theme. The resuit is a volume of very great value.”—Church and State Gazette. ‘‘ This is one of those religious works named by Dr. Arnold, as classing in the literary desiderata of the times: viz. a book com- bining a miscellaneous interest in selections, associated with scriptural instructions.” —Eddowes’s Shrewsbury Journal. ‘‘ A learned and most edifying volume.”— Wesleyan Methodist Magazine.

Page 259

WORKS BY THE LATE ANNA H. POTTS.

Sketches of Character, and Other Pieces in Verse. By ANNA H. POTTS. pp. 215. Feap. 8vo. cloth. Price 4s.

‘* Mrs. Potts’ volume deserves to be recommended to persons of taste, and would prove a most acceptable Christmas offering, either to the youthful, or to those more advanced in years.”—Court Journal.

‘* The neat little volume of Mrs. Potts, is full of tender feeling, which attracts and unites mind to mind, and heart to heart. Her poetry reminds us of the touching pieces of Mrs. Hemans; and her ‘Sketches of of the best portraits of Cowper. No one can read these sketches without having the finest sympathies aroused, and good resolutions strengthened.” —Literary Gazette.

‘She chiefly aims at developing the proper sphere of her sex, by pointing out the duties of women under the various circumstances in which they are placed; showing the importance of patience and forbearance, truthfulness and constancy, and a reliance upon the practical influence of religion. These topics are urged in various forms with clearness and Miscellany.

little volame is a Collection of Poetical Effusions on subjects of universal interest. Many of them are remarkable for their graceful simplicity, and the absence of pretension, while some exhibit no inconsiderable degree of humour. The fair Au- thoress passes ‘from grave to gay, from lively to severe,’ with a refreshing ease, and in many passages displays much feeling on subjects of domestic interest.” —Aduca- téional Times. 6 “ There are many pleasing poems in this unpretending volume.”— Church and State azette. ©

** The Sketches of Character contained in this agreeable volume may be enumerated under the heads, ‘Husbands,’ ‘ Wives,’ and ‘Maidens,’ which are written in an easy, simple style, delineative and didactic, with some passages of satire; and to these may also be added the shorter Pieces, called ‘The Sisters,’ and ‘The Proud.’ The ‘ Other y.eces in Verse,’ are numerous and of varied kinds, playful and grave, de- scriptive or commemorative, sentimental or imaginative, the metrical structure various, but always easy and flowing, with a careful and accurate choice of rhymes. A deep and fervent tone of religious feeling pervades all the Pieces in which sacred thoughts are appropriate, and the moral sentiments are chaste, loving and cheerful, adorned with poetical imagery and pleasing conceptions, which are all the more effective for their simplicity.— Leeds Intelligencer.

*¢ The accomplished authoress evidently aims at something higher than mere poetry, which, when properly understood and written, is only a means to an end; aad that end is the elevation of man, asa religious, moral, and intellectual being.”—Glasgow Examiner.

**In the ‘Sketches of Character’ there is a word of advice to each of the three classes, Husbands, Wives, and Maidens. To each class a separate poem of considerable length is devoted, and we can assure our readers, whether they are huslunds, wives, or fair maidens, that each and all of them will find a lesson here from which they may derive pure and profitable instruction, inculcated in a playful and yet earnest etyle. We can truly say that there is not in the volume one verse which the writer will ever regret to have written or the reader to have perused.”— Glasguw Reformer’s Gazette.

Simple Poems for National and Sunday-Schools. By ANNA H. POTTS. 18mo. sewed. 2s. per dozen.

“‘Mrs. Potts possessed the happy secret of adapting her style to suit the comprehen- sion of childhood, without becoming trivial or common-place, and we trust her work may meet with the success it so well deserves.”“—Lady’s Newspaper.

Sold at the National Society’s Depository, Westminster.

Simple Poemes a usage des Ecoles Nationales du Dimanche, traduits de l’ Anglais de Mrs. ANNA H. POTTS, par le Chevalier de Chatelain. Fep. 8vo. prix 1s. 6d.

Page 260

WORKS BY ROBERT POTTS, M.A,, TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,

LIBER CANTABRIGIENSIS.

PART I. An Account of the Aids, the encourage- ments, and rewards offered to Students, in the Univer- sity of Cambridge; to which ts prefixed a Collection of Maxims, Aphorisms, d&c. Designed jor the Use of Learners. By Rosert Potts, M.A., Zrinity College. Heap. 8vo., pp. 570, bds. 4s. 6d.

‘‘It was not a bad idea to prefix to the many encouragements afforded to students in the University of Cambridge, a selection of maxims drawn from the writings of men who have shown that learning is to be judged by its fruits in social and individual life.— The Literary Churchman. ‘6 A work like this was much wanted.”—Clerical Journal. *¢ The book altogether is one of merit and value.””— Guardian. _“ The several parts of this book are most interesting and instructive.” — Zducational

Times. ‘*No doubt many will thank Mr. Potts for the very valuable information he has afforded in this laborious compilation.” -- Critic.

PART IT. An Account of the Changes made by recent Legislation in the Colleges, and the University of Cambridge, with an Appendix, containing the Examina- tion Papers for the Open Minor Scholarships in 1861-1862. Fcap. $0. pp. 462, bds. 4s. 6d.

regard Liber Cantabrigiensis, Part II., as an invaluable addition to an in- valuable work.”—ZEnglish Journal of Education. ‘*Mr. Potts has very meritoriously presented, in a manageable compass, not only the present code of the University and its Professorships, Scholarships, and Prizes, but also a full abstract of the Statutes of all the Colleges, with particulars of their Fellowships, Scholarships, and Exhibitions. It is a permanent Companion to the Calendar, the importance of which latter will henceforth depend chiefly on the Class lists and other lists of names.”—- The Header.

The Long Bow of the Past: the Rijle for the Future; addressed to the rising Generation of the British Empire. By H. Britannicus, a friend of the Rifle Movement. Second Edttion, 8vo. pp. 36, 6d.

A. View of the Evidences of Christianity, and the Hore Pauline; by William Paley, D.D., formerly Fellow and Tutor of Christ’s College, Cambridge. A new Edition, with Notes, an Analysis, and a selection of Questions from the Senate-House and College Examination Papers; designed for the use of Students. By Roserr Ports, M.A., Trinity College. 8vo. pp. 568, price 10s. 6d. én cloth

**The theologicaf student will find this an invaluable volume. In addition to the text there are copious notes, indicative of laborious and useful research ; an analysis of great ability and correctness; and a selection from the Senate-House and College Exa- mination Papers, by which great help is given as to what to study and how to study it. There is nothing wanting to make this book perfect.”’— Church and State Gazette. ‘* Mr. Potts’ is the most complete and useful edition yet published.”~-Klectic Review. ** We feel that this ought to be henceforth the standard edition of the ‘ Evidences and ore.” he ee Review. ch ithout this volume the library of any Christian Man is incomplete,”—Cherch England Quarterly Review. y v


Return to the Huddersfield Exposed home page