Huddersfield Byelaws (1965) under the Water Act 1945 by Huddersfield Corporation

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COUNTY BOROUGH OF HUDDERSFIELD

BYELAWS

made under Section 17 of the Water Act, 1945, by the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the County Borough of Huddersfield acting by the Council for preventing waste, undue consumption, misuse or

contamination of water supplied by then.

HARRY BANN, Town Clerk,

Huddersfield.

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Definitions.

B YEL A WS made under section i7 of the Water Act 1945 by the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the County Borough of Huddersfield acting by the Council for preventing waste, undue consumption, misuse, or contamination of water supplied by them.

Interpretation

1. In these byelaws. unless the context otherwise requires -

““ballvalve’’ means any float-operated valve for controlling the inflow of water to a cistern:

* British Standard’’ means a standard or specification issued by the British Standards Institution a copy of which is available for inspection at the office of the undertakers

at the Waterworks Department, High Street Buildings, High Street, Huddersfield and “British Standard Code of means a code of practice issued and available as aforesaid;

*“puilding’’ means any structure (including a floating structure) whether of a permanent character or not, and whether movable or immovable, and, without prejudice to the generality of the eo any caravan, vessel, boat or houseboat;

“ capacity” means the capacity of a cistern measured up to a level lower than the invert of the warning pipe at the point where it leaves the cistern by i inch or the internal diameter of the warning pipe. whichever is the greater;

closed circuit’? means any system of pipes and other water fittings throvgli which water circulates and from which water is not drawn for use, and includes any vent pipe fitted thereto but not the feed cistern or the cold feed pipe;

* corrosion-resisting material’? means any material which is highly resistant to any corrosive action to which it is likely to be subjected in the circumstances in which it is used; °* cylinder’ means a cylindrical closed vessel capable of containing water under pressure greater than atmospheric pressure; “distributing pipe” means any pipe conveying water from a storage cistern, or from a hot water apparatus supplied from a feed cistern, and under pressure from that cistern;

°° feed means any storage cistern used for supplying cold water to a hot water apparatus; service pipe’? means so much of any pipe for supplying

water from a main to any premises as is subject to water pressure from that main, or would be so subject but for the

closing of some stopvalve;

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“ stopvalve’ means any device (including a stopcock and stop tap), other than a draw-off tap, for stopping at will I the flow of water in a pipe;

“ storage cistern” means any cistern other than a flushing cistern, having a free water surface under atmospheric pressure, but does not include a drinking-trough or drinking- bowl for animals, including poultry;

‘‘tank’? means a non-cylindrical closed vessel capable of containing water under pressure greater than atmospheric pressure;

the undertakers’’ means the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the County Borough of Huddersfield, acting by the Council;

“warning pipe’ means an overflow pipe so fixed that its outlet, whether inside or outside a building, is in a conspicuous position where the discharge of any water therefrom can be readily seen; and

‘“‘water fittings’’ includes pipes (other than mains), taps, cocks, valves, ferrules, meters, cisterns, baths, waterclosets, soil pans and other similar apparatus used in connection with the supply and use of water.

2.-(1) Any requirement in these byelaws that a water fitting Compliance shall comply with a British Standard shall - with British

(a) be construed as requiring compliance with that Standards,

Standard only in so far as the Standard relates to the size, nature, materials, strength and workmanship of that fitting; and

(b) be deemed to be satisfied, notwithstanding that the fitting does not comply with that Standard in so far as it relates to those matters, if the fitting is not less efficient and suitable in relation to the purposes for which these byelaws are made than a fitting which does comply with that Standard in so far as it relates to those matters.

(2) Where any requirement of any such Standard relating. to any of those matters conflicts with a specific requirement of these byelaws the latter requirement shall prevail.

Application

3. No person shall -

(a) use a water fitting for the purpose of conveying or Application receiving water supplied by the undertakers, or of byelaws cause or permit a water fitting to be used, or to generally. remain arranged or connected so that it can be used, for that purpose, in contravention of a provision of any of the following byelaws, that is to say, byelaws 7, 8, 10 to 12, 14 to 26 and 28 to

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Saving for

fittings lawfully fitted.

58, or if the fitting, or its mode of arrangement or connection, or its situation, contravenes, or is notin accordance. with, such a provision, or if the fitting is not equipped, provided with. fittings or accessories, protected or supported in accordance with, or a. 45 28 equipped or provided with fittings or accessories. in contravention of, such a provision; or

CH arrange or connect a water fitting, or cause oF permit a wat er fitting to be arranged or I connected, so that it can be used for the purpose aforesaid, in contravention of, or ina manner or in a situation which contravenes, or is not in accordance with, a provision of ‘any of the said byelaws, or if the fitting contravenes, or is not. in-.accordance with, such a provision; or

(c) alter a water fitting used for the purpose aforesaid, or cause or permit a water fitting to be altered, — so that it or is not :-in accordance with, a provision of any of the said byelaws; or

(d) disconnect a water fitting used for the purpose aforesaid, or cause or permit a water fitting to be Or remain disconnected, otherwise than for the purpose of repair or renewal, if; as a result of the disconnection, a provision of any of the said byelaws by virtue of which the fitting is required to remain connected will be contravened.

4.-(1) None of ase byelaws (with the exception of byelaws 7, 24 and 26) shall have effect so as to require any person to cease to use, or to arrange, connect, disconnect, alter, dismantle or renew any water fitting lawfully used or capable of being lawfully used on any premises immediately before the byelaw first applied in relation to those premises, or to remove any fitting or accessory from such a fitting or to refit such a fitting in a different situation, or to provide any equipment, fitting, accessory, protection or support for a water fitting then used or capable of being used on any premises where the absence of the required equipment, fitting, accessory, protection or support was not then unlawful, unless, by reason of the damaged, worn or otherwise unserviceable condition of the water fitting, its faulty arrangement or connection, its situation, equipment, fittings or accessories or the absence of the required equipment, fittings, accessories, protection or support, it causes or permits, or is likely to cause or permit, waste, undue consumption, erroneous measurement or contamination of water, reverberation in pipes.

(2) Sen. for. a reason mentioned in the preceding paragraph, any of these byelaws (other than byelaws 7, 24 and 26) has effect as mentioned in that paragraph, or where byelaw 7, 24 or 26 has such effect, and any work is rendered necessary by that byelaw, compliance’ therewith may be postponed for such time as is reasonably required for the carrying out of that work.

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5. Of the following byelaws, only byelaws 6 to 8, 10 to 16,

23, 26, 29(3), 31 and 59 to 61 shall apply in relation to any water fitting forming part of a closed circuit.

6. Where water is ~-

(a) taken by meter and discharged into a storage cistern; and

(b) discharged into the air not less than 6 inches above the top edge of the cistern; and

(ce) conveyed from the cistern for use for industrial or research purposes,

and it is not reasonably practicable for any one or more of the following byelaws (other than byelaws 7 and 8) to be complied with in relation to any water fitting supplied with water from the cistern, that byelaw or those byelaws shall not apply in relation to that fitting.

General provistons

7. A water fitting falling within either of the following paragraphs, that is to say - (a) any pipe, pipe fitting, draw-off tap, draining tap, stopvalve, ballvalve, float, cistern, cylinder, tank or flushing apparatus or any bath, wash basin, sink, soil pan or similar appliance, being a fitting which is damaged, worn or otherwise unserviceable, or connected or arranged in a faulty manner; and

(b) any fitting not specified in the preceding paragraph, whether or not damaged, worn or otherwise unserviceable, or connected or arranged in a faulty manner,

shall not be used, or be or remain so connected that it can be used, if notwithstanding that its use or connection does not contravene any of the following byelaws, it causes or permits, or is likely to cause or permit, waste, undue consumption, misuse, erroneous measurement or contamination of water supplied by the undertakers, or reverberation in pipes.

8.-(1) No pipe or cistern used for conveying or receiving water supplied by the undertakers shall convey or receive, or be or remain so connected that it can convey or receive, water not supplied by the undertakers:

Provided that where the water supplied by the undertakers to any cistern is discharged into the air not less than 6 inches above the top edge thereof, this paragraph shall not apply to that cistern or to any pipe conveying, or any cistern receiving, water therefrom.

Plosed

Circuits

Fittings used for industrial or research purposes.

Unserviceable

fittings and fittings not menttoned in the byelaws.

‘Connections

which could cause con- tamination of mains water,

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Taps for drinking water.

(2) In the preceding paragraph, “water not supplied by the undertakers” inctudes, and “water supplied by. the undertakers’: include, water. es che: undertakers which has. been used.

(3) No pipe or cistern used for conveying or receiving © potable water shall convey or receive, or be or remain so

connected that it can convey or receive, non- pot able water:

Provided that where the potable water supplied to any cistern is discharged into the air not less than 6 inches above the top edge thereof, this paragraph shall not apply to that cistern or to any pipe cont or Say cistern receiving, water therefrom. I 3

(4) In the preceding paragraph “non-potable water” means water supplied by the undert akers for non-domestic purposes only, and as being unfit for drinking or culinary purposes, and “potable water’’ means any other water supplied by the undertakers.

(5) No service pipe or pump delivery pipe drawing water

from a service pipe shall convey, ‘or be or remain so _ connected that it can convey, water from -

(a) a distributing pipe; or. (b) a pump delivery pipe io aking water. etther from a Si pipe or from a cistern.

9.- (1) In any premises inos ne premises to ahich section 57 of the Factories Act 1961 applies, or premises to which section li of the Offices; Shops and ‘Railway Premises Act 1963 applies or which, by or.under that Act, are excepted dr excluded from the application of that section) in which water is supplied by the undertakers for domestic purposes, the supply being separately. chargeable, the person for the time being entitled or authorised to do so shall ‘provide a draw-off tap ina position convenient for drawing drinking water on a service pipe or a pump delivery pipe sy Shay tae water from a service pipe:

Provided that where, by reason of the height at water is required to be delivered or of some other cir-"

-cumstance, it is not reasonably practicable to provide

in the premises a service pipe or a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe, the tap may be

, provided on a pump delivery pipe or distributing pipe _ drawing water exclusively from a storage cistern which -

(a) is a closed vessel having a tightly fitting access cover. bolted or screwed in position;

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(b) is properly maintained and, where necessary, suitably lined or coated to preserve the potability of the water;

(c) has an air inlet and an overflow pipe or pipes all suitably screened;

(d) is, where necessary, insulated against heat; and

(e) is supplied exclusively from a service pipe, or from a pump delivery pipe drawing water either from a service pipe or from a storage cistern which is a closed vessel equipped, maintained and supplied as aforesaid.

(2) This byelaw shall not have effect so as to require any person to provide a tap on a pipe which was in any premises immediately before this byelaw first applied in relation to those premises if the omission to provide the tap on the pipe was not then unlawful.

(3) No pipe on which a tap is provided in compliance with this byelaw shall be so placed that the water in the pipe is likely to become warm before reaching the tap.

10.-(1) Every water fitting, whether inside or outside a Protection building, shall be so placed as to minimise to the greatest From damage extent which is reasonably practicable the risk of damage to from frost.

it from frost.

(2) Every water fitting (other than an overflow pipe) which, notwithstanding compliance with the preceding paragraph, is likely to suffer damage from frost, shall be effectively protected from such damage.

(3) The requirements of this byelaw shall be deemed to be satisfied if the location and insulation of the fittings are in accordance with the recommendations in that behalf in the British Standard Code of Practice CP 99 (1945), “Frost precautions for water services.”’.

11. Every water fitting, whether inside or outside a building, Protection

which is so placed as to be liable to damage from some cause from damage other than frost shall be effectively protected from such from other damage. causes.

12. Every water fitting inside a building shall be so placed Accessibility as to be readily accessible for purposes of examination, of fittings. repair, replacement and (in the case of taps and valves) operation, except where compliance with this requirement is not reasonably practicable or is inconsistent with the provisions of byelaw i0 or il:

_ Provided that this byelaw shall not prevent - (a) the enclosing of any pipe and any fitting thereon in

a chase or duct if the pipe and fitting are reasonably accessible for such purposes; or

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Di sconnec— tion of disused

pipes.

Support of pipes.

Depth of pipes laid underground.

Pipes not to be laid through foul ‘sotl, etc.

Pipes of lead.

(b) the embedding of any pipe or.pipe fitting in: the, _ fabric of a building so far as may be necessary for the efficient operation of any syst em of space heating.

13. If a water fitting is disconnected and is not within 28 days reconnected or replaced, the person supplied with water by the undertakers shall disconnect so much of any ©

pipe as conveyed water supplied by them to ‘that fitting

and is not required to —— such water = any other fitting.

Pipes

14. Every pipe shall be adequately supported and shall be so arranged as to avoid any air lock or reverberation.

15. Every pipe laid under the ground shall -

(a) be of corrosion-resisting material or be effectively protected from corrosion; and

(b) unless it is beneath a building of a permanent character, be not less than 2 feet 6 inches below... I the surface of the ground: ox?

Provided that if, by reason of some obstruction, it is not reasonably practicable for a pipe or some part of a pipe to. be at a depth of not less than 2 feet 6. inches,. that pipe or part shall be at the greatest depth that.is practicable. :

16.-(1) No pipe shall pass. into or through any manure pit, sewer, drain, cesspool or refuse chute, or any manhole connected therewith.

(2) No pipe shall be laid, installed or allowed to remain in or on any foul soil or any material which causes or is likely to cause undue deterioration of the pipe unless it is impracticable for it to be elsewhere, in which case the pipe shall be effectively protected from contact with that soil or material

(3) No pipe made of any material susceptible to permeation by any gas which could cause contamination of the water in the pipe shall be laid, installed or allowed to remain in a position where such permeation could. reasonably be expected to occur.

17.-(1) Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and distributing pipe of lead or lead alloy shall comply with British Standard 602;1956, “‘Lead pipes for other than chemical purposes’, or British Standard 1085: 1956, “Lead pipes for other than chemical purposes (silver- copper- lead alloy)”.

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(2) Every connection between a lead or lead alloy pipe and another pipe of either of those materials shall be I made by means of a watertight joint of the type known as a plumber’ s wiped soldered joint or some other not less efficient and suitable watertight joint,

(3) Every connection between a lead or lead alloy pipe and a pipe of neither of those materials shall be made by a union of corrosion-resisting material joined to the lead or lead alloy pipe by means of a watertight joint of the type known as a plumbers wiped soldered joint or some other not less efficient and suitable watertight 1am.

(4) Where any water fitting is connected to a seed or lead alloy pipe by means of a plumber’ s wiped soldered joint, not less than 1% inches of the fitting and, unless the joint is a branch joint, not less than 1% inches of the pipe to which it is connected shall be included within the joint.

18.~(1) Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and Pipes of distributing pipe of cast iron shall be capable of °° ~~ east tron. withstanding a hydraulic test pressure of not less than double the pressure to which the pipe will be liable to be subjected under working conditions.

(2) Every such pipe shall comply with one of the British Standards -

1211;1958, “ Centrifugally cast (spun) iron pressure ‘pipes for water, gas and sewage’’; 78:Part 1:;1961, “Cast iron spigot and socket pipes (vertically cast) and spigot and pecker fittings, Part 1. Pipes’’, and 2035: 1953, ‘Cast we flanged pipes and at fittings’. I

(8) Every spigot. and socket pipe fitting on any such pipe shall comply with British Standard 78:1938, “Cast iron pipes (vertically cast) for water, gas and sewage.,.,”’, and every flanged pipe fitting on any such pipe shall comply with the said British Standard 2035: 1953,

19, -(1) Every service pipe or pump delivery pipe of steel Pipes of (other than a pipe to which paragraph (2)(a) of this ‘steel, . byelaw applies) and every distributing pipe of steel in contact with the soil shall comply with the requirements for heavy tubes in British Standard 1387:1957, ‘“ Steel tubes and tubulars..,’’

(2) Every steel pipe not in contact with the soil which is of either of the following descriptions ; I

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(a) a service pipe or pump delivery pipe which -

fy forms part of a fire sprinkler or other fire fighting installation from which’ water is drawn only for = rei “purposes; and © = (ii) is kept charged with water ae _ automatic alarm valve or is charged with wat er only veer — and

(b) a distributing pipe,

halls comply with the requirements. fox sacl tas bene in the said Brit ish eta) Sec: ane ane 1: = (3) Every eatinabls cast iron pipe Seog to any steel pipe being a service pipe or pump delivery pipe (other than a pipe to which paragraph (2)(a) of this byelaw applies) or a distributing pipe shall comply with the relevant ‘requirements of British Standard 143: 1952, “Malleable cast iron and cast: copper alloy pipe fittings...”, or British Standard 1256:1952, “Malleable cast iron (Whiteheart process) and cast copper alloy pipe fittings...”’, and every cast iron pipe fitting

“2\@onnected to any pipe to which paragraph (2)(a). of this

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byelaw applies shall ‘comply with British Standard 1641: 1950, “Cast iron pipe fittings for sprinklers and other fire protection installations’’, or with the relevant. requirements of either of the said Gt ers St andards 143:1952 and 1256: 1952.

(4) Every pipe fitting of wrought iron connected to any steel pipe being a service pipe, a pump delivery pipe or a distributing pipe ‘shall comply with British Standard 1740: 1951, pipe fittings iron and steel (screwed B.S.P. and shall be of heavy weight within the meaning of that St andard and every pipe fitting of steel ‘connected to any such steel pipe shall comply with the said British Standard 1740: 1951 or with British Standard 1965:Part 1:1963, * Butt-welding pipe fittings for pressure purposes. Part 1. Carbon Steel’’, and, 47 it complies with the said British Standard 17 40: 1951, ‘shall be of heavy weight within the meaning of that Standard. a (5) Every pipe and every pipe fitting to which any of the preceding paragraphs of this byelaw applies shall be effectively protected from

(a)-external corrosion; ° ‘eed (b): internal corrosion, unless it is a pipe. or fitting which -

(i) forms part of a fire cakes or other fire installation from which water is drawn only for fire fighting purposes; and (ii) is kept charged with water through an automatic alarm valve or is charged with water only when fire occurs.

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20.-(1) (a) Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and Pipes of distributing pipe of copper connected by means of screw copper. joints shall comply with British Standard $1:Part “Copper tubes (heavy gauge) for general purposes’’, and the thread of every screw in any such joint shall comply with British Standard 61:Part 2:1946, “Screw threads for copper tubes’. I

(b) Every copper alloy pipe fitting for a copper pipe having a screw thread which complies with Table 1 of the said British Standard 61:Part 2:1946 shall comply with British Standard 99:1922, “Copper-alloy pipe fittings...’’, and every copper alloy three-piece union for such a copper pipe shall comply with British Standard 66:1914, alloy three-piece unions.,.”’,

(c) Every cast copper alloy pipe fitting for a copper pipe having a screw thread which complies with Table 4 of the said British Standard 61:Part 2:1946 shall comply with the relevant requirements of British Standard “Malleable cast iron and cast copper alloy pipe fittings...’’, or British Standard 1256:1952, “Malleable cast iron (Whiteheart process) and cast copper alloy pipe .*:

(2) (a) Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and distributing pipe of copper connected by means of capillary or compression fittings or bronze or autogenous welding shall. if laid under the ground, comply with British Standard 1386: 1957, “Copper tubes to be buried underground’, or, if not laid under the ground, comply with British Standard 659: 1963, ‘‘Light gauge copper tubes for water, gas and sanitation’’, or with the said British Standard 1386:

(b) Every capillary fitting and compression fitting on any such pipe shall comply with British Standard 864; 1953, Capillary and compression fittings of copper and copper alloy...’’, and every compression fitting shall be of Type B if the pipe on which it is fitted complies with the said British Standard 1386: 1957.

-€c) Where any such pipe is connected by bronze welding by gas the welding shall comply with British Standard 1724:1959, ‘*Bronze welding by gas’’.

21. Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and distributing Pzpes of pipe of asbestos cement shall be capable of withstanding a asbestos hydraulic test pressure of not less than double the cement. pressure to which the pipe will be liable to be subjected under working conditions, and shall comply with British Standard ‘‘Asbestos cement pressure pipes’”’,

22.-(1) Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe, Pipes of distributing pipe and pipe fitting not being a pipe or other fitting of a material specifically mentioned in byelaws I materials.

17 to 21 shall be capable of withstanding a hydraulic test pressure of not less than double the pressure to which the pipe is liable to be subjected under working conditions, and shall be of material the nature, thickness and strength of which is suitable in the circumstances in which the pipe or pipe fitting is to be used.

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Fittings in closed circuits.

Stopvalves on pipes supplying buildings.

(2) Every such pipe of polythene shall comply with British Standard 1972:1961, “Polythene pipe (type 425) for cold water services’’, or with British Standard 3284: 1963, “Polythene pipe (type 710) for cold water services’’.

(3) Every such pipe of unplasticized polyvinyl chloride shall comply with British Standard “Unplasticized PVC pipe (type 1140) for cold water supply”.

23. Every water fitting forming part of a closed circuit shall be of suitable material and capable of withstanding a hydraulic test pressure of not less than double the pressure #6 which the fitting is liable to be subjected under working

Taps and valves

24.-(1) Every pipe supplying water to any building (not being the other building referred to in paragraphs (4) and (5) of this byelaw), or to any part of a building the supply to which is separately chargeable, shall, unless the pipe passes through that part to another such part, be fitted with a stopvalve inside and as near as is reasonably practicable to the point where the pipe enters the building or part thereof.

(2) Where a pipe supplies water to one such part of a building and passes through that part to another such part, every branch pipe connected to that pipe in the first- mentioned part shall be fitted with a stopvalve as near as is reasonably practicable to the point of connection.

(3) Where any pipe supplies water to any such part of a building, and passes through one or more of such parts to another, it shall be so placed that, before entering the first of the parts, it passes through a place, whether inside or outside the building;.to which the occupier of each of the parts has access, and in that place the pipe shall be fitted with a stopvalve as near as is reasonably practicable to the point where it enters the building.

(4) Every pipe conveying water from a building to another building within the same curtilage as, but having no direct access from, the first-mentioned building shall, subject to paragraph (5) of this byelaw, be fitted with a stopvalve inside and as near as is reasonably practicable to the point where it leaves the first-mentioned building.

(5) Where it is not reasonably practicable to fit a stopvalve inside the first-mentioned building, the said pipe shall be fitted with a stopvalve inside and as near as is reasonably practicable to the point where it enters the other building.

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25. Every draw-off pipe from every cold water’ storage cistern Stopvalves

of a capacity exceeding 4 gallons shall be fitted with a on outlet stopvalve as near to the cistern as is reasonably practicable: pipes from I storage Provided that, where such a draw-off pipe is connected I ctsterns.

directly to a hot water storage cistern, cylinder or tank in such a way that it is not reasonably practicable to fit a stopvalve on that pipe, a stopvalve shall be fitted on every draw-off pipe from the hot water cistern, cylinder or tank, as near thereto as is reasonably practicable.

26. In every building and in every part of a building the Draining supply to which is separately chargeable the water fittings taps. on the downstream side of each stopvalve required by byelaw 24 shall be so arranged that they can be drained to prevent damage to them from frost and shall be fitted with such draining taps as are reasonably necessary for that purpose.

27. No person shall erect or set up, or allow to remain erected or set up, a standpipe for conveying water supplied by the undertakers which is used by the occupants of more than one building, separately occupied part of a building or tent unless the pipe is provided with a non-concussive self-closing tap.

28.- °(1) Every pipe supplying water to a drinking-trough Drinking- or drinking-bowl for animals, including poultry, shall troughs. be fitted with a ballvalve or some other not less effective device for controlling the inflow of water, so designed as to prevent overflow, or a draw-off tap or stopvalve, and every such ballvalve, device, tap or stopvalve shall be effectively protected from damage, contamination and unauthorised interference:

Provided that this paragraph shall not apply to a pipe if -

(a) the water in the pipeflows by gravitation from a storage cistern; and (b) the trough or bowl to which the pipe supplies water is placed at such a level as to prevent overflow,

(2) No such trough or bowl shall be supplied directly from a service pipe or pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe unless the inlet is fixed at a distance above the top edge of the trough or bowl which -

(a) is sufficient, having regard to the design of the trough or bowl and the use to be made of it, to prevent contamination of.the water in the service pipe; and (b) is in no case less than 1 inch.

29.-(1) Every draw-off tap of the ordinary screwdow pattern Draw-of f shall comply with the relevant requirements of British Standard taps. 1010: 1959, “ Draw-off taps and stopvalves for water services (screwdown pattern)’’.

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‘Stopvalves.

Operation of ‘stopualves.

Ballvalves.

(2) Every draw-off tap not of the ordinary screwdown pattern shall be capable of withstanding a hydraulic test pressure of at least 300 pounds per square inch, and every internal part, and, where the nominal size of the tap does not exceed 2 inches, the body thereof, shall be made of a suitable and corrosion-resisting material.

(3) Every draining tap shall comply with British Standard 2879: 1957, Draining taps (screw-down pattern)”’, or with the relevant requirements of the said British Standard 1010; 1959.

30.-(1)Every stopvalve to which British Standard 1010: 1959, . “Draw-off taps and stopvalves for water services (screwdown pattern)”, or British Standard 1218:1946, “Sluice valves for wat erworks purposes” applies shall comply with the relevant requirements of that Standard.

(2) Every stopvalve to which neither of the Standards mentioned in the preceding paragraph applies shall be capable of withstanding a hydraulic test pressure of at least 300 pounds per square inch, and every internal part, and, where the nominal size of the valve does not exceed 2 inches, the body thereof, shall be made of a suitable and corrosion- resisting material.

31. Every stopvalve shall be so placed that it can be readily operated by the means by which it is designed to be operated. I

32.-(1) Every ballvalve of the Portsmouth type ghall comply with British Standard 1212:1953, ~Ballvalves (Portsmouth ae

(2) Every ballvalve not of the Portsmouth type shall comply with such of the following requirements as are relevant -

(a) every high pressure valve shall close against a working pressure of 200 pounds per square inch, every medium pressure valve against a working pressure of 100 pounds per square inch, and every low pressure valve against a working pressure of 40 pounds per square inch; and every high pressure, medium pressure and low pressure valve, not being a valve having an interchangeable orifice seating, shall have the letters “8.P.", or cast or ‘stamped on the body of the fitting, or’ shall be otherwise clearly identified as a high, medium or low pressure valve, and every valve shall, ‘ while held mechanically in the closed position, be capable of withstanding a pressure of 300 pounds per square inch;

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(b) every valve of the piston type shall have a washer of suitable vulcanised rubber or some other not less suitable material and, if it is a valve of a nominal size not exceeding 2 inches, the washer shall be enclosed in an internally flanged cap screwed to the piston;

(c) every valve of the diaphragm type shall have the diaphragm clamped or fitted in such a manner as to keep: the other moving parts of the valve free from contact with the water;

(d) the component parts of every valve of a nominal size not exceeding 2 inches shall be of a suitable and corrosion-resisting material and the lever shall be made of such material as will ensure that it does not bend under working conditions; and

(e) every wholly or partly of ferrous metal of a nominal size exceeding 2 inches shall -

(i) be provided with a flange on its inlet complying with. Table E of British Standard 10: 1962, and bolting for pipes, valves and fittings’’; (ii) have all parts of ferrous metal protected against corrosion by coating in accordance with British Standard 1218:1946, “Sluice valves for waterworks purposes”, or by galvanizing in accordance with British Standard 1387:1957, “Steel tubes and ' tubulars...”; and (iii) have all ferrous working surfaces lined or faced with, orifice seating made of, a suitable and corrosion-resisting material.

(3) Every ballvalve float shall comply with British Standard 1968: 1953, “Floats for ballvalves (copper)”, or with British Standard 2456:1954, ‘Floats for ballvalves (plastics) for cold water’’, or with the requirements of the said British Standard 1212: 1953 so far as ‘they relate to floats of materials other than copper and plastics. —

Storage cisterns

33. Every storage cistern from which water is drawn for

Placing of domestic purposes shall be so placed and equipped that the storage interior thereof can be readily inspected and cleansed, ctsterns.

and no such cistern shall be so placed and equipped that the water therein is liable to contamination.

34. Every storage cistern shall be adequately supported

Support and

and, if water for domestic purposes is drawn from it, shall covering of be suitably covered but not so as to be airtight. storage cisterns.

35. -(1) No storage cistern shall be so placed that it is in danger of being flooded.

Avoidance of

: flooding; (2) No such cistern shall be buried or sunk in the buried or ground unless - ‘sunken ! cisterns.

(a) there is sufficient space around and beneath it for the purposes of maintenance and the detection of leakage; and

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Materials for ‘storage ctsterns.

British ‘Standards for storage

‘Capacity of storage in houses.

(b) either - (i) it is a closed vessel with a tightly fitting access cover bolted or screwed in position, and an air inlet and overflow pipe or pipes all suitably screened;

or (i its inlet pipe discharges into the air not less than 6 inches above its top edge:

Provided that sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph shall not apply in relation to a concrete cistern designed and constructed in accordance with the relevant recommendations in the British Standard Code of Practice CP 2007 (1960), °° Design and construction of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures for the storage of water..,.’’.

36.-(1) Every storage cistern shall be watertight and of adequate strength and shall be constructed of galvanized iron or steel, copper, asbestos cement, concrete or some other not less suitable material.

-(2) Where the cistern is not made of a corrosion- resisting material it shall be effectively protected from corrosion.

37.-(1) Every storage cistern of mild steel shall comply with the requirements for Grade A or Grade B cisterns in British Standard 417:1964, “Galvanized mild steel cisterns and covers, tanks and

(2) Every storage cistern of asbestos cement shall comply with British Standard 2777: 1963, “ Asbestos-cement cisterns’’.

(3) Every storage cistern built up of cast iron plates shall comply with British Standard 1563:1949, “Cast iron : sectional tanks (rectangular)’’.

(4) Every storage cistern built up of pressed steel plates shall comply with British Standard 1564:1949, “Pressed steel sectional tanks (rectangular)”’.

38.-(1) Where in any house there is a cold water storage cistern which is not connected to any other such cistern its capacity shall be not less than -

(a) 25 gallons, if it is not used as a feed cistern; or (b) 50 gallons, if it is used both as a feed cistern and for other purposes.

(2) Where in any house there are two or more cold water storage cisterns connected together, the sum of their capacities shall be not less than -

(a) 25 gallons, if none of them is used as a feed cistern; or (b) 50 gallons, if they are together used both as a feed cistern and for other purposes.

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(3) In this byelaw ‘‘ house” means premises separately occupied as a private dwelling.

39.-(1) Every pipe supplying water to a cold water Storage storage cistern shall be fitted with a ballvalve or shall ctsterns to be have some other not less effective device for controlling fitted with the inflow of water so designed as to prevent overflow: ballvalves.

Provided that where two or more cold water storage cisterns at the same level are connected together this paragraph shall not apply to a pipe used only to connect one cistern to another.

(2) Every such pipe, whether fitted with a ballvalve or not, other than a pipe used only to connect one cistern to another, shall be fitted in such a position that it discharges alfove the level of the top of the overflow pipe or, if there is more than one overflow pipe, the highest overflow pipe, unless there is an effective means of preventing the siphonage of water back through the inlet

(3) Where a ballvalve is fitted to a cistern, the size of the orifice, the size of the float and the length of the lever shall be such that, when the float is immersed to an extent not exceeding half its volume, the valve is water- ‘tight against the highest pressure at which it may be required to work.

(4) Every ballvalve shall be securely and rigidly fixed to the cistern which it serves.

(40. Every cold water storage cistern which would hold not Warning

more than 1,000 gallons if filled to the top edge shall pipes on hy with the following requirements - storage cisterns (a) it shall be fitted with an efficient warning hoidi aad pipe of a corrosion-resisting material and ng more than

i th rflo ipe; wah no other ove w pip 1,000 gallons. (b) no part of the invert of the warning pipe I shall be at a higher level than the invert at the point where the pipe leaves the cistern;

(c) the internal diameter of the warning pipe shall be greater than the internal diameter of the inlet pipe and in no case less than 4% inch; and

(d) (i) when the cistern is first installed; and (ii) when the existing ballvalve or other device for controlling the inflow of water to the cistern is repaired or readjusted; and (iii) when a new ballvalve or other device is fitted,

the ballvalve or other device shall be so fitted and adjusted that the highest level the water can reach is lower than the invert of the warning pipe at the point where it leaves the cistern by not less than 1 inch, or the internal diameter of the warning pipe, whichever is the greater.

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Overflow 41. Every cold water storage cistern which would I

pipes on hold more than 1,000 gallons if filled to the top edge Storage shall with +o ere - cisterns holding an it be fitted with an efficient overflow more than 24 ‘pipe or pipes of a corrosion- resisting 1,000 gallons. 3 and, if none of those overflow pipes is an ef ficient

warning pipe, with an efficient warning pipe or with some other device which effectively indicates when the water reaches a level not less than inches below the invert of the overflow pipe; or, if there is more than one overflow pipe, the lowest overflow pipe, at the point where it leaves the ae cistern; ce ee

(b) no of the invert of any i pipe shall — ‘be at a higher level than the invert at the ae eat = where the leaves the cistern;

-(c) where a warning pipe but no other overflow pipe — is fitted, the cistern shall comply with the requirements of Bate ees and (d) df byel dy 40;

(dy where both a warning pipe and some other rit Ae pipe or pipes are fitted - I

(i) the internal diameter of the warning pipe shall be not less than 1 inch; and (ii) the cistern shall comply with the requirements I of paragraph (d) of byelaw 40; and.

(e) where the cistern is fitted with some device (other than a warning pipe) of the kind mentioned in paragraph (a) of this byel aw, then, on. each occasion mentioned in paragraph (d) of byelaw 40, the ballvalve or other device for controlling the inflow of water shall be so fitted and adjusted that the highest: level the water can reach is lower than the invert of the overflow pipe, or, “where there is more than one overflow pipe, the lowest overflow pipe, at the point where it leaves the cistern, by not less than 2 inches.

“Hot water apparatus

Distance 42. The ae of any pipe conveying hot — from any hot

between hot water apparatus, hot water storage cistern, cylinder or tank, water or flow and return system to any draw-off tap shall not exceed apparatus that speéified in respect of that pipe, by reference to the

and draw-off largest internal of. any. part of it, in the following taps. ‘table =: °° ASS

‘Largest internal diameter oF pt pe Length in feet Not ‘exceeding % inch weak 4 40 Exceeding . % inch but not exceeding 1 inch ; 25 Exceeding 4 inch ai ri en ode 10

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43. No tap or other means of drawing water (other than a

tap with a removable key for emptying the system) shall

be connected to any part of a hot water system in such a

position that by its use the level of the water in the hot water storage cistern, cylinder or tank can be lowered -

(a) below the level of the top of any pipe connecting

the cistern, cylinder or tank to the apparatus in which the water in the system is heated; or

(b) more than one-half of the depth of the cistern or one-fourth of the depth of the cylinder or tank:

Provided that -

(i) if the hot water system includes two or more hot water cylinders or tanks at

different levels this byelaw shall apply

only in relation to the lowest cylinder or tank; and

(ii) this byelaw shall not apply in relation either to an open vessel in which water is directly heated or to a hot water

storage cistern, cylinder or tank forming part of a hot water system in which water is heated only under thermostatic control

by electricity, gas or oil.

44. No hot water storage cistern shall be fitted with a ballvalve.

45.Every outlet from a feed cistern, being an outlet whith delivers cold water to a hot water apparatus, cylinder or tank, shall deliver water to that apparatus, cylinder or tank only and shall be not less than 1 inch above the bottom of the cistern.

any apparatus in which water is heated is supplied with cold water from a service pipe or a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe, the pipe shall not be connected directly to the apparatus but shall discharge into the air not less than % inch above the top edge of the apparatus:

that this byelaw shall not apply in relation

to an electric or gas water~heater which -

(a) is of the instantaneous type; or

(b) is not capable of holding more than 3 gallons; or (c) is a storage water-heater capable of holding more

than 3 gallons but not more than 15 gallons and fitted with a broken feed device, or some other not less effective device, which will prevent more than 20 per cent of the water which the apparatus is capable of holding from being siphoned back through the inlet.

19

Position of outlets in relation to level of water in cylinders and tanks.

‘Hot water

etsterns not to have ballvalves.

Outlets from feed ctsterns to hot water apparatus.

‘Hot water

apparatus not to be connected directly to

‘service pipe.

Page 20

Mixing

valves.

Materials for hot water pipes. Materials for, and

‘support of,

hot water cylinders and tanks.

British ‘Standards for hot water cylinders and tanks.

if (i) the working pressure to which the apparatus. pe 8

subjected is no higher than that for which = is designed;

(ii) the apparatus (being a gas eee is constructed that no leakage between the gas and water spaces can occur;

(iii) the water space is completely enclosed and its contents have no contact with the atmosphere except through the outlet pipe or vent pipe; and

(iy) the water is discharged from the into the air not less than % inch above the level of the lowest part of the top edge of the bath, wash basin, sink or other appliance supplied therefrom. I

47. No mixing valve, pipe or other water fitting in which hot water and cold water are mixed shall be or remain so connected as to mix either

(a) water supplied from a hot water apparatus connected directly to a service pipe, or to a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a Service pipe, with cold water not supplied directly from a service pipe or a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe; or

(b) water supplied from a hot water apparatus not connected directly to a service pipe, or to a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe, with cold water supplied directly from a service pipe or a pump delivery pipe drawing water from a service pipe.

48. Every pipe used for conveying hot water shall be of galvanized steel, lead, copper or some other corrosion-

. resisting material which is not less suitable.

49.-(1) Every hot water cylinder or tank shall be constructed of galvanized mild steel, copper or some other not less suitable material and shall be adequately supported.

(2) Where the hot water cylinder or tank is not made of corrosion-resisting material, it shall be effectively protected from corrosion.

hot water eylinder or tank to which any of the following British Standards applies, namely -

417; 1964, “ mild steel cisterns, and covers, tanks and cylinders”;

1565:1949, “ Galvanized mild steel indirect cylinders annular or saddl e- back type”;

i.

Page 21

699: 1951, * Copper cylinders for domestic purposes”; 1566: 1949, ‘Copper indirect cylinders annular type”; 43: 1964, ‘‘Thermal- storage electric water-heaters”;

853;Part 1:1960, ‘“‘Calorifiers for central heating and hot water supply. Part 1. Mild steel and cast and

853;Part 2: 1960, ‘‘Calorifiers for central heating and hot water supply. Part 2. Copper’.

shall comply with that Standard.

51. Every hot water storage cistern, cylinder or tank, unless ‘Capacity of

forming part of a hot water system in which water is heated hot water only under thermostatic control by electricity, gas or oil, storage shall be capable of holding not less than 25 gallons: cisterns, cylinders Provided that if the hot water system includes two or more and tanks.

hot water cylinders or tanks at different levels, this byelaw shall apply only to the lowest cylinder or tank.

Baths, wash basins and sinks

52.-(1) Every inlet to a bath, wash basin, sink or similar Inlets and appliance shall be separate from, and unconnected with, any outlets of outlet therefrom. I baths, etc.

(2) Every outlet for emptying a bath (other than a shower bath), wash basin, sink or similar appliance shall be provided with a well-fitting and readily accessible watertight plug or with some other not less effective device for closing the outlet:

Provided that this paragraph shall not apply in relation to -

(a) any appliance required by law to be fitted with an unplugged waste-pipe; or

(b) any appliance to which water is delivered exclusively by a fitting or fittings so designed and arranged as to be incapable of delivering water to that appliance or, in the case of a washing trough, any unit thereof at a rate exceeding 5 pints per minute.

(3) Every fitting for delivering water to a washing trough shall be so designed and arranged as to be capable of discharging water to one unit of the trough without simultaneously discharging it to another or others.

(4) In this byelaw - “washing trough” means a wash basin, washing trough or sink measuring internally 4 feet or more over its longest or widest part; and “unit”, in relation to such a trough, means 2 feet of the length of the trough or, in the case of a circular or oval trough, 2 feet of the circumference thereof.

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Position of 53. The level of the point of discharge of water from a taps on draw-off tap or other fitting on any pipe supplying water baths, etc. to a bath, wash basin, sink or similar appliance shall be not less than % inch above the level of the lowest part of the top edge of the appliance unless the pipe -

(a) draws water only from a cold water storage .cistern, a hot water storage cistern, cylinder or tank, fc which it is connected. at a point higher than the appliance, or a flushing cistern; (b) supplies only the appliance or a number of appliances at the same level; and (c) has no connection with any other water fitting.

Fiushing cisterns

54. Every watercloset and every urinal shall be provided and urinals with a flushing cistern or with some other not less efficient to be fitted and suitable flushing apparatus. I with flushing cisterns.

Baitvalves 55. Byelaws 39(1), (3) and (4) and 40 shall, with any and warning necessary modifications, apply to flushing cisterns (other

pipes on than automatic flushing cisterns) and flushing troughs as flushing they apply to cold water storage cisterns. cisterns. , Pipes 56. No pipe, other than a flushing pipe leading only from discharging aflushing apparatus, shall be or remain so arranged or to water— connected that it can deliver water to the pan of any

closet pans. watercloset or to any urinal:

Provided that this byelaw shall not apply in relation to a warning pipe from which any water is discharged into the air not less than 6 inches above the top edge of the pan or urinal.

Design and 57.=(1) No flushing cistern, flushing trough or other arrangement flushing apparatus serving a watercloset or waterclosets of flushing shall be of such a design or be or remain so arranged cisterns for that the flush it gives to any watercloset (or the waterciosets. larger of the two flushes in the case of a cistern designed to give flushes of two different volumes) exceeds 2 gallons (with the upward variation permitted by the British Standard specified in paragraph (2) of this byelaw).

(2) Every such flushing cistern and, so far as the requirements of the Standard would be appropriate in relation to flushing troughs, every such flushing trough shall comply with British Standard flushing cisterns (including flush pipes)*’, save in so far as that Standard prescribes the volume of the flush...

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(3) Every watercloset pan shall be of such a design and be and remain so arranged and connected that after normal use its contents will be effectively cleared by one flush from the apparatus serving it.

58.-(1) No flushing cistern serving a urinal shall be Design and of such a design or be or remain so arranged as to give arrangement

a flush of more than 1 gallon (with the upward of flushing variation permitted by one or other of the British cisterns for Standards specified in paragraph (2) of this byelaw, urinals,

whichever is appropriate) per stall or per 2 feet 3 inches width of slab.

(2) Every such flushing cistern shall comply with British Standard 1876:1952, “Automatic flushing cisterns for urinals’’. or with British Standard 1125:1959, “W.C. ' flushing cisterns (including flush pipes)’, save in so far as the appropriate Standard prescribes the volume of the flush

Notices to undertakers

59.-(1) At least 7 days before fitting or altering _ Notices to ‘otherwise than by way of repair or renewal) any water undertakers. fitting used or to be used in connection with an existing supply of water from the undertakers. a person shall give to them notice in writing of his intention in that behalf.

(2) At least 7 days before back- filling any excavation in which a pipe used or to be used for conveying water supplied by the undertakers is laid, a person shall give to them notice in writing of his intention in that behalf.

(3) At least 7 days before using for the first time water supplied by the undertakers for domestic purposes otherwise than by meter -

(a) for operating a water-cooled refrigerating apparatus; or

‘by for operating any apparatus depending while in use upon a supply of continuously running water not being an apparatus used solely for heating the water, or

(c) for cleaning. regenerating or supplying motive power to any apparatus used for softening water, or

‘dy by means of a hosepipe or other similar apparatus 7 (1) for watering a garden; or iii) for horses washing vehicles. or other purposes, in stables, garages of other premises where horses or vehicles are kept,

a person shall give to the undertakers notice in writing of his intention in that behalf

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Penalties.

Penalties

60. Any person contravening any of these byelaws shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the sum of £20 in respect of each offence and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding £5 for each day during which the offence continues after

conviction therefor.

In testimony whereof the Common Seal of the tiayor, Aldermen and

Burgesses of the County Borough of Huddersfield was hereunto affixed this sixth day of October, 1965, in the presence of

M, C. GEE

Deputy layor

E, V. HARTLEY

Deputy Town Clerk

The foregoing byelaws are hereby confirmed by the Minister of Housing and Local Government and shall come into operation on 10th December, 1965,

H. J. RYAN

Assistant Secretary Ministry of Housing and Local Government

6th December, 1965.


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