The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield and Its District: Volume I, Part VI (1943) by Philip Ahier

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THE

LEGENDS

TRADITIONS.

COLLECTED AND CLASSIFIED BY PHILIP AHIER I

VOLUME l..

COMPRISING PARTS _§1I,—VI. 19438.

HUDDERSFIELD:

THE ADVERTISER Press Ltp., PAGE STREET.

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iQ THE BOYS AND. GIRLS OF

C+.

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- PREFACE TO VOLUME 1.

The sixth part of ‘‘ The Legends and Traditions of } Huddersfield and Its District ’? completes the first volume of the

work which I had contemplated some years ago. As previousiy suggested in the Preface to Part V, the six parts may be bound

into one volume.

I sincerely trust that this book will be of value to future historians and to topographers of the district whenever they wish to sort the chaff of legend from the wheat of historical fact.

It is usual for writers on Local History and Topography to conclude their prefaces or their final chapters with quotations from former authors. I] beg to follow in the footsteps of these historians : I I

(i) “‘ A painful work it is, I'll assure you, and more than difficult, wherein what toyle hath been taken, as no man thinketh, no man believeth, but he that hath made the toyle.’’—Anthony - 2 a-Wood, in his preface to his ‘‘History of Oxford,”’ published in 1670, quoted by Isabella Banks in her novel, ‘‘Bond written in 1893.

ae (ii) Some inaccuracies will be found. This is unavoidable in a work which contains so many statements, derived from such a variety of sources of information. But it will not be often found that I have drawn inferences that were unwarrantable from the evidence before me, that I have not endeavoured carefully to distinguish the probable from the possible. I am grateful to a kind Providence which has given me life and health to accomplish a favourite design, and to many friends, first to those who have — opened to me of information and next to those who have enabled me to lay before the public the result of my inquiries with the risk of some sacrifices both of time and labour.’’— Hunter’s ‘‘ History of the Deanery of Doncaster.’’ (WOOL ay p. 488). :

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Volume II, which will be issued in three parts, will comprise the story of ‘‘The Elland Feud,’’ the two Prose Narratives and one Ballad of the Feud forming the first part.

_ In conclusion, I should like to thank all those who have patronised the little books which thus form the first volume of The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield iand Its District.’’

PHILIP AHIER. ©

24, Lightridge Road, Sheepridge, : Huddersfield,

December, 1942.

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ANALYSIS OF THE CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS OF I VOLUME I.

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CHAPTER I. (pp. 1—14).

INTRODUCTION

(a) The Origin of Legends and Traditions (p. 1). (b) ‘‘Faked”’ Legends (p. 10).

CHAPTER II. (pp. 15—66). ‘LEGENDS CONCERNING PERSONS.

I. The Devil (p. 15). (1) The Devil at Netherton (p. 15). (2) The Devil at Royd House, Shelley (p. 15). (3) Old Nick in Quarmby (p. 16). II. The Legend of St. Lucius and Farnley Tyas Churci (p. 17). III. The Traditional Visit of Paulinus to this District, 627—633, A.D, (p. 19).. IV. Robin’ Hood at Kirklees Priory (p. 25). (1) Who was Robin Hood? (p. 25). (2) The Sources of Robin Hood’s Traditional Death at Kirklees (p. 31). (3) The Burial Place of Robin Hood and the Inscription thereon (p. 34). V. Sir Richard Beaumont, 1574—1631. (Black Dick) (p. 38). VI. The Story of Father Hocker (or Hooker) (p. 48) VII. Sybil Brooke (p. 44). VIII, Oliver Cromwell, 1599—-1658 (p. 46). IX. John Spencer, of Cannon Hall (p. 53). X. Charles Edward Stuart, 1720—1788 (p. 55). XI. General James Oglethorpe, 1688 —1785 (p. 61). XII. Sir John Ramsden, 1755—1889 (p. 68).

CHAPTER III. (pp. 67—79).

THE LEGEND OF BRETTON HALL.

‘Lines on the Remarkable Circumstance connected with Bretton Hall’”’ (p. 67). The Pedigree of the Wentworths of Hall (p. 78). The Pedigree of the Beaumonts (later Lords Allen- dale) of The Oaks in Dalton and of Bretton Hall (p. 19);

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2 CHAPTER IV. (pp. 80—107).

LEGENDS AND TRADITIONS CONNECTED WITH

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HISTORICAL EVENTS.

(i) Visitation of Plagues. (1) The Plague at Hepworth (p. 80). (2) The Plague at Newsome and Newsome Cross (p. 81). (ii) The Luddite Riots, 1811—1813 (p. 84). (1) The Episode at the Former _ Inn,’’? Lowerhead Row (p. 86). (2) The Attack on Dun- geon Mill at South Crosland (p. 87). (3) The Sequel to the Raid on Pond Farm, South Crosland (p. 87). (4) Wrigley Mill, Nether- ton (p. 89). (5) The Attack on Fixby Hall, 1811 (p. 91). (6) The Luddite and other Rioters in the Vicinity of Sheepridge District (p. 93). (i) At Newhouse Hall (p. 93). (ii) The Raid on a shop in a shop at Fartown (p. 95). (iii) The Raid at Jilly Royd Farm (p. 95). (iv) The Raid on Bracken Hall, Fartown (p. 97). (v) ' The Cot’! 1 (7) The erection of a Fort in the Queen’s Head Yard, off King Street (p. 100). (8) The Outrage on Stain- _ land Cross (p. 105). (9) Townend, Almondbury (p. 105). (10) The Attack on Mr. James’ Roberts’ Dressing Shop at Quarmby I on March 3, 1816 (p. 107).

CHAPTER V. (pp. 108—126).

THE MATRIMONIAL ADVENTURES OF ALESIA DE LACI AND THE LOVE “AFFAIRS” OF JOHN DE WARENNE, 8th EARL OF SURREY.

(a) Alesia de Laci and her three husbands (p. 109). (b) The I Love Affairs of John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey (p. 114). (c) The Abduction of Alesia de Laci in 13817, as one of the causes — of the Elland Feud, 1841—1351 (p. 121). (d) Pedigree shewing © the Relationship between the Plantagenet Monarchs, the

de Warennes and the de Lacis (p. 124).

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3 I CHAPTER VI. (pp. 127—-270).

‘LEGENDS RELATING TO’ PLACES,

I. CHURCHES.

1. The Legend of the Church on Castle Hill (p. 127). The Parish Church of St. Peter, Huddersfield. (a) The First Church (p. 129). (b) The site of the Chantry Chapels (p. 131). 3. The Parish Church of All Hallows,, Almondbury. (i) An ancient British Sacred Site (p. 132). (ii) St. Helen’s Chapei or Chantry (p. 183), (ii1) The House and Service of St. Nicholas at Almondbury (p. 136). (iv) The Broken Cross (p. 139). (v) The Lead Roof on the Church of All Hallows (p. 141). 4. The Cross on the Vicarage Lawn at Christ Church, Woodhouse, and its supposed connection with the Church (p) The Parish Church of St. John the Baptist, Kirkburton (p. 145). 6. The Beau- Chapel in the Parish Church of St. John the Baptist, Kirix- heaton (p. 147). 7. The Parish Church of Emley (p. 149). 8. and the Parish Church of Hartshead (p. 150).

II. TRADITIONS CONCERNING HALLS AND DWELLING HOUSES

STILL Extant (p. 150).

1. Crosland Hill Manor House (p. 150). 2. Deadmanstone. (i) The origin of the place-name ‘‘Deadmanstone’”’ (p. 153). I (il) The Boulder Stone in the grounds of Deadmanstone (p. 154). (111) The Underground Passage to Castle Hill from the interior of Deadmanstone (p. 153). 3. The Dives House at Dalton (p. 155). 4. Elland Old Hall (p. 158), 5. Emley Old Hall (p. 160). Mary and the Wolf,’’ by Fred Lawton, of Skelmanthorpe (p. 161). 6. Emley New Halil (p. 163). 7. Fenay Hall (p. 165). (8) Some Buildings in Fixby Park. (i) The Orangery (p. 167). (ii) The Ice House (p. 168). (111) The Remains of the Bath House (p. 170). 9, Gledholt Hall (p. 173). 10. Hallstead Hall, Thurston- land, (p, 178)... 11. Milnsbridge House (p. 175). 12. Newhouse Hall, Sheepridge (p. 175). 18. Quarmby Hall (p. 179). 14. Thickhollins, Meltham (p. 181). 15. Tinker’s Monument (p. 183).

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16. Whitley Hall (p. 185), 17. 'Wormall Hall, Almondbury (p. 187). 18. Bay Hall, Birkby (p. 191). (1) When was Bay Hall Built? (p. 191). (2) Who Built the Hall? (p. 191). (8) Was Bay Hall the Manor House of Huddersfield? (p. 192). (4) Why is it called Bay Hall (p. 193). 19, The Barn at Gunthwaite (p.. 195). 20. Lane Head, Shepley (p. 195).

Lecenps RELATING TO DWELLING HOUSES

Now DEmo.LisHED (p. 199).

1. Former Ecclesiastical Edificesyat Gunthwaite (p. 199). (a) The Ruins of the Church at Gunthwaite (p. 199). (b) The Ruins of the Private Chapel of the Bosvilles (p. 201). 2. The Hermitage, Armitage Bridge and the Family of Armitage (p. 202). 3. The First Carr House, Shepley (p. 204). 4. The Former Cloth Hall (p. 205). 5. Cook’s Study (p. 209). (i) Cook’s Study (p. 209). (ii) The Chantry Tower (p. 213). 6. Crosland Hall and Moat (p. 218), 7, Lockwood Hall (p. 221). 8. Lower Hurst at Longwood or the Old; Longwood Court House (p. 225). 9. The Former ‘‘Rose and Crown’’ Public House (p. 229). I I

IV. TRADITIONS CONCERNING LANDMARKS AND I

LOCALITIES, ETC. (p. 231).

I Castle Hill (p, 231). (a) The Statement that the Towers of York Minster can be seen from the top of Castle Hill (p. 231). (b) ‘The Water in the Moats on Castle Hill (p, 233). (c) The Under- ground Passages at Castle Hill (p.235). (d) The Battle on the Slopes of Castle Hill (p. 236). 2. Ark Hill Mound, Birkby (p. 287). (1) Why is it called Ark Hill Mound on the Huddersfield Estate Map

(p. 237). (2) Why is it also known by the name of Nanny Croft? -

(p. 289). (3) Does the Mound contain the Remains of any British

or Anglian Chief? or does it enclose a Druidical Temple? (p. 240).

3. Round Hill, Rastrick (p. 241). 4. Round Wood, Waterloo ‘p. 244). 5. The Colne Valley. (a) The Forest of Marsden (p. 249). (b) The ‘‘Headless Horseman’”’ of Linthwaite Old Hait (p. 249). (c) The Slaithwaite Moonrakers (p. 250). (d) The Mars-

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den Cuckoo (p. 254). (c) The Golcar Lily 257). 6. Catgrave Road (p. 258). 7. Fixby Park and District. (a) The ‘‘Emparking’’ of Fixby (p. 258). (b) ‘‘The Three Sisters’? and other Groups of Trees in Fixby Park.'« (c) ““The ‘Three (p. 260), and ‘‘Charity’’ (p. 261). (e) Morgan’s Clump . (p. 261). 8. The Thunderbolt Oak, Lightridge Road, F ixby (p. 262). 9. Gallows Field in Kaye Lane, Almondbury (p. 264). 10. Storthes Hall Woods (p. 265), 11. The so-called Temple of the Sun at West Nab, Meltham (p. 266). 12. Rocking Stones (p. 268). (i) At Meltham (p. 269). (ii) On Wholestone Moor,

near Outlane (p. 269).

CHAPTER VIL. (pp./

‘THE STORIES OF SOME‘ STRUCTURES IN THE VICINITY OF HUDDERSFIELD.

1. Cooper Bridge (p. 271). 2. Dumb Steeples. (a) Near Kirklees (p. 276). (b) On Grange Moor (p. 281). 3. The Haigh — Cross (p. 282). What happened to the first Haigh Cross (p. 286.) Was the second Haigh Cross erected upon the site of the first? (p. 287). 4. The Longwood Tower or Nab End Tower (p. 288).

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 294—309). The FOLLIES.” OF HUDDERSFIELD I AND "DISTRICT .

1, The Octagon Tower at the Wainhouse Tower (p. 296). 2. Folly Hall, Chapel Hill (p. 303). 3. The Folly at Honley

306). 4. The Folly at Linthwaite (p. 307). 5. The Folly at

Slaithwaite (p. 307). 6. Folly Doorstones at Cowcliffe (p. 307). 7. Folly Dolly at Meltham (p. 308).

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6 CHAPTER): 1X, 3105-818).

STORIES AND TRADITIONS OF STONES AND “ MARKED” CROSSES.

«yl. At Townend, Almondbury (p. 310)... 2. In Cote Lane, KF ixby—Rastrick (p. 310). 3. In Toothill Lane, Rastrick (p. 311). 4. Near the Old Cooper Bridge (p. 311). 5. At High Hoyland (p. 312). 6. East of Fixby Park (p. 312). 7. At Sun Woodhouse, Woodhouse Hill (p. 313). 8. At New Gate, Berry Brow (p. 313). 9. At Harden Moss (p. 3138). 10. Kirk- gate, over Messrs. Hartley & Tee’s Premises (p. 314).

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’? STONES.

1. At Farnley Tyas (p. 314). 2. At Emley (p. 316). 3. At Crosland Moor (p. 316). 4. The Wounded Hussar, Manchester Road (p. 316). 5. Edgerton Cottages, Edgerton (p. 317). 6. Harp Road (p. 317). 7. Malvern Road, Primrose Hill (p. 317). 8. The Stone Archway of Emley School (p. 318). Mae

CHAPTER: fap. |. UNDERGROUND PASSAGES.

1. From Newhouse Hall to Lower F elgreave Wood (p. 319). 2. Whitley House to Summer House (p. 320). 3. The supposed underground passages from Folly Hall (p. 320), 4, The ‘Tunnel’? under Beaumont Park (p; 322). 6) The “‘Tunnel”’ én ‘Brooke’s Wood, Armitage Bridge (p. 322). -6. A ‘‘Tunnel’’ at Farnley Tyas (p. 323). 7. The underground passages in King Street (p. 323).

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I 7 (pp.

MISCELLANEOUS LEGENDS AND TRADITIONS. (a) TRADITIONS RELATED Ur PERKSONS.

1. The Two Scotsmen at Honley (p. 325). 2. Captain Edward Harling, of Almondbury (p. 326). 3. Seth Senior and the Sovereign (p. 327). 4. The Old Woman on the Pennine Range (p, 328). 5.. ‘General’? Uther and ‘‘General’’ Almond (p. 328). 6. The Family of Sykes (p. 330).

(b) TRADITIONS RELATED OF PLACES.

1. The Lion Arcade (p. 331). 2. .The Old Corn Mill at Thunderbridge (p. 333). 3. Gunthwaite Spa (p, 334). 4. The Peel Statue (p. 336). I

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Errata to Volume I.

‘"Some inaccuracies will be found.’’—Hunter.

Page 21, line 2, for ‘‘Anglican’’ read ‘‘Anglian.”’ Page 36, tine 30, for read I Page 53, line 33, for ‘‘Shepley Hall’’ read ‘‘Lane Head.”? Page 86, line 5, for ‘‘Homfirth’’ read ‘‘Holmfirth.””

Page 87, line 39, for ‘‘Pond House, Netherton’’ read “Bond i House, South Crosland.’’

Page 118, line 21, for ‘Dorset’’ read ‘‘Reigate.’’

Page 131, second paragraph. The second Parish Church cf St. Peter’s at Huddersfield was consecrated by the Bishop of Negropont, and not the first. (Tomlinson M.S.S.).

Page 137, line 1, for ‘‘Torre’s Testamentary Burials’’ read Torre’s ‘‘Testamentary Burials.’’ :

Page 149, last paragraph. I quoted from the ‘‘ Emley Almanack’’ in which Messrs. John and Thomas Thorp wrote: ‘Tt was probably in the 13th or 14th century when our picturesque Church was built.’’ My friend, Mr. Fred Lawton, of Skelman- thorpe, has informed me that Emley Church dates to 13th century days, as evidenced by a Tourn held at Wakefield on June 10; 1275, at which the jury reported :

also say that the Parson of »Emley obstructed the highway leading through the middle of his courtyard, recently and unjustly, and to the damage of the neighbourhood, which is well testified by his neighbours. Therefore let him be distrained.”’

Secondly, in Pope Nicholas’ Taxation Roll (1292), the area of the parish of Emley is estimated at 3517 acres and the parson’s salary as £10. I

In the October of 1297 at a meeting of the Wakefield Manorial it was reported that ‘‘Peter Shepherd, Parson of Emley, and Henry the Milner of Emley drew blood from one another. Henry was fined 6d. and both ordered to be attached (arrested).

Page 180, add: The front part of Quarmby Hall is now un- occupied. Unfortunately, the tiny diamond-shaped panes of glass are being continually broken. Cannot something be done to pre- serve this homestead from further vandalism ?

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Page 217, last line, and page 218, first line, for ‘‘Browning’s ‘Childe Harold’ ’’ read ‘‘Browning’s ‘Childe Ronald.’ ”’

Page 227, last paragraph. W. White’s ‘‘Directory of the W.R. of York,” Vol. II., p. 357 (1838), has this reference to- Longwood : ‘‘John Thornhill’ is the Lord of the Manor of Longwood, and Sir Joseph Radcliffe owns part of the soil.”’

There may have been subsequent alienations of land.

Page 244, line 8, for ‘‘King George VI.’’ read ‘‘King George Vie Page 271, line 30, for ‘‘Farrar’’ read Barrer,

Page 276. The Dumb Steeple near Kirklees, add: This obelisk was the rendez-vous of the Luddites when they attacked Mr. Cartwright’s Mill at Rawfolds, near Liversedge. William Hall, one of the informers, said at the Trial that they ‘‘had as- sembled at a place where there was an article called the Dumb Steeple.’’ :

Mr. = W. Hanson, of Halifax, writes me on the subject of the Dumb Steeple : ,

‘Tt is certainly of late i7th century design, though it may have been restored about the same time as Cooper Bridge. Kirklees Nunnery had vanished then . . . I wonder if it were a guide to the Ford—-the Cow Ford in the days when the bridge was often missing.’’ I

Page 303, Folly Hall, Chapel Hill, add: The Rev. 5. Baring Gould, in his ‘‘Yorkshire Oddities and Incidents’’ (p. 167), wrote a short biography of ‘‘Blind Jack,’’ of Knaresborough, in which _ the following account appears : I

also undertook to build houses, amongst which was one belonging to Mr. Marmaduke Hebden, near Huddersfield, nine yards wide, twenty three feet long and twenty one feet from the foundations to the square of the building, with twenty

‘ime chimneys had been reduced in number when the photo- graph on page 302 was taken.

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LEGENDS

AND.

TRADITIONS.

OF HUDDERSFIELD AND ITS DISTRICT

COLLECTED AND CLASSIFIED BY PHILIP AHIER

PART VI.

vod

HUDDERSFIELD:

THE ADVERTISER PREssS Ltp., Pace STREET,

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To Mr. A. T. DAWSON, of Wood Street, who has helped me considerably with

the photographic side of this work.

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CONTENTS.

PREFACE

CHAPIER Vill (continued)

Tue “FOLLIES” or HUDDERSFIELD anp ITS. DISTRICT:

4 ‘The Folly at Linthwaite 5. The Folly at Slaithwaite 6. Folly Doorstones at Cowcliffe

7. Folly Dolly at Meltham

CHAPTER IX

STORIES anp TRADITIONS or STONES anp “MARKED” CROSSES ..

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CHAPTER X UNDERGROUND PASSAGES

Xf I I MISCELLANEOUS LEGENDS anv. TRADI- TIONS INDEX or PERSONS

INDEX or PLACES :

LIST or SUBSCRIBERS

PAGE

307

307 308

310

319

325. 339 346

304

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C Naw

. Folly Dolly Waterfall at Meltham.

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LIST or ILLUSTRATIONS.

The ‘‘Motto’’ Stone at Farnley Tyas.

Whitley Hall. i 3 &

. The Summer House (or Temple) at Whitley.

The Lion on the top of the Lion Arcade. East Lodge, Lightridge Road, Fixby.

(i The Old Corn Mill at eee

(ii) Mrs. H, Dickinson and her dog ‘‘Don’’ at che Old Corn Mill, Thunderbridge. ;

The Peel Statue,

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PREFACE.

The Sixth Part of ‘‘The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield and Its completes the story of ‘‘ The Follies’’ in our locality. Owing to my illness during the months of August and September the publication of this Part has been un- fortunately delayed. I

The chapter on ‘‘Underground embodies the findings of those young men who have spent much time in endeavouring to unravel the mysteries of some of these tunnels. 1 am greatly indebted to all) of them for their co-operation.

I must express my best thanks to Mrs. G. A. Wood, of Pudsey; to Mrs. F. Hemingway, of Meltham; to Mrs. J.. Williams; to Miss J. Grainger, of Meltham; to Messrs. D. Taylor, of Berry Brow; D. Schofield, of Meltham; H. B. Rowbottom, ol

~Honley, for much help given to me in the compilation of this book.

As on previous occasions, I am very much indebted to the Proprietors of the ‘‘Huddersfield Daily Examiner,’’ and to the Committee of the Tolson Memorial Museum for the loan oi photographic blocks, to Mr. H. Woodhead, of Meltham, for kindly permitting his photograph of the Folly Dolly Waterfall to be converted into a block, and to Messrs. Bray and Son, of Holmfirth, for the photograph of the old mill at Thunderbridge.

Once again I must acknowledge the valuable assistance I have received at our Public Library, and I desire to thank Mr. Horace Goulden, F.L.A., our esteemed Public Librarian, and his

Assistants for many facilities accorded to me. — PHILIP AHIER.

24, Lightridge Road, I Sheepridge, Huddersfield. December, 1942.

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ROLLY, DOLLY... WATERFALL ar MELTHAM.

Copyright photo by Mr. H. Woodhead of Meltham.

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CHAPTER VIII. (continued).

THE OF HUDDERSFIELD AND

4 THE see AT LIN THWAITE,

This is the name ee to a row of some eight or ten houses to be seen on the right hand side of Cowlersley Lane, about half a mile up the road leading to Linthwaite Church. I

On one of these houses appears the name-plate ‘‘Folly.’’

lit is quite possible that the name arose from the fact that there was once common land in the vicinity. The modern Ord— nance Map indicates an area comprising “Poly and Storths as

~ Common End.

FOLLY AT SLAITHWAITE.

I have been told that two houses in Holme Lane, above a place called Upper Holme, bear this designation, but inquiries so far — have failed to elucidate the reason why they received this appella- tion. I

6.—FOLLY DOORSTONES AT: COWCLIEFFE.

A row of houses, No. in Folly Road at Cowcliffe, goes by this name. The locality is designated ‘‘Folly’’? on the Ord- nance Map of Huddersfield (1848—1854).

The name arose from some former person’s foolishness, but I have not yet been able to ascertain the precise nature of this act. One resident in Cowcliffe informed me that he had heard his father relate the story that gave the locality the spade name, but con- fessed that he could not! remember it !

One possible explanation is that the building of a house (or houses) in a locality by the side of a narrow lane which faced east and which had then no particular outlet, may have been thought foolish by the inhabitants of Cowcliffe.

The locality in question has had at least three designations ; first, ‘‘Folly’’ as indicated on the Map of 1848-1854; secondly, ‘Folly Gate,’’ from the fact that at the entrance to the small _ narrow path in front of these houses there was once a wooden

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gate; thirdly, ‘‘Folly Doorstones,’’ from the fact that in front of each house there is a flagstone on the door step.

These houses at Folly Doorstones were scheduled for demoli- tion in the early part of the year 19387, and some of the occupiers ' were ‘‘evacuated’’ to the newly developed Bracken Hall estate p. 99), but since July, 1940, some of the cottages were recondi- tioned and are now (1942) occupied by refugees from the Channel Islands.

7.—FOLLY DOLLY AT MELTHAM.

There is a certain amount of doubt whether the term Folly Dolly applies: to I I I

)

(i) The lovely little valley which lies this side of Meltham tween it and South Crosland, near Helm, or

(11) The beautiful Waterfall which lies at the top of, the valley and which flows into a stream ultimately known as the Mag which feeds the River Holme (p. 220); one correspondent assures me that the stream and the rocks bear the title of Folly Dolly, or

(iii) The old cottage (formerly two) which. stands a little higher up above the

Curiously enough, the place name Folly Dolly is not men- tioned as such in the Rev. J. Hughes’s ‘‘History of Meltham,’’ written in 1851. He gave an account of the erection of the various mills in Meltham and its district (pp. 195-6) :—

‘‘Another small mill stood on the stream behind Wood Cot- tage; it was situated about half-way up the long and narrow dai and stream which are now, overlooked py ‘tasteful pleasure grounds, but at that time the stream ran through rough and tangled banks. This was a scribbling mill, and was used for . scribbling, carding and slubbing wool only; the exact date of its erection is not known, but it could hardly be further back than from eighty to eighty-five years, perhaps even less than that, as the purpose for which it was used, namely—scribbling, carding, and slubbing by water power, superseded the same kind of work performed by hand labour about that period; and if, therefore, it was built at the commencement of the new system, it could not be of an earlier date than about 1780. It is stated on good authority that this building was taken down between fifty and sixty years ago, being then found too small and not well adapted to meet the required improvements of the time.”’

The above paragraph reveals two interesting facts :—

(1) That the water from the waterfall supplied the power for the mill built about 1780 and demolished about 1800.

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‘(i1) That there were in 1851 pleasure grounds in the vicinity of the waterfall, which, no doubt, were frequented by the people of Huddersfield in their holiday periods.

~On the 1848-1854 Ordnance Map, the Waterfall is marked and the farm close to it is called ‘‘The Lathe,’’ although some persons describe it as ‘‘Laithe House.’’ Locally, it is known as ‘“Murpheys,’’ or ‘“The White House’’ on account of the fact that its exterior is whitewashed. As already stated, one of the two cottages was demolished.

And now we come to the real problem. Why was the local- ity, the waterfall, the stream or the cottages called Folly Dolly ? There seems every reason to believe that the term should be re- versed, 1.e., ‘‘Dolly Folly,’’ or to be more precise, ‘‘Dolly’s Folly.’’ Mr, H. B. Rowbottom, of Woodfield, Honley, who has very kindly made extensive inquiries for me in this connection, informs me that a woman called Dolly ‘‘made a very bad bargain in a business transaction involving Rroperty in houses or land in the vicinity of the Waterfall,’’ and that is the reason for the“ locality’s having been originally known as Dolly’s Folly, which got changed into Folly Dolly.

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CHAPTER IX.

STORIES AND TRADITIONS OF STONES AND ‘““MARKED’’ CROSSES.

‘‘There is not an edifice, a Church, or a Manor-house, a Cross, or a little fragment of ruin, that is not connected with some incident or some character that makes it an object of interest.’’—HUNTER.

Some years ago I wrote a series of articles in the ‘‘Hudders- field Borough Advertiser’’ on ‘‘ Commemoration Stones and Marks,’’ and in the quest for material, I was told many stories strange marks, crosses and inscriptions which had been incised and rudely cut upon stones, etc., by ‘“‘inscriptionists,’’ in the majority of cases, to commemorate unusual occurrences, amongst I others, attempted suicides, accidental deaths, weather phenomena, heights of water in rivers at the times of floods, &c.

The following is a selection from some of these ‘‘inscriptions”’ discovered with their accompanying stories :—

1. Av TowneEnp, ALMoNpDBURY (photo on p. 106).

On the left-hand side of the doorway of this old homestead is a stone lintel which has the following initial and_date inscribed upon it :— I WwW 13. 15

At first I had some difficulty in deciphering the numbers in - question, but, I was informed on good authority, these numbers and the letter were cut out by a former pupil of the Almondbury Grammar School who wished to remember the date of the Battle of Waterloo !

3. . In Cote LANE,

On the right-hand side of this lane which leads:from Rastrick to the North Lodge at Fixby, is a huge rectangular stone 344 inches long, 114 inches wide and 6 inches thick, which is super- imposed above a walling of loose stones adjacent to a gate which

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leads to a field. This stone has crudely inscribed upon its ea surface the following records of ‘stormy weather ’’ :—

HAILSTORM June 2nd, 1889

ce

Between these two inscriptions ” appears another, also Cae cut in smaller letters :-—

RAINSTORM, July 23rd.

In 1929, when I first examined this stone, after the words ‘July 23rd,’’ was a date A.D. 20 (!), but this pseudo-historical record has since been chipped off.

Since the above paragraph appeared in the i a was informed by a lady who had lived in Rastrick in her child- hood days that this hailstorm was most intense, some of the hail- stones were as large as marbles!

3. In Toorumt Lane, Rastrick.

An “‘inseribed stone’’ which perpetuates an event which did not “‘come off’’ is to be seen at the junction of Toothill Lane (or New Dick Lane) and the path over Highfields in Rastrick which eventually leads into Fixby Road. On it are crudely cut out the words . I I ASA FARRAR Oc. 27, Ao. 1859.

The story goes that Asa Farrar cut out these words on this upright stone, forming part of the entrance stile into: Highfields, before attempting to commit suicide by hanging himself from » branch of a tree in the plantation adjoining Toothill Hall which lies behind. A passer-by happened to see him in the branches and frustrated his effort at self-destruction, and the sequel of this episode is that ‘‘he lived happily for many years afterwards’’ !

4. NEAR THE OLD Cooper BRIDGE.

~ Before the widening of Cooper Bridge at Bradley in 1936-37, there stood on the left-hand bank of the River Calder a house containing stone lintel posts on both sides of the entrance door. Upon these posts had been crudely incised the following record :

Nov. 16, 1866 _G Flood

eye

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It seems that these two crosses indicated the height to which I the water of the River Calder rose after a heavy rainstorm on that day.

=

5B. AT HicH HOVLAND.

Under an oak tree on the left-hand side of Litherope (or Litherup, or Lithrope) Lane from High Hoyland, and leading to the Wakefield—Denby Dale Road, opposite Litherope Farm, and hard by Springwood Shaft, is an octagonal stone on seven sides of which are inscribed a series of letters :—

CLOW OME) SILER Te )

\ These initials were neatly cut out about the year 1928, by

Mr. Stanley Lockwood, then a youth, and denoted the initials of the dwellers and farm hands of Litherope Farm (just across the road) in that year :—

C.L.=Charles Lockwood; W.L.= Walter Lockwood; N.L.= Ned Lockwood; M.L.=Mabel Lockwood; S.L.=Stanley Lock- wood; R.S.=Reginald Spokes; A.L.=Arthur Lockwood; G.A.= Geoffrey Armstrong; the eighth side of the octagon is blank..

This stone is about 25 to 28 inches across, and from 12 to 14. inches above the ground, the sides of the octagon are 11 inches wide. I

This octagonal stone has lain there for at least fifty years, and is believed to have come from High Hoyland Church, which is about half a mile higher up Litherope Lane.

An interesting story is told about this stone: A former tenant of Litherope Farm (or Little Thorp) Farm, Mr. Thomas Heslop, used to sit upon the stone and watch his farm hands work in the fields on the other side of the wall; those who failed to come up to his standard of exertion heard about it on their return in no uncertain voice !

6. On Tue East WALL OF FIXBy PARK.

Six whitewashed parallel lines were to be seen on the wali leading to the East Lodge at Fixby, in Lightridge Road.

About 1905 (unfortunately, I have not been able to obtain the precise date), a man named Wilks was killed here while riding on horseback. The horse reared and flung its rider against the boundary wall of the Park. One of the doors of the coalplace of the East Lodge was wrenched from its hinges so that the body of

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the unfortunate victim could be taken to his home in Netheroyd Hill. The spot where this man met his death was indicated by those six parallel whitewashed lines. They were periodically re- newed after rainstorms up till the year 1935-6, when the wall was re-built to widen Lightridge Road, but they made their re-appear- ance in the summer of 1936. ,

7. Ar Sun WoopHovusE, WoopHOUSE HILL.

Two interesting records had been preserved in the stables and outhouses of the building :—

(i) On a wooden partition in the former stables 1s or was the following :— I

“Fox caught in the grounds, November 20,

(ii) While repairs were being effected on the roof‘ of another ‘out-building, there was seen on a beam now plastered over, the following gruesome record :—

“Betty Bairstow shot’ (3),

the date followed, but Mr. George Whitehead, of the Black— house, who saw the words at the time of the repairs, informs me that he could not remember the year.

8. Avr New GaTE, Berry Brow.

On the left-hand side of the road going into Park Gate are to be seen two separate crosses about four yards apart cut into the stones forming part of the high boundary wall of Deadman- stone. . \

Local tradition states these crosses commemorate the murder of a woman by her jealous husband, the latter repented of his crime of uxoricide but was so filled with remorse at the deed he had perpetrated that he subsequently committed suicide—hence the two crosses.

9. A Cross on A Dry WALL ON THE STEEPS IN THE

DIRECTION OF HARDEN Moss, AND THE DATE 1867.

The story is told that one bitter winter evening in that year, I a man left the former Wood Cottage Inn and ‘‘walked across the moorland in the direction of his home near Meltham. Arriving at the rough track which serves as a road, and is sometimes diffi- cult to negotiate in daylight, he missed his foofing, or was over- come by the extreme cold. In the morning the shepherds who

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were out as early as the winter darkness would permit, found him iying’ near the wall frozen to death’’—hence the cross and the date to commemorate this moorland tragedy. I

toa local tradition, the place where the body of the man was found is entirely bare, no green thing has grown there since.’’ (Communicated to the ‘‘In and About Column’? of the ‘‘Huddersfield Weekly Examiner,’’ Dec. 5th, 1937, by F.P.A.)

Mr. D. Schofield, of Meltham, informs me that besides the date 1857 there appear the letters M.M. which represent ‘“Meltham Moggy’’ the nick-name of the unfortunate victim. Mr. Schofield has also drawn me a sketch of the dry wall and the cross. a

10. In KiRKGATE, OVER Messrs. HarTLEy & TEE’sS PREMISES.

Although not quite coming under the category outlined at the commencement of this chapter, there is a relic of an old-time procedure still to be seen.

On the wall of this building facing the South side of the Huddersfield Parish Church, is an upraised symbolical tion of the sun-—the emblem of the Sun Fire Insurance Company ; beneath it are the numbers 674852, no doubt, the policy number _ of the owner of the building at the time of its being insured.

This device recalls an interesting story of the early days of the last century. A few Insurance Companies at that time possessed their own fire brigades (not so fully equipped as the modern motor driven vehicles) which turned out only when one of the houses or factories insured with that particular Insurance Company had caught ablaze.

My friend, Alderman. Walter Halstead, has two of these former emblems of the West of England Fire Insurance Company which were formerly placed over the entrance doorway of Messrs. Smith and Calverley’s mill in Lindley. I

VMOTIO"”’ STONES. A, PRN VAS A stone slab built into the wall at Sharp Lane, Woodsome, bears the following: inscription :— ‘“ Time. stayeth for no man.” ca This ‘particular stone measures 184 inches by 16 inches by i? ai , Le

It. appears that this wall was built by Mr. Tom Brown, of Farnley Tyas, who found the stone at Farnley Bank, and erected

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die 1 MOTTO" STONE at PARNLEY TYAS.

Reproduced by courtesy of the Proprietors of the Huddersfield Examiner.”’

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it into the wall. The stone came originally from Hunter’s Nab, and was faced by Fred Brook, of that place, a monumental mason, when he was an apprentice. This was the information supplied by Mr. T. Brown to ‘‘Puck’’ in his ‘‘In and About Column.’

On the other hand, a second version concerning this stone, states that it! is ‘‘an old sundial which has been preserved at Red Lane Corner, on the Farnley Tyas Road. It formerly stood near by, and when the wall was repaired, the workman decided to make it a fixture.’ I

2. AT EMLEY. On a at Hag Hall Lane on the road from Emley to Park Mill towards Clayton West, is an old stone now enclosed in

a wooden frame some 18 inches square. On this stone are in- scribed the words :— ,

‘“ Look to thy house In every degree, As thy getting is, Let thy speriding bee.’ John and Elizabeth Fisher,

1738. The engraver had difficulty ‘ in finishing the last line of his’ quota- tion, and incised the word “‘bee’’ above ‘‘spending.’’ Between

the numbers 17 and 38 are three concentric circles.

3. CROSLAND: MOOR.

A tablet stone on No. 7 Oldfield Square, Croslapd } Moor, has the following inscription :— ‘“ Here I stand and thus you see, Never sell nor mortgage me. John Oldfield 1832.”’

THE WOUNDED HUSSAR, MANCHESTER ROAD.

On No. 311 Manchester Road appears the tablet stone of this former public house built in 1820.

THE WOUNDED ~HUSSAR MDCCCXX

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Two tablet stones are to be seen on Nos. 313, 315 Manchester Road :— (a) oe ea . (line illegible) No more fellow Thy sword shall I wield, Like a warrior I’ve Gach, Like a warrior yield. : Lok. (b) ‘‘ Johnny’s dead and here he lies, dda: People laugh but nobody cries, He’s worked hard and left it here, Poor Johnny’s gone, the Lord knows where.

5.’ EDGERTON .COTTAGES, EDGERTON. On the garden wall of this homestead is to be found an in-

scribed stone containing an oval whose greatest diameter is 29 ins., and whose smaller is 22 ins.

the oval is written one of Christ’s sayings : I ‘‘ Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them for this is the Law and the Prophet.’’ 1837.

Bb ROAD, A house in this road leading from Longwood to Quarmby contains a window sill on which has been inscribed the following : ‘‘Doth He not see my ways and count! my steps.’’

Local tradition says that this house was at one time occupied by a blind man who caused this eos to Su engraved upon it.

MALVERN ‘ROAD, PRIMROSE HILL.

On the gable mo of a cottage at the top of this road, opposite the Liberal Club, is a stone 18 ins. by 12 ins., with a verse from the Book of Job, ch "98, v. 28.

And unto man he said, Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is UNDERSTANDING.

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This cottage, as well as some others in the vicinity, were built by Mr. Booth Heppenstall, of Newsome Cross, who was instru- mental in having this slab inserted.

8. THE STONE ARCHWAY OF EMLEY

The archway built into the wall of Emley Churchyard, was formerly the doorway of the Village School, which was built by a Mr. Wigglesworth in 1673, who left 10/- a year to repaint the building. When the old School was demolished in 1852, and the Churchyard enlarged, the Rector of Emley from 1830 to 1862 caused the stone work which formed the doorway of the School to be put into the Churchyard wall.

On this doorway are the following inscriptions :— (i) ‘‘Wigglesworth 1673.”’ (ii) ‘‘Porta patens Esto Nulli Claudaris Honesto.”’ (Be open door, closed to no honest man). (iii) ‘‘ If fortune keep thee warm, Thy friends: about thee swarm Like bees about a honey pot.

But if she frown and cast thee down, Lye there and rott.’’

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CHAT Gh A UNDERGROUND. PASSAGES.

A list of some passages which are supposed to © exist (or have existed) has already been given on page 8, and their possible origin explained on pages 8 rhe

I have enumerated a list of traditional underground passages from Deadmanstone to Castle Hill (p. 155), and the two which were definitely known to have existed under Castle Hill (p. 235).

The late Dr. T. W. Woodhead was very sceptical as to the existence of these passages, despite circumstantial stories to the contrary. Mr. T. W. Hanson, the well-known historiah of Halifax, sends me the following communication on the subject :--

‘“T am sure there is nothing in the secret tunnel business, despite its wide-spread circulation. I found them in Germany. They should be medizval and yet you can find no such legends prior to 1760 or so.”’

However, since Part I. was written, and during the dis- cussions which usually take place after J Hale given lectures on ‘The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield,’’ I have been informed the supposed existence of other subterranean passages not previously enumerated on page ae

(1) One or two in the valley between Castle Hill and Farnley Tyas. ate I (11) One or two in Newsome and Taylor Hill. (iti) One leading from Shepley ie Hall to a building known as the Abbey.

Those in Newsome and Taylor Hill appear to have been ‘day holes’’ for excavating coal. A few of these so-called underground passages can now. be discussed. ,

I. FROM NEWHOUSE HALL TO LOWER FELGREAVE WOOD.

‘There was up till 1925 a definite subterranean passage from this Hall to the adjacent wood. Its entrance lay in the kitchen of the building, and led, so tradition related, to some con- siderable distance undergr In late Elinatebhion days, this I

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passage was supposed to have been used as a means of exit from Newhouse Hall by Catholic priests who had received food and protection from its owners during the period of the persecution of the Catholics by the Protestants (1582-1587).

This passage was explored while the late Mr. T. P. Crosland, ‘J.P., lived at the Hall, by a small party who stated on their return that they had walked a distance of some thirty feet or more in its interior but could not find the outlet into Felgreave Wood. They were compelled to beat a hasty retreat to the kitchen through lack of fresh air. Mr. Crosland then decided to close permanently the entrance to the cellar kitchen leading to the tunnel, as at times there were noxious smells emanating from it, and, so his housekeeper informed me, because this cellar was associated with two murders, which were supposed to have taken place at Newhouse Hall.

2.4. THE. SO-CALLED -PASSAGEH, WHITLEY HALL TO THE SUMMER: HOUSE.

There is supposed to be an underground passage from the Summer House (popularly misnamed. ‘‘The Temple’’) to the Hall ‘which served as an escape for the look-out post in case of surprise’? (!) A tradition has been handed down that when Sir Richard Beaumont (‘‘Black Dick’’) was born in 1574, a cask of ale was placed in this tunnel and not! opened until his twenty-first birthday.

The ‘‘passage’’ which is to be seen under the Summer House is nothing more than a vent from which coal was gathered during the Miners’ Strike in 1926. I explored this huge hole under the foundations of the Summer House on Whit-Sunday, 1983, and came to the conclusion that previous to its having been used as a ‘‘day hole,’’ it must have formed part of an underground cellar for the storage of wines, etc.

AF oe SUPPOSED UNDERGROUND PASSAGES FROM FIXBY

Tradition records two, one leading to the Ice House on the 11th Green on the Links, and the other to the Orangery, (p. 169).

These statements are utterly devoid of truth. With the help of Mr. F. N. Potts, I very carefully examined the cellars of Fixby Hall in the December of 1929 and found no possible outlet what- ever. We stumbled across a cavity but on throwing the beam

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WHITEY:

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322 of a powerful torch we found solid rock on all sides. Mr. HI. Farrar, of the East Lodge, was lowered down into the Ice House

and failed to discover an outlet from it. I am inclined to think that these statements are products of someone’s imagination.

Probably what gave rise to the statement that there was a passage from Fixby Hall to the Orangery was the unearthing, many years ago, of some lead pipes while digging operations were being effected in front of the latter building. These pipes ~ were no doubt used for conveying water to the Orangery’ where semi-tropical plants such as oranges were cultivated in early 19th century days. I

4. THE UNDER BEAUMONT PARK.

This was explored on August 13th, 1940, by Messrs. J. VP. Lockwood and P. B. Walker who climbed over the railings which barred a stone staircase, at the bottom of which was a circular hole some two to three feet in diameter. This cavity was inclined at an angle of 15° to 20° to the horizontal. They slid down the incline to a depth’of four or five yards and found that the rocky roof prevented further descent. They next lay flat on their stomachs and propelled themselves until they dropped into a small cave with an entrance of about two yards square. Leading from this cave were three small tunnels which could not be further explored. I

we

5. THE TUNNEL IN BROOKE’S WOOD, ARMITAGE BRIDGE.

connection with No. (x) of the list of tunnels on page 8, investigations were made on June 4th and 6th, 1941, in the old quarry in Brooke’s Wood, Armitage Bridge. ~ Here there is a tunnel in the rocks in which children have played for many years. The entrance is at ground level and is quite open, though it is pos- sible that at some time it may have been hidden from view.”’

“The opening is approximately 3 ft. high and 2 ft, wide, but the passage becomes narrower just beyond this, owing to a pro- jecting rock. After a few more feet the tunnel turns half right and the floor drops in a step of two or three feet and becomes V-shaped. Here there is sufficient headroom to stand erect. The tunnel continues until it ends in a blank wall, 10 yards from the entrance. At this point there is in the right hand wall a side tunnel, the entrance of which is partly blocked by fallen rock, so that the opening, measuring 11 inches by 34 inches, is difficult to pass. For this reason the side tunnel was not investigated.’’

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‘‘No conclusions were made as to the nature of the tunnel, though it does not appear to be a natural feature. Enquiries would no doubt reveal the truth.”’ :

(Communicated by Mr. Brian Jenkinson.)

6. Av "TUNNEL VAT PARNLEY:

‘This tunnel is in the West Wood which runs along the Farnley to Almondbury Road between Farnley Hey and the road leading off to Honley. The tunnel is easy to find as it is only about fifty yards inside the wood. The way to find it is roughly where the two pre-mentioned roads meet. If one were to walk, at say, an angle of 20° from the road and fifty yards in this direction, after a little searching one would come across it. From the out- side, it appears to be an abandoned ‘day-hole,’ as. there are piles of shale and clay surrounding it. Inside, it is rather wet and . water is continually dripping from the roof; the floor appears to be of stone as was found when it was struck with a spade. It is about 12 feet long and about 5 feet high by 4 feet wide.”’

(Communicated by Messrs. P. Brooke and A. B. Garland.)

7. THE UNDERGROUND PASSAGES IN KING STREET.

‘The existence of passages in King Street supposed to lead to Castle Hill, has excited the curiosity of many persons, in par- ticular that of a party of young men who endeavoured to explore them in late July, 1932. :

The late Mr. H. Telfer informed me many years ago that op- posite his former shop in King Street was the entrance to an under- ground passage, which, tradition, alleged, led to Castle Hill.

A former employee of the Huddersfield Corporation Electricity Department told me that while fixing an underground electric transformer at the bottom of King Street, he had stumbled across a subterranean passage, which, in his lunch hours, he had ex- plored, and which he believed extended to the River Colne. At the termination of his wanderings he found his path hindered hy a brick wall.

Another informant who worked in Market Walk assured me that, with the-help of a rope, he had travelled in a winding passage which he stated brought him under Queen Street Methodist Church. He averred that! in these passages were ‘‘rats the size of cats and cob-webs the size of motor car wheels.’’ ( !)

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As stated above, a party of young men, in July, 1932, stum- bled into the former wine—vaults of Messrs. George Rhodes & Co., Wine and Spirit Merchants (1815-1868). They effected an en- trance from behind Messrs. Hagenbach’s shop in Market Walk; one entrance being through a cellar door, and the other through a trap door ina yard. The following account of these vaults \was given in the ‘‘Examiner’’ at the time:

‘“ There is not much to choose between either of these entrances for dirt: behind each door there is an accumulation of half a century’s rubbish, and on the way down one falls rather than walks into the cellar. Once inside, however, conditions are quite pleasant. The floor, walls and ceiling are all sound, and though the place is full of cobwebs, it is quite dry. These old wine cellars are surprisingly extensive. There is one big vault at the bottom of the steps, and from it on the top side there are a few short corridors. On the bottom side, leading down ia the direction of King Street towards the Pack Horse Yard are the longest passages. The vaults lie in the form of a rectangle about 40 yards by 12 yards, with the two long sides going down towards the Pack Horse Yard, and the two short ones joining them. Across one corner a wall has been built, but through it is a hole from which one can see down the other passage. At one corner of the passages, the corner farthest down and nearest to King Street, there was apparently at one time an exit to the level of the passage. There is a door, now fastened, and two bricked-up sections that looked as though at one time they were windows.’’ ae

Any further contributions to this subject of ‘‘Underground Passages’’ will be welcomed and will be dealt with in Volume I].

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CHAPTER” Xe MISCELLANEOUS LEGENDS AND TRADITIONS.

In this concluding chapter, I propose to print a few traditions which have been related to me since I began the task of collecting these traditional and legendary stories.

I propose to continue the subject in the second volume of this work, where I shall discuss at considerable length local traditions related of such persons as William Wilberforce, George Borrow, &e.

(a) IRADITIONS RELATED OF PERSONS. Li: THE TWO AT HONLEY.

An interesting repercussion of the traditional visit of the Younger Pretender’s straggling remnants in the vicinity of Honley (p. 55), has been related to me since the first part of the ‘‘Legends and Traditions of was written.

It seems that two Scotsmen who formed part of the rearguard of the Pretender’s rabble, were no longer able to keep pace with their comrades as they were ‘‘ weary, hungry and footsore,’’ the result of their long march from Derby. :

These two men spotted a lone farmhouse on the outskirts of Honley, where, due to the alarm and consternation which had prevailed during the winter months of 1745-46, there only re- mained as dwellers therein, the daughter of the farmer (who had left to join the Militia), and her maid, two women almost contem- porary as regards their ages.

The Scotsmen were admitted into the farm house, having pre- viously knocked at the door, but, at first, were treated with very scant! courtesy by the two ladies, one of whom, it is said, threw a cauldron of boiling water on the unfortunate men !

lar from injuring these crestfallen followers of Bonny Prince Charlie, this act revived them from their stupor, and when the women saw that the men needed food and sleep, they dropped their attitude of hostility and adopted one of sympathy, subsequently giving the men food, and, later, shelter for the night.

Then, so the story concludes, the two Scotsmen fell in love with their benefactresses and eventually married them !

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oe 2. CAPTAIN EDWARD HARLING, OF ALMONDBURY.

The story of Captain Edward Harling’s romantic courtship has been previously told by several local historians, but I feel that it is worthy of being re- -printed in this series; moreover, I have endeavoured to assemble in this section all the available facts about ‘this family. I

Edward Harling, ‘‘an adventurous but very handsome young fellow,’’ on the 9th of December, 1781, married for his first wife, Catherine Goodman, the daughter of William Goodman, of Catesby, in Northampton. She died in childbed on the 18th of July, 1783.

After this unfortunate ending to a brief married life, Edward Harling ‘‘enlisted in the Army, and while quartered in some county town in the South he passed himself off as an Officer, and manage to gain the affections of a young lady of good family, whom he subsequently married, and who bought him a commission. He brought her to Almondbury, and her dismay may be imagined when she found that her lover’s mansion was a little cottage on a bleak hillside among the Yorkshire moors.’’ (‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library,’’ by the late G. W. Tomlinson, p. 84, and quoted by Canon C. A. Hulbert in his ‘‘Annals of Almondbury,’’ p. 142.)

Canon Hulbert, in his ‘‘ Arinals of Almondbury’’ (pp. 64-65), states that Lieutenant. Edward Harling married on the 7th of July, 1786, Mary, the fourth daughter of Bartram Rushbrooke, Esq., of West Stowe, in the County of Suffolk, at Barnes Church, in Surrey. By this marriage, Captain Harling (he seems to have received a promotion), had two children, Edward Harling, who was born in 1787, and Hiram Harling, whe was born in 1793, and alive when Canon Hulbert began writing his ‘‘Annals of Almond- bury.’’ The second Mrs. Harling, after the death of her husband, re-married and was buried in Emley Churchyard. Canon Hulbert said that ‘‘her portrait in oils and a miniature of Lieut. Harling were in the possession of Mr. Hiram Harling, of Northgate, Almondbury’’ (‘‘Annals,’’ p. 65). Her brother, Robert Rush- brooke, was at one time M.P. for the County of Norfolk. I

Where was ‘‘the little potas: on a bleak hill side’’ in which Capt. Harling dwelt?

There appears to have been some divergence of opinion on this point :-— :

(a) Canon Hulbert, quoting from Mr, J. Nowell’s unpublished MSS., said that it was Townend (photo on p. 106) :—

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‘“The ancient house at Almondbury, Townend, in which Mr. Richard Armitage resided, was in 1584, owned by William Beau- mont, gent, and occupied by Arthur Kay, clerk, and William Beaumont, afterwards by the Venerable Abraham Beaumont, and successively Richard Armitage and Abraham Radcliffe, gent, an- cestor of Sir Joseph Radcliffe; the Dyson family, ind Captain but the venerable structure is now (1861) defaced in great part by a modern building.’’ (‘‘Annals,’’ p. 261.)

(b) On the other hand, I have been informed that this cottage stood on the opposite side of the road to Townend. Mr. G. W. Tomlinson in his account of Mr. John Dobson, junr. (‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library,’’ p. 84), said that “‘Mr. Dobson bought the land for his new house from a family named who had a cottage and a garden, » "Townend could never have been described as a ‘‘cottage,’’ and it is possible that the Harlings owned in late 18th century days both Townend and the cottage across the road.

It seems that a descendant of the gallant captain temporarily converted this cottage into a public house.

PEDIGREE OF THE HARLINGS or ALMONDBURY.

. Edward Harling, Senr., m. 1781 I (i) = Catherine of Catesby, Northampton, d. 1783 (ii) ys 4th dau. of Bartram Rushbrooke, m. 1786

al Pua I bi 1787, Hiram, b. 1793 ~ Anne, b, 1787, 2. 3854 I : ie : I I I Henry ) died William Susannah Alfred in b. 1814, d. 1860 d. 1859 Otte, diet a.

3.—SETH SENIOR AND THE SOVEREIGN.

of the oldest industries in the ies of Shepley is that of Brewing carried on by Messrs. Seth Senior & Sons, Ltd.

It is said that in the year 1829, Seth Senior, the founder of the firm, who was originally a dry waller, commenced making home-brewed beer by spending the first golden sovereign he had saved from his earnings—this was the only capital which he possessed at the time. I

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That, so the story goes, is how the Sovereign Inn at Shepley got its name and how the firm originated. The George IV.

_ sovereign has been the trade mark of the firm of Messrs. Seth

Senior and Sons and is to be seen on one gable of the Sun Inn

Cross Church Street which is the property of the firm and Hie

site of their Huddersfield offices.

The Sun Inn possesses two gables; on the facade of the first, over the Sun Inn proper, is an oblong panel, which, in its centre, contains a carved representation of the sun surmounted by orna- mented scroll work; in the gable over the office, is a similar type of panel containing an enlarged replica of a George IV. sovereign with the date; around the head of the monarch is the inscription ‘“Georgius IV. + Del Gratia, 1629."

4.—_THE’> OLD: WOMAN ON THE PENNINE RANGE.

Legend relates, there was (or is) an old woman who sat on the boundary between Yorkshire and Lancashire, but precisely where is not stated! ‘Whenever a Yorkshireman in former times sought his fortune by tramping from his native county into Lanca- shire, the old woman gave him a penny and if he returned, she gave him a shilling. But he never came back!

If a Lancashire man related the story, the situation was reversed.

5.—'GENERAL”” UTHER AND “GENERAL” ALMOND.

I was told the story of these two ‘‘Generals’’ when I was lecturing on the Legends of our District, and I note that it is related. in dialect style by the late’ Mr. W. E. Haigh in’ his ‘Dialect of the Huddersfield District’’ (p. 142.)

The battle between these two ‘‘Generals’’ when translated into English is as follows :— \

‘‘In old times when the district was covered with forests and few folk lived in the vicinity, ‘General’ Uther coming from the North, and ‘General’ Almond coming from the South, with big armies, met where Huddersfield stands now, and fought a great battle lasting a whole day. They had both come to conquer Yorkshire, but after a good deal of fighting, and a good many on both sides were killed, Uther won. Almond was found dead and was buried on the top of the hill where Aumbry stands now, and that is how it first got its name of Almondbury. Uthers- I field (Huddersfield) is where Uther won his victory’’ (!) :

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Mr. Haigh concluded his account thus:

“My father always told the story with twinkling eyes as an old folk tale; but it serves all the same to illustrate the ‘funay futility’ of mere guessing at the derivation of place names.’’

The derivations of the place name Almondbury are legion, so ) to speak, and I propose to give a few: ;

1. That it is the corruption of Albansbury, i.e., the city of Alban. This is sheer guesswork and inaccurate.

A corruption of all mound bury, the all—protected town ; and. ae an Anglian word for protection, thus pointing out its strongly position. This can also be dismissed as speculative,

3. Canon Hulbert, no doubt taking its geographical situation into account, derived it from Altus Mons the high mountain, i.e., the city on the high hill. ‘‘We believe,’’ he wrote, ‘‘Almondbury is derived from the two Latin words ‘‘altus mons’’ which means a high mountain and burg from burgh which means a fortified place which well describes its commanding situation’”’ (‘‘Annals of Almondbury,’’ p. 4). This derivation can be dismissed as the product of the reverend gentleman’s fancy. I

4. The late Professor fF. W. Moorman (and Cox in 1728) deduced it from a tribe of Alemanni who came into Britain as auxiliaries to the Romans in 371 A.D. There are ¢wo historic confirmations of this idea :—

(i) The Greek historian Zosimus spoke of a great victory over the Alemanni gained by the Emperor Probus, after which many of the conquered Alemanni were deported to Britain where they subsequently fought for the Romans.’

(ii) Aurelius Victor, another historian, says that amongst those present at York in 310 A.D., to persuade Constantine to assume the Imperial throne, was a certain Erocus, who is described as King of the Alemanni.

But against this view, it is unlikely that the Angles could have known details about the Roman military organisation of four hundred years previously, even if the Alemanni were stationed at Almondbuty, which is not probable.

Lee sate irc W. G. Collingwood derived it from “Net Almennabyrig,’’ i.e., the burg of the Almans or foreigners, the town of strangers, ac name given to the district when the Angles occupied it. ‘‘Castle Hill may have been known to the settlers as the fortress of the foreigners, their place of refuge.

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It had been a British fort in early Roman times. Whether it was still occupied by the Britons at the coming of the Angles is not recorded, but such a magnificent stronghold could hardly have I been useless in any period of disturbance’? (‘‘Angles, Danes & Norse in Huddersfield’? by W. G. Collingwood, M.A., F.S.A., b, 1D), I I !

6. Professor A. Mawer derives it from a personal name such as EKalmund and that Almondbury means ‘‘the town of Ealmund. 7. Professor E. Ekwall in his “Dictionary of English Place Names’’ (p. 7) writes, ‘‘Perhaps ‘the burg of all the men’; cf ON almannathing ‘the assembly of all the men’ ’’ ‘It might be worthy to reprint some of the various spelling's of the place name from 1086 to 1634.

Domesday Book 1086 Almaneberie.

York Registers 1280 Almannebire. Dodsworth 1250 Alemanbir. .Calendar of Charter Rolls 1251 Alemanebiri. Wakefield Court Roll 1274 Almanbiry. Nomina Villarum 1316 Almanbury. Poll Tax Returns I 1379 Almanbery. Halifax Wills 1545 Ambry. Yorkshire Fines 1549 Almonbury. Ramsden Estate Map 1634 Almanburie.

Register of Election Poll 1742 Allmanbury.

Note too that there are two local pronunciations of the name, Aimbry (the ecclesiastical) and Aumbry.

It will be observed that the letter ‘‘d’’ does not occur in the — -above spellings.

On the other hand, Huddersfield signifies ‘‘the field of Huder,’’ some Anglian who lived here before the Conquest.

G6. JHE BAMILY (OF

There is a tradition that the many Sykes’s of Huddersfield and District were originally Londoners, and that one family emi- grated from the Metropolis at the time of the Great Plague in ' 1665 and settled in the Colne Valley and at Meltham.

Such was the story told me by a descendant of one of the Sykes’s of Linthwaite Old Hail, where a family of that name lived there from 1729 or thereabouts till 1847,

Another interesting but hopelessly far-fetched piece of fiction related is that the family was of Huguenots origin and had left

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France after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, August 24th, 1572, and settled in London.

But these versions will hardly stand the tést of historical research. In the first place, the surname is derived from the fact that its first holder lived near a runnel or ditch. The derivation _ of the word ‘‘Syke’’ is either from an old English root sic mean - ing a runnel, or from an old. Norse root sik meaning a ditch or trench.

_Moreover, we first find the surname (in a contracted form, it is true) in one of the Wakefield Court Rolls for the year 1275.

Richard del Syk’ appears as a surety for one, Thomas de Langfield, who had trespassed in the forest of Sowerby at the Manorial Court held at Wakefield,’ in the Peery of 1275. Volo. am

Two other interesting pieces of information tg earls members of the family are appended :—

of the Sykes was fined 6d. ‘‘because he did not come’’ to the Manorial Court held at Halifax shortly after the Easter of 1316, (WiC is TV

(ii) John of the Sykes was the Constable of Flockton during the years 1315-1316, but having got tired of the onerous duties associated with it, paid 12 pence to be released from them at the Court' held at Wakefield i in November, 1316. (W.C.R., Vol. IV., p. 144.) I

Further, a place in Almondbury called Aldonlay Syke is mentioned in the ‘‘Inquisition’’ held into that Manor by order of Henry VI., its Lord in the year 1425. In this locality, Richard Thorpe held a ‘‘vast piece of newly appropriated land” and paid the monarch 2d. ae for the tenure thereof. ;

(b) TRADITIONS RELATED. OF PLACES, L THE LION ARCADE,

Nearly every town or city has some feature, e.g., a monument, statue, &c., which either surmounts an impos- ing building or overlooks a square. In course of time, stupid ‘stories are ‘‘manufactured’’ about this feature and are rape down from generation to generation. I

The wags of the last century amused themselves by making up absurd stories about the Lion which surmounts the building erected in 1852 facing St. George’s Square, and subsequently _ known as the Lion Buildings.

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THE LION ON THE IOP oF THe LION ARCADE.

Reproduced by courtesy of the Proprietors of the ‘* Huddersfield

THe EAST LODGE: LICHTRIDGE (AOAD,.

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One of these was to the effect that every time the Lion heard the Railway Station clock strike two, it got down from its pedestal and walked around St. George’s Square!

There was an equally absurd story told of the, Dog Rock at Bouley Bay, Jersey, and the clock of the Parish Church of Trinity.

‘Another apocryphal story is also related in connection with the Lion Arcade.

At the commencement of this century, one of the rooms on the ground floor was tenanted by a then well-known hair-dresser who had patented a hair-restorer. The story goes that a cus- tomer whose hair was becoming ‘‘thin on.the top’’ purchased a bottle of this lotion, but, as he was leaving the Arcade, he had the misfortune to drop it on the pavement of John William Street ! The next morning, so it| was alleged, hairs were said to be grow- ing out of the pavement !!

A similar story was told in my boyhood days of a prominent hairdresser in St, Helier, Jersey, where the same phenomenon is supposed to have taken place in ‘Halkett Place.

20 Tak wo CORN MILL AT THUNDERBRIDGE.

On the left hand side of the village, a little beyond the bridge which gave its name to the locality, is an old corn mill. The date of its erection is not known, but it is believed to be over three hundred years old. For the past two hundred years, the mill has been owned and worked by a family named Dickinson, of which the last of the male line, Mr. Herbert Dickinson, died on Novem- ber Sth, 1936, since which date, his widow has carried on the business of corn miller. I

Little corn is now ground at this mill, which is mainly used for crushing oats, barley, peas and beans required for cattle food.

The mill wheel is 22 feet in diameter, and four feet wide. It is water driven, and never, in living memory, has the water from the stream been known to fail.

In the late August of 1939, this mill was the subject of much publicity on account of its being the only one in the country which was worked by a lady. Photographs of Mrs. Dickinson, her faithful dog, Don, and various parts of the mill premises appeared in the national and local newspapers—those in ‘‘The Tatler’’ being particularly good. I It is alleged that this old mill is haunted by the ghost of a man who was crushed to death between its mill stones about. the year 1870. I awe I :

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oo dae

Mrs. G. A. Wood, of Pudsey, informs me that many years I ago her younger sister was playing up Wood Lane one evening till dusk; she was about to return home, and while crossing the bridge she saw the figure of a man emerge from the corn mill and walk slowly up the Grange side of the road. I

The young girl went ‘‘cold all over’’ at the sieht: of this man as she imagined he was her father, and yet as she stated later, ‘Cunlike him in some respects.’’ She ran home as fast as her legs could carry her, keeping close to the walls of Rose Cottage; on arriving home, she found her father enjoying his supper.

Mrs. Wood’s sister collapsed with fright) and was ill for several weeks due to the shock which she had received that even- ae

investigations showed that no living perapn was in the vicinity of the mill at the time of the young woman’s having seen the apparition, but from-her description of the man she was supposed to have seen, it seems that it was the ‘‘ghost’’ of the unfortunate victim of the fatal accident which had taken place many years previously. Curiously enough, the man who had been crushed to death was a first cousin of Mrs. Wood’s father and re- sembled him in build and stature.

3, —GUNTHWAI TE SAY

To eben this Sai the visitor continue along Gunthwaite Hall Lane End instead of traversing the wood to the Hall. On the right hand side of the road, he will find the smail trickle of sulphurous water which flows into a stone trough. The following article on Gunthwaite Spa appeared in the “Sheffield Daily Telegraph’? or May 3rd, 1904 :—

“What little is known of it (and that amounts to next to nothing) has been handed down by word of mouth from father to son through many generations. It has a spring of water in which the people of the district have wonderful faith. They look upon it as a sort of cure-all; but if you are to be cured, you must drink of the waters on one special day in the year—the first Sunday in May. On other days the spring is just water. (1 veg to differ, having tasted some on Whit-Monday, 1933). But on the first Sunday in May it becomes miraculously charged with all kinds of powers and properties, and people flock to it from far and near. Most of the pilgrims brought bottles and cups with them. They ‘supped’ the water, made faces and filled the bottles for their friends. One old lady, after handing a cup to her daughters, asked what they thought of it. One expressively described the

Page 53

Mrs. H. DIcKINSON AND HER Doc ‘ Don” I AT THE OLD CorN MILL, THUNDERBRIDGE.

Copyright photographs by Messrs. Bray & Son, Holmfirth.

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ater as ‘muck,’ and another said it tasted like ‘rotten eggs.’ The ‘rotten egg’ description seems to be the favourite, as though people in these parts are familiar with the taste.’

“Tt is stated that an old work records that the Spa ‘for scurvey, inflamations, liver complaints and other diseases has proved effective,’ and also contains the following account of a celebrated cure effected by it in olden times :—

‘There, one old lady that nearly was kill’d With scurvey, but it has her heal’d, She tried ali plans, she went to Spas, _ And spent so much, there’s no one knows, For twenty years she suffered much, - But all she got would not it touch Till happy day !. When she began To use this water (none such ran) For now she is from scurvey free As any person need to be !’”’

Lady Macdonald in her book, ‘‘The Fortunes of a (p. 26), says :— ,

“The water at the well-spring is undoubtedly sulphurous, but in former days, this taste was considered to have its origin in silver ore underground, a little of that metal having been found on Gunthwaite land. At one time ‘Spa Sunday’ at Gunthwaite was a festival attended by thousands of people from all quarters, who sang and danced by the edge of the water and were fed from stalls purposely erected and stocked with festival food.’’

4. Tae Pee Sa roe.

An intriguing story is current that the placing: of this statue in St, George’s Square with the back of Sir Robert Peel facing the entrance of the Railway Station, has been the reason why Royalty has only once arrived in Huddersfield by train, as it is not comme il faut for members of the Royal Family to be greeted by the back of any person, whether alive or by an image in stone.

It is very difficult to assess whether there is any truth in this story ; certainly on Saturday, the 13th of October, 1883, the Duke of Albany (a son of Queen Victoria) and his Duchess arrived in Huddersfield by train from, Leeds to open Beaumont Park.

Since that date, visits of Royalty to Huddersfield have been made by car, e.g., King George V’s visits in 1912 and in 1918.

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THe PREL STATUE,

ee . @ 93 Reproduced by courtesy of the Proprietors of the Huddersfield Examiner.

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338 I related the story to ‘‘ Puck,’? who reproduced it in his ‘“In and About Column’’ in the Examiner,’’ of 21st, 1942, concluding :

‘The theory is a novel one, but 1 must confess that to su low it I should need the assistance of quite a large spoonful of salt !”’

However, the following day ‘‘Puck’’ confessed that he found the theory was quite widely held, and added :

“One railwayman says that the legend has been long current ' in railway circles, and quotes, in support, an incident of the last War (1914-1918), saying that when King George V. and Queen Mary visited Huddersfield in May, 1918, their train was stopped at Bradley and Their Majesties alighted there and proceeded into Huddersfield by car.’’

In spite of this explanation ‘‘Puck’’ still refused to be con- vinced and said he required ‘‘much more substantial evidence that the Throne or those about it are influenced by such childish mo- tives. His Majesty may have ‘detrained’ at Bradley for several other reasons, one of them being that there is the boundary. Another that he was thus nearer to the works to be visited.’’

(To be continued in Volume IT.)

Page 57

339 INDEX OF PERSONS.

A. Abbey, Frank, Mr., 224; John Henry, 223. Ahier, Philip, jtbtudies in Local Topography,’’ quoted, 175. Alban, St., 329. Albany, Luke of, 336, 338. Aldirlay, Thomas, 277, Alemanni, tribe of, 329. Alexander, David, 306. ee Allendale, Baron, 70, 73. Viscount, 70, 72; pedigree of family, 79. “Almond, Genenal. a8, ‘ Almondburian, The,” > quoted, 189. Ambler, Lewis, Mr., “Old Yorkshire Houses,’’ quoted, 191, 295. Angles, The, 329. Annesley de,. Hugh, 227. I Armitage, family of, 202—204; George (1674—1743), 203; George (1738— 1834), 203; George (1806—1882), 203; John, (Kirklees), 276; John, 288; John, Scott, J.P., 288; ‘Joseph. (1716 —1798), 203; Richard, 1627— 1705/6), 9; Samuel, 204.

; Geoffrey, 312. .Armytache del, William, 203.

Armytage, Sir George, 36, 277; Green, i222; Joseph Green, 181, 222, 223; William, 181, 222. Armytegge, John, 203; Armytegge, 203. Ashton, John, 223.

William, of

_ Assheton, Ralph, 50.

Aurelian, Emperor, 288.

Aurelius, Commodus, 17; Victor, 329.

B Baines, William, ‘‘Gazetteer and Directory of the County, of York,” quoted, 101, 122. Bairstow, Betty, 313. Baldwin, Dr.,: 223. ‘‘Ballad of Robin Hood’s Death and Burial,’’ quoted, 33, 34. Balmforth, Owen, ‘‘Jubilee History of The Huddersfield Industrial Society,’’ quoted, 86. Bamford, Capt., 50, Banks, W. S., ‘‘Walks Around Wake- field,’’ 163, 168. Bar de, Joan, 110, 114-120. Barber, F airless, To Barkan, Sit Edward, 2277, 286. Bartholomew, St., 331.

Basire, ‘Thomas, 41.

Bateman, Rev. Joseph, 229.

Battye, Daniel, 151; John, 151. Beauley, Hugh, 159, Beaumont, Abraham (Ven.), 327; Adam, 220; Edward, 38, 40; Eliza- beth, 2773: Henry, 40;, Joan, 156; (Lascelles. Hall), 40; Richard (Townend), 327; Richard I (Whitley), 229; Sir Richard (Black Dick), 1, 38- 4:3, 147, 148, 185, 320; Richard I Henry, 281 ; Sir Robert, 218; Thomas, 20; Sir Thomas, 40, + 1p. «Cel... Dabrmas 7 Richard,:, 76; William (Townend), 327. : Bede, Ven., ‘‘Ecclesiastical History of , Britain,’’ quoted, 17. Bell, T., 170. Bellomonte de, William, 38, 40, 283. Berry, Godfrey, 95; G., 304. Bingley, William, 211. Binns, O,,: Mr., 262, Birkett, Capt., 50. Blackett, Sir Thomas Wentworth, 70, 76, 77: Sir, William) 975, Sir William Wentworth, 1, 40, 67-69. Blackburn, George, 9. Blakeston, Oswell, Mr., ‘‘T in EF olties of England,” quoted , “185, 294-295. Blythe, John, 179. Boadicea, 5. Bonny Prince Charlie, 55-61, 325. Borrow, George, 325. Bosville, Godfrey I., 197; II., 199; William, 199, 200. Bradley, Charles, 100 ; Thomas, 211. Brewer, Dr., E. G,, Dictionary of Phrase and Fable,” quoted, 25, I Briestwistle de, Michael, 135. Broderibb, Mrs., 304. I Brook, Charles John, 151; Edward, 99; Fred, 316; James (Bracken Hall) 97, 98, 99; John, 218; Jonas, Messrs. 181; . Mary (Bracken - Hall); 99; “Sarah (Bracken Hall), 99; Thomas (Newhouse), 7, 93; Walker (Fenay Hall), 167; William (Newhouse), 93, 94; William (Meltham), 181. ! Brooke, Henry, 214; Brooke, Sir John Arthur, M.A., J.P., 49; 192; John (1794-1878), 204; Joshua, 1614-1652, Newhouse), 46; P., Mr., 323; Sybil, 44-46, 175, 1,78; Thomas (Bay Hall), 192; William (1763- 1846), 204: A Brookes (of Newhouse), 177, 178. Brown, Tom, Mr., 314, 316. Brownwood, Isabella, 40. Burgundy, Beatrice of, 110.

deal

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C

Cadwallon, K. of Wales, 7, 129, 244, 245. Calendar of Charter Rolls, 330. Calvert’s Iron Works, 304. Camden, Richard, ‘‘Magna Britan- nia,’’? quoted, 21, 34, 127. Caratacus, 5. Carlisle; (Sir: Hiidred, 181; William, 181; Sir Walter, 183. Camm,, Rev. Dom. Bede, 3 Castle, Thomas, ‘‘Journal of the Speh Valley Literary ‘Scientific

James

quoted, 285. ‘Catholic Encyclopedia,’ quoted, 156, 157. Chadwick, S. J. (Lewsbury), 34, 36, 235, 277.

Chamberlaine, Richard, 94. Chambers’ Dictionary, quoted, 193, 295 Chantrey, Sir Francis, 213.

Charity Commissioners’ Report, quoted, 211, 212. Charles I., 46, 48, 138, 187; II., 46;

Edward Stuart, 1, 55, 61, 306, 325. Chaworth, Elizabeth, 161, 164; Sir Thomas, 161, 164. Christ, 317, Clarke- Thornhill, T. Bryan, 167, 259, 261. Clay, Charles 25 Te, dha Cocking, H. F., 233. Coldwell, Mr., 86. Collier, George, 293, Prot: VW. Gi, The Angles, Danes and Norse in Hud— dersfield,”® quoted, 20, 21, 202, 329, 330. Constantine, Emperor, 329. _ Conyers, Sir John, 164. Cook, Capt., 209; Rev., 209; of Cook’s Study, 209. Cooke, Sir George, 197. Copley, B., 293; Sir Godfrey, 197.

‘M.A., 135, 160;

Cox, 329, Crabtree’s ‘‘History of Halifax,”’ quoted, 105. Croft, General, 305. I Cromwell, Oliver, 1, 46-53. Crosland, Ellen, 222; George, 100; james, 222; Rev. ‘Thomas, 181;

Teri eu Gee Crossley, William, 306. Crowe, Rev. Robert, M.A., F.R.A.S., 23, 143; Mrs. Robert, 143. rowther, Jonathan, 204 : Joseph, 97.

Crump, W. B., M.A., ‘‘History of the Huddersfield Woollen Industry,” 204. Cumberland, Duke of, 62.

‘Daily Lxpress,’’? quoted, 297. Dartmouth, Earl of (1784-1853), 19. I Davies, A: Cy. ‘Book . of: g@aplac Arms,’’ quoted, 64. Denham, James, 156. Dennis, Reve Dey. Pv. OL. Dickenson, Hannah, 199. Dickinson, Herbert, 333; Mrs., 333, 335. ‘Dictionary of National Biography,”’ LOD Diggle, #.. F., aaa, 465. Diocletian, Emperor, 17. Dinsley, Thomas, 211. ‘‘Dives and Lazarus,’’: 156. Dives, Thomas, 156. Dobson, John, 327. Dodsworth’s ‘‘Notes,’’ quoted, 100, 122, 123, 135, 164, 179, 330. Doe, John, 193. ‘ Dolly, Folly, 309. Domesday Book (or Survey), 163, 330. Doncaster de, Sir Roger, 31, 32, Dransheid, J. V« ‘ History ae. Peaistone,” quoted, "O15. Dudman,/154. Dugdale, R. S., 297. Durell, Rev. Edward, 240. Cyson, Clement, 87; Taylor, M.A., ‘“History of Huddersfield and _ its District,’? quoted, 3, 21, 32, 76,- 84, 108, 109, 136, 437, 188, 166.) 223, 264, 279; ‘‘Almondbury and _ Its Ancient School,’’? quoted, 133, 135, 136: ‘‘Woodsome Hall Golf Club Officiall Handbook,’’ quoted, 12; W. H., 229; family of, 327.

ik Ma

Herbert,

E Edmund, Crouchback, 110. Edward the Confessor, 158; I., 32, 110, 114, 116, 120, 140; 31, $2, 35; 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, HD, 117, 119, 423, 124; MT Tea a4, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 145, 221; IV., 145, 208, 277; VII., 224. Edwards, Sir Henry, 296, 297, 299; Rev, L. Colin, 224; Capt. (Fixby), 168. Edwin, K. 244, 245.

of Northumbria, 7, 129,

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Eglinton, Earl of, 72. Ekwall, E., Prof., Manic Maniacs of Eng- lish Place Names,”’ quoted, 330. Ellis, Ay Leay..136. Eleutherius, Pope, 17. Elizabeth, Queen, 36, 38, 40, 157, 191, 192, 195, 227, 268. Elland de, Sir John (the elder), 179, 181, 218, 286, abe, 220, Zak Emley de, Sir John, 161. Erocus, 329. Michels, |. W., oa; 75, 76, 77. Eugene, Prince, 61. Eyre, Capt. Adam, 9

F

Fairbank, Dr. F. Royston, Mono- graph on ‘‘ John de Warenne, 8th Earl] of Surrey,’’, quoted, 109-121. Farrar, Asa, 311; H., Mr., 170, 322. Farrer, Baw. oy, Early Yorkshire Charters,’’ quoted, 271. Farrington, Lawrence, 50. Fenay, Mrs. Jane, 133. Firth, John, 50, 53, 109; Joseph, 197, 199; Thomas, 64, 65. Fisher, John and Flizabeth, 316. Fitzwilliam, John, son of Ralph, 164; Sif? 160). 161, 168: Sir William, 163, 164. Flanagan, Bernard, 207. Fordun, 26. Forester, Honoria, 261. on the Rock. A Chroni- cle of Wesleyan Methodism in Berry Brow,’’ quoted, 152, Fountains, Abbot of, 271-275. Fox, George, Mr., 46, 93, 103, 178; George (Quaker), 50. Friar ‘Tuck; 27; Frobisher, F., Mr. 201. Fuller’s ‘‘Worthies,’’ 27.

158, (the younger),

I G Gale, [Er., 36. Gardiner, S, R., 48. Garland, A. a "Mr., Gascoigne, Mrs., 83. Gee, Allen, 273. Gentlemen’s Magazine Library, 73, 74. Gentleman, A., ‘‘Tour Through Great Britain,’’ quoted, 193. ‘George 1i.,. 58: San; V.., 336, 338; VI., 244. Gerrard, Sir Gilbert, 192. Gill, John, 46. Godwin, 131.

323.

81, 244,

eet Herbert, 103, Goodall, Armitage, “Place Names of South West Yorkshire,’’ quoted, 50, 154, 236, 240, 258, 280, 283, 296. Goodman, William, 326; Catherine, 326, 327. . Grainger, J.,Dr,, 229,

Greet a’, George, 29; Michael, 50;

Mrs., 215. H Hadfield, J., Mr., 211. Hagenbach, Messrs., 324. Haigh, John, 283; Elizabeth, 178; Tonn,.: Ux.” fave Same Gas: Wilham, 229 ; We Sd. BEE am

lect of Huddersfield, quoted, 59, 283, 328, 329; W. R., 153. Halifax Wills, ‘330. Her jobu, 220... 3 Hatitt, Mrs.’ L.,; 197. Halstead, Walter, Ald., 314. Hanson, John, Articles in “Hudders- field Weekly News’ or ‘‘Chronicle”’ quoted, 102, 303, 304, B06; 1; W,, Mey ‘of. “Old: quoted, 301, 319. Hare, Mr., 50. Harling, Capt. Edward, 326; Hiram, 326, 327. Hartley & Tee’s, Messrs., 314. Hebden, Marmaduke, 303, 304. Hellawell, George, 290, 291, Henry 1.962; fh, 378. Sh, 273; Vij, Valli ae, Bee eel. Heppenstall, Booth, 318. Hepworth, Friend, 142, 143; John, 137. Hereward the Wake, 27, Hermitage, Adam, 202, 203. Heslop, Thomas, 312. Hey, James, 97. Heywood, Messrs., Hirst, Arthur, 138; Mr., 291, 292. Hobkirk “ History of Huddersfield,”’ quoted, By: 7, 10, 15, 80. 32, 57, 138, 1389, 140, 143, 153, 159, 179, 218, 220, 221, 240, 241, 243, 244, 245, 246, 249, 277. Hobson, Joshua, 103. Hogg, Robert, 269. Holmes, B., 201; James, 99; R. H,, ‘* Chronology of Alecia. de Lacy,”’ quoted, 109-114; Theodore, 99. Honley Enclosure Act, 306. Hood, Robin, 25-38, 286. Hooker (or Hocker), Father, 10, 43-44, 46, 175. Hopwood, J.,

237. George Crowther,

93, 178.

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Hordern, Isaac, “Notes on the Estates,’? quoted, 64, 65, 192, 231, 304.

John, 275; William, 94, 103, 105, 107. Hoyle, Sir Emmanuel, ve Nathaniel, 97. Huder, 240, 330. Hudder, Capt., 240 , ‘“ Huddersfield Borough Advertiser,’ 310, 311. “Huddersfield Chronicle,” 9, 290, 291, BOR, 808. I Act,’ oe 143. ‘‘Huddersfield Examiner,’’ 9, 74, 102, 199, 183, 199, 201, 287, 229, 231, 232, 260, 271, 314, 324, 338, “Huddersfield and Halifax Gazette,” “oh “Huddersfield Parish Church Maga- zine,’’ Articles by G. W. Tomlinson, 99, 132. ‘‘ Huddersfield Weekly News,” 189, a ce I Hudson, John, 99..

Hughes, Rev. Joseph, ‘‘ History of Meltham,’’ quoted, 267, 308. Huguenots, The, 330.

Hulbert, Canon C. A. M.A., ‘‘Annals ' of Almondbury,’’ quoted, 19, 59, 81, 83, 132,188, 136, 139, 140, 141, 142,

153, 229, 223, 232, 253, 282, 326, 327, 329. Hunter, Rev. Joseph, ** History of

South Yorkshire’? quoted, 75, 77, 201, 203, 310; Monograph on “Robin quoted, 29, 30, 38. Huntingdon, Earl, 29. Hyndson, 279. Hyrste, Rychard, 282,

I

‘*Intelligencer,: The,’’) Ismay, Richard, 9.

I J Jackson, Henry, 271. I Mrs. M. of Honley,’’ quoted, 5, 59. james Gt.

Brian, ‘Mr., 323; John, 69-70.) A ae Jessop, Arthur, MS. Diary, quoted,

O, 1 Ok, ee Ls We, eT Job, Book of, 317. I John, KK, al, : John, Little, 21; Oe; 3a, OG. o’ London’s Weekly,’’ 294, Johnstone, Dr. Nathaniel; 34, 35, 38.

» OK Kay, Arthur, 327; John, 144, 275; John (Woodsome), 275, 276. Kaye, Arthur (Woodsome), 1385; John (Woodsome), 135; Sir John (Wood- some), 175; John, of ‘‘Crosse,’’ 144. Kayes, of Woodsome, 133, 135. Kerr, Capt., 100. Kirk,’ Iver, Mr., 304.

L Laci de, Alicia, 108-124; Henry, 271; Henry, Earl of Lincoln, 108, 136, 140; Ibert, 129; Roger, 38; Walter, 129, 131. Lancaster, 108-125.

Thomas, “Rar of, 27, 32,

Langfield de, Thomas, 331.

Langley, Richard, Bs 155-157. Langrick, Benjamin, 204, 254. Langtry, Lily (Lady de Bathe), 257 Laval.de, Hugh, 131. Lawton, Fred, Mr., 16, 48,163) 69, 70, Vay 18, (8, 160; 161, 165, 199, ‘‘Notes on the History of Skelman- thorpe,’’ quoted, 53, 165. Leatham, E. A., M.P., 232. Le Blanc, Mr. "Justice, 97; 100; ‘*Leeds Intelligencer, 10, 84, 91. ‘Leeds Blercury,’’: 9, 10, 84, 87, 91, 214 Lees, Isabella, 40.

Lewthwaite, S. V., Mr., 139. Lewthwaite, Rey. ia ‘* Sketches of Newsome,’’ quoted, 81, 83. Ligh:

“Monograph on “Stoney Royd,”’ 221, : I Lister—Kaye, Sir John, 151. Little John, 27. Lockwood, of Lockwood, 299: Arthur, 312; Charles, B12) J, P., 322 ; Mabel, 312: Ned, 312: Oliver, 221: Stanley, 312, Walter, 312; de, William, 221. Lodge, Edward, 165, 167. Longespeé, Margaret, 110. St.; 17, 19; Luddite Trials, Report of, 98, 107. Lumb, Messrs. Joseph & Co. 304. Lumley, Frederick Savile, 161; Savile, 164. Lynne, Eleanor, 167, 168. ‘‘Lytell Geste of Robyn Hode’’ quoted, 31,

John

M Macdonald, of the Isles, Lady Alice, “The Fortunes of a Family,’’ 199, 200, 201, 336. Magersuppe, Herr, 185. Maid Marian, 27.

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Mann, James, 10, 69, 70, 72, 73, 77. Marius Antonius Verus, 17. Marsh, Richard and Henry, 173. Mary, H.M. Queen, 338. Mawer, A., Prof., 330. I Mayhall, J., ‘‘ Annals of Yorkshire,”’ quoted, 87, 97, 107, 305. McEvoy, Patrick, Mr., 253. Meeke, Rev, Robert, 12, 141. Mellor, George, 107; James, 87; Joseph, 107; Joseph, Mrs., 107. Metcalf, ‘‘Blind 303. Mike, Old, Montfort de, Simon, 27, ‘‘Monthly Magazine,’’ 294. Moorman, F. W., Prof., 329. Morden, Robert, 218. Morehouse, George, 61, 63; Dr. H. J. 61, 141, 203, 271. Morgen, 27. Morris, J. E., Mr., ‘‘Guide to the West Riding of Yorkshire,’’? quoted, 217. Morrison, Dr. G. W., ‘‘History of the Parish Church of Almondbury,”’ 133, 140. Morton, Benjamin, 99. Mosley, Samuel (Constable), 102, 103; S, L., 74, 75, 76, 213, 214. Mottershead, Joseph, 59.

I N Napoleon Bonaparte, 290. Naylor, John, 276. , Nelson, Robert, 279; Thomas, 103. Neville, Elizabeth, 131; Sir John, 131. ‘‘New English Dictionary,’’ quoted, 1, 294, 296. Nomina Villarum, 330. Norris, Canon W. Foxley, M.A., 19. North, Anne, 181; Benjamin, 181, 222; Josh., 142. : Nowell, J,, Mr., 12, 138, 139, 140, 326.

0

Oastler, Richard, 9, 91, 97, 167,

256% “geet Papers,’ quoted, 91, 259, 262. dere, 268. Oglethorpe, Gen. James (1688-1785), 61-63.

Osborne, Sir Edward, 201. Oldfield, John, 316; Jonas, 220.

ee Park, Mr., 9% Parkinson, Rev. Thomas, ‘‘Legends and: Traditions. .cf..

quoted, 159, 160, 257.

‘Parliamentary Survey’ (Lambeth Palace, 1650), 199, 200. Paton, Rev. Henry, .°*The

Armitage 203, Paulinus, St., 19, 21, 23, 140, 286. Pearse, Clara, 260. Peel, Frank, ‘‘ History: of the Spen Valley,’’ 50; ‘‘History of the Lud- dites,’’ 84, 89; Sir Robert, 336, 337. Penda, King of Mercia, 7, 129, 244, 245. I Penrice, Lieut. C. E., 100, 239, 288. Percival, Thomas, 269.

‘Petch, © Barly ‘Man 1m

Huddersfield,’’ quoted, 7, 129, 233. Peter, St., 27. Philip of Spain, 290. Philipson, Rev. Carus, 141. Phillips, George Searle, ‘*‘ Walks Around Huddersfield,’’ quoted, 209, 213; f Pius "Ad. Pope, 167. °° Ploughman, Piers, 29. Pather |.) 41.,°3,. 157: Poll Tax 335. Pontius Pilate, 27. Potts, ‘Me. 320. Priestley, Aquila, 237. ‘Puck, 231, 27%; 316 838.

I Quarmby de, Alice, 131; Hwgh, 179, I 286; Joan, 227; John, 131, 182, 283; John, 253; Thomas, 253; William, 227; William, 256. Quatremars de, Colin, 253.

R Radcliffe, Abraham, 327; Sir Joseph, 105, 175, 327, Ralph, son of Nicholas, 271.

‘“Rambles Around MHuddersfield,’’ quoted, 290. Ramsden, Elizabeth, 38; Sir John

(1594-1646), 40, 138; Sir John, Bart.

(1648-1690), 140; Sir John,’ Bart. (1699-1769), 205; Sir John, Bart. (1755-1839), 63-65, 205; Sir John

William (1831-1914), 63, 94 99, 138, 142, 205, 229; William (1558-1623), 38, 40, 191-192, 268; William (1625- 1679), 154.

Ramsden Estates, 192, 268, 330.

Randolf, Earl of Chester, 25. Rhodes, Messrs. George & Co., 324. Richard 1.,. 26,.-31,. 32: Richardson, Dr., 244, 245,

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Richmond, Ian, Mr., M.A., dersfield in Roman Times,’ 245, 288. Rimington, James, 10, 12, Robert, [itzooth, Earl of Hunting- don, 25. Roberts, Canon J. Bs; MAG; of Longwood,’’ 291; George, 87-89 ; James, 107. Roby’s ‘‘Traditions of Lancashire,” 73.

‘“* Hud- quoted,

Roe, Richard, 193. Rowbottom, Hi; New 306, 309. Rushbrooke, Bartram, 326, 327 ; Robert, M.P,, 326.

S

Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, 110. Sandford, Mr., 48. Savile, Augustus William, 164; John, 164; Henry Lumley, 164; . sir George, 164; Sir Henry, 164; Sir John, 275; Sir William, 278; Baron the, 164. |. Aer... 220, Scarborough, Earl of, 164. Schofield, D., Mr., 314. Scholes, George, 99; 100; J. WW, Scott, Sir Walter, .25. Sedgwick, George, 212.

George,’ Mrs.,

Senior, John, 103; Seth, 327, 328; Seth & Sons, Ltd., $27; 328. Shaw,’ Amy, 292; «George, § 292;

William, 291-292. Skelton, T., 197. Sloane MSS., 31, Smith, Mrs., 1385; and Calverley’s, Messrs “i 314; Rev. W. Kerr, Mono. graph, “Some Curious Cymro- Celtic Place-Names,’’? quoted, 236; ‘‘Antiquities of Wiltshire,’’? quoted, 294; Rev. William, ‘‘Antiquities of Old Yorkshire,’’. 296. Sothill, Elizabeth, Margery & Thomas, 164. Speight, Henry, quoted, 280, 281. Spence, Francis, 103. Spencer, John, 53, 55; Stanhope John, (1757-1873), 212, 213, 217; Stanhope 1, Mey OL {Py mT Spokes, Reginald, 312. Stansfield, Thomas, 3. Stapleton, Thomas, 131. Steed, George Dyson, 304. Steele, Mr., 253. Stirling, Mrs. A. M. W., ‘‘Annals of a ae orkshire. House,”’ quoted, 53) 5a. _ John, Rev. Fleming, 34. 3 ob Martin de, Richard, 111.

Stocks, William, 259. Stow, Richard, 25. : Stuart, Charles Edward (The Younger Pretender), 1, 55, 61, 306, 325. Stukeley, 25, 29. Sugden, John, quoted, 254. : Surtees Society’s Publications quoted, 277-278. Syk’, Richard del, 331,

‘« Slaithwaite Notes,”

Sykes, John of the, 331; Sykes, family

of, 330; 3215. Die Huy lel. B:, tory of Huddersfield and Its Vi- cinity,’’ quoted, 84, 102, 240, 256, 287, 293; William, 9.

' Taylan) &., 189. Telfer, H., 100, 328. Thiers, 27.

Thompson, Hamilton, Prof., M.A., 279. I Thoms, Will Goldburgh, 34, 35. Thornhill, Col, was, 261 ; Clara,

Miss, 94, 260, 261, 291; Clarke (see Clarke-T hornhill) ; Eleanor, Miss, . 261; Honoria, Miss, 261; Thomas, 23, 91, 93, 94, 167, 170, 259, 260, 261, 286, 287; Thomas (1634), 227, 275, 256 ; Family of, 59, 168, 258, 260, 286, 287. Thornton, Joseph, 95, 97.

. Thorp, John and Thomas, ““Emley Almanack,’’ quoted, 149, 150.

Thorpe, Richard, 331. Throgmorton’s Plot, 4, ‘‘Times, The,’’ quoted, 93-97. Tinker, 204-205; Major Brian, 183; Ebenezer, 183, 184, 185, 295; Uriah, 183. Tolson, Legh, ‘‘History of Kirk- heaton, » quoted, 43, 281, 282. Torre’s “eTestamentary Burials, A Tomlinson, G. W., ‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library”’ and Private MS. in the Huddersfield Pubic, Library, 99, 103, 191, 203, 285, 303, 304, 326, 327 (see also under ‘‘Huddersfield Parish Church Magazine.” Turner, James, 154; J. Horsfall, 179,

Wears OT, Horsfall, “The Elland Tragedies,” quoted; 17s. J. Horsfall, ‘‘History of Brighouse,

Rastrick and Hipperholme,’’ 23, 84, 286; Robert, 218.

Turon, At.

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U Uther, .328; Pendragon, 240. V Varley, W.. SB Mr, Mem. Pisin,

‘‘Report on Castle Hill Excavations, 1939,’” 129. Vespasian, Emperor, 288. Victoria, Queen, 185, 235, 336.

W Wade, Messrs. B, and W., 64. Wade, Gen., 61, 62. Wainhouse, J. E., 296-301. Walleys, Stephen, 203. Walker, Benjamin, 95; Dr.) J. -D., 222, 223, 224; Major Joseph, O.B.E., gee: P 3225 W098, 4, Yo, Wakefield Court Rolls, quoted, 265, Ws, B15, Gol. Warburton, John, 218, 259, 269, 270. Warenne de, John, Earl ‘of Surrey, - 108-124. Warren, A. E., 253. Watson, Rev. fe ‘History of Halifax,’ quoted, 123, 158, 159, 269, 270, 287.

>

Webb, Mr. ind Mrs. Sidney, “History

of English Local Government,’’ 103. Webster, John, 214. Weedon, .S., Mr., 138. Wentworth, George, 72; Matthew, 70; Sir Matthew, 72, 75; Sir Matthew, 72; Richard, 164; Sir John, 197; Sie, Thomas, later Sir Thomas Wentworth Blackett, 76; Sir William, 74, 75, 76; 77. Wheelwright, Thomas, 304, Whitacre, John, 143. Whitaker, Rev. Gamaliel, 53; 53: Dr. Jo, Lotdis, and Elmete,”” (1816), quoted, 27, 29, 36, 123, 153, 159, 235, 287.

White, ‘‘Directory of the West Riding of Yorkshire,’’ quoted, 95, 101, 231; William, 101. Whitehead, G., Mr., Whitwam, 231. — Whorlow, Canon A,, M.A., 23. Wigglesworth (Emley), 318; John, 99. Wilberforce, William, 325. Wilkinson, Helen, 151. Wilks, 312. William the Conqueror, 131, 160; 2nd

313.

Earl of Salisbury, 110; 1, 197; 214; Wood, Baron, 306; Mrs. G. A., 334; Mrs. Helen, 197; (or Wodde) ‘John, 136; Sarah, Mrs. ee» Woodhead, A. Rei tT I E54

225, 233, 258, 319. Woodsome Hall MS., 133, 135. Worde de, Wynkyn, 31. Wormall, Isaac, 187; Israel, 189; Mary 187. Wortley, Sir Thomas, 164. Wridlesford de, Maude, 135; Sir Joan, 135, 136. Wrigley, James (Junior), 89; (Senior), 89; Norman, 222. Wright (of Shelley), C. E., ‘‘History through Architecture” 277.

James

% York Registers, 330. Yorkshire Archeological Society

Journals, quoted, 109, 132, 135, 1386, 156, 160, 164, 179, 227, 235, 236, 249, 259, 277, 283. Yorkshire Deeds, quoted, 135, 143, 259. Yorkshire Fines, 330, ‘“Vorkshire Post,’? 266,., 267.

Z

Zosimus, 329,

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INDEX “OF PLACES:

A Abbey, The (Shepley), 319. Aberford Market Cross, 83, 84. Abimelech, Well of, 299. Aelmennabyrig,. 329. Aimbry, 330. Ainley Place, 59. Ainley Wood, 220, 285, 286. Aldonlay Syke, 331.

Almondbury, 5, .7,-8,°9, 19,;/21, 38, 40,

61, 63, 65, 81, 83, 105, 108, 127, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141,.

139, mil, 2G); 291, 310, 326, 327, 328,

155, 1665. 187, 265, 277, 278, 329, 330. Almondbury Conservative Club, Wor- mall Hall, 187, 189,

Almondbury Co-operative: Society, Ape... Almondbury School, 167, 310. /

Almondbury; Manor of, 40, 65, 103, 108, 136, 137, 138, 140, 151, 193, 202, 203, 227, 249, 264, 265, 331. Almondbury, Map (1634), 138, 154, 264. Almondbury Market Cross, 140. Almondbury Parish Church (All Hal- lows) 8, 19, 38, 127, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 155, 282, 287. Almondbury Road, 323, Almondbury, Various 329, 330. Amen Corner, 64. Ararat, Mount, 239. Ardsley Station, 233. Ark Hill Mound, Birkby, 56, 237, 245. Armitage Bridge, 8, 202-204, 322. Armitage Bridge House, 204, Asia Minor, 19. Ascot, 262. -Aumbry, 328, 330. Australia, 86. Austwick, 254, 256. Avebury, 266. Avignon (France), 120. Avon River, Wiltshire, 3.

Bamborough Castle, 100. Bank End, Netherton, 218. Barkisland, 84. Barnes Church, Surrey, 326.

Spellings of,

Bay Hall,

Barnsdale, 30, 31. Barnsley, 204. Bath House, Fixby, 170. Batley, 232. Battery, The, 102. 4, 191-194. Beacon Street, Birkby, 237, 239. Beast Market, 64. ‘‘Beaumont 149. Beaumont Chapel, Almondbury Paris Chureh, 157: Beaumont Chapel, Kirkheaton Parish Church, 41, 43, 147-149. Beaumont Park, 8, 322, 336. Bentley Grange, 163. Berkeley Castle, 119. Berry. Brow. ' 153, 323. Bernicia, 21. Berwick, 30. Beverley, 277, 279. Birkby, 5, 198, 227, 241, 245, Birks Farm, Almondbury, 165. Birks Hamlet, 165. Birstall Churchyard, 23. Black Hill, 184. Blackhouse, The, 313. Blazing Stump, The, 264. Bolingbroke Castle, 114. Boroughbridge, 15. Boroughbridge, Battle of, 112. Botham Hall, 291. Bouley Bay, ‘Jersey, 333. Boy and Barrel, The, 231. Bracken Hall, 94, 95, 97-99, 308. Bradford Road, 132, 241.

Bradley, 97, 271, 278, Sit, son

Bradley Bridge (Cooper Bridge), 273. Bradley Gate Road, 95. Bradley Grange, 275. Bradley Lane, 243. Bradley, Manor of, 227, 271. Bradley Road, 241, 243. Bradley Wood, 97. Braksden, 117. Bretton, 164. Bretton Hall, 1, 10,165. Bretton Hall, Legend of, 67, 77. Brick Row, 68. Brighouse, 43, 44, 48, 59, 84, 241, 271. Brighouse, Manor of, 121. British Museum, 31. Brittany, 204. Broadstone, 15. Broken Cross (Almondbury), 21, 136, 138, 139-141,

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Brook Wood (or Brooke’s Wood), 8, 322. Brown Hill, 281. Brow Grains, 269. Buckstone Moss, 184. Bulcliffe Hall, 72. — Builth Castle, 113. Burnt Platt, 591. Burton, Manor of, 145.. Butts, The (Almondbury), 135. Byland Abbey, 163. Byram Street, 93, 103.

C Calcaria (Tadcaster), 127. Calder, River, 34, 127, 158, 271, 275. 312. Calder, Valley, 296, 301. Caldwenebrook, 202. Cambodunum, 127. Campodunum, 127, 129. Camulodunum, 127, 129. Canaan, 280. Canford (Dorset), Cannon’ Hail, 55; Canterbury, 117. Carr House, Shepley, 204 Castlegate, 8, 102, 103.

111, 118. 212, 213, 217.

Castle Fill, 5, @ 8,16, 21, 103, 127, -

128, 129, 140, 153, 155, 184, 281, 237, 245, 264, 265, 266, 290, 319, 323, 329. Castle Hill, Rastrick, 243. Catgrave Road, 258. Place-Names, 230-237. - - Catesby, Northampton, 326, 327. Catterson Croft, 236. Cawood, 116. Cawthorne, 53. Channel Islands, 308. Chantry «(Chapels “in; the Parish «of Huddersfield, 131, 182, 227. Chantry Chapel at Almondbury (St. Helen’s), 133, -136. Chantry Tower (Cook’s Study), 213- 218. : Chapel, The (Fixby), 167, 168. Chapel Field (Quarmby), 131, 132. Chapel Hill, 295, 303, 305. Chapel Yard (Almondbury), 133. ‘‘Chappell,’? The (Almondbury), 132. Chase, The, 249. Cheshire, 59, 73, 112, 184. Christ Church, Woodhouse, 143. Clara Street, 261. Clare Hill, 133, Clayton, 165, Clay House, 159. Clayton West, 316.

23, 42:

House (Almondbury), 132, 133,

137. 2 Clifton, 84, 276, 277. I Cloth Hall, 63, 101, 194, 206-207. Cloth Hall Street, 63. I Clough House, 244. Colchester, 193. Colne, River, 8, 250, 254, 303, 323. Colne Valley, 59, 249, 257, 330. Commercial Inn, 304. Common End (Linthwaite), 307. Conduit Street (London), 61. Conisborough Castle, 118, 121. Cooper Bridge, 204, 271-276, 311. Cook’s Study, 183, 209-218. Cot? The, ! 109% Cote Lane, Fixby—Rastrick, 310. Cottage By The Sea, The, 304.

Cowcliffe, 91, 227, 262, 264, 307..

Cowford Bridge (Cooper Bridge), B71. Cowford, le, 271, 2'75. Cowlersley Lane (Linthwaite), 307. Crimble, 50, 250. Crimes, 50. Cromer Bay, 15. Cromwell bottom, 48, 50.

Crosland, 218.

Crosland (South), 41, 87, 308. Crosland Fosse, 203. Crosland Hall, 121, 218-221. Crosland Hill Manor House, 150-151. Crosland Moor, 89, 91, 94, 316. Crosland Road (Lindley), 282, 286, 287. ie Crosland Town 0: Cross Church Street, 103, 328. Croydon, 114... Crumbles, 50. Crumwell, 50. Cumberworth, 200.

D Dalton, 3, 84, 227. Darton, 76. Deadmanstone, 8, 151,-155, 2385, 313, 319.

Deanhead, 249. Deerhead, 249. Deerhill, 249, 269. I Deighton, 93, 94, 227. Denbigh, 110. . Denby, 199, 200, 201. Denby Dale Road, 312. : Denby Grange, 151. — é Denton Street, 103. Depehey, Le, 259. Derby, 55, 59, 72, 115, 325. Derbyshire, 184,

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Devil’s Arrows, Devil’s Devil’s Dyke, Devil’s Leap, Devil’s Hole (Jersey), Throat, 15. Dewsbury, 19, 21; 282.) '': Dives House, Dalton, 3, 46, 155-158. Dock Street, 102, 103. Doe Hill, 249. Dog Kennels, 249. Dog Rock, Bouley Bay, Jersey, 333. Dolly Folly, 309. Doncaster, 7, 129, 245, 247, 262. Downshutts, 184.

Dumb Steeple (Grange Moor), 281- 282. Dumb Steeple (Kirklees), 276-281.

I’unford Bridge, 214. Dungeon Bottom, 107. Dungeon Mill, 87, 89. Dungeon Wood, 87. Durham, 116, 185. Durham Cathedral,

E East Lodge, Fixby, 93, 261, 312, 322. Edessa (Asia, Minor), 19. Edgerton, 227, 317. ~- Edgerton Cottages, 317. Eleanor Street, 261. Elland, 8, 48, 91, 121, 220, 221, 285. Elland Bridge, 158.

Elland Chureh (St. Mary), 8, 122, 159,

167. Elland Edge, 179. Elland Mill Dam, 122. Elland New Hall, 4, 159. Elland Old Hall, 158-160. “Rims,” The, 68. Emley, 45, 50, 1638, 316, 318. Emley Church, 145, 149, 150, 164. Emley Churchyard, 318, 326. Emley New Hall, 163, 165. Emley Old Hall, 160, 161, 165. Emley Park, 50, 163-165. Emley School, 318. Engine Bridge, 303. Evesham, Battle of, 27.

F

Far Croft Nab, 269. Farnaham, 111. Farnley Bank, 314. Farnley Hey, 323. Farnley Tyas, 12, 139, 239, 265, 314, 315, 319. Farnley Tyas Church, 17-19. Farnley Tyas Road, 316.

4

Bridge,karnley (Leeds), Den, Devil’s

135, 136. Fartown, 95, 97, 98, 132, 227. Fartown and ‘Birkby Conservative. Club, 237. Felgreave Farm, 99. Felgreave Wood (Lower), 44, 175, 319, 320. Fenay Cross, 21, 23, 140. Fenay Hall, 8, 165- 167, 187, 225. Fixby, 84, 97, 286, 296, 310, 312. Fixby Golf Links, 168, 320. Fixby Hall, 4, (8) 59), 64, 91-93, 168, 169, 170, 320, 322. Fixby, Manor of, 12, 108, 135, 136, 261. Pon Fixby, Parish of, 92. Fixby Park, 44, 167-171, 258-262, 312. Fixby Road, 311. Fleece. Inn, 231. . Fleet Street (London), 31. Flockton, 281, 331. Folly Dolly, Meltham, 308, 309. Folly Doorstones, Cowcliffe, 307, 308. Folly Gate, Coweliffe, 307. : Folly Hall, Chapel Hill, 303-306. Folly Hall Bridge (Engine Bridge), 305. Folly, Honley, 306, also Folly Well, Folly Lane and Folly Tunnel. Folly Road, Cowcliffe, 307. Folly, Linthwaite, 307. Folly, Slaithwaite, 307. Fordoll, Fixby, 296. Fountains Abbey, 97, 271, 273, 283. France, 254, 294, 331. Friars Hill, 266. Fulbridge, 121.

G Gallows 264. Garforth, 2832. Gatehouse (Kirklees), 30. Georgia, 61, 63. Girls’ High School (Greenhead), 61. Gledholt, 4, 172, 173. Gloucester Street (Jersey), 3 Godfrey Hill, 209, Z11, 213. Golcar, 2381, 251, 258, 269. ‘““Gossip House and Shop’’ wood), 224.

(Lock -

Granary Hill, 257.

Grange at 324, Grange Moor, 201, 252. Grascroft Road, 306. Great North Road, 83. Greencliffe (Honley), 57.

Greenhead Hall, 61, 62, 86, 151.

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Greetland, 159. ‘‘Gillialoch,’’ 97. Grimscar, 99, 258, 261. Grimthorpe, 3, 156, 157. Gunthwaite, 336. Gunthwaite Barn, 195. Gunthwaite Chapel, Ruins of, 201.

Gunthwaite Church, Ruins of, 199-

201. Gunthwaite Hall, 50, 195, 199. Gunthwaite Hall Laue End, 334. Spa, 334.

H

Hay Hall Lane (Emley), 316. * Haigh Cross, 23, 25, 279, 282-288. Haigh Cross Farm, 283, 288. Haigh House, 283. — Haigh House Hill, 283. Halkett Place, Jersey, 333. Halifax, 9,06, Ge,’ 61; 6a) 921, 225, 227, 229, 232, 247, 271, 276, 282, 295, 296, 301, 331, Halifax Old Road, 237. Hall Dyke, 221. Hallroyd, Shepley, 197. Hallstead Hall, Thurstonland, 173. Halton Castle, Cheshire, 112. Harden Moss, 313. Harp Road, 317. Hartcliff Towers, 184. Hartshead, 84, 279. Hartshead Church, 123, 150. Hatfield Church, 120. Haulton, 111. Healey House, 218, 221.

Heathfield or Hatfield, Battle of, 7,

129, 245, 247. Helm, 308. Hepworth, 80, 209, 236. Hermitage, The, 202, 204. _Highburton, 48, 81. Highburton Cross, 48. Highfields (Rastrick), 311. High: Flatts, 199. High Hoyland, 312. High Hoyland Church, 312. High Peak Castle, 115. High Royd, Honley, 181, 202. Hillhouse, 237, 239. Hinchefield, 121. Hipperholme, 84, 295. Hollin Hall, 258. Holme, 117, 214, 222. Holme, Constabulary of, 211. Holme, Graveship of, 211. Holme Lane (Slaithwaite), 307. Holme Moss, a

Holme, River, 204, 220, 308. Holme, Urban District Council, 211. Holmfirth, 57, 61, 86, 103, 145, 181, 184, 209, 214. Holmfirth Parish Church, 145, 209. Honley, 57, 59, 141, 218, 221, 296, 306, 309, 323, "325, Honley Moor, 15. Honoria Street, 261. Hope Hall (Halifax), 296. Hopton, 283. I Horsley, 168. Hougue Bie, La (Jersey), 240. Hoyland, 165. Hoyland-super-Montem, 232. Hoyland Swaine, 236. Huddersfield, 3, 8, 9, 38, 40, 43, 46, Be, 6%) Gh, 63, 64, 81, 84, 97, 10v, 101, 102, 105, 123, 129, 131, 140, 151, 179, 192, 195, 209, 211, 213, 222, 232, 240, 241, 245, 246, 249, 268, 269, 275, 281, 296, 297, 304, 309, 328, 330, 235, 338. Huddersfield, Borough of, 97, 99, 229. Huddersfield Corporation, 65, 19%, 292, 293. Huddersfield—Leeds Road, 276. Huddersfield, Manor of, 5, 38, 40, 63, 65. 108, 129, 132, 140, 151, 191, 192, 202, 227, 265, 268, 271,283. Huddersfield, Map of (1848-1854), 81, 100, 269, 288, 306, 307, 308, 309. Huddersfield Mechanics’ Institute. 213. Huddersfield Parish Church (St. Peter), 99, 100, 101, 129, 131, 175, 314. Huddersfield Parish Church Schools, 229. Huddersfield Parish Churchyard, 65, 99. . Huddersfield Public 9, 38, 192, 206. Huddersfield Vicarage, 101, 229. Hull, 63, 86, 279. Hunter’s Nab, 316.

Ra. Ice House, Fixby, 8, 168-170, 260, 320, 322. -

J Jackson Bridge, 183, 271. . Jersey (Channel Islands), 3, 240, 267,

333. Jilly Royd Farm, 94, 95-97.

John William Street, 333.

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I K Kategrave, 258. Kaye Lane (Almondbury), 21, 138, 140, 141, 264. Keldre' (= Calder), Kexburgh, 41. Kingcliffe, 241. King Cross, 296, 297. King Street, 8, 63, 100, 323, 324. ‘Kirkburton, 53, 81, 145, 211, 265, 271. Parish Church, 53, 80, 145. Kirkburton 53. Kirkby Grange, Emley, 50. Kirkheaton, 244, 246. Kirkheaton Parish Church, 147 - 149, 156. Kirklees, 34, 203, 204, 245, 273, 2°76. Kirklees Hall, 33, 122. Kirklees Park, 281. Kirklees Priory, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32; 34, 37, 48, 276, 277, 286. Kirklees Wood, Kitchen Fold, Linthwaite, 8. Knaresborough, 9, 303.

L

ota, 275,

Laithe, The, 309. Laithe House, 309. Lambeth, 117. Lancashire, 31, 328. Lane Head, Shepley, 50, 195- 199) 109, Lane Top, Netherton, 89, Lascelles Hall, 40. Lee Hill, 7. Leeds, 9, 10,',61, 93, 100; 101, 135, i Leoten, 4h... Lepton Church, 184. Lewes, Priory of, 139, 121, Liberal Club, Primrose Hill, 317. Lightridge, 259. Lightridge House, 262. Lightridge Road, 91, 262, 312, 313. Lindley, 23, 91, 227, 258, 287, 291, 314. Lindley, Manor of, 108, 227, 283, 286. Lindley Moor, 282. Lindley - Rastrick Road, 23. Linthwaite, 290, 307. Linthwaite Church, 307. Linthwaite Old Hall, 8, Litherope, Litherup, and Lane, 312. Little London, 8. Lion Arcade, 331, 332. Lizours, 163.

32, 59, 63, 13, 269,

249, 330. Lithrop Farm

. Mirfield, 156, 279.

Lockwood, 838, 122, 181, 229, eae 304. Lockwood Hall, 221 - 224. Lockwood Scar, 83. Locksley (Nottingham), London, 30; 81, BY, 61,72, 76; 80, 192, 193, 331, : Longdendale, 73. Longley, 136. Longwood, 187, 225, Longwood House Road), 143. Longwood Mechanics’ Institute, 229. Longwood Road, 293. Longwood Tower, or Nab End Tower, 288-293. Lord Street, 64, 65. Lotherton, Lotherton Hall, 83. Low Green, 102, Low House, (High Flatts), 199. I

227, 329, 293. (Netheroyd Hili

_ Lower Hall (South Crosland), 220,

Lowerhead Row, 86, 103. Lower Hurst (Longwood), 229. Lower Old Hall Farm (South Cros- _ land), 220. : Lud Hill, 233.

187, 225-

M

Mab’s Cross, 73. Mag Stream, 220, 221, 368. Mag Valley, 15. Malvern Road, 317. Manchester, 46,127. (Mancunium),. Manchester Road, 316, 317. Mangle House (Lockwood), Maplin Cross, 23.

_ Market Cross, Aberford, 83, 84.

Market Cross, Market Cross, Market Cross,

Almondbury, 140. Emley, 162, 163. Huddersfield, Market Place, Huddersfield, 68. Market Walk, 323, 324. Marlborough (Wiltshire), 15. Marsden, 57, 249, 254-257. Marston Moor, Battle of, 46, 48. Meal Hill, 271. Meaux Abbey, 9, 148) I Meltham, 8, 15, 41, 155, 224, 266- 270, 308, 314, 330. \ Meltham Golf Chater Meltham, Manor of, 269. Meltham Road, 224. Mercia, 7. Middleham, 127, Miln Road, 191. Milnsbridge, > ae Milnsbridge House, 105, 176, 203.

Page 69

351

Mole Bank, 138... Moorbottom, 306. ee Morgan’s Clump, 261- 262. Mottram, 73. Mount, The: (Birkby), 239. ‘‘Murpheys,’’ 309. Mylnes Brygge, 282.

‘Nab Croft, 89. Nab End Tower, 288- 293. Nanny Croft, 237, 239. ae Netheroyd Hill, 143, 262, 3133. Netherton, ‘15; ‘80, 204, 218, eekly New Dick Lane (Rastrick), 311, New F orest, 260. New Gate, Berry Brow, 313. Newhall, 93, 95. New Hey Road, 225,. 241, 287. Newhouse Hall, 4, 7, 8, 10;.43, 44, 46, 93-95, 99, 175-178, 187, 225, 2381, 319, 320. I Newmarket, 262. Newmill, 183, 229, 295. Newsome,’ 81-83, 319. Newsome Cross, 81- 84, 318. New Street, 63. Noah’s Ark, 239. Norfolk, 91, 326. Normandy, 254. Northampton, 327, Northgate, Almondbury, 326. Northgate House, 204, © North House, Lockwood, 222, 223, 224. North Lodge, Fixby, 310... . Northumbria, 19, 129. Northumberland, 75, 76, 100. Street, ei Northowram, 84: Northwich, I ‘117. Nottinghamshire, 25, 27, 31, 82. Nostell Priory,’ 131,

is Agen Oaks, The, (Darton), 76. Ochre Hole Road, 44. . Octagon Tower, Halifax, 294, 295 296 - 303. Oldfield, ‘306. Oldfield Square, Crosland Moor, 316. Orangery, The, (Fixby), oy 147, tee 260, 320, 322, Osgoldcross, Wapentate« off 109. Otley, 10, 43. I Ousethorpe,. 157, hy Outlane, 7,:°23,: 127, 225, 282.

9

Pack Horse Yard, 329. Paddock, 63. Palace, The, 229, Pale Bank, 165. Parish Clerk’s House (Almondbury), dae, 187. +: Park Gate, Berry Brow, 313. Park Emley, 165. Park Mill, Emley, 316. Pear Tree Inn, 262,-264. Peel Street, 297. Penistone, 50, 76, 165, 200. Penistone Parish Church, 200. Pennines, 133, 301. Perth, 114. Phoenicia, 280. Pike Law, 165, 183. Plump, The, 261. Plymouth, 64. Pond Farm, 87. Pontefract, 48, 109, 110, 275. Pontefract Castle, 9, 112, 118, 122. Pontefract, Honour of, 9, 38, 123, 265, 271. Primrose Hill, 317. Prospect Mills, 225. Pye Nest, 296, 297,

Q

Quaker House, The, 195. Quarmby, 16, 84, 107, 122, 132, 227, 288, 291, 310, 311. Quarmby Clough, 131, 293. Quarmby Fold, 179. Quarmby Hall, 179-181, 218-222, Quarmby, Manor of, 108, 1313179, 227, 283, 285, 286, 287, I Quay Street, 102, 103. I I (Queen Street Methodist Church, 323. Queen’ s Head Yard, 100, 102. --

R Railway. Station (Huddersfield), 336, 338. Ramsden Mili, 250. Rastrick, 84, 117, 237, 271, 273, 275, 310, 311. Rastrick Church, 23, 167. Rastrick Cross, 23. Ravensknowle, 21, 129, 225. Ray Gate, 225. Red Lane Corner, 316. Rehoboth Chapel, Lockwood, 223, 224. Reigate Castle, 109, Til, 122, Richmond, 211. Riddlesworth, Norfolk, 91,

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302

Rifle Field, 86. Rishworth, 236. Ritz Cinema, 63. Robin Hood’s Grave, 25, 34, 35. Rocking Stones, 268-270. Rodbank, 202. Roe’s Cross, 3, 73-74. Roman Road (Rastrick), 23. ‘“Rose and Crown,’’ The, 229, 300. Rose Cottage (Thunderbridge), 334. Rosemary Lane, 103. Round Hill, Rastrick, 237, 241-244. Round Wood, Waterloo, 7, 244-247. Round Wood Beck, 246. Round Wood Bridge, 246. Row Wood, 258. Royd House, Shelley, 15, 16. Royton, 269. I Ss Sand Street (Jersey), 3. Sandall, 41. Sandal Castle, 109, 110. Sandal Magna, 282. Scammonden, 59, 227. Scapegoat Hill, 258. Scar Lane, 258. Scar Top, Netherton, 15. Scholes, 57, 184. Scissett, 10, 69. Scotgate Head, Honley, 57, 59, 306, Scotland, 55, 59, 113. “Sentry,’? The, Honley, 57. Settle, 295. Shambles, The, 63. Sharp Lane, Woodsome, 314. Shay, The (Halifax), 296. Shears Inn, 85-87. Sheepridge, 4, 23, 43, 46, 227. Sheffield, 49, 101. Shelf, 84. Shelley, 15, 53. Shelley, Manor of, 145. Shepcott, le, 259. Shepherds’ Arms, Cowcliffe, 264. Shepherd House, 250, 259, 261, 262. Shepley, 50, 53, 183, 195, 197, 328. Shepley Old Hall, 319. Sherwood, 30, 31. Shooter Nab (Shyton Nabb), 269. Silkstone, 200. Skelmanthorpe, 16, 48, 50, 69, 199, 201. Skircoat (Halifax), 97, 221. Slack (Outlane), 23, 127, 286. Slaithwaite, 3, 12, 59, 250-254. I Slaithwaite Gas Company, 253. Slaithwaite Old Hall, 58, 59.

165,

Somerset Bridge, 275. Somerton, 114. Soothill Hall, 164. South Crosland, 10, 40, 41, 87, 151, 155, 202, 204, 218, 220, 221, 227, 308. Sovereign Inn, Shepley, 328. , Sowerby, 97. Spennymoor, 185. Spotborough, 163. Springwood Shaft, 312. Stagwood Hill, 249. Staincrosse, 232. Stainland, 84, 106. Stainland Cross, 104, 105. Staplefords, Stapleton, 280. St. Bartholomew’s Church, Marsden, ‘D544 . St. Bartholomew’s Church, Meltham, 291. St. George’s Square, 331. St. Helen’s Chantry, 133-136, 139. St. Helen’s Gate, 8, 133.

Almondbury,

_ St. Helen’s Well, 133, 135.

St. Helier (Jersey), 3, 333. St. John, Beverley, 277, 279. St. John’s Church, 194. St. John’s Road, 191. St. Mark’s Church, Longwood, 291. St. Martin, Jersey, 267. St. Matthew’s Church, Rastrick, 244. St. Nicholas Hospital, 136-141. St. Oswald, Priory of, 131. St. Peter’s Church (See Huddersfield Parish Church). Stocksmoor, 145. Stonehenge, 266, 267. Stoney Royd, Halifax, 221, 296. Storthes, Linthwaite, 307. I Storthes Hall, 203, 265, 266. Suffolk, 326. Summer House, Whitley, 8, 41, 43, 320. Sun Inn, Cross Church Street, 328. Sun Woodhouse, 313. ‘“Sunninghill,’? Lightridge Road, 262. Surrey, 326. Switzerland, 15. Syria, 280.

tT

Tadcaster, 127.

Tankersley, 121, 164. Tanyard Road, Quarmby, 107, 179. Taylor Hill, 319. ‘‘Temple,’? The (Whitley), 320. Thickhollins, Meltham, 181-183. Thorncliffe Grange, Emley, 46, 47.

Page 71

Thornhill, 164.

‘‘Three Nuns’? Inn, Kirklees, 48, 52.

‘“‘Three The, 260-261. Thunderbolt Oak, 262-263.

Thunderbridge, Old Corn Mill, 333,

334. Thurstin, 306. Thurstonland Church, 184. Tinker’s Monument, 165, 183-185, Tolson Memorial Museum, 225. 7 Toothill, 44, 46. Toothill Hall, 311. Toothill Lane, 311. Totties, 70. I

Townend, Almondbury, 105, 136, 310,

326, 327. Towzer, 102, 103. Trianon, Le Grand and Le Petit, 168. Twothornfield, Derby, 72.

U

Uthersfelt, 240. Upper Holme, Slaithwaite, 307.

V Venn Street, 229. Victoria Tower, Castle Hill, 235.

W Wakefield, 30, 67, 95, 131, 184, 229, 265, 271. Wakefield Cathedral, 23.

Wakefield Manor, 9, 30, 40, 108, 109,

121, 265, 271, 275. Wakefield Road, 41. Wainhouse Tower, 296-303. Wales, tts.” Walton Cross, 28, 286. Washer Lane, Halifax, 298. Washer Lane Dye Works, 297. Waterloo, 7, 241, 244, 246, 247. Waterloo, Battle of, 310.

295.

21.) 199,

163, 165,

03

Well Head, 296. Westerton Folly, 185. Westgate, Almondbury, 187. West House, Honley, 306. West Nab, 15, 266, 269, 270. West Riding, 36, 211, 231, 275, 276. Wheatroyd, 138. Whitley Hall, 38, 40, “Al, 48, 121, 122, 221, 229, 259, 282, 320. White Lion, 103. Wholestone Moor, 269, 270, 282. Wiggan Lane, 46. Wildboarley, 249. William’s Hili, Middleham, 127. Wiltshire, 3, 15, 250, 253, 294. Wiverton, 163. Wombwell, 211. Wood Street, 3. Woodhouse, 23, 145, 143, 275. Woodhouse Cross, 142-143. Woodhouse Hill, 313. Woodhouse, Manor of, 9, 143. Woodsome, 173, 314. Woodsome Hall, 4, 10, 133, 191, 259. Woodsome Park, 173. Wooldale, 57. Wooldale Farm, 218. Worcester, Battle of, 46. Wormall Hall, 187-189, 191, 225. Worsell, 59. Wortley, 164. Wortley Edge, 165. ‘‘Wounded Hussar,’’ The, Manchester Road, 316.

Y

York, 253. York Castle, 305. York Cathedral, 116. York, County of, 101. York Minster, 232. Yorkshire, 27, 61, 236, 328.

119, 121, 159, 164,

Page 72

354 LIST .OF SUBSCRIBERS.

A

Abbey, Frank, “Croft Swan Lane, Lockwood. Addy, W vee Crosland Moor. Adey, E. C., New North Road. I Ahier (Miss) E. M., nht Mayola Road; Lower Pes London, I Albone, R. G. M., 1 Bromley Road, Birkby. Armitage, F., 64 Estate Buildings. Armitage, H. G., the late, Thornleigh Lodge, Bagerton, Armitage, Hubert, 126. dir Street, Armitage, boot Rowley Grove, Fenay Bridge. Aspinall ba SS) M., 38 Holly Bank Road.

B

Baker, G., 23 Longden Avenue, Crosland Moor. Balmford, E. V., M.A.; 18 Imperial Road. I Bamforth, G, W., 104 Road, Lockwood, Bamforth, S., Dee Royd, Bannister, 4. Ra 3 Kennedy Avenue, Fixby. |: Barker, N., “Tyngarth:| 98 Birkby Hall Road. Barlow, H., 39 Park Road, Crosland Moor. Barlow, J. Algermany, “The Bungalow,’’ Lindley. Barwood, BE Gg IVE Ay, »6 Cambridge Road. Bastide, House,’’ Burley Street, Elland, Bates, J. Lockwood. (2 copies), a Beasley, P Re 67 Storths Road, Birkby. Cee Dag a Beaumont (Miss) A. Vey 18 St. Mary’s Place, Savile Town, Dewsbury. : ad Beaumont, B. B., Central ‘Avenue, Fartown. Beever, Georgk i Street. Beevers, J. A., 204 Yews Hill Road, Bedford, G. E. , Hygeia Stores, Trinity Street. I Bentley, W.., M. Mic ey Ho., Windermere. Berry, A., 10 South Avenue, Fartown. I Berry, J. AS Reed Street, Marsh. Birrell, G., 9 Gledholt Road, Marsh. Blackburn, F., 68 Towngate, Newsome. Blackburn, J. A., Fixby View, Rastrick. Blackburn, ]. B., 34 Wiggan Lane, Sheepridge. Blacker, FP. 46 Broail Lane, Dalton, Bond, H. B., 22 Lightridge Road, Fixby, : Booth, a Binley Old Hall, Emley, Bower, J]. H., Somerset Road.

\

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355

Bray, J... , Councillor, 10 Royal Terrace, Scar roe Milnsbridge, Brier (Miss); 72 Cleveland Road. Brierley, N. W., 85 New North Road. Brighouse Public Library, per Miss W. Bentley Librarian}, Broadbent, A., ‘‘Redruth,’’ Netheroyd Hill Road. Broadbent, F. + BARA; Be Quarmby. Brook, G, H., Lodge,’’ Lepton. Brook, Herbert, Lindley. I Brook, F., ‘‘The Ridings,’’ Thongsbridge. Brock, H., ‘‘Ashville,’’ 384, Wakefield Road. Brook, H., B.A., 15 Chestnut: Street, Sheepridge. Brook, F. N., 108 Victoria Road, Lockwood. ‘ Brook, W. F., ‘‘Harwynne,’’ Fixby Road. Brook Jn, D., ‘‘Glendene,’’ 21 New Street, Milnsbridge. Brooke, Alec., Clough House Mills. Brooke (Miss) E. Margaret, 509 Bradford Road. Brooke (Miss) Susan, M.A., ‘‘Heeley House,’’ Netherton. Brown, E. H., “‘Swiss Cottage,’’? Crosland Moor, Brown, H., 25 Kennedy Avenue, Fixby. Browne, D. C. Irving Rev., 25 Hodale Street. Elstreewick, Mel- bourne, Australia. I oe Buchanan, R., 35 Linden Avenue, Woodseats, Sheffield 8.) Buckley, G., Ivy House Farm, Fixby. : Buckley, W., ‘‘Knowle Croft,’? Knowle Road, Mirfield.

C

Campbell, J., A.R.I-B.A., ‘‘Roslyn,’”’ Fixby Road, Canby, £., J.P, Crosland Moor, Carter, J. io “Woodfield, Waterloo Road. Cartwright, D. J., > Crosland Moor. : Castle (Miss) R., 292 Lees Hall Road, Thornhill, Dewsbury: Catton, A., 422 Bradford Road. Chadwick, < , Crosland Moor. Chamberlain, E. J., 5 Hanson Lane, Lockwood. Chambers, 20, Birkby Lodge Road, Charlesworth, H. H., 70 Lane, Dalton. Chatterton (Mrs.), A45 Leeds Road. Chilton, E. N., Edgerton Grove Road. Clay, Ramsay, Bracken Hall, Sheepridge. I Clegg, A., 219 Newsome Road. I Clegg, A. E., St. Peter’s Street. I Ora Clegg, W. Arnold Street. Collins, L., 17 Half House Lane, Hove Edge, Halifax. Cooper, 16 Yew Street, Fartown. Coupland, I. New North Road. Crowther, Lawrence, O.B.E., Park Driver’ (4 copies),

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356

Crowther (Mrs.) ‘“‘Rosslyn,’’? Gledholt. (2 copies). Culley, N., F.R.I.B.A., M.I.Str.E., The Croft, Birkby Hall Rd. Curtis (Mrs. i, 8 Park Mansions, Sydenham, E. 26. Cuttle, M., 53 Larch Street, Paddock.

D

A. T., 14 Wood Street. Dawson, kK. 16 Dalmeny Avenue, Crosland Moor. Dawson, oN ‘““Pomeroy,’’ Bradford Road. Desiden, i. 19 Westbourne Road. Dickens (Mrs.) N., 133 Newsome Road. Dicks, J. W., ‘“‘Examiner’’ Offices. Dickson, W', S., M.D., ‘‘Wentworth House,’’ New. North Road. Dodds, J. G. Elliott, M.A., “‘Jockey Hall,”’ Longley: \ Dodson, BR oe O., 60 {mperial Road, Edgerton. Drabble, Heaton Roai, Dransfield, N. W., The Poplars,’’ Fartown Green Road. Dugdale, F. H., 178 Hafifax Old Road. Dumaresgq, L. By Lockwood Brewery. (2 copies). Dunhill, H., Adil, Broomfield Road. Dyson, A., 24 Lynndale Ayenue, Birkby. Dyson, F., ‘‘Croft House,’’ Netherthong. Dyson, G. "Wheatley, 109, Birkby Hall Road. Dyson, Taylor, M.A. , King James’ Grammar School, Almondbucy

E Eastwood (Miss) M., 30 New North Road. Ellis, —., “‘Mayio,’’ Almondbury Common.

Ellis, J. C., 51 Holme Avenue, Dalton. I Emmerson, Louis, ‘‘Park Side,’?’ Maner Heath Road, Halifax.

F

Fairey, —., 27 New Laith Road, Lowerhouses. Fancy Worsted Design Mills, Crosland Moor. Faulkner, S., Park Drive. Firth (Miss) A., 49 Reinwood Road, Oakes. Pint, ti 201 Greenhead Lane, I Flood, W. A., 6 Woodhouse Hill, Woodhouse. F owler,. W. (2 copies). Fox, G. Street. 7 Fox, T., ‘‘ Hall Bank,’’ Barnsley. Fox, W., Halifax Old Road, I Freeman, - J. W., 49 Spinkfield Avenue, Birkby. Frith, i. 37 Netheroyd Hill Road...

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357 G

Gardiner, S., 33 Larch Street, Paddock. Garton, H. P., 2 Cedar Mount, Edgerton. -Gartland, W.; 33. Walker Street, Withernsea, Ei R. G. R., ‘‘The Hallas,’’ Kirkburton, Gibson, H., ‘“‘Burn Brae,’’ Stone, Fixby. Gilleard, F., ‘‘Hillcrest,’’ Oakes Road. Glendinning, G., ‘‘Arley House,’’ Thornhill Road. Goodwin (Mrs.) A., Parkridge Hill-Camp, Aldershot, Hants. Goodwin, T. A., 24 Standiforth Road, Dalton. Gordon (Mrs.) M., 10 Edinburgh Grove, Leeds 12. Goulden, H., F.L.A., 7 Spinkfield Road, Birkby. Graham, H., 49 Cleveland Road, Marsh. _ Grainger, J., B.Sc., Ph.D., Tolson Memorial Museum. Grainger (Miss) J., Wilshaw Road, Meltham. Gray, H. A. Bennie, O.B.E., J.P. Alderman, ‘‘Dunecira,’’ Gledholt. Greenhalgh, J. Alderman, 102 Dryclough Road, Beaumont Park.

H

Hadfield, J., Imperial Road, Edgerton. Haigh, A., 45 Lea Street, Lindley. I Haigh, H., ‘‘Avenley,’’ Lightridge Road. Haigh, J. F., 16 Westgate, Haigh, W., J.P., ‘‘Lea House,’’ New Mill. Hallas, George, Netheroyd Hill Road. Halstead, W. Alderman, J.P. (His Worship the*Mayor of Hud- dersfield), Thornhill Road, Lindley. Hanson, T. W., Heath Gardens, Halifax. Hardy (Miss) oe 62 Beech Street, Paddock, Harewood, Rupert, Linton Avenue, Greenhead Road. Hargreaves, C., 39 Central Avenue, Fartown. Harland, H., 51 Redcar Road, Guisborough, N.R. Harrop, F. L., 58 Benomley Crescent, Almondbury, Hartley, H., 24 Garlick Street, Oaks Green, Rastrick. Haywood (Mrs.) S., Vernon Avenue. Hemingway, H., 535 Bradford Road. Hepworth, .J., 135 St. John’s Road. Hepworth, J. W., ‘‘Engelberg,’’ Sheepridge. Hervey (Miss) 1 Armitage Crescent, Lockwood. Heywood, G. E., ‘‘Heymoor,’’ Shepley. Hickling, R. V., Redwell Road,: Wellingborough, Northamptoa. Hickson, Clifford, Buk BA, M. I.Str.E., The Gables, Netherton Higson, G., 49 West Close, F artown. Hill (Miss) A. , M.A., Girls’ High School, Gr Road. Hillhouse Central School. I Hinchcliffe, F., 13 Westfield Avenue, Oakes. Hinchliffe, D., 184 Bradford Road.

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308

Hinchliffe, T., ‘‘Holm Crest,’’ Holmbridge. Hirst’ (Mrs.) F. RR. Lane, Birk- inshaw, near Hirst, G. Crowther, ‘‘Greylands,’’ Almondbuty.! Hirst, J. R., 2 Pengwhen Vale, Festiniogg, Merioneth. Hirst (Mrs.) L., 15 Meltham Road, Lockwood. Hirst (Miss) M., ‘‘Corbiere,’’ Lightridge Road. Hirst, W. H. H., 36 Mayfield Avenue, Dalton. Hobson, C. E., 5 Yew Street, Fartown. Holmes, T., Bracken Hall, Holmes, C. F., 57 Broomfield Road, Fixby. Hoyle, A., the late, ‘‘Desmond,”’ Edgerton. Huddersfield Corporation: Huddersfield Public Library, per Mr. H. Goulden (8 copies). Huddersfield Technical College, per Dr. Whitaker. Hudson, T., ‘‘Hungerford,’’ Lightridge Road. Hughes, H.,.12 Fixby Road. Hughes, M. R., B.A., Lepton. Hunter, J. R., Bradford Road, Hurst, J. R., Preston Co-operative Society.

I

Ingham, H. W., 56 Bradford Road. Iredale, R., Street, Parkfield Avenue, Elland.

J

Jackson, T., 179 Moor End Road, Lockwood. Jackson, T. Edwin, the late, Almondbury. 3 I Jackson (Mrs.) W., ‘‘South View,’’ Highburton, Kirkburton, barrett, H., Baty Brae,’’ 154 Halifax Old Road. Jervis, C. O., 15 Water Street. Jenkinson, B. 40. Somerset Road. Jessop, L., 5 Buxton Road. Jessop Gis. ) B., 28 Burbeary Road, 7 Johnson, J. W. Bi Councillor, Halifax Old Road, tones, 0. C. Somerville, “Brym Coed, ? Fixby Road.

K

jl, H., M.D., Councillor, ‘"Greenpates,’* Newsome, Raye ty E., “BB Crescent, Almondbury. Kaye, N., “Lynton, Thornhill Road. Kave, W., 1. Lea Street, Lindley:

Lacy, G. R., 140-Halifax Old Road. Lancaster, 1. vo House,

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i

359

Landsborough, H. P., 94 Fitzwilliam Street. Lawson, E., 29 Fenton Square, Lockwood. Lawton, Fred, ‘‘Bentley House,”’ Commercial. Street, Skelman- thorpe, (6 copies). Lawton, George, 36 Storthes Road, Birkby. Lee, Joe, Central (Kaye’s) College, New North Road. Lee, Philip H., 140 Halifax Old Road. (2 copies).

I Leeds Public per Mr. R. G. Gordon.

De Cy. A., K.C., “‘Windrush,’’ Windmill Lane, Hampstead, N. Wo Liversidge (Miss) K. M., 2 Longley Road, Almondbury. Lockwood, E., New Lane View, Skelmanthorpe. Lockwood, G., 26 Cressfield Road, Lindley. I Longbottom, A Ly; , LP., the late, Stafford’ Lawn, Halifax. I Lumb, H., the late, 353 New Hey Road, Lindley.

M

G. H., 78 New Hey Road,

Mallinson, D. , Queen Hotel. Mallinson, Re Alder Street, Fartown. Mallinson, W., Councillor, ‘Meadow Croft,’? Beaumont Park. Marsden, W., Yew Street, Fartown. Marshall (Miss) a. Estate Buildings. Martin H., 52 Cleveland Road, Marsh.

‘Matthewman; 430 Wakefield Road, Dalton.

Matthews, C., 24 Cambridge Road. Mellor, T. N., 58 Somerset Road. Mitchell, A. 16 Kennedy Avenue, Fixby.

“Moorhouse, 42 New Hev Lindley. _ Morton, Ioneph, 7 Daisy Road, Brighouse,

Mosley, E., 55 Barcroft Road, Newsome. Mosley, L., 17 Murray Street, oe

_ Moulton, A. oa Alderman, M.B.E Lae Na Almond -

bury. W'. 2 Stanley Road, Lindley.

N

Nash, H. B., 10 Cedar Mount, Edgerton. Neaverson (Mrs.) L., ‘‘Far Dene _ Kirkheaton. Nichol, A., Councillor, .J.P.; Heaton Road, Paddocs. Nicholls, E. , Gawthorpe : Nicholson (Mrs.) C. M., 63 Bentley Street, Ph: Dy, Central Avenue, Noble, I. W., 5 Woodhouse Hill, Woodhouse. North, F., 74 Road, Birkby, North, J. Gy “Dryclough House,’ ’ Crosland Moor, Norton, r. G. , Kirkroyd,’’ Almondbury.

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360 O

Oldfield, A. and L., New North Road and Bradford Road. O’Neill, Dr. H. T'., ‘‘Bryansford,’’ Lindley. Overend (Mrs.), 81 Wood Lane, Ashenhurst. Oxley (Mrs.) E., 85 Glebe Road, Crookes, Sheffield, W.

P

Parker, F., 62 Imperial Road, Marsh. Parkinson (Mrs.) ao Cross Church Sieber’ Pearson, H.,. 20 Rises Street, Crosland Moor. Pearson, oe 72 New North Road. Pearson, —., 39 Springdale Avenue. Pickles, J. T., 36 Virginia Road, Marsh. Pilling, F., Toothill Green Cottage, Rastrick. Pilkington, B., 40 Ripon Avenue, Fartown. Pratt, G., M.P.S., 451 Blackmoorfoot Road, Crosland Moor. Priest, Walker, J.P., Woodside Road, Crosland Moor. Pyrah, J. F., Imperial Road. .

Q Quarmby, F. R., ‘‘Tree Tops,’’ Granny Hill, Halifax. Quarmby, H., 35 Newsome Road South, Berry Brow.

R

Radcliffe, F., M.1I.Str. E., 190 Trinity, Street. Raffan (Mrs.) E., Gledholt Hall. Ramsden, JT. L., ‘‘Gledholt Grove,’’ Greenhead Road. Rayner (Miss) M., ‘‘The Corner Shop,’’ Fixby Road. Redfern (Miss), 43 Green End Lane, Meltham. Renshaw, A. Honley. Revell, N. H., 12 Forest ens Marsh. Rhind, A., 17 Imperial Road. I Richanga, 1 M., 1 Victoria Aine Parktown, Richardson (Miss) ie, 10 Belmont Street. Robinson, F., ‘‘The Royds,? Clayton West. Robinson (Mrs.) F. M., ‘‘The Oyster Bar,’’ Market Street. - Robinson, H., 4 Avenue, Clifton. Robinson, H. Pp, Ki Ue Quarry,”’ Bradford Road. Robson, i a, uthortie Bank,’’ Silverdale. Rodgers, F., ‘‘The Yews,”’ Lindley Moor. Rodgers, O., J.P., 9 Cross Lane, Primrose Hill, Roebuck, H., 6 Alison Drive, Fartown. Rogerson, es N. I., Rosery Cottage: 390a, Rival Rostron, C., 23 Ripon Avenue. Rushworth, ‘a E., 38 Fixby Road. D. bi ‘‘Out-of-Bounds,”’ Road. Rushworth, 7. Ay, 9 Cobcroft Road, Ba artown.

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361

Ss

Schofield, D., 30 Holmfirth Road, Meltham. Schorah, A., 68 Adelphi Road, Marsh, Scott, W., Long Woodhouse, Netheroyd Hill. Sellers, oe Imperial Road. Senior, J. ‘Ey, Commercial Road, Skelmanthorpe. I, 8 Bradford Road. Shaw, A., Lightridge Road. Shaw, E. B., 51 North Street, Lockwood. Shaw (Miss) E. H., ‘‘Moorcroft,’’ Blackmoorfoot Road. Shaw, H., 58 Thornhill Avenue. I Shaw, Henry, 236 Lockwood Road. Shaw, J. D., 12 Una Place, Birkby Hall Road. Shaw, I. W., 11 Belmont Street. Silver, G., 67. Lawrence Road, Marsh. Silver, R., 35 Lawrence Road, Marsh. Sisson, D., 27 Springwood Avenue. Slater, E., 5384 Wakefield Road. Smailes, T., Alderman, Park Drive. omuth, J. Bric. B.A., F.RvG.S., Quarmby Croft, b Smita, N. C.; Marsh Grove Road. Smith, O. Re. 4 Alison Drive. Smith, W. a ‘Rotherham Road, Smithies, Barnsley. Spencer, A.R.C.A., Technical College. ‘Stancliffe, W. H., 23 Mead Street, Fartown. Steel, T. N., 150 Old Road. Steele, (Mrs.) A. R., 11 Broomfield Road, Fixby. Stephenson, R., 6 Dalmeny Close, Crosland Moor. Stephenson, W., Westbourne Road, Marsh. Stirling, (Mrs.) A. M. W., Old Battersea House Lane, 5. W. 11. Stocks, W., Midland Bani, Market Place. Sunley, Trinity Street. Sutcliffe, A., 7 Kingcliffe, Birkby. Sutelite, S., Far Bank, Shelley. Swallow, E. L., Netherton. Sykes, A. Wy; 3 Foxglove Road, Almondbury. Sykes, Bi iy, Greenhead Road. Sykes, H. Bentley, ““Cae Cloc Clydd,’’ Harlech, Merioneth. Sykes, Humphrey, ‘‘Arkenley,”’ Almondbury. Sykes, J. F., Major and Alderman, Birksgate, Fenay Lane. Sykes, J. W., 181 Newsome Road. Sykes (Miss) I M, Alderman, B.A., LLB., ‘‘Arkholme,’’ Almondbury Sykes, Trevor, 5 Street. :

Talbot, (Mrs.) F., 50 Imperial Road. Taylor, A., Estate Offices.

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362

Taylor, F. A., 294 Blackmoorfoot Road. Taylor, F. W., ‘“‘Thorpe House,’’ Almondbury. Taylor, L., 8 Stanwell Avenue, Edgerton. Taylor, T., ‘‘Kirkvale,’’ Kiirkheaton. Taylor, Turner, 91 St. John’s Road, Birkby. Thewlis, (Mrs.) J., 13 The Solid, Lockwood. Thornton, (Mics), 163 Ravensknowle Road, Dalton. Tiffany, W. S., Trinity Street, I Townend, T., T. , 05 Lawrence Road, Marsh. Turner, Ji, Birkby Hall Road. I Turner, J: G., Station Street. Turton, Bradley. Road. Tyas, H., 25 Ivy Street, Crosland Moor.

Uttley, R., 46 Kaye Lane, Almondbury.

V

Victoria and Albert Museum, London, mW, Wainwright, A. W., 14 A I rae, Wainwright, J. W., 36 Quarmby Road, Quannby.” Wainwright, T., Radcliffe Street, Skelmanthorpe. Walker, f., Major, A). i, Marsh House. Walter, |., M.A. PHI); “A Chiynine, Heaton oud. 5. B., 12 Lea Stack, Lindley. I i Walker, 1s Wellborsugt Drive, Highroyd Well, ‘Halifax. Wallis, F. Clough Road, Rastrick. I Ward, W.R., 244 Deighton Road, W Ra 5 Smith’s Avenue, Marsh. Wattam, WV Gs Newsonié Road. Webster, rt. 104 St. Thomas’ Road. Weir (Miss) N., 7 Westfield Avenue, Oakes. White (Mrs.) M. A., 23 Green Lane, Dalton. Whitehead, L. F., Leicester Street, Moldgreen. Whiteley, F., Aaah “Bryan Lodge,’’ Bdge: ton. Whitfield, D. 20 Colwyn Street. Whittle, E. a 29 Woodhouse Avenue, Sheepridge. Wild, (Mrs. ) H. , 36 Greenhead Lane, Dalton. Wilkinson, Central Avenue, Fz artown I Williams, oR rr, “Sunninghill,’ I Edgerton. Williams, (Mrs.) L., $4.South Parade. Wilson, R., The Unicorn Inn. Wood, a. “ Elton Lodge,”’ Lascelles Hall, Kirkheaton.

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Wood, A. E., ‘‘Mon Abri,’’ 18 Netheroyd Hill Road. Wood, H. V.., ‘‘Ridgeley,’’ Sharp Lane, Almondbury. I Wood, J. H., 20 Hillside Crescent, Newsome. Wood, (Miss) L., 16 Windsor Road, Cowlersley. Wod (Mrs.) G, A., ‘‘Fern Bank,”’ 9 Thorpe Road, ain al Wood, D. G., 29 Bay Hall Road. . Woodhead, aa ., M,A., Oueen’s Koad.


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