Huddersfield: The Official Handbook (1932) by Huddersfield Corporation

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A RECORD of

PIONEERING

WORK & PROGRESS

in the

GAS INDUSTRY

First

1883.

1895. 1899. 1911.

1914. 1920.

1922.

1926. 1927.

1855

Patent granted to William Cartwright Holmes, the Founder of the firm of W. C. Holmes & Company Ltd., for improvements in gasmaking plant.

The Holmes "Brush" Washer first-

patented. _ The "New" Brush Washer introduced.

"Western" Gas Valves first introduced. Continuous Tar Distillation. f Super Type Horizontal Tube Condensers. The "1920" Patent Brush Washer.

Stage Washing for complete Naphthalene Removal perfected. Connersville Positive "Dry" Station Meters, Exhausters and Boosters introduced.

The "Dri-Gas" Process. For removal of water vapour from gas before distribution.

W. C. HOLMES ® CO. LTD.

Bye Products Engineers

HUDDERSFIELD - -_ ENGLAND London Office - 119 VICTORIA STREET, S.W.1

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HELLO, WHAT'S THIS?

d

"Cos

Mechanical Brother

IHE KARRIER "*MECHANICAL HORSE"

keeps pace with Time and Traffic!

Speed up your deliveries by employing this wonderful three - wheel _ tractor _ which hauls existing drays or vans and "feeds" only in proportion to the useful work done.

Full details from

KARRIER MOTORS LTD., HUDDERSFIELD. HPP I Imm In Page One

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HUDDERSFIELD BUILDING SOCIETY

Send for Prospectus to General Manager, Britannia Buildings, or, better still, call to see us.

Telephone 3074 (4 lines).

Telegrams : '* Britannia,

Huddersfield."

ASSETS - £11,000,000

Save through "The Huddersfield "

SECURITY. EASY WITHDRAWAL ARRANGEMENTS. EXCELLENT RATES OF INTEREST (Free of Income Tax). NO DEPRECIATION OF CAPITAL

Buy your Home through "The Huddersfield "

LOW RATES OF INTEREST. NO EXTRAS TO DISAPPOINT. EASY REPAYMENTS.

"HUDDERSFIELD'S OWN SOCIETY"

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r'IND”~~~~~~~~~I~|~~|~C~lg~~~~~l~l~lfl~ll~dl~l~i~~~~

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BRITANNIA BUILDINGS

The Head Office of the Huddersfield Building Society.

Pre P rp p a a ual ad t detent Attn ca dtd detta dtc d atms Bn

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Telephone : Telegrams : Hudd, 3380, 3381. '* TIMOTHY."

HUDDERSFIELD

Established 1795

TOWN ALES

In Cask and Bottle

Importers of

WINES, SPIRITS AND LIQUEURS Whisky Bonders and Blenders.

Scotland's Best: «SCOTLAND'S LIQUEUR" WHISKY

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_| i

Bread and

Confectionery

may be bought from Agents in all districts g in the town

O-O--0-O-O--O--O0--0O-O-O-O--O-O-O-O--O-O--O--O--O--O--O-

HAVE YOU FOUND YOUR AGENT

f)

WHOLESALE ONLY. [ j

{ __ Royd Bakery, Ashbrow Road

HUDDERSFIELD a Telephone 6. Telephone 6.

(

soma o mown va mv s mov o t mv a $ o t me he hs o s moa s ha t s h ts m hrn rs nat s ~- & & somes d

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j Telephone : Telegrams :

i 1526 and 1527. " Haigh, ) _ HAIGHS, HUDDERSFIELD 9 LIMITED HAIGH, MOULDEN & Co. DAVID HAIGH & SONS Clothing. Woollens & Blankets, Ete.

ALLEN HAIGH & Co. Costumes, Rainproofs and Waterproofs

@*

‘ Manufacturers of the TALBOT MAKE

_ MEN'S, YOUTHS' & BOYS' CLOTHING " LADIES' WEAR 5 TAILOR-MADE COSTUMES i_ WOOLLEN AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS

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\,‘{'__\_ W I“ wf 11 l! 4 - i ! \b il | { a j ! |_ (West Riding, Yorks.) ! : ® U U ' i As an Industrial € Residential Centre i Z [ H OFFICIAL HANDBOOK - R CONTENTS PAGE i a Preface as e 9 _ Public Services Summarized : ! - Railway and Transport Facilities .. .. .. -.. .. .. .. II 1 |- Tramways and Motor Omnibuses .. .. .. =.. =.. .. =.. I2 a [| Gas + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 12 l a Electricity .. e i | | Public Heath Department ke kk rk ee rk ek ee I4 - a Cambridge Road Baths -.. es || Markets and Fairs .. =.. =.. .. .. o.. o.. o.. o.. .. I6 i Waterworks & &. ek kk kk ek ee o.. I7 a Local Industrial Act1v1t1es -- 1 Introduction +. y, aa The Chemical Industr1es ka ke ok. ..- 18 l The Dyeing and Finishing 'of Textile Products ka k. o.. 20 9

The Worsted and Woollen Industries .. .. .. .. .. .. 20 The Wholesale Clothing Trade Ple

D D $

Engineering and Metal-Working Industrres e> d Educational Institutions and Facilities .. - .. .. =.. .. .. .. 25 Technical College - .. ao cea ra re are .._ 26 / V‘ \| Huddersfield, Described and :- p H1stor1ca1Note.. e m || Residential Aspects .. . kk kk ak cre ore rre +e 3I _ a Recreations and Amusements .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 - || Parks and Open Spaces .. .. .. .. o.. o.. .k -.. 34 - - Places of Worship .. .. .. .. .l. ol. -> +> +- 3% 1 | | War Memorial ..,. .. .. .. .. .. .. a ees - - Public Buildings :- - Royal Infirmary. ka kk cork kk re le kk .k o.._ 36 a [| The Old Cloth Hall Town Hall and Municipal Offices ; - - Library and Art Gallery ; Castle Hill Tower ; The Tolson a Memorial Museum .. _ . 2.00 .._ 36 - F Brief Notes on some Local Firms advertlsmg in Handbook | .. 39 _ | | Sketch Plan of Huddersfield .. =.. =.. =.. .. .. .. .. 38-29 a - Folding District Map a+ ao kk aes facing 46 L- - Folding Map of Bus and Tramway Systems 2.0 .. ..- facing 48 1 1 Useful References .. ka kk kk rk or. ol.. 55 a F General Information and Accommodation _.. v0 kk e. .._ 46 | | ALSO ELEVEN ILLUSTRATIONS. - - - Issued under the Auspices of the | 1 HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION _ (SIXTH EDITION) ) f

Infringement of copyright of cover design or contents is actionable.

ED. J. BURROW & CO. LTD., CHELTENHAM, and Wellington House, Strand, London, W.C. 2.

4

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Printed in Great Britain.

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Huddersfield Corporation Electricity Department

Use Electricity for Everything:

LIGHTING COOKING HEATING CLEANING Also for MOTIVE POWER

For terms apply to the

Borough Electrical Engineer St Andrew's Road, HUDDERSFIELD

Telephone 2020 (2 lines)

OR TO THE}

Show Room - - Imperial Arcade New Street HUDDERSFIELD

| Telephone 1341.

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PREFACE

Although Huddersfield, like many other towns in the West Riding of Yorkshire, is above all an industrial town, with a large number of mills and workshops as the pivots of its activities, it nevertheless possesses certain distinctive characteristics which are not found elsewhere ; and though it cannot boast, like many ancient burghs, of a Royal charter, none the less, during the relatively short time since its incorporation as a County Borough it has achieved distinction. To the outsider the name of Huddersfield at once recalls several distinctive associations. It is the town whose Association Football team, although estab- lished on its present basis only since the War, not only advanced to the first division in the 1920-21 season, but won the English Cup in 1921-22, and created a record by winning the League Championship in three consecutive seasons, 1923-24 to 1925-26, falling back only to second place in 1926-27. Moreover, in 1927-28 the team succeeded in passing into the Final of the English Cup Competition. As a nursery of international stars it has achieved great distinction. Followers of the Rugby game will not need to be reminded that the town, in 1912-14, produced what was probably the finest Rugby Football team the world has seen. A marked revival of Rugby football took place in 1928-29 season. The Rugby League Club won the Yorkshire Cup, and the championship of the Rugby League. Also, the Old Boys' Rugby Union Club has greatly developed since re-organizing at its new headquarters and modern ground at Waterloo. The adjoining villages have always been nurseries for County Cricket- to mention only three : George Herbert Hirst, Wilfrid Rhodes and Percy Holmes. In the home and foreign markets the name of Huddersfield connotes the manufacture of the highest quality of fine worsted fabrics. Throughout Great Britain the town is a well-known model in its civic administration and as one which guaranteed its rates in advance for a period of three years at the low level of 9/- Borough Rate and 1/6 in the £ Poor Rate. A significant test is that in Huddersfield even the electric tramways continue to be a profitable undertaking. Such facts show that in the realms of civic administration, business and sport, Huddersfield has achieved an enviable reputation. Nor have the Arts been neglected-the local Theatre Royal has been the scene of many first-night productions, the local amateur Thespians' Dramatic Society has staged many new pieces which have subsequently achieved a national reputation ; and also figured in final competitions in U.S.A. The local Glee and Madrigal Society, Permanent Orchestra, and Holme Valley Male Voice Choir, are known throughout the country. Above all, the local medical services have been steadily developed to subserve public health in the widest sense-as witness the pioneer facilities for child welfare and the care of the aged and infirm. To the visitor or resident, Huddersfield conveys many other remarkable impressions. To mention only a few : the immense value and advantages of the estate property acquired by the Huddersfield Corporation, whereby the town is really its own landlord, able to provide and organize sites for all public and private purposes ; the solid appear- ance of the bulk of the buildings, owing to their being mainly of stone ; the excellent roads, tramways, motor omnibuses, and other facilities for transport and travel ; the large area and favourable situation of the various parks and open spaces ; the pleasant manner in which the residential parts are grouped in the outlying areas. To the new arrival by rail the exit from the station opens on the broad and widely spaced St. George's Square and at once gives the correct impression of the town-orderly, substantial and spacious. One cannot help recalling that the late Earl of Oxford and Asquith-a former schoolboy of the town-typified many of its qualities. Noteworthy also is the policy of specialization in the highest ranges of products: by its various business firms and the general air of youthful activity and the businesslike conduct of affairs exhibited in its various industrial, social and civic organizations. - Huddersfield is a town of experiment in many directions, but experiment on the sound bases of good prospects of success and past achievement. One might suggest that the B.B.C. Regional Station at the adjoining Moorside Edge, Slaithwaite, would have derived more advertisement if described as of Huddersfield. As the following pages will show, its activities are very varied, and this handbook can necessarily convey only an inadequate impression of their extent. G. R. C

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W. E. Turton, Photo.

Victoria Tower, Castle Hill.

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HUDDERSFIELD

PUBLIC SERVICES

RAILWAY AND TRANSPORT FACILITIES

The railway facilities are good, traffic being expeditiously dealt with by the L.M.S. and L.N.E. Railway Companies respectively. Through passenger trains are run daily to the principal commercial centres. London is reached in a little over four hours ; Manchester in forty minutes ; Liverpool in just over 1} hours; Leeds in half-an-hour; Hull slightly over two hours; Newcastle just over 3% hours-all by direct service. The position of Huddersfield is advantageous from a traffic point of view, being approximately equi-distant from the two great northern ports of Liverpool and Hull. Through goods services are also in operation to the chief ports and other towns. Restaurant Car services are now available between Huddersfield and Hull and Liverpool, Huddersfield and Newcastle-on-Tyne, and vice versa.

ROAD TRAVEL FACILITIES Huddersfield is the centre of an elaborate road system radiating in every direction. In addition to the extensive local facilities provided by the Hudders- field Corporation and the L.M.S. jointly with all outlying districts, popular services of motor omnibuses are run as follows :-The purely local services of motor omnibuses link up Huddersfield with all the surrounding villages and small towns, supplementing the tramway services. Notable are the Corporation's direct services to Meltham, Holmfirth, Brighouse, Kirkheaton, and intervening villages. The joint services to Halifax, Bradford, and towns of the Colne Valley, provide a link between most populous areas. Local transport companies have frequent and direct services to Leeds, via Dewsbury and Batley ; to Doncaster, via Barnsley ; and to Sheffield, via Penistone and Stocksbridge ; to Wakefield, via Lepton and Horbury, also via Skelmanthorpe and Scissett; to Manchester, via Oldham ; and even direct daily services to Blackpool. In addition, Huddersfield is served en route by various coast to coast services and the North-Western service from Newcastle to Manchester. The recent arrangements between the Corporations of Bradford, Huddersfield, Halifax and the L.M.S. Railway is bound greatly to extend and co-ordinate the facilities for rapid and extensive road travel between all local areas and the chief towns of the West Riding. The schemes for widening and opening out those main roads entering and leaving the town are rapidly developing : those providing main highways to Bradford and to Leeds respectively are now complete. The main road from Huddersfield to Wakefield and Sheffield, via Penistone, has been widened and reconstructed throughout its entire length, opening up in particular the rapidly developing suburb of Moldgreen and Dalton. Similar widening of the main road to Holmfirth and Sheffield, via Lockwood, is in progress. A scheme is also in progress for making suitable central sites at convenient points in the town the termini for the rapidly increasing services of motor omnibuses.

HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION TRAMWAYS AND MOTOR- OMNIBUSES : A remarkable record of Municipal enterprise and progress. (For Map see facing page 48.) Tramways. Huddersfield was the first Municipality to construct, operate and develop its own tramway system, and to-day the route mileage of tramways is 384 miles - or 62% miles of single track. The carriage of parcels on tramcars has greatly developed since it was first instituted in 1887. The revenue from the carriage of parcels for the year ending March 31st, 1931, was £1,950. Page Eleven

Page 14

PUBLIC SERVICES

The haulage of coal along the tramways by means of specially designed trucks was commenced in 1904, as the result of arrangements with Messrs. Martin, Sons & Co. Ltd., of Lindley, for the conveyance of coal direct from the Hillhouse Railway Sidings to their works. The quantity of coal carried is approximately 8,000 tons per annum. The Tramway system covers routes embracing the following :-Almondbury, Berry Brow, Bradley, Brighouse, Crosland Moor, Deighton, Elland and West Vale, Fartown (via Bradford Road), Fartown (via Birkby), Honley, Lindley, Linthwaite, Lockwood, Dod Lea and Longwood, Marsden, Marsh, Milnsbridge, Moldgreen, Newsome, Outlane, Wellington Mills, Paddock, Rastrick, Sheepridge, Slaithwaite, and Waterloo. Workmen's return tickets are issued on trams to passengers arriving at their destination at 9 a.m. at halfpenny above the ordinary single journey. Motor Omnibus Services. The district is admirably served by motor-bus, and practically every village has a regular service with Huddersfield as its centre (see map facing page 48). Frequent services of buses are run to the following places :-Nont Sarahs, Ainley Top, Bailiff Bridge, Bradford, Brighouse via Rastrick, Crosland Hill, Dewsbury, Farnley Tyas, Golcar, etc., Halifax, Holmbridge, Jackson Bridge, ~Kirkburton, Kirkheaton, Lepton, Linthwaite Church, Marsden, Meltham, Slaithwaite, Thurstonland, Wellhouse, and Taylor Hill. Numerous long- distance services are also in operation. Extensive and fully equipped garage accommodation for the developing Motor-Bus services has been opened in Leeds Road, adjoining Great Northern Street Gas Works. Workmen's return tickets are issued to passengers arriving at their destination at 9 a.m. at fare-and-half for the ordinary single journey. Parcel services have been instituted, and are proving very useful. During the early part of 1929 negotiations were entered into with the London, Midland and Scottish Railway Company, and an Agreement completed whereby the Company participates in the Corporation Omnibus Services on a fiftv-fifty basis. GAS

The Huddersfield Corporation are the owners of the Gas undertaking, which has two producing centres : the larger at Leeds Road, and the smaller at Longwood, with a distributing works at Slaithwaite. The Head Offices and Distribution Department are situated at Leeds Road, and the Showrooms at Byram Street, opposite the Parish Church. The area of supply includes the Borough of Huddersfield and the Urban Districts of Linthwaite, Golcar, Sleuthwalte, South Crosland, Kirkheaton, and a portion of the Urban Districts of Lepton, Fixby and Marsden. The total number of consumers is over 50,000, and the total number of cooking and heating appliances in use is also over 50,000. The undertaking owns its own Tar Distillery Works, together with other By-Products Plant. The scale of prices charged at June, 1931, for Gas within the borough is as follows :- Gas for all purposes except Power. The first 20,000 cubic feet of consumption per quarter is charged at 3/1 per 1,000 c. ft. (7'4d. per therm) in all cases.

GAS CONSUMED. PER THERM. 1Ioo to _ 20,000 c. ft. 3/1 for each 1,000 c. ft. =.. =. (7'4d.) 20,000 ,, 40,000 _ ,, 3/- for each 1,000 c. ft. in excess of 20,000 c.ft {7'2d.) 40,000 ,, - 70,000 - ,, 2/II +» +» +3 (7:0d.) 70,000 ,, 100,000 ,, 2/10 +» +» P (6+8d.) 100,000 ,, - 200,000 »» 2/9 ++ ++ ++ (6'6d.) 200,000 ,, 400,000 - ,, 2/7 +» e 3» (6+2d.) 400,000 ,, 600,000 ,, 2/5 » +» +» (5*8d.) 600,000 ,, 800,000 ,, 2/3 +» +» a (5*4d.) 800,000 ,, 1,000,000 - ,, 2/2 +» +» o (5'2d.) Over 1,000,000 c. ft. : 2/1 ++ ++ 33 (5*0d.)

Page Twelve

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PUBLIC SERVICES

Gas for Power.

Up to 50,000 c. ft. at 2/7 per thousand cubic feet. +» 100,000 | ,, 2/6 +» +» ++ 250,000 ++ 2/5 ++ P ++ 500,000 | ,, 2/4 y+ o +» 750,000 | ,, 2/3 ++ ++ »» 1,000,000 | ,, 2/2 +» +» Exceeding - 1,000,000 - ,, 2/1 +3 +3

The prices are subject to a discount of 5 per cent. on payment of account before a specified date. No meter rents are charged.

W. E. Turton, Photo. St. George's Square.

ELECTRICITY

The following are the rates for consumption of electricity for both domestic and commercial purposes : Single-phase Supply : Ordinary lighting, 4d. per unit (extra charge of 1o per cent. for premises situated outside the Borough area); Domestic Cooking and Heating, 3d. per unit without guarantee, 1d. per unit under guarantee of 10/- per half-year. Alternative charge for Domestic Supply : A standing charge of 15 per cent. per annum of the Rateable Value of the property, plus halfpenny per unit for all units consumed, including lighting, industrial power and heating, 3d. per unit without guarantee, 1id. per unit with a minimum guarantee of 10/- per horse-power installed per half-year ; Shop Lighting, ordinary, 4d. per unit. Alternative charge for Single-phase Consumers other than domestic: The first 300 units per kilowatt of maximum demand per half-year for lighting at 4d. per unit; all additional units for whatever purpose at 1id. per unit. Electricity for after-hours Shop Window lighting is supplied through separate meters for this purpose at a reduced rate

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PUBLIC SERVICES

of 24d. per unit, and consumers are required to pay the following annual charges to include the winding of the clocks, viz.: small clocks £1, large clocks £1 5s. There are no meter rents on the single phase system, and 5 per cent. cash discount is allowed if the accounts are paid within one month. Moreover, the town has been a pioneer in applying a new basis for the more extensive supply of electricity for domestic purposes according to the rateable value of properties. Three-phase. Rates for energy consumed for power purposes on the three-phase system :-

UNITS USED PER ANNUM. NET PRICE PER UNIT IN PENCE, 1—102000 + + + + + + + + I’OO

.. .. =.. - *'Q5 20,000-50,000 .. .. .. *'Q 50,000-I100,000 ka 00 .. *8 Less 100,000-I50,000 | .. .. +85 Discount 150,000-200,000 | .. -.. *75 according 200,000-300,000 | .. .. *7 to Load 300,000-400,000 | .. .. - *6b75 | Factor 400,000-300,000 | .. .. _ *65 * 500,000-I,000,000 .. .. *6 1,000,000-2,000,000 2.00 Over 2,000,000 se oss *50

Plus Coal Clause.

Greatly extended plant has been erected at the Electricity Works for generating electricity to meet the greatly increased demand for both light and power, including large extension of the Destructor Plant, which is now used also for the purposes of steam generation. (See page 8.)

HUDDERSFIELD PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT

The following services are provided by the Public Health and School Medical Staff :- Home visitation by fully qualified medical practitioners of children under one year of age and expectant mothers; provision of milk for expectant and nursing mothers, and for babies, in necessitous cases; nursing of maternity cases in the Maternity Home (twenty beds), or in St. Luke's Hospital (eight beds) ; provision of maternity outfits; assistance of Consultant Obstetrician in cases of difficult labour ; supervision of midwives ; registration and inspection of Maternity Homes ; home nursing of sick infants under one year of age; provision of Home Helps and Daily Assistants for mothers with young children when they themselves are unable to carry out their household duties. Medical inspection of school children; dental inspection and treatment of school children by fully qualified dentists; treatment of children for minor ailments, defective vision, defects, etc.; home visitation of children by School Nurses ; supervision of boarded-out children and infants nursed for reward ; examination and supervision of mental defectives ; provision of Homes and all requisites for children removed from their parents under the Poor-Law Acts, and otherwise; Sanatorium treatment, provision of extra nourishment, home visitation by a qualified nurse, and supervision by a Medical Officer, for persons suffering from tuberculosis; treatment of persons suffering from Venereal Diseases in Hospital, or at the Out-patient Clinic ; in-patient treatment for patients suffering from the notifiable infectious diseases ; provision of serum for the treatment of patients by general practitioners, and for the immunisation of children to protect them from diphtheria; vaccination, and administration of the Vaccination Acts ; provision of Hospital treatment for patients in St. Luke's Hospital (240 beds) and in St. Mary's Hospital (142 beds); medical treatment of patients in their own homes where they are unable to pay for the treatment required ; bacteriological examination of milk samples, swabs, sputa, blood specimens, etc.; inspection of houses under the Housing Acts ; inspection of districts re nuisances ; inspection of workshops, factories, workplaces, slaughter-

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PUBLIC SERVICES

houses, dairies, cowsheds, bakehouses ; inspection of drains; disinfection of premises, and infected articles ; inspection of houses let in lodgmgsayards, stables, etc.; food sampling; dealing with smoke nuisances, and flushing of drains.

CAMBRIDGE ROAD BATHS

Description of Building. The main entrance to the New Baths is in Cambridge Road. After pro- ceeding through the outer doors a vestibule is entered, from which one proceeds into the Foyer, where the Booking Office, which serves for all bathers, is situated.

The Town Hall.

On the left-hand side of the Foyer are the Slipper Baths for Ladies, eight of which are provided, along with the necessary waiting-room and lavatory accommodation. The smaller swimming pool is also approached from the left- hand side of the Foyer, by means of a wide staircase. This pool is 75 feet long by 35 feet wide, and the number of dressing boxes, which are fixed on the platform around the pool, is sixty-eight. . On the right-hand side of the Foyer the Slipper Baths for men are situated in a large and spacious room. - The number of Slipper Baths provided is fifteen, with waiting space and lavatory accommodation adjoining. - The larger swimming pool is also approached from the right-hand side of the Foyer by means of a wide staircase. This swimming pool is 100 feet long by 35 feet wide, and on each of the two long sides of the hall are five tiered galleries, constructed of concrete, on the top tier of which the dressing boxes are fixed. Seventy-three dressing boxes are provided, these being of the collapsible type constructed so that they can be folded back against the wall to form a dado when the hall is required for other purposes than that of swimming. A further sixty-one

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PUBLIC BATHS

dressing boxes are provided in the space underneath the two galleries on either side of the hall. Ample lavatory accommodation and shower baths are provided at each end of both Swimming Pools, so that either hall and pool may be used for mixed bathing if required. It is intended to have the large swimming pool covered over by a spring- dancing floor during the winter months, and ample storage room for this floor is provided. The entrance for dances, etc., is from Claremont Street, where there is a large entrance and vestibule, along with a lounge, and cloak-rooms and lavatories are provided for both sexes. A Café, to be used in conjunction with the hall when dances are held, is also provided. There is a kitchen under- neath the Café, for the preparation of food, and connected with it by means of a hand-worked lift. The steam for the making of hot water for purposes of heating and washing is produced by two steam boilers of the locomotive type. The furnaces of these boilers are of the Wollaston Gas Producer Type, and the fuel used is coke from the local Gas Works. No black smoke is produced, and the chimney which serves the boilers is about the height of the main Baths building. A large laundry for the washing of towels and swimming costumes is also provided, along with mess-room and lavatory accommodation for the Staff. The water used in the two swimming pools is filtered by two large filters, and is then pumped back into the swimming pools. By this method the whole of the water in the two pools is filtered every four hours. The building was designed by Mr. Luther Smith, then the Borough Architect, and erected under his supervision.

COTTAGE HOMES To mark the Diamond Jubilee of the Incorporation of the Borough, memorial stones of the new Public Baths in Cambridge Road and the Cottage Homes at Waterloo were laid by the Mayor of Huddersfield on October 23rd, 1929. The Homes, of which the first four blocks consist of two blocks of four houses each and two blocks of six houses each, are intended to serve for aged persons in difficult circumstances. The houses are specially equipped with modern conveniences and facilities to make their maintenance easy. The accommodation provided consists of a living room, bedroom, scullery with bath, and separate w.c. The houses are let free of rent and rates and water ; electricity and fuel are provided by the Corporation at no cost to the tenant. The gardens and grounds in front of the houses are kept in order by the Parks Department. The Homes were erected to the designs of Mr. L. Smith, then the Borough Architect, who also supervised their erection.

MARKETS AND FAIRS The local authority purchased the market rights from Sir John Ramsden, and in 1880 erected a covered Market Hall in King Street, at a cost of about £30,000. * In 1888 a covered- Wholesale Fruit and Vegetable Market was erected in Brook Street, the cost being £14,700. Public Abattoirs, costing £15,000, and a Cattle Market costing £11,700, have also been opened in Great Northern Street, with up-to-date facilities for cold storage, etc. Cattle Fairs are held on March 31st, May 14th and October 4th, and Weekly Markets every Monday. The great Yorkshire Agricultural Show was held at Huddersfield in July, 1931.

WATERWORKS The largest of the Corporation's water reserves is Blackmoorfoot Reservoir, which is situated on the north-west side of Huddersfield, at a distance of four miles, and at an elevation of 832 feet above sea level to top water line. The reservoir has a capacity of 700 million gallons, and when full the water covers an area of 101% acres. There are two reservoirs at Longwood, one at Deerhill,

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

four in the Wessenden Valley at Marsden, the largest of the latter being Butterley, the capacity of which is 403 million gallons, and one at Dean Head, Scammonden. The whole of the supply is by gravitation, and the drainage area of the reservoirs is chiefly moorland, or high mountain pasture and millstone grit formation, which is the best known natural filter. In the recent drought the borings into natural springs and reserves of water at Brow Grains, Meltham, proved the immense value to the town of the natural supplies of water there available without the heavy expenses of reservoir construction. Full particulars as to charges for manufacturing purposes, etc., may be obtained from the Water Department, Town Hall.

W. E. Turton, Photo. The Greenhead High School for Girls.

LOCAL INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES

Although separate articles elsewhere indicate in detail the activities carried on in the main sections of local industries-textiles, engineering, cloth dyeing, shrinking, and finishing, manufacture of chemicals and dyestuffs, and wholesale tailoring-there are, of course, in addition, a large number of varied trades carried on in Huddersfield, notably : printing and book-binding, both for the trade and for general demand ; the making of machine and hand tools ; wood- working ; furniture and cabinet making ; the manufacture of carpets and rugs ; carcboard boxes ; jams and preserves ; boots and shoes; brewing; patent glazicrg; pottery ; tanning and leather goods ; boot and clog making ; coach, builcing and the making of commercial motor vehicles ; galvanized metal goods ; bricks and clay ware; aerated waters ; athletic outfitting and sports requisites ; confectionery ; hosiery yarns ; gas plant. Many of the local trades subserve the main industries, but none the less they, in addition, provice considerable activity : the making of wicker baskets

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

and skeps ; lubricants; blouse making ; brush making ; canvas manufacture ; card clothing for textile scribbling machines ; the carbonization of rags and old clothing for the recovery of woollen fibres, locally known as " shoddy '" and but largely used in making heavy woollens and union fabrics. Locally, the motor industry is considerably extending, and naturally, with the chemical industries of the town, the distillation of benzol and motor spirit is being undertaken on a fairly large scale. It is interesting to note that there are, in or near the town, three of the oldest established breweries in the country, one dating back to the eighteenth century. The manufacture of tobaccos, cigars and cigarettes is also conducted on a considerable scale by two firms ; one established in 1785 and the other in 1860. _ The making of packing cases of special types for export trade and paper tubes and similar appliances for the textile industries has developed considerably. An important subsidiary to the textile trades is the production of pattern cards and cloth bunches used for sending samples of cloth to prospective customers throughout the world ; also card clothing for textile machinery. In addition, the town is very well placed as regards adjoining farm and grazing land from which a most valuable local supply of milk, dairy produce, fresh meat and vegetables is available. The rocky character of many of the hills surrounding Huddersfield and the constant demand for stone, explains the extensive growth of local quarries and stone works and the existence of several brickworks and pottery under- takings ; this provides a splendid supply of good and cheap building materials at the very doors of the town. Summing up the industrial situation of Huddersfield, it clearly has a number of local advantages of inestimable value. Apart from its central position in Great Britain and the admirable transport facilities between the ports of the east and west coasts and industrial centres both north and south, the raw materials requisite for the various trades are easily accessible. The coal-fields of the Barnsley and Wakefield district overlap almost to the edge of the town, outcrop coal occurring within a mile or two of the centre of Huddersfield, making available ample supplies of coal and coke. The municipal supplies of water, gas, coke and electricity provide facilities at prices which compare favourably with those of any area; and in outlying districts they are supplemented by various private gas undertakings and the extending facilities of the Yorkshire Electric Power Company. The careful policy under which the Corporation now administers the former Ramsden Estate and the policy of other estates in the vicinity provide excellent sites for development on reasonable terms. The local supply of labour, both male and female is large and of a very high standard of efficiency, constantly raised by a sound educational policy supplemented by excellent facilities for both secondary and technical education. Above all the local rates are more reasonable and stable than those of any other similar industrial area in the country. It is natural, therefore, that Huddersfield should confidently look forward to steady industrial development and a future full of promise.

THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES The manufacture of chemical products in Huddersfield is very old- established in that section concerned with synthetic dyestuffs. In the early 19th century was commenced the making of the dyestuffs required for the local textile industries, two pioneers being the late Messrs. Read Holliday and Dan Dawson. In 1856 Perkin produced the first synthetic or artificial dye, of the well- known mauve colour, as a product of coal tar; the commercial possibilities were immediately appreciated by Messrs. Holliday and Dawson, and the production of coal tar colours, now one of the chief chemical activities of Hudders- field was definitely founded by their efforts. Subsequently the chemical output of Read Holliday & Sons Ltd. was developed considerably at their Turnbridge Works, and proved the nucleus for the enormous extension of the production of dyestuffs which has now made Huddersfield the centre for such in Great Britain.

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

It is also interesting to note that, even before the War, some Huddersfield firms were producing certain chemicals, namely Aniline nitro-benzol, pheny- lene-diamine, toluylene-diamine, para-nitrotoluol, benzidine, dimethylaniline, trinitrotoluol, tolidine, including picric acid and other valuable intermediates later essential for the production, not only of dyestuffs vital to the textile industries, but for the production of explosives. Immediately previous to the War, three Huddersfield firms in particular, J. W. Leitch & Co. Ltd., of Milnsbridge, James Robinson & Co. Ltd., of Hillhouse and Read Holliday & Sons Ltd., Turnbridge, were the main producers of the various synthetic colours and coal tar products; but the outbreak of

W. E. Turton, Photo. The War Memorial, Greenhead Park.

war showed the British consumers of dyestuffs and the supply of explosives to be directly dependent upon the well-established German coal tar colour industry. The production of the by-products from coal tar thus became of vital importance ; and not only were the existing local firms largely developed, but, in addition, the establishment of the British Dyestuffs Corporation Ltd., on the nucleus of Read Holliday & Sons Ltd., marked the new phase in its growth. Immense extensions of plant, reaching from Turnbridge to the Dalton district of Huddersfield, and the expenditure of millions of pounds, marked the War period of the history of the local chemical industries. The reduced demand for explosives, the resumption of German competition, the usual difficulties of a post-war period created their problems for the local firms who re-organized to overcome them. At the present time the production of aniline oil, dyestuffs and the multi- farious by-products of the coal tar industry is well established as follows :- The British Dyestuffs Corporation Ltd., is now one of the constituent companies of Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., and at their works at

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

Turnbridge and Dalton, they produce the bulk of the aniline and synthetic colours used in so many British industries, with a considerable and increasing export trade in addition. Commencing with the coal tar all the primaries and the various acids, are produced in enormous quantities, including Aniline oil, toluene, napthalene, anthracene, xylene, and the immense series of soluble and insoluble colours derived therefrom. Some of these are specially designed for dyeing woollens, cottons and silks, and others for the various colours and pigments used in printing, painting and a hundred and one other trades. Another local firm, James Robinson & Co. Ltd., makes a speciality of the production of sulphur colours and those which are specially fast to light, and other agencies destructive of colour. J. W. Leitch & Co. Ltd. (the successors of that pioneer, Mr. Dan Dawson), can be regarded as specialists in the production of intermediates from the various crude tar oils, and as producers of explosives during the War were second to none. It is interesting to note that on the technical side of the industry the plant and productive facilities are modern and extensive, and that, in addition, the fullest attention is being devoted to educational and research work, so indispensable a requisite for success in these industries.

THE DYEING AND FINISHING OF TEXTILE PRODUCTS

This branch of the textile trades represents one of the oldest of the '* factory industries " in the district; small factories for fulling and milling cloth, developed originally along the course of the local streams. Some of the earliest mills in the Colne and Holme Valleys go back to the early part of the nineteenth century. In a number of cases the dyeing and finishing operations are carried on in the woollen and worsted mills, but in a large number of other cases the work is done by separate firms on a commission basis for the textile manu- facturers locally or for firms in the adjoining districts. In some cases the raw wool and yarns are dyed first and in others the woven cloth fabrics-that is, piece dyeing. The importance of these trades can be judged from the fact that the quality of the woollen and worsted fabrics does not depend wholly upon the material and texture, but also upon the degree of excellence in dyeing and finishing. - Failure in dyeing and finishing not only means unsatisfactory but also loss on the original value of the material, to say nothing of its finished market value. It is the excellence of the dyeing, shrinking and finishing operations that help considerably to account for the high reputation of ** Huddersfield " fabrics as regards quality and appearance. Piece cloth dyeing involves scouring and dyeing before the final finish is imparted to the material, by the processes of tentering, drying, milling, blowing, raising, cropping pressing and cutting, etc. All classes of cloth dyeing and finishing are carried on in the district-woollens and worsteds, cottons and silks. Nearly a score of Huddersfield firms have a long-standing reputation, and business connections with other firms which are of great value and importance in these trades. Despite the shortage of dyewares on account of the War, local firms were enabled to maintain their output by the use of new or substitute materials, and have developed improved processes. The firms engaged in dyeing yarns so as to produce the varied and tasteful patterns for the highest quality of finished worsteds ; the shrinking of cloth to obtain the well-known high standard of *" London-shrunk " cloths ; and the water-proofing of textile fabrics, are worthy of special mention. By means of special processes distinct surfaces and finish are given to the various fabrics, as for example: Blankets, Tweeds, Coatings, Velvets, Plushes, Beavers, Meltons, Astrakans, etc. There are a number of firms in the town engaged in dyeing and cleaning used fabrics ; also firms specializing in the dyeing sections of the trade dealing with silks, cottons, woollens and worsteds by means of aniline, sulphur or vegetable dyes, and also in yarn mercerizing.

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

LOCAL WORSTED AND WOOLLEN INDUSTRIES In the West Riding of Yorkshire is concentrated the bulk of the British production of woollen and worsted fabrics, yarns, tops, noils, etc. - Few countries in the world exhibit so great a degree of large scale production of textiles localized and concentrated in so small an area. Huddersfield and the districts immediately adjoining form a natural centre of this area. On the town converge from the west the valleys of the Colne and the Holme ; in the other directions extend the yarn-spinning areas of Halifax and in the Calder and Hebble valleys ; the woolcombing districts of Bradford ; the Dewsbury, Batley and Spen Valley areas producing a world supply of heavy woollens, blankets and union fabrics of wool, cotton and recovered wools. From the early days of the Industrial Revolution (a memorial to the Luddite riots of which, called locally the " Dumb Steeple," stands at Cooper Bridge, near the alleged burial place of Robin Hood) textile production within the area has developed gradually until the town has become a pivot of the most important textile producing area in the world. The application of power-driven machinery and the factory system to the production of woollens and worsteds, and the ample resources of the district in water, labour, wool, climatic conditions, coal and the natural adaptability of the local inhabitants account largely for the remarkable concentration of the industries. ’ The handloom weaver survives only in isolated instances in a few rural districts adjoining Huddersfield, and in connection with some of the pattern weaving in the local factories. One interesting feature of the Huddersfield textile district is that it overlaps in the west with the cotton manufacturing so distinctive of Lancashire. A good deal of cotton is spun in the Huddersfield district, but most of it is of special qualities used largely for mixing with woollen yarns in the so-called union fabrics of wool and cotton. There are also a number of flannel producers in the western districts, stretching towards Rochdale and Greenfield where this production is old established. Quite a number of the textile producers in the Huddersfield area are recognized throughout the world to have nearly approached perfection in certain specialities of the trade which are now regarded as its distinctive and specialized productions. The chief of these is the manufacture of fancy worsted cloths, fabrics of the highest quality in texture, shade, design and finish. These ** Huddersfield cloths *" are well known as such throughout the home and foreign markets, and in both they hold an unassailable position. In fact in many Continental countries and in U.S.A. in particular to be clothed in Huddersfield fancy worsted cloth is the hall mark of the well-dressed man-about-town. The unchallenged superiority of such Huddersfield cloths is evidenced by their exportation to Canada, U.S.A., Europe, South America and Australia, despite considerable tariff duties against such imported fabrics. In the Colne and Holme valleys (the latter stretching through Honley and Holmfirth, the former extending through the industrial hives of Milnsbridge, Slaithwaite and Marsden) there are scores of firms, many of them old established individual or private enterprises, which for generations have produced textile fabrics regarded as their own specialities. In the Colne valley also are many of the larger mills which produce millions of yards of cloths and tweeds to such an extent that they may be said literally to " clothe the The production of such fabrics of good quality, design and finish at reasonable prices is a speciality of this area, in which respects it really has no superior throughout the world. There are many other smaller but equally important sections of the trade dealt with by firms that produce special textile fabrics like Bedford cord, flannels, plain and fancy overcoating, ladies' dress materials, mohairs, vicunas, plushes and plushettes, serges, shawls, Astrakans, Meltons, horse clothing, rugs, etc. A number of local firms make a feature of various lustre-finished fabrics from speciality fibres.

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

In addition it should be noted that an increasing quantity of woollen and worsted yarns and mercerized cotton yarns is produced in the district for supplying the hosiery producers of Leicester and Nottingham. There are also a hundred and one odd auxiliary or sub-textile trades which subserve the main textile production, chief amongst them being the shrinking, dyeing and finishing, water-proofing and merchanting, and the textile engineering trades referred to elsewhere.

THE WHOLESALE CLOTHING TRADE Although Huddersfield cannot claim to have established the first of the clothing factories, the latter are now one of its most striking and rapidly developing features of increasing importance, adding to the general welfare of such a centre of textile manufacture. Huddersfield is likely to rank as one of the chief centres of the wholesale clothing trades, its local conditions being among the best for furthering their growth. A valuable advantage is that both clothing factory and cloth warehouse are often under the same roof, and under one control, or in close proximity ; hence economy in production and celerity in despatch. Some sixty years ago, one of the earliest cloth merchanting firms, Oates & Bairstow (now Ba1rstow Sons & Co. Ltd.) branched out into the clothing industry, followed afterwards by other cloth merchants. Thence the 1ndustry has grown with incredible rapidity from one workshop with a few machines, and a small output, until now there are nearly a score of clothing factories, with up-to-date machinery for high-speed production, over 2,000 skilled work-people and an output of thousands of garments per week. Branch warehouses have been widely extended and representatives increased, world-wide advertising partly explaining the steadily increasing export trade. Activities have more recently been extended successfully, from men's wear, uniforms, institution contracts, etc., to ladies' clothing, in the design, cut and workmanship of which Huddersfield stands second to none. The present environment of the industry is in striking contrast with the conditions in the early days of the ready-made garment. An important feature is that the garments are produced entirely under supervised factory-work conditions, removing the dangers sometimes associated with work given out for execution in private homes. Huddersfield took a leading share in clothing the allied armies, 75 per cent. of the machinery being engaged on Government work during the War; and subsequently in meeting the immense demand for civilian clothing, including the scheme for * standard suits * and the training of ex-servicemen in this branch of industry. With the splendid tradition of *" Quality and Efficiency with Production " associated with Huddersfield, the Wholesale Clothing trade is confidently relied upon to enlarge its scope in world commerce.

ENGINEERING AND METAL- WORKING INDUSTRIES The development of the engineering and metal-working industries in Huddersfield has been of relatively recent date as compared with other old established engineering centres. Despite the somewhat late start and the overshadowing effect of the textile industries, engineering and metal-working have developed locally very rapidly during the past twenty-five years. It is significant that the specialization on distinctive types of high-class products, so marked in the textile industries of Huddersfield, has been repeated as a feature of the engineering trades. A large section of local engineering is concerned with the production ot textile machinery and auxiliary parts therefor. There are now over a score of important local firms engaged in this work, making looms, and spinning, carding, winding and other forms of textile machinery. Although some of these engineering products are comparatively unknown to the general public, they are of vital importance to the local textile industries. The latter have a great advantage in obtaining the requisite plant at short notice and in exact detail. In addition, the export of locally made textile machinery

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W. E. Turton, Photo. The Technical College.

Page 26

LOCAL INDUSTRIES

has been considerable, in some cases notably Chili, Italy and Germany, the Huddersfield made textile machine has been the first to be introduced. Note- worthy is the production of looms, especially the Dobcross looms of Messrs. Hutchinson, Hollingworth & Co. Ltd., of the Dobcross Loom Works, just across the head of the Colne Valley. The productions of this firm are well known throughout the world for their excellence as special types of textile machinery. Joseph Sykes, Bros., of Acre Mills, Lindley, produce all classes of finer quality wire, being an important branch of the well-known English Clothing Co. Ltd., and some of their wire products, notably that used for wool carding machinery, is of the highest degree of excellence for both the home and export trade. In the latter respect textile mills in various foreign countries have been large buyers of Huddersfield-made * card "" almost exclusively. William Whiteley & Sons Ltd., of Prospect Iron Works, Lockwood, have for a very long time manufactured all classes of textile finishing machinery. wool and cotton drying machines, warping, winding and spinning machinery. Both near the centre of the town and in the immediate outskirts there are a number of smaller but important engineering firms making a special feature of producing textile finishing machinery, and the various castings and machinery parts required in the textile trades. Two of the most widely known engineering productions of Huddersfield district, apart from the above, are the Karrier motor vehicles made by the Karrier Motors Ltd., and the valves and boiler mountings produced by Hopkinsons Ltd., Britannia Works, Birkby. The Hopkinson valve and the boiler fittings bearing their trademark are generally recognized as adequate guarantees of superiority throughout the engineering world, especially for work at high steam pressures. Recently the works have been extended for the production of centrifugal machines. It is notable that, despite the general depression from which all engineering trades have suffered, this firm has considerably extended its works and advanced its position in the trade generally during recent years. Motors Ltd. have also extended their range of production from the original type of heavy commercial vehicle to the production of all classes of commercial motors, both of heavy and light-weight type, including motor vehicles required for public service and omnibuses. Equally well-known is the firm of D. Brown & Sons (Huddersfield) Ltd., of Park Works, Crosland Moor, who specialize in the production of all types of gears and high standard fittings for the transmission of power. In recent years the production of various types of electrical machinery has made very considerable progress. T. W. Broadbent Ltd., Victoria Works, produce electric motors of various types, whilst a similar production has made rapid headway at the Empire Works of E. Brook, Ltd. It may be fairly stated in this connection that the latter firm has probably done as much spade work as any in extending the use and efficiency of the small motor in every branch of industry. Among the engineering productions of Huddersfield, perhaps not so well- known to the public but equally well-established and efficient, is that of gas- producing plants. W. C. Holmes & Co. Ltd., Turnbridge, Huddersfield, not only erected Huddersfield's immense gas holder with a capacity of 44 million cubic feet, a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 220 feet, but produces complete plants and equipment for gas works, chemical works and water works, including that for the distillation of coal tar products. Considerable extensions of plant and premises have been carried out in recent years by Thomas Broadbent & Sons Ltd., Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, Central Ironworks, Huddersfield, which firm first became known universally for patent hydro-extractors and centrifugal machinery of all kinds. Latterly this firm has extended its production to that of cranes, capstans, winches, haulage gear, runways and telfers, clutches, steel-works plant and various specialized types of clutches. Another local firm which has assisted materially in the extensions of plant that have taken place locally and in other parts of the country, is that of W. H.

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LOCAL INDUSTRIES

Heywood & Co. Ltd., Bayhall Mills, Huddersfield, who have fitted millions of superficial feet of roof glazing on their patent drop-dry and dust-proof system, including constructional work of all kinds in wood, steel and iron. It is most interesting to note that Rippon Brothers of Viaduct Street is one of the oldest coach and carriage making firms in the country, having built the first English coach for the Earl of Rutland in 1555, the State coach for Queen Elizabeth in 1563, and Queen Elizabeth's special chariot throne in 1584. That the firm has kept up-to-date with developments is well appreciated in that it to-day undertakes the highest classes of coach work, upholstering and motor body work at its works in Huddersfield and elsewhere, ana in 1930 were awarded the First Prize, the Coachmakers' Cup for the finest Enclosed Limousine body fitted to a Rolls-Royce chassis in the Coachwork Competition at the Olympia Show. The coachwork which secured this award was exactly the same quality in design, material and workmanship as supplied to all Rippon Bros. customers. In 1931, Rippon Bros. were further awarded the Coachmakers' Silver Medal, and in previous shows their exhibits have been described as ** A triumph of British coachwork " and * one of the finest samples of coachwork in the Show." Throughout the town and immediate district there are a number of very efficient smaller works producing castings of all kinds in iron, steel, bronze, aluminium, brass, etc., for the varied branches of the textile trades generally. There are also firms that make a speciality in the production of lead work, lead pipes and fittings and the working of sheet plate. Calvert & Co. Ltd., at Rash- cliffe Iron Works, make a speciality of their work as iron founders and mill wrights, in the manufacture of hoists, cranes, shafting, pumps and hydraulic chemical and dyeing machinery. Mention must also be made of a number of firms that operate as heating engineers, copper smiths, tin smiths, and so on. The demand for belting for purposes of transmission is of considerable importance in both the textile and engineering trades, and this is catered for by the Leviathan Belt Works of Hebblethwaite Bros. Ltd. Constructional work of quite a different character is that carried out by Conachers Ltd., organ builders, who have to their credit the erection of organs of all types all over the country. The various auxiliary trades of wood workers and sawyers are well represented, whilst in recent years firms of plumbers have extended considerably with the work of chemical engineering, for which there appears to be larger development in the future, especially in local and adjoining areas. In conclusion, although the above review is not intended to be by any means exhaustive, it will doubtless suffice to indicate the diversity of engineering and metal-working in Huddersfield, which is really remarkable considering the size of the town and the relatively late development of these particular trades locally. It speaks well for the enterprise of the local firms, and indicates that those directing them are fully alive to requirements and possibilities.

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

The chief of these is the COLLEGE, a large building in the quasi-Gothic style of architecture, in Queen Street South. The College has a high reputation and is affiliated with the Leeds University. It originated in a Mechanics' Institute formed in 1841, and after steady and wide develop- ment under a Board of Governors was transferred to the Corporation in 1903. The original building, which cost about £20,000, was opened in 1883 by the Duke of Somerset, when a Fine Arts and Industrial Exhibition, lasting six months, and attended by 329,639 visitors, was held. In less than fifteen years the accommodation proved inadequate, and the building was very largely extended at a cost, including furnishings, of about £35,000. During the War further extensions were planned to meet the increase in the number of students. The space formerly occupied by the Museum has been devoted to new class rooms, library, etc., and provision has also been made for extended work in engineering

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EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES

building construction, and commercial subjects. The Museum collections have been transferred to commodious premises in the suburbs. The new premises of the Department of Textile Industries were opened in October, 1920, and are a model of equipment, for the training of students in the practical and theoretical aspects of their industries. The whole of the Secondary Education in the Borough is under the control of the Local Education Authority. The oldest school is the Almondbury Grammar School, founded originally by the Kaye family in the 16th century, and chartered and endowed by King James I in 1609, with lands previously common or belonging to the Crown. The Huddersfield College is in New North Road. This was erected in 1838, was taken over by the School Board in 1893, and from that time until 1906 carried on as a Higher Grade School. It is now distinctively a Secondary School for Boys. The educational requirements for girls are met by the excellent Greenhead High School in Greenhead Road. A Secondary School for boys and girls was opened in 1921 at Royds Hall under the joint management of the Huddersfield and West Riding Education Authorities. There are two well equipped Central Schools, one for boys at Hillhouse, and the other for girls at Longley Hall. The latter is beautitully situated in Longley Park. SCHOLARSHIP FaciLitiEs. Apart from the special attention given to co-ordinating the various educational services of the Borough, a distinctive feature of the local educational facilities is the model scholarship scheme organized by the Huddersfield Education Committee, which offers distinctive facilities ranging from the Central Schools right through to the University. Full particulars of all scholarships may be obtained on application to the Director of Education, Education Offices, Peel Street, Huddersfield.

THE TECHNICAL COLLEGE The Technical College, which now occupies buildings situated in Queen Street South, and of the frontage of which the illustration on page 23 gives a good representation, has an interesting history. Founded in quite a small way, in May, 1841, as the *" Young Men's Mental Improvement Society," it then occupied the British School Room, Outcote Bank, but it soon had reason to move (1843) to better accommodation in Nelson's Buildings, New Street, when it took the name *" Mechanics' Institute." By 1849 it had greatly increased in scope-some 600-700 students then attending its classes-and in 1850 larger premises were again required, and obtained at Wellington Buildings, Queen Street. In 1859 a site in Northumberland Street was secured, and a special building-'* The Mechanics' Institute "-was begun ; this was opened in 1861. In 1881 the memorial stone of the front portion ot the present buildings was laid, and the classes moved in 1884 into the completed premises, which cost about £20,000, for which the name "* Technical School and Mechanics' Institute " was adopted, this being changed to ** Technical College '" in 1896. Considerable extensions of the buildings erected in 1884 were completed in 1900, at a cost of about £35,000, and in 1903 the College was taken over by the municipality, the Governors becoming a Committee of the Corporation,. In 1905 the college became affiliated with the University of Leeds, whereby attendance at certain of the classes is accepted by the University as equivalent to attendance at similar courses at the University. The new textile department, completed in 1920 and equipped at a cost of £50,000 in the most up-to-date methods, is situated opposite the main building. Full provision is made for theoretical and practical instruction in every branch of the local textile industries. There are well equipped sections for weaving and designing, woollen yarn manufacture, worsted yarn manufacture, and cloth finishing. The entire cost of the building and equipment has been defrayed by these industries. A new and greatly enlarged dyeing department has also been provided.

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EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES

Further Extensions Comtemplated. Although a large private residence adjoining the College has been adapted for special technical classes, other con- siderable extensions of the College are much needed, and sites adjoining the present buildings have been reserved for this purpose. The principal departments of the College are (1) Coal-tar colour chemistry ; (2) chemistry ; (3) wool and cotton dyeing; (4) textile industries; (5) civil and mechanical engineering; (6) physics; (7) electrical engineering ; (8) mathematics ; (9) biology ; (10) school of art; (11) humanistic studies (Latin, Greek, French, German, Spanish, English language and literature, history, economics, education) ; (12) commerce; (13) domestic economy. Complete full-time day courses of study are provided in :-Cloth manu- facture (three years); chemistry and dyeing (four years); engineering (three

W. E. Turton, Photo. The Tolson Memorial Museum, Ravensknowle Park.

years) ; science (chemistry, physics, botany, zoology, mathematics-for degrees in science, etc.); art (painting, figure drawing and composition, modelling design, industrial design); humanistic studies (languages, literature, history and economics-for degrees in arts, etc.); commerce (three years). Diplomas and certificates are awarded to students who pass with credit through these courses of study. Valuable scholarships and prizes are awarded by the Governors of the College, including the ** Joseph Blamires * and * British Dyes '" Research Scholarships, tenable in the department of coal tar colour chemistry. Afternoon classes are arranged for students engaged as pupils or apprentices in the following occupations :-(a) Mechanical engineering ; (b) chemical industries; (c) textile industries; (d) building trades; (e) - commerce; (f) painters' and decorators' work; (g) pharmacy; (h) mining ; the classes and facilities for instruction in mining have been developed greatly following the allocation of the special fund for this purpose. Evening classes of an advanced standard are provided in all departments. A very varied and attractive programme is arranged, offering a wide choice of subjects in science, art, technology, commerce, languages, literature, history, economics and domestic subjects. A special feature in the development of the Technical College has been that the courses have not been restricted to merely technical or technological subjects. The courses of study have grown

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HUDDERSFIELD DESCRIBED AND ILLUSTRATED

until they cover a wide range of various subjects of the arts and sciences, including research work and professional subjects. In fact, some of the students have taken high degrees for research work and the list of successes in the Degree List of the University of London and of Professional Examinations compares very favourably with those of many larger institutions. It is significant that the University of London has during the past six years awarded the degree of Ph.D. for research work in Chemistry to six students of the College. On the external side the Technical College provides lecturers and tutors for non-vocational classes, which are organized in co-operation with voluntary bodies, and held at convenient centres in and around Huddersfield. The work of the College is carried on by a highly qualified staff, consisting of G. F. Hudson, Esq.. M.A., B.Sc., the Principal, and over fifty teachers as Heads of Departments, Lecturers and Instructors, assisted by 156 occasional Lectures and other teachers. The classes are attended by over 3,800 students. Prospectus (6d. post free) and particulars of classes, fees, and scholarships, can be obtained on application to the College.

OPEN-AIR SCHOOL In another respect Huddersfield can again claim to have been a pioneer, namely, in the conversion of Woodhouse Hall, once the residence of a former Mayor of Huddersfield, into an Open Air School, where every facility for the physical and mental development of backward children is being provided and extended on most modern and scientific principles.

HUDDERSFIELD DESCRIBED AND ILLUSTRATED

HISTORICAL NOTE Although as a County Borough and as an industrial centre Huddersfield is relatively a modern town, it is not entirely without historical associations. Some have associated its origin with Oder's-field or the old spelling Odersfeldt ; but until the 19th century it certainly occupied a position secondary to that of Almondbury which is now a suburb of Huddersfield. For this reason the historical monuments and associations in the area of the town are relatively few, yet there are some survivals of interest both to the inhabitant and the visitor. Noteworthy amongst these are some of the old buildings which still survive the period of modern reconstruction ; most typically so the older houses in the outlying districts still with the large windows to admit ample light for the home-weaving of former days. In the town itself some of the older structures can still be found in the numerous yards and courts leading off the main streets and the older warehouses mostly near the centre of the town. Almondbury, with its ancient Church, its stocks, its ancient parish registers and parish chests, and the old half-timbered premises adjoining now used as club rooms, is of course much richer in historical associations. A few miles from Huddersfield at Kirklees is the reputed grave of Robin Hood. The old Three Nuns Hotel is said to be named through the presence of nuns at the former Kirklees monastic establishment over which Robin Hood's sister is said to have ruled as Abbess. Near by, at Cooper Bridge is the "* Dumb Steeple '" commemorating the Luddite riots. At Slack, near Outlane, excavations have revealed the remains of a former Roman Camp, and similar work undertaken at Castle Hill revealed distinct traces of both Roman and earlier occupation of this hill as a watch tower or camp and fortress. Attention has also been directed recently to ancient brick and pottery works, probably of Roman origin and certainly worked in later monastic periods, located in the neighbourhood of Grimscar Woods and Fixby-both of which are two of the most beautiful and interesting areas closely adjoining the town. In fact, Grimscar Woods in springtime well repay a visit with their luxurious carpets of

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RESIDENTIAL ASPECTS

bluebells. - Recently some excavations in the Market Place, near the centre of Huddersfield, revealed the hitherto unsuspected existence of some ancient fountains or stone reservoirs which doubtless formerly served as a centre of the local water supply. Very charming is Fixby Hall, now used as a golf club house for the well- known (now championship) links. It was the former home of Richard Oastler, a pioneer in the reform of factory conditions, stimulated by the disastrous fire at a dlocal mill in the early nineteenth century, causing the death of many young children. At Lepton and Woodsome Hall-(Woodsome Hall is now the Clubhouse of a flourishing Golf Club situated in ideal surroundings and easily accessible by motor bus services : the beautiful hall, fireplace and terrace alone are well worth a special - visit)- were the country seats of two old- established local families ; and near by is also the old - Woodsome Mill, at which was formerly ground the corn of the local far- mers. Through the town still runs the canal con- necting Leeds and Manchester, a noteworthy achievement in its day, but now, through its narrow width, shallow depth Wm. Ritchie € Sons Ltd., Photo. The Parish Church. flglitigszaelflflg into disuse. At what is now the Huddersfield College, New North Road, the late Earl of Oxford and Asquith, then known as H. H. Asquith, received his early education, he being a nephew of a former most distinguished townsman and Freeman of the Borough, the late J. E. Willans, J.P., LL.D.

wat.

RESIDENTIAL ASPECTS In the above respects Huddersfield compares very favourably with any manufacturing town of similar size and circumstances in the country. Not only is the town well placed as regards the all-important question of public services and the rating charges therefor, but it has many valuable local and physical conditions. As the large area of the Borough indicates, the town has a great advantage in stretching over so considerable an extent; this avoids congested areas and leaves available open spaces in close proximity to the centre of the town. Most of the residential areas are within a radius of roughly a mile or two from the town, and to a remarkable extent newly built on modern lines and in quick and convenient touch by tramway and other services. Thus, for example, is the suburb of Birkby, extending rapidly through an area that quite recently was fields and woodland ; Fartown and Sheepridge, in which latter district the Avenue Estate is being developed on garden-suburb lines. In Lindley, Dalton, Almondbury, Bradley Lane, and Outlane districts residential properties are rapidly increasing, which applies

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RECREATIONS AND AMUSEMENTS

also to the adjoining area of Fixby. In the Crosland Moor and Almondbury districts their elevation and semi-rural character make them excellently adapted to extensive building schemes ; both these areas, in direct tramway connection with the town, have grown very rapidly, and contain splendid types of residential dwellings. The policy of the Corporation, both as regards opening up roadways and other public facilities and also in its well-conceived, extensive and rapidly executed housing schemes, has been an immense asset in the above connections ; as also the policy of opening out main roadways, notably the big schemes now completed, whereby Wakefield Road, Bradford Road, Leeds Road, and Penistone Road, provide main highways comparable with any in the country. More distinctive is the rapid development of the extension of the schemes of the Huddersfield Corporation in respect of Municipal Housing, not only as a means of providing much needed accommodation for the growing population, but also as a means for closing and clearing the few remaining portions of unsuit- able housing accommodation in the town. The development of such schemes is most noteworthy at Leeds Road, where also a municipal Aerodrome has been contemplated and the housing schemes at Newsome, Salendine Nook, Birchen- cliffe, and in particular a most ambitious scheme for developing a Garden Suburb in the vicinity of Longley Park. The extending use of electricity and abatement of smoke nuisances reduce to a minimum a main disadvantage of most manufacturing towns. - Thanks to the numerous quarries in the immediate district, it is a striking feature of Huddersfield that the majority of the buildings are stone-built, and the roads well paved, which help to give a clean, substantial and comfortable appearance to the town and the residential district. A rather striking feature of the building operations of recent years has been the complete reconstruction and internal re-arrangement of a large proportion of the licensed premises in the Borough. This has been a distinct advantage to the public as well as to the licensees and their families and a desirable public improvement. The easy access from every part of the town to the adjoining moorland, some of which now falls almost in and around residential areas, is also a definite advantage. The firms directing the trading enterprises of the town have extended and modernized much of the business premises especially in the centre of the town ; including the extension of Banking premises and facilities by the Yorkshire Penny Bank in New Street, where in addition the Imperial Arcade has been re-organized ; Martins Bank in Westgate, and the reconstruction of the shop fronts and premises in most of the main streets. In particular the Huddersfield Industrial Society has considerably extended its facilities by the erection and modern equipment of their new Butchery and Cold Storage facilities at Hillhouse Lane on a most valuable site immediately adjoining the canal and roadway facilities. RECREATIONS AND AMUSEMENTS

As regards indoor amusements, the central places of public entertainment are the Theatre Royal, The Tudor Cinema (formerly the New Hippodrome and Opera House), the Palace Theatre, the Princess Cinema and Cafe, the Grand Picture House, the Picturedrome, Picturehouse (Ramsden Street), Victoria Hall Picture House, Empire Picture House and other numerous cinema houses in the adjoining districts. The Town Hall, Albany Hall and Temperance Hall provide ample facilities for other regular or casual entertainments. Notable among the former are the series of winter concerts and regular Sunday night concerts given throughout the winter by the Huddersfield Permanent Orchestra, together with those of the famous Huddersfield Glee and Madrigal Society, the Hudders- field Choral Society, the Holme Valley Male Voice Choir, the Arthur W. Kaye Symphony Orchestra. In addition there are the various entertainments organized by the Huddersfield Amateur Operatic Society and the Huddersfield Thespians, the latter being a group of amateur playwrights and actors who have achieved

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OUTDOOR AMUSEMENTS

great distinction in competitions both in England and in U.S.A. A note- worthy survival is the Crosland Moor Handbell Ringers. The town has admirably equipped public billiard halls and dance halls, whilst the various and numerous clubs throughout the district usually provide similar facilities. As regards outdoor recreations, the premier position is, of course, occupied by the Huddersfield Town Association Football Club and the Huddersfield Cricket and Athletic Club. The former, at its grounds in Leeds Road, provides matches in the First Division of the English League and the Central League, in alternate weeks, and the H.C. & A.C. during the winter the weekly matches of the Rugby League, and during the summer ample facilities for cricket and

W. E. Turton, Photo. Greenhead Park Public Tennis Courts and Bowling Greens.

bowling. _ At the new grounds at Waterloo the Old Boys Rugby Football Club organises several teams for regular series of matches, under the Rugby Union Code. Two important athletic events are also held yearly on their grounds at Fartown, being the annual sports and festival and the annual police sports. Golf has rapidly extended in recent years, there being some splendid golf links at Fixby, Longley Park, Outlane, Crosland Heath, Woodsome, and in the immediate district at Meltham and Slaithwaite. The extensions at Green- head Park also provide additional facilities for both tennis and bowling ; grounds for the latter being provided also at most of the numerous Working Men's and other social clubs in the district. In fact the local facilities for and interest in the ancient game of bowls are a distinct feature of the district, and a distinct advantage to the vigorous life of the numerous local clubs. Amongst other interesting local recreations are the facilities for steeple- chasing provided at the Rockwood Hunt, Grange Moor, the many local clubs of harriers for cross-country running; also the facilities for hunting provided >

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OPEN SPACES

by the old-established packs of hounds kept by the Holmfirth, Honley and Meltham hunts, the Penistone Hunt and the Colne Valley Hunt. During the winter hockey clubs are extending their activities, and recently attempts have also been made to introduce lacrosse. At several of the reservoirs in the district facilities are provided for fishing. During the summer very pleasing attractions are available at the Hope Bank Pleasure Grounds at Honley, and also the public pleasure grounds at Slaithwaite. Naturally the local parks are also used to the utmost, both as regards their general facilities and the special provisions for recrea- tion for both adults and children. Most noteworthy are the regular series of Promenade Concerts provided by the Corporation during the summer months in Greenhead Park, for which some of the finest bands in the country are engaged. Swimming and aquatic sports are provided for at the Public Baths at Cambridge Road, Ramsden Street, and those at Lockwood. - On a splendid site at Cambridge Road, the new Swimming and Public Baths opened in September, 1931, provide the most complete and up-to-date facilities at an outlay approaching £70,000, and comparable with those of any place in the country. A note of topical interest is the first official visit of the Duke of Gloucester on 5th November, 1929, as President of the National Association of Boys' Clubs, when he inspected the Central Lads' Club which represents a valuable juvenile institution for the town. The B.B.C. has erected a new regional broadcasting station at Moorside Edge, which although nearer the outlying village of Slaithwaite is within the postal area of Huddersfield. Hence the local argument that the Station would have been better named ** Huddersfield calling."

PARKS AND OPEN SPACES

Greenhead Park, near the centre of the town, was opened in 1884. The land was purchased for £30,000 from Sir John William Ramsden, Bart., who gave a donation of £5,000. During the summer, and on special occasions, some of the best bands are engaged for promenade concerts held in the Park, which is the scene in August of an important Exhibition promoted by the Huddersfield Floral and Horticultural Society. Near the main entrance there is a memorial to the men who fell during the South African:scampaign, flanked by a series of well-laid-out gardens and shrubberies extending on either side of the main walk; the latter rises through a series of terraces, laid out with gardens and fish ponds, and thence through the open playing fields to Greenhead Park Extension. This addition to the original park covers an area of six acres, bringing the total area of the Park to thirty-three acres in~all. The extension, which was officially opened by the Mayor on the 2nd June, 1927, comprises fourteen full-sized tennis courts of hard asphalt, some painted green, covering an area of three acres in all, two crown bowling greens of standard size, in all covering one acre, and two putting greens of eighteen holes and nine holes respectively, comprising one acre. A most interesting and valuable addition to the main Park are the extensive, electrically heated Conservatories, wherein the public find admirable illustration of all that is best in floral cultivation. Beaumont Park is a valuable "lung" for the populous district of Lockwood and Crosland Moor. Its extensive area is well laid out, preserving many of the former interesting natural features of rocks, woods and moorland. Norman Park, at Birkby, is well laid out, and includes a special play- ground for children, and a handsome War memorial. At Ravensknowle, Moldgreen, the grounds in which stand the Tolson Memorial Museum, provide recreation grounds and facilities for children and adults. A new Police Sports Ground has been opened at Lockwood ; also new Recreation Grounds have been opened at Farnley Tyas and Thurstonland, villages adjoining Huddersfield. Parish Church Gardens. In July, 1927, a further addition to Hudders- field's open spaces was officially opened, to be known as the Parish Church

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PLACES OF WORSHIP

Gardens. The land, which adjoins the Parish Church, was presented by Sir John Ramsden, and the site is specially good in view of its central position and the need for an open space in the vicinity. Although the site has been much sought after as that of a new Public Library, it is already serving its alternative purpose admirably. PLACES OF WORSHIP Huddersfield Parish Church, which is dedicated to St. Peter, owes its foundation to the Laci family. The first church was built about the year 1100, and the second was erected in 1506. The present structure was put up in 1836 at a cost of £10,000. It is in the Gothic style of architecture, and the tower contains a clock and ten bells. The interior consists of nave, aisles, transept,

W. E. Turton, Photo I Woodsome Hall (See page 31)

and chancel, and the windows are ornate with sacred scenes and emblems, notably representations, by Ward, of the Ascension, and the Agony in the Garden. There are about a score of other Established Churches in the town and immediate neighbourhood. Nonconformist places of worship are also numerous, among the most noteworthy being the Ramsden Street, Highfields, and Milton Congregational Churches, the Queen Street (Wesleyan) Mission, the Buxton Road Wesleyan Chapel, the Gledholt Wesleyan Chapel, and the United Methodist and Baptist Churches at Brunswick Street and Birkby respectively.

HUDDERSFIELD WAR MEMORIAL The Huddersfield War Memorial, situated in Greenhead Park, is a unique and beautiful structure, worthy of the object for which it has been constructed. The erection of this Memorial represents the culmination of local efforts extending over a number of years. Its value is enhanced by the supplementary scheme under which, although £14,000 was expended on a permanent structure,

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WAR MEMORIAL AND PUBLIC BUILDINGS

£40,000 of the total raised in connection with the Memorial was invested in order to increase the annual income of the Huddersfield Royal Infirmary, one of the most invaluable institutions in Huddersfield. The unveiling ceremony was performed by Lieut.-General Sir Charles Harington, General Officer Commanding the Northern Command, on the 26th April, 1924.

PUBLIC BUILDINGS, ETC.

HUDDERSFIELD ROYAL INFIRMARY Opened on June 29th, 1831, the Infirmary stands in its own grounds in New North Road, conveniently placed to serve all parts of the area. The accommodation and equipment are admirable, and its splendid record commands the ready support of all. As a result of the very successful Carnival organized by the townsfolk generally, the accommodation has been greatly extended, by a magnificently-equipped and situated extension at Green Lea, Lindley, specially adapted for female patients. The Duke of York visited Huddersfield in connection with this on 12th March, 1932.

THE OLD CLOTH HALL The original building was demolished in 1930, as part of a scheme for opening up the central portion of the town. Parts of the former building, including the pillars, clock tower and doorway, have been re-erected at Ravens- knowle Park, Moldgreen, where it serves excellently as a public shelter and summer house. TOWN HALL AND MUNICIPAL OFFICES These buildings, which stretch from Ramsden Street to Princess Street, are virtually one huge handsome block, there being internal communication between them. The Town Hall was erected at a cost of £57,000. It is in the Corinthian style of architecture, and the building presents a very bold and distinctive appearance. The interior is beautifully decorated, the Hall boasts a magnificent organ, and provides seating accommodation for about 2,250. Adjoining the Town Hall are the Education Offices, Fire and Police Station, the offices of the Borough Surveyor, the Medical Officer of Health, the Schools' Clinic. The centralized Rates Offices and the Public Assistance Offices now occupy the greater portion of the one side of Ramsden Street.

PUBLIC LIBRARY AND ART GALLERY This institution is fronting on Byram Street, centrally situated, and including a Music Library and a Patents Library. The whole of the space available is occupied, and the erection of larger and more suitable premises is under consideration ; branch libraries have also been opened at Almondbury and Longwood. The Reading Rooms consist of a news room, two magazine rooms, and an apartment is set apart for the exclusive use of ladies, who are also allowed in the other rooms. There is also an admirable Reference Library. The Art Gallery contains a good collection of paintings and water-colour drawings by well-known artists, including fifty-five engravings by J. M. W. Turner ; also exhibitions of the works of leading artists are arranged from time to time. A scheme for the erection of a new Public Library and Art Gallery has been under consideration.

CASTLE HILL TOWER To commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, a handsome tower was erected in 1898 by public subscription on Castle Hill, which is goo feet above the sea-level, and is a very popular and health-giving resort. It is open during the summer months, and from the top of it an excellent view can be obtained for miles around, the scenery being most charming. (See page 10.)

THE TOLSON MEMORIAL MUSEUM Ravensknowle Hall and grounds were presented to the Corporation of Huddersfield on 31st December, 1919, by Legh Tolson, Esq., F.S.A., for a

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TOLSON MEMORIAL MUSEUM

Museum and Park, as a memorial to his two nephews, Lieuts. Robert Huntriss Tolson and James Martin Tolson, who gave their lives for their country in the Great War. The Hall was built by John Beaumont of Dalton, in 1860, at a cost of over £20,000, near the site of a fifteenth-century Manor House. The Museum is being developed in accordance with a scheme prepared by Dr. T. W. Woodhead, and under his direction. The inspiration of the scheme is the recognition of the value of intensive local study with a view to cultivating the sense of beauty and reveal the wonders of Nature around us ; to encourage and direct the sense of curiosity which is the mainspring of a widening knowledge ; and by revealing the records of the past so to develop the sense of continuity that we may realize that the past is a faithful guide to the future. The objects in the Museum, therefore, are arranged in successive rooms to illustrate the origin and structure

W. E. Turton, Photo. Longley Hall Central School.

of the rocks, the physical features, climate and conditions of life, both plant and animal, and the effects of these factors on the history and development of man in the district of which Huddersfield is the centre. Prior to Mr. Tolson's gift there was a small museum at the Technical College, and the material accumulated there, under the charge of the late Mr. S. L. Mosley, the first curator, was transferred to Ravensknowle, and formed a valuable nucleus, so far as it was appropriate, to the new scheme. With the willing assistance of many expert volunteers in different departments, and under the skilled direction of Dr. T. W. Woodhead, such progress was made that the Museum was formally opened to the public by Mr. Legh Tolson on the 27th of May, 1922. ' Attached to the Museum is a Meteorological Station, where readings from the instruments are taken three times daily. This is recognized as a station by the Air Ministry. At the western end of the Museum is a well-stocked Aviary, the gift of Councillor Albert Hirst. The park is beautifully laid out, and in the grounds are a café, tennis courts, and a bowling green. The appreciation of the Museum and its adjoining facilities is indicated not only by the approval of many experts on museum organization and arrange- ment, but also by the large number of visitors from a very wide area.

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Page 40

HUTCHINSON, HOLLINGWORTH

AND CO. LIMITED

DOBCROSS, Yorks.

SOLE MAKERS OF THE DOBCROSS HOLLINGWORTH AND KNOWLES OPEN SHED FAST RUNNING LOOM FOR WOOLLENS AND WORSTEDS.

Also of Two and Four Colour Automatic Magazine Looms for Woollens and Worsteds. Makers of Looms for Axminster (Jacquard Gripper principle) Brussels and Wilton, Chenille- Axminster and other Carpets. HIGHEST AWARDS WHEREVER EXHIBITED Telephone: MARSDEN 10. Railway Stations

Telegrams: °" Foundry, Dobcross." DIGGLE or SADDLEWORTH. (L.M.S. Railway)

Page Thirty-eight

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Brief Notes on Some Local Firms Advertising

in this Handbook

As mentioned elsewhere in this volume, Huddersfield enjoys a world-wide reputation for its vast textile manufactories. As a natural corollary, engineering interests are well represented, especially the manufacture of textile machinery and mill accessories. A prominent place in the development of the power loom must be accorded to Hutchinson, Hollingworth & Co. Ltd., of Dobcross Loom Works. This firm was established in 1860 for the manufacture of improved power looms for weaving fancy woollen goods. The improvements incorporated in the machines brought the firm to the forefront, and further developments were made in the direction of higher speed looms, the first of which was shown at the Huddersfield Exhibition in 1883. It immediately became the leading loom, for fancy woollen and worsted goods, and as improvements were frequently added it achieved still higher efficiency. Since the introduction of this machine, over 40,000 of these ** Dobcross " looms have been built, principally for the home trade, but they are also well-known in every part of the Continent where manufacturing is carried on, and in Japan, as well as the Colonies and other British possessions. The firm thus occupies a leading position among loom makers for the highest class of fancy woollen and worsted fabrics, as well as for heavy goods, blankets, flannels, etc. The standard non-automatic fancy worsted loom is built with two, four or six shuttle boxes at each side, that is with four, eight or twelve shuttle boxes, enabling changes to be operated upon three, seven or eleven different shuttles. Recently the Company has developed the application of automatic principles to their Fast Loom, and it is now supplied if required with automatic bobbin changing features for four colours of weft. The Company is also one of the leading makers of looms for the carpet industry, having recently developed a new Axminster Loom on the Jacquard Gripper principle, and it builds the highest class of Loom for Brussels and Wilton as well as Chenille Axminster carpets. The firm has a wide reputation extending over many years for the excellence and efficiency of its productions. The works at Dobcross occupy several acres and are equipped with the best possible plant for the production of weaving machinery. W. C. Holmes & Co. Ltd., Chemical Engineers and Contractors, of Turnbridge, are one of the oldest engineering firms in the country specializing in the manufacture and erection of works and equipment for the treatment and refining of by-products produced in the carbonization of coal. Upwards of 300 gas works in Great Britain and on the Continent were originally established or built by the founder of the firm, Mr. William Cartwright Holmes. In more recent years, while still maintaining their position as builders of complete gas works, the firm have specialized in apparatus for the recovery and refining of tar, ammonia, cyanide, benzol, and other by-products obtained by the carbonization of coal in gas works; and also in connexion with the many by-product coke ovens which have been recently erected in England. Their apparatus has a world wide reputation with chemical and gas engineers. The present works were started in 1880, and have recently been rebuilt and considerably extended. The technical staff is efficient and highly qualified to develop the research side of the business. The firm are well placed for undertaking the supply of modern equipment for the manufacture of gas for lighting and power purposes, motor spirit, fertilizers, coal tar products, dyes and other chemicals, in addition to work of a general character, such as structural steel and iron work, welded and riveted steel tanks and pipes, and every description of iron castings. The London Office of the firm is at 119 Victoria Street, S.W. 1. The works of David Brown & Sons (Huddersfield) Ltd., occupy a unique position in the industry of the country. The business is devoted exclusively to the manufacture of gears, gear units and allied products-a craft which has reached a really remarkable degree of refinement.

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Page Forty

GEARS GEAR UNITS

Park Works, Lockwood, Huddersfield, the home of the "David Brown" organisation, is the world's largest and most comprehensive gear- manufacturing plant. _ It specializes in gears of every type; turbine reduction gearing for land and marine service; automobile, tramcar and railway gears; totally enclosed helical bevel and worm gears for all industrial purposes and public utility undertakings; and precision- generated spur, spiral, bevel and worm gears for every purpose

Write for technical literature, mentioning this handbook.

Y 7 n

(HHUDD.» LTD.

Page 43

NOTES ON LOCAL FIRMS

Founded over seventy years ago as a pattern-making shop, the making of patterns for moulded gears soon became the major activity of the firm. However, the imperfections of even the best moulded gears was soon realized, and the question of machine-cutting the teeth received particular attention. Develop- ment was rapid, and the policy of the firm in undertaking scientifically conducted investigations into every aspect of the theory and practice of gear design and manufacture has placed it in a position of unassailed leadership. Its twelve acres of plant comprise iron and bronze foundries, pattern shops, forge and extensive general machining, gear cutting and assembly departments, having a personnel of fourteen hundred. In the gear cutting shops a large pro- portion of the machines are of the Company's own patented design and manu- facture. In addition, the Company has a large works in Manchester comprising extensive machine shops and an up-to-date steel foundry having a capacity of 150 tons of steel castings per week ; whilst a further branch factory is located at Keighley. The products of the Company cover a wide range of gearing, but gear-box gears and worm gears for pleasure cars and commercial vehicles constitute one of its most important activities. - It is for its pioneer work in developing the high efficiency worm gear, and high-speed, high duty helical reduction gearing, however, that the Company is chiefly and justly famous. The Colne Vale Dye and Chemical Company Ltd., of Milnsbridge, was founded in 1858 under the title of Dan Dawson Brothers, who were among the first manufacturers in England to produce Magenta, Soluble Blue, Chrysoidine and Bismarck brown. A competent and experienced staff of experimental chemists is maintained for the carrying out of research work, and constant tests for ensuring the very best results from the manufactured products. Another feature of the business is a special matching department. Among the numerous specialities may be mentioned Basic Magenta, acid Magenta, Laundry Blues, Soluble Blues, Ink Blues, Induline, Nigrosine, Bismarck Brown and Chrysoidine, and the firm supplies full range of dyes for the following trades : textiles, paper, jute, leather, straw and wood-chip, ink, paint and varnish.

Another firm which has long been celebrated for the skill with which it dyes all kinds of woollen and worsted cloths in indigo, alizarine and other fast colours is W. H. Wadsworth & Co., (Dyers) Ltd., of Leymoor Dyeworks, Longwood. Fast browns and indigos are a speciality, while all classes of special! work are undertaken. The business of Thomas Canby, of Victoria Mills, Lockwood, was established in 1896, and is under the direct supervision of the founder, with the assistance of a competent staff and trained, efficient workmen. The firm is chiefly known in the cloth world for the fastness of its dyes and for the soft and full handle of its finished suitings and trouserings. The speciality of the firm is Sunclime Dye, which is the fastest dye known, and has never been known to fade even in the hottest climate. The most modern dyeing and finishing machinery is employed, this ensuring that the handle and appearance of the cloth is developed to the highest degree. The fact that they are favoured with an ample supply of water specially suitable for their trade has helped the firm of John Lee Walker & Sons Ltd., to gain the high position they hold among the dyeing and finishing firms of the district. The Works are equipped with the most up-to-date plant, and the firm have always been prompt to take advantage of any inventions or improvements which have been introduced with a view to better quality and speedier output. As a result, in dyeing and finishing worsted cloths particularly, they have earned a reputation for producing the best results of what is known the world over as the "* Huddersfield finish." There never was a time when it was more important to buyers of woollens and worsteds to make sure that their cloths have been properly shrunk. The buyer can form his own opinion as to the quality and the design of a cloth, but obviously he cannot judge, when buying, whether the cloth has been properly

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NOTES ON LOCAL FIRMS

shrunk. The only real guarantee is that of a first-class cloth-working and shrinking firm, and, undoubtedly, no better one can be devised than the stamp of Jennens, Welch & Co. Ltd., who for over a generation have occupied a foremost place among London cloth shrinkers. Their stamp bears the firm's name, and the buyer should be on his guard against anonymous stamps, as ** Shrunk by London Process " or "* Thoroughly Shrunk "' too often prove to mean little indeed. A speciality of the firm is their well-known ** Jennwel ** waterproof process. Certainly the tailoring trade holds this finish in the highest esteem, for, unlike many processes, it leaves the cloth in a thoroughly good tailoring condition, yet renders it absolutely waterproof, though porous. Jennens, Welch & Co. Ltd. have very commodious Works not only in the Metropolis (Foley Street, Great Tichfield Street, W.1), but also at Huddersfield and Bradford. Each of these factories is equipped with the most modern machlinery and appliances, and each gives employment to some hundreds of work- people. With half a century of experience behind them, the Albany Mills Co. Ltd., specialize in the production of merino and fine crossbred yarns for the manu- facture of the high-class worsted cloth for which the district is universally noted. A skilled technical staff and the most up-to-date equipment and plant com- bine to enable the management to deal efficiently with the exacting requirements of modern times. The increasing demand for yarns produced in these Mills is sufficient evidence of the high standard of quality supplied, and no effort is spared to maintain the high reputation of AMCO productions. In addition to yarns used in the manufacture of fine worsted cloths, the Albany Millis Co. Ltd., have an extensive connexion among makers of all grades of hosiery and other wool textile fabrics. Highly skilled colourists are constantly employed in producing the newest and most attractive blendings, special attention being given to the matching of customers' own shades, and the production of novelties to meet customers' special requirements. Another well known firm of spinners is that of A. Priest & Sons Ltd., of Bath Mills.

Haigh's (Huddersfield) Ltd., wholesale clothiers and the makers of Talbot Clothing, have been known to the trade for over a century, and throughout that period only goods of the finest quality have been produced. In the " Talbot " lines, the firm's usual high standard, and, incidentally, their greatly cherished reputation, are staunchly upheld. A leading position among Huddersfield's wholesale and export clothiers is held by Bairstow Sons & Co. Ltd., At the commencement of the business in 1860 very few hands were employed, but now, in addition to one of the finest warehouse buildings in the town, two roomy sheds are in full occupation, and the Company employs 500 hands. - They have distributing stockrooms in Sheffield, Stockton-on-Tees, Wrexham, Cardiff, Bridgend (Glam.), Doncaster and Notting- ham, and their Fitzwear Clothing, B. Serges and Eborac Suitings for boys, youths and men are very well known. Forty-one years ago the business of B. Robinson & Sons, Ltd., was established at Honley, and throughout this period there has been a steady increase in the extent of the firm's trade. A wide range of service is catered for, including laundering, dyeing, dry cleaning, carpet beating, and cleaning, and an all machine-finished service popularly known as Wonder Wash, at a price that is cheaper than having the work done in the home. The whole of the work is carried out under ideal hygienic conditions and the building is equipped with the most modern appliances. As members of the National Research Association the firm are in close touch with all scientific developments connected with this class of business, and their application proves beneficial to the firm's customers. This is in accordance with the policy of the proprietors, who have always endeavoured to maintain a first-class standard of service, believing that a satisfied customer is a permanent one.

Page F orty¥two

Page 45

NOTES ON LOCAL FIRMS

In 1875 the business of D. Battye & Sons Ltd., was established and the firm commenced to trade as oil refiners and grease manufacturers, and blenders of lubricating oils for all trades. Specialists in super-heat, high and low pressure cylinder oils, they also specialize in stainless loom oils, and in the manufacture of greases for colliery, wheel rope and belting, and the blending of special oils for the rag and cotton trades. The firm also manufacture the well-known Batoyle (reg.) Mctor Oils, which are blended from the finest refined oils the world produces. These oils have been tested on the bench, road and track, by some of the largest motor manufacturers in the country, and they have been completely successful in every test. They are used regularly by some of the leading motorists in the country and the quality is such that sales are increasing yearly. The firm are also soap merchants, and supply both toilet soaps and those suitable for the textile and laundry trades. Sound organization and the adoption of a very progressive policy account for the wonderful success which has been achieved during the last few years by those famous makers of industrial vehicles, Karrier Motors Limited. In 1908 this firm were occupying quite modest premises, whereas to-day their factory covers an area of approximately ten acres and employs nearly 1,000 people. This firm have always adhered to the policy of producing a wide range of types, industrial vehicles of all capacities, municipal motor appliances, and single and double-deck passenger vehicles of both the four and six-wheel types, to which range has recently been added a *" mechanical horse '*' medel, designed specifically for replacing the slow moving draught horse in busy city streets. One of the outstanding features of all Karrier vehicles is their very sturdy build. None but the very best materials are used, and all these are most carefully tested throughout every step of manufacture, so that it is almost impossible for any weakness to pass into the finished vehicle. It has, moreover, been the aim of the makers to produce vehicles that are essentially economical to run, and nzcessitate the minimum outlay in maintenance. That these aims have been achieved is evidenced by the fact that the demand for Karrier vehicles is greater than ever, not only in this country, but abroad. The firm of George Garton & Son Ltd., Electrical and Heating Engineers, Kirkgate, have been established as heating, lighting and sanitary engineers, for three-quarters of a century, with offices and workshops in Market Place, and well equipped Showrooms in Kirkgate. Their workshops are staffed by highly skilled and practical men who are noted for their excellent work. The Showrooms contain a complete range of sanitary goods, electrical fittings and electrical labour-saving devices, and are the most up-to-date showrooms of their kind in Huddersfield. Among local commercial activities is included brewing in a fairly big way. The firm of John Ainley & Sons Ltd., Wapping Spring Brewery, was established in 1854, at the White Lion Brewery, Swan Lane, Outlane. In 1857 the present Brewery was built, at Wapping Nick on Lindley Moor, in a natural hollow, which was much used by Temperance men for holding their meetings, on account of the excellence of the water. The spring water runs right into the Brewery without seeing daylight. It is exceedingly cold all the year round and especially suitable for the brewing of stout of which the firm makes a speciality. The buildings are so arranged that no pumping whatever is required, the liquor passing from one process to another by the aid of gravity, thus doing away with any possibility of contamination due to having passed through pumps. Four kinds of beer are brewed, and the well-known Wappy Stout. The firm is noted for this in the district ; it is especially valuable to invalids and anyone requiring a health-giving and harmless pick-me-up. Mr. W. H. S. Ainley, a diploma member of the Institute of brewing, now has charge of this branch. The firm endeavours to keep its beers and stout always up to the same high standard, which it has been its policy to produce since its foundation, and now, in order to meet the great demand for bottled ales at the present time, has a large

Page Forty-three

Page 46

NOTES ON LOCAL FIRMS

bottling business. The bottling is done on the premises, and Worthington, and Bass Ales and Guinness's Stout are bottled as well as the firm's own products. At present, when the aim of those most concerned is the general improve- ment, if possible, of licensed premises, the firm is doing its utmost to put its various properties into the most up-to-date and comfortable condition that it is possible to have. Many of the houses are in country districts and in these cases the firm makes every effort to secure as tenants those suitable for supplying the needs of those who require a good meal at a reasonable cost. Lockwood Brewery was erected in 1795 by the late Mr. Timothy Bentley on the site of the famous Horse Bank Spring, which after 137 years still provides the water from which the famous Town Ales are brewed. The virtues of this Spring have enabled Bentley & Shaw Limited to become one of the foremost brewing concerns in Yorkshire. The Brewery, conducted by the founder's grand-children, was remodelled and enlarged in 1868, and the business was incorporated as a limited liability company in 1891. The proprietors are justly proud of their continuous record of over 136 years at Lockwood Brewery. The grounds, abutting on the banks of the River Holme, cover an area of some seventy acres. Considerable developments have taken place from time to time, and in May, 1930, the erection of new bottling stores and storage and conditioning cellars was completed. These stores are equipped with the very latest type of plant and machinery, enabling the process to be carried out under ideal and hygienic conditions. An expert with a very large experience of similar plant recently expressed the opinion that these stores ranked among the best in the north of England. The Huddersfield Guild Society Ltd., commenced business some ten years ago with small savings as capital to build houses for clients who could afford to advance payment for work, or work in progress. Under the direction of skilled operatives, numerous houses were com- pleted at prices of to per cent above the actual cost. This meant, at the time when prices were very high, a saving to clients of £100 or more per house. More- over, there was the added asset of guaranteed quality and workmanship. Houses at the present time are planned along labour saving lines, and are all fitted throughout with electric fittings for both light and power, and have all the latest designs in fireplaces. At the present time the Society have contracts for a housing scheme of £20,000 which covers all trades, also Laundry and Dairy alterations for the Huddersfield Industrial Society Ltd., and they are carrying out work for well- known Huddersfield firms, in addition to the building of single houses and repair and alteration work. From small beginnings, this Society has advanced to a remarkable degree, and its progress has been due to the enthusiasm, courage and sacrifice of a body of men who believe in "* Service in Industry." The interior decorator of to-day has to know more about his job than the mere technique of it ; he has to be an artist, capable of studying the individuality and temperament of each client, so that he may carry out a scheme of decorating in accordance with the personality of those who have to live in the surroundings he has created. First-class materials are essentials to a decorator who is proud of his work, and the production of these materials requires infinite experience and skill. The decorator could do no better than to place his orders with Burman & Greenwood wall-paper, oil, paint, colour, white lead and varnish merchants, who combine the highest quality with the right level of prices. The firm have almost a century of business behind them, and have always been able to provide for every demand and give complete satisfaction. They have just moved into new premises in Albion Street. These have been built to their own design, and the beautiful showrooms are specially planned for the best presentation of the firm's productions. Extensive stocks are held and can be sent to any part of the country without delay. ‘

Page Forty-four

Page 47

NOTES ON LOCAL FIRMS

Another old-established business is that of Carter & Co., of Huddersfield, Drysalters, Builders' and General Merchants. Prior to 1921, this business was situated in Market Street. At this date the commodious Water Street Warehouse was built. Large stocks of all classes of goods are carried including a very big range of drysaltery and building materials. In 1921 the business of Messrs. Hinchcliffe & Bramley, formerly of St. Thomas Road, was acquired and since that date the firm has steadily developed to its present proportions. The firm of C. Wild was established in 1904 by the proprietor, who has a practical knowledge of all branches of his trade. The building and repairing of all kinds of horse and commercial motor lorry bodies, including the painting, are undertaken ; a speciality is made of milk-floats. Jarratt, Pyrah & Armitage are successors to a business which was known far and wide under the name of Jere Kaye & Co. It is given to few commercial houses to maintain an unbroken existence for 160 years in one town, but the origin of this firm dates back to 1770. The yard adjoining the LMS Canal, in Quay Street covers over two acres, and all varieties of wood from the States and Canada, as well as from Sweden, Norway, and the Baltic generally, are stored, mostly in a number of commodious sheds. The sawmills are fitted with modern working machinery consisting of log, horizontal and deal frames, planers, moulders and bandsaw. Requirements of all timber users can be met and the firm are always open to receive any enquiries for timber of any kind. Mention should here be made of Thomas, Son & Locke, wholesale and retail picture and showcard framers, gilders and swept frame makers. This firm undertake the framing of pictures and mirrors in exclusive designs. High-class bakery and confectionery is well represented by Mr. H. Calam. This business, carried on under the personal supervision of Mr. H. Calam and his two sons (both of whom have had technical education in all the branches of the bakery profession) is known as one of the foremost in its class in the town. The bakery, ideally situated away from the smoke and dust of the town, in Ashbrow Road, Sheepridge, is fitted with drawplate ovens, oil-fired, in the principal bakehouse, and in the small bakehouse, used exclusively for the making of fancy goods, there is one pair of peel ovens. Other machinery, including mixers, moulders, rolling machine and whisks to expedite manufacture of the respective commodities is also installed. This is the only privately owned business in the town, which is purely wholesale, distributing to the public, through its agents, goods of a high-class quality, in white and brown breads and choice confectionery. - No order is too small and none too large to receive every attention in its execution. No mention of the social-commercial aspect of Huddersfield would be complete without an allusion to The Huddersfield Building Society, Britannia Buildings, Huddersfield. This Society has, ever since its inception, progressed steadily, each successive year constituting the record successful one, and this very important fact is, no doubt, due to the firm ailherence of the Directors to the essential principle of successful Building Society management-mutual benefit for the members-investor and borrower alike. By reason of the integrity, business acumen and native caution of its admin- istrators, this institution has negotiated every vicissitude of its sixty-eight years' existence with a serenity the very evenness of which has made the reading of the history almost uneventful but which has undoubtedly resulted in the strong financial position the Society enjoys to-day. The following figures will serve to illustrate not only the increase of the last ten years but also the present magnitude of the Society's operations :- NO. OF MEMBERS.

ASSETS. AND DEPOSITORS. AMOUNT ADVANCED. 1920 &. £2,401,348 25,022 £1,1238,829 1930 e £10,834,791 53,014 £1,737,034.

In the Investing departments, so many attractive features are offered that they are bound to appeal to every class of individual with money to invest, whilst those wishing to purchase their own house will find all possible consideration

Page Forty-five

Page 48

USEFUL FACTS AND FIGURES

and courtesy at the Society's offices, as the Directors have always catered specially for this class of member, believing the occupier-borrower to be an asset to the town and an asset to the State. ADVANTAGES OF INVESTMENTS wITH THE HUupDERSFIELD BUILDING SOCIETY :- 1.-Excellent rates of interest. 2.-Free of income-tax. 3.-Absolute security. 4.-No depreciation of capital. 5.-It is not necessary to invest for a term of years. 6.-Additional sums of any amount may be invested at any time. 7.-Easy withdrawals. The General Manager will regard it a pleasure to forward a prospectus upon receipt of a postcard.

GENERAL INFORMATION Accommodation : Hotels-George, R.A.C., A.A.; Queen's; Waverley (Temperance) ; Plough. Banks : Lloyds Bank Ltd., Martins Bank Ltd., Midland Bank Ltd., National Provincial Bank Ltd., Union Bank of Manchester Ltd., Yorkshire Penny Bank Ltd., Huddersfield and Upper Agbrigg Savings Bank. Building Societies : Huddersfield, Halifax, Leeds. Area: Parliamentary Borough; 11,000 acres. Clubs : Huddersfield Borough Club, Central Liberal Club (Westgate), Central Conservative Club (Byram Street), the Huddersfield Club (John William Street), Rotary Club (Monday, 1 p.m., except Bank-Holidays, Whiteley's Café, Westgate), Friendly and Trades Societies' Club, and the Central Lads' Club. Distances : By rail-Birmingham, 106 miles; Bradford, 15 ; Derby, 72 ; Dewsbury, 8; Doncaster, 45%; Halifax, 7: Harrogate, 35; Hull, 71%; Leeds, 16} ; Leicester, 101; Liverpool, 574%; London (Euston), 203%; Macclesfield, 38 ; Manchester, 26 ; Rochdale, 29 ; Sheffield, 26# ; Stockport, 26}; Wakefield, 14 ; York, 45%. By road-Barnsley. 17; Bradford, 11; Halifax, 7; Leeds, 16 ; London, 189; Oldham, 18; Sheffield, 26; Wakefield, 14. Early Closing Day : Wednesday. Estate Agents : Abbey & Hanson, Cloth Hall Street; Eddison, Taylor and Booth, High Street; Hewitt & Hellawell, Queen Street. Garages and Repairers: Rippon Bros. Ltd.; Newton's; Mitchell's (Morris Depot). General Post Office: Northumberland Street, with Town Branch at the King's Head Arcade, Cloth Hall Street. Market Days : Tuesdays, and Weekly Market on Monday. M.O.H. :+: John M. Gibson, B.A., M.D., D.P.H. Newspapers : " Huddersfield Daily Examiner" ; *" Huddersfield Weekly Examiner ;" "Huddersfield Citizen;" "Huddersfield Boro' Advertiser" (weekly). Parking Places : Byram Street; Lord Street; Market Street; Spring Street; Springwood Street; Water Street; Bow Street; Queen Street South ; Milford Street; Corporation Street; Peel Street; Bradley Street; Brook Street. The site cleared by the demolition of the Cloth Hall is the most spacious parking place in the town, and is directly administered through the Estate Department. Political Data: Member-William Mabane; Constituency-Hudders- field; Number of Electors-80,860. Population : (1931) 113,407. Railway Fares from London (Euston or St. Pancras) : First Class, single, 38/1; Return, for three months, 76/2. Third Class, single, 22/10 ; Return, for three months, 45/8. About fourteen trains each way daily, two from London and six from Huddersfield Sundays. Rateable Value: £770,638, and a penny rate per £ produces £2,980. Rates in the £ : 1931-32, 11/-. Facilities for telephone communication throughout the borough have been re-organized and extended by the erection of kiosks at a large number of con- venient centres. Equally valuable for all emergency purposes are the Police Boxes erected at strategic points throughout the borough. Rainfall per annum : average, 33%9 inches. 1931, 36°21 inches.

Page Forty-six

Page 49

B. Robinson & Sons

LIMITED.

HIGH-CLASS SHIRT & COLLAR DRESSERS and GENERAL LAUNDERERS

Famous for Fine Finish |

Vans collect in all parts of Huddersfield and Suburbs.

Ask for particulars of our Wonder Wash.

Registered Office and Works :

NEWTOWN LAUNDRY HONLEY, nr. HUDDERSFIELD |

Telephone: Honley 74

mo s + str Lima demcadd » a s # s "uw ¢ $ am ¢ inc detttn ct a

Page 50

Established 1860.

DYERS and FINISHERS

of

in

ALIZARINES INDIGOS BLACKS Special COLOURS ig Finishes for Venetian Cloths

Woodhouse Mills

DEIGHTON Huddersfield

Telephone: Huddersfield 56.

Telegrams: '"' Walker, Dyer, Sheepridge."

hem 4 £ "tt 6 $ tm 6 ke dimcat d ditncctd d dint d d

Page 51

"wo defied "m 6 #! L # "w 6

Telephone 196. Established 1852.

George Garton & Son Ltd.

Sanitary, Electrical & Heating Engineers

Merchants in all kinds of Lead, Iron and Glass

After Business Hours Ring up 1494. (

MARKET PLACE and KIRKGATE

HUDDERSFIELD.

The Austin Magazine

THE AUSTIN OWNER'S E FRIEND

At all Newsagents and Bookstalls

FOURPENCE MONTHLY

Specimen copy sent free and post free on application to the Publishers :- f

ED. J. BURROW & CO. LTD., CHELTENHAM and Wellington House, Strand, London, W.C. 2.

Page Forty-seven

Page 52

W. H. WADSWORTH & CO. (DYERS) LTD. _ LEYMOOR DYEWORKS, LONGWOOD

Telephone: Milnsbridge 17. Near HUDDERSFIELD. INDIGO AND FANCY COLOUR DYERS 4 ON WOOLLEN AND wWORSTED CLOTHS. (

ONLY THE FASTEST COLOURS USED I

I ~- bTelephone 694. I 7 I Iv ‘ THOMAS. SON & LOCKE

Wholesale and Retail PICTURE & SHOWCARD FRAMERS, GILDERS & SWEPT FRAME MAKERS

Mirrors and Pictures Framed in Exclusive Designs.

9 Princess Street, HUDDERSFIELD

(Opposite Temperance Hall.)

Page 53

PLEASE OPEN HERE

FOLDING PLAN OF BUS AND TRAMWAY SYSTEMS

Telephone :

535.

Huddersfield D YED

THE DYE OF QUALITY & FASTNESS NO DYE CAN BE MORE FAST

THAN "SUNCLIME" DYE

Fast to Sun and Sea Air

THOMAS CANBY

DYER & FINISHER of Coatings,

Serges, Imperials, Venetians, etc.

VICTORIA MILLS, LOCKWOOD

F -x

Telegrams :

BY *" Canby, Huddersfield."

ESTABLISHED 1836.

TELEPHONE 3631-2.

Burman & Greenwood

OIL, PAINT, COLOUR WHITE LEAD AND VARNISH MERCHANTS

Sole Makers of "BURWOOD " VARNISHES AND ENAMELS

Brushes and every description

of PAINTING MATERIALS.

LET US QUOTE YOU.

ALBION STREET :: HUDDERSFIELD

Page 54

HALIFAX

MAP OF THE HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION TRAMWAY AND R MOTOR OMNIBUS WEST VALE ELLAND SYSTEMS

AINLEY T/O/\

MOTOR BUS ROUTES : BIRCHENCLIFF "_ &TRAM: _ =====« w= TRAMS ONLY

eO

, SCALE MILES

=O

NONT SARAHS HILLTOP

WAREHOUSE »*

HI LL C fa RSDEN HARD END MELTHAM GREAT WESTERN HOL ED.J.BURROW & C0 LTO..COPYRIGHT. HOLM BRIDGE/j

Issued with the Huddersfield Official Guide by Ed. J. Burrow

Page 55

1110271107 pu» wunpyu33}]34") ‘maqsqqnd pup (7717 'O) p

NODOWT

TW MIN ' 11g! SONOHL

ANY TNOLSYNHL

_ éflNOH NORINYAMEIY

F # # ®

*«~ NOR]?! H.

NOLd7]

''''''

NiHHDQJOW ven 4s, $1 I

a13usuaaann. C

NOL1HG . NOLHIJHAEIA 4***

NOLVIH H3dd1 es & f m

AYNTSMIGU

11!W S

(p40 poag O| ) y,

Page 56

HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION TRAMWAYS

AND OMNIBUSES

# 4 6 6 3 te., 6 <n. 6 B <i. ¥ 6 00... 4 $ <. 1 $-. 4 $ <. 44. 69 t.. 13 <tz 6# s

Parcels conveyed by Tramcar and Omnibuses

Prompt and Careful Attention.

ALBERT A. BLACKBURN. General Manager and Engineer.

Tramways Offices (Phone 3581-2). HUDDERSFIELD.

Page 57

| JARRATT, PYRAH & ARMITAGE - |

Timber Merchants |

I »

HUDDERSFIELD

inc d

#p mf

Telegrams: "Timber." Telephone 191. k

Page Forty-nine

Page 58

)

"Exclusive use of best Fleece Wools, - together with exceptional technical skill in manipulation, is the explanation of the distinctive and uniform quality of

Albany Yarns.

FINE BOTANY AND ‘ CROSS - BRED YARNS

f WHITE SOLID COLOURS MIXTURES, TWISTS, MARLS

for

5 Coatings, Suitings, Trouserings

Dress Goods, Hosiery and 1 Knitted Fabrics

RELIABLE - DELIVERIES - TO ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD.

T he

|_ ALBANY MILLS CO. LTD. HUDDERSFIELD

i YORKSHIRE _-_ ENGLAND.

Telephone : Telegrams : HUDDERSFIELD 3180-2. "ALB. HUDDERSFIELD."

H~l~|l~i~~~ll~| fig~lsi‘s‘ls‘lsflsflIsllubfllsimlsilsiivflvl‘lmlsilfiI~l~l~l~l~~D~1 y * h

(

Page Fifty

Page 59

ait dead

Jennens, Welch & Co. Ltd. -

CLOTH WORKERS & SHRINKERS

Proprietors

of the Famous

* Jenwel "

Waterproof Process.

e arn mo sprRriNow6OOb works,

HUDDERSFIELD. °

Make Sure your _ Cloth I

SHRUN K G well Shrunk

-in other words I

Telephone 3.

__:-' f’ C) [F |

~ no ® e -k REGENT WORKS , FOLEY STREET LONDON .W

I. & i w 1‘.\'- A

Telephone :

Museum 2723/4.

SHRUNK by the above First-Class Firm of LONDON SHRINKERS

GOOD TAILORING

with ill-shrunken material

means of TIME + LABOUR - MONEY

--- |

Insist on Jennens-Welch |

Shrinking.

F— m_ /T u g Rs | n

1 ,:_I)_

“In“ In! I III

| P 7 357-_.,.

IAIIIIL In N t In In' h. In

TEEETCE: rm» T

EASTBROOK WORK: »

m Mm

"3 B

BRADFORD.

OUR STAMP

'* JENNENS, WELCH ] LTD. LONDON | SHRUNK,** is a j Genuine Guarantee 4 of Excellence, and our WATER- PROOFING METHODS are j

) ** Best for

Telephone 6615/6.

Page Fifty-one

Page 60

m

i.

COLNE VALE DYE & CHEMICAL |

f CO. LTD. i Telephone - - - Milnsbridge 3 Telegrams - '* Aniline, Huddersfield."

MANUFACTURERS OF

Aniline Dyes

For all Classes of Trades g SAMPLES AND PRICES | ON APPLICATION |

MILNSBRIDGE __ | HUDDERSFIELD |

"ang

i

pran®

Page Fifty-two

Page 61

im--ml~l-------lWl~l~M~| $i 6 3 <in 4 1 CN 6 $ <in 6

BAIRSTOW SONS & Co. Ltd.

Clothing Manufacturers

Specialities : FITZWEAR CLOTHING. B SERGES.

EBORAC SUITINGS. LADIES' COSTUMES, COATS, Ete.

Stockrooms at

Sheffield, Stockton-on-Tees, Wrexham, Cardiff, Bridgend (Glam.), Doncaster, Nottingham.

FITZWILLIAM STREET, HUDDERSFIELD

Telegraphic Address: " Fitzwilliam." Telephone 3605-3606.

Los Armus 6 6 e 6 $- Com 4 6 Cle 4 6 Cin 44 <e 5 5 Coe 4 $ Cee 4 $ C 14 Ctg 4. 5 Chip 4 6 Chi § 5 he 4 $ <a 4 $ Cam 4 i Chie $ Clip 6 6 Ces 4 $ Cine 65 hem 6 6 Chins 4 $ Chig 6 iin 4 $ <i 4 $ A $ Cig $ <p 1 Cms 4 $ < 4 $ <li 4 $ $ <p 6 $ Cg 6

if

PageZFifty-three

Page 62

TELEPHONE : CENTRAL

482 SALT DEPOT.

CARTER & Co.

DRYSALTERS GENERAL AND BUILDERS' MERCHANTS OILS, PUTTY & PAINT, etc.

ANY QUANTITY SUPPLIED

Enquiries Solicited

Water Street, HUDDERSFIELD

)

Telephone 157. Telephone 157.

OLEINES WOOL OILS LUBRICATING OILS AND GREASES

Sole Manufacturers of

BATOYLE (Regd.) MOTOR OILS

"Quality First Always"

D. BATTYE «& SON LTD.

HENRY STREET (of Upperhead Row) HUDDERSFIELD

Page Fifty-four

Page 63

USEFUL REFERENCES

Aniline Dye Manufacturers. PAGE CoLNE VArE DyE anp CHEMICAL Co. LTD. &. &. &. 52 Bakers and Confectioners (Wholesale). CALAM's | .. 2. 2. &. 2. &. &. &. a+ 5 Brewers. Joun Amnury & Sons LTD. 2. 2. 2. 2. .. - 4 of cover BENTLEY & SHAW LTD. .. &. 2. 2. &. &. &. 4 Builders, etc. Tr HuppErsFIELD GuILDp SocIETYy LTD .. &. .. 3 of cover Building Society. HuppERsFIELD BUILDING SOCIETY 2. 2. 2. a+ 232 & 3 Bye Products Engineers. W. C. Hormrs & Co. LTD. .. 2. 2. 2. .. - 2 of cover Clothing Manufacturers. Barstow, Sons & Co. LTD. .. &. &. &. &. &. 53 HaicHs, HUDDERSFIELD, LTD. .. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 6 Cloth Workers and Shrinkers. JENNENS, WErcH & Co. LTD. &. &. &. a+ &. 5I Coach and Motor Lorry Body Bullder. CHARLES WILD - .. R &. 2. &. &. &. &. 56 Commercial Motor Vehlcle Manufacturers. KARRIER MoToRs LTD. .. 2. &. &. &. &. &. I Drysalters, General and Builders' Merchants. CARTER & Co. _ .. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. &. 2. 54 Dyers and Finishers. Tromas CanBy .. 2. .. 2. &. .- Facing 48 Jon LEE WALKER & SONS LTD. 2. 2. 2. ..- Facing 47 W. H. Wapswortx & Co. (DvyERs) LTD. .. &. &. a. 48 Electricity Supply and Service. HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION ELECTRICITY DEPT. &. a+ &+ 8 Gear Manufacturers. Davin Brown & Sons (HUDDERSFIELD) LTD. &. &. &. 40 Laundrymen. B. RoBInson & Sons LTD. &. &. &. &. .- Facing 48 Loom Makers. HurcHiInson, HoLLInNncGwoRTHX & Co. LTD. .. &. &+ a. 38 Qil Distillers and Merchants. D. BattyrE & Son LTD... &. &. &. a+ &. &. 54 Oil, Paint and Colour Merchants. BURMAN & GREENWOOD .. 2. 2. &. a+ ..- Facing 48 CARTER & Co. _ .. .. 2. 2. 2. &. &. &. 54 Picture and Showcard Framers, etc. THomas, SON & LoCKE .. &. 2. 2. 2. &. &. 48 Sanitary, Electrical and Heating Engineers. GEORGE GARTON & SON LTD. 2. 2. &. 2. &. 47 Timber Merchants. JARRATT, Pyranx & ARMITAGE .. &. &. a. a+ &. 49

Tramway and Omnibus Services. , HUDDERSFIELD CORPORATION TramwAys & OMNIBUSES &. Facing 49

Wine and Spirit Merchants.

BENTLEY & SHAW LTD. .. &. &. &. a. &. &. 4 Worsted Spinners. Tur ArBAny Mirrs Co. LTD. .. &. &. &. as &. 50 ALLEN PRIEST & SONS LTD. .. 2. &. &. &. &. 56

Page Fifty-five

Page 64

TELEPHONE : TELEGRAMS :

5 78. 5 P S " PRIESTS, HUDD."

Allen Priest & Sons Limited |

HOSIERY YARN SPINNERS |

WOOLLEN AND ANGOLA IN COLOURS AND - MIXTURES.

f BATH MILLS ' HUDDERSFIELD

Joo Telephone 625.

| CHARLES WILD |

j CARRIAGE BUILDER WHEELWRIGHT i MOTOR LORRY f BODY BUILDER

i - Vans, Carts, Waggons, etc., Built to Order | Rubber Tyres fitted on the Premises 4

|_ Beaumont Street :: Huddersfield |

[

Page Fifty-six NSI799EFD

Page 65

THE

HUDDERSFIELD |

GUILD SOCIETY

L

BUILDERS AND DECORATORS, &c.

Estimates supplied for Repairs, Additions and Alterations to All Classes of Property.

SPECIALISTS IN ALL TRADES

~TELEPHONE . 3027.

Registered Office:

16. VIADUCT STREET ~HUDDERSFIELD

<p 60,00 "m 09 99 " 99

Page 66

RE aR nak

wt a at Tn ut to oe In wt Sie In at t ne n at N t In it n ne In at t t In t t In t In at n a In t n a n d in t at m ie In i ot at Init n t he n t Inne ni Ia t a it

Telephone 2141

JOHN AINLEY & SONS Ltd.

Wapping Spring Brewery LINDLEY MOOR

BREWERS OF

MILD AND BITTER BEERS

AND

FAMOUS WAPPY STOUT (ALL FROM SPRING WATER) £ IN CASK AND BOTTLE

ALSO

BOTTLERS OF

~BASS, WORTHINGTON, GUINNESS AND GAYMER'S CYDER

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXWXXXXXXXX$§CXXXX

$

ae an as a nie aus a na ind in it In i n ie na ie ha n it n t hae m e mid in t in in m at In it m an ie it n t n


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