The Elland Tragedies (1890) by J. Horsfall Turner

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Cllant Wragettes,

The MURDERS of Sir ROBERT BEAUMONT, of CROSLAND ; HUGH DE QUARMBY, of QUARMBY, Esquire JOHN DE LOCKWOOD, of LOCKWOOD, Esquire ; Sir JOHN ELAND, Senior, at BRIGHOUSE ; Sir JOHN ELAND, Junior, AND HIS SON, at ELAND ;

And others.

With the exploits of Walkin de Lockwood, at Cannon Hall, and of Adam de Beaumont, at Honley, and in Rhodes and Hungary, as recorded in ancient manuscripts in prose and verse, with notes, pedi-

grees, and evidences recently brought to light.

Eniteon sx J. HORSFALL TURNER, Idel, Bradford.

Printed for the Editor, by T. Harrison & Sons, Bingley, ~ 1890.

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BINGLEY : ' T. Harrison & Sons, PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, ETC. 1890.

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TO HENRY J. BARBER, ESQ., anp HAaALlrax,

THESE PAGES ARE

AS A TOKEN OF A GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE OF HAVING RECEIVED INSPIRATION FROM AND ENJOYED THE FRIENDSHIP OF HI‘MSELF AND HIS BROTHERS

DURING A LONG COURSE OF YEARS.

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INTRODUCTION.

It was not uncommon for Norman barons to make war on each other, especially in Stephen's reign as shewn by Brady. The great lords of Wakefield and Pontefract- the Warrens and the Lacis, had several quarrels. In 1268 they had each armed their retammers to settle by force of arms a quarrel about a pasture, but were pre- vented by the king. In 1817, Alice de Lacy, who had been given in marriage to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, was forcibly carried off in 1817 to Riegate Castle, belong- ing to the Earl of Warren. The Earl divorced her, and lard siege to the Yorkshire castles of Earl Warren, but again the king interfered. The Dodsworth MSS. (cxlyv. folio 107), intimate that the Elland fray originated with this dispute, a man being slain, and Elland sought the murderer at Beaumont's house. The Earl of Lancaster was beheaded in 1322, and Alice de Lacy died in 1848. Sir John Elland was high steward to the Earl of Warren of the manor of Wakefield, &c. The murder of Sir Robert Beaumont is given, 24 Edw. III. The evidence given is from the writings and pedigrees in the possession of John Armytage, of Kirklees, Esquire, 1621, " and they have a play and song thereof in the country still." G. J. Armytage, Esq., has made diligent but unsuccessful search for such writings. It is quite probable that the ballad | was acted in the same style as the Peace-egg, or St. George, is still. The story of Percy and Douglas at Chevy Chace is a parallel instance of noblemen's feuds, and the last instance, of any magnitude, was the pitched battle in 1470 at Nibley Green, in Gloucestershire, when the friends and retainers of Lord Berkeley fought against those of Lord Lisle. In 1592, a skirmish on a small scale took place between Mr. Baildon of Baildon and his friends, and certain tenants at Wrose, near Bradford. Of similar clan and family quarrels, local history supplies several instances, whilst ancient history abounds with examples. Buch expressions in the Bible as, "I know that my Vindicator liveth" had their origin in the Lea Talionis principle.

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The writer of the Elland ballad does not appear to have discovered the cause of the feud, see verse 14; and, besides the Warren dispute about Alicia de Lacy, the following reason has been assigned. Exley, a near neigh- bour to Sir John Eland had killed the knight's brother's son, and fled to Sir Robert Beaumont for safety. Com- pensation was given to Sir John, but the enmity con- tinued and Sir John broke the agreement. From verse 17, we gather that Lockwood had renewed an old quarrel. John de Lockwood, according to the Wakefield Court Rolls, 85 Edw. I., was found guilty of having forcibly ejected Matthew de Linthwaite from his free tenement, and when the greave and bailiff came to take possession, he and others made an attempt to have slain them, so that they narrowly escaped with their ves. This is an indication of the character of the Lockwoods and their neighbours at that time. Another account of the origin of the Elland quarrel is that Exley happened to kill a sister's son of Sir John Eland's, for which he gave a piece of land to the Elands for satisfaction; yet Sir John sought to slay him, and he fled to his kinsman Sir Robert Beaumont for protection ; on which Sir John called his retammers together, and in the night time, in the month of May, committed the triple murders. Mr. Hopkinson's manuscripts (removed from Bierley Hall to Eshton Hall,) state that besides Sir Robert Beaumont, his brother William, and the runaway Exley, were slain. In the antiquarian collection of manuscripts belonging to Mr. Wilson, of Broomhead (sold in 1848, to Sir Thomas Phillips, probably), was a copy of the Ellana Tragedy, as reported by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A., who made a catalogue of the collection. See also Hunter's South Yorkshire, u., 481. W. Paley Baildon, Esq., has recently discovered in the Record Office, London, that a writ was sent down to Yorkshire on account of the murder of the Ellands, and therefore we may rest assured that as the account is true of the latter half of the story, the former half is equally certain. A few notes respecting the places mentioned will be found incorporated with the index ; and such family notes and pedigrees as have been preserved and published are here added.

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Bravnmoxnt. - William de Bello- monte lived about 1206, and is sup- posed to have been father of William de Beaumont, of Whitley, who had four sons, Bir William, Sir R-, John, and Adam. The eldest died about 1323, leaving a son Sir Robert, who married Agnes daughter of John de Quernby, about $1310. He held | Whitley, Crosland, E &e. He gave lands ' to Thomas his son,

[18 Edw. II., and Sir John de Eland, ' John de Querneby P and others were witnesses. In 1829 ] he gave lands in Lepton to Nicholas, John and Robert, three of his sons who are mentioned in no other deed, and his own name does not appear in

Beaumont Arms. deeds after this

date. Agnes, his widow, married Henry Deyvile, and was living in 18346.

This Sir Robert is also said to have married Grace de Crosland. He is the Sir Robert mentioned in the ballad as having been slain, but Mr. R. H. Beaumont, the anti- quary, believed the story to be fiction. In 1850 Sir John de Eland is witness to a deed of Adam, (fourth) son

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of Sir Robert. Of the eight sons of Sir Robert, Sir John, of Crosland Hall, was heir; Sir Thomas held lands in Lepton, and gave an annuity to Alice, wife of Thomas Bosville, of Cawthorne, and prob- f a ably fought at the siege of Calais ; William, Adam, Henry, Nicholas, John (?) and Robert __ W are mentioned in oes deeds, 1826-9. Sir / wy RG John, the eldest, in 18332 granted all his moveable goods in Crosland, above and below ground, to Adam son of

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| f .J')"{, . UU __ 'f WIRE Alex. de Radcliff I // Mai 1B ex. de adclI1.. M\&\\\\\@\\q\‘ His widow Margar- et was living in 11871. His third son Henry succeed- led, after the deaths | of John and Robert his elder brothers, [to the Crosland, &e. estates, about 1871. This Henry was tried at York for the murder of Geof. Darcy at Clifton, but was acquitted. This 'murder' poss- ibly took place in 13 Ric. II., when Sir John Ashton took from him some cattle by force of arms. This Henry de Beaumont died about 1896, leaving a large family of sons. The Beaumonts in those early times, as later, have had large families, and some confusion has

arisen from the common christian names, John, Adam,

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Bosville Arms.

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&e. From deeds the following fragmentary pedigrees are extracted from Dodsworth MSS., Yorkshire Journal. , William de Bellomont, de Crosland. |

| | William, living 1802, 1826. Richard.

| Robert, 1302, 1826. =- Agnes de Quernby.

| | | | | Ll, 1 Sir John, Thomas, William, Adam, Henry, Nicholas,

d.c.1855 | Robert.

| | | John, Robert, Henry, all mentioned in deed 31 Edward

III., when J ohn de Sayvile of Eland, Henry his brother, John de Quarmby, &c., were witnesses.

Ecclesley or Exley family derived the name from Exley, near Elland, but in Southowram township, as is also Cromwellbottom. Richard son of William de Ekelesleye had killed William son of William de , but recelved the royal pardon, 31 Edw. I., in consideration of good services done the king in Scotland. Ellen, daughter of Henry, son of Hugh de Eeclisley, granted lands in Ecclisley to Richard son of Roger de Ecclisley, sans date. John de Eland and others witness the deed, and Robert, her brother, granted the same. John de Lascy was a witness to this deed. Wm. de Exley. Thos. de E. Richard de E. | I | Ixl | | | | John. Rose=Hugh, son Henry, Richard. Roger, Wm. of Robert

| de Priestley. \ Richd. Lacy.-Gilbert de Lasecy and Agnes his wife occur about 1202.

John de Lasey=-Ellen, d. & h. Robert de Cromwellbothom 80 Edw. I. John=--Margaret, d. of John de Elland.

|- | John=--Florence Molineux. - Gilbert=Isabel Soothill. Wflham—r—Joan Skargill. I Thomas It is singular that Lacy *

X

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*=--Eleanor Neville not appear to have John taken part in anything =(1) Matilda Wortley _ but the plauning of the =(2) Joan Leventhorpe. murder of the elder Sir I John Eland, his cousin.

Lockwoon. -Adam fil John de Locwode, (1286-58.) Adam de L. and John his son, John de Quernby, &c. witness deeds of Annabella wid. Sir Ric. de Bellomonte before 1297. John de L., his son William, and William's son, Richard, with John Warnby de Wharmby (Quarmby) are mentioned in a deed 1824. John de L.

| | | John, Wm., Henry, 1844, lands in N. Crossland.

Wm. de Fenay and Margaret his wife, deed dated at Lockwood 1880. Margt. the widow of Wm. in 1898 gave mess. at N. Crossland to Henry Bemont, &c.

QuarmBy PrEoierEr.*-Quarmby is often written Quern- by, Quermby, Wharnby, Whernby. Adam Fitz Orm. |

| | Adam de Heaton. Thomas de Quarmby died before 1218 JoLn, living in 1218 J Robert (?) |

John, living 1294=-Joan

| | | William, living John=--Margaret, held Alice (?) wife of

1805. | lands in 1888. Wm.Beaumont | Thomas, JoLn, 40 years old in 1325, dead in 1828, living witnessed deed of Sir Robt. Bellomonte 1328. in 1826.

=-Alice, widow, 1828. John, living 1844. --Margery.

% * Yorks. Archrological Journal, viii., p. 518.-Mr. Tomlinson.

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11 | C Po .., John, living 1862. William, will dated 1884. =Catherine, widow, 1866. - Preston. Joan= Hugh de Annesley. The Enuanps were probably the descendants of Gaxrr, who held (with Godwin) the manor of Cornebi (Quarmby) in Domesday Survey, 1086. He also held Elland, Bradford and other manors previously, which he had to relinquish to Ilbert de Lacy, except Elland. Gamel! filius Ulkil gave lands in Eland to Fountain's Abbey, which grant was confirmed by the Elands, (who (with the Lacys of Cromwellbothom, representing co- heiresses, held the manor of Rochdale, another great property of Gamel the Thane's in 1086. ' Ormus de Eland was living 1202. Leisingns de Eland, father of Henry who married the daughter and co-heir of Whitworth, and had a son Sir Hugh de Eland. His son Sir John de Eland was living 80 Henry III. and 3 Edw. I. for in the latter year a riot was presented at Brighouse Turne upon John de Eland and John de Quermby, about a distress which Eland had taken from Quermby, for aid to make his son a knight. This Sir John was father of Sir Hugh who married Joan de Tankersley. Sir Hugh died 8 Edw. II. leaving issue:

Leising Sir Thomas, Richard, Margaret - | (who married (1) John de Lacy Henry & had issue, and (2%) William | constable of Nottingham Castle, Hugh alias William de Eland,) and | Wymark, married Robert de John Mitton. Bir Thomas was father | of Sir John de Eland, Knight of Hugh the Shire 14 Edw. III., and High

| Sheriff 15 Edw. III., in which | year he is said to have committed Richard Sir Thomas the murders of Quarmby, Lock- | wood and Beaumont. He was SirJohn, M.P. thrice married, (1) Alice Lathom, married - (2) Ann Rygate, (8) Olive. His thrice. _ children were :- ' __ (a) Sir John, who had a son name unknown, and a daughter Isabel, whose wardship was purchased by Sir

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John Savile in 1850, and he afterwards married her, and became possessed of the Elland estates. A John de Eland witnessed a deed of Agnes daughter of John de Bellomonte, in 1846. (b) Thomas de Eland, (c) Henry, (d) Margery, (e) Isabel, (f) Dionysia, and by the third wife, (g) Robert, and () James. Isabel Eland <- Sir John Savile, Kant. John S., Esq.

| Henry S., Esq.

| Thomas S., Knt. | John S., Esq.

| John S., Knt.

| Henry Savile, complainant, 1526,

entered this pedigree. Col. Fishwick, in his Rochdale, gives the early pedigree somewhat differently : Henry de Eland

| Hugh de Eland

| | | Hugh Nicholas Wymarka

| | =Jordan de Mitton. Hugh Hugh |

| a John, living 1250, Margery | = Gilbert de Notton.

Sir Hugh --= Johanna d. 1809-10 | d. Sir Ric. de Tankersley. I - Sir John. Ricl'nard. Marlgery=(1) John Lacy de d. s. p. Cromwelbotham Dr. Whitaker, who seems to have been the first after Mr. Watson to print the ballad (Loidis, 1816) prefixed the following remarks : * The following metrical record of that hereditary feud was transcribed by Mr. Hopkinson about the year 1650,

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and has nothing but internal evidence to support the truth which it relates. The late Mr. Beaumont supposed the whole to be a fiction, because at the very period of the tragedy the different parties appear to have been at peace, so far as it may be inferred from their attesting each other's charters. But this argument is not conclu- sive; there was an interval of fifteen years in which, though the flame was not extinct, it was smothered under embers, so that decent appearances were kept up between the survivors of the families. In my opinion the poem authenticates itself. Let the reader turn to the following transcript from Dodsworth's MSS. of that part of the pedigree which refers to this period, and he will find what Mr. Watson never observed, that though the estate passed by marriage of a sister of the last Elland to the Saviles, there was a brother Henry. This is not accounted for ; but the poem informs us that this Henry was a brother of the half-blood, and therefore, the immediate ancestor having died intestate, could not inherit. This could not be invented. Then again the story is so circumstantial, the places, dates, &c. so specific and so consistent, that I cannot conceive it a fable. Yet the present poem, wherever the writer procured his materials, is later, by little less than two centuries, than the events which it records. Hopkinson, indeed, has given it an air of modernism to which it is not entitled by having altered the spelling; yet, on the whole, I am inclined to refer it to the end of Henry VIII.'s reign, when, from several other specimens, it appears that a humour of versifying prevailed in this country. Before that time I think it cannot be placed from internal evidence, nor after it from external. The hint given to " Savile" not to lose the good graces of the people by pride, may well suit Sir Henry Savile, who died in 1558, but would have been impertinent had it been addressed to Edward Savile, his long-lived son, an idiot. After his death, which did not happen till 1604, it is too late to fix the date. To prove that it cannot be fixed earlier, if the style did not suffice, there are several hints of the distance of time, and the remark thrown in, to obviate the objection from so much violence having escaped with impunity, that there was then no regular police. One great geographical inac- curacy escaped the writer, in representing the Towneleys,

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who were coming out of Lancashire, and the Breretons out of Cheshire, to the relief of the Beaumonts, as meet- ing at Marsden. I suspect the whole to be an expansion of a much more ancient, and perhaps almost contem- porary ballad, which has now irretrievably perished. Tradition could never have carried down so many pro- bable and consistent facts from the reign of Edward III. to that of Henry VIII. and not have failed to gather in its course much of the wonderful and the fabulous.

Hugo de Eland, habuit Warrena apud Eland & Tankersley _-<-Joanna, 8 E. 8.

o C-- Dnus Johés de Eland=-Dna Alicia relicta Jacobus de

habuit mercat apud 21 E. 8. Eland. Eland, 10 E. 2. Rector de Tan- _ - kersley, 22 E. 8. | | («)

Johés = Alicia, - Jacobus = Kath.

de Eland 46 6.3. de Eland, 46 E.3. - relictsa fuit Mar. - Carling- fil et her. 86 E.3. de how & gqccisus Brighouse apud Eland ex dono patris 36 E. 8. 19 E. 3.

Isabella=-Joh'is Sayvile, elder brother | & heir of Henry

Joh'es=--Agnes=Ric'us - Henry=-Eliz. d. & h.

21 Ric. 2 : de Simon de miles | :: Balderston, Thornhill. : miles A | e Joh'es =filia Darcy" s.p. - Fitzwilliam s.p.

(a) Margareta ux. Joh'es de Lacy This pedigree also differs from Watson's account.

We add a few more notes to guide the future genealogist. 1326. Sir John de Eland witness to Charter of Agnes

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daughter of John son of Hugh de Berwick of Rouclive to John de Calverley and Johanna his wife. Brit. Mus. Addl. MSS. 16788. 1326. John de Eland Kunt., grants to John son of Robert del Claye the 16th part of all the waste of Rish- worth. (Watson's Halifax, p. 118.) 1888. Sir John de Eland witness to Charter of Sir Richard de Birton, Knt., dated at Huddersfield. (Loidis d Elmete, p. 848. - 1334. Sir John de Eland witness to Charter of Adam de Oxenhope, dated at Batley, 18 Oct. 1884. 1841. Sir John de Eland Knight of the Shire for Yorkshire. __ 1342. Sir John de Eland, Sheriff, witness to Charter of John Tilley de Okewell. Dated at Gomersall. B. M. Addl. 12639. 18347. Sir John de Eland an Exor. of the Will of John Earl of Warren and Surrey, ( Test. Fbor. ) 1850. Sir John de Eland witness to Charter of Adam de Bellomont releasing lands to Adam de Hopton. (Loidis, p. 889). 1850. Charter of Sir John de Eland to Thos. de Fenton granting the Manor of Wyrnathorp. Dated at Erdeslawe, Feast of the Commemoration of St. Paul [80 June]. 24 Edw. IIL. B. M. Addl. MSS. 20602. 1348. Richard, Bishop of Durham to Thomas de Eland and Johanna his wife. Charter dated at Houeden. Durham Register, Rolls Series. - _ The Wakefield Manor Rolls extend back to 1307, and from that date we find the names of the men who took part in the Elland quarrels. On the jury at Brighouse Tourne in that year were, John de Locwode, John fil. Ade de Locwode, &c. A Roll endorsed 1285, gives amongst the Brighouse Tourn jurymen the names of John de Quernby, John de Lokwode, Adam del Locwod. In 1808 John de Locwode, junior, was on the Brighouse ury, at which court it was registered that " Dom. Hugh de Eland mortus est." In 1311, John fil John de Locwod was a juryman, and also John fil Ade de Locwode. In 1314 the former John, and Roger del Hagh, and John de Quernby served on the jury. In 1826 William de Loke- wod & Adam de Quernbi were on the jury. Numerous

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cases of affrays and blood-sheddings occur in this and other rolls of that period. Robert de Bellomonte is given as one of the chief tenants. In 1833 Thomas de Lascy attended the Brighouse court, on the feast of St. John of Beverley. Agnes. wife of Thomas fil John de Lockewode in 1886 had an affray and drew blood from Ive Rubilion. In 183887 John de Quermby was fined xijd. and John de Seyuill xld. for not attending the court at Rastrick- bnghouse In 1841 Thomas de Locwod was a Brighouse juryman. Sir John de Eland had the mills of Raetnck (Brighouse) and Shipden on lease. In 1842 Thomas de Locwod was again a juryman, and so for a few years afterwards. Amongst the senatores of the Court of Wakefield in 1364 were John de Querneby, John Saiuil de Eland. Amongst the four men representing Quarmby township at the Brighouse Tourn, 19 Novr. that year, was Henry del Hagh. At the tourn held 7 May, following, he again heads the four men, as constable of the town, and John de Whithill was constable of Northowram. In 1868 John Bosville was chief forester under the Manor of Wakefield. The distraction of the French and Scotch wars, in which Edward III. was almost continuously engaged, and the ravages of the Black Death, may partially ac- count for the indifference of the King to such irregularities as are here recorded. The Poll Tax of 1879 followed so closely on the Elland outrages that the very men's names are recorded who witnessed the events. In Elland, we have sixty-one payments recorded, including Nir John Seyvyll and his wife, Adam del Haigh, William Whithill, John Milner, John de Anley. Another Hagh, and Adam Dison lived then at Huddersfield. At North Crossland were sixteen who paid the tax, and sixteen more at Cross- land Fosse, including De Bergh, Thomas Lokewood and his wife, William de Lokewood, and another Adam Dison. At Quernby there were fifty- four who paid, including Isabella servant of William de Quernby, Thomas de Lock- wood, John de Cawthorne, Dausons, &c.

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Revenge upon Revenge: OR, A N

Historical Narrative, &c.

Reser reson reich aie an or

P A RT I. HLS Sublunary World is the Universal Stage,

£3 W On which all Mankind Act the various Parts t) of Human Life, in a lower, or higher Degree I" Cg fee of Virtue, or Vice, as the one or other of them are agrecable to the different Tempers of their Natures, and Educations ; or as they are more or less Imitators of the good or bad Examples which pass before them. Ir Piety and Prudence become the Rule of their Con- duct : Peace, Amity, and Tranquility crowns their Years with Honour and Success. Bur if they be otherwise minded, and thro' a vehement and restless Ferment of an ungovernable Passion, they suffer their Souls to be made a Victim to Pride and Luxury, there is nothing can more visibly declare the Degeneracy of their Nature, and the Infidelity of their Principles, than that they cannot submit themselves to the Rules of God's Word, and the Dispensations of Provi- dence. B

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18 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Tis is that Satanical Chariot which hurries Sin and Mischief, with Triumph through* the World, and provokes the Almighty to let them fall into the Condemnation of the Wicked. Hrxcr comes it to pass, that such Men's Lives are generally compos'd, and made of Chequer- Work ; here a Light and there a dark Point ; now appeareth, Joy blowmg from the uncertain Corner of vain Hopes ; anon, the Sorrows of Affliction, from just Displeasure of Heaven, surround them with Trouble and Vexation of Mind. Ix this Quarter they conclude themselves safe Liber- tines, in which to take the utmost of their Revenge :; But in the next turn of Providence's Grand Wheel of all Hu- man Affairs they are encompast with the vexatious Affr- onts of unavoidable Disasters. Tuus doth poor Bewildred Man fall a contemptible Sacrifice to his own unruly Lusts ; those pregnant Domi- neering Tyrants which occasion that inward Regret, and those restless Changes of Condition, that he can retain no certainty of Resolution within himself, nor any sure Confidence in others, that may bring to Perfection his Ambitious Projects, but is still restless and uneasy under his most splendid Enjoyments, and most Pleasing Appre- hensions of Buccess, in regard, according to the old Adage, of Wisdom and Experience. Trg Esquire's Ambition, prompts him to hunt after Knighthood, and from thence to a Lordly Degree ; still in progressive Motion, never acquiesceing in any honour of Human Dignity on this side the Grave ; for these ascend- ing Thoughts, being roul'd by the Spirit of Pride into every Angle of an Ambitious Mind, makes the Man Angry and Vexatious, both to himself and others, under every fancied Opposition that may but seem to intercept the Height of his Attainments ; and rather than not succeed in his Enterprize, the best of his Familiars must be made a Sacrifice to his Passionate and Irreconcileable Malice, and is generally concluded to be the Ground and Occasion of those Crying, as well as Unchristian Murders, which was Practiced and Committed by the Command of Sir John Eland, of Eland, he himself being present to behold the Actions performed. * "thorow," in 1708 edition.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 19

Axp comes now in its proper Order to be related, accord- ing to that Ancient Description which the Bards of old gave of them in their wonted Metres, and was then re- ceived as very well known, but greatly admired Truths, to the Memories of that Age, unto whom it was Dedicated. And therefore it is well hoped, that now it will neither appear unacceptable, or displeasing under this homely and borrow'd Attire ; especially considering its chief Design is to give Satisfaction to the Friends and Relations of the Parties then Suffering. The History whereof be pleased to take in the following Manner. Know then, That Sir John Eland, demgnmg to quench the Burning Flames which Mahce had kindled in his Breast, chose this Season as an Opportunity most apt and fitted for his purpose, without being check'd or controul'd by his Superiors; for being himself the King's High- Sheriff, (and his Majesty engaged in Foreign Wars) he having the whole Country, by Virtue of his Office, at his sole Command, to form them at his pleasure into a Body of Armed Men for Public Service, yet he waves that open Power, and yet out of a Politic Design, not to Allarum the whole Country, nor too much to expose himself, and his Projects to the risque and hazard of an unexpected Disappointment: As also, That he might with more Safety, and under greater Security, accomplish his Att- empts, he picks out of a greater Number, only a small Company of his Trusty Neighbours aud Tenants, and of them he musters together a Stout and well Armed Band. Men they were whose Hands and Hearts were wholly de- voted to his Command. For being Lord of Eland Town, all the Inhabitants therein, and the Major Part of the Parish being his Homagers, and as such had Sworn them- selves to be his faithful Servants, with Life and Limb, according to the Ancient Phrase in our Law. Axp with this small Army of Trusty Friends he Marches in Battle Array, with full Resolution to accomplish that Revenge and irreconcileable Malice that he had long nourish'd in his Mind, against that most worthy Knight, of Great Fame and Pedigree, Sir Robert Beaumont, Lord and Owner of Grosland-Hall ; and that in this Affair he might act securely, like a Politic and Jealous General, and that he might prevent the Danger of a Surprize from

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20 __ REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

a Back Enemy ; he, the said Sir John Eland, most Illegally, as well as Murderously, (being but a prlvate Gentleman) in the silent Time of Night, when all Men were gone to their Rest, he very speedily, and in good order, Marches these his Select Bands, directly to Quarmby- Hall, a Friend, and nigh Relation he was unto Sir Robert Beaumont, and there he enters without any Resistance (that Gentleman not suspecting any such evil Design could be projected against him) very violently with all his Armed Forces, and there incontinently slew the worthy Lord thereof, whose Name was Quarmby, of Quarmby.

Txs Bloody Act being thus most wickedly, as well as unjustly Executed, (in the Judgment of all Wise and Sober Men) it gave great occasion of Murmuring, and Lamentation amongst the whole Neighbourhood, as not knowing, and greatly wondering, why and wherefore so Good a Man should so suddenly be cut off by so surpris- ing, and violent a Death.

Frox this amazing Accident were all Mens Heads and Tongues set on work to find out the (Ground of the Mis- chief; and amidst the many and various Conjectures which were entertained amongst the Neighbourhood, the Major Part of the Country were of Opinion, That it must pro- ceed from some Undervaluing and Degrading Words, which should have been spoken against Sir Join Eland ; or else, That in contempt of his Authority, in one kind or other, 'his Commands had been openly disobeyed, by the said Beaumont, of Quarmby, and the rest of their Allies, as he was the King's High Sheriff; But how, or after what Manner soever it was that the Occasion was given, most certain it is, that both the Sheriff's Attempts and Executions, was Inhuman, as well as Unchristian ; and doth also very plainly demonstrate the Insatiableness of his Malice: For not resting content with having com- mitted this unparallel d Murder upon the Body of

Quarmby.

Tary forthW1th from Quarmby-Hall, that very Night (that is to say) Dir John Eland, and his new flesh'd Followers, haste with all speed to the House of Lockwood, of Lockwood ; who was a Gentleman of that Wisdom and Prudence, that he was not only reckoned, but esteemed

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LIL V /a U

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 21

as the Oracle, as well as the Darling of his Country ; and whose Memory will remain fragrant in future Ages. Burt to Men of Hostile and Revengeful Spirits, neither Nobility of Blood, nor Badge, nor Character of Worth and Honour, is Armour of Proof to resist the inveterate Stroke of Malice : For, in truth, all Pleas for Compassion are then superseded, where Power is resolved to take Rev- enge upon the Innocent and Virtuous ; so that in this case we cannot reckon it for a wonder to find, as in truth they did, Defenceless Lockwood Barbarously Murdered in the Midst of his harmless and midnight Retirement, as hav- ing no Power of Armed Men to Secure him from the cruel Insults of his enraged Enemy, who, in the Heat of their Pursuits, were seeking to destroy, and take away the Life of Sir Robert Beaumont ; as being resolved in this their Fury to convert their Serene and Peaceable Country into an Acheldema of Blood : For by the Deaths of Lock- wood and Quarmby, Sir John Eland having deprived Sir Robert Beaumont of the Assistance of his two trusty and faithful Friends, he forthwith Marches on with his select Forces to Crosland-Hall, which they found so strongly Moated about with a deep Trench of Water, and the Bridge theréof drawn up as was usual, to secure himself and Family from the violent Assaults of Robbers, and unreasonable Men. Insomuch, that this surprising Party of Men was compelled, for some time, to make a Halt, and place themselves in Ambush to avoid discovery, wait- ing with great Diligence and Circumspection, the drawing up of the Bridge, which in a few Hours answered their Expectation. For a Maid Servant belonging to the House, having some. special occasion to be that Morning very early Abroad, let down the Bridge, according to common cus- tom, which being perceived by this Armed Crew, they speedily quit their Ambushment, and violently seizing upon her, entered the Hall without any Resistance, but with so much Noise. as gavya-an Alarm. 'whole: - Family ; for they found Sw Rabat in diys, Red: \Cbamber,: with so many of his Servants, as in that Hurry could be summon'd to his Aid ; these, tho'"meandy Arm'd, yet def- ended their Master and themseives with all imaginable Gallantry, till very much Wounded, and over-power'd with

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22 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Multitudes, their Resistance prov'd unsuccessful and helpless. For these Men of Blood violently seized upon the Per- son of Sir Robert, and hurried him with great Fury down the Stairs into the Hall-Body, where, having him at their Mercy, neither Human Pity to the Shrieks of his frighted and bemoaning Lady, nor regard of Law and Conscience, as to the Life and Honour of so worthy a Gentleman could move them to retract their wicked and cruel Des- igns, but out of hand they cut off his Head ; which Barb- arous Murder thus Inhumanly committed, instead of put- ting a stop to their further Malicious Proceedings, it prov'd a new incentive to their riotous Lusts; which being resolved to gratify to the utmost of Excess, They com- manded all the Victuals, Bread, and Wine, to be brought forth, as is usual to be done at a Festival Triumph, and sitting down to Meat, Sir John invites Sir Robert's two Sons to come and Eat and Drink with them as they did ; (for as yet he had spared their Lives ) the Younger ac- cepts the Invitation, and both Eats and Drinks with them, but 4dam, the Elder, refused, and would not comply with their Humour ; his Refusal, when observed by Sir John Eland, and that by often Intreaty he could not prevail with to Eat, See, saith he, how heinously that Lad doth take his F ather’s Death, and looks with a frowning Count- enance, as if he were resolved to take Revenge; but I wall keep such a watchful and circumspect Eye over him, and such care shall be taken that he shall never be able to do us any harm. Axvp gives us occasion ( saith the Poet) to Contemplate the Uncertainties, and innumerable Miseries which attend Human Life: For the last Night who more Prosperous and Happy than worthy Beaumont, Lodged in harmless, pleasant, safe, and secure Repose? In the Morning sur- prized by unexpected Enemies, and his Life made a Sacrifice to their Barbarous Cruelties, leaving his Dear Lady and Fatherless Children, his Dead Carcass, a Mon- ument of their insatiable Revenge, and puts a Period to the First Part of this Tragical History.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 28

NER RGR an Carn tie Cn Sac seen aren PA RT I1.

fiifigfié k HIS Second Part opens to us a new Scene of we Matter, having in it a peculiar Relation to the fig T g’é Descendants of the forementioned Sufferers ; Ik K NE cxt in which the Lady Beaumont appears first upon ""~ the Stage, and doth Act her Part in the following Story.

No sooner was the Eye lids of the Morning, which opened upon the Family of Beaumonts with that dismal Shower of Blood, which hung their Hearts, as well as Crosland- Hall, in Mourning, a little mitigated in the Fury of its dismal Storm, by the withdrawing of Sir John Eland, and his Bloody Followers, but the Lady, together with the Assistance of her Wounded, Headless, and ful Family, took that seasonable Interval to Interr, with decent Burial, the Remains of her Dearly Beloved Hus- band ; and also to deliberate on, and contrive such new Methods, as might for the future Secure herself, and her Children, from the Rage and Cruelty of her, and their Enemies; All which her Transactions, doth very aptly refresh our Memories with those well known Truths.

Trat so unequal is the Temper and Disposition of our Lives, that we daily share, either in the loss of our suffer- ing Friends, or in the Death of some near Relation ; some Unhappiness of our own to be concerned for; or else we are overwhelmed with the Treacherous Inndehty of a seeming Friend, or the more Malicious Hatred of an open Enemy, to put us in mind, that this Mortal Life is nei- ther a State of Security, nor the Duration, wherein is to be enjoyed, desirable, and never failing Pleasures.

Nort but that Duty obliges us to submit with patience and Humility to the Dispensations of Divine Providence, as becomes our holy Profession, only with this gracious freedom, that we may use our Endeavours to shelter our selves, by all lawful Means, from the Persecuting Power of Unreasonable Men, intimated in that Expression of our Saviour, When ye are Persecuted in one City flee to another.

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24 REVENGE UFON REVENGE :

Txr Consideration whereof, undoubtedly took place in the Mind and Spirit of this Distressed Lady; for having given decent Burial to Sir Robert Beaumont, her next care was (as you have been told ) how safely to Secure her own, and her Childrens Lives, which she endeavoured in the following Manner. By sending a trusty Messenger, with all haste, to ac- quaint Mr. Townley, her nigh Kinsman, who at that time resided at Brereton-Hall, in Lancashire, desiring him forth- with to raise such Assistance to join with his Servants, as might be able to rescue Sir Robert Beaumont's Family from Sir John FEland and his Bloody Followers. This Message no sooner came to Mr. Townley, but he presently, and without delay, gathering a goodly Company of stout Friends, who being united to his Menial Servants, re- solved, if possible, to perform the Lady's Request. But when he, and his Company were come as far as Marsden, there they received the News which the Messen- ger had not told them, How that Sir Robert Beaumont was slain, and the IEnmemies dispersed, and retired to their several Dwellings: Thereupon he and his Company immediately returned back again. Wuick News coming speedily to the Lady Beaumont's she, without any manner of delay, together with her two Sons, took their leave of Crosland-Hall, hast- ing with what speed they could to Mr. Townley, at Brere- ton - Hall. _-_ Axvp here I crave leave to divert the Reader with this Compassionate Expostulation ! What Heart so hard, or Fye so dry, as not to drop a Tear in Contemplation of this sad and sorrowful, as well as melan- choly Journey, and with mournful Thoughts to Travel in the Retinue of this Disconsolate Lady ; who, to secure herself and Children from the Furious Malice of Cruel Revenge, is con- strained to become an Exile to her beloved Habitation, and, Pilgrim like, to seek Friends and Safety in a Neighbouring County. Tris I the rather added, as a Corollary to the past Tragedies, to put us in mind, that Oppressed Innocency is the proper Object of Human Pity, as well as of Christ- ian Piety; that our well-wishes may ever accompany those who are compelled, as was this deserving Lady, to

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 25

enter upon disconsolate and mournful an Address, op- pressed with multitudes of Tears and Anxieties of Mind, how to escape their enraged Enemies, as she was how to escape the Herodian Cruelty of Sir John Eland, and his Accomplices. But she, thro' the Blessings of Providence, having care- fully avoided this foreboding Cloud of Fears and Dangers, to her no small Consolation, by the faithful Conduct, and other Assistances of sure and safe Guides, she and her two Sons are safely arrived at Sir Thomas Brereton's, of Brereton-Hall, Situate on Brereton (Freen, where they found Entertainment free, kind, and generous. Thus was this Ancient, but now Broken Family, to their Hearts content, settled in Peace and Safety, where they found nothing wanting but a full supply of all things which could minister to their Ease and Freedom, every way agreeable unto, and corresponding with their noble Extract. Uxto whom, shortly after, repaired Young Lacy, of Cromble-Bottom ; Lockwood, of Lockwood ; and Quarmby, of Quarmby ; which Ternary of Youths not only encreased the Number of their Society, but inspired fresh Vigours of Youthful Complacencies into the Minds of these Sprit- ely Exiles, who being all engaged in the same Bottom, lived together in Friendly Love and Unity, sometimes at Townley; at othertimes at Brereton-Hall: But in both Places great care was taken, that, according to their brisk and lively Tempers, their growing Years should be Exer- cis'd with Feats of Chivalry, as well as in Gramatical Learning, and Moral Philosophy. Ix this hopeful Station they continued some Years, making Manly Exercises their chief Diversion, such as Fencing, Tilting, Riding the Manag'd Horse, and expert Shooting in the Long-Bow, which in that Age was Fing- land's most famed Artillery, by which the whole Tribe of Military Men ( belonging to this Nation in the Reign of this King Edward) did, under the Conduct of Edward the Black Prince, reduce the Powers both of France and Spain unto Terms of Submission ; for these are those feathered Messengers of Death, that silently, and without noise speedily destroy the Lives of our Enemies, and caused England to become a Terror to the Nations round about them.

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26 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Ix all these foremention'd Manly Exercises were these Generous and Noble Youths daily diverted, on purpose to make them expert, and dextrous, readily, and with suc- cess, to play the Game of Death. Taus, and according to this order, after a diligent Man- ner, did these loving Associates encrease their Years and Friendship, until the Measure of Time had counted Beau- mont, the youngest of the four Banish'd Friends, unto the Age of Fifteen : This being the Season when Nature dis- covers its Puberty, and Ripeness for Action ; that spark of Honour which hitherto lay concealed in their tender and harmless Breasts, began now to discover a kindled flame of Revenge, but the first appearance and discovery thereof, issued from the Manly Speeches of Lockwood, who being Senior to the rest, in Strength of Body, as well as in number of Years, not only waited for, but took a fit Occasion, both for Time and Place, to discover to his Companions, the warmth of those sparkling Thoughts, which hitherto had laid concealed ; and this he perform'd in these short but full Expressions following :

Friends and Allies,

When with an impartial Eye, I view and observe the Growth of our Bodies. and their Skill and Activity in Manly Exercises, methinks we have gain'd Strength and Knowledge enough, boldly to reparr with Courage and Resolution into our own Country; from whence of a long Season we hare been most Tyranically banished ; and there bravely Seek to revenge the spilling of our Fathers most innocent Bloods; for if Eland should have that foul Act for well done, it will encourage him in his Wickedness, and further to proceed in destroying the whole Posterity of our Renowned Ancestors. - Therefore do I esteem it our Wisdom, and an undertaking very well becoming the Successors of such worthy Patriots utterly to Eaxtirpate from the face of the Earth, this cursed Cain and all his Posterity.

Wxick Words were no sooner spoken, but they were received with the same briskness of Temper wherewith they were uttered ; whereas, to one whose Concerns are not engaged in the same Interest with these Sufferers, they may seem to sound harsh and unpleasing as having in them too much of the wickedness of Revenge, to proceed from a Manly and Christian Spirit.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 27

- Burt to those in whose Youthful Breasts lay nourishing the Remembrance of their Murder'd Parents, by an Ille- gal and Tyrannical Death ; together with a deep Sense, and Apprehension of their own too, too unjust Banish- ment from their Native Soils, Allies, and Revenues : such lively Apprehensions fermenting upon their Noble Blood, cannot, in the Course of Nature (looking on themselves, as they are meer Men, and not Saints) but be judged and looked upon as a Prov.uential Summons to invite and prompt them to revive and retrieve their lost: Honour, and thereby to render and transmit their Names famous to Posterity. But not further to dispute this critical Point of Human Honour, the Story tells us, That thus it prov'd and Revenge they took without delay ; for having maturely consider'd the whole Matter, immediately, and without further dispute, these resolute Youths, with united Hearts and Hands, kindly and firmly embraced Lockwood's Invitation. But how, and after what Manner these bold Attempts should be managed with Success, was the grand Question ; and, indeed, the only Remora which with-held their pre- sent Proceedings, and gave them occasion to be more grave and serious in their Debates, and caused more solid Proposals than before to be laid upon the Anvil ; inso- much that all their future Consults were the trying and examining of the old Rules ; also proposing new Methods how, with least Danger, and most quick and safe Expedi- tion, they may redeem lost Honour, and fix it upon them- selves and their Posterity, sure and stedfast, by this their designed Expedition. _ they are daily busied in these uncertain Rumina- tions, still halting betwixt Hope and Fear, never fixed on any settled Point: In the very heat and crowd of these tumultuous Thoughts, unexpectedly, as neither by them fore-thought, or foreseen, there comes to pay them an amicable Visit two faithful Friends and Dependants on some of their Ancestors. Namely, Dawson and Haigh, these unlook'd for Guests, were very acceptable to this Youthful wavering and unstable Cabal ; insomuch, that after common Civilities and Res- pects had been paid and received, these four Exiles became impatient of throwing away any more needless

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28 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Time, as being fully bent upon nothing but redeeming lost Honour, according to their youthful Stile. TreErerorsc, laying aside all ceremonious Prefaces, as being well assured of these Mens Truth and Fidelity to their Interest, they presently withdraw them into a private Room, prepared for their purposed Debates, whither being come, they fully, and plainly imparted to them the whole Matter, to the very Bottom of their Design, earnestly re- questing their Counsel and Assistance therein, as how, and after what Manner they might bring to Perfection these their projected Determinations. Trc having opened the Secrets of their Breasts unto these their Trusty Friends, they, as being wholly Dedicated to their Service, well pondering, and considering in their Minds the Proposals which their young Masters had made unto them, forthwith, and with one Heart and Mind, approved and encouraged this their bold, resolved, and adventurous Attempt. Axp in order thereunto, these two Men, came to this Resolution, That the Sherifs Tourn would shortly be kept at Brig-House, where Eland never fails to appear in Person, and that a better Time they could not chuse opportunely to take their Revenge upon him ; as also, To do it most securely to them- selves and their Followers, from being suspiciously Noted by the Country, (because of their more than ordinary Number and Habit,) in regard on that Occasion, so many uncouth, and unknown People, in great Multitudes, Travel all sorts of Roads, without being questioned whence they came, or whither they went. Axo for their more certainty herein, as touching the Time when this was to be done, they resolved presently to return Home, and make diligent Enquiry, at what Time certain, and without fail the Sheriffs-Tourn* would be kept at Brigg- House. s WauerrEvronx the whole Cabal was broken up upon this Resolution, and Dawson and Haigh take their leaves with a grateful Dismission, in order to get such Information in the whole Matter, as may fully Answer their Expecta- tions, which shortly after happened very agreeable to their Minds: For within a little time after, if not the next Market-Day, public Notice was given, That on such * Sheriff-turn.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 20

a Day the Sheriffs-Tourn would be held, and kept at Brig- House. No sooner had they obtained this gladsome News, but these two, Dawson and Haigh, out of Hand, repair to Brereton-Hall, where they acquainted these Brave, and hardy young (Gentlemen with their glad Tidings; who thereupon, without further delay presently equiped them- selves for their Enterprize, after the best manner they could devise; being likewise strongly assisted from their Lancashire Friends and Allies. TnxeEss being formed into a Military Body, they forth- with set forward with United Hearts, and Manly Resolu- tions, to Execute their Willed Revenge upon Sir Join Eland, their grand and inveterate Enemy. Axp having Dawson and Haigh for their. sure Guides, they Travelled secretly and undiscovered through By- ways into Cromble-bottom Wood, upon the Sheriffs-Tourn Day at Brig-house, where all this choice Company lay in Ambush, under the command of Adam Beaumont, Lacy, Lockwood, and Quarmby, Esquires, (at that Time full little thought Sir John Fland, amidst all his Pride and Gallantry at Brig-house, that his Life was thus way-laid in his Tra- velling home.) And full well had these young Gallants provided them- selves to encounter and secure the Person of Fland, for all his great Company of Armed Followers and Attend- ants. For they had Posted trusty Centinels, at every turn which should happen, or could possibly lead to his way homewards, or to any other place; and they were not disappointed in their hopes: For those Espials who were placed in Brig-house Town, observed so exactly all Fland's Actions, that they speedily gave these Gentlemen Notice, when he had mounted his Horse, and was upon his Journey towards Hland-Hall, whose way then lay through Cromble-bottom Wood, but the better and more openly to intercept him, these daring brisk youths no sooner had Notice that Fland was upon his Travel, but they speedily drew forth their Men unto the Top of the Hill, that leads from Brook-Foot to Brig-house; shortly after, at the lower End of the Lane, Flard and his Company appeared, he much wondering with himself

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30 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

what those Gentlemen should be that there had made a Halt, but coming up to them he Courteously vailed his Bonnet. Uxto whom Adam Beaumont, with Couragious, but in very Upbraiding Language, thus returned his Salute, Thy Courtesy, Sir Knight, shall little avail thee, for most basely and unmanly didst thou Murder my Noble Father Sir Robert Beaumont, in Revenge of whose Inhuman Death, here presently shalt thou be Slain ; Which his Words were also confirmed from the Mouths of the other Gentlemen, whose Fathers had suffered Death the same Night with Bir Robert Beaumont, by his cruel Rage, And whose Bloods, said they all, we are now come to Rewm/e upon thee and thine. united Expressions of Anger were no sooner uttered, but they fell upon him with great Courage and Resolution, which he and his Company for some time stoutly resisted, with some Effusion of Blood on both Sides ; but in the Heat of the Contest, Beaumont and his Adherents separated Eland from his Company at the Lane's Head,* and in that Place incontinently slew him, and made his Death a Sacrifice of Revenge unto the Heirs of all those Worthies whose Lives he had so In- humanly destroyed, as before hath been Related. Axp with this Narrative of Eland's Death, the old Poet concludes his second Part, with this bemoaning Farewell, (notwithstanding his acknowledgment, that what was really done to him, was but Lex Talionis, and that such cruel Murderers could not but expect that at some Time or other they should be Paid in their own Coin for their Tyrannical dealing) saying, That Beaumont is herein deeply quailty, not for that he so Valiantly played the Man, but that in this fatal Tragedy he shewed so little of a Christian, for a pure and spotless Conscience, would never have given its consent to seek and obtain Blood for Blood ; however in this he hath made good the old Proverb, That Kind will creep where it cannot go. Ix which Passage accordmg to my Opinion, he doth tacitly Reflect upon the Honourable Fames of the De- ceased, as if they had lived like Men apt to take revenge, and to Punish more than the Offence Deserved ; his tart

* Still named Lane Head (1890.)

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 31

Expression might as well have been spared both in his Poem, and this History, but then my Discourse would not have run on in one entire Thread, and been a perfect Transcript of the Original. Unto which I crave leave Modestly to add, that true it is, and must be acknowledged on all hands, That 'tis Heroic and Gallant to pass by Injuries, because in taking Revenge, a Man is but even with his Enemies, but in passing them over, he is his Superior. But whether this may be pertinently applied to the present Case, and in that Age, when Men in Authority measured their Actions more by the Conduct of their own Will, than from the then Laws of England, is wholly left to the Reader's judgment, how he will determine the Matter: And so I proceed to the Third and last Part.

P A R T II I.

»-em HEDGE Sons of Mars having accomplish'd their C 2m; Design in killing Sir John Eland, their Capital 3&5 Enemy, seem therewith at present so fully satisfieca with this their Personul Revenge, as - to desmt from any further attempts in that kind ; but whether it proceeded from an inward Satisfaction of Mind, or from the Apprehension of more open Dangers, - it is not resolved ; yet we are told (in favour of the latter Opinion, that, notwithstanding their former Resolution of the utter Extirpation of the Family of Eland, as will more fully appear in the succeeding Part of the Story) that having openly Slain Sir Jo/lin Eland, the Father, and Author of this Quarrel, in the View of the whole Neigh- bourhood, and as it were in Defiance of the King and his Laws, Sir John having that Day, according to the Ancient Customary Law of England, in a peculiar Manner, Repre- sented his Majesty's Person, in receiving the Fealty of his Subjects by, and from his Authority. THis their Bold and Daring Fact, occasioned the Poet to commence this his last Part with a smart upbraiding

Reflection upon Beaumont and his Accomplices, stiling them the Seed of Cain.

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42 _ REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

It is very true, and cannot be denied, that the Fact was Sinfal, yet the Manner of doing it was Masculine and Generous, not pulling him by Surprize from the Bed to the Block, where no Resistance could be made, as he had Treated and Used their worthy Ancestors; but Bravely did these Sparks of Honour engage them, Man to Man in the open Field, where Victory usually hangs in suspence, and each Man hath his Lot. Howrver we will wave further Comments, and follow the Author in his Story, who tells us, That these Victori- ous Champions observing their Danger, and fearing an Insurrection, by reason of the Greatness of the Person now Slain, they thought it not safe for them to stay any longer in these Parts, therefore without further Delay, do these Young Leaders, and their well known Followers, that very Night haste away with Speed towards Fourness- ells, a Place betwixt Forty and Fifty Miles distance from Brig- House, lying North West, and in the utmost corner of Yorkshire, Bordering upon Westmoreland. - And a Place prepared by Nature to make a safe Receptacle for such Fugitives, because that way is seldom used by Travellers of any account; in regard of its inaccessible Rocks, various high Hills and deep Valleys, that it may very aptly be styled the Yorkshire Alps, haviug no better In- habitants all the Winter than Wild Geese, who shelter themselves amongst these Crags, from the violence of the Winter Storms, untill the returning of Spring invite them to Fly, for the Increase of their Breed amongst the Fens ° in Lincolnshire. Herr it was, and in this Desart did this Flying Army take up their Winter Quarters, where they had Time and Security enough to Plot and Contrive new Methods of Revenge, in rooting out the whole Male Line of of Fland. Axp to bring these their malicious Purposes to a sure and certain Effect, they had their constant Espials, and frequent Correspondents, to give them a true account of all Proceedings in the Parts next adjacent unto Fland- Hall. For in that Age when these Persons were made Exiles, there was no Gentleman, or Person of Quality living within the Parish of land, besides Sir John Wland the Lord thereof, save one of the Savile's, a Gentleman of

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 38

Ancient Extract, Wise and Solid in his Deportment, never Intermeddling, as Concerning himself with either Party, during all these violent Contests; seldom appear- ing in any Company, nor Travelled much abroad in these Parts, except twice a Year, by coming to Rishworth Hall towards the Summer Season, there to Hunt and Hawk, that being a Place well Situated for such Recreations, lying in the upper Part of Eland Parish, and from thence returning back towards Winter unto Bothom-Hall, through a Place known to this Day by the Name of Savile- Gate. Havyma spoken thus much of one of the Family of the Saviles, as being only a Digression made by the Poet, I shall now, with him, presently make my return to give an account of the Banished Men in Fouwrness-Fells. Adam Beaumont (saith he) Lacy, Lockwood, and Quarmby, by Advice from their Correspondents, at the opening of the Spring, took that Season secretly to return to Cromble- bottom Hall, where, thro' the assistance of their Friends, they there contrived the manner how they might, with most Security, cut off this young Sir John Eland, and his Son: And thus it was effected. on Palm-Sunday Evening next after the Death of his Father, in the silent hour of Midnight these Blades, together with their Accomplices, secretly, but violently they enter into Hland Milin, as the most convenient Place to lie in Ambush, in order to assault Sir John Eland and his Family in their way to Eland Church the next Morn- ing ; and here, being confined thereunto by the Method of the Poet, by his intermix'd Discourse, we, are con- strained to make a large Parenthesis in our Btory, by acquainting the Reader. (Trat the coming of these Conspirators (for so he is pleased to stile them ) into the Country was not so secret, but a Rumour thereof was got into the Mouths of the Vulgar, and from them slight underhand hints were given thereof unto Sir John Eland, advising him to take care of himself, that he was not Surprised in his Bed, as his Father had done before to their Parents. This News, tho' not well Grounded, yet it lay so close to Sir John's Mind, that he could not get rid of it without discovering some Resentments, for that very Night they afterwards C

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broke into the Miln ; when in his Bed-Chamber, he told his Lady what Reports had been brought to him, and under what danger he lay ; but this Story his Lady took little Notice of, and esteemed it no better than a Fiction, and idle Report, and when Morning came he repeated the Story over again with some regret; unto which his Lady replied, It's Palm Sunday, and we must certainly go to Church, and serve God this Holy Day. Which positive Resolution of hers, put Sir John upon Arming himself secretly, to be able to resist his Enemies, if he should be assaulted in

his way to Church.) Wrick Parenthesis being finished, I return to Beaumont

and his Accomplices Lodged in the Miln. Ox Palm-Sunday, very early in the Morning, the Miller sent his Wife in haste to fetch some Corn from the Miln; accordingly she coming to the Miln, found the Door open, and these Gentlemen gotten into Possession, who pre- sently seized upon the Woman, bound her Hand and Foot, and laid her in a safe place, to prevent her from carrying News of their being there; and the Woman not returning as her Husband expected, he began to be angry, and in much Wrath takes a Cudgel into his hand, threatning therewith sharply and severely to Chastize her for her delay. A31) thus, in all haste he repairs to the Miln, with full intention soundly to Beat her for her Negligence, where coming and finding his Wife in that captiv'd Condition, and much wondering thereat, as not knowing the cause ; the Gentlemen presently undeceived him about his Wife, by taking and binding him after the same manner, and quietly laid him in the same Posture, and close by her Side. Ix the interim, and all the while this was acting, Sir John Eland and his Family were preparing themselves ready to go to Church, but Sir John, having still in his Mind the thoughts of being Surprized by his Enemies, clad himself (as you have been told) in concealed Armour, to prevent (if possible) any Mischief that might befall him. Accordingly he, his Lady, his Son, and his Family set forward towards the Church, their way lying by the Miln, the Water being then small by reason of the Drought, and for the gainest way they went over the Dam Stones ;

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 35

which thing being diligently observed by Adam Beaumont, he presently comes out of the Miln, with a Long-Bow in his Hand, notches his Arrow to the string, and with much Fury shot at the Knight, on whose Breast the Arrow struck, but he being well Armed, it presently glanced off, and fell to the Ground ; with that Wilkin of Lockwood grew angry, and said, Cousin you shoot wide, whereupon Lockwood drew an Arrow and shot at him himself, from which the Knight received no harm, but Smiling, to him- self thus he said, If my Father had been thus clad in Armour, he had not been Slain by the Hands of these Wicked Men ; and if the Men of Eland did but know with what Dangers I am assaulted, soon would they appear to my Rescue, and speedily put to flight these my Treacherous and Cruel Enemies, and I be certainly Rescued from their Bloody Purposes. who are thus come by stealth to take away my Life. O Eland (saith he) if thou hadst but known of this their cruel Design, thou wouldst soon have prevented it, by disappointing their Malicious Pur- poses. - Nor had Sir John only these good thoughts of those Townsmen, but they that were in the Mill were doubtful in the Matter, and were afraid of being Surprized by their Power, in regard the Morning came on apace, and they observed that People began more openly to stir abroad ; and that caused Lockwood without delay to draw another Arrow, and with that he shot the Knight through the Head who presently fell down Dead upon the Place ; also at the same Time some other of them mortally Wounded his only Son and Heir, who was, by the Discouraged and mournful Servants, taken up, and carried into Fland-Hall, where he immediately Died of his Wounds, and with him, expired the Male Name of Hland.

Trus in a short space was the Family of of Eland utterly destroyed, there being none left alive of the whole Blood, but one only Sister, who shortly after was Married to a Savile, the lineal Ancestor to the Right Honourable the late Lord Marquiss of Halifax,*[ and Fland- Hall, and the Manor of Fland, are now in the Possession of Sir George Savile, Bart. as Heir to that Noble Family.]

* «In whose possession, ever since, and at this day, is Hland Hall, and the Mannor and other Apurtenances thereunto belonging.'' 1708 edition.

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36 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Havine thus with much Brevity, given an Account of the fatal Catastrophe of the Ancient Family of the Elands, it is Time to enquire after the Success of Beaumont and his Accomplices. Confederates having accomplished the Work they came about, they speedily, and without delay, quitted their Post at the Miln, marching in good Order towards Whittle-Lane End, and so on to Old Earth-yate, and from thence to a private Gate, they craftily conveyed them- selves towards Anely Wood, which lay about three quar- ters of a Mile from Eland Town ; which Town had by this Time received the Alarm of their Lord's untimely Death, for no sooner had the Lord's Servants gotten Liberty from attending the dead Corps of their Master and his Son, but they hasted away to Eland, proclaiming up and down the Town that their Lord was murderously Slain, and who the Men were that did it. Whittel, Smith, Remington, Bunny, and the chief of the Yeomandry, forthwith harnessed themselves with Armour and Weapons wherewith to pursue these noted Murderers ;* calling to their Aid all the Commonality of the Town, who joined to them with full and free Consent, setting forth Hue and Cry after the flying Enemy; some with long Bows, some with Pitch-Forks, and long Staves, others brought great knotted Clubs, and rusty Bills, that the Sun had not shone on for many a Day, and to them came all the Parish People who were coming to the Church, uniting themselves with Love and good Will to this mixed Multitude. Beaumont,+ Lockwood, and Quarmby, with their Followers, hearing the loud Noise, and beholding the vast Number of People which were in pursuit of them, bravely, and with much Courage and Resolution they fac'd about, made a deliberate Stand, and formed their few Followers into a Military Figure, and with this small Handful, made very brave and stout Resistance, so long as any Arrows were left amongst them, during which smart Skirmish, Quarmby, the hardiest and most resolute Man amongst them all, for he would not flee one Foot from his Ground,

* «< Murtherers," in 1708 edition. + Beamont is the spelling in the 1708 edition, as it is still the common pronunciation in the district.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, EFC. 37

tho' all their Ammunition was spent, and he overpressed with the Multitude of HFland Men, but stood manly fight- ing until he fell to the Ground through the much Blood he had lost by his mortal Wounds; which Lockwood be- holding, stoutly rescu'd, as he thought, his dead Body, and nobly took it up and carry'd it on his Back into the Midst of Anely Wood. And there (as being his nigh Kinsman) he took a Purse of Gold out of his Pocket, and delivered the same unto his Followers, with this Com- mand, saying, Deliver this to my Cousin*® dear, and with it let good Chear be made, and in your Mirth remember my dead Kinsman and me, for now you see that the Day is utterly lost, and every Man must shift the best he can for himself. Ix the mean time Eland Men were fiercely following Lockwood in Anely Wood, until he quite escaped out of their Sight, and fled for Refuge amongst his Friends and Relations, which being well observed by these his Pur- suers, and that it was in vain to follow him any further, they returned back, and in their Way through the Wood, they found Quarmby yet alive, who they immediately slew, to rid him out of his Pain; and left him to be buried by the Care of his Followers. And thus ended the fatal and bloody Quarrel betwixt Eland, Beaumont, Lock- wood, and Quarmby. .

* Cogen, 1708.

Page 38

xB d 8 t 8 00 (4 3000.90 0.0 04.0.0 00 04 0.0.0.0 00 0.0 308

TE ton tex sik tok ik Sok mek Sok Sek fik hea wh Sek sok Sera

A A Short but full Account F - T H E L I V E S and D EAT H S F

Wirkin Lockwoon, and Bravmont, Esqrs. and what Travels and Adventures happened unto them after the Battle with Eland Men in Anely Wood, as the same is Recorded in a very Ancient Manuscript, in the Custody of a very worthy Gentleman, kindly communicated for Public Satisfaction.

REXRXK RRR

«] M#RpfFs F all the Deformities which o'erspread this our g Earthly Globe, none of them do so truly affect O our minds with repeated Compassions, as doth ' °C" beholding helpless Youth and oppressed Innocency, violently expos'd to the Rage and Cruelty of insatiable Malice. It was these sad Objects which gave Words of Grief, and mournful Notes of Sorrow to our old Poet's Descrip- tion, which he hath given us of Sir John Fland's Tragedies in the foregoing History of his Life and Death. Nor can unlawful and unjust Revenge, consecrate and make vertuous any Attempts, that in their most modest Dress are the true Servants of Sin. Since Blood and Rapine are the genuine Off-spring of Satan, the most specious Pleas of Honour and Renown, cannot cleanse them from their Diabolical Tincture, nor set them beyond the Power and Reach of Vindictive Justice, as hath been fully exemplified in all Historical Discourses of this Nature, and may, in some few Remarks, receive fresh

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 89

Evidence from the Lives and Deaths of those two Gentle- men, who providing against one Danger, did certainly fall into far greater, through their own Credulity, and the Treachery of false Friends, as was more particularly the Case of Lockwood, who is the First that enters upon the Stage of this Discourse, and of whom we are told, that after his Escape from the Pursuit of Fland Men, in Anely Wood, who, tho' he was filled with Thoughtfulness of Care and Diligence, seeking to find Security for his Person amongst his Allies, Friends, and Acquaintance, yet could he not find any secure Residence, until he retired to a solitary Place within this Country, called Cameil-Hall, nigh Cawthorn, and here for a Season he fixed his Station, well thinking with himself, that here he might continue free from Discovery, which hoped freedom gave Liberty to his Juvenal Thoughts, and that now without Fear of Danger, he might unbend the Bow of his Mind, as he had undone that of his Defensive Weapon, whereupon, amongst other his private Diversions, he chanced, unfore-thought of, to fall into the Company of a young Woman, of whose Parts and Beauty he became greatly enamour'd, not so much out of any Design he had to make her his conjugal Mate, but only to insinuate so far into her Affections, as to ingage her to be to him a Lady of Pleasure ; and so well were his Addresses managed, that he soon obtained so great an Interest in her Favour, as privately to receive from her many select Meetings, very secret and suitable to both their Inclinations ; And the more to conceal these their stolen Pleasures, that the Vulgar might remain wholly ignorant of their Amours (Wit being always pregnant in such Cases) with united Consent, they made choice of a large hollow Oak, which they occasionally found out within Emily Park (when they were diverting themselves in that shady Grove from the Vehemency of Sol's reflected Beams) to be the Seat of their concealed Enjoyments. , But long could not this their Iterated Correspondence continue obscured from every Eye, especially not from the Keeper of the Park, in regard his Watchful Eyes daily surveyed each Corner of his Circuit; besides he usually keeping his Ranges, both Day and Night, but more espec- ially at such Seasons, and in those Hours did his Place

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40 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

require his exactest Observation, when Lovers of stolen Game did usually, and for the most part, make their ap- pointed Meetings. Ix this critical Moment, and on this public* Account, was the occasion first given of Lockwood's Discovery. For the wiley Keeper by a frequent treading of his old Meas- ures, soon descried the private and obscure Retirement of these passionately engaged Lovers, who had no Eyes left for anything but themselves, and their premeditated Pleasures ; and these his Observations were by him man- aged with that concealed Art, as if he had been Possessor of Gygesring, by which he could see all others, but none were so quick sighted as to discover him; for so dexter- ously did he Traverse his Steps, that he always kept his Body hid and invisible to their Sight, when his Ear was within reach of their Discourse, and this he Performed even at the very first remark he had made of such strange Guests entering so boldly within the verge of his Power. Bur afterwards he so contrived his Walk, that, without any discovery made by them, he drew himself into that close, familiar, and clear Prospect of both their Bodies and Faces, that he certainly knew, and was fully assured, that the Man was really Lockwood, and that the Woman who so frequently gratified him with her interchanged Kindnesses,. was certainly his Neighbour's Daughter, whose Name and Habitation was very well known to him. Tar Keeper being filled with this Sight, and big with thoughts of such an unexpected Discovery, was not so fore-casting in his Mind, as to make profit to himself of this new Adventure by using such methods of discovery as might end in a Pecuniary Reward, but on the contrary, like a rash Gamester, without all Consideration he loudly winds his Horn, filling all the adjacent Neighbourhood with the Noise of the secret Enjoyments of these two unfortunate Lovers. And may well put us in Mind of that pithy Passage in That none can so disguise themselves but at some Times their Hearts may be seen at their Tongues end ; and it is no small Blessing that we reap by Reading of Histories, in regard as in a (Glass we

* The 1708 edition has such spelling as publick, untill, stoln, dayly, wyly, cosen, tennant, entring, vertues. By 1761 the modern forms were settled.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 41

may behold what those Virtues were, for which God made some Persons and People Prosperous and Successful, and for what Vices they became wretched and Miserable; a Truth so undeniable this is, that we have the same ex- emplified in the Story before us. we are told, That the Noise which the Keeper's Narrative made, Ecchoed so very loud into Lockwood's Ears, that he readily concluded he could no longer re- main in safety in the midst of such large and open Dis- coveries of these his Youthful Miscarriages. out of Hand he withdraws himself, in the most private Manner he could devise, to a Place he judged to be far more safe and secure, which he found out at Fenny-Bridge, where he remained in Peace for some considerable Time, without all danger of an open Surprize, or secret Treachery, and might have continued so, if the thoughts of his old Love had not daily increased into the fermenting heats of those violent Passions, which nothing could either mitigate or cure, but her that gave the Wound ; for as a Learned Man hath very accutely observed, One may as soon expect to bind a Wolf from his Prey, with the Guts of a tender Kid, as to restrain with Reason, the unruly Efforts of a Lustful Passion. TreEreErorr. maugre all dangerous Oppositions that he might find in his way, he resolved forthwith to pay & Visit to his forsaken Friend; To that purpose adventur- ing boldly into the common Road towards the Place of her Habitation, he casually and unexpectedly meets with two young Gentlewomen of his Kindred, as they were Travelling from Lepton to Whitley, who after a most Sur- prizing Manner, thus very briskly Salutes him, Cousin, It is to us no small Matter of admiration that you have remained so long Absent from your Cousin Adam Beaumont, in regard we are credibly informed, there is such diligent search made after you by the Sheriff and his Men, and many others besides to attack your Person, and that some or other of these are placed almost at every Post where you usually Travel, or make your Residence. ' Therefore, pray be advised by us who heartily wish your welfare, and do judge it to be your safest Course forthuith to repair to Crosland-Hall, where you may have frequent oppor- tunity to go with Adam Beaumont and other Gentlemen to

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42 REVENGE UFEON REVENGE :

Honley* and Holmforth, there to Hunt both the Red and the Fallow Deer, rather than be taken and Imprisoned by these Men to the Hazard of your Life, for with them you will have the Pleasure of Hunting, and the Musical Notes of the Mel- odious Hounds ; whereas now, as you are under these Circunt- stances, you live in continual Fear, without any manner of Musical Mirth, except it be now and then that you hear the Noise of Bag-Pipe, in some obscure Corner. So that all things duly Considered, we most earnestly beg of you to take our Advice, Speedily and out of Hand, who are your well iwishers, and proceed no further to your Woman, by whom you will most certainly be betrayed, but go with us, just now, to Crosland-Hall, where you may be safe. . Wxuicx Words of theirs, at this Juncture of Time, and in so remarkable a Season, were so effectually obliging and prevalent, that he promised faithfully to be with them at Adam Beaqumont's before he did either eat or drink: and under this Promise, he suddenly parted from these two Gentlewomen, speedily posting thro' the Woods to Camel- Hall, where his Woman did then reside.

But alas! he made but too much Haste to his own Ruin, which had thus been contrived by his Enemies during his Absence. Boswell, who was at that time Under-Sheriff, as well as owner of Camel- Hall, had a little time before Lockwood's coming thither, been with his Tenant to contrive his Way- laying, that he might make him his Prisoner at his next coming ; menacing the Tenant, that if he would not do it, he would certainly not only turn him off from his Farm, but do him some other, if not a greater Mischief; but if indeed he would discover to him Lockwood, so soon as ever he came and enter'd into his House, he should not only be continued his Tenant, but he would also add un- to that, many other considerable Gifts.

Urox which large Promises made by Boswell, the Ten- ant made unto him a faithful Engagement to use his Endeavour to betray Lockwood into his Custody, at his next coming to his House; accordingly no sooner did Lockwood (void of all Fears, as not expecting any Treach- ery in so experienced a Friend, and who was so many

* Misspelt " Hanley " in 1708 edition.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 48

Ways obliged by him before) enter into Camel-Hall, in hopes with Freedom to enjoy the Society of his Mistress, but the Tenant went himself to give Boswell Notice of his being come to his House, whose unmanly, as well as un- faithful Conduct, may very aptly bring to our Minds the wise Saying of Paterculus. For who is it (saith he) when he sees a man in Adversity, that retains the Memory of any former Benefits, but rather judge in their Minds that no Thanks can be due to Men in Calanuty, as when Fortune changes, doth not also change his Fate : for so great Pompey found it true by Fixperitence, who from the Battle of Pharsalia, he cast himself under the Protection of Ptolomy, K. of Egypt, not doubting but to find him a true Friend, on whose Father he had formerly bestowed so many Favours at Alexandria; but instead of requiting Pompey with faithful Protection, he no sooner had him within his Power but he commanded his Egyptian Slave to cut off his head. ‘ Wuice Historical Passage was but too truly verified in Lockwood's Treacherous Friend, for though with Ptolomy, he did not cause his Head to be cut off by his Slave, yet he basely betrayed him unto his Power, who he knew sought nothing so much as his Death, for Boswell no sooner had Notice of his coming, but he presently assem- bled together a great Company of his Men to his Aid, and with them he came to CGamel-Hall and beset the House round about, asking very Peremptorily for Lockwood ; and the first that made Answer to his Demand was Lockwood himself, who, like a most Noble and Daring Champion, in Defiance of him and all his Power, lordly made Answer, and said I am here. WaurreEuvporn Boswell, with some others of Authority with him, commanded him in the King's Name peaceably to surrender himself a Prisoner into their Custody ; unto which Lockwood readily, as well as boldly replied, and said, He scorn'd to do it, so long as he had Life and Strength to defend himself against all their Force. J Axvp this his Conduct was so brave and manly, and his Resistance so perilous to the Assailants, that Boswell and his Company, began to be in doubt of their Conquest over him ; insomuch, that finding themselves disappointed of entering upon him with Violence into the House; they

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44 REVENGE UPON REVENGE

proceeded from Blows to Words, and positively told him, that if he would not yield and surrender himself a Prison- er, they would burn the House over his Head ; but these their threateing Words, was by Lockwood lightly valued as a flamming Boast, for most courageously with his Bow, he so bravely defended himself, and so successfuly annoyed them, that they began utterly to despair vanquishing him, and undoubtedly would have withdrawn their Men, if his wicked Paramour had not prevented his Resolutions, by suddenly leaping upon him, as if she would have lovingly embraced him, and so got the Opportunity of cutting his Bow-String in sunder, with the Knife she had concealed in her Hand, after which treacherous and most wicked Deed, she hasted with Speed away from him, leaving him astonished at her amazing and hard-hearted Wickedness ; but after a slender Recollection of himself and his sad Circumstances, he call'd aloud after her in this fruitless Language ; Fie on thee Whore ! that ever thou wert born, thus wickedly to destroy human Life, and by thee, and such, let all Men take Example, and beware of making themselves Slaves to 'the Enchantments of such Lacian Witches. Tunis said, he retrieves his wonted Courage, and, like a generous Captain, having summoned together all the Parts of true Valour, he lets Boswell and his Company know, by his Manly Deeds, that neither Force nor Fraud could win him to their Obedience. WuerEurpoxr Boswell and his Company cease from all manner of open and hostile Attempts, and now endeavour by feigned Speeches, and most hypocritical Promises, to draw him to their Lure. And, indeed, our own Experi- ence hath taught us, that Credulity is but too frequently found to be the error of Noble and Generous Souls, who, hating Treachery in themselves, are apt to conclude every Man to be furnished with the lovely Tempers of Truth and Fidelity ; as did this Forlorn and Distressed Gentle- man, who finding himself altogether unable any longer to grapple with, and Successfully to withstand their Power and Multitude, and being also willing to secure unto him- self a longer time of Life, he suffered his great Spirit to submit unto Terms of Peace, as believing he really had to do with a Gentleman, that valued his Honour by his Word, and upon that account he very Peaceably, and

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 45

Generously yields his Person to their promised Mercy, not at all doubting but that he had to do with Men of Worth and Integrity. Burt alas ! it prov'd far otherwise to his utter Ruin and Destruction ; for no sooner did he surrender himself into their Custody, but they first Bound and Manacled his Hands that he could not defend his Life, and then most Cruelly Murder'd him, to the utter Extirpation of the Ancient Family of Lockwood of Lockwood. Havyins thus given a true account of Lockwood's Life and Death, I proceed in order to relate what Adventure befel Adam Beaumont, Esq ; and after what manner, as we are Credibly informed, he ended his Life; And thus it befel him. After the Battle in Anely Wood, when they fled from the Pursuit of Fland Men, Adam Beaumont with all the speed he could make, retired himself to Crossland-Hall, his Paternal Seat, where, for some certain time, he lived in so much Security and Freedom from outward Troubles and Dangers, that he frequently diverted himself amongst other Gentlemen his Friends and Neighbours, with Hunt- ing of Deer, Hare, and other Generous exercises befitting a Man of his Quality, not doubting but that all was well and safe with him, now that the great Storm first raised by Sir John Eland, of Eland, was suddenly blown over, without any flying Reports of further Revenge. Ix this manner of Living he continued without fear of any sudden Surprize, until he was certainly informed of the sudden Surprize, and cruel Death of Lockwood, his near Kinsman, done, and executed on him by Boswell, the under-Sheriff, and his Followers, after a most open and very hostile manner, contrary to their most solemn Vow and Promises faithfully made unto him. Txs Story was to him not only Surprizing, but most uncomfortable Tidings, for that now he might visibly observe the Hemisphere under which he had hitherto moved with an undisturbed Peace, to gather Clouds and Blackness, and also violently to threaten him with dismal and unavoidable Storms of Sorrow and Distress : And the more terrible was its appearance, in regard he had no Friend left to share with him in his Misery, or in whose Counsel he could safely confide, in this Day of great

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4G REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Distress, for Lockwood was taken from him beyond all recovery, and his Cousin Lacy, his only Surviving Trustee, was removed far from him into the North Country, there to escape this threatning Tempest, of which some Rela- tions had given him secret Notice, so that he was left to either Sink or Swim, in his own single Bottom, in these raging and tempestuous Seas, in which Safety could not be promised, either to his Lying at Anchor, or Launching boldly into the dangerous Abyss of outward Enemies. For to this sad and fatal Dilemma was he reduced that to stay at home was but to bring him under Lockwood's Predicament, and to expose his Person to the Treachery of intestine Hypocrites, whose Cruelties most commonly exceed the Malicious Deeds of open Foes ; and to venture abroad was openly to bid defiance unto Death. But which of these two Evils to make choice of, he had none to be his Counsellor ; and certainly greater Discom- forts cannot lightly overtake any Man than to want a safe Retirement, and a true Friend, to devise, assist, and relieve him when he is surrounded with Malicious and Implacable Enemies. For a true Friend, like the Spirits and Sinews of our Bodies, have both one Motion and Inclination, for they mingle Cares, and make a complete union with our Griefs. So that, According to the old Adage, happy is that Man that hath such a Friend at his need ; but more happy is he that hath no need of such a Friend. True it is, that in the Days of Prosperity we never want Multitudes of Friends, but when adverse Fortune turns the Wheel, where's the Man that will share with us in our Comfortless Solitudes? And such really was the Condition of this Distressed Young Gentleman ; for at home he durst not stay for fear of being Betray'd, and to go abroad without a Guide was violently to rush into Mischief, there being Snares laid for him in every Corner, and Spies posted in all Quarters to give notice when, and how to have him Surprized, on every Motion : For many unexpected Enemies now appear'd against him, in regard divers and sundry Precepts were come from London to Arrest him, all of them already put into the Sheriff's Hands, who had his Men placed in all Parts of the Country to way-lay him, in what Road soever he should take. This he very well knew, and these his

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 47

Misfortunes he in vain Laments to Stones and Trees, (for no Human Ears were nigh him) that had neither Will nor Power to Help and Succour him. Where is Counsel to be had in this case? and unto whom could he better turn in this great crowd of Difficulties, than to his own Great and Manly Spirit? Brave to Win, or to Lose all by one brisk Effort, that being the fatal cast he was now to throw ; and this he as Gallantly perform'd, by adventur- ing, without fear, single, and alone, to Travel through the Country by Night till he could get to a Port where he might Ship himself into a Foreign Country ; and this he so effectually performed, that after a few Nights and Days he was safely Landed within the Realm of France ; And being now upon a Shore, and within a Kingdom that usually Rates Honour at its utmost Value, and in that grand Stage of Remark, this Young Gentleman gave such visible Testimonies of his Noble Extract, and true Per- sonal Valour, that he had not long remained in those Parts, till Men of Worth and Grandeur had made Obser- vations upon his Brave and Génerous Conduct ; and that first brought him into the Acquaintance, and afterwards into the Service of the Knights of Rhodes, to Fight under them in no mean Command, in Defence of the Christian Faith within the Kingdom of Hungary, which was then very Powerfully Invaded with a vast Army of Turkish Infidels. In this Great and Stupendous Adventure, he gave most large Proofs of his almost invincible Strength, and most Undaunted Courage. Ix these Dangerous Wars and Prodigious Battels it was, that our Hnglish Heroe arrived to great Fame and Dignity amongst those Celebrated Champions of our Holy Faith ; and amongst whom some have not been afraid to say, that the Name of Beaumont is to be found Registered amongst the Knights of Rhodes. But however that may - be received or credited I know not, yet that which I am going to say of him is undeniably true. Namely, That out of Hungary he writ a private Letter of his great Suce- ess and Honours he had obtain'd in that Country, all of it Written and Subscribed with his own hand, directed unto Jenkyn Dizson,* Dwelling at the Hole-House, within the Parish of Almondbury, in the County of York; which his

* Dyson, see postea.

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48 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

kind Letter gave great occasion of Joy to all his Friends, and well- Wishers to him and his Family, in regard they had now gotten certain Knowledge where he was, and how it was with him, as also from whence, and in what manner they might have a true Account hereafter of this Gentle- man's Life and Death. Axp accordingly, not many Years after, they received a true and full Narrative both of his Life and Death. Or his Life, That his Residence was sometimes at Rhodes amongst the Knights, (if he was not one of that Honour- able Fraternity) and sometimes in Hungary, where he was reputed for one of their Grand Champions. Or his Death, That in one of these Places, in their Service, in Defence of the Christian Religion, he very Honourably ended his Life, to the Great Satisfaction of all those who are Honourers, and well-Wishers to the Noble and Antient Family of Beaumonts; and will, no doubt, give full Satisfaction to all Candid Readers of the Lives and Deaths of Lockwood and Beaumont, after their Contest with Eland Men in Anely Wood, when they Pur- sued them to take Revenge on their Persons for Slaying their Lord, and his Son, Sir John Eland of Eland.

P I N I 8.

[ Thus far we follow in full the earliest printed account of the " Elland Tragedy," as given by Dr. Midgley,* the supposed author of Bentley's Harnumrax anp its (GIBBET Law, 1708. Printed in London for William Bently at Hallifax. The account of the Elland Revenge, begins on page 109 and finishes on page 174, and has on page 107 a separate title page, as opposite.]

* He died in Halifax Jail in 1695. William Bentley was the Parish Clerk at Halifax.

Page 49

Revenge upon Revenge: OR, AN

NARRATIVE

OF - THE

Tragical Practices O F

Sir Enaxp, of Eland,

High Sheriff of the County of YORK, Commutted upon

the Persons of Sir Robert Beamont and his Alliances, in the Reign of Edward the Third, King of Exaeraxp, &c. |

T G ET H E R

With an Account of the Revenge which Adam, the Son of Bir Robert Beamont and his Accomplices took upon the Persons of Sir John Eland and his Posterity, herein fully, and plainly, as well as impartially represented for the Satisfaction of the inquisitive Part. of the World..

___ AJ

The whole being divided into Three equal PARTS.

Printed in the Year 1708. [This line on 1st edition.]

[On 3rd edition is:] H 4 L I F A X : Printed by P. Darrv, M.

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50 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

._ Another edition was issued in 1712, but the "Revenge" title is dated 1708. (See Boyne's Yorkshire Library.) In 1761 the third edition was issued in closer type, wherein the " Elland Feud" occupies pages 61-95. On page 59 is the secondary title page as above except the last line, for which there is substituted : Halifax : Printed by P. Darby, M. DCC. LXI. The fourth edition of the Midgley-Bentley " Gibbet Book" was reprinted for the present editor in 1886, with a long appendix, but omitting all the Elland Tragedy, in order to issue it as found in the present volume. Wright's Halifax, 1788, and my reprint of Wright's Halifax, 1884, barely refer to the Elland Tragedy. Watson's Halifax, 1775, 4to., copies the Elland Tragedy from the Gibbet Book, and adds the Ballad. This seems to have been the first date of printing the ancient poem. Watson's Halifax was reprinted in 8vo. size, without his name, with large omissions, under the editorship, it is understood, of the Rev. Mr. Nelson. It was first issued in numbers for N. Frobisher, in 1789, but some copies bear the imprint, "Halifax, E. Jacobs, 1789," others, "Halifax, E. Jacobs for J. Milner, 1789." After page 648, begins " Revenge," with a new title page, and fresh pagination, 1-70. The "Revenge" is copied verbatim from the "Gibbet Book," and the "Ballad" from Watson's Halifax. Some of the sheets were reprinted, as shewn by alterations in paging: 8g1 is corrected in the Milner issue, and also 376, whilst 869 and 585 are not altered, nor the word Halifax, p. 557 heading. To complete this notice of Halifax Histories only a few lines are necessary. Mr. F. A. Leyland began about 1866 to issue a second edition of Watson's Halifax, in 4to parts, at 6s. 6d. each, with a large paper edition, with additions from the MS. collections of John Brearclifie and E. N. Alexander. Only 208 pages have been issued, in four parts, and this section is so original that it cannot be considered a second edition of Watson's book. The genealogical and biographical portions of Watson's Halifax, comprising about half the book, have been re- printed to form Vol. I. of Halifax Families and Worthies ;

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 51

the second volume, of new matter exclusively, being now in progress as the writer hereof finds time.

Mr. W. J. Walker republished "Chapters on Halifax Parish Registers" which his father had written for the Halifax Guardian, and added the spare sheets (96 pages) of «Halifax Parish 1588-40," which a small committee had printed for the parish magazine.

Crabtree's Halifax, 1886, gives the Ballad, and a few notes on the persons named.

Horner's Views of Buildings in Halifax Parish, 18835, and Leyland's Views, printed a few years ago, complete the list of the chief Halifax topographical works.

An ancient manuscript account has recently been brought to light, and is now the property of H. J. Barber, Esq., solicitor, of Brighouse and Halifax. It gives the outline in prose from which the foregoing account by Dr. Midgley, or some other talented local worthy, has been framed, and it contains also a version of the Ballad that bespeaks a much older date than 1650, as given by Mr. Beaumont, the antiquary, from Hopkinson's copy. See Dr. Whitaker's opimmion, postea. In a comparatively modern hand, is the note, " This copy was communicated by J. B. Holroyd, now Lord Sheffield." John Baker Holroyd was born in 1735, was created Earl of Sheffield in 1768, and died in 1821. The Holroyds were a very ancient local family, and the manuscript which must have been written about 1620, as I judge by the caligraphy, had evidently been preserved in the family. It could not have been communicated to Mr. Watson, or to Dr. Whitaker, before the publication of their Histories, or they would undoubtedly have copied its quaint wordings, and extra verses. I am decidedly of opinion that the copies, for there must have been at least two, were taken from a much earlier version, and whilst Mr. Beaumont's (used by Mr. Watson) was modernized, the one Mr. Barber has recently secured was copied literatim, and although shorter gives some extra verses. The prose

section reads as follows :

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52 REVENGE UFON REVENGE :

T HE OF

Eland of Eland, etc.

A most remarkable instance of private feud which was the utter destruction of several Yorkshire families in temp. R. Edw. III. N.B. Eland or Ealand lies midwayt between Halifax and Wakefield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Titus. The discourse of ye slaughter of Eland Beaumont, Lockwood, Quarmby, etc. CHAPTER I. How Sr. Jon Eland of Eland & Sr Robert Beaumount of Crossland Hall had batteled ye one against ye other in ye behalf of their maister whome ye were faithfull unto weh was a distruction unto them both Itt happened in ye month of May yt Sr Jon Elland forecasted ye way & went to betray Sr. Robert Beaumount at Crosland Hall and thereupon gathered together a great number of men and armed ym ready to battle and privily in ye evening to Crosland Hall ye went and as they shoud pass through ye Townes of Quormby and Lockwood to Crosland ward there dwelt two old gentlemen of nigh afinity unto Sr. Rohert Beaumont, ye one called old Hugh of Quernby, and ye other old Lock- wood of Lockwood, whome Eland suspected wou'd stand in arms against him in ye behalf of their kinsman Sr. Robert, Therefore Eland by deceipt went into their owne houses and put ym to death, and afterwards came to Crossland Hall & wn ye cou'd find no way to gett in, therefore they hide ym in bushes until such time as they perceived A Maid of ye house did let down ye drawbridge to pas ovr to do her business : & therewith they came to ye bridg & passed ovr into ye Hall, where Sr. Robt. and: his family being in bed nothing susspected ye matter yet as soon as Sr. Robt. perceived how Eland had betray'd: him he suddenly rushed up & called his family, & there- wth unarmed took their weapons & Assailed their enemies

¢ Very much nearer Halifax.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 53

. to make them recoyle or goe back again over ye bridge. Imediately thereupon one of Sr Robts Kinsmen & a friend of his went to Lancashire to geyt knowledge unto Sr. John Brewerton & Sr. John Towneley, how Sr. John Eland had betray'd their Kinsman, Sr Robt Beaumont, wherefore ye assented to come ovr wth diverse gentlemen and othrs well Armed to reskue Sr. Robt Beamont who conjectured yt ye more part of Sr Robts men were slayne & made away therefore hee sudenly gather'd his men together & assailed by battaile & ,Slew Sr Robert Beaumont wth ye rest of his men & alsoe one Exley ; weh a fore time Slew Sr. Jon Eland's brother's son for ye weh to gremt (agree- ment) hee gave a certain peece of land to ye Elands yet after ye agremt made, Sr John Eland Sought to have slain him, & therefore Exle was constrain'd to flee unto ye foresd Sr Robt Beaumont for ayde who by cause he was his kinsman reskued him weh partly was ye occasion of ye great mallice that was betwixt ye sd Sr Robt Beaumont & Sr Jon Eland & as they were in Batle Sr John Bruerton & Sr John Towneley with diverse gentle- men & others well armed were comeing out of Lancashire to reskue there Kinsmen Sr Robert Beaumont & in there comeing betwixt Puel & ye Standing Stone, to Crosland wards they met a messenger sent unto ym advertiseing ym of ye death of Sr Robt as is aforesaid Then yey enquired wt was become of his wife & children, who answered for ye safguard of their lives they were conveyed into a secrett place amongst there friends & after yt the Knights returned into Lancashyre wth there company But Sr John Eland caused that Sr Robts children should be brought before him & wn ye were come he proffered ym bread weh ye received, but Adam Beaumont the eldest, after he had taken it, he wth disdayne threw it at him again, weh Eland perceiving sd yt hee woud weed out ye offspring of his blood as yey weed ye weeds out of corn Imediately after Sr. John Brewerton & Sr John Towneley sent for Roberts Children to be brought into Lancashire & wth ym went thither ye children of Quermby & Lockwood & also one Lacy being of nigh affinity th' one to th' other as brothr & sister children, & fr soe ye continued there unto ye were twenty years of Age ; att ye weh age they were Strong & of good audacity

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& well cou'd handle there weapons. The remembered ye Traytours done unto their Parents by Sr John Eland, for ye weh Lockwood ye oldest of ym sd yt it were great shame unto them, to continue among their friends and Not to revenge ye deaths of their Parents & others their Kinsmen In th' use of ys communion yt chanced yt 8 honest men of their Kindred One called Dysowne, another Haugh, ye third Dawson came into Lancashyer to visit ym to whome ye opened their Communycation before had, whereunto ye Answered yt Sr Jon Eland had appointed a certain day to keep ye Sherriff returne at Brigghouse whereof ye shoud have knowledg, & against yt day according to promiss the had. Wherefore they came and lay at cromwell bothome woods & waiting for Sr Jon Eland his comeing from ye Sheriffs returne, the Appointed Assey (spy) to give ym knowledge weh ye Spy did according to there commandement. Then they pre- pared themselves ready & upon ye water*® betwixt ye bridge foot & Bridge-house they mett Sr John with all his company, who had no little marvell wt young gentlemen they shou'd bee & at their aproaching nigh him he moved his capp unto ym, weh Adam Beaumont perceiving said Knight thy courtesy availeth thee naught, because thou hast slain Sr Robt Beaumont my father likewise sd Lockwood & Quermby thou hast Slain our Fathers two thefore on thee & thine will wee bee revenged & yn ye battled thone wth thother very fiercely, this battle con- tained long, but ever it was to the Distruction of ye Knight great prowes & Valyantoves herein was shaped (shawed) But at ye last ye redoubled their strokes against Sr. Jon and his men & there by the Vanquished ye Knight & put him to death [21 E. III. 1847] & after returned to Fourness Fells where they continued amongst their friends declaring wt they had done in ye revenging of the Deaths of their fathers.

CHAPTER IL.

How Adam Beamount Lockwood Quermby & Lacy had Battelling against Sr John Eland his son, & how ye Vanquished him & put him to death & afterwards Slew

* road betwixt ye brook foot & Bridge-house.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 55

his Son. When Adam Beamount Lockwood Quermby & Lacy had continued even until Palme Sunday following amongst ye friends att Fourness fiells & from whence ye came over to Ealand & yt night ye Lodged therein ye Milne house where they heard Say yt Sr Jon Eland his son was & kept house. It chanced as yt night ye Millner command(ed) his wife to repair to ye Milne to fetch home certain Corn she fulfilling her husbands commandment went thether ye young gentlemen perceiving her suffered her to come in & so took her & tyed her fast & laid her aside. ye Miller museing not a little wt it shou'd bee yt caused her tarry so long Wherefore hee sware by many great oaths yt she should repent her long tarrying and took a staple in his hands to chastize her wth but wn he came to ye Milne yey took him & bound him & laid him besides his wife. The young knight Eland dreamt yt night yt he was beset in his bed wth many Enemyes yt assailed him terribly ; & Shewed ye dream to his Laydy, but she set light by it; however he caused his men to Arm ymselves and bid ym not be afraid of Lockwood, for he intended to go to church yt day being Palmsunday This Milne was in ye way to ye towne ye draught had made ye water so little yt ye Knight wth his Son & all his servants went over ye damm When Adsm Beamont Espyed ym he came out of ye Milne with his bow in his hand & shot at ye Knight & hitt him and his brest plate which glanced off ye arrow ; whereat Lockwood being angery Shott himself & hitt ye Knight but harmed him not Whereupon ye knight mocked ym and Sd in case his father had been So well armed he had not been Slain by ym, but Says hee if ye Town of Eland knew of this yu durst (not) appear in ys place. Lockwood feareing ye Town might rise upon them Shott ye knight thro ye head ; his Son & heir was mortally wounded & earned to Eland Hall where he dyed, he had a halfe brothr remaining & a full sister, who inherited his Lands & was married to Savill in Edward ye thirds time 1826. The young men fled by Whithill lane & so by ye old Earth yate into Aneley Woods ye Knights Servants raised ye Town of Eland to revenge ye death of their Lord Whitill, Smith, Wilkinson & Bury wth many others being furiously enraged Pursued

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their Lord's Enemies wth Bows Clubs & Rusty Bills & were a ssisted by many of ye Parishioners yt were goecing to Church. Beaumount, Lockwood, & Quermby resisted ym as long as ye had any Arows remaining; And yn betook ym selfes to fight Quermby ye hardiest of ym was mortally wounded but Lockwood took him & bare him on his back, willing his Cuzen Adam Beamont to shoot in his roome weh he did & so defended ym from their Enemys untill Quermby was brought into Aneley woods, where for ye safeguard of his life they hid him in an ivy tree because ye Country came so fast about ym. Yet Quernby because he shou'd be had in remembrance, not only for yt yey were brother and sister children for in time of their mirth & disporte but also for their Valient acts & Enterprizes done, did give unto ym his purse full of Gold & Silver to be divided amongst ym & after this ye passed from him not a little thanking him for his gift & gude will The Country still followed ym, untill ye approached neigh Huthersfeild at weh time ye were out . of their danger, & so ye passed to Crossland, Honley, Holmfirth, & Meltam. The Country then retired & went back marvelling wt the had done wth Quernby & in their returning the h(e)ard ye chattering of Crows & Pyes about ye Ivy tree where hee lay hid ; they partly Suspecteing ye matter went thither & found Quernby hid, whom they slew most cruelly. __ On ye other page Stanzo : 89 it is said ys was done in King Edward ye Reign who began to regne Jan: 18 26 & reigned 51 years Soe his reign ended a:d: 1877

CHAPTER IH.

How Lockwood was enamoured on a woman dwelling att Camwell Hall & how he was be tray'd & Slame. After all these things itt chanced yt Lockwood was enamoured on a woman dwelling at Cannell Haull neigh Cawthorne, & according to their appointment mett often times in Emley park at a great hallow oake, weh ye keeper seeing betrayed and opened their doings yet not- withstanding itt chanced yt Lockwood after he had been absent from his woman Awhile att Feney bridge as he was repairing to her again mett wth two maids of his kindred coming from Lepton or Whitley woh Baid unto

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 57

him Cozen we marvell not a little yt you are absent from yr Coz. Adam Beamount, because that we here say yee are sought for by ye Sherriff & others to be attached & allsoe ye places & stands yt yee repair unto, are well known, therefore it were your best to be at Crossland, Honley, & Holmfirth hunting ye red dear wth Adam Beaumount, yn to be imprisoned, and in danger of your life. Without any mirth at all (except ye hear now and then ye pipeing of ye (f)yfe in some Corner) therefore proceed no further to yr women by whome yu shall betray'd ; but return wth us to Adam Beaumont. Then he promised to be with ym before he did either eat or drink; & after this he departed from ym & passed thourough ye woods to Emley Haull where his woman was ; & before his coming thither Boswell, who was ye under sheriff & alsoe ownr of ye sd Haul, menaced his Tennants, yt hee wou'd put him from his farmehold {except by some divice or means he would not onely permit him to be his Tennant, but also would give him many great gifts. And upon this condition his tennant granted him to do his endeavour therein and imediately thereon itt chanced yt Lockwood came to camell haull and his Tennant privily gave him knowledge thereof yn Boswell gathered a great company of men together & came to cannell hall and besett yt round about & asked for Lockwood, who perceived how he was betrayed yet Lockwood bouldly answered and saig I am, here then he with others, comanded him to Yield himself into their hands woh Lockwood refused to do so long as he had life; and therewith he bent his bow & manfully defended himselfe against ym all along time Boswell and his Company perceiveing yt ye Cou'd not have there wills on him, they threatened him to burn ye house over his head : weh Lockwood nothing fearing, his woman perceiving him most busy in ye defence of him- self, in whome he had most trust, she sodonly louped unto him & wth hyr knife She Cutt his bowstring & yn she ran fast from him, wn Lockwood perceived this in his woman, he Said, fye on'thee whore yt ever thou wert ordain'd to be ye distruction of men's blood for by thee & Such like may all men take Example After this it chanced yt Boswell and his Company promised him very much

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friendship in case he would yield himself unto yr hands weh at ye last through their fayr & pleasant communi- cation & upon hope of their promiss, yielded himself to ym & yn he delivered ym his weapons Yett further they requested him to permitt them to bind his hands: weh he Suffered thym to doe, & yn yey Slew him very cruelly. But when Adam Beamont did understand of ye death of his Cozen he was therefore not at a little sorry, & alsoe for ye departing of his Coosyng Lacy who was gone into ye north; & thereby he was constrained to wander all alone, whereby he was half discomfitted, & at ye last, partly for yt cause, & partly for as much as there came down from London diverse processes directed to ye Sheriffe and diverse other Noblemen for to attach him, & he was out of quietness of himselfe & his friends, he was constrained to fflye into france Realmes, & soe continued amongst ye Knighte of the Rhodes & Hungary, where his Valyant acts were had in Estimation, & soe he was appointed to fight against ye heathens; from whence he directed his Letters into Yorkshire to a special friend of his called Jenkyn Dyson* dwelling at ye hole howse wthin ye Parish of Almonry ; & afterwards Adam Beaumont had his abideing, sometimes att ye Rodes & Sometime at Hungary where he ended his Life.

FN:

[I am at a loss to recognize these initials. The writer must have lived about 1600-80, judging by the writing. He has evidently copied from an older manuscript. J.H.T.]

*Dixon in the "Gibbet Book" version. Dyson is very probably; the name meant.

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bledislnls (o- s dvs ol seared ane ases on minas

oes Semen nos

A P O E M ,* ON SIR JOHN ELAND OF

AND - HIS ANTAGONISTS.

1. O worldly wight can here attain, Always to have their will ; But now in grief, sometimes in pain, Their course they must fulfil. 1. What wealthy wights can here attaine, Always to have there will ; Sometime in joy, somtime in paine, There course must they fulfill. 2, For when men live in worldly wealth, Full few can have that grace, Long in the same to keep themselves, Contented with their place. 2. For wn men walk in worldly wealth ffull few Can have yt grace Long in ye same to keep themselfe Contented wth their place 8. The Squire must needs become a Knight, The Knight a Lord would be, Thus shall you see no worldly wight, Content with his degree. 8. The Esqr. must become a Knight, Ye Knight a Lord must bee, Thus Shall yu See noe worldly wight, Content with their degree. 4. For pride it is that pricks the heart, And moves men to mischief, All kind of pity set apart, Withouten grudge or grief. 5. Where pride doth reign within the heart, And wickedness in will, the fear of God quite set apart, their fruits must needs be ill.

* The first version is from Watson's copy (pirated edition); the second version is from Mr. Barber's MS. copy.

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4. Wn Pride doth reign' wthin ye heart And wickedness in will, The fear of God yn Set apart ye fruit must needs be ill.

6. Some cannot suffer for to see, And know their neighbours thrive, Like to themselves in good degree, But rather seek their lives.

7. And some must be possess'd alone, And such would have no peer, Like to themselves they would have none Dwell nigh them any where.

8. With such like faults was foul infect, One sir John Eland, knight ;

His doings make it much suspect Therein he took delight.

5. Wth Suchlike fault was foul infest, One Sr Jon Eland Knight ; His doings make him Sore suspect In' this to have delight. 9. Some time there dwelt at Crossland hall, A kind and courteous knight, It was well known that he withal Sir Robert Beaumont hight.

6. Sometimes there dwelt at Crosland Hall, A kind and Courtious Knight, It was well known yt he wth all Sr Robert Beaumont height

10. At Eland sir John Eland dwelt Within the manor hall, ‘ The town his own, the parish held Most part upon him all.

7. At Eland Sr Jon Eland dwelt Wth in ye Manour Hall, The Town his Own ye Parish held Most part upon him all.

11. The market town was Eland then, The patent hath been seen, Under king Edward's seal certain,

The first Edward I ween.

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12.

18.

14.

15.

16.

17.

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 61

8. The Market Town was Eland then, the Patent hath been seen, Urder King Edward Seal certain, ye first Edward, I ween. But now I blush to sing for dread; Knowing mine own, country So basely stor'd with Cain his seed There springing plenteously.

Alegk,, such store of witty men As now are in these days, Were both unborn, and gotten then To stay such wicked ways.

Some say that Eland sheriff was By Beaumont disohey'd, Which might him make for that trespass With him the worse appaid.

9.. Some Say that Eland sheriff was by Beaumont disobeyd, weh might him make for Such trespass wth. him ye worse Appeyed. He rais'd the country round about, His friends, and tenants all, And for this purpose picked out Stout, sturdy men and: tall.

10. He rais'd ye Country round about, his friends and Tennants all, Men for that purpose picked out Stout, Sturday men and Tall.

To Quarmby hall they came by night, And there the lord they slew, At that time Hugh of Quarmby hight, Before the country knew. r 11. To Quermbie Hall ye came by night, & there they Lords they slew At yt. time Heir of Quermby right, before the Country knew.. To Lockwood then the self same night, They came, and there they slew Lockwood of Lockwood, that wiley wight, That stirr'd the strife anew.

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12. To Lockwood then ye Self Same night, The came & there they slew Lockwood of Lockwood, yt hardy wight, who Stirred ys Strife anew.

18. When they had slain thus suddenly Sir Robert Beaumont's aid, To Crossland they came craftily, Of nought they were afraid.

13. When they had Slaine thus Suddenly Sr Robt. Beaumonts aide, The came to Crosland Craftily, of naught were they appay'd.

19. The hall was water'd well about, No wight might enter in ; Till that the bridge was well laid out, They durst not venture in.

14. The Hall was watered well about, No wight cou'd come wthin ; Till time ye Brigg was well laid out, they durst not Enter in.

20. Before the house they could invade, In ambush they did lodge ; And watch'd a wench with wiley trade, Till she let down the bridge.

15. Before ye house they cou'd invade, in Bushment the did Ligg ; And watched a wench with wily trade, till She Let down the brigg.

21. A siege they set, assault they made Heinously to the hall ; The knight's chamber they did invade, And took the knight withal.

16. Then Set they Siedge asault they made heyniousely to the Hall ; The Knight's chamber did they invade, & tooke the Knight wthal.

22. And this is for most certainty that slain before he was, He fought against them manfully, Unarmed as he was.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 63

17. Yet have I read* most certainly headed before he were, He faught against ym manfully, Unarmed as he were.

23. His servants rose, and still withstood, And struck with might and main ; In his defence they shed their blood, But all this was in vain. 18. His Servts. rose and Still with stood, & Struck with might and maine ; in his defence they shed there blood, but all that was in vaine.

24. The lady cry'd, and shriek'd withal, When as from her they led Her dearest knight into the hall, And there cut off his head. 19. The Lady cryed & Shricked withall, from her him whome they Led Her dear Husband into the Hall, & their Struck of his head.

25. But all in vain, the more pity, For pity had no place, But craft, mischief, and cruelty, these men did most embrace. 20. But all in vaine ye more pittye, for pittye had noe place, ffor crafft mischief & cruelty, these men did most embrace.

26. They had a guide that guided them, Which in their hearts did dwell, The which to this that moved them, the very Devil in Hell. 27. See here in what uncertainty this wretched world is led ; At night in his prosperity, At morning slain, and dead. 21. See here in wt uncertainty This wretched world is led ; Att night in his prosperity, Att morning slain and dead. * Where?

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28. I wis a wofil houge there was, the lord lay slain, and dead, Their foeg then eat before their face _- their meat, ale, wine, and bread.

22. I wis a wofull house there was, yre: Lord lay slain and dead, there foes yn eat before their face their meat,. ale, wine, and bread.

29. Two Robert Beaumont had there left alive unslain ; Bir John of Eland he them bade to eat with him certain.

28. T sons Sr Robt. Beaumont had they left onlly unslaine ;

Sr Jon Eland hee ym bad come eat wth him certaine.

30. The one did eat with him truly, the younger it was, I think ; Adam, the elder, sturdily, Would neither eat nor drink.

24. The one did eat with him truly, ye younger he was, I think ; Adam, ye other, Sturdily, wou'd neither eat nor drink.

31. See how this boy, said Eland, see His father's death can take ; If any be, it will be he, that will revengement make.

25. See how this boy, Sd. Eland, See - his father's death can take ; If any be, it will be hee, ye same shall vengance wrake.

32. But if that he wax wild anon I shall him soon foresee.; And cut them off by one and one, As time shall then serve me. 26. But if yt he wax wild anon I shall soe him for see ; & cuftt ym of by one & one, as time shall best serve me.

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883. The first Fray here now have you heard, - The second doth ensue ; And how much mischief afterward Upon these murders grew.

27. The first fray here now have ye heard, yn second shall ensue ; & how much mischiefe after ward upon this murder grew.

34. And how the mischief he contriv'd His wicked heart within, Light on himself shall be describ' d, Mark I begin : 28. And how this mischiefe he contrived, his wicked heart within, Light on himself shall be discribed, mark now for I begin.

35. The same morning two messengers Were sent to Lancashire, To Mr. Townley and Brereton, their helps for to require.

(Pt. II.) 29. The same morning a messenger is sent to Lancashire, to maister Towneley & Bruerton there there help for to require.

86. Unto the mount beneath Marsden, Now were they come with speed, But hearing that their friend was slain, they turn'd again indeed.

80. Unto ye mount beneath Marsdin, to whome the went with Speed, but hearing then their friend were slaine, return'd again indeed.

37. When Eland with his wilful ire thus Beaumont's blood had shed,

Into the coasts of Lancashire, the lady Beaumont fled.

31. When Eland with his wilfulness thus Beaumond's blood had shed, into the Coasts of Lancashire,

the Lady Beaumont fied.

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38.

39.

40.

41.

REVENGE UPON REVENGE ;

With her she took her children all At Brereton to remain ; Some time also at Townley hall they sojourned certain.

32%. With her She took her Children all at Brureton to remaine ; Sometime also at towneley Hall they sojourned certaine.

Brereton and Townley, friends they were to her, and of her blood ; And presently it did appear they fought to do her good.

88. Brureton & Towneley friends they were to her, and of her blood ; As presently it did appear they sought to do her good.

They kept the boys till they increas'd In person and in age, their father's death to have redrest Still kindled their courage.

34. They kept ye boy's till they encreast in person, strength and Age, there fathers death to have redrest Still Kindled their Courage.

Lacy and Lockwood were with them Brought up at Brereton green, And Quarmby, kinsman unto them, At home durst not be seen.

385. Lacy & Lockwood was with them brought upp at Bruerton green, & Quermby, kinsman unto them, at whome durst not be seen.

42. The feats of fence they practiced,

to weild their weapons well, till fifteen years wore finished, And then it so befel,

86. The feats of fence ye practised, to weald their weapons well, till fifteen years were finished, & yn soe itt befell.

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48.

44.

15.

146.

47.

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 67

Lockwood, the eldest of them all, Said, Friends, I think it good, We went into our country all, to venge our father's blood.

37. Lockwood, as eldest of ym all, Said, Friends, I think it good, wee went into our Country all, to venge our father's blood.

If Eland have this for well done, He will slay mo indeed,

Best were it then we slew him soon, And cut off Cain his seed.

38. If Eland have this for well done, he will Slay more indeed,

best were it yn we Slew him Soon, & cut of Caines Seed.

I saw my father Lockwood slain, And Quarmby in the night, And last of all they slew certain Sir Robert Beaumont, knight.

- 89. I saw my father Lockwood Slaine, & Quermeby in ye night, & last of all ye Slew Sertaine Sr. Robt. Beamount Knight.

O Lord, this was a cruel deed, Who could their hands refrain ; For to pluck out such wicked weed, tho' it were to their pain !

40. Oh! Lord, ys was a wicked deed, who could yere hands refrain ; for to weed out such wicked men, thoug it were to their paine.

To this the rest then all agreed, Devising day by day, Of this their purpose how to speed, What was the readiest way.

41. To ys ye rest yn all agreed, divising day by day, of this their purpose for to speed, wt were ye readiest way.

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148.

49.

50.

51.

52.

REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Two men that time from Quarmby came, Dawson and Haigh, indeed. Who then consulted of the same Of this how to proceed.

42. Two men yt time from Quermby came, Dawson & Haghe, indeed, whome they consulted for ye same In this how to proceed.

These countrymen, of course only, Said Eland kept alway The Turn at Brighouse certainly And you shall know the day.

48. These Country men of Course onely,

Sd. Eland kept alway ye turne att Brigghouse certainly & yu shall know ye day.

To Cromwelbottom you must come,

In the wood there to wait ; So you may have them all and some,

And take them in a strait.

44. By Cromwell bothame must he come, in Woods lye you in wait ; So may yu Slay ym all and some, and take ym at a Straite.

The day was set, the Turn was kept At Brighouse by sir John ; Full little wist he was beset, then at his coming home.

45. The day was set, ye turn was keept at Brigghouse by Sr. John ; little wist hee hee was besett, than at his coming whome.

Dawson and Haigh had play'd their parts, And brought from Brereton green, Young gentlemen with hardy hearts, As well were known and seen.

46. Dawson & Haghe had plaid their parts, & brought from Bruerton green, Young gentlemen wth hardy hearts, as well were known and seen.

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58.

54.

55.

56.

57.

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 69

Adam of Beaumont there was laid, And Lacy with him also, And Lockwood, who was nought afraid to fight against his foe.

47. Adame of Beaumont their was laid, Lacy with him alsoe, & Lockwood who was naught afraid to fight against his foe.

In Cromwelbottom woods they lay A number with them mo, Armed they were in good array, A spy they had also.

48. In Cromwell bothome woods they Lay a number wth ym moe, Armed they were in good aray, A Spye they had alsoc.

To spy the time when Eland came, From Brighouse turn that day, Who play's his part, and shew'd the same to them there as they lay.

49. To Spye ye time wn Eland came, from Brighouse towne yt day, Who plaid his part & Shewed ye same to them where as ye Laye.

Beneath Brookfoot a hill there is to Brighouse in the way, Forth came they to the top of this, there prying for their prey. 50. Beneath Brook foot & hill there is to Brighouse in the way, forth Came they to ye top of this, there Spyeing for their praye.

From the lane end then Eland came, And spied these gentlemen, Sore wonder'd he, who they could be, And val'd his bonnet then.

51. From ye Lane end came Eland then, & Spyed these gentlemen, Sore wondered hee who were those men, & vailed his bonnett then.

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59.

60.

61.

62.

REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

Thy court'sy 'vails thee not, sir knight, thou slew my father dear, Some time sir Robert Beaumout, hight, And slain thou shalt be here.

52, Thy courtisie availes ye naught Sr. knight, thou Slew my father dear, Somtime Sr Robt Beamount, Knight, slain shall thou be here.

Said Adam Beaumont, with the rest thou hast our fathers slain, Whose deaths we mind shall be redrest Of thee, and thine certain.

58. Said Adam Beamount, wth ye rest our fathers hast thou Slane, - whose deaths we mind shall be redrest of thee and thine againe.

To strike at him still did they strive, But Eland still withstood,

With might and main, to save his life, But still they shed his blood.

54. To strike at him still did they strive, but Eland still withstood, wth might and main, to save his life,

but still the shed his blood.

They cut him from his company, Belike at the Lane end ; And there they slew him certainly, And thus he made his end.

55. They cutt him from his company, be like at ye Lanes end ; & so ye Slew him certainely, & thus he made his end.

Mark here the end of cruelty, Such fine hath falshood lo ! Such end forsooth himself had he, As he brought others to.

56. Marke here ye end of Cruelty, Such fine hath falsehood Loe Such end himself loe here hath hee, as he brought others to.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 71

63. But Beaumont yet was much to blame, tho' here he play'd the man, the part he play'd not in the same Of a right Christian. 57. But Beamount yet was much to blame, though here he plaid ye man, yt part he plaid not in ye same of A right christen man. 64. A pure conscience could never find An heart to do this deed, tho' he this day should be assign'd His own heart's blood to bleed. 65. But kind, in these young gentlemen Crept where it could not go, And in such sort enforced them their fathers bane to slo. _ 58. But kind in these young gentlemen crept where it could not goe, & in Such sort inforced them their father Bane to sloe. 66. The second Fray now here you have, the third now shall you hear ; Of your kindness no more I crave, But only to give ear. 59. The second fray now here you have, ye third now shall yu here ; of yr kindness no more I crave, But onely to give eare. 67. When sir John Eland thus was slain, Indeed the story tells, Both Beaumont and his fellows then Fled into Furness fell.

PART III.

60. When Sr. John Eland thus was Slaine, - indeed ye story tells, both Beamount & his fears certaine fled all to Forness fells. 68. O cruel Mars, why wert thou nought Contented yet with this ; to shed more blood, but still thou sought, For such thy nature is.

Page 72

72

69.

70.

71.

72.

78.

74.

REVENGE UFON REVENGE .

Their young conscience corrupt by thee, Indeed could never stay, 'till into extreme misery they ran the readiest way.

For Cain his seed on every side, With wicked hearts disgrac'd ; Which to shew mercy hath denied.

Must needs be now displac'd.

In Furness fells long time they were Boasting of their misdeed, In more mischief contriving there, How yet they might proceed.

61. In Forness ffells long time ye were boasting of their misdeed, in more mischief contriving there, how yet ye might proceed.

They had their spies in this country Nigh Eland, who then dwell'd Where sir John Eland liv'd truly, And there his household held.

62. The had their Spyes in this Countery nigh Eland, yn who dweld where Sr Jon Eland dwelt truly, & there his house he held.

Mo gentlemen then were not there, In Eland parish dwell'd, Save Savile half part of the year His house at Rushworth held.

63. More gentlemen yn was not there, in Eland parish dweled, Save Savill half part of ye year his house at Rishworth held.

He kept himself from such debate, Removing thence withal, twice in the year by Savile gate Unto the Bothom hall. 64. He kept himself from such debate, removeing thence wthall, twise in ye year by Savils gate unto ye bothome Hall.

Page 73

(65.

76.

T7.

78.

79.

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. (8

Adam of Beaumont then truly, Lacy and Lockwood eke, And Quarmby came to their country, their purpose for to seek.

65. Adam of Beamont yn truely, Lacy and Lockwood Eke, & Quermby ran to this Country, their purpose for to seek. To Cromwelbottom wood* they came, there kept them secretly, By fond deceit there did they frame, their crafty cruelty. 66. To Cromwell botham Hall ye came, there kept them Secretly, by fond deceipt there did ye frame, their crafty cruelty. This is the end in sooth to say, On Palm Sun. e'en at night, to Eland miln they took the way About the mirke midnight.

67. This was ye end ye Sooth to Say, on Palmeson eve at night, to Eland milne ye took ye way about ye marke midnight (murke) Into the milne house there they brake, And kept them secretly, By subtilty thus did they seek, the young knight for to slay.

68. Into ye Miln house there they brake, & kept ym craftily, thus by deceipt there did they seek, ye young Knight for to slow. The morning came, the miller sent His wife for corn in haste,

these gentlemen in hands her hent, And bound her hard and fast.

69. The morning came, & ye milner sent his wife for Corn with hast, ye gentlemen in hands her sent,

&fibound her hard & fast.

* hall.

Page 74

74

80.

81.

82.

83.

84.

REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

The miller sware she should repent She tarried there so long,

A good cudgel in hand he hent to chastise her with wrong.

70. The Milner swore She shou'd repent She tarryed there so Long, a good Staple in his hands hee hent to chastice her with wrong.

With haste into the miln came he, And meant with her to strive, But they bound him immediately, And laid him by his wife.

71. With hast into ye milne ran he, And meant with her to strive, but the him bound imediately, & laid him by his wife.

The young knight dreamt the self-same mght With foes he were bested, that fiercely settled them to fight

Against him in his bed.

72. The young Knight Dream'd ye Self same with foes he was beset, [night,

yt fiercely fettled ym to fight (setled) against him in his bed.

He told his lady soon of this, But as a thing most vain ; She weigh'd it light, and said, I wis We must to church certain,

78. He shew'd his Lady soon of this, but as a thing most vaine ; She waged ye same & said I wiss yt dreames are oft most vain.

74. Hee Sd arme yu well my merry men, & of Lockwood be naught adread, for to ye Church now will we goe, to here ye Service, Song & read.

And serve God there this present day, the knight then made him bown, And by the miln-house lay the way that leadeth to the town.

Page 75

86.

87.

88.

89.

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. (5

75. To Serve God this present day, ye knight then made him boune, & by ye milne yn Lay ye way yt led him unto the Town.

. The drought had made the water small,

the stakes appeared dry the knight, his wife, and servants all, Came down the dam thereby.

76. The drought had made water small, ye stake appeared dry ye knight, his son, and servants all, came downe ye Damm thereby.

When Adam Beaumont this beheld, Forth of the milne came he, His bow in hand with him he held, And shot at him sharply.

77. Wn Adam Beamont this beheld, for(th) of ye milln came he, his bow wth him in hand he held, & Shott at ym Sharply.

He hit the knight on the breast plate, Whereat the shot did glide ; William of Lockwood, wroth thereat, Said, Cousin, you shoot wide.

78. Hee hitt ye Knight on ye brest plate, wherewth ye Shoot did slide ; Wilkin of Lockwood wroth thereat, Sd, Cuzen, yu shoot awide.

Himself did shoot, and hit the knight, Who nought was hurt with this ; Whereat the knight had great delight, And said to them, I wis

79. And shott himself & hitt ye Knight but naught was hurt with this ; whereat ye Knight had great delight, & sd to ym I wiss.

If that my father had been clad With such armour certain, Your wicked hands escap'd he had, And had not so been slain.

Page 76

76

90.

91.

92.

98.

94.

REVENGE UPON REVENGE .

80. In case my father had been cladd wth Such armoure certaine,

yr wicked hands Escaped he had, & had not so been slaine.

O0 Eland town, alack, said he, If thou but knew of this, these foes of mine full fast would flee, And of their purpose miss.

81. Oh Eland Town, alass, sd hee, If thou but knew of this, these foes of mine full fast wou'd flee, & of their purpose miss.

By stealth to work needs must they go, For it had been too much, the town knowing, the lord to slo For them, and twenty such.

82. By stealth to work needs must they goe, for it had been too much, ye Town knoing, their Lord too Sloe for ym & many such.

William of Lockwood was adread the town should rise indeed ; He shot the knight quite thro' the head, And slew him then with speed,

88. Wilkin of Lockwood was adread ___ ye (town) shou'd rise indeed ; he shott ye knight quite thro' ye head, & slew him yn wth speed.

His son & heir was wounded there, But yet not dead at all ; Into the house convey'd he were,

And died in Eland-hall.

84. His son & heir was wounded there, but yet not dead at all ; into ye house convey'd he were,

dyed seized in Eland Hall.

A full sister forsooth had he, An half brother also ; the full sister his heir must be, the half brother not so.

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OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. T7

85. A full sister for sooth had hee, & a half brother alsoe ; ye full sister his heir must be, ye half brother (not) soe.

95. The full sister his heir she was, And Savile wed the same ; thus lord of Eland Savile was, And since in Savile name.

86. His full sister his heir she was, & Savill wed ye same ; thus Lord of Ealand Savill was,

& still enjoyes ye same.

96. Lo here the end of all mischief, From Eland, Eland's name Dispatch'd it was, to their great grief, Well worthy of the same.

87. See here ye end of all mischief from Eland Eland's name diplaced was to their great grief, well worthy of ye same.

97. What time these men such frays did frame, Deeds have I read, and heard that Eland came to Savile's name In Edward's days the Third.

98. But as for Beaumont, and the rest, they were undone utterly ; thus simple virtue is the best,

And chief felicity.

88. But as for Beamount wth ye rest, undon were utterly ; thus simple virtue is ye best, & chief felicity.

PART IV.

89. What time these men these skiayes (schemes) deeds have read and heard; [did frame, Eland's lands came to Savills name,

In Edward days ye third.

Page 78

(8 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

99. By Whittle-lane end they took their flight, And to the old Earth-yate ; then took the wood, as well they might, And spy'd a privy gate.

90. By whytill lane they made their flight, & so to ye old earth-yate ; ye took ye woods as yn the might, & spyed a privy gate.

100. Themselves conveying craftily, to Anneley-wood that way, the town of Eland manfully Pursued them that day.

91. Themselfes conveying craftily, to Aneley wood that w ye Town of Eland mamful?y pursued ym that day.

101. The lord's servants throughout the town, Had cry'd with might and main, Up, gentle yeomen, make you bown, this day your lord is slain.

92. The Lord's Servants thrououte ye towne, had cryed wth might and maine, upp, gentle yeoman, make you boune, ys day yr Ld. is slain.

102. Whittle, and Smith, and Rimmington, Bury with many mo ; As brimme as boars they made them bown, their lord's enemies to slo.

98. Whithill & Smith & Wilkinson," Bury with many more ; as brim as boars ye made ym bowne, there Lords Enemyes to Sloe.

103. And, to be short, the people rose throughout the town about ;

then fiercely following on their foes, With hue and cry, and shout.

. we n yl cz _

* This is probably the name in the orlgmal ba-llad and not Rimming- ton, which was not then locally known.

Page 79

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. (9

94. And, to be short, ye people rose through all ye towne aboute ;

fuercly following upon their foes (furiously wth hue & cry & Shout.

104. All sorts of men shew'd their good wills, Some bows and shafts did bear ; Some brought forth clubs, and rusty bills, that saw no sun that year.

95. All sorts of men Shewed their good will, Some bows & Shaffts did bear ; Some brought forth Clubs, & rusty bills, yt Saw noe Son that year.

105. To church now as the parish came, they join'd them with the town, Like hardy men to stand all sam, to fight now were they bown.

96. To church now as ye parrish came, they joyned ym with ye Towne, ltke hard men ye Stand all Same, in fight now were ye bowne.

106. Beaumont and Quarmby saw all this, And Lockwood where they stood ;

They settled them to fence, I wis, And shot as they were wood.

97. Beaumount & Lockwood Saw all this, & Quermby where ye stood ; they feytled ym to fight, I wyss, & Shott as they were woo'd. 107. Till all their shafts were gone and spent, Of force then must they flee ; they did dispatch'd all their intent, And lost no victory.

98. Till time that all their shafts were spent, of force yn must they flee ; they had dispatch all their Intent, & lost noe victory.

108. The hardiest man of them that was, Was Quarmby, this is true; - -

For he would never turn his face, Till Eland men him slew.

Page 80

80 REVENGE UPON REVENGE :

99. The hardiest man of ym there was, was Quernby this is true ; for he wound never turn his face, till Eland's men him Slew.

109. Lockwood, he bare him on his back, And hid him in Anely wood ; to whom his purse he did betake, Of gold and silver good.

100. Lockwood, he bare him on his back, hid him in anely wood ;

to whome his purse he did betake, of gold both fine and good.

110. Here take you this to you, said he, And to my cousins here ; And in your mirth, remember me, When you do make good cheer.

101. Take here ye gold to yu, quoth hee, & to my Cozens here ; & in their mirth, remember me, yet wn you make good Cheare.

111. If that my foes should this possess, It were a grief to me ; My friends welfare is my riches,

And chief felicity.

102. In case my foes shou'd this possess, it were a grief to mee ; my friends wellfare is my riches, and chief felicity.

112. Give place with speed, and fare you well, Christ shield you from mischief ; If that it otherwise befal, It would be my great grief.

103. Give place wth speed, and fare yu well, Christ shield you from mischance ; in case it other wise befell, itt wou'd be my griefance.

113. Their foes so fiercely follow'd on, It was no biding there : Lockwood, with speed, he went anon, to his friends where they were.

Page 81

OR, AN HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, ETC. 81

104. Their foes so fuersly followed on, it was no bideing there : Lockwood wth speed he went anon, to his friends where they were.

114. With haste then towards Huddersfield, they held their ready way ; Adam of Beaumont the way he held,

to Crosland hall that day.

105. Wth hast then towards Huddersfield they went ye ready way ; ye way then Adam Beamont held, to Crosland Hall yt day.

115. When Eland men returned home, through Aneley wood that day ; there found they Quarmby laid alone, Scarce dead, as some men say. 106. Thus Eland men returned whome, by Aneley wood yt day ; there found they Quernby all laid alone, Scant dead as some men say.

116. And then they slew him out of hand, Dispatch'd him of his pain ; the late death of their lord Eland Inforced them certain.

107. Where they him slew quite out of hand, dispatcht him of his paine ; ye late death of their Lord Eala'd insenced ym certaine.

117. Learn, Savile, here, I you beseech, that in prosperity You be not proud, but mild and meek, And dwell in charity.

118. For by such means your elders came, to knightly dignity ; Where Eland then forsook the same, And came to misery.

119. Mark here the breach of charity, How wretchedly it ends ; Mark here how much felicity, On charity depends.

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82 REVENGE UFON REVENGE:

108. Mark here ye breach of charity how wretchedly it ends ; mark here how heigh felicity on charity depends.

120. A speech it is to every wight, Please God who may or can ; It wins always with great delight, the heart of ev'ry man.

121. Where charity withdraws the heart, From sorrow and sighs deep : Right heavy makes it many a heart, And many an eye to weep.

122. You gentlemen, love one another, Love well the yeomanry ;

Count ev'ry Christian man his brother, And dwell in charity.

109. You gentlemen love one another, Love well ye yeomanry ; Count every Christian man your brother, and live in charity.

128. Then shall it come to pass truly, that all men you shall love And after death then shall you be

In heaven, with God above.

110. So shall it come to pass truely yt all men shall you love & after death so shall you be

in life with god above.

124. To whom always, of ev'ry wight, throughout all years and days ; In heav'n and earth, both day and night, Be honor, laud, and praise.

111. To whome allways of every wyght, Thorouout all years and day's ; in heaven and earth, both day and night, be honour law'd and praise.

THE - END.

Page 83

Mr. Paley Baildon favours us with the discovery in the Record Office, London, referred to in the introduction. The account, in Latin, will be found in the Yorkshire Archeological Journal for 1890. Gaol Delivery of York Castle made before William Basset and his fellows, Justices, etc., Thursday in the feast of S8. James the Apostle, 27 Edward III. 1858. Robert del Bothe of Holmfirth, and Richard his brother dwelling in Holmfirth, Mathew de Hepworth of Hudders- field, Thomas Litster of Aldmondbury and Ralph de Skelmanthorp, seised because they received William de Lockwood and Adam Beaumont (who had feloniously slain John de Elland, knight,) at Holmfirth, Aldmondbury and Skelmanthorp, knowmg that they had committed the said felony and were outlaws Edmund de Flockton, seised because he received Adam de Beaumont at Flockton knowing him to be outlawed for the death of John de Elland, knight, feloniously slain, Thomas Molot of Wakefield, seised because he main- tained Thomas, son of Thomas Lacy, who feloniously slew John de Elland, knight, and because he gave the said Thomas, son of Thomas, 40 shillings of silver for his maintenance, after the said felony, and knowing that he had committed it, . . . . and whereof they were indicted before Miles de Stapleton, Sheriff of Yorkshire, they came, brought by the Sheriff, and being severally asked by the Justices whether they wished to be acquitted of the premisses, they say severally that they are not guilty of the said felonies, and put themselves upon the country for good or ill. The jurors, chosen and sworn, say on their oath, that the said Robt. del Bothe & all the others, are in nowise guilty of the said felonies ; therefore it is adjudged that the said Robert del Bothe & all the others do go quit thereof. Gaol Delivery of York Castle made before Thomas de Seton, John Mowbray, and Roger de Blaykeston, Justices, etc. Tuesday next after the feast of S8. Margaret the Virgin 29 Edward III. 1855. John de Shelley, seised by an indictment before Peter de Nuttle, late Sheriff of Yorkshire, because he received, at Brighouse, William de Lockwood, Adam Beaumont and others who had feloni- ously slain John de Elland, knight, after the commission of the felony, and knowmg of it, came before the Justices brought by the Sheriff, etc. as before : not guilty.

Page 84

INDEX OF PERSONS.

Alexander, 50 Aneley, 16 Armytuge, 5 Ashton, 8 Barber, 3, 51, 59 Baildon, 5, 6, 83 Basset, 83 Beaumont, Bellomonte, Beamont, 5-16, 19-24, 26, 29, 30, 33-36, 38, 41, 42, 45-49, 51-58, 60-65, 67, 69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, 83 Bentley, 48, 50 Boswell, Bosville, 8, 16, 42, 43, 44, 45, 57 Bothe 83 Brearcliffie, 50 Brereton, Brewerton, 14, 25, 53, 65, 66 Bunny, should be Bury or Wilkin- son, though there was an old family near Wakefield of this name, 36 Bury, (Bunny) 36, 55, 78 Cawthorne, 16 Clay, 15 Crabtree, 51 Crossland, 7 Darby, 49° Darcy, 8, 14 Dawson 16 27, 28, 29, 54, 68 bis. Dodsworth, 5, 9, 13 Dixon, 47, 58 Dyson, 16, 47, 58 Dysowne, (Dawson) 54 Edward I., 60. 'This should be Edward II., 1317, as recently proved by the discovery in the Record Office, London, of the patent. (Mr. Lister, Shibden Hall.) Edward III., 16, 49, 52, 55, 56, 77 Elland, Eland, 5-16, 18-23, 26, 28-33, 35, 45, 48, 49, 52-55, 59, 60, 61, 64, 67-71, 74, 75, 76, 81, 83

Exley, Eeclisley, 5-16, 53 Fenay, 10 Flockton, 83 Frobisher, 50 Haigh, Hagh, Haugh, 15, 16, 27, 28, 29, 54, 68 bis. The Haighs took their name from a farm- stead named Haigh, between Quarmby and Elland. John Hagh, of Hagh House, is men- tioned 1413, and the family resided there before and after that date. Thomas Hagh, in 1430, resided at Quarmby. Halifax, Lord, 35 Hepworth, 83 Holroyd, (Lord Sheffield) 51 Hopkinson, 6, 12 Horner, 51 Hunter, 6 Jacobs, 50 Leyland, 50 Lister, see Edward I. Litster, 83 Lacy, 5-16, 25, 29, 88, 44, 46, 53, 54, 55, 58, 66, 69, 73 83 Linthwaite, 6 Lockwode, Lockwood, 5-16, 20, 21, 25, 26, 29, 33, 35-45, 52- 57, 61, 66, 67, 69, 73-76, 79, 80, 83 Mldgle 48, 50 Milner, 16 34 560, 55, 78, 74 Molot, 83 Nelson, 50. Mr. H. J. Barber's copy of Jacobs' Halifax, for- merly the property of Mr. James Crossley, F.S.A., Manchester, but a native of Halifax, bears the following note in Mr. Cross- ley's handwriting :- "In addition to the three plates of the gibbet, the Piece Hall, and the Independent Chapel contained in this volume, a view of Halifax is sometimes

Page 85

INDEX OF

prefixed, but it is not a necessary illustration to the book. This history was compiled for Jacobs from Watson, principally, by Mr. William Winn, of whom I have given some account in the Register of the Manchester Grammar - School, - Chetham Society, Jas. Crossley,

October, 1879." Nuttle, 83

Oxenhope, 13 Quarmby, Quernby, Wharmby,&e., 6-16, 20, 21, 25, 29, 33, 36, 37, 52-56, 61, 66, 67, 73, 79, 80, 81 Remington, 36, 78. This is evid- ently a mistake for Wilkinson, a very ancient local name. Rubilion, 16 Savile, Sayvil, 9, 12, 13, 14, 16, 32, 383, 35, 50, 72, 77, 81.

PERSONS. 85

Smith, 36, 55, 78. Sheffield, Lord, see Holroyd Shelley, 83 Skelmanthorp, 83 Stapleton, 83 Tilley, 15 Tomlinson, 10 Towneley, 13, 24, 53, 65, 66 Walker, 51 Warren, 5, 15 Watson, 13, 50, 51, 59 Whitaker, 12, 51 Whittel, 16, 36, 55, 78. They probably derived their name from Whithill, in Northowram, and they gave their name to Whittel

Place, and Whittel Lane, in Elland. Wilkinson, 55, 78 (and 36, 78, Remington). Winn, see Nelson Wright, 50

for

Page 86

INDEX OF PLACES.

Almonbury, 47, 58, 838 Aneley Wood, 36-39, 45, 48, 55, 56, 78, 80, 81. Aneley, or Th' Ainleys, is a populous hamlet now, near Elland, on the high road to Huddersfield. Baildon, 5 Batley, 15 Bierley, 6 Bothom Hall, 33, 72 Brereton Hall, Bruerton Green, 24, 25, 29, 66, 68 - Bradford, 11 Brighouse, 3, 7, 16, 28, 29, 30, 51, 54, 68, 69, 70, 83 In the present century Brighouse has risen from a village to a prosperous town. It takes its name from an ancient bridge erected in very early times near the Roman ford, where the great highway from Mancunum and Cambodunum crosses the Calder. It is a pleasant walk of about three miles from Brighouse, via Boothroyd in Rastrick, and Elland Edge, and Elland New Hall, to Elland Church, and a little further from Brighouse, via Lane Head, Brook- foot, and Cromwellbottom to Elland Hail. Sir John Elland evidently took the latter road as there was then no bridge at Elland. The Court Baron and Tourn for Northowram, Shelf, Hipperholme, Rastrick, Quarmby, Dalton, Fixby, Stainland, Barkisland, and Hartishead-cum-Clifton, were held at Brighouse, under the manor of Wakefield, twice a year then, as now, but all kinds of cases came before the jury then. Elland and Southowram were not portions of Wakefield manor, but were held of the Lacy family, under Ponte- fract. Brookfoot, 29, 54, 69. Brookfoot is a hamlet near Brighouse at the foot of the Red Beck, that is, where it joins the Calder. - There are now a few houses on the Brighouse side of the beck, but the old hamlet is on the South- owram side. From a very old waggon bridge that crosses the beck, the immediate part is called Wainbrig. The line in the ballad, * Beneath Brookfoot," should read to satisfy the topography, © be- yond Brookfoot." Camel, Camwell, Cannel, Cannon Hall, 39, 42, 43, 56, 57 Cannon Hall is in Cawthorne, near Barnsley, and probably gets its name from Gilbert Canun. Thomas Bosvile, of Ardsley, pur- chased the property of the Canuns, about 1340. Eventually it passed to the Spencer Stanhopes, who now hold it. Carlinghow, 14 Cawthorne, 3, 39, 56. See Pratt's History of Cawthorne, 1882. Chevy-chase, 5 Cromwellbotham Hall and Wood, or Cromblebothom Hall, 9-16, 25, 29 bis., 33, 54, 68, 69, 73, Cromwellbottom is a hamlet of a dozen houses midway between Brighouse and Elland. The old hall is made into cottages. The

Page 87

INDEX OF PLACES. 87

Cromwellbottoms took their name from the place, and it passed to the Lacy family by marriage, and was held by them from the time of Henry III to the reign of James I, when it passed by pur- chase to the (Gledhills, of Barkisland, represented now by the Mortons. - Captain John Hodgson rented the house, and was accustomed to receive here, visits from his friend and neighbour, the Rev. Oliver Heywood, of Coley. The slopes of the hills, on the right hand side, from Brighouse to Elland, are still mainly covered with wood, through which a turnpike road has been cut, but the ancient road may, still be followed, via Lane Head, Brookfoot, Purlwell, where it leaves the new road and mounts the hill until Cromwellbottom is reached. Crossland Hall, 7-16, 19, 21, 22, 23, 41, 42, 45, 52, 58, 56, 57, 60, 62, 81. The Crosslands (North and South) are a little beyond Huddersfield on the Holmfirth road. The old hall has long been demolished, but the moat is still observable. Elland, Hall, Miln, Church, 1-16, 18, 19, 29, 32-36, 48, 50, 52, 55, 59, 60, 72-79 . Elland now gives name to a Parliamentary division, though Brighouse was a strong rival for the honour. The hall still stands on the south side of the river, though now bearing few remains of antiquity, external or internal. The town, mill, and church were then reached by a ford, or, in dry weather, by crossing the damstones, which still divert the water to turn the mill-wheel. A bridge has, however, existed several centuries. The milestone at the end of the bridge, beneath the hall front, states the distance as follows : Halifax, 3 miles, and (to the east) Brighouse 2 miles and Wakefield 15. See footnote, p. 52. Elland market charter is dated 1317, therefore on this finding by Mr. Lister, the " The first Edward, I ween," should read the second Edward. Earth Yate, see Old Earth. Emley Park, 39, 56, 57 Erdislowe, Ardsley, 15 Exley, 9 Fenny Bridge, 41, 56 Flocton, 83 Fourness Fells, 32, 54, 71, 72 Fourness Fells was probably a vaguely defined district formerly. Though North Lancashire is surveyed under Yorkshire in Domesday Survey, Furness proper could not be given as in Yorkshire in the time of the Edwards. The fifty miles distance was much within the mark, even in reckoning old English miles. France, 47 Haigh, hamlet near Quarmby Halifax, 48-52 Holmfirth, 42, 56, 57, 83 Honley, 42, 56, 57 Hungary, 47, 48, 58 Huddersfield, Huthersfield, 16, 56, 81, 83 Kirklees, 5 Lane Head, 29, 30, 69, 70

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88 INDEX OF PLACES.

Lane Head, in recent years, has become a populous adjunct of

Brighouse. There were three or four low cottages there last century. Lancashire, 53, 54, 65

Lepton, 41, 56 Lincolnshire Fens, 32 Lockwood, 20, 25, 45, 52, 61 Lockwood forms an important section of the borough of Hudders- field now. The old hall has long ago disappeared London, 9, 46, 58, 83 Marsden, 65. There are two Marsdens on the confines of Lancashire Meltham, 56 Nibley Green, 5 Northowram, a township in Halifax parish Oakwell, near Birstall, 15 Old Earth Yate, 36, 55, 78 Old Earth, near the Ainleys still retains the peculiar name. The yate, or road, is not known by that name, I believe Pontefract, 5 Puel, 53. Possibly the Pole, near Slaithwaite. Quarmby, and Quarmby Hall, 10-16, 20, 25, 52, 61, 68 Quarmby, like all the suburbs of Huddersfield, has made rapid strides in population during recent years. The old hall is well worth a visit, though now divided into cottages. The room where the ** King of Quarmby " was slain is still pointed out. Mr. C. Hall is the owner of the hall estate. The interior is composed of massive old oak timbers, but the black oak is bedaubed with yellow ochre, paint, or papered. Gables and mullioned windows, and traces of a coat of arms, betoken its old prosperous days. One big roomed house is said to have been " t' kitchen when t' king lived." Close by is a school erected in 1832 by subscription. Rastrick (Brighouse) 16 ' Riegate, 5 Rishworth Hall, 33, 72 Rhodes, 47, 48, 58 Rochdale, 11, 12 Savile Gate, 33, 72 Southowram, a township adjoining Elland Standing Stone, 53 SBkelmanthorpe, 83 Tankersley, 14 Townley, 25, 66 Whittel Lane, (in Elland) 36, 55, 78 Wakefield, 5-16, 52, 83 Whitley (Beaumont, in Kirkheaton) 7, 41, 56 Wrose, 5 York, 83

~@Jp@»~

Page 89

Loral Books, bo 3. Morsfall

—-—+—'_

Haworts, Past axnp PresExt: A History of Haworth, Stanbury and Oxenhope. 20 Illustrations. 3s. « Mr. J. Horsfall Turner has here given us a delightful little history of a place which will always have an interest for the student of English literature. We have not space to deal with it as lengthily as it deserves, but we can say that all should read it who care to know anything of the little village made memorable by the Brontés' fame. It may be obtained of the author, Idel, Bradford, and is ridicuously cheap."-@raphic, Jan. 31st, 1880.

Noxcorrormist of Births, Marriages, aud Deaths, 1644- 1750, by the Revs. O. Heywood and T. Dickenson, from the MSS in the Congregational Memorial Hall, London. comprehending nnmerous notices of Puritans and Anti-Puritans in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, London, &c., with Lists of Popish Recusants, Quakers', &c. Five Illustrations, 380 pages, 6s.

Tres Rev. O. HEywoon, B.A., 1630-1702 : His Autobiography, Diaries Anecdote and Event Books, illustrating the General and Family History of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Four volumes, 380 pages each, illustrated, bound in cloth, 6s. each.

InpeEpenpoeExcy at Brisxous®: Pastors and People, 4 Illustrations, 3s.

Noxncoxnrormtryx In Inxrt, anp History or ArrEpaur Counnror, 10 Illustrations, (autotype portraits of Rev. J. Dawson, Founder of Low Moor Iron Works ; Rev. W. Vint, S.T.P.), &c., 38.

Brocraruia HaumraxieEnsis: A Biographical and Genealogical History for Halifax Parish. 2 Vols., 380 pages, with Portraits, 6s. each. Vol. I. is a reprint of half of Mr. Watson's " Halifax," that is, such chapters as the Halifax Worthies, Vicars, Benefactors, &c. . This volume thus serves a double purpose, as it is a literatim reprint. Vol. II. will be an original compilation, noting the Families and Worthies for six hundred years.

- Lirr or Carram Jour Honcsoxn, 1640-88. Illustrated. 1s. 6d. This is a reprint of the 1806 publication, said to have been edited by Sir Walter Scott. The Captain narrates his exploits in the Wars at Bradford, Leeds, Lancashire, Isle of Man, Scotland, &c., and the troubles that followed on his settlement at Coley Hall, near Halifax ; his imprisonment in York Castle, &c.

Trr AxtiqurriEs or Haumrax: By the Rev. Thomas Wright. A Literatim Reprint. 1s. 6d.

(York, 1650). Three quaint Sermons by William Ainsworth, preached at Halifax, on Waterhouse's Charities. From the only known copy. 2s.

Page 90

LOCAL - BOOKS-continued.

Inrr mn OnpEX TmiEs, (a Lecture) 8d. Txxr Euuanp FEUDS, 28. Harmax GisBEt Boox, with Appendix, 28.

Rre:stErs or TorcuIrFFE anp MoruEy, 1654-1888, with History of the Two Chapels, and Illustrations ; edited by W. Smith, F.S8.A.S. 6s.

In One Handsome Volume, EKighty Illustrations, Demy 8vo., extra cloth, gilt. Price-Library Edition, 14s.; Large Paper, of which very few remain, 24s.

ILK LEY: ANCIENT & MODERN.

BY THE Rev. ConnyEr, D.D., NEw York, U.S.A.; anp J. HorsrFaAmtm TURNER.

WITH CHAPTERS ON PREHISTORIC REMAINS, sxy tur Epiror.

GEOLOGY, - A » BY J. W. DavIs, F.G.8., F.8.A., F.L.8., ETC. BOTANY, = = - Br F. LEES, F.L.S8., ETC., AND FAUNA, - - - BY W. Eacur Cmarrkr, W. DExISON

Rorsucx, and J. W. Taymor.

By kind permission of W. Mxp»ErTo®, Esq., the vast and hitherto unexplored Muniments at Myddelton Lodge have been laid under contribution, as also the Parish Registers, by leave of the Vicar.

The stories are told of the British LurrEcan, Roman OLIcaNa, Teutonic Ilkley, Austby, Nessfield, Stubham, Middleton, and Wheat- ley ; the Dapifers and Du Kymes, Percies and Plumptons, Myddletons and Fairfaxes, Hebers and Longfellows; the Church and its Vicars, the Castle and Halls, Grammar School and Bridge; the Doles, Customs, and Folk Lore; the palatial Ben Rhydding and Ilkley Hydropathic Establishments, with the Modern History, mainly narrated in Dr. Collyer's unique style, and illustrated by beautiful engravings, by Mr. Sabin, of New York, and others.

The names of the writers of the special chapters are sufficient guarantee to ensure a full, original, and sparkling history of a place rich in Archgological remains, and a favourite field of the Naturalists.

Mair, Praxs, Arxs, STEEL anp OTHER Enorayvings.

J. Horsfall Turner, Idel, Bradford.

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LOCAL - BOOKS-continued.

CHARLOTTE BRONTE'S LETTERS, Or the Story of the Brontés as told by herself. Edited by J. Horsfall Turner.

380 pages, cr. 8vo. The thousand copies are all bought up.

YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. YORKSHIRE GENEALOGIST. YORKSHIRE BIBLIOGRAPHER. YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE JOURNAL.

Distmct PactnatION.

Parts I-XII and Index, completing 1000 pages, 200 illustrations. (Emblazoned Arms, Steel Plates, Woodcuts,) 188. Parts XIII-XX, 650 pages, 300 illustrations, 10s.

This work has been highly commended by the English and American Press, and favourably received by many of the Nobility, Clergy, Antiquaries, and Genealogists ; and the Editor desires that Yorkshire Clergymen and Gentlemen will avail themselves of the opportunity of subscribing for the remaining sets. Some of the early parts, can only be supplied in sets.

Address :-J. Horsfall Turner, Idel, Bradford.


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